Najafgarh is a town in the South West
Delhi district in the National
Capital Territory of Delhi, India. It is one of the three subdivisions
of the Southwest
Najafgarh is located at the
outskirts of the southwestern part of
Delhi near the
Haryana border, a
distance of 29 kilometres (18 miles) from the New
Delhi City Center.
It has a mixture of rural and urban populations from
Haryana. Due to the presence of a lot of freehold land,
one of the fastest developing tehsil (sub-district) in the southwest
district of Delhi.
Najafgarh is primarily known for being an economic and transport hub
in rural Delhi. Major markets located in
Najafgarh include Main
Market, Nawada Bazaar, Anaz Mandi (foodgrain market), Tura Mandi
(fodder market) and Sabzi Mandi (vegetable market). Seven roads start
Najafgarh Phirni (circular road) and go to: Inderlok, Chhawla,
Khaira, Dhansa, Jharoda, Dichaon and Nangloi. The roads towards
Dhansa and Jharoda further lead up to the cities of Gurgaon,
Bahadurgarh in Haryana.
7 Notable Persons
8 See also
Mirza Najaf Khan, after whom
Najafgarh is named
The Battle of Najafgarh
Najafgarh was named after Mirza Najaf Khan (1733–1782) the
commander-in-chief of the
Mughal Army under King Shah Alam II.
He marched several kilometers from the capital of
establish a military outpost, which would guard
Delhi against attacks
Rohillas and Sikhs. He built a strong fort, in the
suburbs beyond the capital city, and settled a small number of the
Mughal here. That fort was later named Najafgarh. After the death
of Najaf Khan,
Najafgarh later became a fortified stronghold of the
Rohilla Afghan chieftain
Zabita Khan (b. 1785).
During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, and as a part of the Siege of
Battle of Najafgarh took place on 25 August 1857
between Indian rebels and
British Raj soldiers. Approximately 800
people were killed. After the defeat of the Mughal troops in 1857,
Delhi came under the control of the British Empire in 1858. Najafgarh
became a part of
Delhi district of the
Delhi Division of Punjab
Delhi was transferred from the North-Western Provinces
(later the United Provinces) to
Punjab by the British Government in
In 1861, the
North-Western Provinces education system was abolished in
Delhi,:18 and a new system for schools modelled on the Punjab
education system was introduced by W.M. Holroyd, the Inspector of
Schools for the Ambala Division.:47 New schools were opened at
Mehrauli and their suburbs. Several schools were
opened in the following decades. The
Delhi Normal School was shifted
Najafgarh from Kashmere Gate in 1911.:71 The
School, with a small attached Model School, trained its teachers
in closer accordance with European methods than any other Normal
School in Northern India.
Najafgarh became a part of independent
India and fell under
the union territory of Delhi.
Najafgarh Assembly Constituency was
established in 1993 when the
Delhi legislative assembly was
re-established after the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment Act,
1991) came into force. This declared the Union Territory of
be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.
Najafgarh is now one of the most populous electoral regions in the
National Capital Region of
Najafgarh is surrounded by 70
villages bordering Haryana. The borders are 10 kilometres
(6.2 mi) to 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the main Najafgarh
Monsoon Clouds near Najafgarh, Delhi
Aerial View of Najafgarh
Aerial View of
Najafgarh is located at 28°36′N 76°59′E / 28.60°N
76.98°E / 28.60; 76.98 in the South West
Delhi district in the
NCT of Delhi.
Najafgarh is situated 29 kilometres (18 mi)
Southwest of the New
Delhi City Centre and 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
northwest to the district headquarters at Dwarka. It has an average
elevation of 218 m (715 ft) above mean Sea Level.
Najafgarh Drain, the continuation of the
Sahibi River and an
elongation of the
Najafgarh Lake is the Indian capital’s most
polluted body of water due to the direct inflow of untreated
sewage from surrounding populated areas. A January 2005 report by the
Central Pollution Control Board
Central Pollution Control Board classifies this drain, with 13 other
highly polluted wetlands, under category ‘‘D’’ for assessing
the water quality of wetlands in wildlife habitats.
Najafgarh is surrounded by a number of important villages of the South
Delhi district. Like all the administrative subdivisions of the
Southwest District of Delhi,
Najafgarh is composed of a group of
villages. Some of the villages around
Najafgarh are: Kair, Roshan pura
baprola, Asalatpur Khadar, Haibat Pur, Pandwala Kalan, Badu Sarai,
Kangan Heri, Dauralla, Dindarpur, Ghuman Hera, Khaira, Delhi,
Bakkargarh, Jaffarpur Kalan, Rawta, Surheda, Khera Dabar, Daulatpur,
Dhansa, Galibpur, Jhuljhuli, Jhatikra, Kazipur, Kharkhari Nahar,
Sidipur, KharKhari Jatmal, KharKhari Round, Hasanpur, Delhi, Mundhela
Khurd, Mundhela Kalan, Nanak Heri, Nangli Sakrawati, Paprawat,
Pandwalan Khurd, Pandwalan Kalan, Rewla Khanpur, Chhawla, Goela Khurd,
Tajpur Khurd, Sarang Pur, Sherpur, Shikar Pur, Samaspur Khalsa, Ujwa,
Daryapur Khurd, Issapur and Malikpur.
Najafgarh is surrounded by a
number of important towns of
Delhi like Surkhpur and Mitraon to the
Dichaon Kalan to the north.
As of 2011
India census, the population of
Najafgarh is 1,365,152.
Female sex Ratio is of 872 against Delhi's average of 868. Moreover,
the Child Sex Ratio in
Najafgarh is around 832 compared to Delhi's
average of 871. The majority of the inhabitants are from Haryana,
Uttrakhand, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh,
Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. The
literacy rate is 88.1%.
Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 12.60% of
total population in Najafgarh.
Pravesh Verma of BJP is the MP from this constituency while Kailash
Gahlot, Advocate of the
Aam Aadmi Party
Aam Aadmi Party is MLA and Parliamentary
Secretary, Government of NCT of
Delhi from this region. Mr. Gahlot
defeated former MLA Bharat Singh of the INLD in the
Assembly election, 2015
Map of Delhi, showing location of Najafgarh
Najafgarh Market is famous for the different varieties of shops
including textile, hardware, ornament, sports, and sweets. Jawahar
Chowk is the oldest place in the market.
Najafgarh is also in close proximity to Gurgaon, which is a hub for
numerous companies, both Indian and multinational. There are several
Ayurvedic and advanced treatment centres and medical centres and
charitable clinics. They are located in and around Najafgarh. Sai Baba
of Shirdi, and the Suredha Temple., There are meditation centres in
Najafgarh including Radha Soami Satsang Beas at Ranaji
Enclave and Dindarpur, Osho Dham (of Guru Rajneesh), Ashram of
Sudhanshu Ji Maharaj at Bakkarwala, Nirmal Dham of Nirmala Devi and
Baba Haridas temple in Jharodha Kalan In some of the centres there are
free medical facilities or discounted/subsidized medical facilities.
These are equipped with the best available, latest sophisticated
medical devices and are equipped with traditional and advanced
treatment facilities manned by expert, dedicated teams
Special Forces Academy and the
Special Operations Centres are in
Delhi Police Border Security Force, CRPF Camp (part of
the Indian Government's Para Military Forces) Bani Camp and the Delhi
Police Training Centre are also located in the vicinity of Najafgarh.
Delhi Police Training Centre in Jharodha is the first major
training centre for the recruitment of Delhi's police constables,
Sub-Inspectors and other ranks. A variety of training is provided at
this centre such as bomb disposal, riot protection, law and order
management, etc. The centre is in two parts – one is the Delhi
Police Training School and other is the
Delhi Police Training College.
DANIPS and IPS officers of AGMUT cadres are provided induction
training in the
Najafgarh Police Training Centre.
IGI Airport is the primary Airport serving the complete NCR Region
Indira Gandhi International Airport
Indira Gandhi International Airport is the nearest international
Airport to Najafgarh. It is the primary Airport serving the whole NCR
Region. The Metro network will be extended from Dwarka to
part of Phase 3 of
Delhi Metro connecting it with the satellite city
of Noida. The official deadline for this project was December 2016
which has been extended to December 2017. The metro will connect the
Dwarka station and the Old PHC (Public Health Centre) of Najafgarh.
However, It is unlikely to connect the Rural Belt which has led to
demand of new Metro to Dhansa.
Najafgarh is well connected by drivable roads with major destinations
Delhi and Haryana. The Main
Najafgarh Road (officially
Shivaji Road) connects
Najafgarh to the city of New
Delhi while a
number of other roads connect it to several villages along the
Haryana Border. The DTC (
Delhi Transport Corporation) and DIMTS
Delhi Multi Model Transit System) provide bus services from Najafgarh
Bus Terminal to the other parts of
Delhi like Nehru Place, Inderlok,
Tilak Nagar, Safdarjung and Azadpur while
Haryana Roadways runs Buses
Najafgarh with Gurgaon,
Bahadurgarh and Jhajjar. Auto
rickshaws and private Buses are preferred as well by a large number of
There are many notable persons from Najafgarh:
Ch. Brahm Prakash: first chief minister of Delhi.
Virender Sehwag: Indian Cricketer, born in Najafgarh
Sushil Kumar: Indian wrestler, born in
Mirza Najaf Khan
Najafgarh drain, Delhi
Najafgarh drain bird sanctuary, Delhi
Najafgarh lake or
Najafgarh jheel (now completely drained by Najafgarh
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Neighbourhoods of Delhi
Dwarka Sub City
New Friends Colony
New Moti Bagh
Shiv Ram Park
West Patel Nagar