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Liguria
LIGURIA (Italian pronunciation: , Ligurian : _Ligûria_ ) is a coastal region of north-western Italy
Italy
; its capital is Genoa
Genoa
. The region is popular with tourists for its beaches, towns and cuisine. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 3 History * 3.1 Prehistory and Roman times * 3.2 Middle Ages * 3.3 Early modern * 3.4 Late modern and contemporary * 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 6 Government and politics * 7 Administrative divisions * 8 Cuisine * 9 Gallery * 10 References * 11 External links ETYMOLOGYThe name _Liguria_ predates Latin
Latin
and is of obscure origin, however the Latin
Latin
adjectives _Ligusticum_ (as in _Mare Ligusticum_) and _Liguscus_ reveal the original -sc- in the root ligusc-, which shortened to -s- and turned into -r- in the Latin
Latin
name _Liguria_ according to rhotacism . The formant -sc- (-sk-) is present in the names Etruscan , Basque , Gascony and is believed by some researchers to relate to maritime people or sailors. GEOGRAPHY A view of Cinque Terre . Liguria
Liguria
is bordered by France
France
(Provence-Alpes-Côte d\'Azur ) to the west, Piedmont
Piedmont
to the north, and Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
and Tuscany
Tuscany
to the east
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Region Of Italy
The REGIONS OF ITALY (Italian: _regioni_) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy , constituting its second NUTS administrative level . There are 20 regions, of which five are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes. Each region, except for the Aosta Valley , is divided into provinces . Regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Regional control * 2 Regions * 3 Macroregions * 4 Status * 4.1 Regions with ordinary statute * 4.2 Autonomous regions with special statute * 5 Institutions * 6 Representation in the Senate * 7 Economy of regions and macroregions * 8 See also * 8.1 Other administrative divisions * 9 References * 10 External links * 10.1 Italian HISTORYAs the administrative districts of the central state during the Kingdom of Italy , regions were granted a measure of political autonomy by the 1948 Constitution of the Italian Republic . The original draft list comprised the Salento region (which was eventually included in the Apulia). _Friuli_ and _Venezia Giulia_ were separate regions, and Basilicata was named _Lucania_. Abruzzo and Molise were identified as separate regions in the first draft. They were later merged into _ Abruzzo e Molise_ in the final constitution of 1948. They were separated in 1963
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Flag Of Liguria
The FLAG OF LIGURIA is one of the official symbols of the region of Liguria , Italy
Italy
. The current flag was adopted on 7 July 1997. SYMBOLISMEach color has the following meaning: * The green represents the Ligurian Alps and the Ligurian Apennines ; * The red represents the blood shed for Italian unification ; * The blue represents the Ligurian Sea .At the center of the flag is the coat of arms of Liguria: a stylized caravel , symbolizing the maritime traditions of the region and its great navigators, positioned below the historical flag of the Republic of Genoa
Genoa
(the current flag of the modern-day city of Genoa
Genoa
). The four six-pointed stars imposed on the Genovese flag represent the four provinces of Liguria: the Province of Genoa
Genoa
, the Province of Imperia , the Province of La Spezia , and the Province of Savona
Province of Savona
. ADOPTIONLa bandiera della Regione Liguria è formata da un drappo di forma rettangolare con al centro lo stemma della Regione Liguria, come individuato dalla legge regionale 15 gennaio 1985 n
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Italy
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic _Repubblica Italiana_ (Italian ) _ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani _ (Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy (dark green) – in Europe (light green "> (light green) – Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483 Official language and national language Italian a RELIGION * 83.3% Christians * 12.4% Irreligious * 3.7% Muslims * 0.2% Buddhists * 0.1% Hindus * 0.3% Other religions DEMONYM Italian GOV
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Genoa
GENOA (/ˈdʒɛnoʊ.ə/ _JEN-oh-ə_ ; Italian : _Genova_ (_ listen ) locally: ; Ligurian : Zena_ ; English, historically, and Latin : _Genua_) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy. In 2015, 594,733 people lived within the city's administrative limits. As of the 2011 Italian census, the Province of Genoa , which in 2015 became the Metropolitan City of Genoa , counted 855,834 resident persons. Over 1.5 million people live in the wider metropolitan area stretching along the Italian Riviera . Located on the Gulf of Genoa in the Ligurian Sea , Genoa has historically been one of the most important ports on the Mediterranean: it is currently the second-busiest in Italy, after the port of Gioia Tauro in Calabria , and twelfth-busiest in the European Union . Genoa has been nicknamed _la Superba_ ("the Proud one") due to its glorious past and impressive landmarks. Part of the old town of Genoa was inscribed on the World Heritage List (UNESCO) in 2006. The city's rich cultural history in art , music and cuisine allowed it to become the 2004 European Capital of Culture
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Giovanni Toti
GIOVANNI TOTI (born 7 September 1968) is an Italian journalist and politician , who has been President of Liguria
Liguria
since June 2015 and political counselor of Forza Italia since January 2014. Toti was also elected in the European Parliament
European Parliament
, following the 2014 European election . BIOGRAPHYToti was born in Viareggio in 1968, but he grew up in Massa Carrara . During 1980s he was a member of the youth wing of the Italian Socialist Party , led at the time by Bettino Craxi
Bettino Craxi
, Prime Minister from 1983 to 1987, later condemned for corruption , in the trial _Mani Pulite _. In 1990s he started working for Studio Aperto , the news program of Silvio Berlusconi
Silvio Berlusconi
's TV channel Italia 1 , of whom he would become director in 2010. In March 2012 Toti became also director of TG4
TG4
, replacing the long-time one Emilio Fede . In January 2014, Toti entered politics as political counselor of Berlusconi's new party Forza Italia . In the 2014 European election he was elected at the European Parliament
European Parliament
with 148,291 votes
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Forza Italia (2013)
FORZA ITALIA (translated to "Forward Italy" or "Let's Go Italy", known also by its acronym FI) is a centre-right political party in Italy
Italy
, led by Silvio Berlusconi , four-time Prime Minister of Italy
Italy
. The party, formed out of the former People of Freedom (PdL), is a revival of the defunct Forza Italia
Forza Italia
(FI), active from 1994 to 2009, when it was merged with National Alliance (AN) and several minor parties to form the PdL. Forza Italia's leading members include Giovanni Toti , Mariarosaria Rossi , Antonio Tajani , Renato Brunetta , Paolo Romani , Elisabetta Gardini , Maurizio Gasparri , Mariastella Gelmini , Antonio Martino , Daniela Santanchè and Stefano Caldoro . On 11 September 2014 FI was admitted into the European People\'s Party (EPP), inheriting the PdL's membership
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Central European Time
TIME IN AFRICA UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time UTC±00:00 UTC+01:00 Greenwich Mean Time Greenwich Mean Time +1 UTC+01:00 West Africa Time / Central European Time UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00 West Africa Time West Africa Summer Time UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time / South African Standard Time / Eastern European Time UTC+03:00 East Africa Time UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed. NOTE: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland. CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time offset from UTC can be written as +01:00 . The same standard time, UTC+01:00 , is also known as MIDDLE EUROPEAN TIME (MET, German: MEZ) and under other names like BERLIN TIME, ROMANCE STANDARD TIME (RST), PARIS TIME or ROME TIME. The 15th meridian east is the central axis for UTC+01:00 in the world system of time zones
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UTC+1
UTC+01:00 is a time offset that adds 1 hour to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). This time is used in: * Central European Time * West Africa Time * Western European Summer Time
Western European Summer Time
* British Summer Time * Irish Standard Time * Romance Standard Time (Microsoft Windows Control panel) * Swatch Internet Time * EVE Online In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-08T12:06:10+01:00
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of _The Journal of Paris _, suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire and Austria-Hungary organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . The practice has both advocates and critics. Some early proponents of DST aimed to reduce evening use of incandescent lighting —once a primary use of electricity —today's heating and cooling usage patterns differ greatly, and research about how DST affects energy use is limited and contradictory
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Central European Summer Time
CENTRAL EUROPEAN SUMMER TIME (CEST) is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1 ) during the rest of the year. It corresponds to UTC+2 , which makes it the same as Central Africa Time , South African Standard Time and Kaliningrad Time in Russia . CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 Period of observation * 3 Usage * 4 See also * 5 References NAMESOther names which have been applied to Central European Summer Time are Middle European Summer Time (MEST), Central European Daylight Saving Time (CEDT), and Bravo Time (after the second letter of the NATO phonetic alphabet ). PERIOD OF OBSERVATIONSince 1996 European Summer Time has been observed between 1:00 UTC on the last Sunday of March and 1:00 on the last Sunday of October; previously the rules were not uniform across the European Union. USAGEThe following countries and territories use Central European Summer Time
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UTC+2
UTC+02:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +02. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-09T10:11:53+02:00
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List Of Italian Regions By GDP (PPP)
This table reports the gross domestic product (PPP ), expressed in millions of euro of the different Italian regions from 2000 to 2007. The last column reports the average growth rate of these different regions
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Ligurian (romance Language)
LIGURIAN (ligure or lengua ligure) is a Gallo-Romance language spoken in Liguria
Liguria
in Northern Italy
Italy
, parts of the Mediterranean coastal zone of France, Monaco
Monaco
and in the villages of Carloforte and Calasetta in Sardinia
Sardinia
. It is part of the Western Romance language continuum . The Genoese (Zeneize), spoken in Genoa
Genoa
, the capital of Liguria, is the language's prestige dialect on which the standard is based. Ligurian has almost 500,000 native speakers, and is still widely spoken by many in Genoa
Genoa
and in many of the small towns and villages in the region. There are also many groups dedicated to the preservation of the language such as Associazione Culturale O Castello in Chiavari , which offers Ligurian (Genovese) language courses. Notable native speakers of Ligurian include Niccolò Paganini , Giuseppe Garibaldi , Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
, Eugenio Montale , Giulio Natta
Giulio Natta
, Italo Calvino , and Fabrizio De André .There is also a popular musical group, Buio Pesto , who compose songs entirely in the Genoese dialect
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Regions Of Italy
The REGIONS OF ITALY (Italian: _regioni_) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy , constituting its second NUTS administrative level . There are 20 regions, of which five are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes. Each region, except for the Aosta Valley , is divided into provinces . Regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Regional control * 2 Regions * 3 Macroregions * 4 Status * 4.1 Regions with ordinary statute * 4.2 Autonomous regions with special statute * 5 Institutions * 6 Representation in the Senate * 7 Economy of regions and macroregions * 8 See also * 8.1 Other administrative divisions * 9 References * 10 External links * 10.1 Italian HISTORYAs the administrative districts of the central state during the Kingdom of Italy , regions were granted a measure of political autonomy by the 1948 Constitution of the Italian Republic . The original draft list comprised the Salento region (which was eventually included in the Apulia). _Friuli_ and _Venezia Giulia_ were separate regions, and Basilicata was named _Lucania_.