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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China , it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin , Shanghai , and Chongqing ) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau , also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan . China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower
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Taiwan
TAIWAN (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF CHINA (ROC), is a state in East Asia . Its neighbors include China (officially the People's Republic of China, PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations and the largest economy outside the UN. The island of Taiwan , formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning , the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty , the last dynasty of China. The Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan in 1895 after the Sino-Japanese War
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PRC (other)
PRC
PRC
is the People's Republic of China, the formal name of the country China
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Flag Of The People's Republic Of China
The FLAG OF THE PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, also known as the FIVE-STAR RED FLAG, is a red field charged in the canton (upper corner nearest the flagpole) with five golden stars . The design features one large star, with four smaller stars in a semicircle set off towards the fly (the side farthest from the flag pole). The red represents the communist revolution; the five stars and their relationship represent the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
(CPC). The first flag was hoisted by the People\'s Liberation Army (PLA) on a pole overlooking Beijing's Tiananmen Square
Tiananmen Square
on 1 October 1949, at a ceremony announcing the founding of the People's Republic. Other flags used in the People's Republic of China
China
use a red background to symbolize the revolution in conjunction with other symbols
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National Emblem Of The People's Republic Of China
The NATIONAL EMBLEM OF THE PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA contains in a red circle a representation of Tiananmen Gate , the entrance gate to the Forbidden City
Forbidden City
, where Mao declared the foundation of the People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC) in 1949. Above this representation are the five stars found on the national flag . The largest star represents the Communist Party of China
China
, while the four smaller stars represent the four social classes as defined in Maoism
Maoism
. The emblem is described as being "composed of patterns of the national flag": ...The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution and the yellow color of the stars the golden brilliant rays radiating from the vast red land
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March Of The Volunteers
The "MARCH OF THE VOLUNTEERS", is the national anthem of the People\'s Republic of China , including its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau . Unlike most previous Chinese anthems , it is written entirely in the vernacular , rather than in Classical Chinese . Its lyrics were composed as a dramatic poem by the poet and playwright , the Japan-educated Tian Han in 1934 and set to music by Nie Er the next year in Japan for the movie _Children of Troubled Times _. It was adopted as the PRC 's provisional anthem in 1949 in place of the _Three Principles of the People _ of the Republic of China and the Communist _"Internationale"_ . When Tian Han was imprisoned during the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s, the march was briefly and unofficially replaced by "The East Is Red ", then played without words, then played with altered words
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Beijing
BEIJING, formerly romanized as PEKING, is the capital of the People\'s Republic of China and the world's third most populous city proper . It is also one of the world's most populous capital cities. The city, located in northern China , is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts . Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighbouring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast; together the three divisions form the Jingjinji metropolitan region and the national capital region of China
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Shanghai
SHANGHAI is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million as of 2014 . It is a global financial centre and transport hub, with the world\'s busiest container port . Located in the Yangtze River Delta , it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the East China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north, south and west, and is bounded to the east by the East China Sea . As a major administrative, shipping and trading city, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to trade and recognition of its favourable port location and economic potential. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade following the British victory over China in the First Opium War
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Standard Chinese
STANDARD CHINESE, also known as MODERN STANDARD MANDARIN, STANDARD MANDARIN, or simply MANDARIN, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore
Singapore
. Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect , its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects , and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese . Like other varieties of Chinese, Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. It has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is an analytic language , though with many compound words
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Mongolian Language
монгол хэл ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ PRONUNCIATION /mɔŋɢɔ̆ɮ xeɮ/ NATIVE TO Mongolia , REGION All of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia ; parts of Liaoning , Jilin ,
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Standard Tibetan
STANDARD TIBETAN is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages . It is based on the speech of Lhasa
Lhasa
, an Ü-Tsang (Central Tibetan) dialect. For this reason, Standard Tibetan
Standard Tibetan
is often called LHASA TIBETAN. Tibetan is an official language of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. The written language is based on Classical Tibetan and is highly conservative
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Uyghur Language
China * Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region REGULATED BY Working Committee of Ethnic Language and Writing of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 ug Uighur, Uyghur ISO 639-2 uig Uighur, Uyghur ISO 639-3 uig Uighur, Uyghur GLOTTOLOG uigh1240 Uighur Geographical extent of Uyghur in China THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA . THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS UYGHUR TEXT
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Standard Zhuang
STANDARD ZHUANG (autonym : Zhuang : _Vahcuengh_ (pre-1982: _Vaƅcueŋƅ_; Sawndip : 话壮); simplified Chinese : 壮语; traditional Chinese : 壯語; pinyin : _Zhuàngyǔ_) is the official standardized form of the Zhuang languages , which are a branch of the Northern Tai languages . Its pronunciation is based on that of the Yongbei Zhuang dialect of Shuangqiao, Guangxi in Wuming District , Guangxi with some influence from Fuliang, also in Wuming District, while its vocabulary is based mainly on northern dialects. The official standard covers both spoken and written Zhuang. It is the national standard of the Zhuang languages, though in Yunnan a local standard is used
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Languages Of China
English , Portuguese (in Macau ) SIGN LANGUAGES Chinese Sign Language Tibetan Sign Language COMMON KEYBOARD LAYOUTS Chinese input methods Part of a series on the CULTURE OF CHINA HISTORY PEOPLE LANGUAGES Traditions * Values * Etiquette * Marriage * Funerals * Tea ceremony * Clothing * Games Mythology and folklore * Myth
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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