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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of around 1.404 billion . Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area, depending on the source consulted. China
China
also has the most neighbor countries in the world. Governed by the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
, it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities ( Beijing
Beijing
, Tianjin
Tianjin
, Shanghai
Shanghai
, and Chongqing
Chongqing
), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau

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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP, or an ETHNICITY, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry , language , society , culture or nation . Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool . By way of language shift , acculturation , adoption and religious conversion , it is sometimes possible for individuals or groups to leave one ethnic group and become part of another (except for ethnic groups emphasizing racial purity as a key membership criterion)
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PRC (other)
PRC
PRC
is the People's Republic of China, the formal name of the country China
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Republic
A REPUBLIC (Latin : res publica ) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" – not the private concern or property of the rulers – and where offices of state are elected or appointed, rather than inherited. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a monarch . In American English, the definition of a republic can also refer specifically to a government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body, known elsewhere as a representative democracy (a democratic republic ), and exercise power according to the rule of law (a constitutional republic). As of 2017 , 159 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names
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Official Script
An OFFICIAL SCRIPT is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions . Akin to an official language , an official script is much rarer. It is used primarily where an official language is in practice written with two or more scripts. As, in these languages, use of script often has cultural or political connotations, proclamation of an official script is sometimes criticised as having a goal of influencing culture or politics or both. Desired effects also may include easing education , communication and some other aspects of life. CONTENTS * 1 List of official scripts * 2 Historical * 3 See also * 4 References LIST OF OFFICIAL SCRIPTSBelow is a partial list of official scripts used in different countries. Those in italics are states that have limited international recognition
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Mongolian Language
монгол хэл ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ PRONUNCIATION /mɔŋɢɔ̆ɮ xeɮ/ NATIVE TO Mongolia
Mongolia
REGION All of state Mongolia
Mongolia
and Inner
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Unitary State
A UNITARY STATE is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Of the 193 UN member states , 165 are governed as unitary states. In a unitary state, sub-national units are created and abolished (an example being the 22 mainland regions of France
France
being merged into 13), and their powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute , the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers
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One-party State
A ONE-PARTY STATE, SINGLE-PARTY STATE, ONE-PARTY SYSTEM, SINGLE-PARTY SYSTEM is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution. All other parties are either outlawed or allowed to take only a limited and controlled participation in elections. Sometimes the term DE FACTO ONE-PARTY STATE is used to describe a dominant-party system that, unlike the one-party state, allows (at least nominally) democratic multiparty elections, but the existing practices or balance of political power effectively prevent the opposition from winning the elections
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Yu Zhengsheng
YU ZHENGSHENG (Chinese : 俞正声; born 5 April 1945) is a Chinese politician and one of the top leaders of the Communist Party of China . He is the Chairman of the Chinese People\'s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), a largely ceremonial political advisory body, and a member of the Politburo Standing Committee , China's de facto highest ruling body, since November 2012. Prior to coming to prominence nationally, Yu served as the Communist Party Secretary of Hubei
Hubei
, and Party Secretary of Shanghai, one of China's most important regional offices. Yu became a member of the Politburo in November 2002
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Standard Tibetan
STANDARD TIBETAN is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages . It is based on the speech of Lhasa , an Ü-Tsang (Central Tibetan) dialect. For this reason, Standard Tibetan
Standard Tibetan
is often called LHASA TIBETAN. Tibetan is an official language of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. The written language is based on Classical Tibetan and is highly conservative
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Standard Zhuang
STANDARD ZHUANG (autonym : Zhuang : Vahcuengh (pre-1982: Vaƅcueŋƅ; Sawndip
Sawndip
: 话壮); simplified Chinese : 壮语; traditional Chinese : 壯語; pinyin : Zhuàngyǔ) is the official standardized form of the Zhuang languages
Zhuang languages
, which are a branch of the Northern Tai languages
Tai languages
. Its pronunciation is based on that of the Yongbei Zhuang dialect of Shuangqiao, Guangxi
Guangxi
in Wuming District , Guangxi
Guangxi
with some influence from Fuliang, also in Wuming District, while its vocabulary is based mainly on northern dialects. The official standard covers both spoken and written Zhuang. It is the national standard of the Zhuang languages, though in Yunnan
Yunnan
a local standard is used
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Simplified Chinese
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; jiǎnhuàzì) are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
Characters for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters , they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
and Singapore
Singapore

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Buyei
The BOUYEI (also spelled Puyi, Buyei and Buyi; self called: BUXQYAIX , or "Puzhong", "Burao", "Puman"; Chinese : 布依族; Pinyin
Pinyin
: Bùyīzú; Vietnamese : người Bố Y) are an ethnic group living in southern mainland China. Numbering 2.5 million, they are the 11th largest of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People\'s Republic of China
China
. Some Bouyei also live in Vietnam
Vietnam
, where they are one of that nation's 54 officially recognized ethnic groups . Despite the Chinese considering them a separate group, they consider themselves Zhuang ( Tai peoples
Tai peoples
). The Bouyei live in semi-tropical, high-altitude forests of Guizhou province, as well as in Yunnan
Yunnan
and Sichuan
Sichuan
provinces, and speak a Tai language
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Uyghur Language
China
China
* Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region REGULATED BY Working Committee of Ethnic Language and Writing of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 ug Uighur, Uyghur ISO 639-2 uig Uighur, Uyghur ISO 639-3 uig Uighur, Uyghur GLOTTOLOG uigh1240 Uighur Geographical extent of Uyghur in China
China
THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA . THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS UYGHUR TEXT
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Zhuang People
Indigenous Zhuang Shigongism (Moism) Minority Christianity
Christianity
, Buddhism
Buddhism
and Taoism
Taoism
RELATED ETHNIC GROUPS Buyei Tày , Tai/Dai and Nung ( Vietnam
Vietnam
) THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS CHINESE TEXT
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