The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is a federal school system headquartered in
Alexandria, Virginia Alexandria is an independent city in the northern region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States. It lies on the western bank of the Potomac River approximately south of downtown Washington, D.C. In 2020, the population was 159,467. Th ...
, responsible for planning, directing, coordinating, and managing prekindergarten through 12th grade educational programs on behalf of the
United States Department of Defense The United States Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government directly related to national secu ...
(DoD). DoDEA is globally positioned, operating 163 accredited schools in 8 districts located in 11 foreign countries, 7 states, Guam, and Puerto Rico. DoDEA employs 15,000 employees who serve 71,000 children of active duty military and DoD civilian families. DoDEA operates as a field activity of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness). It is headed by a director who oversees all agency functions from DoDEA headquarters in Alexandria. DoDEA's schools are divided into 3 geographic areas: Europe, the Pacific, and the Americas. It is one of two U.S. federal government school systems, along with the
Bureau of Indian Education The Bureau of Indian Education (BIE), headquartered in the Main Interior Building in Washington, D.C., and formerly known as the Office of Indian Education Programs (OIEP), is a division of the U.S. Department of the Interior under the Assistant ...


Shortly after the end of World War II, the United States military established schools for the children of its service men and women stationed in Europe and the Pacific. Schools for children of military members stationed at various bases in the United States were already well-established. First administered by the military branches they served, the growing number of schools was soon transferred to civilian managers, then organized into two separate but parallel systems: the Department of Defense Dependents Schools (Pacific and Europe) overseas, and the Department of Defense Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools (Americas) in the United States. In 1994 the two systems were brought together under an umbrella agency, the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA).


The DoDEA instructional program provides a prekindergarten through 12th grade curriculum. Currently 100% of DoDEA schools are accredited and in good standing with their regional accrediting agency. Students consistently achieve high scores in the National Assessment of Educational Progress and above the national average on standardized assessments. Minority students have been especially successful, scoring at or near the highest in the United States in mathematics. DoDEA measures student progress with multiple performance-based assessments. The TerraNova standardized test provides DoDEA with results that it can compare to a nationwide sample. DoDEA students also take the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), which provides comparisons of student achievement in reading, writing, math, and science. All DoDEA schools are accredited by the North Central Association Commission on Accreditation and School Improvement (NCA CASI) or the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Council on Accreditation and School Improvement (SACS CASI), which provide each school with an independent evaluation. Schools submit annual reports of data, and every five years they host an on-site validation visit led by education experts from the United States. Following the on-site visits, the experts send a report that includes recommendations for improvements to each of the schools visited. DoDEA conducts internal monitoring of educational programs to ensure high-quality implementation of new programs and overall effectiveness of existing programs. Monitoring activities may include, but are not limited to the following activities: surveys, interviews, focus groups, classroom observations and the analysis of achievement and training data. Currently 100% of DoDEA schools are accredited and in good standing.


In 2008 the
U.S. Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is bicameral, composed of a lower body, the House of Representatives, and an upper body, the Senate. It meets in the U.S. Capitol in Washing ...
published a study stating that decreased military budgets resulted in 70% of the DoDEA schools having campuses in less than ideal physical condition, with their conditions specifically noted as either "poor" or "failing". A 2015 editorial of the '' Minneapolis Star-Tribune'' noted that schools in the DoDEA, were well funded, partly due to post- September 11 attacks security concerns and partly because of the size of the DOD itself, as well as the leadership of
Robert Gates Robert Michael Gates (born September 25, 1943) is an American intelligence analyst and university president who served as the 22nd United States secretary of defense from 2006 to 2011. He was originally appointed by president George W. Bush a ...
, who served as the Secretary of Defense. The ''Star-Tribune'' contrasted this with the lesser-funded
Bureau of Indian Education The Bureau of Indian Education (BIE), headquartered in the Main Interior Building in Washington, D.C., and formerly known as the Office of Indian Education Programs (OIEP), is a division of the U.S. Department of the Interior under the Assistant ...
(BIE) network, also federal and serving Native American students.

Academic achievement

In 2001 the
Government Accountability Office The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is a legislative branch government agency that provides auditing, evaluative, and investigative services for the United States Congress. It is the supreme audit institution of the federal govern ...
(GAO) wrote "The academic achievement of DOD students, as measured by their performance on standardized tests and their plans for enrolling in college, generally exceeds that of elementary and secondary students nationwide. On college admission tests, DOD students score at or near national averages."

DoDEA Americas Region

Headquartered in
Peachtree City, Georgia Peachtree City is the largest city in Fayette County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 34,364. Peachtree City is located in South Metro Atlanta. Peachtree City is noted for its extensive use ...
, in the
Atlanta metropolitan area Metro Atlanta, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Alpharetta, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U.S. state of Georgia (U.S. s ...
, DoDEA Americas is divided into 2 school districts (Americas Mid-Atlantic and Americas Southeast) and operates 51 schools at 16 military communities on the U.S. mainland, Puerto Rico, and Cuba. As of May 2019, it educates approximately 22,000 students of U.S. military and eligible DoD civilian personnel families.

DoDEA Americas' Mid-Atlantic District

Camp Lejeune, NC

* Bitz IS * Brewster MS * Heroes ES * Johnson PS * Lejeune HS * Tarawa Terrace ES (note DeLalio ES is at MCAS New River)

Fort Bragg, NC

* Albritton MS * Bowley ES * Devers ES * Gary Ivan Gordon ES - In the Linden Oaks area * Hampton PS * Irwin IS * Poole ES * Randall David Shughart ES - In Linden Oaks * Shughart MS - In Linden Oaks High school students attend local public schools based on what county they reside in: Cumberland County Schools for Cumberland County residents, and Hoke County Schools for Hoke County residents. The Cumberland County parts are assigned to EE Smith High School. The Linden Oaks area is in Harnett County Schools, and is assigned to Overhills High School.

Marine Corps Air Station New River, NC

* DeLalio ES Brewster Middle School and Lejeune High School in
Camp Lejeune Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune () is a United States military training facility in Jacksonville, North Carolina. Its of beaches make the base a major area for amphibious assault training, and its location between two deep-water ports ( Wilming ...
serve the community for secondary school.

Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division, VA

* Dahlgren ES/MS ** The school first opened in 1921. The school's principal facility was built during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a world war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all of the great powers—forming two opposin ...
. In 2011 a review of the building found that it was in "poor" shape. King George County Public Schools operates non-DoDEA public schools in King George County. Most off-post persons associated with NSF Dahlgren send their children to King George County schools. King George High School is the local county high school.

Marine Corps Base Quantico, VA

* Crossroads ES **The facility was scheduled to open in Spring 2016. It had a cost of $47 million. It has a two-story media center and a rooftop environmental science center, patio, and garden. The facility uses natural light and heating from geothermal sources. In 2015 the ''Star-Tribune'' described it as "state-of-the-art school design". It replaced Ashurst, Burrows, and Russell elementary schools in Quantico. * Quantico MS/HS

USMA West Point, NY

* West Point ES * West Point MS The academy is physically in the Highland Falls Central School District. The military installation sends students to James I. O'Neill High School of Highland Falls for high School,under contract. Pre-school through 8th grade attend school on the military academy grounds. The elementary school and the middle school are part of the DODEA system, not in the Highland Falls Scchool District. In 2021, 190 high school children living on post attended James I O'Neill High School. In 2021 the agency at West Point announced that the bid to educate West Point High School students would be competitive, In March 2022 the O'Neill contract was renewed.

Guantanamo Bay Naval Station, Cuba

* W.T. Sampson ES/HS

Coast Guard Air Station Borinquen, PR

* Ramey Unit School

Fort Buchanan, PR

* Antilles ES * Antilles MS * Antilles HS

DoDEA Americas' Southeast District

Fort Benning, GA

* Dexter ES * Faith MS * McBride ES * Stowers ES * White ES High school students attend local public high schools operated by county governments. - The document states that the county schools have high school zoning. The portion in Muscogee County is zoned to high schools of Muscogee County Schools. The portion in Chattahoochie County is zoned to Chattahoochee County Schools. Off-base families attend county school systems, with residents of Georgia attending those systems, and Alabama residents being in Lee County Schools and Russell County Schools.

Fort Campbell, KY

* Barkley ES * Barsanti ES * Fort Campbell HS * Lucas ES * Mahaffey MS * Marshall ES The high school first opened in 1962. The current high school building was dedicated in 2018. Of the students, the percentage who attend for all four years total at FCHS is 10. There were plans for a new middle school, but in 2019 the funds were instead designated for a wall along the Mexico-United States border.

Fort Jackson, SC

The DoDEA schools on-post for Fort Jackson are Pierce Terrace Elementary School (Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 1) and C.C. Pinckney Elementary School (grades 2–6). Students are zoned to non-DoDEA schools for secondary school: Dent Middle School and Richland Northeast High School, which are operated by Richland County School District Two.

Fort Knox, KY

* Fort Knox Middle High School * Scott Intermediate School * Van Voorhis ES * Kingsolver ES

Fort Rucker, AL

* Ellis D. Parker Elementary School Students beyond the elementary level may attend non-DoDEA schools for secondary levels, with an on-post family choosing one of the following three options: Daleville City School System, Enterprise City School System, or Ozark City Schools. Enterprise operates Enterprise High School and Ozark operates Carroll High School.

Fort Stewart, GA

* Diamond ES * Kessler ES * Murray ES Students at the secondary level on Fort Stewart attend public schools operated by county school districts. Liberty County School District operates the public schools in Liberty County.

Maxwell Air Force Base, AL

* Maxwell AFB ES/MS Magnet For high school residents are zoned to Montgomery Public Schools facilities: residents of the main base are zoned to George Washington Carver High School, while residents of the Gunner Annex are zoned to Robert E. Lee High School. Residents may attend magnet schools.

Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort, SC

* Bolden ES/MS * Elliott ES Beaufort County School District operates public high schools serving MCAS Beaufort, and in sum has the highest number of students, of any school system, affiliated with MCAS Beaufort.

DoDEA Europe Region

Headquartered in Kapaun AS, Kaiserslautern, Germany, DoDEA Europe is organized into 3 districts (EU East, EU South, and EU West) and operates 65 schools within 27 U.S. military communities across Europe. As of May 2019, the DoDEA European region educates approximately 27,000 children of U.S. military and eligible DoD civilian personnel families.

DoDEA Europe East District

USAG Ansbach, Germany

* Ansbach ES * Ansbach MS/HS

Baumholder Military Community, Germany (USAG Rheinland-Pfalz)

* Baumholder MS/HS * Smith ES

Garmisch Military Community, Germany USAG Bavaria

* Garmisch ES/MS

Grafenwohr/Vilseck Military Community, USAG Bavaria, Germany

* Grafenwoehr ES * Netzaberg ES * Netzaberg MS * Vilseck ES * Vilseck HS

Hohenfels Military Community, Germany USAG Bavaria, Germany

* Hohenfels ES * Hohenfels HS

Kaiserslautern Military Community (KMC), Germany

* Kaiserslautern ES * Kaiserslautern MS * Kaiserslautern HS * Landstuhl ES/MS * Sembach ES * Sembach MS * Vogelweh ES

Ramstein AB, Germany (Part of KMC)

*Ramstein ES * Ramstein HS * Ramstein IS * Ramstein MS

USAG Stuttgart, Germany

* Patch ES * Patch MS * Robinson Barracks ES * Stuttgart ES * Stuttgart HS

USAG Wiesbaden, Germany

* Aukamm ES * Wiesbaden HS * Wiesbaden MS * Hainerberg ES

DoDEA Europe South District

Ankara American Community, Turkey

* Ankara ES/MS/HS

Aviano AB, Italy

* Aviano ES * Aviano MS/HS

Naval Support Activity Bahrain

* Bahrain ES/HS

Camp Darby Military Community, USAG Italy

* Livorno ES/MS

Naval Support Activity Naples, Italy

* Naples ES * Naples MS/HS

Naval Air Station Rota, Spain

* Rota ES * Rota MS/HS

Moron AB, Seville, Spain

* Sevilla ES/MS

Sigonella Air Station, Sicily (IT)

* Sigonella ES * Sigonella MS/HS

Vicenza Military Community, USAG Italy

* Vicenza ES * Vicenza MS * Vicenza HS

DoDEA Europe West District

Schinnen Military Community, USAG Benelux, Brunssum, The Netherlands


RAF Alconbury, United Kingdom

* Alconbury ES * Alconbury MS/HS

Brussels Military Community, USAG Benelux, Belgium

* Brussels ES/HS

RAF Croughton, United Kingdom

* Croughton ES

Kleine Brogel Air Base, USAG Benelux Belgium

* Kleine Brogel ES

RAF Lakenheath, United Kingdom

* Feltwell ES * Lakenheath ES * Lakenheath HS * Liberty IS

SHAPE Military Community, US Army Garrison Benelux, Mons, Belgium


Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany

* Spangdahlem ES * Spangdahlem MS * Spangdahlem HS

DoDEA Pacific Region

Headquartered in Yokota AB, Japan, the DoDEA Pacific region is organized into 3 districts (Pacific East, Pacific South, and Pacific West) and operates 47 schools on 21 U.S. military installations in Guam, Japan, Okinawa and South Korea. As of May 2019, the DoDEA Pacific Region educates over 22,000 children of U.S. military and eligible DoD civilian personnel families.

Pacific East District

Camp Zama, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

* Arnn American ES * Zama American MS/HS

Commander Fleet Activities Sasebo

* Darby ES * E.J. King MS/HS * Sasebo ES

Commander Fleet Activities Yokosuka

* Ikego ES * Kinnick HS * Sullivans ES * Yokosuka MS

Marine Corp Air Station Iwakuni

* Iwakuni ES * Iwakuni MS * M.C. Perry ES * M.B. Perry HS

Misawa Air Base

* Edgren HS * Sollars ES

NAF Atsugi

* Lanham ES

Yokota Air Base

* Mendel ES * Yokota MS * Yokota HS * Yokota West ES

Pacific South District

Andersen AFB (Guam)

* Andersen ES * Andersen MS

Camp Foster, Okinawa

* Killin ES * Kubasaki HS * Zukeran ES

Camp Kinser, Okinawa

* Kinser ES

Camp Lester, Okinawa

* Lester MS

Camp McTureous, Okinawa

* Bechtel ES

Kadena Airforce Base, Okinawa

* Amelia Earhart IS * Bob Hope PS * Kadena ES * Kadena HS * Kadena MS * Ryukyu MS * Stearley Heights ES

Naval Base Guam

* McCool ES/MS

U.S. Naval Hospital (Guam)

* Guam HS

Pacific West District

Osan Air Base

* Osan American ES * Osan American MS/HS Osan American Middle High School formed in 2017 with the consolidation of the middle and high schools. In September 2017 it had 320 students.

US Army Garrison Daegu – Camp George

* Daegu American ES

US Army Garrison Daegu – Camp Walker

* Daegu MS/HS Daegu Middle High School formed in 2017 with the consolidation of the middle and high schools. In September 2017 it had 299 students.

US Army Garrison Humphreys

* Humphreys Central ES * Humphreys West ES * Humphreys MS * Humphreys HS

Former schools

; Iceland
Iceland and UK school details
/ref> * AT Mahan High School (Keflavik) * AT Mahan Elementary School (Keflavik) ; Panama * Balboa HS * Curundu ES ** On
Fort Clayton Fort Clayton was a United States Army base in the former Panama Canal Zone, later part of the Republic of Panama. Base Fort Clayton was located northwest of Balboa, Panama, with the Panama Canal located nearby. It closed in 1999 pursuant ...
, it operated from 1968 to 1999. * Curundu MS *
Fort Clayton Fort Clayton was a United States Army base in the former Panama Canal Zone, later part of the Republic of Panama. Base Fort Clayton was located northwest of Balboa, Panama, with the Panama Canal located nearby. It closed in 1999 pursuant ...
ES * Fort Kobbe ES * Howard ES ; Philippines * Wagner High School (Clark Air Base) ; United Kingdom * London Central Elementary High School (formerly London Central High School) * West Ruislip Elementary School

See also

* Department of Defense Dependents Schools * List of schools in United States territories


External links

Official DoDEA Website
* {{authority control Education Activity