WARRNAMBOOL is a regional centre and former port city on the
south-western coast of Victoria , Australia. At June 2015, Warrnambool
had an estimated urban population of 33,979. Situated on the Princes
Warrnambool marks the western end of the Great Ocean Road
and the southern end of the
Hopkins Highway .
It has been referred to as the Albany of the East, due to the two
cities' striking similarities.
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 Cityscape
* 4 Culture
* 5 Economy
* 6 Demographics
* 7 Governance
* 8 Education
* 9 Environment
* 10 Transport
* 11 Health
* 12 Notable people
* 13 Sister city
* 14 See also
* 15 References
* 16 External links
Warrnambool originates from the local Indigenous Australian
name for a nearby volcanic cone . It is interpreted to mean many
things including land between two rivers, two swamps or ample water.
A popular legend is that the first Europeans to discover Warrnambool
Cristóvão de Mendonça and his crew who surveyed the coastline
nearby and were marooned near the site of the present town as early as
the 16th century, based on the unverified reports of local whaler's
discovery of the wreck of a mahogany ship . The ship's provenance has
been variously attributed to
There is no physical evidence to suggest that it ever existed.
The first documented European discovery of
Warrnambool occurred under
Lieutenant James Grant , a Scottish explorer who sailed the Lady
Nelson along the coast in December 1800 and named several features.
This exploration was followed by that of the English navigator Matthew
Flinders in the Investigator , and the French explorer Nicholas Baudin
, who recorded coastal landmarks, in 1802. The area was frequented by
whalers early in the 19th century.
The first settlers arrived in the 1840s in the Lady Bay area, which
was a natural harbour. The town was surveyed in 1846 and established
soon after, the Post Office opening on 1 January 1849.
Victorian Gold Rush ,
Warrnambool became an important port
and grew quickly in the 1850s, benefiting from the private ownership
Port Fairy . It was gazetted as a municipality in 1855, and
became a borough in 1863.
Warrnambool was declared a town in 1883, and
a city in 1918. Post Offices opened at
Warrnambool South in 1937
Warrnambool East in 1946, and
Warrnambool North in 1947
THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (July
Warrnambool has an oceanic temperate climate. Summers are slightly
cooler than in Melbourne, while winters are slightly warmer. On
average, annual rainfall is higher than in other areas of the State.
During the heatwave in southeastern Australia ,
a maximum temperature of 44.8 °C (112.6 °F) on 7 February 2009.
CLIMATE DATA FOR WARRNAMBOOL
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS
Source: Bureau of Meteorology .
City of Warrnambool was a 4x8 grid, with boundaries of
Lava Street (north), Japan Street (east), Merri Street (south) and
Henna Street (west). In the nineteenth century, it was intended that
Fairy Street – with its proximity to the
Warrnambool Railway Station
– would be the main street of Warrnambool. However, Liebig Street
has since become the main street of the central business district
Warrnambool CBD is particularly notable for its number of
roundabouts . Dirty Angel,
Outside the CBD, the
Warrnambool Botanic Gardens feature wide curving
paths, rare trees, a lily pond with ducks , a fernery, a band rotunda
, and was designed by notable landscape architect , William Guilfoyle
Eleven suburbs surround the CBD of Warrnambool: North, South, East
and West Warrnambool, Brierly ,
Sherwood Park , Merrivale , Dennington
, Woodford , Bushfield and
Allansford , though only the four latter
are recognised as localities of the city.
Overview of the
Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum
Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum Lighthouse
at the Maritime Museum Looking up from the water at the
During the end of June and the start of July every year, Warrnambool
is the home to the children's festival Fun4Kids. It is held next to
the Lighthouse Theatre in the CBD.
Wunta Fiesta , a festival held in
Warrnambool over the first weekend
of February annually, is one of south-west Victoria's major community
festivals. It incorporates a wide range of entertainment (mostly
music) for all ages.
Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum
Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum is in
Warrnambool built on
Flagstaff Hill that also holds the original lighthouses and
Warrnambool Garrison. Its most prized item in its collection is the
Minton peacock salvaged from the Loch Ard . Flagstaff Hill Maritime
Village is built around the original lighthouses and now operates as a
heritage attraction and museum for the Great Ocean Road. Winner of
three Victorian Tourism Awards – Tourist Attraction, it houses an
extensive collection of shipwreck and maritime trade artefacts in both
a museum and village setting.
The Lady Bay Lighthouse complex is on the Victorian heritage register
due to its significance as an example of early colonial development.
There has been a flagstaff on top of Flagstaff Hill since 1848, and
the current lighthouses were moved to the site in 1878. They still
operate as navigation aids for the channel into
Warrnambool foreshore is a popular swimming area, and is adjacent
to the Lake Pertobe parklands. A number of caravan parks are also
located in the area.
Baritone Robert Nicholson recorded the song Back to
Warrnambool is served by one daily newspaper, the Warrnambool
Standard, which is owned by
Fairfax Media . The local commercial radio
stations are 882 3YB and 95.3 Coast FM, both owned by
Ace Radio .
There is also a community radio channel,
3WAY FM . Sport
Warrnambool is home to the
Grand Annual Sprintcar Classic, a race
which attracts Australian and international drivers on the Australia
Day long weekend.
The city is also the finishing point of the
Melbourne to Warrnambool
Classic cycle race . It is the longest one-day bicycle endurance race
in the world, held every October since 1895 to be the world’s second
oldest bike race.
Warrnambool has a horse racing club , the
Warrnambool Racing Club,
which schedules around twenty race meetings a year including the
Warrnambool Cup and
Grand Annual Steeple three-day meeting in the
first week of May. The Woodford Racing Club also holds one meeting at
Warrnambool racecourse. The
Grand Annual steeplechase has 33 jumps,
more than any other horse race and is one of the longest steeplechases
in the world.
Warrnambool is home to the Premier Speedway , a 410 metres (450 yd)
dirt track oval speedway located approximately 5 km east of the town.
As well as hosting various Victorian state championships, Premier
Speedway has hosted Australian championships for Sprintcars , Super
Sedans and Street Stocks . Premier Speedway has also regularly hosted
rounds of the
World Series Sprintcars , being one of only five tracks
to host a round of every series run since its inception in 1987. Since
1973 the speedway has been home to the
Grand Annual Sprintcar Classic
, the biggest single Sprintcar meeting in Australia outside of the
Australian Championship. The Classic is traditionally run the weekend
before the national title meeting. The speedway has hosted the Classic
/ Australian Championship double on six occasions - 1979, 1986, 1994,
1999, 2003 and 2011, with
Sydney 's 10 time Australian Champion Garry
Rush the only driver to win the double at
Warrnambool in 1986 when he
won his 6th Classic and a week later his 7th national title.
Warrnambool Greyhound Racing Club also holds regular meetings.
From 1 to 3 September 2008, the city hosted, along with Melbourne,
2008 Australian Football International Cup , featuring 14 nations
from around the world playing
Australian rules football . The sport
is highly popular in
Warrnambool which has a competitive local league
and is the origin of many high-profile AFL players. The city has three
Australian Rules football teams playing in the Hampden Football League
(North Warrnambool, South
Warrnambool ), and many
more in the
Warrnambool District Football League
Golfers play either on the 18 hole course at the
Club a public access course ranked in Australia's top 100 courses, or
at the 9 hole course at the
Warrnambool Harbour looking north from the breakwater
Warrnambool attracts approximately 715 visitors per year, and is a
comprehensive regional service centre. The town's tourism benefits
from the views from the
Great Ocean Road
Great Ocean Road , and its nearby beaches,
some of which are used for surfing . In the winter months, Southern
Right whales can be seen in the waters near the city at the Logan's
Beach nursery, and boats make whale-watching tours. Visitor levels are
usually higher during the winter school holidays due to Australia's
Biggest Children's Festival, the Fun4Kids Festival.
The mainstay of the economy is agriculture and its support industry
– particularly dairy farming and associated milk processing. Other
major industries and services include retail, education, health, meat
processing, clothing manufacture and construction. The Fletcher Jones
and Staff Pty Ltd clothing factory opened in 1948 and was closed in
Warrnambool residents were born outside Australia, which is
significantly less than the Australian average of 24%. 98.7% speak
English at home. 1.4% regard themselves as Indigenous , which is less
than half the national average of 3.0%.
The Local Government is the
Warrnambool City Council .
At the state level,
Warrnambool was within the electoral district of
Warrnambool until it was abolished in 2002. Since then, Warrnambool
has been in the newly created South-West Coast electorate. This was
Denis Napthine of the Liberal Party until he stood down, the
resulting by-election elected
Roma Britnell , also of the Liberal
Party as his replacement.
At the federal level,
Warrnambool is the largest town in the division
of Wannon , which has been a safe Liberal seat since 1955. However,
Warrnambool booths typically receive a much stronger Labor vote than
the rural areas that surround it. The seat was held by former Prime
Malcolm Fraser for 28 years, before being held by former
Speaker of the lower house
David Hawker for 27 years.
There are many primary schools in Warrnambool, including:
Warrnambool Primary School;
Warrnambool East Primary School;
Warrnambool West Primary School;
* Merrivale Primary School;
Allansford and District Primary School;
* Woodford Primary School;
* Our Lady
Help Of Christians Primary School (Catholic);
* St Joseph's Primary School (Catholic);
* St Pius X Primary School (Catholic);
* St John's Primary School, Dennington (Catholic);
* Kings College (Primary and Secondary); and
Special Development School (Primary and Secondary)
Warrnambool has two public high schools:
In addition, there is:
* Emmanuel College , a Catholic school; and
* King\'s College , a private
The City's only university facilities are at the Deakin University
Warrnambool campus. The
South West Institute of TAFE and SEAL both
provide vocational education.
Whale watching stations situated on Logan Beach
Logan's Beach on the eastern side of the city is recognised as a
nursery site for the southern right whale Eubalaena australis, and
many tourists have been attracted to opportunities for land-based
observations. Most years one, two or three adult female whales arrive
between late May and August, giving birth within days of their
arrival. The young whale calf is then reared at the site, usually
departing with its parent by mid to late September. Besides the
southern right whale, the coastline is also visited by Australian fur
seals , little penguins and common dolphins . During the winter and
early spring albatross cruise along the coastline and can be sighted
from Thunder Point, a popular coastal lookout in the town.
Middle Island has a colony of little penguins (Eudyptula minor). Fox
predation reduced numbers significantly. In 2005 only four penguins
were remaining in the colony.
Warrnambool City Council introduced a
world first program using Maremma dogs to guard the penguins. This
program has supported the re-establishment of a colony of over
one-hundred penguins in 2009. By 2015 the population had reached
Warrnambool Airport has flights operated by Sharp Airlines to
Melbourne's Essendon Airport.
Warrnambool is situated on the
Princes Highway between
Port Fairy to
the west and
Terang to the east as well as at the south-western
terminus of the
Hopkins Highway . The
Great Ocean Road
Great Ocean Road terminates 13
km east of Warrnambool, near Allansford.
Rail services operate to
train services call at Warrnambool's two stations,
Warrnambool in the
Sherwood Park in the city's outer east, seven days a week. A
daily container freight service is being run by
Pacific National for
local container handler Westvic.
Local buses under the Transit South West brand cover Warrnambool's
city and suburbs and extend to the nearby towns of
Port Fairy and
V/Line coaches connect
Warrnambool with Mount Gambier ,
Ballarat , Ararat , Casterton and the
Great Ocean Road
Great Ocean Road to
There are two hospitals in Warrnambool: South West Healthcare, and St
John of God Healthcare.
Tom Ballard (b. 1989) and
Alex Dyson (b. 1988), Radio Presenters
Ben Barber (b. 1984), Actor
Smoky Dawson (1913-2008), Country Music Performer (born in
Collingwood , raised in Warrnambool)
Sir John Eccles (1903-1997), Nobel Prize winner in physiology or
Danielle Green, Member of Victorian Parliament was raised and
Dave Hughes (b. 1970), Comedian
* Paul Jennings (b. 1943), Children's author – (resides in
Sally Walker , Law Professor
* Airbourne , Hard Rock Band
Marc Leishman (b. 1983), Golfer
Christian Ryan (b. 1977), Olympic Silver Medallist, Rowing 2000
* Michelle Ferris, Olympic Silver Medallist, Cycling 1996, 2000
* Jonathan Brown (b. 1981),
Leon Cameron (b. 1972), Paul Couch
Simon Hogan (b. 1988),
Jordan Lewis (b. 1986), Brent
Moloney (b. 1984),
Noel Mugavin (b. 1956),
Kevin Neale (b. 1945), Matt
Maguire (b. 1984),
Billie Smedts (b. 1992),
Wayne Schwass (b. 1968),
Michael Turner (b. 1954),
Sam Dwyer (b. 1986) and Martin Gleeson (b.
Australian rules football players
* William Bonney , Golfer
Miura, Kanagawa , Japan
ABC South West Victoria
V/Line rail service
* ^ A B "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2014-15:
Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2005 to 2015".
Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Australian Bureau of Statistics . 30
March 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016. Estimated resident
population, 30 June 2015.
* ^ http://profile.id.com.au/warrnambool/about
* ^ "THE "MAHOGANY SHIP.".". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. :
1848–1954) . Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia. 12
August 1910. p. 11. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
* ^ A B Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11
* ^ Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bom.gov.au.
Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
* ^ National Film and Sound Archive: Does your town have its own
* ^ Race History: The First Race. Melbournetowarrnambool.com.
Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
* ^ Boost for
Warrnambool Cycling Classic.
Legislation.vic.gov.au (12 October 2006). Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
Warrnambool Racing Club, retrieved 2 September 2010
* ^ Greyhound Racing Victoria, Warrnambool, archived from the
original on 16 April 2009, retrieved 15 April 2009
* ^ AFL International Cup. Afl.com.au. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
* ^ Full Points Footy, Warrnambool, archived from the original on 7
October 2008, retrieved 25 July 2008
* ^ Golf Select, Warrnambool, retrieved 11 May 2009
* ^ ABC News: Future of Fletcher Jones factory may be known today
– 26 July 2007. ABC – Australia (26 July 2007). Retrieved on 18
* ^ "Migration" (PDF). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics
. 29 March 2007. Retrieved 6 March 2009. (table 6.6)
* ^ – accessed April 2011
* ^ Liptai, Tina (13 November 2008) "Puppy power is penguins\'
saviour". The Age. Retrieved on 15 December 2015.
* ^ 3AW.com.au
* ^ Vic.gov.au