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Subsequently, commenting on Rousseau's romantic novel Subsequently, commenting on Rousseau's romantic novel Julie, or the New Heloise, Voltaire stated:

[239]

Voltaire quipped that the first half of Julie had been written in a brothel and the second hal

Voltaire quipped that the first half of Julie had been written in a brothel and the second half in a lunatic asylum.[240] In his Lettres sur La Nouvelle Heloise, written under a pseudonym, Voltaire criticized Rousseau's grammatical mistakes:

[239]

In reviewing Rousseau's book In reviewing Rousseau's book Emile, Voltaire dismissed it as "a hodgepodge of a silly wet nurse in four volumes, with forty pages against Christianity, among the boldest ever known." He expressed admiration for the section titled Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar, calling it "fifty good pages ... it is regrettable that they should have been written by ... such a knave."[241] He went on to predict that Emile would be forgotten within a month.[240]

In 1764, Ro

In 1764, Rousseau published Lettres de la montagne on religion and politics. In the fifth letter he wondered why Voltaire had not been able to imbue the Genevan councilors, who frequently met him, "with that spirit of tolerance which he preaches without cease, and of which he sometimes has need". The letter continued with an imaginary speech in the voice of Voltaire, acknowledging authorship of the heretical book Sermon of the Fifty, which the real Voltaire had repeatedly denied.[242]

In 1772, when a priest sent Rousseau a pamphlet denouncing Voltaire, Rousseau responded by defending his rival:

He has said and done so many good things that we should draw the curtain over his irregularities.[242]

In 1778, when Voltaire was given unprecedented honors at the Théâtre-Français,[243] an acquaintance of Rousseau ridiculed the event. This was met by a sharp retort from Rousseau:

[244]

On 2 July 1778, Rousseau died one month after Voltaire.[245] In October 1794, Rousseau's remains were moved to the Panthéon near the remains of Voltaire.[246][j]