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Treviso
Treviso
(Italian pronunciation: [treˈviːzo] ( listen), Venetian: Trevixo) is a city and comune in the Veneto
Veneto
region of northern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Treviso
Treviso
and the municipality has 84,669 inhabitants (as of September 2017):[1] some 3,000 live within the Venetian walls (le Mura) or in the historical and monumental center, some 80,000 live in the urban center proper while the city hinterland has a population of approximately 170,000.[citation needed] The city is home to the headquarters of clothing retailer Benetton, Sisley, Stefanel, Geox, Diadora
Diadora
and Lotto Sport Italia, appliance maker De'Longhi, and bicycle maker Pinarello. Treviso
Treviso
is also known for being the original production area of Prosecco
Prosecco
wine and radicchio,[2][3] and being one of several towns thought to have been the origin of the popular Italian dessert tiramisù.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Ancient era 1.2 Early Middle Ages 1.3 Middle Ages 1.4 Venetian rule 1.5 French and Austrian rule 1.6 19th century and later

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Architecture 4 Parks and gardens 5 Sports 6 Transportation 7 Notable people 8 International relations

8.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

9 See also 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Treviso Ancient era[edit] For some scholars, the ancient city of Tarvisium derived its name from a settlement of the Celtic tribe of the Taurusci. Others have attributed the name instead to the Greek root tarvos, meaning "bull". Tarvisium, then a city of the Veneti, became a municipium in 89 BCE after the Romans added Cisalpine Gaul
Cisalpine Gaul
to their dominions. Citizens were ascribed to the Roman tribe of Claudia. The city lay in proximity of the Via Postumia, which connected Opitergium to Aquileia, two major cities of Roman Venetia during Ancient and early medieval times. Treviso
Treviso
is rarely mentioned by ancient writers, although Pliny writes of the Silis, that is the Sile River, as flowing ex montibus Tarvisanis. During the Roman Period, Christianity spread to Treviso. Tradition records that St. Prosdocimus, a Greek who had been ordained bishop by St. Peter, brought the Catholic faith to Treviso
Treviso
and surrounding areas. By the 4th century, the Christian population grew sufficient to merit a resident bishop. The first documented bishop was John the Pious[4] who began his epsicopacy in 396 AD. Early Middle Ages[edit]

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Treviso
Treviso
went through a demographic and economic decline similar to the rest of Italy
Italy
after the fall of the Western Empire; however, it was spared by Attila the Hun, and thus, remained an important center during the 6th century. According to tradition, Treviso
Treviso
was the birthplace of Totila, the leader of Ostrogoths
Ostrogoths
during the Gothic Wars. Immediately after the Gothic Wars, Treviso
Treviso
fell under the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna
Exarchate of Ravenna
until 568 AD when it was taken by the Lombards, who made it one of 36 ducal seats and established an important mint. The latter was especially important during the reign of the last Lombard king, Desiderius, and continued to churn out coins when northern Italy
Italy
was annexed to the Frankish Empire. People from the city also played a role in the founding of Venice. Charlemagne
Charlemagne
made it the capital of a border march, i.e. the Marca Trevigiana, which lasted for several centuries. Middle Ages[edit] Treviso
Treviso
joined the Lombard League, and gained independence after the Peace of Constance
Peace of Constance
(1183). This lasted until the rise of seignories in northern Italy. Among the various families who ruled over Treviso, the Da Romano reigned from 1237 to 1260. Struggles between Guelph
Guelph
and Ghibelline factions followed, with the first triumphant in 1283 with Gherardo III da Camino, after which Treviso
Treviso
experienced significant economic and cultural growth which continued until 1312. Treviso
Treviso
and its satellite cities, including Castelfranco Veneto
Veneto
(founded by the Trevigiani in contrapposition to Padua), had become attractive to neighbouring powers, including the da Carrara and Scaligeri. After the fall of the last Caminesi lord, Rizzardo IV, the Marca was the site of continuous struggles and ravages (1329–1388). Treviso
Treviso
notary and physician Oliviero Forzetta was an avid collector of antiquities and drawings; the collection was published in a catalog in 1369, the earliest such catalog to survive to this day.[5] Venetian rule[edit]

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After a Scaliger domination in 1329–1339, the city gave itself to the Republic of Venice, becoming the first notable mainland possession of the Serenissima. From 1318 it was also, for a short time, the seat of a university. Venetian rule brought innumerable benefits; however, Treviso
Treviso
necessarily became involved in the wars of Venice. From 1381–1384, the city was captured and ruled by the duke of Austria, and then by the Carraresi until 1388. Having returned to Venice, the city was fortified and given a massive line of walls and ramparts, still existing; these were renewed in the following century under the direction of Fra Giocondo, two of the gates being built by the Lombardi. The many waterways were exploited with several waterwheels which mainly powered mills for milling grain produced locally. The waterways were all navigable and "barconi" would arrive from Venice
Venice
at the Port of Treviso
Treviso
(Porto de Fiera) pay duty and offload their merchandise and passengers along Riviera Santa Margherita. Fishermen were able to bring fresh catch every day to the Treviso
Treviso
fish market, which is held still today on an island connected to the rest of the city by two small bridges at either end.

City walls.

French and Austrian rule[edit] Treviso
Treviso
was taken in 1797 by the French under Mortier, who was made duke of Treviso. French domination lasted until the defeat of Napoleon, after which it passed to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The citizens, still at heart loyal to the fallen Venetian Republic, were displeased with imperial rule and in March 1848, drove out the Austrian garrison. However, after the town was bombarded, the people were compelled to capitulate in the following June. Austrian rule continued until Treviso
Treviso
was annexed with the rest of Veneto
Veneto
to the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
in 1866. 19th century and later[edit] During World War I, Treviso
Treviso
held a strategic position close to the Austrian front. Just north, the Battle of Vittorio Veneto
Veneto
helped turn the tide of the War. During World War II, one of several Italian concentration camps was established for Slovene and Croatian civilians from the Province of Ljubljana in Monigo, near Treviso. The camp was disbanded with the Italian capitulation in 1943. At the end of the war, the city suffered an Allied bombing on 7 April 1944 (Good Friday). A large part of the medieval structures of the city center were destroyed—including part of the Palazzo dei Trecento, later rebuilt—causing the death of about 1,000 people. In January 2005, a bomb enclosed in a candy egg and attributed to the so-called Italian Unabomber detonated on a Treviso
Treviso
street.[6] Geography[edit]

A bridge on the Sile river in Treviso.

Treviso
Treviso
stands at the confluence of Botteniga with the Sile, 30 kilometres (19 miles) north of Venice, 50 km (31 mi) east of Vicenza, 40 km (25 mi) north-east of Padua, and 120 km (75 mi) south of Cortina d'Ampezzo. The city is situated some 15 km (9 mi) south-west the right bank of the Piave River, on the plain between the Gulf of Venice
Venice
and the Alps. Climate[edit] Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (temperate oceanic climate).[7]

Climate data for Treviso, Italy

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7 (44) 9 (48) 13 (56) 17 (63) 22 (72) 26 (78) 28 (83) 28 (82) 24 (76) 19 (66) 12 (54) 7 (45) 18 (64)

Average low °C (°F) −2 (29) −1 (31) 3 (38) 7 (45) 12 (53) 16 (60) 17 (63) 17 (62) 14 (57) 9 (48) 3 (38) −1 (31) 8 (47)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 66 (2.6) 64 (2.5) 71 (2.8) 69 (2.7) 89 (3.5) 104 (4.1) 66 (2.6) 91 (3.6) 80 (3) 81 (3.2) 86 (3.4) 64 (2.5) 927 (36.5)

Average precipitation days 6.3 6.2 7.1 8.6 9.6 9.4 6.9 7.3 6.2 6.4 7.4 6.5 87.9

Source: Weatherbase [8]

Architecture[edit]

The Late Romanesque–Early Gothic church of San Francesco, built by the Franciscan
Franciscan
community in 1231–1270. Used by Napoleonic troops as a stable, it was reopened in 1928. The interior has a single nave with five chapels. On the left wall is a Romanesque-Byzantine fresco portraying St. Christopher (later 13th century). The Grand Chapel has a painting of the Four Evangelists by a pupil of Tommaso da Modena, to whom is instead directly attributed a fresco of Madonna with Child and Seven Saints (1350) in the first chapel on the left. The next chapel has instead a fresco with Madonna and Four Saints from 1351 by the so-called Master of Feltre. The church, among others, houses the tombs of Pietro Alighieri, son of Dante, and Francesca Petrarca, daughter of the poet Francesco. The Loggia dei Cavalieri, an example of Treviso's Romanesque influenced by Byzantine forms. It was built under the podestà Andrea da Perugia (1276) as a place for meetings, talks and games, although reserved only to the higher classes. Piazza dei Signori (Lords' Square), with the Palazzo di Podestà (later 15th century). Church of San Nicolò, a mix of 13th-century Venetian Romanesque and French Gothic elements. The interior has a nave and two aisles, with five apsed chapels. It houses important frescoes by Tommaso da Modena, depicting St Romuald, St Agnes and the Redemptor and St Jerome in his Study. Also the Glorious Mysteries of Santo Peranda
Santo Peranda
can be seen. Noteworthy is also the fresco of St Christopher on the eastern side of the church, which is the most ancient depiction in glass in Europe. Cathedral is dedicated to St Peter. It was once a small church built in the Late Roman era, to which later were added a crypt and the Santissimo and Malchiostro Chapels (1520). After the numerous later restorations, only the gate remains of the original Roman edifice. The interior houses works by Il Pordenone
Il Pordenone
and Titian
Titian
(Malchiostro Annunciation) among others. The edifice has seven domes, five over the nave and two closing the chapels. Palazzo dei Trecento, built in the 13th–14th centuries. Piazza Rinaldi. It is the seat of three palaces of the Rinaldi family, the first built in the 12th century after their flight from Frederick Barbarossa. The second, with unusual ogival arches in the loggia of the first floor, is from the 15th century. The third was added in the 18th century. Ponte di Pria (Stone Bridge), along the city walls, where River Botteniga divides into the three channels that cross the city centre (Cagnan Grande, Cagnan di Mezzo, Roggia). Monte di Pietà di Treviso
Monte di Pietà di Treviso
and the Cappella dei Rettori. The Monte di Pietà was founded to house Jewish moneylenders.[citation needed] On the second floor is the Cappella dei Rettori, a lay hall for meetings, with frescoes by il Pozzoserrato.

Parks and gardens[edit]

Giardino Fenologico "Alessandro Marcello" Orto Botanico Conservativo Carlo Spegazzini, a botanical garden Orto Botanico Conservativo Francesco Busnello, another botanical garden

Sports[edit] Treviso
Treviso
is home to several notable Italian sport teams, thanks to the presence of the Benetton family, who owns and sponsors:

Sisley Treviso
Treviso
(volleyball), winner of 9 scudetti, playing at the Palaverde. Benetton (rugby union), winner of 15 scudetti, playing at the Monigo stadium. Since the 2010–11 season, Benetton has been one of two Italian teams in the Pro14, alongside existing teams from Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Benetton Basket, winner of 5 scudetti, playing at the Palaverde.

The local football team, A.S.D. Treviso
Treviso
2009, played for the first time in the Italian Serie A
Serie A
in 2005. Its home stadium is the Omobono Tenni. Treviso
Treviso
is a popular stop on the professional cyclo-cross racing circuit and served as the site of the 2008 UCI Cyclo-cross
Cyclo-cross
World Championships. Treviso
Treviso
is a heaven for cycling enthusiasts. From the city center there is a beautiful cycle path along the Sile river with connecting paths all the way to Jesolo, a seaside resort on the Adriatic sea. For road cyclists, Treviso
Treviso
is also a good starting/finishing point for tours to the Montello hill and further into the hills of the area around Conegliano
Conegliano
and Valdobbiadene. Transportation[edit] Treviso Centrale railway station
Treviso Centrale railway station
has Trenitalia
Trenitalia
trains to Venice, Udine and Trieste. Treviso
Treviso
Airport, west of the city, specializes in low cost airlines. MOM is the major transport company in the city and provides for urban and suburban services in the Province of Treviso. Notable people[edit]

Baduila, Ostrogothic king (ruled 541–552) Luciano Benetton (born 13 May 1935), chairman of the Benetton Group Angelo Ephrikian (1913–1982), musicologist and violinist Laura Efrikian
Laura Efrikian
(born 1940), actress and television personality Giuliano Carmignola (born 1951), violinist Leonora Fani
Leonora Fani
(born 1954), film actor Marco Paolini
Marco Paolini
(born 1956), stage actor Marius Mitrea, (born 1982), 2015 Rugby World Cup secondary referee Diletta Rizzo Marin (born 1984), opera singer and model

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Treviso
Treviso
is twinned with:

Orléans, France[9] Timișoara, Romania[9] Curitiba, Brazil Neuquén, Argentina Griffith, Australia Guelph, Canada

See also[edit]

Treviso
Treviso
Arithmetic, a textbook of commercial mathematics published by an anonymous author in the 15th century

References[edit]  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Treviso". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

^ Data at Istat website ^ Kafka, Barbara (December 21, 1988). "Radicchio: Tasty but So Misunderstood". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2017. The radicchio that Italians eat most often is Treviso.  ^ Pavan, Camillo (2013). Sull'origine del radicchio rosso di Treviso: La leggenda di Van den Borre e la scoperta di Tiziano Tempesta. Treviso. p. 6.  ^ "Chronotaxis". Diocesi di Treviso
Treviso
(in Italian). Diocese of Treviso. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2011.  ^ Taylor, F. H. (1948). The Taste of Angels: a history of art collecting from Rameses to Napoleon. Boston: Little, Brown. p. 43. Retrieved 2014-09-13. ^ Popham, Peter (27 January 2005). "Italian 'Unabomber' uses child's chocolate egg to hide explosive". The Independent. Retrieved 2014-09-13.  ^ Climate Summary for Treviso, Italy ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-19.  ^ a b comuni-italiani.it

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Treviso External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Treviso.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Treviso.

Official site

v t e

Veneto
Veneto
· Comuni of the Province of Treviso

Altivole Arcade Asolo Borso del Grappa Breda di Piave Caerano di San Marco Cappella Maggiore Carbonera Casale sul Sile Casier Castelcucco Castelfranco Veneto Castello di Godego Cavaso del Tomba Cessalto Chiarano Cimadolmo Cison di Valmarino Codogné Colle Umberto Conegliano Cordignano Cornuda Crespano del Grappa Crocetta del Montello Farra di Soligo Follina Fontanelle Fonte Fregona Gaiarine Giavera del Montello Godega di Sant'Urbano Gorgo al Monticano Istrana Loria Mansuè Mareno di Piave Maser Maserada sul Piave Meduna di Livenza Miane Mogliano Veneto Monastier di Treviso Monfumo Montebelluna Morgano Moriago della Battaglia Motta di Livenza Nervesa della Battaglia Oderzo Ormelle Orsago Paderno del Grappa Paese Pederobba Pieve di Soligo Ponte di Piave Ponzano Veneto Portobuffolé Possagno Povegliano Preganziol Quinto di Treviso Refrontolo Resana Revine Lago Riese Pio X Roncade Salgareda San Biagio di Callalta San Fior San Pietro di Feletto San Polo di Piave San Vendemiano San Zenone degli Ezzelini Santa Lucia di Piave Sarmede Segusino Sernaglia della Battaglia Silea Spresiano Susegana Tarzo Trevignano Treviso Valdobbiadene Vazzola Vedelago Vidor Villorba Vittorio Veneto Volpago del Montello Zenson di Piave Zero Branco

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124319

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