The Hague (/ðə ˈheɪɡ/; Dutch: Den Haag, pronounced [dɛn
ˈɦaːx] ( listen), short for 's-Gravenhage;
[ˈsxraːvə(n)ˌɦaːɣə] ( listen)) is a city on the
western coast of the
Netherlands and the capital of the province of
With a metropolitan population of more than 1 million, it is the
third-largest city in the Netherlands, after
Amsterdam and Rotterdam.
The Hague metropolitan area, with a population of
approximately 2.7 million, is the 12th-largest in the European Union
and the most populous in the country. Located in the west of the
The Hague is in the centre of the
and lies at the southwest corner of the larger
The Hague is the seat of the cabinet of the Netherlands, the States
General, the Supreme Court, and the Council of State, but the city is
not the capital of the Netherlands, which constitutionally is
Amsterdam. Most foreign embassies in the
Netherlands and 150
international organisations are located in the city, including the
International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court,
The Hague one of the major cities hosting the United
Nations, along with New York City, Geneva, Vienna, Rome, and Nairobi.
King Willem-Alexander lives in Huis ten Bosch[a] and works at the
Noordeinde Palace in The Hague, together with Queen Máxima. The Hague
is also home to the world headquarters of
Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell and
numerous other major Dutch companies.
1.1 Early history
1.2 Modern history
3.1 Ethnic make-up
4.1 City government
4.2 International politics
4.3 Twin towns and sister cities
6.2 Annual events
7.3 Urban transport
8 See also
11 External links
See also: Timeline of The Hague
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Binnenhof at the Hofvijver, 1625
The Hague by Sybrand van Beest, c. 1650, Royal Castle in
The Hague originated around 1230, when Count
Floris IV of Holland
purchased land alongside a pond, the present-day Hofvijver, in order
to build a hunting residence. In 1248, his son and successor William
II, King of the Romans, decided to extend the residence to a palace,
which would later be called the
Binnenhof (Inner Court). He died in
1256 before this palace was completed but parts of it were finished by
his son Floris V, of which the
Ridderzaal (Knights' Hall), still
intact, is the most prominent. It is still used for political events,
such as the annual speech from the throne by the Dutch monarch. From
the 13th century onwards, the counts of Holland used
The Hague as
their administrative center and residence when in Holland.
The village that originated around the
Binnenhof was first mentioned
as Haga in a charter dating from 1242. In the 15th century, des Graven
hage came into use, literally "The Count's Wood", with connotations
like "The Count's Hedge, Private Enclosure or Hunting Grounds".
's-Gravenhage was officially used for the city from the 17th century
onwards. Today, this name is only used in some official documents like
birth and marriage certificates. The city itself uses "Den Haag" in
all its communication. When the dukes of Burgundy gained control
over the counties of Holland and
Zeeland at the beginning of the 15th
century, they appointed a stadtholder to rule in their stead with the
States of Holland
States of Holland as an advisory council. Their seat was located in
At the beginning of the Eighty Years' War, the absence of city walls
proved disastrous, as it allowed Spanish troops to easily occupy the
town. In 1575, the
States of Holland
States of Holland even considered demolishing the
city but this proposal was abandoned, after mediation by William of
Orange. From 1588,
The Hague also became the seat of the government of
the Dutch Republic. In order for the administration to maintain
control over city matters,
The Hague never received official city
status, although it did have many of the privileges normally granted
only to cities. In modern administrative law, "city rights" have no
The Old City Hall of
The Hague around 1900
Only in 1806, when the
Kingdom of Holland
Kingdom of Holland was a puppet state of the
First French Empire, was the settlement granted city rights by Louis
Bonaparte. After the Napoleonic Wars, modern-day
Belgium and the
Netherlands were combined in the
United Kingdom of the
form a buffer against France. As a compromise,
Brussels and Amsterdam
alternated as capital every two years, with the government remaining
in The Hague. After the separation of
Belgium in 1830, Amsterdam
remained the capital of the Netherlands, while the government was
situated in The Hague. When the government started to play a more
prominent role in Dutch society after 1850,
The Hague quickly
expanded. Many streets were specifically built for the large number of
civil servants employed in the country's government and for the
Dutchmen who were retiring from the administration of the Netherlands
East Indies. The growing city annexed the rural municipality of
Loosduinen partly in 1903 and completely in 1923.
The city sustained heavy damage during World War II. Many Jews were
killed during the German occupation. Additionally, the Atlantic Wall
was built through the city, causing a large quarter to be torn down by
the Nazi occupants. On 3 March 1945, the
Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force mistakenly
Bezuidenhout quarter. The target was an installation of V-2
rockets in the nearby
Haagse Bos park, but because of navigational
errors, the bombs fell on a heavily populated and historic part of the
city. The bombardment wreaked widespread destruction in the
area and caused 511 fatalities.
After the war,
The Hague became at one time the largest building site
in Europe. The city expanded massively to the south-west, and the
destroyed areas were quickly rebuilt. The population peaked at 600,000
inhabitants around 1965. In the 1970s and 1980s, mostly white
middle-class families moved to neighbouring towns like Voorburg,
Rijswijk and, most of all, Zoetermeer. This led to the
traditional pattern of an impoverished inner city and more prosperous
suburbs. Attempts to include parts of these municipalities in the city
The Hague were highly controversial. In the 1990s, with the consent
of the Dutch Parliament,
The Hague annexed fairly large areas from
neighbouring towns as well as from not even bordering ones, on which
the complete new residential areas were built and are still being
See also: Districts of The Hague
Detailed topographic map of The Hague, 2014
The Hague, divided into neighbourhoods
The Hague is the largest Dutch city on the
North Sea in the
Netherlands and forms the centre of a conurbation called Haaglanden.
Wateringen lie to the south, Rijswijk,
Delft and the
Rotterdam conurbation (called Stadsregio
Rotterdam or Rijnmond) to the
Zoetermeer to the east,
Voorschoten and the
Leiden conurbation to the
Wassenaar to the north.
The conurbations around
The Hague and
Rotterdam are close enough to be
a single conurbation in some contexts. For example, they share the
The Hague Airport and a light rail system called
RandstadRail. Consideration is being given to creating a Rotterdam-The
Hague metropolitan area. This large conurbation centred on The Hague
Rotterdam is, in turn, part of the Randstad—specifically a band
of municipalities called the South Wing (Zuidvleugel). The Randstad,
which also includes among others
Amsterdam and Utrecht, has a
population of 6,659,300.
The Hague lies at the southwestern corner of
one of the largest urban areas in Europe.
The Hague is divided into eight official districts which are, in turn,
divided into neighbourhoods. Some of the most prosperous and some
of the poorest neighbourhoods of the
Netherlands can be found in The
Hague. The wealthier areas like Statenkwartier, Belgisch Park, Marlot,
Benoordenhout and Archipelbuurt are generally located in the
northwestern part of the city, closer to the sea, whereas the
southeastern neighbourhoods like Transvaal, Moerwijk, and the
Schilderswijk are significantly poorer, with the exception of the
Leidschenveen-Ypenburg and Wateringse Veld. This
division is reflected in the local accent: The more affluent citizens
are usually called "Hagenaars" and speak so-called bekakt Haags
("posh"), this contrasts with the Hagenezen, who speak plat Haags
("vulgar"); see Demographics below.
The districts are:
Centrum (99,283 inhabitants) forms the heart of The Hague. The
Binnenhof, the Noordeinde Palace, the
Mauritshuis museum, the Nieuwe
Kerk, the Grote Kerk, the Old City Hall and the current City Hall are
located here. Architecture varies from medieval up to 20th century.
Escamp (118,483 inhabitants) is the most populous district of The
Hague, built largely after the
Second World War
Second World War as part of The Hague's
large expansion to the south east. One railway station can be found
here: Den Haag Moerwijk. The district is divided into six
Haagse Hout (42,000 inhabitants) is a wealthy district in the
northeast of the city and the location of the Haagse Bos, a large
forest. The King of the
Netherlands lives in the royal palace Huis ten
Bosch, located in this forest. The district also includes the
financial centre of the city, the Beatrixkwartier.
Laak (40,222 inhabitants) is the smallest district of the city,
southeast of its centre, for the most part, built in the 20th and 21st
century. The area used to be part of Rijswijk, until the municipality
The Hague bought the land in 1844. The Hollands Spoor railway
The Hague University
The Hague University are located here, as well as the site
of the planned mixed-use development Nieuw Binckhorst.
Leidschenveen-Ypenburg (47,088 inhabitants) is an early 21st-century
Vinex-location located south east of the city, geographically
connected to the main body of the city only by a narrow corridor. The
district is divided into Leidschenveen and Ypenburg, which were part
Rijswijk before the areas were annexed
The Hague in 2002. This was the site of
Ypenburg Airport which was
a military airport during the Second World War.
Loosduinen (45,485 inhabitants) is the westernmost district of The
Hague. It was a village unto itself until 1923, when it was annexed by
The Hague. The less popular of the city's two seaside resorts,
Kijkduin is located here. The district is divided into four
Scheveningen (53,425 inhabitants) is the wealthy northernmost district
of The Hague. A modern beach resort,
Scheveningen is a popular tourist
destination. It has a long sandy beach and its own esplanade, pier and
lighthouse, but also a
Pathé cinema, a musical theatre and a casino.
The district also includes a fishing harbour. Notable buildings
include the Kurhaus and farther inland, the Peace Palace.
Segbroek (60,054 inhabitants) is a district located between
Scheveningen and Loosduinen. The population has decreased until around
2005, but since then has begun to grow again, driven by students and
east European immigrants. It became a district of
The Hague in 1988
and is divided into five neighbourhoods.
The Hague experiences a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen climate
classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the Netherlands. Because
of its location on the coast, it experiences milder winters and cooler
summers than more inland locations. It also gets more sunshine.
Climate data for Valkenburg Naval Air Base
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Royal
Netherlands Meteorological Institute (1981–2010
normal, snowy days normal for 1971–2000)
Source #2: Royal
Netherlands Meteorological Institute (1971–2000
See also: List of tallest buildings in Haaglanden
City life concentrates around the
Hofvijver and the Binnenhof, where
the States General of the
Netherlands are located. Because of its
history, the historical inner city of
The Hague differs in various
aspects from the nearby smaller cities of
Leiden and Delft. It does
not have a cramped inner city, bordered by canals and walls. Instead,
it has some small streets in the town centre that may be dated from
Middle Ages and several spacious streets boasting large and
luxurious 18th-century residences built for diplomats and affluent
Dutch families. It has a large church dating from the 15th century, an
impressive City Hall (built as such) from the 16th century, several
large 17th-century palaces, a 17th-century
Protestant church built in
what was then a modern style, and many important 18th-century
Hofvijver and the buildings housing the States General of the
View of the
Hoftoren (left) and the Ministry of Health, Welfare and
The city is becoming more student friendly with the introduction of a
new campus in 2012 of
Leiden University as well as
College The Hague, which was established in 2010. The Royal
The Hague and the Royal Academy of Art are also
located there, as well as
The Hague University, a vocational
university and a branch of The Open University of the Netherlands. The
city has many civil servants and diplomats. In fact,
the number and variety of foreign residents (especially the
expatriates) make the city quite culturally diverse, with many foreign
pubs, shops and cultural events.
The Hague is the largest Dutch city on the
North Sea and includes two
distinct beach resorts. The main beach resort Scheveningen, in the
northwestern part of the city is a popular destination for tourists as
well as for inhabitants. With 10 million visitors a year, it is the
most popular beach town in the
Benelux area. Kijkduin, in the south
west, is The Hague's other beach resort. It is significantly smaller
and attracts mainly local residents.
The former Dutch colony of the East Indies, now Indonesia, has left
its mark on The Hague. Since the 19th century, high level civil
servants from the
Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies often spent long term leave and
vacation in The Hague. Many streets are named after places in the
Netherlands East Indies (as well as other former Dutch colonies such
as Suriname) and there is a sizable "Indo" (i.e. mixed
Dutch-Indonesian) community. Since the loss of these Dutch possessions
in December 1949, "Indo people" also known as "Indische people" often
The Hague as "the Widow of the Indies".
The older parts of the town have many characteristically wide and long
streets. Houses are generally low-rise (often not more than three
floors). A large part of the south western city was planned by the
progressive Dutch architect H.P. Berlage about 1910. This 'Plan
Berlage' decided the spacious and homely streets for several decades.
In World War II, a large amount of the western portion of The Hague
was destroyed by the Germans. Afterwards, modernist architect W.M.
Dudok planned its renewal, putting apartment blocks for the middle
class in open park-like settings.
The layout of the city is more spacious than other Dutch cities and
because of the incorporation of large and old nobility estates, the
creation of various parks and the use of green zones around natural
streams, it is a much more green city than any other in the
Netherlands. That is, excepting some medieval close-knitted streets in
The Hague has a canal system around the old city center,
which is mainly used for boat tours around the city. Most of the
canals were drained in the late 19th century but many have been
The tallest buildings of
The Hague are both 146-metre-tall ministries
of Justice and Security and the Interior and Kingdom Relations of the
Netherlands, designed by Hans Kollhoff. Other significant skyscrapers
include the Hoftoren,
Het Strijkijzer and De Kroon.
Source: Lourens & Lucassen 1997, pp. 108–110 (1369–1795)
City of Den Haag population by country of origin (2017)
The Hague (2013)
Roman Catholic (14.0%)
Protestant Church in the
Other Christian denominations (5.8%)
As of 1 January 2014,
The Hague counts 509,779 inhabitants, making it
the third largest city of the Netherlands. Between 1800 and 1960, the
city saw a considerable growth from 40,000 in 1800 to 200,000 in 1900
and eventually 600,000 in 1960. The growth following 1900 was
partially caused by the housing act of 1901, which stimulated the
expansion of cities such as The Hague. In the period between 1960 and
The Hague saw a shrinkage from 600,000 to 440,000 inhabitants,
caused mostly by the spatial policy, demographic processes and lack of
space. After several annexations and housing construction, The Hague
has since grown again, celebrating its 500,000th inhabitant in 2011.
The municipality expects the growth to continue to 513,000 inhabitants
The demonym of
The Hague officially is Hagenaar, but the term Hagenees
is informally used for someone who was born and grew up in The Hague.
It is believed by some that there is a separation between Hagenaars
living on sand, and Hagenezen living on peat.
The Hague is built
partially on sand dunes and partially on peat; the border roughly runs
parallel to the Laan van Meerdervoort. Generally the wealthier
neighbourhoods lie on sand, and the poorer neighbourhoods on peat.
People that live on the sand are Hagenaars, those that live on peat
are Hagenezen. Another definition is that a Hagenees is someone
speaking in the vulgar Haags accent, whereas a Hagenaar speaks in the
more "posh" Haags accent.
The proportion of Dutch people is 48%, while that of Western
immigrants is 15.6%, and that of non-western immigrants is 34.4%.
Just under half of The Hague's population identifies with a religious
group. The two most popular religions are
Christianity (29%) and Islam
(14.1%). Indonesian, Turks, Moroccans and Surinamese people are
particularly likely to adhere to a religion. Islam is the most common
religion among Turks and, particularly, among Moroccans. Surinamese
people are more religiously mixed, although
Hinduism is the most
common. Of The Hague's native Dutch population, almost all religious
people belong to Christianity. Just under 40% of the population of The
Hague regularly attends a house of worship.
See also: List of mayors of The Hague
As of the 2018 municipal election, The Hague's municipal council
contains fifteen parties, most notably the local Group de Mos (9
seats), the VVD (7 seats), D66 (6 seats) and
GroenLinks (5 seats).
Group de Mos - Heart for The Hague
8 / 45
Party for Freedom
Party for Freedom and Democracy
7 / 45
6 / 45
5 / 45
Christian Democratic Appeal
3 / 45
3 / 45
The Hague City Party
3 / 45
Party for the Animals
2 / 45
Party for Freedom
2 / 45
1 / 45
Christian Union-Reformed Political Party
1 / 45
1 / 45
1 / 45
1 / 45
Party of Unity
1 / 45
Since 2014, the municipal executive has been formed by a coalition
consisting of D66, PvdA, VVD, HSP and CDA. The chairman of the college
Pauline Krikke of the VVD, and the city has six aldermen (or
Deputy Mayors): Rabin Baldewsingh (PvdA), Joris Wijsmuller (HSP),
Boudewijn Revis (VVD), Karsten Klein (CDA) and Tom de Bruijn (D66).
Each of these is responsible for a number of particular policy areas
and one or two city districts. Due to the recent election, a new
executive is currently in formation.
The Peace Palace
The International Criminal Court
The Hague is home to many different international judicial bodies,
such as the
International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice (ICJ), the International
Criminal Court (ICC), and the Appeals Chamber of the International
Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
The Hague is the fourth major
centre for the United Nations, after New York,
Geneva and Vienna.
The foundation of
The Hague as an "international city of peace and
justice" started at the end of the 19th century, when the first global
Conference of peace took place in
The Hague on Tobias Asser's
initiative, with then a second one a few years later. A direct result
of these meetings was the establishment of the world's first
organization for the settlement of international disputes: the
Permanent Court of Arbitration
Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). Shortly thereafter the
Andrew Carnegie made the necessary funds
available to build the
Peace Palace to house the PCA. After the
establishment of the League of Nations,
The Hague became the seat of
the Permanent Court of International Justice, which was replaced by
International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice after the Second World War.
The establishments of the
Iran-US Claims Tribunal
Iran-US Claims Tribunal (1981), the
International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1993) and
International Criminal Court
International Criminal Court (2002) in the city further
consolidated the role of
The Hague as a center for international legal
arbitration. Most recently, on 1 March 2009, the
Special Tribunal for
Lebanon, a U.N. tribunal to investigate and prosecute suspects in the
2005 assassination of Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, opened in
the former headquarters of the
Netherlands General Intelligence Agency
in Leidschendam, a town within the greater area of The Hague.
Major international and European organisations based in The Hague
European Union body composed of national prosecutors
European Patent Office
European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation
Hague Academy of International Law, center for high-level education in
both public and private international law
Hague Conference on Private International Law, (HCCH), the oldest and
preeminent private international law harmonisation institution
International Court of Justice, located in the Peace Palace
International Criminal Court, (ICC)
International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, (ICTY)
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR, appeals court only).
The tribunal itself is in Arusha, Tanzania.
United States Claims Tribunal
Special Tribunal for Lebanon
Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
NATO Communications and Information Agency, (NCI Agency)
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, (OPCW)
Permanent Court of Arbitration, the oldest institution for
international dispute resolution.
The European Library and Europeana, the EU digital platform for
Many academic institutions in the fields of international relations,
international law and international development are based in The
Hague Academic Coalition (HAC) is a consortium of those
Its member institutions are:
Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law (HiiL)
Institute of Social Studies
Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University
Leiden University College The Hague
Netherlands Institute of International Relations 'Clingendael'
The Hague Academy of International Law
The Hague University
The Hague University of Applied Sciences
T.M.C. Asser Instituut
The Hague Congress was held with 750 delegates from 26
European countries, providing them with the opportunity to discuss
ideas about the development of the European Union.
Twin towns and sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Netherlands
The Hague is twinned with Palembang, Indonesia; Juigalpa, Nicaragua;
Nazareth, Israel; and Warsaw, Poland.
The Hague's central financial district, Beatrixkwartier, with the
modern tram viaduct called the Netkous ("Fishnet stocking")
The Hague has a service-oriented economy. Professional life in the
city is dominated by the large number of civil servants and diplomats
working in the city; as of 2006[update], 26% of the jobs in The Hague
are those offered by the Dutch government or the international
institutions. Large employers in this sector include the ministries of
Defence, Justice, Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment,
Foreign Affairs, the Interior and Transport, Public Works and Water
Several large international businesses have their headquarters in The
Hague, including Royal Dutch Shell, the world's fifth largest company
in terms of revenue. Other significant companies headquartered in
The Hague include Aegon, APM Terminals, Damco, KPN, Nationale
Nederlanden, NIBC Bank, Chicago Bridge & Iron Company and PostNL.
The city is also host to the regional headquarters of Siemens,
T-Mobile, AT&T, Huawei, Kuwait Petroleum Corporation, Saudi Aramco
and Total S.A.. There has never been any large-scale industrial
activity in The Hague, with the possible exception of the fishing
activities of the harbour in Scheveningen. Many of the city's
logistical and minor-industrial services are located in the Binckhorst
in the Laak district, which contains many sizeable warehouses.
Tourism is an important sector in The Hague. The city is the Dutch
second biggest tourist destination, after Amsterdam. In 2012, the city
welcomed 1.2 million tourists (an increase of 80,000 compared to the
previous year), half of whom came from abroad. The number of hotel
The Hague increased by 5%; in particular, visitors from
neighbouring countries are finding their way to The Hague. Compared to
2011 Belgians booked 27% more hotel nights, while the Germans were
good for 24% more hotel nights, and the French booked 20% more hotel
nights. The 14% average increase in visits by foreign tourists more
than compensated for the slight decrease of less than 1% by Dutch
visitors. Tourists spend an average of €2 billion a year in the
local economy. Today 1 in 10 residents make their living from the
The Hague has an active startup/entrepreneurial scene, with many
different participants and efforts:
AgendaStad The Dutch government is encouraging "city deals" in 7
sectors in Den Haag [NL]
Border Sessions "...a yearly technology conference and a year-round
lab aimed to kick-start and fuel challenging ideas, experiments and
The Center for Innovation -- connecting
Leiden University to
entrepreneurs and new ideas. They run IForesee and Changemakers alumni
The Circus -- a monthly meetup to learn about social and business
Duurzaam Den Haag (NL/EN) -- Duurzaam Den Haag (DDH) is an independent
foundation that wants to make
The Hague more sustainable
FuckupNights (F.U.N.) -- monthly meetups about recovering from failure
Impact City -- The Hague's official hub for entrepreneurship. They run
Startup in Residence,
The Hague Innovators Challenge, subsidize
Netherlands Foreign Investment Agency -- headquartered in The
Hague (part of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs)
World Startup Factory -- incubator and accelerator
Ridderzaal inside the Binnenhof, the political centre of the
Monument commemorating the founding of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
at Plein 1813
Grote of Sint-Jacobskerk
The Hague originated around the 13th century Binnenhof, and this is
still considered the cultural centre of the city. Night life centres
around the three main squares in the city centre. The Plein (literally
"Square") is taken by several large sidewalk cafés where often
politicians may be spotted. The Grote Markt (literally "Great Market")
is completely strewn with chairs and tables, summer or winter. The
Buitenhof (literally "Outer Court", located just outside the
Binnenhof) contains a six screen
Pathé cinema and a handful of bars
and restaurants in the immediate vicinity. Adjacent to the Buitenhof
is De Passage, the country's first covered shopping mall. Dating from
the late 19th century, it contains many expensive and speciality
shops. One of the country's largest music venues, Paard van Troje, can
be found in the centre of The Hague. Another popular music venue in
The Hague is Muziekcafé de Paap.
The Spuiplein is a modern fourth square in the city centre, opposite
the Nieuwe Kerk. Besides the City Hall, this is also the location of
the Dr. Anton Philipszaal, home to the Residentie Orchestra, and the
Lucent Danstheater, home to the internationally celebrated modern
dance company Nederlands Dans Theater. These buildings, designed by
Rem Koolhaas in 1988, are planned for demolition to make space for a
new theatre, the Spuiforum, which would house both institutes as well
as the Royal Conservatory. Despite efforts of the municipality, public
support for the proposed theatre remains low. At the heart of the city
centre across the palace gardens is the home of Summerschool Den Haag,
international school for dance with guestteachers such as Valentina
Scaglia, Igone de Jongh, and Maia Makhateli. The Koninklijke
Schouwburg, home to the Nationaal Toneel, can also be found in the
city centre - on the Korte Voorhout.
New European Ensemble is an
ensemble for contemporary music consisting on international musicians.
The ensemble has its main base in the city.
Scheveningen forms a second cultural centre of The Hague, having its
Pathé cinema as well as the musical theatre Circustheater
although, especially in the summer, most night life concentrates
around the sea-front boulevard with its bars, restaurants and gambling
halls. Several other attractions can be found in Scheveningen, such as
the miniature city Madurodam, the
Beelden aan Zee
Beelden aan Zee museum, and SeaLife
The Hague is the residence of the Dutch monarch, and several (former)
royal palaces can be found in the city. King Willem-Alexander of the
Netherlands and Queen Máxima of the
Netherlands live in Huis ten
Bosch in the Haagse Bos, and work in the
Noordeinde Palace in the city
centre. Moreover, there are two former royal palaces in The Hague. The
Kneuterdijk Palace, built in 1716, is now home to the Council of State
of the Netherlands, and the Lange Voorhout Palace is now occupied by
the Escher Museum, dedicated to Dutch graphical artist M. C. Escher.
The Hague has its share of museums, most notably the Mauritshuis,
located next to the Binnenhof, which exhibits many paintings by Dutch
masters, such as Johannes Vermeer,
Rembrandt van Rijn
Rembrandt van Rijn and Paulus
Potter. Other museums include the science museum Museon, the modern
art museum Gemeentemuseum, the historic museum Haags Historisch
Museum, the national postal museum Museum voor Communicatie, the
Museum Bredius, the Louis Couperus Museum, the museum Beelden aan Zee
in Scheveningen, and the former prison housed in a 15th-century
gatehouse, the Gevangenpoort.
Since early times, possibly as far back as the 16th century, the stork
has been the symbol of The Hague.
Several films have been (partially) shot in The Hague, including Hum
Ocean's Twelve (2004) and
Zwartboek (2006). An alternative
music video of Coldplay's "Viva la Vida" was also shot in The Hague.
Currently the city's major football club is ADO Den Haag, who compete
in the Eredivisie, the top division in the Netherlands. ADO Den Haag
have won the
KNVB Cup twice and won the League twice in the era before
professional football. They play their matches at the 15,000 seat
Kyocera Stadion. Amateur team HVV are also based in the city. Prior to
the professional era the club won 10 national titles and one KNVB Cup,
and they remain fourth in the all-time list of national title
winners. HBS Craeyenhout are another amateur club in the city, who
won three national titles before the establishment of the
The local rugby union team is Haagsche Rugby Club (a.k.a. HRC) and has
been in the Guinness Book of Records for becoming Dutch (in adult and
youth) champions so often. The ice hockey team is HYS
The Hague. The handball team is SV Wings, active in the top division.
American Football team is Den Haag Raiders'99.
Darts is another sport played in The Hague; its popularity was
Raymond Van Barneveld
Raymond Van Barneveld winning several World
Championships.The half marathon race
CPC Loop Den Haag
CPC Loop Den Haag is held
annually in The Hague. In 1994,
The Hague held the FEI World
Koningsdag, or King's Day, is held annually on 27 April. It is
traditionally celebrated with fairs and flea markets throughout the
city. On this day the colour orange predominates at a funfair (which
sells orange cotton candy) and scores of informal street markets. The
day is a vrijmarkt (literally "free market"), which means no licence
is needed for street vending; children traditionally use this day to
sell old unwanted toys. Since King's Day is a national holiday and
thus a day off, many people also go out and party on the evening
before King's Day. This evening is called King's Night, or Koningnach
in The Hague. The "t" is left out because nacht is pronounced as nach
in The Hague. Outdoor concerts throughout the city centre of The Hague
draw tens of thousands of visitors every year.
Every third Tuesday in September is Prinsjesdag, or Prince's Day, the
opening of Dutch parliament. A festive day, children in
The Hague are
free from school so they may watch the procession of the Golden Coach.
The King is driven in the coach from
Noordeinde Palace to the
Ridderzaal in the Binnenhof. Here, the King reads the Speech from the
Throne, written jointly by the Ministers and Secretaries of State.
This troonrede outlines the government's plans for the coming year. As
the procession returns to the Noordeinde Palace, the road is lined
with members of the Dutch Royal Armed Forces and in the afternoon the
Royal Family appears on the palace balcony to address an adoring and
often frenzied public (balkonscène).
Vlaggetjesdag (nl), literally Flag Day, is the annual celebration of
the arrival of the year's first herring (Hollandse Nieuwe) in
Scheveningen. Hundreds of thousands of people gather in Scheveningen
for the festivities, and the fishing boats are decorated especially
for the occasion. In addition to the omnipresent herring, this day
also features a number of activities unrelated to fish. In
Scheveningen, the first barrel of herring is traditionally sold at an
auction on the Thursday preceding the official Vlaggetjesdag, and the
proceeds go to charity. Vlaggetjesdag was made official in 1947. The
festive tradition around the beginning of herring season is much
older, however. In the 18th century, the villages along the coast,
including Scheveningen, were forbidden to gut the caught herring.
Since herring was most appropriate for smoking around September, most
fishing boats fished flatfish or round-bodied fish during a part of
the summer so as to avoid a surplus of fresh herring. In July or
August, The city hosts a series of weekly firework displays by the sea
front in Scheveningen, as part of an international fireworks festival
Tong Tong Fair, formerly Pasar Malam Besar, is the largest festival in
the world for Indo culture. Established in 1959, it is one of the
oldest festivals and the fourth largest grand fair in the Netherlands.
It is also the annual event with the highest number of paying visitors
of The Hague, having consistently attracted more than 100,000 visitors
since 1993. The Milan Festival is Europe's biggest Hindustani open-air
event, annually held in Zuiderpark.
The Hague also hosts several
annual music festivals. The last Sunday in June, the city hosts
Parkpop, the largest free open air pop concert in Europe. Crossing
The Hague Jazz festival are among other
music festivals in The Hague.
Crossing Border Festival is an annual festival in November, focusing
on music and literature. The first edition took place in 1993.
Movies That Matter is an international film and debate festival
about peace and justice that takes place every year at the end of
March. Nine days filled with screenings of fiction films and
documentaries, daily talk-shows, music performances and exhibitions.
The first edition took place in 2006.
The Hague International Model United Nations, annually in
January, is a five-day conference held at the World Forum, gathering
over 4,000 students from over 200 secondary schools across the globe.
It is the oldest and largest high school
United Nations simulation in
the world. Den Haag Sculptuur is an open-air exhibition of sculptures.
The 10th edition, in 2007, celebrated the 400 years of the
relationship between the
Netherlands and Australia. Since 2009, the
The Hague also annually presents a LGBT-emancipation award
called the John Blankenstein Award. The exact date of the ceremony
varies each year.
Modern RegioCitadis tram on route 2, Loosduinen, April 2012
The Hague shares an airport with Rotterdam. It can be reached from
Central Station by
RandstadRail Line E, with an Airport Shuttle to and
from Meijersplein Station. However, with several direct trains per
hour from the railway stations Hollands Spoor and Centraal, Amsterdam
Airport Schiphol is more frequently used by people travelling to and
The Hague by air.
Internal view of
The Hague Central station
There are two main railway stations in The Hague: Hollands Spoor (HS)
and Centraal Station (CS), only 1.5 km (1 mi) away from each
other. Because these two stations were built and exploited by two
different railway companies in the 19th century, east-west lines
terminate at Centraal Station, whereas north-south lines run through
Hollands Spoor. Centraal Station does, however, now offer good
connections with the rest of the country, with direct services to most
major cities, for instance Amsterdam,
Rotterdam and Utrecht.
Other destinations include Leiden, Haarlem, Zwolle, Groningen,
Enschede and Breda, Eindhoven. There is an
international service to
Antwerp and Brussels.
Public transport in
The Hague consists of a tramway network and a
sizeable number of bus routes, operated by HTM Personenvervoer.
Plans for a subway were shelved in the early 1970s. However, in 2004 a
tunnel was built under the city centre with two underground tram
stations (Spui and Grote Markt); it is shared by
RandstadRail lines 3
and 4 and tram routes 2 and 6.
The Hague to nearby cities, Zoetermeer,
Rotterdam and Leidschendam-Voorburg. It consists of four light rail
lines (2, 3, 4 and 19 to Zoetermeer, Rijswijk,
Leidschendam-Voorburg) and one subway line (E to Rotterdam).
Major motorways connecting to
The Hague include the A12, running to
Utrecht and the German border. The A12 runs directly into the heart of
the city in a cutting. Built in the 1970s, this section of motorway
(the "Utrechtsebaan") is now heavily overburdened. Plans were made in
the late 1990s for a second artery road into the city (the
"Rotterdamsebaan" or previously called "Trekvliettracé") which is due
to be built between 2016 and 2019. Other connecting motorways are
the A4, which connects the city with Amsterdam, and the A13, which
Rotterdam and connects to motorways towards the Belgian
border. There is also the A44 that connects the city to Leiden,
Haarlem and Amsterdam. In the 1970s, plans of building another
Leiden existed. This "Leidsebaan" was supposed to start in
the city centre and then follow the railway line
The Hague -
Amsterdam. Some works have been executed, but removed already in the
Districts of The Hague
List of mayors of The Hague
List of people from The Hague
List of municipalities of the Netherlands
a.^ The palace is being renovated and is expected to be available by
^ "Burgemeester Jozias van Aartsen" [Mayor Jozias van Aartsen] (in
Dutch). Gemeente Den Haag. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
^ "Het college van burgemeester en wethouders" [Board of mayor and
aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Den Haag. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 25
^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods].
CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March
^ a b Anita Bouman–Eijs; Thijmen van Bree; Wouter Jonkhoff; Olaf
Koops; Walter Manshanden; Elmer Rietveld (17 December 2012). De Top 20
van Europese grootstedelijke regio's 1995–2011;
Randstad Holland in
internationaal perspectief [Top 20 of European metropolitan regions
Randstad Holland compared internationally] (PDF)
(Technical report) (in Dutch). Delft: TNO. Retrieved 25 July
^ "Postcodetool for 2511BT". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in
Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth;
regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017.
Retrieved 27 October 2017.
^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth;
regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014.
Retrieved 24 July 2014.
^ Daum, Andreas (2005). Berlin - Washington, 1800–2000 Capital
Cities, Cultural Representation, and National Identities. Cambridge
University Press. pp. 13, 38. ISBN 0521841178.
the statuary capital of the Netherlands, while the Dutch government
resides in De Hague. (sic) (p. 13) The Dutch seat of government is The
Hague but its capital is bustling Amsterdam, the national cultural
center. (p. 38)
Huis ten Bosch
Huis ten Bosch Palace at "The Official Website of the Dutch Royal
House in English", maintained by the
^ "'s-Gravenhage / Den Haag". Taaladvies.net. Retrieved 16 November
^ "A short history of The Hague". Denhaag.nl. 28 November 2011.
Retrieved 9 April 2014.
^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra (2006). "Repertorium van
Nederlandse gemeenten". KNAW.
^ "Bombardement op
Bezuidenhout maart 1945" [Bombing of the
Bezuidenhout March 1945] (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. Archived
from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December
^ Stichting Ons Erfdeel (1998). The Low Countries: arts and society in
Flanders and the Netherlands, a yearbook. 9. Flemish-Netherlands
Foundation. p. 113.
^ (in Dutch) Bombardement
Bezuidenhout 3 maart '45 Voor velen stortte
in luttele minuten de wereld in elkaar, Amigoe di Curacao, 4 March
^ "Stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Denhaag.nl. 18 October 2010. Archived from
the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
^ "Klimaattabel Valkenburg, langjarige gemiddelden, tijdvak
1981–2010" (PDF) (in Dutch). Royal
Institute. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
^ "Klimaattabel Valkenburg, langjarige extremen, tijdvak 1971–2000"
(PDF) (in Dutch). Royal
Netherlands Meteorological Institute.
Retrieved 10 September 2013.
^ Dutch: 'de Weduwe van Indie'. As per song text by the famous singer
Wieteke van Dort, see text of the song "Arm Den Haag" ("Pity The
^ "CBS StatLine – Bevolking; leeftijd, herkomstgroepering, geslacht
en regio, 1 januari".
^ "Kerkelijkheid en kerkbezoek, 2010/2013". Centraal Bureau voor de
^ "Bevolkingsprognose Den Haag 2012-2020". DenHaag.nl (in Dutch). 10
April 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
^ (in Dutch) Den Haag in Cijfers.
^ "Burgerschapsmonitor (2009)". DenHaag.nl (in Dutch). 28 September
2009. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
^ "Uitslagen: zo is er in jouw gemeente gestemd". Telegraaf.nl (in
Dutch). Retrieved 22 March 2018.
^ "Het college van burgemeester en wethouders". Den Haag (in Dutch).
Retrieved 21 July 2014.
^ Slager, Seije (11 March 2009). "Beveiliging is routine voor Haagse
autoriteiten" (in Dutch). Trouw. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
^ "TheEuropeanLibrary.org". TheEuropeanLibrary.org. Retrieved 4 July
^ "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji
Miasta. 4 May 2005. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007.
Retrieved 29 August 2008.
^ "Fortune 500 2016". Retrieved 20 January 2017.
^ More tourists visiting The Hague. Denhaag.nl. 7 May 2013 (last
update 18 July 2013). Retrieved 25 October 2013.
^ Tourism sector growing in The Hague. Denhaag.nl. 24 October 2013.
Retrieved 25 October 2013.
^ "Den Haag - Haagse weetjes". Denhaag.nl. 12 July 2010. Archived from
the original on 2 June 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
^ a b "
Netherlands - Champions". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved
^ "King's Day (Koningsdag)". Denhaag.nl. 11 November 2013. Retrieved
19 April 2013.
The Hague turns Orange on King's Day!)". Denhaag.nl. 26 March 2014.
Retrieved 19 April 2013.
^ "Prince's Day (Prinsjesdag)". Denhaag.nl. 26 August 2013. Retrieved
19 April 2013.
^ "Vlaggetjesdag (Flag Day)". Denhaag.nl. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 19
^ "Music City The Hague". Denhaag.nl. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 19
^ "Crossing Border Festival". Retrieved 5 September 2014.
^ "Moviesthatmatter.nl". Retrieved 8 April 2017.
^ Public transport map (from HTM)
See also: Bibliography of the history of The Hague
Lourens, Piet; Lucassen, Jan (1997). Inwonertallen van Nederlandse
steden ca. 1300–1800. Amsterdam: NEHA. ISBN 9057420082.
Find more aboutThe Hagueat's sister projects
Definitions from Wiktionary
Media from Wikimedia Commons
News from Wikinews
Travel guide from Wikivoyage
City of The Hague.
The largest painting in the Netherlands.
Places adjacent to The Hague
Municipalities of South Holland
Alphen aan den Rijn
Capelle aan den IJssel
Kaag en Braassem
Krimpen aan den IJssel
Capital cities of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
National capital: Amsterdam
Seat of government: The Hague
Philipsburg, Sint Maarten
's-Hertogenbosch, North Brabant
Haarlem, North Holland
The Hague, South Holland
The Bottom, Saba
Oranjestad, Sint Eustatius
See also: List of cities in the
Netherlands by province
World Games host cities
1981: Santa Clara
1993: The Hague
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