THE ADVENTURES OF PINOCCHIO (/pɪˈnoʊki.oʊ/ pi-NOH-kee-oh ;
Italian : Le avventure di
Pinocchio ) is a novel for children by
Carlo Collodi , written in
Pescia . The first half was
originally a serial in 1881 and 1882, published as La storia di un
burattino (literally "The tale of a puppet"), and then later completed
as a book for children in February 1883. It is about the mischievous
adventures of an animated marionette named
Pinocchio and his father, a
poor woodcarver named Geppetto .
It is considered a canonical piece of children\'s literature and has
inspired hundreds of new editions, stage plays, merchandising and
movies, such as
Walt Disney 's iconic animated version and commonplace
ideas such as a liar's long nose. According to extensive research done
by the Fondazione Nazionale
Carlo Collodi in late 1990s and based on
UNESCO sources, it has been adapted in over 260 languages worldwide.
That makes it the most translated non-religious book in the world,
and one of the best-selling books ever published. According to
Francelia Butler , it remains "the most widely read book in the world
* 1 History
* 1.1 International popularity
* 2 Plot
* 3 Characters
* 4 Proverbial figures
* 5 Adaptations
* 5.1 Films
* 5.2 Television
* 5.3 Cultural influence
* 5.4 Other books
* 5.5 Theater
* 6 Monuments and art works dedicated to
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 8.1 Bibliography
* 9 External links
illustration from 1911 edition by Attilio Mussino
The Adventures of
Pinocchio is a story about an animated puppet, boys
who turn into donkeys and other fairy tale devices. The setting of the
story is the Tuscan area of Italy. It was a unique literary marriage
of genres for its time. The story's
Italian language is peppered with
Florentine dialect features, such as the protagonist 's Florentine
In the 1850s, Collodi began to have a variety of both fiction and
non-fiction books published. Once, he translated some French
fairy-tales so well that he was asked whether he would like to write
some of his own. In 1881, he sent a short episode in the life of a
wooden puppet to a friend who edited a newspaper in Rome, wondering
whether the editor would be interested in publishing this "bit of
foolishness" in his children's section. The editor did, and the
children loved it. The Adventures of
Pinocchio were serialized in the
paper in 1881–2, and then published in 1883 with huge success.
In the original, serialized version,
Pinocchio dies a gruesome death:
hanged for his innumerable faults, at the end of Chapter 15. At the
request of his editor, Collodi added chapters 16–36, in which the
Fairy with Turquoise Hair (or "Blue Fairy", as the Disney version
names her) rescues
Pinocchio and eventually transforms him into a real
boy, when he acquires a deeper understanding of himself, making the
story more suitable for children. In the second half of the book, the
maternal figure of the Blue-haired Fairy is the dominant character,
versus the paternal figure of Geppetto in the first part.
Children's literature was a new idea in Collodi's time, an innovation
in the 19th century. Thus in content and style it was new and modern,
opening the way to many writers of the following century.
Collodi, who died in 1890, was respected during his lifetime as a
talented writer and social commentator, and his fame continued to grow
Pinocchio was first translated into English by Mary Alice Murray
in 1892, whose translation was added to the widely read Everyman\'s
Library in 1911. Other well regarded English translations include the
1926 translation by Carol Della Chiesa , and the 1986 bilingual
edition by Nicolas J. Perella . Creator
Carlo Lorenzini was supposedly
inspired from his obsession with the human nose.
The popularity of the story was bolstered by the powerful
Benedetto Croce , who greatly admired the tale.
As Geppetto carves the puppet, the nose begins to grow.
The story begins in
Tuscany , Italy. A carpenter named Master
Antonio, but whom everyone calls Master Cherry, has found a block of
pinewood which he plans to carve into a leg for his table. When he
begins, however, the log shouts out. Frightened by the talking log,
Master Cherry gives it to his neighbor Geppetto , an extremely poor
man who plans to make a living as a puppeteer in hopes of earning "a
crust of bread and a glass of wine".
Pinocchio throws a hammer at
the talking cricket .
Geppetto carves the block into a boy and names him "
Pinocchio ". As
soon as Pinocchio's nose has been carved, it begins to grow with his
congenital impudence. Before he is even built,
Pinocchio already has a
mischievous attitude; no sooner than Geppetto is finished carving
Pinocchio's feet does the puppet proceed to kick him. Once the puppet
has been finished and Geppetto teaches him to walk,
Pinocchio runs out
the door and away into the town. He is caught by a Carabiniere , who
Pinocchio has been mistreated and imprisons Geppetto.
Pinocchio heads back to Geppetto's house to get something
to eat. Once he arrives at home, a talking cricket who has lived in
the house for over a century warns him of the perils of disobedience
and hedonism. In retaliation,
Pinocchio throws a hammer at the
cricket, more accurately than he intended to, and accidentally kills
it. That evening,
Pinocchio falls asleep with his feet on the stove,
and wakes to find that they have burned off. Geppetto is released from
prison and makes
Pinocchio a new pair of feet. In gratitude, Pinocchio
promises to attend school, and Geppetto sells his only coat to buy him
a school book. The puppet master
On his way to school the next morning,
Pinocchio encounters the Great
Marionette Theatre, and he sells his school book in order to buy a
ticket for the show. The marionettes on stage recognize him in the
audience and call out to him, angering the puppet master
The puppet master initially decides to use
Pinocchio as firewood but
ultimately releases him and gives him five gold pieces to give to
The Fox and the Cat
Pinocchio travels home to give the coins to his father, he meets a
fox and a cat . The Cat pretends to be blind, and the Fox pretends to
be lame. A white blackbird tries to warn
Pinocchio of their lies, but
the blackbird is eaten by the Cat. The two animals convince Pinocchio
that if he plants his coins in the Field of Miracles outside the city
of Catchfools, they will grow into a tree with gold coins. They stop
at an inn, where the Fox and the Cat gorge themselves on food at
Pinocchio's expense and ask to be awoken by midnight. Two hours before
the set time, the pair abandon Pinocchio, leaving him to pay for the
meal with one of his coins. They instruct the innkeeper to tell
Pinocchio that they left after receiving a message stating that the
Cat's eldest kitten had fallen ill and that they would meet Pinocchio
at the Field of Miracles in the morning. The Fox and the Cat,
dressed as bandits, hang Pinocchio.
They take off ahead of
Pinocchio and disguise themselves as bandits
Pinocchio continues on toward Catchfools, despite warnings from
the Talking Cricket. The disguised Fox and Cat ambush Pinocchio, but
the puppet escapes to a white house after biting off the Cat's paw.
Upon knocking on the door,
Pinocchio is greeted by a young fairy with
turquoise hair who says she is dead and waiting for a hearse.
Unfortunately, the bandits catch him and hang him in a tree. After a
while, the Fox and Cat get tired of waiting for the puppet to
suffocate, and they leave. The Fairy saves
The Fairy has
Pinocchio rescued by summoning a falcon to get him down
and having her poodle servant pick him up in her stagecoach . The
Fairy calls in three famous doctors to tell her whether
dead. Two of them, an owl and a crow , are unsure of Pinocchio's
status. The third doctor is the Ghost of the Talking Cricket, who says
that the puppet is fine, but has been disobedient and hurt his father.
The Fairy administers medicine to
Pinocchio who consents to take it
after four undertaker rabbits arrive to carry away his body.
Pinocchio lies to the Fairy when she asks what has happened
to the gold coins, and his nose grows until it is so long that he
cannot turn around in the room. The Fairy explains that Pinocchio's
lies are making his nose grow and calls in a flock of woodpeckers to
chisel it down to size. The Fairy sends for Geppetto to come and live
with them in the forest cottage.
Pinocchio heads out to meet his father, he once again encounters
the Fox and the Cat. When
Pinocchio notices the Cat's missing paw, the
Fox claims that they had to sacrifice it to feed a hungry old wolf.
They remind the puppet of the Field of Miracles, and finally, he
agrees to go with them and plant his gold. They finally reach the city
of Catchfools, where every animal in town has done something
exceedingly foolish and now suffers as a result. Upon reaching the
Field of Miracles,
Pinocchio buries his coins and then leaves for the
twenty minutes that it will take for his gold to grow into gold coin
Pinocchio leaves, the Fox and the Cat dig up the coins
and run away.
Pinocchio and the gorilla judge.
Pinocchio returns, he learns of the Fox and the Cat's treachery
from a parrot who mocks
Pinocchio for falling for their tricks.
Pinocchio rushes to the Catchfools courthouse where he reports the
theft of the coins to a gorilla judge. Although he is moved by
Pinocchio's plea, the judge sentences
Pinocchio to four months in
prison for the crime of foolishness. Fortunately, all criminals are
released early by the jailers when the unseen young Emperor of
Catchfools declares a celebration following his army's victory over
the town's enemies. Upon being released,
Pinocchio leaves Catchfools.
Pinocchio then heads back to the Fairy's house in the forest, but he
sneaks into a farmer's yard to steal some grapes. He is caught in a
weasel trap where he encounters a glowworm . The farmer finds
Pinocchio and ties him up in the doghouse of his late watch dog
Melampo to guard the chicken coop. When
Pinocchio foils the
chicken-stealing weasels , the farmer frees the puppet as a reward.
Pinocchio finally comes to where the cottage was, finds nothing but a
gravestone, and believes that the Fairy has died of sorrow.
Pinocchio and the pigeon fly to the seashore.
A friendly pigeon sees
Pinocchio mourning the Fairy's death and
offers to give him a ride to the seashore, where Geppetto is building
a boat in which to search for Pinocchio.
Pinocchio is washed ashore
when he tries to swim to his father. Geppetto is then swallowed by The
Terrible Dogfish .
Pinocchio accepts a ride from a dolphin to the
nearest island called the Island of Busy. Upon arriving on the Island
Pinocchio can only get food in return for labor. Pinocchio
offers to carry a lady's jug home in return for food and water. When
they get to the lady's house,
Pinocchio recognizes the lady as the
Fairy, now miraculously old enough to be his mother. She says she will
act as his mother, and
Pinocchio will begin going to school. She hints
Pinocchio does well in school and tries his hardest to be good
for one whole year, then he will become a real boy. Alidoro saves
The Green Fisherman .
Pinocchio studies hard and rises to the top of his class, but this
makes the other schoolboys jealous. The other boys trick Pinocchio
into playing hookey by saying they saw a large sea monster at the
beach, the same one that swallowed Geppetto. However, the boys were
lying and a fight breaks out. One boy named Eugene is hit by
Pinocchio's school book, though
Pinocchio did not throw it. Pinocchio
is accused of injuring Eugene by two Carabinieres, but the puppet
escapes. During his escape,
Pinocchio saves a drowning Mastiff named
Alidoro. In exchange, Alidoro later saves
Pinocchio from The Green
Fisherman , who was going to eat the marionette, as
home. After meeting the
Snail that works for the Fairy,
given another chance by the Fairy. The wagon that leads the boys
Land of Toys
Pinocchio does excellently in school and passes with high honors. The
Fairy promises that
Pinocchio will be a real boy the next day and says
he should invite all his friends to a party. He goes to invite
everyone, but he is sidetracked when he meets a boy nicknamed
Candlewick who is about to go to a place called Toyland where everyone
plays all day and never works.
Pinocchio goes along with him when they
are taken there by
The Coachman , and they have a wonderful time for
the next five months.
Pinocchio and Candlewick became donkeys.
One morning in the fifth month,
Pinocchio and Candlewick awake with
donkeys' ears. A
Pinocchio that boys who do nothing but
play and never work always turn into donkeys while they are in
Toyland. Soon both
Pinocchio and Candlewick are fully transformed, and
Pinocchio is sold to a circus by The Coachman. He is trained by the
ringmaster to do tricks until he falls and sprains his leg. The
ringmaster then sells
Pinocchio to a man who wants to skin him and
make a drum. The man throws the donkey into the sea to drown him. But
when the man goes to retrieve the corpse, all he finds is a living
Pinocchio explains that the fish ate all the donkey skin
off him, and he is now a puppet again.
Pinocchio finds Geppetto
inside the Dogfish .
Pinocchio dives back into the water and swims out to sea. When the
Terrible Dogfish appears,
Pinocchio swims from it at the advice of the
Fairy in the form of a little blue-furred goat from atop a high rock,
but is swallowed by it. Inside the Dogfish,
finds Geppetto, who has been living on a ship inside the Dogfish.
Pinocchio and Geppetto manage to escape the monster and search for a
place to stay.
Pinocchio and Geppetto pass two beggars: the Fox and the Cat. The Cat
has really become blind, and the Fox has really become lame and is
also thin, is almost hairless, and has chopped off his tail to sell
The Fox and the Cat plead for food or money, but Pinocchio
rebuffs them and tells them that their misfortunes have served them
right for their wickedness. Geppetto and
Pinocchio arrive at a small
house, which is home to the Talking Cricket. The
Talking Cricket says
they can stay and reveals that he got his house from a little goat
with turquoise hair.
Pinocchio gets a job doing work for a farmer and
recognizes the farmer's dying donkey as his friend Candlewick.
Pinocchio becomes a real human boy.
After long months of working for the farmer and supporting the ailing
Pinocchio goes to town with the forty pennies he has saved
to buy himself a new suit. He discovers that the Fairy is ill and
Pinocchio instantly gives the
Snail he met back on the
Island of Busy all the money he has. That night, he dreams that he is
visited by the Fairy, who kisses him. When he wakes up, he is a real
boy at last. His former puppet body lies lifeless on a chair.
Pinocchio finds that the Fairy has left him a new suit,
boots, and a bag in which he thinks are the forty pennies that he
originally gave to her. Instead, the boy is shocked to find forty
freshly-minted gold coins. Geppetto also returns to health and resumes
* PINOCCHIO –
Pinocchio is a naughty, pine-wood marionette who
gains wisdom through a series of misadventures which lead him to
becoming a real human as reward for his good deeds.
* MISTER GEPPETTO – Geppetto is an elderly, impoverished
woodcarver and the creator (and thus father) of Pinocchio. He wears a
yellow wig that looks like cornmeal mush (or polendina), and
subsequently the children of the neighborhood (as well as some of the
adults) call him "Polendina", which greatly annoys him. "Geppetto" is
a nickname for Giuseppe.
* MASTRO ANTONIO ( in Italian, /ɑːnˈtoʊnjoʊ/ ân·tō′·nyō
in English) – Antonio is an elderly carpenter . He finds the log
that eventually becomes Pinocchio, planning to make it into a table
leg until it cries out "Please be careful!" The children call Antonio
"Mastro Ciliegia (cherry)" because of his red nose.
* THE TALKING CRICKET (il Grillo Parlante) – The Talking Cricket
is a cricket whom
Pinocchio kills after it tries to give him some
advice. The Cricket comes back as a ghost to continue advising the
* MANGIAFUOCO ( in Italian, /ˌmɑːndʒəˈfwoʊkoʊ/
mân′·jə·fwō′·kō in English; literally "Fire-Eater") –
Mangiafuoco is the wealthy director of the Great
He has red eyes and a black beard which reaches to the floor, and his
mouth is "as wide as an oven teeth like yellow fangs". Despite his
Mangiafuoco (which the story says is his given
name ) is not evil.
* HARLEQUIN (Arlecchino), PUNCH (Pulcinella), and SIGNORA ROSAURA
Harlequin , Punch , and Signora Rosaura are marionettes at the
theater who embrace
Pinocchio as their brother.
* THE FOX AND THE CAT (la Volpe e il Gatto) – Greedy animals
pretending to be lame and blind respectively, the pair lead Pinocchio
astray, rob him and eventually try to hang him.
* The INNKEEPER (l'Oste) – An innkeeper who is in tricked by the
Fox and the Cat where he unknowingly leads
Pinocchio into an ambush.
* THE FAIRY WITH TURQUOISE HAIR (la Fata dai capelli turchini) –
The Blue-haired Fairy is the spirit of the forest who rescues
Pinocchio and adopts him first as her brother, then as her son.
* The FALCON (il Falco) – A falcon who helps the Fairy with
Turquoise Hair rescue
Pinocchio from his hanging.
* MEDORO – A poodle who is the stagecoach driver for the Fairy
with Turquoise Hair. He is described as being dressed in court livery,
a tricorn trimmed with gold lace was set at a rakish angle over a wig
of white curls that dropped down to his waist, a jaunty coat of
chocolate-colored velvet with diamond buttons and two huge pockets
which were always filled with bones (dropped there at dinner by his
loving mistress), breeches of crimson velvet, silk stockings, and low
silver-buckled slippers completed his costume.
* The OWL (la Civetta) and the CROW (il Corvo) – Two famous
doctors who diagnose
Pinocchio alongside the Talking Cricket.
* The PARROT (il pappagallo) – A parrot who tells
Pinocchio of the
Fox and the Cat's trickery that they played on him outside of
Catchfools and mocks him for being tricked by them.
* The JUDGE (il Giudice) – A gorilla venerable with age who works
as a judge of Catchfools.
* The SERPENT (il Serpente) – A large serpent with bright green
skin, fiery eyes which glowed and burned, and a pointed tail that
smoked and burned.
* The FARMER (il Contadino) – An unnamed farmer whose chickens are
plagued by weasel attacks. He previously owned a watch dog named
* The GLOWWORM (la Lucciola) – A glowworm that Pinocchio
encounters in the farmer's grape field.
* THE TERRIBLE DOGFISH (Il terribile Pesce-cane) – A mile-long,
five-story-high fish. Pescecane, while literally meaning "dog fish",
generally means "shark" in Italian.
* The PIGEON (il Colombo) – A pigeon who gives
Pinocchio a ride to
* The DOLPHIN (il Delfino) – A dolphin who gives
Pinocchio a ride
to Busy Bee Island.
* The SNAIL (la Lumaca) – A snail who works for the Fairy with
Pinocchio later gives all his money to the Snail.
* ALIDORO (del can mastino) ( in Italian, /ˌɑːliˈdɒroʊ/
â′·lē·dŏr′·ō in English) – The old mastiff of a
* THE GREEN FISHERMAN (Il Pescatore verde) – A green-skinned ogre
Pinocchio in his fishing net and attempts to eat him.
* ROMEO ( in Italian, /ˈroʊmi.oʊ/ rō′·mē·ō in
English)/"LAMPWICK" or "CANDLEWICK" (Lucignolo) – A tall, thin boy
(like a wick ) who is Pinocchio's best friend and a trouble-maker.
* The LITTLE MAN (l'Omino) – The owner of the Land of Toys.
* The DORMOUSE (la Ghiro) – A
Dormouse who lives in the Land of
Toys. He is the one who tells
Pinocchio about the Land of Toys' magic.
* The RINGMASTER (il Direttore) – The unnamed ringmaster of a
* The MASTER (il compratore) – A man who wants to make Pinocchio's
hide into a drum.
* The TUNA FISH (il Tonno) – A tuna fish as "large as a
two-year-old horse" who has been swallowed by the Terrible Shark.
* GIANGIO ( in Italian; /ˈdʒɑːndʒoʊ/ jân′·jō in English)
– The farmer who buys Romeo as a donkey and who
works for. He is also called FARMER JOHN in some versions.
"As he lies, his nose grows", illustration by
Carlo Chiostri .
Many concepts and situations expressed in the book have become
proverbial, such as:
* The long nose, commonly attributed to those who tell lies . The
fairy says that "there are the lies that have short legs, and the lies
that have the long nose".
* The land of Toys , to indicate cockaigne that hides another.
* The saying "burst into laughter" (also known as Ridere a crepa
pelle in Italian, literally "laugh to crack skin") has also created
after the release of the book, in reference to the episode of the
death of the giant snake.
Similarly, many of the characters have become typical quintessential
human models, still cited frequently in everyday language:
Mangiafuoco pointing to a type gruff and irascible,
* the Fox and the Cat to indicate a pair of elements unreliable,
* Lampwick, the model boy rebellious and wayward,
* the same
Pinocchio has become synonymous for "liar".
Pinocchio puppets in a puppet shop window in
The story has been adapted into many forms on stage and screen, some
keeping close to the original Collodi narrative while others treat the
story more freely. There are at least fourteen English-language films
based on the story (see also: The Adventures of
Pinocchio ), not to
mention the Italian, French, Russian, German, Japanese and many other
versions for the big screen and for television, and several musical
Pinocchio (1911), a live-action silent film directed by Giulio
Antamoro, and the first movie based on the novel.
* The Adventures of
Pinocchio (1936), a historically-notable,
unfinished Italian animated feature film.
* The Disney animated film
Pinocchio (released February 7, 1940). It
follows Collodi's story and is considered a masterpiece of the art of
animation. It was deemed culturally significant by the Library of
Congress and selected for preservation in the United States National
Film Registry .
* Le avventure di
Pinocchio (1947), an Italian live action film with
Alessandro Tomei as Pinocchio.
Pinocchio in Outer Space , 1965, feature :
adventures in outer space, with an alien turtle as a friend.
Turlis Abenteuer an East German version released in 1967. In 1969
it was dubbed into English and shown in the US as Pinocchio.
* Un burattino di nome
Pinocchio (1972) (in English A Puppet Named
Pinocchio in Spanish Las Fantasias de Pinocho), directed by Giuliano
Cenci , was an extraordinary technical and artistic animation
achievement, featuring some of the greatest Italian actors of the age
Lauro Gazzolo and
Renato Rascel .
Carlo Collodi 's
grandchildren, Mario and Antonio Lorenzini advised the production.
Pinocchio and the Emperor of the Night , 1987 animation, a follow
* The animated
Pinocchio (1992) from American
Corporation II , produced by Diane P. Eskenazi.
* The Adventures of
Pinocchio (1996), a film by
Steve Barron starring
Martin Landau as Geppetto,
Jonathan Taylor Thomas
Jonathan Taylor Thomas as Pinocchio, David
Doyle as Pepe the Cricket,
Udo Kier as Lorenzini,
Rob Schneider as
Bebe Neuwirth as Felinet,
Corey Carrier as Lampwick, and
Geneviève Bujold as Leona.
* The film also had a sequel called The New Adventures of Pinocchio
Martin Landau and
Udo Kier reprise their roles of Geppetto and
Lorenzini, the cast consists of
Gabriel Thomson as Pinocchio, Warwick
Davis as Pepe the Cricket,
Simon Schatzberger as Volpe, Sarah
Alexander as Felinet, and Ben Ridgeway as Lampwick.
Pinocchio (2002), a live-action Italian film directed by and
Roberto Benigni . It was later dubbed in English with the
Breckin Meyer as Pinocchio,
David Suchet as Geppetto, Glenn
Close as the Blue Fairy,
John Cleese as the Talking Cricket, Topher
Grace as Leonardo,
Kevin James as Mangiafuoco,
Cheech Marin and Eddie
Griffin as The Fox and the Cat,
Eric Idle as Medoro,
Regis Philbin as
the Ringmaster, and
Jim Belushi as Farmer George.
Pinocchio 3000 , Canada , a 2004 CGI film.
Pinocchio (2012), a Belgian-French-Italian animated film directed
by Enzo D\'Alò .
Pinocchio (2015), a live-action Czech film featuring a
computer-animated and female version of the Talking Cricket, given the
name, Coco, who used to live in the wood
Pinocchio was made out of.
* Pinocchio, an upcoming film announced by
Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro , a
stop-motion darker version of the novel, co-directed by Adam Parrish
Jim Henson Company as production company, and music by Nick
The Adventures of Buratino (1976 film) , a 1976 USSR film. One of
the most popular movies in Soviet Union of all times.
Pinocchio , a 1957 TV musical broadcast live during the Golden Age
of Television , directed and choreographed by
Hanya Holm , and
starring such actors as
Mickey Rooney (in the title role), Walter
Slezak (as Geppetto),
Fran Allison (as the Blue Fairy), and Martyn
Green (as the Fox). This version featured songs by
Alec Wilder and was
NBC . It was part of a then-popular trend of musicalizing
fantasy stories for television, following the immense success of the
Mary Martin Peter Pan , which made its TV debut in 1955.
* The New Adventures of
Pinocchio , a 1960 TV series of 5 minute
stop-motion animated vignettes by Arthur Rankin, Jr. and Jules Bass .
* The Prince Street Players' musical version, starring John Joy as
Pinocchio and David Lile as Geppetto, was broadcast on
Pinocchio (1968), a musical version of the story that aired in the
United States on NBC, with pop star
Peter Noone playing the puppet.
This one bore no resemblance to the 1957 television version.
* The Adventures of
Pinocchio (1972), an exceptional high-quality TV
mini-series by Italian director
Luigi Comencini , starring Andrea
Balestri as Pinocchio,
Nino Manfredi as Geppetto and Gina Lollobrigida
as the Fairy.
* Pinocchio: The Series , a 1972 animated series produced by
Tatsunoko Productions . It has a distinctly darker, more sadistic
theme, and portrays the main character,
Pinocchio (Mokku), as
suffering from constant physical and psychological abuse and freak
Pinocchio (1976) , still another live-action musical version for
Sandy Duncan in a trouser role as the puppet, Danny
Kaye as Geppetto, and
Flip Wilson as the Fox. It was telecast on
and is available on
Piccolino no Bōken
Piccolino no Bōken (1976 animated series)
Pinocchio no Boken (1979 TV program) DAX International
* Pinocchio\'s Christmas , 1980 , a stop-motion animated TV special.
* A 1984 episode of
Faerie Tale Theatre starring
Paul Reubens as the
* The Adventures of
Pinocchio was adapted in Happily Ever After:
Fairy Tales for Every Child where it takes place on the Barbary Coast.
* Geppetto (2000), a television film broadcast on The Wonderful
World of Disney starring
Drew Carey in the title role,
Seth Adkins as
Brent Spiner as Stromboli, and
Julia Louis-Dreyfus as the
Blue Fairy .
Pinocchio , (2008) a British-Italian TV film starring Bob Hoskins
Robbie Kay as Pinocchio,
Luciana Littizzetto as the
Violante Placido as the Blue Fairy, Toni Bertorelli
as the Fox, Francesco Pannofino as the Cat, Maurizio Donadoni as
Alessandro Gassman as the original author Carlo
* Once Upon a Time , (2011) ABC television series.
many other characters from the story have major roles in the episodes
That Still Small Voice " and "The Stranger ".
Pinocchio appeared in
GEICO 's 2014 bad motivational speaker
Pinocchio , (2014) South Korean television series starring Park
Lee Jong-suk , airs on SBS starting on November 12, 2014,
every Wednesdays and Thursdays at 21:55 for 16 episodes. The
protagonist Choi In-ha has a chronic symptom called "Pinocchio
complex," which makes her break into violent hiccups when she tells
Toto in Color (1952)
* The Erotic Adventures of Pinocchio, 1971 was advertised with the
memorable line, "It's not his nose that grows!"
Pinocchio appears in a 1976 fairy tale, Das Märchen vom
Schlauraffenland (English version as "The Tale of
by Hildegard Wohlgemuth , which is part of the children's book Update
on Rumpelstiltskin and other Fairy Tales by 43 Authors , which is
compiled by Hans-Joachim Gelberg , illustrated by
Willi Glasauer , and
published by Beltz & Gelberg .
* Weldon, John (1977), Spinnolio (parody), National
Film Board of
Edward Scissorhands , 1990, movie, contains elements both of
* Pinocchio\'s Revenge , 1996 , a horror movie where Pinocchio
supposedly goes on a murderous rampage.
Android Kikaider was influenced by
Astro Boy (鉄腕アトム, Tetsuwan Atomu) (1952) a Japanese
manga series written and illustrated by
Osamu Tezuka , recasts loosely
Marvel Fairy Tales , a comic book series by
C. B. Cebulski ,
features a retelling of The Adventures of
Pinocchio with the robotic
superhero called The Vision in the role of Pinocchio.
* The story was adaptated in an episode of
Simsala Grimm .
* Spielberg, Steven (2001),
A.I. Artificial Intelligence
A.I. Artificial Intelligence , film,
based on a
Stanley Kubrick project that was cut short by Kubrick's
death, recasts the
Pinocchio theme; in it an android with emotions
longs to become a real boy .
* Shrek , 2001 ,
Pinocchio is a recurrent supporting character.
Shrek the Musical , Broadway, December 14, 2008 .
A Tree of Palme , a 2002 anime film, is an interpretation of the
* Teacher\'s Pet , 2004 contains elements and references of the
1940 adaptation and A.I. Artificial Intelligence.
* Happily N\'Ever After 2: Snow White Another Bite @ the Apple ,
Pinocchio appears as a secondary character.
The Simpsons episode "
Itchy and Scratchy Land ", there is a
Pinocchio called Pinnitchio where Pinnitchio (Itchy) stabs
Geppetto (Scratchy) in the eye after he fibs to not to tell lies.
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy wrote a famous Russian adaptation of
the book, entitled The Little Gold Key or the Adventures of Buratino
(1936) illustrated by Alexander Koshkin, translated from Russian by
Kathleen Cook-Horujy, Raduga Publishers, Moscow, 1990, 171 pages, SBN
5-05-002843-4 (burattino is Italian for "puppet"). Leonid Vladimirski
later wrote and illustrated a sequel,
Buratino in the
Emerald City ,
Buratino to the Magic Land that Alexander Melentyevich Volkov
based on the
Land of Oz , and which Vladimirski had illustrated.
* Mongiardini-Rembadi, Gemma (1894), Il Segreto di
Pinocchio , Italy
. Published in the United States in 1913 as
Pinocchio under the Sea.
* Cherubini, E. (1903),
Pinocchio in Africa ,
* Lorenzini, Paolo (1917), The Heart of
Pinocchio , Florence, Italy
* Patri, Angelo (1928),
Pinocchio in America , United States .
* Della Chiesa, Carol (1932), Puppet Parade , New York .
* Tolstoy, Aleksey Nikolayevich (1936), The Golden Key, or the
Buratino , Russia , a loose adaptation.
* Marino, Josef (1940), Hi! Ho! Pinocchio! , United States .
* Coover, Robert (1991),
Pinocchio in Venice , novel, continues the
story of Pinocchio, the Blue Fairy, and other characters .
* Dine, James ‘Jim’ (2006), Pinocchio, Steidl, illustrations .
* ———— (2007), Pinocchio, PaceWildenstein .
* Carter, Scott William (2012), Wooden Bones, novel, described as
the untold story of Pinocchio, with a dark twist. Pino, as he’s come
to be known after he became a real boy, has discovered that he has the
power to bring puppets to life himself .
* London, Thomas (2015), Splintered: A Political Fairy Tale sets the
characters of the story in modern-day Washington, D.C.
* Morpurgo, Michael (2013),
Pinocchio Children's book,
Emma Chichester Clark .
Pinocchio (1961-1999), by
Pinocchio (2002), musical by
Saverio Marconi and musics by
* An opera, The Adventures of
Pinocchio , composed by Jonathan Dove
to a libretto by
Alasdair Middleton , was commissioned by Opera North
and premièred at the Grand Theatre in
Leeds , England, on 21 December
* Navok, Lior (2009), opera, sculptural exhibition. Two acts:
actors, woodwind quintet and piano .
* Le Avventure di
Pinocchio (2009) musical by Mario Restagno.
* Costantini, Vito (2011), The other Pinocchio, musical, the first
musical sequel to 'Adventures of Pinocchio' . The musical is based on
The other Pinocchio, Brescia: La Scuola Editrice, 1999, book . The
composer is Antonio Furioso. Vito Costantini wrote "The other
Pinocchio" after the discovery of a few sheets of an old manuscript
attributed to Collodi and dated 21/10/1890. The news of the discovery
appeared in the major Italian newspapers. It is assumed the Tuscan
artist wrote a sequel to 'The Adventures of Pinocchio' he never
published. Starting from handwritten sheets, Costantini has
reconstructed the second part of the story. In 2000 'The other
Pinocchio' won first prize in national children's literature Città of
* La vera storia di
Pinocchio raccontata da lui medesimo, (2011) by
Flavio Albanese, music by
Fiorenzo Carpi , produced by Piccolo Teatro
Pinocchio (2011), musical by Vito Costantini based on
Pinocchio (Editrice La Scuola, Brescia 1999).
* Pinocchio. Storia di un burattino da
Carlo Collodi by Massimiliano
Finazzer Flory (2012)
Pinocchio (upcoming 2017), musical by
Dennis Kelly , with songs
from 1940 Disney movie , directed by
John Tiffany , commissioned by
the National Theatre ,
MONUMENTS AND ART WORKS DEDICATED TO PINOCCHIO
A giant statue of
Pinocchio in the park Parco di Pinocchio,
* The name of a district of the city of
Ancona is "Pinocchio", long
before the birth of the famous puppet. Vittorio Morelli built the
Monument to Pinocchio.
* Fontana a
Pinocchio , 1956 , fountain in
Milan , with bronze
statues of Pinocchio, the Cat, and the Fox.
Italy , the park "Parco di Pinocchio" was built in
* Near the
Lake Varese was built a metal statue depicting Pinocchio.
Pinocchio , a main-belt asteroid discovered on September 30,
M. Tombelli and
L. Tesi at
San Marcello Pistoiese , was named
* In the paintings series "La morte di Pinocchio", Walther Jervolino
, an Italian painter and engraver, shows
Pinocchio being executed with
arrows or decapitated, thus presenting an alternative story ending.
* In the central square of
Turin , there is a statue of
Pinocchio wooden 6.53 meters tall and weighing about 40.
* In Collodi, the birthplace of the writer of Pinocchio, in February
2009 was installed a statue of the puppet 15 feet tall.
* At the
Expo 2010 in
Shanghai , in the Italian Pavilion, was
exposed to more than two meters tall an aluminum sculpture called
Pinocchio Art of Giuseppe Bartolozzi and Clara Thesis.
* He was used as the mascot for the 2013 UCI Road World
* 28 August 2015 - The National Foundation
Carlo Collodi together
with Editions Redberry Art
London has presented - in MILAN at "I
Chiostri dell'Umanitaria" - the artist's book "The Adventures of
Pinocchio" with the works of Maestro Antonio Nocera. The exhibition
was part of a
Tuscany region food ">
* ^ A B Giovanni Gasparini. La corsa di Pinocchio. Milano, Vita e
Pensiero, 1997. p. 117. ISBN 88-343-4889-3
* ^ Repubblica Italiana on Le Avventure di pinocchio: "“The
Adventures of Pinocchio” translated in more of 260 languages." (1
* ^ remains the most translated Italian book and, after the Bible,
the most widely read by Francelia Butler, Children's Literature, Yale
University Press, 1972
Carlo Collodi – The Story of Pinocchio
* ^ Weldon, John. "Spinnolio" (
Adobe Flash ). Animated short.