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Thane

Salsette
Hiranandani Estate in Thane
Hiranandani Estate in Thane
Coordinates: 19°10′21″N 72°57′25″E / 19.172431°N 72.957019°E / 19.172431; 72.957019Coordinates: 19°10′21″N 72°57′25″E / 19.172431°N 72.957019°E / 19.172431; 72.957019
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DistrictThane
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • Body
 • MayorNaresh Mhaske
 • Deputy MayorPallavi Kadam
 • Municipal CommissionerDr. Vipin Sharma
[ˈʈʰaːɳeː]) is a metropolitan city in Maharashtra, India. It is situated in the north-eastern portion of the Salsette Island. Thane city is entirely within Thane taluka, one of the seven talukas of Thane district; also, it is the headquarters of the namesake district. With a population of 1,841,488 distributed over a land area of about 147 square kilometres (57 sq mi), Thane city is the 15th most populated city in India with a population of 1,890,000 according to the 2011 census.

Located on the north-western side of the state of Maharashtra, the city is an immediate neighbour of Mumbai city and a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

Etymology and other names

The word 'Thane' is derived from local Marathi word "ठाणे" meaning "Police Check Post". Thane was the next Major British Police Check Post after Mumbai (formerly Bombay). Thane still houses Two Indian Airforce Bases in the city.

The name Thane has been variously romanised as Tana,[1] Thana,[2] Thâṇâ,[3] and Thane.[4] Ibn Battuta and Abulfeda knew it as Kukin Tana; Duarte Barbosa as Tana Mayambu.[5] Before 1996, the city was called 'Thana', the British spelling of the city, until it was replaced with the more-local name.

History

A copper plate dating to AD 1078 was discovered near the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787. A land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, lord of Tagara, wherein he addresses the inhabitants of a city called "Sri Sthanaka".[6]

The British occupied Salsette Island, Thana Fort, Fort Versova and the island fort of Karanja in 1774.[7]

Transport

Thane is well connected to other regions by an extensive network of Railways and Roadways - including one national highway passing through Thane. As Thane is next to Mulund (which is the last station of Mumbai's Eastern Suburb), Airoli (which is the first station of Navi Mumbai's North-Western suburb), Bhiwandi the Junction to (2 Twin cities) of Kalyan- Dombivali & Vasai -Virar, and the Borivali Mumbai's Western Suburb & Mira Road/Bhayander through Ghodbunder Road, most parts of the city are easily accessible.

Railways

Thane was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in Asia. On 16 April 1853, the passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder and Thane.[8] Covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), it was hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh and Sultan.

Thane is connected with neighbouring suburbs through Central and Trans-Harbour Line Suburban railway network. Thane is a railway junction for the Thane-Vashi & Panvel Harbour Line and Central Line. It is one of the busiest stations in India and handles 654,000 passengers daily.[9][10]

Metro

As of 2019, Wadala and Thane are being connected through a Metro line.[11]

On 26 August 2015, MMRDA sanctioned ₹354 billion for 118 km Mumbai metro network. This includes a 40-km Wadala-Ghatkopar-Thane-Kasarvadavali

Located on the north-western side of the state of Maharashtra, the city is an immediate neighbour of Mumbai city and a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

The word 'Thane' is derived from local Marathi word "ठाणे" meaning "Police Check Post". Thane was the next Major British Police Check Post after Mumbai (formerly Bombay). Thane still houses Two Indian Airforce Bases in the city.

The name Thane has been variously romanised as Tana,[1] Thana,[2] Thâṇâ,[3] and Thane.[4] Ibn Battuta and Abulfeda knew it as Kukin Tana; Duarte Barbosa as Tana Mayambu.[5] Before 1996, the city was called 'Thana', the British spelling of the city, until it was replaced with the more-local name.

History

A copper plate dating to AD 1078 was discovered near the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787. A land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, lord of Tagara, wherein he addresses the inhabitants of a city called "Sri Sthanaka".[6]

The British occupied Salsette Island, Thana Fort, Fort Versova and the island fort of Karanja in 1774.[7]

Transport

Thane is well connected to other regions by an extensive network of Railways and Roadways - including one national highway passing through Thane. As Thane is next to Mulund (which is the last station of Mumbai's Eastern Suburb), Airoli (which is the first station of Navi Mumbai's North-Western suburb), Bhiwandi the Junction to (2 Twin cities) of Kalyan- Dombivali & Vasai -Virar, and the Borivali Mumbai's Western Suburb & Mira Road/Bhayander through Ghodbunder Road, most parts of the city are easily accessible.

Railways

Thane was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in Asia. On 16 April 1853, the passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder and Thane.[8] Covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), it was hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh and Sultan.

Thane is connected with neighbouring suburbs through [1] Thana,[2] Thâṇâ,[3] and Thane.[4] Ibn Battuta and Abulfeda knew it as Kukin Tana; Duarte Barbosa as Tana Mayambu.[5] Before 1996, the city was called 'Thana', the British spelling of the city, until it was replaced with the more-local name.

A copper plate dating to AD 1078 was discovered near the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787. A land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, lord of Tagara, wherein he addresses the inhabitants of a city called "Sri Sthanaka".[6]

The British occupied Salsette Island, Thana Fort, Fort Versova and the island fort of Karanja in 1774.Salsette Island, Thana Fort, Fort Versova and the island fort of Karanja in 1774.[7]

Thane is well connected to other regions by an extensive network of Railways and Roadways - including one national highway passing through Thane. As Thane is next to Mulund (which is the last station of Mumbai's Eastern Suburb), Airoli (which is the first station of Navi Mumbai's North-Western suburb), Bhiwandi the Junction to (2 Twin cities) of Kalyan- Dombivali & Vasai -Virar, and the Borivali Mumbai's Western Suburb & Mira Road/Bhayander through Ghodbunder Road, most parts of the city are easily accessible.

Railways

Thane was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in Asia. On 16 April 1853, the passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder and Thane.[8] Covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), it was hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh and Sultan.

Thane is connected with neighbouring suburbs through Central and Central and Trans-Harbour Line Suburban railway network. Thane is a railway junction for the Thane-Vashi & Panvel Harbour Line and Central Line. It is one of the busiest stations in India and handles 654,000 passengers daily.[9][10]

As of 2019, Wadala and Thane are being connected through a Metro line.[11]

On 26 August 2015, MMRDA sanctioned ₹354 billion for 118 km Mumbai metro network. This includes a 40-km Wadala-Ghatkopar-Thane-Kasarvadavali Metro-4 corridor via Wadala GPO and R.A.Kidwai Marg costing

On 26 August 2015, MMRDA sanctioned ₹354 billion for 118 km Mumbai metro network. This includes a 40-km Wadala-Ghatkopar-Thane-Kasarvadavali Metro-4 corridor via Wadala GPO and R.A.Kidwai Marg costing ₹120 billion.[12]

Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) Thane Municipal Corporation started its own transport service on 9 February 1989, known as TMT ~ Thane Municipal Transport. TMT provides services the city interior and suburbs like Mulund, Andheri, Miraroad, Nallasopar, Bhivandi, Vasai, Virar, Borivali, Vashi, Airoli, Ghatkopar, Dadar, Bandra, BKC, Bhayandar, Kalyan, and Panvel, among others.[13]

Info Details
Number of Buses 289
Number of Routes 45
Number of Depot 3 Kalwa Depot & Wagale Estate Depot (Kolshet Depot)*Proposed
Number of Bus Stands 8
Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT) ply in direction towards Vashi and New Mumbai. It goes through Airoli, Turbe etc. Most of NMMT buses ply in Thane from the Kalva area. NMMT connects city of Thane to various parts of NaviMumbai .NMMT operates buses to Airoli, Rabale,Mahape,Panvel,Vashi,Ghansoli,Panvel,Nerul,CBD Belapur,etc.

Mira Bhayandar Municipal Transport (MBMT)

MBMT Buses

Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Transport (MBMT) is the newest Public Transport, The Buses are ply from Dahisar Check naka towards Versova [Thane] Check naka. So till now Majority of MBMT buses can be taken up at the Check naka only. MBMT has started new services to Thane City from January 2010.

Route Route No Starting Destination (Thane) Route Description
Ordinary 7 Bhayander Railway Station (West) Ghodbunder Village Kashimira[14]
Limited 10 LTD Bhayander Railway Station

Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Transport (MBMT) is the newest Public Transport, The Buses are ply from Dahisar Check naka towards Versova [Thane] Check naka. So till now Majority of MBMT buses can be taken up at the Check naka only. MBMT has started new services to Thane City from January 2010.

Route Route No Starting Destination (Thane) Route Description
Ordinary 7 Bhayander Railway Station (West) Ghodbunder Village Kashimira[14]
Limited 10 LTD Bhayander Railway Station (West) Thane Railway Station (East) Ghodbunder Road
Ordinary 29 Mira Road Railway Station Marathon Chowk (Teen Haath Naka) Ghodbunder Road

Route Route No Starting Destination (Thane) Route Description
Ordinary 111 Vasai Court/Tahasildar Office Mulund East Via Ahemdabad Highway, Godbunder Road, Eastern Express Highway, LBS Marg, Mulund West
Ordinary 112 Vasai Court/Tahasildar Office Thane Rly Station East Via Ahemdabad Highway, Godbunder Road, Eastern Express Highway, Kopari[15]

Future of transport in Thane

A light rail network covering 42 km has been proposed in three phases. In the first phase, consultants have suggested connectivity between Balkum and Kolshet via Naupada. It will be 16.05 km long with 14.65 km elevated, and only 1.4 km on the surface, a

A light rail network covering 42 km has been proposed in three phases. In the first phase, consultants have suggested connectivity between Balkum and Kolshet via Naupada. It will be 16.05 km long with 14.65 km elevated, and only 1.4 km on the surface, and 11 stations in all.[16]

Geography

Climate

Thane has a tropical monsoon climate that borders on a tropical wet and dry climate. The overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures.

In Thane, temperature varies from 22 °C to 36 °C. Winter temperatures can fall to 12 °C at night while summer temperatures can rise to over 40 °C at noon. The lowest daytime temperatures are witnessed during the peak of the summer monsoon in July and August when temperatures can drop to about 25 °C. Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2000–2500 mm and humidity is 61–86%, making it a h

Thane has a tropical monsoon climate that borders on a tropical wet and dry climate. The overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures.

In Thane, temperature varies from 22 °C to 36 °C. Winter temperatures can fall to 12 °C at night while summer temperatures can rise to over 40 °C at noon. The lowest daytime temperatures are witnessed during the peak of the summer monsoon in July and August when temperatures can drop to about 25 °C. Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2000–2500 mm and humidity is 61–86%, making it a humid-perhumid zone.

[17] The average literacy rate of Thane city is 91.36 percent for where male and female literacy was 94.19 and 88.14 percent respectively. The sex ratio of Thane city is 882 females per 1000 males. Child sex ratio is 900 girls per 1000 boys. Total children (0–6) in Thane city are 186,259 as per Census India report on 2011. There were 98,017 boys while 88,242 are girls. Children form 10.24% of total population of Thane City.[18]

The dominant language spoken in Thane is Marathi. Some of the East Indian families in the Khatri ward of Thane still speak Portuguese.[19] About 1,800 of India's approximately 5,000 Jews live in Thane.[20]

Tourism

Thane is also known as "City of Lakes". Thane's lakes include Masunda Lake, also known as Talao Pali,[21] Kachrali Lake, and Upvan Lake.Talao Pali is a popular evening spot for thaneites with three remarkable structures on its banks.Oldest is St.John the Baptist church, built by Portuguese in 1582,is one of the heritage structures in Thane.other is the Kopineshwar Temple on the banks of Masunda Lake is the oldest temple in the entire district of Thane. It was built and renovated in about 1750 by Chimajji Appa.and third is Gadkari Rangaytan,a popular drama hall for Marathi dramas.

Also Yeoor hill, with its natural environment, and Sanjay Gandhi national park are also tourist spots.[21]

Lakes

The dominant language spoken in Thane is Marathi. Some of the East Indian families in the Khatri ward of Thane still speak Portuguese.[19] About 1,800 of India's approximately 5,000 Jews live in Thane.[20]

Thane is also known as "City of Lakes". Thane's lakes include Masunda Lake, also known as Talao Pali,[21] Kachrali Lake, and Upvan Lake.Talao Pali is a popular evening spot for thaneites with three remarkable structures on its banks.Oldest is St.John the Baptist church, built by Portuguese in 1582,is one of the heritage structures in Thane.other is the Kopineshwar Temple on the banks of Masunda Lake is the oldest temple in the entire district of Thane. It was built and renovated in about 1750 by Chimajji Appa.and third is Gadkari Rangaytan,a popular drama hall for Marathi dramas.

Also Yeoor hill, with its natural environment, and Sanjay Gandhi national park are also tourist spots.[21]

Lakes[21]

No. Lake Name Location Area
(hectares)
1 Brahamala Lake Near Babubhai Petrol Pump in Uthalsar Ward Committee 0.5173 ha
(garden area: 0.4 ha)
2 Datiwali Lake East side of Diva station situated in the marshland of Ulhas river in Mumbra Ward Committee Area 0.77 ha
3 Dawala Lake At Ovala in Majiwada -Manpada Prabhag Samiti 1.136 ha
4 Devasar Lake At the end of Bhayanderpada at foothills of Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Majiwada-Manpada Ward Committee 0.516 ha
5 Diaghar Lake At the outskirts of Diaghar village in Mumbra Ward Committee 0.363 ha
6 Diva Lake Situated just outside Diva station in Mumbra Ward Committee 0.405 ha
7 Ambe Ghosale Lake At Meenatai Thakare Chowk, Castle Mill Naka (Opposite Desai Bunglow) in Uthalsar Ward committee 2.77 ha
(Garden Area : 0.57 ha)
8 Gokul Nagar Lake It is a small lake situated in the heart of the city in the midst of Gokulnagar slums in Uthalsar Ward Committee 0.325 ha
9 Hariyali Lake Near Thane Railway Station in Kopari Ward Committee 0.7939 ha
(Area around lake : 0.1 ha)
10 Jail Lake Opp. Post Office beside Jail Water Tank in Uthalsar Ward committee 1.43 ha
11 Jogila Lake Near Uthalsar Ward office approx 0.1 ha
12 Desai Lake On westside of Ulhas river, in Desai village in Mumbra Ward Committee 1.75 ha
10–12 feet depth
13 Kacharali Lake Opp. TMC Head Office in Naupada Ward Committee 2.00 ha
14 Kasar-Wadavali Lake Majivada, manpada Ward office 4.5173 ha
15 Kausa Lake Mumbra Ward office, Kausa 1.5173 ha
16 Kavesar Lake Situated at Waghbill road 2.1746 ha
17 Khardi Lake The lake is situated in premises of khardipada, Shil approx. 1.15ha
18 Kharegaon Lake Kalwa Ward office 0.7377 ha
19 Khidkali Lake Mumbra Ward office Khidkali Lake is situated on the eastern side of the Thane creek near the Shil phata 1.7 ha
20 Kolbad Lake Uthalsar Ward office 1.0 ha
21 Kolshet Lake Manpada Ward office 1.0 ha
22 Makhamali Lake Uthalsar Ward office 1.0 ha
(garden Attached Area : 0.51 h)
23 Masunda Lake (Talao Pali) Masunda Lake ( also known as Talao Pali) is located on West of Thane, in the heart of Thane city. The lake is surrounded by important historic places like Gadkari Rangayatan, St. John church, Kopineshwar temple and Jambli market. There is a Mahadev Dhyan Mandir at the centre of the lake and also a statue of Shivaji Maharaj near the lake. 7.2 ha
24 Naar Lake Naar Lake is situated on outskirts of Thane along the Ghodbunder road 0.7550 ha
Depth of 8 m
25 Kalwa Lake Kalwa Ward office. Located close to railway station 2 ha
26 Phadakepada Lake Mumbra Ward office 1.71 ha
27 Railadevi Lake Railadevi Ward office 8 ha