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Thane, colloquially called Thana, is a metropolitan city in India. Thane
Thane
city coincides entirely with Thane
Thane
taluka, one of the seven talukas of Thane
Thane
district; also, it is the headquarter of the namesake district. With a population of 1,841,488 distributed over a land area of about 147 square kilometres (57 sq mi), Thane
Thane
city is the 16th most populated city in India. Located on the north western side of the state of Maharashtra, the city is an immediate neighbour of Mumbai
Mumbai
city and a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Transport

3.1 Railways

4 Geography

4.1 Climate

5 Demographics 6 Tourism

6.1 Lakes in Thane

7 Notable people 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Name[edit] The name Thane, locally pronounced [ˈʈʰaːɳeː], has been variously romanised as Tana,[1] Thana,[2] Thâṇâ,[3] and Thane.[4] Ibn Battuta
Ibn Battuta
and Abulfeda knew it as Kukin Tana; Duarte Barbosa
Duarte Barbosa
as Tana Mayambu.[5] History[edit] A copper plate dating to AD 1078 was discovered near the foundations of Thane
Thane
Fort in 1787. A land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, lord of Tagara, he addresses the inhabitants of a city called "Sri Sthanaka".[6] The British occupied Salsette Island, Thana Fort, Fort Versova, and the island fort of Karanja in 1774.[7] Transport[edit] Railways[edit] Thane
Thane
was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in Asia. On 16 April 1853, the passenger train service was inaugurated between Colaba and Thane.[8] Covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), it was hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh and Sultan. Thane
Thane
is connected with neighbouring suburbs through Central and Trans-Harbour Line Suburban railway network. Thane
Thane
is a railway junction for the Thane-Vashi Harbour Line and Central Line. It has become the busiest station in Mumbai
Mumbai
and one of the busiest in India and handles 654,000 passengers daily.[9] As of 2013, there are plans of extending the Ghatkopar-Mulund Metro line up to Thane.[10] On 26 August 2015, MMRDA sanctions ₹354 billion for 118 km Mumbai
Mumbai
metro network. This includes a 40-km Wadala-Ghatkopar-Thane-Kasarvadavali Metro-4 corridor via Wadala GPO and R.A.Kidwai Marg costing ₹120 billion.[11]

Thane
Thane
Skyline

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Thane
Thane
has a tropical monsoon climate that borders on a tropical wet and dry climate. Overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures. In Thane, temperature varies from 22 °C to 36 °C. Winter temperatures can fall to 12 °C at night while summer temperatures can rise to over 40 °C at noon. The lowest day time temperatures are witnessed during the peak of summer monsoon in July and August when temperatures can drop to about 25 °C. Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2000–2500 mm and humidity is 61-86%, making it a humid-perhumid zone.

Climate data for Thane

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 29.5 (85.1) 31.3 (88.3) 32.7 (90.9) 33.1 (91.6) 33.3 (91.9) 31.9 (89.4) 29.8 (85.6) 29.3 (84.7) 30.1 (86.2) 32.9 (91.2) 33.4 (92.1) 31.0 (87.8) 31.7 (89.1)

Average low °C (°F) 15.4 (59.7) 17.3 (63.1) 20.6 (69.1) 23.7 (74.7) 26.1 (79) 25.8 (78.4) 24.8 (76.6) 24.5 (76.1) 24.0 (75.2) 23.1 (73.6) 20.5 (68.9) 18.2 (64.8) 22.1 (71.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.1 (0.122) 1.0 (0.039) 1.5 (0.059) 2.3 (0.091) 25.1 (0.988) 541.3 (21.311) 922.0 (36.299) 539.7 (21.248) 326.9 (12.87) 93.2 (3.669) 19.1 (0.752) 2.3 (0.091) 2,477.5 (97.539)

Source: Government of Maharashtra

Thana district Places of Interest 1896 map

Demographics[edit]

View of Masunda Lake (Talav Pali) from St.John The Baptist High School.

The population of Thane
Thane
according to the 2011 census is 1,886,941.[12] Average literacy rate of Thane
Thane
city is 91.36 percent of which male and female literacy was 94.19 and 88.14 percent. The sex ratio of Thane city is 882 females per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 900 per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6) in Thane
Thane
city are 186,259 as per Census India
India
report on 2011. There were 98,017 boys while 88,242 are girls. Children form 10.24% of total population of Thane
Thane
City.[13] The dominant language spoken in Thane
Thane
is Marathi. Some of the East Indian families in the Khatri ward of Thane
Thane
still speak Portuguese.[14] At 1800, Thane
Thane
has the largest number of Jews in India.[15] Tourism[edit] Thane's lakes include Masunda Lake, also known as Talao Pali,[16] Kachrali Lake, and Upvan Lake. The Kopineshwar Temple on the banks is the oldest temple in the entire district of Thane. It was built and renovated in about 1750 by Chimajji Appa.[16] Lakes in Thane[edit]

No. Lake Name Location Area

1 Brahamala Lake Near Babubhai Petrol Pump in Uthalsar Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.5173 hectare (garden area: 0.4 hectare)

2 Datiwali Lake East side of Diva station situated in the marshland of Ulhas river in Mumbra Ward Committee Area Area of Lake 0.77 hectare.

3 Dawala Lake At Ovala in Majiwada -Manpada Prabhag Samiti Lake area is 1.136 hectare

4 Devasar Lake At the end of Bhayanderpada at foothills of Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Majiwada-Manpada Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.516 hectare

5 Diaghar Lake At the outskirts of Diaghar village in Mumbra Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.363 hectare

6 Diva Lake Situated just outside Diva station in Mumbra Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.40503hectare

7 Ambe Ghosale Lake At Meenatai Thakare Chowk in Uthalsar Ward committee Area of lake is 2.7725hectare.(Garden Area : 0.57 hectare)

8 Gokul Nagar Lake It is a small lake situated in the heart of the city in the midst of Gokulnagar slums in Uthalsar Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.325hectare.

9 Hariyali Lake Near Thane Railway Station
Thane Railway Station
in Kopari Ward Committee Area of lake is 0.7939hectare. (Area around lake : 0.1 hectare)

10 Jail Lake Opp. Post Office beside Jail Water Tank in Uthalsar Ward committee Area of lake is 1.43hectare

11 Jogila Lake Near Uthalsar Ward office Area of lake isapprox 0.1 hectare

12 Desai Lake On westside of Ulhas river, in Desai village in Mumbra Ward Committee Area of lake is 1.75 hectare with 10–12 feet depth

13 Kacharali Lake Opp. TMC Head Office in Naupada Ward Committee Area of lake is 2.00 hectare

14 Kasar-Wadavali Lake Majivada, manpada Ward office Area of lake is 4.5173 hectare

15 Kausa Lake Mumbra Ward office, Kausa Area of lake is 1.5173 hectare

16 Kavesar Lake Situated at Waghbill road Area of lake is 2.1746 hectare

17 Khardi Lake The lake is situated in premises of khardipada, Shil Area of lake is approx.1.15hectare

18 Kharegaon Lake Kalwa Ward office Area of lake is 0.7377 hectare

19 Khidkali Lake Mumbra Ward office Khidkali Lake is situated on the eastern side of the Thane
Thane
creek near the Shil phata The area of lake is 1.7 hectare

20 Kolbad Lake Uthalsar Ward office, Kausa Area of lake is 1.0 hectare

21 Kolshet Lake Manpada Ward office Area of lake is 1.0 hectare

22 Makhamali Lake Uthalsar Ward office Area of lake is 1.0 hectare.(garden Attached Area : 0.51 h)

23 Masunda Lake Masunda Lake is located on West of Thane, in the heart of Thane
Thane
city. The lake is surrounded by important historic places like Gadkari Rangayatan, St. John church, Kopineshwar temple and Jambli market. There is a Mahadev Dhyan Mandir at the centre of the lake and also a statue of Shivaji Maharaj near the lake. Area of lake is 7.2 hectares

24 Naar Lake Naar Lake is situated on outskirts of Thane
Thane
along the Ghodbunder road Area of lake is 0.7550h and depth of 8 M

25 Kalwa Lake Kalwa Ward office. Located close to railway station Area of lake is 2 hectare

26 Phadakepada Lake Mumbra Ward office Area of lake is 1.71 hectare

27 Railadevi Lake Railadevi Ward office Area of lake is 8 hectare

28 Rewale Lake Majivada-manpada Ward office Area of lake is 0.5173 hectare

29 Shivagi Nagar, Balkumb Lake The lake is situated along old agra road next to water supply line in Balkum area Area of lake is 0.2247h

30 Siddheshwar Lake Uthalsar Ward office Area of lake is 3.000 hectare

31 Turbhepada Lake The lake is located near Hiranandani estate and Brahnmand colony. On Ghodbunderside Area of lake is 0.5857 h

32 Upwan Lake Vartak nagar Ward office is located at the foothills of Yeor Area of lake is 6 hectare

33 Shill Lake Mumbra Ward office Area of lake is 6 hectare

Reference:[17]

Notable people[edit] This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. Mr.Dharmaveer Anand Dighe Saheb the shivsena Thane district
Thane district
chief and God father of Thane.

Anand Paranjpe – Member of parliament (MP) for Kalyan constituency in 15th Lok Sabha

Eknath Shinde – Cabinet Minister - PWD (MSRDC, Public Undertaking), Government of Maharashtra

Jitendra Awhad – Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Mumbra-Kalwa constituency in 13th Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Vidhan Sabha

Pratap Sarnaik – MLA for Ovala-Majiwada constituency in 12th and 13th Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Vidhan Sabha

Rajan Vichare – MP for Thane
Thane
constituency in 16th Lok Sabha

Sanjay Kelkar – MLA for Thane
Thane
constituency in 13th Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha

Sanjeev Naik
Sanjeev Naik
– MP for Thane
Thane
constituency in 15th Lok Sabha

See also[edit]

2013 Thane building collapse
2013 Thane building collapse
in Shil Phata Thane
Thane
Railway Station Transportation in Thane List of schools in Thane Chandanwadi

References[edit]

^ Butler, Alban; Peter Doyle, eds. (c. 1756), "Bd Thomas of Tolentino", Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints, p. 68 . ^ Habig, Marion Alphonse (1979), The Franciscan Book of Saints, Franciscan Herald Press , cited in "Thomas of Tolentino and Companions", Roman Catholic Saints, retrieved 9 November 2016 . ^ Cunha, J. Gerson da (1876), Notes on the History and Antiquities of Chaul and Bassein, Bombay, p. 174 . ^ "Bl. Thomas of Tolentino", Catholic Online . ^ Cunha (1876), p. 16. ^ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, p. 112 . ^ Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honourable East India
India
Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. pp. 53–54. ISBN 9788131300343.  ^ Colonialism: An International, Social, Cultural and Political encyclopedia By Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, page 135 ^ Thane
Thane
is busiest railway station in Mumbai
Mumbai
- Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-05-19). Retrieved on 2013-07-16. ^ Soon, take a metro from south Mumbai
Mumbai
to Thane. Hindustan Times (2013-04-23). Retrieved on 2013-07-16. ^ Reporter, B. S. "MMRDA sanctions Rs 35,400 cr for 118 km Mumbai metro network".  ^ Census of India: Sub- District
District
Details. Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-16. ^ Thane
Thane
City Population Census 2011 Maharashtra. Census2011.co.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-16. ^ Thane
Thane
Gazetteer: Population: Christians – Speech. Maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved on 2012-01-21. ^ Jew in Thane ^ a b "Masunda Talao, Thane". Native Planet. Retrieved 5 December 2012.  ^ http://thanecity.gov.in/page.php?id=22

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thane.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Thane.

Thaneweb.com—The city portal Official Website of Thane
Thane
Forest Circle ThaneMahapailika.com— Thane
Thane
Municipal Corporation (Local Body) Official website of Thane
Thane
City Development of Thane
Thane
Solar City

v t e

State of Maharashtra

Capital: Mumbai
Mumbai
Second capital: Nagpur

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Aurangabad division

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Nagpur
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Nashik
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Pune
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Million-plus cities in Maharashtra

Mumbai Pune Nagpur Aurangabad Nashik Solapur Thane Pimpri-Chinchwad Kalyan-Dombivali Vasai-Virar Navi Mumbai

Other cities with municipal corporations

Ahmednagar Akola Amravati Bhiwandi-Nizampur Chandrapur Dhule Jalgaon Kolhapur Latur Malegaon Mira-Bhayandar Nanded Panvel Parbhani Sangli Ulhasnagar

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Gujarat: Ahmedabad Surat Vadodara Rajkot Maharashtra: Mumbai Pune Nagpur Nashik Vasai-Virar Aurangabad

Southern

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Authority control

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