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Sony
Sony
Corporation (ソニー株式会社, Sonī Kabushiki Kaisha, /ˈsoʊni/ SOH-nee, stylized as SONY) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.[9][1] Its diversified business includes consumer and professional electronics, gaming, entertainment and financial services.[10] The company is one of the leading manufacturers of electronic products for the consumer and professional markets.[11] Sony
Sony
was ranked 105th on the 2017 list of Fortune Global 500.[12] Sony
Sony
Corporation is the electronics business unit and the parent company of the Sony
Sony
Group (ソニー・グループ, Sonī Gurūpu), which is engaged in business through its four operating components: electronics (AV, IT & communication products, semiconductors, video games, network services and medical business), motion pictures (movies and TV shows), music (record labels and music publishing) and financial services (banking and insurance).[13][14][15] These make Sony
Sony
one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. The group consists of Sony
Sony
Corporation, Sony
Sony
Pictures, Sony Mobile, Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment, Sony
Sony
Music, Sony
Sony
Financial Holdings and others. Sony
Sony
is among the semiconductor sales leaders[16] and as of 2016, the fifth-largest television manufacturer in the world after Samsung Electronics, LG Electronics, TCL and Hisense.[17][18] The company's current slogan is BE MOVED. Their former slogans were The One and Only (1980–1982), It's a Sony
Sony
(1982–2002), like.no.other (2005–2009)[19] and make.believe (2009–2014).[20] Sony
Sony
has a weak tie to the Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group
Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group
(SMFG) keiretsu, the successor to the Mitsui
Mitsui
keiretsu.[21]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Tokyo
Tokyo
Tsushin Kogyo 1.2 Name 1.3 Globalization

2 Formats and technologies

2.1 Video recording 2.2 Audio recording 2.3 Audio encoding 2.4 Optical storage 2.5 Disk storage 2.6 Flash memory

3 Business units

3.1 Electronics

3.1.1 Sony
Sony
Corporation

3.1.1.1 Audio 3.1.1.2 Computing 3.1.1.3 Photography and videography 3.1.1.4 Video 3.1.1.5 Semiconductor
Semiconductor
and components 3.1.1.6 Medical-related business

3.1.2 Sony Mobile
Sony Mobile
Communications 3.1.3 Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

3.2 Electric vehicles and batteries 3.3 Entertainment

3.3.1 Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Entertainment 3.3.2 Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment 3.3.3 Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing

3.4 Finance

3.4.1 Financial services 3.4.2 Mobile payments

4 Corporate information

4.1 Shareholders 4.2 Finances 4.3 Environmental record 4.4 Community engagement

4.4.1 EYE SEE project 4.4.2 South Africa Mobile Library Project 4.4.3 The Sony
Sony
Canada Charitable Foundation 4.4.4 Sony
Sony
Foundation and You Can 4.4.5 Open Planet Ideas Crowdsourcing Project 4.4.6 Street Football Stadium Project

5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Sony Tokyo
Tokyo
Tsushin Kogyo[edit]

Masaru Ibuka, the co-founder of Sony

Sony
Sony
began in the wake of World War II. In 1946, Masaru Ibuka started an electronics shop in a department store building in Tokyo. The company started with a capital of ¥190,000[22] and a total of eight employees.[23] In May 1946, Ibuka was joined by Akio Morita
Akio Morita
to found a company called Tokyo
Tokyo
Tsushin Kogyo (東京通信工業, Tōkyō Tsūshin Kōgyō)[24][25] ( Tokyo
Tokyo
Telecommunications Engineering Corporation). The company built Japan's first tape recorder, called the Type-G.[24] In 1958, the company changed its name to "Sony".[26] Name[edit] When Tokyo
Tokyo
Tsushin Kogyo was looking for a romanized name to use to market themselves, they strongly considered using their initials, TTK. The primary reason they did not is that the railway company Tokyo Kyuko was known as TTK.[24] The company occasionally used the acronym "Totsuko" in Japan, but during his visit to the United States, Morita discovered that Americans had trouble pronouncing that name. Another early name that was tried out for a while was " Tokyo
Tokyo
Teletech" until Akio Morita
Akio Morita
discovered that there was an American company already using Teletech as a brand name.[27] The name "Sony" was chosen for the brand as a mix of two words: one was the Latin
Latin
word "sonus", which is the root of sonic and sound, and the other was "sonny", a common slang term used in 1950s America to call a young boy.[11] In the 1950s Japan
Japan
"sonny boys", was a loan word into Japanese which connoted smart and presentable young men, which Sony
Sony
founders Akio Morita
Akio Morita
and Masaru Ibuka considered themselves to be.[11] The first Sony-branded product, the TR-55 transistor radio, appeared in 1955 but the company name did not change to Sony
Sony
until January 1958.[28] At the time of the change, it was extremely unusual for a Japanese company to use Roman letters to spell its name instead of writing it in kanji. The move was not without opposition: TTK's principal bank at the time, Mitsui, had strong feelings about the name. They pushed for a name such as Sony
Sony
Electronic Industries, or Sony
Sony
Teletech. Akio Morita was firm, however, as he did not want the company name tied to any particular industry. Eventually, both Ibuka and Mitsui
Mitsui
Bank's chairman gave their approval.[24] Globalization[edit] According to Schiffer, Sony's TR-63 radio "cracked open the U.S. market and launched the new industry of consumer microelectronics." By the mid-1950s, American teens had begun buying portable transistor radios in huge numbers, helping to propel the fledgling industry from an estimated 100,000 units in 1955 to 5 million units by the end of 1968.[citation needed] Sony
Sony
co-founder Akio Morita
Akio Morita
founded Sony Corporation of America
Sony Corporation of America
in 1960.[23] In the process, he was struck by the mobility of employees between American companies, which was unheard of in Japan
Japan
at that time.[23] When he returned to Japan, he encouraged experienced, middle-aged employees of other companies to reevaluate their careers and consider joining Sony.[23] The company filled many positions in this manner, and inspired other Japanese companies to do the same.[23] Moreover, Sony
Sony
played a major role in the development of Japan
Japan
as a powerful exporter during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.[29] It also helped to significantly improve American perceptions of "made in Japan" products.[30] Known for its production quality, Sony
Sony
was able to charge above-market prices for its consumer electronics and resisted lowering prices.[30] In 1971, Masaru Ibuka handed the position of president over to his co-founder Akio Morita. Sony
Sony
began a life insurance company in 1979, one of its many peripheral businesses. Amid a global recession in the early 1980s, electronics sales dropped and the company was forced to cut prices.[30] Sony's profits fell sharply. "It's over for Sony," one analyst concluded. "The company's best days are behind it."[30] Around that time, Norio Ohga took up the role of president. He encouraged the development of the Compact Disc
Compact Disc
in the 1970s and 1980s, and of the PlayStation
PlayStation
in the early 1990s. Ohga went on to purchase CBS Records in 1988 and Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
in 1989, greatly expanding Sony's media presence. Ohga would succeed Morita as chief executive officer in 1989.[31][citation needed] Under the vision of co-founder Akio Morita[32] and his successors, the company had aggressively expanded into new businesses.[29] Part of its motivation for doing so was the pursuit of "convergence," linking film, music and digital electronics via the Internet.[29] This expansion proved unrewarding and unprofitable,[29] threatening Sony's ability to charge a premium on its products[32] as well as its brand name.[32] In 2005, Howard Stringer replaced Nobuyuki Idei
Nobuyuki Idei
as chief executive officer, marking the first time that a foreigner had run a major Japanese electronics firm. Stringer helped to reinvigorate the company's struggling media businesses, encouraging blockbusters such as Spider-Man while cutting 9,000 jobs.[29] He hoped to sell off peripheral business and focus the company again on electronics.[32] Furthermore, he aimed to increase cooperation between business units,[32] which he described as "silos" operating in isolation from one another.[33] In a bid to provide a unified brand for its global operations, Sony
Sony
introduced a slogan known as "make.believe" in 2009.[31][citation needed]

Sony
Sony
Store in Markville Shopping Centre
Markville Shopping Centre
in 2014

Despite some successes, the company faced continued struggles in the mid- to late-2000s.[29] In 2012, Kazuo Hirai
Kazuo Hirai
was promoted to president and CEO, replacing Stringer. Shortly thereafter, Hirai outlined his company-wide initiative, named "One Sony" to revive Sony
Sony
from years of financial losses and bureaucratic management structure, which proved difficult for former CEO Stringer to accomplish, partly due to differences in business culture and native languages between Stringer and some of Sony's Japanese divisions and subsidiaries. Hirai outlined three major areas of focus for Sony's electronics business, which include imaging technology, gaming and mobile technology, as well as a focus on reducing the major losses from the television business.[34] In February 2014, Sony
Sony
announced the sale of its Vaio
Vaio
PC division to a new corporation owned by investment fund Japan
Japan
Industrial Partners and spinning its TV division into its own corporation as to make it more nimble to turn the unit around from past losses totaling $7.8 billion over a decade.[35] Later that month, they announced that they would be closing 20 stores.[36] In April, the company announced that they would be selling 9.5 million shares in Square Enix
Square Enix
(roughly 8.2 percent of the game company's total shares) in a deal worth approximately $48 million.[37] In May 2014 the company announced it was forming two joint ventures with Shanghai Oriental Pearl Group to manufacture and market Sony's PlayStation
PlayStation
games consoles and associated software in China.[38] Formats and technologies[edit]

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Further information: List of Sony
Sony
trademarks Sony
Sony
has historically been notable for creating its own in-house standards for new recording and storage technologies, instead of adopting those of other manufacturers and standards bodies. Sony (either alone or with partners) has introduced several of the most popular recording formats, including the floppy disk, Compact Disc
Compact Disc
and Blu-ray
Blu-ray
Disc. Video recording[edit]

A rare Japanese market Betamax
Betamax
TV/VCR combo, the Model SL-MV1.

The company launched the Betamax
Betamax
videocassette recording format in 1975. Sony
Sony
became embroiled in the infamous videotape format war of the early 1980s, when Sony
Sony
was marketing the Betamax
Betamax
system for video cassette recorders against the VHS
VHS
format developed by JVC. In the end, VHS
VHS
gained critical mass in the marketbase and became the worldwide standard for consumer VCRs. While Betamax
Betamax
is for all practical purposes an obsolete format, a professional-oriented component video format called Betacam
Betacam
that was derived from Betamax
Betamax
is still used today, especially in the television industry, although far less so in recent years with the introduction of digital and high definition. In 1985, Sony
Sony
launched their Handycam
Handycam
products and the Video8 format. Video8 and the follow-on hi-band Hi8 format became popular in the consumer camcorder market. In 1987 Sony
Sony
launched the 4 mm DAT or Digital Audio Tape
Digital Audio Tape
as a new digital audio tape standard. Audio recording[edit]

First Sony
Sony
Walkman
Walkman
TPS-L2 from 1979.

In 1979, the Walkman
Walkman
brand was introduced, in the form of the world's first portable music player using the compact cassette format. Sony introduced the MiniDisc
MiniDisc
format in 1992 as an alternative to Philips DCC or Digital Compact Cassette
Digital Compact Cassette
and as a successor to the compact cassette. Since the introduction of MiniDisc, Sony
Sony
has attempted to promote its own audio compression technologies under the ATRAC brand, against the more widely used MP3. Until late 2004, Sony's Network Walkman
Walkman
line of digital portable music players did not support the MP3 standard natively. In 2004, Sony
Sony
built upon the MiniDisc
MiniDisc
format by releasing Hi-MD. Hi-MD allows the playback and recording of audio on newly introduced 1 GB Hi-MD discs in addition to playback and recording on regular MiniDiscs. In addition to saving audio on the discs, Hi-MD allows the storage of computer files such as documents, videos and photos. Audio encoding[edit] In 1993, Sony
Sony
challenged the industry standard Dolby Digital
Dolby Digital
5.1 surround sound format with a newer and more advanced[citation needed] proprietary motion picture digital audio format called SDDS (Sony Dynamic Digital Sound). This format employed eight channels (7.1) of audio opposed to just six used in Dolby Digital
Dolby Digital
5.1 at the time. Ultimately, SDDS has been vastly overshadowed by the preferred DTS (Digital Theatre System) and Dolby Digital
Dolby Digital
standards in the motion picture industry. SDDS was solely developed for use in the theatre circuit; Sony
Sony
never intended to develop a home theatre version of SDDS.[39][citation needed] Sony
Sony
and Philips
Philips
jointly developed the Sony- Philips
Philips
digital interface format (S/PDIF) and the high-fidelity audio system SACD. The latter has since been entrenched in a format war with DVD-Audio. At present, neither has gained a major foothold with the general public. CDs are preferred by consumers because of ubiquitous presence of CD drives in consumer devices.[citation needed] Optical storage[edit]

Front side of a Sony
Sony
200GB Blu-ray
Blu-ray
disc.

In 1983, Sony
Sony
followed their counterpart Philips
Philips
to the Compact Disc (CD). In addition to developing consumer-based recording media, after the launch of the CD Sony
Sony
began development of commercially based recording media. In 1986 they launched Write-Once optical discs (WO) and in 1988 launched Magneto-optical discs which were around 125MB size for the specific use of archival data storage.[40] In 1984, Sony launched the Discman
Discman
series which extended their Walkman
Walkman
brand to portable CD products. In the early 1990s, two high-density optical storage standards were being developed: one was the MultiMedia Compact Disc
Compact Disc
(MMCD), backed by Philips
Philips
and Sony, and the other was the Super Density disc (SD), supported by Toshiba
Toshiba
and many others. Philips
Philips
and Sony
Sony
abandoned their MMCD format and agreed upon Toshiba's SD format with only one modification. The unified disc format was called DVD
DVD
and was introduced in 1997. Sony
Sony
was one of the leading developers of the Blu-ray Disc
Blu-ray Disc
optical disc format, the newest standard for disc-based content delivery. The first Blu-ray
Blu-ray
players became commercially available in 2006. The format emerged as the standard for HD media over the competing format, Toshiba's HD DVD, after a two-year-long high definition optical disc format war. Disk storage[edit] In 1983, Sony
Sony
introduced 90 mm micro diskettes (better known as 3.5-inch (89 mm) floppy disks), which it had developed at a time when there were 4" floppy disks, and a lot of variations from different companies, to replace the then on-going 5.25" floppy disks. Sony
Sony
had great success and the format became dominant. 3.5" floppy disks gradually became obsolete as they were replaced by current media formats.[41][39][citation needed] Flash memory[edit] Sony
Sony
launched in 1998, their Memory Stick
Memory Stick
format, flash memory cards for use in Sony
Sony
lines of digital cameras and portable music players. It has seen little support outside of Sony's own products, with Secure Digital cards (SD) commanding considerably greater popularity. Sony has made updates to the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
format with Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo and Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro. Business units[edit] Sony
Sony
offers products in a variety of product lines around the world.[42] Sony
Sony
has developed a music playing robot called Rolly, dog-shaped robots called AIBO
AIBO
and a humanoid robot called QRIO. As of 1 April 2016, Sony
Sony
is organized into the following business segments: Mobile Communications (MC), Game & Network Services (G&NS), Imaging Products & Solutions (IP&S), Home Entertainment
Entertainment
& Sound (HE&S), Semiconductors, Components, Pictures, Music, Financial Services and All Other.[43] The network and medical businesses are included in the G&NS and IP&S, respectively.[44] Electronics[edit] Sony
Sony
Corporation[edit]

Sony
Sony
at Westfield Riccarton
Westfield Riccarton
shopping centre in Christchurch, New Zealand

Sony
Sony
Corporation is the electronics business unit and the parent company of the Sony
Sony
Group. It primarily conducts strategic business planning of the group, research and development (R&D), planning, designing and marketing for electronics products. Its subsidiaries such as Sony
Sony
Global Manufacturing & Operations Corporation (SGMO; 4 plants in Japan), Sony
Sony
Semiconductor
Semiconductor
Manufacturing Corporation (7 plants in Japan), Sony
Sony
Storage Media and Devices Corporation, Sony Energy Devices Corporation and its subsidiaries outside Japan
Japan
(Brazil, China, UK (Wales), India, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, Ireland and United States) are responsible for manufacturing as well as product engineering (SGMO [clarification needed] is also responsible for customer service operations). In 2012, Sony
Sony
rolled most of its consumer content services (including video, music and gaming) into the Sony
Sony
Entertainment
Entertainment
Network. Audio[edit] Sony
Sony
produced the world's first portable music player, the Walkman
Walkman
in 1979. This line fostered a fundamental change in music listening habits by allowing people to carry music with them and listen to music through lightweight headphones. Walkman
Walkman
originally referred to portable audio cassette players. The company now uses the Walkman brand to market its portable audio and video players as well as a line of former Sony
Sony
Ericsson
Ericsson
mobile phones. Sony
Sony
utilized a related brand, Discman, to refer to its CD players. It dropped this name in the late 1990s. Computing[edit] Sony
Sony
produced computers ( MSX
MSX
home computers and NEWS workstations) during the 1980s. The company withdrew from the computer business around 1990. Sony
Sony
entered again into the global computer market under the new VAIO
VAIO
brand, began in 1996. Short for "Video Audio Integrated Operation", the line was the first computer brand to highlight visual-audio features.[33] Sony
Sony
faced considerable controversy when some of its laptop batteries exploded and caught fire in 2006, resulting in the largest computer-related recall to that point in history.[45][46][47] In a bid to join the tablet computer market, the company launched its Sony Tablet
Sony Tablet
line of Android tablets in 2011. Since 2012, Sony's Android products have been marketed under the Xperia
Xperia
brand used for its smartphones.[48] On 4 February 2014, Sony
Sony
announced that it would sell its VAIO
VAIO
PC business due to poor sales[49] and Japanese company Japan
Japan
Industrial Partners (JIP) will purchase the VAIO
VAIO
brand, with the deal finalized by the end of March 2014.[50] Sony
Sony
maintains a minority stake in the new, independent company. Photography and videography[edit]

A Sony
Sony
Cyber-shot
Cyber-shot
digital cameras.

Sony
Sony
offers a wide range of digital cameras. Point-and-shoot models adopt the Cyber-shot
Cyber-shot
name, while digital single-lens reflex models are branded using Alpha. The first Cyber-shot
Cyber-shot
was introduced in 1996. At the time, digital cameras were a relative novelty. Sony's market share of the digital camera market fell from a high of 20% to 9% by 2005.[33] Sony
Sony
entered the market for digital single-lens reflex cameras in 2006 when it acquired the camera business of Konica
Konica
Minolta. Sony
Sony
rebranded the company's line of cameras as its Alpha line. Sony
Sony
is the world's third largest manufacturer of the cameras, behind Canon and Nikon respectively. There are also a variety of Camcorders which are manufactured by Sony. Video[edit]

A Sony Bravia
Sony Bravia
television.

In 1968, Sony
Sony
introduced the Trinitron
Trinitron
brand name for its lines of aperture grille cathode ray tube televisions and (later) computer monitors. Sony
Sony
stopped production of Trinitron
Trinitron
for most markets, but continued producing sets for markets such as Pakistan, Bangladesh and China. Sony
Sony
discontinued its series of Trinitron
Trinitron
computer monitors in 2005. The company discontinued the last Trinitron-based television set in the USA in early 2007. The end of Trinitron
Trinitron
marked the end of Sony's analog television sets and monitors. Sony
Sony
used the LCD WEGA name for its LCD TVs until summer 2005. The company then introduced the BRAVIA
BRAVIA
name. BRAVIA
BRAVIA
is an in house brand owned by Sony
Sony
which produces high-definition LCD televisions, projection TVs and front projectors, home cinemas and the BRAVIA
BRAVIA
home theatre range. All Sony
Sony
high-definition flat-panel LCD televisions in North America have carried the logo for BRAVIA
BRAVIA
since 2005. Sony
Sony
is the third-largest maker of televisions in the world.[51] As of 2012[update], Sony's television business has been unprofitable for eight years.[51] In December 2011, Sony
Sony
agreed to sell all stake in an LCD joint venture with Samsung
Samsung
Electronics
Electronics
for about $940 million.[52] On 28 March 2012, Sony
Sony
Corporation and Sharp Corporation
Sharp Corporation
announced that they have agreed to further amend the joint venture agreement originally executed by the parties in July 2009, as amended in April 2011, for the establishment and operation of Sharp Display Products Corporation ("SDP"), a joint venture to produce and sell large-sized LCD panels and modules.[53] On 9 November 2015, Sony
Sony
announced that they are going to stop producing Betamax
Betamax
Tapes in March 2016.[54] Sony
Sony
also sells a range of DVD
DVD
players. It has shifted its focus in recent years to promoting the Blu-ray
Blu-ray
format, including discs and players. Semiconductor
Semiconductor
and components[edit] Sony
Sony
produces a wide range of semiconductors and electronic components including image sensors (Exmor), image processor (BIONZ), laser diodes, system LSIs, mixed-signal LSIs, OLED panels, etc. The company has a strong presence in the image sensor market. Sony-manufactured CMOS image sensors are widely used in digital cameras, tablet computers and smartphones. Medical-related business[edit] Sony
Sony
has targeted medical, healthcare and biotechnology business as a growth sector in the future. The company acquired iCyt Mission Technology, Inc. (renamed Sony
Sony
Biotechnology Inc. in 2012), a manufacture of flow cytometers, in 2010 and Micronics, Inc., a developer of microfluidics-based diagnostic tools, in 2011. In 2012, Sony
Sony
announced that it will acquire all shares of So-net Entertainment
Entertainment
Corporation, which is the majority shareholder of M3, Inc., an operator of portal sites (m3.com, MR-kun, MDLinx
MDLinx
and MEDI:GATE) for healthcare professionals. On 28 September 2012, Olympus and Sony
Sony
announced that the two companies will establish a joint venture to develop new surgical endoscopes with 4K resolution
4K resolution
(or higher) and 3D capability.[55] Sony Olympus Medical Solutions Inc. ( Sony
Sony
51%, Olympus 49%) was established on 16 April 2013.[56] On 28 February 2014, Sony, M3 and Illumina established a joint venture called P5, Inc. to provide a genome analysis service for research institutions and enterprises in Japan.[57] Sony Mobile
Sony Mobile
Communications[edit] Main article: Sony
Sony
Mobile

Xperia, the product device name for a range of smartphones from Sony.

Sony Mobile
Sony Mobile
Communications Inc. (formerly Sony
Sony
Ericsson) is a multinational mobile phone manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony
Sony
Corporation. In 2001, Sony
Sony
entered into a joint venture with Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson, forming Sony
Sony
Ericsson.[58] Initial sales were rocky, and the company posted losses in 2001 and 2002. However, SMC reached a profit in 2003. Sony
Sony
Ericsson distinguished itself with multimedia-capable mobile phones, which included features such as cameras. These were unusual for the time. Despite their innovations, SMC faced intense competition from Apple's iPhone, released in 2007. From 2008 to 2010, amid a global recession, SMC slashed its workforce by several thousand. Sony
Sony
acquired Ericsson's share of the venture in 2012 for over US$1 billion.[58] In 2009, SMC was the fourth-largest mobile phone manufacturer in the world (after Nokia, Samsung
Samsung
and LG).[59] By 2010, its market share had fallen to sixth place.[60] Sony Mobile
Sony Mobile
Communications now focuses exclusively on the smartphone market under the Xperia
Xperia
name. In 2015, Sony
Sony
released Xperia
Xperia
Z5 Premium in Canada following US and Europe.[61] In the year 2013, Sony
Sony
contributed to two percent of the mobile phone market with 37 million mobile phones sold.[62] Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment[edit] Main article: Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment
Entertainment
headquarters in San Mateo, California.

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment
Entertainment
(formerly Sony
Sony
Computer Entertainment) is best known for producing the popular line of PlayStation
PlayStation
consoles. The line grew out of a failed partnership with Nintendo. Originally, Nintendo
Nintendo
requested for Sony
Sony
to develop an add-on for its console that would play Compact Discs. In 1991 Sony
Sony
announced the add-on, as well as a dedicated console known as the "Play Station". However, a disagreement over software licensing for the console caused the partnership to fall through. Sony
Sony
then continued the project independently. Launched in 1994, the first PlayStation
PlayStation
gained 61% of global console sales and broke Nintendo's long-standing lead in the market.[63] Sony followed up with the PlayStation
PlayStation
2 in 2000, which was even more successful. The console has become the most successful of all time, selling over 150 million units as of 2011[update]. Sony
Sony
released the PlayStation
PlayStation
3, a high-definition console, in 2006. It was the first console to use the Blu-ray
Blu-ray
format, and was considerably more expensive than competitors Xbox 360
Xbox 360
and Wii
Wii
due to a Cell processor. [33] Early on, poor sales performance resulted in significant losses for the company, pushing it to sell the console at a loss.[64] The PlayStation
PlayStation
3 sold generally more poorly than its competitors in the early years of its release but managed to overtake the Xbox 360
Xbox 360
in global sales later on.[65] It later introduced the PlayStation
PlayStation
Move, an accessory that allows players to control video games using motion gestures.

The PlayStation
PlayStation
2 is the best-selling video game console of all time.

Sony
Sony
extended the brand to the portable games market in 2004 with the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable (PSP). The console has sold reasonably, but has taken a second place to a rival handheld, the Nintendo
Nintendo
DS. Sony developed the Universal Media Disc
Universal Media Disc
(UMD) optical disc medium for use on the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable. Early on, the format was used for movies, but it has since lost major studio support. Sony
Sony
released a disc-less version of its PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable, the PSP Go. The company went on to release its second portable video game system, PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita, in 2011 and 2012. Sony
Sony
launched its fourth console, the PlayStation
PlayStation
4, on 15 November 2013, which as of 3 January 2016 has sold 35.9 million units.[66] On 18 March 2014, at GDC, President of Sony
Sony
Computer Entertainment Worldwide Studios Shuhei Yoshida
Shuhei Yoshida
announced their new virtual reality technology dubbed Project Morpheus, and later named PlayStation
PlayStation
VR, for PlayStation
PlayStation
4. The headset brought VR gaming and non-gaming software to the company's console. According to a report released by Houston-based patent consulting firm LexInnova in May 2015, Sony
Sony
is leading the virtual reality patent race. According to the firm’s analysis of nearly 12,000 patents or patent applications, Sony
Sony
has 366 virtual reality patents or patent applications.[67] PlayStation
PlayStation
VR was released worldwide on 13 October 2016.[68] Electric vehicles and batteries[edit] See also: Electric vehicle In 2014, Sony
Sony
participated within NRG Energy
NRG Energy
eVgo Ready for Electric Vehicle (REV) program, for EV charging parking lots.[69] Sony
Sony
is in the business of electric vehicle lithium-ion batteries.[70][71][72] IT giants such as Google
Google
(driverless car) and Apple (iCar/Project Titan) are working on electric vehicles and self driving cars, competing with Tesla; Sony
Sony
is entering into this field by investing $842,000 in the ZMP company.[73][74] On 28 July 2016, Sony
Sony
announced that the company will sell its battery business to Murata Manufacturing.[75] Entertainment[edit] Main article: Sony
Sony
Entertainment Sony
Sony
Entertainment
Entertainment
has three divisions: Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Entertainment, Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment, and Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing. Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Entertainment[edit] Main article: Sony
Sony
Pictures

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Plaza, next to the main studio lot of Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
in Culver City

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Entertainment
Entertainment
Inc. (SPE) is the television and film production/distribution unit of Sony. With 12.5% box office market share in 2011, the company was ranked third among movie studios.[76] Its group sales in 2010 were $7.2 billion USD.[14][77] The company has produced many notable movie franchises, including Spider-Man, The Karate Kid and Men in Black. It has also produced the popular television game shows Jeopardy!
Jeopardy!
and Wheel of Fortune. Sony
Sony
entered the television and film production market when it acquired Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Entertainment
Entertainment
in 1989 for $3.4 billion. Columbia lives on in the Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Motion Picture Group, a division of SPE which in turn owns Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
and TriStar Pictures among other film production and distribution companies such as Screen Gems, Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Classics, Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Home Entertainment. SPE's television division is known as Sony
Sony
Pictures Television. For the first several years of its existence, Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment
Entertainment
performed poorly, leading many to suspect the company would sell off the division.[78] Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Entertainment encountered controversy in the early 2000s. In July 2000, a marketing executive working for Sony
Sony
Corporation created a fictitious film critic, David Manning, who gave consistently good reviews for releases from Sony
Sony
subsidiary Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
that generally received poor reviews amongst real critics.[79] Sony
Sony
later pulled the ads, suspended Manning's creator and his supervisor and paid fines to the state of Connecticut[80] and to fans who saw the reviewed films in the US.[81] In 2006 Sony
Sony
started using ARccOS Protection on some of their film DVDs, but later issued a recall.[82] Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment[edit] Main article: Sony
Sony
Music Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment
Entertainment
(also known as SME or Sony
Sony
Music) is the second-largest global recorded music company of the "big three" record companies and is controlled by Sony
Sony
Corporation of America, the United States subsidiary of Japan's Sony. The company owns full or partial rights to the catalogues of Michael Jackson, The Beatles, Usher, Eminem, Akon
Akon
and others. In one of its largest-ever acquisitions, Sony
Sony
purchased CBS Record Group in 1988 for US$2 billion.[83] In the process, Sony
Sony
gained the rights to the catalogue of Michael Jackson, considered by the Guinness Book of World Records to be the most successful entertainer of all time. The acquisition of CBS Records provided the foundation for the formation of Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment, which Sony
Sony
established in 1991. In 2004, Sony
Sony
entered into a joint venture with Bertelsmann AG, merging Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment
Entertainment
with Bertelsmann Music
Music
Group to create Sony
Sony
BMG. In 2005, Sony BMG
Sony BMG
faced a copy protection scandal, because its music CDs had installed malware on users' computers that was posing a security risk to affected customers.[84] In 2007, the company acquired Famous Music
Music
for US$370 million, gaining the rights to the catalogues of Eminem
Eminem
and Akon, among others. Sony
Sony
bought out Bertelsmann's share in the company and formed a new Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment
Entertainment
in 2008. Since then, the company has undergone management changes. In January 1988, Sony
Sony
acquired CBS Records and the 50% of CBS/ Sony
Sony
Group. In March 1988, four wholly owned subsidiaries were folded into CBS/ Sony
Sony
Group and the company was renamed as Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment
Entertainment
Japan Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing[edit] Main article: Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing Besides its record label, Sony
Sony
operates other music businesses. In 1995, Sony
Sony
purchased a 50% stake in ATV Music
Music
Publishing, forming Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing. At the time, the publishing company was the second largest of its kind in the world. The company owns much of the publishing rights to the catalog of The Beatles. Sony
Sony
purchased digital music recognition company Gracenote
Gracenote
for $260 million USD in 2008.[85] Sony/ATV then acquired EMI Music
Music
Publishing in 2012 that was led by its consortium by making them the world's largest music publishing company.[86] As of 2016, Sony
Sony
owns all of Sony/ATV.[87] Finance[edit] Financial services[edit] Sony Financial Holdings
Sony Financial Holdings
is a holding company for Sony's financial services business. It owns and oversees the operation of Sony Life
Sony Life
(in Japan
Japan
and the Philippines), Sony
Sony
Assurance, Sony Bank and Sony
Sony
Bank Securities. The company is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Sony Financial accounts for half of Sony's global earnings.[88] The unit proved the most profitable of Sony's businesses in fiscal year 2006, earning $1.7 billion in profit.[32] Sony
Sony
Financial's low fees have aided the unit's popularity while threatening Sony's premium brand name.[32] Mobile payments[edit] Sony
Sony
wants to contend with Apple and Samsung
Samsung
on mobile payments in Asia. Sony
Sony
plans to use its contact-less payment technology to make ground in the public transportation industry across Asia. The system, known as FeliCa, relies on two forms of technologies to make it viable, either chips embedded in smartphones or plastic cards with chips embedded in them. Sony
Sony
plans to implement this technology in train systems in Indonesia as early as Spring 2016.[89] Corporate information[edit] Shareholders[edit] Sony
Sony
is a kabushiki gaisha registered to the Tokyo Stock Exchange
Tokyo Stock Exchange
in Japan
Japan
and the New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
for overseas trading. As of 30 September 2017, there are 484,812 shareholders and 1,264,649,260 shares issued.[90] Most of these shares are held by foreign institutions and investors.

10.7% (136,130,000): Japan
Japan
Trustee Services Bank, Ltd. (trust account) 8.7% (109,396,000): Citigroup
Citigroup
Inc. 6.1% (77,467,000): JPMorgan Chase
JPMorgan Chase
& Co. 5.6% (71,767,000): State Street Corporation
State Street Corporation
5.6% (70,720,000): The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd. (trust account)

Finances[edit] Sony
Sony
is one of Japan's largest corporations by revenue. It had revenues of ¥6.493 trillion in 2012. It also maintains large reserves of cash, with ¥895 billion on hand as of 2012. In May 2012, Sony shares were valued at about $15 billion.[91] The company was immensely profitable throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, in part because of the success of its new PlayStation
PlayStation
line. The company encountered financial difficulty in the mid- to late-2000s due to a number of factors: the global financial crisis, increased competition for PlayStation, and the devastating Japanese earthquake of 2011. The company faced three consecutive years of losses leading up to 2011.[92] While noting the negative effects of intervening circumstances such as natural disasters and fluctuating currency exchange rates,[92] the Financial Times criticized the company for its "lack of resilience" and "inability to gauge the economy."[92] The newspaper voiced skepticism about Sony's revitalization efforts, given a lack of tangible results.[92] In September 2000 Sony
Sony
had a market capitalization of $100 billion; but by December 2011 it had plunged to $18 billion, reflecting falling prospects for Sony
Sony
but also reflecting grossly inflated share prices of the 'dot.com' years.[93] Net worth, as measured by stockholder equity, has steadily grown from $17.9 billion in March 2002 to $35.6 billion through December 2011.[94] Earnings yield (inverse of the price to earnings ratio) has never been more than 5% and usually much less; thus Sony has always traded in over-priced ranges with the exception of the 2009 market bottom. In April 2012, Sony
Sony
announced that it would reduce its workforce by 10,000 (6% of its employee base) as part of CEO Hirai's effort to get the company back into the black. This came after a loss of 520 billion yen (roughly US$6.36 billion) for fiscal 2012, the worst since the company was founded. Accumulation loss for the past four years was 919.32 billion-yen.[95][96] Sony
Sony
planned to increase its marketing expenses by 30% in 2012.[97] 1,000 of the jobs cut come from the company's mobile phone unit's workforce. 700 jobs will be cut in the 2012–2013 fiscal year and the remaining 300 in the following fiscal year.[98]

Sony's 2009 sales and distribution by geographical region[99]

Geographic region Total sales (yen in millions)

Japan 1,873,219

United States 2,512,345

Europe 2,307,658

Other areas 2,041,270

On 9 December 2008, Sony
Sony
Corporation announced that it would be cutting 8,000 jobs, dropping 8,000 contractors and reducing its global manufacturing sites by 10% to save $1.1 billion per year.[100] In January 2013, Sony
Sony
announced it was selling its US headquarters building for $1.1 billion to a consortium led by real estate developer The Chetrit Group.[101] On 28 January 2014, Moody's Investors Services dropped Sony's credit rating to Ba1—"judged to have speculative elements and a significant credit risk"—saying that the company's "profitability is likely to remain weak and volatile."[102] On 6 February 2014, Sony
Sony
announced it would trim as many as 5,000 jobs as it attempts to sell its PC business and focus on mobile and tablets.[103] Environmental record[edit] In November 2011, Sony
Sony
was ranked 9th (jointly with Panasonic) in Greenpeace's Guide to Greener Electronics. This chart grades major electronics companies on their environmental work. The company scored 3.6/10, incurring a penalty point for comments it has made in opposition to energy efficiency standards in California. It also risks a further penalty point in future editions for being a member of trade associations that have commented against energy efficiency standards.[104] Together with Philips, Sony
Sony
receives the highest score for energy policy advocacy after calling on the EU to adopt an unconditional 30% reduction target for greenhouse gas emissions by 2020. Meanwhile, it receives full marks for the efficiency of its products.[104] In 2007, Sony
Sony
ranked 14th on the Greenpeace
Greenpeace
guide. Sony fell from its earlier 11th-place ranking due to Greenpeace's claims that Sony
Sony
had double standards in their waste policies.[105] Since 1976, Sony
Sony
has had an Environmental Conference.[106] Sony's policies address their effects on global warming, the environment, and resources. They are taking steps to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that they put out as well as regulating the products they get from their suppliers in a process that they call "green procurement".[107] Sony
Sony
has said that they have signed on to have about 75 percent of their Sony
Sony
Building running on geothermal power. The " Sony
Sony
Take Back Recycling Program" allow consumers to recycle the electronics products that they buy from Sony
Sony
by taking them to eCycle (Recycling) drop-off points around the U.S. The company has also developed a biobattery that runs on sugars and carbohydrates that works similarly to the way living creatures work. This is the most powerful small biobattery to date.[108] In 2000, Sony
Sony
faced criticism for a document entitled "NGO Strategy" that was leaked to the press. The document involved the company's surveillance of environmental activists in an attempt to plan how to counter their movements. It specifically mentioned environmental groups that were trying to pass laws that held electronics-producing companies responsible for the cleanup of the toxic chemicals contained in their merchandise.[109] Community engagement[edit] EYE SEE project[edit] Sony
Sony
Corporation is actively involved in the EYE SEE project conducted by UNICEF. EYE SEE digital photography workshops have been run for children in Argentina, Tunisia, Mali, South Africa, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Rwanda, Liberia and Pakistan.[110][111] South Africa Mobile Library Project[edit] Sony
Sony
assists The South Africa Primary Education Support Initiative (SAPESI) through financial donations and children book donations to the South Africa Mobile Library Project.[112] The Sony
Sony
Canada Charitable Foundation[edit] The Sony
Sony
Canada Charitable Foundation (SCCF) is a non-profit organization which supports three key charities; the Make-A-Wish Canada, the United Way of Canada and the EarthDay and ECOKIDS program. Sony
Sony
Foundation and You Can[edit] After the 2011 Queensland floods and Victorian bushfires, Sony
Sony
Music released benefit albums with money raised going to the Sony Foundation.[113] You Can is the youth cancer program of Sony Foundation.[114] Open Planet Ideas Crowdsourcing Project[edit] Sony
Sony
launched its Open Planet Ideas Crowdsourcing Project, in partnership with the World Wildlife Fund
World Wildlife Fund
and the design group, IDEO.[115] Street Football Stadium Project[edit] On the occasion of the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, Sony
Sony
partnered with streetfootballworld and launched the Street Football Stadium Project to support football-based educational programmes in local communities across Latin
Latin
America and Brazil.[116] More than 25 Street Stadiums were developed since the project's inception.[117] See also[edit]

List of companies of Japan List of Sony
Sony
subsidiaries

Sony
Sony
portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal Companies portal

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

Find more aboutSonyat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Learning resources from Wikiversity

Made in Japan
Japan
by Akio Morita
Akio Morita
and Sony, HarperCollins (1994)[ISBN missing] Sony: The Private Life by John Nathan, Houghton Mifflin (1999)[ISBN missing] Sony
Sony
Radio, Sony
Sony
Transistor Radio 35th Anniversary 1955–1990 – information booklet (1990)[ISBN missing] The Portable Radio in American Life by University of Arizona Professor Michael Brian Schiffer, PhD (The University of Arizona Press, 1991). The Japan
Japan
Project: Made in Japan – a documentary about Sony's early history in the U.S. by Terry Sanders.[ISBN missing]

External links[edit]

https://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/CorporateInfo/History/Museum/ Sony Archive Museum], Shinagawa, Tokyo.

v t e

Sony

Founders

Masaru Ibuka Akio Morita

Key personnel

Kaz Hirai
Kaz Hirai
(Chairman) Kenichiro Yoshida (President and CEO)

Primary businesses

Sony
Sony
Corporation Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Mobile Sony
Sony
Entertainment

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Entertainment Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing

Sony Financial
Sony Financial
Holdings

Sony
Sony
Life Sony
Sony
Bank

Technologies and brands

α (Alpha) Betacam Bionz Blu-ray BRAVIA CD Cell Cyber-shot Dash Dream Machine DVD Exmor FeliCa Handycam HDCAM/HDCAM-SR LocationFree Memory Stick MiniDisc MiniDV mylo PlayStation Reader S/PDIF SDDS SXRD Sony
Sony
Tablet Tunnel diode TransferJet UMD Vaio Video8/Hi8/Digital8 Walkman Walkman
Walkman
Phones XDCAM Xperia HMZ-T1

Historical products

AIBO CV-2000 DAT Betamax Sony
Sony
CLIÉ Discman Jumbotron Lissa Mavica NEWS Qualia Rolly TR-55 Trinitron 1 inch Type C (BVH series) U-matic Watchman WEGA

Electronics

Sony
Sony
Electronics
Electronics
(US subsidiary) Sony
Sony
Energy Devices Sony
Sony
Creative Software FeliCa
FeliCa
Networks (57%)

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

Key personnel

Andrew House Shawn Layden Shuhei Yoshida

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment
Entertainment
Worldwide Studios

Franchises

Ape Escape Arc the Lad ATV Offroad Fury Boku no Natsuyasumi Buzz! Colony Wars Cool Boarders DanceStar Party Dark Cloud Destruction Derby Devil Dice Echochrome EverQuest Everybody's Golf Everybody's Tennis EyePet EyeToy FantaVision Fat Princess G-Police Genji God of War Gran Turismo Gravity Rush Hustle Kings Infamous Invizimals Jak and Daxter Jet Moto Jumping Flash! Killzone Knack Legend of Legaia Lemmings LittleBigPlanet LocoRoco MediEvil MLB: The Show ModNation Racers MotorStorm Motor Toon Grand Prix Ore no Shikabane wo Koete Yuke/Oreshika PaRappa the Rapper Patapon PlanetSide Pursuit Force Rally Cross Ratchet & Clank Resistance Savage Moon Shadow of the Beast SingStar Siren Sly Cooper Socom Soul Sacrifice Sports Champions Start the Party! Super Stardust Syphon Filter The Eye of Judgment The Getaway The Last of Us This Is Football Twisted Metal Uncharted Vib-Ribbon Warhawk What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord?/No Heroes Allowed White Knight Chronicles Wild Arms Wipeout Wonderbook World Tour Soccer

Divisions

Bend Studio Foster City Studio Japan
Japan
Studio London Studio San Diego Studio Santa Monica Studio

Subsidiaries

Guerrilla Games J.S.E.E.D. PlayStation
PlayStation
C.A.M.P. Team Gravity Team Ico Media Molecule Naughty Dog PixelOpus Polyphony Digital Sucker Punch Productions XDev

Former subsidiaries

989 Studios Bigbig Studios Contrail Evolution Studios Guerrilla Cambridge Incognito Entertainment Psygnosis Team Soho Zipper Interactive

v t e

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment SIE Worldwide Studios

Consoles

Home consoles

PlayStation

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
2

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
3

Models Main hardware System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
4

Main hardware System software

Handhelds

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

System software

Miscellaneous

PocketStation PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

Games

PS1 games

A–L M–Z Best-selling PS one Classics

NA PAL JP

PS2 games

Best-selling Online games HD games PS2 Classics for PS3 PS2 games for PS4

PS3 games

Best-selling Physical Digital only Physical and digital 3D games PS Move games PS Now games

PS4 games

Best-selling PSVR

PSP games

Physical and digital System software compatibilities PS Minis

Other

PS Vita games

A–L M–Z

PS Mobile games TurboGrafx-16 Classics NEOGEO Station Classics HD Instant Game Collection

NA PAL Asia Japan China

Reprints

Greatest Hits Essentials The Best BigHit Series

Network

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network 2011 outage Central Station FirstPlay PlayStation
PlayStation
App PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog PlayStation
PlayStation
Home PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue PS2 online Room for PSP VidZone

Accessories

Controllers

PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse Analog Joystick Dual Analog DualShock Sixaxis PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

Cameras

EyeToy Go!Cam PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3 accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson
Ericsson
Xperia
Xperia
Play

Category Portal

Other

Gaikai SN Systems Cellius
Cellius
(49%) Dimps

Category Portal

v t e

Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment

Key personnel

Rob Stringer Kevin Kelleher

Flagship

Columbia Records RCA Records Epic Records

Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Nashville

Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville Provident Label Group

Sony
Sony
Masterworks

Sony
Sony
Classical Records Portrait Records RCA Red Seal Records Okeh Records

Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment
Entertainment
Japan

Epic Records
Epic Records
Japan Ki/oon Music Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Entertainment
Entertainment
Japan Ariola Japan BMG Japan mora Sacra Music Aniplex

Aniplex
Aniplex
of America A-1 Pictures

Music
Music
On! TV

Distribution

The Orchard

IODA RED Distribution Red Essential

Other Labels

RCA Inspiration Phonogenic Records Ultra Music Century Media Records Legacy Recordings Black Butter Records Kemosabe Records Robbins Entertainment Syco Music
Music
(50%) Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Australia Sony
Sony
Music
Music
UK Sony
Sony
Music
Music
India Sony
Sony
Music
Music
Latin Vevo Volcano Entertainment

v t e

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Entertainment

Key personnel

Tony Vinciquerra Thomas Rothman

Sony
Sony
Pictures Motion Picture Group

Columbia Pictures TriStar Pictures TriStar Productions Screen Gems Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Classics Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Releasing Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Imageworks Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Animation Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Worldwide Acquisitions

Destination Films Stage 6 Films Affirm Films

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Home Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Wonder

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

U.S. production

Adelaide Productions Sony
Sony
Crackle

The Minisode Network

Culver Entertainment Embassy Row TriStar Television

U.S. distribution

Funimation
Funimation
(95%)

International production

2waytraffic Left Bank Pictures Playmaker Media Stellify Media Teleset

TV channels & VOD

v t e

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Television TV channels and VOD platforms

O = online VOD platform

Americas

US networks

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel GSN (58% joint venture with AT&T Entertainment
Entertainment
Group) getTV Cine Sony Sony
Sony
CrackleO Defunct 3net
3net
(joint venture with Discovery and IMAX) Fearnet
Fearnet
(joint venture with Comcast
Comcast
and Lions Gate Entertainment)

Canada

Sony Movie Channel and AXN
AXN
Movies (rebranded)

Latin
Latin
America

Canal Sony AXN Defunct Animax Locomotion Sony
Sony
Spin

Asia

Indian sub-continent

v t e

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Networks India
India
Pvt. Ltd.

Hindi entertainment

SET

International

Sony
Sony
Sab Sony
Sony
Max Sony Max
Sony Max
2 Sony
Sony
Pal Sony
Sony
Wah

English entertainment

AXN Sony
Sony
Le Plex Sony
Sony
Pix

Bengali entertainment

Sony
Sony
Aath

Sports

Sony
Sony
Six Sony ESPN
Sony ESPN
(50%; Joint venture with ESPN Inc.) Sony
Sony
Ten

Sony Ten
Sony Ten
1 Sony Ten
Sony Ten
2 Sony Ten
Sony Ten
3 Sony Ten
Sony Ten
Golf

Acquisition pending TEN Sports Pakistan TEN Cricket
TEN Cricket
International

Music

Sony
Sony
Mix Sony
Sony
Rox

Other channels

Sony BBC Earth
Sony BBC Earth
(50%; Joint venture with BBC Studios) Sony
Sony
Yay

Other businesses

Sony LIV (Online VOD platform)

Japan

Animax

Animax PlusO

AXN

AXN
AXN
Mystery AXN
AXN
PlusO

Star Channel (25% joint venture with News Corporation, Tohokushinsha Film, and Itochu)

South Korea

Animax (50% joint venture with KT SkyLife)

Animax PlusO

AXN
AXN
(50% joint venture with IHQ)

Taiwan

AXN Animax

Animax HD

south-east Asia

Animax AXN Gem

south-east Asia (50% joint venture with Nippon Television Network Corporation) Vietnam

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
One Defunct AXN
AXN
Beyond BeTV

Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA)

Germany

AnimaxO AXN Sony
Sony
Channel Defunct Animax (linear television)

Italy

Cine Sony Pop Defunct AXN AXN
AXN
Sci Fi

The Netherlands

Film1

Film1
Film1
Action Film1
Film1
Drama Film1
Film1
Family Film1
Film1
Premiere

Defunct Film1
Film1
Festival Film1
Film1
Sundance

Portugal

AXN

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Russia

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo Sony
Sony
Sci-Fi

Spain

AXN

AXN
AXN
SyncO AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Turkey

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Çocuk Planet Mutfak Planet Türk

UK & Ireland

v t e

Television channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland operated by Sony Pictures Television

Including CSC Media Group television channels

Entertainment
Entertainment
channels

Movies4Men Sony
Sony
Crime Channel Sony Crime Channel
Sony Crime Channel
2 Sony
Sony
Movie Channel truTV

CSC True Entertainment True Movies

Music
Music
channels

CSC Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Scuzz Starz TV The Vault

Children's channels

CSC Pop Pop Max Tiny Pop

Former channels

More Than Movies Movies4Men
Movies4Men
2 Sony
Sony
Channel

CSC The Amp AnimeCentral Bliss BuzMuzik Chart Shop TV Flaunt Flava MinX NME TV Pop Girl Pop Plus Showcase TV True Crime True Drama True Movies
True Movies
2

Miscellaneous

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Television animaxtv.co.uk (VOD)

Baltics

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)

AXN

Adria Hungary

AXN
AXN
NowO

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
Spin AXN
AXN
White

Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Movie Channel Viasat
Viasat
Hungary

Viasat
Viasat
3 Viasat
Viasat
6

Defunct Animax AXN
AXN
Crime

Middle East

AXN
AXN
Middle East

Arabic English

Defunct AXN
AXN
Israel

Africa

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
MAX True Movies Defunct Animax

Other

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Digital

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Mobile

Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Entertainment
Entertainment
Japan Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Family Entertainment
Entertainment
Group Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Studios Madison Gate Records

Defunct

Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Television Columbia TriStar Television Merv Griffin Enterprises ELP Communications

Online distribution platforms

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network ( PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Plus PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue) The Minisode Network Sony
Sony
Crackle Sony
Sony
Liv

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
DADC Sony
Sony
Network Communications Sony
Sony
Professional Solutions M3 (39.4%) Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing EMI Music
Music
Publishing (19%) Vaio
Vaio
(4.9%)

Other assets

Sony Corporation of America
Sony Corporation of America
(umbrella company in the US) Other subsidiaries List of acquisitions

Nonprofit organizations

Sony
Sony
Institute of Higher Education Shohoku College

Other

History of Sony Sony
Sony
Toshiba
Toshiba
IBM
IBM
Center of Competence for the Cell Processor

v t e

Electronics
Electronics
industry in Japan

Companies

Current

Alaxala Networks Alinco Alps

Alpine

Anritsu AOR Audio-Technica Brother Canon Casio Chino Corporation Citizen Watch Cosina D&M Holdings

Denon Marantz

Daikin Dainippon Screen Denso DNP Eiki Eizo Elecom Elpida ESP Guitars FANUC Fostex Fuji Electric Fujifilm

Fuji Xerox

Fujitsu

Fujitsu
Fujitsu
Ten

Funai Furuno Futaba Hamamatsu Photonics Hirose Electric Hitachi

Clarion Hitachi
Hitachi
Maxell

Hoya Ibanez Ibiden Icom Ikegami Tsushinki I-O Data Iwatsu Japan
Japan
Display JEOL JRC JR Propo JVC
JVC
Kenwood

JVC Kenwood

Kawai Keyence Kiramek Konica
Konica
Minolta KO PROPO Korg Kyocera Luxman Mabuchi Motor Mamiya Maspro Melco Minebea Mitsubishi Electric Mitsumi Electric Murata Manufacturing Mutoh Nakamichi NEC NEC
NEC
Casio
Casio
Mobile Communications Nichia Nichicon Nidec

Nidec
Nidec
Copal Corporation

Nikon Nintendo Nippon Chemi-Con Nitto Denko Oki Olympus Omron Onkyo

Integra Home Theater

Orion Electric Panasonic Pioneer Pixela Plextor Renesas Electronics Ricoh

Pentax

Riso Kagaku Rohm Roland Rubycon Sansui Sanwa Electronic Sega
Sega
Sammy

Sega

Seiko
Seiko
Group

Pulsar Seiko Seiko
Seiko
Epson Seiko
Seiko
Instruments

Sharp Shimadzu Sigma Sony SNK Playmore Star Micronics Stax Sumitomo Electric Taiyo Yuden Tamron TDK TEAC Tiger Tokyo
Tokyo
Electron Topcon Toshiba Uniden Wacom Yaesu Yamaha Yaskawa Zojirushi Zoom Zuken

Defunct

Aiwa Akai Bronica Chinon Contax Konica Minolta National Norita Okaya Optical Sanyo

Other

Electronic Industries Association of Japan INCJ Japan
Japan
Electronic Industries Development Association Japan
Japan
Electronics
Electronics
and Information Technology Industries Association Yagi–Uda antenna

Category

v t e

Nikkei 225
Nikkei 225
companies of Japan

7&i Advantest ÆON AGC Ajinomoto Alps ANA Amada Aozora Bank Asahi Breweries Asahi Kasei Astellas Bridgestone Canon Casio Chiba Bank Chiyoda Chuden Chugai Citizen Comsys Concordia Financial Credit Saison Dai-ichi Life Daiichi Sankyo Daikin Dainippon Screen Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Daiwa House Daiwa Securities Denka Denso Dentsu DNP Dowa Ebara Eisai Fanuc Fast Retailing Fuji Electric Fuji Heavy Industries Fujifilm Fujikura Fujitsu Fukuoka Financial Furukawa Co., Ltd. Furukawa Electric GS Yuasa Heiwa Real Estate Hino Hitachi Hitachi
Hitachi
Construction Machinery Hitz Hokuetsu Paper Honda IHI INPEX Isetan-Mitsukoshi Isuzu Itochu JFE J. Front Retailing JGC JR Central JR East JR West JSW JT JTEKT JXTG Kajima KEPCO Kao Kawasaki KDDI Keio Keisei Kikkoman Kirin K Line Kobelco Komatsu Konami Konica
Konica
Minolta Kubota Kuraray Kyocera Kyowa Hakko Kirin Marubeni Maruha Nichiro Marui Matsui Securities Mazda Meidensha Meiji Holdings MES Minebea Mitsubishi Chemical Mitsubishi Corporation Mitsubishi Electric Mitsubishi Estate Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Mitsubishi Logistics Mitsubishi Materials Mitsubishi Motors Mitsui
Mitsui
& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
Chemicals Mitsui
Mitsui
Fudosan Mitsui
Mitsui
Kinzoku Mitsumi Electric Mizuho MOL MS&AD MUFG NEC NEG NGK Nichirei Nikon Nippon Express Nippon Kayaku Nippon Light Metal Nippon Ham Nippon Paper Industries Nippon Soda Nippon Suisan Nissan Nissan Chemical Nisshin Seifun Nisshin Steel Nisshinbo Nittobo Nitto Denko Sompo Japan
Japan
Nipponkoa Holdings Nomura NSG NSK NSSMC NTN NTT NTT Data NTT DoCoMo NYK Obayashi Odakyu Oji Holdings Corporation OKI Okuma Olympus Osaka Gas Pacific Metals Panasonic Pioneer Resona Ricoh Sapporo Holdings Secom Sekisui House Sharp Shimz Shin-Etsu Shinsei Bank Shionogi Shiseido Shizuoka Bank Showa Denko Showa Shell SKY Perfect JSAT SoftBank Sojitz Sony Sony
Sony
Financial SUMCO Sumitomo Chemical Sumitomo Corporation Sumitomo Electric Sumitomo Heavy Industries Sumitomo Metal Mining Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Financial Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Trust Sumitomo Osaka Cement Sumitomo Realty Suzuki T&D Taiheiyo Cement Taisei Taiyo Yuden Takara Takashimaya Takeda TDK Teijin TEPCO Terumo Tobu Toho Toho
Toho
Zinc Tokai Carbon Tokuyama Corporation Toyo Seikan Tokio Marine Tokyo
Tokyo
Dome Tokyo
Tokyo
Electron Tokyo
Tokyo
Gas Tokyo
Tokyo
Tatemono Tokyu Tokyu Land Toppan Toray Toshiba Tosoh Toto Toyobo Toyota Toyota
Toyota
Tsusho Trend Micro Ube Unitika Uny Yahoo! Japan Yamaha Yamato Transport Yasakawa Yokogawa Electric Yokohama Rubber

v t e

TOPIX 100 companies of Japan

Core 30

7&i Astellas Canon Denso FANUC Hitachi Honda JR Central JR East JT KDDI Mitsubishi Corporation Mitsubishi Estate Mitsui
Mitsui
& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
Fudosan Mizuho MUFG Murata Nissan Nomura NTT NTT DoCoMo Panasonic Shin-Etsu SoftBank Sony Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Financial Takeda Tokio Marine Toyota

Large 70

ÆON Ajinomoto ANA Asahi Breweries Asahi Kasei Bridgestone Chubu Electric Power Concordia Financial Dai-ichi Life Daiichi Sankyo Daikin Daito Trust Construction Daiwa House Daiwa Securities Eisai Fast Retailing Fujifilm Fuji Heavy Industries Fujitsu Hoya INPEX Isuzu Itochu Japan
Japan
Airlines JR West JFE JXTG Kao KEPCO Keyence Kirin Komatsu Kubota Kyocera Marubeni Mazda Mitsubishi Chemical Mitsubishi Electric Mitsubishi Heavy Industries MS&AD Nidec Nintendo Nitto Denko NSSMC Ono Pharmaceutical Oriental Land Orix Osaka Gas Otsuka Pharmaceutical Rakuten Resona Secom Sekisui House Shionogi Shiseido SMC Sompo Holdings Sumitomo Corporation Sumitomo Electric Sumitomo Metal Mining Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Trust Sumitomo Realty Suzuki T&D Holdings Tokyo
Tokyo
Electron Tokyo
Tokyo
Gas Toray Toshiba Unicharm Yamato Transport

v t e

Major imaging companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion

Canon Inc. HP Inc. Eastman Kodak Fujifilm Hikvision Konica
Konica
Minolta Kyocera Lexmark Nikon Olympus Corporation Panasonic Ricoh
Ricoh
(Pentax) Samsung
Samsung
Electronics Seiko
Seiko
Epson Sharp Sony Toshiba Xerox

See also Largest IT companies Category:Optics manufacturing companies Category:Photography companies

v t e

Major semiconductor companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion

ASE Group Fujitsu Infineon Technologies Integrated Micro-Electronics, Inc. Intel NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
(Freescale) ON Semiconductor Panasonic Renesas Electronics Samsung
Samsung
Electronics Sony STMicroelectronics Texas Instruments

Fabless

Advanced Micro Devices Apple Inc. Broadcom Marvell Technology Group MediaTek Nvidia Qualcomm VIA Technologies

Memory

Micron Technology Samsung
Samsung
Electronics SanDisk SK Hynix Toshiba

Foundries

GlobalFoundries TSMC United Microelectronics Corporation Samsung
Samsung
Foundry SMIC

Equipment

ASML Applied Materials KLA-Tencor Lam Research Tokyo
Tokyo
Electron

See also Largest IT companies Semiconductor
Semiconductor
industry Category: Semiconductor
Semiconductor
companies

v t e

Major information storage companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion

ADATA Dell Technologies
Dell Technologies
(Dell EMC) Fujitsu Hitachi
Hitachi
Data Systems Hewlett Packard Enterprise IBM Kingston Technology LenovoEMC NetApp Oracle Corporation Plextor Samsung
Samsung
Electronics Seagate Technology Silicon Power Sony Toshiba Transcend Information Western Digital
Western Digital
(SanDisk)

See also Largest IT companies Category:Computer storage companies

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 126331139 ISNI: 0000 0004 1763 5918 GND: 41963

.