SASKATOON (/ˌsæskəˈtuːn/ ( listen )) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan . Straddling a bend in the South Saskatchewan River and along the Trans- Canada Yellowhead Highway , it has served as the region's cultural and economic hub since it was founded in 1882 as a Temperance colony. At its 2016 census population of 246,376, Saskatoon is the largest city in the province , while at a 2016 census population of 295,095, the Saskatoon census metropolitan area (CMA ) is the 17th largest CMA in Canada . The City of Saskatoon has estimated its population to be 265,300 as of the end of 2016, while Statistics Canada has estimated the CMA's population to have to be 305,000 as of 2015.
Saskatoon is home to the University of Saskatchewan , the Meewasin Valley Authority which protects the South Saskatchewan River and provides for the city's popular riverbank park spaces, and Wanuskewin Heritage Park , a National Historic Site of Canada representing 6,000 years of First Nations history. The Rural Municipality of Corman Park No. 344 , the most populous rural municipality in Saskatchewan, surrounds the city and contains many of the developments associated with it, including Wanuskewin.
Saskatoon is named after the berry of the same name, which is native to the region, and is itself derived from the Cree _misâskwatômina_. The city has a significant Indigenous population and several urban Reserves . It is known for its diverse and vibrant culture and its eight (plus two planned) river crossings that give it the nicknames "Paris of the Prairies" and "Bridge City."
Historic neighbourhoods of Saskatoon include Nutana and Riversdale , which were separate towns before amalgamating with the town of Saskatoon and incorporating as a city in 1906. Nutana, Riversdale, their historic main streets of Broadway Avenue and 20th Street respectively, the downtown core and other central neighbourhoods are seeing significant reinvestment and redevelopment. Sutherland , the rail town the city annexed in 1956 that lies beyond the University lands, is now another historic neighbourhood.
* 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Economy
* 4 Geography
* 4.1 Climate
* 5 Demographics
* 5.1 First Nations Peoples * 5.2 Health
* 6 Security
* 6.1 Crime
* 7 Attractions
* 8 Transportation
* 8.1 Road * 8.2 Railway * 8.3 Air * 8.4 Buses
* 9 Education
* 10 Arts and culture
* 10.1 Galleries and museums * 10.2 Events and festivals * 10.3 Live theatre * 10.4 Movie theatres * 10.5 Music
* 11 Royal presence * 12 Sports and recreation
* 13 Facilities and services
* 13.1 Local media * 13.2 Shopping centres * 13.3 Law and order
* 13.4 Hospitals
* 13.4.1 Future hospitals
* 14 Notable people
* 15 References
* 15.1 Notes
* 16 External links
The name _Saskatoon_ comes from the Cree inanimate noun _misâskwatômina_ "saskatoon berries ", which refers to the sweet, violet-coloured berry that grows in the area.
Barr Colonists in 1903 Main article: History of Saskatoon
In 1882, the Toronto -based Temperance Colonization Society was granted 21 sections of land straddling the South Saskatchewan River, between what is now Warman and Dundurn . The aim of the group was to escape the liquor trade in that city and set up a "dry" community in the Prairie region. The following year settlers, led by John Neilson Lake , arrived on the site of what is now Saskatoon and established the first permanent settlement. The settlers travelled by railway from Ontario to Moose Jaw and then completed the final leg via horse-drawn cart as the railway had yet to be completed to Saskatoon.
In 1885 the Northwest Rebellion affected the tiny community in a variety of ways. Chief Whitecap and Charles Trottier passed through the present day University campus on their way to join Louis Riel 's armed forces at Batoche, Saskatchewan . Following the fighting at the Battle of Fish Creek , and the Battle of Batoche , wounded Canadian soldiers convalesced at the Marr Residence which is today a historic site. A few died in care and were buried in the Pioneer Cemetery near the Exhibition Grounds.
A town charter for the west side of the river was obtained in 1903 ( Nutana became a village in that year). In 1906 Saskatoon became a city with a population of 4,500, which included the communities of Saskatoon, Riversdale and Nutana . In 1955 Montgomery Place and in 1956 the neighbouring town of Sutherland were annexed by the fast-growing City of Saskatoon.
_ This section needs to be UPDATED. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (April 2010)_
The economy of Saskatoon has been associated with potash , oil and agriculture (specifically wheat ), resulting in the moniker "POW City". Various grains, livestock, oil and gas, potash, uranium, gold, diamond, coal and their spin off industries fuel the economy. The world's largest publicly traded uranium company, Cameco , and the world's largest potash producer, PotashCorp , have corporate headquarters in Saskatoon. Saskatoon is also the new home of BHP Billiton's Diamonds and Specialty Products business unit. Nearly two-thirds of the world's recoverable potash reserves are in the Saskatoon region. Innovation Place founded in 1980 brings together almost 150 agriculture, information technology, and environmental, life sciences and agricultural biotechnology industries in a science park or technology park setting. Saskatoon is also home to the Canadian Light Source , Canada's national synchrotron facility.
Saskatoon’s digital media scene is growing with start-up tech companies such as Noodlecake, Point2, Vendasta Technologies, and Zu.
One of Saskatoon's nicknames, "Hub City", refers to its ideal central location within Canada for distribution and logistics. Saskatoon John G. Diefenbaker International Airport with 105,620 aircraft movements in 2008 was listed as the 19th busiest airport in Canada, 12th busiest in passenger traffic .
Saskatoon is developing the South Central Business District, or block 146, which is called the River Landing Project . Long range planning is underway for an expected city population of 325,000 by 2028 (2011 MXD report).
Saskatoon was expected to see a 4.2 percent growth in gross domestic product for the year 2012. The city saw a 3.4% growth in 2004, 5.1% increase in 2005 and a 2.8% increase in 2006. Saskatoon held Canada's No. 1 economic growth spot for Canada in 2005 according to the Conference Board of Canada. The Conference Board again predicted the city would rate first for economic increase in 2012, showing a growth rate of 4.2%. The Saskatoon Regional Economic Development Authority (SREDA) has also been ranked amongst Canada's top ten economic development organizations by Site Selection magazine.
Main article: List of neighbourhoods in Saskatoon Patches of aspen trees surrounded by wheat fields in the summer.
Saskatoon lies on a long belt of rich, potassic chernozem in middle-southern Saskatchewan and is found in the aspen parkland biome. The lack of surrounding mountainous topography gives the city a relatively flat grid, though the city does sprawl over a few hills and into a few valleys. The lowest point in the city is the river, while the highest point is disputed between the suburb of Sutherland in the east side and the Silverwood-River Heights areas in the city's north end. Saskatoon, on a cross-section from west to east, has a general decline in elevation above sea level heading towards the river, and on the east bank of the river, the terrain is mostly level until outside the city, where it begins to decrease in elevation again.
Saskatoon is divided into east and west sides by the South Saskatchewan River . It is then divided into Suburban Development Areas (SDA) which are composed of neighbourhoods. Street addresses are demarcated into north and south (for avenues aligned in those directions) and similar east and west (for streets aligned in those directions). West of the river the demarcation line for north and south addresses is 22nd Street, while east and west are divided by Idylwyld Drive (north of 20th Street) and Avenue A (south of 20th). On the east side, Lorne Avenue demarcates east and west while Aird Street marks the north/south boundary, except in the Sutherland community where a separate east/west demarcation takes place with Central Avenue as the boundary (there is, however, no separate north/south divide).
Pike Lake and Blackstrap Provincial Parks are 40 km (25 mi) south of the city. Blackstrap Park is often used for school field trips. Batoche is 90 km (56 mi) north of the city. Saskatoon skyline and the South Saskatchewan River
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
J F M A M J J A S O N D
15 −9 −19 9.1 −7 −16 15 0 −10 22 12 −1 37 19 5 64 23 10 54 26 12 44 25 11 38 18 6 19 10 −1 12 −1 −10 13 −8 −17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
J F M A M J J A S O N D
0.6 16 −2 0.4 20 3 0.6 32 15 0.9 53 30 1.4 65 41 2.5 73 49 2.1 78 54 1.7 77 52 1.5 65 42 0.7 51 29 0.5 31 15 0.5 19 1
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Saskatoon experiences a borderline cold semi-arid /humid continental climate ( Köppen climate classification _BSk _/_Dfb _). Climate data from University of Saskatchewan , in the inner city meets semi-arid criteria. This is due to slightly higher average annual temperature and slightly lower average annual precipitation than the Airport, on the city's northwest periphery.
The city has four distinct seasons and is in plant hardiness zone 3b. Saskatoon has a dry climate and sees 340.4 mm (13.40 in) of precipitation per year on average, with the summer being the wettest season. Saskatoon is sunnier than average in Canada as a result, averaging 2,268 hours of bright sunshine annually. The extreme temperatures are typically accompanied by below average levels of humidity. Thunderstorms are common in the summer months and can be severe with torrential rain, hail, high winds, intense lightning and, on rare occasion, tornadoes . The frost-free growing season lasts from 21 May to 15 September, but due to Saskatoon's northerly location, damaging frosts have occurred as late as June 14 and again as early as August. The average daytime high temperature peaks at 25.8 °C (78.4 °F) from July 31 to August 8.
The "Blizzard of 2007 " was described by many residents as the worst they had seen and paralyzed the city with its low visibility, extreme cold and large volume of snow. Winds rose to over 90 km/h (56 mph) and an estimated 25 cm (9.8 in) of snow fell throughout the day. Many area residents took refuge overnight at area work places, shopping centres, hospitals and the university.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Saskatoon was 41.5 °C (107 °F) on 6 June 1988. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −50.0 °C (−58 °F) on 1 February 1893.
CLIMATE DATA FOR SASKATOON SRC (UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN ), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1915–PRESENT
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 8.9 (48) 12.8 (55) 20.0 (68) 33.3 (91.9) 36.7 (98.1) 41.0 (105.8) 40.0 (104) 39.7 (103.5) 35.6 (96.1) 32.2 (90) 20.0 (68) 13.3 (55.9) 41.0 (105.8)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −8.8 (16.2) −6.5 (20.3) −0.1 (31.8) 11.5 (52.7) 18.5 (65.3) 22.6 (72.7) 25.7 (78.3) 25.2 (77.4) 18.4 (65.1) 10.3 (50.5) −0.8 (30.6) −7.5 (18.5) 9.0 (48.2)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −13.9 (7) −11.4 (11.5) −4.9 (23.2) 5.2 (41.4) 11.8 (53.2) 16.1 (61) 19.0 (66.2) 18.2 (64.8) 12.0 (53.6) 4.4 (39.9) −5.2 (22.6) −12.4 (9.7) 3.3 (37.9)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −18.9 (−2) −16.3 (2.7) −9.7 (14.5) −1.2 (29.8) 5.1 (41.2) 9.6 (49.3) 12.3 (54.1) 11.1 (52) 5.5 (41.9) −1.4 (29.5) −9.5 (14.9) −17.1 (1.2) −2.5 (27.5)
RECORD LOW °C (°F) −46.1 (−51) −45.0 (−49) −38.9 (−38) −27.8 (−18) −10.0 (14) −3.9 (25) 0.0 (32) −2.8 (27) −10.6 (12.9) −25.6 (−14.1) −33.9 (−29) −42.2 (−44) −46.1 (−51)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 14.6 (0.575) 9.1 (0.358) 14.5 (0.571) 21.8 (0.858) 36.5 (1.437) 63.6 (2.504) 53.8 (2.118) 44.4 (1.748) 38.1 (1.5) 18.8 (0.74) 12.4 (0.488) 12.8 (0.504) 340.4 (13.402)
AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 0.4 (0.016) 0.2 (0.008) 2.4 (0.094) 16.2 (0.638) 34.4 (1.354) 63.6 (2.504) 53.8 (2.118) 44.4 (1.748) 36.8 (1.449) 9.7 (0.382) 1.1 (0.043) 0.9 (0.035) 263.8 (10.386)
AVERAGE SNOWFALL CM (INCHES) 14.2 (5.59) 8.9 (3.5) 12.1 (4.76) 5.6 (2.2) 2.1 (0.83) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.3 (0.51) 9.1 (3.58) 11.3 (4.45) 11.9 (4.69) 76.6 (30.16)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.2 MM) 9.4 7.3 8.5 8.2 9.7 12.2 10.5 9.5 9.0 7.8 7.1 9.6 108.7
AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.2 MM) 0.5 0.2 1.9 5.7 9.5 12.2 10.5 9.5 8.8 5.3 1.1 0.4 65.5
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.2 CM) 9.1 7.1 6.9 2.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.9 6.2 9.3 44.9
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 106.2 131.1 173.1 222.0 263.0 266.8 308.8 269.6 192.5 157.0 91.3 86.5 2,267.8
PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 41.2 46.9 47.1 53.3 54.1 53.4 61.4 59.3 50.5 47.4 34.4 35.6 48.7
Source: Environment Canada , Extremes 1915–1966, Extremes 1966–present
CLIMATE DATA FOR SASKATOON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT , 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1892–PRESENT
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH HUMIDEX 5.9 7.6 19.2 30.6 36.0 42.7 43.9 42.0 38.7 30.0 18.6 10.7 43.9
RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 10.0 (50) 12.8 (55) 22.8 (73) 33.3 (91.9) 37.2 (99) 40.6 (105.1) 40.0 (104) 38.6 (101.5) 35.3 (95.5) 32.2 (90) 21.7 (71.1) 14.4 (57.9) 40.6 (105.1)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −10.1 (13.8) −7.2 (19) −0.3 (31.5) 11.2 (52.2) 18.2 (64.8) 22.4 (72.3) 25.3 (77.5) 24.9 (76.8) 18.3 (64.9) 10.2 (50.4) −1.2 (29.8) −8 (18) 8.6 (47.5)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −15.5 (4.1) −12.5 (9.5) −5.4 (22.3) 4.7 (40.5) 11.2 (52.2) 15.8 (60.4) 18.5 (65.3) 17.6 (63.7) 11.4 (52.5) 4.0 (39.2) −6 (21) −13.2 (8.2) 2.6 (36.7)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −20.7 (−5.3) −17.8 (0) −10.5 (13.1) −1.9 (28.6) 4.1 (39.4) 9.2 (48.6) 11.6 (52.9) 10.3 (50.5) 4.5 (40.1) −2.3 (27.9) −10.7 (12.7) −18.3 (−0.9) −3.5 (25.7)
RECORD LOW °C (°F) −48.9 (−56) −50 (−58) −43.3 (−45.9) −28.3 (−18.9) −12.8 (9) −3.3 (26.1) −0.6 (30.9) −2.8 (27) −11.1 (12) −25.6 (−14.1) −39.4 (−38.9) −43.9 (−47) −50 (−58)
RECORD LOW WIND CHILL −60.9 −59.0 −50.1 −38.3 −16.2 −7.7 0.0 −4.8 −14.5 −33.4 −46.4 −57.6 −60.9
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 14.8 (0.583) 8.8 (0.346) 15.6 (0.614) 22.7 (0.894) 43.0 (1.693) 65.8 (2.591) 60.3 (2.374) 42.6 (1.677) 35.4 (1.394) 18.8 (0.74) 13.0 (0.512) 12.9 (0.508) 353.7 (13.925)
AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 0.9 (0.035) 0.6 (0.024) 3.3 (0.13) 15.5 (0.61) 40.2 (1.583) 65.8 (2.591) 60.3 (2.374) 42.6 (1.677) 34.1 (1.343) 10.6 (0.417) 1.7 (0.067) 1.1 (0.043) 276.7 (10.894)
AVERAGE SNOWFALL CM (INCHES) 17.5 (6.89) 10.2 (4.02) 14.6 (5.75) 8.0 (3.15) 2.3 (0.91) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.2 (0.47) 8.3 (3.27) 13.4 (5.28) 15.9 (6.26) 91.3 (35.94)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.2 MM) 10.3 7.1 8.2 8.3 9.5 12.1 11.2 9.4 8.4 7.4 8.0 9.7 109.7
AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.2 MM) 0.74 0.56 1.9 5.9 9.2 12.1 11.2 9.4 8.1 5.3 1.3 1.0 66.7
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.2 CM) 11.7 8.4 8.0 3.7 0.78 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.56 3.0 8.5 10.9 55.4
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) (AT 1500 LST) 73.7 73.8 68.4 47.0 42.3 48.9 50.6 47.0 48.0 53.6 69.5 73.7 58.0
Source: Environment Canada
YEAR POP. ±%
1901 113 —
1911 12,004 +10523.0%
1921 25,739 +114.4%
1931 43,291 +68.2%
1941 42,320 −2.2%
1951 53,268 +25.9%
1961 95,526 +79.3%
1971 126,449 +32.4%
1981 154,210 +22.0%
1991 186,058 +20.7%
1996 193,653 +4.1%
2001 196,811 +1.6%
2006 202,340 +2.8%
2011 222,246 +9.8%
2016 246,376 +10.9%
CANADA 2006 CENSUS POPULATION % OF TOTAL POPULATION
Visible Minority group Source: European 164,970 82.8
First Nations 10,855 5.4
Métis 8,605 4.3
Chinese 4,185 2.1
Other visible minority 2,470 1.3
South Asian 2,210 1.1
Filipino 1,855 0.9
Black 1,825 0.9
Latin American 1,045 0.5
Southeast Asian 1,005 0.5
Inuit 60 0.0
_TOTAL POPULATION_ _199,385_ _100_
The 2016 census listed Saskatoon's population at 246,376, a 10.6 per cent increase over 2011. A civic estimate at the end of 2016 had Saskatoon's population at 265,300. and Saskatoon\'s CMA population as 305,000
According to the 2006 census, 18% of the population consists of youths under the age of 15, while those over 65 constitute 13% of the population. The median age of Saskatoon residents is 35.5 years of age, four years younger than Canada as a whole.
CANADA CENSUS – SASKATOON COMMUNITY PROFILE
2016 2011 2006
POPULATION: 246,376 (10.6% from 2011) 222,189 (9.8% from 2006) 202,340 (2.8% from 2001)
LAND AREA: 228.13 km2 (88.08 sq mi) 209.56 km2 (80.91 sq mi) 170.83 km2 (65.96 sq mi)
POPULATION DENSITY: 1,080.0/km2 (2,797/sq mi) 1,060.3/km2 (2,746/sq mi) 1,184.4/km2 (3,068/sq mi)
35.6 (M: 34.2, F: 37.0) 35.9 (M: 34.2, F: 37.4)
TOTAL PRIVATE DWELLINGS: 107,098 96,257 89,646
MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME:
References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier
The above land area figure was provided by the City of Saskatoon in January 2006 and takes into account recent annexations up to that point. It _does not_ include the two large annexations of land that occurred in the summer of 2010. These portions of land have been zoned under the provincial land management acts. Ethno-cultural Groups in Metropolitan Saskatoon, out of 222,635 (number is greater than 222,635 because many reported more than one ethnicity) A Saskatoon neighbourhood ( Nutana )
In terms of race, according to the 2001 census, 190,120 or 85.4% of the city's population were white Canadians, 19,900 or 8.9% were Aboriginals, with less than 5% belonging to other visible minority Canadians such as Han Chinese, South Asians , etc. combined.
Some 78.5% of Saskatoon's inhabitants profess to be Christian , mostly Protestant (40.1%) and Roman Catholic (32.5%). Another 19.6% of Saskatoon's inhabitants do not profess a religious faith at all. Minority faiths include Sikhism , Buddhism (0.7%), Judaism , Hinduism , and Islam (0.6%).
FIRST NATIONS PEOPLES
The Saskatoon area was inhabited long before any permanent settlement was established, to which the ongoing archaeological work at Wanuskewin Heritage Park and other locations bears witness. Canada's First Nations population has been increasingly urbanized, and nowhere is that more apparent than in Saskatoon, where the First Nations population increased by 382% from 1981 to 2001; however, a portion of this increase, possibly as much as half, is believed to be due to more people identifying themselves as Aboriginal in the census rather than migration or birth rate. Saskatoon has the second highest percentage of First Nations population among major Canadian cities at nearly 9%, behind Winnipeg at 10.2% and Regina close by with 8%; in certain neighbourhoods such as Pleasant Hill , this percentage exceeds 40%. Most First Nations residents are of Cree or Dakota cultural background although to a lesser extent Saulteaux , Assiniboine , and Dene communities also exist.
Saskatoon also has a substantial Métis population and is close to the historically significant Southbranch Settlements to the north, as well as the Prairie Ronde settlement near Dundurn, Saskatchewan.
The Saskatoon Health Region is responsible for health care delivery in the region. The health region operates three hospitals within the city boundaries, these include Royal University Hospital , Saskatoon City Hospital , and St. Paul\'s Hospital (Saskatoon) . Royal University Hospital is a teaching and research hospital that operates in partnership with the University of Saskatchewan. The health region also operates hospitals in smaller neighbouring communities. In addition to hospitals the health region operates long-term care facilities, clinics and other health care services.
Recent data suggests that Saskatchewan has the highest rate of new HIV cases in Canada and that 1/4 cases of HIV infected babies are from Saskatchewan. This increase in HIV cases has been in part attributed to growing IV drug use, a gang problem, poverty and prostitution in the city of Saskatoon, which has a higher rate of HIV than other areas.
The Saskatoon Police Service is the primary police service for the city of Saskatoon and holds both Municipal and Provincial Jurisdiction. The following services also have jurisdiction in Saskatoon: Corman Park Police Service, Royal Canadian Mounted Police , Canadian National Railway Police Service and the Canadian Pacific Railway Police Service . As of December 31, 2012, the SPS had 442 sworn members, 59 Special Constables, and 136 civilian positions.
The 2006 census crime data, released July 18, 2007, showed Saskatoon leading Canada in violent crime , with 1,606 violent crimes per 100,000 residents annually. However, crime statistics produced by the Saskatoon Police Service shows that crime is on the decline. In 2010, total crimes against people went up 1.28% and total crimes against property fell by 11.75%.
There were accusations in the early 1990s that the Saskatoon police were engaging in starlight tours , where officers would arrest Aboriginal men and drive them out of the city in the dead of winter to abandon them. The majority of the accusations turned out to be false; however, several starlight tours did take place.
One of the city's landmarks is the Delta Bessborough Hotel, known to locals as the _Bez_. Built by the Canadian National Railway , it was among the last railway hotels to be started before the Great Depression of the 1930s brought their era to a close. Although the building was completed in 1932, it did not open its doors until 1935 due to the Depression. The Bessborough and the Mendel Art Gallery are the only major structures on the river side of Spadina Crescent. One of the most frequently circulated photographs of Saskatoon is of the hotel framed in one of the arches of the Broadway Bridge .
The Meewasin Valley Trail follows the South Saskatchewan River through Saskatoon. Summer activities include cycling, jogging and walking through parks and natural areas. Cross-country skiing is popular during the winter months, along with skating in Kiwanis Memorial Park. Access points are found throughout the city with interpretive signage and washrooms along the route. There are parks throughout the Meewasin Valley, with washrooms, picnic facilities, and lookout points along the river bank.
In the winter the Meewasin Skating Rink is open free to the public; it is in Kiwanis Memorial Park beside the Delta Bessborough hotel. The outdoor rink has been open since 1980.
For years, a parcel of land west of the Traffic Bridge , south of 19th Street, and east of Avenue C has been the subject of on-again, off-again redevelopment plans. The site formerly held the Saskatoon Arena, a power plant, a branch of the Royal Canadian Legion , and the head offices of the Saskatoon Public School Division ; all these structures have been demolished to make way for redevelopment, with plans for same dating back to the 1980s. The most recent version of the plan called River Landing is ongoing. Calgary developer Lake Placid has proposed a 200 million dollar mega hotel/condo project to be built on the site although Lake Placid had difficulty securing financing and missed an October 30, 2009, deadline to submit a 4.5 million dollar payment for the parcel of land which seemingly killed the deal. On November 16, 2009, it was revealed by Lake Placid that the financing should be secure within a week. In April 2010, Saskatoon City Council voted in favour of entering new negotiations with Lake Placid over the site.
As of May 2010, landscaping and the development of the Frank "> University Bridge in Saskatoon.
The following bridges cross the South Saskatchewan River in Saskatoon (in order from upstream):
* Grand Trunk Bridge (rail) * Gordie Howe Bridge * Senator Sid Buckwold Bridge * Traffic Bridge (closed in 2010, demolished; as of 2017 a similar bridge is under construction) * Broadway Bridge * University Bridge * CPR Bridge (rail) * Circle Drive Bridge
The Via Rail station, front entrance.
Construction of Saskatoon's ring road , Circle Drive , began in the mid-1960s (after first being proposed in 1913), and was completed on July 31, 2013 with the opening of the $300-million South Circle Drive project.
The Canadian Pacific Railway and the Canadian National Railway have connections to Saskatoon. Both railways operate intermodal facilities and trans-load centers; while Canadian National Railway also operates an automotive transfer facility. Saskatoon is a stop on The Canadian passenger transcontinental rail route operated by Via Rail . The Saskatoon railway station is in the city's west end; it opened in the late 1960s as a replacement for Saskatoon's original main station which was on 1st Avenue downtown—the relocation of the station sparked a major redevelopment of the downtown that included the construction of the Midtown Plaza , TCU Place (aka Centennial Auditorium) and other developments. The many provincial transportation connections and geographic location of Saskatoon give it one of its nicknames _The Hub City_. The Saskatchewan Railway Museum is just outside the city. Recent debates about moving all the railways out of the city are raising questions about a future LRT system, but the city's Mayor says the population is too small. A pathway in the River Landing Central Business District.
Saskatoon/John G. Diefenbaker International Airport provides scheduled and charter airline service for the city, and is a significant hub for mining and remote locations in Northern Saskatchewan. Non-stop scheduled destinations include Calgary, Edmonton, Las Vegas, Minneapolis, Ottawa, Prince Albert, Regina, Toronto, Vancouver, and Winnipeg. Seasonal and Charter service is provided to Mexico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Phoenix and Churchill, MB. Air Canada , Westjet and Purolator Courier all have cargo facilities at the airport. Saskatoon/Corman Air Park is a general aviation airport 15 km south-east of Saskatoon.
Transit services in Saskatoon are provided by Saskatoon Transit . The route system was revamped on July 2, 2006, creating increased access to most parts of the city. An up-to-date schedule is posted at Saskatoon Transit Route "> Entrance to Thorvaldson Building on the Main campus of the University of Saskatchewan Kelsey campus of SIAST . Central Industrial Area
Saskatoon has a number of higher education institutions:
* University of Saskatchewan * St. Thomas More College is a Catholic federated college of the University of Saskatchewan. Affiliated with the University of Saskatchewan are the Lutheran Theological Seminary , College of Emmanuel and St. Chad (Anglican Church of Canada ), and St. Andrew's College (United Church of Canada ). All three are on the university campus. * The First Nations University of Canada – Saskatoon campus. * Saskatchewan Polytechnic * Gabriel Dumont Institute * Saskatchewan Indian Institute of Technologies
Saskatoon has 78 elementary schools and 14 high schools, serving about 37,000 students. Saskatoon has three main school boards, the Saskatoon Public School Division , the Saskatoon Catholic School Division and the Conseil des Ecoles Fransaskoises .
The western annexation of what is now called the Blairmore SDA also brought the Yarrow Youth Farm within the city limits; operated by the Province of Saskatchewan, this is a correction facility for at-risk youth. The City's current Projected Growth Map indicates that the farm is expected to be incorporated within planned development of the region.
ARTS AND CULTURE
GALLERIES AND MUSEUMS
Mendel Art Gallery and Civic Conservatory
The Mendel Art Gallery was situated on the bank of the South Saskatchewan River. Its permanent collection exceeded 5,000 works of art. In 2005, it began a major renovation project that was to expand the size of the gallery by seventy percent. In September 2005, however, the City of Saskatoon announced it had entered discussions with the Mendel to the end of having the Mendel abandon its renovation/expansion project in favor of instead relocating the facility to a new arts and culture centre that is planned for the south downtown area.
EVENTS AND FESTIVALS
Saskatoon's major arts venue is TCU Place , which is next to Midtown Plaza downtown. Since opening in 1967, it has hosted scores of concerts, theatrical performances, live events such as the Telemiracle telethon , high school graduation and university convocation ceremonies, and conventions. It is also home to the Saskatoon Symphony Orchestra . It recently underwent a multimillion-dollar renovation to its main theatre (named in honor of former mayor and senator Sidney Buckwold ).
For rock concerts and major shows, SaskTel Centre is the main venue. It is Saskatchewan's largest arena, with a capacity of 15,195 for sporting events and 14,000 for concerts. Musical acts from Saskatoon include Joni Mitchell , Kyle Riabko , Wide Mouth Mason , The Northern Pikes , The Sheepdogs , and The Deep Dark Woods , as well as countless others popular at both local and regional levels.
Saskatoon hosts many festivals and events in the summer, including the Shakespeare on the Saskatchewan Festival , The Great Plains Comedy Festival , the Jazz Festival , the Saskatchewan Children\'s Festival , the Saskatoon Fringe Theatre Festival (a showcase of alternative theatre), Saskatoon Folkfest (a cultural festival), Doors Open Saskatoon and the Canada Remembers Airshow.
For over 25 years, Saskatoon has hosted a gathering of antique automobiles, (mainly from the 1960s) that has grown into an event called "Cruise Weekend". The event is usually held on the last weekend (Friday, Saturday and Sunday) in August. Activities include a poker derby, dances, and a show 'N' shine with over 800 cars from all over western Canada. No admission is charged and everyone is free to walk around and enjoy the atmosphere.
The city's annual exhibition (now called the Saskatoon Exhibition but also known in previous years as Pioneer Days and "The Ex") is held every August at Prairieland Park . In the late 1990s, the Saskatoon Exhibition was rescheduled to August so that it no longer was in direct competition with the Calgary Stampede , which frequently overlapped the event.
Saskatoon was the 2007 host city for the Juno Awards , Canada's foremost music industry honours.
Live theatre is a central, vibrant part of Saskatoon's culture. Saskatoon is host to a number of live theatre venues such as the Persephone Theatre , which is in the Remai Arts Centre at River Landing in downtown Saskatoon, The Refinery and the Saskatchewan Native Theatre Company. Saskatoon is also home to performance groups such as: Shakespeare on the Saskatchewan, Saskatoon Opera Association, Live Five, Skit Skit, Troup du Jour, Wide Open Children's Theatre, and Saskatoon Summer Players. Local improv groups such as The No-No\'s and Saskatoon Soaps have weekly and monthly performances respectively at various venues around the city. Laff Trax Comedy Theatre is Saskatoon's live comedy club performing several shows a week at different venues throughout the city.
Saskatoon, along with Regina's Burlesque club, boasts one of the only burlesque groups in the Prairies, the Rosebud Burlesque.
Cineplex Entertainment Galaxy Theatre
The Broadway Theatre primarily shows arthouse films – while the two-screen Roxy Theatre is an "atmospheric-style" second-run theatre that reopened in 2005 after sitting unused for over a decade. The remainder of the city's theatres are multiplexes . The only movie theatre in the downtown core is the Scotia Bank VIP Theatre ; the Capitol 4 shut down on April 3, 2008. The city's other movie theatres are the Rainbow Cinemas (a second-run cinema) and the Centre Cinemas in The Centre mall on the city's east side.
Among the many movie theatres of the past that have come and gone was the Capitol Theatre, which opened in 1929 with a showing of the first talkie to be exhibited in Saskatoon. The Capitol closed in the early 1980s to make way for the Scotia Centre office tower; its name was transferred to the aforementioned Capitol 4 a block away.
Saskatoon is home to a large blues /jazz community that frequents many bars and clubs known for their blues- and jazz-related acts, including Amigo's, Buds on Broadway, Village Guitar ">.
As for women's hockey, there is a strong youth female hockey presence in Saskatoon with a Midget AAA team and several youth teams in the city.
Starting in 2016 , the Saskatchewan Rush played in the National Lacrosse League after moving from Edmonton . The Saskatchewan Rush won the league Championship against the Buffalo Bandits that same year.
Canadian football is one of the most successful on field sports in Saskatoon. The University of Saskatchewan Huskies are one of the top University football programs in Canada, with three Vanier Cup national championships and 19 Hardy Trophy Canada West championships. The Huskies have made nine Vanier Cup appearances since 1990, and were the first team from outside of Ontario to host the Vanier Cup, hosting the game in 2006. As well, the Saskatoon Hilltops of the Canadian Junior Football League host their games at Gordie Howe Bowl . The Hilltops have won 19 national junior championships throughout their history.
There are currently no baseball teams in Saskatoon. In the past there have been various teams including the Saskatoon Yellow Jackets , Saskatoon Riot , Saskatoon Smokin\' Guns , Saskatoon Stallions , and the Saskatoon Legends .
The University of Saskatchewan Huskies play Canadian Interuniversity Sport league games at the University Campus. Their facilities include 6,171 seat Griffiths Stadium , 700 seat Rutherford Arena , and the state-of-the-art Physical Activity Complex , opened August 2003 in conjunction with the new College of Kinesiology Building. The Huskies participate in twelve sports at the CIS level and have been most successful in football (Conference champions 18 times/National champions 3 times), men's volleyball (Conference champions 11 times/National champions 4 times) women's basketball National Champions once and men's and women's Track and Field(Conference champions 37 times/ National champions 12 times).
In 2007, two new sports teams came into being in Saskatoon, the Saskatchewan SWAT of the Rocky Mountain Lacrosse League and the Saskatoon Accelerators in the Canadian Major Indoor Soccer League . The Accelerators play at the Kinsmen/Henk Ruys Soccer Centre, while the SWAT play at the Gordie Howe Kinsmen Arena. A drag race at the Saskatchewan International Raceway
Motor racing is a popular sport in Saskatoon. Saskatchewan International Raceway has been in operation for over 40 years; SIR is home to 1/4 mile NHRA drag racing and holds racing events from May to September. As well, just north of the city lies Wyant Group Raceway; the track is home to local stock car racing, as well as races for several different Western Canadian series. In 2009, the NASCAR Canadian Tire Series make its inaugural stop at Wyant Group Raceway, Formerly known as Auto Clearing Motor Speedway, signaling a move to a larger profile track in Saskatoon.
Saskatoon is home to two full size soccer facilities under the control of the non-profit Saskatoon Soccer Centre organization. The Kinsmen/Henk Ruys Soccer Centre is composed of four sport court indoor fields and the SaskTel Sports Centre hosts two full sized outdoor turf fields, one indoor full sized turf field, one indoor half sized turf field, and one sport court field.
On the recreation side, Lions Skatepark was built in the Riversdale area in 2003. As well Saskatoon is home to several golf courses and various parks which include tennis courts, ball diamonds and soccer pitches for spring, summer and fall use and outdoor rinks for winter use. Blackstrap Ski Hill is also 30 minutes south of the city, however, has been closed since 2006 due to financial difficulty.
FACILITIES AND SERVICES
Frances Morrison Library (the city's main library), across 23rd Street from City Hall.
Main article: Media in Saskatoon
Main article: List of shopping malls in Saskatoon
* Midtown Plaza * Market Mall * The Centre * The Mall at Lawson Heights * Confederation Mall * Preston Crossing * Stonegate Shopping Centre (in Stonebridge ) * Scotia Centre Mall * River City Mall * Erindale Centre/University Heights Mall * Blairmore Shopping Centre
LAW AND ORDER
* Saskatoon Police Service (primary) * Saskatoon Correctional Centre * Corman Park Police Service (in partnership with SPS) * Royal Canadian Mounted Police (in partnership with SPS) * Regional Psychiatric Centre
* Jim Pattison Children’s Hospital – construction to begin in 2014 and is expected to open in 2019 under the Saskatoon Health Region
Main article: List of people from Saskatoon
* ^ Edmonton, The (2007-04-30). "_ Edmonton Journal_, "Paris of the Prairies"". Canada.com. Retrieved 2012-09-08. * ^ " Saskatchewan slang". _canada.com_. Postmedia Network Inc. November 7, 2007. Retrieved December 21, 2013. * ^ * ^ Cite error: The named reference 2011StatCanSK was invoked but never defined (see the help page ). * ^ Cite error: The named reference 2011StatCanCMA was invoked but never defined (see the help page ). * ^ _A_ _B_ "Quick Facts". City of Saskatoon. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
* ^ Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census – Census subdivisions * ^ Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census – Census metropolitan areas * ^ "History". City of Saskatoon. Retrieved 2016-06-08. * ^ _A_ _B_ "City of Saskatoon website". City of Saskatoon. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-02-18. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Population of census metropolitan areas". Statistics Canada. 2016-02-10. Retrieved 2017-02-18. * ^ "A History of Saskatoon to 1914" (PDF). _web.archive.org_. July 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2009-04-04. * ^ O'Brien, Jeff; Ruth W. Millar, William P. Delainey (2006). Roberta Coulter, ed. _Saskatoon: A History in Photographs_. Coteau Books. p. 88. ISBN 1-55050-336-7 . * ^ _A_ _B_ Parker, Rob. "How Saskatoon Got the Nickname POW". Retrieved 2009-04-25. * ^ _A_ _B_ SREDA (April 6, 2009). " Saskatoon Emerges As Fastest Growing City In Canada". AHN. Retrieved 2009-04-26. * ^ "Saskatchewan\'s Economy". _About Saskatchewan/Economy_. Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2009-01-16. * ^ "Innovation Place Saskatoon". Retrieved 2009-04-26. * ^ Cutler, Jeffrey; Hallin, Emil; de Jong, Mark; Thomlinson, William; Ellis, Thomas (2007). " The Canadian Light Source: The newest synchrotron in the Americas". _Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A_. 582: 11–13. doi :10.1016/j.nima.2007.08.086 . * ^ "Information and Communications Technologies". Saskatoon Regional Economic Developer Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-07. * ^ "TP141 – Aircraft Movement Statistics". Tc.gc.ca. 2011-01-12. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ Passenger Traffic Archived October 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine . Passenger statistics from airport * ^ River Landing Archived October 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine .. Retrieved February 4, 2007. * ^ The Partnership Archived March 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine .. Retrieved February 4, 2007. * ^ "Direct Control District No. 1 (DCD1) for The South Downtown" (PDF). City of Saskatoon. August 27, 2004. Retrieved 2010-11-10. * ^ Community Service Department, City Planning Branch (June 2000). "Future Growth Study" (PDF). City of Saskatoon. Retrieved 2009-04-26. * ^ "Saskatoon—Canadian leader in economic growth in 2005.(gross domestic product)". Sask Business. March 1, 2006. Retrieved 2009-04-26. * ^ "Saskatoon—Canadian leader in economic growth with GDP of seven per cent in 2005.(SASKATOON UPDATE)(gross domestic product)". Sask Business. November 1, 2005. Retrieved 2009-04-25. * ^ "Economic News". _Enterprise Saskatchewan_. Government of Saskatchewan. September 19, 2008. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved 2009-04-26. * ^ "City Planning". City of Saskatoon. Archived from the original on 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2009-07-10. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ " Saskatoon SRC". _Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010_. Environment Canada . Retrieved 13 April 2016. * ^ "Plant Hardiness Zone by Municipality". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 July 2016. * ^ "Frost Chart for Canada". The Old Farmer's Almanac. Retrieved October 6, 2012. * ^ "Backgrounder: What is the Climate Reference Station (CRS)?". Retrieved 2009-10-31. * ^ "Climate Data Almanac for July 31". _Environment Canada_. Retrieved 27 September 2016. * ^ "Climate Data Almanac for August 8". _Environment Canada_. Retrieved 27 September 2016. * ^ "Worst blizzard in years blasts Saskatchewan". _CBC News_. 2007-01-10. * ^ "Blizzard blasts Saskatoon". .canada.com. 1955-12-12. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ " Saskatoon 2". _Canadian Climate Data_. Environment Canada . Retrieved 30 May 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Saskatoon Diefenbaker INT\'L A". _Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010_. Environment Canada . Retrieved May 12, 2014. * ^ "Climate Reference Station - Saskatoon - Annual summary 2015" (PDF). _SRC_. University of Saskatchewan . Retrieved 13 April 2016. * ^ " Saskatoon U of S". _Canadian Climate Data_. Environment Canada . Retrieved 13 April 2016. * ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada — Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2012-09-08. * ^ Statistical Profile of Canadian Communities Archived September 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine ., Statistics Canada, February 9, 2016. * ^ "High percentage of seniors, kids in Saskatchewan: StatsCan - Saskatchewan — CBC News". Cbc.ca. 2007-07-17. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ "2016 Community Profiles". _ Canada 2016 Census _. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-28. * ^ "2011 Community Profiles". _ Canada 2011 Census _. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-08. * ^ "2006 Community Profiles". _ Canada 2006 Census _. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-06. * ^ "2001 Community Profiles". _ Canada 2001 Census _. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. * ^ "Statistics Canada, 2001 census". 0.statcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-14. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ "Statistics Canada, 2001 Census". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-03-09. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Statistics Canada, 2001 Census". 2.statcan.ca. 2002-03-12. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ Aboriginal Conditions in Census Metropolitan Areas, 1981–2001 Archived July 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine ., Statistics Canada, ISBN 0-662-40884-5 , Table 1. * ^ Aboriginal Conditions in Census Metropolitan Areas, 1981–2001 Archived July 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine ., Statistics Canada, ISBN 0-662-40884-5 , Figure 3. * ^ " Saskatoon Health Region List of Hospitals". Saskatoonhealthregion.ca. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ "Health officials seek answers to spike in Saskatchewan HIV cases". _CBC News_. 2009-03-24. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Saskatchewan accounts for a quarter of Canada\'s HIV babies". _CBC News_. 2009-03-24. * ^ " Saskatoon clinic \'struggling\' with explosion of HIV". _CBC News_. 2009-03-25. * ^ "Saskatchewan\'s HIV infection rate a \'crisis\': top health doctor". _CBC News_. 2009-03-19. * ^ Most recent SPS Annual Report on SPS website. January 26, 2015 Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Saskatoon Police Service Annual Report 2010" (PDF). _Saskatoon Police Service_. Retrieved January 29, 2012. * ^ "New film renews community discussion about Aboriginal freezing deaths in Saskatoon". _Dispatch_. University of Regina . Retrieved February 15, 2010. * ^ " Saskatoon police chief admits starlight cruises are not new". _Windspeaker_. Aboriginal Multimedia Society of Alberta . July 1, 2003. Retrieved February 15, 2010. * ^ "History of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan". Saskatoonkiosk.ca. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ "Meewasin Trail and Facilities". Retrieved 2008-03-10. * ^ "River Landing – Saskatchewan\'s premier residential and destination tourist centre!". Riverlanding.ca. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ "River Landing Village". Lakeplacidsaskatoon.com. 1999-12-04. Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ Lake Placid fails deadline * ^ "Money for Saskatoon complex coming, developer says". _CBC News_. 2009-11-17. * ^ Lake Placid Back in the Game * ^ "Funds pledged for $51M Saskatoon art gallery". _CBC News_. 2009-09-23. * ^ " Traffic Bridge Closed Immediately Until Further Notice". City of Saskatoon. August 24, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-03. * ^ Saskatoon\'s south bridge finally becoming a reality Archived January 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine ., Saskatoon StarPhoenix, June 20, 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2008. * ^ "Proximity Railway Map for Saskatoon" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-05-05. * ^ "Experts say early move to LRT wise". _The StarPhoenix_. Canada.com. May 24, 2008. Retrieved February 1, 2012. * ^ "Transit". _saskatoon.ca_. * ^ City of Saskatoon, Projected Growth Map Archived March 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ., October 10, 2008 (accessed November 16, 2008) * ^ "Art Gallery of Saskatchewan at River Landing". Retrieved 2010-06-24. * ^ " Mendel Art Gallery provides impetus for new building". Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-24. * ^ "CBC News: Mendel art gallery gets makeover in Saskatoon: new home, new name". 2009-04-03. Retrieved 2010-07-26. * ^ "Save the Mendel website". Retrieved 2010-07-26. * ^ " Saskatoon StarPhoenix: Mendel memory may disappear". Retrieved 2010-07-26. * ^ "Meewasin Valley Centre". Retrieved 2008-03-10. * ^ Zoo Brochure Archived June 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Home - Folkfest 2015". _Folkfest 2015_. * ^ " Canada Remembers Airshow". _canadaremem