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Regent Street
Regent Street
is a major shopping street in the West End of London. It is named after George, the Prince Regent (later George IV) and was built under the direction of the architect John Nash. The street runs from Waterloo Place in St James's
St James's
at the southern end, through Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
and Oxford Circus, to All Souls Church. From there Langham Place and Portland Place
Portland Place
continue the route to Regent's Park. The street was completed in 1825 and was an early example of town planning in England, replacing a number of earlier roads including Swallow Street. Nash's street layout has survived, although all the original buildings except All Souls Church have been replaced following reconstruction in the late 19th century.[1] The street is known for its flagship retail stores, including Liberty, Hamleys, Jaeger and the Apple Store. The Royal Polytechnic Institution, now the University of Westminster, has been based on Regent Street
Regent Street
since 1838.

Contents

1 Route 2 History

2.1 Beginnings: 1811–1825 2.2 Rebuilding: 1895–1927 2.3 Crown Estate redevelopment

3 Properties

3.1 Retail 3.2 Broadcasting 3.3 University of Westminster 3.4 Other

4 Events 5 Cultural references 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Route[edit] Regent Street
Regent Street
is approximately 0.8 miles (1.3 km) long and begins at a junction with Charles II Street
Charles II Street
as a continuation of Waterloo Place.[a] It runs north to Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus, where it turns left before curving round the Quadrant to head north again, meeting Oxford Street at Oxford Circus.[3] It ends at a junction with Cavendish Place and Mortimer Street near the BBC
BBC
Broadcasting House, with the road ahead being Langham Place, followed by Portland Place.[4] The southern section of the road is one-way northbound and part of the A4, a major road through West London. From Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus northwards, it is numbered A4201, though in common with roads inside the London congestion charging zone, the number does not appear on signs.[4] Nearby tube stations are Charing Cross, Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
and Oxford Circus;[4] the lattermost being one of the busiest underground stations in London,[5] and is where three main lines (Central, Bakerloo and Victoria) meet.[6] Numerous bus routes, such as 6, 12, and 13, run along Regent Street.[7]

Panoramic view of Oxford Circus; the location where Oxford Street meets Regent Street

History[edit] Beginnings: 1811–1825[edit]

Regent Street
Regent Street
proposal, published 1813, titled "PLAN, presented to the House of Commons, of a STREET proposed from CHARING CROSS to PORTLAND PLACE, leading to the Crown Estate in Marylebone Park"

Regent Street
Regent Street
was one of the first planned developments of London. The desire to impose order on the city's medieval street pattern dates back to the aftermath of the Great Fire of London
Great Fire of London
(1666) when Sir Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren
and John Evelyn
John Evelyn
drew plans for rebuilding the city on the classical formal model, but progress was slow and houses were rebuilt on the old street network anyway.[8] In 1766, John Gwynn complained in his work London and Westminster Improved that there was a lack of planning throughout the West End and that it would be useful to construct a thoroughfare linking Marylebone Park (now Regent's Park) with the Prince Regent's Carlton House. John Fordyce was appointed as Surveyor-General to the First Commissioner of Woods and Forests in 1793 and concluded that there should be a suitable road in place by 1811, when the lease for Marylebone Park ran out and ownership reverted to the Crown. It was hoped the road could link Pall Mall and the Haymarket, of which has since declined in quality. A further problem was increased congestion around Charing Cross, which would benefit from road improvements.[9] The street was designed by John Nash, who had been appointed to the Office of Woods and Forests in 1806 and previously served as an adviser to the Prince Regent. He put forward his own plans for the street in 1810 following the death of Fordyce,[9] envisioning broad, architecturally distinguished thoroughfares and public spaces.[10]

The Quadrant, Regent Street
Regent Street
in 1837, seen from Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus. The buildings have since been replaced

Nash originally wanted to construct a straight boulevard in the same style seen in French cities, but this was not possible because of issues with land ownership.[11] The final design resulted in the road being situated further west than previous plans, and Nash believed the road would run down a de facto line separating the upper classes and nobility in Mayfair
Mayfair
with the working class in Soho.[9] The northern section involved demolishing most of the existing Swallow Street, which had become run down and was an ideal candidate for regeneration.[12] The road was designed to curve east between Oxford Street and Piccadilly
Piccadilly
so that it did not meet St James's
St James's
Square, and the circuses allowed visual continuity down the street.[9] The central section, known as the Quadrant, was designed for "shops appropriated to articles of fashion and taste," and was Nash's centrepiece design of the entire street. It was built with a colonnade made out of cast-iron columns, allowing commuters to walk along the street without having to face bad weather. The various buildings along the Quadrant had different facades, which was a deliberate choice by Nash to break away from the uniform design of the previous century, as well as a pragmatic means of using what building materials were available and what clients wanted.[13] The road was planned to end outside Carlton House in Pall Mall, the residence of the Prince of Wales.[11] Nash insisted that businesses on the new street would be of high-quality, rivalling that of the nearby Bond Street; common trades such as butchers or greengrocers were not allowed.[14] The design was adopted by an Act of Parliament in 1813, which permitted the commissioners to borrow £600,000 for building and construction. The street was intended to have commercial purposes and it was expected that a majority of the income would come from private capital. Nash took responsibility for design and valuation of all properties.[9] Construction of the road resulted in demolishing numerous properties, disrupting trade and polluting the air with dust.[15] Existing tenants had first offer to purchase leases on the new properties.[13] The Treasury supported the proposal because, in the aftermath of the lengthy Napoleonic Wars, there was an urgent need for the government to create jobs. Government expenditure was low because the design relied heavily upon private developers, such as Nash himself.[16] The buildings were to be let on 99-year leases, as was common at the time, and income could be recouped in the form of ground rent.[17] Although Nash was responsible for the street's general development, some individual buildings were designed by Charles Robert Cockerell and Sir John Soane, amongst others. By 1819, the Crown were receiving regular rent and the street was becoming established.[13] At first, it was called New Street and became a dividing line between Soho, which had declined socially and economically, and the fashionable squares and streets of Mayfair
Mayfair
to the west.[18] Carlton House
Carlton House
did not last long following completion of the works and was demolished in 1829, to be replaced by Carlton House
Carlton House
Terrace, also designed by Nash.[11] Regent Street
Regent Street
became the first shopping area in Britain to support late night opening in 1850, when shopkeepers agreed to keep stores open until 7pm.[19] Rebuilding: 1895–1927[edit]

The Quadrant on Regent Street, leading to Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus[b]

During the 19th century, Regent Street
Regent Street
became established as the "centre of fashion." Shops expanded into multiple properties, selling imported and exotic products to appeal to niche consumers.[13] By the end of the century, fashions had changed and the original buildings were small and old fashioned, restricting trade.[20] The colonnade constructed by Nash was demolished in the mid-19th century for fear it might attract "doubtful characters."[18] Other buildings were not up to modern building standards; some had been extended and were structurally suspect.[11] As the 99-year leases came to an end, Regent Street was redeveloped between 1895 and 1927 under the control of the Office of Woods, Forests and Land Revenues (now known as the Crown Estate).[1][21] The modern Regent Street
Regent Street
is the result of this redevelopment. No original structures survive except south of Oxford Circus
Oxford Circus
for some Nash-designed sewers.[19] The current design is an example of the Beaux Arts approach to urban design: an assembly of separate buildings on a grand scale, designed to harmonise and produce an impressive overall effect.[22] Strict rules governed the reconstruction.[20] Each block had to be designed with a continuous unifying street façade and finished in Portland stone.[22] The first redevelopment was Regent House, just south of Oxford Circus. The stylistic tone for the rebuilding was set by Sir Reginald Blomfield's Quadrant.[21] The architect Norman Shaw, then aged 73, was brought in to draw up proposals for the Circus and the Quadrant after early plans were felt to be unsatisfactory. His scheme was approved in principle but subject to indecision and dispute, both on property acquisition and retailers' demand for bigger display windows.[20] Shaw's design for the Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Hotel was completed in 1908 with modifications, while the Quadrant was rebuilt by Blomfield, adapting Shaw's designs. The work started in 1923 and was completed by 1928.[21] Significantly, no accommodation was built above any of the retail properties, contributing to the demise of the West End as a place of residence.[23] A limited number of architects were responsible for the redesigned street, including Sir John James Burnet,[24] Arthur Joseph Davis[25] and Henry Tanner.[26]

Photograph of Regent Street
Regent Street
in 1942, facing Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus

Work was delayed by World War I[20] and it was not until 1927 that its completion was celebrated by King George V
George V
and Queen Mary driving in state along its length.[23] The only remaining Nash building is All Souls Church and all the buildings on the street are at least Grade II listed. All the properties are in the Regent Street
Regent Street
Conservation Area.[27] Crown Estate redevelopment[edit] By the 1970s, Regent Street
Regent Street
had started to decline because of under-investment and competition from neighbouring areas such as Oxford Street
Oxford Street
or shopping centres away from Central London. In 2002, the Crown Estate, which owns most of Regent Street
Regent Street
on behalf of the Queen, started a major redevelopment programme.[28] In 2013 the Estate sold a quarter of the 270,000-square-foot (25,000 m2) Regent Street Quadrant 3 building to the Norwegian Oil Fund,[29] while later that year, Hackett London bought the lease for the Ferrari
Ferrari
store on Regent Street
Regent Street
for £4m. Smaller shops have been replaced by larger units; the street is now the flagship location of several major brands, including Apple and Banana Republic.[28] The largest part of the plan was the reconstruction of the Quadrant close to Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus, which was completed in 2011. It offers 200,000 square feet (19,000 m2) of office space spanning over seven floors. Two Art Deco-designed restaurants have also been restored, and the development includes a small number of apartments.[30] The Crown Estate moved its own headquarters from Carlton House
Carlton House
Terrace to Regent Street
Regent Street
in 2006.[31] Properties[edit] Retail[edit]

Liberty is at the junction of Regent Street
Regent Street
with Great Marlborough Street

The department store Dickins and Jones was established at No. 54 Oxford Street
Oxford Street
as Dickins and Smith before moving to Nos. 232–234 Regent Street
Regent Street
in 1835. It was renamed to Dickins and Jones in the 1890s after John Pritchard Jones became a business partner, and by the turn of the 20th century employed over 200 people. It became part of the Harrods
Harrods
group in 1914, and expanded to cover Nos. 224–244 in 1922, in a new building designed by Sir Henry Tanner. In 1959, House of Fraser
House of Fraser
took over the store by buying the Harrods
Harrods
group.[32] In 2005, House of Fraser
House of Fraser
announced that the store would close the following year, after it had been making a loss for several years and not kept up with more fashion-conscious department stores elsewhere. The building has been redeveloped with small shop units on the lower floors and flats and offices above.[32][33] The Liberty department store is based at Nos. 210–220. It was founded by entrepreneur Arthur Lasenby Liberty, who had been inspired by the 1862 International Exhibition
1862 International Exhibition
and wanted to open an oriental warehouse. He opened his first shop, East India House in 1875 at No. 218a, selling silk garments and various oriental goods. The shop expanded into other properties on Regent Street
Regent Street
in the 1880s, separated by a jeweller's shop which was bridged by a double staircase called the "Camel's Back." Liberty later took over all of Nos. 140–150 Regent Street.[34] In 1925, this complex was replaced by two new buildings, and a mock tudor building (built by architects Edwin T. Hall
Edwin T. Hall
and his son Edwin S. Hall, constructed from the timbers of two ships, the HMS Impregnable, and the HMS Hindustan) on neighbouring Great Marlborough Street
Great Marlborough Street
connected by a footbridge over Kingly Street, which separates the properties.[34] The toy store Hamleys
Hamleys
is at No. 188 Regent Street, just south of Oxford Circus. It was founded as Noah's Ark at No. 231 High Holborn in 1760.[35] An additional branch opened at Nos. 64–66 Regent Street
Regent Street
in 1881, while the original High Holborn
High Holborn
building burned down in 1901, moving to Nos. 86–87. The store was frequently the first to market the latest games and toys, and became a strong seller of table tennis equipment in the late 19th century, allowing the sport to become popular. The business moved to Nos. 200–202,[36] and moved to the current address in 1981. It claims to be the largest toy shop in the world.[37] The main London branch of the clothing store Jaeger is at Nos. 200–206 Regent Street. It was founded in 1884 by Lewis Tomalin, who was inspired by naturalist Gustav Jäger's pioneering use of anti-animal fibre-based clothing. The first shop, on Fore Street, had "Doctor Jaeger's Sanitary Woollen System" inscribed above the door. Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
was a regular visitor to the shop. Henry Morton Stanley is known to have worn Jaeger clothing during his search for Dr. David Livingstone
David Livingstone
in Africa, as is Robert Falcon Scott
Robert Falcon Scott
on his fated trip to the South Pole. The company moved to Regent Street
Regent Street
in 1935.[38]

The Apple Store
Apple Store
on Regent Street

The Apple Store
Apple Store
opened on Regent Street
Regent Street
on 20 November 2004. At the time, this was the first such store in Europe,[39] with the others being in the United States and Japan. It was the largest Apple store worldwide until the opening of an even larger store in Covent Garden in August 2010.[40] Austin Reed's flagship store was at Nos. 103–113 Regent Street for more than 85 years.[41] It had an atrium at its centre, housing glass lifts allowing viewing across all floors. The lower ground floor sold womenswear and also housed Austin's, the refurbished Art Deco Barber Shop.[42] In May 2011, the British fashion retailer Superdry announced it would move into the building, paying £12m for the lease. In return, Austin Reed moved to a former Aquascutum
Aquascutum
shop on the other side of the road.[43] In 2016, Austin Reed filed for administration, ending over 100 years' presence on Regent Street.[44] In 2017, Microsoft
Microsoft
announced plans to open a flagship retail store on Regent Street.[45][46] Broadcasting[edit]

Broadcasting House
Broadcasting House
is immediately north of the top end of Regent Street, and has been used by the BBC
BBC
since 1932

Immediately north of Regent Street
Regent Street
is the BBC's headquarters, Broadcasting House, whose front entrance is in Langham Place. Several national radio stations are broadcast from this building. The site had formerly been a building on the gardens of Foley House designed by James Wyatt
James Wyatt
and called Wyatt's House. It was demolished in 1928 (with much of the fixtures ending up in the Victoria and Albert Museum) to construct Broadcasting House. Construction was challenging because the building had to be visually similar to other properties on Regent Street, yet also contain over twenty soundproofed studios. The exterior is built of Portland stone
Portland stone
and above the front entrance is a sculpture by Eric Gill.[47] Broadcasting House
Broadcasting House
was first used by the BBC
BBC
on 2 May 1932, and total construction costs were £350,000. It was too small for all services, and St George's Hall, next to All Souls, was used for variety broadcasts until it was demolished during the Blitz. On 15 October 1940, the building took a direct hit, killing seven people, and later that year a landmine exploded on Portland Place, causing widespread fires in Broadcasting House. Despite the damage, it survived the war and became one of the best known buildings associated with radio broadcasting. Subsequently, the BBC
BBC
expanded with additional studios at Maida Vale,[47] followed by the former[48] headquarters of BBC Television, BBC
BBC
Television Centre at Wood Lane.[47] In the 2000s, Broadcasting House
Broadcasting House
was expanded to include a new wing and modernise the site, replacing earlier extensions. It was designed by MacCormac Jamieson Prichard.[49] Originally named the Egton Wing, it was renamed to the John Peel
John Peel
Wing in 2012, in memory of the radio broadcaster.[50] The Paris Theatre was located in a converted cinema in Lower Regent Street, near other BBC
BBC
buildings. Several rock groups performed live concerts here, including The Beatles, Queen and Pink Floyd, which were simultaneously recorded for broadcast. The BBC
BBC
stopped using the theatre in 1995.[51] University of Westminster[edit] Main article: University of Westminster

The University of Westminster's official flag in royal blue above No. 309 Regent Street

The University of Westminster's main campus at No. 309 Regent Street was founded in 1838 under George Cayley
George Cayley
and rebuilt under Quintin Hogg in 1911. It is one of the oldest educational institutions in Central London.[52] Historically, the University was once also titled as the Royal Polytechnic Institution
Royal Polytechnic Institution
(after a royal charter had been formally received in August 1839[53] and Prince Albert became a patron to the institution). It has also been called "The Polytechnic at Regent Street" and the Polytechnic of Central London
Polytechnic of Central London
(PCL).[54] The University houses the Regent Street Cinema
Regent Street Cinema
which acted as a platform for major scientists, artists and authors such as Charles Dickens,[55] John Henry Pepper,[56] and The Lumière Brothers (Auguste and Louis Lumière) where public and private screenings of Cinématographe were shown to an audience.[57] The cinema was restored and reopened to the public in May 2015.[58] Other[edit]

All Souls Church next to Broadcasting House, as seen from The Heights

All Souls Church is at the top of Regent Street
Regent Street
next to Broadcasting House. It was built in 1823 out of Bath stone
Bath stone
and consecrated in 1824, and is the only surviving building in Regent Street
Regent Street
that was designed by John Nash.[19][59] The Café Royal, located at 68 Regent Street
Regent Street
in the Quadrant, was opened in 1865 by Daniel Nicols
Daniel Nicols
and became an institution of London high society. In 1895 Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
argued with Frank Harris
Frank Harris
in the café about his proposal to sue the Marquess of Queensberry for libel over Wilde's alleged homosexuality. Wilde went ahead with the trial, which ultimately led to his own arrest and imprisonment. The present building, by Sir Reginald Blomfield, dates from 1928 and is Grade II listed. It was closed in 2008 and the building which houses the café was bought by a subsidiary of Alrov Group,[60] as a part of Crown Estate's plans to redevelop this part of Regent Street.[61] It is the oldest shop on Regent Street.[27] Events[edit]

Nigel Mansell
Nigel Mansell
driving a Jordan Formula One
Formula One
car on Regent Street
Regent Street
in 2004

Regent Street
Regent Street
is home to several events throughout the year.[62] The Regent Street
Regent Street
Festival happens annually, and during this time, the street is closed to traffic.[63] In September, there is a series of fashion-related events, dubbed as Fashion and Design Month (FDM), which has been running since 2015.[64][65] In an interview with David Shaw, the head of the Regent Street
Regent Street
Portfolio, he said that for FDM 2016, they worked with many "talented individuals across a variety of events, combining creative talent with our established stores."[64] There have been Christmas lights on Regent Street
Regent Street
in various forms since 1882.[19] The current regular displays date from 1948, when the Regent Street
Regent Street
Association decorated the street with trees.[66] Since 1954, the Regent Street
Regent Street
Association have arranged annual Christmas lights. There is a different display every year and the switching on ceremony occurs during November.[67] On 6 July 2004, half a million people crowded into Regent Street
Regent Street
and the surrounding streets to watch a parade of Formula One
Formula One
cars.[68] In 2016, the sport's chief manager, Bernie Ecclestone, speculated that a London Grand Prix may potentially happen in the future, including Regent Street
Regent Street
as a part of the circuit.[69] Cultural references[edit] The character Lord Frederick Verisopht in Charles Dickens' Nicholas Nickelby lived in an apartment in Regent Street. This reflected the nature of the street in the mid-19th century when it was still a fashionable residence for the upper class.[70] In August 1839, the first British commercial production of daguerreotype photographs were carried out in a property on Regent Street, shortly after the process had been publicly documented.[12] Regent Street
Regent Street
is a location on the British version of Monopoly as a group of three green squares with Oxford Street
Oxford Street
and Bond Street. The three properties are grouped together as they are all known for their retail and commercial backgrounds.[71]

See also[edit]

London portal

List of eponymous roads in London New Regent Street
New Regent Street
in Christchurch, New Zealand

References[edit] Notes

^ The section between Waterloo Place and Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus; colloquially known as "'Lower Regent Street" was officially renamed to " Regent Street
Regent Street
St James" 2014.[2] ^ This photograph has a wide field of view. In reality, the curvature is not as extreme.

Citations

^ a b "Regent Street". Retrieved 16 October 2014.  ^ City Management and Communities results of Traffic Order Consultation – Ref: 7053 Regent Street
Regent Street
St James's
St James's
Renaming A Length of Regent Street
Regent Street
(PDF) (Report). London Borough of Westminster Council. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2017.  ^ Timbs 1867, p. 710. ^ a b c "Regent Street". Google Maps. Retrieved 1 September 2016.  ^ Gelbart, Hannah (4 December 2015). " Oxford Circus
Oxford Circus
Tube station 'closes every three days' for overcrowding". BBC
BBC
News. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 8 September 2016.  ^ "Standard Tube Map" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 8 September 2016.  ^ "Central London Bus Map" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2016.  ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 341. ^ a b c d e Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 685. ^ Stern, Robert A.M.; Fishman, David; Tilove, Jacob (2013). Paradise Planned: The Garden Suburb and the Modern City. The Monacelli Press. p. 23. ISBN 1580933262.  ^ a b c d Westminster, p. 6. ^ a b Walford, Edward (1878). Regent Street
Regent Street
and Piccadilly. Old and New London. 4. London. pp. 246–262. Retrieved 7 September 2016.  ^ a b c d Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 686. ^ Weightman et al. 2007, p. 23. ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, pp. 685–6. ^ Hobhouse 2008, p. 7. ^ Hobhouse 2008, p. 194. ^ a b Moore 2003, p. 254. ^ a b c d Moore 2003, p. 255. ^ a b c d Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 687. ^ a b c The rebuilding of Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
and the Regent Street Quadrant. Survey of London. 31–32. pp. 85–100. Retrieved 30 August 2016.  ^ a b Westminster, p. 7. ^ a b Weightman et al. 2007, p. 110. ^ Wardleworth, Dennis (2013). William Reid Dick, Sculptor. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 81–2. ISBN 978-1-409-43971-4.  ^ Allinson, Kenneth (2008). The Architects and Architecture of London. Routledge. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-750-68337-1.  ^ Westminster, p. 26. ^ a b Reynolds, Laura (19 August 2016). "12 Secrets Of Regent Street". Londonist. Retrieved 6 September 2016.  ^ a b Ruddick, Graham (25 April 2013). "Regent Street's revival gives hope to high streets everywhere". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 September 2016.  ^ "Norway's $815 bln oil fund buys into London property". Reuters. Retrieved 16 May 2014.  ^ "Conversion of Regent Palace Hotel into £300m retail development completed". The Guardian. 7 November 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2016.  ^ "HRH opens the environmentally friendly headquarters of the Crown Estate in London". HM Government. 9 June 2006. Retrieved 8 September 2016.  ^ a b Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 236. ^ Hamilton, Alan (17 June 2005). "'Stuffy' retail giant shuts as owner cuts its cloth". The Times. News UK. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2013.  ^ a b Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 483. ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 371. ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 372. ^ "The history of Hamleys
Hamleys
– London's famous toy shop". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 10 February 2013.  ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 440. ^ "Apple to Open First Retail Store in Europe on London's Regent Street on Saturday November 20th". Apple News. 18 November 2004. Retrieved 1 September 2016.  ^ "World's biggest Apple store opens in Covent Garden". BBC
BBC
News. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2016.  ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 684. ^ Oulton & Paterson 2000, p. 58. ^ " Superdry
Superdry
in £12m Austin Reed deal". The Daily Telegraph. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2016.  ^ "Austin Reed files notice for administration". The Daily Telegraph. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2016.  ^ "Flagship Microsoft
Microsoft
Store planned for Regent Street
Regent Street
in London – The Official Microsoft
Microsoft
Blog". The Official Microsoft
Microsoft
Blog. 21 September 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ " Microsoft
Microsoft
confirms plans for a new flagship store in Regent Street opposite Apple". TechCrunch. Oath Inc.
Oath Inc.
21 September 2017. Archived from the original on 24 September 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ a b c Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 100. ^ Conlan, Tara; Plunkett, John (1 April 2013). " BBC
BBC
Television Centre to be redeveloped as a 'digital experience'". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 September 2016.  ^ "The new BBC
BBC
Broadcasting House: So what does £1bn buy?". The Guardian. 23 January 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  ^ " BBC
BBC
to name wing of new Broadcasting House
Broadcasting House
after John Peel". BBC Media Centre. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  ^ " BBC
BBC
Heritage Trail Buildings". History of the BBC. Retrieved 30 August 2016.  ^ "175 years – About us – University of Westminster, London". Westminster.ac.uk. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.  ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 732. ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 652. ^ "'The Goblin Court', Royal Polytechnic Institution
Royal Polytechnic Institution
lantern slide". National Media Museum. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.  ^ New Scientist. 1 September 1977. Retrieved 6 September 2013.  ^ Hibbert et al. 2010, p. 960. ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (6 May 2015). "Remaking a classic: Regent Street Cinema to reopen doors after 35 years". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.  ^ Summerson 1962, p. 220. ^ "Cafe Royal sale". Daily Telegraph. 14 April 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2009.  ^ McSmith, Andy (23 December 2008). "Last orders at the Café Royal". The Independent. London.  ^ "Events – Regent Street
Regent Street
London". Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2016.  ^ " Regent Street
Regent Street
Festival". Time Out. 26 September 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2016.  ^ a b Marfil, Lorelei (1 September 2016). "London's Regent Street Hosts Series of Fashion Events in September". Women's Wear Daily. Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2016.  ^ Goode, Alex (25 August 2015). "Karl Lagerfeld to host free events on Regent Street". Eventmagazine.co.uk. Haymarket Media Group. Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2016.  ^ "London Christmas Lights – Regent Street". The Met Office. Retrieved 6 September 2016.  ^ Curtis, Sophie (14 November 2015). "Largest ever Christmas light installation brings Regent Street
Regent Street
heritage to life". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 7 September 2016. Retrieved 7 September 2016.  ^ "London GP 'could happen'". BBC
BBC
News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 6 July 2004. Archived from the original on 7 September 2016. Retrieved 7 September 2016.  ^ Noble, Jonathan (10 May 2016). "Why latest London Grand Prix talk is nonsense". Motorsport.com. Retrieved 1 September 2016.  ^ Paterson, Michael (2012). Inside Dickens' London. David & Charles. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-446-35479-7.  ^ Moore 2003, p. 241.

Sources

Hibbert, Christopher; Weinreb, Ben; Keay, John; Keay, Julia (2010). "Regent Street". The London Encyclopaedia
The London Encyclopaedia
(3rd ed.). Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-405-04924-5.  Hobhouse, Hermione (2008). A History of Regent Street: A Mile of Style. Phillimore. ISBN 978-1-860-77248-1.  Moore, Tim (2003). Do Not Pass Go. Vintage. ISBN 978-0-099-43386-6.  Oulton, Jenny; Paterson, David (2000). "Opening-Time In The West End". London Dawn to Dusk: Celebration of a City. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 1-85974-517-2.  Summerson, John (1962). Georgian London (Revised ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.  Timbs, John (1867). "Regent Street". Curiosities of London (2nd ed.). London: J.C. Hotten. OCLC 12878129.  Weightman, Gavin; Humphries, Steve; Mack, Joanna; Taylor, John (2007). The Making of Modern London. Random House. ISBN 978-0-091-92004-3.  City of Westminster Conservation Area Directory No.12 (PDF) (Report). Westminster City Council. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

Herbert Fry (1880), "Regent Street", London in 1880, London: David Bogue . (bird's eye view) The Architecture of Regent Street, The Crown Estate, London, 2005. Westminster, James (1963), F H W Sheppard, ed., Survey of London: Volumes 31 and 32, St James Westminster, Part 2 

External links[edit]

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Buildings and structures

Bridges

Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

Entertainment venues

Cinemas

Empire, Leicester Square BFI IMAX Odeon, Leicester Square

Football stadia

Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London Stadium
London Stadium
(West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(rugby)

Theatres

Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville

Other

Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena

Government

10 Downing Street Admiralty Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

British Museum Cutty Sark Golden Hinde HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Madame Tussauds Museum of London National Gallery National Maritime Museum Natural History Museum Royal Academy of Arts Royal Observatory Science Museum Tate Britain Tate Modern Tower of London Victoria and Albert Museum

Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral

Retailing

Shops

Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's
St James's
Palace

Unoccupied

Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace

Skyscrapers

Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42

Structures

Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London Eye London Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch

Transport

City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross
Charing Cross
station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool Street station London Bridge
London Bridge
station Paddington station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car

Other

Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House

Parks

Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park

Other

Battersea Park Burgess Park Clapham Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse Guards Parade Leicester Square Oxford Circus Parliament Square Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square

Streets

Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Chancery Lane Charing Cross
Charing Cross
Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

v t e

University of Westminster

Academics

Centres and Institutes

China Media Centre Docwest Policy Studies Institute Westminster Business School

Buildings

Quintin Hogg Memorial Sports Ground University of Westminster
University of Westminster
Boathouse Quintin and Alice Hogg Memorial Westminster International University in Tashkent
Westminster International University in Tashkent
(WIUT)

Athletics

Hanover United F.C.
Hanover United F.C.
(Polytechnic F.C.) Polytechnic Rowing club The Polytechnic Stadium Studd Trophy

Life

UWSU The QH Smoke Radio

People

Chancellor Lord Paul Vice-chancellor Geoffrey Petts Royal Patrons Elizabeth II George V Albert, Prince Consort Other people Notable alumni Notable faculty and staff

Affiliates

AMBA Association of Commonwealth Universities Compostela Group European University Association International Association of Universities Universities UK

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