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Powys
Powys
(/ˈpoʊ.ɪs/ or /ˈpaʊ.ɪs/;[1] Welsh: [ˈpowɪs]) is a principal area, local-government county and preserved county in Mid Wales. It is named after the successor Kingdom of Powys, which formed after the Romans withdrew from Britain.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Heraldry 4 Government 5 Quality of life 6 Places of interest

6.1 Cave systems 6.2 Lakes, reservoirs and waterfalls 6.3 Museums and exhibitions 6.4 Castles 6.5 Walks 6.6 Others

7 Main railway lines 8 Heritage railway lines 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Geography[edit]

See the list of places in Powys
Powys
for all towns and villages in Powys.

Powys
Powys
covers the historic counties of Montgomeryshire
Montgomeryshire
and Radnorshire, most of Brecknockshire
Brecknockshire
(Breconshire), and a small part of Denbighshire – an area of 5,179 km² (2,000 sq miles), making it the largest unitary authority in Wales
Wales
by land area and about the same size as the country of Trinidad and Tobago. It is bounded to the north by Gwynedd, Denbighshire
Denbighshire
and Wrexham; to the west by Ceredigion
Ceredigion
and Carmarthenshire; to the east by Shropshire and Herefordshire; and to the south by Rhondda Cynon Taf, Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
and Neath Port Talbot. Most of Powys
Powys
is mountainous, with north-south transport being difficult. The majority of the Powys
Powys
population lives in villages and small towns. The largest towns are Newtown, Ystradgynlais, Brecon, and Welshpool
Welshpool
with populations of 12,783, 9,004, 7,901 and 6,269 respectively (2001). Powys
Powys
has the lowest population density of all the principal areas of Wales. Just under a third of the residents have Welsh linguistic skills: Welsh speakers are concentrated mainly in the rural areas both in and around Machynlleth, Llanfyllin
Llanfyllin
and Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant
Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant
(where William Morgan first translated the whole Bible into Welsh in 1588) in Montgomeryshire
Montgomeryshire
(Welsh: Sir Drefaldwyn), and the industrial area of Ystradgynlais
Ystradgynlais
in the extreme south-west of Brecknockshire
Brecknockshire
(Welsh: Sir Frycheiniog). Radnorshire
Radnorshire
(Welsh: Sir Faesyfed) was almost completely Anglicised by the end of the 18th century. The 2001 census records show 21% of the population of Powys
Powys
were able to speak Welsh at that time, the same as for Wales
Wales
as a whole.[2] History[edit] The county is named after the ancient Welsh Kingdom of Powys, which in the sixth century AD included the northern two thirds of the area as well as most of Shropshire
Shropshire
and adjacent areas now in England, and came to an end when it was occupied by Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
of Gwynedd during the 1260s. The uplands retain evidence of occupation from long before the Kingdom of Powys, and before the Romans, who built roads and forts across the area. There are 1130 identified burial mounds within the county, of varying styles and ages, dating from 4000BC to 1000BC, most of them belonging to the Bronze Age.[3] Of these, 339 are Scheduled Monuments. Standing stones, most again dating to the Bronze Age, also occur in large numbers, 276 being found across the county, of which 92 are scheduled. From the Iron Age, the county has 90 scheduled Hill forts and a further 54 enclosures and settlement sites. Main article: Scheduled Monuments in Powys Heraldry[edit] The gold in the county coat of arms symbolises the wealth of the area. Black is for both mining and the Black Mountains. The fountain is a medieval heraldic charge displayed as a roundel barry wavy Argent and Azure. It represents water, and refers to both the water catchment area and the rivers and lakes. Thus, the arms contain references to the hills and mountains, rivers and lakes, water supply and industry. The crest continues the colouring of the arms. A tower has been used in preference to a mural crown, which alludes to the county's military history and remains. From the tower rises a red kite, a bird almost extinct elsewhere in Britain but thriving here. The bird is "semy of black lozenges" for the former coal mining industry while the golden fleece it carries is a reference to the importance of sheep rearing in Powys.[4] The county motto is: Powys
Powys
– the paradise of Wales
Wales
(Welsh: Powys Paradwys Cymru). Government[edit]

Powys
Powys
from 1974–1996.

See also: Powys
Powys
County Council Powys
Powys
was originally created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, and originally had Montgomery and Radnor and Brecknock as districts under it, which were based directly on the former administrative counties. On 1 April 1996, the districts were abolished, and Powys
Powys
was reconstituted as a unitary authority, with a minor border adjustment in the north-east (specifically the addition of the communities of Llansilin
Llansilin
and Llangedwyn
Llangedwyn
from Glyndwr
Glyndwr
district in Clwyd, along with the movement of the border so that all of, and not as previously half of, Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant
Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant
was in Powys, all historically part of Denbighshire). The first Lord Lieutenant of Powys was previously the Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. The Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
of Brecknockshire
Brecknockshire
and Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire
Radnorshire
were appointed as Lieutenants. The present Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
is The Hon. Mrs Elizabeth Shân Legge-Bourke LVO
LVO
of Crickhowell. In December 2007 Powys
Powys
was awarded Fairtrade
Fairtrade
County status by the Fairtrade
Fairtrade
Foundation.[5] Quality of life[edit] Recent research suggests that Powys
Powys
is the happiest place in the UK,[6] although the researchers noted that the numbers were not statistically significant.[6]

Places of interest[edit]

Cave systems[edit]

Ogof Agen Allwedd Ogof Craig a Ffynnon Ogof Ffynnon Ddu Ogof y Daren Cilau

Lakes, reservoirs and waterfalls[edit]

The Elan Valley Reservoirs: Lake Vyrnwy Llangorse Lake Llyn Clywedog Pistyll y Llyn
Pistyll y Llyn
– one of the highest waterfalls in Wales Pistyll Rhaeadr Water-breaks-its-neck – waterfall in Radnorshire Waterfall Country, waterfalls on the upper tributaries of the River Neath

Museums and exhibitions[edit]

Brecknock Museum, Brecon, Centre for Alternative Technology, Machynlleth Llandrindod Wells
Llandrindod Wells
Museum Llanidloes
Llanidloes
Museum Newtown Textile Museum Powysland Museum, Welshpool The Judge's Lodging, Presteigne The Old Bell Museum, Montgomery The Robert Owen
Robert Owen
Museum, Newtown The Rhayader
Rhayader
Museum & Gallery, Rhayader, Powys The Wyeside Arts Centre, Builth
Builth
Wells, Powys

Castles[edit]

Dolforwyn Castle Montgomery Castle Powis Castle Tretower Castle Aberedw
Aberedw
Castle Castell Du Bronllys
Bronllys
Castle

Walks[edit]

The Wye Valley Walk
Wye Valley Walk
from Chepstow
Chepstow
to Rhayader Offa's Dyke Path Glyndŵr's Way Severn Way Taff Trail The Sarn Sabrina circular walk from Llanidloes
Llanidloes
via the source of the River Severn
River Severn
(Welsh: Afon Hafren) in Hafren Forest, Plynlimon.[7][8]

Others[edit]

The Black Mountains Brecon
Brecon
Beacons Radnor Forest Welshpool
Welshpool
and Llanfair Light Railway Welsh National Cycle Route Y Gaer, Brecon
Brecon
Roman fort Battle of Bryn Glas
Battle of Bryn Glas
site The Wyeside Arts Centre, Builth
Builth
Wells, Powys Three stages of the 2015 Wales
Wales
Rally GB[9] List of churches in Powys

Main railway lines[edit]

Cambrian Line Heart of Wales
Wales
Line

Heritage railway lines[edit]

Welshpool
Welshpool
and Llanfair Light Railway Brecon
Brecon
Mountain Railway

See also[edit]

List of Lord Lieutenants of Powys List of High Sheriffs of Powys List of schools in Powys List of churches in Powys

References[edit]

^ POH-iss with the vowels of "goat" and "kit" or POW-iss, with the vowels of "mouth" and "kit" ^ Welsh Language Board, (disbanded 2012), Archived version of the statistics page, 30 March 2012 ^ Clwyd- Powys
Powys
Archaeological Trust: Introducing Prehistoric burial and ritual sites. Accessed 6 April 2014 ^ "Powys". Heraldry of the world.  (Outdated file.) ^ Sally Williams. "FairTrade Resource Network". Retrieved 3 July 2008.  ^ a b McGrath, Matt (28 August 2008). "Britain's Happiest Places Mapped". BBC News. Retrieved 28 August 2008.  ^ "Sarn Sabrina Walk". Llanidloes
Llanidloes
Mid Wales. Retrieved 6 October 2012.  ^ Hopkins, Adele (17 April 2009). "Sarn Sabrina Walk 2009". Mid Wales Walks. BBC. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.  ^ " Wales
Wales
Rally GB heading to Mid Wales". Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. 5 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Powys.

Powys
Powys
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Powys County Council official site Powys
Powys
Heritage Tourism in Powys Coleg Powys Clwyd- Powys
Powys
Archaeological Trust Reducing the area's carbon footprint – Recycling and Composting in Powys

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Powys

Principal settlements

Brecon Builth
Builth
Wells Crickhowell Hay-on-Wye Knighton Llandrindod Wells Llanfair Caereinion Llanfyllin Llanidloes Llanwrtyd
Llanwrtyd
Wells Machynlleth Montgomery Newtown Presteigne Rhayader Talgarth Welshpool Ystradgynlais

Communities

Abbey Cwmhir Aberedw Aberhafesp Banwy Bausley with Criggion Beguildy Berriew Bettws Brecon Bronllys Builth Cadfarch Caersws Carno Carreghofa Castle Caereinion Churchstoke Cilmery Clyro Cray Crickhowell Disserth and Trecoed Duhonw Dwyriw Erwood Felin-fach Forden with Leighton and Trelystan Gladestry Glantwymyn Glasbury Glascwm Glyn Tarell Guilsfield Gwernyfed Hay Honddu Isaf Kerry Knighton Llanafan Fawr Llanbadarn Fawr Llanbadarn Fynydd Llanbister Llanbrynmair Llanddew Llanddewi Ystradenny Llandinam Llandrindod Wells Llandrinio Llandysilio Llandyssil Llanelwedd Llanerfyl Llanfair Caereinion Llanfechain Llanfihangel Llanfihangel Cwmdu with Bwlch
Bwlch
and Cathedine Llanfihangel Rhydithon Llanfrynach Llanfyllin Llangamarch Llangattock Llangedwyn Llangors Llangunllo Llangurig Llangynidr Llangyniew Llangynog Llanidloes Llanidloes
Llanidloes
Without Llanigon Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant Llansantffraid Llansilin Llanwddyn Llanwrthwl Llanwrtyd
Llanwrtyd
Wells Llanyre Llywel Machynlleth Maescar Manafon Meifod Merthyr Cynog Mochdre Montgomery Nantmel New Radnor Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn Old Radnor Painscastle Pen-y-bont-fawr Penybont Presteigne Rhayader St Harmon Talgarth Talybont-on-Usk Tawe Uchaf The Vale of Grwyney Trallong Trefeglwys Treflys Tregynon Trewern Welshpool Whitton Yscir Ystradfellte Ystradgynlais

Towns and villages

Abbeycwmhir Aber Clydach Aberbechan Aberbran Abercegir Abercraf Abercynllaith Aberedw Abergwesyn Abergwydol Aberhafesp Aberhosan Abermule Abernant Abertridwr Aberyscir Adfa Aithnen Arddlin Bacheldre Beguildy Berriew Bettws Cedewain Beulah Bont Dolgadfan Boughrood Bronllys Builth
Builth
Wells Burgedin Buttington Bwlch Caehopkin Caersws Capel-y-ffin Carno Cathedine Cemmaes Road Church Stoke Cilmery Clatter Clyro Coelbren Commins Coch Crickhowell Criggion Crossgates Cwmdauddwr Cwmdu Cwmtwrch Cwmwysg Cwrt y Gollen Derwenlas Dolanog Dolfach Dolyhir Dylife Erwood Esgairgeiliog Forge Four Crosses Gladestry Glasbury Hay-on-Wye Heartsease Heol Senni Kerry Knucklas Libanus Llan Llanafan Fawr Llanbrynmair Llanddew Llandinam Llandrinio Llandysilio Llanelwedd Llanfair Caereinion Llanfechain Llanfihangel Nant Bran Llanfyllin Llangadfan Llangammarch Wells Llangedwyn Llangors Llangurig Llangynidr Llangynog Llangynyw Llanllwchaiarn Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant Llansantffraed Llansanffraid-ym-Mechain Llansilin Llanwchaiarn Llanwrin Llanwrthwl Llanwrtyd
Llanwrtyd
Wells Llanwrtyd Llanymynech Llanyre Llawryglyn Llyswen Llywel Meifod Milebrook Morben Nant Glas New Radnor Newbridge-on-Wye Old Church Stoke Painscastle Pandy Pant-y-Dwr Partrishow Penegoes Pennant Penwyllt Penybont Pilleth Plas Esgair Pont Crugnant Pontdolgoch Pontrobert Sarn Sennybridge St Harmon Staylittle Sycharth Talerddig Talgarth Talybont-on-Usk Three Cocks Tirabad Trecastle Trefeglwys Tregynon Trewern Tylwch Van, Llanidloes Ystradfellte

Castles

Aberysgir Castle Aberedw
Aberedw
Castle Castell Dinas Castell Du Cefnllys Colwyn Castle Dolforwyn Castle Llangoed Hall Mediomanum Montgomery Castle Painscastle Powis Castle Tretower Castle

Reservoirs and lakes

Beacons Reservoir Cantref Reservoir Clywedog reservoir Elan Valley Reservoirs Llangorse Lake Lake Vyrnwy Talybont Reservoir

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Electoral wards Places Schools SSSIs Scheduled Monuments Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

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Principal areas of Wales

Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda Cynon Taf Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan Wrexham Ynys Môn

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Preserved counties of Wales

Clwyd Dyfed Gwent Gwynedd Mid Glamorgan Powys South Glamorgan West Glamorgan

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Administrative geography of the United Kingdom

United Kingdom local government

History Subdivisions: Shrievalties Lieutenancy areas Counties (list)

England local government

History Subdivisions: Regions Ceremonial counties

list

Metropolitan and Non-metropolitan counties Unitary authorities (list) Districts (list) Civil parishes (list)

Northern Ireland local government

History Subdivisions: Counties Districts

Scotland local government

History Subdivisions: Sheriffdoms Lieutenancy areas Council areas Community council areas Civil parishes

Wales
Wales
local government

History Subdivisions: Preserved counties Principal areas Communities (list) Historic counties

Coordinates: 52°18′N 3°25′W / 52.300°N 3.417°W / 52

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