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Ploiești
Ploiești
(Romanian pronunciation: [ploˈjeʃtʲ]; older spelling: Ploești) is a city and county seat in Prahova County, Romania. Part of the historical region of Muntenia, it is located 56 km (35 mi) north of Bucharest. The area of the city is around 60 km2. It borders the Blejoi
Blejoi
village in the north, Bărcănești and Brazi
Brazi
villages in the south, Târgșoru Vechi
Târgșoru Vechi
in the west and Bucov
Bucov
village in the east. Ploiești
Ploiești
has direct access to the Prahova Valley, one of the most important alpine tourism areas in Romania. Ploiești
Ploiești
is an important transport hub, linking Bucharest
Bucharest
with Transylvania
Transylvania
and Moldavia. According to the 2011 Romanian census, there were 201,226 people living within the city of Ploiești, making it the 9th most populous in the country.

Contents

1 History

1.1 World War II

2 Demographics

2.1 Historical trends

3 Economy 4 Transportation 5 Culture 6 Education 7 Geology 8 Geography

8.1 Nearest Towns 8.2 Climate 8.3 Landscape and flora

9 Politics

9.1 Metropolitan area

10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns - sister cities

11 Natives 12 Gallery 13 See also 14 Notes and references 15 External links

History[edit]

WWII refineries (monthly metric tonnes):[3]

Astra Romania
Romania
(146,000) Colombia Aquila (45,000) Concordia Vega (110,000) Creditul Minier (45,000) Dacia Romana (15,000) Phoenix (65,000) Romana Americana (92,000) Standard Petrol Block[1] (36,000) Unirea Sperantza (33,000) Xenia (22,000)

Though likely settled much earlier, Ploiești
Ploiești
was first mentioned in documents in the 16th century, during the reign of Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave), Prince of Wallachia. It flourished as a center for trade and handicraft manufacturing in the 17th and 18th centuries. The road connecting Ploiești
Ploiești
to Brașov
Brașov
opened in 1864, and the railway arrived in 1882. Many schools and hospitals date from this time. In the mid-19th century the Ploiești
Ploiești
region was one of the world's leading oil extraction and refinery sites. The world's first large refinery[4] opened at Ploiești
Ploiești
in 1856-1857, with US investment. The city is also remembered as the site of the self-styled Republic of Ploiești, a short-lived 1870 revolt against the Romanian monarchy. Ploiești's oil production made it a target during the invasion of Romania
Romania
by the Central Powers
Central Powers
in 1916, but a British Army operation under John Norton-Griffiths destroyed production and sabotaged much of the infrastructure of the industry.[5] World War II[edit]

Columbia Aquila refinery burning after the raid of B-24 Liberator bombers, Operation Tidal Wave

Although badly damaged after the November 1940 earthquake, the city was a significant1 source of oil for Nazi Germany. The Allies made Ploiești
Ploiești
a target of the Oil Campaign of World War II
Oil Campaign of World War II
and attacked it repeatedly,[6] such as during the HALPRO and Operation Tidal Wave
Operation Tidal Wave
at a great loss, without producing any significant delay in operation or production. Ploiești
Ploiești
was captured by Soviet troops in August 1944. Following the war, the new Communist regime nationalised the oil industry, which had largely been privately owned, and made massive investments in the oil and petroleum industry in a bid to modernise the country and repair the war damage.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1810 2,024 —    

1859 26,468 +1207.7%

1899 45,107 +70.4%

1912 56,460 +25.2%

1930 79,149 +40.2%

1948 95,632 +20.8%

1956 114,544 +19.8%

1966 146,922 +28.3%

1977 199,699 +35.9%

1992 252,715 +26.5%

2002 232,527 −8.0%

2011 209,945 −9.7%

Source: Census data

The population of Ploiești
Ploiești
went from 56,460, as indicated by the December 1912 census returns, up to 252,715 in January 1992. Since the fall of Communism, however, the city's population continues to gently fall due both to emigration and to a declining birth rate. At the 2002 census, the population reduced to 232,527.[7] As of 2011 census data, Ploiești
Ploiești
has a population of 197,542, while the proposed Ploiești metropolitan area would have a population of 266,457.[1] The majority of the inhabitants are Romanians
Romanians
(90.64%), but a roma minority (2.4%) is also present in several neighborhoods of the city, predominantly in Bereasca, Mimiu and Radu de la Afumați.[8] For 6.65% of the population, the ethnicity is unknown.[9] Most of the people living in Ploiești
Ploiești
are Orthodox Christians (90.7%).[10] Historical trends[edit] The population of Ploiești
Ploiești
grew at a rapid pace because of the intense economic development of the area. In 1810, during the years of the Ottoman occupation there were only around 2024 inhabitants in the present-day city. In 1837 this grew to 3,000 inhabitants, 11 years after the Union in 1859 the population was 26,458 while in 1884 the number stood at 32,000. During the early 20th century, the population of Ploiești
Ploiești
grew even more, due to the expansion of the petrol industry. Even though the city was bombed during the World War II, the population of Ploiești
Ploiești
recovered, numbering 95.632 inhabitants in January 1948.

Census Ethnic composition

Year Population Romanians Hungarians Germans Serbs Jews Romani Russians Greeks Ukrainians

1930 79,149 69,139 1,591 1,307

2011 201,226 199,221 109 69 - - 1289 44 - 8

Economy[edit]

The A3 motorway links Ploiești
Ploiești
to Bucharest, 60 km (37 mi) to the south.

Former headquarters of Petrom, a Romanian oil company and the largest corporation in the country

After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, Ploiești
Ploiești
experienced rapid economic growth due to major investments from foreign companies. The city is situated at just 60 km (37 mi) north of Bucharest, with promising infrastructure projects currently underway. It is a strong industrial center, focused especially on the oil production and refining industry. Although oil production in the region is declining steadily, there is still a thriving processing industry with four operating oil refineries, linked by pipelines to Bucharest, the Black Sea port of Constanța
Constanța
and the Danube
Danube
port of Giurgiu. Ploiești
Ploiești
also has a long history as a textile manufacturing center. The city has become a hub of foreign investment. Companies such as OMV-Petrom, Lukoil, Shell Gas, Timken, Yazaki, Coca-Cola, Efes Pilsener, British American Tobacco, Federal-Mogul, and Interbrew have operations there, and retailers like Carrefour, Metro, Selgros, Kaufland, Billa, Bricostore, Praktiker, Lidl, Obi, Auchan, Profi, Mega Image have found in Ploiești
Ploiești
a continuously growing market. There are two McDonald's
McDonald's
restaurants in Ploiești
Ploiești
and three KFCs - the first opened in 2006 and the most recent in 2013 in AFI Palace Ploiești. The German retailer Tengelmann built a depot in Ploiești
Ploiești
to support a €200 million regional expansion plan. With its Interex (ro) operation, the French independent retailer Intermarché
Intermarché
intends to become a distribution leader in the Balkans. In Romania
Romania
the first Interex store was opened in June 2002 in Ploiești. The Interex depot and facilities were bought by Penny Market XXL in 2014.[11] Unilever
Unilever
has a detergent plant in Ploiești. By transferring their food production to Ploiești, the company will concentrate all its activities in Romania
Romania
at the same location. At the beginning of March 2006, Unilever
Unilever
announced they would invest money to build one production center in Romania, and the construction of the new food plant is part of this plan.[12] In 1950, as a milestone in the development of the petroleum, hydrocarbon processing, and petrochemical industries, the Engineering and Design Institute for Oil Refineries and Petrochemical
Petrochemical
Plants, SC IPIP SA, a Romanian company with a large range of capabilities and experience, was established at Ploiești. In Ploiești
Ploiești
there are four local television channels: Ploiești
Ploiești
TV, Valea Prahovei TV, Wyll TV and Prahova TV. Transportation[edit]

City bus in Ploiești

Ploiești
Ploiești
is situated on the A3 motorway (partially completed as of Spring 2014),[13] the main route to Romania's northern and western provinces and the Western EU. Henri Coandă International Airport
Henri Coandă International Airport
is 45 km (28 mi) distant, and the ski resorts of the Prahova Valley can be reached in an hour's drive. The scarcity of modern motorways and well-built roads around Ploiești, as in Romania
Romania
in general, makes transport a challenge. Under the scrutiny of the EU, several motorway improvement projects are planned or in progress. Ploiești
Ploiești
is the second most important railway center in the country after Bucharest, linking Bucharest
Bucharest
with Transylvania
Transylvania
and Moldavia. The city's public transportation system is run by Transport Călători Express (TCE Ploiești) and includes an extensive network of buses, trolleybuses and trams/streetcars. Ploiești's distinctive yellow bus fleet is one of the most modern in Southeastern Europe, providing connections to all areas within the city, for a daily average of 150,000 passengers. The municipal roads comprise over 800 streets with a total length of 324 km (201 mi). Around 5,300 vehicles transit Ploiești
Ploiești
each day, with East and West ring belts diverting much traffic. The municipal vehicle fleet comprised 216 buses, 32 trams and 25 trolleybuses carrying about 70 millions passengers annually. There are 33 bus lines, with a total length of 415.46 km (258.15 mi); two trolley-bus lines having a total length of 19.9 km (12.4 mi) and two tram lines having a total length of 23.8 km (14.8 mi). Culture[edit]

Palace of Culture

Ploiești
Ploiești
is home to the Ploiești
Ploiești
Philharmonic Orchestra—one of the top-rated philharmonic orchestras in Romania, a prominent football club, FC Petrolul Ploiești, women handball club CSM Ploiești
Ploiești
from Liga Națională and basketball team CSU Asesoft. There are many cultural and architectural monuments, including the Cultural Palace; the Clock Museum, featuring a collection of clocks and watches gathered by Nicolae Simache; the Oil Museum; the Art Museum of Ploiești, donated by the Quintus family; and the Hagi Prodan Museum, dating to 1785: the property of a merchant named Ivan Hagi Prodan, it contains elements of old Romanian architecture and for a short time after World War I
World War I
it hosted the first museum in Ploiești, "Prahova's Museum". In August 2011, Ploiești
Ploiești
hosted the Golden Carpathian European Film & Fair and Goran Bregovic
Goran Bregovic
concert. Several prominent writers have been affiliated with the city, including Ion Luca Caragiale, Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea, Ioan A. Bassarabescu, Nichita Stănescu, Geo Bogza, Radu Tudoran, composer Paul Constantinescu and philosopher Petre P. Negulescu. Three graduates of the "Sfinții Petru și Pavel" High school were presidents of the Romanian Academy: Andrei Rădulescu, Mihai Drăgănescu and Eugen Simion. Education[edit] The first school in Ploiești
Ploiești
was opened in 1777 and by 1832 several other elementary schools are opened. Secondary education is first offered in 1864. Ploiești
Ploiești
is home to the following universities and colleges:

Oil & Gas University, founded in 1948 [14] George Barițiu University, founded in 2002 [15]

Important secondary schools in Ploiești
Ploiești
are:

I.L. Caragiale National College Mihai Viteazul
Mihai Viteazul
National College National College "Jean Monnet" Virgil Madgearu Economic College Spiru Haret High school Al. Ioan Cuza National College Nichita Stănescu
Nichita Stănescu
National College Lazar Edeleanu Technical College Carmen Sylva National College (Liceul de artă) Constantin Brâncoveanu Military School Toma N. Socolescu Highschool Energetic Highschool

Geology[edit] The Mio- Pliocene
Pliocene
Zone in the Ploiești
Ploiești
region has been exploited for hydrocarbons and coal since the 19th Century.[16] The zone extends from the flysch on the north to the Moesian Platform on the south.[17] The zone is marked by alternating deposits of Clay, Marl, Shale
Shale
and Sand, conglomerate, Salt
Salt
and Limestone.[18] Structural traps and stratigraphic traps are formed from Salt
Salt
Diapirism
Diapirism
which gave rise to anticline folds and faulting.[18] There are four major alignments of the anticlines, all parallel to the Carpathian Range.[18] Pliocene sands are the main oil and gas producers, in particular the Meotian (60%) and Dacian (29%), followed by the Miocene
Miocene
Sarmatian (5%) but some oil exists in Miocene
Miocene
Helvetian and Oligocene
Oligocene
sandstones.[19] Major producing structures include Moreni-Gura Ocnitei, Baicoi-Tintea and Boldesti.[18]

Stratigraphic column of Eastern Carpathians and Moesian Platform[20]

Cross Section of Carpathian Bend[21]

Geologic features of the Carpathians[22]

Geography[edit]

Teleajen River
Teleajen River
in Prahova County

Ploiești
Ploiești
lies in the center of Muntenia, in the central-northern part of the Romanian Plain. It lies close to the capital city Bucharest
Bucharest
and it had close connections with the capital city throughout the centuries. Ploiești
Ploiești
lies at the 25°E meridian and the 44°55’N parallel (north). The city occupies a total surface of around 60 km2, out of which 35 km2 is suburban settlements. There exist two rivers in the proximity of the city: Prahova river, on the south-west, briefly passes through the city through the Brazi settlement and Teleajen River
Teleajen River
passes through the Blejoi, Bucov, Berceni villages. The city lies on Dâmbu River, which springs from the hills around the Băicoi
Băicoi
town. Nowadays the Dâmbu River doesn't have a high flow rate. Nearest Towns[edit]

Town Direction Distance

straight-line distance road distance rail distance

Bucharest S 56 km 60 km 59 km

Brăila E 155 km 170 km 176 km

Pitești W 91 km 111 km 149 km

Brașov NW 86 km 114 km 110 km

Târgoviște V 46 km 51 km 52 km

Buzău NE 66 km 71 km 69 km

Urziceni SE 55 km 60 km 55 km

Climate[edit] The climate is similar to that of the nation's capital, Bucharest. According to the Köppen climate classification, the city falls within the temperate humid continental climate(Dfa) of the hot summer type. The average annual temperature is 10.5 °C, with record minimum registered on 25 January 1952 of -30 °C while record maximum was registered on 19 July 2007 of 43 °C. On average, around 17 days are very cold, 26 cold, 99 warm and 30 tropical, while the rest have a moderate temperature. Average annual precipitations are 600 mm; 30–40 mm in January and 88 mm in June. Precipitations range between 963.9 mm registered in 1901 and 305.3 mm registered in 1930. Throughout the year, there are on average 104 days with rain, 26 with snow, 112 with clear skies, 131 with clouds and 122 with no sunshine. The climate of Ploiești
Ploiești
is influenced by the winds coming from north-east (40%) and south-east (23%), having an average speed of 3.1 m/s. On average, there are 11 days throughout the year with wind speed exceeding 11 m/s and only 2 days characterised by winds over 16 m/s. Atmospheric pressure is 748.2 mm.

Climate data for Ploiești

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 1 (34) 4 (39) 10 (50) 18 (64) 23 (73) 27 (81) 28 (82) 28 (82) 24 (75) 18 (64) 10 (50) 3 (37) 16.2 (61.2)

Average low °C (°F) −6 (21) −3 (27) 0 (32) 6 (43) 10 (50) 14 (57) 16 (61) 15 (59) 11 (52) 6 (43) 1 (34) −3 (27) 5.6 (42.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.6 (1.598) 35.6 (1.402) 38.1 (1.5) 45.7 (1.799) 71.1 (2.799) 76.2 (3) 63.5 (2.5) 58.4 (2.299) 43.2 (1.701) 33 (1.3) 48.3 (1.902) 43.2 (1.701) 596.9 (23.5)

Source: Weather Channel

Landscape and flora[edit] The city lies on the Romanian Plain, having an average altitude of 150m. The surrounding landscape is influenced by its position around the Prahova river, whose stream bed lies 25 km west. The Teleajen River passes through the city while the Dâmbu River passes through the north-eastern neighbourhoods. The vegetation of Ploiești
Ploiești
used to be characterised by a plain forest, made up predominantly of pedunculate oak trees (Quercus robur). Other varieties of oak trees such as the sessile oak (Quercus petraea) also existed. Remnants of the old forest still exist and some trees are currently protected, such as two old oak trees in Ghighiu, on the southern periphery of the city. In current times the vegetation is typical of urban settlements, made up of ornamental plants, plantations of chestnuts, aspen and black locust. Parks and other green areas are limited: the main boulevard area, the park next to the Sala Sporturilor, the park from the northern part of the city, the "Mihai Viteazul" park and another park next to the Bucov
Bucov
barrier. These occupy only around 85.5 ha, resulting in 3.2 m2 of green space per inhabitant.

Central park

Around the city one can also observe several endangered trees, which are protected by law. These include the giant redwood (Sequoiadendron giganteum) from the garden of the "Paul Constantinescu" museum. There also exist trees that have adapted to the local climate, such as figs. In some neighbourhoods more fruit trees and flowers are currently being planted. Politics[edit] The Ploiești
Ploiești
Municipal Council, elected in the 2016 local elections, is made up of 27 councillors, with the following party composition:

    Party Seats Current Council

Social Democratic Party 11                      

National Liberal Party 10                    

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 4      

People's Movement Party 2    

There exist approximatively 88,104 flats that are located in 21,172 buildings. 93% of the households have access to clean water, 90% have access to the sewage network, 98% have access to electricity and 78% are connected to the district heating system. Metropolitan area[edit]

Ploiești
Ploiești
metropolitan area

Main article: Ploiești
Ploiești
metropolitan area The metropolitan area of Ploiești
Ploiești
comprises 13 satellite towns. The area will become an important transit for two Pan-European motorway and rail corridors. The central administration of the area will coordonate the communication and transport networks, technological development and the reduction of the carbon footprint. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Romania Twin towns - sister cities[edit] Ploiești
Ploiești
is twinned with:

Berat
Berat
in Albania Dnipro
Dnipro
in Ukraine Harbin
Harbin
in China

Hîncești
Hîncești
in Moldova Lefkada in Greece Maracaibo
Maracaibo
in Venezuela

Oral in Kazakhstan Osijek
Osijek
in Croatia Radom
Radom
in Poland[23][24]

Amarousion
Amarousion
in Greece Tulsa
Tulsa
in United States Aspropyrgos
Aspropyrgos
in Greece

Natives[edit] For a list of notable people from Ploiesti, see Category:People from Ploiești.

Sports: Octavian Belu, Alexandru Dedu, Leonard Doroftei, Adrian Diaconu, Laurențiu Toma Architecture: Toma T. Socolescu Politics: Take Ionescu, Ștefan Gheorghiu (trade unionist), Corneliu Mănescu, Remus Opriș Academia: Liviu Librescu, Nicolae Simache Literature: Nichita Stănescu, Ion Stratan, Lucian Avramescu Science: Carol Nicolae Debie, Basarab Nicolescu Music: Leonida Constantin Brezeanu, Andreea Bălan, Ovidiu Bălan, Cezar Ouatu, Nico Film: Denis Stefan

Gallery[edit]

Synagogue

School of Arts and Crafts

St. George belfry

St. John the Baptist Cathedral

Museum of History and Archaeology

Nicolae Simache Clock Museum

Central Market Hall

Holy Voivodes Church

See also[edit]

Petrochemical
Petrochemical
industry in Romania

Notes and references[edit]

^1 Sources provide differing estimates regarding Romanian production:

1942: The Axis Oil Position in Europe, November 1942 by the Hartley Committee estimated that "Romanian oil fields" contributed 33% of Axis supplies.[25] 1944: "Ploiești, thirty-five miles (8.0 km) from Bucharest, supplied one-third of all the oil fuel Germany required for war purposes."[26] 1999: The fragile, concentrated Bucharest
Bucharest
facilities provided "60% of Germany's crude oil supply"[27]

^ a b "2011 Census press release" (PDF) (in Romanian). INSSE Prahova. February 2, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 1, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2012.  ^ "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 3 November 2017. CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) ^ "U.S. Air Force photo" [sic] [diagram] in Gurney, Gene (Major, USAF) (1962). "The War in the Air: a pictorial history of World War II Air Forces in combat". New York: Bonanza Books: 121.  ^ "WORLD EVENTS: 1844-1856". PBS.org. Retrieved 2009-04-22. world's first oil refinery  ^ Burg, David F. (2010). Almanac of World War I. L. Edward Purcell. University Press of Kentucky. p. 336. ISBN 9780813137711. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 7 December 1916 [...] Falkenhayn's Ninth Army turns to the north in hopes of capturing the oil fields and refineries at Ploesti, but Falkenhayn is too late: John Norton-Griffiths has done his work. The oil fields at Ploesti, Targoviste, and elsewhere are aflame and their refining facilities in ruins - a severe loss to the German war effort, as it will be months before production can be restored.  ^ Video: American Bombers Smash Axis Oil Fields In Romania
Romania
Etc. (1943). Universal Newsreel. 1943. Retrieved February 21, 2012.  ^ 2002 Census ^ "Palatele țigănești din Ploiești, luxul răzleț din cartierele sărace de romi" [Gyspsy palaces of Ploiești, the luxury within poor roma neighborhoods]. Adevărul
Adevărul
(in Romanian). 30 January 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2017.  ^ 2011 census results: "Tab8. Ethnicity data – counties, cities and villages". National Institute of Statistics - România. July 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-05.  ^ 2011 census results: "Tab13. Ethnicity data – counties, cities and villages". National Institute of Statistics - România. July 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-05.  ^ "Penny Market XXL, pe locul fostului magazin Interex Ploiești". Adevarul.ro. Retrieved 2014-04-08.  ^ Bucharest
Bucharest
Business Week, Unilever
Unilever
builds factory in Ploiești Archived 2009-01-10 at the Wayback Machine., March 10, 2006 ^ 'A3 Motorway
Motorway
Bucharest-Bors', retvd 4 12 14; http://130km.ro/a3_en.html ^ www.upg-ploiesti.ro/ ^ www.universitateagbaritiu.ro/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=68&Itemid=385 ^ Paraschiv, P., and Olteau, G., Oil Fields of Ploiești
Ploiești
District, Romania, in Geology of Giant Petroleum
Petroleum
Fields, AAPG Memoir 14, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1970, p. 401. ^ Paraschiv, P., and Olteau, G., Oil Fields of Ploiești
Ploiești
District, Romania, in Geology of Giant Petroleum
Petroleum
Fields, AAPG Memoir 14, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1970, p. 399. ^ a b c d Paraschiv, P., and Olteau, G., Oil Fields of Ploiești District, Romania, in Geology of Giant Petroleum
Petroleum
Fields, AAPG Memoir 14, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1970, p. 425. ^ Paraschiv, P., and Olteau, G., Oil Fields of Ploiești
Ploiești
District, Romania, in Geology of Giant Petroleum
Petroleum
Fields, AAPG Memoir 14, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1970, p. 415. ^ Pawlewicz, M., Total Petroleum
Petroleum
Systems of the Carpathian-Balkanian Basin Province of Romania
Romania
and Bulgaria, US Dept. Interior USGS Bulletin 2204-F, 2007, p. 9 ^ Pawlewicz, M., Total Petroleum
Petroleum
Systems of the Carpathian-Balkanian Basin Province of Romania
Romania
and Bulgaria, US Dept. Interior USGS Bulletin 2204-F, 2007, p. 6 ^ Pawlewicz, M., Total Petroleum
Petroleum
Systems of the Carpathian-Balkanian Basin Province of Romania
Romania
and Bulgaria, US Dept. Interior USGS Bulletin 2204-F, 2007, p. 5 ^ " Radom
Radom
- Miasta partnerskie" [ Radom
Radom
- Partnership cities]. Miasto Radom
Radom
[City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.  ^ " Radom
Radom
- miasta partnerskie" (in Polish). radom.naszestrony.pl. Archived from the original on 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2013-08-07.  ^ US Secretary (January 1943). Casablanca Conference: Papers and Minutes of Meetings. Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library; COMBINED CHIEFS OF STAFF: Conference proceedings, 1941–1945; Box 1: Office of the Combined Chiefs of Staff. pp. 40–43,88,256. Brehon Somervell[inside front cover] … DECLASSIFIED … 10/29/73 … U.S. SECRET … BRITISH MOST SECRET … COPY NO. 32[inside back cover]  ^ Turner, S.J., F. R. G. S -- maps (1944). Vol. 2 [September 3, 1941—August 15, 1943]. Pictorial History of the Second World War. Wm. H. Wise & Co., Inc. pp. 519–1020 [986].  ^ Modrovsky, Robert J. (April 1999). 1 August 1943 -- Today's Target is Ploesti: A Departure from Doctrine (pdf)format= requires url= (help). p. 4. 

External links[edit]

(in English), (in Romanian) Website of the town hall of Ploiești (in Romanian) RepublicaPloiești.net is a site specializing in architectural history of the City of Ploiești. It contains numerous photographs of the city taken between the beginning of the twentieth and 1945. Tramway in Ploiești (in Romanian) Map of Ploiești
Ploiești
with route planning, points of interest, public transport

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ploiești.

v t e

Prahova County, Romania

Cities

Ploiești
Ploiești
(county seat) Câmpina

Towns

Azuga Băicoi Boldești-Scăeni Breaza Bușteni Comarnic Mizil Plopeni Sinaia Slănic Urlați Vălenii de Munte

Communes

Adunați Albești-Paleologu Aluniș Apostolache Ariceștii Rahtivani Ariceștii Zeletin Baba Ana Balta Doamnei Bălțești Bănești Bărcănești Bătrâni Berceni Bertea Blejoi Boldești-Grădiștea Brazi Brebu Bucov Călugăreni Cărbunești Ceptura Cerașu Chiojdeanca Ciorani Cocorăștii Mislii Cocorăștii Colț Colceag Cornu Cosminele Drăgănești Drajna Dumbrava Dumbrăvești Filipeștii de Pădure Filipeștii de Târg Fântânele Florești Fulga Gherghița Gorgota Gornet Gornet-Cricov Gura Vadului Gura Vitioarei Iordăcheanu Izvoarele Jugureni Lapoș Lipănești Măgurele Măgureni Măneciu Mănești Olari Păcureți Păulești Plopu Podenii Noi Poiana Câmpina Poienarii Burchii Posești Predeal-Sărari Provița de Jos Provița de Sus Puchenii Mari Râfov Salcia Sălciile Scorțeni Secăria Sângeru Șirna Șoimari Șotrile Starchiojd Ștefești Surani Talea Tătaru Teișani Telega Tinosu Târgșoru Vechi Tomșani Vadu Săpat Valea Călugărească Valea Doftanei Vărbilău Vâlcănești

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Cities in Romania
Romania
by population

1,000,000+

Bucharest

200,000+

Cluj-Napoca Timișoara Iași Constanța Craiova Brașov Galați Ploiești

100,000+

Oradea Brăila Arad Pitești Sibiu Bacău Târgu Mureș Baia Mare Buzău Botoșani Satu Mare

complete list municipalities metropolitan areas counties

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County seats of Romania
Romania
(alphabetical order by county)

Alba Iulia Arad Pitești Bacău Oradea Bistrița Botoșani Brașov Brăila Buzău Reșița Călărași Cluj-Napoca Constanța Sfântu Gheorghe Târgoviște Craiova Galați Giurgiu Târgu Jiu Miercurea Ciuc Deva Slobozia Iași Bucharest Baia Mare Drobeta-Turnu Severin Târgu Mureș Piatra Neamț Slatina Ploiești Satu Mare Zalău Sibiu Suceava Alexandria Timișoara Tulcea Vaslui Râmnicu Vâlcea Focșani

Bucharest
Bucharest
(natio

.