ORLANDO (/ɔːrˈlændoʊ/ ) is a city in the
U.S. state of Florida
and the county seat of Orange County . Located in Central
As one of the world's most visited tourist destinations, Orlando's
famous attractions form the backbone of its tourism industry: Walt
Disney World , located approximately 21 miles (34 km) southwest of
Like other major cities in the
Sun Belt , Orlando grew rapidly during
the 1980s and into the first decade of the 21st century, mostly due to
the success of
Walt Disney World , which opened on October 1, 1971.
Orlando is home to the University of Central
* 1 Etymology
* 1.1 Orlando Reeves * 1.2 Orlando (_As You Like It_)
* 2 History
* 2.1 Pre-European history * 2.2 Incorporation * 2.3 Post-Industrial Revolution * 2.4 Tourism in history
* 2.5 21st century
* 2.5.1 2016 mass shooting
* 3 Geography and cityscape
* 3.1 Skyscrapers
* 3.2 Climate
* 4 Demographics
* 4.1 Languages * 4.2 Metropolitan statistical area
* 5 Economy
* 5.1 Industry * 5.2 Film, television, and entertainment * 5.3 Healthcare * 5.4 Housing and employment
* 5.5 Tourism
* 5.5.1 Golf
* 6 Culture
* 6.1 Entertainment and performing arts * 6.2 Local culture * 6.3 Shopping malls * 6.4 In popular culture
* 7 Sports * 8 Government
* 9 Education
* 9.1 Area institutions of higher education
* 9.1.1 State universities * 9.1.2 State colleges * 9.1.3 Private universities, colleges, and others * 9.1.4 Supplementary schools
* 10 Media
* 10.1 Television * 10.2 Radio * 10.3 Newspapers
* 11 Transport
* 11.1 Airports
* 11.2 Roads
* 11.2.1 Major highways
* 11.3 Rail
* 11.4 Bus * 11.5 Taxi * 11.6 Airport shuttles
* 12 Notable people
* 13 Sister cities
* 13.1 Foreign consulates
* 14 See also * 15 Notes * 16 References * 17 Bibliography * 18 External links
_Fort Gatlin_, as the Orlando area was once known, was established at
what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U.S. Artillery
under the command of Ltc. Alexander C. W. Fanning on November 9, 1838
during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across
Prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as _Jernigan._ This name originates from the first permanent settlers, Issac and Aaron Jernigan , cattlemen who acquired land two miles northwest of Fort Gatlin along the west end of Lake Holden in July 1843 by the terms of the Armed Occupation Act . Aarron Jernigan became Orange County's first State Representative in 1845 but his pleas for additional military protection went unanswered. Fort Gatlin was briefly reoccupied by the military for a few weeks during October and November 1849 and subsequently a volunteer militia was left to defend the settlement. A historical marker indicates that by 1850 the Jernigan homestead (or Fort Gatlin in some sources) served as the nucleus of a village named _Jernigan_. According to an account written years later by his daughter, at that time, about 80 settlers were forced to shelter for about a year in "a stockade that Aaron Jernigan built on the north side of Lake Conway". One of the county's first records, a grand jury 's report, mentions a stockade where it states homesteaders were ``driven from their homes and forced to huddle together in hasty defences ." Aaron Jernigan led a local volunteer militia during 1852.
Jernigan appears on an 1855 map of
There are at least five stories as to how Orlando got its name. The
most common stories are that the name _Orlando_ originated from the
tale of a man who died in 1835 during a attack by Native Americans in
the area during the
Second Seminole War . Several of the stories relay
an oral history of the marker for a person named Orlando, and the
double entendre , "Here lies Orlando." One variant includes a man
named Orlando who was passing by on his way to
Through a retelling of history, it is believed that a marker of some sort was indeed found by one of the original pioneers. However, others claim Speer simply used the Orlando Reeves legend to help push his plan for naming the settlement after the Shakespearean character.
Historians agree that there was likely not a soldier named Orlando Reeves . Folklore is that Reeves was acting as a sentinel for an company of soldiers that had set up camp for the night on the banks of Sandy Beach Lake . Several different lakes are mentioned in the various versions as no soldiers were in what is now downtown during 1835.
The legend grew throughout the early 1900s, particularly with local historian Olive Brumbaugh (or Kena Fries ) retelling in various writings and on local radio station WDBO in 1929. Another historian, Eldon H. Gore, promoted the Reeves legend in _History of Orlando_ published in 1949. A memorial beside Lake Eola – originally placed by students of Orlando's Cherokee Junior School in 1939 and updated in 1990 – designates the spot where the city's supposed namesake fell.
There are conflicting legends. One legend has Reeves killed during an extended battle with the Seminoles after being field promoted after his platoon commander fell. However, an in-depth review of military records in the 1970s and 1980s turned up no record of Orlando Reeves ever existing. Some versions attempt to account for Reeves having no military records by using the name of other people named 'Orlando' that exist in some written records – Orlando Acosta; however, not much is known about Acosta or whether he even existed. Another version of the story has Orlando Reed, supposedly an Englishman and mail carrier between Fort Gatlin and Fort Mellon allegedly killed while camping with his friends in Orlando.
A second variation also places the story in 1835 during the Second
Seminole War . This name is taken from a
South Carolinian cattle
rancher named _Orlando Savage Rees_. Rees owned a
Volusia County sugar
mill and plantation as well as several large estates in
It is believed Rees could have left a pine-bough marker with his name next to the trail; later residents misread "Rees" as "Reeves" and also mistook it as a grave maker. In subsequent years this story has merged with the Orlando Reeves story (which may have originally incorporated part of Dr. Gatlin's story).
On two separate occasions, relatives of Rees claimed their ancestor
was the namesake of the city. F.K. Bull of South Carolina (Rees'
great-grandson) told an Orlando reporter of a story in 1955; years
later, Charles M. Bull Jr. of Orlando (Rees' great-great-grandson)
offered local historians similar information. Unlike Orlando Reeves
who cannot be traced to any historical record, there is considerable
record that Orlando Rees did exist and was in
ORLANDO (_AS YOU LIKE IT_)
The final variation has the city named after the protagonist in the Shakespeare play _ As You Like It _.
In 1975, Judge Donald A. Cheney put forth a new version of the story in an Orlando Sentinel article. Cheney (a local historian and then chairman of the county historical commission) recounted a story told to him by his father, Judge John Moses Cheney (a major figure in Orlando's history who arrived in Orlando in 1885).
The elder Cheney recounted that another gentleman at that time, James Speer, proposed the name Orlando after the character in _As You Like It_. According to Cheney, Speer, "was a gentleman of culture and an admirer of William Shakespeare... Quoting a letter that Speer wrote, "Orlando was a veritable Forest of Arden , the locale of _As You Like It._" Speer's descendants have also confirmed this version of the naming and the legend has continued to grow.
This account also has some validity in that, as mentioned above, Speer was instrumental in changing the name of the settlement from Jernigan to Orlando, though he may have used the Orlando Reeves legend in lieu of his true intent to use the Shakespearean character. According to yet another version of the story Orlando may have been the name of one of his employees. It should also be noted that one of downtown Orlando 's major streets is named Rosalind Avenue; Rosalind is the heroine of _As You Like It._
Lake Lucerne c. 1905 See also: Timeline of Orlando,
Before European settlers arrived in 1536, Orlando was sparsely populated by the Seminole tribe. There are very few archaeological sites in the area today, except for the former site of Fort Gatlin along the shores of modern-day Lake Gatlin south of downtown Orlando .
Mosquito County was divided in 1845, Fort Gatlin became the
county seat of the new Orange County in 1856. It remained a rural
backwater during the Civil War and suffered greatly during the Union
blockade . The
Reconstruction Era brought on a population explosion,
resulting in the incorporation of the
The period from 1875 to 1895 is remembered as Orlando's Golden Era, when it became the hub of Florida's citrus industry. But the Great Freeze of 1894–95 forced many owners to give up their independent groves , thus consolidating holdings in the hands of a few "citrus barons" who shifted operations south, primarily around Lake Wales in Polk County . The Wyoming Hotel c. 1905
Notable homesteaders in the area included the Curry family. Through their property in east Orlando flowed the Econlockhatchee River , which travelers crossed by fording . This would be commemorated by the street's name, Curry Ford Road. Also, just south of the airport in the Boggy Creek area was 150 acres (0.61 km2) of property homesteaded in the late 19th century by the Ward family. This property is still owned by the Ward family, and can be seen from flights out of Orlando International Airport southbound immediately on the south side of SR 417.
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Orlando, as Florida's largest inland city, became a popular resort
during the years between the
Spanish–American War and World War I.
In the 1920s, Orlando experienced extensive housing development during
During World War II, a number of Army personnel were stationed at the Orlando Army Air Base and nearby Pinecastle Army Air Field . Some of these servicemen stayed in Orlando to settle and raise families. In 1956 the aerospace and defense company Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin ) established a plant in the city. Orlando AAB and Pinecastle AAF were transferred to the United States Air Force in 1947 when it became a separate service and were re-designated as air force bases (AFB). In 1958, Pinecastle AFB was renamed McCoy Air Force Base after Colonel Michael N. W. McCoy, a former commander of the 320th Bombardment Wing at the installation, killed in the crash of a B-47 Stratojet bomber north of Orlando. In the 1960s, the base subsequently became home to the 306th Bombardment Wing of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), operating B-52 Stratofortress and KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft, in addition to detachment operations by EC-121 and U-2 aircraft.
In 1968, Orlando AFB was transferred to the
United States Navy and
became Naval Training Center Orlando. In addition to boot camp
facilities, NTC Orlando was home of one of two Navy Nuclear Power
Schools, and home of the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems
Division . When McCoy AFB closed in 1975, its runways and territory to
its south and east were imparted to the city to become Orlando
International Airport , while a small portion to the northwest was
transferred to the Navy as McCoy NTC Annex. That closed in 1996, and
became housing, though the former McCoy AFB still hosts a Navy
Exchange, as well as National Guard and Reserve units for several
branches of service. NTC Orlando was closed in 1993 by the Base
Realignment and Closure Commission , and converted into the Baldwin
Park neighborhood. The Naval Air Warfare Center had moved to Central
TOURISM IN HISTORY
Perhaps the most critical event for Orlando's economy occurred in
Another major factor in Orlando's growth occurred in 1962, when the new Orlando Jetport, the precursor of the present day Orlando International Airport , was built from a portion of the McCoy Air Force Base . By 1970, four major airlines ( Delta Air Lines , National Airlines , Eastern Airlines and Southern Airways ) were providing scheduled flights. McCoy Air Force Base officially closed in 1975, and most of it is now part of the airport. The airport still retains the former Air Force Base airport code (MCO).
Today, the historic core of "Old Orlando" resides in Downtown Orlando along Church Street, between Orange Avenue and Garland Avenue. Urban development and the Central Business District of downtown have rapidly shaped the downtown skyline during recent history. The present-day historic district is primarily associated with the neighborhoods around Lake Eola where century-old oaks line brick streets. These neighborhoods, known as " Lake Eola Heights" and "Thornton Park", contain some of the oldest homes in Orlando.
2016 Mass Shooting
Main article: 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting
On June 12, 2016, more than 100 people were shot at Pulse , a gay
nightclub in Orlando. Fifty (including the gunman) were killed and 58
were wounded. The gunman, whom the police
GEOGRAPHY AND CITYSCAPE
Lake Eola in 1911
The geography of Orlando is mostly wetlands , consisting of many
lakes and swamps. The terrain is generally flat, making the land
fairly low and wet. The area is dotted with hundreds of lakes, the
largest of which is
Lake Apopka . Central Florida's bedrock is mostly
limestone and very porous; the Orlando area is susceptible to
sinkholes . Probably the most famous incident involving a sinkhole
happened in 1981 in Winter Park, a city immediately north of downtown
Orlando, dubbed "The Winter Park Sinkhole ". See also: List of
neighborhoods in Orlando,
There are 115 neighborhoods within the city limits and many
unincorporated communities. Orlando's city limits resemble a
checkerboard, with pockets of unincorporated Orange County surrounded
by city limits. Such an arrangement can be cumbersome as some areas
are served by both Orange County and the
Metro Orlando has a total of 19 completed skyscrapers. The majority
are located in
Main article: List of tallest buildings in Orlando Night view of the Orlando skyline in 2010
SunTrust Center , 1988, 441 ft (134 m), is the tallest
skyscraper in Central Florida.
* The Vue at
Lake Eola , 2008, 426 ft (130 m) tall, but with 35
stories it has more stories than the SunTrust Center.
* The Orange County Courthouse , 1997, 416 ft (127 m).
* The Bank of America Center (formerly Barnett Plaza), 1988, 409 ft
55 West on the Esplanade , 2009, 377 ft (115 m)
Solaire at the Plaza , 2006, 359 ft (109 m)
* Dynetech Center, 2009, 357 ft (109 m)
Outside Downtown Orlando
* Orlando International Airport ATC Tower, 2002, 346 ft (105 m) * The SeaWorld SkyTower , 400 ft (122 m), was the tallest tower in Orange County outside Orlando's city limits until surpassed by the Peabody. * The Hyatt Regency Orlando Expansion Tower, Winter 2010, 428 ft (130 m), is the tallest tower in Orange County outside Orlando's city limits. * The Orlando Eye , 400 ft (122 m), was opened in 2015.
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
J F M A M J J A S O N D
2.4 71 49 2.4 74 52 3.8 78 56 2.6 83 60 3.5 88 66 7.6 91 72 7.3 92 74 7.1 92 74 6.1 90 73 3.3 85 66 2.2 78 59 2.6 73 52
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
J F M A M J J A S O N D
60 22 10 60 23 11 96 26 13 65 28 16 88 31 19 193 33 22 185 33 23 181 33 23 154 32 23 84 29 19 55 26 15 66 23 11
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Orlando has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate
classification _Cfa_) like much of Florida. Orlando is located in USDA
Plant Hardiness Zones 9B. There are two basic seasons in Orlando, a
hot and rainy season, lasting from May until late September (roughly
coinciding with the
Atlantic hurricane season
During the height of Orlando's humid summer season, high temperatures
are typically in the lower to mid 90s °F (32–36 °C), while low
temperatures rarely fall below the mid 70s °F (23-26 °C). The
average window for such temperatures is April 19 – October 11. The
area's humidity acts as a buffer, usually preventing actual
temperatures from exceeding 100 °F (38 °C), but also pushing the
heat index to over 110 °F (43 °C). The city's highest recorded
temperature is 103 °F (39 °C), set on September 8, 1921. During
these months, strong afternoon thunderstorms occur almost daily. These
storms are caused by air masses from the
Gulf of Mexico
During the cooler season, humidity is much lower and temperatures are more moderate, and can fluctuate more readily. The monthly daily average temperature in January is 60.2 °F (15.7 °C). Temperatures dip below the freezing mark on an average of only 2.4 nights per annum, and the lowest recorded temperature is 18 °F (−8 °C), set on December 28, 1894 . Because the winter season is dry and freezing temperatures usually occur only after cold fronts (and their accompanying precipitation) have passed, snow is exceptionally rare. The only accumulation ever to occur in the city proper since recordkeeping began was in 1948, although there was some accumulation in surrounding areas in a snow event in January 1977. Flurries have also been observed in 1989 and 2006 and 2010.
The average annual rainfall in Orlando is 50.6 inches (1,290 mm), a
majority of which occurs in the period from June to September. The
months of October through May are Orlando's dry season. During this
period (especially in its later months), there is often a wildfire
hazard. During some years, fires have been severe. In 1998, a strong
El Niño caused an unusually wet January and February, followed by
drought throughout the spring and early summer, causing a record
wildfire season that created numerous air quality alerts in Orlando
and severely impacted normal daily life, including the postponement of
that year's Pepsi 400
Orlando is a major population center and has a considerable hurricane
risk, although it is not as high as in South
Tornadoes are not usually connected with the strong thunderstorms of the summer. They are more common during the infrequent cold fronts of winter, as well as in passing hurricanes. The two worst major outbreaks in the area's history, a 1998 outbreak that killed 42 people and a 2007 outbreak that killed 21, both happened in February.
CLIMATE DATA FOR ORLANDO (ORLANDO INT\\'L ), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1892–PRESENT
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 88 (31) 90 (32) 97 (36) 99 (37) 102 (39) 101 (38) 101 (38) 101 (38) 103 (39) 98 (37) 93 (34) 95 (35) 103 (39)
MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 83.1 (28.4) 85.0 (29.4) 87.8 (31) 90.5 (32.5) 94.3 (34.6) 96.0 (35.6) 96.1 (35.6) 95.5 (35.3) 94.0 (34.4) 91.1 (32.8) 86.6 (30.3) 83.2 (28.4) 97.2 (36.2)
AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 71.2 (21.8) 73.9 (23.3) 78.0 (25.6) 82.5 (28.1) 88.1 (31.2) 90.7 (32.6) 91.8 (33.2) 91.6 (33.1) 89.5 (31.9) 84.6 (29.2) 78.4 (25.8) 72.8 (22.7) 82.8 (28.2)
DAILY MEAN °F (°C) 60.2 (15.7) 63.0 (17.2) 66.9 (19.4) 71.2 (21.8) 77.3 (25.2) 81.4 (27.4) 82.7 (28.2) 82.8 (28.2) 81.1 (27.3) 75.5 (24.2) 68.5 (20.3) 62.6 (17) 72.8 (22.7)
AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 49.2 (9.6) 52.1 (11.2) 55.8 (13.2) 60.0 (15.6) 66.4 (19.1) 72.0 (22.2) 73.6 (23.1) 74.1 (23.4) 72.7 (22.6) 66.4 (19.1) 58.6 (14.8) 52.4 (11.3) 62.8 (17.1)
MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) 31.9 (−0.1) 35.7 (2.1) 41.1 (5.1) 47.5 (8.6) 58.1 (14.5) 66.7 (19.3) 69.8 (21) 70.3 (21.3) 67.2 (19.6) 53.0 (11.7) 44.2 (6.8) 35.2 (1.8) 29.4 (−1.4)
RECORD LOW °F (°C) 19 (−7) 19 (−7) 25 (−4) 37 (3) 47 (8) 53 (12) 64 (18) 63 (17) 50 (10) 38 (3) 28 (−2) 18 (−8) 18 (−8)
AVERAGE RAINFALL INCHES (MM) 2.35 (59.7) 2.38 (60.5) 3.77 (95.8) 2.68 (68.1) 3.45 (87.6) 7.58 (192.5) 7.27 (184.7) 7.13 (181.1) 6.06 (153.9) 3.31 (84.1) 2.17 (55.1) 2.58 (65.5) 50.73 (1,288.5)
AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 6.6 6.8 7.4 6.2 7.5 15.6 16.3 16.6 13.2 8.0 6.3 6.6 117.1
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 73.1 71.0 70.3 67.2 70.5 76.4 77.9 79.4 79.1 74.9 74.8 74.5 74.1
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)
EST. 2016 277,173
Population 1890–2012 2012 Estimate
2010 CENSUS ORLANDO ORANGE COUNTY CENTRAL FLORIDA
Total population 238,300 1,145,956 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +28.2% +27.8% +17.6%
Population density 2,327.3/sq mi 1,268.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian ) 41.3% 46.0% 57.9%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 28.4% 26.9% 22.5%
Black or African-American 25.1% 20.8% 16.0%
Asian 3.8% 4.9% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.4% 0.4% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 3.4% 3.4% 2.5%
Some Other Race 6.6% 6.8% 3.6%
Map of racial distribution in Orlando, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: WHITE, BLACK, ASIAN, HISPANIC or OTHER (yellow)
As of 2010, there were 121,254 households out of which 15.4% were vacant. As of 2000, 24.5% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.97.
In 2014, the city's population was spread out with 12.0% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 36.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.
Orlando has the largest population of Puerto Ricans in
Orlando has a large LGBT population and is recognized as one of the
most accepting and tolerant cities in the Southeast. As of 2015 ,
around 4.1% of Orlando's population identify as LGBT, making Orlando
the city with the 20th-highest percentage of LGBT residents in the
country. The city is host to Gay Days every June (including at nearby
Walt Disney World ), holds a huge Pride festival every October, and
is home to Florida's first openly gay
U.S. Census map
As of 2000, 75.43% of all residents speak English as their first language, while 16.60% speak Spanish, 1.93% speak Haitian Creole , 1.33% speak French, 0.99% speak Portuguese, and 0.54% of the population speak Arabic as their mother language. In total, 24.56% of the population 5 years and older speak a language other than English at home.
According to the American Community Survey of 2006–2008, 69.3% of Orlando's residents over the age of five spoke only English at home. Spanish-speakers represented 19.2% of Orlando's population. Speakers of other Indo-European languages made up 9.0% of the city's population. Those who spoke an Asian language made up 1.9% of the population, and speakers of other languages made up the remaining 0.6% of the populace.
METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA
Main article: Greater Orlando
Orlando is the hub city of the Orlando-Kissimmee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area , colloquially known as "Greater Orlando" or "Metro Orlando". The area encompasses four counties (Orange , Osceola , Seminole and Lake ), and is the 26th-largest metro area in the United States with a 2010 Census-estimated population of 2,134,411.
In 2000, the population of Orlando's urban area was 1,157,431, making
it the third-largest in
When Combined Statistical Areas were instituted in 2000, Orlando was
initially joined together with The Villages,
Orlando is a major industrial and hi-tech center. The metro area has a $13.4 billion technology industry employing 53,000 people; and is a nationally recognized cluster of innovation in digital media, agricultural technology, aviation, aerospace, and software design. More than 150 international companies, representing approximately 20 countries, have facilities in Metro Orlando.
Orlando has the 7th-largest research park in the country, Central
Orlando is close enough to Patrick Air Force Base , Cape Canaveral Air Force Station , and Kennedy Space Center for residents to commute to work from the city's suburbs. It also allows easy access to Port Canaveral , a cruise ship terminal.
Orlando is the home base of Darden Restaurants , the parent company of Olive Garden and LongHorn Steakhouse , and the largest operator of restaurants in the world by revenue. In September 2009 it moved to a new headquarters and central distribution facility.
FILM, TELEVISION, AND ENTERTAINMENT
Another important sector is the film, television, and electronic
gaming industries, aided by the presence of Universal Studios ,
Disney\'s Hollywood Studios ,
Full Sail University , UCF College of
Arts and Humanities , the
One of the main driving forces in Orlando's economy is its tourism industry and the city is one of the leading tourism destinations in the world. Nicknamed the 'Theme Park Capital of the World', the Orlando area is home to Walt Disney World Resort , Universal Orlando Resort , and SeaWorld Orlando . Over 59 million visitors came to the Orlando region in 2013, spending over $33 billion.
The Orlando area features 7 of the 10 most visited theme parks in
North America (5 of the top 10 in the world), as well as the 4 most
visited water parks in the U.S. The
Walt Disney World resort is the
area's largest attraction with its many facets such as the Magic
The convention industry is also critical to the region's economy. The
Orange County Convention Center
ENTERTAINMENT AND PERFORMING ARTS
The hip hop music , metal , rock music, reggaeton and Latino music
scenes are all active within the city. Orlando is known as "Hollywood
East" because of numerous movie studios in the area. Major motion
picture production was active in the city during the mid-to-late
1990s, but has slowed in the past decade. Probably the most famous
film-making moment in the city's history occurred with the implosion
of Orlando's previous
The Orlando Metropolitan Area is home to a substantial theater
population. Several professional and semi-professional houses and many
community theaters include the Central
Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre
Orlando International Fringe Theater Festival , which draws
touring companies from around the world, is hosted in various venues
over Orlando's Loch Haven Park every spring. At the festival, there
are also readings and fully staged productions of new and unknown
plays by local artists. Also in the spring, there is The Harriett
Lake Festival of New Plays, hosted by Orlando Shakespeare Theater.
Founded in 2002, the Orlando Cabaret Festival showcases local,
national, and internationally renowned cabaret artist to Mad Cow
_ It has been suggested that Orlando\'s Summer of Love _ be merged into this section. (Discuss ) _Proposed since March 2017._
A substantial amount of the teenage and young adult populations identify as being goth , emo , or punk . Orlando experienced the Second Summer of Love between 1991 and 1992 that popularized the subculture surrounding electronic dance music in Florida. The culture progressed as time went on, starting in 1995 from when alternative-rock band Matchbox Twenty , and pop bands NSync and Backstreet Boys originated. Over the years, the intensity of the music increased. In the late 1990s, Skrape , a metal band, was established, shortly followed by the screamo band From First to Last as well as the alternative metal band Fireflight . In the early 2000s, the heavy metal bands Trivium and Mindscar formed. In the later 2000s, more screamo bands, such as Blood on the Dance Floor (duo) , Sleeping with Sirens , and Broadway (band) were established. Major companies, such as Hot Topic and Vans have noticed and taken advantage of this. Hot Topic, an emo retailer, established 5 stores in Orlando. The Vans Warped Tour , a concert containing metalcore/screamo/punk bands, takes place in Orlando annually.
* THE FLORIDA MALL is the largest mall in Orlando and one of the
largest single-story malls in the USA at over 1,849,000 sq ft (171,800
m2). There are over 250 stores, seven anchor department stores, and
Professional sports teams CLUB SPORT LEAGUE VENUE AVERAGE ATTENDANCE FOUNDED TITLES
Trinity Preparatory School
Orlando has two minor league professional teams: the Orlando Solar
ECHL ice hockey team and the
Orlando Anarchy of the Women\'s
Football Alliance . Orlando also hosts the University of Central
Orlando's sports teams have collectively won two Arena Bowls (1998, 2000), two titles in ice hockey, three titles in minor league baseball , and two titles in soccer.
The city has hosted the
NBA All-Star Game twice: in 1992 at the old
Orlando Arena , and in 2012 at the current
Camping World Stadium
Orlando was home to the Orlando Renegades of the United States Football League in 1985. The team folded along with the league in 1986.
Orlando is home to many notable athletes former and present, including baseball players Carlos Peña , Frank Viola , Ken Griffey, Jr. and Barry Larkin ; basketball player Shaquille O\'Neal ; soccer player Kaká ; and many golfers, including Tiger Woods , Mark O\'Meara and Arnold Palmer .
The annual Community Effort Orlando (CEO) is the second-biggest fighting game tournament of the country. Having grown since its introduction in 2010, the event got over 4,000 attendees from more than 25 different countries in 2016.
Main article: List of mayors of Orlando,
Orlando is governed via the Mayor-council system . The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The six members of the city council are each elected from districts.
Crime rates* (2014)
AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 1,538
TOTAL VIOLENT CRIME 2,340
MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 991
TOTAL PROPERTY CRIME 16,515
NOTES *Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population. 2014 population: 259,675 SOURCE: 2014 FBI UCR Data
Mayor: Buddy Dyer
* District 1: Jim Gray * District 2: Tony Ortiz * District 3: Robert Stuart * District 4: Patty Sheehan * District 5: Regina Hill * District 6: Samuel Ings
Public primary and secondary education is handled by Orange County Public Schools . Some of the private schools include Orlando Lutheran Academy , Forest Lake Academy , The First Academy , Trinity Preparatory School , Lake Highland Preparatory School , Bishop Moore High School and Orlando Christian Prep .
AREA INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION
The University of Central
Private Universities, Colleges, And Others
Adventist University of Health Sciences , Main Campus
Ana G. Mendez University System
* Anthem College , Orlando Campus
Asbury Theological Seminary , Orlando Campus
Belhaven University , Orlando Campus
* Columbia College , Orlando Campus
Connecticut School of Broadcasting , Orlando Campus
DeVry University , Orlando campus
Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law ,
Everest University , Orlando campus
Orlando is the center of the 19th-largest media market in the United
States according to
Nielsen Media Research as of the 2010–11 TV
season. Three major network affiliates operate in the city:
The city is also served by three public television stations: WUCF-TV
24, the market's
Four Spanish-language channels are licensed in Orlando, including
UniMás O"> finished construction of lane expansions, new toll plazas,
and sound barriers along the roadway, though much work remains to be
* Beachline Expressway (Toll 528) provides key access to the
Orlando International Airport and serves as a gateway to the Atlantic
Cocoa Beach and Cape Canaveral.
The Orlando area is served by one through railroad. The line, now
known as the Central
Historically, Orlando's other major railroad stations have included:
* Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Orlando station (now Church Street Station, a commercial development) * Seaboard Air Line Railroad Orlando station (Central Avenue Station; 1898–1955.)
Main article: SunRail
In 2005, federal and state funding was granted for the establishment
SunRail , a local commuter rail service, to operate on the former
CSX "A" line tracks between DeLand and Poinciana , passing through the
downtown area and surrounding urban neighborhoods along the way. The
service is expected to substantially reduce traffic congestion along
the I-4 corridor, especially between
On January 28, 2010, President
Lynx provides local transit service covering a five-county area: Orange , Seminole , Osceola , Polk, and Volusia .
Greyhound Lines offers intercity bus service from Orlando to multiple locations across the country. The Orlando Greyhound Station is located west of Downtown Orlando.
Orlando is served by a collection of independently owned taxi companies. In downtown Orlando, taxis can be hailed on a regular basis. Taxis are also available in and around the Amway Center, Orlando Convention Center, and all major attractions/theme parks (i.e., Universal Studios, Disney World, etc.).
Transportation between the Orlando International Airport and various locations in and around Orlando are provided by airport shuttle services. Several shuttles operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Main article: List of people from Orlando,
See also: List of sister cities in
Orlando has nine international sister cities as listed by the
Given Orlando's status as a busy international tourist destination
and growing industrial and commercial base, there are several foreign
consulates and honorary consulates in Orlando including Argentina,
Colombia, Czech Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Switzerland, the Netherlands,
and the Ivory Coast. As a result, Orlando now has the second-highest
number of foreign consulates in
* LGBT portal
* ^ Distance measured from Orlando
* ^ Fitzpatrick, Kelly (April 13, 2011). "Pub crawl: Gator Get Down
O-Town this Saturday". _
Orlando Sentinel _. Retrieved August 21,
* ^ Clarke, Sara K. (May 27, 2012). "Will new Vegas Gay Days give
Orlando event a run for its money?". _
Orlando Sentinel _. Retrieved
May 24, 2014.
* ^ Gotshall, Rich (January 4, 1998). "A Different Theme".
Sun-Sentinel _. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
* ^ Strong, Michael (May 23, 2014). "Orlando is America\'s Most
Dangerous Place for Pedestrians: Study".
* ^ "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau.
Retrieved October 25, 2008.
* ^ "Census 2010 News
U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Florida\'s 2010
Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic
Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting". 2010.census.gov. March 17,
2011. Archived from the original on December 14, 2012. Retrieved
November 17, 2012.
* ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to
July 1, 2012". Archived from the original on October 19, 2013.
Retrieved November 18, 2013.
* ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder – Results".
_factfinder.census.gov_. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
* ^ "Puerto Ricans Gain Political Clout In Florida". NPR. Retrieved
November 17, 2012.
* ^ "Orlando (city), Florida". _State & County QuickFacts_. U.S.
Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
* ^ "
* ^ "Lake Nona Is Site Of New VA Hospital". Internet Broadcasting
WKMG-TV . March 2, 2007. Archived from the original on
February 12, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
"Nemours Children\'s Hospital, Orlando". Nemours Foundation. Archived
from the original on October 17, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
* ^ Stratton, Jim. "