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Orlando (/ɔːrˈlændoʊ/) is a city in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Florida
Florida
and the county seat of Orange County. Located in Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 2,387,138, according to U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
figures released in March 2016. These figures make it the 24th-largest metropolitan area[7] in the United States, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, and the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida. As of 2015, Orlando had an estimated city-proper population of 270,934, making it the 73rd-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida, and the state's largest inland city. The City
City
of Orlando is nicknamed "The City
City
Beautiful", and its symbol is the fountain at Lake Eola. Orlando is also known as "The Theme Park Capital of the World" and in 2016 its tourist attractions and events drew more than 68 million visitors.[8] The Orlando International Airport (MCO) is the thirteenth-busiest airport in the United States and the 29th-busiest in the world.[9] As one of the world's most visited tourist destinations, Orlando's famous attractions form the backbone of its tourism industry. the two most significant of these attractions are Walt Disney
Walt Disney
World, opened by the Walt Disney Company
Walt Disney Company
in 1971, and located approximately 21 miles (34 km) southwest of Downtown Orlando
Downtown Orlando
in Bay Lake; and the Universal Orlando
Universal Orlando
Resort, opened in 1999 as a major expansion of Universal Studios Florida. With the exception of Walt Disney
Walt Disney
World, most major attractions are located along International Drive
International Drive
with one of these attractions being the famous Orlando Eye. The city is also one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions; the Orange County Convention Center
Orange County Convention Center
is the second-largest convention facility in the United States. Like other major cities in the Sun Belt, Orlando grew rapidly from the 1980s up into the first decade of the 21st century. Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, which is the largest university campus in the United States
United States
in terms of enrollment as of 2015[update]. In 2010, Orlando was listed as a "Gamma−" level global city in the World Cities Study Group's inventory.[10] Orlando ranks as the fourth-most popular American city based on where people want to live according to a 2009 Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
study.[11]

Contents

1 Etymology

1.1 Orlando Reeves 1.2 Orlando (As You Like It)

2 History

2.1 Pre-European history 2.2 Incorporation 2.3 Post-Industrial Revolution 2.4 Tourism in history 2.5 21st century

2.5.1 2016 mass shooting

3 Geography and cityscape

3.1 Skyscrapers

3.1.1 Downtown Orlando 3.1.2 Outside Downtown Orlando

3.2 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 Languages 4.2 Metropolitan statistical area

5 Economy

5.1 Industry 5.2 Film, television, and entertainment 5.3 Healthcare 5.4 Housing and employment 5.5 Tourism

5.5.1 Golf

6 Culture

6.1 Entertainment and performing arts 6.2 Local culture 6.3 Shopping malls 6.4 In popular culture

7 Sports 8 Government 9 Education

9.1 Area institutions of higher education

9.1.1 State universities 9.1.2 State colleges 9.1.3 Private universities, colleges, and others 9.1.4 Supplementary schools

10 Media

10.1 Television 10.2 Radio 10.3 Newspapers

11 Transport

11.1 Airports 11.2 Roads

11.2.1 Major highways

11.3 Rail

11.3.1 Commuter rail 11.3.2 High-speed rail

11.4 Bus 11.5 Taxi 11.6 Airport shuttles

12 Notable people 13 Sister cities

13.1 Foreign consulates

14 See also 15 Notes 16 References 17 Bibliography 18 External links

Etymology[edit] Fort Gatlin, as the Orlando area was once known, was established at what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U.S. Artillery under the command of Ltc. Alexander C. W. Fanning on November 9, 1838, during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across Florida
Florida
during the Second Seminole
Seminole
War.[12] The fort and surrounding area were named for Dr. John S. Gatlin, an Army physician who was killed in Dade's Massacre
Dade's Massacre
on Dec. 28, 1835. The site of construction for Fort Gatlin, a defensible position with fresh water between three small lakes, was likely chosen because the location was on a main trail and is less than 250 yards from a nearby Council Oak tree where Native Americans had traditionally met. King Phillip and Coacoochee frequented this area and the tree was alleged to be the place where the previous 1835 ambush that had killed over 100 soldiers had been planned.[13] When the U.S. military abandoned the fort in 1839, the surrounding community was built up by settlers.[12] Prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as Jernigan. This name originates from the first permanent settlers, Issac and Aaron Jernigan, cattlemen who acquired land two miles northwest of Fort Gatlin along the west end of Lake Holden in July 1843 by the terms of the Armed Occupation Act.[14][15][15] Aaron Jernigan became Orange County's first State Representative in 1845 but his pleas for additional military protection went unanswered. Fort Gatlin was briefly reoccupied by the military for a few weeks during October and November 1849 and subsequently a volunteer militia was left to defend the settlement.[15] A historical marker indicates that by 1850 the Jernigan homestead (or Fort Gatlin in some sources)[16] served as the nucleus of a village named Jernigan.[17] According to an account written years later by his daughter, at that time, about 80 settlers were forced to shelter for about a year in "a stockade that Aaron Jernigan built on the north side of Lake Conway". One of the county's first records, a grand jury's report, mentions a stockade where it states homesteaders were ``driven from their homes and forced to huddle together in hasty defences [sic]." Aaron Jernigan led a local volunteer militia during 1852.[15] A Post Office opened at Jernigan in 1850. Jernigan appears on an 1855 map of Florida
Florida
and by 1856 the area had become the county seat of Orange County.[18][12] In 1857, the Post Office was removed from Jernigan, and opened under the name of Orlando at a new location in present-day downtown Orlando.[15] During the American Civil War, the Post Office closed, but reopened in 1866. The move is believed to be sparked, in part, by Aaron Jernigan's fall from grace after he was relieved of his militia command by military officials in 1856. His behavior was so notorious that Secretary of War Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis
wrote, "It is said they [Jernigan's militia] are more dreadful than the Indians."[19] In 1859, Jernigan and his sons were accused of committing a murder at the towns post office. They were then transported to Ocala, but escaped.[17] There are at least five stories as to how Orlando got its name. The most common stories are that the name Orlando originated from the tale of a man who died in 1835 during a attack by Native Americans in the area during the Second Seminole
Seminole
War. Several of the stories relay an oral history of the marker for a person named Orlando, and the double entendre, "Here lies Orlando." One variant includes a man named Orlando who was passing by on his way to Tampa
Tampa
with a herd of ox, died, and was buried in a marked grave.[20] At a meeting in 1857, debate had grown concerning the name of the town. Pioneer William B. Hull recalled how James Speer (a local resident, and prominent figure in the stories behind the naming of Orlando) rose in the heat of the argument and said, "This place is often spoken of as 'Orlando's Grave.' Let's drop the word 'grave' and let the county seat be Orlando."[16][19] Through a retelling of history, it is believed that a marker of some sort was indeed found by one of the original pioneers. However, others claim Speer simply used the Orlando Reeves legend to help push his plan for naming the settlement after the Shakespearean character.[16] Orlando Reeves[edit] Historians agree that there was likely not a soldier named Orlando Reeves.[21] Folklore
Folklore
is that Reeves was acting as a sentinel for an company of soldiers that had set up camp for the night on the banks of Sandy Beach Lake.[22] Several different lakes are mentioned in the various versions, as no soldiers were in what is now downtown during 1835.[23] The legend grew throughout the early 1900s, particularly with local historian Olive Brumbaugh (or Kena Fries[22][verification needed]) retelling in various writings and on local radio station WDBO in 1929.[16] Another historian, Eldon H. Gore, promoted the Reeves legend in History of Orlando published in 1949.[16] A memorial beside Lake Eola – originally placed by students of Orlando's Cherokee Junior School in 1939 and updated in 1990 – designates the spot where the city's supposed namesake fell.[21][22] There are conflicting legends. One legend has Reeves killed during an extended battle with the Seminoles after being field promoted after his platoon commander fell.[16] However, an in-depth review of military records in the 1970s and 1980s turned up no record of Orlando Reeves ever existing.[16][21][22] Some versions attempt to account for Reeves having no military records by using the name of other people named 'Orlando' that exist in some written records – Orlando Acosta; however, not much is known about Acosta or whether he even existed. Another version of the story has Orlando Reed, supposedly an Englishman and mail carrier between Fort Gatlin and Fort Mellon, allegedly killed while camping with his friends near Fort Gatlin.[16] A second variation also places the story in 1835 during the Second Seminole
Seminole
War. This name is taken from a South Carolinian
South Carolinian
cattle rancher named Orlando Savage Rees. Rees owned a Volusia County
Volusia County
sugar mill and plantation as well as several large estates in Florida
Florida
and Mississippi.[16] Rees' sugar farms in the area were burned out in the Seminole
Seminole
attacks of 1835 (the year Orlando Reeves supposedly died). Subsequently, Rees led an expedition to recover stolen slaves and cattle. In 1837, Rees also attempted to stop a peace treaty with the Seminoles because it did not reimburse him for the loss of slaves and crops.[19] It is believed Rees could have left a pine-bough marker with his name next to the trail; later residents misread "Rees" as "Reeves" and also mistook it as a grave maker.[19] In subsequent years, this story has merged with the Orlando Reeves story (which may have originally incorporated part of Dr. Gatlin's story).[16] On two separate occasions, relatives of Rees claimed their ancestor was the namesake of the city. F.K. Bull of South Carolina
South Carolina
(Rees' great-grandson) told an Orlando reporter of a story in 1955; years later, Charles M. Bull Jr. of Orlando (Rees' great-great-grandson) offered local historians similar information.[19] Unlike Orlando Reeves who cannot be traced to any historical record, there is considerable record that Orlando Rees did exist and was in Florida during that time period. For example, in 1832 John James Audubon
John James Audubon
met with Rees in his large estate at Spring Garden, about 45 minutes away from Orlando.[19] Orlando (As You Like It)[edit] The final variation has the city named after the protagonist in the Shakespeare play As You Like It.[16] In 1975, Judge Donald A. Cheney put forth a new version of the story in an Orlando Sentinel
Orlando Sentinel
article.[19] Cheney (a local historian and then chairman of the county historical commission) recounted a story told to him by his father, Judge John Moses Cheney (a major figure in Orlando's history who arrived in Orlando in 1885). The elder Cheney recounted that another gentleman at that time, James Speer, proposed the name Orlando after the character in As You Like It.[16] According to Cheney, Speer, "was a gentleman of culture and an admirer of William Shakespeare...[19] Quoting a letter that Speer wrote, "Orlando was a veritable Forest of Arden, the locale of As You Like It."[24] Speer's descendants have also confirmed this version of the naming and the legend has continued to grow.[19] This account also has some validity in that, as mentioned above, Speer was instrumental in changing the name of the settlement from Jernigan to Orlando, though he may have used the Orlando Reeves legend in lieu of his true intent to use the Shakespearean character. According to yet another version of the story Orlando may have been the name of one of his employees.[16][20] It should also be noted that one of downtown Orlando's major streets is named Rosalind Avenue; Rosalind is the heroine of As You Like It, but this could also be a simple coincidence.

Lake Lucerne, c. 1905

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Orlando, Florida Pre-European history[edit] Before European settlers arrived in 1536, the area of Orlando was sparsely populated by the Seminole
Seminole
tribe. There are very few archaeological sites in the area today, except for the former site of Fort Gatlin along the shores of modern-day Lake Gatlin, which is south of downtown Orlando. Incorporation[edit] After Mosquito County
Mosquito County
was divided in 1845, Fort Gatlin became the county seat of the newly created Orange County in 1856.[12] It remained a rural backwater during the Civil War and suffered greatly during the Union blockade. The Reconstruction Era
Reconstruction Era
brought on a population explosion, resulting in the incorporation of the Town
Town
of Orlando on July 31, 1875 with 85 residents (22 voters). For a short time in 1879 the town revoked its charter, and was subsequently re-incorporated.[25] Orlando was established as a city in 1885.[26] The period from 1875 to 1895 is remembered as Orlando's Golden Era, when it became the hub of Florida's citrus industry. The period ended with the Great Freeze of 1894–95, which forced many owners to give up their independent citrus groves, thus consolidating holdings in the hands of a few "citrus barons" who shifted operations south, primarily around Lake Wales in Polk County.[20] The freeze caused many in Florida, including many Orlandoans, to move elsewhere, mostly to the North, California, or the Caribbean.

The Wyoming Hotel, c. 1905

Notable homesteaders in the area included the Curry family. Through their property in east Orlando flowed the Econlockhatchee River, which travelers crossed by fording. This would be commemorated by the street's name, Curry Ford Road. Also, just south of the Orlando International Airport in the Boggy Creek area is 150 acres (0.61 km2) of property homesteaded in the late 19th century by the Ward family. This property is still owned by the Ward family, and can be seen from southbound flights out of Orlando International Airport immediately on the south side of SR 417. Post-Industrial Revolution[edit]

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Orlando, as Florida's largest inland city, became a popular resort during the years between the Spanish–American War
Spanish–American War
and World War I. In the 1920s, Orlando experienced extensive housing development during the Florida
Florida
Land Boom, causing land prices to soar. During this period, several neighborhoods in downtown were constructed, endowing it with many bungalows. The boom ended when several hurricanes hit Florida
Florida
in the late 1920s, along with the Great Depression. During World War II, a number of Army personnel were stationed at the Orlando Army Air Base and nearby Pinecastle Army Air Field. Some of these servicemen stayed in Orlando to settle and raise families. In 1956 the aerospace and defense company Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin) established a plant in the city. Orlando AAB and Pinecastle AAF were transferred to the United States
United States
Air Force in 1947 when it became a separate service and were re-designated as air force bases (AFB). In 1958, Pinecastle AFB was renamed McCoy Air Force Base
McCoy Air Force Base
after Colonel Michael N. W. McCoy, a former commander of the 320th Bombardment Wing at the installation, killed in the crash of a B-47 Stratojet bomber north of Orlando. In the 1960s, the base subsequently became home to the 306th Bombardment Wing of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), operating B-52 Stratofortress
B-52 Stratofortress
and KC-135
KC-135
Stratotanker aircraft, in addition to detachment operations by EC-121
EC-121
and U-2 aircraft. In 1968, Orlando AFB was transferred to the United States
United States
Navy and became Naval Training Center Orlando. In addition to boot camp facilities, NTC Orlando was home of one of two Navy Nuclear Power Schools, and home of the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division. When McCoy AFB closed in 1975, its runways and territory to its south and east were imparted to the city to become Orlando International Airport, while a small portion to the northwest was transferred to the Navy as McCoy NTC Annex. That closed in 1996, and became housing, though the former McCoy AFB still hosts a Navy Exchange, as well as National Guard and Reserve units for several branches of service. NTC Orlando was closed in 1993 by the Base Realignment and Closure Commission, and converted into the Baldwin Park neighborhood. The Naval Air Warfare Center had moved to Central Florida
Florida
Research Park near UCF in 1988.

Lucerne Circle c. 1905

Tourism in history[edit] Perhaps the most critical event for Orlando's economy occurred in 1965 when Walt Disney
Walt Disney
announced plans to build Walt Disney
Walt Disney
World. Although Disney had considered the regions of Miami
Miami
and Tampa
Tampa
for his park, one of the major reasons behind his decision not to locate there was due to hurricanes – Orlando's inland location, although not free from hurricane damage, exposed it to less threat than coastal regions. The vacation resort opened in October 1971, ushering in an explosive population and economic growth for the Orlando metropolitan area, which now encompasses Orange, Seminole, Osceola, and Lake counties. As a result, tourism became the centerpiece of the area's economy. Orlando now has more theme parks and entertainment attractions than anywhere else in the world.[27] Another major factor in Orlando's growth occurred in 1962, when the new Orlando Jetport, the precursor of the present day Orlando International Airport, was built from a portion of the McCoy Air Force Base. By 1970, four major airlines (Delta Air Lines, National Airlines, Eastern Airlines
Eastern Airlines
and Southern Airways) were providing scheduled flights. McCoy Air Force Base
McCoy Air Force Base
officially closed in 1975, and most of it is now part of the airport. The airport still retains the former Air Force Base airport code (MCO). 21st century[edit]

View of Downtown Orlando
Downtown Orlando
(center) and periphery to Lake Apopka (upper-right); January 2011

Today, the historic core of "Old Orlando" resides in Downtown Orlando along Church Street, between Orange Avenue and Garland Avenue. Urban development and the Central Business District of downtown have rapidly shaped the downtown skyline during recent history. The present-day historic district is primarily associated with the neighborhoods around Lake Eola
Lake Eola
where century-old oaks line brick streets. These neighborhoods, known as " Lake Eola
Lake Eola
Heights" and "Thornton Park", contain some of the oldest homes in Orlando. 2016 mass shooting[edit] Main article: 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting On June 12, 2016, more than 100 people were shot at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando. Fifty (including the gunman) were killed and 58 were wounded. The gunman, whom the police SWAT team
SWAT team
shot to death, was identified as 29-year-old Omar Mir Seddique Mateen, an American security guard of Afghan descent. The act of terrorism was both the deadliest mass shooting in modern United States
United States
history at the time and one of the deadliest mass shootings perpetrated by a single person in recorded world history. Mateen pledged allegiance to the Islamic State during his unsuccessful negotiations with police.[28] After the shooting, the city held many vigils. In November 2016, Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer
Buddy Dyer
announced city's intention to acquire of the Pulse Nightclub to build a permanent memorial for the 49 victims of the shooting. The city offered to buy it for $2.25 million, but the club's owner declined to sell.[29] Geography and cityscape[edit]

Lake Eola
Lake Eola
in 1911

The geography of Orlando is mostly wetlands, consisting of many lakes and swamps. The terrain is generally flat, making the land fairly low and wet.[citation needed] The area is dotted with hundreds of lakes, the largest of which is Lake Apopka. Central Florida's bedrock is mostly limestone and very porous; the Orlando area is susceptible to sinkholes. Probably the most famous incident involving a sinkhole happened in 1981 in Winter Park, a city immediately north of downtown Orlando, dubbed "The Winter Park Sinkhole". See also: List of neighborhoods in Orlando, Florida There are 115 neighborhoods within the city limits and many unincorporated communities. Orlando's city limits resemble a checkerboard, with pockets of unincorporated Orange County surrounded by city limits. Such an arrangement results in some areas being served by both Orange County and the City
City
of Orlando. This also explains Orlando's relatively low city population when compared to its metropolitan population. The city and county are working together in an effort to "round-out" the city limits with Orlando annexing portions of land already bordering the city limits.[30][not in citation given] Skyscrapers[edit]

Night view of the Orlando skyline in 2010.

Metro Orlando has a total of 19 completed skyscrapers. The majority are located in Downtown Orlando
Downtown Orlando
and the rest are located in the tourist district southwest of downtown.[31] Skyscrapers built in downtown Orlando have not exceeded 441 ft (134 m), since 1988, when the SunTrust Center
SunTrust Center
was completed.[citation needed] The main reason for this is the Orlando Executive Airport, just under 2 miles from the city center, which does not allow buildings to exceed a certain height. Downtown Orlando[edit] Main article: List of tallest buildings in Orlando See also: Financial District, Orlando

SunTrust Center, 1988, 441 ft (134 m), the tallest skyscraper in Central Florida. The Vue at Lake Eola, 2008, 426 ft (130 m) Orange County Courthouse, 1997, 416 ft (127 m). Bank of America Center, 1988, 409 ft (125 m) 55 West on the Esplanade, 2009, 377 ft (115 m) Solaire at the Plaza, 2006, 359 ft (109 m) Dynetech Center, 2009, 357 ft (109 m) Citi Tower, 2017, 293 ft (89 m) Citrus
Citrus
Center, 1971, 280 ft (85 m) The Waverly on Lake Eola, 2001, 280 ft (85) Premiere Trade Plaza Office Tower II 2006, 277 ft (84)

Building Meters Year Meters Ft 1 SunTrust Center
SunTrust Center
134 m 1988 134 440 2 The Vue at Lake Eola
Lake Eola
130 m 2007 130 427 3 Orange County Courthouse 127 m 1997 127 417 4 Bank of America Center 123 m 1988 123 404 5 55 West on the Esplanade 115 m 2008 115 377 6 Solaire at the Plaza
Solaire at the Plaza
109 m 2006 109 358 7 One Eleven 109 m 2008 109 358 8 SkyHouse Orlando ≈89 m 2013 89 292 9 Citrus
Citrus
Center 85 m 1971 85 279 10 The Waverly on Lake Eola ≈85 m 2001 85 279 11 Premiere Trade Plaza Office Tower II 84 m 2006 84 276 12 Regions Bank Tower ≈81 m 1986 81 266 13 530 East Central Condominiums ≈78 m 1985 78 256 14 CNL Center I 76 m 1999 76 249 15 Westminster Towers ≈74 m 1975 74 243 16 One Orlando Centre ≈74 m 1987 74 243 17 Capital Plaza II 70 m 1999 70 230 18 The Sanctuary ≈70 m 2005 70 230 19 Park Lake Towers ≈66 m 1973 66 217 20 The Fountains at Orlando Lutheran Towers ≈66 m 1979 66 217 21 Signature Plaza 63 m 1982 63 207 22 The Paramount on Lake Eola
Lake Eola
≈62 m 2008 62 203 23 The Star ≈62 m 2007 62 203 24 Wells Fargo Tower ≈62 m 1983 62 203 25 Gateway Center ≈62 m 1989 62 203 26 Southern Community Bank Building ≈62 m 1965 62 203 Outside Downtown Orlando[edit]

Hyatt Regency Orlando, 2010, 428 ft (130 m) SeaWorld SkyTower, 400 ft (122 m) Orlando Eye, 2015, 400 ft (122 m) Orlando International Airport's ATC tower, 2002, 346 ft (105 m)

Climate[edit]

Orlando

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    2.4     71 49

    2.4     74 52

    3.8     78 56

    2.6     83 60

    3.5     88 66

    7.6     91 72

    7.3     92 74

    7.1     92 74

    6.1     90 73

    3.3     85 66

    2.2     78 59

    2.6     73 52

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Metric conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    60     22 10

    60     23 11

    96     26 13

    65     28 16

    88     31 19

    193     33 22

    185     33 23

    181     33 23

    154     32 23

    84     29 19

    55     26 15

    66     23 11

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Orlando has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) like much of Florida. Orlando is located in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 9B. There are two basic seasons in Orlando, a hot and rainy season, lasting from May until late September (roughly coinciding with the Atlantic hurricane season), and a cool and dry season from October through April.[citation needed] The area's warm and humid climate is caused primarily by its low elevation, its position relatively close to the Tropic of Cancer, and its location in the center of a peninsula. Many characteristics of its climate are a result of its proximity to the Gulf Stream, which flows around the peninsula of Florida. During the height of Orlando's humid summer season, high temperatures are typically in the lower to mid 90s °F (32–36 °C), while low temperatures rarely fall below the mid 70s °F (23-26 °C). The average window for such temperatures is April 19 – October 11.[32] The area's humidity acts as a buffer, usually preventing actual temperatures from exceeding 100 °F (38 °C), but also pushing the heat index to over 110 °F (43 °C). The city's highest recorded temperature is 103 °F (39 °C), set on September 8, 1921. During these months, strong afternoon thunderstorms occur almost daily. These storms are caused by air masses from the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
and the Atlantic Ocean colliding over Central Florida. They are highlighted by spectacular lightning and can also bring heavy rain (sometimes several inches per hour) and powerful winds as well as rare damaging hail.[citation needed] During the cooler season, humidity is much lower and temperatures are more moderate, and can fluctuate more readily. The monthly daily average temperature in January is 60.2 °F (15.7 °C). Temperatures dip below the freezing mark on an average of only 2.4 nights per annum,[32] and the lowest recorded temperature is 18 °F (−8 °C), set on December 28, 1894. Because the winter season is dry and freezing temperatures usually occur only after cold fronts (and their accompanying precipitation) have passed, snow is exceptionally rare. The only accumulation ever to occur in the city proper since recordkeeping began was in 1948, although there was some accumulation in surrounding areas in a snow event in January 1977. Flurries have also been observed in 1989 and 2006[33] and 2010.[34] The average annual rainfall in Orlando is 50.6 inches (1,290 mm), a majority of which occurs in the period from June to September. The months of October through May are Orlando's dry season. During this period (especially in its later months), there is often a wildfire hazard. During some years, fires have been severe. In 1998, a strong El Niño caused an unusually wet January and February, followed by drought throughout the spring and early summer, causing a record wildfire season that created numerous air quality alerts in Orlando and severely impacted normal daily life, including the postponement of that year's Pepsi 400 NASCAR
NASCAR
race in nearby Daytona Beach.[35] Orlando is a major population center and has a considerable hurricane risk, although it is not as high as in South Florida's urban corridor or other coastal regions. Since the city is located 42 miles (68 km) inland from the Atlantic and 77 miles (124 km) inland from the Gulf of Mexico,[a] hurricanes usually weaken before arriving. Storm surges are not a concern since the region is 100 feet (30 m) above sea level. Despite its location, the city does see strong hurricanes. During the notorious 2004 hurricane season, Orlando was hit by three hurricanes that caused significant damage, with Hurricane
Hurricane
Charley the worst of these. The city also experienced widespread damage during Hurricane
Hurricane
Donna in 1960.[citation needed] Tornadoes are not usually connected with the strong thunderstorms of the summer. They are more common during the infrequent cold fronts of winter, as well as in passing hurricanes. The two worst major outbreaks in the area's history, a 1998 outbreak that killed 42 people and a 2007 outbreak that killed 21, both happened in February.

Climate data for Orlando (Orlando Int'l), 1981–2010 normals,[b] extremes 1892–present[c]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 88 (31) 90 (32) 97 (36) 99 (37) 102 (39) 101 (38) 101 (38) 101 (38) 103 (39) 98 (37) 93 (34) 95 (35) 103 (39)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 83.1 (28.4) 85.0 (29.4) 87.8 (31) 90.5 (32.5) 94.3 (34.6) 96.0 (35.6) 96.1 (35.6) 95.5 (35.3) 94.0 (34.4) 91.1 (32.8) 86.6 (30.3) 83.2 (28.4) 97.2 (36.2)

Average high °F (°C) 71.2 (21.8) 73.9 (23.3) 78.0 (25.6) 82.5 (28.1) 88.1 (31.2) 90.7 (32.6) 91.8 (33.2) 91.6 (33.1) 89.5 (31.9) 84.6 (29.2) 78.4 (25.8) 72.8 (22.7) 82.8 (28.2)

Daily mean °F (°C) 60.2 (15.7) 63.0 (17.2) 66.9 (19.4) 71.2 (21.8) 77.3 (25.2) 81.4 (27.4) 82.7 (28.2) 82.8 (28.2) 81.1 (27.3) 75.5 (24.2) 68.5 (20.3) 62.6 (17) 72.8 (22.7)

Average low °F (°C) 49.2 (9.6) 52.1 (11.2) 55.8 (13.2) 60.0 (15.6) 66.4 (19.1) 72.0 (22.2) 73.6 (23.1) 74.1 (23.4) 72.7 (22.6) 66.4 (19.1) 58.6 (14.8) 52.4 (11.3) 62.8 (17.1)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 31.9 (−0.1) 35.7 (2.1) 41.1 (5.1) 47.5 (8.6) 58.1 (14.5) 66.7 (19.3) 69.8 (21) 70.3 (21.3) 67.2 (19.6) 53.0 (11.7) 44.2 (6.8) 35.2 (1.8) 29.4 (−1.4)

Record low °F (°C) 19 (−7) 19 (−7) 25 (−4) 37 (3) 47 (8) 53 (12) 64 (18) 63 (17) 50 (10) 38 (3) 28 (−2) 18 (−8) 18 (−8)

Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.35 (59.7) 2.38 (60.5) 3.77 (95.8) 2.68 (68.1) 3.45 (87.6) 7.58 (192.5) 7.27 (184.7) 7.13 (181.1) 6.06 (153.9) 3.31 (84.1) 2.17 (55.1) 2.58 (65.5) 50.73 (1,288.5)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.6 6.8 7.4 6.2 7.5 15.6 16.3 16.6 13.2 8.0 6.3 6.6 117.1

Average relative humidity (%) 73.1 71.0 70.3 67.2 70.5 76.4 77.9 79.4 79.1 74.9 74.8 74.5 74.1

Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)[32][37][38]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1890 2,856 —    

1895 2,993 +4.8%

1900 2,481 −17.1%

1905 3,205 +29.2%

1910 3,894 +21.5%

1915 6,448 +65.6%

1920 9,282 +44.0%

1925 22,255 +139.8%

1930 27,330 +22.8%

1935 30,481 +11.5%

1940 36,736 +20.5%

1945 50,105 +36.4%

1950 52,367 +4.5%

1960 88,135 +68.3%

1970 99,006 +12.3%

1980 128,251 +29.5%

1990 164,693 +28.4%

2000 185,951 +12.9%

2010 238,300 +28.2%

2016 277,173 +16.3%

Population 1890–2012[39][40] 2012 Estimate[41] Sources: 1895–1945,[42]

Orlando Demographics

2010 Census Orlando Orange County Florida

Total population 238,300 1,145,956 18,801,310

Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +28.2% +27.8% +17.6%

Population density 2,327.3/sq mi 1,268.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi

White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 57.6% 63.6% 75.0%

(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 41.3% 46.0% 57.9%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 28.4% 26.9% 22.5%

Black or African-American 25.1% 20.8% 16.0%

Asian 3.8% 4.9% 2.4%

Native American or Native Alaskan 0.4% 0.4% 0.4%

Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%

Two or more races (Multiracial) 3.4% 3.4% 2.5%

Other Race 6.6% 6.8% 3.6%

Map of racial distribution in Orlando, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or Other (yellow)

As of 2010, there were 121,254 households out of which 15.4% were vacant. As of 2000, 24.5% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.97. In 2014, the city's population was spread out with 12.0% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 36.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.[43] As of 2/1/2018 Orlando is now 72 percent Puerto Rican due to the Hurricane
Hurricane
Maria evacuees. Orlando has the largest population of Puerto Ricans in Florida
Florida
and their cultural impact on Central Florida
Florida
is similar to that of the large Cuban population in South Florida.[44] Orlando is home to the fastest growing Puerto Rican community in the country. Between 1980 and 2010,[45] Hispanic population share rose from 4.1 to 25.4%.[46] Orlando also has a large and growing Caribbean
Caribbean
population, with a large West Indian community (particularly Bahamians, Cubans, Dominicans, Jamaicans, Virgin Islanders, Trinidadian and Tobagonian population) and an established Haitian community. Orlando has an active Jewish Community.[47][48] Orlando has a large LGBT population and is recognized[by whom?] as one of the most accepting and tolerant cities in the Southeast. As of 2015[update], around 4.1% of Orlando's population identify as LGBT,[49] making Orlando the city with the 20th-highest percentage of LGBT residents in the country.[50] The city is host to Gay Days every June (including at nearby Walt Disney
Walt Disney
World[51]), holds a huge Pride festival every October, and is home to Florida's first openly gay City Commissioner, Patty Sheehan.[citation needed] Languages[edit]

U.S. Census map

As of 2000, 75% of all residents speak English as their first language, while 16.60% speak Spanish, 1.9% speak Haitian Creole, 1.3% speak French, 0.99% speak Portuguese, and 0.5% of the population speak Arabic as their mother language. In total, 24% of the population 5 years and older speak a language other than English at home.[52] According to the American Community Survey of 2006–2008, 69% of Orlando's residents over the age of five spoke only English at home. Spanish-speakers represented 19.2% of Orlando's population. Speakers of other Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
made up 9% of the city's population. Those who spoke an Asian language made up 1% of the population, and speakers of other languages made up the remaining 0.6% of the populace.[53] Metropolitan statistical area[edit] Main article: Greater Orlando Orlando is the hub city of the Orlando-Kissimmee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area, colloquially known as "Greater Orlando" or "Metro Orlando". The area encompasses four counties (Orange, Osceola, Seminole
Seminole
and Lake), and is the 26th-largest metro area in the United States
United States
with a 2010 Census-estimated population of 2,134,411.[54] In 2000, the population of Orlando's urban area was 1,157,431, making it the third-largest in Florida
Florida
and the 35th-largest in the United States. As of 2009, the estimated urban area population of Orlando is 1,377,342. When Combined Statistical Areas were instituted in 2000, Orlando was initially joined together with The Villages, Florida, Micropolitan Statistical Area, to form the Orlando-The Villages, Florida, Combined Statistical Area. In 2006, the metropolitan areas of Deltona (Volusia County) and Palm Coast (Flagler County) were added to create the Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, Florida, Combined Statistical Area.[55] This new larger CSA has a total population (as of 2007) of 2,693,552,[56] and includes three of the 25 fastest-growing counties in the nation—Flagler ranks 1st; Osceola, 17th; and Lake, 23rd.[57] Economy[edit] See also: List of Florida
Florida
companies and List of notable companies in Orlando, Florida

The North/South Concourse of the Orange County Convention Center

Industry[edit] Orlando is a major industrial and hi-tech center. The metro area has a $13.4 billion technology industry employing 53,000 people;[citation needed] and is a nationally recognized cluster of innovation in digital media, agricultural technology, aviation, aerospace, and software design. More than 150 international companies, representing approximately 20 countries, have facilities in Metro Orlando. Orlando has the 7th-largest research park in the country, Central Florida
Florida
Research Park, with over 1,025 acres (4.15 km2). It is home to over 120 companies, employs more than 8,500 people, and is the hub of the nation's military simulation and training programs. Near the end of each year, the Orange County Convention Center
Orange County Convention Center
hosts the world's largest modeling and simulation conference: Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference (I/ITSEC). Metro Orlando is home to the simulation procurement commands for the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard. Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
has a large manufacturing facility for missile systems, aeronautical craft and related high tech research. Other notable engineering firms have offices or labs in Metro Orlando: KDF, General Dynamics, Harris, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Power Systems, Siemens, Veritas/Symantec, multiple USAF
USAF
facilities, Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD), Delta Connection
Delta Connection
Academy, Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, GE, Air Force Agency for Modeling and Simulation (AFAMS), U.S. Army Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation (PEO STRI), United States Army Research, Development and Engineering Command United States Army Simulation and Training Technology Center (STTC), AT&T, Boeing, CAE Systems Flight and Simulation Training, Hewlett-Packard, Institute for Simulation and Training, National Center for Simulation, Northrop Grumman, and Raytheon
Raytheon
Systems. The Naval Training Center until a few years ago was one of the two places where nuclear engineers were trained for the US Navy. Now the land has been converted into the Baldwin Park development. Numerous office complexes for large corporations have popped up along the Interstate 4 corridor north of Orlando, especially in Maitland, Lake Mary and Heathrow. Orlando is close enough to Patrick Air Force Base, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, and Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center
for residents to commute to work from the city's suburbs. It also allows easy access to Port Canaveral, a cruise ship terminal. Orlando is the home base of Darden Restaurants, the parent company of Olive Garden
Olive Garden
and LongHorn Steakhouse, and the largest operator of restaurants in the world by revenue. In September 2009 it moved to a new headquarters and central distribution facility.[58] Film, television, and entertainment[edit] Another important sector is the film, television, and electronic gaming industries, aided by the presence of Universal Studios, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Full Sail University, UCF College of Arts and Humanities, the Florida
Florida
Interactive Entertainment Academy, and other entertainment companies and schools. The U.S. modeling, simulation, and training (MS&T) industry is centered on the Orlando region as well, with a particularly strong presence in the Central Florida
Florida
Research Park adjacent to University of Central Florida
Florida
(UCF). Nearby Maitland is the home of Tiburon, a division of the video game company Electronic Arts. Tiburon Entertainment was acquired by EA in 1998 after years of partnership, particularly in the Madden NFL
Madden NFL
series and NCAA Football series of video games. Nearby Full Sail University, located in Winter Park, draws new-media students in the areas of video game design, film, show production, and computer animation, among others, its graduates spawning several start-ups in these fields in the Orlando area. The headquarters of Ripley Entertainment Inc. are also located in Orlando. Healthcare[edit] Orlando has two non-profit hospital systems: Orlando Health
Orlando Health
and Florida
Florida
Hospital. Orlando Health's Orlando Regional Medical Center
Orlando Regional Medical Center
is home to Central Florida's only Level I trauma center, and Winnie Palmer Hospital for Women and Babies and Florida
Florida
Hospital Orlando have the area's only Level III neonatal intensive care units. Orlando's medical leadership was further advanced with the completion of University of Central Florida's College of Medicine, a new VA Hospital and the new Nemours Children's Hospital, which is located in a new medical district in the Lake Nona area of the city.[59] Housing and employment[edit] Historically, the unemployment rate in Greater Orlando
Greater Orlando
was low, which resulted in growth that led to urban sprawl in the surrounding area and, in combination with the United States
United States
housing bubble, to a large increase in home prices. Metro Orlando's unemployment rate in June 2010 was 11.1 percent, was 11.4 percent in April 2010, and was about 10 percent in about the same time of year in 2009.[60] As of August 2013, the area's jobless rate was 6.6 percent.[61] Housing prices in Greater Orlando
Greater Orlando
went up 37.08% in one year, from a median of $182,300 in November 2004 to $249,900 in November 2005, and eventually peaked at $264,436 in July 2007. From there, with the economic meltdown, prices plummeted, with the median falling below $200,000 in September 2008, at one point falling at an annual rate of 39.27%. The median dipped below $100,000 in 2010 before stabilizing around $110,000 in 2011. As of April 2012, the median home price is $116,000.[62] Tourism[edit] See also: List of amusement parks in Greater Orlando
Greater Orlando
and List of Orlando, Florida
Florida
attractions

Cinderella Castle
Cinderella Castle
at the Magic Kingdom, Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
Resort

One of the main driving forces in Orlando's economy is its tourism industry and the city is one of the leading tourism destinations in the world. Nicknamed the 'Theme Park Capital of the World', the Orlando area is home to Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
Resort, Universal Orlando Resort, SeaWorld Orlando
SeaWorld Orlando
and the Fun Spot America Theme Parks. Over 68 million visitors came to the Orlando region in 2016, spending over $33 billion.[63] The Orlando area features 7 of the 10 most visited theme parks in North America (5 of the top 10 in the world), as well as the 4 most visited water parks in the U.S.[64] The Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
resort is the area's largest attraction with its many facets such as the Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Disney's Animal Kingdom, Typhoon Lagoon, Blizzard Beach, and Disney Springs. Universal Orlando, like Walt Disney
Walt Disney
World, is a multi-faceted resort comprising Universal Studios Florida, Islands of Adventure, Volcano Bay, and Universal CityWalk. SeaWorld Orlando
SeaWorld Orlando
is a large park that features numerous zoological displays and marine animals alongside an amusement park with roller coasters like Mako, Manta, and Kraken. The property also comprises more than one park, alongside Aquatica water park and Discovery Cove. Fun Spot Orlando and Kissimmee are more typical amusement parks with big thrills in a small space with roller coasters like White Lightning
Lightning
and Freedom Flyer
Freedom Flyer
in Orlando and Mine Blower
Mine Blower
and Rockstar Coaster in Kissimmee. Orlando is also home to I-Drive 360 on International Drive
International Drive
home to the Orlando Eye, Madame Tussauds, and Sealife Aquarium. Orlando attractions also appeal to many locals who want to enjoy themselves close to home. The convention industry is also critical to the region's economy. The Orange County Convention Center, expanded in 2004 to over two million square feet (200,000 m²) of exhibition space, is now the second-largest convention complex in terms of space in the United States, trailing only McCormick Place
McCormick Place
in Chicago. The city vies with Chicago and Las Vegas
Las Vegas
for hosting the most convention attendees in the United States.[65] Golf[edit] Numerous golf courses can be found in the city, with the most famous[citation needed] being Bay Hill Club and Lodge, home to the Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
Invitational. Culture[edit] Entertainment and performing arts[edit] The hip hop music, metal, rock music, reggaeton and Latino music scenes are all active within the city. Orlando is known as "Hollywood East" because of numerous movie studios in the area. Major motion picture production was active in the city during the mid-to-late 1990s, but has slowed in the past decade. Probably the most famous film-making moment in the city's history occurred with the implosion of Orlando's previous City
City
Hall for the movie Lethal Weapon 3. Orlando is now a large production center for television shows, direct-to-video productions, and commercial production.[66] In early 2011, filmmaker Marlon Campbell constructed A-Match Pictures and Angel Media Studios; a multimillion-dollar film and recording facility that has been added to the list of major studios in the city.[citation needed] Until recently, Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Feature Animation operated a studio in Disney's Hollywood Studios
Disney's Hollywood Studios
at the Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
Resort. Feature Animation- Florida
Florida
was primarily responsible for the films Mulan, Lilo & Stitch, and the early stages of Brother Bear
Brother Bear
and contributed on various other projects. Universal Studios Florida's Soundstage 21
Soundstage 21
is home to TNA Wrestling's flagship show TNA Impact!. Nickelodeon Studios, which through the 1990s produced hundreds of hours of GAK-filled game shows targeted at children,[citation needed] no longer operates out of Universal Studios Florida. The Florida
Florida
Film Festival which takes place in venues throughout the area is one of the most respected regional film festivals in the country and attracts budding filmmakers from around the world. Orlando is very popular among independent filmmakers. Orlando's indie film scene has been active since Haxan Film's The Blair Witch Project
The Blair Witch Project
(1999) and a few years later with Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
winning her Academy Award
Academy Award
for Monster (2003). A Florida
Florida
state film incentive has also helped increase the number of films being produced in Orlando and the rest of the state. The Orlando Metropolitan Area is home to a substantial theater population. Several professional and semi-professional houses and many community theaters include the Central Florida
Florida
Ballet, Orlando Ballet, Orlando Shakespeare Theater, Orlando Repertory Theatre, Mad Cow Theatre, and IceHouse Theatre in Mount Dora. Orlando Theatre Project, closed in 2009. Additionally, both University of Central Florida
Florida
and Rollins College
Rollins College
(Winter Park) are home to theater departments that attract an influx of young artists to the area. The Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre
Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre
had hosted national Broadway tours on a regular basis. This venue was built in 1926 and underwent a major renovation in 1974.[67] While waiting on the completion of Phase II construction of the Dr. Phillips Center for Performing Arts, the newly designated Bob Carr Theater will continue to host non-Broadway events.[68] The Orlando International Fringe Theater Festival, which draws touring companies from around the world, is hosted in various venues over Orlando's Loch Haven Park every spring. At the festival, there are also readings and fully staged productions of new and unknown plays by local artists.[69] Also in the spring, there is The Harriett Lake Festival of New Plays, hosted by Orlando Shakespeare Theater.[70] Founded in 2002, the Orlando Cabaret Festival showcases local, national, and internationally renowned cabaret artist to Mad Cow Theatre in Downtown Orlando
Downtown Orlando
each spring.[71] Local culture[edit] A substantial amount of the teenage and young adult populations identify as being goth, emo, or punk.[72] Orlando experienced the Second Summer of Love
Second Summer of Love
between 1991 and 1992 that popularized the subculture surrounding electronic dance music in Florida.[73] The culture progressed as time went on, starting in 1995 from when alternative-rock band Matchbox Twenty, and pop bands NSync
NSync
and Backstreet Boys
Backstreet Boys
originated. Over the years, the intensity of the music increased. In the late 1990s, Skrape, a metal band, was established, shortly followed by the screamo band From First to Last
From First to Last
as well as the alternative metal band Fireflight. In the early 2000s, the heavy metal bands Trivium and Mindscar
Mindscar
formed. In the later 2000s, more screamo bands, such as Blood on the Dance Floor (duo), Sleeping with Sirens, and Broadway (band)
Broadway (band)
were established.[74] Major companies, such as Hot Topic and Vans
Vans
have noticed and taken advantage of this. Hot Topic, an emo retailer, established 5 stores in Orlando. The Vans
Vans
Warped Tour, a concert containing metalcore/screamo/punk bands, takes place in Orlando annually.[75][76] Shopping malls[edit]

The Florida
Florida
Mall is the largest mall in Orlando and one of the largest single-story malls in the USA at over 1,849,000 sq ft (171,800 m2). There are over 250 stores, seven anchor department stores, and the Florida
Florida
Mall Hotel & Conference Center Tower. It is located outside the city proper in unincorporated Orange County. The Mall at Millenia
The Mall at Millenia
is a contemporary two-level upscale shopping mall, including the department stores of Bloomingdale's, Macy's, and Neiman Marcus. The mall covers an area of 1,118,000 ft² (103,866 m²). IKEA
IKEA
Orlando opened adjacent to the mall on November 14, 2007. Orlando Fashion Square is located on East Colonial Drive, near Downtown Orlando. Seritage Growth Properties (NYSE: SRG) is planning a late-summer 2017 completion of a major renovation that will welcome new shops and restaurants to the East Colonial Drive area. In 2017, Sears closed their location at Orlando Fashion Square Mall.

In popular culture[edit] The films The Florida
Florida
Project, Ernest Saves Christmas, Larry the Cable Guy: Health Inspector, and Never Back Down
Never Back Down
take place in and were filmed entirely in Orlando. Scenes were also filmed for Transformers: Dark of the Moon at the Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport
in early October 2010.[77] Orlando is also the city very prominently featured in the ABC sitcom Fresh Off The Boat. Orlando is home to numerous recording studios and producers, and as a result, contributed heavily to the Boy Band
Boy Band
craze of the mid-1990s. The groups Backstreet Boys, NSync, and O-Town all started in Orlando before becoming nationwide successes. The alternative groups Matchbox Twenty, Seven Mary Three, and Alter Bridge
Alter Bridge
are from Orlando, as is the Christian hip-hop act Group 1 Crew. Orlando also has a prominent metal scene, spawning bands such as Death and Trivium. Sports[edit]

The Amway Center

Main article: Sports in Orlando, Florida

Professional sports teams

Club Sport League Venue Average attendance Founded Titles

Orlando City
City
SC Soccer MLS Orlando City
City
Stadium 32,847 2015 0

Orlando Pride Soccer NWSL Orlando City
City
Stadium N/A 2016 0

Orlando Magic Basketball NBA Amway Center 16,785 1989 0

Orlando Solar Bears[78] Ice Hockey ECHL Amway Center 6,209 2012 0

Florida
Florida
Fire Frogs Baseball FSL Osceola County Stadium 1,308 1994 0

Orlando Anarchy Football WFA Trinity Preparatory School — 2010 0

Orlando is the home city of two major league professional sports teams: the Orlando Magic
Orlando Magic
of the National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
(NBA), and Orlando City SC
Orlando City SC
of Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
(MLS). Orlando has two minor league professional teams: the Orlando Solar Bears ECHL
ECHL
ice hockey team and the Orlando Anarchy of the Women's Football Alliance. Orlando also hosts the University of Central Florida
Florida
(UCF) Knights college athletics teams, which compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association
National Collegiate Athletic Association
(NCAA) as a member of the American Athletic Conference
American Athletic Conference
(The American). The original Orlando Solar Bears were part of the International Hockey League winning the last Turner Cup
Turner Cup
championship in 2001, before the league folded. From 1991 to 2016, the city was also home to the Orlando Predators
Orlando Predators
of the Arena Football League. In 2016, the Orlando Pride
Orlando Pride
began play in the National Women's Soccer League. Starting in 2017, they will be sharing Orlando City
City
Stadium with Orlando City. Orlando's sports teams have collectively won two Arena Bowls (1998, 2000), two titles in ice hockey, three titles in minor league baseball, and two titles in soccer. The city has hosted the NBA All-Star Game twice: in 1992 at the old Orlando Arena, and in 2012 at the current Amway Center. Orlando also hosted the 2015 ECHL
ECHL
All-Star Game at Amway Center. Camping World Stadium
Camping World Stadium
(the former Citrus
Citrus
Bowl stadium) hosts three annual college football bowl games: the Citrus
Citrus
Bowl, the Russell Athletic Bowl, and the Cure Bowl. It also hosted the 1998 Major League Soccer All-Star Game. Orlando is the host city for the annual Florida Classic, one of the largest FCS football classics in the nation. It will also begin hosting a series of FBS kickoff games called the Orlando Kickoff in 2016, and will serve as host to the National Football League's 2017 Pro Bowl. Orlando was home to the Orlando Renegades
Orlando Renegades
of the United States Football League in 1985. The team folded along with the league in 1986.[79] Orlando is home to many notable athletes former and present, including baseball players Carlos Peña, Frank Viola, Ken Griffey, Jr.
Ken Griffey, Jr.
and Barry Larkin; basketball player Shaquille O'Neal; soccer player Kaká; and many golfers, including Tiger Woods, Mark O'Meara
Mark O'Meara
and Arnold Palmer.[citation needed] The annual Community Effort Orlando
Community Effort Orlando
(CEO) is the second-biggest fighting game tournament of the country. Having grown since its introduction in 2010, the event got over 4,000 attendees from more than 25 different countries in 2016.[80][81] Government[edit] Main article: List of mayors of Orlando, Florida Orlando is governed via the Mayor-council system. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The six members of the city council are each elected from districts.

Orlando

Crime rates* (2014)

Violent crimes

Homicide 15

Robbery 620

Aggravated assault 1,538

Total violent crime 2,340

Property crimes

Burglary 3,342

Larceny-theft 12,182

Motor vehicle theft 991

Arson 55

Total property crime 16,515

Notes

*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

2014 population: 259,675

Source: 2014 FBI UCR Data

Mayor: Buddy Dyer City
City
Council:

District 1: Jim Gray District 2: Tony Ortiz District 3: Robert Stuart District 4: Patty Sheehan District 5: Regina Hill District 6: Samuel Ings

Education[edit] Public primary and secondary education is handled by Orange County Public Schools. Some of the private schools include Saint James Cathedral School (founded 1928), Orlando Lutheran Academy, Forest Lake Academy, The First Academy, Ibn Seena Academy, Trinity Preparatory School, Lake Highland Preparatory School, Bishop Moore High School
Bishop Moore High School
and Orlando Christian Prep. Area institutions of higher education[edit]

The University of Central Florida
Florida
Library

Full Sail University

State universities[edit]

University of Central Florida Florida
Florida
A&M University College of Law Florida
Florida
State University College of Medicine

State colleges[edit]

Valencia College Seminole
Seminole
State College of Florida
Florida
(Sanford, Oviedo, & Altamonte Springs)

Private universities, colleges, and others[edit]

Adventist University of Health Sciences, Main Campus Ana G. Méndez University System Anthem College, Orlando Campus Asbury Theological Seminary, Orlando Campus Belhaven University, Orlando Campus Columbia College, Orlando Campus Connecticut School of Broadcasting, Orlando Campus DeVry University, Orlando campus Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law, Barry University Everest University, Orlando campus Florida
Florida
Institute of Technology, Orlando campus Full Sail University
Full Sail University
(in Winter Park) Herzing College
Herzing College
(in Winter Park) Hindu University of America International Academy of Design & Technology-Orlando ITT Technical Institute, Lake Mary Campus Keiser University, Orlando Campus Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts, Orlando Campus McBurney College (Orlando Campus) Nova Southeastern University, Orlando campus Palm Beach Atlantic University, Orlando Campus Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando campus Remington College of Nursing (in Lake Mary) Rollins College
Rollins College
(in Winter Park) Southern Technical College Strayer University, Orlando campus University of Florida
Florida
College of Pharmacy (in Apopka)

Supplementary schools[edit] The Orlando Hoshuko, a weekend supplementary school for Japanese children, is held at the Lake Highland Preparatory School
Lake Highland Preparatory School
in Orlando.[82]

Media[edit] See also: List of newspapers in Florida, List of radio stations in Florida, and List of television stations in Florida Television[edit] Orlando is the center of the 19th-largest media market in the United States according to Nielsen Media Research
Nielsen Media Research
as of the 2010–11 TV season.[83] Three major network affiliates operate in the city: WKMG-TV
WKMG-TV
6 (CBS), WFTV
WFTV
9 (ABC) and Fox O&O WOFL
WOFL
35. WFTV
WFTV
and WOFL operate additional stations in Orlando, with WFTV
WFTV
operating independent station WRDQ
WRDQ
27 and WOFL
WOFL
operating MyNetworkTV
MyNetworkTV
O&O WRBW
WRBW
65. The market's NBC
NBC
affiliate, WESH
WESH
2, is licensed to Daytona Beach and also owns and operates CW affiliate WKCF
WKCF
18, licensed to Clermont; both stations operate out of studios based in nearby Eatonville. The city is also served by three public television stations: WUCF-TV 24, the market's PBS
PBS
member station operated by the University of Central Florida, and two independent stations: Daytona State College's WDSC-TV 15 in New Smyrna Beach and Eastern Florida
Florida
State College's WEFS
WEFS
68 in Cocoa. Four Spanish-language channels are licensed in Orlando, including UniMás
UniMás
O&O WOTF-DT 43 and Telemundo
Telemundo
affiliate WTMO-CD 31. Univision
Univision
affiliate WVEN-TV
WVEN-TV
26, which operates WOTF-DT under a LMA, is based in Daytona Beach. Several English-language stations also operate Spanish-language subchannels. The city's cable system is run by Bright House Networks, which merged with Charter in May 2016, and is now called Spectrum. Spectrum operates News 13, a cable-exclusive regional 24/7 news channel which covers Central Florida
Florida
news, including that of Orlando. Orlando is also home to NBC
NBC
Sports' Golf Channel
Golf Channel
cable television network. Facilities, including studios and administration, are located at 7580 Golf Channel
Golf Channel
Drive, just blocks from the I-Drive tourism corridor. Radio[edit] 25 AM and 28 FM stations transmit to the Orlando area. Some of the country's biggest radio station owners have major presences in Orlando, including iHeartMedia, Cox Communications, and CBS
CBS
Radio. One of the country's notable internet radio stations, D100 Radio, was founded in Orlando. Newspapers[edit] Orlando's primary newspaper, the Orlando Sentinel, is the second-largest newspaper in Florida
Florida
by circulation. The Sentinel's Spanish language edition, El Sentinel, is the largest Spanish language newspaper in Florida.[84] The city is also served by the following newspapers:

Orlando Business Journal Orlando Weekly

Transport[edit] Orlando uses the Lynx bus system as well as a downtown bus service called Lymmo. Orlando and other neighboring communities are also serviced by SunRail, a local commuter rail line that began service in 2014. Airports[edit]

The Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport
(MCO) is Orlando's primary airport and the busiest airport in the state of Florida. The airport serves as a hub and a focus hub city for Frontier Airlines, JetBlue Airways
JetBlue Airways
and Southwest Airlines. The airport serves as a major international gateway for the mid- Florida
Florida
region with major foreign carriers including Aer Lingus, Aeroméxico, Air Canada, British Airways, Emirates Airlines, TAM and Virgin Atlantic The Orlando Sanford International Airport
Orlando Sanford International Airport
(SFB) in nearby suburb of Sanford, Florida
Florida
serves as a secondary airport for the region and is a focus city airport for Allegiant Air. The Orlando Executive Airport
Orlando Executive Airport
(ORL) near Downtown Orlando
Downtown Orlando
serves primarily executive jets, flight training schools, and general small-aircraft aviation.

Roads[edit] Orlando, like other major cities, experiences gridlock and traffic jams daily, especially when commuting from the northern suburbs in Seminole
Seminole
County south to downtown and from the eastern suburbs of Orange County to Downtown. Heavy traffic is also common in the tourist district south of downtown. Rush hours (peak traffic hours) are usually weekday mornings (after 7 am) and afternoons (after 4 pm). There are various traffic advisory resources available for commuters including downloading the Tele-Traffic App (available for iPhone and Android), dialing 5-1-1
5-1-1
(a free automated traffic advisory system provided by the Florida
Florida
Department of Transportation, available by dialing 511), visiting the Florida
Florida
511 Web site, listening to traffic reports on major radio stations, and reading electronic traffic advisory displays (also called Variable-message signs, information is also provided by FDOT) on the major highways and roadways. Major highways[edit]

Interstate 4
Interstate 4
is Orlando's primary interstate highway. Orlando is the second-largest city served by one interstate, preceding Austin, Texas, and is the largest metropolitan area in the US serviced by a single interstate. The interstate begins in Tampa, Florida, and travels northeast across the midsection of the state directly through Orlando, ending in Daytona Beach. As a key connector to Orlando's suburbs, downtown, area attractions, and both coasts, I-4 commonly experiences heavy traffic and congestion. I-4 is also known as State Road 400. East-West Expressway (Toll 408) is a major east–west highway managed by the Central Florida
Florida
Expressway Authority. The highway intersects with I-4 in Downtown Orlando, providing a key artery for residents commuting from eastern and western suburbs including the University of Central Florida
Florida
and Waterford Lakes area. The highway also intersects with the Central Florida
Florida
Greeneway (Toll 417) and Florida's Turnpike. By late 2006, the I-4/408 interchange had almost completed undergoing a major overhaul that creates multiple fly-over bridges and connectors to ease heavy traffic. The agency recently[when?] finished construction of lane expansions, new toll plazas, and sound barriers along the roadway, though much work remains to be done. Beachline Expressway (Toll 528) provides key access to the Orlando International Airport and serves as a gateway to the Atlantic coast, specifically Cocoa Beach
Cocoa Beach
and Cape Canaveral. Central Florida
Florida
Greenway (Toll 417) is a key highway for East Orlando, the highway is also managed by the Central Florida
Florida
Expressway Authority and serves as Orlando's eastern beltway. The highway intersects with the East-West Expressway (Toll 408), the Beachline Expressway (Toll 528), and begins and ends on Interstate 4. Daniel Webster Western Beltway (Toll 429) serves as Orlando's western beltway. The highway serves as a "back entrance" to Walt Disney
Walt Disney
World from Orlando's northwestern suburbs including Apopka via Florida's Turnpike. John Land Apopka Expressway (Toll 414) A new east to west tollway serving northern Orlando. Phase I opened on February 14, 2009 and extends from US 441 to State Road 429. Phase II will link SR 429 to US 441 several miles west of the current SR 429 intersection. Florida's Turnpike
Florida's Turnpike
(Toll 91) is a major highway that connects northern Florida
Florida
with Orlando and terminates in Miami.

Rail[edit] The Orlando area is served by one through railroad. The line, now known as the Central Florida
Florida
Rail Corridor (CFRC), was previously known as the "A" line (formerly the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad's main line). The line was purchased from CSX Transportation
CSX Transportation
by the State of Florida
Florida
in 2013 and is now used by SunRail, the Central Florida
Florida
commuter rail system. Some freight spurs still exist off of the line, which are operated by the Florida
Florida
Central Railroad. Amtrak passenger service runs along CFRC. See also a map of these railroads.

Platform-side, Orlando Amtrak
Amtrak
Station

Amtrak
Amtrak
intercity passenger rail service operates from the Orlando Amtrak
Amtrak
Station south of downtown. The Mission Revival-style station has been in continuous use since 1927,[85] first for the Atlantic Coast Line, then the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad
Seaboard Coast Line Railroad
(signage for which is still displayed over the station's main entrance). Amtrak's Silver Meteor and Silver Star service Orlando four times daily, twice bound for points north to New York City
City
and twice bound for points south to Miami. Orlando also serves as a transfer hub for Amtrak
Amtrak
Thruway Motorcoach bus service. Orlando Station has the highest Amtrak ridership in the state, with the exception of the Auto Train
Auto Train
depot located in nearby Sanford.[86] Historically, Orlando's other major railroad stations have included:

Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Orlando station (now Church Street Station, a commercial development) Seaboard Air Line Railroad Orlando station (Central Avenue Station; 1898–1955.)

Commuter rail[edit] Main article: SunRail In 2005, federal and state funding was granted for the establishment of SunRail, a local commuter rail service, to operate on the former CSX "A" line tracks between DeLand and Poinciana, passing through the downtown area and surrounding urban neighborhoods along the way. The service is expected to substantially reduce traffic congestion along the I-4 corridor, especially between Downtown Orlando
Downtown Orlando
and the suburban communities in Seminole
Seminole
and Volusia Counties. Federal and state funds covered approximately 80% of the estimated $400 million cost for track modifications and construction of stations along the route. The counties involved approved local matching funds in 2007 and the line was originally projected to begin operations in 2011.[87] However, the project was ultimately voted down by Florida
Florida
State Senate in 2008 and again in 2009 due to an amendment that would have approved a $200 million insurance policy for the system. Although there had been growing concern the system would be scrapped, a deadline extension combined with a new insurance arrangement with CSX brought new hope that SunRail
SunRail
will be completed after all.[88] In a special session in December 2009, the Florida
Florida
Legislature approved commuter rail for Florida, which also enabled high-speed rail federal funding. SunRail began passenger service on May 1, 2014. Phase I of the rail system runs from DeBary to Sand Lake Road in South Orlando. Phase II, which isn't expected to be completed until 2018, will connect from DeBary and continue north to DeLand, as well as extend from Sand Lake Road in Orlando south to Poinciana. Attempts to establish a smaller light rail service for the Orlando area were also considered at one time,[when?] but were also met with much resistance. High-speed rail[edit] Main article: Florida
Florida
High Speed Rail On January 28, 2010, President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
said that Florida
Florida
would be receiving $1.25 billion to start the construction of a statewide high-speed rail system with Orlando as its central hub. The first stage would have connected Orlando and Tampa, Florida
Florida
and was expected to be completed by 2014. The second stage was to connect Orlando and Miami, Florida.[89] The project was canceled by Gov. Rick Scott in 2011, and on March 4, 2011, the Florida
Florida
Supreme Court unanimously turned down the request of two state senators to force Scott to accept federal funding for the project. A privately funded initiative known as All Aboard Florida, which would provide higher-speed rail service from Miami
Miami
to Orlando, was announced in March 2012.[90] Now known as Brightline, the train currently runs from Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale
to West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach
with service to MiamiCentral expected to start in the first quarter of 2018. The Orlando extension will include 40 miles of new railway track and terminate at the new Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport
South Intermodal Center.[91] Service to Orlando is slated to be launched in 2020.[92] Bus[edit] Lynx provides local transit service covering a five-county area: Orange, Seminole, Osceola, Polk, and Volusia.[93][94] Greyhound Lines
Greyhound Lines
offers intercity bus service from Orlando to multiple locations across the country. The Orlando Greyhound Station is located west of Downtown Orlando. Taxi[edit] Orlando is served by a collection of independently owned taxi companies. In downtown Orlando, taxis can be hailed on a regular basis. Taxis are also available in and around the Amway Center, Orlando Convention Center, and all major attractions/theme parks. Orlando also has service from car sharing companies like Uber and Lyft, which offers service at all airports. Airport shuttles[edit] Transportation between the Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport
and various locations in and around Orlando are provided by airport shuttle services. Several shuttles operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Orlando, Florida Sister cities[edit] See also: List of sister cities in Florida Orlando has nine international sister cities as listed by the City
City
of Orlando Office of International Affairs.[95] Bethlehem, Palestine.

Valladolid, Valladolid, Castile and León, Spain Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico Marne-la-Vallée, Île-de-France, France Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil Urayasu, Chiba, Japan Reykjanesbær, Iceland Tainan, Taiwan Guilin, Guangxi, People's Republic of China Orenburg, Russia

Foreign consulates[edit] Given Orlando's status as a busy international tourist destination and growing industrial and commercial base, there are several foreign consulates and honorary consulates in Orlando including Argentina, Colombia, Czech Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and the Ivory Coast. As a result, Orlando now has the second-highest number of foreign consulates in Florida
Florida
next to Miami.[96] The British Government operated a Consulate from 1994 to 2014 when all services transferred to the British Consulate General in Miami.[97] See also[edit]

LGBT portal Florida
Florida
portal United States
United States
portal Terrorism portal

List of mayors of Orlando

Notes[edit]

^ Distance measured from Orlando City
City
Hall to nearest Atlantic coastline, near Oak Hill, Brevard County, and nearest Gulf coastline, near, Pine Island, Hernando County, using Google Earth's Ruler tool. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Orlando Int'l became the official station of record for Orlando in February 1974.[36]

References[edit]

^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States
United States
Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.  ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2017.  ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ 2010 List of Populations of Urban Areas. U.S. Census Bureau. census.gov. Accessed February 22, 2015. ^ "Population xurityEstimates". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ Brinkmann, Paul. "New stats show Orlando grew faster than 30 biggest metros". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ Pedicini, Sandra (May 11, 2017). "Visit Orlando: Record 68 million people visited last year". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on July 18, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ Passenger Traffic for past 12 months ending May 2011 Archived August 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Airports.org. Retrieved August 21, 2011. ^ "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2010". Lboro.ac.uk. September 14, 2011. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2011.  ^ "For Nearly Half of America, Grass Is Greener Somewhere Else; Denver Tops List of Favorite Cities Pew Research Center's Social & Demographic Trends Project". Pewresearch.org. Retrieved August 2, 2014.  ^ a b c d "Fort Gatlin established". myfloridahistory.org. Florida Historical Society. Retrieved March 1, 2017.  ^ Wallace Dickinson, Joy (July 6, 2003). "Giant Council Oak Is Gone, But Its Presence Is Felt". orlandosentinel.com. The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 1, 2017.  ^ Dickinson, Joy Wallace (2003). Orlando : city of dreams. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Pub. pp. 21–22. ISBN 0-7385-2442-5.  ^ a b c d e Andrews, Mark (May 7, 2000). "Site's Key To Orlando History: Fort Gatlin". orlandosentinel.com. The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 1, 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Andrews, Mark (January 18, 1998). "Legendary Orlando Reeves Was A Remarkable Man – Or Was He?". orlandosentinel.com. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 3, 2017.  ^ a b Orlando's First Settler, Aaron Jernigan Retrieved March 2, 2017. ^ Dickinson, Joy Wallace (March 13, 2005). "You're Really Living In The Land Of Jernigan". orlandosentinel.com. The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 4, 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i Dickinson, Joy Wallace (2003). Orlando : city of dreams. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Pub. pp. 24–25. ISBN 0-7385-2442-5.  ^ a b c History of Orlando Florida
Florida
Backroads Travel. Retrieved March 2, 2017. ^ a b c Dickinson, Joy Wallace (January 28, 2001). "Mystery Of Name Tracked Down Long, Winding Trail". orlandosentinel.com. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 3, 2017.  ^ a b c d Dickinson, Joy Wallace (2003). Orlando : city of dreams. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Pub. pp. 13–14, 24. ISBN 0-7385-2442-5.  ^ Andrews, Mark (November 13, 1994). "The Legend Of Orlando's Name Crumbles Under Expert Scrutiny". orlandosentinel.com. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 4, 2017.  ^ Reflections, Fall 2015 Vol. 13 No. 4. Retrieved March 1, 2017. ^ Mosier, Tana (2009). "Historic Orange County:The Story of Orlando and Orange County". Texas: Mahler Books. p. 51. ISBN 9781893619999.  ^ [1] Archived March 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "10 Best Hotels in Orlando for AARP Members in 2017". AARP Travel Center. Expedia. Retrieved 5 May 2017.  ^ http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/pulse-orlando-nightclub-shooting/os-911-calls-released-orlando-shooting-20170922-story.html ^ http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/politics/political-pulse/os-pulse-nightclub-no-sale-orlando-20161205-story.html ^ "Map of Orlando" (PDF). Cityoforlando.net. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2014.  ^ "Buildings of Orlando". Emporis.com. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ a b c "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-04-11.  ^ Snow falls in central Florida
Florida
as state endures unusual Nov. cold snap USA Today; Retrieved May 23, 2012 ^ Florida
Florida
cold spell brings flurries to Orlando The Washington Post; Retrieved May 23, 2012 ^ "Pepsi 400 Postponed By Fires – Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. July 3, 1998. Retrieved October 16, 2012.  ^ ThreadEx ^ "Station Name: FL ORLANDO INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-05-13.  ^ "WMO Climate Normals for ORLANDO/JETPORT, FL 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-05-13.  ^ "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2008.  ^ "Census 2010 News U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
Delivers Florida's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting". 2010.census.gov. March 17, 2011. Archived from the original on December 14, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2013.  ^ Florida
Florida
Department of Agriculture (1906). Census of the State of Florida. Urbana, I.L.  ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder – Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved January 21, 2016.  ^ "Puerto Ricans Gain Political Clout In Florida". NPR. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "Orlando (city), Florida". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2012.  ^ " Florida
Florida
– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012.  ^ "The Art of Parenting course offered at JLI". Heritage Florida Jewish News. January 16, 2015.  ^ Sheskin, Ira M. (December 1994). "Jewish identity in the sunbelt: the Jewish population of Orlando, Florida". Contemporary Jewry. 15 (1): 26–38. doi:10.1007/BF02986640.  ^ Leonhardt, David; Miller, Claire Cain (March 20, 2015). "The Metro Areas With the Largest, and Smallest, Gay Populations". Retrieved June 8, 2017 – via NYTimes.com.  ^ http://www.bizjournals.com/orlando/morning_call/2015/03/orlando-has-20th-highest-lgbt-percentage-among.html ^ "Disney Gay Days 2017". www.WDWInfo.com. Retrieved June 8, 2017.  ^ "Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Orlando, Florida". MLA.org. March 15, 2006. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "Orlando city, Florida
Florida
– Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2006–2008". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011". 2011 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. April 2012. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 27, 2012. Retrieved April 12, 2012.  ^ [2] Archived August 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" (.xls). U.S. Census Bureau. March 27, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2008.  ^ [3] ^ "Darden headquarters to open Wednesday in Orlando". Orlando Sentinel. September 26, 2009. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "Lake Nona Is Site Of New VA Hospital". Internet Broadcasting Systems/WKMG-TV. March 2, 2007. Archived from the original on February 12, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2008.  "Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando". Nemours Foundation. Archived from the original on October 17, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.  ^ Stratton, Jim. " Florida
Florida
jobless rate drops to 11.7 percent", Orlando Sentinel, June 18, 2010. ^ Stratton, Jim (September 20, 2013). " Florida
Florida
unemployment rate falls to 7 percent". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved October 27, 2015.  ^ "Metropolitan Orlando Housing Trends Summary[permanent dead link]." Orlando Regional Realtor Association. May 9, 2012. Retrieved on My 17, 2012. ^ "Orlando Press & Media Visit Orlando News & Information". Corporate.visitorlando.com. Retrieved August 2, 2014.  ^ 2012 TEA AECOM Themed Index Archived November 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 27, 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-23. , May 23, 2014 ^ Bergen, Kathy. Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and Orlando Bruising Chicago's Trade Show Business. The Chicago Tribune, September 11, 2003 ^ "What Happened to Hollywood East?" Southwest Orlando Bulletin, July 17, 2004 ^ "Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre". City
City
of Orlando Venues. Archived from the original on September 24, 2014.  ^ "Dr. Phillips Center's 3-month-out update". mynews13.com.  ^ "2010 Orlando Fringe Festival Orlando International Fringe Theatre Festival". Orlandofringe.org. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "PLAYFEST! The Harriet Lake Festival of New Plays". Vroomvroomvroom.com. Retrieved March 19, 2014.  ^ "About Us – Orlando Cabaret Festival". Orlandocabaret.com. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "Thee Grotto carves out dance floor space in downtown Orlando". tribunedigital-orlandosentinel.  ^ Kelemen, Matt (September 2, 1998). "Wizards of Aahz: The Florida winter had ju..." orlandoweekly.com. The Orlando Weekly. Retrieved November 30, 2015. Collins could not be aware of it at the time, but those Saturday nights -- eventually known as "Aahz"-- would kick-start an underground culture and spawn countless DJ careers. Orlando would never be the same...By 1991–1992, Orlando experienced its own "summer of love" through the culture that sprang up around the weekend acid-house nights at the Beacham Theatre presided over by Collins and Dave Cannalte, and nurtured by Beacham promoter StaceBass...only New York, San Francisco and L.A. had similar scenes, and they were characterized by warehouse parties. Orlando had a headquarters in the heart of its downtown district...From then on the crowds would refer to the Beacham as "Aahz" no matter what the owners called it.  ^ Epitaph Records (March 21, 2006). "From First To Last". Epitaph Records.  ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.  ^ "The Vans
Vans
Warped Tour 2014". last.fm.  ^ [4] Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " ECHL
ECHL
Attendance Down 2%; Ontario (CA) Reign Lead In Final Season With League", May 12, 2015. ^ "USFL.info – Orlando Renegades". www.usfl.info. Retrieved December 25, 2015.  ^ Richardson, Matthew (June 1, 2016). "3 new things coming to Orlando's biggest video game tournament". Orlando Business Journal.  ^ Alphonse, Craig (June 23, 2016). " Community Effort Orlando
Community Effort Orlando
is What it Sounds Like". Red Bull.  ^ "地図 Archived February 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.." Orlando Hoshuko. Retrieved on February 16, 2015. "住所:901 Highland Ave. Orlando, Florida
Florida
32803 " ^ "Number of U.S. TV Households Climbs by One Million for 2010–11 TV Season Nielsen Wire". Blog.nielsen.com. August 27, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2011.  ^ "Highest Circulation Florida
Florida
Newspapers – the biggest newspapers in Florida
Florida
at Mondo Times". Mondonewspapers.com. Archived from the original on August 19, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2011.  ^ Mulligan, M. "Railroad Depots of Central Florida", page 42. Arcadia Publishing, 2008. ^ " Amtrak
Amtrak
Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2009". Amtrak. Retrieved February 2, 2010. ^ "A Better Way To Go". SunRail. Retrieved August 2, 2014.  ^ [5] Archived July 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Hinman, Michael (January 28, 2010). "High-speed rail details show 16 Tampa-Orlando round trips".  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 9, 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-16.  ^ "Orlando". Brightline. Retrieved 17 February 2018.  ^ Rodriguez, Rene. "The massive station is rising. But the train service is not quite ready to roll". Miami
Miami
Herald. Retrieved 17 February 2018.  ^ "The Central Florida
Florida
Regional Transportation Authority—LYNX". Golynx.com. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "Lake County to End Commuter Contract to LYNX". Golynx.com. August 29, 2013.  ^ " City
City
of Orlando International Affairs". Cityoforlando.net. Retrieved November 17, 2014.  ^ "Foreign Embassies and Consulates in United States". Embassiesabroad.com. September 15, 1999. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "Changes to UK government representation in Orlando, Florida
Florida
– News articles". GOV.UK. January 29, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2014. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Orlando, Florida External links[edit]

Find more aboutOrlando, Floridaat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Official website Orlando, Florida
Florida
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

Greater Orlando
Greater Orlando
Metropolitan Area

Apopka, Astatula, Mount Dora, Eustis, Tavares, Leesburg, The Villages Eatonville, Maitland, Altamonte Springs, Longwood, Lake Mary, Sanford, Deltona, DeBary, Orange City, DeLand Winter Park, Casselberry, Oviedo, Winter Springs, Daytona Beach, New Smyrna Beach, Ormond Beach

Windermere, Ocoee, Winter Garden, Clermont, Bushnell

Orlando

Union Park, Avalon Park, Chuluota, Bithlo, Christmas, Titusville, Cocoa Beach, Cape Canaveral

Lake Buena Vista, Celebration, Davenport, Winter Haven, Lakeland, Haines City Edgewood, Belle Isle, Kissimmee, Poinciana Saint Cloud, Harmony, Holopaw, Kenansville, Yeehaw Junction, Melbourne, Palm Bay

Articles relating to Orlando and Orange County

v t e

Greater Orlando

Florida

Principal cities

Orlando Kissimmee Sanford

Counties

in MSA

Lake Orange Osceola Seminole

in CSA

Flagler Sumter Volusia

Populated places

over 25,000

Alafaya Altamonte Springs Apopka Buenaventura Lakes Casselberry Clermont Daytona Beach DeLand Deltona Four Corners Meadow Woods Ocoee Oviedo Palm Coast Pine Hills Poinciana St. Cloud University The Villages Winter Garden Winter Park Winter Springs

10,000–25,000

Azalea Park Conway DeBary Dr. Phillips Eustis Fairview Shores Goldenrod Horizon West Hunter's Creek Lady Lake Lake Butler Lake Mary Leesburg Lockhart Longwood Maitland Mount Dora Oak Ridge Orange City Pine Castle Southchase Tavares Wekiwa Springs

Topics

Attractions SunRail

v t e

Radio stations in the Orlando market

By AM frequency

540 580 640 660 740 790 810 950 990 1030 1060 1080 1140 1170 1190 1240 1270 1340 1410 1440/1220/1400 1480 1520 1580 1600 1680

By FM frequency

88.3 89.1 89.9 90.3 (Eustis) 90.3 (Haines City) 90.7 91.5 92.3 92.7 (Kissimmee) 92.7 (Winter Garden) 92.7 (Winter Park) 93.1 93.3 93.5 (Orlando) 93.5 (Union Park) 93.7 93.9 94.1 94.5 94.9 95.3 95.7 95.9 (Orlando) 95.9 (St. Cloud) 96.1 96.5 96.9 (Leesburg) 96.9 (Orlando) 97.1 (Debary) 97.1 (Kissimmee) 97.3 97.5 98.1 98.5 98.9 99.5 (Central Orlando) 99.5 (South Orlando) 99.7 (Kissimmee) 99.7 (Winter Haven/WDDT-LP) 99.7 (Winter Haven/WIDT-LP) 99.9 (Apopka) 99.9 (Orlando) 100.3 100.7 101.1 101.9 102.3 102.5 102.7 103.1 103.5 103.7 104.1 104.5 105.1 105.5 105.9 106.3 106.7 107.3 107.7

By NOAA Weather Radio
NOAA Weather Radio
frequency

162.475

Digital radio by frequency & subchannel

88.3-1 88.3-2 88.3-3 88.3-4 89.9-1 89.9-2 90.7-1 90.7-2 92.3-1 94.5-1 94.5-2 94.5-3 96.5-1 98.9-1 100.3-1 100.3-2 101.1-1 101.1-2 101.1-3 101.9-1 101.9-2 103.1-1 103.1-2 104.1-1 104.1-2 105.1-1 105.1-2 105.9-1 105.9-2 105.9-3 106.7-1 107.7-1 107.7-2

By callsign

KIH63 W224CQ W226BT W227CP W228DF W231CT W235CJ W240BV W241BP W245CL W245AZ W246CK W247AK W257BF W258CX W273CA W274AY W279CO W283AN W284CJ W288CJ W292DZ W297BB WAMT WBVL-LP WBZW WCFB

HD2 HD3

WDBO WDBO-FM WDDT-LP WDYZ WFLF WGRL-LP WHOO WHPB-LP WIDT-LP WIGW WIXC WJRR

HD2 HD3

WJVE-LP WKFL WKIE-LP WKIQ WLAA WLAZ WLBE WLPM-LP WLVF-FM WMFE-FM

HD2

WMGF

HD2

WMMO WMQV-LP WNKQ-LP WNTF WNUE-FM WOCL

HD2 HD3

WOGJ-LP WOKB WOMX-FM

HD2

WONQ WORL WOTW

HD2

WPCV WPKA-LP WPOZ

HD2 HD3 HD4

WPRD/WOTS/WSDO WPRK WPYH-LP WPYO WQBQ WQMP

HD2

WRLZ WRSO WRUM

HD2

WRXW-LP WTKS-FM

HD2

WTLN WTMS-LP WUCF-FM

HD2

WUNA WUOH-LP WURF WVLG WWFL WWKA WWRT-LP WXXL WYGM

Defunct

WRAP 833 AM

Satellite radio local traffic/weather XM Channel 229 Sirius Channel 158

Nearby radio markets Tampa-St Petersburg Gainesville-Ocala Sebring Lakeland-Winter Haven Sarasota-Bradenton Melbourne-Cocoa-Titusville Jacksonville Fort Pierce-Stuart-Vero Beach

See also List of radio stations in Florida

v t e

Broadcast television in East Central Florida
Florida
and the Space Coast, including Orlando, Daytona Beach
Daytona Beach
and Melbourne

Reception may vary by location and some stations may only be viewable with cable television Network O&Os are in bold

Greater Orlando

WESH
WESH
(2.1 NBC, 2.2 MeTV) WKMG-TV
WKMG-TV
(6.1 CBS, 6.2 Cozi TV, 6.3 Decades) WFTV
WFTV
(9.1 ABC, 9.2 Laff, 9.3 Escape) WKCF
WKCF
(18.1 CW, 18.2 Justice) WRDQ
WRDQ
(27.1 Ind, 27.2 Antenna TV, 27.3 Grit) WFEF-LD (28.1 Comet, 28.2 AccuWX, 28.3 ASN, 28.4 Liquidation, 28.5 QVC, 28.6 QVC+) WRCF-CD
WRCF-CD
(29.1 Escape, 29.2 Quest, 29.3 TCN) WSCF-LP 31 (Ind) WOFL
WOFL
(35.1 Fox, 35.2 Light TV) WZXZ-CD (36.1 SSN) WHDO-CD
WHDO-CD
(38.1 Ind) WTGL (45.1 TLN / FamilyNet
FamilyNet
/ WHT / Worship, 45.2 Nacion, 45.3 Aliento Vision, 45.4 CTNi) WATV-LD (47.4 Infomercials) WACX (55.1 Ind/Rel, 55.2 God TV, 55.3/55.5 WACX encores, 55.4 SBN, 55.6 Portuguese Prog.) WRBW
WRBW
(65.1 MNTV, 65.2 Movies!, 65.3 H&I, 65.4 Buzzr)

Melbourne

W32DJ-D (32.1 3ABN, 32.2 3ABN Proclaim!, 32.3 3ABN Latino, 32.4 3ABN Radio, 32.5 Radio 74) WVEN-TV
WVEN-TV
(43.2 GetTV, 43.3 Bounce, 43.4 Escape, 43.5 Quest) WHLV-TV (52.1 TBN, 52.2 Hillsong, 52.3 JUCE TV/Smile, 52.4 Enlace, 52.5 Salsa) WOPX-TV (56.1 Ion, 56.2 qubo, 56.3 Ion Life, 56.4 Ion Shop, 56.5 QVC Over Air, 56.6 HSN)

Ocala

W07BP-D 7 (Edu.) WOFT-LD (8.1 Ind/Classic Movies, 8.3/.4 Infomercials) WOCD-LD 27 (Daystar) W42DJ-D (42.1 CBS, 42.2 Cozi TV, 42.3 Decades) WOGX
WOGX
(51.1 Fox, 51.2 Movies!, 51.3 Ion)

Public television stations

WDSC-TV (15.1 Public Ind, 15.3 MHz WV) WUCF-TV
WUCF-TV
(24.1 PBS, 24.2 Create, 24.3 PBS
PBS
Kids, 24.4 NHK World, 24.5 World) WEFS
WEFS
(68.1 Public Ind, 68.2 CAS, 68.3 NASA, 68.4 FL Channel)

Spanish-language stations

WOFT-LD (8.2 Spanish Infomercials) WKCF
WKCF
(18.3 Estrella TV) W21AU-D
W21AU-D
(21.1 América Tevé, 21.2 TeLe-Romántica) WOTF-TV (26.1 UniMás, 26.2 LATV) WTMO-CD (31.1 TMD) WHDO-CD
WHDO-CD
38.2 (Mega TV) WVEN-TV
WVEN-TV
(43.1 UNI) WATV-LD (47.1 NCN Television, 47.2 Mi Musica, 47.3 TV Reino)

Adjacent locals

Gainesville

WUFT (5.1 PBS, 5.2 Create, 5.3 World) WNBW (9.1 NBC, 9.2 Charge!, 9.3 Comet, 9.4 MeTV) WCJB (20.1 ABC, 20.2 CW+) WGFL
WGFL
(28.1 CBS, 28.2 MNTV, 28.3 TBD)

Tampa
Tampa
Bay

WEDU
WEDU
(3.1 PBS, 3.2 World, 3.3 FL Chan, 3.4 PBS+, 3.5 PBS
PBS
Kids, 3.6 Create) WFLA (8.1 NBC, 8.2 MeTV) WTSP
WTSP
(10.1 CBS, 10.2 ANT, 10.3 Justice) WTVT
WTVT
(13.1 Fox, 13.2 Movies!, 13.3 Buzzr, 13.4 H&I) WFTS (28.1 ABC, 28.2 Laff, 28.3 Grit) WMOR (32.1 Ind, 32.2 This TV) WTTA
WTTA
(38.1 MNTV, 38.2 Cozi TV) WTOG (44.1 CW, 44.2 Decades)

West Palm Beach

WPTV-TV
WPTV-TV
(5.1 NBC, 5.2 MeTV, 5.3 Laff) WPEC
WPEC
(12.1 CBS, 12.2 WeatherNation TV, 12.3 Comet) WTCE-TV (21.1 TBN, 21.2 Hillsong, 21.3 JUCE TV/Smile, 21.4 Enlace, 21.5 Salsa) WPBF
WPBF
(25.1 ABC, 25.2 Estrella TV) WTVX
WTVX
(34.1 The CW, 34.2 AZA, 34.3 MNTV, 34.4 LATV)

Cable channels

Fox Sports Florida Fox Sports Sun Spectrum News 13 SGTV ( Seminole
Seminole
Co.)

Defunct

Spectrum Sports WNDS-LD 44 (DrTV)

Florida
Florida
broadcast television areas by city Fort Myers Gainesville Jacksonville Miami Orlando Pensacola Panama City Tallahassee Tampa/St. Petersburg West Palm Beach

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Orange County, Florida, United States

County seat: Orlando

Cities

Apopka Bay Lake Belle Isle Edgewood Lake Buena Vista Maitland Ocoee Orlando Winter Garden Winter Park

Towns

Eatonville Oakland Windermere

CDPs

Alafaya Azalea Park Bay Hill Bithlo Christmas Clarcona Conway Dr. Phillips Fairview Shores Four Corners‡ Goldenrod‡ Gotha Holden Heights Horizon West Hunter's Creek Lake Butler Lake Hart Lake Mary Jane Lockhart Meadow Woods Oak Ridge Orlo Vista Paradise Heights Pine Castle Pine Hills Rio Pinar Sky Lake South Apopka Southchase Taft Tangelo Park Tangerine Tildenville Union Park University Wedgefield Williamsburg Zellwood

Unincorporated communities

Fairvilla Killarney Plymouth Reedy Creek Improvement District‡ Vineland

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

 State of Florida

Tallahassee (capital)

Topics

Climate Congressional districts Delegations Environment Geology Government Law Media

Newspapers Radio TV

Symbols

Flag Seal

Tourist attractions Transportation

Seal of Florida

History

Timeline Spanish Florida British Rule

East Florida West Florida

Florida
Florida
Territory Seminole
Seminole
Wars Slavery Civil War

Geography

Everglades Lake Okeechobee State forests State parks

Society

Floridians Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Indigenous peoples Politics Sports

Regions

Big Bend Central Florida Emerald Coast First Coast Florida
Florida
Heartland Florida
Florida
Keys Florida
Florida
Panhandle Forgotten Coast Glades Gold Coast Halifax area Nature Coast North Central Florida North Florida South Florida Southwest Florida Space Coast Suncoast Tampa
Tampa
Bay Area Treasure Coast

Metro areas

Cape Coral–Fort Myers Deltona–Daytona Beach–Ormond Beach Fort Walton Beach–Crestview–Destin Gainesville Jacksonville Lakeland–Winter Haven Miami–Fort Lauderdale–Pompano Beach Naples–Marco Island North Port–Bradenton–Sarasota Ocala Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford Palm Bay–Melbourne–Titusville West Palm Beach-Boca Raton Panama City–Lynn Haven–Panama City
City
Beach Pensacola–Ferry Pass–Brent Port St. Lucie Punta Gorda Sebastian–Vero Beach Tallahassee Tampa-St. Petersburg–Clearwater

Largest cities

Jacksonville Miami Tampa Orlando St. Petersburg Hialeah Tallahassee Port St. Lucie Fort Lauderdale West Palm Beach Cape Coral Pembroke Pines Hollywood

Counties

Alachua Baker Bay Bradford Brevard Broward Calhoun Charlotte Citrus Clay Collier Columbia DeSoto Dixie Duval Escambia Flagler Franklin Gadsden Gilchrist Glades Gulf Hamilton Hardee Hendry Hernando Highlands Hillsborough Holmes Indian River Jackson Jefferson Lafayette Lake Lee Leon Levy Liberty Madison Manatee Marion Martin Miami‑Dade Monroe Nassau Okaloosa Okeechobee Orange Osceola Palm Beach Pasco Pinellas Polk Putnam Santa Rosa Sarasota Seminole St. Johns St. Lucie Sumter Suwannee Taylor Union Volusia Wakulla Walton Washington

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Florida

Lenny Curry
Lenny Curry
(R) (Jacksonville) Tomás Regalado (R) (Miami) Bob Buckhorn
Bob Buckhorn
(D) (Tampa) Buddy Dyer
Buddy Dyer
(D) (Orlando) Rick Kriseman (D) (St. Petersburg) Carlos Hernández (R) (Hialeah) Andrew Gillum (D) (Tallahassee) Jack Seiler
Jack Seiler
(D) (Fort Lauderdale) Gregory J. Oravec (D) (Port St. Lucie) Marni Sawicki (D) (Cape Coral) Frank C. Ortis (D) (Pembroke Pines) Peter Bober (D) (Hollywood) Wayne M. Messam (D) (Miramar) Lauren Poe (D) (Gainesville) Vincent Boccard (R) (Coral Springs) Oliver Gilbert III (D) ( Miami
Miami
Gardens) George Cretekos (R) (Clearwater) Guillermo "William" Capote (D) (Palm Bay) Lamar Fisher (D) (Pompano Beach) Jeri Muoio (D) (West Palm Beach) Howard Wiggs (R) (Lakeland)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 123983293 LCCN: n78085432 ISNI: 0000 0004 0429 6208 GND: 4119965-0 SUDOC: 077714636 BNF:

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