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NIHONBASHI (日本橋, " Japan
Japan
Bridge") is a business district of Chūō , Tokyo
Tokyo
, Japan
Japan
which grew up around the bridge of the same name which has linked two sides of the Nihonbashi River at this site since the 17th century. The first wooden bridge was completed in 1603. The current bridge designed by Tsumaki Yorinaka was constructed of stone on a steel frame dates from 1911. The district covers a large area to the north and east of the bridge, reaching Akihabara to the north and the Sumida River to the east. Ōtemachi is to the west and Yaesu and Ginza
Ginza
to the south.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Places in Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
* 3 Companies based in Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
* 4 Organizations based in Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi

* 5 Railway and subway stations

* 5.1 Subway stations * 5.2 Railway stations

* 6 Neighboring post towns * 7 Notes * 8 External links

HISTORY

Ukiyo-e print of Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
by Hiroshige
Hiroshige
(The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō ) Ukiyo-e print of Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
by Keisai Eisen ( The Sixty-Nine Stations of the Kiso Kaidō ) Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
in 1946

The Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
district was a major mercantile center during the Edo period : its early development is largely credited to the Mitsui family , who based their wholesaling business in Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
and developed Japan's first department store , Mitsukoshi
Mitsukoshi
, there. The Edo-era fish market formerly in Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
was the predecessor of today's Tsukiji fish market
Tsukiji fish market
. In later years, Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
emerged as Tokyo's (and Japan's) predominant financial district.

The Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
bridge first became famous during the 17th century, when it was the eastern terminus of the Nakasendō and the Tōkaidō , roads which ran between Edo
Edo
and Kyoto
Kyoto
. During this time, it was known as Edobashi, or " Edo
Edo
Bridge." In the Meiji era
Meiji era
, the wooden bridge was replaced by a larger stone bridge, which still stands today (a replica of the old bridge has been exhibited at the Edo- Tokyo
Tokyo
Museum ). It is the point from which all distances are measured to the capital; highway signs indicating the distance to Tokyo
Tokyo
actually state the number of kilometers to Nihonbashi.

The area surrounding the bridge was burned to the ground during the massive March 9-10, 1945 bombing of Tokyo, considered the single largest air raid in history. Despite careful maintenance and restoration, one area of the bridge still has scars burned into the stone from an incendiary bomb. It is one of the few traces left from the fire bombing that leveled most of Tokyo.

Shortly before the 1964 Summer Olympics
1964 Summer Olympics
, an expressway was built over the Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
bridge, obscuring the classic view of Mount Fuji from the bridge. In recent years, local citizens have petitioned the government to move this expressway underground. This plan was endorsed by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi in 2005, and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government and Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism announced in 2017 that they would begin a detailed study of the project, with a goal of beginning construction following the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. If implemented, the construction costs are expected to total ¥500 billion (about US$4+ billion).

PLACES IN NIHONBASHI

Bank of Japan
Japan
Mitsukoshi
Mitsukoshi
Department Store Nihonbashi Mitsui Tower

* Bank of Japan
Japan
* Mitsukoshi
Mitsukoshi
and Takashimaya
Takashimaya
department stores * COREDO NIHONBASHI (ja)

* Nihonbashi Mitsui Tower

* Mandarin Oriental, Tokyo
Tokyo
(ja)

* Tokyo
Tokyo
Stock Exchange * Kilometre Zero
Kilometre Zero
for entire Japan

COMPANIES BASED IN NIHONBASHI

Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
(日本橋)

* Akebono Brake Industry * Bank of America
Bank of America
Merrill Lynch Japan * HSBC
HSBC
Japan * KOSÉ * Maruzen * Nisshinbo Holdings * Nomura Holdings * Takashimaya
Takashimaya
* Takeda Pharmaceutical Company * Ippon Doll Works

Hakozakicho (箱崎町)

* IBM
IBM
Japan
Japan
- IBM
IBM
Hakozaki Facility

Honcho (本町)

* Daiichi-Sankyo

Muromachi (室町)

* Mitsui Fudosan * Mitsukoshi
Mitsukoshi
* Sembikiya * Shinsei Bank

In the late 1990s GeoCities Japan
Japan
was headquartered in the Nihonbashi Hakozaki Building in Hakozakicho. At one time Creatures Inc. had its headquarters in the Kawasakiteitoku Building (川崎定徳ビル, Kawasakiteitoku Biru) in Nihonbashi.

ORGANIZATIONS BASED IN NIHONBASHI

* Japan-India Association

RAILWAY AND SUBWAY STATIONS

SUBWAY STATIONS

* Bakuro-yokoyama Station (馬喰横山駅) - Toei Shinjuku Line (S-09) * Hamachō Station (浜町駅) - Toei Shinjuku Line
Toei Shinjuku Line
(S-10) * Higashi-nihombashi Station (東日本橋駅) - Toei Asakusa
Asakusa
Line (A-15) * Kayabachō Station (茅場町駅) - Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Hibiya
Hibiya
Line (H-12), Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Tōzai Line (T-11) * Kodemmachō Station (小伝馬町駅) - Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Hibiya
Hibiya
Line (H-14) * Mitsukoshimae Station (三越前駅) - Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Ginza
Ginza
Line (G-12), Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Hanzōmon Line (Z-09) * Nihombashi Station (日本橋駅) - Toei Asakusa Line (A-13), Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Ginza
Ginza
Line (G-11), Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Tōzai Line (T-10) * Ningyōchō Station (人形町駅) - Toei Asakusa Line (A-14), Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Hibiya
Hibiya
Line (H-13) * Suitengūmae Station (水天宮前駅) - Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Hanzōmon Line (Z-10)

RAILWAY STATIONS

* Bakurochō Station (馬喰町駅) - JR Sōbu Line (Rapid) * Shin- Nihombashi Station (新日本橋駅) - JR Sōbu Line (Rapid)

NEIGHBORING POST TOWNS

As the starting point for the five routes of the Edo period
Edo period
, Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
provided easy access to many parts throughout ancient Japan.

* TōKAIDō (connecting Edo
Edo
to Kyoto
Kyoto
, staying near the coast)

NIHONBASHI (starting location) - Shinagawa-juku

* NAKASENDō (connecting Edo
Edo
to Kyoto, going through the mountains)

NIHONBASHI (starting location) - Itabashi-juku

* KōSHū KAIDō (connecting Edo
Edo
to Kai Province (modern-day Yamanashi Prefecture
Yamanashi Prefecture
))

NIHONBASHI (starting location) - Naitō Shinjuku

* ŌSHū KAIDō (connecting Edo
Edo
to Mutsu Province (modern-day Fukushima Prefecture
Fukushima Prefecture
))

NIHONBASHI (starting location) - Hakutaku-juku

* NIKKō KAIDō (connecting Edo
Edo
with Nikkō)

NIHONBASHI (starting location) - Senju-juku

NOTES

* ^ Guide Map/Nihonbashi * ^ Whiting, Robert, "Negative impact of 1964 Olympics profound", Japan
Japan
Times , 24 October 2014, p. 14 * ^ "東京・日本橋、首都高を地下に 国交省と都が協議". 日本経済新聞 電子版 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-07-21. * ^ "Corporate Profile." Akebono Brake Industry . Retrieved on February 15, 2017. * ^ "Corporate Profile." KOSÉ . Retrieved on February 12, 2017. * ^ "Corporate Profile." Nisshinbo Holdings . Retrieved on February 13, 2017. * ^ "Company Outline." Nomura Holdings . Retrieved on February 15, 2017. * ^ "FAQ." Takeda Pharmaceutical Company . Retrieved on February 2, 2011. "Q : Where is Takeda located? A : and the Tokyo
Tokyo
Head Office is located in Tokyo, Japan." * ^ "Overview." Takeda Pharmaceutical Company. Retrieved on February 2, 2011. " Tokyo
Tokyo
Head Office 12-10, Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
2-chome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo
Tokyo
103-8668" * ^ "Company Information." Daiichi-Sankyo . Retrieved on February 15, 2017. * ^ "Corporate Data." Mitsui Fudosan . Retrieved on February 15, 2017. * ^ "Company Profile." Shinsei Bank . Retrieved on February 15, 2017. * ^ "スタッフ募集." GeoCities Japan. February 21, 1999. Retrieved on April 30, 2009. * ^ "Welcome to Creatures Inc." Creatures Inc. Retrieved on October 4, 2010. "東京都中央区日本橋3-2-5川崎定徳ビル別館5F."

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NIHONBASHI, TOKYO .

* v * t * e

Original 15 wards of Tokyo
Tokyo
(1889)

* Akasaka * Asakusa
Asakusa
* Azabu * Fukagawa * Hongō
Hongō
* Honjo * Kanda * Koishikawa
Koishikawa
* Kōjimachi * Kyōbashi