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Nestlé
Nestlé
S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland. It is the largest food company in the world, measured by revenues and other metrics, since 2014.[3][4][5][6][7] It ranked No. 64 on the Fortune Global 500 in 2017[8] and No. 33 on the 2016 edition of the Forbes Global 2000 list of largest public companies.[9] Nestlé's products include baby food, medical food, bottled water, breakfast cereals, coffee and tea, confectionery, dairy products, ice cream, frozen food, pet foods, and snacks. Twenty-nine of Nestlé's brands have annual sales of over CHF1 billion (about US$1.1 billion),[10] including Nespresso, Nescafé, Kit Kat, Smarties, Nesquik, Stouffer's, Vittel, and Maggi. Nestlé
Nestlé
has 447 factories, operates in 194 countries, and employs around 339,000 people.[11] It is one of the main shareholders of L'Oreal, the world's largest cosmetics company.[12] Nestlé
Nestlé
was formed in 1905 by the merger of the Anglo-Swiss Milk Company, established in 1866 by brothers George and Charles Page, and Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé, founded in 1866 by Henri Nestlé (born Heinrich Nestle). The company grew significantly during the First World War and again following the Second World War, expanding its offerings beyond its early condensed milk and infant formula products. The company has made a number of corporate acquisitions, including Crosse & Blackwell in 1950, Findus
Findus
in 1963, Libby's
Libby's
in 1971, Rowntree Mackintosh in 1988, and Gerber in 2007. Nestlé
Nestlé
has a primary listing on the SIX Swiss Exchange
SIX Swiss Exchange
and is a constituent of the Swiss Market Index. It has a secondary listing on Euronext.

Contents

1 History

1.1 1866–1900: Founding and early years 1.2 1901–1989: Mergers 1.3 1990–2011: Growth internationally 1.4 2012–present: Recent developments

2 Corporate affairs and governance

2.1 Joint ventures 2.2 Board of Directors

3 Products

3.1 Food safety

3.1.1 Milk products and baby food 3.1.2 Cookie dough 3.1.3 Maggi
Maggi
noodles

4 Sponsorships

4.1 Music and Entertainment 4.2 Sports

5 Controversy and criticisms

5.1 Nestlé
Nestlé
baby formula boycott 5.2 Possible competition violations 5.3 Status of Potable Water 5.4 Ethiopian debt (2002) 5.5 Child labour 5.6 Chocolate price fixing 5.7 Packaging claims (2008) 5.8 Water bottling operations in California, Oregon
Oregon
and Michigan 5.9 Ukrainian boycott of Russian-manufactured Nestlé
Nestlé
products 5.10 Forced labour in Thai fishing industry 5.11 Deforestation

6 Corporate social responsibility program involvements 7 Recognition and awards 8 Pronunciation 9 Bibliography 10 See also 11 Notes and references 12 External links

History[edit] 1866–1900: Founding and early years[edit]

Henri Nestlé, a Swiss confectioner, was the founder of Nestlé
Nestlé
and one of the main creators of condensed milk.

The logo that Nestlé
Nestlé
used until 1966

Nestlé's origins date back to the 1860s, when two separate Swiss enterprises were founded that would later form the core of Nestlé. In the succeeding decades, the two competing enterprises aggressively expanded their businesses throughout Europe and the United States.[13] In 1866, Charles Page (US consul to Switzerland) and George Page, brothers from Lee County, Illinois, USA, established the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company in Cham, Switzerland. Their first British operation was opened at Chippenham, Wiltshire, in 1873.[14] In 1867, in Vevey, Henri Nestlé developed milk-based baby food and soon began marketing it. The following year saw Daniel Peter begin seven years of work perfecting his invention, the milk chocolate manufacturing process. Nestlé
Nestlé
was the crucial co-operation that Peter needed to solve the problem of removing all the water from the milk added to his chocolate and thus preventing the product from developing mildew. Henri Nestlé retired in 1875 but the company, under new ownership, retained his name as Société Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé. In 1877, Anglo-Swiss added milk-based baby foods to their products; in the following year, the Nestlé
Nestlé
Company added condensed milk to their portfolio, which made the firms direct and fierce rivals. In 1879, Nestle merged with milk chocolate inventor Daniel Peter. 1901–1989: Mergers[edit]

Aleppo Nestle building Tilal street 1920s.

Certificate for 100 shares of the Nestlé
Nestlé
and Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Co., issued 1. November 1918

In 1904, François-Louis Cailler, Charles Amédée Kohler, Daniel Peter, and Henri Nestlé participated in the creation and development of Swiss chocolate, marketing the first chocolate – milk Nestlé.[15] In 1905, the companies merged to become the Nestlé
Nestlé
and Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company, retaining that name until 1947 when the name ' Nestlé
Nestlé
Alimentana SA' was taken as a result of the acquisition of Fabrique de Produits Maggi
Maggi
SA (founded 1884) and its holding company, Alimentana SA, of Kempttal, Switzerland. Maggi
Maggi
was a major manufacturer of soup mixes and related foodstuffs. The company's current name was adopted in 1977. By the early 1900s, the company was operating factories in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Spain. The First World War
First World War
created demand for dairy products in the form of government contracts, and, by the end of the war, Nestlé's production had more than doubled.

A 1915 advertisement for "Nestlés Food", an early infant formula

In January 1919, Nestlé
Nestlé
bought two condensed milk plants in Oregon from the company Geibisch and Joplin
Geibisch and Joplin
for $250,000. One was in Bandon, while the other was in Milwaukee. They expanded them considerably, processing 250,000 pounds of condensed milk daily in the Bandon plant.[16] Nestlé
Nestlé
felt the effects of the Second World War immediately. Profits dropped from US$20 million in 1938 to US$6 million in 1939. Factories were established in developing countries, particularly in Latin America. Ironically, the war helped with the introduction of the company's newest product, Nescafé
Nescafé
("Nestlé's Coffee"), which became a staple drink of the US military. Nestlé's production and sales rose in the wartime economy. After the war, government contracts dried up, and consumers switched back to fresh milk. However, Nestlé's management responded quickly, streamlining operations and reducing debt. The 1920s saw Nestlé's first expansion into new products, with chocolate-manufacture becoming the company's second most important activity. Louis Dapples was CEO till 1937 when succeeded by Édouard Muller till his death in 1948. The end of World War II was the beginning of a dynamic phase for Nestlé. Growth accelerated and numerous companies were acquired. In 1947 Nestlé
Nestlé
merged with Maggi, a manufacturer of seasonings and soups. Crosse & Blackwell followed in 1950, as did Findus
Findus
(1963), Libby's
Libby's
(1971), and Stouffer's
Stouffer's
(1973). Diversification came with a shareholding in L'Oreal in 1974. In 1977, Nestlé
Nestlé
made its second venture outside the food industry, by acquiring Alcon
Alcon
Laboratories Inc. In the 1980s, Nestlé's improved bottom line allowed the company to launch a new round of acquisitions. Carnation was acquired for $3 billion in 1984 and brought the evaporated milk brand, as well as Coffee-Mate
Coffee-Mate
and Friskies
Friskies
to Nestlé. The confectionery company Rowntree Mackintosh was acquired in 1988 for $4.5 billion, which brought brands such as Kit Kat, Smarties, and Aero. 1990–2011: Growth internationally[edit] The first half of the 1990s proved to be favourable for Nestlé. Trade barriers crumbled, and world markets developed into more or less integrated trading areas. Since 1996, there have been various acquisitions, including San Pellegrino
San Pellegrino
(1997), Spillers Petfoods (1998), and Ralston Purina
Ralston Purina
(2002). There were two major acquisitions in North America, both in 2002 – in June, Nestlé
Nestlé
merged its US ice cream business into Dreyer's, and in August, a US$2.6 billion acquisition was announced of Chef America, the creator of Hot Pockets. In the same time-frame, Nestlé
Nestlé
entered in a joint bid with Cadbury and came close to purchasing the iconic American company Hershey's, one of its fiercest confectionery competitors, but the deal eventually fell through.[17] In December 2005, Nestlé
Nestlé
bought the Greek company Delta Ice Cream for €240 million. In January 2006, it took full ownership of Dreyer's, thus becoming the world's largest ice cream maker, with a 17.5% market share.[18] In July 2007, completing a deal announced the year before, Nestlé
Nestlé
acquired the Medical Nutrition division of Novartis
Novartis
Pharmaceutical for US$2.5 billion, also acquiring, the milk-flavoring product known as Ovaltine, the "Boost" and "Resource" lines of nutritional supplements, and Optifast dieting products.[19]

The Brazilian president, Lula da Silva, inaugurates a factory in Feira de Santana (Bahia), in February 2007

In April 2007, returning to its roots, Nestlé
Nestlé
bought US baby-food manufacturer Gerber for US$5.5 billion.[20][21][22] In December 2007, Nestlé
Nestlé
entered into a strategic partnership with a Belgian chocolate maker, Pierre Marcolini.[23] Nestlé
Nestlé
agreed to sell its controlling stake in Alcon
Alcon
to Novartis
Novartis
on 4 January 2010. The sale was to form part of a broader US$39.3 billion offer, by Novartis, for full acquisition of the world's largest eye-care company.[24] On 1 March 2010, Nestlé concluded the purchase of Kraft Foods's North American frozen pizza business for US$3.7 billion. Since 2010, Nestle has been working to transform itself into a nutrition, health and wellness company in an effort to combat declining confectionery sales and the threat of expanding government regulation of such foods. This effort is being led through the Nestlé Institute of Health Sciences under the direction of Ed Baetge. The Institute aims to develop "a new industry between food and pharmaceuticals" by creating foodstuffs with preventative and corrective health properties that would replace pharmaceutical drugs from pill bottles. The Health Science branch has already produced several products, such as drinks and protein shakes meant to combat malnutrition, diabetes, digestive health, obesity, and other diseases.[25] In July 2011, Nestlé
Nestlé
SA agreed to buy 60 percent of Hsu Fu Chi International Ltd. for about US$1.7 billion.[26] On 23 April 2012, Nestlé
Nestlé
agreed to acquire Pfizer Inc.'s infant-nutrition, formerly Wyeth Nutrition, unit for US$11.9 billion, topping a joint bid from Danone
Danone
and Mead Johnson.[27][28][29] 2012–present: Recent developments[edit] In recent years, Nestlé
Nestlé
Health Science has made several acquisitions. It acquired Vitaflo, which makes clinical nutritional products for people with genetic disorders; CM&D Pharma Ltd., a company that specialises in the development of products for patients with chronic conditions like kidney disease; and Prometheus Laboratories, a firm specialising in treatments for gastrointestinal diseases and cancer. It also holds a minority stake in Vital Foods, a New Zealand-based company that develops kiwifruit-based solutions for gastrointestinal conditions as of 2012.[30] Another recent purchase included the Jenny Craig
Jenny Craig
weight-loss program, for US$600 million. Nestlé
Nestlé
sold the Jenny Craig
Jenny Craig
business unit to North Castle Partners in 2013.[31] In February 2013, Nestlé
Nestlé
Health Science bought Pamlab, which makes medical foods based on L-methylfolate targeting depression, diabetes, and memory loss.[32] In February 2014, Nestlé
Nestlé
sold its PowerBar sports nutrition business to Post Holdings, Inc.[33] Later, in November 2014, Nestlé
Nestlé
announced that it was exploring strategic options for its frozen food subsidiary, Davigel.[34] In December 2014, Nestlé
Nestlé
announced that it was opening 10 skin care research centres worldwide, deepening its investment in a faster-growing market for healthcare products. That year, Nestlé spent about $350 million on dermatology research and development. The first of the research hubs, Nestlé
Nestlé
Skin Health Investigation, Education and Longevity Development (SHIELD) centres, will open mid 2015 in New York, followed by Hong Kong and São Paulo, and later others in North America, Asia, and Europe. The initiative is being launched in partnership with the Global Coalition on Aging (GCOA), a consortium that includes companies such as Intel
Intel
and Bank of America.[35] Nestlé
Nestlé
announced in January 2017 that it was relocating its U.S. headquarters from Glendale, California, to Rosslyn, Virginia
Rosslyn, Virginia
outside of Washington, DC.[36] In March 2017, Nestlé
Nestlé
announced that they will lower the sugar content in Kit Kat, Yorkie and Aero chocolate bars by 10% by 2018.[37] In July followed a similar announcement concerning the reduction of sugar content in its breakfast cereals in the UK.[38] The company announced a $20.8 billion share buyback in June 2017, following the publication of a letter written by Third Point Management founder Daniel S. Loeb, Nestlé's fourth-largest stakeholder with a $3.5 billion stake,[39] explaining how the firm should change its business structure.[40] Consequently, the firm will reportedly focus investment on sectors such as coffee and pet care and will seek acquisitions in the consumer health-care industry.[40] In September 2017, Nestlé
Nestlé
S.A. acquired a majority stake of Blue Bottle.[41] While the deal's financial details were not disclosed, the Financial Times reported "Nestle is understood to be paying up to $500m for the 68 per cent stake in Blue Bottle".[42] Blue Bottle expects to increase sales by 70% this year.[43] In September 2017, Nestlé
Nestlé
USA agreed to acquire Sweet Earth, a California-based producer of plant-based foods, for an undisclosed sum.[44] In January 2018, Nestlé
Nestlé
USA announced it is selling its U.S. confectionary business to Ferrero, an Italian chocolate and candy maker.[45] The company was sold for a total of an estimated $2.8 billion.[45] Corporate affairs and governance[edit]

Nestlé
Nestlé
Japan headquarters in Nestle House building, Kobe, Japan

Nestlé
Nestlé
USA headquarters in Glendale, California

Nestlé
Nestlé
is the biggest food company in the world, with a market capitalisation of roughly 231 billion Swiss francs, which is more than US$247 billion as of May 2015.[46] In 2014, consolidated sales were CHF 91.61 billion and net profit was CHF 14.46 billion. Research and development
Research and development
investment was CHF 1.63 billion.[47]

Sales per category in CHF[48][11]

20.3 billion powdered and liquid beverages 16.7 billion milk products and ice cream 13.5 billion prepared dishes and cooking aids 13.1 billion nutrition and health science 11.3 billion petcare 9.6 billion confectionery 6.9 billion water

Percentage of sales by geographic area breakdown[48][11]

43% from Americas 28% from Europe 29% from Asia, Oceania and Africa

According to a 2015 global survey of online consumers by the Reputation Institute, Nestlé
Nestlé
has a reputation score of 74.5 on a scale of 1–100.[49] Joint ventures[edit] Joint ventures include:

Cereal Partners Worldwide
Cereal Partners Worldwide
with General Mills
General Mills
(50%/50%)[50] Beverage Partners Worldwide
Beverage Partners Worldwide
with The Coca-Cola Company(50%/50%)[51] Lactalis
Lactalis
Nestlé
Nestlé
Produits Frais with Lactalis
Lactalis
(40%/60%)[52] Nestlé
Nestlé
Colgate-Palmolive
Colgate-Palmolive
with Colgate-Palmolive
Colgate-Palmolive
(50%/50%)[53] Nestlé
Nestlé
Indofood
Indofood
Citarasa Indonesia with Indofood
Indofood
(50%/50%)[54] Nestlé
Nestlé
Snow with Snow Brand Milk Products
Snow Brand Milk Products
(50%/50%)[55] Nestlé
Nestlé
Modelo with Grupo Modelo Dairy Partners America Brasil with Fonterra
Fonterra
(51%/49%)

Board of Directors[edit] As of 2017 the board is composed of:[56]

Paul Bulcke, chairman and former CEO of Nestlé Andreas Koopmann, former CEO of Bobst Beat Hess, former legal director/general counsel for ABB Group
ABB Group
and Royal Dutch Shell Renato Fassbind, former CEO of DKSH
DKSH
and former CFO of Credit Suisse Steven George Hoch, founder of Highmount Capital Naina Lal Kidwai, former CEO of HSBC
HSBC
Bank India, country head for HSBC in India Jean-Pierre Roth, former Chairman of the Swiss National Bank Ann Veneman, former United States Secretary of Agriculture
United States Secretary of Agriculture
and Director of UNICEF Henri de Castries, former CEO and Chairman of AXA Eva Cheng, former Executive Vice President of China
China
and Southeast Asia for Amway Ruth Khasaya Oniang’o, former member of the Parliament of Kenya, current professor at Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy Patrick Aebischer, former President of École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Products[edit] Main article: List of Nestlé
Nestlé
brands

Samples of Nestle Toll House Cafe items in 2012.

Nestlé
Nestlé
has over 8,000 brands[57] with a wide range of products across a number of markets, including coffee, bottled water, milkshakes and other beverages, breakfast cereals, infant foods, performance and healthcare nutrition, seasonings, soups and sauces, frozen and refrigerated foods, and pet food.[11] Food safety[edit] Milk products and baby food[edit] Main article: 2008 Chinese milk scandal In late September 2008, the Hong Kong government found melamine in a Chinese-made Nestlé
Nestlé
milk product. Six infants died from kidney damage, and a further 860 babies were hospitalised.[58][59] The Dairy Farm milk was made by Nestlé's division in the Chinese coastal city Qingdao.[60] Nestlé
Nestlé
affirmed that all its products were safe and were not made from milk adulterated with melamine. On 2 October 2008, the Taiwan Health ministry announced that six types of milk powders produced in China
China
by Nestlé
Nestlé
contained low-level traces of melamine, and were "removed from the shelves".[61] As of 2013, Nestlé
Nestlé
has implemented initiatives to prevent contamination and utilizes what it calls a "factory and farmers" model that eliminates the middleman. Farmers bring milk directly to a network of Nestlé-owned collection centers, where a computerized system samples, tests, and tags each batch of milk. To reduce further the risk of contamination at the source, the company provides farmers with continuous training and assistance in cow selection, feed quality, storage, and other areas.[62] In 2014, the company opened the Nestlé
Nestlé
Food Safety Institute (NFSI) in Beijing that will help meet China's growing demand for healthy and safe food, one of the top three concerns among Chinese consumers. The NFSI announced it would work closely with authorities to help provide a scientific foundation for food-safety policies and standards, with support to include early management of food-safety issues and collaboration with local universities, research institutes and government agencies on food-safety.[63] In an incident in 2015, weevils and fungus were found in Cerelac baby food.[64][65][66] Cookie dough[edit] In June 2009, an outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 was linked to Nestlé's refrigerated cookie dough originating in a plant in Danville, Virginia. In the US, it caused sickness in more than 50 people in 30 states, half of whom required hospitalisation. Following the outbreak, Nestlé
Nestlé
voluntarily recalled 30,000 cases of the cookie dough. The cause was determined to be contaminated flour obtained from a raw material supplier. When operations resumed, the flour used was heat-treated to kill bacteria.[67] Maggi
Maggi
noodles[edit] In May 2015, Food Safety Regulators from the Uttar Pradesh, India found that samples of Nestlé's leading noodles Maggi
Maggi
had up to 17 times beyond permissible safe limits of lead in addition to monosodium glutamate.[68][69][70] On 3 June 2015, New Delhi Government banned the sale of Maggi
Maggi
in New Delhi stores for 15 days because it found lead and monosodium glutamate in the eatable beyond permissible limit.[71] Some of India's biggest retailers like Future Group, Big Bazaar, Easyday, and Nilgiris had imposed a nationwide ban on Maggi
Maggi
as of 3 June 2015.[72] On 3 June 2015, Nestlé
Nestlé
India's shares fell down 11% due to the incident.[73] The Gujarat
Gujarat
FDA on 4 June 2015, banned the noodles for 30 days after 27 out of 39 samples were detected with objectionable levels of metallic lead, among other things.[74] On 4 June 2015, Nestlé's share fell down by 3% over concerns related to its safety standards.[75] On 5 June 2015, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
India
(FSSAI) orders banned all nine approved variants of Maggi
Maggi
instant noodles from India, terming them "unsafe and hazardous" for human consumption.[76] On 5 June 2015 Nepal
Nepal
indefinitely banned Maggi
Maggi
over concerns about lead levels in the product.[77] On 5 June 2015, the Food Safety Agency, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
launched an investigation to find levels of lead in Maggi.[78] Maggi
Maggi
noodles has been withdrawn in five African nations - Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, and South Sudan by a super-market chain after a complaint by the Consumer Federation of Kenya, as a reaction to the ban in India.[79] As of August 2015, India's government made public that it was seeking damages of nearly $100 million from Nestlé
Nestlé
India
India
for "unfair trade practices" following the June ban on Maggi
Maggi
noodles.[80] The 6,400 million rupee suit was filed with the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC), regarded as the country's top consumer court, but was settled on 13 August 2015.[81] The court ruled that the government ban on the Nestlé
Nestlé
product was both "arbitrary" and had violated the "principles of natural justice."[82] Although Nestlé
Nestlé
was not ordered to pay the fine requested in the government's suit, the court ruled that the Maggi
Maggi
noodle producers must "send five samples from each batch of Maggi
Maggi
[noodles] for testing to three labs and only if the lead is found to be lower than permitted will they start manufacturing and sale again." Although the tests have yet to take place, Nestlé
Nestlé
has already destroyed 400 million packets of Maggi products.[83] In India, Maggi
Maggi
products were returned to the shelves in November 2015,[84][85] accompanied by a Nestlé
Nestlé
advertising campaign to win back the trust of members of the Indian community.[86] At this time, the Maggi
Maggi
anthem by Vir Das
Vir Das
and Alien Chutney took the nation by storm.[87] Nestlé
Nestlé
resumed production of Maggi
Maggi
at all five plants in India
India
on 30 November 2015.[88][89] Sponsorships[edit] Music and Entertainment[edit] Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
In 1993 plans were made to update and modernise the overall tone of Walt Disney's EPCOT Center, including a major refurbishment of The Land pavilion. Kraft Foods
Kraft Foods
withdrew its sponsorship on 26 September 1993, with Nestlé
Nestlé
taking its place. Co-financed by Nestlé
Nestlé
and the Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
Resort, a gradual refurbishment of the pavilion began on 27 September 1993.[90] In 2003, Nestlé
Nestlé
renewed its sponsorship of The Land; however, it was under agreement that Nestlé
Nestlé
would oversee its own refurbishment to both the interior and exterior of the pavilion. Between 2004 and 2005, the pavilion underwent its second major refurbishment. Nestlé
Nestlé
stopped sponsoring The Land in 2009.[91] Music festivals On 5 August 2010, Nestlé
Nestlé
and the Beijing Music Festival signed an agreement to extend by three years Nestlé's sponsorship of this international music festival. Nestlé
Nestlé
has been an extended sponsor of the Beijing Music Festival for 11 years since 2000. The new agreement will continue the partnership through 2013.[92] Nestlé
Nestlé
has partnered the Salzburg Festival
Salzburg Festival
in Austria for 20 years. In 2011, Nestlé
Nestlé
renewed its sponsorship of the Salzburg Festival until 2015.[93] Together, they have created the " Nestlé
Nestlé
and Salzburg Festival
Salzburg Festival
Young Conductors Award," an initiative that aims to discover young conductors globally and to contribute to the development of their careers.[94] Sports[edit] Cycling Nestlé's sponsorship of the Tour de France
Tour de France
began in 2001 and the agreement was extended in 2004, a move which demonstrated the company's interest in the Tour. In July 2009, Nestlé Waters and the organisers of the Tour de France
Tour de France
announced that their partnership will continue until 2013. The main promotional benefits of this partnership will spread on four key brands from Nestlé's product portfolio: Vittel, Powerbar, Nesquik, or Ricore.[95] In 2014, Nestlé Waters sponsored the UK leg of the Tour de France through its Buxton Natural Mineral Water brand.[96] In 2002, Nestlé announced it was main sponsor for the Great Britain Lionesses Women's rugby league team for the team's second tour of Australia with its Munchies product.[97] Youth Sports On 27 January 2012, the International Association of Athletics Federations announced that Nestlé
Nestlé
will be the main sponsor for the further development of IAAF's Kids' Athletics Programme, which is one of the biggest grassroots development programmes in the world of sports. The five-year sponsorship started in January 2012.[98] On 11 February 2016, Nestlé
Nestlé
decided to withdraw its sponsorship of the IAAF's Kids' Athletics Programmes because of doping and corruption allegations against the IAAF. Nestlé
Nestlé
followed suit after other large sponsors, including Adidas, also stopped supporting the IAAF.[99] Sports Nutrition Nestlé
Nestlé
supports the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) on a number of nutrition and fitness fronts, funding a Fellowship position in AIS Sports Nutrition; nutrition activities in the AIS Dining Hall; research activities; and the development of education resources for use at the AIS and in the public domain.[100] Controversy and criticisms[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Nestlé
Nestlé
baby formula boycott[edit] Main article: Nestlé
Nestlé
boycott A boycott was launched in the United States on 7 July 1977, against the Swiss-based Nestlé
Nestlé
corporation. It spread in the United States, and expanded into Europe in the early 1980s. It was prompted by concern about Nestlé's "aggressive marketing" of breast milk substitutes, particularly in less economically developed countries (LEDCs), largely among the poor.[101] The boycott was officially suspended in the U.S. in 1984, after Nestlé
Nestlé
agreed to follow an international marketing code endorsed by the World Health Organization.[102][103] The boycott was also ended in the UK by several organisations including the General Synod of the Church of England in July 1994,[104] the Royal College of Midwives in July 1997,[105] and the Methodist Ethical Investment Committee in November 2005 and the Reformed Churches in November 2011[106] as a result of the company’s inclusion in the responsible investment index FTSE4Good Responsible Investment Index.[107] Since 2011, Nestlé
Nestlé
is the only infant formula manufacturer to have met the 104 criteria on the marketing of breastmilk substitutes (FTSE4Good BMS Criteria) of the FTSE4Good Responsible Investment Index.[108] Nestlé’s inclusion in the index is based on results of independent and transparent verifications conducted by Pricewaterhouse Coopers every 18 months.[109] Every year since 2009, Bureau Veritas conducts independent assurance of compliance with the Nestlé
Nestlé
Policy and Instructions for Implementation of the WHO International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes. Their Assurance Statements are available in the public domain.[110][better source needed] Possible competition violations[edit] In May 2011, the debate over Nestlé's unethical marketing of infant formula was relaunched in the Asia-Pacific region. Nineteen leading Laos-based international NGOs, including Save the Children, Oxfam, CARE International, Plan International, and World Vision
World Vision
have launched a boycott of Nestlé
Nestlé
and written an open letter to the company.[111] Among other unethical practices, the NGOs criticised the lack of labelling in Laos
Laos
and the provision of incentives to doctors and nurses to promote the use of infant formula.[112] In November 2011, Bureau Veritas was commissioned by Nestlé
Nestlé
S.A. to provide independent assurance of Nestlé
Nestlé
Indochina’s compliance with the Nestlé
Nestlé
policy for the implementation of the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes (1981). There was no significant evidence that indicated Nestlé
Nestlé
Indochina was systematically operating in violation of the WHO Code and Lao PDR Decree in Lao PDR. The presence of promotional materials in retail units constituted a non-conformance, and Bureau Veritas recommended that the Nestlé’s Policy and Procedures Manual on the Marketing of breastmilk substitutes be reviewed and updated to ensure consistency against the more stringent requirements of the Lao PDR Decree.[113] Ernest W. Lefever and the Ethics and Public Policy Center
Ethics and Public Policy Center
were criticized for accepting a $25,000 contribution from Nestlé
Nestlé
while the organization was in the process of developing a report investigating medical care in developing nations which was never published. It was alleged that this contribution affected the release of the report and led to the author of the report submitting an article to Fortune Magazine praising the company's position.[114] Nestlé
Nestlé
has been under investigation in China
China
since 2011 over allegations that the company bribed hospital staff to obtain the medical records of patients and push its infant formula to increase sales.[115] This was found to be in violation of a 1995 Chinese regulation that aims to secure the impartiality of medical staff by banning hospitals and academic institutions from promoting instant formula to families.[116] As a consequence, six Nestlé
Nestlé
employers were given prison sentences between one and six years.[115] Status of Potable Water[edit] At the second World Water Forum in 2000, Nestlé
Nestlé
and other corporations persuaded the World Water Council to change its statement so as to reduce access to drinking water from a "right" to a "need." Nestlé
Nestlé
continues to take control of aquifers and bottle their water for profit.[117] Peter Brabeck-Letmathe
Peter Brabeck-Letmathe
later changed his statement.[118] Ethiopian debt (2002)[edit] In 2002, Nestlé
Nestlé
demanded that the nation of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
repay US $6 million of debt to the company at a time when Ethiopia
Ethiopia
was suffering a severe famine. Nestlé
Nestlé
backed down from its demand after more than 8,500 people complained via e-mail to the company about its treatment of the Ethiopian government. The company agreed to re-invest any money it received from Ethiopia
Ethiopia
back into the country.[119] In 2003, Nestlé agreed to accept an offer of US $1.5 million, and donated the money to three active charities in Ethiopia: the Red Cross, Caritas, and UNHCR.[120] Child labour[edit] Main articles: Children in cocoa production
Children in cocoa production
and Harkin–Engel Protocol In 2005, after the cocoa industry had not met the Harkin–Engel Protocol deadline for certifying that the worst forms of child labour (according to the International Labour Organization's Convention 182) had been eliminated from cocoa production, the International Labor Rights Fund filed a lawsuit in 2005 under the Alien Tort Claims Act against Nestlé
Nestlé
and others on behalf of three Malian children. The suit alleged the children were trafficked to Ivory Coast, forced into slavery, and experienced frequent beatings on a cocoa plantation.[121][122] In September 2010, the US District Court for the Central District of California
California
determined corporations cannot be held liable for violations of international law and dismissed the suit. The case was appealed to the US Court of Appeals.[123][124] The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the decision.[125] In 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear Nestle's appeal of the Ninth Circuit's decision.[126] The 2010 documentary The Dark Side of Chocolate
The Dark Side of Chocolate
brought attention to purchases of cocoa beans from Ivorian plantations that use child slave labour. The children are usually 12 to 15 years old and some are trafficked from nearby countries.[127] The first allegations that child slavery is used in cocoa production appeared in 1998.[128] In late 2000, a BBC documentary reported the use of enslaved children in the production of cocoa in West Africa.[128][129][130] Other media followed by reporting widespread child slavery and child trafficking in the production of cocoa.[131][132] In September 2001, Bradley Alford, Chairman and CEO of Nestlé
Nestlé
USA, signed the Harkin–Engel Protocol (commonly called the Cocoa Protocol), an international agreement aimed at ending child labour in the production of cocoa.[citation needed] The 2014 Assessments of Shared Hazelnut Supply Chain In Turkey, published by the Fair Labor Association, identified "a total of 46 child workers younger than 15 years" as well as "a total of 83 young workers (between 15 and 18 years of age) working the same hours as adults and performing similar hazardous and strenuous tasks, such as carrying heavy bags of hazelnuts weighing up to 70 kilograms".[133] Chocolate price fixing[edit] In Canada, the Competition Bureau
Competition Bureau
raided the offices of Nestlé
Nestlé
Canada (along with those of Hershey Canada and Mars Canada) in 2007 to investigate the matter of price fixing of chocolates. It is alleged that executives with Nestlé
Nestlé
(the maker of KitKat, Coffee
Coffee
Crisp, and Big Turk) colluded with competitors in Canada to inflate prices.[134] The Bureau alleged that competitors' executives met in restaurants, coffee shops and at conventions, and that Nestlé
Nestlé
Canada CEO, Robert Leonidas once handed a competitor an envelope containing his company’s pricing information, saying: "I want you to hear it from the top – I take my pricing seriously."[134] Nestlé
Nestlé
and the other companies were subject to class-action lawsuits for price fixing after the raids were made public in 2007. Nestlé settled for $9 million, without admitting liability, subject to court approval in the new year. A massive class-action lawsuit continues in the United States.[134] Packaging claims (2008)[edit] A coalition of environmental groups filed a complaint against Nestlé to the Advertising Standards of Canada after Nestlé
Nestlé
took out full-page advertisements in October 2008 claiming that "Most water bottles avoid landfill sites and are recycled," " Nestlé Pure Life is a healthy, eco-friendly choice," and that " Bottled water
Bottled water
is the most environmentally responsible consumer product in the world."[135][136][137] A spokesperson from one of the environmental groups stated: "For Nestlé
Nestlé
to claim that its bottled water product is environmentally superior to any other consumer product in the world is not supportable."[135] In their 2008 Corporate Citizenship Report, Nestlé
Nestlé
themselves stated that many of their bottles end up in the solid-waste stream, and that most of their bottles are not recycled.[136][138] The advertising campaign has been called greenwashing.[136][137][138] Nestlé
Nestlé
defended its ads, saying they will show they have been truthful in their campaign.[135] Water bottling operations in California, Oregon
Oregon
and Michigan[edit] Considerable controversy has surrounded Nestlé's bottled water brand Arrowhead sourced from wells alongside a spring in Millard Canyon situated in a Native American Reservation at the base of the San Bernardino Mountains in California. While corporate officials and representatives of the governing Morongo tribe have asserted that the company, which started its operations in 2000, is providing meaningful jobs in the area and that the spring is sustaining current surface water flows, a number of local citizen groups and environmental action committees have started to question the amount of water drawn in the light of the ongoing drought, and the restrictions that have been placed on residential water use.[139] Additionally, recent evidence suggests that representatives of the Forest Service failed to follow through on a review process for Nestlé's permit to draw water from the San Bernardino wells, which expired in 1988.[140][141] In San Bernardino Nestlé
Nestlé
pays the U.S. Forest Service $524 yearly to pump and bottle about 30 million gallons, even during droughts. Peter Gleick, a co-founder of the Pacific Institute, that has focused on water issues remarks, “Every gallon of water that is taken out of a natural system for bottled water is a gallon of water that doesn’t flow down a stream, that doesn’t support a natural ecosystem,” he says. “Our public agencies have dropped the ball,”[142] The former forest supervisor Gene Zimmerman has explained that the review process was rigorous, and that the Forest Service "didn't have the money or the budget or the staff" to follow through on the review of Nestlé's long-expired permit.[143] However, Zimmerman's observations and action have come under scrutiny for a number of reasons. Firstly, along with the natural resource manager for Nestlé, Larry Lawrence, Zimmerman is a board member for and played a vital role in the founding of the nonprofit Southern California
California
Mountains Foundation, of which Nestlé
Nestlé
is the most noteworthy and longtime donor.[144] Secondly, the Zimmerman Community Partnership Award – an award inspired by Zimmerman's actions and efforts "to create a public/private partnership for resource development and community engagement" – was presented by the foundation to Nestlé's Arrowhead Water division in 2013.[145] Finally, while Zimmerman retired from his former role in 2005, he currently works as a paid consultant for Nestlé, leading many investigative journalists to question Zimmerman's allegiances prior to his retirement from the Forest Service.[143] In April 2015, the city of Cascade Locks, Oregon
Oregon
and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, which is using water for a salmon hatchery, applied with the Oregon
Oregon
Water Resources Department to permanently trade their water rights to Nestlé; an action which does not require a public-interest review. Nestlé
Nestlé
approached them in 2008 and they had been considering to trade their well water with Oregon's Oxbow Springs water, a publicly owned water source in the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, and to sell the spring water at over 100 million gallons of water per year to Nestlé. The plan has been criticized by legislators and 80,000 citizens.[146] The 250,000-square-foot, $50 million Nestlé
Nestlé
bottling plant in Cascade Locks with an unemployment rate of 18.8 percent would have 50 employees and would increase property-tax collections by 67 percent.[147] The Oregon
Oregon
Water Resources Department was expected to issue a proposal in 2015, that would allow Nestlé
Nestlé
to utilise spring water for its bottling operation.[148][better source needed] Although a 2005 court settlement gave Nestlé
Nestlé
the right to pump 250 gallons per minute (GPM) from a well in unincorporated Osceola Township, Osceola County, Michigan, Nestlé
Nestlé
has tried to increase that rate to 400 GPM. Its bottled water is sold under the Ice Mountain Spring label. The local planning commission denied the application to build a booster station to increase the capacity of the pipeline that delivers water to a water truck depot some distance from the town. Local citizens mounted considerable grassroots opposition to the plan, with 55 opponents testifying against the proposal at a meeting attended by almost 500 people in July 2017. The litigation has been costly to the small town, which receives its only compensation from a $200 annual pumping fee. Regarding the 1976 Michigan Safe Drinking Water Act, section 17, a measure precipitated by Nestlé's previous demands, Bill Cobbs, a current Democratic gubernatorial candidate said, "This is wrong -- when this act was written in 1976 it was never intentioned that water would be up for sale."[149][150] The "David vs. Goliath" situation is drawing increasing national attention.[151][152] Nestlé
Nestlé
approaches water purely as a commodity. In 1994 Helmut Maucher, Nestlé's CEO commented, “Springs are like petroleum. You can always build a chocolate factory. But springs you have or you don’t have.” His successor, Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, was criticized when, in a 2005 documentary, he similarly promoted and rationalized the commodification of water, saying: “One perspective held by various NGOs—which I would call extreme—is that water should be declared a human right.[142] Ukrainian boycott of Russian-manufactured Nestlé
Nestlé
products[edit] See also: Do not buy Russian goods! In August 2015, the Ukrainian TV channel Ukrayina refused to hire a worker of the weekly magazine Krayina, Alla Zheliznyak, as a host of a cooking show because she speaks Ukrainian. The demand to only hire a Russian-speaking host was allegedly set by a sponsor of the show – Nesquik, which is a brand of Nestlé
Nestlé
S.A.[153][154] Activists of the Vidsich
Vidsich
civil movement held a rally near the office of the company in Kiev, accusing Nestlé
Nestlé
of discriminating against people who speak Ukrainian and supporting the Russification
Russification
of Ukraine.[155] They also added that goods sold in Ukraine
Ukraine
are manufactured in Russia. Activists threatened to start a boycott campaign against Nestlé
Nestlé
if they will not fulfill their requirements. In September 2015, there were "Russian kills!" flashmobs protesting against Nestlé
Nestlé
products that are manufactured in Russia.[156] Forced labour in Thai fishing industry[edit] At the conclusion of a year-long self-imposed investigation in November 2015, Nestlé
Nestlé
disclosed that seafood products sourced in Thailand were produced with forced labour. Nestlé
Nestlé
is not a major purchaser of seafood in Southeast Asia, but does some business in Thailand – primarily for its Purina cat food. The study found virtually all U.S. and European companies buying seafood from Thailand are exposed to the same risks of abuse in their supply chains.[157] This type of disclosure was a surprise to many in the industry because international companies rarely acknowledge abuses in supply chains.[158] Nestlé
Nestlé
was expected to launch a year-long program in 2016 focused on protecting workers across its supply chain. The company has promised to impose new requirements on all potential suppliers, train boat owners and captains about human rights,[157] and hire auditors to check for compliance with new rules.[159] Deforestation[edit] In September 2017, an investigation[160] conducted by NGO Mighty Earth found that a large amount of the cocoa used in chocolate produced by Nestlé
Nestlé
and other major chocolate companies was grown illegally in national parks and other protected areas in Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
and Ghana.[161][162][163] The countries are the world’s two largest cocoa producers.[164][165] The report documents how in several national parks and other protected areas, 90% or more of the land mass has been converted to cocoa.[166] Less than four percent of Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
remains densely forested, and the chocolate companies’ laissez-faire approach to sourcing has driven extensive deforestation in Ghana
Ghana
as well.[167] In Ivory Coast, deforestation has pushed chimpanzees into just a few small pockets, and reduced the country’s elephant population from several hundred thousand to about 200-400.[168][169][170] Corporate social responsibility program involvements[edit]

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Nestlé
Nestlé
efforts relating to social responsibility programs include:

World Cocoa Foundation: In 2000, Nestlé
Nestlé
and other chocolate companies formed the World Cocoa Foundation (WCF). The WCF is an international membership organization representing more than 100 member companies across the cocoa value chain. It is committed to creating a sustainable cocoa economy by putting farmers first, promoting agricultural & environmental stewardship, and strengthening development in cocoa-growing communities.[171] Sustainable Agriculture Initiative: In 2002, Nestlé, Unilever, and Danone
Danone
created the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative (SAI) Platform, a non-profit organization to facilitate sharing of knowledge and initiatives to support the development and implementation of sustainable agriculture practices involving the different stakeholders of the food chain. The SAI Platform has more than 60 members, which actively share the same view on sustainable agriculture seen as "the efficient production of safe, high-quality agricultural products, in a way that protects and improves the natural environment, the social and economic conditions of farmers, their employees and local communities, and safeguards the health and welfare of all farmed species." The SAI Platform developed (or co-developed) Principles and Practices for sustainable water management at the farm level; recommendations for Sustainability Performance Assessment (SPA); a standardised methodology for the dairy sector to assess green house gas emissions; an Executives Training on Sustainable Sourcing; and many more.[172] One instance of Nestlé's impact on sustainable agricultural practices has been documented in academic literature.[173] Creating Shared Value: Creating Shared Value (CSV) is a business concept intended to encourage businesses to create economic and social value simultaneously by focusing on the social issues that they are capable of addressing. In 2006, Nestlé
Nestlé
adopted the CSV approach, focusing on three areas – nutrition, water and rural development – as these are core to their business activities.[172] Nestlé
Nestlé
now publishes an annual progress report on its goals.[174][175] Nestlé
Nestlé
also established the Creating Shared Value Prize, which is awarded every other year with the aim of rewarding the best examples of CSV initiatives worldwide and to encourage other companies to adopt a shared value approach. These initiatives should take a business-oriented approach in addressing challenges in nutrition, water or rural development. The winner can win up to CHF 500,000. Nestlé
Nestlé
was an early mover in the shared value space and hosts a global forum, the Creating Shared Value Global Forum.[176][177] Nestlé
Nestlé
Cocoa Plan: In October 2009, Nestlé
Nestlé
announced "The Cocoa Plan." The company is working to get 100 percent of its chocolate portfolio using certified sustainable cocoa. For third-party certification, Nestlé
Nestlé
has partnered with UTZ Certified to ensure that best practices are being used. Many of Nestlé’s efforts are focused on the Ivory Coast, where 40 percent of the world's cocoa comes from. The company has developed a higher-yielding, more drought- and disease-resistant cocoa tree; and they have given 3 million of these super trees to farmers thus far and plan to give away 12 million of them in total. They are also training farmers in efficient and sustainable growing techniques, which focuses on better farming practices, including pruning trees, pest control (with an emphasis on integrated pest management) and harvesting, as well as caring for the environment. In addition, they have built 23 new schools so far and plan to build 40 in total by 2015.[178] Another part of the plan has been to address child labor. Nestlé
Nestlé
says that according to U.S. statistics, there are about 800,000 children who work the cocoa supply chain. With this in mind, Nestlé
Nestlé
approached the Fair Labor Association to map out strategies to help curb child labor in the cocoa sector, and these efforts – including community education and the building of schools – have become a focus of the Cocoa Plan.[178] Ecolaboration: On 22 June 2009, Nestlé
Nestlé
Nespresso
Nespresso
and Rainforest Alliance signed a pact called "Ecolaboration". One of the shared goals is to reduce the environmental impacts and increase the social benefits of coffee cultivation in enough tropical regions so that 80 percent of Nespresso's coffee comes from Rainforest Alliance
Rainforest Alliance
Certified farms by the year 2013. Certified farms comply with comprehensive standards covering all aspects of sustainable farming, including soil and water conservation, protection of wildlife and forests, and ensuring that farm workers, women and children have all the proper rights and benefits, such as good wages, clean drinking water, access to schools, and health care and security.[179] The Nescafé
Nescafé
Plan: In 2010, Nestlé
Nestlé
launched the Nescafé
Nescafé
Plan, an initiative to increase sustainable coffee production and make sustainable coffee farming more accessible to farmers. The plan aims to increase the company’s supply of coffee beans without clearing rainforests, as well as using less water and fewer agrochemicals. According to Nestlé, Nescafé
Nescafé
will invest 350 million Swiss francs (about $336 million) over the next ten years to expand the company's agricultural research and training capacity to help benefit many of the 25 million people who make their living growing and trading coffee. The Rainforest Alliance
Rainforest Alliance
and the other NGOs in the Sustainable Agriculture Network will support Nestlé
Nestlé
in meeting the objectives of the plan.[180] Health care and nutrition product development: In September 2010, Nestlé
Nestlé
said that it would invest more than $500 million between 2011 and 2020 to develop health and wellness products to help prevent and treat major ailments like diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s, which are placing an increasing burden on governments at a time when budgets are being squeezed. Nestlé
Nestlé
created a wholly owned subsidiary, Nestlé
Nestlé
Health Science, as well as a research body, the Nestlé
Nestlé
Institute of Health Sciences.[181] Membership in Fair Labour Association: In 2011, Nestlé
Nestlé
started to work with the Fair Labor Association
Fair Labor Association
(FLA), a non-profit, multi-stakeholder association that works with major companies to improve working conditions in developing countries, to assess labor conditions and compliance risks throughout Nestlé’s supply chain of hazelnuts and cocoa. On 29 February 2012, Nestlé
Nestlé
became the first company in the food industry to join the FLA. Building on Nestlé's efforts under the Cocoa Plan, the FLA will send independent experts to Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
in 2012 and where evidence of child labour is found, the FLA will identify root causes and advise Nestlé
Nestlé
how to address them in sustainable and lasting ways.[182] As a Participating Company, Nestlé
Nestlé
has committed to ten Principles of Fair Labor and Responsible Sourcing, and to upholding the FLA Workplace Code of Conduct throughout their supply chains, starting with farms.[183] Rural Development Framework program: In 2012, Nestlé
Nestlé
developed the Rural Development Framework, which supports farmers and cocoa growing communities.[184] It is an investment program aimed at improving infrastructure, increasing access to safe water, address financing and market efficiency gaps, and improving labor conditions.[185] Partnership with IFRC: Nestlé
Nestlé
has had a long-standing partnership with the International Federation of Red Cross
Red Cross
and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to increase access to safe water and sanitation in rural communities. In recent years, the partnership has brought clean drinking water and sanitation facilities to 100,000 people in Ivory Coast's cocoa communities. Nestlé
Nestlé
committed to contributing five million Swiss francs during 2014–2019 to the IFRC.[186]

Recognition and awards[edit]

In May 2006, Nestlé's executive board decided to adapt the existing Nestlé
Nestlé
management systems to full conformity with the international standards ISO 14001
ISO 14001
(Environmental Management Systems) and OHSAS 18001 (Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems) and to certify all Nestlé
Nestlé
factories against these standards by 2010.[187] In the meanwhile, a lot of the Nestlé
Nestlé
factories have obtained these certifications. Nestlé
Nestlé
Purina received in 2010 the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award for their excellence in the areas of leadership, customer and market focus, strategic planning, process management, measurement, analysis and knowledge management, workforce focus and results.[188] In March 2011, Nestlé
Nestlé
became the first infant formula company to meet the FTSE4Good Index criteria in full.[189] In September 2011, Nestlé
Nestlé
occupied 19th position in the Universum's global ranking of Best Employers Worldwide.[190] According to a survey by Universum Communications, Nestlé
Nestlé
was, in 2011, the best employer to work for in Switzerland.[191] The International Union of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST) honoured Nestlé
Nestlé
in 2010 with the Global Food Industry Award.[192] In May 2011, Nestlé
Nestlé
won the 27th World Environment Center (WEC) Gold Medal award for its commitment to environmental sustainability.[193] On 19 April 2012, The Great Place to Work® Institute Canada mentioned Nestlé
Nestlé
Canada Inc. as one of the '50 Best Large and Multinational Workplaces' in Canada (with more than 1,000 employees working in Canada and/or worldwide).[194] On 21 May 2012, Gartner
Gartner
published their annual Supply Chain Top 25, a list with global supply chain leaders. Nestlé
Nestlé
ranks 18th in the list.[195] In September 2012, Nestlé
Nestlé
was among the top-scoring companies on the Climate Disclosure Leadership Index (CDLI).[citation needed] In 2013, Nestlé
Nestlé
retained its number one position in charity Oxfam's sustainability scorecard and improved its ratings on the issues of land, workers, and climate.[196] In 2014, Nestlé
Nestlé
received the Henry Spira Corporate Progress Awards for altering its policies and practices to minimize adverse impacts on animals.[197][better source needed] In March 2015, Nestlé
Nestlé
ranked second in Oxfam's Behind the Brands scorecard, where the NGO ranks the world's 'Big 10' consumer food and beverage companies on their policies and commitments to improve food security and sustainability. Nestlé
Nestlé
assumed the number one ranking for land rights while the company also outperformed its peers on transparency and water.[198]

Pronunciation[edit] Nestlé
Nestlé
is pronounced (French pronunciation: ​[nɛsle]; English: /ˈnɛsleɪ, ˈnɛsəl, ˈnɛsli/, formerly: /ˈnɛsəlz/). Bibliography[edit]

La stratégie Nestlé
Nestlé
( Nestlé
Nestlé
Strategy), Helmut Maucher, French translation by Monique Thiollet, Maxima Ed., Paris, 1995,[199] ISBN 2840010720

See also[edit]

Business portal

Cerelac Nestlé
Nestlé
Smarties
Smarties
Book Prize Big Chocolate Farfel the Dog Nestlé
Nestlé
Tower

Competitors

PepsiCo Kraft Heinz Mondelez International Unilever Mars, Incorporated Sara Lee Cadbury Danone Ferrero SpA

Notes and references[edit]

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Nestlé
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Kit Kat
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Shreddies
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Nestlé
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Nestlé
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Colgate-Palmolive
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noodles from India". FirstPost. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2015.  ^ " Nepal
Nepal
bans import, sale of Maggi
Maggi
noodles". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 5 June 2015.  ^ "UK launches Maggi
Maggi
tests for lead content". Economic Times. PTI. Retrieved 5 June 2015.  ^ " Maggi
Maggi
noodles withdrawn in East African supermarket". BBC. BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ " India
India
sues Nestlé
Nestlé
for nearly $100m over food safety". aljazeera.com. Aljazeera. 12 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ Thomas, Shibu (13 August 2015). "Relief for Nestlé, Bombay HC sets aside food regulator's ban on Maggi". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. The Times of India. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ " India
India
court lifts government ban on Maggi
Maggi
noodles". aljazeera.com. Aljazeera. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ " India
India
court says Maggi
Maggi
noodle ban 'legally untenable'". bbc.com. BBC News. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ Bhushan, Ratna; Malviya, Sagar (17 October 2015). " Maggi
Maggi
clears all tests, Nestle India
India
to restart production within 2-3 weeks". The Economic Times. Retrieved 21 January 2018.  ^ " Maggi
Maggi
noodles India
India
ban: Celebrations as Nestle returns to shelves". News.com.au. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2016.  ^ Digital Defynd. "Nestle tries to win back customer trust by evoking a century-old relationship". Digitaldefynd.com. Retrieved 16 January 2016.  ^ Goswami, Shreya (22 April 2016). "Try getting this Maggi
Maggi
song by Vir Das and Alien Chutney out of your head". India
India
Today. Retrieved 5 August 2016.  ^ Bhargava, Yuthika. " Maggi
Maggi
noodles is back". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 February 2017.  ^ "Nestle resumes Maggi
Maggi
noodles production at all plants in India : The Hindu - Mobile edition". M.thehindu.com. 30 November 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2016.  ^ Pendleton, Jennifer (23 November 1993) Rich deal for Disney, Nestlé" Archived 16 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine., Variety ^ "The Land". Retrieved 1 February 2017.  ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
continues sponsorship of the Beijing Music Festival", China.org, 6 August 2010 ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
extends Salzburg Festival
Salzburg Festival
partnership until 2015", Nestlé, 5 October 2011 ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
and Salzburg Festival
Salzburg Festival
Young Conductors Award 2015".  ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
confirms sponsorship renewal of Tour de France". FoodBev. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "UK: Nestle Waters secures Tour de France
Tour de France
tie-up for Buxton Natural Mineral Water".  ^ "UK: Nestlé
Nestlé
Rowntree to sponsor Women's Rugby League team".  ^ "IAAF, Nestlé
Nestlé
becomes main sponsor of worldwide IAAF Kids' Athletics", 27 January 2012 ^ Reinsch, Michael (10 February 2016). Leichtathletik-Weltverband „toxisch“ (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Sport. Retrieved 11 February 2016. ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
and AIS Sports Nutrition". Australian Government. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012.  ^ "Baby Milk Action - Protecting breastfeeding - Protecting babies fed on formula".  ^ "A History of Breastfeeding".  ^ "Nestle boycott being suspended". The New York Times. 27 January 1984. Retrieved 4 January 2016.  ^ ANDREW BROWN (23 October 2011). "Synod votes to end Nestle boycott after passionate debate". The Independent.  ^ "LISTSERV 16.0 - LACTNET Archives".  ^ and http://revolution.allbest.ru/marketing/00250283_0.html https://web.archive.org/web/20160103032603/https://prezi.com/y_dtv6kzkd92/Nestle/ ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.  ^ http://www.ftse.com/products/downloads/FTSE_Letter_to_Nestle.pdf ^ http://www.ftse.com/products/downloads/PwC_F4G_BMS_Assessment_Report_2012.pdf ^ http://www.Nestle.com/csv/nutrition/baby-milk/compliance-record ^ "Letter from NGOs to Nestlé" (PDF). Retrieved 5 September 2014.  ^ "The "LAOS: NGOs flay Nestlé's infant formula strategy". Retrieved 26 November 2014.  ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
independent assurance statement" (PDF).  ^ Bernstein, Adam. " Ernest W. Lefever dies at 89; founder of conservative public policy organization", Los Angeles Times, 31 July 2009. Accessed 3 August 2009. ^ a b "为争"第一口奶"市场,雀巢中国6名员工非法获取公民信息 (To capture infant formula market, six Nestlé
Nestlé
China
China
employees gained illegal access to citizen information)". Caijing.com.cn.  ^ Harney, Alexandra. " Special
Special
Report: How Big Formula bought China". Reuters.com.  ^ Muir, Paul (28 November 2013). "The human rights and wrongs of Nestlé
Nestlé
and water for all". The National. Abu Dhabi. Retrieved 21 April 2015.  ^ Confino, Jo (4 February 2013). "Nestlé's Peter Brabeck: our attitude towards water needs to change". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 28 February 2016.  ^ Denny, Charlotte (20 December 2002). "Retreat by Nestlé
Nestlé
on Ethiopia's $6m debt". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 29 April 2011.  ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
receives compensation from Ethiopia". Swiss Info. 24 October 2003.  ^ Dworkin, Tex (12 February 2007). "Delicious idea: End child slavery by eating chocolate". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 30 April 2012.  ^ "On Halloween, Nestlé
Nestlé
Claims no Responsiblity [sic] for Child Labor". International Labor Rights Forum. 30 October 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2012.  ^ "Amicus Brief in Doe v. Nestlé". EarthRights International. Retrieved 30 April 2012.  ^ Wilber Jaramillo, Gwendolyn (19 September 2010). "Second Circuit Holds that Corporations are not Proper Defendants under the Alien Tort Statute". Foley and Hoag LLP. Retrieved 30 April 2012.  ^ "United States Court of Appeals" (PDF).  ^ Kendall, Brent (11 January 2016). "Supreme Court Denies Nestle, Cargill, ADM Appeal in Slave Labor Case". Retrieved 1 February 2017 – via Wall Street Journal.  ^ Romano, U. Roberto & Mistrati, Miki (Directors) (16 March 2010). The Dark Side of Chocolate
The Dark Side of Chocolate
(Television Production). Bastard Films. Retrieved 28 April 2011.  ^ a b Raghavan, Sudarsan; Chatterjee, Sumana (24 June 2001). "Slaves feed world's taste for chocolate: Captives common in cocoa farms of Africa". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on 17 September 2006. Retrieved 25 April 2012.  ^ "Combating Child Labour in Cocoa Growing" (PDF). International Labour Organization. 2005. Retrieved 26 April 2012.  ^ Wolfe, David; Shazzie (2005). Naked Chocolate: The Astonishing Truth about the World's Greatest Food. North Atlantic Books. p. 98. ISBN 1556437315. Retrieved 15 December 2011.  ^ Hawksley, Humphrey (12 April 2001). "Mali's children in chocolate slavery". BBC News. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  ^ Hawksley, Humphrey (4 May 2001). " Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
accuses chocolate companies". BBC News. Retrieved 4 August 2010.  ^ "2014 Assessments of Shared Hazelnut Supply Chain In Turkey: Nestlé, Balsu, and Olam Fair Labor Association". www.fairlabor.org. Retrieved 2 November 2015.  ^ a b c Gray, Jeff (5 December 2012). "Former Nestlé
Nestlé
Canada CEO may face chocolate price-fixing charge 'shortly'". The Globe and Mail. Toronto.  ^ a b c " Nestlé
Nestlé
bottled-water ads misleading, environmentalists say". CBC News. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2016.  ^ a b c "Groups Challenge Nestlé's Bottled Water Greenwashing". Polaris Institute. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2010. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ a b Anderson, Scott (1 December 2008). " Nestlé
Nestlé
water ads misleading: Canada green groups". Reuters. Retrieved 30 November 2010.  ^ a b Dejong, Michael (24 March 2009). "Water, Water Everywhere". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 30 November 2010.  ^ Little oversight as Nestlé
Nestlé
taps Morongo reservation water, The Desert Sun. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2015. ^ Associated Press (11 April 2015). "US Forest Service investigates expired Nestlé
Nestlé
water permit". The Washington Times. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ James, Ian (8 March 2015). "Bottling water without scrutiny". The Desert Sun. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ a b Nestle makes billions bottling water it pays nearly nothing for, Bloomberg, Caroline Winter, 7 September 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017. ^ a b Bernish, Claire (13 August 2015). "Forest Service Official Who Let Nestlé
Nestlé
Drain California
California
Water Now Works for Them". theanitmedia. The Anti Media. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ " California
California
Water Management". Nestleusa.com. Nestlé. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Arrowhead Honored at Southern California
California
Mountains Foundation". Nestle-watersna.com. Nestlé Waters North America. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ Tracy Loew (23 April 2015). " Oregon
Oregon
legislators protest Nestlé water deal". Statesman Journal. Retrieved 30 August 2015.  ^ Alison Vekshin (26 May 2015). " Nestlé
Nestlé
Bottled-Water Plan Draws Fight in Drought-Stricken Oregon". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 8 February 2016. Retrieved 30 August 2015. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ <ref name= billionspolicy-in-oregon-and-california/ Bottled Water and the Drought: The Center of Debate over Water Policy in Oregon
Oregon
and California
California
dead linkdate=December 2017 bot=InternetArchiveBot fix-attempted=yes Hydrowonk Blog. An Open Intellectual Marketplace for the Water Industry.Retrieved 15 July 2015. ^ Nestle fails to reverse township permit denial at zoning appeal, MLive, Garrett Ellison, 26 July 2017. 9 November 2017. ^ Flint water crisis casts shadow on Nestle hearing, MLive, Amy Biolchini, 13 July. Retrieved 9 November 2017. ^ Appeal to Be Heard on Nestle Pumping Station in November, U.S.News & World Report, AP, 9 October 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017. ^ Nestle lawyers playing hardball over township permit denial, MLive, Garrett Ellison, 10 May 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017. ^ На канал Ахметова не взяли україномовну ведучу (in Ukrainian). depo. 14 August 2015 ^ На украинский канал не взяли ведущую, потому что она не говорит по-русски (in Russian). Dusya. Telekrytyka. 13 August 2015 ^ У Києві чоловік у масці кролика з автоматом протестував проти русифікації телепростору (in Ukrainian). zik. 19 August 2015 ^ Nestlé
Nestlé
- спонсор русифікації України (in Ukrainian). Vidsich. 10 September 2015 ^ a b "Nestle confirms labor abuse among its Thai seafood suppliers". The Big Story. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ Reuters Editorial (24 November 2015). "Campaigners hope others follow Nestle in admitting and acting on slave labour in its products". Reuters.  ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
Reports on Abuses in Thailand's Seafood Industry". The New York Times. 24 November 2015.  ^ "Chocolate's Dark Secret". September 2017. ^ “Olam Livelihood Charter 2016: Equipping smallholders to secure their future,” Olam, 2016. ^ “ Nestlé
Nestlé
to Sell Cocoa Processing Activities in York and Hamburg to Cargill Inc.,” Nestle press release. 30 June 2004. ^ “FACTBOX-Who’s who in the cocoa market.” Reuters. 7 July 2010. ^ “Cocoa production in West Africa, a review and analysis of recent developments.” NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. 74-75 (2015): 1-7. ^ “How Much Rainforest Is in That Chocolate Bar?” World Resources Institute. 6 August 2015. ^ “Cocoa farming and primate extirpation inside The Ivory Coast’s protected areas.” Tropical Conservation Science. 8.1(2015): 95-113. ^ “Analyse qualitative des facteurs de déforestation et de dégradation des forêts en Côte d’Ivoire"; Rapport Final, 10 November 2016 ^ Covey, R. and McGraw, W. S. “Monkeys in a West African bushmeat market: implications for cercopithecid conservation in eastern Liberia.” Tropical Conservation Science. 7.1 (2014): 115-125. ^ Marchesi, P., Marchesi, N., Fruth, B., and Boesch, C. “Census and Distribution of Chimpanzees in Cote D’Ivoire.” PRIMATES. 36.4(1995): 591-607. ^ “Poaching contributes to forest elephant declines in Côte d’Ivoire, new numbers reveal.” WWF. 5 September 2011. ^ "History & Mission". World Cocoa Foundation. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ a b "SAI Platform – Who we are". Sustainable Agriculture Initiative Platform. Archived from the original on 3 January 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ Matous, Petr (2015). "Social networks and environmental management at multiple levels: soil conservation in Sumatra". Ecology and Society. 20 (3): 37. doi:10.5751/ES-07816-200337.  ^ Reuters Editorial (22 March 2011). "Nestle head emphasizes profiting from doing good". Reuters.  ^ "6 steps to create shared value in your company". GreenBiz. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "Global Shared Value Prize on Offer".  ^ "Entries open for CHF 500k Nestlé
Nestlé
Creating Shared Value Prize". UK Fundraising. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ a b "What does the 'Cocoa Plan' label on chocolate mean?". MNN - Mother Nature Network. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "The Rainforest Alliance
Rainforest Alliance
and Nestlé
Nestlé
Nespresso
Nespresso
Announce Advances in Quest for Sustainable Quality Coffee" Archived 26 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Rain Forest Alliance, 22 June 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2012 ^ "Rainforest Alliance". Archived from the original on 12 September 2015.  ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
to Expand Business in Health Care Nutrition", New York Times, Matthew Saltmarsh, 27 September 2010 ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
Joins Fair Labor Association, FLA, 1 March 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2012".  ^ "Nestle Joins Fair Labor Association".  ^ "Women's Rights: Nestlé
Nestlé
on female cocoa farmers". ConfectioneryNews.com.  ^ "How the Global Food Sector Can Solve Our Food Security Crisis". Retrieved 1 February 2017.  ^ "IFRC and Nestlé
Nestlé
renew partnership to support water and sanitation programmes".  ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
Targets Worldwide Registration of All Plants to ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001", Quality Digest, 24 March 2010 ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
Purina Receives Malcolm Baldrige Award", Supermarket News, 15 December 2010 ^ ""Providing Context to the 2012 Nestlé
Nestlé
FTSE4Good BMS Verification"" (PDF).  ^ "Top 20 Worlds’ Best Employers", 7 October 2011 Archived 31 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
best employer in Switzerland: survey", The Local, 13 December 2011 ^ " Nestlé
Nestlé
wins global food industry award" https://web.archive.org/web/20160103032603/http://www.csreurope.org/news.php?type=&action=show_news&news_id=3646, CSR Europe, 24 August 2010 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 January 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2012. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 March 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2012. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ 2012 "Best Workplaces in Canada (over 1000 employees)", GreatPlaceToWork, 19 April 2012[dead link] ^ "The Gartner
Gartner
Supply Chain Top 25 for 2012", Gartner
Gartner
Group, 21 May 2012 ^ "Supply Chain Top 25".  ^ "2014 Spira Award Winners – Wayne Pacelle's Blog". A Humane Nation. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "Company Scorecard". Behind the Brands. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "Catalogue collectif". Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nestlé.

Official website

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Nestlé

Brands

Appliances

BabyNes Dolce Gusto Nescafé
Nescafé
Alegria Nescafé
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Barista Nespresso Special.T

Baby nutrition

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Baking

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Libby's
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Bottled water

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Cereals

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Nesquik
(cereal)7 Nesquik
Nesquik
Duo Cereal7 Nesquik
Nesquik
CioccoMilk7 Nestlé
Nestlé
Crunch Oats & More Trix1 Shreddies8 Shredded Wheat8 Strawberry Minis

Chocolate and desserts

100 Grand Bar Animal Bar Abuelita Aero Aero Biscuits After Eight Allen's Baby Ruth Bar One Bertie Beetle Big Chocolate Big Turk Blue Riband Breakaway Butterfinger Cailler Caramac Carlos V Chicos Choclait Chips Choco Crossies Chocolate Log Chokito Chunky Club Coffee
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Nestlé
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Nestlé
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Nestlé
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Nestlé
Snack Nuts Nestlé
Nestlé
Milk Chocolate Oh Henry!4 Orion Peppermint Crisp Perugina Plaistowe Polo Quality Street Raisinets Rolo3 Rowntree's Rowntree's
Rowntree's
Fruit Gums Rowntree's
Rowntree's
Fruit Pastilles Sin Parar Smarties5 Sno-Caps Spree Sundy (brand) Susy Svitoch TEX Toffee Crisp Walnut Whip White Knight The Willy Wonka Candy Company XXX YES Yorkie

Coffee
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and beverages

Abuelita BabyNes Blue Bottle Coffee
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Company Carnation9 Caro Chuckie11 Coffee-Mate Dolce Gusto Klim La Lechera Lion Menier Milo Nescafé Nescau12 Nesfruta Nespresso Nesquik
Nesquik
(mix) Nesquik
Nesquik
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Nestlé
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Nestlé
Dessert Ovaltine6 Ricoré Sjora Sublime Supligen Sweet Leaf Tonimalt Zoégas

Health and nutrition

Nutramen Junior Nutrament Pamlab Peptamen Boost Resource

Ice cream

Camy D'Onofrio Dibs (ice cream) Dreyer's/Edy's Drumstick Eskimo Pie Extrême Fab Frosty Paws Häagen-Dazs2 Hjem-IS Ice Screamers Kit Kat La Cremeria La Laitière Lanvin (chocolate) Maxibon Mövenpick Nestlé Parlour Pops Savory (ice cream) Schőller Smarties

Prepared and Packaged Food and Snacks

Buitoni California
California
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Nestlé
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Dairy Products

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Nesquik
Minis Rolo SKI

Nesquik

Nesquik
Nesquik
Powder Nesquik
Nesquik
Cereal7 Nesquik
Nesquik
Duo Cereal7 Nesquik
Nesquik
CioccoMilk7 Nesquik
Nesquik
(beverage)

Bear Brand

Bear Brand Busog Lusog11 Bear Brand Choco11 Bear Brand Adult Plus11 Bear Brand Gold10

Milo

Milo granules Milo Chocolate Bar Milo Cereal

Uncle Toby's

Cheerios1 Fruit Bites Healthwise Natural Style Muesli O&G Oat Crisp Oat Flakes PLUS Puffs Roll Ups VitaBrits Weeties

Petcare

Alpo Bakers Complete Beggin' Strips Beneful Bonio Cat Chow Chef Michael's Dog Chow Fancy Feast Felix Friskies Frosty Paws Go-Cat Gourmet ONE Pro Plan Tender Vittles Veterinary Diets Winalot

Galderma

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Former

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Divisions

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Nestlé
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Nestlé
Waters Nestlé Waters North America

Joint ventures

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Nestlé
Chilled Dairy Nestlé
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Toll House Café

Other assets

Hsu Fu Chi (60%) L'Oréal
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(30.3%) Osem Yinlu Foods
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(60%)

People

Günter Blobel Paul Bulcke Peter Brabeck-Letmathe Nobuyuki Idei Henri Nestlé Kaspar Villiger Eugenio Minvielle Lagos

Other

Nestea
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Nestlé
boycott Nestlé
Nestlé
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Nestlé
Smarties
Smarties
Book Prize Nestlé
Nestlé
Tower Toll House cookies International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes Nescafé
Nescafé
Basement

1 Currently manufactured by General Mills
General Mills
in the United States and Canada. Produced by Cereal Partners under the Nestlé
Nestlé
brand elsewhere. 2 Brand owned by General Mills; US and Canadian production rights controlled by Nestlé
Nestlé
under license. 3 US production rights owned by The Hershey Company. 4 Canadian production rights owned by The Hershey Company. 5 US rights and production owned by Smarties
Smarties
Candy Company, with a different product. 6 US rights and specific trade dress owned by Nestlé; rights elsewhere owned by Associated British Foods. 7 Produced by Cereal Partners, branded as Nestlé. 8 Produced by Cereal Partners, and Branded Nestlé
Nestlé
in The United Kingdom, and Ireland. Produced by Post Foods, elsewhere. 9 Philippine production rights owned by Alaska Milk Corporation. 10 Used only in Indonesia, Thailand, and Cambodia. 11 Used only in the Philippines. 12 Used only in Brazil.

Category Commons

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Food industry
Food industry
criticism

Books

The Jungle
The Jungle
(1906) Fast Food Nation
Fast Food Nation
(2001) Reefer Madness (2003) Shopped
Shopped
(2004) Chew on This (2006) My Secret Life on the McJob (2006) The Omnivore's Dilemma
The Omnivore's Dilemma
(2006) Eating Animals
Eating Animals
(2009) Wheat Belly (2011) Farmageddon: The True Cost of Cheap Meat (2014) Meat Atlas
Meat Atlas
(annual) The Meat Racket: The Secret Takeover of America's Food Business (2014) Defending Beef: The Case for Sustainable Meat Production (2014) Righteous Porkchop (2009)

Films

The Jungle
The Jungle
(1914) McLibel (1997) The Corporation (2003) Super Size Me
Super Size Me
(2004) The Future of Food
The Future of Food
(2004) We Feed the World
We Feed the World
(2005) Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price (2005) Our Daily Bread (2005) Earthlings (2005) Fast Food Nation
Fast Food Nation
(2006) Black Gold (2006) King Corn (2007) Food, Inc.
Food, Inc.
(2008) Million Calorie March: The Movie (2008) The World According to Monsanto (2008) Fresh (2009) Bananas!*
Bananas!*
(2009) Big Boys Gone Bananas!*
Bananas!*
(2011) The Dark Side of Chocolate
The Dark Side of Chocolate
(2010) Forks Over Knives
Forks Over Knives
(2011) A Place at the Table
A Place at the Table
(2013) Fed Up (2014) Cowspiracy
Cowspiracy
(2014) Super Size Me
Super Size Me
2: Holy Chicken! (2017)

Organizations

Coca-Cola Cargill Tesco Nestlé

boycott

McDonald's

Concepts

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coffee

Fast food

criticism

Food safety Genetically modified food
Genetically modified food
(controversies)

By country

China

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Selected Royal Warrant holders of the British Royal Family

By Appointment to HM The Queen

Abels Moving Services Ainsworths Angostura Limited AkzoNobel Autoglym Axminster Carpets Bendicks Bentley
Bentley
Motors Bollinger Britvic BT Burberry Cadbury Carphone Warehouse Castrol Charbonnel et Walker DAKS DHL Express Dorma Ede & Ravenscroft Fortnum & Mason Frank Smythson Gieves & Hawkes H. P. Bulmer Henry Poole & Co J. Barbour and Sons James Purdey and Sons Jaguar Cars John Lewis John Lobb Land Rover Louis Roederer Mappin & Webb Martini & Rossi Minky Molton Brown Moët & Chandon Nestlé Procter & Gamble UK Richer Sounds Roberts Radio Ryvita Schweppes Spode Steinway & Sons Tanqueray Twinings Unilever
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UK Vauxhall Motors Veuve Clicquot
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By Appointment to HRH The Duke of Edinburgh

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By Appointment to HRH The Prince of Wales

Ainsworths Aston Martin Autoglym Bentley
Bentley
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Category

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Swiss Market Index
Swiss Market Index
companies of Switzerland

ABB Actelion Adecco Credit Suisse Geberit Givaudan LafargeHolcim Julius Bär Nestlé Novartis Richemont Roche SGS Swatch Group Swiss Life Swiss Re Swisscom Syngenta UBS Zurich Insurance Group

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146101412 LCCN: no89000097 ISNI: 0000 0001 0066 4948 GND: 2070341-7 BNF: cb119918512 (data) HDS: 41776 SNAC: w63z67k6

Switzerland
Switzerland
portal Food portal Comp

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