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The National Film Board of Canada
Canada
(or simply National Film Board or NFB) (French: Office national du film du Canada, or ONF) is Canada's public film and digital media producer and distributor. An agency of the Government of Canada, the NFB produces and distributes documentary films, animation, web documentaries and alternative dramas. In total, the NFB has produced over 13,000 productions which have won over 5,000 awards.[1] The NFB reports to the Parliament of Canada
Canada
through the Minister of Canadian Heritage. It has English-language and French-language production branches.

Contents

1 Mission

1.1 Partial timeline

2 Operations 3 History

3.1 Mandate revisions 3.2 Canada
Canada
Vignettes 3.3 21st century

4 Documentary

4.1 Cinéma vérité
Cinéma vérité
and Direct Cinema 4.2 Challenge for Change/Societé Nouvelle 4.3 Giant-screen cinema 4.4 Alternative drama

5 Animation

5.1 Drawn-on-film animation 5.2 Pinscreen animation 5.3 Stop-motion animation 5.4 Computer animation 5.5 Traditional animation 5.6 Sand animation 5.7 Paint on glass animation

6 Interactive

6.1 Works

6.1.1 Virtual reality

6.2 Platforms

7 Indigenous production

7.1 Programs

7.1.1 Inuit
Inuit
film and animation 7.1.2 First Stories and Second Stories 7.1.3 Wapikoni Mobile 7.1.4 Early programs

8 Women's production

8.1 Studio D 8.2 Gender parity initiatives

9 Training

9.1 Animation 9.2 Theatrical documentaries

10 NFB structure

10.1 Branches and studios 10.2 Former studios and departments

10.2.1 Still Photography Division 10.2.2 Facilities in Montreal
Montreal
and Toronto

11 People

11.1 Government Film Commissioners

12 Awards

12.1 Film and television awards

12.1.1 Genie Awards 12.1.2 Academy Awards 12.1.3 Peabody Awards 12.1.4 Annie Awards

12.2 Interactive awards

12.2.1 Webby Awards 12.2.2 Others

13 Controversy 14 NFB on TV 15 Logo 16 NFB in popular media 17 See also 18 References 19 Further reading 20 External links

Mission[edit]

NFB headquarters ( Norman McLaren
Norman McLaren
Building), Montreal, Québec.

Partial timeline[edit]

1939: The government of Canada
Canada
proposed the creation of a National Film Commission to complement the activities of the Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau. The legislation stipulated that the NFB was to “make and distribute films designed to help Canadians in all parts of Canada
Canada
to understand the ways of living and the problems of Canadians in other parts.” Legislation also stated that the NFB would co-ordinate the film activities of federal departments. 1950: Canada's Parliament passes the National Film Act, which states that NFB's mandate is "to produce and distribute and to promote the production and distribution of films designed to interpret Canada
Canada
to Canadians and to other nations." This act also stipulates that the NFB is to engage in film research. 1965: As a result of a report written by producer Gordon Sheppard on Canadian cultural policies and activities, the NFB began regionalizing its English production activities, with producers appointed in major cities across Canada. 1984: Minister of Communications Francis Fox released a National Film and Video Policy, which added two new elements to the mandate, with the NFB also tasked with being "a world centre of excellence in production of films and videos" and "a national training and research centre in the art and technique of film and video." 2008: The NFB announces a Strategic Plan that includes its first digital strategy.[2]

Operations[edit] The National Film Board currently maintains its head office in Saint-Laurent, a borough of Montreal, in the Norman McLaren
Norman McLaren
electoral district, named in honour of the NFB animation pioneer.[3] The NFB HQ building is also named for McLaren, and is home to much of its production activity. In the second quarter of 2018, the NFB is scheduled to move to its headquarters to the new Îlot Balmoral building located at Montreal's Quartier des spectacles, adjacent to the Place des Festivals (fr) square.[4] The NFB will occupy the first six floors of the building, which will allow it to have closer contact with the public, and will also feature expanded digital media research and production facilities.[5]

The NFB's offices in Toronto. The ground-floor Mediatheque was closed in April 2012.

In addition to the English and French-language studios in its Montreal HQ, there are centres throughout Canada. English-language production occurs at centres in Toronto
Toronto
( Ontario
Ontario
Centre), Vancouver
Vancouver
(Pacific & Yukon Centre, located in the Woodward's Building), Edmonton (North West Centre), Winnipeg
Winnipeg
(Prairie Centre), and Halifax (Atlantic Centre). As of October 2009, the Atlantic Centre also operates an office in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.[6] In June 2011, the NFB appointed a producer to work with film and digital media makers across Saskatchewan, to be based in Regina.[7] Outside Quebec, French language productions are also made in Moncton (Studio Acadie)[8] and Toronto
Toronto
(Canadian Francophone Studio).[9] The NFB also offers support programs for independent filmmakers: in English, via the Filmmaker Assistance Program (FAP) and in French through its Aide du cinéma indépendant – Canada
Canada
(ACIC) program. The organization has a hierarchical structure headed by a Board of Trustees, which is chaired by the Government Film Commissioner and NFB Chairperson. It is overseen by the Board of Trustees Secretariat and Legal Affairs. Funding is derived primarily from government of Canada
Canada
transfer payments, and also from its own revenue streams. These revenues are from print sales, film production services, rentals, and royalties, and total up to $10 million yearly; the NFB lists this as Respendable Revenues in its financial statements. As a result of cuts imposed by 2012 Canadian federal budget, by 2015 the NFB's public funding will be reduced by $6.7 million, to $60.3 million.[10] As part of the 2016 Canadian federal budget, the NFB will receive an additional $13.5 million in funding, spread out over a five-year period.[11] History[edit] In 1938, the Government of Canada
Canada
invited John Grierson, a British documentary film producer who introduced the term "documentary" to English-speaking film criticism, to study the state of the government's film production. Up to that date, the Government Motion Picture Bureau, established in 1918, had been the major Canadian film producer. The results of Grierson's report were included in the National Film Act of 1939.[12] In 1939 (79 years ago) (1939), the Act led to the establishment of the National Film Commission, which was subsequently renamed the National Film Board (NFB). The NFB was founded in part to create propaganda in support of the Second World War.[12] In 1940, with Canada
Canada
at war, the NFB launched its Canada
Canada
Carries On series of morale boosting theatrical shorts.[13] The success of Canada Carries On led to the creation of The World in Action, which was more geared to international audiences.[14] In this period, other NFB films were issued as newsreels, such as The War Is Over (1945), intended for theatrical showings. These films were based on current news and often tackled wartime events as well as contemporary issues in Canadian culture.[citation needed] Early in its history, the NFB was a primarily English-speaking institution. Based in Ottawa, 90% of its staff were English and the few French Canadians in production worked with English crews. There was a French Unit which was responsible for versioning films into French but it was headed by an Anglophone. And in NFB annual reports of the time, French films were listed under "foreign languages". Screenwriter Jacques Bobet, hired in 1947, worked to strengthen the French Unit and retain French talent, and was appointed producer of French versions in 1951.[15] During that period, commissioner Albert Trueman, sensitive to how the Quiet Revolution
Quiet Revolution
was beginning to transform Quebec
Quebec
society, brought in Pierre Juneau as the NFB's "French Advisor". Juneau recommended the creation of a French production branch to enable francophone filmmakers to work and create in their own language.[16] During the 1940s and early 1950s, the NFB employed 'travelling projectionists' who toured the country, bringing films and public discussions to rural communities.[17][18] Mandate revisions[edit] In 1950, a revision of the National Film Act removed any direct government intervention into the operation and administration of the NFB.[19] In 1956, the NFB's headquarters was relocated from Ottawa to Montreal, improving the NFB's reputation in French Canada
Canada
and making the NFB more attractive to French-speaking filmmakers.[15] In 1964, a separate French production branch was finally established, with Bobet as one of its four initial executive producers.[15] In 1967, the creation of the Canadian Film Development Corporation (now known as Telefilm Canada) refined the mandate for the National Film Board. The Canadian Film Development Corporation would become responsible for promoting the development of the film industry.[20] The Challenge for Change was also created the same year as a community media project which would develop the use of film and video as a tool for initiating social change.[21] Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, the National Film Board produced several educational films in partnership with Parks Canada, including Bill Schmalz's Bears and Man.[22] In the early 1970s, the NFB began a process of decentralization, opening film production centres in cities across Canada. The move had been championed by NFB producers such as Rex Tasker, who became the first executive producer of the NFB's studio in Halifax.[23] Canada
Canada
Vignettes[edit] Main article: Canada
Canada
Vignettes During the 1970s and early 1980s, the National Film Board produced a series of vignettes, some of which aired on CBC and other Canadian broadcasters as interstitial programs. The vignettes became popular because of their cultural depiction of Canada, and because they represented its changing state, such as the vignette Faces which was made to represent the increasing cultural and ethnic diversity of Canada. In 1996, the NFB operating budget was cut by 32%, forcing it to lay off staff and to close its film laboratory, sound stage (now privatized) and other departments.[citation needed] 21st century[edit] In 2006, the NFB marked the 65th anniversary of NFB animation with an international retrospective of restored Norman McLaren
Norman McLaren
classics and the launch of the DVD box set, Norman McLaren
Norman McLaren
– The Master's Edition. The NFB budget has since been cut again. The six-storey John Grierson Building at its Montreal
Montreal
headquarters has been unused for several years – with HQ staff now based solely in its adjacent Norman McLaren
Norman McLaren
Building. In October 2009, the NFB released a free app for Apple's iPhone that would allow users to watch thousands of NFB films directly on their cell phones.[24] In 2010, the NFB released an iPad version of their app that streams NFB films, many in high definition.[25] In March 2012, the NFB's funding was cut 10%, to be phased in over a three-year period, as part of the 2012 Canadian federal budget.[26] The NFB eliminated 73 full and part-time positions.[10] Beginning on 2 May 2014, the NFB's 75th anniversary was marked by such events as the release of a series of commemorative stamps by Canada Post,[27] and an NFB documentary about the film board's early years, entitled Shameless Propaganda.[28] Documentary[edit] Cinéma vérité
Cinéma vérité
and Direct Cinema[edit] In the post-war era the NFB became a pioneer in new developments in documentary film. The NFB played a key role in both the Cinéma vérité and Direct Cinema
Direct Cinema
movements, working on technical innovations to make its 16 mm synchronized sound equipment more light-weight and portable—most notably the "Sprocketape" portable sound recorder invented for the film board by Ches Beachell in 1955. Influenced by the work of Henri Cartier-Bresson, the NFB's Studio B production unit experimented with cinema verite in its 1958 Candid Eye series. Candid Eye along with such NFB French-language films as Les Raquetteurs (1958) have been credited as helping to inspire the cinéma vérité documentary movement. Other key cinéma vérité films during this period included Lonely Boy (1961) and Ladies and Gentlemen... Mr. Leonard Cohen (1965).[29] Challenge for Change/Societé Nouvelle[edit] Main article: Challenge for Change Running from 1967 to 1980, Challenge for Change and its French-language equivalent Societé Nouvelle became a global model for the use of film and portable video technology to create community-based participatory documentary films to promote dialogue on local issues and promote social change. Over two hundred such films were produced, including 27 films about Fogo Island, Newfoundland, directed by Colin Low and early NFB efforts in Indigenous filmmaking, such as Willie Dunn's The Battle of Crowfoot (1968).[29][30] Giant-screen cinema[edit] NFB documentarians played a key role in the development of the IMAX film format, following the NFB multi-screen experience In the Labyrinth, created for Expo 67
Expo 67
in Montreal. The film was the centrepiece of a $4.5 million pavilion, which attracted over 1.3 million visitors in 1967, and was co-directed by Roman Kroitor, Colin Low and Hugh O'Connor, and produced by Tom Daly and Kroitor. After Expo, Kroitor left the NFB to co-found what would become known as IMAX Corporation, with Graeme Ferguson and Robert Kerr. The NFB continued to be involved with IMAX
IMAX
breakthroughs at subsequent world's fairs, with NFB director Donald Brittain directing the first-ever IMAX
IMAX
film Tiger Child for Expo 70
Expo 70
in Osaka, and with the NFB producing the first full-colour IMAX-3D film Transitions for Expo 86
Expo 86
in Vancouver
Vancouver
and the first 48 fps IMAX
IMAX
HD film Momentum for Seville Expo '92.[31] Alternative drama[edit] In the 1980s, the National Film Board also produced a number of "alternative drama" films, which combined documentary and narrative fiction filmmaking techniques.[32] Generally starring non-professional actors, these films used a documentary format to present a fictionalized story and were generally scripted by the filmmakers and the cast through a process of improvisation, and are thus classified as docufiction.[32] The alternative drama films were The Masculine Mystique (1984), 90 Days (1985), Sitting in Limbo (1986), The Last Straw (1987), Train of Dreams (1987), Welcome to Canada
Canada
(1989) and The Company of Strangers (1990).[32] Animation[edit]

McLaren drawing on film, 1944

Further information: Category:National Film Board of Canada
Canada
animated short films and NFB Shorts When Norman McLaren
Norman McLaren
joined the organization in 1941, the NFB began production of animation. The animation department eventually gained distinction, particularly with the pioneering work of McLaren, an internationally recognized experimental filmmaker. The NFB's French-language animation unit was founded in 1966 by René Jodoin.[33] Drawn-on-film animation[edit] When McLaren joined the NFB, his first film at the film board was the drawn-on-film short, Mail Early. He would go on to refine his technique make a series of hand-drawn films at the NFB during and after the Second World War, most notably Boogie-Doodle (1940), Hen Hop (1942), Begone Dull Care (1949) and Blinkity Blank (1955).[34] Pinscreen animation[edit] The NFB was a pioneer in several novel techniques such as pinscreen animation, and as of June 2012, the NFB is reported to have the only working animation pinscreen in the world.[35] Stop-motion animation[edit] McLaren's Oscar-winning Neighbours popularized the form of character movement referred to as pixilation, a variant of stop motion. The term pixilation itself was created by NFB animator Grant Munro in an experimental film of the same name. In 2015, the NFB's animation studios were credited as helping to lead a revival in stop-motion animation in Canada, building on the tradition of NFB animators such as McLaren and Co Hoedeman.[36] Computer animation[edit] The NFB was a pioneer in computer animation, releasing one of the first CGI films, Hunger, in 1974, then forming its Centre d'animatique in 1980 to develop new CGI technologies.[37] Staff at the Centre d'animatique included Daniel Langlois, who left in 1986 to form Softimage.[38] The NFB was licensed by IMAX
IMAX
Corporation to develop new artistic applications using its SANDDE system for hand-drawn stereoscopic computer animation, with the NFB producing a number of films including Falling in Love Again (2003) and Subconscious Password (2013).[39] Traditional animation[edit] Traditional animators included Richard Condie, John Weldon, Allison Snowden, Janet Perlman, Cordell Barker, Brad Caslor, Michael Mills, Paul Driessen among others (some draw on paper rather than cels). Sand animation[edit] Caroline Leaf used this technique on films such as The Metamorphosis Of Mr. Samsa and The Owl Who Married A Goose. The Sand Castle was the first (and so far only) sand animation to win an Oscar. Paint on glass animation[edit] Wendy Tilby and Amanda Forbes perfected the paint on glass technique (mixing oil paint with glycerine) on films such as Strings and Wild Life. This technique was also used on Caroline Leaf's film The Street. Interactive[edit] Works[edit] As of March 2013, the NFB devotes one quarter of its production budget to interactive media, including web documentaries.[40][41] The NFB is a pioneer in interactive web documentaries, helping to position Canada as a major player in digital storytelling, according to transmedia creator Anita Ondine Smith,[42] as well as Shari Frilot, programmer for Sundance Film Festival's New Frontier program for digital media.[43] Welcome to Pine Point received two Webby Awards
Webby Awards
while Out My Window, an interactive project from the NFB's Highrise project, won the IDFA DocLab Award for Digital Storytelling and an International Digital Emmy Award.[44][45] Loc Dao is the executive producer and "creative technologist" responsible for NFB English-language digital content and strategy, based in the Woodward's Building
Woodward's Building
in Vancouver. Jeremy Mendes is an interactive artist producing English-language interactive works for the NFB, whose projects include a collaboration with Leanne Allison (Being Caribou, Finding Farley) on the webdoc Bear 71.[46][47] Dao's counterpart for French-language interactive media production at the NFB is Hugues Sweeney, based in Montreal. Sweeney's recent credits include the online interactive animation work, Bla Bla.[48][49] Virtual reality[edit] The NFB is also recognized as a leader in virtual reality,[50] with works such as the Webby Award-winning The Unknown Photographer, Way to Go and Cardboard Crash.[51] Platforms[edit] In January 2009, the NFB launched its online Screening Room, NFB.ca, offering Canadian and international web users the ability to stream hundreds of NFB films for free as well as embed links in blogs and social sites.[52][53][54] As of May 18, 2013, the NFB's digital platforms have received approximately 41 million views.[55] In October 2009, the NFB launched an iPhone application that was downloaded more than 170,000 times and led to more than 500,000 film views in the first four months.[56] In January 2010, the NFB added high-definition and 3D films to the over 1400 productions available for viewing online.[57] The NFB introduced a free iPad application in July 2010,[58] followed by its first app for the Android platform in March 2011.[59] When the BlackBerry PlayBook
BlackBerry PlayBook
launched on April 19, 2011, it included a pre-loaded app offering access to 1,500 NFB titles.[60][61] In January 2013, it was announced that the NFB film app would be available for the BlackBerry 10, via the BlackBerry World app store.[62] In September 2011, the NFB and the Montreal
Montreal
French-language daily Le Devoir announced that they would jointly host three interactive essays on their websites, ONF.ca and ledevoir.com.[63] The NFB is a partner with China's ifeng.com on NFB Zone, the first Canadian-branded web channel in China, with 130 NFB animated shorts and documentary films available on the company's digital platforms.[64] NFB documentaries are also available on Netflix
Netflix
Canada.[65] In April 2013, the NFB announced that it was "seeking commercial partners to establish a subscription service for Internet television and mobile platforms next year. The service would be available internationally and would feature documentaries from around the world as well as the NFB’s own catalogue."[66] As of April 2015, NFB.ca offered VOD films from partners Excentris
Excentris
and First Weekend Club along with NFB productions, with over 450 English and French VOD titles scheduled to be added in 2015.[67] Indigenous production[edit] On June 20, 2017, the NFB announced a three-year plan entitled "Redefining the NFB's Relationship with Indigenous Peoples" that commits the organization to hiring more Indigenous staff, designating 15% of its production spending for Indigenous works and offering cross-cultural training to all employees. The plan also sees the NFB building on its relationships with Canadian schools and organizations to create more educational materials about Indigenous peoples in Canada.[68][69] One of the most notable filmmakers in the history of the NFB is Alanis Obomsawin, an Abenaki director who will be completing her 50th film with the NFB in 2017.[70] Programs[edit] Inuit
Inuit
film and animation[edit] In November 2011, the NFB and partners including the Inuit
Inuit
Relations Secretariat and the Government of Nunavut
Government of Nunavut
introduced a DVD and online collection entitled Unikkausivut: Sharing Our Stories, makes over 100 NFB films by and about Inuit
Inuit
available in Inuktitut
Inuktitut
and other Inuit languages, as well as English and French.[71][72] In November 2006, the National Film Board of Canada
Canada
and the Inuit Broadcasting Corporation announced the start of the Nunavut Animation Lab, offering animation training to Nunavut artists.[73] Films from the Nunavut Animation Lab include Alethea Arnaquq-Baril's 2010 digital animation short Lumaajuuq, winner of the Best Aboriginal Award at the Golden Sheaf Awards and named Best Canadian Short Drama at the imagineNATIVE Film + Media Arts Festival.[74] First Stories and Second Stories[edit] In 2005, the NFB introduced its "First Stories" program for emerging Indigenous directors from Alberta, Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
and Manitoba. Twelve five-minute films were produced through the program, with four from each province. First Stories was followed by "Second Stories," in which three filmmakers from the previous program—Gerald Auger, Tessa Desnomie and Lorne Olson—were invited back to create 20 minute films.[75][76][77] Wapikoni Mobile[edit] The NFB was a founding partner in Wapikoni Mobile, a mobile film and media production unit for emerging First Nations
First Nations
filmmakers in Quebec.[78] Early programs[edit] The Indian Film Crew was an early effort in First Nations
First Nations
filmmaking at the NFB, through its Challenge for Change program, and was jointly sponsored by the Company of Young Canadians and the Department of Indian Affairs. After five months' training about various aspects of filmmaking, participants worked on community development projects and research for future films. The unit's first release was The Ballad of Crowfoot (1968), described as "the first NFB film to present First Nations experience from an Indigenous point of view."[79] Subsequent films included the 1969 documentaries These Are My People and You Are on Indian Land.[80][81] A documentary was also made about the effort to increase aboriginal representation in filmmaking.[82] Women's production[edit] The NFB has been a leader in films by women, with the world's first publicly funded women's film's studio, Studio D, followed subsequently by its French-language equivalent, Studio des femmes. Beginning on March 8, 2016, International Women's Day, the NFB began introducing a series of gender parity initiatives. Studio D[edit] In 1974, in conjunction with International Women's Year, the NFB created Studio D on the recommendation of long-time employee Kathleen Shannon. Shannon was designated as Executive Director of the new studio—the first government-funded film studio dedicated to women filmmakers in the world— which became one of the NFB's most celebrated filmmaking units, winning awards and breaking distribution records.[29][83][84] Notable films produced by the studio include three Academy Award-winning documentaries I'll Find a Way (1977), If You Love This Planet (1982) and Flamenco at 5:15 (1983), as well as Not a Love Story (1982) and Forbidden Love: The Unashamed Stories of Lesbian Lives (1992). Studio D was shut down in 1996, amidst a sweeping set of federal government budget cuts, which impacted the NFB as a whole.[29] As of March 8, 2016, researchers and librarians at the University of Calgary announced an archival project to preserve records of Studio D.[85] Gender parity initiatives[edit] On March 8, 2016, NFB head Claude Joli-Coeur announced a new gender-parity initiative, with the NFB committing that half of all its production spending will be earmarked for films directed by women.[86][87] The following year, the NFB announced that it also plans to achieve gender balance by 2020 in such creative positions as editing, scriptwriting, musical composition, cinematography and artistic direction. As of 2017, 53% of its producers and executive producers are women, as well as half of its administrative council.[88][89] Training[edit] NFB training programs include: Animation[edit] Hothouse, a program for emerging animators that marked its tenth anniversary in 2015.[90] Notable Hothouse alumni include Academy Award nominee Patrick Doyon, part of its 2006 edition.[91] Cinéaste recherché(e) is a similar program for French-language emerging animators. Past graduates include Michèle Cournoyer, who took part in the program's 9th edition in 1989.[92] Theatrical documentaries[edit] A collaboration with the Canadian Film Centre
Canadian Film Centre
on a theatrical documentary development program. First launched in January 2009, the program has led to the production of Sarah Polley’s Stories We Tell, Yung Chang‘s The Fruit Hunters
The Fruit Hunters
and Su Rynard’s The Messenger. In May 2015, the CFC and NFB announced a new version of the program entitled the NFB/CFC Creative Doc Lab.[93] NFB structure[edit] Branches and studios[edit] As of 2015, the NFB is organized along the following branches:[94]

Director General, Creation and Innovation: René Bourdages.[95] The heads of the NFB's English and French production branches are Michelle van Beusekom and Michèle Bélanger, respectively. Finance, Operations and Technology: Director General: Luisa Frate Marketing and Communications: Director General: Jérôme Dufour Digital Platforms: Chief Digital Officer: Loc Dao.[96] Human Resources: Director General: François Tremblay

With six regional studios in English Program:

Digital Studio in Vancouver, headed by Executive Producer Rob McLaughlin Animation Studio based in Montreal, headed by Executive Producer Michael Fukushima[97] and Producers Maral Mohammadian and Jelena Popović[98] Atlantic Centre based in Halifax, headed by Executive Producer Annette Clarke and Producer Paul McNeill Quebec
Quebec
Centre based in Montreal, also headed by Executive Producer Annette Clarke Ontario
Ontario
Centre based in Toronto, headed by Executive Producer Anita Lee[99] and Producer Lea Marin North West Centre based in Edmonton, headed by Executive Producer David Christensen and Producer Bonnie Thompson Pacific and Yukon Centre based in Vancouver, headed by Executive Producer Shirley Vercruysse.[100] With small satellite offices in Winnipeg
Winnipeg
and St. John's.[101]

And four regional studios in French Program:

Interactive Studio in Montreal, headed by Executive Producer Hugues Sweeney Ontario
Ontario
and West Studio based in Toronto, headed by Executive Producer: Jacques Turgeon Quebec
Quebec
Studio based in Montreal, also headed by Executive Producer: Jacques Turgeon French Animation and Youth Studio based in Montreal, headed by Executive Producer: Julie Roy and Producer: Marc Bertrand[98] Studio Acadie/Acadia Studio based in Moncton, headed by Executive Producer: Jacques Turgeon and Producer: Maryse Chapdelaine René Chénier, formerly head of French Animation, is Executive Producer of Special
Special
Projects[98]

Former studios and departments[edit] Still Photography Division[edit] Upon its merger with the Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau in 1941, the NFB's mandate expanded to include motion as well as still pictures, resulting in the creation of the Still Photography Division of the NFB.

Montreal
Montreal
CineRobotheque, July 2008.

From 1941 to 1984, the Division commissioned freelance photographers to document every aspect of life in Canada. These images were widely distributed through publication in various media. In 1985, this Division officially became the Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography.[102] The division's work is the subject of a 2013 book by Carleton University art professor Carol Payne entitled The Official Picture: The National Film Board of Canada’s Still Photography Division and the Image of Canada, 1941-1971, published by the McGill-Queen's University Press.[103] Facilities in Montreal
Montreal
and Toronto[edit] As part of the 2012 budget cuts, the NFB announced that it was forced to close its Toronto
Toronto
Mediatheque and Montreal
Montreal
CineRobotheque public facilities.[10] They ceased to operate as of September 1, 2012.[104] In September 2013, the Université du Québec
Québec
à Montréal announced that it had acquired the CineRobotheque for its communications faculty.[105] People[edit] Further information: Category:National Film Board of Canada
Canada
people Government Film Commissioners[edit] As stipulated in the National Film Act of 1950, the person who holds the position of Government Film Commissioner is the head of the NFB. As of December 2014, the 16th commissioner of the NFB is Claude Joli-Coeur, who first joined the NFB in 2003 and had previously served as interim commissioner.[106]

Past NFB Commissioners

John Grierson, 1939–1945 Ross McLean, 1945–1947 (interim), 1947–1950 W. Arthur Irwin, 1950–1953 Albert W. Trueman, 1953–1957 Guy Roberge, 1957–1966 Grant McLean, 1966–1967 (interim) Hugo McPherson, 1967–1970 Sydney Newman, 1970–1975 André Lamy, 1975–1979 James de Beaujeu Domville, 1979–1984 François N. Macerola, 1984–1988 Joan Pennefather, 1988–1994 Sandra M. Macdonald, 1995–2001 Jacques Bensimon, 2001–2006[107] Tom Perlmutter, 2007 to 2013.[108][109]

A brief list of some key NFB filmmakers, artisans and staff.

Michel Brault Donald Brittain Richard Condie John Grierson, NFB founder Guy Glover, producer Co Hoedeman René Jodoin, French animation founder Arthur Lipsett Colin Low Bill Mason Norman McLaren, animation founder Grant Munro Alanis Obomsawin Ishu Patel Eldon Rathburn, composer Terence Macartney-Filgate Marcel Carrière Tom Daly Roman Kroitor Wolf Koenig Ryan Larkin Tanya Ballantyne Anne Claire Poirier William Greaves Stanley Jackson Boyce Richardson

Awards[edit] Film and television awards[edit] Over the years, the NFB has been internationally recognized with more than 5000 film awards.[110][111] In 2009, Norman McLaren's Neighbours was added to UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme, listing the most significant documentary heritage collections in the world.[112] Genie Awards[edit] The NFB has received more than 90 Genie Awards, including a Special Achievement Genie in 1989 for its 50th anniversary. The following is an incomplete list: Winners:

1988: 10th Genie Awards, Best Animated Short: The Cat Came Back, (Cordell Barker). This film is based upon the 1893 song And the Cat Came Back by Harry S. Miller. 1986 Best Feature Length Documentary: Final Offer 1985: 7th Genie Awards, Best Animated Short: The Big Snit, (Richard Condie and Michael Scott) 1970 Best Public Affairs Film: A Little Fellow From Gambo: The Joey Smallwood Story

Nominated:

1985: 7th Genie Awards, Paradise/Paradis, (Ishu Patel) 1982: 3rd Genie Awards, Top Priority, (Ishu Patel)

Academy Awards[edit] The National Film Board of Canada
Canada
has received 12 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
to date. It has received 74 Oscar nominations, more than any film organization in the world outside Hollywood.[113] The first-ever Oscar for documentary went to the NFB production, Churchill's Island. In 1989, it received an Honorary Award from the Academy "in recognition of its 50th anniversary and its dedicated commitment to originate artistic, creative and technological activity and excellence in every area of filmmaking."[114] On January 23, 2007, the NFB received its 12th and most recent Academy Award, for the animated short The Danish Poet, directed by Torill Kove
Torill Kove
and co-produced with MikroFilm AS (Norway).[115] 55 of the NFB's 74 Oscar nominations have been for its short films.[116] Winners:

2006: Best Animated Short Film, The Danish Poet, (Torill Kove) 2004: Best Animated Short Film, Ryan, (Chris Landreth) 1994: Best Animated Short Film, Bob's Birthday, ( Alison Snowden and David Fine) 1988: Academy Honorary Award – National Film Board[114] 1983: Best Documentary Short Subject, Flamenco at 5:15, (Cynthia Scott) 1982: Best Documentary Short Subject, If You Love This Planet (Terri Nash) 1979: Best Animated Short Film, Every Child (Eugene Fedorenko) 1978: Best Animated Short Film, Special
Special
Delivery ( Eunice Macaulay and John Weldon) 1977: Best Live Action Short Film, I'll Find a Way (Beverly Shaffer) 1977: Best Animated Short Film, The Sand Castle (Co Hoedeman) 1952: Best Documentary Short Subject, Neighbours (Norman McLaren) 1941: Best Documentary Short Subject, Churchill's Island
Churchill's Island
(Stuart Legg)

Nominated: (incomplete list)

2016: Best Animated Short Film, Blind Vaysha, (Theodore Ushev) 2014: Best Animated Short Film, Me and My Moulton, (Torill Kove) 2011: Best Animated Short Film, Dimanche, (Patrick Doyon) 2011: Best Animated Short Film, Wild Life, (Wendy Tilby and Amanda Forbis). 2008: Best Animated Short Film, Madame Tutli-Putli, (Chris Lavis and Maciek Szczerbowski) 2001: Best Animated Short Film, Strange Invaders, (Cordell Barker) 1999: Best Animated Short Film, My Grandmother Ironed the King's Shirts (Torill Kove) 1999: Best Animated Short Film, When the Day Breaks (Wendy Tilby and Amanda Forbis) 1998: Best Documentary Short, Sunrise Over Tiananmen Square (Shui-Bo Wang) 1996: Best Animated Short Film, La Salla (Richard Condie) 1992: Best Documentary Short, The Colours of My Father: A Portrait of Sam Borenstein (Joyce Borenstein) 1991: Best Animated Short Film, Blackfly, (Christopher Hinton) 1991: Best Animated Short Film, Strings, (Wendy Tilby) 1988: Best Animated Short Film, The Cat Came Back, (Cordell Barker) 1987: Best Animated Short Film, George and Rosemary, (Alison Snowden and David Fine) 1985: Best Animated Short Film, The Big Snit, (Richard Condie) 1984: Best Animated Short Film, Paradise/Paradis, (Ishu Patel) 1983: Best Documentary Feature, The Profession of Arms (Michael Bryans, Tina Viljoen) 1981: Best Animated Short Film, The Tender Tale of Cinderella Penguin, (Janet Perlman) 1979: Best Documentary Feature, Going the Distance (Paul Cowan) 1979: Best Documentary Short, Nails (Phillip Borsos) 1977: Best Documentary Feature, High Grass Circus ( Tony Ianzelo and Torben Schioler) 1977: Best Animated Short Film, Bead Game, (Ishu Patel) 1976: Best Documentary Feature, Volcano: An Inquiry Into the Life and Death of Malcolm Lowry ( Donald Brittain and John Kramer) 1976: Best Animated Short Film, The Street, ( Caroline Leaf and Guy Glover) 1975: Best Animated Short Film, Monsieur Pointu, (Bernard Longpré and André Leduc; prod. René Jodoin) 1974: Best Animated Short Film, The Family That Dwelt Apart, (Yvon Mallette) 1974: Best Animated Short Film, Hunger, (Peter Foldes; prod. René Jodoin) 1972: Best Animated Short Film, Evolution, (Michael Mills) 1971: Best Live Action Short Film, Blake, (Bill Mason) 1969: Best Animated Short Film, Walking, (Ryan Larkin) 1968: Best Animated Short Film, The House That Jack Built, (Ron Tunis) 1967: Best Live Action Short Film, Paddle to the Sea, (Bill Mason) 1967: Best Animated Short Film, What on Earth!, (Les Drew and Kaj Pindal) 1966: Best Documentary Feature, Helicopter Canada
Canada
(Eugene Boyko) 1966: Best Animated Short Film, The Drag, (Carlos Marchiori; prod. Wolf Koenig and Robert Verrall) 1964: Best Animated Short Film, Christmas Cracker, (Norman McLaren, Jeff Hale, Gerald Potterton
Gerald Potterton
and Grant Munro) 1964: Best Documentary Short, Eskimo Artist: Kenojuak (John Feeney) 1963: Best Animated Short Film, My Financial Career, (Gerald Potterton) 1961: Best Live Action Short Film, Very Nice, Very Nice, (Arthur Lipsett) 1960: Best Documentary Short, Universe (Colin Low, Roman Kroitor) 1958: Best Documentary Short, The Living Stone (John Feeney) 1958: Best Documentary Short, Overture (Gian Luigi Polidoro) 1957: Best Live Action Short Film, City of Gold, (Colin Low, Wolf Koenig) 1957: Best Live Action Short Film, A Chairy Tale, (Norman McLaren, Claude Jutra) 1954: Best Documentary Feature, The Stratford Adventure (Morten Parker) 1953: Best Live Action Short Film, Herring Hunt
Herring Hunt
(Julian Biggs) 1952: Best Live Action Short Film, Neighbours (Norman McLaren) 1952: Best Animated Short Film, The Romance of Transportation in Canada, (Colin Low) 1950: Best Documentary Short, The Fight: Science Against Cancer (Morten Parker) 1949: Best Documentary Short, The Rising Tide (Jean Palardy) 1942: Best Documentary Short, Inside Fighting China
Inside Fighting China
(Stuart Legg) 1941: Best Documentary Short, Warclouds in the Pacific (Stuart Legg)

Peabody Awards[edit] As of April 2014, the NFB has received five Peabody Awards, for the web documentary A Short History of the Highrise,[117] co-produced with The New York Times; the Rezolution Pictures/NFB co-production Reel Injun (2011);[118] Karen Shopsowitz's NFB documentary My Father's Camera (2002),[119] the NFB/Télé-Action co-produced mini-series The Boys of St. Vincent (1995)[120] and the NFB documentary Fat Chance (1994).[121] Annie Awards[edit] NFB Annie Awards nominations include: Nominated: (incomplete list)

2011: Annie Award for Best Animated Short Subject, Dimanche, (Patrick Doyon) 2011: Annie Award for Best Animated Short Subject, Wild Life, (Wendy Tilby and Amanda Forbis).

Interactive awards[edit] In June 2011, NFB received the Award of Excellence in Interactive Programming from the Banff World Media Festival.[122] In August 2011, the NFB received an outstanding technical achievement in digital media award from the Academy of Canadian Cinema & Television.[123] Webby Awards[edit] As of 2016, NFB web documentaries have won 17 Webby Awards, presented International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences for excellence on the internet. Filmmaker-in-Residence, a project by Katerina Cizek about St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, was named best online documentary series at the 2008 Webbys.[124] In 2010, the NFB website Waterlife, on the state of the Great Lakes, won in the Documentary: Individual Episode category.[125] In 2011, Welcome to Pine Point received two Webbys, for Documentary: Individual Episode in the Online Film & Video category and Net art in the Websites category.[126] In 2012, the NFB received two more Webbys, for Bla Bla (best web art) and God's Lake Narrows (best use of photography).[127] In 2013, Bear 71 received the Webby for best net art.[128] In 2014, the interactive photo essay The Last Hunt received a People’s Voice Award Webby for best navigation/structure.[129] In 2015, the NFB-co-produced webdoc Seven Digital Deadly Sins received three People's Voice Awards, chosen by the public online, at the 2015 Webby Awards.[130] At the 2016 awards, the NFB received six more Webbys: Way to Go received the Webby and People's Voice awards in the Web/NetArt category as well as the Webby for Online Film & Video/VR: Gaming, Interactive or Real-Time. The Unknown Photographer won the People's Voice award in the Online Film & Video/VR: Gaming, Interactive or Real-Time category, while Universe Within received the Webby for Online Film & Video/Best Use of Interactive Video, and Cardboard Crash VR for Google Cardboard won in the category of Online Film & Video/VR: Gaming, Interactive or Real-time (Branded).[51] Others[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

2014:FITC, Winner, Experimental, The Last Hunt[129] 2012: Digi Awards (formerly Canadian New Media Awards), Best in Canadian culture Burquette (with Attraction Images and Turbulent Media)[131] 2012: Digi Awards (formerly Canadian New Media Awards), Best in web series, non-fiction Bear 71[131] 2011: Sheffield Documentary Festival, Innovation Documentary Award Welcome to Pine Point 2011: Bellaria (Italy) Documentary Festival, Best Cross Media Doc Welcome to Pine Point 2011: The Favourite Website Awards (FWA), Site of the Day Highrise- Out My Window January 28, 2011 2011: The FWA, Site of the Day Holy Mountain January 17, 2011 2011: The FWA, Site of the Day Welcome to Pine Point February 22, 2011 2011: The FWA, Site of the Day Crash Course January 9, 2011 2011: FITC, Winner, Flash Narrative Welcome to Pine Point 2011: FITC, Winner, Audio in Flash Highrise-Out My Window 2011: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner-Entertainment, Arts & Tourism Welcome to Pine Point 2011: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner-Entertainment, Arts & Tourism Main Street 2011: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner-Entertainment, Arts & Tourism This Land 2011: Banff World Television Festival, Interactive Rockie Awards, Winner- Best Francophone – Documentary Holy Mountain 2011: Banff World Television Festival, Interactive Rockie Awards, Winner- Best On Line Program – Documentary Welcome to Pine Point 2011: Communication Arts Interactive Annual, Selected The Test Tube with David Suzuki 2011: Communication Arts, Web Pick of the Day Welcome to Pine Point 2010: IDFA Doc Lab, Winner-Digital Storytelling Highrise-Out My Window 2010: BaKaFORUM, Winner- Youth Jury Prize Waterlife 2010: SXSW
SXSW
Interactive, Winner-Activism Category Waterlife 2010: Emmy Awards, International Digital Emmy, Non Fiction Highrise-Out My Window 2010: SXSW
SXSW
Interactive, Winner, Activism Category Waterlife 2010: The FWA, Site of the Day Waterlife
Waterlife
June 24, 2010 2010: The FWA, Site of the Day The Test Tube with David Suzuki October 5, 2010 2010: The FWA, Site of the Day NFB Interactive November 11, 2010 2010: CNMA (Canadian New Media Awards), Community Campaign of the Year The Test Tube with David Suzuki 2010: CNMA (Canadian New Media Awards), Best On Line Program GDP 2010: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner – Experimental and Artistic Flub and Utter 2010: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner – On Line Video Flub and Utter 2010: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner – Experimental and Artistic The Test Tube with David Suzuki 2010: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner – Public Service Charity The Test Tube with David Suzuki 2010: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner – Net Art Holy Mountain 2010: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner – Entertainment, Arts and Tourism Holy Mountain 2010: Applied Arts Interactive Awards, Winner – Entertainment, Arts and Tourism NFB 2010: Applied Arts Interactive Annual, Selected The Test Tube with David Suzuki 2010: On Line Journalism Awards, Winner- Multi Media Feature Presentation, Small Site This Land 2010: Communication Arts Interactive Annual, Selected Waterlife 2010: Communication Arts, Web Pick of the Week The Test Tube with David Suzuki 2010: Adobe Site of the Day The Test Tube with David Suzuki 2009: Hot Docs, Winner- Special
Special
Jury Prize Waterlife 2009: CNMA (Canadian New Media Awards), Winner- Best Cross Platform Project Waterlife 2009: Digital Marketing Awards, Winner- Best of Show Waterlife 2009: On Line Journalism Awards, Winner- Best Multi Media Feature Presentation Waterlife 2009: Adobe Site of the Day Waterlife 2009: Applied Arts Interactive Annual, Selected Capturing Reality 2009: Digital Marketing Awards, Winner-DMA Award Capturing Reality

Controversy[edit] In addition to Neighbours, other NFB productions have been the source of controversy, including two NFB productions broadcast on CBC Television that criticized the role of Canadians in wartime led to questions in the Canadian Senate. In the early 1970s, two Quebec
Quebec
political documentaries, Denys Arcand's On est au coton and Gilles Groulx's 24 heures ou plus, were initially withheld from release by the NFB due to controversial content.[132] The Kid Who Couldn't Miss (1982) cast doubt on the accomplishments of Canadian World War I flying ace Billy Bishop, sparking widespread outrage, including complaints in the Senate subcommittee on Veterans' Affairs.[133] A decade later, The Valour and the Horror
The Valour and the Horror
outraged some when it suggested that there was incompetence on the part of Canadian military command, and that Canadian soldiers had committed unprosecuted war crimes against German soldiers. The series became the subject of an inquiry by the Senate. Other controversial productions included the 1981 film Not a Love Story: A Film About Pornography, a 1981 Studio D documentary critiquing pornography that was itself banned in the province of Ontario
Ontario
on the basis of pornographic content.[134] Released the following year, If You Love This Planet, winner of the Academy Award for best documentary short subject, was labelled foreign propaganda under the Foreign Agents Registration Act
Foreign Agents Registration Act
of 1938 in the United States.[135] NFB on TV[edit] The NFB is a minority owner of the digital television channel, Documentary in Canada. NFB-branded series Retrovision appeared on VisionTV, along with the French-language Carnets ONF series on APTN. Moreover, in 1997 the American cable channel Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
created a weekly 30-minute show called O Canada
Canada
specifically showcasing a compilation of NFB-produced works; the segment was discontinued in favour of Adult Swim.[136][137] As of 2010, many of the NFB children's shows are available on the children's IPTV service Ameba. Logo[edit]

2002 version.

The Board's logo consists of a standing stylized figure (originally green) with its arms wide upward. The arms are met by an arch that mirrors them. The round head in between then resembles a pupil, making the entire symbol appear to be an eye with legs. Launched in 1969, the logo symbolized a vision of humanity and was called "Man Seeing / L'homme qui voit". It was designed by Georges Beaupré. It was updated in 2002 by the firm of Paprika Communications.[138] NFB in popular media[edit]

The Scottish music act Boards of Canada
Canada
takes its name from the NFB. There have been three NFB references in The Simpsons
The Simpsons
as of June 2015: the episode "E-I-E-I-(Annoyed Grunt)", has the Simpson family watching a Zorro movie whose production is credited to the NFB,[139] "The Fat and the Furriest" was inspired by the NFB documentary Project Grizzly, while "The Italian Bob" has the students of Bart's class watching a diversity film created by PBS
PBS
in association with the National Film Board of Canada.[139][140] George Lucas, who had attributed the origins of "The Force" to a 1963 abstract NFB film by Arthur Lipsett
Arthur Lipsett
entitled 21-87,[141] went on to use the number 2187 as the cell number where Princess Leia was being detained in Star Wars.[140]

See also[edit]

Cinema of Canada Cinema of Quebec From NFB to Box-Office Documentary Organization of Canada

References[edit]

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Web site. Retrieved February 2, 2009.  ^ Punter, Jennie (December 10, 2013). "National Film Board of Canada Topper Exits With Time Left on Term". Variety. Retrieved December 11, 2013.  ^ "NFB head Tom Perlmutter appointed for new term". Canadian Press. CBC News. May 8, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.  ^ Patricia Stone, Susan Tolusso. "The National Film Board Of Canada:Eyes of Canada". Canadian Tributes. Government of Canada Digital Collections. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2006.  ^ "The National Film Board of Canada: Auteur Animation". Animation World Network. November 28, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2009. [permanent dead link] ^ "Neighbours, animated, directed and produced by Norman McLaren
Norman McLaren
in 1952". Memory of the World. UNESCO. Retrieved October 16, 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ Knelman, Martin (February 23, 2012). "Oscars 2012: Canadian nominees celebrate in Los Angeles". Toronto
Toronto
Star. Archived from the original on February 27, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.  ^ a b Unger, Leslie (November 1, 1999). "Academy to Celebrate National Film Board of Canada
Canada
Anniversary". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on June 11, 2007. Retrieved August 30, 2006.  ^ Ayscough, Suzan (May 11, 2009). "NFB'S 12 Oscar wins". Playback. Brunico. Retrieved August 29, 2009.  ^ Mayer, Andre (February 23, 2012). "NFB's Oscar success driven by short films". CBC News. Retrieved February 28, 2012.  ^ 73rd Annual Peabody Awards, May 2014. ^ 70th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2011. ^ 61st Annual Peabody Awards, May 2002. ^ 54th Annual Peabody Awards, May 1996. ^ 53rd Annual Peabody Awards, May 1995. ^ Anderson, Kelly (June 16, 2011). "NFB, FremantleMedia pick up Interactive Rockies". Realscreen. Retrieved June 16, 2011.  ^ "Gemini Award organizers tap special honourees". CBC News. August 10, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011.  ^ NFB Filmmaker In Residence Archived September 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Webby Award Winner ^ Winston, Lynn (May 8, 2010). "Waterlife.nfb.ca Wins Prestigious Webby Award". Toronto
Toronto
Film Scene. Archived from the original on December 16, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2011.  ^ Tony Lofaro, (May 6, 2011). "Old story told in new form". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved May 6, 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "Webby awards honour NFB, girls say video". CBC News. May 1, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.  ^ "Canadians Grimes, Justin Bieber, Bear 71 doc among Webby winners". Associated Press. CBC News. April 30, 2013. Retrieved April 30, 2013.  ^ a b "Google, Jay Z, NFB among 2014 Webby winners". Metro. Associated Press. April 29, 2014. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014.  ^ "" Seven Digital Deadly Sins " gagne trois fois aux prix Webby 2015". Le Lien Multimedia (in French). April 29, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2015.  ^ a b Quan, Danielle Ng See (December 5, 2012). "Secret Location, NFB take two wins each at Digi Awards". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Retrieved January 13, 2013.  ^ Hébert, Pierre; Landry, Kenneth; Lever, Yves, eds. (2006). Dictionnaire de la censure au Québec : littérature et cinéma (in French). [Montréal (Québec)]: Éd. Fides. p. 298. ISBN 2762126363. Retrieved 24 April 2017.  ^ Alioff, Maurie (2002). "Paul Cowan's inquisitive eye: war games porn stars and the Ghosts of Westray". TAKE ONE. Archived from the original on September 24, 2004. Retrieved August 30, 2006.  ^ "Bonnie Sherr Klein". The Canadian Encyclopedia ^ The politicized Oscar. (political aspects of Academy Awards, 1983).Richard Grenier. Commentary 75.(June 1983): pp68(7). ^ Simensky, Linda (1997). "O Canada: Canadian animators". TAKE ONE. Archived from the original on November 27, 2004. Retrieved August 30, 2006.  ^ "O Canada". Toonarific Cartoons. Retrieved August 30, 2006.  ^ http://www.canadiandesignresource.ca/officialgallery/?p=722 Canadian Design Resource ^ a b Penner, Wade. "Simpsons, Eh?". Retrieved August 30, 2006. [permanent dead link] ^ a b "May The Force Be With—D'Oh! The NFB in Pop Culture". NFB Blog. June 8, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.  ^ Silberman, Steve (May 2005). "Life After Darth". Wired. 

Further reading[edit]

Evans, Gary (1991). In the National Interest: A Chronicle of the National Film Board of Canada
Canada
from 1949–1989. Toronto: University of Toronto
Toronto
Press. ISBN 0-8020-2784-9.  Druick, Zoë (2007). Projecting Canada: Government Policy and Documentary Film at the National Film Board of Canada. McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 978-0-7735-3259-5.  Terry Kolomeychuk, ed. (1991). Donald Brittain:Never the Ordinary Way. Winnipeg: National Film Board of Canada. ISBN 0-7722-0188-9.  Jones, D.B. (1981). Movies and Memoranda: An Interpretative History of the National Film Board of Canada. Deneau. ISBN 9780919096219.  Low, Brian J. (February 2002). NFB Kids: Portrayals of Children by the National Film Board of Canada, 1939–1989. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. ISBN 978-0-88920-386-0. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2012.  McInnes, Graham (November 2004). Walz, Gene, ed. One Man’s Documentary: A Memoir of the Early Years of the National Film Board. Winnipeg, Man.: University of Manitoba Press. ISBN 9780887556791.  Challenge for Change: Activist Documentary at the National Film Board of Canada
Canada
(2010). Thomas Waugh, Michael Brendan Baker, Ezra Winton (eds). Montreal-Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Film Board of Canada.

Official website National Film Board of Canada
Canada
at the Big Cartoon DataBase National Film Board of Canada
Canada
on IMDbPro (subscription required)

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Cinema of Canada

Films A–Z Genre Animation Comedy Documentaries Drama Horror LGBT Sci-Fi Short

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Offices

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Components

Departmental agencies

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Crown corporations

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Canada
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Canada
Science and Technology Museum Corporation Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Canadian Museum for Human Rights Canadian Museum of History
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Corporation Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21 Canadian Museum of Nature National Arts Centre National Gallery of Canada Telefilm Canada

Administrative tribunal

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Human resources organizations

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Special
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operating agencies

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Branches

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National Film Board of Canada
Canada
interactive works

Productions

Late Fragment (2007) Waterlife
Waterlife
(2009) Out My Window (2010) Holy Mountain (2010) Welcome to Pine Point (2011) My Tribe Is My Life (2011) Bla Bla (2011) One Millionth Tower (2011) God's Late Narrows (2011) The Hole Story (2011) Bear 71 (2012) The Loxleys and the War of 1812 (2012) A Journal of Insomnia (2013) Fort McMoney (2013) Circa 1948 (2014) Seven Digital Deadly Sins (2014) Do Not Track (2015) Universe Within (2015) The Unknown Photographer (2015) Way to Go (2015) Cardboard Crash (2015) Seances (2016)

People

Katerina Cizek Loc Dao Rob McLaughlin Tom Perlmutter Hugues Sweeney

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Animation industry in Canada

Active companies

9 Story Media Group a.k.a. Cartoon Arc Productions Atomic Cartoons Awesometown Entertainment Bardel Entertainment Big Bad Boo Breakthrough Entertainment CinéGroupe Cinesite Animation Clyde Henry Productions Cuppa Coffee Studios DHX Media
DHX Media
(DHX Studios Vancouver) Fresh TV Gordon Stanfield Animation Global Mechanic Guru Studio House of Cool Image Entertainment Corporation International Rocketship Limited Jim Henson Canada
Canada
Entertainment Studios Ltd March Entertainment Mercury Filmworks MokkoStudio National Film Board of Canada Nelvana Neptoon Studios PiP Animation Services Portfolio Entertainment Rainmaker Studios Rodeo FX Skycron Slap Happy Cartoons Smiley Guy Studios ToonBox Entertainment Yowza! Animation

Defunct companies

Atkinson Film-Arts C.O.R.E. Cookie Jar Group DIC Entertainment Fatkat Funbag Animation Studios Kennedy Cartoons Krantz Films Lacewood Productions Meteor Studios Phoenix Animation Studios Pixar Canada Studio B Productions The Embassy Visual Effects Tooncan

Related topics

Canadian comics Quebec
Quebec
comics

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Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 144708717 ISNI: 0000 0001 2176 0840 SUDOC: 02799354X BNF: cb1199

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