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MIDDLESEX (/ˈmɪdəlsɛks/ , abbreviation: MIDDX) is a historic county in south-east England. It is now entirely within the wider urbanised area of London. Its area is now also mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London
Greater London
, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties . It was established in the Anglo- Saxon
Saxon
system from the territory of the Middle Saxons , and existed as an official unit until 1965. The historic county includes land stretching north of the River Thames
River Thames
from 3 miles (5 km) east to 17 miles (27 km) west of the City of London
City of London
with the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The largely low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, was the second smallest county by area in 1831 .

The City of London
City of London
was a county in its own right from the 12th century and was able to exert political control over Middlesex. Westminster Abbey dominated most of the early financial, judicial and ecclesiastical aspects of the county. As London
London
grew into Middlesex, the Corporation of London resisted attempts to expand the city boundaries into the county, which posed problems for the administration of local government and justice. In the 18th and 19th centuries the population density was especially high in the southeast of the county, including the East End and West End of London. From 1855 the southeast was administered, with sections of Kent
Kent
and Surrey , as part of the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works . When county councils were introduced in England in 1889 about 20% of the area of Middlesex, along with a third of its population, was transferred to the new County of London and the remainder became an administrative county governed by the Middlesex County Council that met regularly at the Middlesex Guildhall
Middlesex Guildhall
in Westminster, in the County of London. The City of London, and Middlesex, became separate counties for other purposes and Middlesex
Middlesex
regained the right to appoint its own sheriff, lost in 1199.

In the interwar years suburban London
London
expanded further, with improvement and expansion of public transport, and the setting up of new industries . After the Second World War , the population of the County of London and inner Middlesex
Middlesex
was in steady decline, with high population growth continuing in the outer parts. After a Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London
Greater London
, almost all of the original area was incorporated into an enlarged Greater London
Greater London
in 1965, with the rest transferred to neighbouring counties. Since 1965 various areas called Middlesex
Middlesex
have been used for cricket and other sports. Middlesex
Middlesex
was the former postal county of 25 post towns . The County of Middlesex
Middlesex

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Toponymy * 1.2 Etymology * 1.3 Early settlement * 1.4 Economic development

* 2 Governance

* 2.1 The Metropolis * 2.2 Extra-metropolitan area * 2.3 County town * 2.4 Arms of Middlesex County Council * 2.5 Creation of Greater London
Greater London

* 3 Geography

* 4 Legacy

* 4.1 Former postal county

* 5 See also * 6 Notes and references * 7 External links

HISTORY

Map of Middlesex, drawn by Thomas Kitchin , geographer, engraver to H.R.H. the Duke of York, 1769.

TOPONYMY

The name means _territory of the middle Saxons _ and refers to the tribal origin of its inhabitants. The word is formed from the Anglo-Saxon, i.e. Old English , 'middel' and 'Seaxe ' (cf. Essex
Essex
, Sussex
Sussex
and Wessex
Wessex
). In an 8th-century charter the region is recorded as _Middleseaxon_ and in 704 it is recorded as _Middleseaxan_.

ETYMOLOGY

The Saxons derived their name from _seax _, a kind of knife for which they were known. The seax has a lasting symbolic impact in the English counties of Essex
Essex
and Middlesex, both of which feature three seaxes in their ceremonial emblem. Their names, along with those of Sussex
Sussex
and Wessex
Wessex
, contain a remnant of the word "Saxon".

EARLY SETTLEMENT

Further information: List of places in Middlesex

There were settlements in the area of Middlesex
Middlesex
that can be traced back thousands of years before the creation of a county. Middlesex was formerly part of the Kingdom of Essex It was recorded in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as being divided into the six hundreds of Edmonton , Elthorne , Gore , Hounslow (Isleworth in all later records), Ossulstone and Spelthorne . The City of London
City of London
has been self-governing since the thirteenth century and became a county in its own right, a county corporate . Middlesex
Middlesex
also included Westminster
Westminster
, which also had a high degree of autonomy. Of the six hundreds, Ossulstone contained the districts closest to the City of London. During the 17th century it was divided into four divisions, which, along with the Liberty of Westminster , largely took over the administrative functions of the hundred. The divisions were named Finsbury , Holborn , Kensington
Kensington
and Tower . The county had parliamentary representation from the 13th century. The title Earl of Middlesex was created twice, in 1622 and 1677, but became extinct in 1843.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The economy of the county was dependent on the City of London
City of London
from early times and was primarily agricultural. A variety of goods were provided for the City, including crops such as grain and hay, livestock and building materials. Recreation at day trip destinations such as Hackney, Islington, Highgate
Highgate
and Twickenham
Twickenham
, as well as coaching, inn-keeping and sale of goods and services at daily shops and stalls to the considerable passing trade provided much local employment and also formed part of the early economy. However, during the 18th century the inner parishes of Middlesex
Middlesex
became suburbs of the City and were increasingly urbanised. The Middlesex
Middlesex
volume of John Norden 's Speculum Britanniae (a chorography ) of 1593 summarises:

This is plentifully stored, as it seemeth beautiful, with many fair and comely buildings , especially of the merchants of London, who have planted their houses of recreation not in the meanest places, which also they have cunningly contrived, curiously beautified with divers devices, neatly decked with rare inventions, environed with orchards of sundry, delicate fruits, gardens with delectable walks, arbours, alleys and a great variety of pleasing dainties: all of which seem to be beautiful ornaments unto this country.

Similarly Thomas Cox wrote in 1794:

We may call it almost all London, being chiefly inhabited by the citizens, who fill the towns in it with their country houses, to which they often resort that they may breathe a little sweet air, free from the fogs and smoke of the City.

In 1803 Sir John Sinclair, president of the Board of Agriculture , spoke of the need to cultivate the substantial Finchley Common and Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
(perhaps prophetic of the Dig for Victory campaign of World War II
World War II
) and fellow Board member Middleton estimated that one tenth of the county, 17,000 acres (6,900 ha), was uncultivated common, capable of improvement. However William Cobbett , in casual travel writing in 1822, said that "A more ugly country between Egham (Surrey ) and Kensington
Kensington
would with great difficulty be found in England. Flat as a pancake, and until you come to Hammersmith, the soil is a nasty, stony dirt upon a bed of gravel. Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
which is only a little worse than the general run, is a sample of all that is bad in soil and villainous in look. Yet this is now enclosed, and what they call 'cultivated'. Here is a fresh robbery of villages, hamlets, and farm and labourers' buildings and abodes." Thomas Babington wrote in 1843, "An acre in Middlesex
Middlesex
is worth a principality in Utopia
Utopia
" which contrasts neatly with its agricultural description.

The building of radial railway lines from 1839 caused a fundamental shift away from agricultural supply for London
London
towards large scale house building. Tottenham
Tottenham
, Edmonton and Enfield in the north developed first as working-class residential suburbs with easy access to central London. The line to Windsor through Middlesex
Middlesex
was completed in 1848, and the railway to Potters Bar
Potters Bar
in 1850; and the Metropolitan and District Railways started a series of extensions into the county in 1878. Closer to London, the districts of Acton , Willesden , Ealing and Hornsey
Hornsey
came within reach of the tram and bus networks, providing cheap transport to central London.

After World War I
World War I
, the availability of labour and proximity to London
London
made areas such as Hayes and Park Royal ideal locations for the developing new industries . New jobs attracted more people to the county and the population continued to rise, reaching a peak in 1951.

GOVERNANCE

Map of Middlesex, 1824. Note: west is at the top.

THE METROPOLIS

Further information: Population of Middlesex (1801–1881)

By the 19th century, the East End of London had expanded to the eastern boundary with Essex, and the Tower division had reached a population of over a million. When the railways were built, the north western suburbs of London
London
steadily spread over large parts of the county. The areas closest to London
London
were served by the Metropolitan Police from 1829, and from 1840 the entire county was included in the Metropolitan Police District . Local government in the county was unaffected by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 , and civic works continued to be the responsibility of the individual parish vestries or _ad hoc_ improvement commissioners . In 1855, the parishes of the densely populated area in the south east, but excluding the City of London, came within the responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works . Despite this innovation, the system was described by commentators at the time as one "in chaos". In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888 , the metropolitan area of approximately 30,000 acres (120 km2) became part of the County of London . The Act also provided that the part of Middlesex
Middlesex
in the administrative county of London
London
should be "severed from , and form a separate county for all non-administrative purposes". Map showing boundaries of Middlesex in 1851 and 1911. Aside from minor realignments, the small yellow area in the north is Monken Hadley, transferred to Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
and larger southeastern area transferred to the County of London in 1889. Map in 1882 shows complete urbanisation of the East End

The part of the County of London that had been transferred from Middlesex
Middlesex
was divided in 1900 into 18 metropolitan boroughs , which were merged in 1965 to form seven of the present-day inner London boroughs:

* Camden was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead , Holborn and St Pancras * Hackney was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Hackney , Shoreditch and Stoke Newington * Hammersmith (known as Hammersmith and Fulham from 1979) was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Hammersmith and Fulham * Islington was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Finsbury and Islington * Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Chelsea and Kensington
Kensington
* Tower Hamlets was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Bethnal Green , Poplar and Stepney * The City of Westminster was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Paddington and St Marylebone and the City of Westminster .

EXTRA-METROPOLITAN AREA

Further information: History of local government districts in Middlesex
Middlesex

Middlesex
Middlesex
outside the metropolitan area remained largely rural until the middle of the 19th century and so the special boards of local government for various metropolitan areas were late in developing. Other than the Cities of London
London
and Westminster, there were no ancient boroughs . The importance of the hundred courts declined, and such local administration as there was divided between "county business" conducted by the justices of the peace meeting in quarter sessions , and the local matters dealt with by parish vestries. As the suburbs of London
London
spread into the area, unplanned development and outbreaks of cholera forced the creation of local boards and poor law unions to help govern most areas; in a few cases parishes appointed improvement commissioners . In rural areas, parishes began to be grouped for different administrative purposes. From 1875 these local bodies were designated as urban or rural sanitary districts.

Following the Local Government Act 1888, the remaining county came under the control of Middlesex County Council except for the parish of Monken Hadley
Monken Hadley
, which became part of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
. The area of responsibility of the Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex was reduced accordingly. Middlesex
Middlesex
did not contain any county boroughs , so the county and administrative county (the area of county council control) were identical.

The Local Government Act 1894 divided the administrative county into four rural districts and thirty-one urban districts , based on existing sanitary districts . One urban district, South Hornsey
Hornsey
, was an exclave of Middlesex
Middlesex
within the County of London until 1900, when it was transferred to the latter county. The rural districts were Hendon , South Mimms , Staines and Uxbridge
Uxbridge
. Because of increasing urbanisation these had all been abolished by 1934. Urban districts had been created, merged, and many had gained the status of municipal borough by 1965. The districts as at the 1961 census were:

* Potters Bar
Potters Bar
* Enfield * Southgate * Edmonton * Tottenham
Tottenham
* Wood Green * Friern Barnet * Hornsey
Hornsey
* Finchley * Hendon * Harrow * Ruislip-Northwood * Uxbridge
Uxbridge

* Ealing * Wembley * Willesden * Acton * Brentford and Chiswick * Heston and Isleworth * Southall * Hayes and Harlington * Yiewsley and West Drayton * Staines * Feltham * Twickenham
Twickenham
* Sunbury-on-Thames

After 1889 the growth of London
London
continued, and the county became almost entirely filled by suburbs of London, with a big rise in population density. This process was accelerated by the Metro-land developments, which covered a large part of the county. The expanding urbanisation had, however, been foretold in 1771 by Tobias Smollett in _ The Expedition of Humphry Clinker _, in which it is said:

Pimlico and Knightsbridge are almost joined to Chelsea and Kensington, and, if this infatuation continues for half a century, then, I suppose, the whole county of Middlesex
Middlesex
will be covered in brick.

Public transport in the county, including the extensive network of trams, buses and the London
London
Underground came under control of the London Passenger Transport Board in 1933 and a New Works Programme was developed to further enhance services during the 1930s. Partly because of its proximity to the capital, the county had a major role during the Second World War. The county was subject to aerial bombardment and contained various military establishments, such as RAF Uxbridge
Uxbridge
and RAF Heston , which were involved in the Battle of Britain .

COUNTY TOWN

The Middlesex Guildhall
Middlesex Guildhall
at Westminster
Westminster

Middlesex
Middlesex
arguably never, and certainly not since 1789, had a single, established county town . London
London
could be regarded as its county town for most purposes and provided different locations for the various, mostly judicial, county purposes. The County Assizes for Middlesex were held at the Old Bailey in the City of London
City of London
. Until 1889, the High Sheriff of Middlesex was chosen by the City of London
City of London
Corporation . The sessions house for the Middlesex Quarter Sessions was at Clerkenwell Green from the early 18th century. The quarter sessions at the former Middlesex Sessions House performed most of the limited administration on a county level until the creation of the Middlesex County Council in 1889. New Brentford was first promulgated as the county town in 1789, on the basis that it was where elections of Knights of the Shire (or Members of Parliament ) were held from 1701. Thus a traveller's and historian's London
London
regional summary of 1795 states that (New) Brentford was "considered as the county-town; but there is no town-hall or other public building". Middlesex
Middlesex
County Council took over at the Guildhall in Westminster
Westminster
, which became the Middlesex Guildhall
Middlesex Guildhall
. In the same year, this location was placed into the new County of London , and was thus outside the council's area of jurisdiction.

ARMS OF MIDDLESEX COUNTY COUNCIL

_ Coats of arms of Middlesex
Middlesex
(left) and Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(right) in stained glass at the exit from Uxbridge tube station . County of Middlesex_ sign in 2014, on the border between the London Boroughs of Barnet and Enfield.

Coats of arms were attributed by the mediaeval heralds to the Kingdoms of the Anglo- Saxon
Saxon
Heptarchy . That assigned to the Kingdom of the Middle and East Saxons depicted three "seaxes " or short notched swords on a red background. The seaxe was a weapon carried by Anglo- Saxon
Saxon
warriors, and the term "Saxon" may be derived from the word. These arms became associated with the two counties that approximated to the kingdom: Middlesex
Middlesex
and Essex
Essex
. County authorities, militia and volunteer regiments associated with both counties used the attributed arms.

In 1910, it was noted that the county councils of Essex
Essex
and Middlesex and the Sheriff\'s Office of the County of London were all using the same arms. Middlesex County Council decided to apply for a formal grant of arms from the College of Arms , with the addition of an heraldic "difference" to the attributed arms. Colonel Otley Parry, a Justice of the Peace for Middlesex
Middlesex
and author of a book on military badges, was asked to devise an addition to the shield. The chosen addition was a " Saxon
Saxon
Crown", derived from the portrait of King Athelstan on a silver penny of his reign, stated to be the earliest form of crown associated with any English sovereign. The grant of arms was made by letters patent dated 7 November 1910.

The arms of the Middlesex County Council were blazoned : _Gules, three seaxes fessewise points to the sinister proper, pomels and hilts and in the centre chief point a Saxon
Saxon
crown or._

The undifferenced arms of the Kingdom were eventually granted to Essex
Essex
County Council in 1932. Seaxes were also used in the insignia of many of the boroughs and urban districts in the county, while the Saxon
Saxon
crown came to be a common heraldic charge in English civic arms. On the creation of the Greater London
Greater London
Council in 1965 a Saxon
Saxon
crown was introduced in its coat of arms. Seaxes appear in the arms of several London
London
borough councils and of Spelthorne Borough
Borough
Council , whose area was in Middlesex.

CREATION OF GREATER LONDON

The population of inner London
London
(then the County of London ) had been in decline as more residents moved into the outer suburbs since its creation in 1889, and this continued after the Second World War. In contrast, the population of Middlesex
Middlesex
had increased steadily during that period. From 1951 to 1961 the population of the inner districts of the county started to fall, and the population grew only in eight of the suburban outer districts. According to the 1961 census, Ealing, Enfield, Harrow, Hendon, Heston border: none; padding: 4px 10px;">Dear Middlesex, dear vanished country friend,

Your neighbour, London, killed you in the end. ”

— Contrasts: Marble Arch to Edgware – A Lament, John Betjeman (1968)

As part of a 2002 marketing campaign, the plant conservation charity Plantlife chose the wood anemone as the county flower . In 2003, an early day motion with two signatures noted that 16 May is the anniversary of the Battle of Albuera
Battle of Albuera
and in recent years has been celebrated as " Middlesex
Middlesex
Day", commemorating the valiant efforts of the Middlesex Regiment
Middlesex Regiment
(the "Die-hards") in that battle. The idea is to recognise and celebrate the historic county. On its creation in 1965, Greater London
Greater London
was divided into five commission areas for the administration of justice. One was named "Middlesex" and consisted of the boroughs of Barnet, Brent, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey, Harrow, Hillingdon and Hounslow. This was abolished on 1 July 2003. For genealogical research it was assigned Chapman code MDX, except for the City of London
City of London
which was assigned code LND. The Royal Mail
Royal Mail
continues to designate the Surrey
Surrey
towns of Staines-upon-Thames , Sunbury-on-Thames and Ashford as Middlesex.

FORMER POSTAL COUNTY

Middlesex
Middlesex
(abbreviated Middx) was a former postal county . This was an element of postal addressing in routine use until 1996, intended to avoid confusion between post towns , and no longer required for the routing of the mail. The postal county did not match the boundaries of Middlesex
Middlesex
because of the presence of the London
London
postal district , which stretched into the county to include Tottenham, Willesden, Hornsey
Hornsey
and Chiswick. Addresses in this area included "LONDON" but did not include a county. In 1965 Royal Mail
Royal Mail
retained the postal county because it would have been too costly to amend addresses throughout Greater London. Exceptionally, the Potters Bar
Potters Bar
post town was transferred to Hertfordshire. Geographically the postal county consisted of two unconnected areas, 6 miles (10 km) apart. These were the smaller area around Enfield and the larger area to the west. It comprised 25 post towns:

POSTCODE AREA POST TOWNS

EN (part) ENFIELD; POTTERS BAR (until 1965)

HA EDGWARE, HARROW, NORTHWOOD, PINNER, RUISLIP, STANMORE, WEMBLEY

TW (part) ASHFORD, BRENTFORD, FELTHAM, HAMPTON, HOUNSLOW†, ISLEWORTH, SHEPPERTON, STAINES, SUNBURY-ON-THAMES, TEDDINGTON, TWICKENHAM†

UB GREENFORD, HAYES, NORTHOLT, SOUTHALL, UXBRIDGE, WEST DRAYTON

† = postal county was not required

The postal county had many border inconsistencies where its constituent post towns encroached on neighbouring counties, such as the villages of Denham in Buckinghamshire, Wraysbury in Berkshire
Berkshire
and Eastbury in Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
which were respectively in the post towns of Uxbridge
Uxbridge
, Staines and Northwood and therefore in the postal county of Middlesex. Egham Hythe , Surrey
Surrey
also had postal addresses of Staines, Middlesex. Conversely, Hampton Wick was conveniently placed in Kingston , Surrey
Surrey
with its sorting offices just across the river. Nearby Hampton Court Palace has a postal address of East Molesey , therefore associating it with Surrey. Middlesex
Middlesex
former postal county

The Enfield post town in the EN postcode area
EN postcode area
was in the former postal county. All post towns in the HA postcode area and UB postcode area were in the former postal county. Most of the TW postcode area was in the former postal county.

SEE ALSO

* List of Lord Lieutenants of Middlesex
Middlesex
* Custos Rotulorum of Middlesex - List of Keepers of the Rolls * List of High Sheriffs of Middlesex
Middlesex
* Middlesex (UK Parliament constituency) - Historical list of MPs for the Middlesex
Middlesex
constituency

NOTES AND REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ Historic boundaries excluding the City of London, which is code LND * ^ The Middlesex Quarter Sessions had jurisdiction in Westminster, but not the Tower Liberty * ^ The City of London
City of London
continues to be a county distinct from Greater London. * ^ County descriptions are standard in boat racess , and the historic county descriptions of the respective sides of the river are still used during the famous University Boat Race and the professional and amateur Head of the River Race . * ^ The Dollis Valley greenwalk follows this steep upper valley of the Dollis Brook

References

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ "Table of population, 1801-1901". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 22. 1911. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex
Middlesex
population (area and density). Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, 1831 Census population. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ The Proceedings of the Old Bailey - Rural Middlesex. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Saint, A., _Politics and the people of London: the London
London
County Council (1889-1965)_, (1989) * ^ _A_ _B_ Barlow, I., _Metropolitan Government_, (1991) * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Wolmar, C., _The Subterranean Railway_, (2004) * ^ _A_ _B_ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, County of London population. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Census 1961: Middlesex
Middlesex
population. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Mills 2001 , p. 151 * ^ _A_ _B_ Middlesex
Middlesex
- The jubilee of the County Council, C W Radcliffe, Evans Brothers, 1939 * ^ Tuican Hom, http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=12, retrieved 30 March 2012 * ^ Stevenson, Bruce (1972). _Middlesex_. p. 13. * ^ Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum, http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=364, retrieved 30 March 2012 * ^ Keightley, A., _The History of England_, (1840) * ^ "County of Middlesex
Middlesex
Trust, Historical Facts". County of Middlesex
Middlesex
Trust. Retrieved 7 December 2013. * ^ "The hundred of Isleworth". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3. 1962. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Ossulstone hundred. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 Edition * ^ Robbins, Michael (2003) . _Middlesex_. Chichester: Phillimore. p. 189. ISBN 9781860772696 . * ^ S.G. Mendyk, _Speculum Britanniae: regional study, antiquarianism, and science in Britain to 1700_, 1989. * ^ _Magna Britannia et Hibernia Antiqua et Nova_ Thomas Cox, E. Nutt (publisher) (1720) Vol iii. p.1 * ^ Robbins, Michael (2003) . _Middlesex_. Chichester: Phillimore. p. 38. ISBN 9781860772696 . * ^ _Rural Rides_ Volume i. THROUGH HAMPSHIRE, BERKSHIRE, SURREY, AND SUSSEX, BETWEEN 7 October AND 1 December 1822 (ed. Everyman) William Cobbett, p 124 * ^ Robbins, Michael (2003) . _Middlesex_. Chichester: Phillimore. p. xiii and 28. ISBN 9781860772696 . * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Greater London
Greater London
Group (July 1959). _Memorandum of Evidence to The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London_. London
London
School of Economics . * ^ Order in Council enlarging the Metropolitan Police District (SI 1840 5001) * ^ _Local Government Areas 1834 -1945_, V D Lipman, Oxford, 1949 * ^ Joseph Fletcher , _The Metropolis; its Boundaries, Extent, and Divisions for Local Government_ in _Journal of the Statistical Society of London_, Vol. 7, No. 2. (June 1844), pp. 103-143. * ^ http://www.middlesex-heraldry.org.uk/publications/seaxe/SeaxeOS06-198501.pdf _The Seaxe_, Sixth Issue, January 1985, page 4 * ^ London
London
Metropolitan Archives - A Brief Guide to the Middlesex Sessions Records, (2009). Retrieved 26 July 2009. * ^ Robbins, Michael (2003) . _Middlesex_. Chichester: Phillimore. pp. 199–205. ISBN 9781860772696 . * ^ Royston Lambert, _Central and Local Relations in Mid-Victorian England: The Local Government Act Office, 1858-71_, _Victorian Studies_, Vol. 6, No. 2. (Dec. 1962), pp. 121-150. * ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Monken Hadley. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Frederic Youngs, _Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England_, Vol.I : Southern England, London, 1979 * ^ Royston, J., _Revisiting the Metro-Land Route_, Harrow Times. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ "The Miscellaneous Works Of Tobias Smollett". Google Books. Retrieved 30 January 2015. * ^ Reed, J., _ London
London
Tramways_, (1997) * ^ Office of Public Sector Information - _ London
London
Passenger Transport Act 1933 (as amended)_. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Royal Air Force - Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
Campaign Diary. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ " Ealing and Brentford: Growth of Brentford". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 7. 1982. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ "Brentford". The Environs of London: volume 2: County of Middlesex. 1795. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Doherty, F., _The Anglo Saxon
Saxon
Broken Back Seax_. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Online Etymology Dictionary - Saxon. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ "Armorial bearings of Middlesex", _The Times_. London. 7 November 1910. * ^ _The Book of Public Arms_, A.C. Fox-Davies, 2nd edition, London, 1915 * ^ _Civic Heraldry of England and Wales_, W.C. Scott-Giles, 2nd edition, London, 1953 * ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - _ Essex
Essex
County Council_. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - _ Middlesex
Middlesex
(obsolete)_. Retrieved 20 February 2008 * ^ C W Scott-Giles, _Royal and Kindred Emblems_, _Civic Heraldry of England and Wales_, 2nd edition, London, 1953, p.11 * ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - _ Greater London
Greater London
Council_. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - _ Spelthorne Borough Council_. Retrieved 20 February 2008 * ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - _Greater London_. Retrieved 20 February 2008. * ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex
Middlesex
population. Retrieved 20 February 2008.

* ^ London
London
Government Act 1963 , SECTION 3: _(1) As from 1 April 1965—_ _(a) no part of Greater London
Greater London
shall form part of any administrative county, county district or parish;_ _(b) the following administrative areas and their councils (and, in the case of a borough, the municipal corporation thereof) shall cease to exist, that is to say, the counties of London
London
and Middlesex, the metropolitan boroughs, and any existing county borough, county district or parish the area of which falls wholly within Greater London;_ The new enlarged administration became known as the Greater London Council or its acronym, the GLC. The former separate (joint) fire and ambulance service of Middlesex, the second largest in Britain after London
London
was largely absorbed into enlarged London
London
organisations under the newly formed GLC, the exception being those areas moving into Surrey
Surrey
and Hertfordshire. _(c) the urban district of Potters Bar
Potters Bar
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