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Middlesex
Middlesex
(/ˈmɪdəlsɛks/, abbreviation: Middx) is a historic county in south-east England. It is now entirely within the wider urbanised area of London. Its area is now also mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties. It was established in the Anglo- Saxon
Saxon
system from the territory of the Middle Saxons, and existed as an official unit until 1965. The historic county includes land stretching north of the River Thames
River Thames
from 3 miles (5 km) east to 17 miles (27 km) west of the City of London
City of London
with the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The largely low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, was the second smallest county by area in 1831.[3] The City of London
City of London
was a county in its own right from the 12th century and was able to exert political control over Middlesex. Westminster Abbey dominated most of the early financial, judicial and ecclesiastical aspects of the county.[4] As London
London
grew into Middlesex, the Corporation of London
Corporation of London
resisted attempts to expand the city boundaries into the county, which posed problems for the administration of local government and justice. In the 18th and 19th centuries the population density was especially high in the southeast of the county, including the East End and West End of London. From 1855 the southeast was administered, with sections of Kent
Kent
and Surrey, as part of the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works.[5] When county councils were introduced in England in 1889 about 20% of the area of Middlesex, along with a third of its population, was transferred to the new County of London
County of London
and the remainder became an administrative county governed by the Middlesex
Middlesex
County Council[6] that met regularly at the Middlesex Guildhall
Middlesex Guildhall
in Westminster, in the County of London. The City of London, and Middlesex, became separate counties for other purposes and Middlesex
Middlesex
regained the right to appoint its own sheriff, lost in 1199. In the interwar years suburban London
London
expanded further, with improvement and expansion of public transport,[7] and the setting up of new industries. After the Second World War, the population of the County of London[8] and inner Middlesex
Middlesex
was in steady decline, with high population growth continuing in the outer parts.[9] After a Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London, almost all of the original area was incorporated into an enlarged Greater London
Greater London
in 1965, with the rest transferred to neighbouring counties.[10] Since 1965 various areas called Middlesex
Middlesex
have been used for cricket and other sports. Middlesex
Middlesex
was the former postal county of 25 post towns.

The County of Middlesex

Contents

1 History

1.1 Toponymy 1.2 Etymology 1.3 Early settlement 1.4 Economic development

2 Governance

2.1 The Metropolis 2.2 Extra-metropolitan area 2.3 County town 2.4 Arms of Middlesex
Middlesex
County Council 2.5 Creation of Greater London

3 Geography 4 Legacy

4.1 Former postal county

5 See also 6 Notes and references 7 External links

History[edit]

Map of Middlesex, drawn by Thomas Kitchin, geographer, engraver to H.R.H. the Duke of York, 1769.

Toponymy[edit] The name means territory of the middle Saxons and refers to the tribal origin of its inhabitants. The word is formed from the Anglo-Saxon, i.e. Old English, 'middel' and 'Seaxe'[11] (cf. Essex, Sussex
Sussex
and Wessex). In an 8th-century charter the region is recorded as Middleseaxon[12][13][not in citation given] and in 704 it is recorded as Middleseaxan.[14] Etymology[edit] The Saxons derived their name from seax, a kind of knife for which they were known. The seax has a lasting symbolic impact in the English counties of Essex
Essex
and Middlesex, both of which feature three seaxes in their ceremonial emblem. Their names, along with those of Sussex
Sussex
and Wessex, contain a remnant of the word "Saxon". Early settlement[edit] Further information: List of places in Middlesex There were settlements in the area of Middlesex
Middlesex
that can be traced back thousands of years before the creation of a county.[15] Middlesex was formerly part of the Kingdom of Essex[16][17] It was recorded in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as being divided into the six hundreds of Edmonton, Elthorne, Gore, Hounslow (Isleworth in all later records),[18] Ossulstone
Ossulstone
and Spelthorne. The City of London
City of London
has been self-governing since the thirteenth century and became a county in its own right, a county corporate.[notes 3] Middlesex
Middlesex
also included Westminster, which also had a high degree of autonomy. Of the six hundreds, Ossulstone contained the districts closest to the City of London. During the 17th century it was divided into four divisions, which, along with the Liberty of Westminster, largely took over the administrative functions of the hundred. The divisions were named Finsbury, Holborn, Kensington and Tower.[19] The county had parliamentary representation from the 13th century. The title Earl of Middlesex
Earl of Middlesex
was created twice, in 1622 and 1677, but became extinct in 1843.[20] Economic development[edit] The economy of the county was dependent on the City of London
City of London
from early times and was primarily agricultural.[4] A variety of goods were provided for the City, including crops such as grain and hay, livestock and building materials. Recreation at day trip destinations such as Hackney, Islington, Highgate
Highgate
and Twickenham, as well as coaching, inn-keeping and sale of goods and services at daily[clarification needed] shops and stalls to the considerable passing trade provided much local employment[21] and also formed part of the early economy. However, during the 18th century the inner parishes of Middlesex
Middlesex
became suburbs of the City and were increasingly urbanised.[4] The Middlesex
Middlesex
volume of John Norden's Speculum Britanniae (a chorography) of 1593 summarises:

This is plentifully stored, as it seemeth beautiful, with many fair and comely buildings, especially of the merchants of London, who have planted their houses of recreation not in the meanest places, which also they have cunningly contrived, curiously beautified with divers[e] devices, neatly decked with rare inventions, environed with orchards of sundry, delicate fruits, gardens with delectable walks, arbours, alleys and a great variety of pleasing dainties: all of which seem to be beautiful ornaments unto this country.[22]

Similarly Thomas Cox wrote in 1794:

We may call it almost all London, being chiefly inhabited by the citizens, who fill the towns in it with their country houses, to which they often resort that they may breathe a little sweet air, free from the fogs and smoke of the City.[23]

In 1803 Sir John Sinclair, president of the Board of Agriculture, spoke of the need to cultivate the substantial Finchley Common
Finchley Common
and Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
(perhaps prophetic of the Dig for Victory
Dig for Victory
campaign of World War II) and fellow Board member Middleton estimated that one tenth of the county, 17,000 acres (6,900 ha), was uncultivated common, capable of improvement.[24] However William Cobbett, in casual travel writing in 1822, said that "A more ugly country between Egham (Surrey) and Kensington
Kensington
would with great difficulty be found in England. Flat as a pancake, and until you come to Hammersmith, the soil is a nasty, stony dirt upon a bed of gravel. Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
which is only a little worse than the general run, is a sample of all that is bad in soil and villainous in look. Yet this is now enclosed, and what they call 'cultivated'. Here is a fresh robbery of villages, hamlets, and farm and labourers' buildings and abodes."[25] Thomas Babington wrote in 1843, "An acre in Middlesex
Middlesex
is worth a principality in Utopia"[26] which contrasts neatly with its agricultural description. The building of radial railway lines from 1839 caused a fundamental shift away from agricultural supply for London
London
towards large scale house building.[27] Tottenham, Edmonton and Enfield in the north developed first as working-class residential suburbs with easy access to central London. The line to Windsor through Middlesex
Middlesex
was completed in 1848, and the railway to Potters Bar
Potters Bar
in 1850; and the Metropolitan and District Railways started a series of extensions into the county in 1878. Closer to London, the districts of Acton, Willesden, Ealing and Hornsey
Hornsey
came within reach of the tram and bus networks, providing cheap transport to central London.[27] After World War I, the availability of labour and proximity to London made areas such as Hayes and Park Royal
Park Royal
ideal locations for the developing new industries.[27] New jobs attracted more people to the county and the population continued to rise, reaching a peak in 1951. Governance[edit]

Map of Middlesex, 1824. Note: west is at the top.

The Metropolis[edit] Further information: Population of Middlesex
Middlesex
(1801–1881) By the 19th century, the East End of London
East End of London
had expanded to the eastern boundary with Essex, and the Tower division
Tower division
had reached a population of over a million.[1] When the railways were built, the north western suburbs of London
London
steadily spread over large parts of the county.[7] The areas closest to London
London
were served by the Metropolitan Police from 1829, and from 1840 the entire county was included in the Metropolitan Police District.[28] Local government in the county was unaffected by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, and civic works continued to be the responsibility of the individual parish vestries or ad hoc improvement commissioners.[29][30] In 1855, the parishes of the densely populated area in the south east, but excluding the City of London, came within the responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works.[5] Despite this innovation, the system was described by commentators at the time as one "in chaos".[6] In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888, the metropolitan area of approximately 30,000 acres (120 km2) became part of the County of London.[20] The Act also provided that the part of Middlesex
Middlesex
in the administrative county of London
London
should be "severed from [Middlesex], and form a separate county for all non-administrative purposes".

Map showing boundaries of Middlesex
Middlesex
in 1851 and 1911. Aside from minor realignments, the small yellow area in the north is Monken Hadley, transferred to Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
and larger southeastern area transferred to the County of London
County of London
in 1889.

Map in 1882 shows complete urbanisation of the East End

The part of the County of London
County of London
that had been transferred from Middlesex
Middlesex
was divided in 1900 into 18 metropolitan boroughs,[31] which were merged in 1965 to form seven of the present-day inner London boroughs:

Camden was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn and St Pancras Hackney was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Hackney, Shoreditch and Stoke Newington Hammersmith (known as Hammersmith and Fulham from 1979) was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Hammersmith and Fulham Islington was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Finsbury and Islington Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Chelsea and Kensington Tower Hamlets was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Bethnal Green, Poplar and Stepney The City of Westminster
City of Westminster
was formed from the metropolitan boroughs of Paddington and St Marylebone and the City of Westminster.[5]

Extra-metropolitan area[edit] Further information: History of local government districts in Middlesex Middlesex
Middlesex
outside the metropolitan area remained largely rural until the middle of the 19th century and so the special boards of local government for various metropolitan areas were late in developing. Other than the Cities of London
London
and Westminster, there were no ancient boroughs.[32] The importance of the hundred courts declined, and such local administration as there was divided between "county business" conducted by the justices of the peace meeting in quarter sessions, and the local matters dealt with by parish vestries. As the suburbs of London
London
spread into the area, unplanned development and outbreaks of cholera forced the creation of local boards and poor law unions to help govern most areas; in a few cases parishes appointed improvement commissioners.[33] In rural areas, parishes began to be grouped for different administrative purposes. From 1875 these local bodies were designated as urban or rural sanitary districts.[34] Following the Local Government Act 1888, the remaining county came under the control of Middlesex County Council
Middlesex County Council
except for the parish of Monken Hadley, which became part of Hertfordshire.[35] The area of responsibility of the Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex
Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex
was reduced accordingly. Middlesex
Middlesex
did not contain any county boroughs, so the county and administrative county (the area of county council control) were identical. The Local Government Act 1894
Local Government Act 1894
divided the administrative county into four rural districts and thirty-one urban districts, based on existing sanitary districts. One urban district, South Hornsey, was an exclave of Middlesex
Middlesex
within the County of London
County of London
until 1900, when it was transferred to the latter county.[36] The rural districts were Hendon, South Mimms, Staines and Uxbridge. Because of increasing urbanisation these had all been abolished by 1934.[10] Urban districts had been created, merged, and many had gained the status of municipal borough by 1965. The districts as at the 1961 census were:[9]

Potters Bar Enfield Southgate Edmonton Tottenham Wood Green Friern Barnet Hornsey Finchley Hendon Harrow Ruislip-Northwood Uxbridge

Ealing Wembley Willesden Acton Brentford and Chiswick Heston and Isleworth Southall Hayes and Harlington Yiewsley and West Drayton Staines Feltham Twickenham Sunbury-on-Thames

After 1889 the growth of London
London
continued, and the county became almost entirely filled by suburbs of London, with a big rise in population density. This process was accelerated by the Metro-land developments, which covered a large part of the county.[37] The expanding urbanisation had, however, been foretold in 1771 by Tobias Smollett in The Expedition of Humphry Clinker, in which it is said:

Pimlico and Knightsbridge are almost joined to Chelsea and Kensington, and, if this infatuation continues for half a century, then, I suppose, the whole county of Middlesex
Middlesex
will be covered in brick.[38]

Public transport in the county, including the extensive network of trams,[39] buses and the London
London
Underground came under control of the London Passenger Transport Board
London Passenger Transport Board
in 1933[40] and a New Works Programme was developed to further enhance services during the 1930s.[7] Partly because of its proximity to the capital, the county had a major role during the Second World War. The county was subject to aerial bombardment and contained various military establishments, such as RAF Uxbridge
Uxbridge
and RAF Heston, which were involved in the Battle of Britain.[41] County town[edit]

The Middlesex Guildhall
Middlesex Guildhall
at Westminster

Middlesex
Middlesex
arguably never, and certainly not since 1789, had a single, established county town. The City of London
City of London
could be regarded as its county town for most purposes[27] and provided different locations for the various, mostly judicial, county purposes. The County Assizes for Middlesex
Middlesex
were held at the Old Bailey
Old Bailey
in the City of London.[4] Until 1889, the High Sheriff of Middlesex was chosen by the City of London Corporation. The sessions house for the Middlesex Quarter Sessions
Middlesex Quarter Sessions
was at Clerkenwell Green
Clerkenwell Green
from the early 18th century. The quarter sessions at the former Middlesex Sessions House
Middlesex Sessions House
performed most of the limited administration on a county level until the creation of the Middlesex County Council in 1889. New Brentford
New Brentford
was first promulgated as the county town in 1789, on the basis that it was where elections of Knights of the Shire (or Members of Parliament) were held from 1701.[20][42] Thus a traveller's and historian's London
London
regional summary of 1795 states that (New) Brentford was "considered as the county-town; but there is no town-hall or other public building".[43] Middlesex County Council
Middlesex County Council
took over at the Guildhall in Westminster, which became the Middlesex
Middlesex
Guildhall. In the same year, this location was placed into the new County of London, and was thus outside the council's area of jurisdiction. Arms of Middlesex
Middlesex
County Council[edit]

Coats of arms of Middlesex
Middlesex
(left) and Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(right) in stained glass at the exit from Uxbridge
Uxbridge
tube station.

County of Middlesex
Middlesex
sign in 2014, on the border between the London Boroughs of Barnet and Enfield.

Coats of arms were attributed by the mediaeval heralds to the Kingdoms of the Anglo- Saxon
Saxon
Heptarchy. That assigned to the Kingdom of the Middle and East Saxons depicted three "seaxes" or short notched swords on a red background. The seaxe was a weapon carried by Anglo-Saxon warriors, and the term "Saxon" may be derived from the word.[44][45] These arms became associated with the two counties that approximated to the kingdom: Middlesex
Middlesex
and Essex. County authorities, militia and volunteer regiments associated with both counties used the attributed arms. In 1910, it was noted that the county councils of Essex
Essex
and Middlesex and the Sheriff's Office of the County of London
County of London
were all using the same arms. Middlesex County Council
Middlesex County Council
decided to apply for a formal grant of arms from the College of Arms, with the addition of an heraldic "difference" to the attributed arms. Colonel Otley Parry, a Justice of the Peace
Justice of the Peace
for Middlesex
Middlesex
and author of a book on military badges, was asked to devise an addition to the shield. The chosen addition was a " Saxon
Saxon
Crown", derived from the portrait of King Athelstan on a silver penny of his reign, stated to be the earliest form of crown associated with any English sovereign. The grant of arms was made by letters patent dated 7 November 1910.[46][47][48]

The arms of the Middlesex County Council
Middlesex County Council
were blazoned: Gules, three seaxes fessewise points to the sinister proper, pomels and hilts and in the centre chief point a Saxon
Saxon
crown or.

The undifferenced arms of the Kingdom were eventually granted to Essex County Council in 1932.[49] Seaxes were also used in the insignia of many of the boroughs and urban districts in the county, while the Saxon
Saxon
crown came to be a common heraldic charge in English civic arms.[50][51] On the creation of the Greater London
Greater London
Council in 1965 a Saxon
Saxon
crown was introduced in its coat of arms.[52] Seaxes appear in the arms of several London borough
London borough
councils and of Spelthorne
Spelthorne
Borough Council, whose area was in Middlesex.[53][54] Creation of Greater London[edit] The population of inner London
London
(then the County of London) had been in decline as more residents moved into the outer suburbs since its creation in 1889, and this continued after the Second World War.[8] In contrast, the population of Middlesex
Middlesex
had increased steadily during that period.[55] From 1951 to 1961 the population of the inner districts of the county started to fall, and the population grew only in eight of the suburban outer districts.[9] According to the 1961 census, Ealing, Enfield, Harrow, Hendon, Heston & Isleworth, Tottenham, Wembley, Willesden
Willesden
and Twickenham
Twickenham
had each reached a population greater than 100,000, which would normally have entitled each of them to seek county borough status. If this status were to be granted to all those boroughs it would mean that the population of the administrative county of Middlesex
Middlesex
would be reduced by over half, to just under one million. Evidence submitted to the Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London
Greater London
included a recommendation to divide Middlesex
Middlesex
into two counties of North Middlesex
Middlesex
and West Middlesex.[27] However, the commission instead proposed abolition of the county and merging of the boroughs and districts. This was enacted by Parliament as the London Government Act 1963, which came into force on 1 April 1965. The Act abolished the administrative counties of Middlesex
Middlesex
and London.[56] The Administration of Justice Act 1964
Administration of Justice Act 1964
abolished the Middlesex
Middlesex
magistracy and lieutenancy, and altered the jurisdiction of the Central Criminal Court. In April 1965, nearly all of Middlesex became part of Greater London, under the control of the Greater London Council, and formed the new outer London
London
boroughs of Barnet (part only), Brent, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey, Harrow, Hillingdon, Hounslow and Richmond upon Thames (part only).[57] The remaining areas were Potters Bar
Potters Bar
Urban District, which became part of Hertfordshire, and Sunbury-on-Thames Urban District
Sunbury-on-Thames Urban District
and Staines Urban District, which became part of Surrey.[10] Following the changes, local acts of Parliament relating to Middlesex
Middlesex
were henceforth to apply to the entirety of the nine "North West London
London
Boroughs".[58] In 1974, the three urban districts that had been transferred to Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
and Surrey
Surrey
were abolished and became the districts of Hertsmere
Hertsmere
(part only) and Spelthorne
Spelthorne
respectively.[59] In 1995 the village of Poyle was transferred from Spelthorne
Spelthorne
to the Berkshire
Berkshire
borough of Slough.[60] Additionally, since 1965 the Greater London
Greater London
boundary to the west and north has been subject to several small changes.[61][62] Geography[edit] The county lay within the London
London
Basin[63] and the most significant feature was the River Thames, which formed the southern boundary. The River Lea
River Lea
and the River Colne formed natural boundaries to the east and west. The entire south west boundary of Middlesex
Middlesex
followed a gently descending meander of the Thames without hills. In many places " Middlesex
Middlesex
bank" is more accurate than "north bank" — for instance at Teddington
Teddington
the river flows north-westward, so the left (Middlesex) bank is the south-west bank.[notes 4] In the north, the boundary ran along a WSW/ENE aligned ridge of hills broken by Barnet or 'Dollis' valleys. (South of the boundary, these feed into the Welsh Harp Lake or Brent Reservoir
Brent Reservoir
which becomes the River Brent).[notes 5] This formed a long protrusion of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
into the county.[64] The county was thickly wooded,[63] with much of it covered by the ancient Forest of Middlesex. The highest point was the High Road by Bushey Heath at 502 feet (153 m),[65] which is now one of the highest points in London.[66] Legacy[edit] "Middlesex" is used in the names of organisations based in the area such as Middlesex
Middlesex
County Cricket Club,[67] Middlesex Cricket Board and Middlesex
Middlesex
University.[68] The last two were formed after the administrative county was abolished. Middlesex
Middlesex
County Football Association has many teams including two in Surrey: Staines Town and Ashford Town (Middlesex) and Potters Bar
Potters Bar
Town in Hertfordshire,[69] awarding the Middlesex
Middlesex
County Cup.[70] Sir John Betjeman, a native of North London
North London
and Poet Laureate, published several poems about Middlesex
Middlesex
and suburban life. Many were featured in the televised readings Metroland.[71]

“ Dear Middlesex, dear vanished country friend, Your neighbour, London, killed you in the end.

— Contrasts: Marble Arch to Edgware – A Lament, John Betjeman (1968)[72]

As part of a 2002 marketing campaign, the plant conservation charity Plantlife
Plantlife
chose the wood anemone as the county flower. In 2003, an early day motion with two signatures noted the 16 May as the 192nd anniversary of the Battle of Albuera
Battle of Albuera
asserting in recent years its celebration as " Middlesex
Middlesex
Day", to commemorate valiant efforts of the Middlesex Regiment
Middlesex Regiment
(the "Die-hards"). Its idea was to celebrate all things connected to the county.[73] On its creation in 1965, Greater London
London
was divided into five Commission Areas for justice; that named "Middlesex" consisted of the boroughs of Barnet, Brent, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey, Harrow, Hillingdon and Hounslow,[74] which was abolished on 1 July 2003.[75] For genealogical research it is assigned Chapman code MDX, except for the City of London
City of London
("square mile") assigned LND. The Royal Mail
Royal Mail
since 1996 has its databases the four post towns in Spelthorne
Spelthorne
as Middlesex
Middlesex
and/or Surrey
Surrey
so that a letter addressed to an alike address in Ashford, Surrey
Surrey
or Ashford, Middlesex (to avoid confusion with Ashford, Kent) such as without writing the postcode will be directed correctly. Former postal county[edit] Middlesex
Middlesex
(abbreviated Middx) was a former postal county.[76] Counties were an element of postal addressing in routine use until 1996, intended to avoid confusion between post towns, and no longer required for the routing of the mail.[77] The postal county did not match the last boundaries of Middlesex
Middlesex
because of the presence of the London postal district, which stretched into the county to include Tottenham, Willesden, Hornsey
Hornsey
and Chiswick.[78] Addresses in this area included "LONDON" which is the post town but any overlap with the then County of London
London
was coincidental. In 1965 Royal Mail
Royal Mail
retained the postal county because it would have been too costly to amend addresses covering the bulk of Outer London.[79] Exceptionally, the Potters Bar post town was transferred to Hertfordshire. Geographically the postal county consisted of two unconnected areas, 6 miles (10 km) apart. The first was in and around Enfield and the second, larger area was to the west.[80] This led the retention of 25 Post Towns to this day:

Postcode area Post towns

EN (part) ENFIELD; POTTERS BAR (until 1965)

HA EDGWARE, HARROW, NORTHWOOD, PINNER, RUISLIP, STANMORE, WEMBLEY

TW (part) ASHFORD, BRENTFORD, FELTHAM, HAMPTON, HOUNSLOW†, ISLEWORTH, SHEPPERTON, STAINES, SUNBURY-ON-THAMES, TEDDINGTON, TWICKENHAM†

UB GREENFORD, HAYES, NORTHOLT, SOUTHALL, UXBRIDGE, WEST DRAYTON

† = postal county was not required The postal county had many border inconsistencies where its constituent post towns encroached on neighbouring counties, such as the villages of Denham in Buckinghamshire, Wraysbury
Wraysbury
in Berkshire
Berkshire
and Eastbury in Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
which were respectively in the post towns of Uxbridge, Staines and Northwood and therefore in the postal county of Middlesex. Egham
Egham
Hythe, Surrey
Surrey
also had postal addresses of Staines, Middlesex. Conversely, Hampton Wick
Hampton Wick
was conveniently placed in Kingston, Surrey
Surrey
with its sorting offices just across the river.[81] Nearby Hampton Court Palace
Hampton Court Palace
has a postal address of East Molesey, therefore associating it with Surrey.[82]

Middlesex
Middlesex
former postal county

The Enfield post town in the EN postcode area
EN postcode area
was in the former postal county. All post towns in the HA postcode area
HA postcode area
and UB postcode area were in the former postal county. Most of the TW postcode area
TW postcode area
was in the former postal county. See also[edit]

List of Lord Lieutenants of Middlesex Custos Rotulorum of Middlesex - List of Keepers of the Rolls List of High Sheriffs of Middlesex Middlesex (UK Parliament constituency)
Middlesex (UK Parliament constituency)
- Historical list of MPs for the Middlesex
Middlesex
constituency

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

^ Historic boundaries excluding the City of London, which is code LND ^ The Middlesex Quarter Sessions
Middlesex Quarter Sessions
had jurisdiction in Westminster, but not the Tower Liberty ^ The City of London
City of London
continues to be a county distinct from Greater London. ^ County descriptions are standard in boat racess, and the historic county descriptions of the respective sides of the river are still used during the famous University Boat Race and the professional and amateur Head of the River Race. ^ The Dollis Valley greenwalk follows this steep upper valley of the Dollis Brook

References

^ a b c d "Table of population, 1801-1901". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 22. 1911. Retrieved 20 February 2008.  ^ a b c d Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex population (area and density). Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, 1831 Census population. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ a b c d The Proceedings of the Old Bailey
Old Bailey
- Rural Middlesex
Middlesex
Archived 26 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ a b c Saint, A., Politics and the people of London: the London County Council (1889-1965), (1989) ^ a b Barlow, I., Metropolitan Government, (1991) ^ a b c Wolmar, C., The Subterranean Railway, (2004) ^ a b Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, County of London population. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ a b c Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Census 1961: Middlesex population. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ a b c Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ Mills 2001, p. 151 ^ Middlesex
Middlesex
- The jubilee of the County Council, C W Radcliffe, Evans Brothers, 1939 ^ Tuican Hom, http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=12, retrieved 30 March 2012 ^ Stevenson, Bruce (1972). Middlesex. p. 13.  ^ Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum, http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=364, retrieved 30 March 2012 ^ Keightley, A., The History of England, (1840) ^ "County of Middlesex
Middlesex
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Greater London
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Metropolitan Police District
(SI 1840 5001) ^ Local Government Areas 1834 -1945, V D Lipman, Oxford, 1949 ^ Joseph Fletcher, The Metropolis; its Boundaries, Extent, and Divisions for Local Government in Journal of the Statistical Society of London, Vol. 7, No. 2. (June 1844), pp. 103-143. ^ http://www.middlesex-heraldry.org.uk/publications/seaxe/SeaxeOS06-198501.pdf The Seaxe, Sixth Issue, January 1985, page 4 ^ London
London
Metropolitan Archives - A Brief Guide to the Middlesex Sessions Records Archived 4 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., (2009). Retrieved 26 July 2009. ^ Robbins, Michael (2003) [1953]. Middlesex. Chichester: Phillimore. pp. 199–205. ISBN 9781860772696.  ^ Royston Lambert, Central and Local Relations in Mid-Victorian England: The Local Government Act Office, 1858-71, Victorian Studies, Vol. 6, No. 2. (Dec. 1962), pp. 121-150. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Monken Hadley. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ Frederic Youngs, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I : Southern England, London, 1979 ^ Royston, J., Revisiting the Metro-Land Route, Harrow Times. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ "The Miscellaneous Works Of Tobias Smollett". Google Books. Retrieved 30 January 2015.  ^ Reed, J., London
London
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London
Passenger Transport Act 1933 (as amended). Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ Royal Air Force - Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
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Ealing
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Saxon
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Middlesex
(obsolete). Retrieved 20 February 2008 ^ C W Scott-Giles, Royal and Kindred Emblems, Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, 2nd edition, London, 1953, p.11 ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - Greater London
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Spelthorne
Borough Council. Retrieved 20 February 2008 ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - Greater London. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex population. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ London
London
Government Act 1963, Section 3: (1) As from 1 April 1965— (a) no part of Greater London
Greater London
shall form part of any administrative county, county district or parish; (b) the following administrative areas and their councils (and, in the case of a borough, the municipal corporation thereof) shall cease to exist, that is to say, the counties of London
London
and Middlesex, the metropolitan boroughs, and any existing county borough, county district or parish the area of which falls wholly within Greater London; The new enlarged administration became known as the Greater London Council or its acronym, the GLC. The former separate (joint) fire and ambulance service of Middlesex, the second largest in Britain after London
London
was largely absorbed into enlarged London
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organisations under the newly formed GLC, the exception being those areas moving into Surrey
Surrey
and Hertfordshire. (c) the urban district of Potters Bar
Potters Bar
shall become part of the county of Hertfordshire; (d) the urban districts of Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames shall become part of the county of Surrey. Section 89: (1) In this Act, except where the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the following meanings respectively, that is to say— 'county' means an administrative county; ^ Office of Public Sector Information - London Government Act 1963
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and Surrey
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(County Boundaries) Order 1994 Archived 2 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Heathrow Airport (County and London
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- About Us: Our History. Retrieved 20 February 2008. ^ Potters Bar
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2004, p. 9 ^ HMSO, Names of Street and Places in the London
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Bibliography

Geographers' A-Z Map Company (2008), London
London
Postcode and Administrative Boundaries (6 ed.), Geographers' A-Z Map Company, ISBN 978-1-84348-592-6  Mills, A.D. (2001), Dictionary of London
London
Place Names, Oxford, ISBN 0-19-280106-6  Page, William (Edr.) (1911), A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 2, Victoria County History, British History Online  Royal Mail
Royal Mail
(2004), Address Management Guide (4 ed.), Royal Mail Group 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Middlesex.

Victoria County History
Victoria County History
of Middlesex Map of Middlesex
Middlesex
on Wikishire Historic boundary as layer for Google Earth Article on Middlesex
Middlesex
from Encyclopædia Britannica Maps of Middlesex
Middlesex
subdivisions: Edmonton, Elthorne, Gore, Isleworth and Spelthorne

Ossulstone: Outer Finsbury, Inner Finsbury, Outer Kensington, Inner Kensington, Holborn and Tower

Middlesex
Middlesex
and West London
London
Photo Galleries

Neighbouring counties (1889–1965)

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Berkshire

Middlesex

Essex

Surrey Surrey London

v t e

before 1889 ← Counties of England
Counties of England
(1889–1974) → 1974–1996

Bedfordshire Berkshire Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
(including Isle of Ely) Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
and Isle of Ely Cheshire Cornwall Cumberland Derbyshire Devon Dorset Durham Essex Gloucestershire Hampshire Herefordshire Hertfordshire Huntingdonshire Huntingdon and Peterborough Kent Lancashire Leicestershire Lincolnshire
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(including Parts of Holland, Parts of Kesteven and Parts of Lindsey) London
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(including City of London) Middlesex Norfolk Northamptonshire
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(including Soke of Peterborough) Northumberland Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Rutland Shropshire Somerset Staffordshire Suffolk
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(including East Suffolk
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and West Suffolk) Surrey Sussex
Sussex
(including East Sussex
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and West Sussex) Warwickshire Westmorland Wiltshire Worcestershire Yorkshire
Yorkshire
(including East Riding, North Riding and West Riding)

v t e

Historic subdivisions of Middlesex

Edmonton Hundred Elthorne Hundred Gore Hundred Isleworth Hundred Ossulstone Spelthorne
Spelthorne
Hundred

City of London Finsbury division Holborn division Kensington
Kensington
division Tower division City and Liberty of Westminster

v t e

Governance of Greater London

City of London London

Regional

Greater London
Greater London
Authority London
London
Assembly Mayor of London London
London
Councils

Boroughs

Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Ceremonial

Lord Mayor of the City of London Lord Lieutenant of Greater London High Sheriff of Greater London

Historical

Metropolitan Board of Works
Metropolitan Board of Works
(MBW) 1855–1889 London
London
County Council (LCC) 1889–1965 Greater London
Greater London
Council (GLC) 1965–1986 Leaders Sheriffs of the City of London

v t e

Local government districts abolished or transferred by the London Government Act 1963

London

CC

Battersea Bermondsey Bethnal Green Camberwell Chelsea Deptford Finsbury Fulham Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith Hampstead Holborn Islington Kensington Lambeth Lewisham Paddington Poplar Shoreditch Southwark St. Marylebone St. Pancras Stepney Stoke Newington Wandsworth Westminster Woolwich

Constituent parts of Greater London

Essex

Barking Chigwell (part) Chingford Dagenham East Ham Hornchurch Ilford Leyton Romford Walthamstow Wanstead and Woodford West Ham

Hertfordshire

Barnet East Barnet

Middlesex, CC

Acton Brentford and Chiswick Ealing Edmonton Enfield Feltham Finchley Friern Barnet Harrow Hayes and Harlington Hendon Heston and Isleworth Hornsey Ruislip-Northwood Southall Southgate Tottenham Twickenham Uxbridge Wembley Willesden Wood Green Yiewsley and West Drayton

Kent

Beckenham Bexley Bromley Chislehurst and Sidcup Crayford Erith Orpington Penge

Surrey

Barnes Beddington and Wallington Carshalton Coulsdon and Purley Croydon Kingston-upon-Thames Malden and Coombe Merton and Morden Mitcham Sutton and Cheam Surbiton Richmond Wimbledon

Transfers

Middlesex
Middlesex
to Hertfordshire: Potters Bar

Middlesex
Middlesex
to Surrey: Staines Sunbury-on-Thames

Coordinates: 51°30′N 0°25′W / 51.500°N 0.417°W / 51

.