Kishore Kumar (4 August 1929 – 13 October 1987) was an Indian
playback singer, actor, lyricist, composer, producer, director, and
screenwriter. He is considered one of the most successful playback
singers in the Hindi film industry.
Apart from Hindi, he sang in many Indian languages including Bengali,
Marathi, Assamese, Gujarati, Kannada, Bhojpuri,
Malayalam and Urdu. He
has also sung in private albums in several languages especially in
Bengali, which are noted as all time classics. He won 8 Filmfare
Awards for Best Male Playback
Singer and holds the record for winning
Filmfare Awards in that category. He was awarded the "Lata
Mangeshkar Award" by the
Madhya Pradesh government in the year
1985-86. In the year 1997, the
Madhya Pradesh Government initiated an
award called the "
Kishore Kumar Award" as a contribution to Hindi
cinema. Recently, Kishore Kumar's unreleased last song was sold for Rs
15.6 lakh (1.56 million) at the Osian's Cinefan Auction,
New Delhi in
1 Early life
2.1 1970s and 1980s
2.2 Later years
3 Personal life
5 In popular culture
6 See also
8 Further reading
9 External links
Kishore Kumar was born in a Bengali family in Khandwa, Central
Provinces (now in Madhya Pradesh) as Abhas Kumar Ganguly. His
father, Kunjalal Ganguly (Gangopadhyay) was a lawyer and his mother,
Gouri Devi came from a wealthy Bengali family. Kunjalal Gangopadhyaya
was invited by the Kamavisadar Gokhale family of
Khandwa to be their
personal lawyer. Kishore was the youngest of four siblings, the older
three being Ashok (the eldest), Sati Devi, and Anoop.
While Kishore was still a child, his brother Ashok became a Bollywood
actor. Later, Anoop also ventured into cinema with Ashok's help. He
graduated from Christian College, Indore.
Kishore Kumar filmography and List of songs by Kishore
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Ashok Kumar became a star of Hindi films, the Ganguly family
Mumbai regularly. Abhas Kumar changed his name to 'Kishore
Kumar' and started his cinema career as a chorus singer at Bombay
Talkies, where his brother worked. Kumar's first film appearance was
in Shikari (1946), in which his brother, Ashok played the lead role.
Music director Khemchand Prakash gave Kumar a chance to sing "Marne Ki
Duayen Kyon Mangu" for the film Ziddi (1948). After this, Kumar was
offered many other assignments, but he was not very serious about a
film career. In 1949, he settled in Mumbai. Kumar
played the hero in the
Bombay Talkies film Andolan (1951), directed by
Phani Majumdar. Although he got some acting assignments with the help
of his brother, he was more interested in becoming a singer. But Ashok
wanted Kumar to be an actor like him. Between 1946 and 1955, Kumar
appeared in 22 films of which 16 were flops and since he was
disinterested in taking up acting as a career, he would find ways to
be in the bad books of the director or producer, so that they throw
him from their films. It was only after the success of films such as
Ladki, Naukari, Miss Malaysia, Char Paise and Baap Re Baap that Kumar
developed interest in acting seriously, which resulted in him having
successful films as the lead hero between 1955 and 1966.
Kumar starred in Bimal Roy's Naukri (1954) and Hrishikesh Mukherjee's
directorial debut Musafir (1957). Salil Chowdhury, the music director
for Naukri, was initially dismissive of Kumar as a singer when he
found that Kumar had no formal training in music. However, after
hearing his voice, Chowdhury gave him the song Chhota Sa Ghar Hoga,
which was supposed to be sung by Hemant Kumar.
The commercially successful films of
Kishore Kumar included Ladki
(1953), Naukari (1954), Baap Re Baap (1955), Paisa Hi Paisa (1956),
New Delhi (1957), Naya Andaz (1956), Bhagam Bhaag, Bhai Bhai (1958),
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958), Dilli Ka Thug, Jaalsaaz,
Bombay Ka Chor, Chacha Zindabad, Manmauji, Jhumroo, Half Ticket
(1962), Mr. X in Bombay, Shreeman Funtoosh, Ek Raaz, Ganga Ki Lahren,
Hum Sab Ustaad Hai (1965), Haal E Dil, Pyaar Kiye Jaa and Padosan
(1968). As an actor, his best period was between 1954 and 1966. His
onscreen pairing with actresses Mala Sinha, Vyjanthimala, Nutan,
Madhubala and Kumkum gave the biggest hits in his career.
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958), his home production, had the three
Ganguly brothers and
Madhubala in main roles. Kumar played a car
mechanic who has a romance with a city girl; (Madhubala) with a
subplot involving the brothers.:29
In the movie Half Ticket, for one of the songs - "Aake Seedhi Lagi Dil
Pe" - the music director
Salil Chowdhary had a duet in mind and wanted
Kishore Kumar and
Lata Mangeshkar to sing the song. However, since
Lata Mangeshkar was not in town and
Salil Chowdhury had to record that
song before she could return,
Kishore Kumar solved the problem by
singing both the male and female parts of the song himself. The duet
is actually for Pran and
Kishore Kumar on the screen dressed as a
woman. It just turned out to be fine as he did admirably well singing
both in male and female voices.
Music director S. D. Burman is credited with spotting Kumar's talent
for singing. During the making of
Mashaal (1950), Burman visited
Ashok's house, where he heard Kumar imitating K. L. Saigal. He
complimented him and told him that he should develop a style of his
own, instead of copying Saigal. Kumar eventually developed his own
style of singing, which featured yodeling, which he had heard on the
Tex Morton and Jimmie Rodgers.:60S. D. Burman kept
making Kishore sing for
Dev Anand from the 50s to the early 70s. S.D.
Burman provided him the training and encouraged Kumar a lot,
especially in the late 50s and early 60s, resulting in Kumar
developing into great singer in the future years.
S. D. Burman recorded Kumar's voice for Dev Anand's
Taxi Driver (1954), House No. 44 (1955), Funtoosh (1956), Nau Do
Paying Guest (1957), Guide (1965),
Jewel Thief (1967),
Prem Pujari (1970), and Tere Mere Sapne (1971). He also composed music
for Kumar's home production
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958). Some of their
songs were; "Maana Janaab Ne Pukara Nahin" from Paying Guest, "Hum
Hain Rahi Pyar Ke" from
Nau Do Gyarah
Nau Do Gyarah (1957), "Ai Meri Topi Palat Ke
Aa" from Funtoosh, and "Ek Ladki Bheegi Bhaagi Si" and "Haal Kaisa Hai
Janaab Ka" from
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958).
Asha Bhosle and
Kishore performed duets composed by Burman including "Chhod Do
Paying Guest (1957), "Ankhon Mein Kya Ji" from Nau Do
Gyarah (1957), "Haal Kaisa Hai Janaab Ka" and "Paanch Rupaiya Baara
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi
Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958) and "Arre Yaar Meri Tum Bhi Ho
Gajab" from Teen Deviyan (1965).
As a singer, Kumar's work as singer with many music directors in this
period includes "Ye Raatein Ye Mausam" and "Hum Toh Mohabbat Karega"
from Dilli Ka Thug, "Piya Piya Mora Jiya" from Baap Re Baap, "Hello
Hello Ji" from Bombay Ka Chor, "Micheal Hai Toh Cycle Hai" from
Bewaqoof, "Ae Haseeno Nazneeno" from Chacha Zindabad, "Zaroorat Hai
Zaroorat Hai" from Manmauji (1961), "Likha Hai Teri Ankhon Mein" from
Teen Deviaan, "Suno Jaana Suno Jaana", "Pyaar Baatke Chalo" and "Kya
Teri Zulfein Hai" from Hum Sab Ustaad Hai, "Khoobsurat Haseena" from
Mr. X in Bombay, "Gaata Rahe Mera Dil" from Guide (1965), "Sultana
Sultana" from Shreeman Funtoosh, "Machalti Hui" from Ganga Ki Lahren,
"Mera Dil Meri Jaan" and "Pyar Ka Jaahan Hotel" from Jaalsaaz and "Yeh
Dil Na Hota Bechara" from
Jewel Thief (1967).
C. Ramchandra also recognized Kumar's talent as a
singer. They collaborated on songs including "Eena Meena Deeka"
from Aasha (1957). Kishore Kumar's work includes "Nakhrewaali" from
New Delhi (1956) by Shankar Jaikishan, "C.A.T. Cat Maane Billi" and
"Hum To Mohabbat Karega" from
Dilli Ka Thug
Dilli Ka Thug (1958) by Ravi, and
"Chhedo Na Meri Zulfein" from
Ganga Ki Lahren (1964) by Chitragupta.
Kumar acted in and composed the music for Jhumroo (1961), and wrote
the lyrics for the film's title song, "Main Hoon Jhumroo". Later, he
produced and directed Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein (1964). He also wrote
the script and composed music for the film, which is about the
relationship between a father (Kishore Kumar) and his deaf and mute
son (played by his real-life son (Amit Kumar).:52
After 1966, as an actor,
Kishore Kumar built up a notoriety for coming
late for the shootings or bunking them altogether. His films
flopped frequently after 1965 and he landed in income tax trouble.
Rahul Dev Burman
Rahul Dev Burman worked with
Kishore Kumar on the soundtrack
of the film
Padosan (1968), in which Kumar sang "Mere Saamne Wali
Khidki Mein" and "Kehna Hai."
Padosan was a comedy featuring Kishore
as a dramatist-musician, Mehmood as a
Carnatic music and dance
Sunil Dutt as a simpleton named Bhola. Kishore's
character was inspired by his uncle, Dhananjay Bannerjee, a classical
singer. The highlight of the film was a musical, comical duel
between Kishore Kumar,
Sunil Dutt and Mehmood: "Ek Chatur Nar Karke
Shakti Samanta produced and directed Aradhana. He sang three
songs in the film; "Mere Sapnon Ki Rani", "Kora Kagaj Tha Ye Man Mera"
and "Roop Tera Mastana".
Shakti Samanta suggested that Kumar sing the
other songs too. When the film was released, Kumar's three songs
established him as a leading
Bollywood playback singer. Kishore
Kumar won his first
Filmfare award for "Roop Tera Mastana".:54
1970s and 1980s
From the 1970s and throughout 1980s, Kumar sang for Rajesh Khanna,
Amitabh Bachchan, Dharmendra, Jeetendra, Sanjeev Kumar, Dev Anand,
Shashi Kapoor, Mithun Chakraborty, Vinod Khanna, Dilip Kumar, Shammi
Kapoor, Randhir Kapoor, Rishi Kapoor, Rajiv Kapoor, Aditya Pancholi,
Naseeruddin Shah, Sanjay Dutt, Sunny Deol, Anil Kapoor, Rakesh Roshan,
Pran, Sachin, Vinod Mehra, Rajinikanth, Chunky Pandey, Kumar Gaurav,
Sanjay Khan, Feroz Khan, Kunal Goswami,
Govinda and Jackie Shroff.
Kishore Kumar sang the most songs in his career for Rajesh Khanna.
Kumar sang 245 songs picturised on
Rajesh Khanna across 92 films,
which is an unbeaten record for singer-actor combination. Kishore sang
245 songs for Rajesh Khanna, 202 for Jeetendra, 119 for
Dev Anand and
131 for Amitabh.
S. D. Burman and Kishore continued producing classics including
"Phoolon Ke Rang Se" and "Shokhiyon Mein Ghola Jaaye" from Prem Pujari
(1969), "Aaj Madhosh Hua Jaaye Re," "Khilte Hain Gul Yahan" and "O
Meri Sharmilee" from
Sharmilee (1971), "Meet Na Mila" from Abhimaan
(1973), and "Jeevan Ki Bagiya Mehkegi" from Tere Mere Sapne (1974). In
1975, S. D. Burman composed his last song for Kishore, "Badi Sooni
Sooni Hai" for the film Mili.
R.D. Burman recorded several songs with Kumar in the 1970s, including
"O Maajhi Re" from Khushboo, "Yeh Shaam Mastaani" and "Yeh Jo Mohabbat
Kati Patang (1971), "Raat Kali Ek Khwab Mein Aayi" from
Buddha Mil Gaya (1971) and "Chingari Koi Bhadke, "Kuch To Log Kahenge
(Amar Prem)", "Zindagi Ke Safar Me Guzar Jaate Hain Jo Makam" from Aap
Ki Kasam ( 1977), "Aaaane Wala Pal" from Golmaal ( 1980), "Hume Aur
Jeene Ki Chahat Na Hoti" from Agar Tume Na Hote ( 1983), "Raha Pe
Rahete Hai" from Namkeen (1985) and "Jab Bhi Koi Kangana" from
Shaukeen (1987). Although he was not formally trained in classical
music, R.D. Burman often had Kumar sing semi-classical songs, such as
"Humein Tum Se Pyaar Kitna" from
Kudrat and "Mere Naina Saawan Bhadon"
from Mehbooba.
R.D. Burman recorded several duets pairing Kishore with Asha Bhosle
and Lata Mangeshkar, including "Panna Ki Tamanna" and "Bahut Door
Heera Panna (1973), "Neend Chura Ke Raaton Mein" from the
film Shareef Budmaash, "Mujhko Mohabbat Mein Dhoka" and "Kisise Dosti
Karlo" from Dil Deewana, "Dhal Gayi Rang" from Heeralal Pannalal, "Ek
Main Hoon" from Darling Darling, "Rimjhim Gire Sawan" from Manzil,
"Kya Yehi Pyaar Hai" and "Hum Tum Se Mile" from Sanjay Dutt's debut
film Rocky (1981), "Jaan-e-Jaan Dhoondta" from Jawani Diwani, "Kahin
Na Jaa" and "Kaho Kaise Rasta" from Bade Dilwala, "Sun Zara Shok
Haseena" and "Kharishoo" from Harjaee (1982), "Waada Haanji Waada"
from The Burning Train and "Kaisi Lagrahi Hoon Mein" from Jhuta Sach.
Apart from the Burmans, Kumar worked with other famous music directors
too. The composer duo
Laxmikant-Pyarelal (L-P) composed many songs
sung by him, including "Mere Mehboob Qayamat Hogi" from Mr. X In
Bombay, "Mere Naseeb Mein Aye Dost" from Do Raaste, "Yeh Jeevan Hai"
from Piya Ka Ghar, "Mere Dil Mein Aaj Kya Hai" from Daag, "Nahi Mai
Nahi Dekh Sakta" from Majboor, "Mere Diwanepan Ki Bhi" from Mehboob Ki
Mehndi, "Naach Meri Bulbul" from Roti, "Chal Chal Chal Mere Haathi"
Haathi Mere Saathi
Haathi Mere Saathi and "Tu Kitne Baras Ki" from Karz. L-P also
worked with Kishore and
Mohammed Rafi on duets for the films Zakhmee,
Ram Balram and Deedaar-E-Yaar. L-P composed "I Love You
(Kaate Nahin Katate Yeh Din Yeh Raat)" for Mr.
India (1987), a duet
with Kishore and Alisha Chinoy.
Salil Chowdhury recorded songs SUCH AS
"Koi Hota Jisko Apna" from
Mere Apne and "Guzar Jaaye Din Din" from
Annadata. Ravindra Jain recorded "Ghungroo Ki Tarah" and the duets "Le
Jaayenge Le Jaayenge" from
Chor Machaye Shor and "Tota Maina Ki
Kahani" from Fakira. Shyamlal Mitra recorded a duet of Kishore with
Asha - Sara Pyaar Tumhara for the film Anandshram.
Khayyam recorded many of Kishore's duets with Lata Mangeshkar,
including "Hazaar Raahein" from
Thodisi Bewafaii and Aankhon Mein
Humne Aapke Sapne Sajaye Hain, Chandani Raat Mein Ek Bar. Hridaynath
Mangeshkar recorded Zindagi Aa Raha Hoon Main from Mashaal. Kalyanji
Anandji recorded several songs with Kishore including Zindagi Ka Safar
and Jeevan Se Bhari Teri Aankhein, from Safar, O Saathi Re from
Muqaddar Ka Sikandar, "Pal Pal Dil Ke Pas" from Blackmail (1974),
"Neelle Neele Ambar Per" from Kalkar ( 1983) and "Pal Bhar Ke Liye"
from Johny Mera Naam.
Kishore also worked with other composers including Rajesh Roshan,
Sapan Chakraborty and Bappi Lahiri. Kumar sang "Bhool Gaya Sab Kuchh"
(duet with Lata Mangeshkar) and "Dil Kya Kare Jab Kisise" for Rajesh
Roshan's film Julie. Their other songs include
"Yaadon Mein Woh" from Swami (1977 film), "Chhookar Mere Man Ko Kiya
Toone Kya Ishaara" from Yaarana the mesmerizing "Kaha Tak Ye Manko
Andher Chalenge" from Baton Baton Mein, "O Yara Tu Yaro Se Hai Pyar",
and "Laharon Ki Tatah Yaadien" (1983) and Kahiye, Suniye (duet with
Asha Bhosle) from Baton Baton Mein.
Bappi Lahiri also recorded many
songs with Kishore Kumar, including Pag Ghunghroo Bandh from Namak
Halaal (1982), Manzilen Apni Jagah Hai from
Sharaabi (1984), "Chalate
Chalte Mere Ye Geet Yad Rakhana" from Chalte Chalte (1975) and "Saason
Se Nahi Kadmose Nahi" from Mohabbat (1987) and duets with Lata
Mangeshkar such as "Albela Mausam" and "Pyar Ka Tohfa" from Tohfa
(1984). The Kishore and Bappi pair also recorded hits in Bengali,
including "Chirodini Tumi Je Amar" from
Amar Sangi (1987) and "E Amar
Gurudakshina (1987). Another Bengali musician was
Ajay Das, who composed many hit songs in Kishore Kumar's voice. He
also recorded a duet song Hello Hello Kya Haal Hai with Asha Bhosle
Naushad in 1975 for the movie Sunehra Sansar, the only song of
Kishore. He also worked with music directors Basu and Manohari Singh
for duets such as "Wada Karo Jaanam" and "Dariya Kinare" for the film
Sabse Bada Rupaiya and "Aa Humsafar" for the film Chatpatee.
During the Indian Emergency (1975–1977),
Sanjay Gandhi asked Kishore
to sing for an
Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress rally in Mumbai, but he
refused. As a result, Information and broadcasting minister Vidya
Charan Shukla (1975–1977) put an unofficial ban on playing Kishore
Kumar songs on state broadcasters All
India Radio and
4 May 1976 till the end of Emergency.
Kishore Kumar produced and directed some movies in the late 1970s and
early 1980s; Pyar Zindagi Hai, Badhti Ka Naam Dadhi (1978), Sabaash
Daddy, Zindagi (1981), Door Wadiyon Mein Kahin (1980) and Chalti Ka
Naam Zindagi (1982)—which was his last appearance as an
actor. Kumar's son
Amit Kumar became a Bollywood
singer in the 1974 with the song "Apne Bas Ki Baat Nahi", composed by
Kishore Kumar for the film Badthi Ka Naam Daadi.
Amit Kumar became
popular with success of the song "Bade Achche Lagte Hai". Kishore
continued singing for several actors even in 1980s. Kumar performed
stage shows right from 1969 to earn money to pay his income tax
arrears. Kumar stopped singing for
Amitabh Bachchan in the year
1981, after Bachchan refused to appear as a guest in the film Mamta Ki
Chhaon Mein, which Kishore produced. Kishore declined to give voice
for Amitabh in Naseeb, Coolie, Mard and Desh Premee. Kishore said he
would give his voice to
Randhir Kapoor in the film Pukar. Since
Kishore shared good rapport with R. D. Burman, he agreed to sing in
Mahaan, Shakti and Bemisal. Later, Kishore called a truce by singing
for Amitabh in a solo song in Shahenshah and later in Toofan.
Kishore sang the song "Mera Geet Adhura Hai" for his production Mamta
Ki Chaon Mein and picturised the song on Rajesh Khanna. Kishore had
directed the film, but died in 1987 and
Rajesh Khanna helped Amit
Kumar in releasing the film in 1989. He also temporarily stopped
Mithun Chakraborty after
Yogeeta Bali divorced him and
married Chakraborty. However, he later sang for Chakraborty in
Surakshaa in the 1970s, and in the 1980s in many films, including
Boxer, Jaagir, Fareib and Waqt Ki Awaz.
In the mid-1980s, Kishore sang for
Anil Kapoor in Kapoor's debut film
as a leading man,
Woh Saat Din
Woh Saat Din and also recorded for Mr. India. (1987)
the famous chartbuster "Zindagi Ki Yahi Reet Hai Haar Ke Baad Hi Jeet
Hai". He sang duets with
Alka Yagnik such as "Tumse Badhkar Duniya
Mein Na Dekha" for
Kaamchor in 1982 and sang "Teri Meri Prem Kahani"
in Pighalta Aasman.
He had recorded the duets "Kaho Kahan Chale" for the film Bulundi,
"Pyar Ka Dard Hai" from Dard and "Tum Jo Chale Gaye" from Aas Paas, a
few days before his heart attack in 1981. He suffered his first heart
attack on 24th January 1981 in Kolkata in the noon hours and within a
gap of another four hours, suffered his second heart attack. The first
solo song sung by him, after recovery from his two attacks was "Mere
Sang Sang Aya" from Rajput (1982) and the duet with Asha - "Mausam
Bheega Bheega" from Gehra Zakhm.
By September 1987, Kumar had decided to retire as he was unhappy with
kind of songs and tunes being made by music directors and was planning
to return to his birthplace Khandwa.
On 13 October 1987—his brother Ashok's 76th birthday—he died of a
heart attack in
Mumbai at 4:45 pm. His body was taken to
cremation. Kumar had recorded his last song, "Guru Guru"—a duet with
Asha Bhosle for the film Waqt Ki Aawaz (1988) composed by Bappi Lahiri
Mithun Chakraborty and Sridevi—the day before he died.[citation
needed] His song "Pal Bhar Ke Liye" from the film Johny Mera Naam
(1970) was used in an episode of
The Simpsons titled "Kiss Kiss, Bang
Bangalore". His songs have been featured in several films,
including Such a Long Journey (1998) and Side Streets (1998). Sony
TV organised the television singing contest
K For Kishore
K For Kishore to search
for a singer like Kishore Kumar.
Recently, Kishore Kumar's unreleased song was sold for Rs 15.6 lakh at
the Osian's Cinefan Auction,
New Delhi in 2012, the highest price bid
for any Indian singer. The song was "Tum hi to woh ho", written by
Kulwant Jani with music by Usha Khanna. This was for a film called
"Khel Tamasha" by Rakesh Kumar, which never got made. The song was
recorded just three days before the legendary singer's demise in
Kishore Kumar married four times. His first wife was Bengali singer
Ruma Guha Thakurta aka Ruma Ghosh. Their marriage lasted
from 1950 to 1958.:53 His second wife was actress Madhubala, who
had worked with him in many films including his home production Chalti
Ka Naam Gaadi (1958) and Jhumroo (1961). When Kumar proposed to her,
Madhubala was ill and was planning to go to London for treatment. She
had a ventricular septal defect (hole in the heart), and he was still
married to Ruma. After his divorce, the couple had a civil wedding in
Kishore Kumar converted to Islam and reportedly changed his
name to Karim Abdul. His parents refused to attend the ceremony.
The couple also had a Hindu ceremony to please Kumar's parents, but
Madhubala was never truly accepted as his wife. Within a month of
their wedding, she moved back to her bungalow in Bandra because of
tension in the Kumar household. They remained married, but under great
strain for the remainder of Madhubala's life. Their marriage ended
with Madhubala's death on 23 February 1969.
Kishore's third marriage was to Yogeeta Bali, and lasted from 1976 to
4 August 1978. Kishore was married to
Leena Chandavarkar from 1980
until his death. He had two sons,
Amit Kumar with Ruma, and Sumit
Kumar with Leena Chandavarkar.
Kumar is said to have been paranoid about not being paid. During
recordings, he would sing only after his secretary confirmed that the
producer had made the payment. On one occasion, when he discovered
that his dues had not been fully paid, he appeared on set with makeup
on only one side of his face. When the director questioned him, he
replied "Aadha paisa to aadha make-up." (Half make-up for half
payment). On the sets of Bhai Bhai,
Kishore Kumar refused to act
because the director M V Raman owed him ₹ 5,000. Ashok Kumar
persuaded him to do the scene but when the shooting started, Kishore
walked a few paces and said, Paanch Hazaar Rupaiya (five thousand
rupees) and did a somersault. After he reached the end of the floor,
he left the studio. On another occasion, when producer R.C. Talwar
did not pay his dues in spite of repeated reminders, Kumar arrived at
Talwar's residence shouting "Hey Talwar, de de mere aath hazaar" ("Hey
Talwar, give me my eight thousand") every morning until Talwar paid
The film Anand (1971) was originally supposed to star Kishore and
Mehmood Ali in the lead. Hrishikesh Mukherjee, the director of the
film, was asked to meet Kishore to discuss the project. However, when
he went to Kumar's house he was driven away by the gatekeeper due to a
misunderstanding. Kumar—himself a Bengali—had not been paid for a
stage show organized by another Bengali man and had instructed his
gatekeeper to drive away this "Bengali", if he ever visited the house.
Consequently, Mehmood had to leave the film as well, and new actors
Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan) were signed up for the film.
In spite of his "no money, no work" principle, sometimes Kumar
recorded free even when the producers were willing to pay. Such films
include those produced by
Rajesh Khanna and Danny Denzongpa. On
one occasion, Kishore helped actor-turned-producer
Bipin Gupta by
giving him ₹ 20,000 for the film Dal Mein Kala (1964). When actor
Arun Kumar Mukherjee—one of the first persons to appreciate
Kishore's singing talent—died, Kumar regularly sent money to
Mukherjee's family in Bhagalpur.
Many journalists and writers have written about Kishore Kumar's
seemingly eccentric behavior. He placed a sign that said
"Beware of Kishore" at the door of his
Warden Road flat. Once,
producer-director H. S. Rawail, who owed him some money, visited his
flat to pay the dues. Kumar took the money and when Rawail offered to
shake hands with him, reportedly Kishore put Rawail's hand in his
mouth, bit it and asked "Didn’t you see the sign?". Rawail laughed
off the incident and left quickly. According to another reported
incident, once Kumar was due to record a song for producer-director G.
P. Sippy. As Sippy approached his bungalow, he saw Kumar going out in
his car. Sippy asked Kumar to stop his car but Kumar increased his
speed. Sippy chased him to
Madh Island where Kumar finally stopped his
car near the ruined Madh Fort. When Sippy questioned his strange
behavior, Kumar refused to recognize or talk to him and threatened to
call the police. The next morning, Kumar reported for the recording
session. An angry Sippy questioned him about his behaviour the
previous day but Kumar said that Sippy must have dreamt the incident
and said that he was in
Khandwa on the previous day.
Once, a producer went to court to get a decree that Kumar must follow
the director's orders. As a consequence, he obeyed the director to the
letter. He refused to alight from his car until the director ordered
him to do so. After filming a car scene in Mumbai, Kumar drove until
Khandala because the director forgot to say "Cut". In
the 1960s, a financier named Kalidas Batvabbal, who was disgusted with
Kumar's alleged lack of cooperation during the shooting of Half
Ticket, reported to the income tax authorities, who raided his house.
Later, Kumar invited Batvabbal to his home, asked him to enter a
cupboard for a chat and locked him inside. He unlocked Batvabbal after
two hours and told him, "Don't ever come to my house again".
Kishore was a user of
Brylcreem and was seen in a newspaper
advertisement endorsing it.
Kishore Kumar was a loner; in an interview with
Pritish Nandy (1985)
he said that he had no friends—he preferred talking to his trees
instead. Once, when a reporter made a comment about how lonely he
Kishore Kumar took her to his garden, named some of the trees
there and introduced them to the reporter as his closest friends.
"Roop Tera Mastana"
Sachin Dev Burman
"Dil Aisa Kisi Ne Mera"
"Khaike Paan Banaras Wala"
"Hazaar Raahen Mudke Dekheen"
"Pag Ghungroo Baandh"
"Agar Tum Na Hote"
Agar Tum Na Hote
Rahul Dev Burman
"Manzilein Apni Jagah Hain"
Rahul Dev Burman
"Zindagi Ek Safar"
"Yeh Jo Mohabbat Hai"
Rahul Dev Burman
"Chingari Koi Bhadke"
Rahul Dev Burman
"Mere Dil Mein Aaj"
Daag: A Poem of Love
"Gaadi Bula Rahi Hai"
"Mera Jeevan Kora Kagaz"
"Main Pyaasa Tum"
"O Manjhi Re"
Rahul Dev Burman
"Aap Ke Anurodh"
"O Saathi Re"
Muqaddar Ka Sikandar
"Hum Bewafa Harghiz"
Rahul Dev Burman
"Ek Rasta Hai Zindagi"
"Om Shanti Om"
"Hameh Tumse Pyar"
Rahul Dev Burman
"Chhookar Mere Mann Ko"
"Shayad Meri Shaadi"
Sawan Kumar Tak
"De De Pyar De"
"Inteha Ho Gayi"
"Log Kehete Hai (Mujhe Naulakha Manga De)"
Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards
1971 - Best Male Playback
Singer for Aradhana
1972 - Best Male Playback
Singer for Andaz
1973 - Best Male Playback
Singer for Hare Rama Hare Krishna
1975 - Best Male Playback
Singer for Kora Kagaz
In popular culture
Google showed a special doodle on its Indian home page
Kishore Kumar on 4 August 2014 for his 85th birth anniversary.
An official biopic on his life and times is being made by director
Anurag Basu, which stars
Ranbir Kapoor as Kishore Kumar.
Kishore Kumar filmography
List of songs recorded by Kishore Kumar
List of Indian playback singers
Music of Bollywood
^ Valicha, Kishor (1 April 2001). Kishore Kumar: The Definitive
Biography (1st ed.). Mumbai: Penguin Books. ISBN 0140278222.
Retrieved 16 December 2014.
Kishore Kumar insisted on the bullockcart ride". The Indian
Express. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
^ Nabendu Ghosh (1995). Ashok Kumar: His Life and Times. Indus.
^ Derek Bose (1 January 2006). Everybody Wants a Hit: 10 Mantras of
Bollywood Cinema. Jaico Publishing House. pp. 38–.
^ "Facts about Indore", "District Administration Indore", 2015
^ a b c d
Filmfare (1–15 November 1987)
^ a b c Avijit Ghosh (7 October 2007). "Unforgettable Kishore". The
Times of India. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
^ a b Raju Bharatan. "Repertoire Unlimited: Remembering Kishore
Kumar". Rediff.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
^ a b Derek Bose (2004). Kishore Kumar: method in madness. Rupa &
^ Khubchandani, Lata (2003). Gulzar; Govind Nihalani; Saibal
Chatterjee, eds. Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan.
pp. 486–487. ISBN 81-7991-066-0.
^ Anu Sharma (6 March 2011). Genius of India. Pinnacle Technology.
pp. 161–. ISBN 978-1-61820-544-5.
^ a b c Shantanu Ray Chaudhuri; Prashanto Kumar Nayak (1 February
2005). Icons from Bollywood. Puffin Books.
^ a b c "
Kishore Kumar - A Tribute".
Filmfare magazine. November 1987.
^ Prakash Parayath (28 October 2002). "Song of the rebel". The Hindu.
^ Raju Bharatan. "The Aradhana Syndrome". Rediff.com. Retrieved
^ Vinay Kumar (19 August 2005). "The spark that he was". Entertainment
Hyderabad. The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
^ "A Star's Real Stripes". Times Of India. 25 March 2012. Retrieved 25
^ Sharma, Dhirendra (1997). The Janata (people's) Struggle. Philosophy
and Social Action. p. 76.
^ Biography of
Kishore Kumar by David and Chandrakantha Courtney.
^ Film world, Volume 16, T.M. Ramachandran, 1979. Page 463.
^ Foreign exchange!. Rajeev Vijayakar. Screen Weekly. 4 May 2007.
^ Side Street (1998): Cast and Credits
^ Kishore Kumar, First Post
^ Khatija Akbar (1 January 1997). Madhubala: Her Life, Her Films. UBS
Publishers' Distributors. p. 10.
^ Outlook. Hathway Investments Pvt Ltd. 2003. p. 67.
^ a b Kuldip Dhiman (4 October 1998). "A melancholy but life-long
prankster". The Tribune. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
^ a b c d e f g Valicha, Kishore (1998) . Kishore Kumar: The
Definitive Biography. Penguin Books. p. 312.
^ a b Zaveri, Hanif (2005). "A Comedy King and Superstar". Mehmood, a
Man of Many Moods. Popular Prakashan. p. 133.
^ Suresh Kohli (16 September 2004). "What a yodeller!". Metro Plus
Kochi. The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
^ Dinesh Raheja. "Kishore Kumar: The Master's Voice". Rediff.com.
^ O.P. Bhagat (9 October 1998). "Life is a lovely journey". Arts
Tribune, Chandigarh. The Tribune. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
^ "One evening with
Kishore Kumar Khandwewala".
India FM. 1 February
2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved
^ "I screamed, pretended to be crazy:
Kishore Kumar in 1985". The
Illustrated Weekly of
India (republished in The Times of India). 1985.
^ 34th Annual BFJA Awards Archived 21 April 2008 at the Wayback
^ 35th Annual BFJA Awards Archived 22 April 2008 at the Wayback
^ 36th Annual BFJA Awards Archived 1 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ 38th Annual BFJA Awards Archived 1 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
Google doodles Kishore Kumar's versatility". IBN Live. New Delhi. 4
August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
Ranbir Kapoor to star in
Kishore Kumar biopic, Katrina Kaif may play
Madhubala NDTV Movies.com
Bose, Derek (2004). Kishore Kumar: Method in Madness. New Delhi: Rupa
& Co. ISBN 978-81-291-0526-4. OCLC 57429780.
Valicha, Kishore (1998). Kishore Kumar: The Definitive Biography. New
York/New Delhi: Penguin Books/Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-88264-9.
Nerurkar, Vishwas (2004). Kishore Kumar: The Many Faces of a Genius.
Gayathri Publications. ( (The book includes complete
filmography, discography, unreleased material, and film posters of his
Dhiman, Kamal (2002). Kishore Kumar: Gata Rahe Mera Dil (The book
includes complete filmography and discography with detailed
information for each song, such as music director, lyricist,
producer-director etc. It also includes a biography and rare
photographs.). New Delhi: Seema. ISBN 81-7525-364-9.
Kishore Kumar on IMDb
Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer
Mohammed Rafi (1961)
Mohammed Rafi (1962)
No Award (1963)
Mahendra Kapoor (1964)
Mohammed Rafi (1965)
No Award (1966)
Mohammed Rafi (1967)
Mahendra Kapoor (1968)
Mohammed Rafi (1969)
Kishore Kumar (1970)
Manna Dey (1972)
Narendra Chanchal (1974)
Mahendra Kapoor (1975)
Kishore Kumar (1976)
Mohammed Rafi (1978)
Kishore Kumar (1979)
K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas (1980)
Kishore Kumar (1981)
Amit Kumar (1982)
Kishore Kumar (1983)
Kishore Kumar (1984)
Kishore Kumar (1985)
Kishore Kumar (1986)
No Award (1987)
No Award (1988)
Udit Narayan (1989)
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam (1990)
Kumar Sanu (1991)
Kumar Sanu (1992)
Kumar Sanu (1993)
Kumar Sanu (1994)
Kumar Sanu (1995)
Udit Narayan (1996)
Udit Narayan (1997)
Sukhwinder Singh (1999)
Udit Narayan (2000)
Lucky Ali (2001)
Udit Narayan (2002)
Sonu Nigam (2003)
Sonu Nigam (2004)
Kunal Ganjawala (2005)
Himesh Reshammiya (2006)
Kailash Kher (2007)
Sukhwinder Singh (2009)
Mohit Chauhan (2010)
Rahat Fateh Ali Khan
Rahat Fateh Ali Khan (2011)
Mohit Chauhan (2012)
Ayushmann Khurrana (2013)
Arijit Singh (2014)
Ankit Tiwari (2015)
Arijit Singh (2016)
Arijit Singh (2017)
Arijit Singh (2018)
Bengal Film Journalists' Association – Best Male Playback Award
Manna Dey (1967)
Dwijen Mukhopadhyay (1974)
Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay
Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay (1975)
Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay
Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay (1976)
Anup Ghoshal (1981)
Shibaji Chatterjee (1986)
Kishore Kumar (1987)
Manna Dey (1988)
Shibaji Chatterjee (1989)
Anup Ghoshal (1992)
Ajoy Chakrabarty (1995)
Kumar Sanu (1996)
Kumar Sanu (1997)
Indranil Sen (1999)
Ajoy Chakrabarty (2000)
Srikanto Acharya (2002)
Babul Supriyo (2003)
Kharaj Mukherjee (2004)
Nachiketa Chakraborty (2005)
Babul Supriyo (2006)
Pranjan Bakshi (2007)
Notable singers of Rabindra Sangeet
Shayan Chowdhury Arnob
Ashok Taru Bandopadhyay
Rezwana Choudhury Bannya
Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay
ISNI: 0000 0001 0844 9214
BNF: cb13921564d (data)