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KING\'S LYNN /ˌkɪŋz ˈlɪn/ , known until 1537 as BISHOP\'S LYNN, is a seaport and market town in Norfolk
Norfolk
, England, about 98 miles (158 km) north of London, 36 miles (58 km) north-east of Peterborough
Peterborough
, 44 miles (71 km) north north-east of Cambridge
Cambridge
and 44 miles (71 km) west of Norwich
Norwich
. The population of the town is 42,800.

The town has two theatres (Westacre and Corn Exchange), two museums (Lynn Museum and True's Yard) and several other cultural and sporting venues. There are three secondary schools and one college. The service sector, information and communication technologies and creative industries, provide employment for the population of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and the surrounding area.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 List of events * 1.2 Toponymy * 1.3 Middle Ages
Middle Ages
* 1.4 Early modern * 1.5 Modern * 1.6 Contemporary

* 2 Governance

* 2.1 Coat of arms * 2.2 Twinning

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Topography * 3.2 Climate * 3.3 Parks

* 4 Demography

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Retail * 5.2 Tourism

* 6 Transport

* 6.1 Major routes * 6.2 South Transport Project * 6.3 Rail

* 7 Media

* 7.1 Newspapers * 7.2 Radio * 7.3 Television

* 8 Education

* 9 Culture

* 9.1 Arts * 9.2 Festival * 9.3 Literature festivals * 9.4 Museums * 9.5 Entertainment * 9.6 Mart * 9.7 Sports

* 10 Notable people * 11 Location * 12 In popular culture * 13 Media appearances * 14 References * 15 External links

HISTORY

LIST OF EVENTS

This section IS IN A LIST FORMAT THAT MAY BE BETTER PRESENTED USING PROSE . You can help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate . Editing help is available. (May 2016)

YEAR EVENT

1085

1101 Lynn Parish mentioned in Domesday book as modest village with many Saltings.

The Bishop of Norwich
Norwich
gives the people of Lynn the right to hold weekly markets and annual fairs

1204 King John gives Bishop's Lynn a charter (a document granting the town certain rights)

ca 1220 Great Ouse redirected by flood and human hand to have a new outfall at Bishop's Lynn

1348 Bishop's Lynn is a large and important town with a population of 5,500-6,000. Wool, grain and salt are exported and pitch, fish and iron are imported

1406 St George's Guildhall is built

1475 The Hanseatic Warehouse is built

1485 Red Mount Chapel
Chapel
is built

1500 Bishop's Lynn declines in importance although the port is still busy

1524 Bishop's Lynn is given a corporation and a mayor

1534 A grammar school is founded

1537 The king takes control of the town from the bishop. From then on it is known as King's Lynn

1572 Thatched roofs are banned to reduce the risk of fire

1605 Greenland Fishery House is built

1643 During the civil war, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
is captured by a parliamentary army

1665 Plague strikes

1683 The Custom House is built

1720s Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
describes King's Lynn
King's Lynn
as 'Beautiful, well built and well situated'

1784 The first bank opens

1801 The population is 10,096

1832 Cholera strikes

1835 The Lynn and West Norfolk
Norfolk
Hospital opens

1847 The railway reaches King's Lynn

1861 The county court is built

1869 Alexandra Dock is built

1883 Bentinck Dock is built

1904 A museum opens

1905 A public library opens

1910 The first cinema opens

1962 It is decided King's Lynn
King's Lynn
should be an overflow town for London

1972 Gayton Road Fire Station moves to the brand new site on Kilham's Way

1982 Lynnsport opens

1991 True's Yard Fishing Museum opens

1992 The Town House Museum opens

2010 The Bridge for Heroes Contact Centre opens

2015 A second fire station is opened by the Queen on Horsleys Fields, South Lynn

TOPONYMY

The etymology of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
is uncertain. The name Lynn is said to be derived from the body of water near the town: the Celtic word llyn, means a lake; but the name is plausibly of Anglo-Saxon origin, from the word lean, implying a tenure in fee or farm. As the Domesday Book mentions many saltings at Lena (Lynn), an area of partitioned pools or small lakes may have existed there at that time (1085). The salt may even have contributed to Herbert de Losinga's interest in the modest parish.

For a time it was named Len Episcopi (Bishop's Lynn) while under the jurisdiction, both temporal and spiritual, of the Bishop of Norwich
Norwich
; but during the reign of Henry VIII
Henry VIII
it was surrendered to the crown, and it then assumed the name of Lenne Regis, or King's Lynn.

In the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
, it is known as Lun, and Lenn; and is described as the property of the Bishop of Elmham , and the Archbishop of Canterbury .

The town is and has been for generations generally known by its inhabitants and local people simply as Lynn. The city of Lynn, Massachusetts , just north of Boston
Boston
, was named in 1637 in honour of its first official minister of religion, Samuel Whiting, who arrived at the new settlement from Lynn, Norfolk.

MIDDLE AGES

Lynn originated as a settlement on a constricted site to the south of where the River Great Ouse exits to the Wash. Development began in the early 10th century, but the place was not recorded until the early 11th century. Until the early 13th century, the Great Ouse emptied via the Wellstream at Wisbech
Wisbech
. After the redirection of the Great Ouse in the 13th century, Lynn and its port became significant and prosperous.

In 1101, Bishop Herbert de Losinga of Thetford
Thetford
began to construct the first mediaeval town between two rivers, the Purfleet to the north and Mill Fleet to the south. He commissioned St Margaret\'s Church and authorised a market. In the same year, the bishop granted the people of Lynn the right to hold a market on Saturday. Trade built up along the waterways that stretched inland and the town expanded between the two rivers.

EARLY MODERN

Hanseatic Warehouse

During the 14th century, Lynn ranked as England's most important port. It was considered as vital to England
England
during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
as Liverpool
Liverpool
was during the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
. Sea trade with Europe was dominated by the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
of ports; the transatlantic trade and the rise of England's western ports did not begin until the 17th century. The Trinity Guildhall was rebuilt in 1421 after a fire. It is possible that the Guildhall of St George is the largest and oldest in England. Walls entered by the South Gate and East Gate were erected to protect the town. The town retains two former Hanseatic League warehouses: Hanse House built in 1475 and Marriott's Warehouse, in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. They are the only remaining buildings from the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
in England.

In the first decade of the 16th century, Thoresby College was built by Thomas Thoresby to house priests of the Guild of The Holy Trinity in Lynn. The guild had been incorporated in 1453 on the petition of its alderman, chaplain, four brethren and four sisters. The guildsmen were licensed to found a chantry of chaplains to celebrate at the altar of Holy Trinity in Wisbech
Wisbech
, and to grant to the chaplains lands in mortmain . In 1524 Lynn acquired a mayor and corporation. In 1537 the king took control of the town from the bishop and in the 16th century the town's two annual fairs were reduced to one. In 1534 a grammar school was founded and four years later Henry VIII
Henry VIII
closed the Benedictine priory and the three friaries.

During the 16th century a piped water supply was created, although many could not afford to be connected: elm pipes carried water under the streets. King's Lynn
King's Lynn
suffered from outbreaks of plague , notably in 1516, 1587, 1597, 1636 and the last in 1665. Fire was another hazard and in 1572 thatched roofs were banned to reduce the risk. During the English Civil War
English Civil War
, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
supported Parliament, but in August 1643, after a change in government, the town changed sides. Parliament sent an army, and the town was besieged for three weeks before it surrendered.

A heart carved on the wall of the Tuesday Market Place commemorates the burning of an alleged witch, Margaret Read, in 1590. It is said that as she was burning her heart burst from her body and struck the wall. The Custom House

In 1683, the architect Henry Bell , who was once the town's mayor, designed the Custom House . Bell also designed the Duke's Head Inn, the North Runcton Church , and Stanhoe Hall. His artistic inspiration was the result of travelling Europe as a young man.

In the 16th and 17th centuries, the town's main export was grain. Lynn was no longer a major international port, although iron and timber were imported. King's Lynn
King's Lynn
suffered from the discovery of the Americas
Americas
, which benefited the ports on the west coast of England. Its trade was also affected by the growth of London.

In the late 17th century, imports of wine from Spain, Portugal and France boomed, and there was still an important coastal trade. It was cheaper to transport goods by water than by road at that time. Large quantities of coal arrived from the north-east of England.

The Fens
The Fens
began to be drained in the mid–17th century, and the land turned to agriculture, allowing vast amounts of produce to be sent to the growing market in London. Meanwhile, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
was still an important fishing port. Greenland Fishery House in Bridge Street was built in 1605. By the late 17th century shipbuilding had become important. A glass-making industry also began at that time.

In the early 18th century, Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
called the town "beautiful, well built and well situated". Shipbuilding continued to thrive, as did associated industries such as sail-making and rope-making. Glass-making was prosperous and brewing was another important industry. The first bank in King's Lynn
King's Lynn
opened in 1784.

A remarkable example of penal brutality occurred on 28 September 1708, when a seven-year-old boy, Michael Hammond, and his 11-year-old sister, Ann, were convicted of stealing a loaf of bread and sentenced to hanging . Their public executions took place near the South Gates . The Member of Parliament at the time was Sir Robert Walpole , generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
.

MODERN

King\'s Lynn railway station in July 2017

By the late 17th century, the town had begun to decline. This was only reversed by the somewhat late arrival of railway services in 1847, provided mainly by the Great Eastern Railway – subsequently the London
London
and North Eastern Railway , running to Hunstanton
Hunstanton
, Dereham and Cambridge
Cambridge
. The town was also served by the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway , which had offices in the town at Austin Street, and an important station at South Lynn (now dismantled). This was also its operational control centre until relocation to Melton Constable . The former M">

In 2010 the Bridge for Heroes Armed Forces Charity opened a contact centre, which now has an incorporated headquarters, as a support and treatment facility for those suffering from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other mental health issues.

CONTEMPORARY

Since 2004, plans have been under way to regenerate the entire town. King's Lynn
King's Lynn
has undergone a multimillion-pound regeneration scheme. King's Lynn, as viewed from across the River Great Ouse

In 2005, the Vancouver
Vancouver
Shopping Centre, (since renamed the Vancouver Quarter) originally built in the 1960s, was refurbished as part of the scheme, with a life expectancy of only 25 years according to the construction firm, and an extension is planned. A new award-winning £6 million multi-storey car park was built.

To the south of town, a large area of brownfield land is being transformed into a housing estate locally known as Balamory, after the children's TV programme, and there were ambitions to build another housing estate alongside the River Nar , but these developments were vehemently opposed by local people and the economic situation has brought them to a halt. There is also a business park, parkland, a school, shops and a new relief road in a £300 million+ scheme.

In 2006, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
became the United Kingdom's first member of The Hanse (Die Hanse), a network of towns and cities across Europe which historically belonged to the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
. Originally this was a highly influential medieval trading association of merchant towns around the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
and the North Sea
North Sea
, which contributed to the development of King's Lynn.

The Borough Council commissioned a report by DTZ and accepted by the Borough Council published in 2008 which describes King's Lynn
King's Lynn
as having a workforce "low value" with a "low skills base". The town was further described as having a "poor lifestyle offer". The quality of services and amenities was described as "unattractive to higher value inward investors and professional employees with higher disposable incomes". Average earnings are well below regional and national levels, and a large number of jobs that do exist in tourism, leisure and hotels are both subject to seasonal fluctuations and are poorly paid. Education and workforce qualifications are described also as being below the national average. The borough ranks 150 out of 354 in terms of deprivation.

In 2009, a proposal was submitted for the Campbell's Meadow factory site to be redeveloped to include an 5-hectare (12-acre) employment and business park. This plan had been rejected in favour of Sainsburys, but in June 2011 Tesco
Tesco
was given permission to open a superstore. On 8 June 2010, Tesco
Tesco
unveiled its regeneration plans for the site that would cost £32 million, and might create 900 jobs overall.

Tesco
Tesco
also pledged £4 million of improvements in other areas of the town. Whilst it planned to spend £1.6 million widening the Hardwick Road, the Sainsburys bid was preferred by the Council as it offered more benefits to the town.

The £40 million plans of Sainsbury\'s for a new superstore, opposite Tesco
Tesco
on the Pinguin Foods site, created an estimated 300 jobs. This was the key to securing the future of Pinguin Foods in King's Lynn. Pinguin Foods is released 12 acres (49,000 m2) of its 44-acre (180,000 m2) site, to accommodate the proposed store. Mortson Assets and Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
plan included creating a new link road between Scania Way and Queen Elizabeth Way to improve access and allow the industrial estate to expand and attract new employers, whilst Sainsbury's maintains their store in the town centre. Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
has pledged £1.75 million for highways improvements and a further £7 million to invest in the Pinguin Foods factory. Campbell's tower in 2006

At 8.00 am on the morning of Sunday 15 January 2012 the landmark Campbell's Tower was demolished by competition-winner Sarah Griffiths, whose father, Mick Locke (52) had died after being scalded by a blast of steam at the factory in 1995. It was Campbell's first UK factory when it opened in the 1950s, employing hundreds of local workers. At its peak in the early 1990s, it employed more than 700 workers.

A new fire station was opened by the Queen in February 2015.

GOVERNANCE

Historically part of the county of Norfolk, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
was made a county borough in 1883. The present Borough of King\'s Lynn and West Norfolk
Norfolk
was formed by the amalgamation of the Borough of King\'s Lynn , the Downham Market Urban District , the Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Urban District , the Docking Rural District , the Downham Rural District , the Freebridge Lynn Rural District , and the Marshland Rural District .

COAT OF ARMS

Coat of arms of King\'s Lynn and West Norfolk
Norfolk

The shield in the coat of arms of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk
Norfolk
is the arms of the ancient Borough of King's Lynn, which was recorded at the College of Arms in 1563. The shield shows the legend of Margaret of Antioch , who has been portrayed on the Seals of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
since the 13th century, and to whom the Parish Church is dedicated. The heraldic badge of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk
Norfolk

The per chevron division and the addition of a bordure serve to make the shield distinct from its predecessor while retaining its medieval simplicity. The bordure also suggests the wider boundaries of the new authority, and the new shield is composed of seven parts to symbolise the seven authorities which were amalgamated.

The gull depicted on the crest is a maritime reference. It appeared as a supporter in some representations of the arms, but officially it stands on a bollard in order to make it distinctive. It is supported with a crown or coronet like the King's Lynn
King's Lynn
supporter, and the lion in the crest of Downham Market Urban District Council coat of arms.

The coronet refers to the Borough's royal connections. The cross held by the gull is an extension of the two in the shield, and the cross in the coat of arms of Freebridge Lynn Rural District .

The supporters are based on the crest of the Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Urban District Council. The lion is a variation of the lions, or leopards, in the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and its fish tail suggests the borough's links with the sea.

The fish–lion is also the centre feature in the borough's badge, but here it is surrounded by a garland of oakleaves as a reference to the rural nature of much of the district. Oakleaves are also a feature of the coronet in the crest of the former Downham Market Urban District Council.

TWINNING

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
has three twin towns :

* Emmerich am Rhein , Germany * Jičín / Mladá Boleslav , Czech Republic * Sandringham , near Melbourne
Melbourne
, Australia

GEOGRAPHY

TOPOGRAPHY

The mouth of Gaywood River

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
is the northernmost settlement on the River Great Ouse , situated 97 miles (156 km) north of London
London
and 44 miles (71 km) west of Norwich
Norwich
. The town lies about 5 miles (8 km) south of the Wash , a fourfold estuary subject to dangerous tides and shifting sandbanks, on the north-west margin of East Anglia
East Anglia
. King's Lynn
King's Lynn
has an area of 11 square miles (28 km2).

The Great Ouse at Lynn is about 200 metres (220 yd) wide and is the outfall for much of the drainage system of the Fens . The much smaller Gaywood River also flows through the town, joining the Great Ouse at the southern end of South Quay close to the town centre.

A small part, known as West Lynn , is on the west bank, and linked to the town centre by one of the oldest ferries in the country. Other districts of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
include the town centre, North Lynn , South Lynn , and Gaywood .

CLIMATE

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
has a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen : Cfb ). The annual mean daytime temperature is approximately 14 °C (57 °F ). January is the coldest month with mean minimum temperatures between 0 to 1 °C (32.0 to 33.8 °F). July and August are the warmest months, with mean daily maximum temperatures of approximately 21 °C (70 °F).

There are two Met Office
Met Office
weather stations close to King's Lynn: Terrington St Clement, about 4 miles (6 km) to the west and RAF Marham, about 10 miles (16 km) to the south south east.

The absolute maximum temperature at Terrington stands at 35.1 °C (95.2 °F) recorded in August 2003, though in a more average year the warmest day will only reach 29.4 °C (84.9 °F), with 13.8 days in total attaining a temperature of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or more. Typically all these figures are marginally cooler than the southern half of the Fens due to the not uncommon presence of an onshore sea breeze, and occasional haar (cold sea fog), particularly in early summer and late spring. However, with a strong enough offshore breeze, the area can be notably warm. Terrington (along with Cambridge Botanical Gardens) achieved the national highest temperature of 2007, 30.1 °C (86.2 °F)

The absolute minimum at Terrington is −15.4 °C (4.3 °F), set in January 1979. A total of 41.6 nights will report an air frost at Terrington and 51.9 nights at Marham.

Annual rainfall totals 621 mm (24 in) at Marham, and 599 mm (24 in) at Terrington, with 1 mm or more falling on 115 and 113 days, respectively. All averages refer to the 30-year observation period 1971–2000.

CLIMATE DATA FOR TERRINGTON ST CLEMENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 13.9 (57) 17.4 (63.3) 24.4 (75.9) 25.3 (77.5) 28.4 (83.1) 32.4 (90.3) 33.5 (92.3) 35.1 (95.2) 29.0 (84.2) 25.0 (77) 17.8 (64) 16.4 (61.5) 35.1 (95.2)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 6.5 (43.7) 7.1 (44.8) 10.0 (50) 12.2 (54) 15.9 (60.6) 18.7 (65.7) 21.5 (70.7) 21.8 (71.2) 18.4 (65.1) 14.2 (57.6) 9.5 (49.1) 7.2 (45) 13.58 (56.46)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 0.9 (33.6) 1.0 (33.8) 2.6 (36.7) 3.9 (39) 6.7 (44.1) 9.5 (49.1) 11.4 (52.5) 11.4 (52.5) 9.7 (49.5) 6.8 (44.2) 3.4 (38.1) 1.8 (35.2) 5.76 (42.36)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −15.4 (4.3) −12.8 (9) −8.3 (17.1) −5.4 (22.3) −4.2 (24.4) 0.0 (32) 2.7 (36.9) 3.3 (37.9) –1.7 −4.3 (24.3) −8.2 (17.2) −11.5 (11.3) −15.4 (4.3)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 54.65 (2.1516) 36.43 (1.4343) 46.75 (1.8406) 42.73 (1.6823) 47.97 (1.8886) 51.13 (2.013) 45.73 (1.8004) 54.53 (2.1469) 53.51 (2.1067) 55.07 (2.1681) 57.86 (2.278) 52.44 (2.0646) 598.79 (23.5744)

Source: KNMI

Climate data for Marham MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 7.1 (44.8) 10.0 (50) 12.2 (54) 16.2 (61.2) 19.0 (66.2) 21.7 (71.1) 21.8 (71.2) 18.6 (65.5) 14.3 (57.7) 9.7 (49.5) 7.4 (45.3) 13.8 (56.8)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 0.5 (32.9) 0.6 (33.1) 2.3 (36.1) 4.0 (39.2) 6.9 (44.4) 9.7 (49.5) 11.8 (53.2) 11.8 (53.2) 9.6 (49.3) 6.6 (43.9) 3.2 (37.8) 1.6 (34.9) 5.7 (42.3)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 54.7 (2.154) 38.5 (1.516) 49.5 (1.949) 46.8 (1.843) 48.1 (1.894) 55.9 (2.201) 44.1 (1.736) 50.5 (1.988) 54.9 (2.161) 59.8 (2.354) 63.3 (2.492) 55.3 (2.177) 621.3 (24.461)

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 53.6 73.2 101.7 150.6 204.3 191.1 202.7 192.8 139.8 109.7 69.0 48.1 1,536.6

Source: Met Office
Met Office

PARKS

The town has several public parks , the largest one being the Walks , a historic 17 hectare urban park in the centre of King's Lynn. The Walks is the only surviving town walk in Norfolk
Norfolk
from the 18th century. The Heritage Lottery Fund donated £4.3 million towards restoration on the park, including the addition of modern amenities. The Walks is also the location of the Red Mount, a Grade II -listed 15th century chapel . In 1998, the Walks was designated by English Heritage as a Grade II National historic park
National historic park
. The Walks as a whole had a different and earlier origin, in that it was at first conceived not as a municipal park, as one understands the term today, but as a single promenade for the citizens away from the smell, grime and bustle of the town centre. Harding's Pits is another public park and lies to the south of the town. It is an attractive informal area of open space with large public sculptures erected to reflect the history of the town. Harding's Pits is managed by local volunteers under a management company and has so far successfully fought off the Borough Council's attempts to turn it into an attenuation drain.

DEMOGRAPHY

In 2007, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
had a population of 42,800. At Norfolk's 2007 census, King's Lynn, together with West Norfolk, had a population of 143,500, with an average population density of 1.00 persons per hectare. For figures after 2011 see King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk.

ECONOMY

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
has always been a centre for the fishing and seafood industry (especially inshore prawns, shrimps and cockles). There have also been glass-making and small-scale engineering works (many fairground and steam engines were built here), and today, it is still the location for much agricultural-related industry including food processing. There are a number of chemical factories and the town retains a role as an import centre. It is a regional centre for what is still a sparsely populated part of England.

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
was the fastest growing port in Great Britain in 2008. The figures from the Department for Transport
Department for Transport
show that trade in the King's Lynn
King's Lynn
increased by 33 per cent.

In 2008, the German Palm Group began to erect one of the world's largest paper machines. The machine was constructed by Voith Paper . With a web speed of up to 2000 m/min and a web width of 10.63m, it can produce 400.000 per year of newsprint paper. The production is based on 100% recycled paper. The start-up was on 21 August 2009. A panoramic view of the Vancouver
Vancouver
Shopping District

The Port
Port
of King\'s Lynn has facilities for dry bulk cargo such as cereals and liquid bulk products such as petroleum products for Pace Petroleum . It also handles timber imported from Scandinavia
Scandinavia
and the Baltics , and has large handling sheds for steel imports.

RETAIL

The Vancouver
Vancouver
Shopping District at night

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
is the primary retail centre in West Norfolk, as well as being the principal centre for people living outside the border of West Norfolk. The town centre is dominated by budget shops reflecting the spending power of much of the population. The town centre fulfils a leisure role with entertainment centres, bars and restaurants, and has a range of service functions. There are around 5,300 retailing jobs.

The town centre has 73,000 sq.m. of retail floor space in 347 shops, which is greater than the comparable centres of Bury St Edmunds
Bury St Edmunds
and Boston
Boston
. However, whilst the percentage of floor space in comparison shopping and that occupied by multiple retailers is above the national average, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
offers limited range of choice.

TOURISM

See also: Buildings in King\'s Lynn

Tourism in King's Lynn
King's Lynn
is a minor industry but still attracts many visitors to its historic centre. The town acts as a base for visiting the Queen\'s home at Sandringham and other great country houses in the area. Within the town and stretching across the nearby Fenland are some of the finest historic churches in Britain, built at a time when King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and its hinterland were very wealthy from trade and wool.

TRANSPORT

MAJOR ROUTES

The town is connected to the local cities of Norwich
Norwich
and Peterborough via the A47 and to Cambridge
Cambridge
via the A10 . Also it is connected to Spalding and The North via the A17 . As well as to other parts of Norfolk
Norfolk
by the A148 and the A149

SOUTH TRANSPORT PROJECT

The developments taking place as part of the King's Lynn
King's Lynn
South Transport Project

A £7 million programme to redevelop King's Lynn's Town Centre's infrastructure is due for completion in 2011. The majority of the money is provided by the Community Infrastructure Fund . The department programme is a collection of smaller developments which are detailed below.

Work on a cycle and bus route between the town centre and South Lynn was started in June 2010 at a cost of £850,000. It will be 720 metres long, running from Morston Drift to Millfleet, with buses travelling in both directions. It will feature a separate path for pedestrians and bicycles, which will coincide with the bus route when crossing the Nar sluice. As part of the development, the Millfleet–St James' Road junction will be developed to cope with the expected increase in bus and bike traffic.

A contraflow lane for bicycles was proposed, but will not be built along Norfolk
Norfolk
Street from Albert Street to Blackfriars Road. This would have included a development of the Norfolk
Norfolk
Road–Railway Road junction to better accommodate buses and bicycles. Similar work was to have taken place at the Norfolk
Norfolk
Street–Littleport Street junction, so that buses would not get caught in the town-centre gyratory system.

Bus priority measures will be added to four sets of traffic lights along St James' Road. This will give buses quicker access to the town centre and normalise journey times.

Southgates Roundabout has also been redeveloped. Many of its approach roads will be widened in the run up to the junction and the road markings will be redone in an attempt to improve lane discipline. Southgates Roundabout is a noted congestion hot spot.

Other small developments are taking place to make junctions more car-friendly.

RAIL

A Class 365 train at King\'s Lynn railway station in November 2009

King\'s Lynn railway station is the only rail facility in King's Lynn. It is the terminus for the Fen Line . The station provides services to Cambridge
Cambridge
and London
London
King\'s Cross . South Lynn railway station closed to passengers in 1959, and the line to Hunstanton
Hunstanton
was closed to passengers in 1969.

West Norfolk
Norfolk
Council are considering reopening a railway route between the King's Lynn railway station and the Hunstanton
Hunstanton
railway station . The possibility of reinstating the line was proposed at a meeting of the council's Regeneration and Environment Panel on 29 October 2008. This had last been discussed in the 1990s. An environmental case was made for reviving the line to relieve road congestion.

MEDIA

NEWSPAPERS

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
has two local newspapers, Your Local Paper is the largest distributed paper within West Norfolk, it is a free independent newspaper that is printed by The Guardian once-weekly on a Friday. The Lynn News is a twice-weekly newspaper largely funded by advertising , owned by East Midlands Newspapers. The Lynn News has one regional sister newspaper; the Peterborough
Peterborough
Evening Telegraph .

RADIO

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
is served by KL.FM 96.7 of West Norfolk, a commercial radio station with local programmes.

TELEVISION

The local college runs a web-based TV station produced by the media department's students, entitled SpringboardTV.com, and runs an awards ceremony at the end of every academic year. This year, the station itself won an award for most outstanding media department within the entire United Kingdom.

For broadcast television, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
is served by BBC East , BBC Yorkshire and Lincolnshire , ITV Anglia , and ITV Yorkshire .

EDUCATION

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
has four secondary schools , three of which are in the town; King Edward VII School , the King\'s Lynn Academy , and Springwood High School . The fourth, St Clements High School , is in the nearby village of Terrington St Clement . The first is known, academically, for its physical education department. King's Lynn Academy is known for its maths and IT specialities, while Springwood specialises in performing arts and drama. The nearest independent school is Wisbech
Wisbech
Grammar School in Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
.

The town contains a further education college, the College of West Anglia , founded in 1894 as the King's Lynn
King's Lynn
Technical School. In 1973, it was renamed the Norfolk
Norfolk
College of Arts and Technology, and in 1998 it merged with the Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
College of Agriculture and Horticulture, which added campuses in Wisbech
Wisbech
and Milton . In April 2006, the college merged with the Isle College in Wisbech
Wisbech
to form the College of West Anglia.

CULTURE

ARTS

Lady Ruth Fermoy , an accomplished concert pianist, moved to King's Lynn in 1931, as the bride of Lord Edmund Fermoy , who was to become the mayor and MP of the town. She demonstrated her affection for the town by organising concerts to give the local people the chance to listen to professional music of the highest standard.

In 1951 to complement the Festival of Britain
Festival of Britain
, Lady Fermoy organised the King's Lynn
King's Lynn
Festival of the Arts. She was a close friend and lady-in-waiting to the Queen – later to become Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother – who agreed to become the festival's patron, and in July 1951 officially opened the restored St George's Guildhall. The Queen Mother was an enthusiastic and active supporter who remained the festival's patron until her death in March 2002.

FESTIVAL

The King\'s Lynn Festival, established in 1951, remains the premier music and arts festival in West Norfolk, attracting many visitors to the town each year for performances by internationally renowned artists. The festival is primarily known for its classical music programme, but it also hosts jazz, choral, folk, opera, dance, films, talks and exhibitions, with dozens of fringe events each year. The 2016 King's Lynn
King's Lynn
Festival will take place on 17–30 July – the full programme is announced in March.

LITERATURE FESTIVALS

The King's Lynn
King's Lynn
Literature Festivals are held during a single weekend in March (fiction) and September (poetry) each year, usually in the town hall.

MUSEUMS

True\'s Yard Fisherfolk Museum is a display of the social history of the North End fishermen, run entirely by volunteers. It consists of a cottage and a smokehouse. Since 2013, there has also been a local award-winning Military Museum, operated by The Bridge for Heroes Charity to raise funds. Lynn Museum , run by Norfolk
Norfolk
Museums Service, on Market Street, contains the local history of the town and a life-size replica of Seahenge .

ENTERTAINMENT

Festival Too is held on Tuesday Market Place every summer. Past performers include Midge Ure , Deacon Blue , Suzi Quatro , 10cc , Mungo Jerry , the Human League , the Buzzcocks , M People , Atomic Kitten , Kieran Woodcock, S Club
S Club
, and Beverley Knight
Beverley Knight
.

The Majestic Cinema , located in the town centre, is the town's only cinema.

King's Lynn's main venue for concerts, stand-up comedy shows and other live events is the Corn Exchange, located on Tuesday Market Place. With many smaller venues such as Bar Red and the Wenns supporting the vibrant local music scene as well as many unsigned acts from other parts of the country. The Mart on the Tuesday Market Place

MART

During the 16th century, King's Lynn's Tuesday Market Place hosted two important trade fairs which attracted visitors from as far as Italy and Germany. As the importance of trade fairs declined, the Mart's nature changed to become a funfair , and was reduced to a single annual event that begins on 14 February (Valentine\'s Day ) and lasts about a fortnight.

The Mart is also a memorial to the work of Frederick Savage, a man who worked in partnership with the Showmen\'s Guild of Great Britain to develop new attractions .

SPORTS

King\'s Lynn F.C. club (nicknamed "The Linnets") played football in the Northern Premier League . It had its ground at the Walks Stadium on Tennyson Road. It was officially wound up in the High Court in December 2009. In 2010 it re-formed with the new name of King\'s Lynn Town F.C. .

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
also has a speedway team, the King\'s Lynn Stars , who race at the Adrian Flux Arena on Saddlebow Road. The track has operated since 1965 on an open licence. It hosted Speedway-type events in the 1950s.

The Town's National League Basketball Club, King's Lynn
King's Lynn
Fury, play out of Lynnsport and have represented the town in National Competition since 2004. Lynn Nets, formed in 2008, also run a programme in local competition.

The historic local field hockey team, The Pelicans, which dates its formation to 1920, currently plays at Lynnsport, having been based in nearby North Runcton until 1996.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Nick Aldis (born 1986), wrestler known as Magnus etc., is billed as from King's Lynn. * Robert Armin (c. 1563–1615), actor with Lord Chamberlain\'s Men and writer, was born in Bishop's Lynn. * Thomas Baines
Thomas Baines
(1820–1875), painter and explorer in Africa and Australia, was born in King's Lynn. * William Baly (1814–1861), physician extraordinary to Queen Victoria , was born and raised in King's Lynn. * Emily Bell (born 1965), journalist and academic, was born in King's Lynn. * Martin Brundle (born 1959), racing driver, was born in King's Lynn, as was his racing-driver son Alex in 1990. * Frederick Robert Buckley (1896–1976), author and broadcaster * Charles Burney
Charles Burney
(1726–1814), historian of music, served as organist of St Margaret\'s Church for nine years from 1751. * Charles Burney
Charles Burney
(1757–1817), scholar and bibliophile, was born in Lynn. * Frances Burney (1752–1840), novelist ( Evelina etc.) and diarist, was born in Lynn. * Sarah Burney (1772–1884), novelist, was born in Lynn. * John Capgrave (1393–1464), prior, historian and theologian, was born and died in Bishop's Lynn. * Richard Carpenter (1929–2012), actor, screenwriter and author, was born in King's Lynn. * Gerry Conway (born 1947), percussionist with Cat Stevens
Cat Stevens
etc., was born in King's Lynn. * G. G. Coulton (1858–1947), historian and controversialist, was born and partly educated in King's Lynn. * Samuel Gurney Cresswell (1827–1847), naval captain and Northwest Passage explorer, was born and died in King's Lynn. * Joseph Dines (born 1886), England
England
amateur international footballer and Olympic gold medallist (1912), was born in King's Lynn. * Clara Dow (1883–1969), soprano in Gilbert and Sullivan
Gilbert and Sullivan
operas, was born in King's Lynn. * Charles Wycliffe Goodwin (1817–1878) Egyptologist , bible scholar and judge of British Supreme Court for China and Japan was born and raised in King's Lynn. (Brother of Harvey Goodwin ) * Francis Goodwin (1784–1835), architect, was born in King's Lynn and kept a house there. * Harvey Goodwin (1818–1891), bishop and religious writer, was born and raised in King's Lynn. (Brother of Charles Wycliffe Goodwin )

* Florence Green (1901–2012), one of Britain's oldest people and last surviving British World War I
World War I
veteran, moved to King's Lynn
King's Lynn
in 1920. * William Gurnall (1616–1679), author and clergyman * Ian Hamilton (1938–2001), poet and critic, was born in King's Lynn to Scottish parents. * Deaf Havana (formed 2005), English post-hardcore rock band consisting of James Veck-Gilodi, Lee Wilson, Tom Ogden and Chris Pennells, was formed in King's Lynn. * Charles Edward Hubbard (1900–1980), botanist specializing in grasses, attended King Edward VII Grammar School . * John Hullier (c. 1520–1556) Protestant martyr, was burnt at the stake for preaching in Lynn. * Kathryn Johnson (born 1967), Olympic field hockey player, was born in King's Lynn. * Sir Benjamin Keene (1697–1757), diplomat successful in Spain, was born and educated in King's Lynn. * Margery Kempe (c. 1373 – 1438 or after), visionary and first autobiographer in the English language, was born and probably died in Bishop's Lynn. * Anne Long (c. 1681–1711), society beauty and friend of Jonathan Swift , fled from creditors to King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and died there. * George North (born 1992), Wales rugby union international, was born in King's Lynn. * Barbara Parker (born 1982), Olympic track and field athlete, was born and educated in King's Lynn. * Lucy Pearson (born 1972), women's test cricketer and educationalist, was born in King's Lynn. * Martin Saggers (born 1972), England
England
cricketer and umpire, was born and raised in King's Lynn. * Jack Hardiman Scott (1920–1999), journalist, broadcaster and novelist, was born in King's Lynn. * William Richards (1749–1818), Baptist minister, wrote a history of Lynn. * Edward Villiers Rippingille (c. 1790–1859), genre and portrait painter, was born in King's Lynn
King's Lynn
of farming parents. * Joan G. Robinson (1910–1988), children's writer, lived in King's Lynn with her husband, writer Richard Gavin Robinson. * Helen Slatter (born 1970), Olympic swimmer, was born in King's Lynn. * Roger Taylor (born 1949) musician and drummer of Queen , born in King's Lynn. * Adam Thoroughgood (1604–1640), leading colonist in Virginia Colony , was born and raised in Lynn. * Simon Thurley (born 1962), architectural historian and head of English Heritage
English Heritage
, owns a second home in King's Lynn. * George Vancouver
George Vancouver
(1757–1798), naval officer and explorer for whom Vancouver
Vancouver
, BC , is named, was born in Lynn. * Lucy Verasamy (living), TV weather forecaster, attended King Edward VII School. * Ali Price (born 1993), Scotland Rugby Union player, born in King's Lynn.

LOCATION

‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

ADJACENT PLACES OF KING\'S LYNN

Boston
Boston
Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Fakenham

Spalding

East Dereham
Dereham

KING\'S LYNN

Wisbech
Wisbech
Downham Market Swaffham

IN POPULAR CULTURE

Ruth Galloway, the fictional heroine of Elly Griffiths ' novels, is a forensic anthropologist who lives in a cottage near King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and teaches at the University of North Norfolk.

MEDIA APPEARANCES

King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and surrounding villages have since the early 20th century been popular with film and later TV producers. Due to its architecture and landscape, the area often stands in for other parts of the world, notably the Netherlands and France. The town appeared as the Netherlands in The Silver Fleet (1943) and One of Aircraft Is Missing (1942), and Germany in Operation Crossbow in 1965. It appeared as France in \'Allo \'Allo! , the long-running BBC comedy, and nearby Fenland villages appeared as France in Joe Wright's Atonement . The nearby sandpit at Bawsey/Leziate appeared as the Sudan in an the BBC series, Dad's Army, while flashback sequences of Corporal Jones's war recollections were cited here in the episode "Two and a Half Feathers", which was drew on the classic 1902 A. E. W. Mason novel The Four Feathers. The sequences integrated footage from the 1939 Alexander Korda
Alexander Korda
film production and dramatic music from the DeWolfe music library.

The town served as an earlier Dutch New York
York
in the 1985 feature film Revolution (1985 film)Revolution. Produced by the British production company Goldcrest and starring Al Pacino
Al Pacino
, it was a box-office disaster. Many locals were used as extras. The BBC series Lovejoy also used the town, as did the Anglia Television series Tales Of The Unexpected and the Granada series Sherlock Holmes , starring Jeremy Brett in the title role. The last had King's Lynn
King's Lynn
as the Limehouse area of London, with old back streets and listed buildings appearing as an opium den. The recognisable Town Hall, with its flint-coated front, appeared near the beginning of the episode, which was called The Man With the Twisted Lip.

In the early 2000s, the BBC used the town bus station, local roads and the nearby Royal estate of Sandringham in the comedy drama series Grass , featuring Simon Day . It has in the last few years appeared many times on programmes such as the BBC's Antiques Road Trip , Flog It! , and a BBC Four
BBC Four
documentary following the trail of John, King of England
England
and how he lost his treasure in the Wash. The nearby village of Castle Rising appeared in the 1980s Oscar-winning feature 'Out Of Africa' as a Danish port.

* King\'s Lynn Minster (St Margaret's) * King\'s Lynn Power Station * List of buildings in King\'s Lynn * List of people from King\'s Lynn

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D "CAn Overview of King\'s Lynn and West Norfolk
Norfolk
– Part 1" (PDF). 2007. pp. 2, 4. Retrieved 15 May 2010. * ^ A B C D E F Lewis, Samuel (1848). "Lynn, or Lynn-Regis". A Topographical Dictionary of England. pp. 203–208. * ^ "Brief History of Lynn". Ci.lynn.ma.us. 30 May 1912. Retrieved 9 August 2012. * ^ "History of Lynn" Volume 1 by William Richards M.A. 1812 * ^ "History and Heritage of King\'s Lynn". Borough Council of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
& West Norfolk. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010. * ^ Lambert, Tim. "A history of King\'s Lynn". Retrieved 2 June 2010. * ^ "King\'s Lynn". Poppyland Publishing. Retrieved 8 June 2010. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Hanse House (1195393)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 12 January 2014. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Marriott\'s Warehouse (1212000)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 12 January 2014. * ^ Pugh, R.B. (2002). "Guild of the Holy Trinity". A History of the County of Cambridge
Cambridge
and the Isle of Ely: Volume 4: City of Ely; Ely, N. and S. Witchford and Wisbech
Wisbech
Hundreds. pp. 255–256. * ^ Castelow, Ellen. "The history of witches in Britain". Historic UK. Retrieved 22 August 2014. * ^ "Custom House, King\'s Lynn". Eastern Daily Press . Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010. * ^ "18th of December 1969, Death penalty abolished". 1 April 2007. Retrieved 14 March 2013. * ^ "Zeppelin L4 (LZ-27) crashed at Denmark, fuel shortage eZEP-blog". Blog.ezep.de. Retrieved 9 August 2012. * ^ A B Charity site. Retrieved 1 June 2015. * ^ "King\'s Lynn, a Hanse League Member". King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk
Norfolk
Borough Council Website. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2007. * ^ "Economic Impact Assessment of King\'s Lynn Marina" (PDF). June 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2010. * ^ "Welcome to Campbells Meadow". Tesco
Tesco
. 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2010. * ^ A B C "Supermarket giants battle it out for Hardwick contract". Lynn News . 8 June 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010. * ^ "A New Sainsbury\'s for King\'s Lynn". Sainsbury\'s . 2009. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2010. * ^ "Video: Thousands gather to watch Campbell\'s tower demolished in King\'s Lynn – News – Eastern Daily Press". Edp24.co.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2012. * ^ Winchester, Levi (2 February 2015). "Queen and Duke of Edinburgh brave the cold to open new fire station in King\'s Lynn". Daily Express. * ^ A B C D E F "King\'s Lynn and West Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council". Civic Heraldry. Retrieved 27 May 2010. * ^ * ^ "Stadt Emmerich am Rhein". Emmerich am Rhein . Retrieved 15 May 2010. * ^ OS Explorer Map 250 – Norfolk
Norfolk
Coast West. Ordnance Survey. 2002. ISBN 0-319-21886-4 . * ^ OS Explorer Map 236 – King's Lynn, Downham Market & Swaffham. Ordnance Survey. 1999. ISBN 0-319-21867-8 . * ^ "Met Office: Climate averages 1971–2000". Met Office
Met Office
. 2000. Retrieved 15 May 2010. * ^ "2003 maximum". Retrieved 28 February 2011. * ^ "1971-00 average warmest day". Retrieved 28 February 2011. * ^ "1971-00 >25c days". Retrieved 28 February 2011. * ^ "2007 maximum". Retrieved 28 February 2011. * ^ "1979 minimum". Retrieved 28 February 2011. * ^ "average rainfall". Retrieved 28 February 2011. * ^ "average raindays". Retrieved 28 February 2011. * ^ "Climate Normals 1971–2000". KNMI. Retrieved 28 February 2011. * ^ "Marham 1971–2000 climate averages". Met Office
Met Office
. Retrieved July 1, 2010. * ^ "The Walks". King's Lynn
King's Lynn
Online. Archived from the original on 18 May 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2010. * ^ "King\'s Lynn is fastest growing port in Britain". Business Weekly. 4 November 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2014. * ^ "Standorte – King\'s Lynn – English". The Palm Group. Retrieved 25 May 2010. * ^ " Port
Port
of Kings Lynn: Comodities". Associated British Ports. Retrieved 25 May 2010. * ^ A B "The Vision for King\'s Lynn 2000-2023" (PDF). April 2004. pp. 2, 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2010. * ^ A B C D E F "King\'s Lynn South Transport Major Scheme" (PDF). Retrieved 17 November 2009. * ^ "Lynn- Hunstanton
Hunstanton
rail line re-opening hope revived". Lynn News . 29 October 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2010. * ^ "Lynn News". Lynn News . Retrieved 27 May 2010. * ^ "West Norfolk\'s KL.FM 96.7". KL.FM 96.7 . Retrieved 25 May 2010. * ^ A B "King Edward VII School". King Edward VII School . Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. * ^ "The Park High School". The Park High School . Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. * ^ "Springwood High School". Springwood High School . Archived from the original on 8 June 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. * ^ "History of College". College of West Anglia . Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010. * ^ A B "History of the King\'s Lynn Festival". kingslynnfestival.org.uk. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. * ^ "Fleur Adcock, David Harsent Katy Evans-Bush, Matthew Caley Martin Figura, Heidi Williamson Tim Liardet, Peter Scupham Christopher Reid, John Hartley Williams Estonian poet Kristiina Ehin and from Germany, Ludwig Steinherr". Lynnlitfests.com. Retrieved 9 August 2012.

* ^ Museum site: Retrieved 1 June 2015. * ^ "Kings Lynn Corn Exchange". Kings Lynn Corn Exchange. Retrieved 9 August 2012. * ^ "King\'s Lynn History". Borough Council of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk. Retrieved 6 June 2010. * ^ "history of Pelicans Hockey Club". Retrieved 8 October 2012. * ^ Retrieved 23 March 2014. * ^ ODNB: Martin Butler, "Armin, Robert (1563–1615)" Retrieved 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: Elizabeth Baigent, "Baines, (John) Thomas (1820–1875)" Retrieved 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: Bill Forsythe, "Baly, William (1814–1861)" Retrieved 24 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ Debretts. Retrieved 24 March 2014.; citation still needed for King's Lynn
King's Lynn
birth. * ^ " Martin Brundle F1 Driver Profile ESPN F1". En.espnf1.com. Retrieved 9 August 2012. * ^ Alison Gifford, KL Magazine, October 2016 The Perfect Local Ghost Story For Halloween pg 22-24 * ^ ODNB: John Wagstaff, "Burney, Charles (1726–1814)" Retrieved 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: Lars Troide, "Burney, Charles (1757–1817)" Retrieved 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: Pat Rogers, "Burney , Frances (1752–1840)" Retrieved 22 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: Lorna J. Clark, "Burney, Sarah Harriet (1772–1844)" Retrieved 22 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: Peter J. Lucas, "Capgrave, John (1393–1464)" Retrieved 22 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ Obituary. Retrieved 24 April 2014. * ^ Citation required. * ^ ODNB: Henry Summerson, "Coulton, George Gordon (1858–1947)" Retrieved 24 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ Toronto Library. Retrieved 24 March 2014. * ^ LFC History Net Retrieved 23 March 2014. * ^ Retrieved 24 March 2014. * ^ Francis Espinasse, "Goodwin, Charles Wycliffe (1817–1878)", rev. Josef L. Altholz Retrieved 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: M. H. Port, "Goodwin, Francis (1784–1835)" Retrieved 24 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: P. C. Hammond, "Goodwin, Harvey (1818–1891)" Retrieved 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ Britten, Nick (16 January 2010). "108-year-old woman emerges as Britain\'s oldest first World War veteran". The Daily Telegraph. London. * ^ "Gurnall, William (GNL632W)". A Cambridge
Cambridge
Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. * ^ ODNB: Karl Miller, "Hamilton, (Robert) Ian (1938–2001)" Retrieved 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ A B C Citation needed. * ^ Retrieved 25 March 2014. * ^ Foxe's Book of Martyrs No. 337. Retrieved 24 March 2014. * ^ SR Olympic Sports. Retrieved 24 March 2014. * ^ ODNB: M. J. Mercer, "Keene, Sir Benjamin (1697–1757)" Retrieved 24 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: Felicity Riddy, "Kempe , Margery (b. c.1373, d. in or after 1438)" Retrieved 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ J.Swift:Journal to Stella, ed. H. Williams (1948), Vol. I, pp. 118–19. * ^ College of West Anglia Hall of Fame. Retrieved 24 April 2014. Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ CricInfo profile. Retrieved 24 March 2014. * ^ ESPN Cricinfo Retrieved 23 March 2014. * ^ Obituary. Retrieved 24 March 2014. * ^ ODNB: J. A. Oddy, "Richards, William (1749–1818)", Retrieved 24 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ ODNB: Francis Greenacre, "Rippingille, Edward Villiers (c.1790–1859)" Retrieved 24 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ Kirkpatrick, D. L., ed. (1978). Twentieth-Century Children's Writers. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 1066–1068. ISBN 0-312-82413-0 . * ^ SR Olympic Sports. Retrieved 24 March 2014. * ^ Retrieved 6 November 2016 * ^ Official website. Retrieved 23 March 2014. * ^ ODNB: Andrew C. F. David, "Vancouver, George (1757–1798)" Received 23 March 2014, pay-walled. * ^ Extreme Phone Calls Pilot Geography Blog: Weather, Geography Department, King Edward School, 12 May 2006 * ^ "Ruth Galloway". Elly Griffiths' official website. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for KING\\'S LYNN .

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KING\\'S LYNN .

* King\'s Lynn at DMOZ
DMOZ
* Information from Genuki Norfolk * History of medieval

.