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SUBARU CORPORATION (株式会社SUBARU, _Kabushiki-gaisha Subaru_), formerly known as FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD. (富士重工業株式会社, _Fuji Jūkōgyō Kabushiki-gaisha_) (FHI), is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate primarily involved in aerospace and ground transportation manufacturing, known for its line of Subaru
Subaru
automobiles. The company's aerospace division serves as a defense contractor to the Japanese government, manufacturing Boeing
Boeing
and Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
helicopters and airplanes under license along with being a global development and manufacturing partner to both companies.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Divisions * 3 Leadership * 4 Bus
Bus
models * 5 Aircraft
Aircraft
* 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
traces its roots to the Nakajima Aircraft Company , a leading supplier of airplanes to the Japanese government during World War II
World War II
. At the end of World War II, Nakajima was broken up by the Allied Occupation government under _keiretsu _ legislation, and by 1950 part of the separated operation was already known as Fuji Heavy Industries.

FHI was incorporated on July 15, 1953 when five Japanese companies, known as Fuji Kogyo, Fuji Jidosha Kogyo, Omiya Fuji Kogyo, Utsunomiya Sharyo and Tokyo
Tokyo
Fuji Sangyo, joined to form one of Japan's largest manufacturers of transportation equipment.

By late 1980s, the company was a major supplier of military, aerospace and railroad equipment in Japan, but 80% of its sales came from automobiles. Sales in 1989 fell 15% to US$4.3 billion. In 1990, the company faced a loss of over US$500 million. Industrial Bank of Japan
Japan
Ltd., the main bank of the company, asked Nissan Motor which owned 4.2% of the company to step in. Nissan sent Isamu Kawai, the president of Nissan Diesel Motor Co., to take charge of FHI. In 1991, FHI started contract-manufacturing Nissan Pulsar
Nissan Pulsar
(Nissan Sunny in Europe) sedans and hatchbacks.

Currently, the company makes Subaru
Subaru
brand cars, and its aerospace division makes parts for Boeing
Boeing
, helicopters for the Japanese Self Defense Force , Raytheon
Raytheon
Hawker, and Eclipse Aviation business jets.

In 2003, the company adopted the logo of its Subaru
Subaru
division as its worldwide corporate symbol.

On October 5, 2005 Toyota Motor Corporation purchased 8.7% of FHI shares from General Motors , which had owned 20.1% since 1999. GM later divested its remaining 11.4% stake on the open market to sever all ties with FHI. FHI previously stated there might have been 27 million shares (3.4%) acquired before the start of trading by an unknown party on October 6, 2005, and speculation suggested a bank or perhaps another automaker was involved. After the purchase, Toyota announced a contract with Subaru
Subaru
on March 13, 2006 to use the underutilized Subaru
Subaru
manufacturing facility in Lafayette, Indiana , USA as well as plans to hire up to 1,000 workers and set aside an assembly line for the Camry , beginning in the second quarter of 2007.

In June 2014, the company entered into a contract with Boeing
Boeing
, as one of five major Japanese companies contracted, to build parts for Boeing\'s 777X aircraft .

In May 2016, Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
announced that it would change its name to SUBARU CORPORATION, with the change effective on April 1, 2017.

DIVISIONS

Subaru
Subaru
has four main divisions:

* The automobile division, Subaru
Subaru
. * The aerospace division is a contractor for the Japan
Japan
Defense Agency and markets and sells both commercial and defense-related aircraft , helicopters and target drones . For the Japan
Japan
Ground Self-Defence Force it has built the Bell UH-1 Iroquois , Bell AH-1 Cobra and Boeing
Boeing
AH-64 Apache helicopters. It will also be responsible for providing maintenance for the Bell- Boeing
Boeing
V-22 Osprey tilt rotor aircraft. This division previously built the FA-200 Aero Subaru
Subaru
and is currently participating in the Airbus A380
Airbus A380
, Boeing
Boeing
777 , Boeing 787 , Hawker 4000 and Eclipse 500 programs, and supplies parts for Boeing
Boeing
737 , Boeing
Boeing
747 and Boeing
Boeing
767 . * The Subaru
Subaru
Industrial Power Products division manufactures and sells commercial engines, pumps and generators which were formerly under the SUBARU-ROBIN and ROBIN brands. Subaru's industrial products division, began manufacturing "Star" engines for Polaris Industries snowmobiles in 1968 but engine manufacturing operations ended in 1998 when Polaris Industries started to build their own brand new Liberty two-stroke engines. Subaru
Subaru
remains a Polaris supplier of pistons currently, and remains an invested partner with Polaris. Subaru
Subaru
has provided more than 2 million engines used in Polaris snowmobiles, ATVs, watercraft and utility vehicles. * The eco technology division manufactures and sells garbage trucks , robot sweeper, and wind turbines . * Subaru
Subaru
discontinued the production of buses and railroad cars in 2003.

LEADERSHIP

Past presidents

* 1953–1956 — Kenji Kita * 1956–1963 — Takao Yoshida * 1963–1970 — Nobuo Yokota * 1970–1978 — Eiichi Ohara * 1978–1985 — Sadamichi Sasaki * 1985–1990 — Toshihiro Tajima * 1990–1996 — Isamu Kawai * 1996–2001 — Takeshi Tanaka * 2001–2006 — Kyoji Takenaka * 2006–2011 — Ikuo Mori

BUS MODELS

A 5E body with Isuzu Cubic chassis A 7E body articulated bus with Volvo B10M chassis A 1M body with Nissan Diesel Space Arrow chassis

* R13

* 13 * 3A/3B/3D/3E * R1/R2

* R14

* 14 * 4B/4E

* R15

* 5B/5E * R1/R2/R3 * HD1/HD2/HD3 * Double-decker

* R16

* 6B/6E * H1

* R17

* 7B/7E * 7HD * 7S

* R18

* 8B/8E

* R21

* 1M/1S

AIRCRAFT

JGSDF AH-64D (DJP) attached to the 1st Airborne Brigade January 2012

* Fuji FA-200 Aero Subaru
Subaru
(1965) - monoplane/light aircraft * Fuji/Rockwell Commander 700 (1975) - light transport * Fuji KM-2 (1962) - light primary military trainer * Fuji LM-1 Nikko (1955) - light communications military aircraft * Fuji T-1 (1958) - intermediate military jet trainer * Fuji T-3 /KM-2 (1974) - primary military trainer * Fuji T-5 /KM-2 Kai (1984) - basic military trainer * Fuji UH-1H/UH-1J (1970s/1980s) - utility helicopter ">

* ^ Former Nissan Executive Will Head Fuji LA Times Jun 29, 1990 * ^ For Bankrupt Companies, Happiness Is A Warm Keiretsu by Robert Neff Bloomberg Oct 25 1992 * ^ Fuji To Build Nissan Models Chicago Tribune Jan 27 1991 * ^ " Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
Adopts Subaru\'s Six-Star Emblem as New Corporate Symbol". Fuji Heavy Industries. 15 July 2003. Retrieved 2008-06-11. * ^ Shimizu, Kaho (2005-10-06). " Toyota
Toyota
to buy Fuji shares in GM selloff". _The Japan
Japan
Times_. * ^ " Boeing
Boeing
enters pact with Japanese consortium for supply of 777X plane parts". _Chicago Chronicle_. Retrieved 12 June 2014. * ^ Subaru
Subaru
Parent Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
Changes Its Name to Subaru Corp. * ^ Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
Ltd. To Change Company Name To Subaru Corporation * ^ FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD. CHANGES COMPANY NAME TO SUBARU CORPORATION * ^ Aircraft
Aircraft
Maintainers Demonstrate MV-22B Osprey Systems at Atsugi April 23, 2016 _DVIDS_ Retrieved November 14, 2016 * ^ Osprey noise levels measured at GSDF’s Kisarazu camp in Chiba Prefecture October 25, 2016 _ Japan
Japan
Times _ Retrieved November 14, 2016 * ^ Polaris and Fuji: A Long History of a Powerful Partnership * ^ http://www.fhi.co.jp/english/outline/section/aero.html * ^ Foreign firms bid for $2 billion chopper deal The Japan Times/Reuters _Accessed 10th October 2014_

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Companies portal

* Subaru
Subaru
Corporate