HOME
The Info List - Fiume





Rijeka
Rijeka
(Croatian pronunciation: [rijěːka] ( listen); Italian: Fiume
Fiume
[ˈfjuːme]; Slovene: Reka; German: Sankt Veit am Flaum; see other names) is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia
Croatia
(after Zagreb
Zagreb
and Split). It is located in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County
Primorje-Gorski Kotar County
on Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea and has a population of 128,624 inhabitants (2011).[1] The metropolitan area, which includes adjacent towns and municipalities, has a population of more than 240,000. Historically, because of its strategic position and its excellent deep-water port, the city was fiercely contested, especially among Italy, Hungary
Hungary
(serving as the Kingdom of Hungary's largest and most important port), and Croatia, changing hands and demographics many times over centuries. According to the 2011 census data, the overwhelming majority of its citizens (82.52%) are Croats, along with small numbers of Bosniaks, Italians
Italians
and Serbs. Rijeka
Rijeka
is the main city of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County. The city's economy largely depends on shipbuilding (shipyards "3. Maj" and "Viktor Lenac Shipyard") and maritime transport. Rijeka
Rijeka
hosts the Croatian National Theatre Ivan pl. Zajc, first built in 1765, as well as the University of Rijeka, founded in 1973 but with roots dating back to 1632 School of Theology.[2] Linguistically, apart from Croatian, the population also uses its own unique dialect of the Venetian language, Fiumano, with an estimated 20,000 speakers among the autochthonous Croats
Croats
and various minorities. Historically Fiumano served as a lingua franca for the many ethnicities inhabiting the multiethnic port-town. In 2016, Rijeka
Rijeka
was selected as the European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
for 2020, alongside Galway, Republic of Ireland.[3]

Contents

1 Name 2 Geography 3 History

3.1 Ancient and Medieval times 3.2 Under Habsburg sovereignty 3.3 Italo-Yugoslav dispute and the Free State of Fiume 3.4 In World War II 3.5 Aftermath of World War II

4 Rijeka's International Carnival 5 Demographics 6 Panoramas 7 Notable people from Rijeka 8 Main sights 9 Climate 10 Transport 11 Sports 12 International relations

12.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

13 See also 14 References

14.1 Bibliography 14.2 Notes

15 External links

Name[edit] Historically, Rijeka
Rijeka
was also called Tharsatica, Vitopolis, or Flumen in Latin. The city is called Rijeka
Rijeka
in Croatian, Reka in Slovene, and Reka or Rika in other Croatian dialects. It is called Fiume [ˈfjuːme] in Italian. All these names mean river in their respective languages.[4][5] Meanwhile, Hungarian has adopted the Italian name while in German the city has been called Sankt Veit am Flaum or Pflaum [pflaʊm]. Geography[edit]

Rijeka
Rijeka
Bay

Rijeka
Rijeka
is located in western Croatia, 131 kilometres (81 miles) southwest of the capital, Zagreb, on the northern coast of Rijeka
Rijeka
Bay (45°21′N 14°26′E / 45.350°N 14.433°E / 45.350; 14.433), as part of a larger Kvarner Gulf
Kvarner Gulf
of the Adriatic
Adriatic
Sea, which is a large bay Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
most deeply indented to the European mainland. The Bay of Rijeka, which is bordered by Vela Vrata (between Istria
Istria
and the island of Cres), Srednja Vrata (between Cres
Cres
and Krk Island) and Mala Vrata (between Krk
Krk
and the mainland) is connected to the Bay of Kvarner and is deep enough (about fifty metres or 160 feet) for the biggest sailing ships. The City of Rijeka
Rijeka
lies at the mouth of river Rječina
Rječina
and in the Vinodol micro-region of the Croatian coast. Two important land transport routes start in Rijeka
Rijeka
due to its location. The first route is to the Pannonian Basin
Pannonian Basin
given that Rijeka is located alongside the narrowest point of the Dinaric Alps
Dinaric Alps
(about fifty kilometres or 31 miles). The other route, across Postojna Gate connects Rijeka
Rijeka
with Slovenia, Italy
Italy
and beyond. History[edit] Main articles: History of Rijeka
History of Rijeka
and Timeline of Rijeka Ancient and Medieval times[edit]

Trsat Castle
Trsat Castle
lies at the exact spot of an ancient Illyrian and Roman fortress

Though traces of Neolithic settlements can be found in the region, the earliest modern settlements on the site were Celtic Tharsatica (modern Trsat, now part of Rijeka) on the hill, and the tribe of mariners, the Liburni, in the natural harbour below. The city long retained its dual character. Pliny mentioned Tarsatica in his Natural History (iii.140). In the time of Augustus, the Romans rebuilt Tharsatica as a municipium Flumen (MacMullen 2000), situated on the right bank of small river Rječina
Rječina
(whose name means "the big river"). It became a city within the Roman Province of Dalmatia
Dalmatia
until the 6th century.

Main street Korzo

After the 4th century Rijeka
Rijeka
was rededicated to St. Vitus, the city's patron saint, as Terra Fluminis sancti Sancti Viti or in German Sankt Veit am Pflaum. From the 5th century onwards, the town was ruled successively by the Ostrogoths, the Byzantines, the Lombards, and the Avars. Croats
Croats
settled the city starting in the 7th century giving it the Croatian name, Rika svetoga Vida ("the river of St. Vitus"). At the time, Rijeka
Rijeka
was a feudal stronghold surrounded by a wall. At the center of the city, its highest point, was a fortress. In 799 Rijeka
Rijeka
was attacked by the Frankish troops of Charlemagne. Their Siege of Trsat
Trsat
was at first repulsed, during which the Frankish commander Duke Eric of Friuli was killed. However, the Frankish forces finally occupied and devastated the castle, while the Duchy of Croatia passed under the overlordship of the Carolingian Empire. From about 925, the town was part of the Kingdom of Croatia, from 1102 in personal union with Hungary. Trsat Castle
Trsat Castle
and the town was rebuilt under the rule of the House of Frankopan. In 1288 the Rijeka
Rijeka
citizens signed the Law codex of Vinodol, one of the oldest codes of law in Europe. Rijeka
Rijeka
even rivalled with Venice when it was purchased by the Habsburg emperor Frederick III, Archduke of Austria
Austria
in 1466. It would remain under Habsburg overlordship for over 450 years, except for French rule between 1805 and 1813, until its occupation by Croatian and subsequently Italian irregulars at the end of World War I.[6] Under Habsburg sovereignty[edit]

The Baroque
Baroque
city clock tower above the arched gateway linking the Korzo to the inner city, designed by Filbert Bazarig in 1876

Rijeka
Rijeka
and Trsat

Tram in Rijeka

After coming under Habsburg rule in 1466, the town was attacked and plundered by Venetian forces in 1509. While Ottoman forces attacked the town several times, they never occupied it. From the 16th century onwards, Rijeka
Rijeka
was largely rebuilt in its present Renaissance and Baroque
Baroque
style. Emperor Charles VI declared the Port of Rijeka
Port of Rijeka
a free port (together with the Port of Trieste) in 1719 and had the trade route to Vienna
Vienna
expanded in 1725. By order of Empress Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
in 1779, the city was annexed to the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
and governed as corpus separatum directly from Budapest
Budapest
by an appointed governor, as Hungary's only international port. From 1804, Rijeka
Rijeka
was part of the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
(Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Croatia-Slavonia
after the Compromise of 1867), in the Croatia-Slavonia
Croatia-Slavonia
province.[7] In the early 19th century, the prominent economical and cultural leader of the city was Andrija Ljudevit Adamić. Fiume
Fiume
also had a significant naval base, and in the mid-19th century it became the site of the Austro-Hungarian Naval Academy (K.u.K. Marine-Akademie), where the Austro-Hungarian Navy
Austro-Hungarian Navy
trained its officers. Giovanni de Ciotta
Giovanni de Ciotta
(mayor from 1872 to 1896) proved to be an authoritative local political leader. Under his leadership, an impressive phase of expansion of the city started, marked by major port development, fuelled by the general expansion of international trade and the city's connection (1873) to the Austro-Hungarian railway network. Modern industrial and commercial enterprises such as the Royal Hungarian Sea Navigation Company "Adria", and the paper mill, situated in the Rječina
Rječina
canyon, producing cigarette paper sold around the world, became trademarks of the city. The second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century (up to World War I) was a period of rapid economic growth and technological dynamism for Rijeka. The industrial development of the city included the first industrial scale oil refinery in Europe in 1882[8] and the first torpedo factory in the world in 1866, after Robert Whitehead, manager of the "Stabilimento Tecnico Fiumano" (an Austrian engineering company engaged in providing engines for the Austro-Hungarian Navy), designed and successfully tested the world's first torpedo. Rijeka
Rijeka
also became a pioneering centre for high-speed photography. The Austrian physicist Peter Salcher working in Rijeka's Austro-Hungarian Marine Academy took the first photograph of a bullet flying at supersonic speed in 1886, devising a technique that was later used by Ernst Mach
Ernst Mach
in his studies of supersonic motion.[9] [[File:Casa Veneziana Rijeka.jpg To use the file in a wiki, copy this text into a page:

Casa Veneziana in Rijeka

Rijeka
Rijeka
on an old postcard

Rijeka's port underwent tremendous development fuelled by generous Hungarian investments, becoming the main maritime outlet for Hungary and the eastern part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the fifth port in the Mediterranean, after Marseilles, Genoa, Naples and Trieste.[citation needed] The population grew rapidly from only 21,000 in 1880 to 50,000 in 1910. Major civic buildings constructed at this time include the Governor's Palace, designed by the Hungarian architect Alajos Hauszmann. There was an ongoing competition between Rijeka
Rijeka
and Trieste, the main maritime outlet for Austria
Austria
– reflecting the rivalry between the two components of the Dual Monarchy. The Austro-Hungarian Navy
Austro-Hungarian Navy
sought to keep the balance by ordering new warships from the shipyards of both cities. Apart from the rapid economic growth, the period encompassing the second half of the 19th century and up to World War I
World War I
also saw a shift in the ethnic composition of the city. The Kingdom of Hungary, which administered the city during that period, favoured the Hungarian element in the city and encouraged immigration from all lands of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1910, there were 24,000 Italian-speaking, and 13,000 Croat-speaking inhabitants of Rijeka[10] (in addition to the 6,500 Hungarians
Hungarians
and several thousands of other nationalities, like Slovenians, Germans, Czechs, Slovaks, Greeks). Italo-Yugoslav dispute and the Free State of Fiume[edit] Main article: Free State of Fiume

Residents of Fiume
Fiume
cheering D'Annunzio and his Legionari, September 1919. At the time, Fiume
Fiume
had 22,488 Italians
Italians
(62% of the total population of 35,839 inhabitants).

Trsat
Trsat
castle, south.

Habsburg-ruled Austria-Hungary's disintegration (October 1918) in the closing weeks of World War I
World War I
led to the establishment of rival Croatian-Serbian and Italian administrations in the city; both Italy and the founders of the new Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats
Croats
and Slovenes (later the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) claimed sovereignty based on their "irredentist" ("unredeemed") ethnic populations.

10 Fiume
Fiume
krone provisional banknote (1920)

After a brief military occupation by the Kingdom of Serbs
Serbs
Croats
Croats
and Slovenes, followed by the unilateral annexation of the former Corpus Separatum by Belgrade, an international force of British, Italian, French and American troops entered the city (November 1918). Its future came under discussion at the Paris
Paris
Peace Conference during the course of 1919.[11]

Location of the Free State of Fiume
Free State of Fiume
(1920–1924)

Adria Palace

Italy
Italy
based its claim on the fact that Italians
Italians
comprised the largest single nationality within the city (65% of the total population). Croats
Croats
made up most of the remainder and were also a majority in the surrounding area, including the neighbouring town of Sušak.[12] Andrea Ossoinack, who had been the last delegate from Fiume
Fiume
to the Hungarian Parliament, was admitted to the conference as a representative of Fiume, and essentially supported the Italian claims. Nevertheless, the city had a strong and very active Autonomist Party, which also had its delegates at the Paris
Paris
conference and was represented by Ruggero Gotthardi. On 10 September 1919, the Treaty of Saint-Germain
Treaty of Saint-Germain
was signed, declaring the Austro-Hungarian monarchy dissolved. Negotiations over the future of the city were interrupted two days later when a force of Italian nationalist irregulars led by the poet Gabriele d'Annunzio seized control of the city without casualties and acclaimed by a part of the population.[13] Because the Italian government, wishing to respect the international agreement, did not want to annex Fiume, d'Annunzio and the intellectuals at his side eventually established a state, the Italian Regency of Carnaro, a unique social experiment for the age and a revolutionary cultural experience in which various international intellectuals of diverse walks of life took part (like Osbert Sitwell, Arturo Toscanini, Henry Furst, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Harukichi Shimoi, Guglielmo Marconi, Alceste De Ambris, Léon Kochnitzky).[14] Among the many political experiments that took place during this period, d'Annunzio and his men undertook a first attempt to establish a movement of non-aligned nations in the so-called League of Fiume, an organization in antithesis to the wilsonian League of Nations, which it saw as a means of perpetuating a corrupt and imperialist status quo. The organization aimed to help all oppressed nationalities in their struggle for political dignity and recognition, establishing links to many movements on various continents, but it never found the necessary external support and its main legacy remains today the Regency of Carnaro's recognition of Soviet Russia, the first state entity in the world to have done so.[15][16][17]

Rijeka
Rijeka
in 1937

The Liberal Giovanni Giolitti
Giovanni Giolitti
became Premier of Italy
Italy
again in June 1920; this signalled a hardening of official attitudes to d'Annunzio's coup. On 12 November, Italy
Italy
and Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
concluded the Treaty of Rapallo, which envisaged Fiume
Fiume
becoming an independent state, the Free State of Fiume, under a government acceptable to both powers.[18] d'Annunzio's response was characteristically flamboyant and of doubtful judgment: his declaration of war against Italy
Italy
invited the bombardment by Italian royal forces which led to his surrender of the city at the end of the year, after five days' resistance (known as Bloody Christmas). Italian troops freed the city from d'Annunzio's militias in January 1921. The subsequent democratic election brought the overwhelming victory of the Autonomist Party and Fiume
Fiume
became a member of the League of Nations. The ensuing election of Rijeka's first president, Riccardo Zanella, met with official recognition and greetings from all major powers. The formation of a constituent assembly for the new country did not put an end to strife within the city: a brief Italian nationalist seizure of power ended with the intervention of an Italian royal commissioner, and a short-lived local Fascist takeover in March 1922 ended in a third Italian intervention. Seven months later Italy herself fell under Fascist rule and the fate of Fiume
Fiume
was set, the Italian Fascist Party being among the strongest proponents of the annexation of Fiume
Fiume
to Italy.

Capuchin Church of Our Lady of Lourdes

A period of diplomatic acrimony closed with the Treaty of Rome
Rome
(27 January 1924), signed by Italy
Italy
and Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
but unrecognized by all other powers. This agreement assigned Fiume
Fiume
to Italy
Italy
and Sušak (Porto Barros) to Yugoslavia, with joint port administration.[19] Formal Italian annexation (16 March 1924) inaugurated twenty years of Italian government.

The Roman arch (Rimski luk), the oldest architectural monument in Rijeka
Rijeka
and an entrance to the old town

In World War II[edit]

Rijeka
Rijeka
under aerial bombardment by the Royal Air Force, 1944

Croatian National Theatre Ivan pl. Zajc in Rijeka

At the beginning of World War II Rijeka
Rijeka
immediately found itself in an awkward position. The city was overwhelmingly Italian, but its immediate surroundings and the city of Sušak, just across the Rječina
Rječina
river (today a part of Rijeka
Rijeka
proper) were inhabited almost exclusively by Croatians and part of a potentially hostile power – Yugoslavia. Once the Axis powers
Axis powers
invaded Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
in April 1941, the Croatian areas surrounding the city were occupied by the Italian military, setting the stage for an intense and bloody insurgency which would last until the end of the war. Partisan activity included guerrilla-style attacks on isolated positions or supply columns, sabotage and killings of civilians believed to be connected to the Italian and (later) German authorities. This, in turn, was met by stiff reprisals from the Italian and German military. On 14 July 1942, in reprisal for the killing of 4 civilians of Italian origin by the Partisans, the Italian military killed 100 men from the suburban village of Podhum, resettling the remaining 800 people to concentration camps.[20] After the surrender of Italy
Italy
to the Allies in September 1943, Rijeka and the surrounding territories were annexed by Germany, becoming part of the Adriatic
Adriatic
Littoral Zone. The partisan activity continued and intensified. On 30 April 1944, in the nearby village of Lipa, German troops killed 263 civilians in reprisal for the killing of several soldiers during a partisan attack.[21]

Transadria building

Because of its industries (oil refinery, torpedo factory, shipyards) and its port facilities, the city was also a target of frequent (more than 30) Anglo-American air attacks,[22] which caused widespread destruction and hundreds of civilian deaths. Some of the worst bombardments happened on 12 January 1944 (attack on the refinery, part of the Oil Campaign),[23] on 3–6 November 1944, when a series of attacks resulted in at least 125 deaths and between 15 and 25 February 1945 (200 dead, 300 wounded).[24] The area of Rijeka
Rijeka
was heavily fortified even before World War II (the remains of these fortifications can be seen today on the city outskirts). This was the fortified border between Italy
Italy
and Yugoslavia which, at that time, cut across the city area and its surroundings. As Yugoslav troops approached the city in April 1945, one of the fiercest and largest battles in this area of Europe ensued. The 27,000 German and additional Italian troops fought tenaciously from behind these fortifications (renamed "Ingridstellung" – Ingrid Line – by the Germans). Under the command of the German general Ludwig Kübler
Ludwig Kübler
they inflicted thousands of casualties on the attacking Yugoslav partisans, which were forced to charge uphill against well-fortified positions to the north and east of the city. Ultimately the Germans were forced to retreat. Before leaving the city, in an act of wanton destruction (World War II was almost over), the German troops destroyed the harbour area and other infrastructure with a number of big explosive charges. However, the German attempt to break out of the partisan encirclement north-west of the city was unsuccessful. Of the approximately 27,000 German and other troops retreating from the city, 11,000 were killed (many were executed after surrendering), while the remaining 16,000 were taken prisoner. Yugoslav troops entered Rijeka on 3 May 1945.[25][26] The city had suffered extensive damage in the war. The economic infrastructure was almost completely destroyed, and of the 5400 buildings in the city at the time, 2890 (53%) were either completely destroyed or heavily damaged.[27] Aftermath of World War II[edit]

The Governor’s Palace, Maritime and History Museum of the Croatian Littoral

Highest residental skyscrapers in Croatia

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The city's fate was again resolved by a combination of force and diplomacy. This time the city of Rijeka
Rijeka
became part of Yugoslavia (within the federal state of Croatia), a situation formalized by the Paris
Paris
peace treaty between Italy
Italy
and the wartime Allies on 10 February 1947. Once the change in sovereignty was formalized, 58,000 of the 66,000 Italian speakers were gradually constrained to emigrate (they became known in Italian as esuli or the exiles from Istria, Fiume
Fiume
and Dalmatia) or endure a harsh oppression by the new Yugoslav communist regime during the first decade of its existence, when the communist party adopted a Stalinist approach to solve the local ethnic question. The discrimination and persecution many inhabitants experienced at the hands of the Yugoslav populace and officials in the last days of World War II and the first years of peace still remain painful memories for the exiled ones and somewhat of a taboo for Rijeka's political elites which still deny the events.[28] Summary executions of alleged fascists (often well-known anti-fascists or openly apolitical), aimed at hitting the intellectual class, Italian public servants, military officials and even ordinary civilians (at least 650 executions of Italians
Italians
took place after the end of the war[29]), and forced most ethnic Italians
Italians
to leave Rijeka
Rijeka
in order to avoid becoming a victim of harsher forms of ethnic cleansing. The removal was a meticulously-planned operation, aimed at convincing the hardly assimilable Italian part of the autochthonous population to leave the country, as testified decades later by representatives' of the Yugoslav leadership.[30]

Saint Vitus Cathedral

Only one third of the original population (mostly Croats) remained in the city. Subsequently, the city was resettled by many immigrants from various parts of Yugoslavia, changing the city demographics once again. A period of reconstruction began. During the period of the Yugoslav communist administration in the 1950s–1980s the city grew once again both demographically and economically thanks to its traditional manufacturing industries, its maritime economy and its port, then the largest in Yugoslavia. However, many of these industries were mostly a product of a socialist planned economy and could not be sustained once the economy transitioned to a more market-oriented model in the early 1990s. In 1991 Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
broke apart, and the federal state of Croatia became independent during the Croatian War of Independence. Since then, the city has somewhat stagnated economically and its demography has plunged. Some of its largest industries and employers went out of business (the Jugolinija shipping company, the torpedo factory, the paper mill and many other medium or small manufacturing and commercial companies, often in the midst of big corruption scandals and a badly planned privatization). Others are struggling to stay economically viable (like the city's landmark 3. Maj
3. Maj
shipyards). A difficult and uncertain transition of the city's economy away from manufacturing and towards the service industry and tourism is still in progress.

City government building

Rijeka's International Carnival[edit] Main article: Rijeka
Rijeka
Carnival The Rijeka Carnival
Rijeka Carnival
Croatian: Riječki karneval) is held each year before Lent (between late January and early March) in Rijeka, Croatia. Established in 1982, it has become the biggest carnival in Croatia. Every year there are numerous events preceding the carnival itself. First the mayor of Rijeka
Rijeka
gives the symbolic key of the city to Meštar Toni, who is "the maestro" of the carnival, and he becomes the mayor of the city during the carnival, although this is only figuratively. Same day, there is an election of the carnival queen. As all the cities around Rijeka
Rijeka
have their own events during the carnival time, Queen and Meštar Toni are attending most of them.

Astronomical Centre Rijeka.

Rijeka
Rijeka
Carnival

Also, every year the Carnival charity ball is held in the Governor's palace in Rijeka. It is attended by politicians, people from sport and media life, as well as a number of ambassadors. The weekend before the main event there are two other events held. One is Rally Paris
Paris
– Bakar. (after the Dakar rally). The start is a part of Rijeka
Rijeka
called Paris
Paris
after the restaurant located there, and the end is in city of Bakar, located about 20 kilometres (12 miles) south east. All of the participants of the rally wear masks, and the cars are mostly modified old cars. The other event is the children's carnival, held, like the main one, on Rijeka`s main walkway Korzo. The groups that participate are mostly from kindergartens and elementary schools, including groups from other parts of Croatia
Croatia
and neighboring countries. In 1982 there were only three masked groups on Rijeka`s main walkway Korzo. In recent years, the international carnival has attracted around 15,000 participants from all over the world organized in over 200 carnival groups, with crowds of over 100,000.[31] Demographics[edit]

Historical populations of the City of Rijeka

Year Pop. ±%

1880 37,904 —    

1890 48,959 +29.2%

1900 61,419 +25.4%

1910 76,042 +23.8%

1921 61,157 −19.6%

1931 72,111 +17.9%

1948 67,088 −7.0%

1953 73,718 +9.9%

1961 98,759 +34.0%

1971 129,173 +30.8%

1981 158,226 +22.5%

1991 165,904 +4.9%

2001 144,043 −13.2%

2011 128,624 −10.7%

Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

In the census of 2011, city proper had a population of 128,624, which include:[32]

Croats: 106,136 (82.52%) Serbs: 8,446 (6.57%) Bosniaks: 2,650 (2.06%) Italians: 2,445 (1.90%)

Other groups, including Slovenians
Slovenians
and Hungarians, formed less than 1% each. The following tables list the city's population, along with the population of ex-municipality (disbanded in 1995), the urban and the metropolitan area.

Year City Proper Municipality Urban Metro

2011 128,624 185,125 213,666 245,054

2001 144,043 191,647 220,538 252,933

1991 165,904 206,229 236,028 268,016

1981 158,226 193,044 222,318 251,768

Population Area (km2) Density

City proper 128,624 44 2,923

Ex-municipality 56,501 473 119

Subtotal 185,125 517 358

Urban area 28,541 308 93

Subtotal 213,666 825 259

Metro area 31,388 840 37

Total 245,054 1,665 147

Ex-municipality: consists of other cities and municipalities (outside Rijeka
Rijeka
city proper) in a former official union of adjacent settlements which was disbanded in 1995. It includes cities and municipalities of Kastav, Viškovo, Klana, Kostrena, Čavle, Jelenje, Bakar
Bakar
and Kraljevica. Urban area: considered as adjacent area. It includes the ex-municipality along with cities and municipalities of Opatija, Lovran, Mošćenička Draga
Mošćenička Draga
and Matulji, which form urban agglomeration. Metro area: considered territory of consolidated expansion. It includes cities and municipalities of Crikvenica, Novi Vinodolski, Vinodolska, Lokve, Fužine, Delnice
Delnice
and Omišalj, which all gravitate to the City of Rijeka.

Panoramas[edit] Panoramic view of Rijeka
Rijeka
harbor:

Panoramic view of Rijeka:

Notable people from Rijeka[edit]

Riccardo Zanella Fiuman politician, first and only elected president of the short lived Free State of Fiume Michele Maylender, Fiuman politician (inside the Hungarian Crown's states), founder of the Autonomist Party in Fiume Mario Blasich, Fiuman politician and physician Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Psychology Professor at Claremont Graduate University, known as the architect of the notion of flow Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer, conductor, director and teacher Miklós Vásárhelyi, Hungarian dissident and writer, famous for his decades long fight against the Hungarian communist party headed by Janós Kádár János Kádár, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Communist Party, served for more than 30 years as leader of Hungary Ödön von Horváth, Austro-Hungarian playwright, author of the Tales from the Vienna
Vienna
Woods, winner of the Kleist Prize in 1931 Robert Ludvigovich Bartini, legendary Italian-Soviet aircraft designer and scientist, creator of the Bartini A-57 and Bartini Beriev VVA-14 Andrija Ljudevit Adamić
Andrija Ljudevit Adamić
Austrian–Croatian trader from Fiume, builder, supporter of economical and cultural development. Marija Krucifiksa Kozulić
Marija Krucifiksa Kozulić
a Catholic nun
Catholic nun
who was part of the community of Sisters of the Sacred Heart, Oretta Fiume, Italian actress Damir Urban, popular Croatian musician best known for his work as a singer-songwriter for Laufer and for his solo work with his band 4 Leo Valiani, Italian historian, politician and journalist, dissident during the fascist regime Giovanni Luppis, was a Croatian-Italian officer of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, inventor of the torpedo Umberto D'Ancona Italian Biology Professor at the University of Padua and founder of the Hydrobiological Station in Chioggia, Italy. Ezio Loik, Italian footballer, member of the Grande Torino
Grande Torino
team which won 5 consecutive Serie A
Serie A
titles in the 1940s Petar Radaković, Yugoslavian footballer of the 1960s Ulderico Sergo, Italian professional boxer, gold medalist at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin Paul Felix Nemenyi, Hungarian mathematician and physicist, probable biological father of world chess champion Bobby Fischer Janko Polić Kamov, Croatian writer and poet Abdon Pamich, Italian race walker, gold medalist at the 1964 Tokyo Summer Olympics Josip Bozanić, Croatian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church Dino Ciani, Italian pianist Orlando Sirola, Italian tennis player Luciano Sušanj, Croatian politician, sports worker and former track athlete Boško Balaban, Croatian footballer and former member of the Croatia national football team, Nino Host Venturi, Italian fascist politician and historian. Irma Gramatica, Italian stage and film actress. Diana Haller, opera singer Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, Croatian politician and diplomat who has been the President of Croatia, Ivan Vihor, Croatian classical pianist Franka Batelić, Croatian singer Geronimo Meynier, Italian teen film actor Romolo Venucci, Italian painter and sculptor from Fiume
Fiume
(then Fiume, Hungary). Slavica Ecclestone, Croatian former model and the ex-wife of Formula One CEO Bernie Ecclestone Giovanni de Ciotta, Italian, the most successful mayor of Fiume. Dario Knežević, Croatian professional career footballer defender Mirza Džomba, Croatian handball player, World champion and Olympic champion William Klinger, Italian-Croatian historian who specialized in modern Croatian and Yugoslav history Dusan Tainer basketball player part of National Italian team uti 1945 and from 1946 to 1948 art of the National Yugoslavian team Vladimir Vujasinović, Serbian water polo player, World and European champion, Olympic silver and bronze medalist

Tower centar Rijeka

Main sights[edit]

Italian High school

Turkish house located on the Market

Palace Modello
Palace Modello
in Rijeka.

Tvornica "Torpedo" (the Torpedo
Torpedo
factory). The first European prototypes of a self-propelled torpedo, created by Giovanni Luppis, a retired naval engineer from Rijeka. The remains of this factory still exist, including a well-preserved launch ramp used for testing self-propelled torpedoes on which in 1866 the first torpedo was tested. The Croatian National Theatre building. Officially opened in October 1885, the grand theatre building includes work by the famous Venetian sculptor August Benvenuti and ceiling artist Franz Matsch, who collaborated with Ernst and Gustav Klimt. Svetište Majke Božje Trsatske – the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Trsat. Built 135 m (443 ft) above sea level on the Trsat hill during the late Middle Ages, it represents the Guardian of Travellers, especially seamen, who bring offerings to her so she will guard them or help them in time of trouble or illness. It is home to the Gothic sculpture of the Madonna of Slunj and to works by the Baroque
Baroque
painter C. Tasce. Trsat
Trsat
Castle, a 13th-century fortress, which offers magnificent vistas from its bastions and ramparts, looking down the Rječina
Rječina
river valley to the docks and the Kvarner Gulf. Petar Kružić staircase
Petar Kružić staircase
(or Trsat
Trsat
stairway), which links downtown Rijeka
Rijeka
to Trsat. The stairway consists of 561 stone steps and was built for the pilgrims as the way to reach the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Trsat. Old gate or Roman arch. At first it was thought that this was a Roman Triumphal Arch
Arch
built by the Roman Emperor Claudius Gothicus
Claudius Gothicus
but later it was discovered to be just a portal to the pretorium, the army command in late antiquity. Rijeka
Rijeka
Cathedral, dedicated to St. Vitus. Palace Modello
Palace Modello
designed by Buro Fellner & Helmer and built in 1885. Stadion Kantrida, regarded by many as one of the most iconic and beautiful football stadiums in the world.

Climate[edit]

Beach in Opatija

Platak
Platak
ski resort, north of Rijeka

The terrain configuration, with mountains rising steeply just a few kilometres inland from the shores of the Adriatic, provides for some striking climatic and landscape contrasts within a small geographic area. Beaches can be enjoyed throughout summer in a typically Mediterranean
Mediterranean
setting along the coastal areas of the city to the east (Pećine, Kostrena) and west (Kantrida, Preluk). At the same time, the ski resort of Platak, located only about 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) from the city, offers alpine skiing and abundant snow during winter months (at times until early May). The Kvarner Bay
Kvarner Bay
and its islands are visible from the ski slopes.[33] Rijeka
Rijeka
has a Humid subtropical climate with warm summers and relatively mild and rainy winters. Snow is rare (usually three days per year, almost always occurring in patches). There are 20 days a year with a maximum of 30 °C (86 °F) or higher, while on one day a year the temperature does not exceed 0 °C (32 °F).[34] Fog appears in about four days per year, mainly in winter.[34] The climate is also characterized by frequent rainfall. Cold (bora) winds are common in wintertime.

Climate data for Rijeka
Rijeka
(1971–2000, extremes 1948–2014)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.0 (68) 21.4 (70.5) 24.0 (75.2) 28.9 (84) 33.7 (92.7) 36.7 (98.1) 40.0 (104) 39.2 (102.6) 34.8 (94.6) 28.8 (83.8) 25.5 (77.9) 20.4 (68.7) 40.0 (104)

Average high °C (°F) 9.1 (48.4) 9.9 (49.8) 12.6 (54.7) 15.9 (60.6) 21.1 (70) 24.6 (76.3) 27.9 (82.2) 28.1 (82.6) 23.5 (74.3) 18.5 (65.3) 13.2 (55.8) 10.1 (50.2) 17.9 (64.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) 5.8 (42.4) 6.3 (43.3) 8.8 (47.8) 12.0 (53.6) 16.8 (62.2) 20.3 (68.5) 23.1 (73.6) 23.1 (73.6) 18.8 (65.8) 14.2 (57.6) 9.6 (49.3) 6.8 (44.2) 13.8 (56.8)

Average low °C (°F) 2.9 (37.2) 3.2 (37.8) 5.5 (41.9) 8.4 (47.1) 12.8 (55) 16.0 (60.8) 18.6 (65.5) 18.6 (65.5) 14.9 (58.8) 10.9 (51.6) 6.6 (43.9) 4.0 (39.2) 10.2 (50.4)

Record low °C (°F) −11.4 (11.5) −12.8 (9) −7.7 (18.1) −0.2 (31.6) 2.1 (35.8) 7.4 (45.3) 10.4 (50.7) 9.1 (48.4) 4.8 (40.6) −1.2 (29.8) −4.5 (23.9) −8.9 (16) −12.8 (9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 128.7 (5.067) 104.1 (4.098) 113.0 (4.449) 113.8 (4.48) 103.3 (4.067) 119.9 (4.72) 70.1 (2.76) 101.5 (3.996) 156.5 (6.161) 203.9 (8.028) 181.9 (7.161) 155.6 (6.126) 1,552.4 (61.118)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.7 8.5 10.3 12.6 12.5 12.3 8.8 9.0 10.6 12.1 11.7 11.2 130.1

Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.4

Average relative humidity (%) 65.1 60.3 60.4 62.6 63.7 62.4 56.4 56.0 63.7 67.4 67.3 66.4 62.7

Mean monthly sunshine hours 111.6 135.6 155.0 171.0 232.5 249.0 297.6 279.0 201.0 161.2 111.0 99.2 2,203.7

Percent possible sunshine 41 50 47 47 57 61 71 71 58 51 42 40 55

Source: Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service[34][35]

Climate data for Rijeka

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average sea temperature °C (°F) 11.4 (52.5) 10.6 (51.1) 11.2 (52.2) 13.5 (56.3) 17.9 (64.2) 22.6 (72.7) 24.7 (76.5) 24.9 (76.8) 23.5 (74.3) 19.5 (67.1) 16.9 (62.4) 14.2 (57.6) 17.6 (63.6)

Mean daily daylight hours 9.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 15.0 14.0 13.0 11.0 10.0 9.0 12.3

Average Ultraviolet index 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 2 1 4.3

Source: Weather Atlas[36]

Places adjacent to Rijeka

75 km (47 mi) to Trieste 114 km (71 mi) to Ljubljana 167 km (104 mi) to Zagreb

14 km (9 mi) to Opatija

Rijeka

580 km (360 mi) to Belgrade

106 km (66 mi) to Pula 75 km (47 mi) to Cres 35 km (22 mi) to Crikvenica

Transport[edit] See also: Port of Rijeka
Port of Rijeka
and Rijeka
Rijeka
Airport

Rijeka
Rijeka
international Airport

Railway in Rijeka.

Ferry in Rijeka
Rijeka
harbour.

The Port of Rijeka
Port of Rijeka
is the largest port in Croatia, with a cargo throughput in 2017 of 12.6 million tonnes, mostly crude oil and refined petroleum products, general cargo and bulk cargo, and 210,337 Twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs).[37] The port is managed by the Port of Rijeka
Port of Rijeka
Authority. The first record of a port in Rijeka
Rijeka
date back to 1281, and in 1719, the Port of Rijeka
Port of Rijeka
was granted a charter as a free port. There are ferry connections between Rijeka
Rijeka
and the surrounding islands and cities, but no direct international passenger ship connections. There are coastal lines to Split and onward to Dubrovnik, which operate twice weekly and have international connections. The city is difficult to get to by air outside of the tourist season. The city's own international airport, Rijeka Airport
Rijeka Airport
is located on the nearby island of Krk
Krk
across the tolled Krk
Krk
Bridge. Buses, with a journey time of approximately 45 minutes, operate from Rijeka
Rijeka
city center and nearby Opatija, with a schedule based on the planned arrival and departure times of flights. Handling 142,111 passengers in 2017, the facility is more of a charter airport than a serious transport hub, although various scheduled airlines have begun to service it with a comparatively large number of flights coming from airports in Germany. Most of these flights only operate during the toursit season between approximately May and October. Alternative nearby airports include Pula
Pula
(90 minutes drive from Rijeka) and Zagreb (around 2.5 hours). Rijeka
Rijeka
has efficient road connections to other parts of Croatia
Croatia
and neighbouring countries. The A6 motorway connects Rijeka
Rijeka
to Zagreb
Zagreb
via the A1, while the A7 motorway, completed in 2004, links Rijeka
Rijeka
with Ljubljana, Slovenia, via Ilirska Bistrica
Ilirska Bistrica
and with Trieste, Italy. The A7 acts as the Rijeka bypass
Rijeka bypass
motorway and facilitates access to the A8 motorway of the Istrian Y
Istrian Y
network starting with the Učka
Učka
Tunnel, and linking Rijeka
Rijeka
with Istria. As of August 2011, the bypass is being extended eastwards to the Krk
Krk
Bridge area and new feeder roads are under construction. Rijeka
Rijeka
is integrated into the Croatian railway network and international rail lines. A fully electrified railway connects Rijeka to Zagreb
Zagreb
and beyond towards Koprivnica
Koprivnica
and the Hungarian border as part of Pan-European corridor Vb. Rijeka
Rijeka
is also connected to Trieste and Ljubljana
Ljubljana
by a separate electrified line that extends northwards from the city. Rijeka
Rijeka
has direct connections by daily trains to Vienna, Munich, and Salzburg, and night trains running through Rijeka. Construction of a new high performance railway between Rijeka
Rijeka
and Zagreb, extending to Budapest
Budapest
is planned, as well as rail links connecting Rijeka
Rijeka
to the island of Krk
Krk
and between Rijeka
Rijeka
and Pula. Sports[edit] HNK Rijeka
HNK Rijeka
are the city's main football team. They compete in the Croatian First Football League
Croatian First Football League
and are current Croatian champions. Until July 2015, HNK Rijeka
HNK Rijeka
were based at the iconic Stadion Kantrida. With Kantrida
Kantrida
awaiting reconstruction, they are based at the newly-built Stadion Rujevica, their temporary home ground located in the club's new training camp. Additionally, HNK Orijent 1919
HNK Orijent 1919
are based in Sušak and play in the fourth tier of the Croatian league system. Rijeka's other notable sports clubs include RK Zamet
RK Zamet
and ŽRK Zamet (handball), VK Primorje EB (waterpolo), KK Kvarner
KK Kvarner
(basketball) and ŽOK Rijeka
ŽOK Rijeka
(women's volleyball). Rijeka
Rijeka
hosted the 2008 European Short Course Swimming Championships. In its more than 80 years of history, LEN had never seen so many records set as the number of them set at Bazeni Kantrida
Kantrida
(Kantrida Swimming Complex). A total of 14 European Records were set of which 10 World Records and even 7 World Best Times. This championship also presented a record in the number of participating countries. There were more than 600 top athletes, from some 50 European countries. Swimmers from 21 nations won medals and 40 of the 51 national member Federations of LEN were present in Rijeka.

Bazeni Kantrida, site of the 2008 European Short Course Swimming Championships 

Stadion Kantrida 

Stadion Rujevica 

Centar Zamet 

Kostrena
Kostrena
Beach 

International relations[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Lantern, a gift from the Japanese city Kawasaki to the city of Rijeka

Rijeka
Rijeka
is twinned with:

Ljubljana, Slovenia[38] Cetinje, Montenegro Bitola, Republic of Macedonia Csepel, Hungary Burgas, Bulgaria Novi Sad, Serbia

Faenza, Italy Este, Italy Genoa, Italy Imola, Italy Trieste, Italy Rome, Italy

Rostock, Germany Neuss, Germany Hamburg, Germany Karlsruhe, Germany

Kawasaki, Japan Yalta, Ukraine Qingdao, China Dalian, China[39] Ningbo, China[39] Pittsburgh, United States

See also[edit]

Croatia
Croatia
portal

Čavle Charter of Carnaro
Charter of Carnaro
was the constitution of the Italian Regency of Carnaro, a short-lived government in Fiume
Fiume
(Rijeka) Crikvenica Drenova, Rijeka Fiume
Fiume
(other) Geography of Croatia Ilario Carposio Kastav Kostrena Kvarner Gulf List of governors and heads of state of Fiume Primorje-Gorski Kotar County Robert Whitehead Rječina Sušak Trsat Fužine

References[edit] Bibliography[edit]

See also: Bibliography of the history of Rijeka

Cresswell, Peterjon; Atkins, Ismay; Dunn, Lily (10 July 2006). Time Out Croatia
Croatia
(First ed.). London, Berkeley & Toronto: Time Out Group Ltd & Ebury Publishing, Random House
Random House
Ltd. 20 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London SV1V 2SA. ISBN 978-1-904978-70-1. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 

Notes[edit]

^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Rijeka". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.  ^ "From The Beginning..." University of Rijeka. Retrieved 11 September 2015.  ^ "Croatian city Rijeka
Rijeka
wins European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
in 2020". Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ " Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
and Croatia
Croatia
Dictionary and pronunciation of Croatian language". Dubrovnik-online.net. Retrieved 7 April 2012.  ^ "English Translations of Italian word "fiume"". Word Reference online dictionaries. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ "Gotocroatia.com". Gotocroatia.com. Retrieved 31 December 2012.  ^ Handbook of Austria
Austria
and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850–1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961. ^ "History of Refineries, INA d.d". Ina.hr. 12 February 2011. Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2012.  ^ Peter Salcher und Ernst Mach, Schlierenfotografie von Überschall-Projektilen, W. Gerhard Pohl, Universität Wien, PLUS LUCIS 2/2002 – 1/2003, ISSN 1606-3015 (in German) ^ A.J.P. Taylor: The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809–1918, University of Chicago Press, Paperback edition, 1976, ISBN 0-226-79145-9, page 269 ^ Stanislav Krakov, Dolazak srpske vojske na Rijeku i severni Jadran, Beograd: Jadranska Straza,1928/29; The Arrival of the Serbian Army in Fiume
Fiume
and the Northern Adriatic ^ Anonymous, 1919. Reka-Fiume : notes sur l'histoire, la langue et la statistique, Beograd. ^ Ledeen, Michael A. 1977. The First Duce. D’Annunzio at Fiume, Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ^ Ferdinando Gerra, L'impresa di Fiume, Longanesi, Milano, 1974 ^ Claudia Salaris, Alla festa della rivoluzione. Artisti e libertari con D'Annunzio a Fiume, Il Mulino, Bologna ^ Renzo De Felice, D'Annunzio politico (1918–1928), Roma-Bari, Giuseppe Laterza e figli, 1978 ^ Enrico Galmozzi, "Il soggetto senza limite. Interpretazione del dannunzianesimo", Milano, 1994 ^ Federzoni, Luigi. Il Trattato di Rapallo, Bologna, Zanichelli, 1921. ^ Benedetti, Giulio. La pace di Fiume, Bologna, Zanichelli, 1924. ^ Jozo Tomasevich: War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3615-4, page 134 ^ "Tajna Rupe: Kako je nestalo 11000 vojnika", Jutarnji List, 30 April 2006, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.  (in Croatian) ^ Gianfranco Miksa: Fiume
Fiume
1945, piovono i ricordi – Le conseguenze dei trenta bombardamenti e la difficile ricostruzione, La Voce del Popolo, 30 April 2010 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.  ^ "317th Bomb Squadron Roster". B17pbemgame.com. Retrieved 7 April 2012.  ^ KAKO JE POTOPLJEN KIEBITZ?, Slavko Suzic, Susacka Revija 54/55, 2007, see [1] (in Croatian) ^ "Rajko Samueli Kacic: Rijecka Bitka, SUŠACKA REVIJA, br. 49, 2005". Klub-susacana.hr. Retrieved 7 April 2012.  ^ " Rijeka
Rijeka
operation". Vojska.net. 7 May 1945. Retrieved 7 April 2012.  ^ Yugoslav communist authorities, as mentioned in the 1947 government documentary about the reconstruction of the city, see Video on YouTube (in Croatian) ^ Dorić: Tito je bio čelnik totalitarnog režima i ne zaslužuje riječki trg (in Croatian) ^ Società di Studi Fiumani – Roma – Hrvatski Institut za Povijest – Zagreb,Le vittime di nazionalita italiana a Fiume
Fiume
e dintorni (1943–1947),Žrtve talijanske nacionalnosti u Rijeci i okolici (1939.-1947 .), Rome
Rome
2002 Archived 31 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ISBN 88-7125-239-X. Tablica ubijenima od 2. svibnja 1945. do 31. prosinca 1947: "Statistički podaci", stranice 206 i 207. ^ L'esodo dall'Istria, Fiume
Fiume
e Zara (1943–1958) e l'accoglienza in Italia. By Marino Micich] ^ http://www.rijecki-karneval.hr/ ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Primorje-Gorski kotar". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.  ^ "Aktivnosti". kvarner.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 14 November 2014.  ^ a b c " Rijeka
Rijeka
Climate Normals" (PDF). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 2 December 2015.  ^ "Mjesečne vrijednosti za Rijeka
Rijeka
u razdoblju1948−2014" (in Croatian). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 3 December 2015.  ^ "Rijeka, Croatia
Croatia
- Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved 4 April 2017.  ^ Portauthority.hr ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". Mestna občina Ljubljana ( Ljubljana
Ljubljana
City) (in Slovenian). Archived from the original on 26 June 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.  ^ a b "SISTER CITY AND FRIENDLY CITY RELATIONS OF THE CITY OF RIJEKA". Official website of the City of Rijeka. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rijeka.

Rijeka
Rijeka
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Rijeka
Rijeka
Tourist Board Port of Rijeka
Port of Rijeka
Authority Old Postcards of Fiume Rijeka
Rijeka
detailed map[permanent dead link]  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Fiume". Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 449,450. 

v t e

Rijeka

Geography

Rječina Kvarner Gulf Platak Učka Primorje-Gorski Kotar County

Districts

Trsat Rujevica Drenova Sušak

History

History of Rijeka Timeline of Rijeka Corpus separatum (Fiume) Italian Regency of Carnaro Charter of Carnaro Treaty of Rapallo (1920) Bloody Christmas (1920) Free State of Fiume League of Fiume Treaty of Rome
Rome
(1924) Province of Carnaro Aviogenex Flight 130 1995 Rijeka
Rijeka
bombing

Places of worship

Rijeka
Rijeka
Cathedral The Shrine of Our Lady of Trsat Church of St. Nicholas Rijeka
Rijeka
Synagogue

Landmarks

Croatian National Theatre Trsat
Trsat
Castle Palace Modello Petar Kružić staircase TunelRi

Culture and music

Fiuman dialect Zvončari Let 3 E.N.I. Paraf Termiti MC Buffalo

Events

Rijeka
Rijeka
Carnival Hartera

Local media

Novi list La Voce del Popolo

Sports venues

Stadion Kantrida Stadion Krimeja Stadion Rujevica Dvorana Mladosti Centar Zamet Automotodrom Grobnik

Sports clubs

HNK Rijeka HNK Orijent 1919 ŽNK Rijeka VK Primorje RK Zamet ŽRK Zamet RK Kvarner
RK Kvarner
(1963–2003) KK Kvarner
KK Kvarner
2010 KK Kvarner
KK Kvarner
(1946–2009) Ž KK Kvarner
KK Kvarner
(2006–2017) ŽOK Rijeka US Fiumana (1926–1945)

Sport events

Kvarnerska Rivijera Rijeka
Rijeka
Open EuroBasket (1975) European Men's Handball Championship (2000) European Short Course Swimming Championships (2008) European Universities Games (2016) Yugoslav motorcycle Grand Prix (1969–1990)

Education

University of Rijeka Polytechnic of Rijeka Italian Secondary School in Rijeka

Transportation

Port of Rijeka Rijeka
Rijeka
Airport Rijeka
Rijeka
bypass Orehovica interchange A6 Motorway Učka
Učka
Tunnel Krk
Krk
Bridge

Industry

Jadrolinija Rijeka
Rijeka
Thermal Power Plant 3. Maj
3. Maj
Shipyard Viktor Lenac Shipyard

People

People from Rijeka Governors and heads of state of Fiume Mayors of Rijeka Musicians from Rijeka Sportspeople from Rijeka

v t e

County seats of Croatia

   

Bjelovar, Bjelovar-Bilogora Slavonski Brod, Brod-Posavina Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik-Neretva Pazin, Istria

Karlovac, Karlovac Koprivnica, Koprivnica-Križevci Krapina, Krapina-Zagorje Gospić, Lika-Senj

Čakovec, Međimurje Osijek, Osijek-Baranja Požega, Požega-Slavonia Rijeka, Primorje-Gorski Kotar

Sisak, Sisak-Moslavina Split, Split-Dalmatia Šibenik, Šibenik-Knin Varaždin, Varaždin

Virovitica, Virovitica-Podravina Vukovar, Vukovar-Srijem Zadar, Zadar Zagreb, Zagreb

v t e

Cities and towns of Croatia
Croatia
by population

100,000+

Osijek Rijeka Split Zagreb

35,000+

Bjelovar Dubrovnik Karlovac Kaštela Pula Samobor Šibenik Sisak Slavonski Brod Varaždin Velika Gorica Vinkovci Zadar

10,000+

Beli Manastir Belišće Benkovac Čakovec Crikvenica Đakovo Daruvar Donji Miholjac Duga Resa Dugo Selo Garešnica Gospić Imotski Ivanec Ivanić-Grad Jastrebarsko Kastav Knin Koprivnica Krapina Križevci Kutina Labin Makarska Metković Našice Nova Gradiška Novi Marof Novska Ogulin Omiš Opatija Petrinja Pleternica Ploče Popovača Poreč Požega Rovinj Sinj Slatina Solin Sveta Nedelja Sveti Ivan Zelina Trogir Umag Valpovo Virovitica Vrbovec Vukovar Zaprešić Županja

v t e

Subdivisions of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County

Cities and towns

Bakar Cres Crikvenica Čabar Delnice Kastav Kraljevica Krk Mali Lošinj Novi Vinodolski Opatija Rab Rijeka
Rijeka
(seat) Vrbovsko

Municipalities

Baška Brod Moravice Čavle Dobrinj Fužine Jelenje Klana Kostrena Lokve Lopar Lovran Malinska-Dubašnica Matulji Mošćenička Draga Mrkopalj Omišalj Punat Ravna Gora Skrad Vinodol Viškovo Vrbnik

v t e

European Capitals of Culture

1985 Athens 1986 Florence 1987 Amsterdam 1988 West Berlin 1989 Paris 1990 Glasgow 1991 Dublin 1992 Madrid 1993 Antwerp 1994 Lisbon 1995 Luxembourg City 1996 Copenhagen 1997 Thessaloniki 1998 Stockholm 1999 Weimar 2000 Reykjavík Bergen Helsinki Brussels Prague Kraków Santiago de Compostela Avignon Bologna 2001 Rotterdam Porto 2002 Bruges Salamanca 2003 Graz Plovdiv 2004 Genoa Lille 2005 Cork 2006 Patras 2007 Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City
and Greater Region Sibiu 2008 Liverpool Stavanger 2009 Linz Vilnius 2010 Ruhr Istanbul Pécs 2011 Turku Tallinn 2012 Maribor Guimarães 2013 Košice Marseille 2014 Umeå Riga 2015 Mons Plzeň 2016 San Sebastián Wrocław 2017 Aarhus Paphos 2018 Valletta Leeuwarden 2019 Plovdiv Matera 2020 Rijeka Galway 2021 Timișoara Elefsina Novi Sad 2022 Kaunas Esch-sur-Alzette

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 234135405 ISNI: 0000 0004 0397 7319 GN

.

Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in D:\Bitnami\wampstack-7.1.16-0\apache2\htdocs\php\PeriodicService.php on line 61