Essex /ˈɛsɪks/ is a county in the East of England. Immediately
north east of London, it is one of the home counties. It borders the
Cambridgeshire to the north,
Kent across the estuary of the
River Thames to the south and
London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, which is the
only city in the county.
Essex occupies the eastern part of the former Kingdom of Essex, which
subsequently united with the other Anglian and
Saxon kingdoms to make
England a single nation state. As well as rural areas, the county also
London Stansted Airport, the new towns of
Harlow, Lakeside Shopping Centre, the port of
Tilbury and the borough
1.1 County-wide administration
1.2 Parish-level administration – changes
1.4 Two unitary authorities
4.1 Westminster and the 2016 EU referendum
4.2.1 Youth councils
4.3 Local government
10 Places of interest
11 Notable people
12 Sister counties and regions
13 See also
14 Notes and references
15 External links
Main article: History of Essex
Essex originates in the
Anglo-Saxon period of the Early
Middle Ages and has its root in the
Anglo-Saxon (Old English) name
Ēastseaxe ("East Saxons"), the eastern kingdom of the Saxons who had
come from the continent and settled in Britain (cf. Middlesex, Sussex
and Wessex) during the Heptarchy. Originally recorded in AD 527, Essex
occupied territory to the north of the River Thames, incorporating all
of what later became
Middlesex (which probably included Surrey) and
most of what later became Hertfordshire. Its territory was later
restricted to lands east of the River Lea.
Colchester in the north-east of the county is Britain's oldest
recorded town, dating from before the Roman conquest, when it was
Camulodunum and was sufficiently well-developed to have its
own mint. In AD 824, following the Battle of Ellandun, the kingdoms of
the East Saxons, the South Saxons and the Jutes of
Kent were absorbed
into the kingdom of the West Saxons, uniting Saxland under King
Alfred's grandfather Ecgberht. Before the
Norman conquest the East
Saxons were subsumed into the Kingdom of England. After the Norman
Essex became a county.
During the medieval period, much of the area was designated a Royal
forest, including the entire county in a period to 1204, when the area
"north of the Stanestreet" was disafforested. Gradually, the areas
subject to forest law diminished, but at various times they included
the forests of Becontree, Chelmsford, Epping, Hatfield, Ongar and
Essex County Council
Essex County Council was formed in 1889. However,
County Boroughs of
West Ham (1889–1965),
Southend-on-Sea (1914–1974) and East Ham
(1915–1965) formed part of the county but were unitary authorities
(not under county council control). 12 boroughs and districts
provide more localised services such as rubbish and recycling
collections, leisure and planning, as shown in the map on the right.
Parish-level administration – changes
Essex parishes have been transferred to other counties. Before
1889, small areas were transferred to
Hertfordshire near Bishops
Stortford and Sawbridgeworth. At the time of the main changes around
1900, parts of Helions Bumpstead, Sturmer,
Ballingdon-with-Brundon were transferred to Suffolk; and Great
Chishill, Little Chishill and Heydon were transferred to
Cambridgeshire. Later, part of Hadstock, part of Ashton and part of
Chrishall were transferred to
Cambridgeshire and part of Great
Horkesley went to Suffolk; and several other small parcels of land
were transferred to all those counties.
The boundary with Greater
London was established in 1965, when East
Ham and West Ham county boroughs and the Barking, Chingford, Dagenham,
Hornchurch, Ilford, Leyton, Romford, Walthamstow and Wanstead and
Woodford districts were transferred to form the
London boroughs of
Barking and Dagenham, Havering, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest.
Essex became part of the East of
England Government Office Region in
1994 and was statistically counted as part of that region from 1999,
having previously been part of the South East
Two unitary authorities
In 1998, the boroughs of
Thurrock were granted
autonomy from the administrative county of
Essex after successful
requests to become unitary authorities (numbered 13 and 14 on the map
to the right).
Essex Police covers the administrative county and the two unitary
authorities. The county council chamber and main headquarters is at
County Hall in Chelmsford. Before 1938, the council regularly met
London near Moorgate, which with significant parts of the county
close to that point and the dominance of railway travel had been more
convenient than any place in the county. It currently has 75 elected
councillors. Before 1965, the number of councillors reached over 100.
County Hall, made a listed building in 2007, dates largely from
the mid-1930s and is decorated with fine artworks of that period,
mostly the gift of the family who owned the textile firm Courtaulds.
See also: List of places in Essex, List of settlements in
population, and Geology of Essex
The highest point of the county of
Chrishall Common near the
village of Langley, close to the
Hertfordshire border, which reaches
482 feet (147 m). The ceremonial county of
Essex is bounded to
the south by the
River Thames and its estuary (a boundary shared with
Kent); to the southwest by Greater London; to the west by
Hertfordshire with the boundary largely defined by the
River Lea and
the Stort; to the northwest by Cambridgeshire; to the north by
Suffolk, a boundary mainly defined by the River Stour; and to the east
by the North Sea.
The pattern of settlement in the county is diverse. The Metropolitan
Green Belt has effectively prevented the further sprawl of
the county, although it contains the new towns of
Basildon and Harlow,
originally developed to resettle Londoners following the destruction
London housing in the Second World War, since which they have been
significantly developed and expanded.
Epping Forest also prevents the
further spread of the Greater
London Urban Area. Because of its
London and the economic magnetism which that city exerts,
many of Essex's settlements, particularly those on or within short
driving distance of railway stations, function as dormitory towns or
London workers raise their families.
The village of
Finchingfield in north Essex
Part of the southeast of the county, already containing the major
population centres of Basildon, Southend and Thurrock, is within the
Thames Gateway and designated for further development. Parts of the
southwest of the county, such as
Buckhurst Hill and Chigwell, are
contiguous with Greater
London neighbourhoods and therefore form part
of the Greater
London Urban Area.
A small part of the southwest of the county (Sewardstone), is the only
settlement outside Greater
London to be covered by a postcode district
London post town (E4). To the north of the green belt, with the
exception of major towns such as Colchester,
Southend-on-Sea the county is rural, with many small towns, villages
and hamlets largely built in the traditional materials of timber and
brick, with clay tile or thatched roofs.
Industry is largely limited to the south of the county, with the
majority of the land elsewhere being given over to agriculture. Harlow
is a centre for electronics, science and pharmaceutical companies.
Chelmsford has been an important location for electronics companies,
such as the Marconi Company, since the industry was born; it is also
the location for a number of insurance and financial services
organisations, and until 2015 was the home of the soft drinks producer
Basildon is home to New Holland Agriculture's European
headquarters, and Brentwood is home to the Ford Motor Company's
British HQ. Debden, near Loughton, is home to a production facility
for British and foreign banknotes.
Other businesses in the county are dominated by mechanical
engineering, including but not limited to metalworking, glassmaking
and plastics and the service sector.
Colchester is a garrison town,
and the local economy is helped by the Army's personnel living there.
Basildon is the location of State Street Corporation's United Kingdom
HQ International Financial Data Services, and remains heavily
London for employment, due to its proximity and direct
Southend-on-Sea is home to the Adventure Island
theme park and is one of the few still growing British Seaside
resorts, benefiting from direct, modern rail links from Fenchurch
Street railway station and
Liverpool Street station
Liverpool Street station (placing housing
in high demand, especially for financial services commuters), which
thereby maintains the town's commercial and general economy.
Parts of eastern
Essex suffer from high levels of deprivation; one of
the most highly deprived wards is in the seaside town of Clacton.
In the Indices of deprivation 2007,
Jaywick was identified as the most
deprived Lower Super Output Area in Southern England. Unemployment
was estimated at 44% and many homes were found to lack severely basic
amenities. The Brooklands and Grasslands area of
Jaywick were found to
be the third-most deprived area in England; two areas in
Manchester were rated more deprived. In contrast, west and south-west
Essex is one of the most affluent parts of eastern England, forming
part of the
London commuter belt. There is a large middle class here,
and the area is widely known for its private schools. In 2008, The
Daily Telegraph found
Ingatestone and Brentwood to be the 14th- and
19th-richest towns in the UK respectively.
Westminster and the 2016 EU referendum
Essex is a strongly Conservative county, and 15 of its 18 constituency
MPs have absolute majorities (over 50%) as of the 2017 UK general
election. Despite the 18 Conservative MPs in Essex, the county has
also witnessed several of its constituencies vote for the Labour
Party: most recently, Thurrock,
Basildon in Labour's 2005
election victory. The Liberal Democrats, until 2015 had a sizeable
following in Essex, gaining
Colchester in the 1997 general election.
Results of the 2017 UK general Election in Essex
The 2015 general election saw a large vote in
Essex for the UK
Independence Party (UKIP), with its only MP, Douglas Carswell,
retaining the seat of Clacton that he had won in a 2014 by-election,
and other strong performances, notably in
Thurrock and Castle Point.
Following the 2017 general election, UKIP's vote share plummeted by
15.6% seeing both Conservative and Labour vote shares rise
significantly by 9%. This resulted in Labour regaining second place in
Essex, increasing their vote share across the county and cutting some
Conservative majorities in areas which had been unaffected by the 1997
general election, namely
Rochford and Southend East and Southend West.
The most Conservative seat according to the vote share is Saffron
Walden with almost 62% of the electorate voting Conservative. In
Thurrock is the most marginal seat. In 2015, Thurrock
epitomised a 3-party race with UKIP, Labour and the Conservatives
gaining 30%, 31% and 32% respectively. In 2017, the Conservatives held
Thurrock with an increased share of the vote, but smaller margin of
victory. It remains the constituency in which
UKIP performed best in
2017, with the party gaining 20% of the vote where all other areas had
been reduced to low single figure vote shares.
A new host of MPs were elected in the 2017 election, namely Alex
Burghart, Vicky Ford,
Giles Watling and
Kemi Badenoch all replacing
senior Conservative politicians such as Sir Eric Pickles, Sir Simon
Douglas Carswell and Sir Alan Haselhurst, respectively.
In the EU referendum,
Essex voted overwhelmingly to leave the EU, with
all 14 District Council areas voting to leave, the smallest margin
being in Uttlesford.
e • d 2017 UK general election in Essex
This is the county council that governs the non-metropolitan county of
Essex in England. It has 75 councillors, elected from 70 divisions,
some of which elect more than one member, and is currently controlled
by the Conservative Party. The council meets at
County Hall in the
centre of Chelmsford.
At the time of the 2011 census it served a population of 1,393,600,
which makes it one of the largest local authorities in England. As a
non-metropolitan county council, responsibilities are shared between
districts (including boroughs) and in many areas also between civil
parish (including town) councils. Births, marriages/civil partnerships
and death registration, roads, libraries and archives, refuse
disposal, most of state education, of social services and of transport
are provided at the county level.
The county council was formed in 1889, governing the administrative
county of Essex. The county council was reconstituted in 1974 as a
non-metropolitan county council, regaining jurisdiction in
Southend-on-Sea; however, the non-metropolitan county was reduced in
size in 1998 and the council passed responsibilities to
Southend-on-Sea Borough Council
Southend-on-Sea Borough Council and
Thurrock Council in those
districts. For certain services the three authorities co-operate
through joint arrangements, such as the
Essex fire authority.
Composition of the
Essex County Council
Essex County Council in 2017 after the county
At the 2013
County Council elections the Conservative Party retained
overall control of the council, but its majority fell from twenty-two
to four councillors. UKIP, Labour and the Liberal Democrats each won
nine seats. Of the three second-placed parties who won nine seats,
UKIP gained the largest share of the county-wide vote, more than 10%
ahead of Labour. The Liberal Democrats remain as the official
Opposition, despite winning fewer votes. The Green Party gained two
seats on the Council, despite its overall share of the vote falling.
Loughton Residents Association and the Canvey Island
Independent Party both returned one member and an Independent
candidate was also elected.
County Council elections saw a county-wide wipeout of UKIP.
The Conservative Party profited most from this loss, regaining many of
the seats it had lost at the previous election. Labour, despite a
slight rise in its share of the vote, returned with fewer councillors.
The Liberal Democrats also saw a notable revival, but were unable to
translate this into seats. The Conservatives retained firm control of
the council. The next election will be in 2021.
The county of
Essex is divided into 12 district and borough councils
with 2 unitary authorities (Southend on Sea and Thurrock). The 12
councils manage housing, local planning, refuse collection, street
cleaning, elections and meet in their respective civic offices. The
local representatives are elected in parts in local elections, held
With regard to the two unitary authorities, the county council is not
used to conduct business, but works closely with the unitary
authorities to deliver the “best value service” to all residents.
e • d 2017
Essex County Council
Essex County Council election
Residents for Uttlesford
Canvey Island Independents
Essex County Council
Essex County Council also has a Youth Assembly, 75 members aged
between 11 and 19 who aim to represent all young people in their
districts across Essex. They decide on the priorities for young people
and campaign to make a difference. With this, some district and
unitary authorities may have their own youth councils, such as Epping
Forest, Uttlesford and Harlow.
All these councilors are elected by their schools. The elections to
Essex Assembly occur in the respective schools in which the
candidates are standing, likewise for the youth councils at a district
and unitary level. These young people will then go on to represent
their school and their parish/ward or (in the case of the Young Essex
Assembly) their entire district.
The initiative seeks to engage younger people in the county and rely
on the youth councilors of all status to work closely with schools and
youth centers to improve youth services in
Essex and help promote the
opinions of the
Essex youth generation.
Town and parish councils vary in size from those with a population of
around 200 to those with a population of over 30,000. Annual
expenditure can vary greatly, depending on the circumstances of the
Parish and town councils (local councils) have the
same powers and duties, but a town council may elect a town mayor,
rather than a chairman, each year in May.
There are just under 300 town and parish councils within Essex.
Local councils play a vital role in representing the interests of
their communities and improving the quality of life and the local
environment. They can also influence other decision makers and can
deliver services to meet local needs. Their powers and duties range
from maintaining allotments and open spaces, to crime prevention and
providing recreation facilities.
Local councils have the right to become statutory consultees at both
district and county level and, although the decision remains with the
planning authorities, local councils can influence the decision-making
process by making informed comments and recommendations.
London Stansted Airport, in the north west of the county
The main airport in
London Stansted Airport, serving
destinations in Europe, North Africa and Asia. The
Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government formed in May 2010
agreed not to allow a further runway until a set time period,[when?]
so curtailing the operator's ambitions for expansion.
Airport, once one of Britain's busiest airports, opened a new runway
extension, terminal building and railway station in March 2012. It
has a station on the Shenfield to Southend Line, with a direct link to
Southend Airport has scheduled flights to Ireland, the Channel Islands
and multiple destinations in Europe.
Essex has several smaller
airfields, some of which owe their origins to military bases built
during World War I or World War II, giving pleasure flights or flying
lessons; these include Clacton Airfield, Earls Colne Airfield, and
The Port of
Tilbury is one of Britain's three major ports, while the
Harwich has passenger and freight services to the Hook of
Holland and a freight service to Europoort. A service to Esbjerg,
Denmark ceased in September 2014 and earlier a service to Cuxhaven
Germany was discontinued in December 2005.
The UK's largest container terminal
London Gateway at
Shell Haven in
Thurrock partly opened in November 2013; final completion date is yet
to be confirmed. The port was opposed by the local authority and
environmental and wildlife organisations.
Queen Elizabeth II Bridge spanning the Thames from West Thurrock,
Essex, to Dartford, Kent
East of the
Dartford Road Crossing to Dartford, Kent, across the
Thames Estuary, a pedestrians ferry to Gravesend,
Kent operates from
Tilbury during limited daily hours, and there are pedestrian ferries
across some of Essex's rivers and estuaries in spring and summer. The
M11 motorway both cross the county in the extreme south and
west, enabling regular commuting to/from parts of the county with
Hertfordshire and Cambridge. The A127 and A13 trunk roads are
important radial routes connecting
London and the M25 to the south of
Essex. The A12 runs across the county from south west to north east
and carries traffic not just within
Essex but also between
Norfolk and the ports of Felixstowe and Harwich.
Rail goods have several ports and dedicated lines within Essex.
Essex lies within the
London commuter belt. Abellio Greater
Anglia (run by Abellio, the international arm of Nederlandse
Spoorwegen) is the key railway operator in the county, providing
commuter services into
Liverpool Street and regional services
throughout the East of England. The main railway routes in Essex
Three lines from the City of
London to Southend-on-Sea: two operated
by c2c from
Fenchurch Street railway station
Fenchurch Street railway station (one route via Tilbury)
Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia from
Liverpool Street station;
Great Eastern Main Line
Great Eastern Main Line from
Liverpool Street to
Norfolk and to the international port at
West Anglia Main Line
West Anglia Main Line from
Liverpool Street to
Airport and onward to Cambridgeshire.
The southern part of
Epping Forest district is served by the London
Underground Central line. The routes operated by Abellio Greater
Anglia were operated by
National Express East Anglia
National Express East Anglia and were
previously branded as 'One'. Branch lines include:
Sunshine Coast Line
Sunshine Coast Line linking
Colchester to the seaside resorts of
Walton-on-the-Naze via the picturesque towns of
Wivenhoe and Great Bentley.
Crouch Valley Line
Crouch Valley Line linking
Southminster via the
riverside communities including
South Woodham Ferrers
South Woodham Ferrers and
Essex Rapid Transit is a proposed public transport scheme which
would provide a fast, reliable public transport service in and between
Basildon and Southend.
Further information: List of schools in Essex, List of schools in
Southend-on-Sea, List of schools in Thurrock, and List of primary
schools in Essex
Essex is substantially provided by three authorities:
Essex County Council
Essex County Council and the two unitary authorities, Southend-on-Sea
and Thurrock. In all there are some 90 state secondary schools
provided by these authorities, the majority of which are
comprehensive, although one in Uttlesford, two in Chelmsford, two in
Colchester and four in
Southend-on-Sea are selective grammar schools.
There are also various independent schools particularly, as mentioned
above, in rural parts and the west of the county.
The University of Essex, which was established in 1963, is located
just outside Colchester, with two further campuses in
Southend-on-Sea. University Campus Suffolk, with a main campus in
Ipswich and five centres in the counties of
Norfolk and Suffolk, is a
joint venture between
University of Essex
University of Essex and East Anglia polytechnic.
Depiction of the first king of the East Saxons, Æscwine, his shield
showing the three seaxes emblem attributed to him (from John Speed's
The county's coat of arms comprises three
Saxon seax knives (although
they look rather more like scimitars), mainly white and pointing to
the right (sic), arranged vertically one above another on a red
background (Gules three Seaxes fessewise in pale Argent pomels and
hilts Or points to the sinister and cutting edges upwards); the
three-seax device is also used as the official logo of
Council having been granted as such in 1932. The emblem was
Essex in Early Modern historiography. The
earliest reference to the arms of the East
Saxon kings was by Richard
Verstegan, the author of A Restitution of Decayed Intelligence
(Antwerp, 1605), claiming that "
Erkenwyne king of the East-Saxons did
beare for his armes, three [seaxes] argent, in a field gules". There
is no earlier evidence substantiating Verstegan's claim, which is an
anachronism for the
Anglo-Saxon period seeing that heraldry only
evolved in the 12th century, well after the Norman conquest. John
Speed in his Historie of Great Britaine (1611) follows Verstegan in
his descriptions of the arms of Erkenwyne, but he qualifies the
statement by adding "as some or our heralds have emblazed".
The Hay Wain
The Hay Wain by
John Constable shows the
Essex landscape on the right
Essex is also home to the Dunmow Flitch Trials, a traditional ceremony
that takes place every four years and consists of a test of a married
couple's devotion to one another. A common claim of the origin of the
Dunmow Flitch dates back to 1104 and the
Augustinian priory of Little
Dunmow, founded by Lady Juga Baynard. Lord of the Manor Reginald
Fitzwalter and his wife dressed themselves as humble folk and begged
blessing of the Prior a year and a day after marriage. The prior,
impressed by their devotion, bestowed upon them a flitch of bacon.
Upon revealing his true identity, Fitzwalter gave his land to the
priory on condition that a flitch should be awarded to any couple who
could claim they were similarly devoted. By the 14th century, the
Dunmow Flitch Trials appear to have achieved a significant reputation
outside the local area. The author William Langland, who lived on the
Welsh borders, mentions it in his 1362 book The Vision of Piers
Plowman in a manner that implies general knowledge of the custom among
Essex dialect, an accent related to the
Suffolk dialect, was
formerly prevalent in the county but has now been mostly replaced by
Essex is home to two
English Football League
English Football League teams: Southend United
Colchester United. Both teams have reached as high as the
Championship (the second tier of English football) at some point in
their history. As of 2017-18
Southend United are in League One, while
Colchester United are in League Two. Braintree Town,
Concord Rangers and East
Thurrock United are the next highest placed
football teams, playing in the National League South, while the
highest domestic trophy for non-league teams, the FA Trophy, has been
won on four occasions by
Essex teams: most recently by
County Cricket Club became a First-Class
County in 1894. The
county has won 7
County Championship league titles; 6 of these were
won during the dominant period between 1979 and 1992, with a gap of 25
years before the county's next title in 2017.
County is also home to the
Lakeside Hammers speedway team
Essex Hammers), the
Chelmsford Chieftains ice hockey
team and the
Essex Leopards basketball team. It has previously been
home to the
Essex Eels rugby league team, as well as the
During the 2012
Hadleigh Farm played host to the
mountain bike races.
Essex has one horse racing venue,
Chelmsford City Racecourse at Great
Leighs, and horse racing also took place at
Chelmsford Racecourse in
Galleywood until 1935. The county has one current greyhound racing
Rayleigh Weir Stadium and
Southend Stadium are
former greyhound venues.
Team Essex Volleyball Club
Team Essex Volleyball Club is Chelmsford's national league volleyball
club. It has four teams which play in Volleyball England's national
volleyball league. Its Men's 1st team currently competes in the top
division in the country, the Super 8s while the Women's 1st team
competes one tier below the men. The club has a strong junior program
and trains in
The Boswells School in Chelmsford.
Many famous sports stars have come from or trained in Essex. These
have included swimmer Mark Foster; cricket stars Trevor Bailey,
Alastair Cook and Graham Gooch; footballers Peter Taylor, James
Tomkins, Justin Edinburgh, Nigel Spink; tennis stars John Lloyd and
David Lloyd; Olympic Gold-winning gymnast Max Whitlock; Olympic
sailing champion Saskia Clark; World Champion snooker stars Stuart
Bingham and Steve Davis; world champion boxers Terry Marsh and Frank
London Marathon winner Eamonn Martin; international rugby
Malcolm O'Kelly and Stuart Barnes; Formula 1 sports car
Johnny Herbert and Perry McCarthy.
Over 14,000 buildings have listed status in the county, and around
1000 of those are recognised as of Grade I or II* importance. The
buildings range from the 7th century
Saxon church of St
Peter-on-the-Wall, to the
Royal Corinthian Yacht Club
Royal Corinthian Yacht Club which was the
United Kingdom's entry in the "International Exhibition of Modern
Architecture" held at the
Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art in New York City in
Southend Pier is in the
Guinness Book of Records
Guinness Book of Records as the longest
pleasure pier in the world.
The church of St Peter-on-the-Wall, Bradwell-on-Sea
The Grade I listed Hedingham Castle, with the best preserved Norman
keep in the UK
Thaxted Guildhall, dating from around 1450
The 17th century
Audley End House, Saffron Walden
Royal Corinthian Yacht Club, Burnham-on-Crouch
Colchester Castle, Colchester
Hylands House, south of
Writtle and south-west of Chelmsford
Southend Pier, Southend-on-Sea
Places of interest
Main article: List of places of interest in Essex
Accessible open space
Museum (free/not free)
Skyline of Southend-on-Sea
Ashdon (The site of the ancient
Bartlow Hills and also a claimant as
the location of the Battle of Ashingdon)
Ashingdon (The site of the
Battle of Ashingdon
Battle of Ashingdon in 1016), near
Southend, with its isolated St Andrews Church and site of England's
earliest aerodrome at South Fambridge
Audley End House
Audley End House and Gardens,
Colchester Castle 
Colne Valley Railway
Colne Valley Railway
East Anglian Railway Museum
East Anglian Railway Museum
Epping Ongar Railway
Epping Ongar Railway
Finchingfield (home of the author Dodie Smith)
Great Bentley, which has the largest village green in England[citation
Harlow New Town
Hedingham Castle, between Stansted and Colchester, to the north of
Ingatestone Hall, Ingatestone, between Brentwood and Chelmsford
Kelvedon Hatch Secret Nuclear Bunker
Lakeside Shopping Centre
Loughton, near Epping Forest
Maldon historic market town, close to
Chelmsford and the North Sea,
and site of the Battle of Maldon
Mangapps Railway Museum
Mangapps Railway Museum (Burnham-on-Crouch)
Marsh Farm Country Park (South Woodham Ferrers)
Mersea Island, birdwatching and rambling resort with one settlement,
Mistley Towers, Manningtree, between
Colchester and Ipswich, near
Mountfitchet Castle , Stansted
North Weald Airfield
Orsett Hall Hotel, Prince Charles Avenue,
Orsett near Chadwell St Mary
Thaxted, south of Saffron Walden
Thurrock Thameside Nature Park
University of Essex
University of Essex (
Colchester and Loughton)
Further information: Category:People from Essex
Sister counties and regions
Henrico County, Virginia, United States
The Earl of Essex
List of Lord Lieutenants of Essex
Healthcare in Essex
List of High Sheriffs of Essex
Custos Rotulorum of Essex – Keepers of the Rolls
Historical list of MPs of
Q Camp: WWII camp in Essex
List of civil parishes in England
The Only Way Is Essex
List of Sites of
Special Scientific Interest in Essex
Essex Police and Crime Commissioner
Notes and references
Essex 2017/2018". High Sheriff's Association of
England and Wales.
Retrieved 9 June 2017.
^ Vision of Britain Archived 26 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
Essex ancient county boundaries map
^ The Free Dictionary – definition
^ Raymond Grant (1991). The royal forests of England. Wolfeboro Falls,
NH: Alan Sutton. ISBN 0-86299-781-X. 086299781X. see table,
Essex Stanestreet and p221-229 for details of each forest
^ Vision of Britain Archived 14 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ a b Vision of Britain Archived 26 January 2009 at the Wayback
Essex admin county (historic map Archived 30 September
2007 at the Wayback Machine.)
Essex County Council
Essex County Council – District or Borough Councils
^ OPSI – The
Essex (Boroughs of Colchester,
Thurrock and District of Tendring) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral
Changes) Order 1996
^ OPSI – The
Essex (Police Area and Authority) Order 1997
^ "Did you know deprivation in
Chelmsford Diocese". Archived from the
original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
^ "Jackwich: Village 'third most deprived area in UK'". Archived from
the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Essex.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for
Essex at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Essex Wildlife Trust
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Essex Archives Online
Essex at the
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