comScore is an American media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers.


ComScore Networks was founded in July 1999 in Reston, Virginia.[3] The company was co-founded by Gian Fulgoni, who was for many years the CEO of market research company Information Resources, Inc. (IRI) and Magid Abraham, who was also an ex-IRI employee and had served as president of IRI in the mid-1990s.

On March 30, 2007, comScore made an initial public offering of shares on the Nasdaq, using the symbol "SCOR".[4][5]

On February 11, 2014, comScore announced the appointment of Serge Matta as chief executive officer, effective March 1.[6]

Co-founder Gian Fulgoni, who had been serving as chairman emeritus since 2014, replaced Serge Matta as chief executive officer on August 10, 2016.[7] On September 2, 2016, comScore received a letter from NASDAQ that it was in danger of being delisted from the exchange on September 12 unless comScore filed its 2015 annual report (form 10-K) and reports for the first two quarters of 2016.[8] On Feb 6, 2017, comScore announced they would not meet the NASDAQ-imposed deadline to "complete its financial restatement and regain compliance with Nasdaq's listing requirements."[9] Because of this missed deadline, "comScore's common stock may be suspended from trading and delisted from Nasdaq."[9] If comScore is delisted from NASDAQ and their trading is suspended, they advise they intend to "be quoted on the OTC Markets."[9] In November 2017, According to the reports, Gian Fulgoni co-founder and CEO retired.[10]

Mergers and acquisitions

comScore acquired Media Metrix in a deal announced in June 2002. Earlier, the Federal Trade Commission announced it would block a bid by NetRatings to acquire Media Metrix.

Media Metrix originated as PC Meter, a business unit of market research company NPD Group, and began publishing statistics in January 1996.[11] In July 1997, it changed its name to Media Metrix.[12] In October 1998, Media Metrix merged with a rival, Relevant Knowledge.[13] The company went public as NASDAQ:MMXI in May 1999, reaching a market cap of $135 million on its first day of trading.[14] In June 2000, the company acquired Jupiter Communications for $414 million in stock and changed its name to Jupiter Media Metrix.[15] In the aftermath of the dot-com bubble collapse and associated downturn in internet marketing spending, Jupiter sold the Media Metrix service to rival comScore for $1.5 million in June 2002.[16]

In May 2008, comScore announced its acquisition of M:Metrics, a company that measured mobile content consumption. The transaction involved a cash payment of $44.3 million and the issue of approximately 50,000 options to purchase shares of comScore common stock to some M:Metrics unvested option holders.[17]

comScore announced in October 2009 the acquisition of Certifica, an internet marketing company based in Santiago, Chile. The acquisition enhanced comScore’s presence in the Latin American market.[18]

In February 2010, comScore announced an agreement to purchase the ARSgroup, headquartered in Evansville, Indiana.[19]

On July 1, 2010, comScore announced that it had acquired the products division of Nexius, Inc.[20]

comScore then acquired Nedstat (nl) for approximately $36.7 million on September 1, 2010.[21]

In February 2015 comScore US entered into a partnership with Kantar owned by WPP with an equity stake purchase.[22]

In September 2015, comScore and Rentrak announced a merger of the two companies. The move was meant to combine comScore's digital media measurement capabilities with the TV measurement capabilities of Rentrak to create a cross-platform media measurement firm, perhaps capable of challenging Nielsen N.V. in the media measurement space.[23] Under terms of the agreement, comScore agreed to acquire Rentrak in an all-stock deal valued at about $732 million, with Rentrak shareholders receiving 1.15 shares of comScore per owned share of Rentrak.[24]

The comScore-Rentrak deal closed on February 1, 2016, with the final transaction being valued at $767.7 million.[25]

Data collection and reporting

comScore maintains a group of users who have monitoring software (with brands including PermissionResearch, OpinionSquare and VoiceFive Networks)[26] installed on their computers.[citation needed] In exchange for joining the comScore research panels, users are presented with various benefits, including computer security software, Internet data storage, virus scanning and chances to win cash or prizes.[citation needed]

comScore estimates that two million users are part of the monitoring program.[5] However, self-selected populations, no matter how large, may not be representative of the population as a whole. To obtain the most accurate data, comScore adjusts the statistics using weights to make sure that each population segment is adequately represented. To calculate these weights, comScore regularly recruits panelists using random digit dialing and other offline recruiting methods to accurately determine how many users are online, aggregated by geography, income, and age.[27][28][29] Correcting the comScore data requires having accurate demographics about the larger pool of users. However, some comScore users are recruited without being asked to give demographic information and, in other cases, users may not be truthful about their demographics. To ensure the accuracy of the data, comScore verifies its users' demographics during the course of measuring statistical data.[30]

The corrected data is used to generate reports on topics ranging from web traffic[31] to video streaming activity[32] and consumer buying power.[33]

Unified Digital Measurement

With the introduction of Unified Digital Measurement (UDM) in May 2009, comScore implemented a solution to digital audience measurement that organically blended both panel and census-based measurement approaches into a single unified methodology. comScore has developed this proprietary methodology to calculate audience reach in a manner not affected by variables such as cookie deletion and cookie blocking/rejection to help reconcile longstanding differences between the two measurement approaches.[34]

Campaign measurement

comScore debuted Campaign Essentials in 2010 to measure how digital campaigns are reaching their audiences. In March 2012, comScore launched validated Campaign Essentials (vCE), which introduced the notion of “validated” impressions.[35] In January 2013, comScore announced that it had evaluated 4,000 campaigns for clients covering more than 75 advertising agencies.[36]


In 2006, Ben Edelman, a Harvard researcher, alleged that there were cases where comScore software had been installed on users' computers without their knowledge.[37] comScore admitted that it was in discussion with a spyware firm called DollarRevenue but said that no contract was ever signed, and that once it realized DollarRevenue was distributing comScore's software, months later, it took steps to prevent the DollarRevenue-distributed software from sending data to comScore.[38] Stanford IT notes that the monitoring software has been bundled with file sharing program iMesh without users being aware of it,[39] although comScore's relationship with iMesh was short-lived and occurred several years ago.[38]

In the past, the software forwarded users' internet traffic through comScore proxy servers, provoking criticism about speed performance.[39][40] As a result, several universities and banks took steps to block the proxy servers.[41][42] In response to these concerns, comScore no longer uses this technology.[citation needed]

In June 2010, a warning about Mac Spyware being launched from free applications like screensavers, from security company Intego[43] was reported in the media and implicated VoiceFive, Inc. as the source of certain alleged spyware software.[44]

Additionally, noted blogger and angel investor Jason Calacanis claimed that ComScore was running an 'extorting ring' by vastly undercounting publisher traffic numbers and forcing them to pay fees for direct measurement via a tracking pixel.[45] ComScore responded to these allegations by offering their direct measurement tracking pixel to long-tail web publishers for free.[46]


  • Magid Abraham, comScore's co-founder, received the 2009 Charles Coolidge Parlin Marketing Research Award at the 2009 American Marketing Association Marketing Research Conference.[47]
  • comScore was selected as a winner of the 2009 Chicago Innovation Awards for its creative development of AdEffx in October 2009.[48]
  • In June 2009, comScore and the GSM Association won the M.E.F. Award for Business Intelligence in Mobile Media.[49]
  • comScore was rated as the preferred audience measurement service by 50.4 percent of respondents to the William Blair & Company 6th semiannual survey of the members of the Chicago Interactive Marketing Association (CIMA).[50]
  • comScore was ranked as the 15th largest U.S. market research firm based on 2008 domestic revenues, growing faster than each of the largest 25 research firms, according to the 2008 Honomichl Top 50 report.[51]
  • comScore was selected by World Economic Forum as one of 2007's 47 most innovative companies.[52]
  • comScore co-founder Magid Abraham was honored with the Eighth Annual Buck Weaver Award for Marketing. The award recognizes individuals who have made important contributions to the advancement of theory and practice in marketing science.[53]
  • In 2014, comScore has been awarded the "New Technology of the Year Award" by Digital Analytics Association. With its multi-platform capability, Digital Analytix is able to unify users across devices and platforms using comScore’s proprietary browser unification methodology.[54][55]
  • According to the third-party analysts' Alexa Internet and SimilarWeb researches, comScore is one of the best rated marketing companies.[56][57]

Competitors and alliances

Competitors in internet market research include Alexa, Nielsen Online, Quantcast, SimilarWeb, SRDS by Kantar Media, Thalamus, and Compete, a TNS Media company.

In February 2011, The Coalition for Innovative Media Measurement (CIMM) and comScore announced they were working together to measure three-screen users and their behavior with content and advertising across television, Internet, and mobile.

See also


  1. ^ "ComScore.com WHOIS, DNS, & Domain Info - DomainTools". WHOIS. Retrieved 2016-09-20. 
  2. ^ Spangler, Todd (Aug 10, 2016). "ComScore Management Shakeup: Gian Fulgoni Named CEO, CFO Mel Wesly Out". Variety. 
  3. ^ "comScore Networks Introduces "Customer Knowledge Platform" that Provides a 360° View of Customer Buying and Browsing Behavior on the Internet". comScore. 2000-09-18. 
  4. ^ "Web-traffic specialist comScore files for IPO". MarketWatch. 2007-04-02. 
  5. ^ a b "comScore's March 30th S-1 SEC form". SEC. 2007-03-30. 
  6. ^ "comScore to Appoint Serge Matta Chief Executive Officer" (Press release). Reston, Virginia: comScore, Inc. PR Newswire. 11 February 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "comScore Board Names Co-Founder Gian Fulgoni as Company's Chief Executive Officer" (Press release). Reston, Virginia: comScore, Inc. PR Newswire. 10 August 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  8. ^ Medici, Andy (6 September 2016). "Here's why Nasdaq is threatening to delist comScore". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c "comScore Provides Update on Nasdaq Listing (NASDAQ:SCOR)". ir.comscore.com. Retrieved 2017-02-06. 
  10. ^ "comScore CEO Fulgoni to Retire Sooner Than Expected Broadcasting & Cable". www.broadcastingcable.com. Retrieved 2017-11-16. 
  11. ^ Surfing Down Memory Lane to January 1996: comScore Media Metrix Revisits First-Ever Web Site Rankings
  12. ^ "PC Meter Renames, Remakes Itself". Wired News. 1997-07-21. Archived from the original on 2004-12-01. 
  13. ^ Emert, Carol (1998-10-13). "2 Rating Services For Web Merge". SFGate. 
  14. ^ "May 7, 1999 Market Close". Motley Fool. 
  15. ^ "Media Metrix, Jupiter merge in $414 million deal". CNET. 2000-06-27. 
  16. ^ "Jupiter sells part of measurement unit". CNET. 2002-06-06. 
  17. ^ http://www.comscore.com/press/release.asp?press=2244
  18. ^ "comScore to Acquire Certifica, a Leading Provider of Real-Time Web Measurement and Digital Marketing Technology Solutions in Latin America". comScore, Inc. 2010-10-29. 
  19. ^ "comScore Announces Acquisition of ARSgroup". comScore, Inc. 2010-02-10. 
  20. ^ "comScore Acquires Products Division of Nexius, Inc". comScore, Inc. 2010-07-01. 
  21. ^ "comScore Acquires Nedstat, Global Analytics and Online Optimization Provider". comScore, Inc. 2010-09-01. 
  22. ^ "Kantar Partnership See's WPP Agree Pay $46.13/Share For 15-20% Of ComScore". 
  23. ^ Perlberg, Steven; Vranica, Suzanne (2 Oct 2015). "Media Industry Welcomes ComScore-Rentrak Deal". Wall Street Journal (3 Oct 2015). Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  24. ^ "comScore and Rentrak to Merge, Creating Leading Cross-Platform Measurement Company". [Press Release]. 29 Sep 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  25. ^ Liyakasa, Kelly (1 Feb 2016). "ComScore Completes $768M Merger With Rentrak In Bid For Cross-Screen Measurement". AdExchanger.com. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "voicefive.com - more comScore tracking stuff". Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  27. ^ "Review of comScore Methodology". Advertising Research Foundation (ARF). 2001. 
  28. ^ "Collecting & Analyzing Web Usage Data from User Panels". comScore. April 2001. pp. 7, 9, 13. 
  29. ^ "comScore Methodology". Archived from the original on 2006-10-19. Retrieved 2006-11-02. 
  30. ^ "The "Professional Respondent" Problem In Online Survey Panels Today". comScore. June 2005. pp. 8–10. 
  31. ^ "comScore Releases Worldwide Ranking of Top Web Properties". comScore. 2006-10-26. 
  32. ^ "comScore Releases U.S. Video Metrix Rankings". comScore. 2006-09-27. 
  33. ^ "Newspaper Web Site Audiences Grow Faster Than Total Internet Populations In Largest U.S. Markets". comScore. 2002-07-08. 
  34. ^ "comScore Announces Media Metrix 360: The Next Generation of Global Digital Audience Measurement". comScore. 2009-05-31. 
  35. ^ "comScore Introduces Validated Campaign Essentials™ (vCE)". comScore. 2012-01-18. 
  36. ^ "comScore vCE Reaches Milestone with Completion of 4,000th Client Study". comScore. 2013-01-23. 
  37. ^ Ben Edelman (2006-07-26). "Comscore Doesn't Always Get Consent". benedelman.org. 
  38. ^ a b Lisa Lerer (2006-12-07). "How Much Privacy?". Forbes. 
  39. ^ a b "MarketScore Spyware". Stanford Information Security Office. 2005-01-11. 
  40. ^ "An Analysis of the New Marketscore Proxy". Cornell's IT Security Office. 2005-05-31. 
  41. ^ "'Researchware' watches where you click". MSNBC. 2005-04-20. 
  42. ^ "ComScore: Spyware or 'researchware'?". CNET. 2004-12-20. 
  43. ^ "Intego Security Alert: OSX/OpinionSpy Spyware Installed by Freely Distributed Mac Applications". Intego. 2010-06-01. 
  44. ^ "Mac OS X OpinionSpy – same old, same old". 2010-06-02. 
  45. ^ Arrington, Michael. "Jason Calacanis Punches Comscore In The Face. Comscore Punches Back. Fred Wilson Drags Us Into It. $SCOR". Techcrunch. Techcrunch. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  46. ^ HARDAWAR, DEVINDRA. "ComScore site tracking now free, offers discounts for startups". Venturebeat. Venturebeat. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  47. ^ "2009 Charles Coolidge Parlin Marketing Research Award". American Marketing Association. 2009-10-06. 
  48. ^ "Past Winners". Chicago Innovation Awards. 2009-10-20. Archived from the original on 2010-03-11. 
  49. ^ "Meffys winners showcase vibrant mobile entertainment industry". m-e-f.org. 2009-06-24. 
  50. ^ "William Blair & Company and CIMA Release Fifth Installment of Semiannual Interactive Marketing Survey". William Blair & Company. 2008-07-08. 
  51. ^ "comScore Ranked as Fastest Growing Company Among 20 Largest Global Market Research Firms". comScore, Inc. 2008-08-13. 
  52. ^ "Technology Pioneers". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  53. ^ "MIT Sloan's Buck Weaver marketing award honors comScore CEO". MIT Sloan School of Management. 2011-01-21. 
  54. ^ "Digital Analytics Association 2014 Awards for Excellence Recipients". digitalanalyticsassociation.org. Archived from the original on March 26, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  55. ^ "comScore Digital Analytix Multi-Platform Awarded 2014 New Technology of the Year by Digital Analytics Association". comScore, Inc. Archived from the original on March 26, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  56. ^ "comScore Alexa". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  57. ^ "comScore on SimilarWeb". SimilarWeb. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 

External links