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CHIPPING BARNET or HIGH BARNET is a market town in the London
London
Borough of Barnet , England
England
. It is a suburban development built around a 12th-century settlement, and is located 10 1⁄2 miles (17 km) north north-west of Charing Cross , east from Borehamwood
Borehamwood
, west from Enfield and south from Potters Bar . Its name is very often abbreviated to just BARNET, which is also the name of the borough of which it forms a part. Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
is also the name of the Parliamentary constituency covering the local area - the word "Chipping" denotes the presence of a market , one that was established here at the end of the 12th century and persists to this day. Chipping Barnet is one of the highest-lying urban settlements in London, with the town centre having an elevation of about 427 feet (130 m).

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Religious sites * 1.2 James Ravenscroft

* 2 Geography * 3 Demography

* 4 Transport

* 4.1 Tube and train

* 5 Public services * 6 Sport and recreation * 7 Local papers * 8 Neighbouring areas * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

CHIPPING BARNET (PARISH) POPULATION 1881 4,283

1891 4,563

1901 2,893

1911 3,954

1921 4,154

1931 6,018

1941 7,845

1951 7,062

# no census was held due to war

source: UK census

The town's name derives from an ancient settlement, recorded as Barneto c. 1070, Barnet 1197, La Barnette 1248, that is 'the land cleared by burning', from Old English
Old English
bærnet, referring to the clearing of this once densely forested area in early times.

This was the site of the Battle of Barnet in 1471 (more accurately, Hadley), where Yorkist troops led by King Edward IV killed the rebellious "Kingmaker" Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Warwick's brother, John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu
. This was one of the most important battles of the Wars of the Roses . Barnet Hill is said to be the hill mentioned in the nursery rhyme "The Grand Old Duke of York".

It is also the site of an ancient and well-known horse fair , whence comes the rhyming slang of Barnet Fair
Barnet Fair
or barnet for 'hair'. The fair dates back to 1588 when Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the Lord of the Manor of Barnet to hold a twice yearly fair.

The famous Barnet Market is now over 810 years old. On 23 August 1199 King John issued a charter for a market at Barnet to the Lord of the Manor, the Abbot of St. Albans, John de Cella. A map of Barnet Urban District in 1935

Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
was historically a civil parish of Hertfordshire and formed part of the Barnet Urban District from 1894. The parish was abolished in 1965 and the Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
section of its former area was transferred from Hertfordshire to Greater London and the newly created London Borough of Barnet . In 1801 the parish had a population of 1,258 and covered an area of 1,440 acres (5.8 km2). By 1901 the parish was reduced to 380 acres (1.5 km2) and had a population of 2,893. In 1951 the population was 7,062.

In Saxon times the site was part of an extensive wood called Southaw, belonging to the Abbey of St Albans. The name of the town appears in early deeds as 'Bergnet' – the Saxon word 'Bergnet' meant a little hill (monticulus). Barnet's elevated position is also indicated in one of its alternative names ('High Barnet'), which appears in many old books and maps, and which the railway company restored. The area was historically a common resting point on the traditional Great North Road between the City of London
City of London
and York
York
and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
.

Barnet belonged to the County
County
of Hertfordshire until 1965, when under the London Government Act 1963
London Government Act 1963
, East Barnet Urban District and Barnet Urban District were abolished and their area was transferred to Greater London to form part of the present-day London
London
Borough of Barnet .

At the beginning of the 21st century, a tongue-in-cheek movement calling for the name Barnet to be changed to "Barnét" began to gain the attention of the public and the national media, with many public road signs in the area regularly being altered to contain the accented character. Barnet Council has been treating any such alterations to public road signs as vandalism.

RELIGIOUS SITES

St John the Baptist
John the Baptist
Church (built 1560), is a landmark for miles around and stands in what was the centre of the town, was erected by John de la Moote, abbot of St Albans , about 1400, the architect being Beauchamp. Playing on its antiquity, it continues to call itself "Barnet Church", although this is not an official title. It is in fact the parish church of Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
only, whilst Christ Church is the parish church of High Barnet, St Mark's is the parish church of Barnet Vale, St James's is the parish church of New Barnet, and St Mary the Virgin is the parish church of East Barnet . The parish church of St Mary the Virgin , Monken Hadley (rebuilt 1494) also has parish boundaries which include a significant part of High Barnet, including much of Barnet High Street. St John the Baptist
John the Baptist
Church Tomb of Thomas Ravenscroft in Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
Church

The living of Barnet is a curacy , held with the rectory of East Barnet till the death of the last incumbent in 1866, when the livings were separated. The parish of Chipping Barnet, served by St John's Church, was provided with a chapel-of-ease in Victorian times; subsequently Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
parish was split in two, and the chapel-of-ease (on Bells Hill, Barnet) raised to the status of a parish church, dedicated to St Stephen.

JAMES RAVENSCROFT

In addition to the charity established to maintain his father's tomb, James Ravenscroft (and his wife Mary) established a charity to support six "poor and ancient women".

GEOGRAPHY

The tower of Barnet parish church — St John the Baptist
John the Baptist
— at the top of Barnet Hill claims to be the highest point between itself and the Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
2,000 miles (3,200 km) to the east. However, the same has been said of numerous other points. Since the opening of the railway, development has increased considerably, especially in the west of the area near Arkley .

For a London
London
town, Barnet lies very high. The High Street lies 427 feet (130 m) above sea level and the surrounding southern land no less than 295 feet (90 m).

DEMOGRAPHY

Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
is within the High Barnet ward. According to the 2011 census, the population was 82% white (68% White British, 11% Other White, 3% White Irish). Indians made up 4% of the population, and all black groups made up 3%. This data does not represent the town as a whole due to the fact that it contains six other wards.

TRANSPORT

Barnet Hill is a major hill on the historic Great North Road. In coaching days, 150 stagecoaches passed through Barnet daily. The modern Great North Road replacement the A1 avoids the town along Barnet Bypass.

TUBE AND TRAIN

High Barnet tube station is on the Northern line while New Barnet railway station is on the East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
served by services from King\'s Cross and Moorgate to Welwyn Garden City . Totteridge and Whetstone tube station serves the affluent areas bearing the same name south west of High Barnet town centre. Oakleigh Park railway station serves the eastern extremity of the town. The Barnet Tunnel is also in the area.

PUBLIC SERVICES

Barnet is served by Barnet General Hospital which is run by The Royal Free London
London
NHS Foundation Trust as part of the English National Health Service . There is also an NHS clinic in Vale Drive (near Barnet Hill and High Barnet tube station ). London
London
Ambulance Service responds to medical emergencies in Barnet. Home Office policing is provided by the Metropolitan Police Service
Metropolitan Police Service
. Statutory emergency fire service is provided by the London Fire Brigade , which has a station on Station Road, built in 1992.

SPORT AND RECREATION

Barnet FC
Barnet FC
is the local football team, currently in Football League Two , the fourth tier of English football – at the end of the 2012/13 season Barnet were relegated from League Two, but have regained promotion since. They played at the Underhill Stadium until 2012/13 but from the 2013/14 season are playing at The Hive Stadium
The Hive Stadium
in Stanmore
Stanmore
in the London Borough of Harrow . They first reached the Football League in 1991 as champions of the GM Vauxhall
Vauxhall
Conference but lost their status 10 years later with relegation, only to return four years later – again as Conference champions. London Lions F.C. is also based in Barnet, near Stirling Corner, but the 1st team plays midweek and some cup home games at Hemel Hempstead Town F.C. as its own ground is not floodlit and does not meet the requirements for some cup competitions. There are a number of amateur football clubs based in Barnet including East Barnet Old Grammarians and Ravenscroft Old Boys.

Barnet Cricket Club and Old Elizabethans' Cricket Club have merged to form one club in Barnet and currently play their games at Gypsy Corner. Shaftesbury Barnet Harriers is a local athletics club. Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
has a King George\'s Field in memorial to King George V . Old Court House Recreation Ground is a park in High Barnet.

Similarly to the cricket clubs, Barnet and Old Elizabethans rugby clubs merged to form Barnet Elizabethans RFC, playing in Byng Road, Barnet, near Queen Elizabeth's School.

High Barnet is home to an Everyman cinema, the Barnet Museum , the All Saints Art Centre, the traditional annual Barnet Fair
Barnet Fair
, which was chartered in Medieval times, the Ravenscroft local park and Barnet recreational park, a now disused well that was frequented by, among others, Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
, and many restaurants and public houses .

Cuisines on offer include Italian, French, Indian, Chinese and south east Asian. Amongst the most popular restaurants are branches of Pizza Express , Brasserie Gerard Prezzo, and Emchai (south east Asian cuisine). High Barnet also has a number of coffee/snack outlets, both independent ones such as The Coffee Bean and Oasis, as well as branches of Starbucks
Starbucks
, Carluccio\'s and Costa Coffee .

A small nightclub operated for a few years in the 1980s in the premises now occupied by the Misty Moon pub. The public houses and bars in High Barnet include: the Misty Moon, Toby Carvery, the King's Head, the Monken Holt, the Black Horse, Ye Olde Mitre Inn, the Hadley Oak, the Nelson, the Sebright Arms and the White Lion. The large number of inns in Barnet was a matter of note in Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
's novel Oliver Twist ; it was here that Oliver met the Artful Dodger .

LOCAL PAPERS

The local newspapers are as of 2011, The Barnet and Potters Bar Times and Barnet Today.

NEIGHBOURING AREAS

‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

NEIGHBOURING AREAS

South Mimms Monken Hadley Hadley Wood

Arkley

Oakwood

BARNET

Totteridge Whetstone Southgate

SEE ALSO

* List of people from Barnet * List of schools in Barnet

REFERENCES

* ^ " Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
Ch/CP through time Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 14 August 2015. * ^ Archived 6 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
Ch/CP through time Historical Statistics on Population for the Parish-level Unit". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 14 August 2015. * ^ "Friern Barnet". British-history.ac.uk. 10 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015. * ^ "Middle-class mischief-makers add accent to Barnet sign to give it French twist". Daily Mail. 7 January 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2015. * ^ "Residents change road signs". BBC News. 3 January 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2010. * ^ "Barnet by any other name is ‘irresponsible’ (From Times Series)". Times-series.co.uk. Retrieved 14 August 2015. * ^ "Jesus Hospital Charity, Barnet". Cylex Business Directory UK. Retrieved 14 August 2015. * ^ According to "A New Survey of England: Middlesex" by Michael Robbins, 1973 * ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/high-barnet-e05000056 * ^ Archived 27 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Things to do in London, London
London
Events". Spoonfed. 26 August 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2015. * ^ Archived 25 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Hot stuff as Barnet hosts Chilli Fiesta". Barnet & Whetstone Press. Retrieved 14 August 2015.

EXTERNAL LINKS