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Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
or High Barnet is a market town in the London Borough of Barnet, England. It is a suburban development built around a 12th-century settlement, and is located 10 1⁄2 miles (17 km) north north-west of Charing Cross, east from Borehamwood, west from Enfield and south from Potters Bar. Its name is very often abbreviated to just Barnet, which is also the name of the borough of which it forms a part. Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
is also the name of the Parliamentary constituency covering the local area - the word "Chipping" denotes the presence of a market, one that was established here at the end of the 12th century and persists to this day. Chipping Barnet is one of the highest-lying urban settlements in London, with the town centre having an elevation of about 427 feet (130 m).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Religious sites 1.2 James Ravenscroft

2 Geography 3 Demography 4 Transport

4.1 Tube and train

5 Public services 6 Sport and recreation 7 Local papers 8 Neighbouring areas 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
(parish) population

1881 4,283

1891 4,563

1901 2,893

1911 3,954

1921 4,154

1931 6,018

1941 7,845

1951 7,062

# no census was held due to war

source: UK census

The town's name derives from an ancient settlement, recorded as Barneto c. 1070, Barnet 1197, La Barnette 1248, that is 'the land cleared by burning', from Old English
Old English
bærnet, referring to the clearing of this once densely forested area in early times. This was the site of the Battle of Barnet
Battle of Barnet
in 1471 (more accurately, Hadley), where Yorkist
Yorkist
troops led by King Edward IV killed the rebellious "Kingmaker" Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick
Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick
and Warwick's brother, John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu. This was one of the most important battles of the Wars of the Roses. Barnet Hill is said to be the hill mentioned in the nursery rhyme "The Grand Old Duke of York".[dubious – discuss] It is also the site of an ancient and well-known horse fair, whence comes the rhyming slang of Barnet Fair
Barnet Fair
or barnet for 'hair'. The fair dates back to 1588 when Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the Lord of the Manor of Barnet to hold a twice yearly fair. The famous Barnet Market
Barnet Market
is now over 810 years old. On 23 August 1199 King John issued a charter for a market at Barnet to the Lord of the Manor, the Abbot of St. Albans, John de Cella.

A map of Barnet Urban District
Barnet Urban District
in 1935

Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
was historically a civil parish of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
and formed part of the Barnet Urban District
Barnet Urban District
from 1894. The parish was abolished in 1965 and the Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
section of its former area was transferred from Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to Greater London
Greater London
and the newly created London Borough of Barnet.[1][2] In 1801 the parish had a population of 1,258 and covered an area of 1,440 acres (5.8 km2). By 1901 the parish was reduced to 380 acres (1.5 km2) and had a population of 2,893. In 1951 the population was 7,062.[3] In Saxon times the site was part of an extensive wood called Southaw, belonging to the Abbey of St Albans. The name of the town appears in early deeds as 'Bergnet' – the Saxon word 'Bergnet'[4] meant a little hill (monticulus). Barnet's elevated position is also indicated in one of its alternative names ('High Barnet'), which appears in many old books and maps, and which the railway company restored. The area was historically a common resting point on the traditional Great North Road between the City of London
City of London
and York
York
and Edinburgh. Barnet belonged to the County
County
of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
until 1965, when under the London Government Act 1963, East Barnet Urban District
Barnet Urban District
and Barnet Urban District were abolished and their area was transferred to Greater London
Greater London
to form part of the present-day London Borough of Barnet. At the beginning of the 21st century, a tongue-in-cheek movement calling for the name Barnet to be changed to "Barnét" began to gain the attention of the public and the national media, with many public road signs in the area regularly being altered to contain the accented character.[5][6][7] Barnet Council has been treating any such alterations to public road signs as vandalism. Religious sites[edit] St John the Baptist
John the Baptist
Church (built 1560), is a landmark for miles around and stands in what was the centre of the town, was erected by John de la Moote, abbot of St Albans, about 1400, the architect being Beauchamp. Playing on its antiquity, it continues to call itself "Barnet Church", although this is not an official title. It is in fact the parish church of Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
only, whilst Christ Church is the parish church of High Barnet, St Mark's is the parish church of Barnet Vale, St James's is the parish church of New Barnet, and St Mary the Virgin is the parish church of East Barnet. The parish church of St Mary the Virgin, Monken Hadley
Monken Hadley
(rebuilt 1494) also has parish boundaries that include a significant part of High Barnet, including much of Barnet High Street.

St John the Baptist
John the Baptist
Church

Tomb of Thomas Ravenscroft in Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
Church

The living of Barnet is a curacy, held with the rectory of East Barnet till the death of the last incumbent in 1866, when the livings were separated. The parish of Chipping Barnet, served by St John's Church, was provided with a chapel-of-ease in Victorian times; subsequently Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
parish was split in two, and the chapel-of-ease (on Bells Hill, Barnet) raised to the status of a parish church, dedicated to St Stephen. James Ravenscroft[edit] In addition to the charity established to maintain his father's tomb, James Ravenscroft (and his wife Mary) established a charity to support six "poor and ancient women".[8] Geography[edit] The tower of Barnet parish church — St John the Baptist
John the Baptist
— at the top of Barnet Hill claims to be the highest point between itself and the Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
2,000 miles (3,200 km) to the east.[9] However, the same has been said of numerous other points. Since the opening of the railway, development has increased considerably, especially in the west of the area near Arkley. For a London town, Barnet lies very high. The High Street lies 427 feet (130 m) above sea level and the surrounding southern land no less than 295 feet (90 m). Demography[edit] Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
is within the High Barnet ward. According to the 2011 census, the population was 82% white (68% White British, 11% Other White, 3% White Irish). Indians made up 4% of the population, and all black groups made up 3%.[10] This data does not represent the town as a whole due to the fact that it contains six other wards. Transport[edit] Barnet Hill is a major hill on the historic Great North Road. In coaching days, 150 stagecoaches passed through Barnet daily. The modern Great North Road replacement the A1 avoids the town along Barnet Bypass. Tube and train[edit] High Barnet Underground station is on the Northern line
Northern line
while New Barnet railway station is on the East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
served by services from King's Cross and Moorgate to Welwyn Garden City. Totteridge
Totteridge
and Whetstone Underground station serves the affluent areas bearing the same name south west of High Barnet town centre. Oakleigh Park railway station serves the eastern extremity of the town. The Barnet Tunnel
Barnet Tunnel
is also in the area. Public services[edit] Barnet is served by Barnet General Hospital, which is run by The Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust as part of the English National Health Service. There is also an NHS clinic in Vale Drive (near Barnet Hill and High Barnet station). London Ambulance Service
London Ambulance Service
responds to medical emergencies in Barnet. Home Office
Home Office
policing is provided by the Metropolitan Police Service. Statutory emergency fire service is provided by the London Fire Brigade, which has a station on Station Road, built in 1992. Sport and recreation[edit] Barnet FC[11] is the local football team, currently in Football League Two, the fourth tier of English football – at the end of the 2012/13 season Barnet were relegated from League Two, but have regained promotion since. They played at the Underhill Stadium
Underhill Stadium
until 2012/13 but from the 2013/14 season are playing at The Hive Stadium
The Hive Stadium
in Stanmore
Stanmore
in the London Borough of Harrow. They first reached the Football League
Football League
in 1991 as champions of the GM Vauxhall
Vauxhall
Conference but lost their status 10 years later with relegation, only to return four years later – again as Conference champions. London Lions F.C.
London Lions F.C.
is also based in Barnet, near Stirling Corner, but the 1st team plays midweek and some cup home games at Hemel Hempstead Town F.C.
Hemel Hempstead Town F.C.
as its own ground is not floodlit and does not meet the requirements for some cup competitions. There are a number of amateur football clubs based in Barnet including East Barnet
East Barnet
Old Grammarians and Ravenscroft Old Boys. Barnet Cricket Club and Old Elizabethans' Cricket Club have merged to form one club in Barnet and currently play their games at Gypsy Corner. Shaftesbury Barnet Harriers is a local athletics club. Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V. Old Court House Recreation Ground
Old Court House Recreation Ground
is a park in High Barnet. Similarly to the cricket clubs, Barnet and Old Elizabethans rugby clubs merged to form Barnet Elizabethans RFC, playing in Byng Road, Barnet, near Queen Elizabeth's School. High Barnet is home to an Everyman cinema, the Barnet Museum, the All Saints Art Centre, the traditional annual Barnet Fair, which was chartered in Medieval times, the Ravenscroft local park and Barnet recreational park, a now disused well that was frequented by, among others, Samuel Pepys, and many restaurants and public houses. Cuisines on offer include Italian, French, Indian, Chinese and south east Asian. Amongst the most popular restaurants are branches of Melange, Pizza Express, and Prezzo. High Barnet also has a number of coffee/snack outlets, both independent ones such as The Coffee Bean, as well as branches of Starbucks, Carluccio's, Caffè Nero
Caffè Nero
and Costa Coffee. A small nightclub operated for a few years in the 1980s in the premises now occupied by the Butchers Arms pub. The public houses and bars in High Barnet include: the Butchers Arms, The Red Lion, the King's Head, the Monk, the Black Horse, Ye Olde Mitre Inn, the Hadley Oak, the Nelson, and the Sebright Arms.[12] The large number of inns in Barnet was a matter of note in Charles Dickens's novel Oliver Twist; it was here that Oliver met the Artful Dodger. Local papers[edit] The local newspapers are as of 2011, The Barnet and Potters Bar Times[13] and Barnet Today.[14] Neighbouring areas[edit]

Neighbouring areas

South Mimms Monken Hadley Hadley Wood

Arkley

Barnet

Oakwood

Totteridge Whetstone Southgate

See also[edit]

List of people from Barnet List of schools in Barnet Church View and Church Cottages Church House, Barnet

References[edit]

^ " Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
Ch/CP through time Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ [1] Archived 6 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Chipping Barnet
Chipping Barnet
Ch/CP through time Historical Statistics on Population for the Parish-level Unit". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Friern Barnet". British-history.ac.uk. 10 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Middle-class mischief-makers add accent to Barnet sign to give it French twist". Daily Mail. 7 January 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Residents change road signs". BBC News. 3 January 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2010.  ^ "Barnet by any other name is 'irresponsible' (From Times Series)". Times-series.co.uk. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ "Jesus Hospital Charity, Barnet". Cylex Business Directory UK. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ According to "A New Survey of England: Middlesex" by Michael Robbins, 1973 ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/high-barnet-e05000056 ^ [2] Archived 27 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Things to do in London, London Events". Spoonfed. 26 August 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ [3] Archived 25 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Hot stuff as Barnet hosts Chilli Fiesta". Barnet & Whetstone Press. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barnet Town.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Barnet.

The Barnet Society Barnet (A Guide to Old Hertfordshire)

v t e

London Borough of Barnet

Districts

Arkley Barnet Gate Brent Cross Brunswick Park Burnt Oak Childs Hill Chipping Barnet Church End Cockfosters Colney Hatch Colindale Cricklewood East Barnet East Finchley Edgware Finchley Friern Barnet Golders Green Grahame Park The Hale Hampstead
Hampstead
Garden Suburb Hendon The Hyde Mill Hill
Mill Hill
(including Mill Hill
Mill Hill
East) Monken Hadley Muswell Hill New Barnet New Southgate North Finchley Oakleigh Park Osidge Southgate Temple Fortune Totteridge West Hendon Whetstone Woodside Park

Attractions

artsdepot Avenue House Barnet Gate
Barnet Gate
Mill Barnet Museum RAF Museum

Parks and open spaces

Arrandene Open Space Barnet Gate
Barnet Gate
Wood Basing Hill Park Bethune Park Bittacy Hill Park Brent Park Brent Reservoir Cherry Tree Wood Childs Hill
Childs Hill
Park Clitterhouse Recreation Ground Coppetts Wood Darland's Lake Nature Reserve Dollis Valley Greenwalk Edgwarebury Park Friary Park Golders Hill Park Greenhill Gardens Hendon
Hendon
Park King George's Fields Long Lane Pasture Lyttelton Playing Fields The Mill Field Mill Hill
Mill Hill
Park Moat Mount Princes Park Monken Hadley
Monken Hadley
Common Oak Hill Park Oak Hill Wood Old Court House Recreation Ground Princes Park Rowley Green Common Scratchwood Stoneyfields Park Sunny Hill Park Swan Lane Open Space Totteridge
Totteridge
Fields Tudor Sports Ground Victoria Park Victoria Recreation Ground Watling Park West Hendon
Hendon
Playing Fields Whitings Hill Open Space

Constituencies

Chipping Barnet Hendon Finchley
Finchley
and Golders Green

Tube and railway stations

Brent Cross Burnt Oak Colindale Cricklewood East Finchley Edgware Finchley
Finchley
Central Golders Green Hendon Hendon
Hendon
Central High Barnet Mill Hill
Mill Hill
Broadway Mill Hill
Mill Hill
East New Barnet New Southgate Oakleigh Park Totteridge
Totteridge
and Whetstone West Finchley Woodside Park

Other topics

Brent Cross
Brent Cross
Cricklewood Coat of arms Council Grade I and II* listed buildings Nature reserves People Public art Schools

Category Commons

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
City of London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.