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CHINGFORD is a district of the London Borough of Waltham Forest
London Borough of Waltham Forest
in North East London
London
, situated 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Charing Cross . Historically a rural Essex
Essex
parish, it gained urban district status in 1894, and between 1938 and 1965 formed the core of the Municipal Borough of Chingford . Chingford
Chingford
is close to the Essex border of Epping Forest District .

It borders Sewardstone
Sewardstone
to the north, Woodford Green
Woodford Green
and Buckhurst Hill to the east and Walthamstow
Walthamstow
to the south. To the west lie William Girling and King George V reservoirs , known together as the Chingford Reservoirs , and the River Lea
River Lea
. Across these, Chingford
Chingford
is linked with Ponders End
Ponders End
through the A110 Lea Valley Road, whilst South Chingford
Chingford
is linked with Edmonton through the A406 Lea Valley Viaduct. To the north and east lies Epping Forest
Epping Forest
, the most part of which is in Essex
Essex
but is maintained by the City of London Corporation
City of London Corporation
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Toponymy * 2 Landmarks * 3 Governance * 4 Demography * 5 Housing

* 6 Local sport teams

* 6.1 Local districts * 6.2 Nearest places

* 7 Transport

* 7.1 Nearby London
London
Overground stations * 7.2 Nearby rail stations * 7.3 Nearby London Underground
London Underground
stations

* 8 Education * 9 Notable people * 10 References * 11 Bibliography * 12 External links

TOPONYMY

The River Ching runs through the area, and the town of Chingford
Chingford
is close to a number of fords of that river. However, old maps and descriptions give a name for the settlement long before the river has a name and it is likely that the name of the river as "Ching" arose long after the settlement was named. It is also thought that, similarly to how Kingston upon Thames
Kingston upon Thames
appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Chingestone and Chingetun(e), with ching being old English for king, that Chingford
Chingford
could refer to the King's river, and Kings Ford. This idea is compounded by links to royalty using the area for hunting in centuries gone by. However, the most generally accepted explanation by place name genealogists is that the settlement's name has its origin as "Shingly Ford"—that is, a ford over a waterway containing shingles.

LANDMARKS

Queen Elizabeth\'s Hunting Lodge

One notable local landmark is Queen Elizabeth\'s Hunting Lodge . Originally called the Great Standing, it was built for King Henry VIII in 1543, and was used as a grandstand to watch the hunting of deer, although it has been heavily altered over time. The building is located on Chingford
Chingford
Plain within Epping Forest
Epping Forest
and is open to the public. The lodge is preserved under the Epping Forest
Epping Forest
Preservation Act.

Originally a barn built in the mid-19th century, Butler\'s Retreat , a Grade II listed
Grade II listed
building , is one of the few remaining Victorian retreats within the forest. The building is adjacent to the Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge and takes its name from the 1891 occupier John Butler. Retreats originally served non-alcoholic refreshments as part of the Temperance movement . After closing in 2009 the building was refurbished by the City of London Corporation
City of London Corporation
and re-opened as a cafe in 2012. All Saints Church , Old Church Road, E4

All Saints\' Church in Chingford Mount
Chingford Mount
(known locally as the Old Church) dates back to the 12th century. Directly opposite the church is Chingford Mount
Chingford Mount
Cemetery , best known today as the burial place of the Kray family . Friday Hill House

Friday Hill House , Simmons Lane, off Friday Hill , dating from 1839, was a manor house built and owned by Robert Boothby Heathcote , who was both the lord of the manor and rector of the local church. It was he who paid for the building of the church of St Peter and St Paul in Chingford. He is buried in the Boothby family vault in All Saints' Churchyard ( Chingford
Chingford
Old Church), Old Church Road. The vault was purchased by Robert Boothby (died 1733), who lived in the previous manor house. The present building has been used as a further education centre, but was put up for sale in 2012.

Pimp Hall Dovecote
Dovecote
is situated in a green area at the bottom of Friday Hill and can be viewed by entering the Pimp Hall Nature Reserve. The dovecote , which had nesting space for 250 birds, belonged to Pimp Hall (originally Pympe's Hall), one of three manor houses around Chingford. In 1838 the estate was taken over and became part of the Chingford
Chingford
Earls estate. The farmhouse associated with it survived until just before World War II. This dovecote is depicted in the Millennium Heritage Mosaic on the front of Chingford
Chingford
Assembly Hall. It is the fourth item down on the left-hand-side of the mosaic, also see the Key . There is a local legend telling how on one occasion Charles II was out hunting in Epping Forest
Epping Forest
and was caught in a snowstorm. He took shelter in Pimp Hall and was so delighted with the food offered him that he jocularly drew his sword and knighted the joint of beef declaring that it was now Sir Loin . Either this story caused the nearby pub on Friday Hill to be called "The Sirloin" or vice versa. Pole Hill
Pole Hill
Obelisk

A granite obelisk at Pole Hill
Pole Hill
was erected in 1824 under the direction of the Astronomer Royal , the Rev. John Pond M.A., to mark true north for the telescopes of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich
Greenwich
, south of the Thames. It was placed on high ground along the line of the Greenwich
Greenwich
Meridian, but when this was recalibrated later in the 19th century, the obelisk was deemed to have been erected 19 feet (5.8 m) west of the revised meridian line. Today, an adjoining triangulation pillar marks the modern line. Chingford
Chingford
Old Town Hall building, The Ridgeway

Chingford
Chingford
Old Town Hall , dating from 1929, is on The Ridgeway in Chingford. It has more recently been known as the Chingford
Chingford
Municipal Offices. The site has been sold to property developers and the town hall building subsequently put up for sale itself.

GOVERNANCE

Chingford
Chingford
is within the Chingford
Chingford
and Woodford Green
Woodford Green
UK Parliament constituency, which consists of the six Chingford
Chingford
wards in the Borough of Waltham Forest and two wards in the Borough of Redbridge. Iain Duncan Smith has been the sitting MP since 1992.

Former MPs include Norman Tebbit
Norman Tebbit
, Leah Manning , Stan Newens , and Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(when Chingford
Chingford
was in the Epping constituency ).

Chingford
Chingford
is part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest
London Borough of Waltham Forest
, which also includes the east London
London
districts of Walthamstow
Walthamstow
, Leyton
Leyton
, and Leytonstone . Chingford
Chingford
consists of six council wards , namely:

* Chingford Green * Endlebury * Valley * Larkswood * Hatch Lane * Hale End and Highams Park

Each ward is represented by three councillors ; at present all of the councillors represent the Conservative Party except for two Labour ones in Valley and Hale End and Highams Park. The London
London
Borough of Waltham Forest is presently controlled by the Labour party .

Chingford
Chingford
falls within the North East constituency of the London Assembly , which is currently represented by Jennette Arnold of the Labour party.

When Chingford
Chingford
was a municipal borough , before 1965, its politics were dominated by the Chingford
Chingford
Ratepayers' Association, which was nominally independent, but against whom the Conservative Party did not field candidates.

DEMOGRAPHY

As of the 2011 census, 86% of the population of Chingford Green ward, which covers the north of the area, was white (77% British, 7% Other, 2% Irish). Endlebury ward, covering southern areas and Chingford Mount , was 78% white (68% British, 8% Other, 2% Irish). 7% was black (3% African, 3% Caribbean, 1% Other).

HOUSING

The location of one of the interwar London
London
County Council cottage estates .

LCC Cottage estates 1918-1939 ESTATE NAME AREA NO OF DWELLINGS POPULATION 1938 POPULATION DENSITY

PRE 1914

Norbury 11 218 867 19.8 per acre (49/ha)

Old Oak 32 736 3519 23 per acre (57/ha)

Totterdown Fields 39 1262 - 32.4 per acre (80/ha)

White Hart Lane Tower Gardens 98 783 5936 8 per acre (20/ha)

1919-1923

Becontree
Becontree
2770 25769 115652 9.3 per acre (23/ha)

Bellingham 252 2673 12004 10.6 per acre (26/ha)

Castelnau 51 644 2851 12.6 per acre (31/ha)

Roehampton
Roehampton
Estate Dover House Road Estate 147 1212 5383 8.2 per acre (20/ha)

1924-1933

Downham 600 7096 30032 11.8 per acre (29/ha)

Mottingham 202 2337 9009 11.6 per acre (29/ha)

St Helier 825 9068 39877 11 per acre (27/ha)

Watling 386 4034 19110 10.5 per acre (26/ha)

Wormholt 68 783 4078 11.5 per acre (28/ha)

1934-1939

Chingford
Chingford
217 1540 - 7.1 per acre (18/ha)

Hanwell
Hanwell
(Ealing) 140 1587 6732 11.3 per acre (28/ha)

Headstone Lane 142 n.a 5000

Kenmore Park 58 654 2078 11.3 per acre (28/ha)

Thornhill (Royal Borough of Greenwich
Greenwich
) 21 380 1598 18.1 per acre (45/ha)

Whitefoot Lane (Downham) 49 n.a n.a.

Source: Yelling,1995 Rubinstein, 1991, Just like the country.

* ^ Source says 2589- transcription error * ^ Part of a larger PRC estate around Huntsman Road

LOCAL SPORT TEAMS

* In 1724 (exact date unknown), a Chingford
Chingford
cricket team played in an important match against Edwin Stead\'s XI . The venue is unknown; if it was played in Chingford
Chingford
it is the earliest known reference to cricket being played in the county of Essex
Essex
and it is certainly the earliest reference to a team from Essex. The match was highly controversial as the Chingford
Chingford
team refused to play to a finish when Stead 's XI had the advantage. A court case followed and, as in a similar case in 1718, the match was ordered to be played out, presumably so that all wagers could be fulfilled. Lord Chief Justice Pratt presided over the case and he "referr'd the said Cause back to Dartford Heath , to be played on where they left off, and a Rule of Court was made accordingly". The game was completed in September 1726. The final result is not on record, and there is no confirmation that Stead's team held their advantage and won. * Chingford's oldest football club is, Egbertian FC, formerly Old Egbertian FC, which was started by former pupils of St Egbert's College, Chingford. The club was formed in 1928 and is affiliated to the Amateur Football Alliance (AFA). The club plays in the Amateur Football Combination . * Ridgeway Rovers Youth Football Club is a local club in Chingford East London. Notable former players include David Beckham
David Beckham
, Andros Townsend , and Harry Kane
Harry Kane
. * Chingford
Chingford
Athletic Football Club was formed as recently as the summer of 2007 and this season will have 3 teams, 2 playing Saturdays in the recently formed Essex
Essex
Alliance league and one Sunday team in the Essex
Essex
Corinthian league. The club are unable to get a ground in Chingford
Chingford
so currently play their games at Leyton
Leyton
Sixth Form College, Essex
Essex
Road. After being promoted in the 2013/14 season and winning the league cup the club went one better in the 2014/15 season winning the Premier Division and the league cup. The 2015/16 season sees the Reserves being reformed due to demand plus the addition of a Sunday side. * Chingford
Chingford
Rugby Club was also founded in 1928, and its ground is at Waltham Way, Chingford. * Chingford Cricket Club is located on Forest Side, but the entrance to the ground is on Kimberley Way. It is believed to have been founded in 1884. The club plays in The Shepherd Neame Essex
Essex
League and the 1st team were promoted to the Premier League for the 2013 season.

King Georges Reservoir home to the Sailing Club

* King George Sailing Club was founded in the 1970s to provide dinghy sailing and windsurfing on the largest and best sailing water in the north and east of London. The club enjoys facilities both on and off the water and has an active membership engaged in racing, learning to sail, casual sailing, and windsurfing. In recognition of its good facilities and encouragement of youth sailing, the Royal Yachting Association has awarded the club Volvo Champion Club status.

LOCAL DISTRICTS

* Highams Park
Highams Park
* Friday Hill * Hale End * Chingford Hatch * Chingford Mount
Chingford Mount

NEAREST PLACES

* Woodford, London
Woodford, London
* Walthamstow
Walthamstow
* Edmonton, London
Edmonton, London
* Leyton
Leyton
* Tottenham, London * Buckhurst Hill * Sewardstone
Sewardstone

TRANSPORT

Chingford
Chingford
Station

Chingford
Chingford
is served by Chingford railway station
Chingford railway station
which is the terminus of a branch line from Liverpool Street station
Liverpool Street station
in the City of London
London
. There is also a station at Highams Park
Highams Park
. Chingford
Chingford
lost its rail link to Stratford with the removal of the 500 m length of track known as the Hall Farm Curve in 1970, and there have been campaigns for its reinstatement.

Bus routes link Chingford
Chingford
to Walthamstow
Walthamstow
, Loughton , Leytonstone , Stratford , Ilford
Ilford
, Potters Bar and Harlow
Harlow
. The town is also served by the N26 night bus from Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
.

NEARBY LONDON OVERGROUND STATIONS

* Blackhorse Road station * Chingford railway station
Chingford railway station
* Highams Park
Highams Park
railway station * Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Central station * Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Queens Road railway station

NEARBY RAIL STATIONS

* Angel Road railway station * Ponders End
Ponders End
railway station * Tottenham Hale railway station

NEARBY LONDON UNDERGROUND STATIONS

* Blackhorse Road * Buckhurst Hill * Loughton * Roding Valley * Tottenham
Tottenham
Hale * Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Central * Woodford

EDUCATION

Further information: List of schools in Waltham Forest

Chingford
Chingford
secondary schools include:

* Chingford Foundation School * Heathcote School * Normanhurst School * Rush Croft Foundation School

NOTABLE PEOPLE

This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

* Dame Louisa Aldrich-Blake , noted surgeon and pioneer in medical education for women, was born in Chingford * Edward ('Eddie') Brett, from boy band the Loveable Rogues , who were signed to Syco Music , grew up and still currently lives in Chingford. * The Kray twins
Kray twins
are buried in Chingford Mount
Chingford Mount
cemetery. * The author and games designer Joe Dever was born in Chingford
Chingford
in 1956. * The footballer David Beckham
David Beckham
OBE grew up in Chingford, David having been born at Whipps Cross Hospital in Leytonstone on 2 May 1975. He was educated at the Chingford Foundation School and also Chase Lane Primary School and played football for Ridgeway Rovers F.C., a local side. * Apple Chief Design Officer Jonathan Ive
Jonathan Ive
KBE was raised in Chingford. * Chingford
Chingford
is home to former England, Tottenham Hotspur
Tottenham Hotspur
, and Manchester United player Teddy Sheringham
Teddy Sheringham
. * Chingford
Chingford
is home to singer and ex-glamour model Samantha Fox
Samantha Fox
. * Some members of the group Blazin\' Squad live in Chingford. The group grew up in Chingford
Chingford
and attended Highams Park
Highams Park
School. * Leslie Phillips
Leslie Phillips
, comedy star of the Carry On Films
Carry On Films
, lived in Chingford. * Alan Davies
Alan Davies
, stand-up comedian and regular guest on quiz show QI , grew up in Chingford. * Russell Lissack from Bloc Party
Bloc Party
grew up in Chingford. * Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
was MP for Epping , a defunct constituency that included Chingford, from October 1924 to July 1945. * Charles Alcock , founding father of The Football Association
The Football Association
and creator of the FA Cup
FA Cup
, moved to Chingford
Chingford
with his family when he was young. * Paul Di\'Anno , former lead singer of heavy metal band Iron Maiden , was born and grew up in Chingford. * John Lloyd (graphic designer) , co-founder of the international design consultancy, Lloyd Northover, grew up in Chingford
Chingford
and lived there from 1948 to 1970. * Giles Watling , actor, was born in Chingford. * Durrty Goodz , a well-known grime artist, is from Chingford. * Neil Hubbard , rock guitarist. * Michael Nyman
Michael Nyman
, composer of minimalist music , notably film scores, grew up in Chingford. * Steve Hillage , guitarist, is from Chingford. * John Sitton, former Chelsea footballer and Leyton
Leyton
Orient manager, lives in Chingford. * Andros Townsend , Crystal Palace and England
England
midfielder, is from Chingford
Chingford
and attended Rush Croft Sports College. * Harry Kane
Harry Kane
, Tottenham Hotspur
Tottenham Hotspur
and England
England
striker, is from Chingford
Chingford
and attended Chingford
Chingford
Foundation School. * Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji , composer and pianist, was born in Chingford. * Dwight Gayle , current Newcastle United striker, is from Chingford. * Jason Hadjioannou , technology developer and entrepreneur, is from Chingford. * Peter Greenaway
Peter Greenaway
, film director, grew up in Chingford.

REFERENCES

* ^ "London\'s Places" (PDF). GLA. Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015. * ^ "History of Chingford, in Waltham Forest and Essex". University Of Portsmouth and others. 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2012. * ^ "The parish and borough of Chingford". University of London
London
& History of Parliament Trust. 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012. * ^ "Epping Forest". cityoflondon.gov.uk. 10 November 2011. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012. * ^ cityoflondon.gov.uk * ^ "Chingford\'s Free Art and History". exploringeastlondon.co.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2012. * ^ "Queen Elizabeth\'s Hunting Lodge". Cityoflondon.gov.uk. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2011. * ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chingford". Encyclopædia Britannica . 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 233. * ^ City of London- Butler\'s Retreat Retrieved 25 February 2013 * ^ A B "Kray funeral date set". BBC News. 3 October 2000. Retrieved 10 May 2009. * ^ Waltham Forest Council, Friday Hill House Disposal at WebCite (archived 2012-07-30) * ^ Waltham Forest Council, Friday Hill House Sale Particulars at WebCite (archived 2012-07-30) * ^ Waltham Forest Council, Chingford
Chingford
Municipal Offices disposal at WebCite (archived 2011-10-24) * ^ Gilmartin Ley, The Old Town Hall, Chingford, London, E4 at WebCite (archived 2012-07-31) * ^ "Rt Hon Iain Duncan Smith
Iain Duncan Smith
MP". UK Parliament. * ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. " Chingford Green - UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data. * ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. "Endlebury - UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data. * ^ Maun, p. 33. * ^ Egbertian FC Retrieved 27 February 2013 * ^ "Team London
London
- Ridgeway Rovers Football Club". volunteerteam.london.gov.uk. * ^ "Home Chingford
Chingford
Rugby Club". Chingfordrugby.co.uk. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011. * ^ " Chingford Cricket Club : history". www.chingfordcricketclub.co.uk. * ^ "The Shepherd Neame Essex
Essex
League". www.essexcricket.com. * ^ King George Sailing Club Retrieved 27 February 2013 * ^ "Beckham\'s pride at OBE". BBC Sport
BBC Sport
. 13 June 2003. Retrieved 9 September 2008. * ^ Culpepper, Chuck (9 July 2007). "Beckham - Working-class boy to Man U". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 September 2008. * ^ "American Idols". W magazine . 1 August 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2009. * ^ Beckham at Ridgeway Rovers Retrieved 27 February 2013 * ^ The FA - Becks\' Brimsdown boost, article from Friday, 24 September 2004, accessed 7 July 2007 * ^ Macadam, Harry (11 January 2007). " Chingford