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Cavite
Cavite
(Filipino: Lalawigan ng Kabite; Tagalog pronunciation: [ˈkäbite̞], [käˈbiːte̞] or [käˈbitɛː]; Chabacano: Provincia de Cavite) is a province in the Philippines located on the southern shores of Manila Bay
Manila Bay
in the Calabarzon
Calabarzon
region on Luzon
Luzon
island. Situated just 21-kilometre (13 mi) south of the capital, it is one of the most industrialised and fastest growing provinces because of its close proximity to Metro Manila. With a population of 3,678,301 in 2015, it is the most populated province in the country. For over 300 years, the province played an important role in both the country's colonial past and eventual fight for independence, earning it the title "Historical Capital of the Philippines". It became the cradle of the Philippine Revolution, which led to the renouncement of Spanish colonial control, finally culminating in the Philippine Declaration of Independence on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite. The old provincial capital, Cavite City
Cavite City
also hosted docks for the Manila
Manila
galleon, becoming an essential part of commerce between Asia and the New World.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Topography and slope 1.2 Islands 1.3 Land resources and distribution 1.4 Water resources 1.5 Soil properties 1.6 Mineral resources and reserves 1.7 Administrative divisions 1.8 Climate

2 History

2.1 Etymology 2.2 Pre-Hispanic period 2.3 Spanish colonial period 2.4 American colonial period & World War II

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion 3.2 Languages

3.2.1 Chavacano
Chavacano
in Cavite

4 Culture

4.1 Festivals 4.2 Special
Special
events

5 Economy

5.1 Agriculture 5.2 Industry and commerce

6 Tourism 7 Transportation

7.1 Roads 7.2 Proposed/ongoing transportation projects

7.2.1 Cavite-Laguna and Cavite-Tagaytay- Batangas
Batangas
Expressways 7.2.2 LRT Line 1 South Extension Project 7.2.3 LRT Line 6 Project

7.3 Ferry services

8 Government 9 Education 10 Notable people 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Geography[edit] Cavite
Cavite
is surrounded by Laguna province to the east, Metro Manila
Metro Manila
to the northeast, and Batangas
Batangas
province to the south. To the west lies the West Philippine Sea.[8] It is located within the Greater Manila Area, not to be confused with adjacent Metro Manila, the defined capital region.[citation needed] Cavite
Cavite
is the second smallest province (with the Province of Rizal being the smallest) in the Calabarzon
Calabarzon
region. Cavite
Cavite
occupies land area of 1,427.06 square kilometres (550.99 sq mi) which is approximately 8.72 percent of Calabarzon's total land area, 2.74 percent of the regional area and 0.48 per cent of the total land area of the Philippines. The municipalities of Maragondon
Maragondon
and Silang have the biggest land areas, comprising 165.49 square kilometres (63.90 sq mi) and 156.41 square kilometres (60.39 sq mi) respectively, while the municipality of Noveleta
Noveleta
has the smallest land area as indicated by 5.41 square kilometres (2.09 sq mi) or 0.38 percent of the provincial total and area.[9] Topography and slope[edit] Situated at the entrance of Manila
Manila
Bay, Cavite
Cavite
is characterized by rolling hinterlands punctuated by hills; shoreline fronting Manila
Manila
Bay at sea level; and rugged portion at the boundary with Batangas
Batangas
where the Dos Picos mountains are located. The province has two mountain ranges. Cavite
Cavite
is divided into four physiographical areas, namely: the lowest lowland area, lowland area, the central hilly area and the upland mountainous area.[10]

The lowest lowland area is the coastal plain in particular. These areas have extremely low ground level of 0 to 2 metres (0.0 to 6.6 ft) elevation compared to the high tide level of about 0.8 meters (2 ft 7 in) from the mean sea level (msl). These are the cities of Cavite, Bacoor
Bacoor
and the municipalities of Kawit, Noveleta, Rosario, northern part of Carmona and eastern part of Ternate. The lowland area consists of the coastal and alluvial plains. These areas have flat ground slope of less than 0.5% and low ground elevation of 2 to 30 metres (6 ft 7 in to 98 ft 5 in). The alluvial plain can be found in the city of Imus
Imus
and southern part of General Trias. Into these municipalities forms the transition area between the coastal plain and the central hilly area. It also covers some areas of Bacoor, Kawit, Noveleta, Rosario, Tanza and Carmona.

Cavite
Cavite
Topographic Map on 1 arc second/30-meter resolution

The third topography type is the central hilly area, generally found on the mountain foot slope. It forms the rolling tuffaceous plateau. This topography includes steep hills, ridges and elevated inland valley. The plateau is characterized with ground elevation ranging from 30 meters (98 ft) to nearly 400 meters (1,300 ft). Its ground slope ranges from 0.5 to 2%. The city of Trece Martires
Trece Martires
and Dasmariñas
Dasmariñas
and the municipalities of General Emilio Aguinaldo, General Mariano Alvarez, Indang, Maragondon, Ternate, Silang and Carmona have this kind of topography. The last topography type is upland mountainous area, found in Magallanes, Amadeo, Tagaytay, Mendez, Alfonso, southern part of Maragondon
Maragondon
and Carmona. They are situated at a very high elevation above 400 meters (1,300 ft) with slopes of more than 2%.[9] The Tagaytay
Tagaytay
ridge has an average elevation of 610 metres (2,000 ft) with Mount Sungay
Mount Sungay
(now People's Park in the Sky) at 14°8′31.71″N 121°1′19.02″E / 14.1421417°N 121.0219500°E / 14.1421417; 121.0219500 (Mount Sungay), the highest elevation in the province at 716 metres (2,349 ft).[11] The mountain was much higher before with an elevation of 752 meters (2,467 ft),[12] topped by rock formations that resembled horns (Sungay in Tagalog) hence the name. The prominence of the mountain was leveled in half during the construction of Peoples Park in the Sky during the Marcos administration.

Islands[edit]

Balot Island, located at the mouth of Ternate
Ternate
River[13] Caballo Island Corregidor El Fraile Island Carabao Island La Monja Island, located west of Corregidor Limbones Island, located off Maragondon
Maragondon
coast near Batangas
Batangas
border Pulo ni Burunggoy (now Island Cove Resort; formerly Covelandia) located in Bacoor
Bacoor
Bay[14] Santa Amalia Island, located Northwest of Corregidor[15]

Land resources and distribution[edit]

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Cavite's land resources are categorized into two: forest lands and alienable and disposable lands. Forest lands are being maintained as they play a great role for the ecological balance of the province aside from the fact that they are home to numerous flora and fauna that needs to be protected and preserved. Correspondingly, the alienable and disposable lands are the built-up areas as well as production areas. These lands are intended for urban, economic and demographic developments. Forest lands Cavite
Cavite
province lies in the western monsoon forest zone. This location is very beneficial for the formation of tropical rainforests, which are characteristically made through natural vegetation. In 2007, the existing forest area within the province totaled only to 8,625 hectares (21,310 acres). These forest areas were categorized as Protected Landscape under the National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS) and the rest, unclassified forest (Non-NIPAS). A total of 4,000 hectares (9,900 acres) are located within the Mounts Palay-Palay–Mataas-na-Gulod Protected Landscape, a protected area in Ternate
Ternate
and Maragondon
Maragondon
created by Proclamation Number 1594 on October 26, 1976. The park lies at the border of Cavite
Cavite
and Batangas
Batangas
and encompasses three peaks, Palay-Palay, Pico de Loro and Mataas na Gulod. The five (5) unclassified forests are found along Tagaytay Ridge, Maragondon, Magallanes, Ternate
Ternate
and Alfonso. The other mountain peaks in the province are Mt. Buntis, Mt. Nagpatong, Mt. Hulog and Mt. Gonzales (Mt. Sungay). Cavite's forest provides an abundance of different forest products. Bamboo, a member of the grass family, is one of the most available forest products found in the municipalities of Ternate, Magallanes, Maragondon
Maragondon
and General Aguinaldo throughout the year. Alienable and disposable lands These lands are being used in various ways, either for agriculture, residences, open areas, etc. Based on the Cavite
Cavite
Provincial Physical Framework Plan 2005–2010, Cavite's alienable and disposable lands are further classified into production lands and built-up areas. Production lands in Cavite
Cavite
are intended for agriculture, fishery and mining. On the other hand, built-up areas are mainly for residential areas, commercial, industrial and tourism areas. Production land-use Majority of production land-use is for agriculture. Considering that 50.33% of the total provincial land area is engaged into agriculture, it can be generalized that in spite of rapid urbanization in the province, Cavite
Cavite
remains to have an agricultural economy that makes food security attainable. Some of the major crops being produced in the province are rice, corn, coffee, coconuts, cut flowers and vegetables. Included in the agricultural land use are livestock farms that range from piggery, poultry, goat and cattle farms. The climatic suitability of Cavite
Cavite
makes the province ideal for integrated farming, having crops and livestock raising in one farm. Fishery
Fishery
is also another major component of the agricultural sector. Having rich marine resources and long coastlines, the province is home to numerous fishery activities providing livelihood to many Caviteños. In some lowland and even upland areas, fishery, in the form of fish ponds are also producing a large amount of fish products. Some areas in Cavite
Cavite
are also engaged in fish processing and production of fish products like fish sauce. Mining
Mining
is the third component of production land-use in the province. As of 2009, there are 15 mining and quarrying areas operating in Cavite. Extraction includes filling materials, gravel, and sand. Built-up areas The built-up areas are mainly composed of residential and industrial sites. This also includes commercial and business areas where commerce is transpiring. According to the 2007 Census of Population and Housing by the Philippine Statistics Authority, there are 611,450 occupied housing units in Cavite. Moreover, according to the Housing and Land-Use Regulatory Board, there are around 1,224 housing subdivisions with issued license to sell in the province until 2009 which occupies an area of 9,471 hectares. Meanwhile, the industrial sector also develops rapidly in the province. For 2009, operational industrial estates cover around 2,939 hectares (7,260 acres). Tourism establishments are also considered built-up areas such as golf courses, leisure farms, resorts and the likes.[9] Water resources[edit] The hydrological network of the province is composed of seven major rivers and its tributaries. These river systems generally flows from the highlands of Tagaytay
Tagaytay
and Maragondon
Maragondon
to Manila
Manila
Bay. Numerous springs, waterfalls and rivers found in the upland areas of the province, have been developed for tourism. In the lowland areas, hundreds of artesian wells and deep wells provide water supply for both residential and irrigation purposes. Cavite
Cavite
shoreline stretches about 123 kilometres (76 mi). The communities located along the coast are Cavite
Cavite
City, Bacoor, Kawit, Noveleta, Rosario, Tanza, Naic, Maragondon, and Ternate. The richness of Cavite's coastal resources is a major producer of oysters and mussels. The fishing industry also produces shrimp and bangus (milkfish). The western coastline are lined with of pale gray sand beaches popular with tourists. Thus, fishery and tourism contributes to the economic activity of the province.[16]

Major rivers These rivers are known to have various tributaries passing through the municipalities of the province:

Bacoor
Bacoor
River Cañas River Imus
Imus
River Labac River Maragondon
Maragondon
River San Juan River or Rio Grande (Grande River) Ylang-Ylang River

Springs

Balite Spring (Amadeo) Saluysoy Spring (Alfonso) Matang Tubig Spring ( Tagaytay
Tagaytay
City) Malakas Spring (General Aguinaldo) Ulo Spring (Mendez) Bucal ni Tata Enteng Spring (Lumampong Indang)

Waterfalls

Palsajingin Falls (Indang) Balite Falls (Amadeo) Malibiclibic Falls (Gen. Aguinaldo) Talon-Butas Falls (Gen. Aguinaldo) Saluysoy Falls (Alfonso) Tala River (Gen. Aguinaldo) Utod Falls (Magallanes) Mayang Falls ( Trece Martires
Trece Martires
City)

Soil properties[edit]

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Cavite
Cavite
is composed of several soil types according to soil surveys conducted by the Bureau of Soils and Water Management
Bureau of Soils and Water Management
(BSWM). Classification of soil types in a specific area is a very important consideration in identifying its most fitted land-use. This way, utmost productivity can be achieved. The lowland area of Cavite
Cavite
is generally composed of Guadalupe clay and clay loam. It is characterized as coarse and granular when dry but sticky and plastic when wet. Its substratum is solid volcanic tuff. These types of soils are suited to lowland rice and corn while those in the upland are suited for orchard and pasture. Guadalupe clay adobes are abundant in the southern part of Bacoor
Bacoor
and Imus
Imus
bordering Dasmariñas. The soil is hard and compact and difficult to cultivate that makes it generally unsuitable for diverse cropping. It is very sticky when wet and granular when dry. Forage grass is advised for this type of soil. Hydrosol and Obando sand are found along Bacoor Bay. The shoreline of Rosario, Tanza, Naic
Naic
and Ternate
Ternate
are lined with Guadalupe sand. The central area principally consists of Magallanes loam with streaks of Magallanes clay loam of sandy texture. This is recommended for diversified farming such as the cultivation of upland rice, corn, sugarcane, vegetables, coconut, coffee, mangoes and other fruit trees. The steep phase should be forested or planted to rootcrops. The eastern side of Cavite
Cavite
consists of Carmona clay loam with streaks of Carmona clay loam steep phase and Carmona sandy clay loam. This type of soil is granular with tuffaceaous material and concretions. It is hard and compact when dry, sticky and plastic when wet. This type of soil is planted to rice with irrigation or sugarcane without irrigation. Fruit trees such as mango, avocado and citrus are also grown in this type of soil. Guingua fine sandy loam is found along the lower part of Malabon and Alang-ilang River at Noveleta. The type of soils that dominate the upland areas are Tagaytay
Tagaytay
loam and Tagaytay
Tagaytay
sandy loam with mountain soil undifferentiated found on the south-eastern side bordering Laguna province. Also on the southern tip are Magallanes clay and Mountain soil undifferentiated with interlacing of Magallanes clay loam steep phase. The Tagaytay
Tagaytay
loam contains fine sandy materials, moderately friable, and easy to work on when moist. In an undisturbed condition, it bakes and becomes hard when dry. About one-half of this soil type is devoted to upland rice and upland crops. On the other hand, Tagaytay
Tagaytay
sandy loam is friable and granular with considerable amount of volcanic sand and underlain by adobe clay. Mountain soil undifferentiated is forested with bamboos found in the sea coast. Cavite
Cavite
also has the Patungan sand characterized by pale gray to almost white sand with substratum of marine conglomerates which are found at Sta. Mercedes in Maragondon and in some coastlines of Ternate.[9] Mineral resources and reserves[edit]

Political divisions

The greater parts of Cavite
Cavite
are composed of volcanic materials, tuff, cinders, basalt, breccias, agglomerate and interbeddings of shales, and sandstones. The dormant and active volcanoes (Taal) are within these volcanic areas and have been the sources of volcanic materials which form the Tagaytay
Tagaytay
Cuesta. The drainage systems are deeply entrenched in the tuffs, eroding thin interbedded sandstones and conglomerate rocks which are the sources of little reserves of sand and gravel in the larger stream. Adobe stone quarries also flourish in the tuff areas. Cavite
Cavite
coastal areas have marl and conglomerate sedimentary rocks and some igneous rocks which are prominent in the high, mountainous regions of western part of the province. Black sands are found in Kawit while Noveleta
Noveleta
has its own salt products. Magallanes has gravel deposits while reserves of sand and gravel materials are found in Alfonso, Carmona, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, Naic, Ternate, Maragondon
Maragondon
and Silang.[9]

Administrative divisions[edit] Cavite
Cavite
comprises 16 municipalities and 7 cities:

 †  Provincial capital and component city  ∗  Component city      Municipality

City or municipality District[17] Population ±% p.a. Area[17] Density Brgy. Coordinates[A]

(2015)[7] (2010)[18]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

Alfonso VII 7000140000000099999♠1.4% 51,839 48,567 1.25% 66.58 25.71 779 2,020 32 14°08′18″N 120°51′22″E / 14.1383°N 120.8561°E / 14.1383; 120.8561 (Alfonso)

Amadeo VI 7000100000000000000♠1.0% 37,649 33,457 2.27% 36.92 14.25 1,020 2,600 26 14°10′10″N 120°55′19″E / 14.1695°N 120.9219°E / 14.1695; 120.9219 (Amadeo)

Bacoor ∗ II 7001163000000000000♠16.3% 600,609 520,216 2.77% 46.17 17.83 13,009 33,690 73 14°27′34″N 120°56′24″E / 14.4594°N 120.9401°E / 14.4594; 120.9401 (Bacoor)

Carmona V 7000270000000000000♠2.7% 97,557 74,986 5.14% 30.92 11.94 3,155 8,170 14 14°18′57″N 121°03′22″E / 14.3158°N 121.0561°E / 14.3158; 121.0561 (Carmona)

Cavite
Cavite
City ∗ I 7000280000000099999♠2.8% 102,806 101,120 0.32% 10.89 4.20 9,440 24,400 84 14°28′55″N 120°54′32″E / 14.4820°N 120.9089°E / 14.4820; 120.9089 ( Cavite
Cavite
City)

Dasmariñas ∗ IV 7001179009999900000♠17.9% 659,019 575,817 2.60% 90.13 34.80 7,312 18,940 75 14°19′37″N 120°56′13″E / 14.3270°N 120.9370°E / 14.3270; 120.9370 (Dasmariñas)

General Emilio Aguinaldo VII 6999600000000000000♠0.6% 22,220 17,507 4.64% 9.40 3.63 2,364 6,120 14 14°11′04″N 120°47′49″E / 14.1845°N 120.7970°E / 14.1845; 120.7970 (General Emilio Aguinaldo)

General Mariano Alvarez V 7000420000000000000♠4.2% 155,143 138,540 2.18% 11.40 4.40 13,609 35,250 27 14°17′54″N 121°00′25″E / 14.2983°N 121.0069°E / 14.2983; 121.0069 (General Mariano Alvarez)

General Trias ∗ VI 7000850000000000000♠8.5% 314,303 243,322 4.99% 81.46 31.45 3,858 9,990 33 14°23′10″N 120°52′50″E / 14.3862°N 120.8805°E / 14.3862; 120.8805 (General Trias)

Imus † III 7001110000000000000♠11.0% 403,785 301,624 5.71% 171.66 66.28 2,352 6,090 97 14°25′08″N 120°55′52″E / 14.4189°N 120.9312°E / 14.4189; 120.9312 (Imus)

Indang VII 7000180000000000000♠1.8% 65,599 62,030 1.07% 74.90 28.92 876 2,270 36 14°11′43″N 120°52′38″E / 14.1954°N 120.8773°E / 14.1954; 120.8773 (Indang)

Kawit I 7000230000000099999♠2.3% 83,466 78,209 1.25% 22.86 8.83 3,651 9,460 23 14°26′39″N 120°54′13″E / 14.4441°N 120.9035°E / 14.4441; 120.9035 (Kawit)

Magallanes VII 6999600000000000000♠0.6% 22,727 21,231 1.30% 73.07 28.21 311 810 16 14°11′15″N 120°45′25″E / 14.1876°N 120.7569°E / 14.1876; 120.7569 (Magallanes)

Maragondon VII 7000100000000000000♠1.0% 37,720 35,289 1.28% 164.61 63.56 229 590 27 14°16′25″N 120°44′10″E / 14.2737°N 120.7362°E / 14.2737; 120.7362 (Maragondon)

Mendez VII 6999900000000000000♠0.9% 31,529 28,570 1.89% 43.27 16.71 729 1,890 24 14°07′48″N 120°54′18″E / 14.1300°N 120.9051°E / 14.1300; 120.9051 (Mendez)

Naic VI 7000300000000000000♠3.0% 111,454 88,144 4.57% 76.24 29.44 1,462 3,790 30 14°19′17″N 120°46′18″E / 14.3214°N 120.7717°E / 14.3214; 120.7717 (Naic)

Noveleta I 7000120000000000000♠1.2% 45,846 41,678 1.83% 16.43 6.34 2,790 7,200 16 14°26′00″N 120°53′00″E / 14.4333°N 120.8833°E / 14.4333; 120.8833 (Noveleta)

Rosario I 7000300000000000000♠3.0% 110,706 92,253 3.53% 38.16 14.73 2,901 7,510 20 14°24′54″N 120°51′12″E / 14.4151°N 120.8533°E / 14.4151; 120.8533 (Rosario)

Silang V 7000670000000000000♠6.7% 248,085 213,490 2.90% 209.43 80.86 1,185 3,070 64 14°13′25″N 120°58′27″E / 14.2236°N 120.9741°E / 14.2236; 120.9741 (Silang)

Tagaytay ∗ VII 7000190000000000000♠1.9% 71,181 62,030 2.65% 65.00 25.10 1,095 2,840 34 14°06′54″N 120°57′49″E / 14.1149°N 120.9635°E / 14.1149; 120.9635 (Tagaytay)

Tanza VI 7000610000000000000♠6.1% 226,188 188,755 3.50% 95.59 36.91 2,366 6,130 41 14°23′33″N 120°51′13″E / 14.3924°N 120.8535°E / 14.3924; 120.8535 (Tanza)

Ternate VII 6999600000000000000♠0.6% 23,157 19,297 3.53% 59.93 23.14 386 1,000 10 14°17′09″N 120°42′59″E / 14.2859°N 120.7164°E / 14.2859; 120.7164 (Ternate)

Trece Martires ∗ VI 7000420000000000000♠4.2% 155,713 104,559 7.88% 39.10 15.10 3,982 10,310 13 14°16′46″N 120°52′02″E / 14.2794°N 120.8672°E / 14.2794; 120.8672 (Trece Martires)

Total 3,678,301 3,090,691 3.37% 1,574.17 607.79 2,300 6,000 829 (see GeoGroup box)

^ Coordinates
Coordinates
mark the city/town center, and are sortable by latitude.

Back to contents Climate[edit] Cavite
Cavite
belongs to Type 1 climate based on the Climate Map of the Philippines
Philippines
by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). Being a Type 1, Cavite has two pronounced seasons – the dry season, which usually begins in November and ends in April, and the rainy season, which starts in May and ends in October.[9] The Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
sub-type for this climate is "Am" (Tropical Monsoon Climate).[19]

Climate data for Cavite

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 29 (84) 29 (84) 31 (87) 32 (89) 33 (91) 31 (87) 30 (86) 30 (86) 30 (86) 30 (86) 30 (86) 29 (84) 30 (86)

Average low °C (°F) 23 (73) 23 (73) 24 (75) 25 (77) 26 (78) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 24 (75) 24 (75) 24 (75)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 13 (0.5) 5 (0.2) 10 (0.4) 18 (0.7) 122 (4.8) 251 (9.9) 295 (11.6) 417 (16.4) 338 (13.3) 155 (6.1) 112 (4.4) 53 (2.1) 1,781 (70.1)

Source: Weatherbase[20]

History[edit]

Cavite
Cavite
Hymn

Etymology[edit] The name "Cavite" comes from the Hispanicized form of kawit or it may be a corruption of kalawit, Tagalog words for "hook", in reference to the small hook-shaped peninsula jutting out to Manila
Manila
Bay.[21] The name originally applied to the peninsula, Cavite
Cavite
La Punta (now Cavite City) and the adjacent lowland coastal area of Cavite
Cavite
Viejo (now Kawit). Another theory proposes that the name is a Hispanicized form of kabit, Tagalog for "joined", "connected", or "attached", referring to the peninsula's topographical relation to the mainland.[21] Edmund Roberts, in his 1821 memoir, stated that the "natives" called it Caveit due to the "crooked point of land extending into the sea."[22] Pre-Hispanic period[edit] The present Cavite City
Cavite City
was once a mooring place for Chinese junks trading that came to trade with the settlements around Manila
Manila
Bay. The land was formerly known as "Tangway". Archeological evidence in coastal areas show prehistorical settlements. According to local folklore, the earliest settlers of Cavite
Cavite
came from Sulu
Sulu
or Borneo. Spanish colonial period[edit] The Spanish colonizers who arrived in the late 16th century saw the unusual tongue of land jutting out on Manila Bay
Manila Bay
and saw its deep waters as the main staging ground where they could launch their bulky galleons. It would later become the most important port linking the colony to the outside world through the Manila-Acapulco Galleon
Manila-Acapulco Galleon
trade. In 1571, Spanish colonizers established the port and City of Cavite and fortified the settlement as a first line of defense for the city of Manila. Galleons were built and fitted at the port and many Chinese merchants settled in the communities of Bacoor
Bacoor
and Kawit, opposite the Spanish city to trade silks, porcelain and other oriental goods.[23] "A defensive curtained wall was constructed the length of Cavite's western side," beginning from the entrance, "La Estanzuela", and continuing to the end of the peninsula, "Punta de Rivera", with the eastern shore unprotected by a wall. Cavite
Cavite
contained government offices, churches, mission buildings, Spanish homes, Fort San Felipe and the Rivera de Cavite
Cavite
shipyard. Docks were in place to construct galleons and galleys, but without a dry dock, ships were repaired by careening along the beach.[23] Fort San Felipe, La Fuerza de San Felipe, was built between 1609 and 1616. This quadrilateral structure of curtained walls, with bastions at the corners, contained 20 cannons facing the seashore. Three infantry companies, 180 men each, plus 220 Pampangan
Pampangan
infantry, garrisoned the fort.[23]:142–143 The galleons Espiritu Santo and San Miguel, plus six galleys were constructed between 1606 and 1616. From 1729 to 1739, "the main purpose of the Cavite
Cavite
shipyard was the construction and outfitting of the galleons for the Manila
Manila
to Acapulco trade run."[23] The vibrant mix of traders, Spanish seamen from Spain and its Latin-American colonies[24][25] as well as local residents gave rise to the use of pidgin Spanish called Chabacano. In 1614, the politico-military jurisdiction of Cavite
Cavite
was established. As with many other provinces organized during the Spanish colonial era, Cavite
Cavite
City, the name of the capital, was applied to the whole province, Cavite. The province covered all the present territory except for the town of Maragondon, which used to belong to the Corregimiento of Mariveles. Maragondon
Maragondon
was ceded to Cavite
Cavite
in 1754 when Bataan
Bataan
province was created from Pampanga
Pampanga
province.[26] Within Maragondon
Maragondon
is a settlement established in 1660 by Christian exiles brought in by the Jesuits
Jesuits
from Ternate
Ternate
in the Maluku Islands, and named this land Ternate
Ternate
after their former homeland.[2][3] Owing to its military importance, Cavite
Cavite
had been attacked by foreigners in their quest to conquer Manila
Manila
and the Philippines. The Dutch made a surprise attack on the city in 1647, pounding the port incessantly, but were repulsed. In 1672, the British occupied the port during their two-year control in the Philippines.[2] In the 17th century, encomiendas (Spanish Royal land grants) were given in Cavite
Cavite
and Maragondon
Maragondon
to Spanish conquistadores and their families. The religious orders began acquiring these lands, with some donated, enlarging vast haciendas (estates) in Cavite
Cavite
during the 18th and 19th century, enriching themselves. These haciendas became the source of bitter conflicts between the friar orders and Filipino farmers and pushed a number of Caviteños to live as outlaws. This opposition to the friar orders was an important factor that drove many Cavite
Cavite
residents to support reform, and later, independence.[2] In 1872, Filipinos launched their revolt against Spain. Three Filipino priests—Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora—were implicated in the Cavite
Cavite
mutiny when 200 Filipinos staged a rebellion within Spanish garrisons. On August 28, 1896, when the revolution against Spain broke out, Cavite
Cavite
became a bloody theater of war. Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, Caviteños made lightning raids on Spanish headquarters, and soon liberated the entire province through the Battle of Alapan. Aguinaldo commanded the Revolution to its successful end - the proclamation of the First Republic of the Philippines
Philippines
on June 12, 1898 in Kawit.

Photograph of the placard affixed to the Cavite
Cavite
cannon located in Village Green Park, Winnetka, Illinois, USA. The placard reads: "THIS GUN WAS MOUNTED ON THE DEFENSES OF CAVITE ARSENAL WHICH WAS SURRENDERED TO COMMODORE GEORGE DEWEY MAY 7 1898."

During the Spanish–American War, American forces attacked the Spanish squadron in Cavite. The Spanish defeat marked the end of Spanish rule in the country.[2] A captured Spanish cannon from the Cavite
Cavite
arsenal now sits in Village Green Park in Winnetka, Illinois, USA.[27] American colonial period & World War II[edit]

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In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered Cavite, which was long the site of a major US naval base serving the United States Asiatic Fleet. The military built of founding general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active in January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946 and the 4th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary
Philippine Constabulary
was active again on October 28, 1944 to June 30, 1946 and stationed in Cavite
Cavite
during the military conflicts and engagements against the Japanese Occupation. From May 7, 1942 to August 15, 1945, Filipino soldiers of the 4th, 42nd, 43rd, 45th and 46th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army repeatedly entered the provinces in Cavite
Cavite
with the recognized guerrillas of the Cavite
Cavite
Guerrilla Forces and the Filipino-American Cavite
Cavite
Guerrilla Forces (FACGF) under Colonel Mariano Castañeda
Mariano Castañeda
of the Philippine Constabulary
Philippine Constabulary
to attack the occupying Japanese troops as the Filipinos attempted to recapture Cavite. After the initial conflict insurgencies persisted in Cavite
Cavite
in 1944 supported by local Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army units and Caviteňo resistance. Before the liberation in Cavite in 1945 by joint U.S. and Filipino soldiers and aiding the Caviteño resistance groups was liberated the clearing province and defeats Japanese. In January 1, to August 15, 1945, combined Filipino and American troops along with the Caviteño guerrilla fighters liberated in Cavite from the Japanese forces begins the Battle for the Liberation of Cavite
Cavite
at the end of World War II.[clarification needed] Demographics[edit]

Population census of Cavite

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1990 1,152,534 —    

1995 1,610,324 +6.47%

2000 2,063,161 +5.46%

2007 2,856,765 +4.59%

2010 3,090,691 +2.91%

2015 3,678,301 +3.37%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[7][18][28]

Cavite
Cavite
had a total population of 3,678,301 in the 2015 census,[7] making it the most populous (if independent cities are excluded from Cebu), and the second most densely populated province in the country. The tremendous increase can be observed in the year 1990 when industrialization was introduced in the province. Investors established their businesses in different industrial estates that magnetized people to migrate to Cavite
Cavite
due to job opportunities the province offers. Another factor attributed to the increase of population is the mushrooming of housing subdivisions. Since Cavite
Cavite
is proximate to Metro Manila, people working in the metropolitan area choose to live in the province together with their families. Natural increase also contributes to the increase in population. The population density of the province based on the 2015 census was 2,300 inhabitants per square kilometre or 6,000 inhabitants per square mile.[7][29] Among the cities and municipalities in Cavite, the city of Dasmariñas has the biggest population with 659,019 people while the municipality of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo
Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo
has registered the smallest population with 22,220 people. Cavite
Cavite
is classified as predominantly urban having 90.69 percent of the population concentrated in the urban areas, while 9.21 percent of the population reside in the rural areas. Religion[edit] In line with national statistics, Christianity is the predominant faith in the province, composed of Catholics, Protestants, and other independent Christian groups. The majority (70%) of the population are Roman Catholic. Adherents of the Philippine Independent Church, also known as the Aglipayan Church, account for 20% of the total Cavite
Cavite
population. Aglipayan communities are particularly found in the towns where historically the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
and anti-clericalist sentiments which resulted from it took full swing. With 10% of Cavite's population, the Seventh-day Adventist Church
Seventh-day Adventist Church
come by third in terms of membership. Through its religious institutions (Adventist University of the Philippines, Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies, etc.), the church manifests itself in every municipalities and cities of the province. The Adventist Church has its own mission in the province, the Cavite
Cavite
Satellite Field Office[30] divided administratively in 21 districts which also serves as the 10th Area of its mother organisation, Central Luzon Conference.[31] The strong presence of other Christian denominations and sects such as the mainline Protestant
Protestant
Evangelical Churches (UCCP, UNIDA, IEMELIF, Methodist, Baptist and Assemblies Of God), Christian Fellowships (Jesus Is Lord, Bread of Life, Christ's Commission Fellowship, Jesus Is Alive Christian Ministry - Bacoor, Jesus Christ Spreading the Good News) and other Christian sects such as the United Pentecostal Churches and numerous Oneness group is also evident throughout the province. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has a presence in the Cavite, with 3 stakes and 1 district.[32] Members of the Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo
and Members Church of God International account for 4% of the population . With the influx of migrants from Mindanao, the practice of the Islamic faith has also become evident in some areas of the province. Languages[edit] The main languages spoken are Tagalog, Chavacano
Chavacano
and English. Due to the province bordering south of Metro Manila, a large number of people from farther provinces migrated to Cavite, resulting in minor but significant usages of Bicolano, Cebuano, Ilocano and Hiligaynon languages. Chavacano
Chavacano
in Cavite[edit] Chavacano
Chavacano
or Chabacano
Chabacano
is a Spanish-based creole language
Spanish-based creole language
and known in linguistics as Philippine Creole Spanish. Chabacano
Chabacano
is originally spoken by majority of the Caviteños that lived in Cavite City
Cavite City
and Ternate
Ternate
after the arrival of the Spaniards three centuries ago. The various dialects of Chabacano
Chabacano
were formed out of necessity like all languages, though scholars and laypersons disagree about exactly when and where it all began. The various language groups working at the Cavite
Cavite
naval base needed a way to communicate with each other, and to the soldiers who were barking the orders in less-than-genteel Spanish. It was from this situation that Cavite
Cavite
Chabacano
Chabacano
began as a simplified form of Spanish – a pidgin language that later developed into a mixed, or creole language. The fact that the first Chabacanos learned their Spanish from the coarse language of soldiers is probably why they were called Chabacanos in the first place. However, some historians disagree with parts of this story and say that Chabacano
Chabacano
did not emerge until almost a century later when Catholic Malays settled in Cavite
Cavite
after the Spaniards had abandoned the Spice Islands to the Dutch in 1662. These Malays, known as the Mardicas (likely from the Malay word merdeka meaning "free" or "independent"), settled in Ternate, the town named after their original homeland. They joined with many other language groups to defend Manila
Manila
from yet another Chinese warlord, Koxinga (Zheng Chenggong).[33] Now used almost exclusively in Cavite City
Cavite City
and coastal Ternate, Chabacano
Chabacano
enjoyed its widest diffusion and greatest splendor in Spanish and American period of Filipino history, when newspapers and literary outputs flourished. Cavite
Cavite
Chabacano
Chabacano
was spoken with relative ease because it was essentially a simplification of Castillan morphology patterned after the Tagalog syntax. Gradually and naturally, it acquired the sounds present in the Spanish phonological system. After World War II, creole Spanish speakers within the capital of the archipelago vanished. Around 30,000 Caviteños still speak Chabacano, mostly elderly speakers. Culture[edit] Aside from the celebrations of town fiestas, the province of Cavite celebrates festivals as forms of thanksgiving for a bountiful harvest. Some of these festivals are also observed in honor of the historical legacies passed from one generation to another generation. In fact, the province fetes the renowned Kalayaan Festival which is given a great social importance in commemoration of the heroism of its people. The annual Fiesta de la Reina del Provincia de Cavite
Cavite
is a grandiose fiesta celebration in honor of the patroness of the province, the Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga. The image is enshrined at San Roque Church in Cavite
Cavite
City. Her feastday is celebrated every 2nd and 3rd Sunday of November. Traditions and fiesta celebrations include Mardicas, a war dance held in Ternate
Ternate
town. Karakol street dancing with a fluvial procession is usually held in coastal towns. There is also a pre-colonial ritual called the Sanghiyang as a form of thanksgiving and to heal the sick.[where?] Another cultural tradition is the Live via Crucis or Kalbaryo ni Hesus held during Holy Week. The Maytinis or word prayer that is annually held in Kawit every December 24 before the beginning of the midnight Mass. Festivals[edit]

Event Location Description

Fiesta de la Reina de Caracol Rosario Held every 3rd weekend of May and 1st weekend of October. It celebrates the feast of the town patroness Nuestra Señora Virgen del Santissimo Rosario, Reina de Caracol starting with the traditional Caracol or "Karakol", which traditionally has two parts, the "Caracol del Mar" or fluvial procession and the "Caracol dela Tierra" or "karakol sa lupa". Caracol started in the town of Rosario and after how many years it spread to the whole province.

Fiesta de la Reina de Cavite
Cavite
City Cavite
Cavite
City Celebrated every 2nd and 3rd Sunday of November in honor of Cavite city's patroness, Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga. It is also known as Cavite City
Cavite City
fiesta.

Valenciana Festival General Trias A month-long celebration held in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Church is decorated with beautiful flowers. Every month of May.

Irok Festival Indang Done during the celebration of Indang
Indang
Day. Float parade, street dancing, sports activities, lantern contest made out of irok leaves and a grand parade are held in the town plaza. Celebrated every November 30 to December 2.

Kabutenyo Festival General Mariano Alvarez Celebration and thanksgiving for bountiful mushrooms. Activities includes street dancing, trade fair and culinary contest with mushroom as main ingredients. Every March 13.

Kakanindayog Festival Imus The festival is celebrated to promote the native kakanin & other delicacies which the city is well known for such as Puto Lansong. Celebrates every month of October in honor of the city's patroness Nuestra Señora del Pilar and the founding anniversary of the city through street dancing and the traditional "Karakol" procession.

Kalayaan Festival Provincewide It is a 2-week-long province wide event held annually from May 28 to June 12. As its name suggests, the series of events for the festival are held to celebrate the independence day season.

Kawayan Festival Maragondon Held every 7th day of September wherein a group of street dancers parade in indigenous materials. An exhibit of bamboo products likewise done in the town plaza.

Marching Band Festival Bacoor To promote the musical heritage of the city & boost tourism through its number of marching bands around the country. Celebrated every 2nd weekend of May in honor of St. Michael the Archangel & Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary.

Mardicas Ternate Fluvial parades carrying the image of Sto. Niño are held and continue in the streets of the municipality and ends in the churchyard. Karakol and street dancing in beautiful and colorful costumes with brass band music. Every 3rd weekend of January.

Maytinis Kawit Re-enactment of Christ's birth on midnight of December 24 through a procession of colorful floats & costumes.

Pahimis Festival Amadeo Also Called the " Coffee
Coffee
Festival" as way of thanksgiving for abundant harvest of coffee in the municipality. Trade fair, street dancing, beauty pageant, coffee convention are the usual activities done during the occasion. Free flowing drinking of coffee is offered to everybody. Celebrates every 2nd week of February

Paskuhan sa Imus Imus A month-long festival of Christmas holiday. The city is decorated with thousands of lights, a dazzling array of lanterns of all shapes and a food fair featuring the best of Cavite
Cavite
products.

Pista ng mga Puso Festival Tagaytay
Tagaytay
City Festival held annually on Valentine's Day in honor of the city's patroness Our Lady of Lourdes. There are Karakol dancers parading and marching all over the city.

Regada Festival Cavite
Cavite
City Also called the "Water Festival", the festival consists of games, street dancing, photo exhibit, trade fair, concert and water splashing. The festival is done three days from June 22–24 done in celebration of St. John the Baptist.

Sapyaw Festival Tanza Street dancing are done all over the streets of the municipality with their attractive and very colorful costumes. Various barangays join the dancing in honor of St. Augustine. Every 20th day of August.

Silang Prutas Festival Silang Celebration and thanksgiving for bountiful fruits harvested in the said municipality. Activities includes street dancing, trade fair and culinary contest with fruits as the main source of income. Celebrates every February 2 in honor of the town's patroness Our Lady of Candelaria.

Sorteo ng Bukid Carmona Local festival held every three years of February to relive the old practice of distributing agricultural lots to deserving farmers through raffle draws.

Sumilang Festival Silang Recognized as an agriculture event. The occasion is participated in by dancers who come from the agricultural sector. Every February 1 to 3 in celebration of the feast of Our Lady of Candelaria.

Tahong Festival Bacoor Different cuisines with tahong as main ingredient are on exhibit at the town plaza. Culinary contest are held annually. Various activities are done such as beauty contest. Tahong symposium and seminars are held for culture of Tahong. Every September 29.

Tinapa Festival Rosario The festival is celebrated to promote and perpetuate the image of Rosario as the place where smoked fish called "Tinapang Salinas" originates. Celebrates every month of October in honor of the town's patroness Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario Reina de Caracol.

Wagayway Festival Imus Every 28th day of May, household display of Philippine flag is encouraged during the festival, and simultaneous waving of flags in the streets of Cavite. Different activities such as exhibits, trade fair, product displays are held. It also commemorates the Battle of Alapan and as a kick-off celebration of the provincewide Kalayaan Festival.

Paru-paro Festival Dasmariñas Every 26th day of November, it commemorates the city of Dasmariñas. From a municipality to a beautiful city, which reflects the metamorphosis of a butterfly.

Special
Special
events[edit]

Foundation Day

Cavite
Cavite
Province celebrates its foundation every March 10

Birthday of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo

This is celebrated every March 22 in commemoration of the birth of the First President of the Republic.

Independence Day

This is celebrated every June 12 in Kawit as a re-enactment of the historic proclamation of Philippine independence at the mansion of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. Economy[edit] Agriculture[edit] Cavite
Cavite
is predominantly an agriculture province. Cavite's economy is largely dependent to agriculture. Despite urbanization and industrialization, still, a significant number of Caviteños are engaged into agribusinesses. Data gathered from Office of the Provincial Agriculturist shows that though the province lies in the industrial belt, the agricultural land is about 49.38 percent or 70,466.53 hectares of the total land area of the Province. This is 1,176.5 hectares bigger than that of the declared agricultural lands in 2008 (69,290.03 hectares). The municipality of Maragondon
Maragondon
has the biggest area intended for agriculture, accounts for 14.57% of the total provincial agricultural lands while Cavite City
Cavite City
has no longer available land for agriculture related activities and industries. If based on total agricultural lands, we may say that the major players in agriculture in the Province are Maragondon, Silang, Indang, Naic
Naic
and Alfonso. Of the seven districts in the province, the top three with the widest agricultural area are District VII comprising 43,587.01 hectares or 61.85 percent of the total agricultural areas with 27,115 farmers followed by District VI with 17.40 percent or 12,257.71 hectares having 8,701 farmers and District V comprising 10,248.55 hectares with 10,295 farmers. The municipality of Silang has the most number of farmers. The municipality of Maragondon
Maragondon
only ranks 3rd in terms of number of farmers. This can be attributed to highly mechanized operation and vast plantation of rice. The same is true with Gen. Trias and Naic, known as the rice producing municipalities in Cavite. The number of farmers increased by 6.5% that corresponds to around 3,097 farmers. The increase in the number of farmers was due to worldwide recession which led to work displacement of some Caviteños. Silang is dominated by pineapple and coffee plantations as well as with cutflower production.[34] Industry and commerce[edit] Cavite
Cavite
has twelve (12) economic zones. The largest economic zone under development is located in Gen. Trias, the PEC Industrial Park with 177 hectares intended for garments, textiles, semiconductors, food processing and pharmaceuticals.[34] Major townships

Lancaster New City (ProFriends) 2,000 hectares — Imus, Kawit, General Trias
General Trias
and Tanza Vista City (Vista Land) 1,500 hectares — Bacoor
Bacoor
and Dasmariñas (shared with Las Piñas
Las Piñas
and Muntinlupa) Twin Lakes Tagaytay
Tagaytay
(Megaworld) 1,149 hectares — Alfonso (shared with Laurel, Batangas) Vermosa (Ayala Land) 770 hectares — Imus
Imus
and Dasmariñas Eagle Ridge Golf & Residential Estates (Sta. Lucia) 700 hectares — General Trias Southwoods City (Megaworld) 561 hectares— Carmona (shared with Biñan, Laguna) Suntrust Ecotown (Megaworld) 350 hectares — Tanza Evo City (Ayala Land) 250 hectares — Kawit South Forbes City (Cathay Land) 250 hectares — Silang Maple Grove (Megaworld) 120 hectares — General Trias

Tourism[edit]

Aguinaldo Shrine, the birthplace of Philippine Independence

Cavite
Cavite
is a historic, picturesque and scenic province providing a place conducive for both business and leisure. Tagaytay
Tagaytay
serves as the main tourist center. Historical attraction and sites are Fort San Felipe and Sangley Point, both in Cavite
Cavite
City; Corregidor
Corregidor
Island; General Trias; Calero Bridge, Noveleta; Battle of Alapan
Battle of Alapan
Marker and Flag in Imus; Zapote Bridge in Bacoor; Battle of Binakayan Monument in Kawit; Tejeros Convention Site in Rosario; and Aguinaldo Shrine, the site of the declaration of Philippine Independence in Kawit. Several old churches stand as glorious reminders of how the Catholic faith has blossomed in the Province of Cavite. Existing museums include Geronimo de los Reyes Museum, General Trias; Museo De La Salle, Dasmariñas; Philippine Navy Museum, Cavite
Cavite
City; Baldomero Aguinaldo
Baldomero Aguinaldo
Museum, Kawit; and Cavite City Library Museum, Cavite
Cavite
City. There are eight (8) world-class golf courses in the province. Natural wonders are mostly found in the upland areas such as Tagaytay
Tagaytay
Ridge, Macabag Cave in Maragondon, Balite Falls in Amadeo, Malibiclibic Falls in General Aguinaldo-Magallanes border, Mts. Palay-Palay and Mataas na Gulod National Park in Ternate
Ternate
and Maragondon, Sitio
Sitio
Buhay Unclassified Forest in Magallanes and flowers, vegetables and coffee farms. The Aguinaldo Shrine
Aguinaldo Shrine
and Museum in Kawit is where the independence of the Philippines
Philippines
was proclaimed on June 12, 1898 by General Aguinaldo, the Philippines’ first president. The Andrés Bonifacio House in General Trias
General Trias
is the former home of the country's revolutionary leader The site of his court martial in Maragondon
Maragondon
is also preserved. Other historical sites include the Battle of Alapan
Battle of Alapan
and Battle of Julian Bridge Markers, the House of Tirona, and Fort San Felipe. The main churches of the province are the Imus
Imus
Cathedral, San Roque Parish in Cavite City
Cavite City
where the miraculous image of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga enshrined., Bacoor, Silang, Naic, Tanza, Ternate, Indang, General Trias, Kawit and Maragondon
Maragondon
Catholic Churches. The Shrines of Our Lady of La Salette in Silang, and St. Anne, Tagaytay, also attract pilgrims.

Corregidor, the last bastion of Philippine-American defense forces

Corregidor
Corregidor
is an island fortress where Filipino and American forces fought against the Japanese invaders in 1942. It has become a tourist attraction with tunnels, cannons and other war structures still well-preserved. The famous line of General Douglas McArthur said is associated with Corregidor: "I shall return!" There are first class hotels, inns and lodging houses to accommodate both foreign and local tourists. Conference facilities can be found in several convention centers, hotels and resorts in the province. Restaurants and specialty dining places offer mushroom dishes, native delicacies and exotic cuisines. Seafoods, fruits, coffee, organic vegetables, tinapa, handicrafts, ornamental plants also abound in the province.

The popular hiking destination at Cavite; Mount Pico De Loro
Mount Pico De Loro
and its monolith

Mountain climbing is also one of the outdoor activities in Cavite. This includes the famous Mount Pico De Loro
Mount Pico De Loro
which is within the towns of Ternate
Ternate
and Maragondon
Maragondon
(and some parts of it are already part of Batangas), which is a part of the Palay-Palay and Mataas na Gulod protected landscape. Mt. Pico De Loro is the highest part of Cavite
Cavite
at 664 meters above sea level and is noted for its 360 degree view at its summit and a cliff known as Parrot's Beak or Monolith that mountaineers would also like to climb.[35] Mt. Marami, within the same mountain range, located at Magallanes town is also a famous mountaineer location due to its "silyang bato" (en. Chair of rocks) at its summit.[36] There are twenty-two (22) accredited tourism establishments and three (3) accredited tour guides. There are also tour packages being arranged with the Department of Tourism. Centuries old traditions and the very rich culture of Cavite
Cavite
have been the source of great pride to Caviteños. Transportation[edit] In the mid-19th century, Cavite, particularly the Cavite Peninsula
Cavite Peninsula
in the north, was a stop for ships from South America
South America
before free trade opened up.[22] Roads[edit] Cavite's total road network comprises roughly 1,973 kilometers (1,226 mi). Of these, the 407.7-kilometre (253.3 mi) national roads are mostly paved with concrete or asphalt and are relatively in good condition with some portions in need of rehabilitation. Provincial roads stretches to an approximate total length of 335.1 kilometers (208.2 mi). Most of these roads are concrete, some are paved with asphalt and the rest remain gravel roads. Majority of the municipal/city roads are paved with concrete, while barangay roads consist of 46.7% concrete and asphalt roads and 53.3% earth and gravel roads. There are three main highways traversing the province: Aguinaldo Highway runs in a general north-south direction; the Governor's Drive runs in a general east-west direction and the Antero Soriano Highway runs within the coastal towns on the west. The existing road length computed in terms of road density with respect to population at the standard of 2.4 kilometers per 1,000 population has a deficit of 3,532.71 kilometers. In 2011, the Cavite
Cavite
Expressway (CAVITEX) was opened, which lessened the heavy volume of vehicles on Aguinaldo Highway
Aguinaldo Highway
in Bacoor. This project decreased the traffic congestion in Aguinaldo Highway
Aguinaldo Highway
in Bacoor, so travel time from Imus
Imus
to Baclaran/ Pasay
Pasay
is lessened to only one hour. In 2013, the Kaybiang Tunnel, the country's longest underground highway tunnel at 300 metres was opened along the Ternate- Nasugbu
Nasugbu
Road piercing through Mt. Pico De Loro's north ridge, and shortens the travel time from Manila
Manila
to the western coves of Cavite
Cavite
and Nasugbu, Batangas.[37] Last July 24, 2015, the Muntinlupa– Cavite
Cavite
Expressway, a 4 km (2 mi) (2.5 mi) long access-controlled toll expressway linking the southern province of Cavite
Cavite
to Muntinlupa in the Philippines, was opened to the public. The road is expected to reduce travel time by an average of 45 minutes from Daang Hari to Alabang Interchange as well as decongest traffic in Cavite, Las Piñas
Las Piñas
and Muntinlupa. Currently, Cavite
Cavite
province is served by three DPWH offices: Cavite
Cavite
I District (serving legislative district 1, 3 and 6), Cavite
Cavite
II District (corresponding to the seventh legislative district) and Cavite Sub-district (serves legislative districts 2, 4 and 5). Proposed/ongoing transportation projects[edit] Cavite-Laguna and Cavite-Tagaytay- Batangas
Batangas
Expressways[edit] The Cavite–Laguna Expressway
Cavite–Laguna Expressway
(CALAX) is an under-construction expressway that will cross the provinces of Cavite
Cavite
and Laguna in the Philippines. The construction of the four-lane 47-kilometre-long (29 mi) expressway will connect CAVITEX
CAVITEX
in Kawit, Cavite
Kawit, Cavite
to SLEX-Mamplasan Interchange. When constructed, it is expected to ease the traffic in the Cavite–Laguna region, particularly in Aguinaldo Highway, Santa Rosa- Tagaytay
Tagaytay
Road and Governor's Drive. Cavite-Tagaytay- Batangas
Batangas
Expressway is also a proposed expressway connects with CALAx from Silang, Cavite
Silang, Cavite
to Nasugbu, Batangas. CTBEx is a future alternative route for tourists going to Tagaytay
Tagaytay
and Nasugbu. LRT Line 1 South Extension Project[edit] The LRT Line 1 South Extension Project, through southern Metro Manila to the Province of Cavite
Cavite
has been identified as an integral link of the Rail Transit Network by Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Urban Transportation Integration Study (MMUTIS). It is one of the priority projects of the Department of Transportation and Communications
Department of Transportation and Communications
(DOTC) and LRTA. It is also a flagship project of the Office of the President. The project aims to expand the existing LRT Line 1 service southward to the cities of Parañaque, Las Piñas
Las Piñas
and the city of Bacoor
Bacoor
in the Cavite
Cavite
Province. The 11.7-km route of the light railway system that will start from Baclaran
Baclaran
to Niog was planned to carry a capacity of 40,000 passengers per direction per hour. The extension will have 48 air-conditioned coaches, 12-four car trains, 8 passenger stations and a satellite depot in Cavite. The actual construction will start in the middle of 2018 because the groundbreaking of LRT Line 1 South Extension Project was held on Thursday, May 4, 2017. The LRT Line 1 South Extension Project will be done in phases. Once the phase 2 is completed, Cavite
Cavite
will be served by the LRT-1
LRT-1
(via Niog Station). This is the second project outside Metro Manila
Metro Manila
after the planned MRT-7 that starts from North Avenue, Quezon City
Quezon City
and it will end in San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan. The said project will serve approximately 1.9 million commuters based in Pasay, Paranaque, Las Piñas
Las Piñas
and Bacoor. LRT Line 6 Project[edit] The proposed LRT Line 6 project would further extend the LRT system by another 19 kilometers all the way to Dasmariñas
Dasmariñas
from the proposed end in Niog Station in Bacoor, Cavite. The mass transit system would pass along the Aguinaldo Highway
Aguinaldo Highway
and would have stations in Niog, Tirona Station, Imus
Imus
Station, Daang Hari Station, Salitran Station, Congressional Avenue Station, and Governor's Drive
Governor's Drive
Station. The project will improve passenger mobility and reduce the volume of vehicular traffic in the Cavite
Cavite
area by providing a higher capacity mass transit system. It also aims to spur economic development along the extension corridor. Ferry services[edit] There is one ferry service: Metrostar Ferry, from Cavite City
Cavite City
to SM Mall of Asia
Asia
in Pasay. Government[edit]

Governor

Jesus Crispin Remulla (UNA/Partido Magdalo)

Vice Governor

Ramon M. Revilla III (LAKAS/Partido Magdalo)

Note: Partido Magdalo is a local political party in Cavite
Cavite
which is a coalition of Nacionalista Party, Lakas-CMD (LAKAS), United Nationalist Alliance (UNA), Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino, Nationalist Peoples Coalition (NPC) and National Unity Party (NUP) (with the 4th district being an exemption since its representatives caucuses with the Liberal). Board Members

1st District

Gilbert Gandia(UNA/Magdalo) Ryan R. Enriquez (LAKAS/Magdalo)

2nd District

Edralin G. Gawaran (LAKAS/Magdalo) Reynaldo Fabian (LAKAS)

3rd District

Larry Boy S. Nato (Liberal) Homer Saquilayan (Nacionalista/Magdalo)

4th District

Valeriano Encabo (NUP) Teofilo B. Lara (Senior Board Member) (NUP)

5th District

Marcos C. Amutan (LAKAS/Magdalo) Ivee Jayne A. Reyes (LAKAS/Magdalo)

6th District

Raymundo del Rosario (UNA/Magdalo) Felix A. Grepo (NUP)

7th District

Rainier Ambion (Liberal) Reinalyne Varias-Vidallon (UNA/Magdalo)

Liga ng mga Barangay

Rading Viado of Amadeo, Cavite

Cavite
Cavite
Councilor League

Engr. Arman Bernal of Kawit (/Magdalo)

SK Federation

Melandres G. de Sagun1 of Trece Martires

Child Development Workers Federation President (formerly Known as Day Care Workers) Regional President of CDW Calabarzon
Calabarzon
National Secretary of Federation Of DCW in the Phil.

Perla P. Reyes of Silang

:^1 Term has ended since SK has been defunct October 2013

House of Representatives Main article: Legislative districts of Cavite

1st District: Francis Gerard A. Abaya (Liberal) 2nd District: Edwin "Strike" Revilla (LAKAS/Magdalo) 3rd District: Alex L. Advincula (Liberal) 4th District: Jennifer Barzaga (NUP) 5th District: Atty. Roy M. Loyola (Liberal) 6th District: Luis A. Ferrer IV (NUP) 7th District: Abraham N. Tolentino (Liberal)

List of former governors Main article: Governor
Governor
of Cavite Education[edit]

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Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies
Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies
in Silang Adventist University of the Philippines
Philippines
in Silang AMA Computer College
AMA Computer College
in Dasmariñas AISAT College in Dasmarinas Cavite State University
Cavite State University
with ten campuses in the province City College of Tagaytay
Tagaytay
in Tagaytay
Tagaytay
City De La Salle University in Dasmariñas De La Salle Health Sciences Institute
De La Salle Health Sciences Institute
in Dasmariñas Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology
Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology
in General Mariano Alvarez Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo
College in Dasmariñas FEU Cavite in Silang Far East Asia
Asia
Pacific Institute of Tourism Science and Technology - FEAPITSAT Colleges in Tanza, Dasmariñas
Dasmariñas
and Maragondon Five Star Standard College in Bacoor Imus
Imus
Computer College with ten branches in the province Imus
Imus
Institute in Imus Lyceum of the Philippines
Philippines
University- Cavite
Cavite
in General Trias National College of Science and Technology
National College of Science and Technology
in Dasmariñas Olivarez College in Tagaytay Philippine Christian University
Philippine Christian University
in Dasmariñas Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Philippines
in Maragondon Philippine Nautical Training Center in Dasmariñas Rogationist College
Rogationist College
in Silang St. Joseph College in Cavite
Cavite
City Saint Francis of Assisi College System
Saint Francis of Assisi College System
in Bacoor
Bacoor
and Dasmariñas Saint Gregory College of Science and Technology in Cavite
Cavite
City Saint Jude College in Dasmariñas San Sebastian College–Recoletos de Cavite
San Sebastian College–Recoletos de Cavite
in Cavite
Cavite
City STI College
STI College
with four campuses in the province[38] St. Dominic College Of Asia
Asia
in Bacoor
Bacoor
Cavite Technological University of the Philippines
Philippines
in Dasmariñas University of Perpetual Help System in General Mariano Alvarez
General Mariano Alvarez
and Bacoor International School for Hotel and Restaurant Management (ISHRM)Bacoor and Dasmariñas
Dasmariñas
Branch

Notable people[edit]

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Joseph Emilio Abaya, former Department of Transportation and Communications secretary and former representative 1st District of Cavite Nash Aguas, Teen Actor and Star Circle Kid Quest Grand Questor Baldomero Aguinaldo, Philippine Revolutionary leader Emilio Aguinaldo, first President of the Philippines Mariano Álvarez, Philippine Revolutionary general Román Basa, second president of the Katipunan Christian Bautista, singer, actor, and host Joseph Eric Buhain, chairman of the Philippines' Games and Amusement Board. swimmer Felipe Calderón y Roca, lawyer, considered the Father of the Malolos Constitution Paulo C. Campos, Scientist, 1988 National Scientist in medical science George Canseco, composer, songwriter Bugoy Cariño, Child Actor Josefino Cenizal, composer Olivia Cenizal, actress Serafin R. Cuevas, esteemed lawyer and former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Philippines
(1984–1986) and Secretary of Justice (1998–2000) Ladislao Diwa, one of the founders of Katipunan Mart Escudero, actor Julián Felipe, composer of the Philippine National Anthem & Reina de Cavite Lyca Gairanod, The Voice Kids ( Philippines
Philippines
season 1) Champion Roxanne Guinoo, actress and Star Circle Teen Quest Finalist Leon Guinto, former mayor of the City of Manila
Manila
during the Japanese occupation Panfilo Lacson, senator and former Philippine National Police
Philippine National Police
chief Joel Lamangan, film director, television director and actor Celeste Legaspi, singer, actress Irineo "Ayong" Maliksi, PCSO Chairman, former Representative 3rd District of Cavite, former Cavite
Cavite
Governor
Governor
and former City Mayor of Imus Leonardo Manicio, aka Nardong Putik Filipino gangster turned folk hero Lani Mercado, actress, Bacoor
Bacoor
City Mayor and former representative 2nd District of Cavite Sugar Mercado, actress, former SexBomb Girls member Justiniano S. Montano, former senator and representative 6th District of Cavite Mariano Noriel, served as general under Emilio Aguinaldo's revolutionary army during the 1896 Philippine Revolution Diether Ocampo, actor, singer, and model Ranidel de Ocampo, Professional basketball player in the Philippine Basketball Association, currently plays for the Talk
Talk
'N Text Tropang Texters Yancy de Ocampo, athlete Rey D. Pagtakhan, Canadian physician, professor and politician. He was a cabinet minister in the governments of Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin, and served as a member of parliament from 1988 until his defeat in the 2004 election. Efren Peñaflorida, CNN Hero of the Year for 2009. Marcelito Pomoy, singer, Pilipinas Got Talent
Pilipinas Got Talent
grand winner Mars Ravelo, graphic novelist Gilbert Remulla, TV host, news anchor, reporter, former representative 1st District of Cavite Bong Revilla, actor, former senator Cavite
Cavite
governor and vice governor Jolo Revilla, actor and vice governor Ram Revilla, actor Ramon Revilla, Sr., actor and former Senator Strike Revilla, Representative 2nd District of Cavite
Cavite
former councilor & mayor of Bacoor
Bacoor
and former Cavite
Cavite
board member & former PCSO Chairman Marian Rivera-Dantes, actress, TV Host Terrence Romeo, Professional basketball player in the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA). Currently playing for the GlobalPort Batang Pier and Gilas Pilipinas. Former college player of the FEU Tamaraws Leopoldo Salcedo, actor Wesley So, chess grandmaster and 8th youngest chess grandmaster in history Luis Antonio Tagle, Archbishop of Manila,former Bishop of Imus[39] and President, Caritas Internationalis Miguel Tanfelix, actor Rolando Joven Tria Tirona
Rolando Joven Tria Tirona
OCD, D.D., Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Caceres and former Bishop of Prelature of Infanta and Diocese of Malolos Francis Tolentino, Former Metropolitan Manila
Manila
Development Authority chairman and mayor of Tagaytay
Tagaytay
City Mariano Trias, first Vice President of the Philippines Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, Filipino patriots Epimaco Velasco, former DILG secretary, NBI director and Cavite governor Jose R. Velasco, plant physiologist and agricultural chemist Cesar Virata, former Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of the Philippines Wilfredo Alicdan, artist

See also[edit]

Cavite
Cavite
Navy Yard Cavite
Cavite
Peninsula Cavite
Cavite
Mutiny Cavite
Cavite
State University CAVITEX Roman Catholic Diocese of Imus Imus
Imus
Cathedral Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Imus St. Mary Magdalene Church (Kawit) Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga Nuestra Señora Virgen del Santissimo Rosario, Reina de Caracol

References[edit]

^ Tejero, Constantino C. (16 August 2015). " Cavite
Cavite
and what they're selling there". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 18 March 2016. Caviteños take pride in claiming an assortment of titles for their province: Historical Capital of the Philippines, Home of the Brave, Heartland of the Philippine Revolution, Cradle of Noble Heroes.  ^ a b c d e "Brief History of Cavite" Archived 2013-07-03 at the Wayback Machine.. Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite. Retrieved on 2013-06-25. ^ a b Census of the Philippine Islands (1920). "Census of the Philippine Islands Vol. I, 1918", pg. 132. Bureau of Printing, Manila. ^ "Official Provincial 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.  ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.  ^ "Quick Facts". Cavite
Cavite
Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-06-30. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ "Local Government Report 2015: Province of Cavite" (PDF). The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite. Retrieved September 29, 2016.  ^ a b c d e f "Physical and Natural Resources" Archived September 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Province of Cavite
Cavite
Official Website. ^ "Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan 2011-2016" (PDF). Humanitarian and Emergency Affairs. Retrieved September 29, 2016.  ^ " Mount Sungay
Mount Sungay
elevation". Google maps. Retrieved on 2012-02-04. ^ Census of the Philippine Islands (1920). "Census of the Philippine Islands Vol. I, 1918", pg. 131. Bureau of Printing, Manila. ^ " Ternate
Ternate
Website". Ternate
Ternate
Cavite
Cavite
Website. Retrieved on 2011-10-28. ^ "History" Archived 2012-09-04 at Archive.is. Island Cove Hotel and Leisure Park. Retrieved on 2011-10-28. ^ U.S. Army (1916). "United States military reservations, National cemeteries, and military parks", p. 344. Government Printing Office, Washington. ^ "General Information" Archived 2012-01-31 at the Wayback Machine.. Cavite
Cavite
Official Website. ^ a b "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines
Philippines
and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Climate Summary for Cavite ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on August 3, 2013. ^ a b Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite
Cavite
- Cavite City Archived 2009-03-01 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 59.  ^ a b c d Fish, Shirley (2011). The Manila-Acapulco Galleons: The Treasure Ships of the Pacific. AuthorHouse. p. 65,69,128–132,274. ISBN 9781456775421.  ^ Galaup "Travel Accounts" page 375. ^ "Forced Migration in the Spanish Pacific World" By Eva Maria Mehl, page 235. ^ (2001). "Merriam-Webster Geographical Dictionary, 3rd Edition.", pg. 119. Google Books. ^ "Village Green - Winnetka Park District". Winnetka Park District. Retrieved 2017-08-03.  ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ " Cavite
Cavite
population balloons to 3.3 million". Manila
Manila
Bulletin. ^ " Cavite
Cavite
Satellite Field Office Seventh-Day Adventists". clc.adventist.ph. Retrieved 2018-03-17.  ^ "Central Luzon
Luzon
Seventh-Day Adventists". clc.adventist.ph. Retrieved 2018-03-17.  ^ " Manila
Manila
Philippines
Philippines
Temple District (Map View)". ldschurchtemples.org. Retrieved 2018-03-17.  ^ Morrow, Paul (2007-11-01). "Chabacano". Pilipino Express. Retrieved on 2013-06-25. ^ a b "Agriculture" Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine.. Cavite
Cavite
Official Website. ^ "Mt. Pico de Loro". Maragondon
Maragondon
Municipal Government. Retrieved 24 May 2015.  ^ "Mt. Marami". Maragondon
Maragondon
Municipal Government. Retrieved 24 May 2015.  ^ "The nearness of Pico de Loro". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 24 May 2015.  ^ Administrator (2012). "STI Campuses". STI College. Retrieved on 2012-06-30. ^ (2013-01-31)"TAGLE Card. Luis Antonio Gokim". Holy See Press Office.

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Cavite
Cavite
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Cavite
Cavite
at OpenStreetMap  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cavite". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  Official website

Places adjacent to Cavite

Bataan Manila
Manila
Bay Manila
Manila
Bay Metro Manila

South China Sea

Cavite

Laguna

Batangas

v t e

Province of Cavite

Trece Martires
Trece Martires
(de facto capital), Imus
Imus
(de jure capital)

Municipalities

Alfonso Amadeo Carmona General Emilio Aguinaldo General Mariano Alvarez Indang Kawit Magallanes Maragondon Mendez Naic Noveleta Rosario Silang Tanza Ternate

Component cities

Bacoor Cavite
Cavite
City Dasmariñas General Trias Imus Tagaytay Trece Martires

Articles related to Cavite

v t e

Major roads in Cavite

Expressways

Existing

E2

South Luzon
Luzon
Expressway Muntinlupa– Cavite
Cavite
Expressway

E3

Manila– Cavite
Cavite
Expressway

Proposed/under construction

C-6 Expressway Cavite–Laguna Expressway
Cavite–Laguna Expressway
(CALAx) Cavite–Tagaytay– Batangas
Batangas
Expressway (CTBEx)

National roads

Primary

Route 62

Aguinaldo Highway Tirona Highway Magdiwang Highway Manila– Cavite
Cavite
Road

Route 64

Antero Soriano Highway Tanza– Trece Martires
Trece Martires
Road Tanza
Tanza
Diversion Road

Route 65

Governor's Drive Pala-Pala Road Rizal
Rizal
Street

Secondary

Route 401

Marseilla Street Governor
Governor
Ferrer Drive ( General Trias
General Trias
Segment) Antero Soriano Highway
Antero Soriano Highway
( General Trias
General Trias
Segment)

Route 402

Antero Soriano Highway
Antero Soriano Highway
( Naic
Naic
to Tanza
Tanza
Segment) Naic– Indang
Indang
Road Indang–Mendez Road Mendez– Tagaytay
Tagaytay
Road

Route 403

Governor's Drive
Governor's Drive
( Naic
Naic
to Trece Martires
Trece Martires
Segment)

Route 404

Trece Martires– Indang
Indang
Road

Route 405

Governor's Drive
Governor's Drive
( Ternate
Ternate
to Naic
Naic
Segment)

Route 406

Maragondon–Magallanes Road Magallanes– Alfonso Road

Route 407

Ternate– Nasugbu
Nasugbu
Road

Route 410

Aguinaldo Highway
Aguinaldo Highway
(Silang to Tagaytay
Tagaytay
Segment) Tagaytay– Nasugbu
Nasugbu
Highway

Route 419

Aguinaldo Highway
Aguinaldo Highway
( Bacoor
Bacoor
to Silang Segment)

Route 413

Mahogany Avenue

Route 420

Tagaytay–Santa Rosa Road

Route 421

Tagaytay–Calamba Road ( Tagaytay
Tagaytay
Segment) Ligaya Drive Tagaytay–Talisay Road

Route 622

Noveleta–Rosario Diversion Road

Route 651

Carmona Diversion Road

Circumferential and radial routes

C-6 R-1 R-2 R-3

Tertiary

Aguinaldo Boulevard Binakayan Diversion Road Congressional Road Crisanto Mendoza de los Reyes Avenue Indang– Alfonso Road Mendez– Alfonso Road Molino Boulevard Molino–Paliparan Road Paliparan Road Salitran Road Silang–Amadeo– Indang
Indang
Road Silang Bypass Road Silang Junction-Leynes Road

Arterial Routes

Daang Hari Road/Open Canal Road

v t e

CALABARZON (Region IV-A)

Southern Tagalog
Southern Tagalog
Mainland CAvite, LAguna, BAtangas, Rizal, QueZON

Regional Center

Calamba

Provinces

Batangas Cavite Laguna Quezon Rizal

Highly Urbanized Cities

Lucena

Component Cities

Antipolo Bacoor Batangas
Batangas
City Biñan Cabuyao Calamba Cavite
Cavite
City Dasmariñas General Trias Imus Lipa San Pablo San Pedro Santa Rosa Tagaytay Tanauan Tayabas Trece Martires

Provincial Capitals

Antipolo Batangas
Batangas
City Imus
Imus
(de jure) Lucena Santa Cruz Trece Martires
Trece Martires
(de facto)

Municipalities

Agdangan Agoncillo Alabat Alaminos Alfonso Alitagtag Amadeo Angono Atimonan Balayan Balete Baras Bauan Bay Binangonan Buenavista Burdeos Cainta Calaca Calatagan Calauag Calauan Candelaria Cardona Carmona Catanauan Cavinti Cuenca Dolores Famy General Emilio Aguinaldo General Luna General Mariano Alvarez General Nakar Guinayangan Gumaca Ibaan Indang Infanta Jalajala Jomalig Kalayaan Kawit Laurel Lemery Lian Liliw Lobo Lopez Los Baños Lucban Luisiana Lumban Mabini Mabitac Macalelon Magallanes Magdalena Majayjay Malvar Maragondon Mataasnakahoy Mauban Mendez Morong Mulanay Nagcarlan Naic Nasugbu Noveleta Padre Burgos Padre Garcia Paete Pagbilao Pagsanjan Pakil Pangil Panukulan Patnanungan Perez Pila Pililla Pitogo Plaridel Polillo Quezon Real Rizal Rodriguez Rosario (Batangas) Rosario (Cavite) Sampaloc San Andres San Antonio San Francisco San Jose San Juan San Luis San Mateo San Narciso San Nicolas San Pascual Santa Cruz Santa Maria Santa Teresita Santo Tomas Sariaya Silang Siniloan Taal Tagkawayan Talisay Tanay Tanza Taysan Taytay Teresa Ternate Tiaong Tingloy Tuy Unisan Victoria

Barangays

Batangas
Batangas
(List) Cavite
Cavite
(List) Laguna (List) Quezon
Quezon
(List) Rizal
Rizal
(List)

Luzon, Republic of the Philippines

v t e

  Administrative divisions of the Philippines

Capital

Manila
Manila
(National Capital Region)

Island groups

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Regions

Administrative

I – Ilocos Region II – Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley III – Central Luzon IV-A – Calabarzon Mimaropa
Mimaropa
– Southwestern Tagalog Region V – Bicol Region VI – Western Visayas VII – Central Visayas VIII – Eastern Visayas IX – Zamboanga Peninsula X – Northern Mindanao XI – Davao Region XII – Soccsksargen XIII – Caraga CAR – Cordillera Administrative Region NCR – National Capital Region

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Abra Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Aklan Albay Antique Apayao Aurora Basilan Bataan Batanes Batangas Benguet Biliran Bohol Bukidnon Bulacan Cagayan Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Camiguin Capiz Catanduanes Cavite Cebu Compostela Valley Cotabato Davao del Norte Davao del Sur Davao Occidental Davao Oriental Dinagat Islands Eastern Samar Guimaras Ifugao Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Iloilo Isabela Kalinga La Union Laguna Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Leyte Maguindanao Marinduque Masbate Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental Mountain Province Negros Occidental Negros Oriental Northern Samar Nueva Ecija Nueva Vizcaya Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Pampanga Pangasinan Quezon Quirino Rizal Romblon Samar Sarangani Siquijor Sorsogon South Cotabato Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Sulu Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur Tarlac Tawi-Tawi Zambales Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur Zamboanga Sibugay

Cities

List of cities in the Philippines

Municipalities

List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines

Barangays

Lists of barangays by province Poblacion

Other subdivisions

Puroks Sitios List of primary LGUs Legislative districts Metropolitan areas

Historical

Former provinces Formally proposed provinces Negros Island Region Southern Tagalog

v t e

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