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Cairns
Cairns
(locally /ˈkænz/ ( listen))[5][a] is a city in the Cairns
Cairns
Region, Queensland, Australia.[7] It is on the east coast of Far North Queensland. The city is the 5th-most-populous in Queensland and ranks 14th overall in Australia. Cairns
Cairns
was founded in 1876 and named after William Wellington Cairns, Governor of Queensland
Queensland
from 1875 to 1877. It was formed to serve miners heading for the Hodgkinson River goldfield, but declined when an easier route was discovered from Port Douglas. It later developed into a railhead and major port for exporting sugar cane, gold and other metals, minerals and agricultural products from surrounding coastal areas and the Atherton Tableland
Atherton Tableland
region. The estimated residential population of the Cairns
Cairns
urban area in 2015 was 147,993.[1] Based on 2015 data, the associated local government area has experienced an average annual growth rate of 2.3% over the last 10 years.[8] Cairns
Cairns
is a popular tourist destination because of its tropical climate and access to the Great Barrier Reef, one of the seven natural wonders of the world.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Urban layout 2.2 Climate

2.2.1 Tropical cyclones

3 Facilities 4 Heritage listings 5 Governance 6 Economy

6.1 Tourism 6.2 Commercial 6.3 Media 6.4 Industry and agriculture

7 Transport

7.1 Roads

7.1.1 Coaches

7.2 Public transport 7.3 Rail 7.4 Airport 7.5 Sea port

8 Sister cities 9 Education 10 Health 11 Sport and recreation 12 Notable people 13 Photo gallery 14 See also 15 Notes 16 References 17 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Cairns

Skyrail Rainforest Cableway
Skyrail Rainforest Cableway
over the rainforest.

Prior to British settlement, the Cairns
Cairns
area was inhabited by the Gimuy Walubara Yidinji people,[9] who still claim their Native Title rights.[10] The area is known in the local Yidiny language
Yidiny language
as Gimuy.[9] In 1770, James Cook
James Cook
mapped the future site of Cairns, naming it Trinity Bay. Closer investigation by several official expeditions 100 years later established its potential for development into a port. Cairns
Cairns
was founded in 1876, hastened by the need to export gold discovered on the tablelands to the west of the inlet. The site was predominantly mangrove swamps and sand ridges. Labourers gradually cleared the swamps, and the sand ridges were filled with dried mud, sawdust from local sawmills, and ballast from a quarry at Edge Hill. Debris from the construction of a railway to Herberton on the Atherton Tableland, a project which started in 1886, was also used. The railway opened up land later used for agriculture on the lowlands (sugar cane, corn, rice, bananas, pineapples), and for fruit and dairy production on the Tableland. The success of local agriculture helped establish Cairns
Cairns
as a port, and the creation of a harbour board in 1906 supported its economic future.[11][12]

Cairns
Cairns
War Memorial, circa 1936

On 25 April 1926 (ANZAC Day), the Cairns
Cairns
Sailors and Soldiers War Memorial was unveiled by Alexander Frederick Draper, the mayor of the City of Cairns.[13][14] During World War II, the Allied Forces used Cairns
Cairns
as a staging base for operations in the Pacific,[15] with US Army Air Force
US Army Air Force
and Royal Australian Air Force operational bases (now the airport), as well as a major military seaplane base in Trinity Inlet, and US Navy
US Navy
and Royal Australian Navy bases near the current wharf. Combat missions were flown out of Cairns
Cairns
in support of the Battle of the Coral Sea
Battle of the Coral Sea
in 1942. Edmonton and White Rock south of Cairns
Cairns
were major military supply areas and US Paratroopers
Paratroopers
trained at Gordonvale
Gordonvale
and the Goldsborough Valley. A Special
Special
Forces training base was established at the old "Fairview" homestead on Munro's Hill, Mooroobool. This base was officially known as the Z Experimental Station,[16] but referred to informally as "The House on the Hill". After World War II, Cairns
Cairns
gradually developed into a centre for tourism. The opening of the Cairns International Airport
Cairns International Airport
in 1984 helped establish the city as a desirable destination for international tourism. Geography[edit]

Cairns, view of the foreshore.

The Mulgrave River
Mulgrave River
running through the Goldsbrough Valley to the south of Gordonvale.

Cairns
Cairns
is located on the east coast of Cape York Peninsula
Cape York Peninsula
on a coastal strip between the Coral Sea
Coral Sea
and the Great Dividing Range. The northern part of the city is located on Trinity Bay and the city centre is located on Trinity Inlet. To the south of the Trinity Inlet lies the Aboriginal community of Yarrabah. Some of the city's suburbs are located on flood plains. The Mulgrave River
Mulgrave River
and Barron River flow within the greater Cairns
Cairns
area but not through the CBD. The city's centre foreshore is located on a mud flat. Urban layout[edit]

Fruit bats hanging from a mango tree, central Cairns

Cairns
Cairns
is a provincial city, with a linear urban layout that runs from the south at Edmonton to the north at Ellis Beach. The city is approximately 52 km (32 mi) from north to south; it has experienced a recent urban sprawl, with suburbs occupying land once used for sugar cane farming. The Northern Beaches consist of a number of beach communities extending north along the coast. In general, each beach suburb is at the end of a spur road extending from the Captain Cook Highway. From south to north, these are Machans Beach, Holloways Beach, Yorkeys Knob, Trinity Park, Trinity Beach, Kewarra Beach, Clifton Beach, Palm Cove, and Ellis Beach. The suburb of Smithfield is inland against the mountains of the Great Dividing Range, between Yorkeys Knob and Trinity Park. It serves as the main hub for the Northern Beaches, with a modern shopping arcade, called Smithfield Shopping Centre. South of Smithfield and inland from the Northern Beaches along the edge of the Barron River flood plain are the suburbs of Caravonica, Kamerunga, Freshwater, and Stratford. This area is sometimes referred to as Freshwater Valley, though it is actually the lower part of Redlynch Valley; further up the valley are the suburbs of Redlynch, on the western side of Redlynch Valley, and Brinsmead on the eastern side. Stratford, Freshwater, and Brinsmead are separated from Cairns city by Mount Whitfield (elevation 365 m (1,198 ft)) and Whitfield Range. Crystal Cascades
Crystal Cascades
and Copperlode Falls Dam are also behind this range. (Kuranda, a town on the Barron River on the western side of the Macalister Range, forms part of the Cairns
Cairns
economic catchment but is in the Tablelands local government area and is not part of the Cairns
Cairns
urban area.) The city centre of Cairns
Cairns
is adjacent to the suburbs of Cairns
Cairns
North, and Parramatta Park, Bungalow, Portsmith, and close to Westcourt, Manunda, Manoora, Edge Hill, Whitfield, Kanimbla, Mooroobool, Earlville, Woree and Bayview Heights. The small suburb of Aeroglen is pressed between Mount Whitfield and the airport, on the Captain Cook Highway between Cairns North
Cairns North
and Stratford. Southside Cairns, situated in a narrow area between Trinity Inlet
Trinity Inlet
to the east and Lamb Range
Lamb Range
to the west, includes the suburbs of White Rock, Mount Sheridan, Bentley Park and Edmonton. The townships of Goldsborough, Little Mulgrave, and Aloomba are near Gordonvale, on the Mulgrave River. This area is serviced by the Bruce Highway. Several other small towns and communities within Cairns' jurisdiction are sparsely located along the Bruce highway, the furthest being Mirriwinni, 66 km (41 mi) south of Cairns
Cairns
city; the largest of these townships is Babinda, about 60 km (37 mi) from the city. Climate[edit]

Cairns
Cairns
at night during the dry season

Cairns
Cairns
experiences a tropical climate, specifically a tropical monsoon climate (Am) under the Köppen climate classification.[17][18] A wet season with heavy monsoonal downpours runs from November to May, with a relatively dry season from June to October, though light showers can occur during this period.[19] Cairns' mean annual rainfall is just over 2,000 millimetres (79 in), although monthly totals in the wet season (Dec-Mar) can exceed 1,000 mm (39 in), with the highest rainfall being recorded in any month in January 1981, where over 1,417.4 mm (55.80 in) of rain fell.[20] Babinda, a town to the south of the city, is Australia's wettest town, recording an annual rainfall of over 4,200 mm (170 in). Cairns
Cairns
has hot, humid summers and milder temperatures in winter.[19] Mean maximum temperatures vary from 25.7 °C (78.3 °F) in July to 31.5 °C (88.7 °F) in January. Monsoonal activity during the wet season occasionally causes major flooding of the Barron and Mulgrave Rivers, cutting off road and rail access to the city. Cairns has 89.7 clear days, annually. Dewpoint in the wet season (summer) averages at 23 °C (73 °F). The average temperature of the sea ranges from 23.8 °C (74.8 °F) in July to 29.4 °C (84.9 °F) in January.[21]

Climate
Climate
data for Cairns
Cairns
Aero AWS, 1941-present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 40.4 (104.7) 38.9 (102) 37.7 (99.9) 36.8 (98.2) 31.3 (88.3) 30.8 (87.4) 30.1 (86.2) 31.4 (88.5) 33.9 (93) 36.0 (96.8) 37.2 (99) 40.5 (104.9) 40.5 (104.9)

Average high °C (°F) 31.5 (88.7) 31.2 (88.2) 30.6 (87.1) 29.3 (84.7) 27.6 (81.7) 26.0 (78.8) 25.7 (78.3) 26.6 (79.9) 28.1 (82.6) 29.5 (85.1) 30.7 (87.3) 31.4 (88.5) 29.0 (84.2)

Average low °C (°F) 23.7 (74.7) 23.8 (74.8) 23.1 (73.6) 21.6 (70.9) 19.9 (67.8) 17.9 (64.2) 17.1 (62.8) 17.4 (63.3) 18.7 (65.7) 20.6 (69.1) 22.3 (72.1) 23.4 (74.1) 20.8 (69.4)

Record low °C (°F) 18.2 (64.8) 17.9 (64.2) 17.7 (63.9) 13.0 (55.4) 10.1 (50.2) 6.2 (43.2) 7.3 (45.1) 7.8 (46) 11.1 (52) 12.4 (54.3) 14.6 (58.3) 17.1 (62.8) 6.2 (43.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 390.2 (15.362) 447.6 (17.622) 419.4 (16.512) 195.8 (7.709) 90.5 (3.563) 47.4 (1.866) 29.2 (1.15) 26.6 (1.047) 33.1 (1.303) 46.6 (1.835) 93.7 (3.689) 178.2 (7.016) 2,000 (78.74)

Average precipitation days 18.4 18.9 19.2 17.6 13.7 9.8 9.0 7.8 7.5 8.4 10.5 13.9 154.7

Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 66 69 67 65 64 61 58 56 55 57 60 62 61.7

Mean monthly sunshine hours 210.8 173.6 201.5 204.0 210.8 216.0 229.4 251.1 261.0 272.8 255.0 232.5 2,717.7

Source: Bureau of Meteorology[20]

Tropical cyclones[edit] Like most of North and Far North Queensland, Cairns
Cairns
is prone to tropical cyclones, usually forming between November and May. Notable cyclones that have affected the Cairns
Cairns
region include:

Cyclone Yasi, 2011 Cyclone Larry, 2006 Cyclone Abigail, 2001 Cyclone Steve, 2000 Cyclone Rona, 1999 Cyclone Justin, 1997

Facilities[edit] The City Library, operated by the Cairns
Cairns
Regional Council, opened in 1979[22] and is situated at 151 Abbott Street.[23] A major refurbishment was undertaken in 1999 and a further minor refurbishment was implemented in 2011.[22] Public accessible wifi is available.[23] Current Library services and collections can be accessed from the Cairns
Cairns
Libraries website.[24] Heritage listings[edit] Cairns
Cairns
has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Cairns-to-Kuranda railway line[25] Abbott Street: Dr EA Koch Memorial[26] Abbott Street: Barrier Reef Hotel[27] Abbott Street: Bishop's House[28] Abbott Street: St Monica's High School Administration Building[29] 6A-8A Abbott Street: former Cairns
Cairns
Customs House[30] 38 – 40 Abbott Street: Cairns
Cairns
Court House[31] 151 Abbott Street: Cairns City Council
Cairns City Council
Chambers[32] 179 Abbott Street: St Joseph's Convent[33] 183 Abbott Street: St Monica's War Memorial Cathedral[34] Collins Avenue, Edge Hill: Flecker Botanical Gardens Collins Avenue, Edge Hill: WWII RAN Fuel Installation[35] Grafton Street: Cairns
Cairns
Control Room, World War II Volunteer Defence Corps[36] 99 Grafton Street: former Cairns
Cairns
Chinatown[37] Lake Street: Bolands Centre[38] 37 Lake Street: former Adelaide
Adelaide
Steamship Co Ltd Building[39] 39 – 49 Lake Street: former Central Hotel[40] 87 Lake Street: Hides Hotel[41] 93–105 Lake Street: former School of Arts[42] 399 Kamerunga Road, Redlynch: Xavier and Sadie Herbert's Cottage[43] 127–145 McLeod Street, Cairns
Cairns
North: McLeod Street Pioneer Cemetery[44] 180 McLeod, Cairns
Cairns
North: Herries Private Hospital[45] Minnie Street: St Monica's Old Cathedral[46] 8 Minnie Street: Cairns
Cairns
Masonic Temple[47] Sheridan Street, Cairns
Cairns
North: Cairns
Cairns
Technical College and High School Building[48] The Esplanade: Cairns
Cairns
War Memorial[49] 51 The Esplanade: former Mulgrave Shire Council Chambers[50] 183–185 The Esplanade, Cairns
Cairns
North: Floriana[51] Wharf Street: Cairns
Cairns
Wharf Complex[52] 29 Wharf Street: former Jack and Newell Building[53]

Governance[edit]

'The Lagoon' on Cairns
Cairns
Esplanade
Esplanade
at sunset.

Cairns
Cairns
is part of the Cairns Region
Cairns Region
local government area which is governed by a Regional Council. The Council consists of a directly elected mayor and 10 councillors, elected from 10 single-member divisions (or wards) using an optional preferential voting system. Elections are held every four years. The Cairns Region
Cairns Region
consists of three former local government areas. The first was the original City of Cairns, consisting of the Cairns
Cairns
City region as listed above. The second, which was amalgamated in 1995, was the Shire of Mulgrave (comprising the other areas, namely the Northern Beaches, Redlynch Valley and Southside). The town of Gordonvale
Gordonvale
was once called Nelson. The third area is the Shire of Douglas, which amalgamated in 2008 during major statewide local government reforms. At the time of the 1995 amalgamation, Cairns
Cairns
City had a population of approximately 40,000 and Mulgrave Shire had a population of approximately 60,000. Both local government authorities had chambers in the Cairns
Cairns
CBD. The old Cairns City Council
Cairns City Council
chambers has been converted into a new city library. In a controversial decision,[54] new Council chambers were constructed on previously contaminated land in the mainly industrial suburb of Portsmith. Cairns
Cairns
has three representatives in the Queensland
Queensland
Parliament, from the electoral districts of Barron River, Cairns
Cairns
and the new electorate of Hill (shared with parts of Cassorary Coast Region). The city is represented in the Federal Parliament by representatives elected from the districts of Leichhardt and Kennedy.

Cairns
Cairns
Regional Council[55]

Division Councillor

Mayor Bob Manning

1 Brett Moller

2 John Schilling

3 Cathy Zeiger

4 Terry James

5 Richie Bates

6 Linda Cooper

7 Max O'Halloran

8 Jessie Richardson

9 Brett Olds

Queensland[56]

District Member of Parliament Party Term

Barron River Craig Crawford Labor 2015–

Cairns Rob Pyne Labor 2015–

Mulgrave Curtis Pitt Labor 2009–

Australia

Division Member of Parliament Party Term

Kennedy Bob Katter Katter's Australian 1993–

Leichhardt Warren Entsch Liberal National 2010–

Economy[edit]

Cairns
Cairns
at night; the wharves. The casino's dome can be seen in the background.

Cairns
Cairns
Pier

Cairns
Cairns
serves as the major commercial centre for the Far North Queensland
Queensland
and Cape York Peninsula
Cape York Peninsula
Regions. It is a base for the regional offices of various government departments. Tourism[edit] Tourism plays a major part in the Cairns
Cairns
economy. According to Tourism Australia, the Cairns
Cairns
region is the fourth-most-popular destination for international tourists in Australia after Sydney, Melbourne
Melbourne
and Brisbane.[57] While the city does not rank amongst Australia's top 10 destinations for domestic tourism, it attracts a significant number of Australian holiday makers despite its distance from major capitals.[58] There is also a growing interest in Cairns
Cairns
from the Chinese leisure market with occasional direct flights from Chinese cities such as Shanghai and Guangzhou. During the 2013 Chinese Lunar New Year period alone, Cairns
Cairns
saw 20,000 Chinese holidaymakers flying in on chartered flights.[59] The city is near the Great Barrier Reef, the Wet Tropics
Wet Tropics
of Queensland, and the Atherton Tableland. The Cairns
Cairns
esplanade includes a swimming lagoon with adjoining barbecue areas. In May 2003, the then Cairns
Cairns
Mayor Kevin Byrne declared that topless sunbathing is permitted here, as the area is a gathering point for people from around the world who may wish to do so.[60][61] Commercial[edit] Several shopping centres of various sizes are located throughout Cairns. The largest of these are Cairns Central
Cairns Central
shopping centre, located in the central business district, and Stockland Cairns, located in the suburb of Earlville. In Westcourt, one of the city's oldest shopping centres has been refurbished, with the city's first DFO.[62][63] To service the needs of suburbs further from the city centre, shopping complexes are also located at Mount Sheridan, Redlynch, Smithfield, and Clifton Beach. In 2010, the state government opened the second stage of William McCormack Place, an A$80 million office building credited as the first 6-star green star-rated building in the city.[64] Media[edit] The Cairns Post
The Cairns Post
is a daily newspaper published in the city; a weekly paper, The Cairns
Cairns
Sun, is also published. The Courier-Mail
The Courier-Mail
is a daily Queensland-wide newspaper published in Brisbane. The Australian newspaper also circulates widely. The Cairns Bulletin is an independent newspaper in circulation in the Cairns
Cairns
area. Cairns
Cairns
is served by five television stations, three commercial television stations (WIN Television, Seven Queensland
Queensland
and Southern Cross Nine) which are regional affiliates of the three Australian commercial television networks (Ten, Seven and Nine), and public broadcasters the ABC and SBS[65] services. Of the three main commercial networks, Seven Queensland
Queensland
and WIN Television both air 30-minute local news bulletins at 6pm each weeknight, both produced from local newsrooms but broadcast from studios in Maroochydore. Southern Cross Austereo also provides short local news updates on Channel 9 at various intervals throughout the day, presented from a studio in Canberra. Cairns
Cairns
radio stations include a number of public, commercial and community broadcasters. The ABC broadcasts ABC Far North, ABC Radio National, ABC NewsRadio, ABC Classic FM
ABC Classic FM
and the Triple J
Triple J
youth network. Commercial radio stations include Star 102.7, 4CA 846 AM, Hot FM, Sea FM
Sea FM
and 104.3 4TAB sports radio, while the community radio stations are 4CCR-FM, 101.9 Coast FM, Orbit FM 88.0FM & 87.8FM and 4CIM 98.7FM. Industry and agriculture[edit] The land around Cairns
Cairns
is still used for sugar cane farming, although this land is increasingly under pressure from new suburbs as the city grows. Within the Cairns City Council
Cairns City Council
area there is a sugar mill at Gordonvale. The Barron Gorge Hydroelectric Power Station
Barron Gorge Hydroelectric Power Station
is located nearby on the lower Barron River, and provides green power for some of the city's needs. Transport[edit] Cairns
Cairns
is an important transport hub in the Far North Queensland region. Located at the base of Cape York Peninsula, it provides important transport links between the Peninsula and Gulf of Carpentaria regions, and the areas to the south of the state. Cairns International Airport is essential to the viability of the area's tourism industry. Roads[edit]

The Bruce Highway
Bruce Highway
in Cairns
Cairns
southern suburbs at morning peak hour.

The Bruce Highway
Bruce Highway
runs for 1,700 km (1,056 mi) from Bald Hills on the City of Brisbane's northern boundary, and terminates in Woree, a southern suburbs in Cairns. The Captain Cook Highway
Captain Cook Highway
(also referred as the Cook Highway) commences at Aeroglen, a northern suburb of Cairns, and runs for approximately 76 km (47 mi) northwest to Mossman.[66] A need for future upgrades to the Bruce Highway
Bruce Highway
to motorway standards through the southern suburbs to Gordonvale
Gordonvale
has been identified in regional planning strategies to cope with increasing congestion from rapid population growth. This will result in overpasses at all major intersections from Woree to Gordonvale. The motorway will divert from Bentley Park to Gordonvale, bypassing Edmonton to reduce the effects of road noise on residential areas.[67] The Kennedy Highway
Kennedy Highway
commences at Smithfield on the Barron River flood plain north of Cairns, and ascends the Macalister Range to the township of Kuranda. The highway then extends to the town of Mareeba on the Atherton Tableland, and continues to communities of Cape York Peninsula. The Gillies Highway commences at the township of Gordonvale, and ascends the Gillies Range (part of the Great Dividing Range) to the town of Atherton on the Atherton Tableland, passing through the township of Yungaburra
Yungaburra
on the way. The controversial private road, Quaid Road, was constructed in 1989 through what is now a Wet Tropics
Wet Tropics
World Heritage
World Heritage
Area, and links Wangetti, on the coast just north of Cairns, to Southedge, just south of Mount Molloy. The road is not open to the public and is not used for general traffic. Coaches[edit] Cairns
Cairns
is served by long-distance coaches to Brisbane, and regional cities to the south. Coaches also operate west to Mount Isa
Mount Isa
via Townsville, and to Alice Springs
Alice Springs
and Darwin in the Northern Territory. Taxi & Ride share Cairns
Cairns
also has a major taxi company, Cairns
Cairns
Taxis, which services the Cairns
Cairns
region. The ride share service, Uber was introduced to the region in March 2017,[68] servicing the greater region.[69] Public transport[edit] A public bus transit network exists within the city, with two transit hubs located within the CBD: the Cairns Central
Cairns Central
Railway Station precinct, and the Cairns
Cairns
City Bus Station located within the Lake street and Shield street area. Through which all bus lines operate and provide linkage to taxi, ride share and intercity rail services.[70] The transit network includes most parts of the city, from Palm Cove in the north, Gordonvale
Gordonvale
in the south and Redlynch to the west. The public transport network is managed throughout the city by Translink: through a service contract with the Marlin Coast Subus company, however the Go Card ticketing system has not been implemented in the region. A smaller shuttle bus service, Jon's Kuranda Bus runs between Cairns
Cairns
and Kuranda alongside other private coach services. Rail[edit]

Railway workers on the Cairns
Cairns
Railway with a view of Glacier Rock in the background, ca. 1891.[71]

Cairns railway station
Cairns railway station
is the terminus for Queensland's North Coast railway line, which follows the eastern seaboard from Brisbane. Services are operated by Queensland
Queensland
Rail (QR). In April 2009, the high-speed tilt train service from Brisbane
Brisbane
to Cairns
Cairns
was suspended due to safety concerns but resumed service on 4 May.[72] Freight trains also operate along the route, with a QR Freight handling facility located at Portsmith. Pacific National
Pacific National
Queensland
Queensland
(a division of Pacific National, owned by Asciano Limited) operates a rail siding at Woree. It runs private trains on the rail network owned by the Queensland
Queensland
State Government and managed by QR's Network Division. The Kuranda Scenic Railway
Kuranda Scenic Railway
operates from Cairns. The tourist railway ascends the Macalister Range and is not used for commuter services. It passes through the suburbs of Stratford, Freshwater (stopping at Freshwater Station) and Redlynch before reaching Kuranda. Freight services to Forsayth were discontinued in the mid-1990s. These were mixed freight and passenger services that served the semi-remote towns west of the Great Dividing Range. There is now a weekly passenger-only service, The Savannahlander, that leaves Cairns
Cairns
on Wednesday mornings. The Savannahlander
Savannahlander
is run by a private company, Cairns
Cairns
Kuranda Steam Trains. Cairns
Cairns
is served by a narrow gauge cane railway (or cane train) network that hauls harvested sugar cane to the Mulgrave Mill located in Gordonvale. The pressure of urban sprawl on land previously cultivated by cane farmers has seen this network reduced over recent years.[citation needed] The use of the existing heavy rail line for commuter services between Redlynch and Gordonvale
Gordonvale
is occasionally discussed; however, this is not a favoured option under the FNQ 2010 Regional Plan, which recommends the use of buses. Airport[edit]

Cairns
Cairns
International Airport

Cairns
Cairns
Marina.

Cairns International Airport
Cairns International Airport
is 7 km (4 mi) north of Cairns City between the CBD and the Northern Beaches. The domestic terminal at Cairns Airport
Cairns Airport
underwent an extensive redevelopment which began in 2007 and was completed in 2010. The airport has a domestic terminal, an international terminal, and a general aviation area. The airport handles international flights, and flights to major Australian cities, tourist destinations, and regional destinations throughout North Queensland. It is an important base for general aviation serving the Cape York Peninsula
Cape York Peninsula
and Gulf of Carpentaria communities. The Cairns
Cairns
airport is also a base for the Royal Flying Doctor Service. Sea port[edit] The Cairns
Cairns
Seaport, located on Trinity Inlet, is operated by the Cairns
Cairns
Port Authority.[73] It serves as an important port for tourist operators providing daily reef trips. These consist of large catamarans capable of carrying over 300 passengers, as well as smaller operators that may take as few as 12 tourists. Cairns
Cairns
Port is also a port of call for cruise ships, such as Captain Cook Cruises, cruising the South Pacific Ocean. It also provides freight services to coastal townships on Cape York Peninsula, the Torres Strait
Torres Strait
and the Gulf of Carpentaria. Yearly cargo through the port totals 1.13 million tonnes. Almost 90% of the trade is bulk cargoes[74] – including petroleum, sugar, molasses, fertiliser and LP gas. A large number of fishing trawlers are also located at the port. There is also a marina that houses private yachts and boats used for tourist operations. The Royal Australian Navy
Royal Australian Navy
has a base in Cairns
Cairns
(HMAS Cairns).[75] The base has a complement of 900 personnel, and supports fourteen warships, including the four Armidale-class patrol boats of Ardent Division, four of the six Balikpapan-class landing craft, and all six ships of the Royal Australian Navy
Royal Australian Navy
Hydrographic Service.[75] The Trinity Wharf has recently been the subject of a major redevelopment to improve the area for tourist and cruise ship operations.[citation needed] The freight wharves are located to the south of Trinity Wharf further up Trinity Inlet. Sister cities[edit] [76]

Lae, Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
(Morobe Province) since 1984 Minami, Japan
Japan
(Tokushima Prefecture) since 1969 Oyama, Japan
Japan
(Tochigi Prefecture) since 15 June 2006 Riga, Latvia
Latvia
since 1990 Scottsdale, Arizona
Scottsdale, Arizona
(USA) since 1987 Sidney, British Columbia
Sidney, British Columbia
(Canada) since 1984 Zhanjiang, People's Republic of China
China
( Guangdong
Guangdong
province) since 2005

A selection of memorabilia and artefacts relating to Cairns
Cairns
Sister Cities is displayed at Cairns
Cairns
City Library. Education[edit] Main article: List of schools in Far North Queensland Cairns
Cairns
has numerous primary and secondary schools. Separate systems of private and public schools operate in Queensland. There are 20 state primary schools and 16 state high schools operated by the Queensland state government Department of Education within the Cairns
Cairns
City Council area, including 6 schools in the predominantly rural areas south of Gordonvale. Roman Catholic schools are operated by Catholic Education Cairns. The Roman Catholic system encompasses nineteen primary schools, six secondary colleges and one P-12 college.[77] There are almost 6,700 primary students and 4,000 secondary students enrolled in the Roman Catholic school system.[78] There are also three other independent schools – Peace Lutheran College, Trinity Anglican School and Freshwater Christian College. The Cairns
Cairns
Campus of James Cook
James Cook
University is located at Smithfield. CQUniversity Australia has established a study centre in Cairns.[79] The city also hosts a TAFE
TAFE
college, and a School of the Air
School of the Air
base, both located in the inner suburb of Manunda. Health[edit]

The Cairns Hospital
Cairns Hospital
from the air facing south.

The Cairns Hospital
Cairns Hospital
is situated on the Cairns
Cairns
Esplanade
Esplanade
and is the major hospital for the Cape York Peninsula
Cape York Peninsula
area. The smaller Cairns Private Hospital is located nearby. A new building due to be completed in 2015 will provide up to 168 more beds.[80] Cairns
Cairns
is a base for the Royal Flying Doctor Service, which operates clinics and provides emergency evacuations in remote communities throughout the region. Sport and recreation[edit] Cairns
Cairns
is home to the Far North Queensland
Queensland
Heat who play in the 2nd tier of association football in Australia. They compete in the NPL Queensland
Queensland
which is one tier under the A-League. The team has represented the city nationally previously at the 2014 FFA Cup. The team competes at Barlow Park. Notable sporting grounds include Barlow Park, Parramatta Park, Cazaly's Stadium, the Cairns Convention Centre
Cairns Convention Centre
(basketball), and the Cairns
Cairns
Hockey Centre.

Cazaly's Stadium

Cairns
Cairns
Museum

The Skill360 Australia Northern Pride Queensland
Queensland
Cup rugby league team played their first season in 2008, and act as a feeder team to the North Queensland
Queensland
Cowboys who play in the National Rugby League. Cairns is represented by Brothers Cairns, Cairns
Cairns
Kangaroos and Southern Suburbs in the Cairns
Cairns
District Rugby League. Cairns
Cairns
has a seven-team AFL competition between teams from the Cairns and Port Douglas region. AFL Cairns currently hosts one AFL game each season. There is also an AFL Masters team that is based in Cairns, they are known as the Cairns
Cairns
Stingers. Cairns
Cairns
has a National Basketball League (NBL) team, the Cairns Taipans
Cairns Taipans
whose home court is the Convention Centre, known as The Snakepit during Taipans home games. The Cairns
Cairns
region has a large association football (soccer) community with a local competition which spans from Port Douglas to Innisfail and west to Dimbulah. Notable association football (soccer) players from the region include Socceroos
Socceroos
Frank Farina, Steve Corica, Shane Stefanutto
Shane Stefanutto
and Michael Thwaite. Cairns
Cairns
also hosts growing bases for Rugby union, and a local league of Australian rules football.[81] There is a baseball league at Trinity Beach.[82] The Cairns
Cairns
Showground is used for sports as well, as the Cairns
Cairns
Show and funfairs.[83] Cairns
Cairns
is a major international destination for water sports and scuba diving due to its close proximity to the Great Barrier Reef. Other recreational activities popular with tourists include whitewater rafting, skydiving, hang gliding, kitesurfing and snorkelling. Notable people[edit]

Gavin Allen, Queensland
Queensland
and Brisbane
Brisbane
Broncos rugby league player Christine Anu, pop singer and actress[84][85] Aron Baynes, basketball player in the NBA Leonard John Brass, botanist Terence Cooper, film actor, artist Courtenay Dempsey, AFL footballer, Essendon Football Club Charlie Dixon, AFL footballer, Port Adelaide
Adelaide
Football Club Ben Halloran, footballer for Fortuna Düsseldorf Ken Ham, creationist and religious activist Tracey Hannah, downhill mountain biker Jarrod Harbrow, AFL footballer, Gold Coast Football Club Xavier Herbert, writer[86] Justin Hodges, international Rugby League player Nathan Jawai. professional basketball player, first indigenous Australian to play in NBA Susan Kiefel, Justice, High Court of Australia Richard Ash Kingsford, Mayor of Brisbane, first Mayor of Cairns Rayleen Lynch, retired Australian basketball player Isabel Lucas, actress Ryan McGoldrick, rugby league player, Castleford Tigers Nate Myles, international rugby league player Johnny Nicol, musician Wilma Reading, singer[87] Adam Sarota, international football player Michael Thwaite, footballer for Liaoning Whowin, and occasional Socceroo Brenton Thwaites, actor Rhys Wakefield, actor Naomi Wenitong, member of former pop and R&B duo Shakaya.

Photo gallery[edit]

View of the pier and Esplanade
Esplanade
at dawn

Cairns
Cairns
Lagoon

Glass bottom boats and a Semi submarine at Green Island, Great Barrier Reef, outer Cairns

A Great Barrier Reef
Great Barrier Reef
ferry, Green Island, outer Cairns

Kuranda scenic railway, Kuranda

Mossman river and Gorge, Daintree National Park, outskirts of Cairns

Moved termite mounds, Mareeba, Queensland, outskirts of Cairns

Queensland
Queensland
rescue Helicopter, Green Island, Great Barrier Reef, outskirts of Cairns

Marine stingers sign, Trinity beach, Cairns

Hastings Reef - Cairns

See also[edit]

Queensland
Queensland
portal

List of tallest buildings in Cairns

Notes[edit]

^ In non-Australian dialects, the city is usually pronounced as /ˈkɛərnz/,[6] however most Australians consider it erroneous and rather pronounce it [ˈkæːnz] when referring to the city.

References[edit]

^ a b "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2014-15: Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2005 to 2015". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2016. Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016.  Estimated resident population, 30 June 2015. ^ "2011 Census Community Profiles: Cairns". ABS Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2016.  ^ "Great Circle Distance between Cairns
Cairns
and Brisbane". Geoscience Australia. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2016.  ^ "Great Circle Distance between Cairns
Cairns
and Darwin". Geoscience Australia. Archived from the original on 7 September 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2016.  ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3 ^ "Cairns". Merriam-Webster
Merriam-Webster
Dictionary.  ^ " Cairns
Cairns
- city (entry 5683)". Queensland
Queensland
Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 June 2017.  ^ "Facts, figures & history". Cairns
Cairns
Regional Council. 31 May 2016. Archived from the original on 3 September 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2016.  ^ a b Dixon, R. M. W. (1977). "A grammar of Yidiny". Cambridge Studies in Linguistics. Cambridge University Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-521-14242-3.  ^ "Native Title in the News - April 2013" (PDF). aiatsis.gov.au. Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Torres Strait
Islander Studies. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015.  ^ "History of Murray & Lyons Solicitors - Cairns
Cairns
Legal Practice". www.murraylyons.com.au. Archived from the original on 27 February 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015.  ^ "Ports North - Cairns
Cairns
Cruise Liner Terminal - History". www.cairnscruiselinerterminal.com.au. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015.  ^ "Memorial unveiled at Cairns". The Brisbane
Brisbane
Courier. 27 April 1926. p. 8. Retrieved 6 April 2014 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ "Sailors and Soldiers War Memorial". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.  ^ "Cairns". RAAF Museum. Royal Australian Air Force. Archived from the original on 8 April 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011.  ^ McKie, Ronald (1960). The Heroes. Sydney: Angus & Robertson Ltd. p. 9. ISBN 0-207-12133-8.  ^ Tapper, Andrew; Tapper, Nigel (1996). Gray, Kathleen, ed. The weather and climate of Australia and New Zealand (First ed.). Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press. p. 300. ISBN 0-19-553393-3.  ^ Linacre, Edward; Geerts, Bart (1997). Climates and Weather Explained. London: Routledge. p. 379. ISBN 0-415-12519-7.  ^ a b " Climate
Climate
of Cairns". Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011.  ^ a b " Climate
Climate
statistics for Cairns
Cairns
Aero AWS". Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2011.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2017.  ^ a b " Queensland
Queensland
Public Library Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Library Connect. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.  ^ a b "City Library". Public Libraries Connect. 25 March 2015. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.  ^ " Cairns
Cairns
Libraries homepage". Cairns
Cairns
Library. Archived from the original on 5 September 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.  ^ " Cairns
Cairns
Railway, Section from Redlynch to Crooked Creek Bridge (entry 600755)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Dr EA Koch Memorial
Dr EA Koch Memorial
(entry 601681)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Barrier Reef Hotel
Barrier Reef Hotel
(entry 601608)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "Bishop's House (entry 601747)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " St Monica's High School Administration Building
St Monica's High School Administration Building
(entry 601748)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Cairns Customs House
Cairns Customs House
(former) (entry 600377)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Cairns Court House
Cairns Court House
Complex (entry 600376)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Cairns City Council Chambers
Cairns City Council Chambers
(entry 601576)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "St Joseph's Convent (entry 601749)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " St Monica's War Memorial Cathedral
St Monica's War Memorial Cathedral
(entry 601961)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " WWII RAN Fuel Installation
WWII RAN Fuel Installation
(entry 602605)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "World War II Volunteer Defence Corps, Cairns Control Room
Cairns Control Room
(entry 602744)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "99 Grafton St (entry 602511)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Bolands Centre
Bolands Centre
(entry 602536)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Adelaide
Adelaide
Steamship Co Ltd (former) (entry 600381)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "Central Court (entry 600379)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Hides Hotel
Hides Hotel
(entry 600382)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "School of Arts, Cairns
Cairns
(former) (entry 600380)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Xavier and Sadie Herbert's Cottage
Xavier and Sadie Herbert's Cottage
(former) (entry 601739)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " McLeod Street Pioneer Cemetery
McLeod Street Pioneer Cemetery
(entry 600383)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Herries Private Hospital
Herries Private Hospital
(entry 602137)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "St Monica's Old Cathedral (entry 601750)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Cairns Masonic Temple
Cairns Masonic Temple
(entry 601539)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Cairns Technical College and High School Building (entry 602834)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.  ^ " Cairns War Memorial
Cairns War Memorial
(entry 600378)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Mulgrave Shire Council Chambers
Mulgrave Shire Council Chambers
(former) (entry 601913)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "Floriana (entry 602738)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Cairns Wharf Complex
Cairns Wharf Complex
(entry 601790)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ " Jack and Newell Building
Jack and Newell Building
(former) (entry 601610)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.  ^ "Land Row". The Cairns
Cairns
Post. News Limited. 19 July 2001. p. 1.  ^ Cairns Regional Council
Cairns Regional Council
Mayor and Councilors Archived 13 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 2015 Queensland
Queensland
State Election Results Archived 25 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "International Market Tourism Facts" (PDF). Tourism Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 March 2008.  ^ "Research & Stats". Tourism Australia. Archived from the original on 14 October 2006.  ^ "Chinese groups head for Cairns". TTGmice. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ "Backpacker Boobs Cause Stir". Sydney
Sydney
Morning Herald. 23 May 2003. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2008.  ^ " Cairns
Cairns
Esplanade
Esplanade
Redevelopment Progress – Topless Sunbathing". Archived from the original on 28 October 2007.  ^ "Direct Factory Outlets". Archived from the original on 1 November 2008.  ^ "Direct Benefit". The Cairns
Cairns
Post. News Limited. 3 December 2008. Archived from the original on 24 October 2009.  ^ "William McCormack Place, Stage Two, Cairns" (PDF). Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation. Queensland Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 April 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011.  ^ Regional digital TV timetable Archived 16 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine., Australian Government ^ " Queensland
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Globe". State of Queensland. Archived from the original on 19 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.  ^ "FNQ Regional Plan – Supporting Technical Documents – Integrated Transport". February 2000: 41–43.  ^ " Cairns
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Post". www.cairnspost.com.au. Retrieved 2017-10-24.  ^ "Drive or Ride with Uber in Cairns". www.uber.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  ^ "Keeping Our CBD Inviting (factsheet)" (PDF). March 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  ^ The Cairns
Cairns
Range Railway was built to connect the mining centre of Herberton with Cairns. Work began on 10 May 1886; the first sod was turned in Cairns
Cairns
by Samuel Griffith, Premier of Queensland, and the first train arrived in Herberton on 20 October 1910 (Information taken from: A.D. Broughton, A pictorial history of the construction of the Cairns
Cairns
Range Railway, 1886–1891, 1991). ^ "Rail union safety fears grow as Qld tilt train resumes". ABC. 4 May 2009. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009.  ^ " Cairns
Cairns
Port Authority". Archived from the original on 1 July 2005.  ^ " Cairns
Cairns
Port Authority 2005/6 Annual Report". [permanent dead link] ^ a b "HMAS Cairns". Royal Australian Navy. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 21 August 2008.  ^ Sister cities – Cairns Regional Council
Cairns Regional Council
Archived 20 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. Cairns.qld.gov.au. Retrieved on 16 July 2013. ^ "Catholic Education Services Cairns". Archived from the original on 19 April 2014.  ^ "Catholic Education in the Cairns
Cairns
Diocese". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.  ^ A hub of higher learning for Cairns
Cairns
Archived 8 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 January 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014.  ^ " AFL Cairns – History". Archived from the original on 20 August 2006.  ^ Cairns
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Baseball League Archived 25 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Cairns
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Baseball League (23 July 2012). Retrieved on 2013-07-16. ^ Cairns
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Show Events Archived 7 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Christine Anu
Christine Anu
– Biography". BiggestStars.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2009.  ^ "Christine Anu". Who Do You Think You Are?. Season 2. Episode 4. 18 October 2009. 3:55 minutes in. Special
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Broadcasting Service. SBS One.  ^ McDougall, Russell. "Biography – Albert Francis Xavier Herbert". Australian National University. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2012.  ^ Boys, Larry (6 June 1973). "Can't help lovin that gal from Cairns". The Australian
The Australian
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External links[edit]

Find more aboutCairnsat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Travel guide from Wikivoyage

Cairns City Council
Cairns City Council
Website University of Queensland: Queensland
Queensland
Places: Cairns Cairns
Cairns
Local Information Website Watch historical footage of Cairns
Cairns
and Far North Queensland
Queensland
from the National Film and Sound Archive
National Film and Sound Archive
of Australia's collection. Cairns
Cairns
– Tourism Australia

v t e

Towns, suburbs and localities in the Cairns
Cairns
Region, Queensland

Aeroglen Aloomba Babinda Barron Barron Gorge Bartle Frere Bayview Heights Bellenden Ker Bentley Park Bramston Beach Brinsmead Buchan Bungalow Cairns Cairns
Cairns
City Cairns
Cairns
North Caravonica Clifton Beach Deeral Earlville East Russell East Trinity Edge Hill Edmonton Ellis Beach Eubenangee Fishery Falls Fitzroy Island Freshwater Glen Boughton Goldsborough Gordonvale Green Hill Green Island Holloways Beach Kamerunga Kanimbla Kewarra Beach Lamb Range Little Mulgrave Macalister Range Machans Beach Manoora Manunda Mirriwinni Mooroobool Mount Peter Mount Sheridan Ngatjan Packers Camp Palm Cove Parramatta Park Portsmith Redlynch Smithfield Stratford Trinity Beach Trinity Park Waugh Pocket Westcourt White Rock Whitfield Woopen Creek Wooroonooran Woree Wrights Creek Yorkeys Knob

Main Article: Local government areas of Queensland

v t e

Far North Queensland, Queensland

Cities:

Cairns

Townships:

Atherton Aurukun Babinda Badu Island Bamaga Burketown Cardwell Chillagoe Coen Cooktown Croydon Dimbulah Doomadgee Georgetown Gordonvale Herberton Hope Vale Innisfail Karumba Kowanyama Kuranda Laura Lockhart River Malanda Mapoon Mareeba Millaa Millaa Mission Beach Mornington Island Mossman Napranum Normanton Pormpuraaw Port Douglas Thursday Island Tully Weipa Wujal Wujal Yungaburra

Local Government Areas:

Aurukun Burke Cairns Carpentaria Cassowary Coast Cook Croydon Doomadgee Douglas Etheridge Hope Vale Kowanyama Lockhart River Mapoon Mareeba Mornington Napranum Northern Peninsula Area Pormpuraaw Tablelands Torres Strait
Torres Strait
Islands (not autonomous) Torres Strait
Torres Strait
Islands (autonomous) Weipa Wujal Wujal Yarrabah

National Parks:

Alwal Annan River Barnard Island Group Barron Gorge Black Mountain Blackbraes Bulleringa Cape Melville Cedar Bay Chillagoe-Mungana Claremont Isles Clump Mountain Crater Lakes Daintree Danbulla Davies Creek Denham Group Edmund Kennedy Ella Bay Endeavour River Eubenangee Swamp Family Islands Fitzroy Island Flinders Group Frankland Group Forbes Islands Forty Mile Scrub Great Basalt Wall Green Island Grey Peaks Girringun Goold Island Hann Tableland Hasties Swamp Hinchinbrook Island Hope Islands Howick Group Hull River Japoon Jardine River Kirrama Kuranda Kurrimine Beach Kutini-Payamu (Iron Range) Lakefield Lama Lama Lizard Island Ma’alpiku Island Macalister Range Malaan Maria Creek Marpa Michaelmas and Upolu Cays Millstream Falls Mitchell-Alice Rivers Moresby Range Mount Cook Mount Hypipamee Mount Lewis Mount Spurgeon Mount Webb Mount Windsor Mowbray Murray Falls, Girramay Nymph Island Oyala Thumotang Palmerston Rocks Piper Islands Possession Island Precipice Quoin Island Raine Island Rocky Islets Russell River Sandbanks Saunders Islands Sir Charles Hardy Group Staaten River Starcke Three Islands Topaz Road Tully Gorge Turtle Group Two Islands Undara Volcanic Wooroonooran Yungaburra

Places of Interest:

Atherton Tableland Barron Falls Cape Tribulation Daintree Rainforest Hinchinbrook Island Mount Bartle Frere Princess Charlotte Bay Torres Strait
Torres Strait
Islands

v t e

Cities of Queensland, Australia

Capital: Brisbane

Metropolitan Gold Coast Ipswich Logan Redcliffe Caloundra

Regional Bundaberg Cairns Gladstone Gympie Hervey Bay Mackay Maryborough Mount Isa Rockhampton Toowoomba Townsville

v t e

Cities of Australia

Australian Capital Territory

Canberra
Canberra
(national capital)

New South Wales

Albury Armidale Bathurst Broken Hill Cessnock Coffs Harbour Dubbo Gosford Goulburn Grafton Griffith Lake Macquarie Lismore Lithgow Maitland Newcastle Orange Queanbeyan Sydney Tamworth Wagga Wagga Wollongong

Northern Territory

Darwin Palmerston

Queensland

Brisbane Bundaberg Cairns Caboolture Caloundra Gladstone Gold Coast Gympie Hervey Bay Ipswich Mackay Maryborough Mount Isa Rockhampton Sunshine Coast Toowoomba Townsville

South Australia

Adelaide Mount Gambier Murray Bridge Port Augusta Port Lincoln Port Pirie Victor Harbor Whyalla

Tasmania

Burnie Devonport Hobart Launceston

Victoria

Ararat Bairnsdale Ballarat Benalla Bendigo Geelong Hamilton Horsham Melbourne Mildura Sale Shepparton Traralgon Wangaratta Warrnambool Wodonga

Western Australia

Albany Bunbury Busselton Geraldton Kalgoorlie-Boulder Mandurah Perth

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 151960

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