The Federal City of
Bonn (German pronunciation:
[ˈbɔn] ( listen)) is a city on the banks of the
the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over
300,000. About 24 km (15 mi) south-southeast of Cologne,
Bonn is in the southernmost part of the
Rhine-Ruhr region, Germany's
largest metropolitan area, with over 11 million inhabitants.
Because of a political compromise following German reunification, the
German state maintains a substantial presence in Bonn, and the city is
considered a second, unofficial, capital of the country.
the secondary seat of the President, the Chancellor, the Bundesrat and
the primary seat of six federal government ministries and twenty
federal authorities. The unique title of Federal City (German:
Bundesstadt) reflects its important political status within
Founded in the
1st century BC as a Roman settlement,
Bonn is one of
Germany's oldest cities. From 1597 to 1794,
Bonn was the capital of
the Electorate of Cologne, and residence of the Archbishops and
Prince-electors of Cologne. Composer
Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven was born in
Bonn in 1770. From 1949 to 1990,
Bonn was the provisional capital of
West Germany, and Germany's present constitution, the Basic Law, was
declared in the city in 1949. From 1990 to 1999,
Bonn served as the
seat of government – but no longer capital – of reunited Germany.
The headquarters of
Deutsche Post DHL
Deutsche Post DHL and Deutsche Telekom, both
DAX-listed corporations, are in Bonn. The city is home to the
University of Bonn
University of Bonn and a total of 20
United Nations institutions,
including headquarters for Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention
Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Secretariat of the UN Convention to
Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and the UN Volunteers programme.
2.1 Founding and Roman times
Middle Ages and Early Modern times
2.3 20th century and time as the capital of West Germany
German reunification in 1990
3.1 City council
3.3 German federal election
4.2 Castles and residences
4.3 Modern buildings
5.1 Air traffic
5.2 Rail and bus system
5.3 Road network
7.1 Private schools
10 International relations
10.1 Twin towns — sister cities
11 Notable residents
11.1 Up to the 19th century
11.2 20th century
11.2.2 1951 up to present
14 External links
View over central
Bonn as seen from the Stadthaus, including the
Siebengebirge, a hill range on the east bank of the Middle Rhine.
Situated in the southernmost part of the
Rhine-Ruhr region, Germany's
largest metropolitan area with over 11 million inhabitants,
within the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, close to the border
with Rhineland-Palatinate. Spanning an area of more 141.2 km2
(55 sq mi) on both sides of the river Rhine, almost three
quarters of the city lie on the river's left bank.
To the south and to the west,
Bonn is bordering the
Eifel region which
encompasses the Rhineland Nature Park. To the north,
Bonn borders the
Cologne Lowland. Natural borders are constituted by the river
the north-east and by the
Siebengebirge (also known as the Seven
Hills) to the east. The largest extension of the city in north-south
dimensions is 15 km (9 mi) and 12.5 km (8 mi) in
west-east dimensions. The city borders have a total length of
61 km (38 mi). The geographical centre of
Bonn is the
Bundeskanzlerplatz (Chancellor Square) in Bonn-Gronau.
The German state of
North Rhine-Westphalia is divided into five
governmental districts (German: Regierungsbezirk), and
Bonn is part of
the governmental district of
Within this governmental district, the city of
Bonn is an urban
district in its own right. The urban district of
Bonn is then again
divided into four administrative municipal districts (German:
Stadtbezirk). These are Bonn, Bonn-Bad Godesberg, Bonn-Beuel and
Bonn-Hardtberg. In 1969, the independent towns of
Bad Godesberg and
Beuel as well as several villages were incorporated into Bonn,
resulting in a city more than twice as large as before.
Administrative divisions of the Federal City of Bonn
Municipal district (Stadtbezirk)
Coat of arms
Population (as of December 2014)
Alt-Godesberg, Friesdorf, Godesberg-Nord, Godesberg-Villenviertel,
Heiderhof, Hochkreuz, Lannesdorf, Mehlem, Muffendorf, Pennenfeld,
Plittersdorf, Rüngsdorf, Schweinheim
Beuel-Mitte, Beuel-Ost, Geislar, Hoholz, Holtorf, Holzlar,
Küdinghoven, Limperich, Oberkassel, Pützchen/Bechlinghoven,
Ramersdorf, Schwarzrheindorf/Vilich-Rheindorf, Vilich, Vilich-Müldorf
Auerberg, Bonn-Castell (known until 2003 as Bonn-Nord), Bonn-Zentrum,
Buschdorf, Dottendorf, Dransdorf, Endenich, Graurheindorf, Gronau,
Ippendorf, Kessenich, Lessenich/Meßdorf, Nordstadt, Poppelsdorf,
Röttgen, Südstadt, Tannenbusch, Ückesdorf, Venusberg, Weststadt
Brüser Berg, Duisdorf, Hardthöhe, Lengsdorf
Bonn has an oceanic climate (Cfb). In the south of the
Bonn is in one of Germany's warmest regions.
Climate data for Bonn
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Deutscher Wetterdienst (Bonn-Rohleber, period 1971– 2010)
Founding and Roman times
See also: Timeline of Bonn
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The Sterntor, originally built around 1244, is a gate reconstructed on
the remnants of the medieval city wall.
The history of the city dates back to Roman times. In about 12 BC, the
Roman army appears to have stationed a small unit in what is presently
the historical centre of the city. Even earlier, the army had
resettled members of a Germanic tribal group allied with Rome, the
Ubii, in Bonn. The Latin name for that settlement, "Bonna", may stem
from the original population of this and many other settlements in the
area, the Eburoni. The Eburoni were members of a large tribal
coalition effectively wiped out during the final phase of Caesar's War
in Gaul. After several decades, the army gave up the small camp linked
to the Ubii-settlement. During the
1st century AD, the army then chose
a site to the north of the emerging town in what is now the section of
Bonn-Castell to build a large military installation dubbed Castra
Bonnensis, i.e., literally, "Fort Bonn". Initially built from wood,
the fort was eventually rebuilt in stone. With additions, changes and
new construction, the fort remained in use by the army into the waning
days of the Western Roman Empire, possibly the mid-5th century. The
structures themselves remained standing well into the Middle Ages,
when they were called the Bonnburg. They were used by Frankish kings
until they fell into disuse. Eventually, much of the building
materials seem to have been re-used in the construction of Bonn's
13th-century city wall. The Sterntor (star gate) in the city center is
a reconstruction using the last remnants of the medieval city wall.
To date, Bonn's Roman fort remains the largest fort of its type known
from the ancient world, i.e. a fort built to accommodate a
full-strength Imperial Legion and its auxiliaries. The fort covered an
area of approximately 250,000 square metres (62 acres). Between its
walls it contained a dense grid of streets and a multitude of
buildings, ranging from spacious headquarters and large officers'
quarters to barracks, stables and a military jail. Among the legions
stationed in Bonn, the "1st", i.e. the Prima Legio Minervia, seems to
have served here the longest. Units of the
Bonn legion were deployed
to theatres of war ranging from modern-day
Algeria to what is now the
Russian republic of Chechnya.
The Altes Rathaus (old town hall) as seen from the central market
square. It was built in 1737 in Rococo-style.
The chief Roman road linking the provincial capitals of
Mainz cut right through the fort where it joined the fort's main road
(now, Römerstraße). Once past the South Gate, the Cologne–Mainz
road continued along what are now streets named Belderberg,
Adenauerallee et al. On both sides of the road, the local settlement,
Bonna, grew into a sizeable Roman town.
Bonn is shown on the 4th
century Peutinger Map.
In late antiquity, much of the town seems to have been destroyed by
marauding invaders. The remaining civilian population then took refuge
inside the fort along with the remnants of the troops stationed here.
During the final decades of Imperial rule, the troops were supplied by
Franci chieftains employed by the Roman administration. When the end
came, these troops simply shifted their allegiances to the new
barbarian rulers, the Kingdom of the Franks. From the fort, the
Bonnburg, as well as from a new medieval settlement to the South
centered around what later became the minster, grew the medieval city
of Bonn. Local legends arose from this period that the name of the
village came from
Saint Boniface via
Vulgar Latin *Bonnifatia, but
this proved to be a myth.
Middle Ages and Early Modern times
Founded in 1818, the
University of Bonn
University of Bonn counts Nietzsche, Marx, and
German chancellor Adenauer among its alumni.
Between the 11th and 13th centuries, the Romanesque style
was built, and in 1597
Bonn became the seat of the Archdiocese of
Cologne. The city gained more influence and grew considerably. The
city was subject to a major bombardment during the Siege of
1689. The elector Clemens August (ruled 1723–1761) ordered the
construction of a series of
Baroque buildings which still give the
city its character. Another memorable ruler was Max Franz (ruled
1784–1794), who founded the university and the spa quarter of Bad
Godesberg. In addition he was a patron of the young Ludwig van
Beethoven, who was born in
Bonn in 1770; the elector financed the
composer's first journey to Vienna.
In 1794, the city was seized by French troops, becoming a part of the
First French Empire. In 1815 following the Napoleonic Wars, Bonn
became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. Administered within the
Rhine Province, the city became part of the
German Empire in
1871 during the Prussian-led unification of Germany.
Bonn was of
little relevance in these years.
20th century and time as the capital of West Germany
During the Second World War,
Bonn acquired military significance
because of its strategic location on the Rhine, which formed a natural
barrier to easy penetration into the German heartland from the west.
The Allied ground advance into
Bonn on 7 March 1945,
and the US 1st Infantry Division captured the city during the battle
of 8–9 March 1945.
Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle on state visit to
Bonn (1962), the
capital of West
Germany until German reunification.
Following the Second World War,
Bonn was in the British zone of
occupation. Following the advocacy of West Germany's first chancellor,
Konrad Adenauer, a former
Cologne Mayor and a native of that area,
Bonn became the de facto capital, officially designated the "temporary
seat of the Federal institutions," of the newly formed Federal
Germany in 1949. However, the Bundestag, seated in Bonn's
Bundeshaus, affirmed Berlin's status as the German capital.
chosen as the provisional capital and seat of government despite the
Frankfurt already had most of the required facilities and
Bonn was estimated to be 95 million DM more expensive than using
Frankfurt. However, Adenauer and other prominent politicians intended
Berlin the capital of the reunified Germany, and felt that
locating the capital in a major city like
imply a permanent capital and weaken support in West
In 1949, the Parliamentary Council in
Bonn drafted and adopted the
current German constitution, the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of
Germany. As the political centre of West Germany,
Bonn saw six
Chancellors and six Presidents of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Bonn's time as the capital of West
Germany is commonly referred to as
Bonn Republic, in contrast to the
Berlin Republic which followed
reunification in 1990.
German reunification in 1990
Between 1950 and 1994,
Villa Hammerschmidt was the primary official
residence of the President of Germany. Today it serves as the
President's secondary residence.
German reunification in 1990 made
Berlin the nominal capital of
Germany again. This decision did not mandate that the republic's
political institutions would also move. While some argued for the seat
of government to move to Berlin, others advocated leaving it in Bonn
— a situation roughly analogous to that of the Netherlands, where
Amsterdam is the capital but the Hague is the seat of government.
Berlin's previous history as united Germany's capital was strongly
connected with the German Empire, the
Weimar Republic and more
ominously with Nazi Germany. It was felt that a new peacefully united
Germany should not be governed from a city connected to such overtones
of war. Additionally,
Bonn was closer to Brussels, headquarters of the
European Economic Community. Former chancellor
Willy Brandt caused
considerable offence to the Western Allies during the debate by
France wouldn't have kept the seat of government at Vichy
The heated debate that resulted was settled by the Bundestag
(Germany's parliament) only on 20 June 1991. By a vote of
Bundestag voted to move the seat of government to
Berlin. The vote broke largely along regional lines, with legislators
from the south and west favouring
Bonn and legislators from the north
and east voting for Berlin. It also broke along generational
lines as well; older legislators with memories of Berlin's past glory
favoured Berlin, while younger legislators favoured Bonn. Ultimately,
the votes of the eastern German legislators tipped the balance in
favour of Berlin.
From 1990 to 1999,
Bonn served as the seat of government of reunited
Germany. In recognition of its former status as German capital, it
holds the name of Federal City (German: Bundesstadt).
shares the status of Germany's seat of government with Berlin, with
the President, the Chancellor and many government ministries
maintaining substantial presences in Bonn. Over 8,000 of the 18,000
federal officials remain in Bonn. A total of 19
United Nations (UN)
institutions operate from
Ashok Alexander Sridharan (CDU) has been the mayor of
Bonn since 2015.
The city council of
Bonn used to be based in the Rococo-style and 1737
built Altes Rathaus (old city hall) adjacent to Bonn's central market
square. However, due to the enlargement of
Bonn in 1969 through the
incorporation of Beuel and Bad Godesberg, it moved into the larger
Stadthaus facilities further up north. This was necessary for the city
council to accommodate the increased number of representatives. The
Bonn still sits in the Altes Rathaus, which is also used for
representative and official purposes.
As of the 2014–2020 election cycle, the Christian Democrats (CDU)
hold the majority of mandates in the city council (27 seats), followed
by the Social Democrats (SPD) with 20 seats, the Greens (Bündnis
'90/Die Grünen) with 16 seats, the Liberals (FDP) with 7 seats, the
Left (Die Linke) with 5 seats, the local Bürgerbund
Bonn with 4
seats, the Alternative for
Germany (AfD) with 3 seats, and independent
candidates with a total of 4 seats. There are currently 86 seats in
the city council of Bonn.
The Stadthaus, siège of the city council of Bonn.
The mayor is Ashok-Alexander Sridharan (CDU), directly elected in
Four delegates represent the
Federal city of
Bonn in the
North Rhine-Westphalia. The last election took place in May 2012. The
current delegates are Bernhard von Grünberg (SPD),Renate Hendricks
(SPD), Joachim Stamp (FDP) and Rolf Beu (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen).
Landtag elections take place in May 2017.
German federal election
Bonn's constituency is called Bundeswahlkreis
Bonn (096). In the
German federal election 2013, Ulrich Kelber (SPD) was elected a member
of German Federal parliament, the
Bundestag by direct mandate. It is
his fourth term. Katja Dörner representing Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
and Claudia Lücking-Michel of the CDU were elected from regional
The next federal election takes place on 24 September 2017.
Beethoven's birthplace is located in Bonngasse near the market place.
Next to the market place is the Old City Hall, built in 1737 in Rococo
style, under the rule of Clemens August of Bavaria. It is used for
receptions of guests of the city, and as an office for the mayor.
Nearby is the Kurfürstliches Schloss, built as a residence for the
prince-elector and now the main building of the University of Bonn.
Erected in the 11th and 13th century, the Roman Catholic Minster of
Bonn is one of Germany's oldest churches.
The Poppelsdorfer Allee is an avenue flanked by chestnut trees which
had the first horsecar of the city. It connects the Kurfürstliches
Schloss with the Poppelsdorfer Schloss, a palace that was built as a
resort for the prince-electors in the first half of the 18th century,
and whose grounds are now a botanical garden (the Botanischer Garten
Bonn). This axis is interrupted by a railway line and Bonn
Hauptbahnhof, a building erected in 1883/84.
The Beethoven Monument stands on the Münsterplatz, which is flanked
Bonn Minster, one of Germany's oldest churches.
The three highest structures in the city are the WDR radio mast in
Bonn-Venusberg (180 m or 590 ft), the headquarters of the
Deutsche Post called
Post Tower (162.5 m or 533 ft) and the
former building for the German members of parliament Langer Eugen
(114.7 m or 376 ft) now the location of the UN Campus.
Doppelkirche Schwarzrheindorf built in 1151
Bonn (Alter Friedhof), one of the best known ones in
Kreuzbergkirche, built in 1627 with Johann Balthasar Neumann's Heilige
Stiege, it is a stairway for Christian pilgrims
Castles and residences
Godesburg fortress ruins
Bundesviertel (federal quarter) with lots of government structures
Post Tower, the tallest building in the state North Rhine-Westphalia,
housing the headquarters of Deutsche Post/DHL
Maritim Bonn, five-star hotel and convention centre
Schürmann-Bau, headquarters of Deutsche Welle
Langer Eugen, since 2006 the centre of the
United Nations Campus,
formerly housing the offices of the members of the German parliament
Deutsche Telekom headquarters
Kameha Grand, five-star hotel
The Bundeskunsthalle focusses on the cultural heritage outside of
Germany or Europe, at the crossroads of culture, the arts, and
Just as Bonn's other four major museums, the
Haus der Geschichte
Haus der Geschichte or
Museum of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany, is located
on the so-called Museumsmeile ("Museum Mile"). The Haus der Geschichte
is one of the foremost German museums of contemporary German history,
with branches in
Berlin and Leipzig. In its permanent exhibition, the
Haus der Geschichte
Haus der Geschichte presents German history from 1945 until the
present, also shedding light on Bonn's own role as former capital of
West Germany. Numerous temporary exhibitions emphasize different
features, such as Nazism or important personalities in German
Kunstmuseum Bonn or
Bonn Museum of Modern Art is an art museum
founded in 1947. The Kunstmuseum exhibits both temporary exhibitions
and its permanent collection. The latter is focused on Rhenish
Expressionism and post-war German art. German artists on display
include Georg Baselitz, Joseph Beuys, Hanne Darboven, Anselm Kiefer,
Blinky Palermo and Wolf Vostell. The museum owns one of the largest
collections of artwork by Expressionist painter August Macke. His work
is also on display in the August-Macke-Haus, located in Macke's former
home where he lived from 1911 to 1914.
Museum Koenig is Bonn's natural history museum.
The Bundeskunsthalle (full name: Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der
Bundesrepublik Deutschland or Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal
Republic of Germany), focusses on the crossroads of culture, arts, and
science. To date, it attracted more than 17 million visitors. One
of its main objectives is to show the cultural heritage outside of
Germany or Europe. Next to its changing exhibitions, the
Bundeskunsthalle regularly hosts concerts, discussion panels,
congresses, and lectures.
Museum Koenig is Bonn's natural history museum. Affiliated with
the University of Bonn, it is also a zoological research institution
housing the Leibniz-Institut für Biodiversität der Tiere.
Politically interesting, it is on the premises of the Museum Koenig
Parlamentarischer Rat first met. The Deutsches Museum
Bonn, affiliated with one of the world's foremost science museums, the
Deutsches Museum in Munich, is an interactive science museum focusing
on post-war German scientists, engineers, and inventions. Other
museums include the Beethoven House, birthplace of Ludwig van
Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn
Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn (Rhinish Regional
Museum Bonn), the
Bonn Women's Museum, the Rheinisches Malermuseum
and the Arithmeum.
Drachenburg Castle in the
Siebengebirge south of Bonn.
There are several parks, leisure and protected areas in and around
Bonn. The de:Rheinaue is Bonn's most important leisure park, with its
role being comparable to what
Central Park is for New York. It lies on
the banks of the
Rhine and is the city's biggest park intra muros.
Rhine promenade and the Alter Zoll (Old Toll Station) are in
direct neighbourhood of the city centre and are popular amongst both
residents and visitors. The
Arboretum Park Härle
Arboretum Park Härle is an arboretum with
specimens dating to back to 1870. The Botanischer Garten (Botanical
Garden) is affiliated with the university and it is here where Titan
arum set a world record. The natural reserve of
Kottenforst is a
large area of protected woods on the hills west of the city centre. It
is about 40 square kilometres (15 square miles) in area and part of
Rhineland Nature Park
Rhineland Nature Park (1,045 km2 or 403 sq mi).
In the very south of the city, on the border with
Rhineland-Palatinate, there is an extinct volcano, the Rodderberg,
featuring a popular area for hikes. Also south of the city, there is
Siebengebirge which is part of the lower half of the Middle Rhine
region. The nearby upper half of the Middle
Rhine from Bingen to
Koblenz is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with more than 40 castles and
fortresses from the
Middle Ages and important German vineyards.
The international airport of
Bonn (IATA: CGN) is Germany's
Named after Konrad Adenauer, the first post-war Chancellor of West
Bonn Airport is situated 15 kilometres (9.3 miles)
north-east from the city centre of Bonn. With around 10.3 million
passengers passing through it in 2015, it is the seventh-largest
passenger airport in
Germany and the third-largest in terms of cargo
operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the
airport is in fifth position in Germany. As of March 2015, Cologne
Bonn Airport had services to 115 passenger destinations in 35
countries. The airport is one of Germany's few 24-hour airports,
and is a hub for
Eurowings and cargo operators
FedEx Express and UPS
The federal motorway (Autobahn) A59 connects the airport with the
city. Long distance and regional trains to and from the airport stop
Bonn Airport station. Other major airports within a
one-hour drive by car are Frankurt International Airport and
Düsseldorf International Airport.
Rail and bus system
Bonn Hauptbahnhof, Bonn's busiest railway station, is connected to
Bonn's partly underground
Bonn's central railway station,
Bonn Hauptbahnhof, serves urban
(S-Bahn, U-Bahn, sharing the same network with the neighbouring city
of Cologne), regional (Regionalbahn), and long distance destinations
(ICE) such as Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Zurich, Vienna, Brussels,
Amsterdam and Paris. Daily, more than 67,000 people travel via Bonn
Hauptbahnhof. In late 2016, around 80 long distance and more than 165
regional trains departed to or from
Bonn every day. The other
major railway station (Siegburg/Bonn) lies on the high-speed rail line
Cologne and Frankfurt.
The bus system of
Bonn is composed of roughly 30 lines which operate
on a regular basis. During peaks, buses usually run every 5 minutes;
off-peak buses run every 20 minutes. Several lines offer night
services, especially during the weekends.
Bonn is part of the
Sieg Transport Association) which is
the public transport association covering the area of the Cologne/Bonn
Road network adjacent to Bonn.
Four German Autobahns run through or are adjacent to Bonn: the A59
(right bank of the Rhine, connecting
Duisburg), the A555 (left bank of the Rhine, connecting
Cologne), the A562 (connecting the right with the left bank of the
Rhine south of Bonn), and the A565 (connecting the A59 and the A555
with the A61 to the southwest). Three Bundesstraßen, which have a
general 100 kilometres per hour (62 miles per hour) speed limit in
contrast to the Autobahn, connect
Bonn to its immediate surroundings
(Bundesstraßen B9, B42 and B56).
Bonn being divided into two parts by the Rhine, three bridges are
crucial for inner-city road traffic: the Konrad-Adenauer-Brücke
(A562), the Friedrich-Ebert-Brücke (A565), and the Kennedybrücke
(B56). In addition, regular ferries operate between Bonn-Mehlem and
Bad Godesberg and Niederdollendorf, and
Graurheindorf and Mondorf.
Located in the northern sub-district of Graurheindorf, the inland
Bonn is used for container traffic as well as oversea
transport. The annual turnover amounts to around 500,000 t
(490,000 long tons; 550,000 short tons). Regular passenger transport
Cologne and Düsseldorf.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January
Being one of the biggest employers in the region,
Deutsche Post DHL
have their headquarters in Bonn.
The head offices of Deutsche Telekom, its subsidiary T-Mobile,
Deutsche Post, Haribo, German Academic Exchange Service, and
SolarWorld are in Bonn.
Offices of DFG, an important research funding organisation
The Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universität
Bonn (University of
Bonn) is one of the largest universities in Germany. It is also the
location of the German research institute Deutsche
Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) offices and of the German Academic
Exchange Service (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst – DAAD).
Aloisiuskolleg, a Jesuit private school in
Bad Godesberg with boarding
Amos-Comenius-Gymnasium, a Protestant private school in Bad Godesberg
Bonn International School
Bonn International School (BIS), a private English-speaking school set
in the former American Compound in the Rheinaue, which offers places
from kindergarten to 12th grade. It follows the curriculum of the
King Fahd Academy (DE), a private school in Mehlem, Bad Godesberg,
which also includes a mosque
Libysch Schule, private Arabic high school
Bonn International School, (IBIS) private primary school
(serving from kindergarten, reception, and years 1 to 6)
École de Gaulle - Adenauer, private French-speaking school serving
grades pre-school ("maternelle") to grade 4 (CM1)
Ernst-Kalkuhl-Gymnasium (DE), private boarding and day school
Otto-Kühne-Schule Godesberg ("PÄDA") (DE), private day school
Bonn ("CoJoBo") (DE), private day school
Akademie fuer Internationale Bildung, private higher educational
facility offering programs for international students Additionally
there are six private Catholic schools.
Königswinter (CJD), private Christian
school serving grades Kindergarten to 13
As of 2011[update],
Bonn had a population of 327,913. About 70% of the
population was entirely of German origin, while about 100,000 people,
equating to roughly 30%, were at least partly of non-German origin.
The city is one of the fastest-growing municipalities in
the 18th most populous city in the country. Bonn's population is
predicted to surpass the populations of
the year 2030.
The following list shows the largest groups of foreign residents in
Bonn as of 2015[update] by nationalities.
Deutsche Telekom head office
Bonn is home of the Telekom Baskets Bonn, the only basketball club in
Germany that owns its arena, the Telekom Dome. The club is a
regular participant at international competitions such as the Eurocup.
The city also has an amateur football team
Bonner SC which was formed
in 1965 through the merger of Bonner FV and Tura Bonn.
The Headquarter of the
International Paralympic Committee
International Paralympic Committee have since
1999 been located in Bonn
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Since 1983, the City of
Bonn has established friendship relations with
the City of Tel Aviv, Israel, and since 1988 Bonn, in former times the
residence of the Princes Electors of Cologne, and Potsdam, Germany,
the formerly most important residential city of the Prussian rulers,
have established a city-to-city partnership.
Bonn is surrounded by a number of traditional towns and
villages which were independent up to several decades ago. As many of
those communities had already established their own contacts and
partnerships before the regional and local reorganisation in 1969, the
Federal City of
Bonn now has a dense network of city district
partnerships with European partner towns.
The city district of
Bonn is a partner of the English university city
of Oxford, England, UK (since 1947), of Budafok, District XXII of
Hungary (since 1991) and of Opole,
Poland (officially since
1997; contacts were established 1954).
The district of
Bad Godesberg has established partnerships with
Saint-Cloud in France,
Frascati in Italy, Windsor and Maidenhead in
England, UK and
Kortrijk in Belgium; a friendship agreement has been
signed with the town of Yalova, Turkey.
The district of Beuel on the right bank of the
Rhine and the city
Hardtberg foster partnerships with towns in France:
Mirecourt and Villemomble.
Moreover, the city of
Bonn has developed a concept of international
co-operation and maintains sustainability oriented project
partnerships in addition to traditional city twinning, among others
Minsk in Belarus,
Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia,
Bukhara in Uzbekistan,
La Paz in Bolivia.
Twin towns — sister cities
The city of
Bonn is twinned with:
Tel Aviv, Israel, since 1983
Potsdam, Germany, since 1988
Bonn city district has partnerships with:
Oxford, United Kingdom, since 1947
Budapest, Budafok, Hungary, since 1991
Opole, Poland, since 1997
Bad Godesberg district has partnerships with:
Saint-Cloud, France, since 1957
Frascati, Italiy, since 1957
Kortrijk, Belgium, since 1957
Windsor and Maidenhead, United Kingdom, since 1960
The city of
Bonn also has project partnerships with:
Cape Coast, Ghana
Minsk, Belarus, since 1993
La Paz, Bolivia
Up to the 19th century
Johann Peter Salomon *? (baptized 20 February 1745), † 25 November
1815 in London, musician
Franz Anton Ries, * November 10, 1755 † 1 November 1846 in Bonn,
violinist and violin teacher
Ludwig van Beethoven, * December 16, 1770 † 26 March 1827 in Vienna,
Salomon Oppenheim, Jr., * June 19, 1772 † November 8, 1828 in Mainz,
Peter Joseph Lenné, * September 29, 1789 † 23 January 1866 in
Potsdam, gardener and landscape architect
Friedrich von Gerolt, * March 5, 1797 † July 27, 1879 in Linz,
Karl Joseph Simrock
Karl Joseph Simrock * August 28, 1802, † 18 July 1876 in Bonn,
writer and specialist in German
Wilhelm Neuland, * July 1806 in Bonn, † December, 28, 1889 in Bonn,
composer and conductor
Johanna Kinkel, * July 8, 1810 † 15 November 1858 in London,
composer and writer
Moses Hess, * June 21, 1812, † April 6, 1875 in Paris, philosopher
Johann Gottfried Kinkel, * August 11, 1815, † 12 November 1882 in
Zürich, theologian, writer and politician
Alexander Kaufmann, * May 14, 1817; † 1 May 1893 in Wertheim, author
Leopold Kaufmann, * March 13, 1821, † 27 February 1898 in Bonn,
Julius von Haast, * May 1, 1822 † 16 August 1887 in Christchurch,
New Zealand, professor of geology
Dietrich Brandis, * March 31, 1824 † 28 May 1907 in Bonn, botanist
Balduin Möllhausen * 27 January 1825, † 28 May 1905 in Berlin,
traveler and writer
Maurus Wolter, * June 4, 1825 † July 8, 1890 in Beuron, Benedictine,
founder and first abbot of the Abbey of Beuron and Beuronese
August Reifferscheid, * October 3, 1835 in Bonn; † 10 November 1887
in Strasbourg, philologist
Antonius Maria Bodewig, * November 2, 1839 † January 8, 1915 in
Rome, Jesuit missionary and Founder
Nathan Zuntz, * October 7, 1847 † 23 March 1920 in Berlin,
Alexander Koenig, * February 20, 1858 in St. Petersburg; † July 16,
1940 in Good Blücherhof, Klocksin, Mecklenburg, German zoologist and
founder of today's
Museum Koenig in Bonn
Alfred Philippson * January 1, 1864, † 28 March 1953 in Bonn,
Johanna Elberskirchen, * April 11, 1864, † 17 May 1943 in
Rüdersdorf, feminist writer and activist
Max Alsberg * October 16, 1877, † 10 September 1933, lawyer
Kurt Wolff * March 3, 1887, † 21 October 1963, publisher
Hans Riegel (senior), * April 3, 1893 in Friesdorf village (now part
of Bonn), † 31 March 1945, entrepreneur
Eduard Krebsbach, * August 8, 1894 † May 28, 1947 in Landsberg am
Lech, SS doctor in Nazi Mauthausen concentration camp executed for war
Paul Kemp, * May 20, 1896 in
Bad Godesberg (now part of Bonn), † 13
August 1953 in Bonn, actor
Hermann Josef Abs
Hermann Josef Abs * October 15, 1901, † February 5, 1994 in Bad
Soden am Taunus, Board member of the Deutsche Bank
Paul Ludwig Landsberg, born December 3, 1901 † April 2, 1944 in
Sachsenhausen concentration camp, philosopher
Heinrich Lützeler, born January 27, 1902, † 13 June 1988 in Bonn,
philosopher, art historian, literary scholar
Theodor Schieffer * June 11, 1910 (Bad Godesberg), † April 9, 1992,
historian and medievalist
Irene Sänger-Bredt born Bredt, born April 24, 1911 † 20 October
1983 in Stuttgart, mathematician and physicist
Ernst Friedrich Schumacher, born August 16, 1911 † 4 September 1977
in the train between Geneva and Lausanne, economist
Klaus Barbie * October 25, 1913 (Bad Godesberg), † 25 September 1991
in Lyon, the "Butcher of Lyon"
Karl-Theodor Molinari, born February 7, 1915 † 11 December 1993 in
Dortmund, General and Founding Chairman of the German Armed Forces
Karlrobert Kreiten, born June 26, 1916 in Bad Godesberg, † September
7, 1943 in Berlin-Plotzensee, pianist
Hannjo Hasse, born August 31, 1921 † February 5, 1983 in Falkirk,
Walter Gotell, March 15, 1924, actor † 5 May 1997
Walter Eschweiler, born September 20, 1935 football referees
Alexandra Cordes, born November 16, 1935 † 27 October 1986 in
Joachim Bißmeier, born November 22, 1936 actor
Roswitha Esser * born 18 January 1941, canoeist, gold medal winner at
the Olympic Games in 1964 and 1968 Sportswoman of the Year 1964
Heide Simonis * born July 4, 1943, former Prime Minister of
Schleswig-Holstein, since 2005 honorary chairman of UNICEF Germany
Paul Alger * born August 13, 1943, football player
Johannes Mötsch * July 8, 1949, archivist and historian in Meiningen
Klaus Ludwig * born October 5, 1949, race car driver
1951 up to present
Günter Ollenschläger, born March 3, 1951 in Beuel, medical and
Hans "Hannes" Bongartz * October 3, 1951, former professional football
player, football coach
Christa Goetsch * August 28, 1952, politician (Alliance '90 / The
Thomas de Maizière
Thomas de Maizière * 21 January 1954, politician (CDU), former
Minister of Defence, Minister of the Interior
Olaf Manthey, * April 21, 1955, former touring car racing driver
Michael Kühnen * June 21, 1955; † April 25, 1991 in Kassel,
Roger Willemsen * August 15, 1955, † 7 February 2016 in Wentorf,
publicist, author, essayist and presenter
Norman Rentrop * October 26, 1957, publisher, author and investor
Markus Maria Profitlich, * March 25, 1960, carpenter, comedian, actor
Nikolai Grube, * 1962, Professor for Ancient American Studies and
Mathias Dopfner * 15 January 1963, Chief Executive Officer of Axel
Johannes B. Kerner, born December 9, 1964 Moderator, his Abitur at the
Aloisiuskolleg and studied in Bonn
Anthony Baffoe, born May 25, 1965 Sports presenter, former football
player and actor
Sonja Zietlow born May 13, 1968, TV presenter
Burkhard Garweg * September 1, 1968, member of the Red Army Faction
Sabriye Tenberken born September 19, 1970, founder of the organization
Braille Without Borders, Tibetologist
Thorsten Libotte * July 20, 1972, writer
Silke Bodenbender * 31 January 1974, actress
Juli Zeh * June 30, 1974, writer
Markus Dieckmann born 7 January 1976, beach volleyball player
Bernadette Heerwagen born June 22, 1977, actress
Sebastian Stahl born September 20, 1978, race car driver
Sonja Fuss * November 5, 1978, soccer player
Andreas Tölzer born 27 January 1980, Judoka
Jens Hartwig born April 16, 1980, actor
Natalie Horler * September 23, 1981, front woman of the Dance Project
Marcel Ndjeng born May 6, 1982, football player
Marc Zwiebler born 13 March 1984, badminton player
Benjamin Barg * September 15, 1984, football player
Alexandros Margaritis born September 20, 1984, Greek-German race car
Ken Miyao born March 16, 1986, pop singer
Julia Reda * born 1987, politician
Célia Okoyino da Mbabi
Célia Okoyino da Mbabi born June 27, 1988, football player
Luke Mockridge born March 21, 1989, comedian and author
Jonas Wohlfarth-Bottermann born February 20, 1990, basketball player
Levina born in May 1, 1991, singer
Bienvenue Basala-Mazana born January 2, 1992, football player
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See also: Bibliography of the history of Bonn
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bonn.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bonn.
Official Website (in English)
"The Museum Mile"
Germany's Museum of Art in Bonn
Germany by population
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cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
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