The Info List - Bonn

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The Federal City of Bonn
(German pronunciation: [ˈbɔn] ( listen)) is a city on the banks of the Rhine
in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000. About 24 km (15 mi) south-southeast of Cologne, Bonn
is in the southernmost part of the Rhine-Ruhr
region, Germany's largest metropolitan area, with over 11 million inhabitants. Because of a political compromise following German reunification, the German state maintains a substantial presence in Bonn, and the city is considered a second, unofficial, capital of the country.[2] Bonn
is the secondary seat of the President, the Chancellor, the Bundesrat and the primary seat of six federal government ministries and twenty federal authorities. The unique title of Federal City (German: Bundesstadt) reflects its important political status within Germany.[3] Founded in the 1st century
1st century
BC as a Roman settlement, Bonn
is one of Germany's oldest cities. From 1597 to 1794, Bonn
was the capital of the Electorate of Cologne, and residence of the Archbishops and Prince-electors of Cologne. Composer Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven
was born in Bonn
in 1770. From 1949 to 1990, Bonn
was the provisional capital of West Germany, and Germany's present constitution, the Basic Law, was declared in the city in 1949. From 1990 to 1999, Bonn
served as the seat of government – but no longer capital – of reunited Germany. The headquarters of Deutsche Post DHL
Deutsche Post DHL
and Deutsche Telekom, both DAX-listed corporations, are in Bonn. The city is home to the University of Bonn
University of Bonn
and a total of 20 United Nations
United Nations
institutions, including headquarters for Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Secretariat of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and the UN Volunteers programme.[4]


1 Geography

1.1 Topography 1.2 Administration 1.3 Climate

2 History

2.1 Founding and Roman times 2.2 Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and Early Modern times 2.3 20th century and time as the capital of West Germany 2.4 After German reunification
German reunification
in 1990

3 Politics

3.1 City council 3.2 Landtag
election 3.3 German federal election

4 Culture

4.1 Churches 4.2 Castles and residences 4.3 Modern buildings 4.4 Museums 4.5 Nature

5 Transportation

5.1 Air traffic 5.2 Rail and bus system 5.3 Road network 5.4 Port

6 Economy 7 Education

7.1 Private schools

8 Demographics 9 Sports 10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns — sister cities

11 Notable residents

11.1 Up to the 19th century 11.2 20th century

11.2.1 1900–1950 11.2.2 1951 up to present

12 References 13 Bibliography 14 External links


View over central Bonn
as seen from the Stadthaus, including the Siebengebirge, a hill range on the east bank of the Middle Rhine.

Topography[edit] Situated in the southernmost part of the Rhine-Ruhr
region, Germany's largest metropolitan area with over 11 million inhabitants, Bonn
lies within the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, close to the border with Rhineland-Palatinate. Spanning an area of more 141.2 km2 (55 sq mi) on both sides of the river Rhine, almost three quarters of the city lie on the river's left bank. To the south and to the west, Bonn
is bordering the Eifel
region which encompasses the Rhineland Nature Park. To the north, Bonn
borders the Cologne
Lowland. Natural borders are constituted by the river Sieg
to the north-east and by the Siebengebirge
(also known as the Seven Hills) to the east. The largest extension of the city in north-south dimensions is 15 km (9 mi) and 12.5 km (8 mi) in west-east dimensions. The city borders have a total length of 61 km (38 mi). The geographical centre of Bonn
is the Bundeskanzlerplatz (Chancellor Square) in Bonn-Gronau. Administration[edit] The German state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
is divided into five governmental districts (German: Regierungsbezirk), and Bonn
is part of the governmental district of Cologne
(German: Regierungsbezirk
Köln). Within this governmental district, the city of Bonn
is an urban district in its own right. The urban district of Bonn
is then again divided into four administrative municipal districts (German: Stadtbezirk). These are Bonn, Bonn-Bad Godesberg, Bonn-Beuel and Bonn-Hardtberg. In 1969, the independent towns of Bad Godesberg
Bad Godesberg
and Beuel as well as several villages were incorporated into Bonn, resulting in a city more than twice as large as before.

Administrative divisions of the Federal City of Bonn

Municipal district (Stadtbezirk) Coat of arms Population (as of December 2014)[5] Sub-district (Stadtteil)

Bad Godesberg

73.172 Alt-Godesberg, Friesdorf, Godesberg-Nord, Godesberg-Villenviertel, Heiderhof, Hochkreuz, Lannesdorf, Mehlem, Muffendorf, Pennenfeld, Plittersdorf, Rüngsdorf, Schweinheim


66.695 Beuel-Mitte, Beuel-Ost, Geislar, Hoholz, Holtorf, Holzlar, Küdinghoven, Limperich, Oberkassel, Pützchen/Bechlinghoven, Ramersdorf, Schwarzrheindorf/Vilich-Rheindorf, Vilich, Vilich-Müldorf


149.733 Auerberg, Bonn-Castell (known until 2003 as Bonn-Nord), Bonn-Zentrum, Buschdorf, Dottendorf, Dransdorf, Endenich, Graurheindorf, Gronau, Ippendorf, Kessenich, Lessenich/Meßdorf, Nordstadt, Poppelsdorf, Röttgen, Südstadt, Tannenbusch, Ückesdorf, Venusberg, Weststadt


33.360 Brüser Berg, Duisdorf, Hardthöhe, Lengsdorf

Climate[edit] Bonn
has an oceanic climate (Cfb). In the south of the Cologne
lowland in the Rhine
valley, Bonn
is in one of Germany's warmest regions.

Climate data for Bonn

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.4 (36.3) 2.8 (37) 6.3 (43.3) 9.7 (49.5) 14.0 (57.2) 16.7 (62.1) 18.8 (65.8) 18.3 (64.9) 14.6 (58.3) 10.5 (50.9) 6.2 (43.2) 3.1 (37.6) 10.3 (50.5)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 61.0 (2.402) 54.0 (2.126) 64.0 (2.52) 54.0 (2.126) 72.0 (2.835) 86.0 (3.386) 78.0 (3.071) 78.0 (3.071) 72.0 (2.835) 63.0 (2.48) 66.0 (2.598) 68.0 (2.677) 816.0 (32.126)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 51.0 76.0 110.0 163.0 190.0 195.0 209.0 194.0 141.0 104.0 55.0 41.0 1,529

Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Deutscher Wetterdienst
(Bonn-Rohleber, period 1971– 2010)

History[edit] Founding and Roman times[edit] See also: Timeline of Bonn

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The Sterntor, originally built around 1244, is a gate reconstructed on the remnants of the medieval city wall.

The history of the city dates back to Roman times. In about 12 BC, the Roman army
Roman army
appears to have stationed a small unit in what is presently the historical centre of the city. Even earlier, the army had resettled members of a Germanic tribal group allied with Rome, the Ubii, in Bonn. The Latin name for that settlement, "Bonna", may stem from the original population of this and many other settlements in the area, the Eburoni. The Eburoni were members of a large tribal coalition effectively wiped out during the final phase of Caesar's War in Gaul. After several decades, the army gave up the small camp linked to the Ubii-settlement. During the 1st century
1st century
AD, the army then chose a site to the north of the emerging town in what is now the section of Bonn-Castell to build a large military installation dubbed Castra Bonnensis, i.e., literally, "Fort Bonn". Initially built from wood, the fort was eventually rebuilt in stone. With additions, changes and new construction, the fort remained in use by the army into the waning days of the Western Roman Empire, possibly the mid-5th century. The structures themselves remained standing well into the Middle Ages, when they were called the Bonnburg. They were used by Frankish kings until they fell into disuse. Eventually, much of the building materials seem to have been re-used in the construction of Bonn's 13th-century city wall. The Sterntor (star gate) in the city center is a reconstruction using the last remnants of the medieval city wall. To date, Bonn's Roman fort remains the largest fort of its type known from the ancient world, i.e. a fort built to accommodate a full-strength Imperial Legion and its auxiliaries. The fort covered an area of approximately 250,000 square metres (62 acres). Between its walls it contained a dense grid of streets and a multitude of buildings, ranging from spacious headquarters and large officers' quarters to barracks, stables and a military jail. Among the legions stationed in Bonn, the "1st", i.e. the Prima Legio Minervia, seems to have served here the longest. Units of the Bonn
legion were deployed to theatres of war ranging from modern-day Algeria
to what is now the Russian republic of Chechnya.

The Altes Rathaus (old town hall) as seen from the central market square. It was built in 1737 in Rococo-style.

The chief Roman road linking the provincial capitals of Cologne
and Mainz
cut right through the fort where it joined the fort's main road (now, Römerstraße). Once past the South Gate, the Cologne–Mainz road continued along what are now streets named Belderberg, Adenauerallee et al. On both sides of the road, the local settlement, Bonna, grew into a sizeable Roman town. Bonn
is shown on the 4th century Peutinger Map. In late antiquity, much of the town seems to have been destroyed by marauding invaders. The remaining civilian population then took refuge inside the fort along with the remnants of the troops stationed here. During the final decades of Imperial rule, the troops were supplied by Franci chieftains employed by the Roman administration. When the end came, these troops simply shifted their allegiances to the new barbarian rulers, the Kingdom of the Franks. From the fort, the Bonnburg, as well as from a new medieval settlement to the South centered around what later became the minster, grew the medieval city of Bonn. Local legends arose from this period that the name of the village came from Saint Boniface
Saint Boniface
via Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
*Bonnifatia, but this proved to be a myth. Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and Early Modern times[edit]

Founded in 1818, the University of Bonn
University of Bonn
counts Nietzsche, Marx, and German chancellor Adenauer among its alumni.

Between the 11th and 13th centuries, the Romanesque style Bonn
Minster was built, and in 1597 Bonn
became the seat of the Archdiocese of Cologne. The city gained more influence and grew considerably. The city was subject to a major bombardment during the Siege of Bonn
in 1689. The elector Clemens August (ruled 1723–1761) ordered the construction of a series of Baroque
buildings which still give the city its character. Another memorable ruler was Max Franz (ruled 1784–1794), who founded the university and the spa quarter of Bad Godesberg. In addition he was a patron of the young Ludwig van Beethoven, who was born in Bonn
in 1770; the elector financed the composer's first journey to Vienna. In 1794, the city was seized by French troops, becoming a part of the First French Empire. In 1815 following the Napoleonic Wars, Bonn became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. Administered within the Prussian Rhine
Province, the city became part of the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871 during the Prussian-led unification of Germany. Bonn
was of little relevance in these years. 20th century and time as the capital of West Germany[edit] During the Second World War, Bonn
acquired military significance because of its strategic location on the Rhine, which formed a natural barrier to easy penetration into the German heartland from the west. The Allied ground advance into Germany
reached Bonn
on 7 March 1945, and the US 1st Infantry Division captured the city during the battle of 8–9 March 1945.[6]

French president Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
on state visit to Bonn
(1962), the capital of West Germany
until German reunification.

Following the Second World War, Bonn
was in the British zone of occupation. Following the advocacy of West Germany's first chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, a former Cologne
Mayor and a native of that area, Bonn
became the de facto capital, officially designated the "temporary seat of the Federal institutions," of the newly formed Federal Republic of Germany
in 1949. However, the Bundestag, seated in Bonn's Bundeshaus, affirmed Berlin's status as the German capital. Bonn
was chosen as the provisional capital and seat of government despite the fact that Frankfurt
already had most of the required facilities and using Bonn
was estimated to be 95 million DM more expensive than using Frankfurt. However, Adenauer and other prominent politicians intended to make Berlin
the capital of the reunified Germany, and felt that locating the capital in a major city like Frankfurt
or Hamburg
would imply a permanent capital and weaken support in West Germany
for reunification. In 1949, the Parliamentary Council in Bonn
drafted and adopted the current German constitution, the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany. As the political centre of West Germany, Bonn
saw six Chancellors and six Presidents of the Federal Republic of Germany. Bonn's time as the capital of West Germany
is commonly referred to as the Bonn
Republic, in contrast to the Berlin
Republic which followed reunification in 1990.[7] After German reunification
German reunification
in 1990[edit]

Between 1950 and 1994, Villa Hammerschmidt
Villa Hammerschmidt
was the primary official residence of the President of Germany. Today it serves as the President's secondary residence.

German reunification
German reunification
in 1990 made Berlin
the nominal capital of Germany
again. This decision did not mandate that the republic's political institutions would also move. While some argued for the seat of government to move to Berlin, others advocated leaving it in Bonn — a situation roughly analogous to that of the Netherlands, where Amsterdam
is the capital but the Hague is the seat of government. Berlin's previous history as united Germany's capital was strongly connected with the German Empire, the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
and more ominously with Nazi Germany. It was felt that a new peacefully united Germany
should not be governed from a city connected to such overtones of war. Additionally, Bonn
was closer to Brussels, headquarters of the European Economic Community. Former chancellor Willy Brandt
Willy Brandt
caused considerable offence to the Western Allies during the debate by stating that France
wouldn't have kept the seat of government at Vichy after Liberation. The heated debate that resulted was settled by the Bundestag (Germany's parliament) only on 20 June 1991. By a vote of 338–320,[8] the Bundestag
voted to move the seat of government to Berlin. The vote broke largely along regional lines, with legislators from the south and west favouring Bonn
and legislators from the north and east voting for Berlin.[9][10] It also broke along generational lines as well; older legislators with memories of Berlin's past glory favoured Berlin, while younger legislators favoured Bonn. Ultimately, the votes of the eastern German legislators tipped the balance in favour of Berlin.[11] From 1990 to 1999, Bonn
served as the seat of government of reunited Germany. In recognition of its former status as German capital, it holds the name of Federal City (German: Bundesstadt). Bonn
currently shares the status of Germany's seat of government with Berlin, with the President, the Chancellor and many government ministries maintaining substantial presences in Bonn. Over 8,000 of the 18,000 federal officials remain in Bonn.[2] A total of 19 United Nations
United Nations
(UN) institutions operate from Bonn
today. Politics[edit]

Ashok Alexander Sridharan (CDU) has been the mayor of Bonn
since 2015.

City council[edit] The city council of Bonn
used to be based in the Rococo-style and 1737 built Altes Rathaus (old city hall) adjacent to Bonn's central market square. However, due to the enlargement of Bonn
in 1969 through the incorporation of Beuel and Bad Godesberg, it moved into the larger Stadthaus facilities further up north. This was necessary for the city council to accommodate the increased number of representatives. The mayor of Bonn
still sits in the Altes Rathaus, which is also used for representative and official purposes. As of the 2014–2020 election cycle, the Christian Democrats (CDU) hold the majority of mandates in the city council (27 seats), followed by the Social Democrats (SPD) with 20 seats, the Greens (Bündnis '90/Die Grünen) with 16 seats, the Liberals (FDP) with 7 seats, the Left (Die Linke) with 5 seats, the local Bürgerbund Bonn
with 4 seats, the Alternative for Germany
(AfD) with 3 seats, and independent candidates with a total of 4 seats. There are currently 86 seats in the city council of Bonn.

The Stadthaus, siège of the city council of Bonn.

The mayor is Ashok-Alexander Sridharan (CDU), directly elected in 2015.[12] Landtag
election[edit] Four delegates represent the Federal city of Bonn
in the Landtag
of North Rhine-Westphalia. The last election took place in May 2012. The current delegates are Bernhard von Grünberg (SPD),Renate Hendricks (SPD), Joachim Stamp (FDP) and Rolf Beu (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen). The next Landtag
elections take place in May 2017.[13] German federal election[edit] Bonn's constituency is called Bundeswahlkreis Bonn
(096). In the German federal election 2013, Ulrich Kelber (SPD) was elected a member of German Federal parliament, the Bundestag
by direct mandate. It is his fourth term. Katja Dörner representing Bündnis 90/Die Grünen and Claudia Lücking-Michel of the CDU were elected from regional lists. The next federal election takes place on 24 September 2017. Culture[edit] Beethoven's birthplace is located in Bonngasse near the market place. Next to the market place is the Old City Hall, built in 1737 in Rococo style, under the rule of Clemens August of Bavaria. It is used for receptions of guests of the city, and as an office for the mayor. Nearby is the Kurfürstliches Schloss, built as a residence for the prince-elector and now the main building of the University of Bonn.

Erected in the 11th and 13th century, the Roman Catholic Minster of Bonn
is one of Germany's oldest churches.

The Poppelsdorfer Allee is an avenue flanked by chestnut trees which had the first horsecar of the city. It connects the Kurfürstliches Schloss with the Poppelsdorfer Schloss, a palace that was built as a resort for the prince-electors in the first half of the 18th century, and whose grounds are now a botanical garden (the Botanischer Garten Bonn). This axis is interrupted by a railway line and Bonn Hauptbahnhof, a building erected in 1883/84. The Beethoven Monument stands on the Münsterplatz, which is flanked by the Bonn
Minster, one of Germany's oldest churches. The three highest structures in the city are the WDR radio mast in Bonn-Venusberg (180 m or 590 ft), the headquarters of the Deutsche Post
Deutsche Post
called Post Tower
Post Tower
(162.5 m or 533 ft) and the former building for the German members of parliament Langer Eugen (114.7 m or 376 ft) now the location of the UN Campus. Churches[edit]

Minster[14] Doppelkirche Schwarzrheindorf
Doppelkirche Schwarzrheindorf
built in 1151 Old Cemetery Bonn
(Alter Friedhof), one of the best known ones in Germany[15] Kreuzbergkirche, built in 1627 with Johann Balthasar Neumann's Heilige Stiege, it is a stairway for Christian pilgrims[16]

Castles and residences[edit]

fortress ruins[17][18]

Modern buildings[edit]


Beethovenhalle Bundesviertel (federal quarter) with lots of government structures including

Post Tower, the tallest building in the state North Rhine-Westphalia, housing the headquarters of Deutsche Post/DHL Maritim Bonn, five-star hotel and convention centre Schürmann-Bau, headquarters of Deutsche Welle Langer Eugen, since 2006 the centre of the United Nations
United Nations
Campus, formerly housing the offices of the members of the German parliament

Deutsche Telekom
Deutsche Telekom
headquarters T-Mobile
headquarters Kameha Grand, five-star hotel


The Bundeskunsthalle focusses on the cultural heritage outside of Germany
or Europe, at the crossroads of culture, the arts, and science.

Just as Bonn's other four major museums, the Haus der Geschichte
Haus der Geschichte
or Museum of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany, is located on the so-called Museumsmeile ("Museum Mile"). The Haus der Geschichte is one of the foremost German museums of contemporary German history, with branches in Berlin
and Leipzig. In its permanent exhibition, the Haus der Geschichte
Haus der Geschichte
presents German history from 1945 until the present, also shedding light on Bonn's own role as former capital of West Germany. Numerous temporary exhibitions emphasize different features, such as Nazism or important personalities in German history.[19] The Kunstmuseum Bonn
Kunstmuseum Bonn
or Bonn
Museum of Modern Art is an art museum founded in 1947. The Kunstmuseum exhibits both temporary exhibitions and its permanent collection. The latter is focused on Rhenish Expressionism
and post-war German art.[20] German artists on display include Georg Baselitz, Joseph Beuys, Hanne Darboven, Anselm Kiefer, Blinky Palermo
Blinky Palermo
and Wolf Vostell. The museum owns one of the largest collections of artwork by Expressionist painter August Macke. His work is also on display in the August-Macke-Haus, located in Macke's former home where he lived from 1911 to 1914.

The Museum Koenig
Museum Koenig
is Bonn's natural history museum.

The Bundeskunsthalle (full name: Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland or Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany), focusses on the crossroads of culture, arts, and science. To date, it attracted more than 17 million visitors.[21] One of its main objectives is to show the cultural heritage outside of Germany
or Europe.[22] Next to its changing exhibitions, the Bundeskunsthalle regularly hosts concerts, discussion panels, congresses, and lectures. The Museum Koenig
Museum Koenig
is Bonn's natural history museum. Affiliated with the University of Bonn, it is also a zoological research institution housing the Leibniz-Institut für Biodiversität der Tiere. Politically interesting, it is on the premises of the Museum Koenig where the Parlamentarischer Rat
Parlamentarischer Rat
first met.[23] The Deutsches Museum Bonn, affiliated with one of the world's foremost science museums, the Deutsches Museum
Deutsches Museum
in Munich, is an interactive science museum focusing on post-war German scientists, engineers, and inventions.[24] Other museums include the Beethoven House, birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven,[25] the Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn
Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn
(Rhinish Regional Museum Bonn),[26] the Bonn
Women's Museum, the Rheinisches Malermuseum and the Arithmeum. Nature[edit]

Drachenburg Castle in the Siebengebirge
south of Bonn.

There are several parks, leisure and protected areas in and around Bonn. The de:Rheinaue is Bonn's most important leisure park, with its role being comparable to what Central Park
Central Park
is for New York. It lies on the banks of the Rhine
and is the city's biggest park intra muros.[27] The Rhine
promenade and the Alter Zoll (Old Toll Station) are in direct neighbourhood of the city centre and are popular amongst both residents and visitors. The Arboretum Park Härle
Arboretum Park Härle
is an arboretum with specimens dating to back to 1870. The Botanischer Garten (Botanical Garden) is affiliated with the university and it is here where Titan arum set a world record.[28] The natural reserve of Kottenforst
is a large area of protected woods on the hills west of the city centre. It is about 40 square kilometres (15 square miles) in area and part of the Rhineland Nature Park
Rhineland Nature Park
(1,045 km2 or 403 sq mi).[29] In the very south of the city, on the border with Wachtberg
and Rhineland-Palatinate, there is an extinct volcano, the Rodderberg, featuring a popular area for hikes. Also south of the city, there is the Siebengebirge
which is part of the lower half of the Middle Rhine region. The nearby upper half of the Middle Rhine
from Bingen to Koblenz
is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with more than 40 castles and fortresses from the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and important German vineyards. Transportation[edit] Air traffic[edit]

The international airport of Cologne
and Bonn
(IATA: CGN) is Germany's seventh-largest.

Named after Konrad Adenauer, the first post-war Chancellor of West Germany, Cologne
Airport is situated 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) north-east from the city centre of Bonn. With around 10.3 million passengers passing through it in 2015, it is the seventh-largest passenger airport in Germany
and the third-largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany.[30] As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn
Airport had services to 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries.[31] The airport is one of Germany's few 24-hour airports, and is a hub for Eurowings
and cargo operators FedEx Express
FedEx Express
and UPS Airlines. The federal motorway (Autobahn) A59 connects the airport with the city. Long distance and regional trains to and from the airport stop at Cologne/ Bonn
Airport station. Other major airports within a one-hour drive by car are Frankurt International Airport and Düsseldorf
International Airport. Rail and bus system[edit]

Hauptbahnhof, Bonn's busiest railway station, is connected to Bonn's partly underground U-Bahn

Bonn's central railway station, Bonn
Hauptbahnhof, serves urban (S-Bahn, U-Bahn, sharing the same network with the neighbouring city of Cologne), regional (Regionalbahn), and long distance destinations (ICE) such as Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Zurich, Vienna, Brussels, Amsterdam
and Paris. Daily, more than 67,000 people travel via Bonn Hauptbahnhof. In late 2016, around 80 long distance and more than 165 regional trains departed to or from Bonn
every day.[32][33] The other major railway station (Siegburg/Bonn) lies on the high-speed rail line between Cologne
and Frankfurt. The bus system of Bonn
is composed of roughly 30 lines which operate on a regular basis. During peaks, buses usually run every 5 minutes; off-peak buses run every 20 minutes. Several lines offer night services, especially during the weekends. Bonn
is part of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein- Sieg
(Rhine- Sieg
Transport Association) which is the public transport association covering the area of the Cologne/Bonn region. Road network[edit]

Road network adjacent to Bonn.

Four German Autobahns run through or are adjacent to Bonn: the A59 (right bank of the Rhine, connecting Bonn
with Düsseldorf
and Duisburg), the A555 (left bank of the Rhine, connecting Bonn
with Cologne), the A562 (connecting the right with the left bank of the Rhine
south of Bonn), and the A565 (connecting the A59 and the A555 with the A61 to the southwest). Three Bundesstraßen, which have a general 100 kilometres per hour (62 miles per hour) speed limit in contrast to the Autobahn, connect Bonn
to its immediate surroundings (Bundesstraßen B9, B42 and B56). With Bonn
being divided into two parts by the Rhine, three bridges are crucial for inner-city road traffic: the Konrad-Adenauer-Brücke (A562), the Friedrich-Ebert-Brücke (A565), and the Kennedybrücke (B56). In addition, regular ferries operate between Bonn-Mehlem and Königswinter, Bonn- Bad Godesberg
Bad Godesberg
and Niederdollendorf, and Graurheindorf and Mondorf. Port[edit] Located in the northern sub-district of Graurheindorf, the inland harbour of Bonn
is used for container traffic as well as oversea transport. The annual turnover amounts to around 500,000 t (490,000 long tons; 550,000 short tons). Regular passenger transport occurs to Cologne
and Düsseldorf. Economy[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2017)

Being one of the biggest employers in the region, Deutsche Post
Deutsche Post
DHL have their headquarters in Bonn.

The head offices of Deutsche Telekom, its subsidiary T-Mobile,[34] Deutsche Post, Haribo, German Academic Exchange Service, and SolarWorld
are in Bonn. Education[edit]

Offices of DFG, an important research funding organisation

The Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universität Bonn
(University of Bonn) is one of the largest universities in Germany. It is also the location of the German research institute Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) offices and of the German Academic Exchange Service (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst – DAAD). Private schools[edit]

Aloisiuskolleg, a Jesuit private school in Bad Godesberg
Bad Godesberg
with boarding facilities Amos-Comenius-Gymnasium, a Protestant private school in Bad Godesberg Bonn International School
Bonn International School
(BIS), a private English-speaking school set in the former American Compound in the Rheinaue, which offers places from kindergarten to 12th grade. It follows the curriculum of the International Baccalaureate. King Fahd Academy (DE), a private school in Mehlem, Bad Godesberg, which also includes a mosque Libysch Schule, private Arabic high school Independent Bonn
International School, (IBIS) private primary school (serving from kindergarten, reception, and years 1 to 6) École de Gaulle - Adenauer, private French-speaking school serving grades pre-school ("maternelle") to grade 4 (CM1) Ernst-Kalkuhl-Gymnasium (DE), private boarding and day school Otto-Kühne-Schule Godesberg ("PÄDA") (DE), private day school Collegium Josephinum Bonn
("CoJoBo") (DE), private day school Akademie fuer Internationale Bildung, private higher educational facility offering programs for international students Additionally there are six private Catholic schools. Jugenddorf-Christophorusschule Königswinter
(CJD), private Christian school serving grades Kindergarten to 13[35]

Demographics[edit] As of 2011[update], Bonn
had a population of 327,913. About 70% of the population was entirely of German origin, while about 100,000 people, equating to roughly 30%, were at least partly of non-German origin. The city is one of the fastest-growing municipalities in Germany
and the 18th most populous city in the country. Bonn's population is predicted to surpass the populations of Wuppertal
and Bochum
before the year 2030.[36] The following list shows the largest groups of foreign residents in Bonn
as of 2015[update] by nationalities.[37]

Rank Nationality Population (2015)

1  Poland 9,089

2  Turkey 8,321

3  Syria 6,256

4  Morocco 6,132

5  Italy 5,648

6  Iraq 4,227

7  Romania 3,226

8  Afghanistan 2,220

9  China 1,556

10  Netherlands 1,326

11  Belgium 1,100

Deutsche Telekom
Deutsche Telekom
head office

Sports[edit] Bonn
is home of the Telekom Baskets Bonn, the only basketball club in Germany
that owns its arena, the Telekom Dome.[38] The club is a regular participant at international competitions such as the Eurocup. The city also has an amateur football team Bonner SC
Bonner SC
which was formed in 1965 through the merger of Bonner FV and Tura Bonn. The Headquarter of the International Paralympic Committee
International Paralympic Committee
have since 1999 been located in Bonn International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Since 1983, the City of Bonn
has established friendship relations with the City of Tel Aviv, Israel, and since 1988 Bonn, in former times the residence of the Princes Electors of Cologne, and Potsdam, Germany, the formerly most important residential city of the Prussian rulers, have established a city-to-city partnership. Central Bonn
is surrounded by a number of traditional towns and villages which were independent up to several decades ago. As many of those communities had already established their own contacts and partnerships before the regional and local reorganisation in 1969, the Federal City of Bonn
now has a dense network of city district partnerships with European partner towns. The city district of Bonn
is a partner of the English university city of Oxford, England, UK (since 1947), of Budafok, District XXII of Budapest, Hungary
(since 1991) and of Opole, Poland
(officially since 1997; contacts were established 1954). The district of Bad Godesberg
Bad Godesberg
has established partnerships with Saint-Cloud
in France, Frascati
in Italy, Windsor and Maidenhead in England, UK and Kortrijk
in Belgium; a friendship agreement has been signed with the town of Yalova, Turkey. The district of Beuel on the right bank of the Rhine
and the city district of Hardtberg
foster partnerships with towns in France: Mirecourt
and Villemomble. Moreover, the city of Bonn
has developed a concept of international co-operation and maintains sustainability oriented project partnerships in addition to traditional city twinning, among others with Minsk
in Belarus, Ulaanbaatar
in Mongolia, Bukhara
in Uzbekistan, Chengdu
in China
and La Paz
La Paz
in Bolivia. Twin towns — sister cities[edit] The city of Bonn
is twinned with:[39]

Tel Aviv, Israel, since 1983[39] Potsdam, Germany, since 1988[39][40]

city district has partnerships with:

Oxford, United Kingdom, since 1947[39][41] Budapest, Budafok, Hungary, since 1991[39] Opole, Poland, since 1997[39][42]

Bad Godesberg
Bad Godesberg
district has partnerships with:[39][43]

Saint-Cloud, France, since 1957 Frascati, Italiy, since 1957 Kortrijk, Belgium, since 1957 Windsor and Maidenhead, United Kingdom, since 1960

The city of Bonn
also has project partnerships with:

Bukhara, Uzbekistan[39] Cape Coast, Ghana[39][44] Minsk, Belarus, since 1993[39][45] La Paz, Bolivia[39] Chengdu, China[39] Tirana, Albania[39]

Notable residents[edit] Up to the 19th century[edit]

Johann Peter Salomon *? (baptized 20 February 1745), † 25 November 1815 in London, musician Franz Anton Ries, * November 10, 1755 † 1 November 1846 in Bonn, violinist and violin teacher Ludwig van Beethoven, * December 16, 1770 † 26 March 1827 in Vienna, composer Salomon Oppenheim, Jr., * June 19, 1772 † November 8, 1828 in Mainz, banker Peter Joseph Lenné, * September 29, 1789 † 23 January 1866 in Potsdam, gardener and landscape architect Friedrich von Gerolt, * March 5, 1797 † July 27, 1879 in Linz, German diplomat Karl Joseph Simrock
Karl Joseph Simrock
* August 28, 1802, † 18 July 1876 in Bonn, writer and specialist in German Wilhelm Neuland, * July 1806 in Bonn, † December, 28, 1889 in Bonn, composer and conductor Johanna Kinkel, * July 8, 1810 † 15 November 1858 in London, composer and writer Moses Hess, * June 21, 1812, † April 6, 1875 in Paris, philosopher and writer Johann Gottfried Kinkel, * August 11, 1815, † 12 November 1882 in Zürich, theologian, writer and politician Alexander Kaufmann, * May 14, 1817; † 1 May 1893 in Wertheim, author and archivist Leopold Kaufmann, * March 13, 1821, † 27 February 1898 in Bonn, mayor Julius von Haast, * May 1, 1822 † 16 August 1887 in Christchurch, New Zealand, professor of geology Dietrich Brandis, * March 31, 1824 † 28 May 1907 in Bonn, botanist Balduin Möllhausen
Balduin Möllhausen
* 27 January 1825, † 28 May 1905 in Berlin, traveler and writer Maurus Wolter, * June 4, 1825 † July 8, 1890 in Beuron, Benedictine, founder and first abbot of the Abbey of Beuron and Beuronese Congregation August Reifferscheid, * October 3, 1835 in Bonn; † 10 November 1887 in Strasbourg, philologist Antonius Maria Bodewig, * November 2, 1839 † January 8, 1915 in Rome, Jesuit missionary and Founder Nathan Zuntz, * October 7, 1847 † 23 March 1920 in Berlin, physicians Alexander Koenig, * February 20, 1858 in St. Petersburg; † July 16, 1940 in Good Blücherhof, Klocksin, Mecklenburg, German zoologist and founder of today's Museum Koenig
Museum Koenig
in Bonn Alfred Philippson * January 1, 1864, † 28 March 1953 in Bonn, geographer Johanna Elberskirchen, * April 11, 1864, † 17 May 1943 in Rüdersdorf, feminist writer and activist Max Alsberg
Max Alsberg
* October 16, 1877, † 10 September 1933, lawyer Kurt Wolff * March 3, 1887, † 21 October 1963, publisher Hans Riegel
Hans Riegel
(senior), * April 3, 1893 in Friesdorf village (now part of Bonn), † 31 March 1945, entrepreneur Eduard Krebsbach, * August 8, 1894 † May 28, 1947 in Landsberg am Lech, SS doctor in Nazi Mauthausen concentration camp executed for war crimes Paul Kemp, * May 20, 1896 in Bad Godesberg
Bad Godesberg
(now part of Bonn), † 13 August 1953 in Bonn, actor

20th century[edit] 1900–1950[edit]

Hermann Josef Abs
Hermann Josef Abs
* October 15, 1901, † February 5, 1994 in Bad Soden am Taunus, Board member of the Deutsche Bank Paul Ludwig Landsberg, born December 3, 1901 † April 2, 1944 in Sachsenhausen concentration camp, philosopher Heinrich Lützeler, born January 27, 1902, † 13 June 1988 in Bonn, philosopher, art historian, literary scholar Theodor Schieffer * June 11, 1910 (Bad Godesberg), † April 9, 1992, historian and medievalist Irene Sänger-Bredt born Bredt, born April 24, 1911 † 20 October 1983 in Stuttgart, mathematician and physicist Ernst Friedrich Schumacher, born August 16, 1911 † 4 September 1977 in the train between Geneva and Lausanne, economist Klaus Barbie
Klaus Barbie
* October 25, 1913 (Bad Godesberg), † 25 September 1991 in Lyon, the "Butcher of Lyon" Karl-Theodor Molinari, born February 7, 1915 † 11 December 1993 in Dortmund, General and Founding Chairman of the German Armed Forces Association Karlrobert Kreiten, born June 26, 1916 in Bad Godesberg, † September 7, 1943 in Berlin-Plotzensee, pianist Hannjo Hasse, born August 31, 1921 † February 5, 1983 in Falkirk, German actor Walter Gotell, March 15, 1924, actor † 5 May 1997 Walter Eschweiler, born September 20, 1935 football referees Alexandra Cordes, born November 16, 1935 † 27 October 1986 in Châteauneuf-du-Pape, writer Joachim Bißmeier, born November 22, 1936 actor Roswitha Esser * born 18 January 1941, canoeist, gold medal winner at the Olympic Games in 1964 and 1968 Sportswoman of the Year 1964 Heide Simonis
Heide Simonis
* born July 4, 1943, former Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein, since 2005 honorary chairman of UNICEF Germany Paul Alger * born August 13, 1943, football player Johannes Mötsch * July 8, 1949, archivist and historian in Meiningen Klaus Ludwig
Klaus Ludwig
* born October 5, 1949, race car driver

1951 up to present[edit]

Günter Ollenschläger, born March 3, 1951 in Beuel, medical and science journalist Hans "Hannes" Bongartz * October 3, 1951, former professional football player, football coach Christa Goetsch
Christa Goetsch
* August 28, 1952, politician (Alliance '90 / The Greens). Thomas de Maizière
Thomas de Maizière
* 21 January 1954, politician (CDU), former Minister of Defence, Minister of the Interior Olaf Manthey, * April 21, 1955, former touring car racing driver Michael Kühnen
Michael Kühnen
* June 21, 1955; † April 25, 1991 in Kassel, neo-Nazi Roger Willemsen
Roger Willemsen
* August 15, 1955, † 7 February 2016 in Wentorf, publicist, author, essayist and presenter Norman Rentrop * October 26, 1957, publisher, author and investor Markus Maria Profitlich, * March 25, 1960, carpenter, comedian, actor Nikolai Grube, * 1962, Professor for Ancient American Studies and Anthropology Mathias Dopfner * 15 January 1963, Chief Executive Officer of Axel Springer AG Johannes B. Kerner, born December 9, 1964 Moderator, his Abitur at the Aloisiuskolleg
and studied in Bonn Anthony Baffoe, born May 25, 1965 Sports presenter, former football player and actor Sonja Zietlow born May 13, 1968, TV presenter Burkhard Garweg
Burkhard Garweg
* September 1, 1968, member of the Red Army Faction Sabriye Tenberken
Sabriye Tenberken
born September 19, 1970, founder of the organization Braille Without Borders, Tibetologist Thorsten Libotte
Thorsten Libotte
* July 20, 1972, writer Silke Bodenbender
Silke Bodenbender
* 31 January 1974, actress Juli Zeh
Juli Zeh
* June 30, 1974, writer Markus Dieckmann born 7 January 1976, beach volleyball player Bernadette Heerwagen
Bernadette Heerwagen
born June 22, 1977, actress Sebastian Stahl
Sebastian Stahl
born September 20, 1978, race car driver Sonja Fuss * November 5, 1978, soccer player Andreas Tölzer
Andreas Tölzer
born 27 January 1980, Judoka Jens Hartwig
Jens Hartwig
born April 16, 1980, actor Natalie Horler
Natalie Horler
* September 23, 1981, front woman of the Dance Project Cascada Marcel Ndjeng
Marcel Ndjeng
born May 6, 1982, football player Marc Zwiebler
Marc Zwiebler
born 13 March 1984, badminton player Benjamin Barg
Benjamin Barg
* September 15, 1984, football player Alexandros Margaritis
Alexandros Margaritis
born September 20, 1984, Greek-German race car driver Ken Miyao born March 16, 1986, pop singer Julia Reda
Julia Reda
* born 1987, politician Célia Okoyino da Mbabi
Célia Okoyino da Mbabi
born June 27, 1988, football player Luke Mockridge
Luke Mockridge
born March 21, 1989, comedian and author Jonas Wohlfarth-Bottermann
Jonas Wohlfarth-Bottermann
born February 20, 1990, basketball player Levina born in May 1, 1991, singer Bienvenue Basala-Mazana
Bienvenue Basala-Mazana
born January 2, 1992, football player


^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.  ^ a b Cowell, Alan (2011-06-23). "In Germany's Capitals, Cold War Memories and Imperial Ghosts". The New York Times.  ^ Bundestag, Deutscher. "Deutscher Bundestag: Berlin-Debatte / Antrag Vollendung der Einheit Deutschlands, Drucksache 12/815". webarchiv.bundestag.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-02-19.  ^ http://www.unbonn.org/organizations ^ "Wohnberechtigte Bevölkerung in der Stadt Bonn
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– Bonn – English Version". Kah-bonn.de. Archived from the original on 2009-05-09. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ de:Museum Koenig ^ "MUSEUMSMEILE BONN". www.museumsmeilebonn.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-02-03.  ^ Fraunhofer-Institut für Medienkommunikation IMK (2002-03-26). "Beethoven digitally". Beethoven-haus-bonn.de. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ de:Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn ^ de:Freizeitpark Rheinaue ^ de:Botanischer Garten Bonn ^ de:Kottenforst ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-01-06.  ^ "Sommerflugplan 2015: Sieben neue Ziele ab Flughafen Köln/Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ Sanierung geht in die heiße Phase, General-Anzeiger, 4. November 2016 ^ Schöne Aussichten im Hauptbahnhof Bonn
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Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Bonn External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bonn.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bonn.

Official Website (in English) Tourist information "The Museum Mile" Germany's Museum of Art in Bonn

v t e

Cities in Germany
by population


Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich


Bremen Dortmund Dresden Düsseldorf Essen Frankfurt Hanover Leipzig Nuremberg Stuttgart


Aachen Augsburg Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Braunschweig Chemnitz Duisburg Erfurt Freiburg im Breisgau Gelsenkirchen Halle (Saale) Karlsruhe Kiel Krefeld Lübeck Magdeburg Mainz Mannheim Münster Mönchengladbach Oberhausen Rostock Wiesbaden Wuppertal


Bergisch Gladbach Bottrop Bremerhaven Cottbus Darmstadt Erlangen Fürth Göttingen Hagen Hamm Heidelberg Heilbronn Herne Hildesheim Ingolstadt Jena Kassel Koblenz Leverkusen Ludwigshafen Moers Mülheim
an der Ruhr Neuss Offenbach am Main Oldenburg Osnabrück Paderborn Pforzheim Potsdam Recklinghausen Regensburg Remscheid Reutlingen Saarbrücken Salzgitter Siegen Solingen Trier Ulm Wolfsburg Würzburg

complete list municipalities metropolitan regions cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 312793885 GND: 4007666-0 BNF: cb11994451