HOME
The Info List - Baguio


--- Advertisement ---



Baguio, officially the City of Baguio
Baguio
(Ibaloi: Ciudad ne Bagiw; Ilokano: Siudad ti Baguio; Filipino: Lungsod ng Baguio) and popularly referred to as Baguio
Baguio
City, is a mountain resort city located in Northern Luzon, Philippines. It is known as the Summer Capital of the Philippines, owing to its cool climate since the city is located approximately 1,540 meters (5,050 feet) above sea level in the Luzon tropical pine forests ecoregion, which also makes it conducive for the growth of mossy plants and orchids.[3] Baguio
Baguio
is classified as a Highly Urbanized City (HUC). It is geographically located within Benguet, serving as the provincial capital from 1901 to 1916,[4] but has since been administered independently from the province following its conversion into a chartered city. The city is the center of business, commerce, and education in northern Luzon, as well as the regional center of the Cordillera Administrative Region.[5] According to the 2015 census, Baguio
Baguio
has a population of 345,366.[2] Baguio
Baguio
was established as a hill station by the Americans in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway. It was the United States' only hill station in Asia.[6] The name of the city is derived from bagiw, the Ibaloi word for "moss".

Contents

1 History

1.1 Pre-colonial period 1.2 Spanish colonial period 1.3 American colonial period 1.4 World War II 1.5 1990 earthquake

2 Geography

2.1 Barangays 2.2 Climate

2.2.1 Precipitation

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion

4 Economy

4.1 Industrial 4.2 Outsourcing

5 Culture 6 Tourism 7 Local government 8 Sports 9 Transportation

9.1 Air 9.2 Land

10 Education 11 Notable people 12 Twin towns – sister cities

12.1 Local 12.2 International

13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Pre-colonial period[edit] Baguio
Baguio
used to be a vast mountain zone with lush highland forests, teeming with various wildlife such as the indigenous cloud rats, Philippine eagles, deer, Philippine warty pigs, and numerous species of floras. The area was a hunting ground of the indigenous peoples, notably the Ibalois and other Igorot ethnic groups. During the 14th and 15th centuries, it was under the control of the Kingdom of Tondo until it returned to an indigenous plutocracy by the 16th century. When the Spanish arrived in the Philippines, the area was never fully subjugated by Spain due to the intensive defense tactics of the indigenous Igorots of the Cordilleras. Spanish colonial period[edit] During the period of Spanish rule in 1846, the Spaniards established a comandancia in the nearby town of La Trinidad, and organized Benguet into 31 rancherías, one of which was Kafagway, a wide grassy area where the present Burnham Park is situated. Most of the lands in Kafagway were owned by Ibalois prior to the appointment of Mateo Cariño as chieftain. The Spanish presidencia, which was located at Bagiw at the vicinity of Guisad Valley was later moved to Cariño's house where the current city hall stands. Bagiw, a local term for "moss" once abundant in the area was converted by the Spaniards into Baguio, which served as the name of the rancheria.[4][7] During the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
in July 1899, Filipino revolutionary forces under Pedro Paterno
Pedro Paterno
liberated La Trinidad from the Spaniards and took over the government, proclaiming Benguet
Benguet
as a province of the new Philippine Republic. Baguio
Baguio
was converted into a "town", with Mateo Cariño being the presidente (mayor).[4][7] American colonial period[edit]

Summer offices of the Philippine Insular Government in Baguio
Baguio
in 1909

The tents and dormitories of Teachers Camp in Baguio, 1909, the summer retreat for American educators

When the United States
United States
occupied the Philippines
Philippines
after the Spanish–American War, Baguio
Baguio
was selected to become the summer capital of the Philippine Islands. Governor-General William Taft, on his first visit in 1901, noted the "air as bracing as Adirondacks or Murray Bay... temperature this hottest month in the Philippines
Philippines
on my cottage porch at three in the afternoon sixty-eight."[8]:317–319 In 1903, Filipinos, Japanese and Chinese workers were hired to build Kennon Road, the first road directly connecting Baguio
Baguio
with the lowlands of Pangasinan. Before this, the only road to Benguet
Benguet
was Naguilian Road, and it was largely a horse trail at higher elevations. Camp John Hay
Camp John Hay
was established on October 25, 1903 after President Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
signed an executive order setting aside land in Benguet
Benguet
for a military reservation for the United States
United States
Army. It was named after Roosevelt's Secretary of State, John Milton Hay. The Mansion, built in 1908, served as the official residence of the American Governor-General during the summer to escape Manila's heat. The Mansion was designed by architect William E. Parsons based on preliminary plans by architect Daniel Burnham.[9] Burnham, one of the earliest successful modern city planners, designed the mountain retreat following the tenets of the City Beautiful movement.[10] In 1904, the rest of the city was planned out by Burnham. On 1 September 1909, Baguio
Baguio
was declared as a chartered city and nicknamed the "Summer Capital of the Philippines".[11] The period after saw further development of Baguio
Baguio
with the construction of Wright Park in honor of Governor-General Luke Edward Wright, Burnham Park in honor of Burnham, Governor Pack Road, and Session Road.[citation needed] World War II[edit] Main article: Battle of Baguio
Baguio
(1945)

General Yamashita (center, on the near side of the table) at the surrender ceremony at Camp John Hay
Camp John Hay
on 3 September 1945.

Prior to World War II, Baguio
Baguio
was the summer capital of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, and the home of the Philippine Military Academy.[12] Following the Japanese invasion of the Philippines
Philippines
in 1941, the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
used Camp John Hay, an American installation in Baguio, as a military base.[13] The nearby Philippine Constabulary base, Camp Holmes, was used as an internment camp for about 500 civilian enemy aliens, mostly Americans, between April 1942 and December 1944.[14] By late March 1945, Baguio
Baguio
was within range of the American and Filipino military artillery. President José P. Laurel
José P. Laurel
of the Second Philippine Republic, a puppet state established in 1943, departed the city on 22 March and reached Taiwan
Taiwan
eight days later, on 30 March.[15] The remainder of the Second Republic government, along with Japanese civilians, were ordered to evacuate Baguio
Baguio
on March 30. General Tomoyuki Yamashita
Tomoyuki Yamashita
and his staff then relocated to Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya.[16] A major offensive to capture Baguio
Baguio
did not occur until mid-April, when the United States
United States
Army's 37th Infantry Division, minus the 145th Infantry Regiment, was released from garrisoning Manila
Manila
to launch a two-division assault into Baguio
Baguio
from the west and south.[citation needed] On 26 April 1945, Filipino troops of the 1st, 2nd, 11th, 12th, 13th, 15th and 16th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 1st Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary
Philippine Constabulary
and the USAFIP-NL 66th Infantry Regiment and the American troops of the 33rd and 37th Infantry Division of the United States Army
United States Army
entered Baguio and fought against Japanese Imperial Army forces led by General Yamashita, which started the Battle of Baguio.[citation needed] Baguio
Baguio
is the site of the formal surrender of General Yamashita and Vice Admiral Okochi at Camp John Hay's American Residence in the presence of lieutenant generals Arthur Percival
Arthur Percival
and Jonathan Wainwright.[17] 1990 earthquake[edit] The 1990 Luzon
Luzon
earthquake (Ms = 7.8) destroyed much of the city of Baguio
Baguio
on July 16, 1990.[18] A significant number of buildings and infrastructure were damaged, including the Hyatt Terraces Plaza, Nevada Hotel, Baguio
Baguio
Park Hotel, FRB Hotel and Baguio
Baguio
Hilltop Hotel; major highways were temporarily severed; and a number of houses were leveled or severely shaken with a significant loss of life.[19] Some of the fallen buildings were built on or near fault lines. Baguio
Baguio
was rebuilt with the aid from the national government and various international donors such as Japan, Singapore
Singapore
and other countries. Geography[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Panoramic view of Baguio

Baguio
Baguio
is located some 1,540 meters (5,050 feet) above sea level, nestled within the Cordillera Central mountain range in northern Luzon. The city is enclosed by the province of Benguet. It covers a small area of 57.5 square kilometres (22.2 sq mi). Most of the developed part of the city is built on uneven, hilly terrain of the northern section. When Daniel Burnham
Daniel Burnham
drew plans for the city, he made the City Hall a reference point where the city limits extend 8.2 kilometres (5.1 mi) from east to west and 7.2 kilometres (4.5 mi) from north to south. Barangays[edit] Baguio
Baguio
is politically subdivided into 129 barangays.[citation needed]

A. Bonifacio-Caguioa-Rimando (ABCR) Abanao-Zandueta-Kayong-Chugum-Otek (AZKCO) Alfonso Tabora Ambiong Andres Bonifacio (Lower Bokawkan) Apugan-Loakan Asin Road Atok Trail Aurora Hill Proper (Malvar-Sgt. Floresca) Aurora Hill, North Central Aurora Hill, South Central Bagong Lipunan (Market Area) Bakakeng Central Bakakeng North Bal-Marcoville (Marcoville) Balsigan Bayan Park East Bayan Park Village Bayan Park West (Bayan Park) BGH Compound Brookside Brookspoint Cabinet Hill-Teacher's Camp Camdas Subdivision Camp 7 Camp 8 Camp Allen Campo Filipino City Camp Central City Camp Proper Country Club Village Cresencia Village Dagsian, Lower Dagsian, Upper Dizon Subdivision Dominican Hill-Mirador Dontogan DPS Compound Engineers' Hill Fairview Village Ferdinand (Happy Homes-Campo Sioco) Fort del Pilar Gabriela Silang General Emilio F. Aguinaldo (Quirino‑Magsaysay, Lower) General Luna, Upper General Luna, Lower Gibraltar Greenwater Village Guisad Central Guisad Sorong Happy Hollow Happy Homes (Happy Homes-Lucban) Harrison-Claudio Carantes Hillside Holy Ghost Extension Holy Ghost Proper Honeymoon (Honeymoon-Holy Ghost) Imelda R. Marcos (La Salle) Imelda Village Irisan Kabayanihan Kagitingan Kayang Extension Kayang-Hilltop Kias Legarda-Burnham-Kisad Liwanag-Loakan Loakan Proper Lopez Jaena Lourdes Subdivision Extension Lourdes Subdivision, Lower Lourdes Subdivision, Proper Lualhati Lucnab Magsaysay Private Road Magsaysay, Lower Magsaysay, Upper Malcolm Square-Perfecto (Jose Abad Santos) Manuel A. Roxas Market Subdivision, Upper Middle Quezon Hill Subdivision (Quezon Hill Middle) Military Cut-off Mines View Park Modern Site, East Modern Site, West MRR-Queen of Peace New Lucban Outlook Drive Pacdal Padre Burgos Padre Zamora Palma-Urbano (Cariño-Palma) Phil-Am Pinget Pinsao Pilot Project Pinsao Proper Poliwes Pucsusan Quezon Hill Proper Quezon Hill, Upper Quirino Hill, East Quirino Hill, Lower Quirino Hill, Middle Quirino Hill, West Quirino-Magsaysay, Upper (Upper QM) Rizal Monument Area Rock Quarry, Lower Rock Quarry, Middle Rock Quarry, Upper Saint Joseph Village Salud Mitra San Antonio Village San Luis Village San Roque Village San Vicente Sanitary Camp, North Sanitary Camp, South Santa Escolastica Santo Rosario Santo Tomas Proper Santo Tomas School Area Scout Barrio Session Road
Session Road
Area Slaughter House Area (Santo Niño Slaughter) SLU-SVP Housing Village South Drive Teodora Alonzo Trancoville Victoria Village

Climate[edit]

Baguio
Baguio
City, Philippines

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    20     22 12

    20     22 13

    40     24 14

    100     25 15

    400     24 16

    430     23 16

    1070     21 15

    1160     21 15

    710     21 15

    380     22 15

    120     23 15

    50     23 13

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    0.8     72 54

    0.8     72 55

    1.6     75 57

    3.9     77 59

    16     75 61

    17     73 61

    42     70 59

    46     70 59

    28     70 59

    15     72 59

    4.7     73 59

    2     73 55

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Under the Köppen climate classification, Baguio
Baguio
features a subtropical highland climate (Cwb)[20] that closely borders a tropical monsoon climate (Am). The city is known for its mild climate owing to its high elevation. The temperature in the city is usually about 7–8 degrees Celsius lower than the temperature in the lowland area.[21] Average temperature ranges from 15 to 23 °C (59 to 73 °F) with the lowest temperatures between November and February. The lowest recorded temperature was 6.3 °C (43.3 °F) on January 18, 1961 and in contrast, the all-time high of 30.4 °C (86.7 °F) was recorded on March 15, 1988 during the 1988 El Niño season.[22] The temperature seldom exceeds 26 °C (79 °F) even during the warmest part of the year. Precipitation[edit] Like many other cities with a subtropical highland climate, Baguio receives noticeably less precipitation during its dry season. However, the city has an extraordinary amount of precipitation during the rainy season with the months of July and August having, on average, more than 700 mm (28 in) of rain. The city averages over 3,100 mm (122 in) of precipitation annually.

Climate data for Baguio

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 22.6 (72.7) 23.6 (74.5) 24.7 (76.5) 25.1 (77.2) 24.6 (76.3) 23.6 (74.5) 23.0 (73.4) 22.0 (71.6) 22.9 (73.2) 23.5 (74.3) 23.2 (73.8) 22.8 (73) 23.47 (74.25)

Daily mean °C (°F) 17.8 (64) 18.4 (65.1) 19.6 (67.3) 20.4 (68.7) 20.5 (68.9) 20.0 (68) 19.6 (67.3) 18.9 (66) 19.3 (66.7) 19.5 (67.1) 19.0 (66.2) 18.4 (65.1) 19.28 (66.7)

Average low °C (°F) 12.9 (55.2) 13.1 (55.6) 14.3 (57.7) 15.5 (59.9) 16.2 (61.2) 16.2 (61.2) 16.0 (60.8) 15.9 (60.6) 15.7 (60.3) 15.4 (59.7) 14.8 (58.6) 14.0 (57.2) 15 (59)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 12.1 (0.476) 35.8 (1.409) 55.9 (2.201) 102.9 (4.051) 331.1 (13.035) 480.6 (18.921) 670.8 (26.409) 847.9 (33.382) 582.3 (22.925) 262.4 (10.331) 152.3 (5.996) 28.8 (1.134) 3,562.9 (140.27)

Average rainy days 4 2 4 9 19 22 26 27 25 17 9 5 169

Average relative humidity (%) 80 78 78 80 86 88 90 92 90 87 83 80 84

Source: PAGASA[23]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Baguio

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1918 5,464 —    

1939 24,117 +7.33%

1948 29,262 +2.17%

1960 50,436 +4.64%

1970 84,538 +5.29%

1975 97,449 +2.89%

1980 119,009 +4.08%

1990 183,142 +4.41%

1995 226,883 +4.09%

2000 252,386 +2.31%

2007 301,926 +2.50%

2010 318,676 +1.98%

2015 345,366 +1.54%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][24][25][26]

Houses in Baguio.

The city’s population as of May 2000 was placed at 250,000 persons. The city has a very young age structure as 65.5 percent of its total population is below thirty years old. Females comprise 51.3 percent of the population as against 48.7 percent for males. The household population comprises 98 percent of the total population or 245000 persons. With an average of 4.6 members per household, a total of 53,261 household are gleaned. During the peak of the annual tourist influx, particularly during the Lenten period, transients triple the population.[11]

Religion[edit]

The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Atonement

The majority of Baguio's population are Roman Catholics. Other Christian denominations and sects in the city include the Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (4th Watch), Episcopal Church, Iglesia ni Cristo, Iglesia Filipina Independiente, Jehovah's Witnesses, United Church of Christ in the Philippines
Philippines
(UCCP), Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), Jesus Miracle Crusade (JMC), the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), the United Methodist Church, Assemblies of God (AG), and Baptist, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Members Church of God International (MCGI), Bible Fundamental, and other Evangelical churches. There is also a significant number of Muslims in the cities, consisting of Filipino Muslims
Filipino Muslims
of different ethnicities and Muslims of other nationalities. The largest mosque in the area is Masjid Al-Maarif, which is a known centre of Islamic studies in the Philippines. The city also has smaller numbers of Buddhists and atheists, along with members of other faiths. Economy[edit]

SM City Baguio
SM City Baguio
as viewed from Burnham Park

Maharlika Livelihood Complex

Shops along Session Road

Brooms with price tags being sold in market

Baguio
Baguio
is the melting pot of different peoples and cultures in the Cordillera Administrative Region. Because of this, numerous investments and business opportunities are lured to the city.[11] Baguio
Baguio
has a large retail industry, with shoppers coming to the city to take advantage of the diversity of competitively priced commercial products on sale.[27] The city is also popular with bargain hunters—some of the most popular bargaining areas include Baguio Market and Maharlika Livelihood Center. Despite the city's relatively small size, it is home to numerous shopping centers and malls catering to increasing commercial and tourist activity in Baguio: these include SM City Baguio, Baguio
Baguio
Center Mall, Cooyeesan Hotel Plaza, Abanao Square, The Maharlika Livelihood Center, Porta Vaga Mall and Centerpoint Plaza. Various food and retail businesses run by local residents proliferate, forming a key part of Baguio's cultural landscape. Several retail outlets and dining outlets are situated along Bonifacio Street, Session Road, near Teacher's Camp, and Baguio
Baguio
Fastfood Center near the market. The areas of Session Road, Harrison Road, Magsaysay Avenue and Abanao Street comprise the trade center of the city, where commercial and business structures such as cinemas, hotels, restaurants, department stores, and shopping centers are concentrated. The City Market offers a wide array of locally sourced goods and products, usually from Benguet
Benguet
province,[28][29] which includes colorful woven fabrics and hand-strung beads to primitive wood carvings, cut flowers,[28] strawberries and "Baguio" vegetables, the latter often denoting vegetable types that do well in the cooler growing climate. (Strawberries and string beans—referred to as Baguio
Baguio
beans across the Philippines—are shipped to major urban markets across the archipelago.)[citation needed] Another key source of income for Baguio
Baguio
is its position as the commercial hub for the province of Benguet. Many agricultural and mining goods produced in Benguet
Benguet
pass through Baguio
Baguio
for processing, sale or further distribution to the "lowlands".[citation needed] Industrial[edit] Baguio
Baguio
is one of the country's most profitable and best investment areas.[30][31] A Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA)-accredited business and industrial park called the Baguio City Economic Zone (BCEZ) is located in the southern part of the city between Camp John Hay
Camp John Hay
Country Club and Philippine Military Academy
Philippine Military Academy
in Barangay
Barangay
Loakan. Firms located in the BCEZ mostly produce and export knitted clothing, transistors, small components for vehicles, electronics and computer parts. Notable firms include Texas Instruments
Texas Instruments
Philippines, which is the second largest exporter in the country.[32] Other companies headquartered inside the economic zone are Moog Philippines, Inc., Linde Philippines, Inc., LTX
LTX
Philippines
Philippines
Corporation, Baguio-Ayalaland Technohub, and Sitel Philippines, Baguio.[citation needed] Outsourcing[edit]

A building hosting a BPO in Baguio.

Outsourcing also contributes to the city's economy and employment. There are many call centers present in the city. Teleperformance Baguio
Baguio
is headquartered in front of Sunshine Park.[citation needed] Other call centers in downtown are Optimum Transsource, Sterling Global and Global Translogic. While others like Convergys
Convergys
and IHG (InterContinental Hotels Group) have call centers in Camp John Hay away from the city proper. Tech-Synergy operates a large transcription and backoffice operation near Wright park. SitelThoughtFocus Technologies, a leading US provider of Software and KPO services decided to set up its KPO operation center in Baguio.[citation needed] Culture[edit]

A float by the Scouts Royale Brotherhood used at the 2012 Panagbenga Festival

The languages commonly spoken in Baguio
Baguio
are Ibaloi, Kankana-ey and Ifugao, as well as Ilocano, Pangasinan
Pangasinan
and Kapampangan. Tagalog and English are also understood by many inhabitants within and around the city.[citation needed] The Panagbenga Festival, the annual Flower Festival, is celebrated each February to showcase Baguio's rich cultural heritage, its appreciation of the environment, and inclination towards the arts. The indigenous people were initially wary with government-led tourism due to a perceived threat that the government would interfere with or change their communities' rituals.[33] The city became a haven for many Filipino artists in the 1970s–1990s. Drawn by the cool climate and low cost of living, artists such as Ben Cabrera
Ben Cabrera
(now a National Artist) and filmmaker Butch Perez relocated to the city. At the same time, locals such as mixed-media artist Santiago Bose and filmmaker Kidlat Tahimik
Kidlat Tahimik
were also establishing work in the city. Even today, artists like painters and sculptors from all over the country are drawn to the Baguio
Baguio
Arts Festival which is held annually.[21] Baguio
Baguio
has been included in UNESCO's Creative Cities Network due to craft and folk art traditions of the city. The city is the first city to be part of the inter-city network which aims to promote the creative industries as well as integrate culture in sustainable urban development.[34] Tourism[edit] Further information: List of Cultural Properties of the Philippines
Philippines
in the Cordillera Administrative Region

Burnham Park Lake

Tourism is one of Baguio's main industries due to its cool climate and history. The city is one of the country's top tourist destinations. During the year end holidays some people from the lowlands prefer spending their vacation in Baguio, to experience cold temperatures they rarely have in their home provinces. Also, during summer, especially during Holy Week, tourists from all over the country flock to the city. During this time, the total number of people in the city doubles.[35] To accommodate all these people there are more than 80 hotels and inns available.[36] Local festivities such as the Panagbenga Festival
Panagbenga Festival
also attracts both local and foreign tourists. Baguio
Baguio
is the lone Philippine destination in the 2011 TripAdvisor Traveller's Choice Destinations Awards ( Asia
Asia
category) with the city being among the top 25 destinations in Asia.[37] The Burnham Park, Mines View Park, Teacher's Camp, and Baguio Cathedral
Baguio Cathedral
are among the top tourist sites in Baguio. Local government[edit]

Baguio
Baguio
City Hall

Like most Philippine cities, Baguio
Baguio
is governed by a mayor, vice mayor, and 12 councilors.[citation needed] However, as a highly urbanized city with its own charter, it is not subject to the jurisdiction of Benguet
Benguet
province, of which it was formerly a part. The current mayor of Baguio
Baguio
is Mauricio Domogan, and the lone congressional district is currently represented by Congressman Mark Go. They were elected in May 2016.[citation needed] Sports[edit] The Baguio Athletic Bowl
Baguio Athletic Bowl
within the grounds of Burnham Park is one of Baguio's primary sporting venues. Baguio
Baguio
has also hosted the 1978 World Chess Championship match between Anatoly Karpov
Anatoly Karpov
and Viktor Korchnoi.[citation needed] Transportation[edit] Air[edit]

The Loakan Airport
Loakan Airport
runway in the outskirts of the city

Loakan Airport
Loakan Airport
is the lone airport serving the general area of Baguio. The airport is classified as a trunkline airport, or a major commercial domestic airport, by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines
Philippines
but there are currently no regular commercial services in the airport. It is located south of the city center. Due to the limited length of the runway which is 1,802 meters or 5,912 feet, it is restricted to commuter size aircraft. The airport is used primarily by helicopters, turbo-prop and piston engine aircraft, although on rare occasion light business jets (LBJ) have flown into the airport. Land[edit]

Session Road, one of Baguio's primary roads

The three main access roads leading to Baguio
Baguio
from the lowlands are Kennon Road
Kennon Road
(formerly known as the Benguet
Benguet
Road),[38] Aspiras–Palispis Highway (previously known as Marcos Highway)[39] and Naguilian Road, also known as Quirino Highway. Kennon Road
Kennon Road
starts at Rosario, La Union
Rosario, La Union
and winds upwards through a narrow, steep valley. This is often the fastest route to Baguio
Baguio
but it is particularly perilous,[38] with landslides during the rainy season and sharp dropoffs, some without guardrails. The Aspiras Highway, which starts in Agoo, La Union
Agoo, La Union
and connects to Palispis Highway, at the boundary of Benguet
Benguet
and La Union
La Union
provinces, and Naguilian Road, which starts in Bauang, La Union, are both longer routes but are much safer than Kennon Road
Kennon Road
especially during rainy season, and are the preferred routes for coaches, buses and trucks.[citation needed] The Benguet- Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya
Road, which links Baguio
Baguio
to Aritao
Aritao
in Nueva Vizcaya province, traverses the towns of Itogon, Bokod, and Kayapa.[40] Another road, Halsema Highway, (also known as the Baguio-Bontoc Road or the Mountain Trail) leads north through the mountainous portion of the provinces of Benguet
Benguet
and Mountain Province.[41] It starts at the northern border of Baguio
Baguio
with La Trinidad. There are several bus lines linking Baguio
Baguio
with Manila
Manila
and Central Luzon, and provinces such as Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Aurora, Cavite, La Union, and those in the Ilocos regions.[citation needed] Taxis and jeepneys are common forms of transportation in the city.[citation needed] Education[edit]

The Philippine Military Academy
Philippine Military Academy
in Fort del Pilar

Baguio
Baguio
is a university town with 141,088 students out of the 301,926 population count done in the year 2007. It is the center of education in the entire North Luzon. There are eight major institutions of higher education in Baguio: the Saint Louis University, University of the Philippines
Philippines
Baguio, Philippine Military Academy, University of Baguio, University of the Cordilleras, Baguio
Baguio
Central University, Pines City Colleges, and Easter College.[42] Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Baguio Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Local[edit]

Angeles, Pampanga[43] Alaminos, Pangasinan[43] Bacolod, Negros Occidental[43] Bacarra[citation needed] Butuan[citation needed] Calbayog, Samar[43] Candon[44] Daet, Camarines Norte[43] Davao City[43] Dipaculao, Aurora[43] Kapangan[citation needed] Libon, Albay[citation needed] Lopez, Quezon[43]

Lucena, Quezon[43] Makati, Metro Manila[43] Mandaue, Cebu[43] Malaybalay[citation needed] Marawi[43] Muñoz, Nueva Ecija[43] Ormoc, Leyte[43] Pavia, Iloilo[43] Pudtol, Apayao[citation needed] Tagaytay[citation needed] San Carlos, Negros Occidental[43] Zamboanga City[43]

International[edit]

Cusco, Peru[43] Gongju, South Korea[43] Hangzhou, China[43] Karuizawa, Nagano, Japan[43] Hanyū, Saitama, Japan[43] Honolulu, Hawaii, United States[45] Kislovodsk, Russia[citation needed] Nazareth, Israel[46] Ontario, Canada[43]

Seoul, South Korea[43] Shepparton, Australia[43] Taebaek, South Korea[43] Tamuning, Guam, United States[43] Taxco, Mexico[43] Vallejo, California, United States[47] Vaughan, Canada[citation needed] Wakkanai, Hokkaido, Japan[43]

See also[edit]

Philippines
Philippines
portal

Capital of the Philippines Daniel Burnham Hill station Kennon Road La Trinidad

References[edit]

^ "Province: Benguet". PSG0C Interactive. Makati
Makati
City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2013.  ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ "Southeastern Asia: Island of Luzon
Luzon
in the Philippines". WWF. Retrieved 16 August 2014.  ^ a b c Sanidad, Pablito. "Which Baguio
Baguio
Centennial?" (99th Baguio Charter Day Anniversary Issue). Baguio
Baguio
Midland Courier. Retrieved 21 February 2016.  ^ http://www.baguio.gov.ph/?q=content/business-0 ^ Estoque, Ronald C.; Yuji Murayama (February 2013). "City Profile: Baguio". Cities. 30: 240–51. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2011.05.002.  ^ a b " Baguio
Baguio
City; History and Government". Department of the Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 21 February 2016.  ^ Kane, S.E., 1933, Life and Death in Luzon
Luzon
or Thirty Years with the Philippine Head-Hunters, New York: Grosset & Dunlap ^ Cody, Jeffrey W. (2003). "Exporting American Architecture, 1870–2000", pg. 23. Alexandrine Press, Oxford; ISBN 0-203-98658-X. ^ Galang, Willie (23 January 2010). "Mansion House (NHI Marker)". Flickr.com; retrieved 21 November 2011. ^ a b c "About Baguio
Baguio
City". City Government of Baguio. Archived from the original on 24 March 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.  ^ Sakakida, Richard; Kiyosaki, Wayne S. (3 July 1995). A Spy in Their Midst: The World War II
World War II
Struggle of a Japanese-American Hero. Madison Books. p. 165. ISBN 978-1-4616-6286-0.  ^ "Flowers, new song for 72nd year of Baguio
Baguio
war bombings". Inquirer.net. Retrieved 28 August 2016.  ^ Forbidden Diary: A Record of Wartime Internment, 1941–1945 by Natalie Crouter (Burt Franlin & Co. 1980) ^ Jose, Ricardo T. "Government in Exile" (PDF). Scalabrini Migration Center. Retrieved 24 September 2014.  ^ Zeiler, Thomas W. (2004). Unconditional Defeat: Japan, America, and the End of World War II. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-8420-2991-9.  ^ General Staff of General of the Army Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
(1966). "Chapter XIV: Japan's Surrender". Reports of General MacArthur: The Campaign of MacArthur in the Pacific, Volume I. United States
United States
Army. p. 464. ISBN 978-1-78266-035-4. Retrieved 25 September 2014.  "The American Residence in Baguio". Embassy of the United States, Manila, Philippines. United States
United States
Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.  Farrell, Brian; Hunter, Sandy (15 December 2009). A Great Betrayal: The Fall of Singapore
Singapore
Revisited. Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd. p. 163. ISBN 9789814435468.  Tucker, Spencer (21 November 2012). Almanac of American Military History, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 1727. ISBN 978-1-59884-530-3.  ^ http://earthquake.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/update_SOEPD/Earthquake/1990LuzonEQ_Monograph/pp001/pp001.html Archived 7 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Gwen de la Cruz (16 July 2014). "Remembering the 1990 Luzon Earthquake". rappler.com. Rappler. Retrieved 12 August 2016.  ^ "Climate: Baguio
Baguio
– Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-02-23.  ^ a b " Baguio
Baguio
City Travel Information, Philippines". Asia
Asia
Travel. Retrieved 2013-02-26.  ^ Basilan, Jacquelyn; Khristine Love Vicente (17 December 2008). " Baguio
Baguio
wakes up to coldest morn in 2008". Breaking News / Regions. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2009-01-12.  ^ "Climatological Normals of the Philippines
Philippines
(1951–1985)" (PDF). PAGASA. 2011.  Retrieved on November 22, 2011. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.  ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.  ^ "How small malls compete with big malls". Inquirer.net. Retrieved 28 August 2016.  ^ a b Sinumlag, Alma B. (28 November 2010). "LT folk clarifies Baguio cut flowers origin". Northern Dispatch Weekly. Retrieved 29 February 2016. The spokesperson of this town’s Municipal Agricultural and Fishery Council (MAPC) and chairperson of the Barangay
Barangay
Agricultural and Fishery Council (BAPC) in Lubas, La Trinidad clarified that cut flowers do not really originate in Baguio. Christina Tiongan in an interview on 24 November lamented that tourists always associate Baguio
Baguio
City with cut flowers and other products like temperate vegetables that do not really originate in the city. “We are the ones producing those products but there had been no efforts from the city to correct tourists' perception”, she said.  ^ Lapniten, Karl (24 February 2016). "Strawberries hit bottom prices in Baguio". CNN Philippines. Retrieved 29 February 2016. The capital town of Benguet, La Trinidad supplies most of the strawberries sold at the Baguio
Baguio
Public Market. Much of the produce also comes from small strawberry farms in the outskirts of Baguio
Baguio
and in nearby municipalities of Benguet.  ^ " Baguio
Baguio
offers investors new profit opportunities". Inquirer.net. Retrieved 28 August 2016.  ^ "Business booms in Baguio
Baguio
City as 18th Ad Congress draws near". Philsatr Business. Retrieved 28 August 2016.  ^ Cahiles-Magkilat, Bernie (13 February 2007). " Baguio
Baguio
export zone to get P6.7 B in new investments". Manila
Manila
Bulletin Publishing Corporation. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2013.  ^ Cabreza, Vincent (26 January 2008). "Cordillera tribes realize why they should not fear tourism". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2 October 2008. Retrieved 2 February 2008.  ^ " Baguio
Baguio
hailed as a UNESCO
UNESCO
'creative city'". ABS-CBN News. 1 November 2017. Retrieved 15 November 2017.  ^ "--- Statistics: Tourism Special
Special
Tables ---". nscb.gov.ph.  ^ "Complete list of Baguio
Baguio
Hotels". philippines-travel-guide.com.  ^ "Best Destinations in Asia
Asia
- Travelers' Choice Awards - TripAdvisor". tripadvisor.com.  ^ a b Cabreza, Vincent (16 May 2012). "Fighting for century-old Kennon Road". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Inquirer Northern Luzon. Retrieved 29 February 2016. The colonial government decided then that constructing the Benguet
Benguet
Road (Kennon Road’s original name) would provide the Americans a short route up the Benguet
Benguet
mountains. ... When Baguio
Baguio
was devastated by the July 16, 1990 earthquake, then Public Works Secretary Gregorio Vigilar decided to permanently close the damaged Kennon Road, said Cosalan. The government discovered 471 “disaster spots” along the route, which the Mines and Geosciences Bureau attributed to the fragility of the rock base, the abandoned mining operations near the road and the natural ground fractures that were undetectable in the 1900s.  ^ "Republic Act No. 8971; An Act Naming the Agoo-Tubao-Pugo Section of the Agoo- Baguio
Baguio
Road, the Jose D. Aspiras Highway, and the Benguet- Baguio
Baguio
City Section of the Same Road, the Ben Palispis Highway". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 31 October 2000. Retrieved 29 February 2016.  ^ Lagasca, Charlie (14 March 2006). "Vizcaya- Benguet
Benguet
road completed this year". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 29 February 2016. BAYOMBONG, Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya
- Novo Vizcayanos can now look forward to reaching the country's summer capital in a few hours as the shortest route linking this landlocked province to the mountain city is expected to be completed by the end of this year. ... The new route will traverse the mountain highway from Aritao, Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya
to Baguio
Baguio
City via the vegetable-rich upland town of Kayapa and the majestic Ambuklao Dam in Bokod, Benguet.  ^ Caluza, Desiree (26 May 2014). "Mountain Trail leads to culture, nature hubs". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Inquirer Northern Luzon. Retrieved 29 February 2016. BAGUIO CITY, Philippines—Travelers who often frequent the 165-kilometer Mountain Trail may have gotten so used to the view along the scenic route that they often doze off all throughout the trip along this highway linking the provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province
Mountain Province
and Ifugao
Ifugao
in the Cordillera. ... While the road length stretches to only a little more than 100 kilometres (62 miles) from La Trinidad town in Benguet
Benguet
to the Mountain Province capital of Bontoc, those raring for adventure and new sights should be prepared to spend six hours on the road.  ^ Basoyang, Marianne K. "History of Easter College". Easter College. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "20 sister cities pledge to fortify ties with Baguio". Baguio
Baguio
Midland Courier.  ^ "Marvil: Baguio
Baguio
and Candon
Candon
City Sign Sisterhood MOU".  ^ "Honolulu Data: Sister Cities" (official website). Honolulu: City and County of Honolulu. 2013. Retrieved August 28, 2016.  ^ See, Dexter A. (2014-10-24). "Twinning ties for Baguio
Baguio
and Nazareth". The Standard. Archived from the original on 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2016-03-04.  ^ "Vallejo's Sister Cities". Vallejo Sister Cities Association. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baguio
Baguio
City.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Baguio.

Baguio
Baguio
at OpenStreetMap Official website of Baguio

Places adjacent to Baguio

Sablan La Trinidad

Tuba

Baguio

Itogon

Tuba

v t e

Baguio

Summer Capital of the Philippines

Geography

Baguio
Baguio
City Economic Zone Benguet Brookspoint Burnham Park DPS Compound Irisan Metro Baguio Mines View Park Mount Cabuyao Mount Santo Tomas

Buildings

Baguio
Baguio
Athletic Bowl Baguio
Baguio
Cathedral Baguio
Baguio
Cemetery Camp John Hay Casa Vallejo Diplomat Hotel Hyatt Terraces Hotel Laperal White House Lion's Head The Mansion SM City Baguio

Education

Baguio
Baguio
Central University Baguio
Baguio
City National High School Brent International School Philippine College of Ministry Philippine Military Academy Philippine Science High School Pines City National High School Saint Louis University Teacher's Camp University of Baguio University of the Cordilleras University of the Philippines
Philippines
Baguio

Culture

Panagbenga Festival Roman Catholic Diocese of Baguio

Transportation

Loakan Airport Amparo Heights Road Asin Road Governor Pack Road Kennon Road Kisad Road Legarda Road Loakan Road Session Road

Others

Legislative district Federation of the Sangguniang Kabataan John Hay Air Station

Cordillera Administrative Region, Philippines

Articles related to Baguio

v t e

Local Government Units of BLISTT

Baguio La Trinidad Itogon Sablan Tuba Tublay

v t e

Province of Benguet

La Trinidad (capital)

Municipalities

Atok Bakun Bokod Buguias Itogon Kabayan Kapangan Kibungan La Trinidad Mankayan Sablan Tuba Tublay

Highly urbanized city

Baguio
Baguio
(Administratively independent from the province but grouped under Benguet
Benguet
by the Philippine Statistics Authority.)

Barangays

See: List of barangays in Benguet

v t e

Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region
(CAR)

Regional Center

Baguio

Provinces

Abra Apayao Benguet Ifugao Kalinga Mountain Province

Highly Urbanized City

Baguio

Component City

Tabuk

Provincial Capitals

Bangued Bontoc Kabugao La Trinidad Lagawe Tabuk

Municipalities

Aguinaldo Alfonso Lista Asipulo Atok Bakun Balbalan Banaue Bangued Barlig Bauko Besao Bokod Boliney Bontoc Bucay Bucloc Buguias Calanasan Conner Daguioman Danglas Dolores Flora Hingyon Hungduan Itogon Kabayan Kabugao Kapangan Kiangan Kibungan La Paz La Trinidad Lacub Lagangilang Lagawe Lagayan Lamut Langiden Licuan-Baay Luba Lubuagan Luna Malibcong Manabo Mankayan Mayoyao Natonin Paracelis Pasil Peñarrubia Pidigan Pilar Pinukpuk Pudtol Rizal Sabangan Sablan Sadanga Sagada Sallapadan San Isidro San Juan San Quintin Santa Marcela Tadian Tanudan Tayum Tineg Tinglayan Tinoc Tuba Tublay Tubo Villaviciosa

Luzon, Republic of the Philippines

v t e

Cities of the Philippines

Highly Urbanized Cities

Angeles Bacolod Baguio Butuan Cagayan de Oro Caloocan Cebu City Davao City General Santos Iligan Iloilo City Lapu-Lapu Las Piñas Lucena Makati Malabon Mandaluyong Mandaue Manila Marikina Muntinlupa Navotas Olongapo Parañaque Pasay Pasig Puerto Princesa Quezon City San Juan Tacloban Taguig Valenzuela Zamboanga City

Independent Component Cities

Cotabato City Dagupan Naga Ormoc Santiago

Component Cities

Alaminos Antipolo Bacoor Bago Bais Balanga Batac Batangas City Bayawan Baybay Bayugan Biñan Bislig Bogo Borongan Cabadbaran Cabanatuan Cabuyao Cadiz Calamba Calapan Calbayog Candon Canlaon Carcar Catbalogan Cauayan Cavite
Cavite
City Danao Dapitan Dasmariñas Digos Dipolog Dumaguete El Salvador Escalante Gapan General Trias Gingoog Guihulngan Himamaylan Ilagan Imus Iriga Isabela Kabankalan Kidapawan Koronadal La Carlota Lamitan Laoag Legazpi Ligao Lipa Maasin Mabalacat Malaybalay Malolos Marawi Masbate City Mati Meycauayan Muñoz Naga, Cebu Oroquieta Ozamiz Pagadian Palayan Panabo Passi Roxas Sagay Samal San Carlos, Negros Occidental San Carlos, Pangasinan San Fernando, La Union San Fernando, Pampanga San Jose San Jose del Monte San Pablo San Pedro Santa Rosa Silay Sipalay Sorsogon City Surigao City Tabaco Tabuk Tacurong Tagaytay Tagbilaran Tagum Talisay, Cebu Talisay, Negros Occidental Tanauan Tandag Tangub Tanjay Tarlac City Tayabas Toledo Trece Martires Tuguegarao Urdaneta Valenc

.