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The Info List - 12 April





April 12 is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 263 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Friday or Saturday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Wednesday (56).

Contents

1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Holidays and observances 5 References 6 External links

Events[edit]

238 – Gordian II loses the Battle of Carthage against the Numidian forces loyal to Maximinus Thrax and is killed. Gordian I, his father, commits suicide. 240 – Shapur I becomes co-emperor of the Sasanian Empire with his father Ardashir I. 467 – Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. 627 – King Edwin of Northumbria is converted to Christianity by Paulinus, bishop of York. 1167 – King Karl Sverkersson of Sweden is murdered on Visingsö. 1204 – The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade breach the walls of Constantinople and enter the city, which they completely occupy the following day. 1606 – The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of English and Scottish ships. 1776 – American Revolution: With the Halifax Resolves, the North Carolina Provincial Congress authorizes its Congressional delegation to vote for independence from Britain. 1807 – The Froberg mutiny ends when the remaining mutineers blow up the magazine of Fort Ricasoli. 1820 – Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece. 1831 – Soldiers marching on the Broughton Suspension Bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse. 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Fort Sumter. The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. 1862 – American Civil War: The Andrews Raid (the Great Locomotive Chase) occurs, starting from Big Shanty, Georgia (now Kennesaw). 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Fort Pillow: Confederate forces kill most of the African American soldiers that surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee. 1865 – American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama, falls to the Union Army. 1877 – The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal. 1910 – SMS Zrínyi, one of the last pre-dreadnought battleships built by the Austro-Hungarian Navy, is launched. 1917 – World War I: Canadian forces successfully complete the taking of Vimy Ridge from the Germans. 1927 – Shanghai massacre of 1927: Chiang Kai-shek orders the Communist Party of China members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front. 1927 – Rocksprings, Texas was hit by an F5 tornado that destroyed 235 of the 247 buildings in the town and killed 72 townspeople and injured 205; third deadliest tornado in Texas history. 1928 – The Bremen, a German Junkers W 33 type aircraft, takes off for the first successful transatlantic aeroplane flight from east to west. 1934 – The strongest surface wind gust in the world at the time of 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire. It has since been surpassed. 1934 – The U.S. Auto-Lite strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers. 1937 – Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at Rugby, England. 1945 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies in office; Vice President Harry S. Truman becomes President upon Roosevelt's death. 1945 – World War II: The U.S. Ninth Army under General William H. Simpson crosses the Elbe River astride Magdeburg, and reached Tangermünde—only 50 miles from Berlin. 1955 – The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective. 1961 – Cold War: Space Race: The Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to travel into outer space and perform the first manned orbital flight, Vostok 1. 1963 – The Soviet nuclear-powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish straits. 1970 – Soviet submarine K-8, carrying four nuclear torpedoes, sinks in the Bay of Biscay four days after a fire on board. 1980 – Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'état, ending over 130 years of minority Americo-Liberian rule over the country. 1981 – The first launch of a Space Shuttle (Columbia) takes place: The STS-1 mission. 1990 – Jim Gary's "Twentieth Century Dinosaurs" exhibition opens at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. He is the only sculptor ever invited to present a solo exhibition there. 1992 – The Euro Disney Resort officially opens with its theme park Euro Disneyland; the resort and its park's name are subsequently changed to Disneyland Paris. 1999 – United States President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving "intentionally false statements" in a civil lawsuit; he is later fined and disbarred. 2002 – A suicide bomber blows herself up at the entrance to Jerusalem's Mahane Yehuda Market, killing seven people and wounding 104. 2007 – A suicide bomber penetrates the Green Zone and detonates in a cafeteria within a parliament building, killing Iraqi MP Mohammed Awad and wounding more than twenty other people. 2009 – Zimbabwe officially abandons the Zimbabwean dollar as its official currency. 2013 – Two suicide bombers kill three Chadian soldiers and injure dozens of civilians at a market in Kidal, Mali. 2014 – The Great Fire of Valparaíso ravages the Chilean city of Valparaíso, killing 16, displacing nearly 10,000, and destroying over 2,000 homes.

Births[edit]

959 – En'yū, emperor of Japan (d. 991) 1116 – Richeza of Poland, queen of Sweden and Grand Princess of Minsk (d. 1156) 1432 – Anne of Austria, Landgravine of Thuringia (d. 1462) 1484 – Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect, designed the Apostolic Palace and St. Peter's Basilica (d. 1546) 1484 – Maharana Sangram Singh, Rana of Mewar (d. 1527) 1500 – Joachim Camerarius, German scholar and translator (d. 1574) 1526 – Muretus, French philosopher and author (d. 1585) 1550 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English courtier and politician, Lord Great Chamberlain (d. 1604) 1577 – Christian IV of Denmark (d. 1648) 1612 – Simone Cantarini, Italian painter and engraver (d. 1648) 1639 – Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician (d. 1712) 1656 – Benoît de Maillet, French diplomat and natural historian (d. 1738) 1705 – William Cookworthy, English minister and pharmacist (d. 1780) 1710 – Caffarelli, Italian actor and singer (d. 1783) 1713 – Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French historian and author (d. 1796) 1716 – Felice Giardini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1796) 1722 – Pietro Nardini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1793) 1724 – Lyman Hall, American physician, clergyman, and politician, 16th Governor of Georgia (d. 1790) 1748 – Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist and author (d. 1836) 1777 – Henry Clay, American lawyer and politician, 9th United States Secretary of State (d. 1852) 1792 – John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, English soldier and politician, Lord Privy Seal (d. 1840) 1794 – Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician and engineer (d. 1847) 1796 – George N. Briggs, American lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1861) 1799 – Henri Druey, Swiss lawyer and politician, 2nd President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1855) 1801 – Joseph Lanner, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1843) 1816 – Charles Gavan Duffy, Irish-Australian politician, 8th Premier of Victoria (d. 1903) 1823 – Alexander Ostrovsky, Russian playwright and translator (d. 1886) 1839 – Nikolay Przhevalsky, Russian geographer and explorer (d. 1888) 1845 – Gustaf Cederström, Swedish painter (d. 1933) 1851 – José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican soldier and poet (d. 1880) 1851 – Edward Walter Maunder, English astronomer and author (d. 1928) 1852 – Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician and academic (d. 1939) 1856 – Martin Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington, English mountaineer, cartographer, and politician (d. 1937) 1863 – Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (d. 1895) 1868 – Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese admiral (d. 1918) 1869 – Henri Désiré Landru, French serial killer (d. 1922) 1871 – Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and politician, 130th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1941) 1874 – William B. Bankhead, American lawyer and politician, 47th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1940) 1880 – Addie Joss, American baseball player and journalist (d. 1911) 1883 – Imogen Cunningham, American photographer and educator (d. 1976) 1883 – Dally Messenger, Australian rugby player, cricketer, and sailor (d. 1959) 1884 – Tenby Davies, Welsh runner (d. 1932) 1884 – Otto Meyerhof, German physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1951) 1885 – Robert Delaunay, French painter (d. 1941) 1887 – Harold Lockwood, American actor and director (d. 1918) 1888 – Dan Ahearn, Irish-American long jumper and police officer (d. 1942) 1888 – Cecil Kimber, English automobile engineer (d. 1945) 1892 – Henry Darger, American writer and artist (d. 1973) 1894 – Dorothy Cumming, Australian-American actress (d. 1983) 1894 – Francisco Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese field marshal and politician, 13th President of Portugal (d. 1964) 1898 – Lily Pons, French-American soprano and actress (d. 1976) 1901 – Lowell Stockman, American farmer and politician (d. 1962) 1902 – Louis Beel, Dutch academic and politician, 36th Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1977) 1903 – Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994) 1907 – Zawgyi, Burmese poet, author, literary historian, critic, scholar and academic (d. 1990) 1907 – Felix de Weldon, Austrian-American sculptor, designed the Marine Corps War Memorial (d. 2003) 1908 – Ida Pollock, English author and painter (d. 2013) 1908 – Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American pilot and general (d. 2006) 1910 – Gillo Dorfles, Italian art critic, painter and philosopher (d. 2018) 1910 – Irma Rapuzzi, French politician (d. 2018) 1911 – Mahmoud Younis, Egyptian engineer (d. 1976) 1912 – Frank Dilio, Canadian businessman (d. 1997) 1912 – Hamengkubuwono IX, Indonesian politician, 2nd Vice President of Indonesia (d. 1988) 1912 – Hound Dog Taylor, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1975) 1913 – Keiko Fukuda, Japanese-American martial artist (d. 2013) 1914 – Armen Alchian, American economist and academic (d. 2013) 1916 – Beverly Cleary, American author 1916 – Russell Garcia, American-New Zealand composer and conductor (d. 2011) 1916 – Benjamin Libet, American neuropsychologist and academic (d. 2007) 1917 – Helen Forrest, American singer and actress (d. 1999) 1917 – Vinoo Mankad, Indian cricketer (d. 1978) 1917 – Robert Manzon, French racing driver (d. 2015) 1919 – István Anhalt, Hungarian-Canadian composer and educator (d. 2012) 1919 – Billy Vaughn, American musician and bandleader (d. 1991) 1921 – Robert Cliche, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1978) 1922 – Simon Kapwepwe, Zambian politician, 2nd Vice President of Zambia (d. 1980) 1923 – Ann Miller, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2004) 1924 – Raymond Barre, French economist and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2007) 1924 – Peter Safar, Austrian physician and academic (d. 2003) 1924 – Curtis Turner, American race car driver (d. 1970) 1925 – Evelyn Berezin, American computer scientist and engineer 1925 – Ned Miller, American country music singer and songwriter (d. 2016) 1925 – Oliver Postgate, English animator, puppeteer, and screenwriter (d. 2008) 1926 – Jane Withers, American actress 1927 – Thomas Hemsley, English baritone (d. 2013) 1927 – Alvin Sargent, two-time Academy-Award winning screenwriter 1928 – Hardy Krüger, German actor 1928 – Jean-François Paillard, French conductor (d. 2013) 1929 – Elspet Gray, Scottish actress (d. 2013) 1929 – Mukhran Machavariani, Georgian poet and educator (d. 2010) 1930 – John Landy, Australian runner and politician, 26th Governor of Victoria 1930 – Bryan Magee, English philosopher and politician 1930 – Manuel Neri, American sculptor and painter 1930 – Michał Życzkowski, Polish technician and educator (d. 2006) 1931 – Leonid Derbenyov, Russian poet and songwriter (d. 1995) 1932 – Lakshman Kadirgamar, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 5th Sri Lankan Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2005) 1932 – Jean-Pierre Marielle, French actor 1932 – Tiny Tim, American singer and ukulele player (d. 1996) 1933 – Montserrat Caballé, Spanish soprano and actress 1934 – Heinz Schneiter, Swiss footballer and manager 1936 – Charles Napier, American actor (d. 2011) 1936 – Kennedy Simmonds, Kittitian politician, 4th Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis 1937 – Dennis Banks, American author and activist (d.2017) 1937 – Igor Volk, Ukrainian-Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut 1939 – Alan Ayckbourn, English director and playwright 1939 – Johnny Raper, Australian rugby league player and coach 1940 – Woodie Fryman, American baseball player (d. 2011) 1940 – Herbie Hancock, American pianist, composer, and bandleader 1941 – Bobby Moore, English footballer and manager (d. 1993) 1942 – Bill Bryden, Scottish actor, director, and screenwriter 1942 – Carlos Reutemann, Argentinian race car driver and politician, Governor of Santa Fe 1942 – Jacob Zuma, South African politician, 4th President of South Africa 1943 – Sumitra Mahajan, Indian politician, 16th Speaker of the Lok Sabha 1944 – Lisa Jardine, English historian, author, and academic (d. 2015) 1944 – John Kay, German-Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1945 – Lee Jong-wook, South Korean physician and diplomat (d. 2006) 1946 – Ed O'Neill, American actor and comedian 1946 – George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, Scottish politician and diplomat, 10th Secretary General of NATO 1947 – Roy M. Anderson, English epidemiologist, zoologist, and academic 1947 – Martin Brasier, English palaeontologist, biologist, and academic (d. 2014) 1947 – Alex Briley, American disco singer (Village People) 1947 – Tom Clancy, American historian and author (d. 2013) 1947 – Woody Johnson, American businessman and philanthropist 1947 – Dan Lauria, American actor 1947 – David Letterman, American comedian and talk show host 1948 – Jeremy Beadle, English television host and producer (d. 2008) 1948 – Joschka Fischer, German academic and politician, Vice Chancellor of Germany 1948 – Marcello Lippi, Italian footballer, manager, and coach 1949 – Scott Turow, American lawyer and author 1950 – Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman 1950 – David Cassidy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017) 1950 – Joyce Banda, 4th president of Malawi [1] 1950 – Nick Sackman, English composer and educator 1951 – Tom Noonan, American actor 1952 – Reuben Gant, American football player 1952 – Leicester Rutledge, New Zealand rugby player 1952 – Gary Soto, American poet, novelist, and memoirist 1952 – Ralph Wiley, American journalist (d. 2004) 1953 – Tanino Liberatore, Italian author and illustrator 1954 – John Faulkner, Australian educator and politician, 52nd Australian Minister for Defence 1954 – Steve Stevaert, Belgian businessman and politician, Governor of Limburg (d. 2015) 1954 – Pat Travers, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist 1955 – Fabian Hamilton, English graphic designer, engineer, and politician 1956 – Andy Garcia, Cuban-American actor, director, and producer 1956 – Herbert Grönemeyer, German singer-songwriter and actor 1957 – Greg Child, Australian mountaineer and author 1957 – Vince Gill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1957 – Tama Janowitz, American novelist and short story writer 1958 – Will Sergeant, English guitarist 1958 – Klaus Tafelmeier, German javelin thrower 1958 – Ginka Zagorcheva, Bulgarian hurdler 1959 – Howard Stableford, English radio and television host 1961 – Corrado Fabi, Italian race car driver 1961 – Charles Mann, American football player and sportscaster 1961 – Magda Szubanski, English-Australian actress, comedian and writer 1962 – Art Alexakis, American singer-songwriter and musician (Everclear) 1962 – Carlos Sainz, Spanish race car driver 1962 – Nobuhiko Takada, Japanese mixed martial artist and wrestler, founded Hustle 1963 – Lydia Cacho, Mexican journalist and author 1964 – Amy Ray, American folk-rock singer-songwriter, musician, and music producer 1965 – Kim Bodnia, Danish actor and director 1965 – Chi Onwurah, English politician 1965 – Gervais Rufyikiri, Burundian politician 1965 – Mihai Stoica, Romanian footballer and manager 1966 – Nils-Olav Johansen, Norwegian guitarist and singer 1966 – Lorenzo White, American football player 1967 – Sarah Cracknell, English singer-songwriter 1968 – Alicia Coppola, American actress 1968 – Toby Gad, German songwriter and producer 1968 – Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey player 1969 – Jörn Lenz, German footballer and manager 1969 – Lucas Radebe, South African footballer and sportscaster 1969 – Michael Jackson, American football player and politician (d. 2017) 1970 – Sylvain Bouchard, Canadian speed skater 1971 – Nicholas Brendon, American actor 1971 – Shannen Doherty, American actress, director, and producer 1972 – Paul Lo Duca, American baseball player and sportscaster 1973 – J. Scott Campbell, American author and illustrator 1973 – Ryan Kisor, American trumpet player and composer 1973 – Antonio Osuna, Mexican-American baseball player 1973 – Christian Panucci, Italian footballer and manager 1974 – Belinda Emmett, Australian actress (d. 2006) 1974 – Bryan Fletcher, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster 1974 – Roman Hamrlík, Czech ice hockey player 1974 – Marley Shelton, American actress 1974 – Sylvinho, Brazilian footballer and manager 1976 – Olga Kotlyarova, Russian runner 1976 – Brad Miller, American basketball player 1977 – Giovanny Espinoza, Ecuadorian footballer 1977 – Sarah Monahan, Australian actress 1977 – Jason Price, Welsh footballer 1977 – Glenn Rogers, Australian-Scottish cricketer 1978 – Guy Berryman, Scottish bass player and producer 1978 – Scott Crary, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1978 – Svetlana Lapina, Russian high jumper 1978 – Robin Walker, English businessman and politician 1979 – Claire Danes, American actress 1979 – Elena Grosheva, Russian gymnast 1979 – Mateja Kežman, Serbian footballer 1979 – Jennifer Morrison, American actress 1979 – Cristian Ranalli, Italian footballer 1979 – Lee Soo-young, South Korean singer 1980 – Sara Head, Welsh Paralympic table tennis champion 1980 – Brian McFadden, Irish singer-songwriter 1981 – Yuriy Borzakovskiy, Russian runner 1981 – Nicolás Burdisso, Argentinian footballer 1981 – Tulsi Gabbard, American politician 1981 – govy, French Artist[2] 1981 – Grant Holt, English footballer 1981 – Hisashi Iwakuma, Japanese baseball pitcher 1983 – Jelena Dokic, Serbian-Australian tennis player 1983 – Luke Kibet, Kenyan runner 1984 – Aleksey Dmitrik, Russian high jumper 1985 – Brennan Boesch, American baseball player 1985 – Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer 1986 – Brad Brach, American baseball pitcher 1986 – Blerim Džemaili, Swiss footballer 1986 – Marcel Granollers, Spanish tennis player 1986 – Jonathan Pitroipa, Burkinabé footballer 1987 – Brooklyn Decker, American model and actress 1987 – Shawn Gore, Canadian football player 1987 – Josh McCrone, Australian rugby league player 1987 – Luiz Adriano, Brazilian professional footballer 1987 – Brendon Urie, American singer, songwriter, musician and multi-instrumentalist 1988 – Ricardo Gabriel Álvarez, Argentinian footballer 1988 – Stephen Brogan, English footballer 1988 – Amedeo Calliari, Italian footballer 1988 – Jessie James Decker, American singer-songwriter 1989 – Bethan Dainton, Welsh rugby union player 1989 – Miguel Ángel Ponce, American-Mexican footballer 1989 – Ádám Hanga, Hungarian basketball player 1989 – Kaitlyn Weaver, Canadian-American ice dancer 1989 – Valentin Stocker, Swiss footballer 1990 – Francesca Halsall, English swimmer 1990 – Hiroki Sakai, Japanese footballer 1991 – Torey Krug, American ice hockey player 1991 – Oliver Norwood, English footballer 1991 – Magnus Pääjärvi, Swedish ice hockey player 1991 – Jazz Richards, Welsh footballer 1991 – Lionel Carole, French professional footballer 1992 – Chad le Clos, South African swimmer 1993 – Jordan Archer, English-Scottish footballer 1993 – Dorial Green-Beckham, American football player 1993 – Ryan Nugent-Hopkins, Canadian ice hockey player 1994 – Isabelle Drummond, Brazilian actress and singer 1994 – Saoirse Ronan, American-born Irish actress 1994 – Oh Sehun, South Korean musician 1994 – Eric Bailly, Ivorian professional footballer 1994 – Guido Rodríguez, Argentine footballer 1995 – Pedro Cachín, Argentine tennis player 1996 – Elizaveta Kulichkova, Russian tennis player

Deaths[edit]

45 BC – Gnaeus Pompeius, Roman general and politician (b. 75 BC) 238 – Gordian I, Roman emperor (b. 159) 238 – Gordian II, Roman emperor (b. 192) 352 – Julius I, pope of the Catholic Church 434 – Maximianus, archbishop of Constantinople 901 – Eudokia Baïana, Byzantine empress and wife of Leo VI 1125 – Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 1065) 1167 – Charles VII, king of Sweden (b. c. 1130) 1212 – Vsevolod the Big Nest, Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1154) 1256 – Margaret of Bourbon, Queen of Navarre, regent of Navarre (b. c. 1217) 1443 – Henry Chichele, English archbishop (b. 1364) 1500 – Leonhard of Gorizia, Count of Gorz (b. 1440) 1530 – Joanna La Beltraneja, Princess of Castile (b. 1462) 1550 – Claude, Duke of Guise (b. 1496) 1555 – Joanna of Castile (b. 1479) 1675 – Richard Bennett, English politician, colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1609) 1684 – Nicola Amati, Italian instrument maker (b. 1596) 1687 – Ambrose Dixon, English-American soldier (b. 1619) 1704 – Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, French bishop and theologian (b. 1627) 1748 – William Kent, English architect, designed Holkham Hall and Chiswick House (b. 1685) 1782 – Metastasio, Italian-Austrian poet and composer (b. 1698) 1788 – Carlo Antonio Campioni, French-Italian composer (b. 1719) 1795 – Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (b. 1710) 1814 – Charles Burney, English composer and historian (b. 1726) 1817 – Charles Messier, French astronomer and academic (b. 1730) 1850 – Adoniram Judson, American lexicographer and missionary (b. 1788) 1866 – Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood, English politician, founded Fleetwood (b. 1801) 1872 – Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer and theorist (b. 1795) 1878 – William M. Tweed, American lawyer and politician (b. 1823) 1879 – Richard Taylor, American general (b. 1826) 1898 – Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Canadian cardinal (b. 1820) 1902 – Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist and academic (b. 1842) 1906 – Mahesh Chandra Nyayratna Bhattacharyya, Indian scholar, academic, and philanthropist (b. 1836) 1912 – Clara Barton, American nurse and humanitarian, founded the American Red Cross (b. 1821) 1933 – Adelbert Ames, American general and politician, 30th Governor of Mississippi (b. 1835) 1937 – Abdülhak Hâmid Tarhan, Turkish playwright and poet (b. 1852) 1938 – Feodor Chaliapin, Russian opera singer (b. 1873) 1943 – Viktor Puskar, Estonian colonel (b. 1889) 1945 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, American lawyer and politician, 32nd President of the United States (b. 1882) 1953 – Lionel Logue, Australian actor and therapist (b. 1880) 1962 – Ron Flockhart, Scottish race car driver (b. 1923) 1966 – Sydney Allard, English racing driver and founder of the Allard car company (b. 1910) 1968 – Heinrich Nordhoff, German engineer (b. 1899) 1971 – Ed Lafitte, American baseball player and dentist (b. 1886) 1973 – Arthur Freed, American songwriter and producer (b. 1894) 1975 – Josephine Baker, French actress, activist, and humanitarian (b. 1906) 1977 – Philip K. Wrigley, American businessman, co-founded Lincoln Park Gun Club (b. 1894) 1980 – William R. Tolbert, Jr., Liberian politician, 20th President of Liberia (b. 1913) 1981 – Prince Yasuhiko Asaka of Japan (b. 1887) 1981 – Joe Louis, American boxer and wrestler (b. 1914) 1983 – Jørgen Juve, Norwegian football player and journalist (b. 1906) 1983 – Carl Morton, American baseball player (b. 1944) 1984 – Edwin T. Layton, American admiral and cryptanalyst (b. 1903) 1986 – Valentin Kataev, Russian author and playwright (b. 1897) 1988 – Colette Deréal, French singer and actress (b. 1927) 1988 – Alan Paton, South African historian and author (b. 1903) 1989 – Abbie Hoffman, American activist, co-founded Youth International Party (b. 1936) 1989 – Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer (b. 1921) 1992 – Ilario Bandini, Italian race car driver and businessman (b. 1911) 1997 – George Wald, American neurologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906) 1998 – Robert Ford, Canadian poet and diplomat (b. 1915) 1999 – Boxcar Willie, American singer-songwriter (b. 1931) 2001 – Harvey Ball, American illustrator, created the smiley (b. 1921) 2002 – George Shevelov, Ukrainian-American linguist and philologist (b. 1908) 2004 – Moran Campbell, Canadian physician and academic, invented the venturi mask (b. 1925) 2006 – William Sloane Coffin, American minister and activist (b. 1924) 2007 – Kevin Crease, Australian journalist (b. 1936) 2008 – Cecilia Colledge, English-American figure skater and coach (b. 1920) 2008 – Patrick Hillery, Irish physician and politician, 6th President of Ireland (b. 1923) 2008 – Jerry Zucker, Israeli-American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1949) 2010 – Michel Chartrand, Canadian trade union leader (b. 1916) 2010 – Werner Schroeter, German director and screenwriter (b. 1945) 2011 – Karim Fakhrawi, Bahraini journalist, co-founded Al-Wasat (b. 1962) 2012 – Mohit Chattopadhyay, Indian poet and playwright (b. 1934) 2012 – Rodgers Grant, American pianist and composer (b. 1935) 2013 – Robert Byrne, American chess player and author (b. 1928) 2013 – Johnny du Plooy, South African boxer (b. 1964) 2013 – Michael France, American screenwriter (b. 1962) 2013 – Brennan Manning, American priest and author (b. 1934) 2013 – Annamária Szalai, Hungarian journalist and politician (b. 1961) 2013 – William Y. Thompson, American historian and author (b. 1922) 2013 – Ya'akov Yosef, Israeli rabbi and politician (b. 1946) 2014 – Pierre Autin-Grenier, French author and poet (b. 1947) 2014 – Pierre-Henri Menthéour, French cyclist (b. 1960) 2014 – Maurício Alves Peruchi, Brazilian footballer (b. 1990) 2014 – Hal Smith, American baseball player and coach (b. 1931) 2014 – Billy Standridge, American race car driver (b. 1953) 2015 – Paulo Brossard, Brazilian jurist and politician (b. 1924) 2015 – Patrice Dominguez, Algerian-French tennis player and trainer (b. 1950) 2015 – Alfred Eick, German commander (b. 1916) 2015 – André Mba Obame, Gabonese politician (b. 1957) 2016 – Anne Jackson, American actress (b. 1925) 2016 – Mohammad Al Gaz Emirati politician & diplomat (b. 1930) 2017 – Charlie Murphy, American actor and comedian (b. 1959)

Holidays and observances[edit]

Children's Day (Bolivia) Christian feast day:

Adoniram Judson (Episcopal Church) Alferius Blessed Angelo Carletti di Chivasso Erkembode Pope Julius I Zeno of Verona April 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

Commemoration of first human in space by Yuri Gagarin:

Cosmonautics Day (Russia) International Day of Human Space Flight Yuri's Night (International observance)

Halifax Day (North Carolina) National Redemption Day (Liberia)

References[edit]

^ "Joyce Hilda Banda president of Malawi". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-02-19.  ^ "Govy Govy". Retrieved 2018-04-03. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to April 12.

BBC: On This Day

The New York Times: On This Day On This Day in Canada

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