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Rahanweyn
The Rahaweyn (Somali Maay: Reewin; Maxa Somali: Raxaweyn, Arabic: رحوين‎) is a Somali clan that is the wider name for the major clans known as Digil & Mirifle, they reside in rich fertile lands and live on banks of Somalia's two major rivers the Shebelle and Jubba as well as on the Coastal towns of Mogadisho, Barawe and Marka.Their Stronghold is in Baidoa.[1]The Rahanweyn clan were mentioned as the people of Reewing who lived in the fertile lands and coastal provinces and were very wealthy and powerful people during the antiquity period in southern Somalia
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Somali Region
The Somali Region (Somali: Dawladda Deegaanka Soomaalida/Soomaali Galbeed.,[3], Amharic: የሶማሌ ክልል, Arabic: المنطقة الصومالية‎), officially known as the Somali Regional State/Ogaden, is the second largest and easternmost of the ten regions (Kililoj) of Ethiopia. The state borders the Ethiopian states of Afar and Oromia and the chartered city Dire Dawa (Dir Dhaba) to the west, as well as Djibouti to the north; Somalia to the north, northeast and east; and Kenya to the southwest.[4] Jijiga is the capital of the Somali Regional State
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United Kingdom

The UK has a railway network of 10,072 miles (16,209 km) in Great Britain and 189 miles (304 km) in Northern Ireland. Railways in Northern IThe UK has a railway network of 10,072 miles (16,209 km) in Great Britain and 189 miles (304 km) in Northern Ireland. Railways in Northern Ireland are operated by NI Railways, a subsidiary of state-owned Translink. In Great Britain, the British Rail network was privatised between 1994 and 1997, which was followed by a rapid rise in passenger numbers following years of decline, although the factors behind this are disputed. The UK was ranked eighth among national European rail systems in the 2017 European Railway Performance Index assessing intensity of use, quality of service and safety.[317] Network Rail owns and manages most of the fixed assets (tracks, signals etc.). Around twenty, mostly privately owned, train operating companies operate passenger trains
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Ajuran Empire

Over the next several decades Somali-Portuguese tensions would remain high and the increased contact between Somali sailors and Ottoman corsairs worried the Portuguese who sent a punitive expedition against Mogadishu under João de Sepúlveda, which was unsuccessful.[59] Ottoman-Somali cooperation against the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean reached a high point in the 1580s when Ajuran clients of the Somali coastal cities began to sympathize with the Arabs and Swahilis under Portuguese rule and sent an envoy to the Turkish corsair Mir Ali Bey for a joint expedition against the Portuguese. He agreed and was joined by a Somali fleet, which began attacking Portuguese colonies in Southeast Africa.[54] The Somali-Ottoman offensive managed to drive out the Portuguese from several important cities such as Pate, Mombasa and Kilwa. However, the Portuguese governor sent envoys to Portuguese India requesting a large Portuguese fleet
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Hobyo
Hobyo (Somali: Hobyo, also known as Obbia in Italian), is an ancient port city in Galmudug state in the north-central Mudug region of Somalia. Hobyo serves as the main port of Galmudug State. The people who live in Hobyo are predominantly Sacad and Saleebaan. Hobyo developed as a coastal outpost by the Ajuran Empire during the 13th century.[2] In the late 17th century the Hiraab successfully revolted against the Ajuran Sultanate who had been ruling Hobyo since the 13th century and established an independent Hiraab Imamate. [3] According to Dr
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Kismayo

Kismayo (Somali: Kismaayo; Arabic: كيسمايو‎, Kīsmāyū; Italian: Chisimaio) is a port city in the southern Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose) province of Somalia. It is the commercial capital of the autonomous Jubaland region. The city is situated 528 kilometres (328 miles) southwest of Mogadishu, near the mouth of the Jubba River, where the waters empty into the Indian Ocean. According to the United Nations Development Programme, the city of Kismayo had a population of around 89,333 in 2005.[1] During the Middle Ages, Kismayo and its surrounding area was part of the Ajuran Empire that governed much of southern Somalia and eastern Ethiopia, with its domain extending from Hobyo in the north, to Qelafo in the west, to Kismayo in the south.[2] In the early modern period, Kismayo was ruled by the Geledi Sultanate and by the later 1800s, the Boqow dynasty
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Ajuran Sultanate

Over the next several decades Somali-Portuguese tensions would remain high and the increased contact between Somali sailors and Ottoman corsairs worried the Portuguese who sent a punitive expedition against Mogadishu under João de Sepúlveda, which was unsuccessful.[59] Ottoman-Somali cooperation against the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean reached a high point in the 1580s when Ajuran clients of the Somali coastal cities began to sympathize with the Arabs and Swahilis under Portuguese rule and sent an envoy to the Turkish corsair Mir Ali Bey for a joint expedition against the Portuguese. He agreed and was joined by a Somali fleet, which began attacking Portuguese colonies in Southeast Africa.[54] The Somali-Ottoman offensive managed to drive out the Portuguese from several important cities such as Pate, Mombasa and Kilwa. However, the Portuguese governor sent envoys to Portuguese India requesting a large Portuguese fleet
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Ibrahim Adeer
Ibrahim Adeer (Somali: Ibraahin Adeer, Arabic: ابراهيم أدير‎) was a Somali ruler. He founded the Sultanate of the Geledi. He subsequently established the Geledi sultanate's ruling house, the Gobroon dynasty, after having to successfully rebel and expel the Ajuran Sultanate and ruled large parts of Horn of Africa. In the late 17th century, Adeer, who was an Ajuran general at the time, gathered 12,000 members of the Geledi tribe, under the leadership of Ibrahim Adeer successfully pushed back the imperial Ajuran army out of Afgooye. He had united all Maay speaking people, Digil & Mirifle clans using both military and diplomatic means. Sultan Ibrahim repeatedly defeated the Ajuran army in numerous battles; marched through what is now known Bakool, Bay where he defeated the Madanle clan part of the imperial Ajuran confederacy, and Afgooye where he defeated the Silcis Dynasty also part of the imperial Ajuran confederacy
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Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland (Italian: Somalia italiana, Arabic: الصومال الإيطاليAl-Sumal Al-Italiy, Somali: Dhulka Talyaaniga ee Soomaalida), sometimes also referred to as Italian Somalia, was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy in present-day northeastern, central and southern Somalia. Ruled in the 19th century by the Somali Sultanates of Hobyo and Majeerteen in the North, the Hiraab Imamate and Geledi Sultanate in the South, the territory was acquired in the 1880s by Italy through various treaties.[1] In 1936, the region was integrated into Italian East Africa as the Somalia Governorate. This would last until Italy's loss of the region in 1941, during the East African campaign of World War II. Italian Somaliland then came under British military administration until 1950, when it became a United Nations trusteeship, the Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration
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