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Gedo ( so, Gedo, Maay: ''Gethy'', ar, جيذو, it, Ghedo or ''Ghedu'') is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in
Jubaland Jubaland ( so, Jubbaland, ar, , it, Oltregiuba), the Juba Valley ( so, Dooxada Jubba) or Azania ( so, Asaaniya, ar, ), is a Federal Member State in southern Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federa ...
, southern
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script The Osmanya script ( so, Farta Cismaanya 𐒍𐒖𐒇𐒂𐒖 𐒋𐒘𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒒𐒕𐒖), also known as Far Soomaali (𐒍𐒖𐒇 𐒘𐒝𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒘, "Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah ...

Somalia
. Its regional capital is
Garbahaarreey Garbaharre (also: Garbaharey) () is the capital of Gedo, an administrative region in southern Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bo ...
. It was created in 1974 and is bordered by the
Ogaden Ogaden (pronounced and often spelled ''Ogadēn''; so, Ogaadeen, am, ውጋዴን) is one of the historical names given to the modern Somali Region The Somali Regional State ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, የሶማሌ ክልል, a ...
in
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a in the . It shares borders with and to the north, to the northeast, to the east, to the south, to the west and to the . Ethiopia has a total area of and over ...

Ethiopia
, the North Eastern Province in
Kenya ) , national_anthem = "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (, ) is the national anthem of Kenya. History "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"'s lyrics were originally written in Swahili language, Kiswahili, the national language of Kenya ...

Kenya
, and the Somali regions of
Bakool Bakool ( so, Bakool, ar, بكول) is a region (''gobol'') in southwestern Somalia. Overiew It is bordered by the Somali regions of Hiiraan, Bay, Somalia, Bay and Gedo. Bakool, like Gedo and Bay, as well as most parts of the Jubbada Dhexe (Mid ...
,
Bay A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface ...

Bay
,
Jubbada Dhexe Middle Juba ( so, Jubbada Dhexe, ar, جوبا الأوسط, it, Medio Giuba) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somalia, gobol'') in southern Somalia. With its capital at Bu'aale, it is located in the States and regions o ...
(Middle Juba), and Jubbada Hoose (Lower Juba) further down east. The southern parts of Gedo, west of the
Jubba River The Jubba River or Juba River ( so, Wabiga Jubba, it, Giuba) is a river in southern Somalia which flows through the autonomous region of Jubaland. It begins at the border with Ethiopia, where the Dawa River, Dawa and Ganale Dorya River, Ganale Do ...
, used to be part of the old British Trans-Juba region during half of the seventy years of colonial era in Africa from 1890 to 1960. The
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. ** Britishness, the British identity and common culture * British English, ...

British
and
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
s fought twice over this area. The first democratically elected governor of the administrative region was Hussein Farey, who entered office in 2008. The regional capital is Garbaharey. The
Marehan The Marehan ( so, Mareexaan, ar, مريحان, ''Marehan bin Ahmed bin Abdirahman bin Is'mail bin Ibrahim al Jaberti'') is a Somali clan family, part of one of the largest Somali clan-families — the Darod. The clan is one of the largest con ...
(Darod) dominate economically, politically, and militarily, rules across all districts, the Governor of Gedo and all the six Districts Commissioners were Marehan. There were also fewer percentage Garre in ; and Gabaweyn (Rahanweyn) in Luuq; a , (/Darod), Jareer (Somali Bantu), and Rahanweyn sub-clans in
Bardhere Bardera ( ar, بارديرا, so, Baardheere) is an agricultural city in Bardhere District, Gedo region of Somalia. It is the second most populous town in the Juba Valley, with Kismayo being the largest and most densely populated city in the region ...
. respectively. The Marehan in Gedo are split between the ''guri'' ('original inhabitants') and the ''galti'' ('new settlers').CEWERU 2013, p.19 ''Guri-Galti'' conflicts over power and resources are common, especially in Luuq, Belet Hawo, and Baardhere. Garbaharrey was the last refuge of deposed President Mohammed Siad Barre in early 1991, before he left the country for Nairobi and exile. After 1991, the Somali National Front under Marehan Omar Haji Masale held large parts of the region for many years. The militant religious group al-Itihaad al-Islamiya (AIAI) also rose to power in the region later in the 1990s, taking Luuq as its headquarters. The Ethiopian National Defence Force then entered the area to attack AIAI's bases in 1996, and the Marehan clans split, either supporting or opposing the Ethiopian forces. A peace conference to resolve the intra-Marehan disagreements was convened in 2004.


Districts

Gedo Region consists of six districts: *El Wak District *Bardhere District *Balet Hawo District *Doolow District *Garbahaarreey District *Luuq District Buurdhuubo District has also been claimed as a seventh district.Districts of Somalia
/ref> Major rivers in the Gedo region include the Dawa River, Dawa and the Jubba River, Jubba.


Education

The city of
Garbahaarreey Garbaharre (also: Garbaharey) () is the capital of Gedo, an administrative region in southern Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bo ...
and the regions two ancient cities of Luuq and Bardera had education systems up to secondary level. There were some technical schools in Bardera and Garbaharreey, albeit without curriculum. They are connected through the Gedo Education Committee. All of Gedo region's high school graduates attended the Somali National University or affiliated institutions in Mogadishu. Since the civil war in Somalia, Gedo became one of half dozen regions which have restarted higher education institutions in the country. Bardera Polytechnic, Gedo's first college, and University of Gedo, are both located in Bardera.


Demographics

According to a 1994 UNOSOM II estimate, the population of Gedo was about 590,000, the majority of the population being from the Marehan, but includes also the Rahanweyn, Surre (clan), Ogaden, Harti clans and some Bantu. Other estimates varied considerably; two reports by the United Nations Development Office for Somalia issued in the same year, 1995, gave very different estimates: 330,000 and about 1 million. The United Nations Development Programme estimated the total in 2005 as 328,378;Conflict Dynamics International/CEWERU
"From the Bottom Up: Southern Regions: Perspectives through Conflict Analysis and Key Political Actors' Mapping"
September 2013, p.16
and UN estimates from 2014 stand at some 508,000.


Economy

The economy mostly depends on livestock and farming but the Gedo region has strong interregional and international cross-border trade with Kenya and some extent with Ethiopia. Trade between Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia allowed the Gedo region to be economically stable for the years before the UN intervention and afterwards. The 1998 Nordic Fact Finding Mission prepared a report in Gedo region and found some encouraging economic figures. Davidson College assistant professor Ken Menkhaus said that "Traders in Gedo region made more profit than, for instance, those in Hargeisa, in north-western Somalia." Trade going through the border between the three countries were ongoing despite the raging civil war in Somalia for much of the 1990.


Government

Gedo region has a 32-member assembly body. The members are directly elected from the seven districts of the region with proportionality according to district population. The Gedo assembly or (Gollaha Gobalka Gedo) works with the federal government based in Mogadishu. Regional level posts include: * Governor * Vice Governor * Inter-Regional Affairs Director * Director of Security Services * Gedo Regional Police Commander * Director of Education Services * Director of Agricultural Agency * Director of Economic Affairs * Livestock and Forestry Dept. Director * Director of Justice and Religious Affairs After long conflicts in the region, the regional elders started a peace conference with initiatives from the then governor, Aden Ibrahim Aw Hirsi. This effort ended in success. and were followed by the elections of the regional assembly. The process was financed by UNDP. In addition to regional posts, the Federal Government of Somalia maintains military forces in the region. Brigade 9 of Division 60 (Somalia) was reported in the region as of 2016, originating from a U.S.-funded pilot programme began in 2012.


Cities and towns

Bardera and Beled Haawo cities are the two principal cities of the Gedo region. In the recent past, Luuq or Lugh used to be the main political city of Gedo Region but the Somali Civil War made many of the city's residents to flee to other towns. Bardera, the largest city and the seat of the most populous district in Gedo, has become urbanized to the extent that its population multiplied 400% since the breakdown of law and order in the capital of the country, Mogadishu. Aside from the urban population in proper Bardera, the rest of the region's population are Pastoralism, pastoralists with the exception of people living in the cities where the region's seven district seats are located. The town is home to Bardera Polytechnic as well as the University of Gedo which also has a campus at Beled Haawo. *Adayle *Anoole *Bardera *Barwaaqo *Beled Haawo *Banaaney *Bilcisha *Boorame *Buraa *Boore *Buulo Mareer *Buurdhuubo *Buusaar *Caanoole *Cinjirta *Caracase *Ceel Cadde *Ceel Duur *Ceel Gaduud *Ceel Waaq *Dhamasa or Dhamaso *Dheenle *Dhuusaay *Doolow *Eeykiintuuri *El Mergis *Fafahdun *Faan Weyn *Gantamaa *
Garbahaarreey Garbaharre (also: Garbaharey) () is the capital of Gedo, an administrative region in southern Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bo ...
*Gedweyne *Gerileey *Gosoweyna *Hareeri *Kurmaan *Luuq *Malmaleey *Mudulow *madhawey *Qooneey *Shaatooloow *Siidimo *Uunsi *Uar Esgudud *Yurkud *Xamara *Calijiciir *Axmed weyd *Sabaansable *Gus waran *Nacashnacash


Notes


References


October 1998 Nordic Fact-Finding Mission to the Gedo Region of Somalia


External links


Administrative Map of Gedo
with villages {{Authority control Gedo, Regions of Somalia