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ski resort, Slovakia Image:Nusa_dua_beach.jpg.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Nusa Dua">Image:Nusa dua beach.jpg">Nusa Dua in [[Bali, [[Indonesia A resort town, often called a resort city or resort destination, is an urban area where [[tourism or [[vacationing is the primary component of the local culture and [[economy. A typical resort town has one or more actual [[resorts in the surrounding area. Sometimes the term ''resort town'' is used simply for a locale popular among tourists. The term can also refer to either an incorporated or unincorporated contiguous area where the ratio of transient rooms, measured in bed units, is greater than 60% of the permanent population.http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/ftp/Mountain_Resorts/external/!publish/Web/transition_report.pdf Generally, tourism is the main export in a resort town economy, with most residents of the area working in the tourism or resort industry. Shops and luxury boutiques selling locally themed souvenirs, motels, and unique restaurants often proliferate the downtown areas of a resort town. In the case of the United States, resort towns were created around the late 1800s and early 1900s with the development of early town-making.Crewe, Katherine. "Chandler's Hotel San Marcos: The Resort Impact On A Rural Town." Journal of Urban Design 16.1 (2011): 87-104. Academic Search Premier. Web. 3 November 2014. Consistent, however, throughout many resort towns are elements of ambitious architecture, romanticizing a location, and dependence on cheap labor.

Resort town economy

If the resorts or tourist attractions are seasonal in nature (such as a ski resort), resort towns typically experience an ''on-season'' where the town is bustling with tourists and workers, and an ''off-season'' where the town is populated only by a small amount of local year-round residents. In addition, resort towns are often popular with wealthy retirees and people wishing to purchase vacation homes, which typically drives up property values and the cost of living in the region. Sometimes, resort towns can become boomtowns due to the quick development of retirement and vacation-based residences. However, most of the employment available in resort towns are typically low paying and it can be difficult for workers to afford to live the area in which they are employed. Many resort towns have spawned nearby bedroom communities where the majority of the resort workforce lives. Resorts towns sometimes struggle with problems regarding sustainable growth, due to the seasonal nature of the economy, the dependence on a single industry, and the difficulties in retaining a stable workforce.


Economic impact of tourism


Local residents are generally receptive of the economic impacts of tourism. Resort towns tend to enjoy lower unemployment rates, improved infrastructure, more advanced telecommunication and transportation capabilities, and higher standards of living and greater income in relation to those who live outside this area.TATOĞLU, Assist Prof EKREM, et al. "Resident perceptions of the impact of tourism in a Turkish resort town." Leisure Sciences (1998): 745-755. Increased economic activity in resort towns can also have positive effects on the country's overall economic growth and development. In addition, business generated by resort towns have been credited with supporting the local economy through times of national market failure and depression. In a study conducted by the Urban and Regional Planning Department of Istanbul Technical University, 401 local residents in the resort community of Antalya were interviewed and asked to give their opinion on the economic impacts of tourism. Among the participants, 67% had lived in Antalya for over ten years, 66% had at least a high school degree, and 30% reported jobs that were related to tourism. The results are as follows: Perceived impact on select economic impact items (Antalya) More recently, resort towns have come under greater scrutiny by local communities. Instances where resort towns are poorly managed have adverse effects on the local economy. One example is the uneven distribution of income and land ownership between local residents and businesses. During tourist season, increased demand for accommodation may raise the price of land, causing a simultaneous increase in rent for local residents whose income in invariably lower than foreign residents. This results in a preponderance of foreigners in the land market and an erosion of economic opportunities for local residents. The revenues amassed from tourism typically do not benefit the host country or the local communities. Income to local communities generated by tourism are all of the expenditures accrued after taxes, profits, and wages are paid out; however, around 80% of traveler's expenditures go to airlines, hotels, and international companies, not to local businesses. These funds are referred to as leakages. Tourism has also been blamed for other negative economic impacts to local communities. Although resort towns usually boast more improved infrastructure than surrounding areas, these developments usually present high costs to local governments and tax payers. Reallocating government funds to subsidize infrastructure and tax breaks to firms shift available funding to local education and health services. In addition, resort towns typically do not have dynamic economies, resulting in an over dependence on one industry. Economic dependence on tourism poses particular challenges to resort towns and its local residents given the seasonal nature of the job market in some areas. Local residents of resort towns face job insecurity, difficulties in obtaining training, medical-benefits, and housing.


Governance


Every resort town is unique and local governance should be viewed on a case-by-case basis. There are, however, several broad criteria for insuring the most effective governance models. They include: implementation of necessary and desirable services to local residents; recover costs through fees, taxes, and charges; use of parcel taxes to fund services like recreation and fire protection; grant assistance to benefit local residents, like tax exemption; and delegate tasks to elected officials, staff, and committees to streamline procedures and save time and money. In most democratic systems, a voter must reside primarily in one place, and vote only for local government representatives in that place; however, some exceptions do exist. For example, in Alberta, Canada, there is a special type of municipal government for holiday areas called a summer village which allows non-permanent residents to vote for the council even if they only live there part-time.

Examples of resort towns

* Argentina ** Mar del Plata ** Villa Gesell ** Bariloche * Australia ** Gold Coast ** Thredbo ** Yulara ** Hamilton Island ** Shoalhaven ** Sunshine Coast ** Katoomba ** Cairns *Austria ** Ischgl, Tirol ** St. Anton, Tirol ** Kitzbühel, Tirol * Bangladesh ** Cox's Bazar * Barbados ** Saint Lawrence Gap * Belize ** San Pedro Town ** Caye Caulker Village ** Placencia * Belgium ** De Panne * Brazil ** Balneário Camboriú ** Caldas Novas ** Palmas, Tocantins ** Rio de Janeiro * Bulgaria ** Sunny Beach ** Golden Sands ** Borovets * Cambodia **Sihanoukville **Siem Reap * Canada (see also: cottage country) ** Kelowna ** Mont Tremblant ** Niagara Falls ** Tofino **Lake Cowichan ** Whistler ** Banff ** Collingwood ** Lake Louise ** Jasper ** Fernie ** Canmore ** Kimberley ** Barrie ** Saint Andrews * China ** Macau ** Sanya * Cuba ** Varadero * Czech Republic ** Staré Splavy * Dominican Republic ** Punta Cana * Egypt ** Sharm el-Sheikh ** El Gouna ** Marina ** Sahl Hasheesh ** Siwa Oasis * Estonia ** Haapsalu ** Kuressaare ** Pärnu * Finland ** Hanko ** Kittilä * France ** Deauville ** Cannes ** Nice * Germany ** Baden-Baden ** Binz ** Garmisch-Partenkirchen ** Heiligendamm ** Heringsdorf ** Rust ** Sassnitz ** Sellin ** Spiekeroog ** Warnemünde (part of Rostock) * Greece **Asprovalta **Arachova **Aidipsos **Chalkidiki **Corfu **Elatochori **Hydra **Kamena Vourla **Karystos **Katakolo **Kineta **Kissamos **Kythnos **Laganas **Leptokarya **Litochoro **Loutraki **Malia **Monemvasia **Nafpaktos **Neoi Poroi **Olympic Coast **Parga **Platamon **Porto Cheli **Pylos **Santorini **Skyros Island **Syvota * India ** Agra ** Amritsar ** Andaman & Nicobar Island ** Gir National Park ** Goa ** Gulmarg ** Jaipur ** Kanha National Park ** Kaziranga National Park ** Siliguri ** Udaipur * Indonesia ** Mandalika ** Nusa Dua * Iran ** Sareyn ** Namak Abrud * Ireland ** Bray ** Clonakilty ** Tramore * Israel ** Eilat * Italy ** Portofino ** Riccione ** Rimini * Jamaica ** Negril ** Ocho Rios * Japan ** Wakayama Marina City * Latvia ** Jurmala *Lithuania **Birštonas **Druskininkai **Neringa **Palanga * Malaysia **Genting Highlands * Malta ** St. Julian's (incl. Paceville)Resorts & Regions
- visitmalta.com
** Sliema * Mexico ** Acapulco ** Cancún ** Mazatlán ** Puerto Peñasco ** Puerto Vallarta ** Playa del Carmen ** Cozumel ** Cabo San Lucas ** Isla Mujeres * Morocco ** Ifrane * New Zealand ** Queenstown **Wanaka * South Africa ** Port Elizabeth ** Langebaan ** Plettenberg Bay ** Umhlanga ** Ballito * Nepal ** Pokhara * North Korea ** Wonsan * North Macedonia ** Mavrovo ** Ohrid * Philippines ** Baguio ** Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu ** Malay (Boracay) ** Pagudpud ** Puerto Galera ** El Nido ** Island Garden City of Samal * Poland ** Jedlina-Zdroj **Krynica Górska **Misdroy **Sopot **Zakopane * Portugal ** Caldas da Rainha ** Estoril ** Faro ** Lagos * Puerto Rico ** Ponce *Romania **Mamaia **Poiana Brasov * Russia ** Sochi ** Anapa ** Sevastopol * Singapore **Sentosa * Slovakia **Piešťany **Starý Smokovec **Štrbské pleso **Tatranská Lomnica * South Korea ** Jeju * Spain ** Benidorm ** Blanes ** Calp ** Dénia ** Ibiza ** Lloret de Mar ** Marbella ** Torrevieja ** Tossa de Mar ** Canary Islands, Spain *** Tenerife *** Gran Canaria *** Las Palmas ** other in :Category:Resorts in Spain * Switzerland ** Gstaad ** St. Moritz ** Verbier * Syria **Slinfah **Aleppo * Turkey ** Antalya ** Bodrum ** Marmaris ** Kuşadası * Ukraine ** Alupka ** Feodosiya ** Yalta * United Kingdom ** Ayr ** Blackpool ** Bournemouth ** Brighton ** Burntisland ** Deal, Kent ** Girvan ** Largs ** Llandudno ** Nairn ** Rothesay ** Saltcoats ** Skegness ** Southend-on-Sea ** Southport ** St Leonards-on-Sea ** Torquay ** Weston-super-Mare * United States ** Aspen, Colorado ** Allenhurst, New Jersey ** Angel Fire, New Mexico ** Asbury Park, New Jersey ** Asheville, North Carolina ** Atlantic City, New Jersey ** Aventura, Florida ** Big Bear Lake, California ** Big Sky, Montana ** Biloxi, Mississippi ** Branson, Missouri ** Bull Shoals, Arkansas ** Cape Cod, Massachusetts ** Cape May, New Jersey ** Carlsbad, California ** Cloudcroft, New Mexico ** Coronado, California ** Daytona Beach, Florida ** Deal, New Jersey ** Destin, Florida ** Eagle Nest, New Mexico ** East Hampton, New York ** Eatontown, New Jersey ** Elberon, New Jersey ** Fire Island, New York ** Galveston, Texas ** Gatlinburg, Tennessee ** Gulf Shores, Alabama ** Hershey, Pennsylvania ** Hilton Head Island, South Carolina ** Hot Springs, Arkansas ** Incline Village, Nevada ** Jackson, Wyoming ** Jacksonville Beach, Florida ** Jekyll Island, Georgia ** Key West, Florida ** Laguna Beach, California ** Lake Geneva, Wisconsin ** Lake George, New York ** Las Vegas, Nevada ** Laughlin, Nevada ** Loch Arbour, New Jersey ** Long Beach, California ** Long Branch, New Jersey ** Mackinac Island, Michigan ** Mackinaw City, Michigan ** Mammoth, Wyoming ** Mammoth Lakes, California ** Marathon, Texas ** Marfa, Texas ** Medicine Park, Oklahoma ** Miami Beach, Florida ** Moab, Utah ** Montauk, New York ** Monterey Bay, California ** Myrtle Beach, South Carolina ** Nahant, Massachusetts ** Newport, Rhode Island ** Niagara Falls, New York ** Ocean Beach, New York ** Ocean City, Maryland ** Ocean City, New Jersey ** Orange Beach, Alabama ** Orlando, Florida ** Palm Beach, Florida ** Palm Springs, California ** Pinehurst, North Carolina ** Panama City Beach, Florida ** Park City, Utah ** Pigeon Forge, Tennessee ** Provincetown, Massachusetts ** Red River, New Mexico ** Rehoboth Beach, Delaware ** Ruidoso, New Mexico ** Santa Cruz, California ** Santa Fe, New Mexico ** Santa Monica, California ** Saint George, Utah ** Saint Simons Island, Georgia ** Scottsdale, Arizona ** Sevierville, Tennessee ** Southampton, New York ** South Lake Tahoe, California ** South Padre Island, Texas ** Spearfish, South Dakota ** Stowe, Vermont ** Sunny Isles, Florida ** Sun Valley, Idaho ** Terlingua, Texas ** Traverse City, Michigan ** Vail, Colorado ** Virginia Beach, Virginia ** West Yellowstone, Montana ** Whitefish, Montana ** Wildwood, New Jersey ** Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin ** Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina ** Wrightwood, California * Uruguay ** Punta del Este ** Piriápolis ** La Paloma ** Atlántida * Vietnam ** Nha Trang

References

{{Authority control Category:Types of towns Town