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Narrative poetry is a form of poetry that tells a story, often using the voices of both a narrator and characters; the entire story is usually written in Metre_(poetry), metred verse. Narrative poems do not need rhyme. The poems that make up this genre may be short or long, and the story it relates to may be complex. It is normally dramatic, with various characters. Narrative poems include all epic poetry, and the various types of "lay", most ballads, and some idylls, as well as many poems not falling into a distinct type. Some narrative poetry takes the form of a verse novel, novel in verse. An example of this is ''The Ring and the Book'' by Robert Browning. In the terms of narrative poetry, a Romance (heroic literature), romance is a narrative poem that tells a story of chivalry. Examples include the ''Romance of the Rose'' or Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson, Tennyson's ''Idylls of the King''. Although those examples use Middle Ages, medieval and Arthurian materials, romances may also tell stories from Mythology, classical mythology. Sometimes, these short narratives are collected into interrelated groups, as with Geoffrey Chaucer, Chaucer's ''The Canterbury Tales''. So sagas include both incidental poetry and the biographies of poets.


Oral tradition

The decessor of essentially all other modern forms of communication. For thousands of years, cultures passed on their history through the oral tradition from generation to generation. Historically, much of poetry has its source in an oral tradition: in more recent times the Scotland, Scots and England, English ballads, the tales of Robin Hood poems all were originally intended for recitation, rather than reading. In many cultures, there remains a lively tradition of the recitation of traditional tales in verse format. It has been suggested that some of the distinctive features that distinguish poetry from prose, such as metre (poetry), metre, alliteration and kennings, at one time served as memory aids that allowed the bards who recited traditional tales to reconstruct them from memory.David Rubin (psychologist), David C. Rubin, ''Memory in Oral Traditions. The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-out Rhymes'' (Taco University Press, 1991) A narrative poem usually tells a story using a poetic theme. Epics are very vital to narrative poems, although it is thought those narrative poems were created to explain oral traditions. The focus of narrative poetry is often the pros and cons of life.


List of narrative poems

All epic poems, chivalric romance, verse romances and verse novel, verse novels can also be thought of as extended narrative poems. Other notable examples of narrative poems include: * The Anonymous work, anonymous ''Homeric Hymns'' to Demeter, Apollo, Aphrodite, Hermes, Dionysus, and Pan (mythology), Pan * ''Metamorphoses'' by Ovid * The anonymous ''Poetic Edda'' * ''Piers Plowman'' by William Langland * ''The Book of the Duchess'' and ''The Canterbury Tales'' by Geoffrey Chaucer * ''The Assembly of Gods'' (anonymous) * ''The Morall Fabillis of Esope the Phrygian'' by Robert Henryson * ''Tam Lin'' (anonymous) * ''Hero and Leander'' by Christopher Marlowe * ''The Rape of Lucrece'',''Venus and Adonis (Shakespeare poem), Venus and Adonis'', ''The Lover's Complaint'', ''The Phoenix and the Turtle'' by William Shakespeare * ''Hudibras'' by Samuel Butler (poet), Samuel Butler * ''The Dunciad'' and ''The Rape of the Lock'' by Alexander Pope * ''Halloween (poem)'' by Robert Burns * ''The Rime of the Ancient Mariner'' by Samuel Taylor Coleridge * ''Childe Harold's Pilgrimage'' and ''Lara, A Tale'' by Lord Byron * ''The Eve of St. Agnes'' and ''Lamia (poem), Lamia'' by John Keats * ''The Prisoner of the Caucasus (poem), The Prisoner of the Caucasus'' by Alexander Pushkin * ''Lays of Ancient Rome'' by Thomas Babington Macaulay * ''Paul Revere's Ride'', ''The Courtship of Miles Standish'' and ''The Wreck of the Hesperus'' by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow * ''The Battle of Marathon: A Poem'' by Elizabeth Barrett Browning * ''The Raven'' by Edgar Allan Poe * ''Snow-Bound'' by John Greenleaf Whittier * ''Idylls of the King'', and many other works by Alfred, Lord Tennyson * ''The Fakeer of Jungheera'' by Henry Louis Vivian Derozio * ''Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came'' and ''Red Cotton Night-Cap Country'' by Robert Browning * ''Sohrab and Rustum'' by Matthew Arnold * ''Terje Vigen'' by Henrik Ibsen * ''The Hunting of the Snark'' and ''The Walrus and the Carpenter'' by Lewis Carroll * ''Eros and Psyche (Robert Bridges), Eros and Psyche'' by Robert Bridges * ''Luceafărul (poem), Luceafărul'' by Mihai Eminescu * ''The Highwayman (poem), The Highwayman'' by Alfred Noyes * ''The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrun'' by J.R.R. Tolkien * ''The Wild Party (poem), The Wild Party'' and ''The Set-Up (poem), The Set-Up'' by Joseph Moncure March * ''Dymer (poem), Dymer'' and ''The Queen of Drum'' by C.S. Lewis * ''The Ship's Cat'' by Richard Adams * ''Lost in Translation (poem), Lost in Translation'' by James Merrill * ''Prentice Alvin and the No-Good Plow'' by Orson Scott Card


References


External links

* {{Authority control Narrative poems, Narratology, Poetry yi:דיכטונג#פאעמע