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A mobile operating system is an
operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and provides common daemon (computing), services for computer programs. Time-sharing operating systems scheduler (computing), sch ...

operating system
for
mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone that can make and receive telephone call, calls over a radio frequency link wh ...

mobile phone
s, tablets,
smartwatch A smartwatch is a wearable computer in the form of a watch; modern smartwatches provide a local touchscreen interface for daily use, while an associated smartphone app provides for management and telemetry (such as long-term biomonitoring). While ...

smartwatch
es,
2-in-1 PC A 2-in-1 PC, also known as convertible laptop, 2-in-1 tablet, 2-in-1 laptop, 2-in-1 detachable, laplet, tabtop, laptop tablet, or simply 2-in-1, is a portable computer that has features of both tablets and laptops. Before the emergence of ''2- ...
s,
smart speakers A smart speaker is a type of speaker and voice command device A voice-user interface (VUI) makes spoken human interaction with computers possible, using speech recognition Speech recognition is an interdisciplinary subfield of computer science ...
, or other
mobile devices A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform generic sets of operations known as ...
. While computers such as typical
laptop A laptop, laptop computer, or notebook computer is a small, portable personal computer File:Crystal Project computer.png, upright=0.9, An artist's depiction of a 2000s-era desktop-style personal computer, which includes a metal case with ...

laptop
s are 'mobile', the operating systems used on them are generally not considered mobile ones, as they were originally designed for
desktop computer A desktop computer is a personal computer File:Crystal Project computer.png, upright=0.9, An artist's depiction of a 2000s-era desktop-style personal computer, which includes a metal case with the computing components, a display monitor and ...
s that historically did not have or need specific ''mobile'' features. This distinction is becoming blurred in some newer operating systems that are hybrids made for both uses. Mobile operating systems combine features of a
personal computer File:Crystal Project computer.png, upright=0.9, An artist's depiction of a 2000s-era desktop-style personal computer, which includes a metal case with the computing components, a display monitor and a keyboard (mouse not shown) A personal com ...
operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use, and usually including a wireless inbuilt modem and SIM tray for telephony and data connection. By Q1 2018, over 383 million smartphones were sold with 86.2 percent running
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
and 12.9 percent running
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
.
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
alone is more popular than the popular desktop operating system
Microsoft Windows Microsoft Windows, commonly referred to as Windows, is a group of several Proprietary software, proprietary graphical user interface, graphical operating system families, all of which are developed and marketed by Microsoft. Each family caters ...
, and in general smartphone use (even without tablets) outnumbers desktop use. Mobile devices, with mobile communications abilities (e.g.,
smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile operating systems, which facilitat ...

smartphone
s), contain two mobile operating systemsthe main user-facing software platform is supplemented by a second low-level proprietary real-time operating system which operates the radio and other hardware. Research has shown that these low-level systems may contain a range of security vulnerabilities permitting malicious base stations to gain high levels of control over the mobile device. Mobile operating systems have majority use since 2017 (measured by web use); with even only the smartphones running them (excluding tablets) having majority use, more used than any other kind of device. Thus traditional desktop OS is now a minority-used kind of OS; see usage share of operating systems. However, variations occur in popularity by regions, while desktop-minority also applies on some days in countries such as United States and United Kingdom.


Timeline

Mobile operating system milestones mirror the development of
mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone that can make and receive telephone call, calls over a radio frequency link wh ...

mobile phone
s,
PDA The Palm TX A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager. PDAs have been mostly displaced by the widespread adoption of highly capable smartp ...
s, and
smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile operating systems, which facilitat ...

smartphone
s:


Pre-1993

* 1973–1993 –
Mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone that can make and receive telephone call, calls over a radio frequency link wh ...

Mobile phone
s use
embedded system An embedded system is a computer system—a combination of a computer processor, computer memory, and input/output peripheral devices—that has a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or Electronics, electronic system. It is ''e ...
s to control operation.


1993–1999

* 1993 ** April –
PenPoint OS The PenPoint OS was a product of GO Corporation and was one of the earliest operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and provides common daemon (computi ...
by
GO Corporation GO Corporation was founded in 1987 to create portable computers, an operating system, and software with a pen-based user interface. It was famous not only for its pioneering work in Pen-based computing but as well as being one of the most well-f ...
becomes available on the
AT&T AT&T Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a s ...
EO Personal Communicator The EO is an early commercial tablet computer that was created by Eo, Inc. (later acquired by AT&T Corporation), and released in April 1993. Eo (Latin for "I go") was the hardware spin-out of GO. Officially named the AT&T EO Personal Communicato ...
. ** August –
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
launches
Newton OS ''Newton OS'' is a discontinued operating system for the Apple Newton PDAs produced by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1993–1997. It was written entirely in C++ and trimmed to be low power consuming and use the available memory efficiently. Many app ...
running on their
Newton Newton most commonly refers to: * Isaac Newton (1642–1726/1727), English scientist * Newton (unit), SI unit of force named after Isaac Newton Newton may also refer to: Arts and entertainment * Newton (film), ''Newton'' (film), a 2017 Indian fil ...

Newton
series of portable computers. * 1994 ** March –
Magic Cap Magic Cap (short for Magic Communicating Applications Platform) is a discontinued object-oriented operating system for Personal digital assistant, PDAs developed by General Magic. Tony Fadell was a contributor to the platform, Bill Atkinson shows t ...
OS by
General Magic General Magic was an American software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer how to work. This is in contrast to Computer hardware, physical hardware, from whi ...
is first introduced on the
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multi ...

Sony
Magic Link The Magic Link was a Personal Intelligent Communicator marketed by Sony is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational conglomerate (company), conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo. The company operate ...
PDA PDA may refer to: Science and technology * Patron-driven acquisition, a mechanism for libraries to purchase books *Personal digital assistant, a mobile device * Photodiode array, a type of detector * Polydiacetylenes, a family of conducting polym ...
. ** August – The first
smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile operating systems, which facilitat ...

smartphone
, the
IBM Simon The IBM Simon Personal Communicator (simply known as IBM Simon) is a handheld, touchscreen PDA The Palm TX A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal inform ...
, has a touchscreen,
email File:(at).svg, upThe at sign, a part of every SMTP email address Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices. Email was thus conceived as the electronics, electronic ...

email
, and
PDA PDA may refer to: Science and technology * Patron-driven acquisition, a mechanism for libraries to purchase books *Personal digital assistant, a mobile device * Photodiode array, a type of detector * Polydiacetylenes, a family of conducting polym ...
features. * 1996 ** March – The
Palm Palm most commonly refers to: * Palm of the hand, the central region of the front of the hand and a subdivision of the cubit * Palm trees, of family Arecaceae **List of Arecaceae genera * Several Arecaceae#Other plants, other plants known as Palm P ...
Pilot 1000
Pilot 1000
personal digital assistant#REDIRECT Personal digital assistant The Palm TX A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager. PDAs have been mostly displaced by the widesprea ...
is introduced with the
Palm OS Palm OS (also known as Garnet OS) is a discontinued mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, an ...
mobile operating system. ** August –
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
releases the
Nokia 9000 Communicator The Nokia 9000 Communicator was the first product in Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; , , ) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information ...
running an integrated system based on the PEN/GEOS 3.0 OS from
Geoworks GEOS (later renamed GeoWorks Ensemble, NewDeal Office, and Breadbox Ensemble) is a computer operating environment In computer software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data th ...
. * 1997 – EPOC32 first appears on the
Psion Series 5 The Psion Series 5 was a Personal digital assistant Personal Digital Assistant, PDA from Psion (company), Psion. It came in two main variants, the Series 5 (launched in 1997) and the Series 5mx (1999), the latter having a faster processor, clearer ...
PDA The Palm TX A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager. PDAs have been mostly displaced by the widespread adoption of highly capable smartp ...
. Release 6 of EPOC32 will later be renamed to
Symbian OS Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. Symbian OS is a descendant of ...
. * 1998 – Symbian Ltd. is formed as a joint venture by Psion,
Ericsson (lit. "Telephone Stock Company of LM Ericsson"), commonly known as Ericsson, is a Swedish Swedish or ' may refer to: * Anything from or related to Sweden, a country in Northern Europe * Swedish language, a North Germanic language spoken prim ...

Ericsson
,
Motorola Motorola, Inc. () was an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational stat ...

Motorola
, and
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
, Psion's EPOC32 OS becomes Symbian's EPOC operating system, and is later renamed to
Symbian OS Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. Symbian OS is a descendant of ...
. Symbian's OS was used by those companies and several other major mobile phone brands, but especially Nokia. * 1999 ** June –
Qualcomm Qualcomm () is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and services related to wireless technology. It own ...

Qualcomm
's pdQ becomes the first smartphone with
Palm OS Palm OS (also known as Garnet OS) is a discontinued mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, an ...
. ** October – Nokia S40 Platform is officially introduced along with the
Nokia 7110 A Nokia 7110 opened to expose its keypad The Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; , , ) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technol ...

Nokia 7110
, the first phone with T9
Predictive text frame, '' The Old Farmer's Almanac'' is famous in the US for its (not necessarily accurate) long-range weather predictions. A prediction (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the ...
input and a Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) browser for accessing specially formatted Internet data.


2000s

* 2000 – The Ericsson R380 is released with EPOC32 Release 5, marking the first use on a phone of what's to become known as
Symbian OS Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. Symbian OS is a descendant of ...
(as of Release 6). * 2001 ** June –
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
's
Symbian Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for Personal digital assistant, PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. S ...
Series 80 platform is first released on the
Nokia 9210 Communicator The Nokia 9210 Communicator is a third-generation Communicator series smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stro ...
This is the first phone running an OS branded as Symbian, and the first phone using that OS that allows user installation of additional software. ** September –
Qualcomm Qualcomm () is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and services related to wireless technology. It own ...

Qualcomm
's Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless (BREW) platform on their REX real-time operating system (RTOS) is first released on the Kyocera QCP-3035. * 2002 ** March ***
BlackBerry The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defi ...

BlackBerry
releases its first smartphone, running Java 2 Micro Edition (J2ME). ***
UIQ UIQ (formerly known as User Interface Quartz) was a software platform based upon Symbian OS Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a propriet ...
is first released, at v2.0, on
Symbian OS Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. Symbian OS is a descendant of ...
, and becomes available later in the year on the Sony Ericsson P800, the successor to the Ericsson R380. ** June ***
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
's first
Windows CE Windows Embedded Compact, formerly Windows Embedded CE, Windows Powered and Windows CE, is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and provides co ...
(Pocket PC) smartphones are introduced. ***
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
's
Symbian Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for Personal digital assistant, PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. S ...
Series 60 (S60) platform is released with the
Nokia 7650 The Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; , , ) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, fo ...
, Nokia's first phone with a camera and
Multimedia Messaging Service Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) is a standard way to send messages that include multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, or video into a single presenta ...
(MMS). S60 would form the basis of the OS on most of Nokia's smartphones until 2011, when they adopted Microsoft's
Windows Phone 7 Windows Phone 7 is the first release of the Windows Phone mobile client operating system, released worldwide on October 21, 2010, and in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) ...

Windows Phone 7
. S60 was also used on some phones from
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...

Samsung
and others, and later by
Sony Ericsson Sony Mobile Communications Inc. ( ja, ソニーモバイルコミュニケーションズ株式会社) was a Multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications company founded on October 1, 2001 as a joint venture between Sony, Sony Gro ...
after the consolidation of different Symbian UI variants in 2008. ** October – The
Danger Hiptop The Danger Hiptop, also re-branded as the T-Mobile Sidekick, Mobiflip and Sharp Jump is a GPRSGeneral Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented mobile data standard on the 2G and 3G cellular communication network's Global System for Mobil ...
(T-Mobile Sidekick in U.S.) is first released by Danger, Inc., running
DangerOS
DangerOS
. * 2003 –
Motorola Motorola, Inc. () was an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational stat ...

Motorola
introduces first linux based cellphone Motorola A760 base on
Linux MontaVista
Linux MontaVista
distribution. * 2005 ** May –
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
announces Windows Mobile 5.0. ** November –
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
introduces
Maemo Maemo is a software platform A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer h ...

Maemo
OS on the first, small Internet tablet, the N770, with a 4.13" screen. * 2007 ** January – Apple's
iPhone {{Infobox information appliance , name = iPhone , logo = , image = , caption = The front face of an iPhone 13 Pro in Sierra Blue , developer = Apple Inc. , manufacturer = Foxconn, Pegatron, Wistron (contract manufacturers) , type = Sma ...

iPhone
with
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
(named "iPhone OS" for its first three releases) is introduced as a "widescreen iPod," "mobile phone," and "Internet communicator". ** February –
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
announces Windows Mobile 6.0. ** May –
Palm Palm most commonly refers to: * Palm of the hand, the central region of the front of the hand and a subdivision of the cubit * Palm trees, of family Arecaceae **List of Arecaceae genera * Several Arecaceae#Other plants, other plants known as Palm P ...
announces the
Palm Foleo The Palm Foleo was a planned subnotebook computer that was announced by mobile device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical op ...

Palm Foleo
, a "Mobile Companion" device similar to a
subnotebook Subnotebook (also called an ultraportable, superportable or mini notebook) was a marketing term for laptop computer, laptop computers that are smaller and lighter than a typical 'notebook' sized laptop. Types and sizes , 10.4") and early netbook ...
computer, running a modified
Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds. Linux is t ...

Linux
kernel and relying on a companion
Palm Treo Image:Treo 300.jpg, A Treo 300 The Palm Treo (stylized as Trēo) is a discontinued line of smartphones originally developed by Handspring (company), Handspring, which was bought by Palm, Inc. They were then manufactured and maintained by Palm, Inc ...

Palm Treo
smartphone to send and retrieve mail, as well as provide data connectivity when away from WiFi. Palm canceled Foleo development on September 4, 2007, after facing public criticism. ** June - World's very first
iPhone {{Infobox information appliance , name = iPhone , logo = , image = , caption = The front face of an iPhone 13 Pro in Sierra Blue , developer = Apple Inc. , manufacturer = Foxconn, Pegatron, Wistron (contract manufacturers) , type = Sma ...

iPhone
is released in the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
. ** November –
Open Handset Alliance The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a consortium A consortium (plural: consortia) is an Voluntary association, association of two or more individuals, companies, organizations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objecti ...
(OHA) is established, led by
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...

Google
with 34 members (
HTC HTC Corporation ( zh, t=宏達國際電子股份有限公司, s=宏达国际电子股份有限公司, p=Hóngdá Guójì Diànzǐ Gǔfèn Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī, first=t) (High Tech Computer Corporation, literally ''Hongda International Electronics ...

HTC
,
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multi ...

Sony
,
Dell Dell is an American company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal or a mixture of both, with a specific objecti ...

Dell
,
Intel Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue, and is the developer of ...

Intel
,
Motorola Motorola, Inc. () was an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational stat ...

Motorola
,
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...
,
LG
LG
, etc.) * 2008 ** February –
LiMo Foundation The Tizen Association (formerly The LiMo (Linux Mobile) Foundation) is a non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operat ...
announces the first phones running the LiMo mobile Linux distribution, from
Motorola Motorola, Inc. () was an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational stat ...

Motorola
,
NEC is a Japanese multinational information technology and electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. It uses active d ...
,
Panasonic Mobile
Panasonic Mobile
, and
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...
, released later in the year. The LiMo Foundation later became the
Tizen Association The Tizen Association (formerly The LiMo (Linux Mobile) Foundation) is a Non-profit organization, non-profit technology consortium organization dedicated to creating Tizen as the first truly open, hardware-independent, Linux-based mobile operating s ...
and LiMo was subsumed by
Tizen Tizen () is a Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linu ...
. ** June –
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
becomes the sole owner of
Symbian Ltd Symbian Ltd. was a software development and licensing consortium company, known for the Symbian OS, a smartphone operating system, and other related technologies. Its headquarters were in Southwark, London, England, with other offices opened in C ...
. The
Symbian Foundation The Symbian Foundation was a non-profit organisation A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public o ...
was then formed to co-ordinate the future development of the
Symbian Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for Personal digital assistant, PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. S ...
platform among the corporations using it, in a manner similar to the
Open Handset Alliance The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a consortium A consortium (plural: consortia) is an Voluntary association, association of two or more individuals, companies, organizations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objecti ...
with
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
. Nokia remained the major contributor to Symbian's code. ** July –
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases
iPhone OS 2 iPhone OS 2 is the second The second (symbol: s, abbreviation: sec) is the SI base unit, base unit of time in the International System of Units (SI) (French: Système International d’unités), commonly understood and historically defined a ...
with the
iPhone 3G The iPhone 3G is a smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile ...

iPhone 3G
, making available
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
's
App Store An app store (or app marketplace) is a type of digital distribution platform for computer software called Application software, applications, often in a mobile context. Apps provide a specific set of functions which, by definition, do not include ...

App Store
. ** October – OHA releases
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
(based on
Linux kernel The Linux kernel is a free and open-source Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer how to work. This is in c ...
) 1.0 with the
HTC Dream The HTC Dream (also known as the T-Mobile G1 in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. ...
(T-Mobile G1) as the first Android phone. ** November – Symbian^1, the
Symbian Foundation The Symbian Foundation was a non-profit organisation A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public o ...
's touch-specific S60-based platform (equivalent to S60 5th edition) is first released on
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
's first touchscreen Symbian phone, the
Nokia 5800 XpressMusic Nokia 5800 XpressMusic is a smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive m ...
, with a resistive screen and a stylus. Symbian^1 being derived from S60 meant that support for
UIQ UIQ (formerly known as User Interface Quartz) was a software platform based upon Symbian OS Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a propriet ...
disappeared and no further devices using UIQ were released. * 2009 ** January ***
Intel Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue, and is the developer of ...

Intel
announces
Moblin Moblin, short for 'mobile Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1 ...
2, specifically created for
netbook The marketing term netbook identified small and inexpensive laptop computer, laptops that were sold from 2007 to around 2013; these were generally low-performance. While the ''name'' has fallen out of use, machines matching their descripti ...

netbook
s that run the company's
Atom An atom is the smallest unit of ordinary matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume. All everyday objects that can be touched are ultimately composed of atom ...
processor. In April 2009 Intel turned Moblin over to the
Linux Foundation The Linux Foundation (LF) is a Nonprofit organization, non-profit technology consortium founded in 2000 as a merger between Open Source Development Labs and the Free Standards Group to standardize Linux, support its growth, and promote its comm ...
. ***
Palm Palm most commonly refers to: * Palm of the hand, the central region of the front of the hand and a subdivision of the cubit * Palm trees, of family Arecaceae **List of Arecaceae genera * Several Arecaceae#Other plants, other plants known as Palm P ...
introduces
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
with the
Palm Pre The Palm Pre , styled as palm prē, is a multitasking smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware ca ...

Palm Pre
(released in June). The new OS is not backwards compatible with their previous
Palm OS Palm OS (also known as Garnet OS) is a discontinued mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, an ...
. ** February ***
Palm Palm most commonly refers to: * Palm of the hand, the central region of the front of the hand and a subdivision of the cubit * Palm trees, of family Arecaceae **List of Arecaceae genera * Several Arecaceae#Other plants, other plants known as Palm P ...
announces that no further devices with
Palm OS Palm OS (also known as Garnet OS) is a discontinued mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, an ...
are going to be released by the company. (The last was the
Palm Centro The Palm Centro is a smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile o ...
, released October 14, 2007.) ***
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
announces Windows Mobile 6.5, an "unwanted stopgap" update to Windows Mobile 6.1 intended to bridge the gap between version 6.1 and the then yet-to-be released Windows Mobile 7 (later canceled in favor of
Windows Phone 7 Windows Phone 7 is the first release of the Windows Phone mobile client operating system, released worldwide on October 21, 2010, and in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) ...

Windows Phone 7
). The first devices running it appeared in late October 2009. ** May –
DangerOS
DangerOS
5.0 becomes available, based on
NetBSD NetBSD is a free and open-source Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer how to work. This is in contrast t ...

NetBSD
. ** June –
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases
iPhone OS 3 iPhone OS 3 is the third major release of the iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile ...
with the
iPhone 3GS The iPhone 3GS (originally styled iPhone 3G S) is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the list of iOS devices#iPhone, third generation iPhone and the successor to the iPhone 3G. It was unveiled on June 8, 2009 at the ...
. ** November –
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
releases the
Nokia N900 The Nokia N900 is a smartphone A smartphone is a portable device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automa ...

Nokia N900
, its first and only smartphone running the
Maemo Maemo is a software platform A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer h ...

Maemo
OS intended for "handheld computers...with voice capability," while stating that they remain focused on
Symbian Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for Personal digital assistant, PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. S ...
S60 as their smartphone OS. (Nokia had previously released three
Mobile Internet deviceImage:Lenovo Ideapad U8 MID example.jpg, 300px, Lenovo Ideapad U8 MID A mobile Internet device (MID) is a multimedia capable mobile device providing wireless networking, wireless Internet access. They are designed to provide entertainment, informatio ...
s running Maemo, without cellular network connectivity.)


2010s


2010

* February **
MeeGo MeeGo is a discontinued Linux distribution A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and pro ...
is announced, a mobile
Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds. Linux is t ...

Linux
distribution merging
Maemo Maemo is a software platform A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer h ...

Maemo
from
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
and
Moblin Moblin, short for 'mobile Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1 ...
from
Intel Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue, and is the developer of ...

Intel
and
Linux Foundation The Linux Foundation (LF) is a Nonprofit organization, non-profit technology consortium founded in 2000 as a merger between Open Source Development Labs and the Free Standards Group to standardize Linux, support its growth, and promote its comm ...
, to be hosted by Linux Foundation. MeeGo is not backwards compatible with any previous operating system. **
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...
introduces the
Bada Bada (stylized as bada; Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, an ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language * Korean alphabet, or Hangul Places * Korean Peninsula, ...

Bada
OS and shows the first Bada smartphone, the
Samsung S8500 The Samsung Wave (or Samsung Wave GT-S8500) is a smartphone developed and produced by Samsung Electronics. It is the first smartphone to run the Bada (operating system), Bada operating system developed by Samsung Electronics, which was commercially ...
. It's later released in May 2010. * April **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases the
iPad iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., which run the iOS and iPadOS mobile operating systems. The iPad (1st generation), first iPad was released on April 3, 2010; the most recent iPad models are ...

iPad
( first generation) with iPhone OS 3.2. This is the first version of the OS to support tablet computers. For its next major version (4.0) iPhone OS will be renamed
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
. **
HP
HP
acquires
Palm Palm most commonly refers to: * Palm of the hand, the central region of the front of the hand and a subdivision of the cubit * Palm trees, of family Arecaceae **List of Arecaceae genera * Several Arecaceae#Other plants, other plants known as Palm P ...
in order to use
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
in multiple new products, including smartphones, tablets, and printers, later stating their intent to use it as the universal platform for all their devices. * May –
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
Kin phone line with KIN OS (based on
Windows CE Windows Embedded Compact, formerly Windows Embedded CE, Windows Powered and Windows CE, is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and provides co ...
and a "close cousin" to
Windows Phone Windows Phone (WP) is a discontinued family of mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system for mobile phones, tablet computer, tablets, smartwatches, 2-in-1 PCs, Smart speaker, smart speakers, or other Mobile device, ...

Windows Phone
) become available. * June –
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases
iOS 4 iOS 4 is the fourth major release of the iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile dev ...
, renamed from iPhone OS, with the
iPhone 4 The iPhone 4 is a smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobil ...
. * July –
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
Kin phones and KIN OS are discontinued. * September **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases a variant of
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
powering the new 2nd generation Apple TV. ** Symbian OS, Symbian^3 is first released on the Nokia N8. This would be Nokia's last flagship device running
Symbian Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for Personal digital assistant, PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. S ...
(though not their last Symbian phone), before switching to
Windows Phone 7 Windows Phone 7 is the first release of the Windows Phone mobile client operating system, released worldwide on October 21, 2010, and in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) ...

Windows Phone 7
for future flagship phones. ** The
Danger Hiptop The Danger Hiptop, also re-branded as the T-Mobile Sidekick, Mobiflip and Sharp Jump is a GPRSGeneral Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented mobile data standard on the 2G and 3G cellular communication network's Global System for Mobil ...
line and
DangerOS
DangerOS
are discontinued as a result of
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
's acquisition of Danger, Inc. in 2008. * November **
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
assumes full control over
Symbian Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for Personal digital assistant, PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. S ...
as the
Symbian Foundation The Symbian Foundation was a non-profit organisation A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public o ...
disintegrates. **
Windows Phone Windows Phone (WP) is a discontinued family of mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system for mobile phones, tablet computer, tablets, smartwatches, 2-in-1 PCs, Smart speaker, smart speakers, or other Mobile device, ...

Windows Phone
OS is released on
Windows Phone 7 Windows Phone 7 is the first release of the Windows Phone mobile client operating system, released worldwide on October 21, 2010, and in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) ...

Windows Phone 7
List of Windows Phone 7 devices, phones by HTC Corporation, HTC, LG Corp., LG,
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...
, and
Dell Dell is an American company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal or a mixture of both, with a specific objecti ...

Dell
. The new OS is not backwards compatible with the prior Windows Mobile OS.


2011

* February ** Android version history#v3.x Honeycomb, Android 3.0 (Honeycomb), the first version to officially support tablet computers, is released on the
Motorola Motorola, Inc. () was an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational stat ...

Motorola
Motorola Xoom, Xoom. **
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
abandons the
Symbian Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for Personal digital assistant, PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. S ...
OS and announces that it would use
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
's
Windows Phone 7 Windows Phone 7 is the first release of the Windows Phone mobile client operating system, released worldwide on October 21, 2010, and in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) ...

Windows Phone 7
as its primary smartphone platform, while Symbian would be gradually wound down. * April – BlackBerry Tablet OS, based on QNX Neutrino is released on the
BlackBerry The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defi ...

BlackBerry
BlackBerry PlayBook, PlayBook. * July ** Mozilla announces their ''Boot to Gecko'' project (later named Firefox OS) to develop an OS for handheld devices emphasizing standards-based Web technologies, similar to
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
. **
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
3.0, the first version to support tablet computers, is released on the
HP
HP
HP TouchPad, TouchPad. * August –
HP
HP
announces that
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
device development and production lines would be halted. The last HP webOS version, 3.0.5, is released on January 12, 2012. * September **
MeeGo MeeGo is a discontinued Linux distribution A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and pro ...
is introduced with the limited-release Nokia N9,
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
's first and only consumer device to use the OS. (A small number of the Nokia N950, a MeeGo phone available only to developers, were released in mid-2011.) ** After
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
's abandonment of
MeeGo MeeGo is a discontinued Linux distribution A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and pro ...
,
Intel Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue, and is the developer of ...

Intel
and the
Linux Foundation The Linux Foundation (LF) is a Nonprofit organization, non-profit technology consortium founded in 2000 as a merger between Open Source Development Labs and the Free Standards Group to standardize Linux, support its growth, and promote its comm ...
announce a partnership with
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...

Samsung
to launch
Tizen Tizen () is a Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linu ...
, shifting their focus from MeeGo (Intel and Linux Foundation) and
Bada Bada (stylized as bada; Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, an ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language * Korean alphabet, or Hangul Places * Korean Peninsula, ...

Bada
(Samsung) during 2011 and 2012. * October **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 5 with the iPhone 4S, integrating the Siri voice assistant. ** The Mer (software distribution), Mer project is announced, based on an ultra-portable core for building products, composed of
Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds. Linux is t ...

Linux
, HTML5, QML, and JavaScript, which is derived from the
MeeGo MeeGo is a discontinued Linux distribution A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and pro ...
codebase. * November – Fire OS, a fork of the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
operating system, is released by Amazon.com on the Amazon Fire tablet, Kindle Fire tablet.


2012

* May –
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
releases the Nokia 808 PureView, later confirmed (in January 2013) to be the last
Symbian Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones. Symbian was originally developed as a proprietary software OS for Personal digital assistant, PDAs in 1998 by the Symbian Ltd. consortium. S ...
smartphone. This phone was followed by a single last Symbian software update, "Nokia Belle, Feature Pack 2," later in 2012. * July ** Finnish start-up Jolla, formed by former
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
employees, announces that
MeeGo MeeGo is a discontinued Linux distribution A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and pro ...
's community-driven successor Mer (software distribution), Mer would be the basis of their new Sailfish OS, Sailfish smartphone OS. ** Mozilla announces that the project formerly named ''Boot to Gecko'' (which is built atop an Android Linux kernel using Android drivers and services; however it uses no Java-like code of Android) is now Firefox OS (since discontinued) and has several handset OEMs on board. * August –
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...
announces they won't ship further phones using their
Bada Bada (stylized as bada; Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, an ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language * Korean alphabet, or Hangul Places * Korean Peninsula, ...

Bada
OS, instead focusing on Windows Phone 8 and
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
. * September –
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 6 with the iPhone 5.


2013

* January – Research in Motion, BlackBerry releases their new operating system for smartphones, BlackBerry 10, with their BlackBerry Q10, Q10 and BlackBerry Z10, Z10 smartphones. BlackBerry 10 is not backwards compatible with the BlackBerry OS used on their previous smartphones. * February –
HP
HP
sells
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
to
LG
LG
. * September –
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 7 with the iPhone 5S and iPhone 5C. * October ** Canonical Ltd., Canonical announces Ubuntu Touch, a version of the Linux distribution expressly designed for smartphones. The OS is built on the Android Linux kernel, using Android drivers and services, but does not use any of the Java-like code of Android. **
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...

Google
releases Android KitKat 4.4. * November – Jolla releases Sailfish OS on the Jolla (smartphone), Jolla smartphone.


2014

* February **
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
releases Windows Phone 8.1 **
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
introduces their Nokia X platform OS as an Android (operating system), Android 4.1.2 Jelly Bean fork on the Nokia X family of smartphones. Similar to Amazon.com's Fire OS, it replaces
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...

Google
's apps and services with ones from Nokia (such as Here Maps, HERE Maps, Nokia Xpress and MixRadio, and Nokia Store, Nokia's own app store) and
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
(such as Skype and Microsoft Outlook, Outlook), with a user interface that mimics the
Windows Phone Windows Phone (WP) is a discontinued family of mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system for mobile phones, tablet computer, tablets, smartwatches, 2-in-1 PCs, Smart speaker, smart speakers, or other Mobile device, ...

Windows Phone
UI. After the acquisition of Nokia's devices unit,
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
announced in July 2014 that no more Nokia X smartphones would be introduced, marking the end of the platform just a few months later. * August – The Samsung ZEQ 9000, Samsung SM-Z9005 Z is the first phone released running
Tizen Tizen () is a Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linu ...
, with v2.2.1 of the OS. * September **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 8 with the iPhone 6, iPhone 6 and 6 Plus. **
BlackBerry The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defi ...

BlackBerry
releases BlackBerry 10 version 10.3 with integration with the Amazon Appstore * November – Google releases Android Lollipop, Android 5.0 "Lollipop"


2015

* February – Google releases Android 5.1 "Lollipop". * April **
LG
LG
releases the LG Watch Urbane LTE
smartwatch A smartwatch is a wearable computer in the form of a watch; modern smartwatches provide a local touchscreen interface for daily use, while an associated smartphone app provides for management and telemetry (such as long-term biomonitoring). While ...

smartwatch
running "LG Wearable Platform OS" based on
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
. This is a version of their
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Wear OS-based LG Watch Urbane, with added LTE (telecommunication), LTE connectivity. ** watchOS, based on
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
, is released by
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
with the Apple Watch. * September **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 9 with the iPhone 6S, iPhone 6S and 6S Plus, iPad Pro#First generation, iPad Pro, and iPad Mini 4, plus watchOS#watchOS 2.x, watchOS 2. tvOS 9 is also made distinct from iOS, with its own App Store, launching with Apple TV#4th and 5th generation, Apple TV 4th generation. ** Google releases Android Marshmallow, Android 6.0 "Marshmallow". * October –
BlackBerry The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defi ...

BlackBerry
announces that there are no plans to release new APIs and software development kits for BlackBerry 10, and future updates would focus on security and privacy enhancements only. * November – Microsoft releases Windows 10 Mobile.


2016

* February –
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
releases the Microsoft Lumia 650, Lumia 650, their last Windows 10 Mobile phone before discontinuing all mobile hardware production the following year. * July – The BlackBerry Classic, the last device to date running a BlackBerry OS is discontinued. While BlackBerry Limited claimed to still be committed to the BlackBerry 10 operating system, they have since only shipped
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
devices after releasing the BlackBerry Priv, their first Android smartphone in November 2015. * August ** Google posts the Google Fuchsia, Fuchsia source code on GitHub. ** Google releases Android Nougat, Android 7.0 "Nougat". * September –
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 10 with the iPhone 7, iPhone 7 and 7 Plus, and watchOS#watchOS 3.x, watchOS 3 with the Apple Watch Series 2, Apple Watch Series 1 and 2. * November ** Tizen releases
Tizen Tizen () is a Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linu ...
3.0. ** BlackBerry releases BlackBerry 10 version 10.3.3.


2017

* April **Samsung officially launches Android-based Samsung Experience custom firmware starting with version 8.1 on Samsung Galaxy S8. * May **Samsung announces Tizen, Tizen 4.0 at Tizen Developer Conference 2017. * August **Google releases Android Oreo, Android 8.0 "Oreo". * September **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 11 with the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 and 8 Plus and iPhone X, and watchOS#watchOS 4.x, watchOS 4 with the Apple Watch Series 3. * October **Microsoft announces that Windows 10 Mobile development is going into maintenance mode only, ending the release of any new features or functionality due to lack of market penetration and resultant lack of interest from app developers, and releases the final major update to it, the "Windows 10 Mobile version history#Version 1709 (Fall Creators Update), Fall Creators Update." **Cherry Mobile release CherryOS based on Android


2018

* February **Samsung releases Samsung Experience, Samsung Experience 9.0 based on Android "Oreo" 8.0 globally to Samsung Galaxy S8 and S8+. * March ** Google and partners officially launches Android Go (based on Android "Oreo" 8.1 but tailored for low-end devices) with Nokia 1, Alcatel 1X, ZTE Tempo Go, General Mobile 8 Go, Micromax Bharat Go and Lava Z50. ** Google releases Android "9" as a developer preview. * April **Microsoft release Windows 10 Windows 10 version history, Version 1803 "April 2018 Update". * May **Huawei release LiteOS version 2.1. * August ** Google releases
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Android Pie, 9.0 "Pie". ** UBPorts released Ubuntu Touch, Ubuntu Touch OTA-14, upgrading the OS based on the Canonical's long-term support version of Ubuntu, Ubuntu 16.04 LTS "Xenial Xerus". ** Xiaomi officially introduces MIUI for POCO for their Poco series smartphone. ** Samsung officially introduces Tizen, Tizen 4.0 with the release of Samsung Galaxy Watch series. * September **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 12 with the iPhone XS, iPhone XS and XS Max, and watchOS#watchOS 5.x, watchOS 5 with Apple Watch#Fourth generation, Apple Watch Series 4. ** Huawei releases EMUI, EMUI 9.0. * October **Microsoft releases Windows 10 Windows 10 version history, Version 1809 "October 2018 Update". * November **Samsung announces the One UI as the latest version of the Samsung Experience, Samsung Experience UI. **Amazon released Fire OS, Fire OS 6 to supported Fire HD devices.


2019

* January ** Microsoft announces that support for Windows 10 Mobile would End-of-life (product), end on December 10, 2019, and that Windows 10 Mobile users should migrate to
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
or
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
phones. * June **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
announces iOS 13, watchOS 6, and iPadOS as a distinct variant of iOS. * August ** Huawei announced the EMUI 10 under beta release. * September **
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
releases iOS 13 with the iPhone 11 series, watchOS#watchOS 6.0, watchOS 6 with Apple Watch#Fifth generation, Apple Watch Series 5, and iPadOS with the iPad (2019), 7th generation iPad. ** Google releases
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Android 10, 10. ** The Librem 5, the first phone running PureOS, is released. * October ** Samsung announces the One UI, One UI 2.0 as the latest version of their Galaxy Smartphone and Smartwatch UI. * November ** Microsoft release the Windows 10 November 10, 2019 Update.


Current software platforms

These operating systems often run atop baseband or other Real-time operating system, real time operating systems that handle hardware aspects of the phone.


Android

Android (based on the modified
Linux kernel The Linux kernel is a free and open-source Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer how to work. This is in c ...
) is a mobile operating system developed by
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...

Google
. The base system is free and open-source, open-source (and only the kernel copyleft), but the apps and drivers which provide functionality are increasingly becoming closed-source. Besides having the largest installed base worldwide on smartphones, it is also the most popular operating system for Turing machine, general purpose computers (a category that includes desktop computers and mobile devices), even though Android is not a popular operating system for regular (desktop)
personal computer File:Crystal Project computer.png, upright=0.9, An artist's depiction of a 2000s-era desktop-style personal computer, which includes a metal case with the computing components, a display monitor and a keyboard (mouse not shown) A personal com ...
s (PCs). Although the Android operating system is free and open-source software, in devices sold, much of the software Product bundling, bundled with it (including Google apps and vendor-installed software) is proprietary software and closed source. Android's releases before 2.0 (1.0, 1.5, 1.6) were used exclusively on mobile phones. Android 2.x releases were mostly used for mobile phones but also some tablets, Android 3.0 was a tablet-oriented release and does not officially run on mobile phones, while both phone and tablet compatibility was merged with Android 4.0. The current Android version is Android 12, released on October 4, 2021.


Android One

Android One is a software experience that runs on the unmodified Android operating system, which closely resembles those running on Pixel devices or previously, the Google Nexus program. Unlike most of the "stock" Androids running on the market, Android One UI closely resembles the Pixel UI, due to Android One being a software experience developed by Google and distributed to partners who signup for the program, such as Nokia Mobile(HMD Global, HMD) and Xiaomi. Thus, the overall UI is intended to be as clean as possible. OEM partners may tweak or add additional apps such as cameras to the firmware, otherwise most of the apps will be handled by Google proprietary apps. The update was handled by Google and will be internally tested by OEM before being distributed via OTA update to the end users. *Android One version are same as AOSP, starting from Android 5.0 "Lollipop"


AliOS

Designed by Alibaba, based on Android. altOS


BlackBerry Secure

BlackBerry Secure is an operating system developed by BlackBerry, based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). Officially announced the name for their Android based front-end touch interface in August 2017, before the announcement, BlackBerry Secure was running on BlackBerry brand devices such as BlackBerry Priv, BlackBerry DTEK50, DTEK 50/BlackBerry DTEK60, 60 and BlackBerry Mobile, BlackBerry BlackBerry KeyOne, KeyOne. Currently, BlackBerry plan to license out the BlackBerry Secure to other OEM's. :Current BlackBerry Secure version list * BlackBerry Secure version 1.x (based on Android "Marshmallow" 6.x and "Nougat" 7.x) (initial release and minor UI update for devices that support Android Nougat)


ColorOS

ColorOS is a custom front-end touch interface, based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP) and is developed by OPPO Electronics, OPPO Electronics Corp. , OPPO officially releases ColorOS with every OPPO and Realme devices(Future Realme devices will be having their own custom version of ColorOS), and released an official read-only memory, ROM for the OnePlus One.


CopperheadOS

CopperheadOS, a security hardened version of Android


EMUI

Huawei EMUI is a front-end touch interface developed by Huawei, Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. and its sub-brand Honor (brand), Honor which is based on Google's
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). EMUI is preinstalled on most Huawei and Honor devices. While it was based on open source Android operating system, it consists of closed source and proprietary software.


/e/

:/e/ (operating system), /e/ is an operating system forked from the source code of LineageOS (based on Android). /e/ targets
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
smart phone devices, and uses MicroG as a replacement for Google Play Services. :Current /e/ OS version list * /e/ OS beta v0.1 (based on Android "Nougat" 7.1.x) * /e/ OS beta v0.2 (based on Android "Oreo" 8.x.x)


Fire OS

Fire OS, Amazon Fire OS is an Android-based mobile operating system produced by Amazon for its Fire range of tablets, Echo and Echo Dot, and other content delivery devices like Fire TV (Previously for their Fire Phone). It is forked from Android. Fire OS primarily centers on content consumption, with a customized user interface and heavy ties to content available from Amazon's own storefronts and services. :Current Fire OS version list * Fire OS 1.x * Fire OS 2.x * Fire OS 3.x * Fire OS 4.x * Fire OS 5.x * Fire OS 6.x * Fire OS 7.x


Flyme OS

Flyme OS is an operating system developed by Meizu, Meizu Technology Co., Ltd., an open source OS based on
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...

Google
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). Flyme OS is mainly installed on Meizu Smartphones such as the MX's series; however, it also has official ROM support for a few Android devices. :Current Flyme OS version list * Flyme OS 1.x.x (based on Android "Ice Cream Sandwich" 4.0.3, initial release) * Flyme OS 2.x.x (based on Android "Jelly Bean" 4.1.x – 4.2.x) * Flyme OS 3.x.x (based on Android "Jelly Bean" 4.3.x) * Flyme OS 4.x.x (based on Android "KitKat" 4.4.x) * Flyme OS 5.x.x (based on Android "Lollipop" 5.0.x – 5.1.x) * Flyme OS 6.x.x (based on Android "Nougat" 7.x, "Marshmallow" 6.0.x and Android "Lollipop" 5.0.x – 5.1.x for old devices) * Flyme OS 7.x.x (based on Android "Pie" 9.0, "Oreo" 8.x and Android "Nougat" 7.x) * Flyme OS 8.x.x (based on Android 10, "Pie" 9.0, "Oreo" 8.x and Android "Nougat" 7.x)


GrapheneOS

GrapheneOS, formerly named Android Hardening, is a variant of Android that runs on Pixel 2 or Pixel 3 hardware, is mainly developed by Daniel Micay , and aims to focus on security and privacy.


HTC Sense

HTC Sense is a software suite developed by
HTC HTC Corporation ( zh, t=宏達國際電子股份有限公司, s=宏达国际电子股份有限公司, p=Hóngdá Guójì Diànzǐ Gǔfèn Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī, first=t) (High Tech Computer Corporation, literally ''Hongda International Electronics ...

HTC
, used primarily on the company's
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
-based devices. Serving as a successor to HTC's TouchFLO 3D software for Windows Mobile, Sense modifies many aspects of the Android user experience, incorporating added features (such as an altered home screen and keyboard), desktop widget, widgets, HTC-developed applications, and redesigned applications. The first device with Sense, the HTC Hero, was released in 2009. * HTC Sense 1.x (based on Android "Eclair" 2.0/2.1, initial release) * HTC Sense 2.x (based on Android "Eclair", "Froyo" and "Gingerbread" 2.0/2.1, 2.2.x and 2.3.x, redesigned UI) * HTC Sense 3.x (based on Android "Gingerbread" 2.3.x, redesigned UI) * HTC Sense 4.x (based on Android "Ice Cream Sandwich" and "Jelly Bean" 4.0.x and 4.1.x, redesigned UI) * HTC Sense 5.x (based on Android "Jelly Bean" 4.1.x – 4.3.x, redesigned UI) * HTC Sense 6.x (based on Android "KitKat" 4.4.x, redesigned UI) * HTC Sense 7.x (based on Android "Lollipop" 5.0.x, redesigned UI) * HTC Sense 8.x (based on Android "Marshmallow" 6.0.x, redesigned UI) * HTC Sense 9.x (based on Android "Nougat" 7.x, redesigned UI) * HTC Sense 10.x (based on Android "Oreo" 8.x and "Pie" 9.0, redesigned UI)


iQOO UI

iQOO UI is a customer user interface that is based on Vivo Smartphone, Vivo Funtouch OS, which itself is based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). The overall UI mostly resemble it predecessor, however with their own customized UI on top of the Funtouch OS. :Current iQOO UI version list * iQOO UI 1.x - Based on Funtouch OS


Indus OS

Indus OS is a custom mobile operating system based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). It is developed by the Indus OS team based in India. No longer valid as of 2018Indus OS is available on Micromax, Intex, Karbonn, and other Indian smartphone brands. :Current Indus OS version list * Firstouch OS (based on Android "Lollipop" 5.0) * Indus OS 2.0 (based on Android "Marshmallow" 6.0) * Indus OS 3.0 (based on Android "Nougat" 7.0.1)


LG UX

LG UX (formerly named Optimus UI) is a front-end touch interface developed by LG Electronics with partners, featuring a full touch user interface. It is sometimes incorrectly identified as an operating system. LG UX is used internally by LG for sophisticated feature phones and tablet computers, and is not available for licensing by external parties. Optimus UI 2 which based on Android 4.1.2 has been released on the Optimus K II and the Optimus Neo 3. It features a more refined user interface compared to the prior version based on Android 4.1.1, would include together which new functionality such as voice shutter and quick memo. :Current LG UX version list * Optimus UI 1.x – based on Android "Gingerbread" 2.3.x, initial release * Optimus UI 2.x – based on Android "Ice Cream Sandwich" and "Jelly Bean" 4.0.x and 4.1.x – 4.3.x, redesigned UI * LG UX 3.x – based on Android "KitKat" and "Lollipop" 4.4.x and 5.0.x, redesigned UI * LG UX 4.x – based on Android "Lollipop" and "Marshmallow" 5.1.x and 6.0.x, redesigned UI * LG UX 5.x – based on Android "Marshmallow" and "Nougat" 6.0.x and 7.0.x, redesigned UI * LG UX 6.x – based on Android "Nougat" 7.0.x, redesigned UI * LG UX 6.x+ – based on Android "Oreo" 8.0.x, redesigned UI * LG UX 7.x – based on Android "Oreo" 8.x, redesigned UI * LG UX 7.x+ – based on Android "Oreo" 8.x., redesigned UI * LG UX 8.x – based on Android "Pie" 9.0, redesigned UI * LG UX 9.x – based on Android 10 redesigned UI


LineageOS

Lineage Android Distribution is a custom mobile operating system based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). It serves as the successor to the highly popular custom ROM, CyanogenMod, from which it was forked in December 2016 when Cyanogen Inc. announced it was discontinuing development and shut down the infrastructure behind the project. Since Cyanogen Inc. retained the rights to the Cyanogen name, the project rebranded its fork as LineageOS. Similar to CyanogenMod, it does not include any proprietary apps unless the user installs them. It allows Android users who can no longer obtain update support from their manufacturer to continue updating their OS version to the latest one based on official release from Google AOSP and heavy theme customization.


MiFavor

MiFavor, was the custom Android UI that was developed by ZTE for their smartphone that is running
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
platform. Similar to most of the other Android UI, MiFavor replace most of the stock apps with ZTE owns apps, however the all UX still closely similar to the stock Android. :Current MiFavor version list * MiFavor 1.x – based on Android "KitKat" 4.4.x, initial release * MiFavor 2.x – based on Android "Lollipop" 5.0.x – 5.1.x, redesigned UI * MiFavor 3.x – based on Android "Marshmallow" 6.x, redesigned UI * MiFavor 4.x – based on Android "Nougat" 7.x, redesigned UI * MiFavor 5.x – based on Android "Oreo" 8.x, redesigned UI * MiFavor 9.x – based on Android "Pie" 9.0, redesigned UI * MiFavor 10.x – based on Android 10, redesigned UI


MIUI

Mi User Interface (MIUI), developed by the Chinese electronic company Xiaomi, Xiaomi Inc., is a mobile operating system based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). MIUI is mostly found in Xiaomi smartphones such as the Mi and Redmi Series; however, it also has official ROM support for few Android devices. Although MIUI is based on AOSP, which is open source, it consists of closed source and proprietary software of its own.


One UI

One UI (formerly called TouchWiz and Samsung Experience) is a front-end touch interface developed by Samsung Electronics In 2008 with partners, featuring a full touch user interface. It is sometimes incorrectly identified as an independent operating system. Samsung Experience is used internally by Samsung for
smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile operating systems, which facilitat ...

smartphone
s, feature phones and tablet computers, and is not available for licensing by external parties as it is closed source and proprietary. The Android version of Samsung Experience also comes with Samsung-made apps preloaded (except starting with the Samsung Galaxy S6, Galaxy S6 which have removed all Samsung pre-loaded apps installed, leaving one with Samsung Galaxy Store (formerly Galaxy Apps), to save storage space and initially due to the removal of MicroSD). With the release of Samsung Galaxy S8 and S8+, Samsung Experience 8.1 was preinstall on it with introducing new function known as Samsung DeX. Similar to the concept of Microsoft Continuum, Samsung DeX allowed high end Galaxy devices such as S8/S8+ or Note 8 to connect into a docking station, which extends the functionality to allow desktop-like functionality by connecting a keyboard, mouse, and monitor. Samsung also announced "Linux on Galaxy", which allows to use the standard Linux distribution on the DeX platform. :Previous Samsung Android UI version list * TouchWiz 3.x (based on Android 2.1 "Éclair" and Android 2.2 "Froyo") (Initial release for Android UI) * TouchWiz 4.x (based on Android 2.3 "Gingerbread" and Android 3.0 "Honeycomb") (Minor UI update) * TouchWiz Nature UX (based on Android 4.0 "Ice Cream Sandwich") (Minor UI update) * TouchWiz Nature UX 2.x (based on Android 4.2 "Jellybean") (Minor UI update) * TouchWiz Nature UX 3.x (based on Android 4.4 "KitKat") (Minor UI update) * TouchWiz Nature UX 4.x (based on Android 5 "Lollipop") (Minor UI update) * TouchWiz Nature UX 5.x (based on Android 5 "Lollipop") (Major UI update) * TouchWiz Nature UX 6.x (based on Android 6 "Marshmallow") (Minor UI update) * TouchWiz Grace UX (based on Android 6 "Marshmallow") (Major UI update) * Samsung Experience 8.x (based on Android 7 "Nougat") (Initial release migrate from TouchWiz) * Samsung Experience 9.x (based on Android 8 "Oreo") (Minor update) * Samsung Experience 10.x (based on Android 9 "Pie) (Minor and Last update before redesign One UI) :Current One UI version list * One UI 1.x (based on Android 9 "Pie") (Initial release) * One UI 2.x (based on Android 10) (Minor UI update) * One UI 3.x (based on Android 11) (Minor UI update) * One UI 4.x (based on Android 12) (Upcoming update)


OxygenOS

OxygenOS is based on the open source
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP) and is developed by OnePlus to replace Cyanogen OS on OnePlus devices such as the OnePlus One, and it is preinstalled on the OnePlus 2, OnePlus X, OnePlus 3, OnePlus 3T, OnePlus 5, OnePlus 5T and OnePlus 6. As stated by Oneplus, OxygenOS is focused on stabilizing and maintaining of ''stock'' like those found on Nexus devices. It consists of mainly Google apps and minor UI customization to maintain the sleekness of ''pure'' Android. :Current OxygenOS version list * Oxygen OS 1.0.x (based on Android 5.0.x "Lollipop") (initial release) * Oxygen OS 2.0.x (based on Android 5.1.x "Lollipop") (overall maintenance update) * Oxygen OS 3.0.x (based on Android 6.0 "Marshmallow") (major Android update) * Oxygen OS 3.1.x (based on Android 6.0.1 "Marshmallow") (minor maintenance update) * Oxygen OS 3.2.x (based on Android 6.0.1 "Marshmallow") (major Android update) * Oxygen OS 4.x.x (based on Android 7.x "Nougat") (major Android update) * Oxygen OS 5.x.x (based on Android 8.x "Oreo") (major Android update) * Oxygen OS 9.x.x (based on Android 9.0 "Pie") (major Android update) * Oxygen OS 10.x.x (based on Android 10.0 "10") (major Android update) * Oxygen OS 11.x.x (based on Android 11.0 "11") (major Android update)


Pixel UI (Pixel Launcher)

Google Pixel UI or Pixel Launcher is developed by
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...

Google
that is based on open source
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
. Unlike the Google Nexus, Nexus phones, where Google shipped with the "stock" Android, the UI that came with the first generation Pixel (smartphone), Pixel phones were slightly modified as compared to the "stock" Android. As part of the Google Pixel software, the Pixel UI and its home launcher are closed source and proprietary, thus it is only available on the Pixel family devices. (However, third party mods allow non Pixel smartphones to install Pixel Launcher with Google Now feed integration). :Current Google Pixel Launcher version list * Pixel Launcher – "7.1.1" (based on Android 7.x "Nougat") (Initial release) * Pixel Launcher – "8.1.0" (based on Android 8.x "Oreo") (Minor UI update) * Pixel Launcher – "9.0" (based on Android 9.0 "Pie") (Minor UI update) * Pixel Launcher – "10.0" (based on Android 10.0 "10") (Moderate UI update that support themes) * Pixel Launcher – "11.0" (based on Android 11.0 "11") (Minor UI update) * Pixel Launcher - "12.0" (based on Android 12.0 "12") (Major UI update)


realme UI

realme UI is a mobile operating system developed by Realme which is based on OPPO Electronics, OPPO ColorOS, which itself is based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). The overall UI mostly resemble it predecessor, however with their own customized UI and element on top of the ColorOS to match their target audience. :Current realme UI version list * realme UI 1.x - Based on ColorOS 7.0 - Android 10 - Initial Release * realme UI 2.x - Based on ColorOS 11.0 - Android 11


Replicant OS

Replicant is a custom mobile operating system based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
with all proprietary drivers and bloat closed source software removed.


TCL UI

TCL UI is a custom user interface that is developed by TCL Technology for their in house smartphone series, the OS is based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). :Current TCL UI version list * TCL UI 1.x - Based on Android 9 "Pie" and Android 10 - Initial Release


Xperia UI

Sony Xperia UI (formerly known as Sony Ericsson Timescape UI) was the front-end UI that developed by Sony Mobile (formerly Sony Ericsson) In 2010 for their Sony Xperia series that is running
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
platform. Sony Xperia UI mostly consists of Sony own's application such as Sony Music (formerly known as Walkman Music player), Albums and Video Player. During its time as Timescape UI, the UI was different than the standard Android UI, instead of traditional apps dock on the bottom part, it was located at the four corner of the home screen, while the middle of the screen consist of the widget. However the recent development of UI are closely resemble to those of Stock Android. :Current Xperia UI version list: * Timescape version 1 – based on Android "Eclair" 2.0/2.1, initial release * Timescape version 2 – based on Android "Gingerbread" 2.3.x, redesigned UI * Xperia UI version 3 – based on Android "Gingerbread" and "Ice Cream Sandwich" 2.3.x and 4.0.x, redesigned UI * Xperia UI version 4 – based on Android "Jelly Bean" 4.2.x – 4.3.x, redesigned UI * Xperia UI version 5 – based on Android "KitKat" 4.4.x, redesigned UI * Xperia UI version 6 – based on Android "Lollipop" 5.0.x – 5.1.x, redesigned UI * Xperia UI version 7 – based on Android "Marshmallow" 6.0.x, redesigned UI * Xperia UI version 8 – based on Android "Nougat" 7.x, redesigned UI * Xperia UI version 9 – based on Android "Oreo" 8.x, redesigned UI


ZenUI

ZenUI is a front-end touch interface developed by ASUS with partners, featuring a full touch user interface. ZenUI is used by Asus for its Android phones and tablet computers, and is not available for licensing by external parties. ZenUI also comes preloaded with Asus-made apps like ZenLink (PC Link, Share Link, Party Link & Remote Link). :Current ZenUI version list: * ZenUI 1.0 – based on Android "Jelly Bean" and "KitKat" 4.3.x and 4.4.x, initial release * ZenUI 2.0 – based on Android "Lollipop" 5.0.x – 5.1.x, redesigned UI * ZenUI 3.0 – based on Android "Marshmallow" 6.0.x, redesigned UI * ZenUI 4.0 – based on Android "Nougat" 7.x, redesigned UI * ZenUI 5.0 – based on Android "Oreo" 8.x, redesigned UI * ZenUI 6.0 – based on Android "Pie" 9.0, redesigned UI *ZenUI 7.0 – based on Android 10, redesigned UI *ZenUI 8.0 – based on Android 11, redesigned UI


ZUI

ZUI is a custom operating that is original develop by Lenovo subsidiary ZUK Mobile for their smartphones, however after the shutting down of ZUK Mobile, Lenovo had taken over as the main developer to continue developing the ZUI. The operating system is based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). * ZUI 1.x - Initial Release * ZUI 2.x * ZUI 3.x * ZUI 4.x * ZUI 4.x * ZUI 10.x (Based on Android 9 "Pie") * ZUI 11.x (Based on Android 9 "Pie" and Android 10)


Wear OS

Wear OS (also known simply as Wear and formerly Android Wear) is a version of
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...

Google
's
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and provides common daemon (computing), services for computer programs. Time-sharing operating systems scheduler (computing), sch ...

operating system
designed for
smartwatch A smartwatch is a wearable computer in the form of a watch; modern smartwatches provide a local touchscreen interface for daily use, while an associated smartphone app provides for management and telemetry (such as long-term biomonitoring). While ...

smartwatch
es and other wearable computer, wearables. By pairing with
mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone that can make and receive telephone call, calls over a radio frequency link wh ...

mobile phone
s running Android version 6.0 or newer, or
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
version 10.0 or newer with limited support from Google's pairing application, Wear OS integrates Google Assistant technology and mobile notifications into a smartwatch form factor. In May 2021 at Google I/O, Google announced a major update to the platform, internally known as Wear OS 3.0. It incorporates a new visual design inspired by Android 12, and Fitbit exercise tracking features. Google also announced a partnership with Samsung Electronics, who is collaborating with Google to unify its
Tizen Tizen () is a Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linu ...
-based smartwatch platform with Wear OS, and has committed to using Wear OS on its future smartwatch products. The underlying codebase was also upgraded to Android 11. Wear OS 3.0 will be available to Wear OS devices running Qualcomm Snapdragon Wear 4100 System on a chip, system on chip, and will be an opt-in upgrade requiring a factory reset to install. :Current Wear OS version list: * Android Wear 4.4w (Based on Android 4.4 "KitKat") - (Initially release) * Android Wear 1.0 - 1.3 (Based on Android 5.0 "Lollipop) - (Minor update) * Android Wear 1.4 (Based on Android 6.0 "Marshmellow) - (Minor update) * Android Wear 2.0 - 2.6 (7.1.1W2) (Based on Android 7.1 "Nougat") - (Minor update) * Android Wear 2.6 (7.1.1W3, 8.0.0 W1) - 2.9 (7.1.1W6, 8.0.0W4) (Baded on Android 8.0 "Oreo") - (Minor update) * Wear OS 1.0 (Based on Android 8.0 "Oreo") - (Renamed and Minor update) * Wear OS 2.0 (Based on Android 8.0 "Oreo") - (Minor update) * Wear OS 2.2 (Based on Android 9.0 "Pie") - (Minor update) * Wear OS 3.0 (Based on Android 11) - (Major UI and system update)


One UI Watch

One UI Watch is the user interface Samsung developed for their Wear OS based smartwatch, officially announced after both Google and Samsung confirm both company is going to unify their wearable operating system (Google Wear OS 2.0 and Samsung Tizen) into Wear OS 3.0. :Current One UI Watch version list: * One UI Watch 3.0 (Based on Wear OS 3.0 - Android 11)(Initially release)


Chrome OS

Chrome OS is an operating system designed by
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...

Google
that is based on the
Linux kernel The Linux kernel is a free and open-source Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer how to work. This is in c ...
and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface. As a result, Chrome OS primarily supports web applications. Google announced the project in July 2009, conceiving it as an operating system in which both applications and user data reside in the Cloud computing, cloud: hence Chrome OS primarily runs web applications. Due to increase of popularity with 2-in-1 PCs, most recent Chromebooks are introduced with touch screen capability, with Android applications starting to become available for the operating system in 2014. And in 2016, access to Android apps in the entire Google Play Store was introduced on supported Chrome OS devices. With the support of Android applications, there are Chromebook devices that are positioned as tablet based instead of notebooks. Chrome OS is only available pre-installed on hardware from Google manufacturing partners. An Open-source software, open source equivalent, Chromium OS, can be compiled from downloaded source code. Early on, Google provided design goals for Chrome OS, but has not otherwise released a technical description.


Sailfish OS

Sailfish OS is from Jolla. It is open source with GNU General Public License (GPL) for middleware stack core which comes from MER. Sailfish due to Jolla's business model and due to alliances with various partners and due to intentional design of OS internals, is capable to adopt in several layers third-party software including Jolla software e.g. Jolla's UI is proprietary software (closed source), so such components can be proprietary with many different kinds of licences. However, user can replace them with open source components like e.g. NEMO UI instead Jolla's UI. After Nokia abandoned in 2011 the
MeeGo MeeGo is a discontinued Linux distribution A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and pro ...
project, most of the MeeGo team left Nokia, and established Jolla as a company to use MeeGo and Mer (software distribution), Mer business opportunities. The MER standard allows it to be launched on any hardware with kernel compatible with MER. In 2012, Linux Sailfish OS based on MeeGo and using middleware of MER core stack distribution was launched for public use. The first device, the Jolla (mobile phone), Jolla smartphone, was unveiled on May 20, 2013. In 2015, Jolla Tablet was launched and the BRICS countries declared it an officially supported OS there. Jolla started licensing Sailfish OS 2.0 for third parties. Some devices sold are updateable to Sailfish 2.0 with no limits. Nemo Mobile is a community-driven OS, similar to Sailfish but attempting to replace its proprietary components, such as the user interface. Each Sailfish OS version release is named after a Finnish lake:


Tizen

Tizen (based on the
Linux kernel The Linux kernel is a free and open-source Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer how to work. This is in c ...
) is a mobile operating system hosted by
Linux Foundation The Linux Foundation (LF) is a Nonprofit organization, non-profit technology consortium founded in 2000 as a merger between Open Source Development Labs and the Free Standards Group to standardize Linux, support its growth, and promote its comm ...
, together with support from the Tizen Association, guided by a Technical Steering Group composed of
Intel Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue, and is the developer of ...

Intel
and
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...

Samsung
. Tizen is an operating system for devices including smartphones, tablets, In-car entertainment, In-Vehicle Infotainment (IVI) devices, however currently it mainly focus on wearable and smart TVs. It is an open source system (however the SDK was closed source and proprietary) that aims to offer a consistent user experience across devices. Tizen's main components are the Linux kernel and the WebKit runtime. According to Intel, Tizen "combines the best of LiMo and MeeGo." HTML5 apps are emphasized, with MeeGo encouraging its members to transition to Tizen, stating that the "future belongs to HTML5-based applications, outside of a relatively small percentage of apps, and we are firmly convinced that our investment needs to shift toward HTML5." Tizen will be targeted at a variety of platforms such as handsets, touch pc, smart TVs and in-vehicle entertainment. On May 17, 2013, Tizen released version 2.1, code-named Nectarine. While Tizen itself was open source, most of the UX and UI layer that developed by Samsung was mainly closed source and proprietary, such as the TouchWiz UI on the Samsung Z's series smartphone and One UI for their Galaxy Watch wearable lines.


KaiOS

KaiOS is from Kai. It is based on Firefox OS, Firefox OS/Boot to Gecko. Unlike most mobile operating systems which focus on smartphones, KaiOS was developed mainly for feature phones, giving these access to more advanced technologies usually found on smartphones, such as app stores and Wi-Fi/4G capabilities. It is a mix of closed-source and open-source components. FirefoxOS/B2G was released under the permissive Mozilla Public License, MPL 2.0. It does not redistribute itself under the same license, so KaiOS is now presumably proprietary (but still mostly open-source, publishing its source code). KaiOS is not entirely proprietary, as it uses the copyleft GPL Linux kernel also used in Android.


Fully open-source, entirely permissive licenses


Fuchsia

Fuchsia is a capability-based, real-time operating system (RTOS) currently being developed by Google. It was first discovered as a mysterious code post on GitHub in August 2016, without any official announcement. In contrast to prior Google-developed operating systems such as Chrome OS and Android, which are based on Linux kernels, Fuchsia is based on a new microkernel called "Zircon", derived from "Little Kernel", a small operating system intended for embedded systems. This allows it to remove
Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds. Linux is t ...

Linux
and the copyleft GPL underwhich the Linux kernel is licensed; Fuchsia is licensed under the permissive licenses, permissive BSD licenses#3-clause, BSD 3-clause, Apache 2.0, and MIT licenses. Upon inspection, media outlets noted that the code post on GitHub suggested Fuchsia's capability to run on universal devices, from embedded systems to smartphones, tablets and personal computers. In May 2017, Fuchsia was updated with a user interface, along with a developer writing that the project was not a for experimental, prompting media speculation about Google's intentions with the operating system, including the possibility of it replacing Android.


LiteOS

LiteOS is a lightweight open source real-time operating system which is part of Huawei's "1+2+1" Internet of Things solution, which is similar to Google Android Things and Samsung Tizen. It is released under the permissive license, permissive BSD licenses#3-clause license, BSD 3-clause license. Huawei LiteOS features lightweight, low-power, fast-response, multi-sensor collaboration, multi-protocol interconnect connectivity, enabling IoT terminals to quickly access the network. Huawei LiteOS will make intelligent hardware development easier. Thereby accelerating the realization of the interconnection of all things. Currently LiteOS are introduce to the consumer market with the Huawei Watch GT series and their sub-brand Honor Magic Watch series.


Fully open-source, mixed copyleft and permissive licenses


PureOS

PureOS is a Debian, Debian GNU/Linux derivative using only free software meeting the Debian Free Software Guidelines, mainly the copyleft GPL. PureOS is endorsed by Free Software Foundation as one of the freedom-respecting operating systems. It is developed by Purism (company), Purism, and was already in use on Purism's laptops before it was used on the Librem, Librem 5 smartphone. Purism, in partnership with GNOME and KDE, aims to separate the central processor unit, CPU from the baseband processor and include hardware kill switches for the phone's Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, camera, microphone and baseband processor, and provide both GNOME and KDE Plasma 5#Plasma Mobile, KDE Plasma Mobile as options for the desktop environment.


Ubuntu Touch

Ubuntu Touch is from Canonical Ltd. It is open source and uses the GNU General Public License, GPL license. Ubuntu Touch as an OS is built using the Android Linux kernel, using Android drivers and services via an LXC container, but does not use any of the Java-like code of Android. , the desktop environment of Ubuntu Touch is planned to be available as one of the default desktop options on the Librem, Librem 5 running #PureOS, PureOS as the operating system. Though Canonical formally announced it was discontinuing the Ubuntu mobile OS with its integral component Unity (user interface), Unity8, the independent German non-profit UBPorts Community/("Foundation" paperwork pending in the local Berlin-government) decided to take over the project. Canonical started Ubuntu Touch based on Ubuntu Ubuntu version history#Ubuntu 15.04 (Vivid Vervet), 15.04 (Vivid Vervet) and UBPorts upgraded the base to the nearest, current long-term support version Ubuntu Ubuntu version history#Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus), 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus). Original Canonical Ubuntu Touch version list: * Preview Version (initial release) * OTA 2.x * OTA 3.x * OTA 4.x * OTA 5.x * OTA 6.x * OTA 7.x * OTA 8.x * OTA 9.x * OTA 10.x * OTA 11.x * OTA 12.x * OTA 13.x * OTA 14.x * OTA 15.x UBPorts Ubuntu Touch version list: * 15.04 OTA-1 * 15.04 OTA-2 * 15.04 OTA-3 * 16.04 OTA-4 * 16.04 OTA-5 * 16.04 OTA-6


Plasma mobile

Plasma Mobile is a Plasma variant for
smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile operating systems, which facilitat ...

smartphone
s. Plasma Mobile runs on Wayland (display server protocol), Wayland and it is compatible with Ubuntu Touch applications, PureOS applications, and eventually
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
applications via KDE's Shashlik (software), Shashlik project also sponsored by Blue Systems, or Anbox. It is under the copyleft GPLv2 license. The Necuno phone uses Plasma Mobile. It is which is entirely open-source and thus does not have a cellular modem, so it must make calls by VOIP, like a pocket computer.


PostmarketOS

PostmarketOS is based on the Alpine Linux Linux distribution. It is intended to run on older phone hardware. it is in Alpha testing, alpha.


LuneOS

LuneOS is a modern reimplementation of the Palm/HP
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
interface.


Closed source


iOS

iOS (formerly named iPhone OS) was created by Apple Inc. It has the second largest installed base worldwide on smartphones, but the largest profits, due to aggressive price competition between Android-based manufacturers. It is closed source and proprietary, and is built on the open source Darwin (operating system), Darwin operating system. The
iPhone {{Infobox information appliance , name = iPhone , logo = , image = , caption = The front face of an iPhone 13 Pro in Sierra Blue , developer = Apple Inc. , manufacturer = Foxconn, Pegatron, Wistron (contract manufacturers) , type = Sma ...

iPhone
, iPod Touch,
iPad iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., which run the iOS and iPadOS mobile operating systems. The iPad (1st generation), first iPad was released on April 3, 2010; the most recent iPad models are ...

iPad
and second or third-generation Apple TV all use
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
, which is derived from macOS. Native third-party applications were not officially supported until the release of iPhone OS 2.0 on July 11, 2008. Before this, "iOS jailbreaking, jailbreaking" allowed third-party applications to be installed. In recent years, the jailbreaking scene has changed drastically due to Apple's continued efforts to secure their operating system and prevent unauthorized modifications. Currently, jailbreaks of recent iterations of iOS are only semi-untethered, which requires a device to be re-jailbroken at every boot, and exploits for jailbreaks are becoming increasingly hard to find and use. Currently all iOS devices are developed by Apple and manufactured by Foxconn or another of Apple's partners.


iPadOS

iPadOS is a tablet operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. specifically for their iPad line of tablet computers. It was announced at the company's 2019 Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC), as a derivation from iOS but with a greater emphasis put on multitasking. It was released on September 24, 2019.


watchOS

watchOS is the operating system of the Apple Watch, developed by Apple Inc. It is based on the iOS operating system and has many similar features. It was released on April 24, 2015, along with the Apple Watch, the only device that runs watchOS. It is currently the most widely used wearable operating system. Its features focus on convenience, such as being able to place phone calls and send texts, and health, such as fitness and heart rate tracking. The most current version of the watchOS operating system is watchOS 7.


Kindle firmware

Kindle firmware is mobile operating system specifically design for Amazon (company), Amazon Amazon Kindle e-readers, it is based on custom Linux kernel however it is entirely closed source and proprietary, and only runs on Amazon Kindle line up manufactured under Amazon brand.


Windows 10

Windows 10 (not to be confused with Windows 10 Mobile—see below) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT Microsoft Windows, family of operating systems. It was released on July 29, 2015, and many Windows 10 editions, editions and Windows 10 version history, versions have been released since then. Just like its predecessors, it was designed to run across multiple Microsoft product such as PCs and Tablets. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍—‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs. Windows 10 also introduces the universal apps, expanding on Metro-style apps, these apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍—‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality.


Windows 11

Windows 11 is a major version of the Windows NT
operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and provides common daemon (computing), services for computer programs. Time-sharing operating systems scheduler (computing), sch ...

operating system
developed by
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
that was announced on June 24, 2021, and is the successor to Windows 10, which was released n 2015. Windows 11 was released on October 5, 2021, as a free upgrade via Windows Update for eligible devices running Windows 10. Microsoft promoted that Windows 11 would have improved performance and ease of use over Windows 10; it features major changes to the Windows Shell (computing), shell influenced by the canceled Windows 10X, including a redesigned Start menu, the replacement of its "live tiles" with a separate "Widgets" panel on the taskbar, the ability to create tiled sets of windows that can be minimized and restored from the taskbar as a group, and new gaming technologies inherited from Xbox Series X and Series S such as High-dynamic-range video, Auto HDR and DirectStorage on compatible hardware. Internet Explorer is fully replaced by the Blink layout engine-based Microsoft Edge, while Microsoft Teams is integrated into the Windows shell. Microsoft also announced plans to offer support for
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Mobile app, apps to run on Windows 11, with support for Amazon Appstore and manually-installed APK file, packages. Similar to Windows 10, it was designed to run across multiple Microsoft product such as PCs and Tablets. The Windows user interface was further revised to combine the UI element of both mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based into a hybrid UI that combined touch and traditional desktop UI.


Minor proprietary operating system

Other than the major mobile operating system from the major tech company, some company such as Huami(Amazfit), Huawei, realme, TCL and Xiaomi has their own proprietary RTOS that develop specifically for their own smartband and smartwatch that is design to be power efficient and low battery consumption that is neither based on Android nor Linux Kernel. *Proprietary Amazfit OS Operating System that is primarily design for their Bip series, however Huami is currently developing the operating system to run on other company smartwatch as well. (Not to be confused with the Android-based Amazfit OS as both of them sharing the name yet both are based on different operating system, for their Android based Amazfit OS, kindly refer to the Android section) *Huawei/Honor Band Operating System Huawei Band Operating system is a operating system specifically design and develop by Huawei for their fitness tracker, including smartband series from Honor. (Not to be confused with another RTOS (LiteOS) which was also developed by Huawei.) *Lenovo RTOS Proprietary OS develop by Lenovo for their fitness tracker and smartwatch. *realme Wearable Operating System A proprietary operating system design to run on realme smartband and smartwatch. *TCL Wearable Real Time Operating System A proprietary RTOS powering TCL and Alcatel brand smartband and smartwatch. *Xiaomi Mi Band Operating System Proprietary RTOS that is develop by Huami for Xiaomi Mi Band series. (Not to be confused with Xiaomi MIUI for smartwatch which is based on Wear OS)


Under maintenance only


BlackBerry 10

BlackBerry 10 (based on the QNX OS) is from
BlackBerry The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defi ...

BlackBerry
. As a smartphone OS, it is closed source and proprietary, and only runs on phones and tablets manufactured by BlackBerry. One of the dominant platforms in the world in late 2000s, its global market share was reduced significantly by mid-2010s. In late 2016, BlackBerry announced that it will continue to support the OS, with a promise to release 10.3.3. Therefore, BlackBerry 10 would not receive any major updates as BlackBerry and its partners would focus more on their Android base development.


Discontinued software platforms


Open source


CyanogenMod

CyanogenMod was a custom mobile operating system based on the
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
Open Source Project (AOSP). It was a custom ROM that was co-developed by the CyanogenMod community. The OS did not include any proprietary apps unless the user installed them. Due to its open source nature, CyanogenMod allowed Android users who could no longer obtain update support from their manufacturer to continue updating their OS version to the latest one based on official releases from Google AOSP and heavy theme customization. The last version of the OS was CyanogenMod 13 which was based on Android Asus On December 24, 2016, CyanogenMod announced on their blog that they would no longer be releasing any CyanogenMod updates. All development moved to LineageOS.


= Cyanogen OS

= Cyanogen OS was based on CyanogenMod and maintained by Cyanogen Inc; however, it included proprietary apps and it was only available for commercial uses.


Firefox OS

Firefox OS (formerly known as "Boot to Gecko" and shortly "B2G") is from Mozilla. It was an open source mobile operating system released under the Mozilla Public License built on the Android Linux kernel and used Android drivers, but did not use any Java-like code of Android. According to Ars Technica, "Mozilla says that B2G is motivated by a desire to demonstrate that the standards-based open Web has the potential to be a competitive alternative to the existing single-vendor application development stacks offered by the dominant mobile operating systems." In September 2016, Mozilla announced that work on Firefox OS has ceased, and all B2G-related code would be removed from mozilla-central.


MeeGo/Maemo/Moblin

MeeGo (operating system), MeeGo was from non-profit organization The Linux Foundation. It is open source and GPL. At the 2010 Mobile World Congress in Barcelona,
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
and
Intel Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue, and is the developer of ...

Intel
both unveiled ''MeeGo'', a mobile operating system that combined
Moblin Moblin, short for 'mobile Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1 ...
and Maemo to create an open-sourced experience for users across all devices. In 2011 Nokia announced that it would no longer pursue MeeGo in favor of Windows Phone. Nokia announced the Nokia N9 on June 21, 2011, at the Nokia Connection event in Singapore. LG announced its support for the platform.
Maemo Maemo is a software platform A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions and data (computing), data that tell a computer h ...

Maemo
was a platform developed by Nokia for
smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile operating systems, which facilitat ...

smartphone
s and Internet tablets. It is open source and GPL, based on Debian GNU/Linux and draws much of its graphical user interface (GUI), Software framework, frameworks, and Library (computing), libraries from the GNOME project. It uses the Matchbox (window manager), Matchbox window manager and the GTK-based Hildon as its GUI and application framework.


webOS

webOS was developed by
Palm Palm most commonly refers to: * Palm of the hand, the central region of the front of the hand and a subdivision of the cubit * Palm trees, of family Arecaceae **List of Arecaceae genera * Several Arecaceae#Other plants, other plants known as Palm P ...
. webOS is an open source mobile operating system running on the Linux kernel, initially developed by Palm, which launched with the
Palm Pre The Palm Pre , styled as palm prē, is a multitasking smartphone A smartphone is a mobile device that combines cellular and mobile computing functions into one unit. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware ca ...

Palm Pre
. After being acquired by HP, two phones (the HP Veer, Veer and the HP Pre 3, Pre 3) and a tablet (the HP TouchPad, TouchPad) running webOS were introduced in 2011. On August 18, 2011, HP announced that webOS hardware would be discontinued, but would continue to support and update webOS software and develop the webOS ecosystem. HP released webOS as open source under the name Open webOS, and plans to update it with additional features. On February 25, 2013, HP announced the sale of webOS to LG Electronics, who used the operating system for its "smart" or Internet-connected TVs. However, HP retained patents underlying WebOS and cloud-based services such as the App Catalog.


Closed source


BlackBerry OS

In 1999, Research In Motion released its first BlackBerry devices, providing secure real-time push-email communications on wireless devices. Services such as BlackBerry Messenger provide the integration of all communications into a single inbox. In September 2012, RIM announced that the 200 millionth BlackBerry smartphone was shipped. As of September 2014, there were around 46 million active BlackBerry service subscribers. In early 2010s, RIM has undergone a platform transition, changing its company name to BlackBerry Limited and making new devices on a new platform named "BlackBerry 10".


Symbian

Symbian platform was developed by
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
for some models of smartphones. It is proprietary software, it was however used by Ericsson (SonyEricsson), Sending and Benq. The operating system was discontinued in 2012, although a slimmed-down version for basic phones was still developed until July 2014. Microsoft officially shelved the platform in favor of Windows Phone after its acquisition of Nokia.


Bada

Bada platform (stylized as bada; Korean: 바다) was an operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. It was developed by Samsung Electronics. Its name is derived from "바다 (bada)", meaning "ocean" or "sea" in Korean. It ranges from mid- to high-end smartphones. To foster adoption of Bada OS, since 2011 Samsung reportedly has considered releasing the source code under an open-source license, and expanding device support to include Smart TVs. Samsung announced in June 2012 intentions to merge Bada into the Tizen project, but would meanwhile use its own Bada operating system, in parallel with Google Android OS and Microsoft Windows Phone, for its smartphones. All Bada-powered devices are branded under the Wave name, but not all of Samsung's Android-powered devices are branded under the name Galaxy. On February 25, 2013, Samsung announced that it will stop developing Bada, moving development to
Tizen Tizen () is a Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of free and open-source software, open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an Kernel (computing), operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linu ...
instead. Bug reporting was finally terminated in April 2014.


Palm OS

Palm OS/Garnet OS was from Access Co. It is closed source and proprietary.
webOS webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, s ...

webOS
was introduced by Palm in January 2009, as the successor to Palm OS with Web 2.0 technologies, open architecture and multitasking abilities.


Microsoft


=Windows Mobile

= Windows Mobile is a family of proprietary operating systems from
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
aimed at business and enterprise users, based on
Windows CE Windows Embedded Compact, formerly Windows Embedded CE, Windows Powered and Windows CE, is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, computer software, software resources, and provides co ...
and originally developed for Pocket PC (
PDA PDA may refer to: Science and technology * Patron-driven acquisition, a mechanism for libraries to purchase books *Personal digital assistant, a mobile device * Photodiode array, a type of detector * Polydiacetylenes, a family of conducting polym ...
) devices. In 2010 it was replaced with the consumer-focused
Windows Phone Windows Phone (WP) is a discontinued family of mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system for mobile phones, tablet computer, tablets, smartwatches, 2-in-1 PCs, Smart speaker, smart speakers, or other Mobile device, ...

Windows Phone
. Versions of Windows Mobile came in multiple editions, like "Pocket PC Premium," "Pocket PC Professional," "Pocket PC Phone," and "Smartphone" (Windows Mobile 2003) or "Professional," "Standard," and "Classic" ( Windows Mobile 6.0). Some editions were touchscreen-only and some were keyboard-only, although there were cases where device vendors managed to graft support for one onto an edition targeted at the other. Cellular phone features were also only supported by some editions. Microsoft started work on a version of Windows Mobile that would combine all features together, but it was aborted, and instead they focused on developing the non-backwards-compatible, touchscreen-only
Windows Phone 7 Windows Phone 7 is the first release of the Windows Phone mobile client operating system, released worldwide on October 21, 2010, and in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) ...

Windows Phone 7
.


=Windows Phone

= Windows Phone is a proprietary mobile operating system developed by
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
for smartphones as the replacement successor to Windows Mobile and Zune. Windows Phone features a new touchscreen-oriented user interface derived from Metro design language. Windows Phone was replaced by Windows 10 Mobile in 2015.


=Windows 10 Mobile

= Windows 10 Mobile (formerly called
Windows Phone Windows Phone (WP) is a discontinued family of mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system for mobile phones, tablet computer, tablets, smartwatches, 2-in-1 PCs, Smart speaker, smart speakers, or other Mobile device, ...

Windows Phone
) is from
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

Microsoft
. It is closed source and proprietary. Unveiled on February 15, 2010, Windows Phone includes a user interface inspired by Microsoft's Metro Design Language. It is integrated with Microsoft services such as OneDrive and Office, Xbox Music, Xbox Video, Xbox Live games and Microsoft Bing, Bing, but also integrates with many other non-Microsoft services such as Facebook and Google Account, Google accounts. Windows Phone devices were made primarily by Microsoft Mobile/
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia Oyj, referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications, information technology company, information technology, and consumer electronics company, ...

Nokia
, and also by
HTC HTC Corporation ( zh, t=宏達國際電子股份有限公司, s=宏达国际电子股份有限公司, p=Hóngdá Guójì Diànzǐ Gǔfèn Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī, first=t) (High Tech Computer Corporation, literally ''Hongda International Electronics ...

HTC
and
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...

Samsung
. On January 21, 2015, Microsoft announced that the Windows Phone brand will be phased out and replaced with Windows 10 Mobile, bringing tighter integration and unification with its PC counterpart Windows 10, and provide a platform for smartphones and tablets with screen sizes under 8 inches. On October 8, 2017, Microsoft officially announced that they would no longer push any major updates to Windows 10 Mobile, instead it would put it in maintenance mode, where Microsoft would push bug fixes and general improvements only, therefore Windows 10 Mobile would not receive any new feature updates. On January 18, 2019, Microsoft announced that support for Windows 10 Mobile would End-of-life (product), end on December 10, 2019, with no further security updates released after then, and that Windows 10 Mobile users should migrate to
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone and iPod Touch; the t ...

iOS
or
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...
phones. Current Windows 10 Mobile version list: * Windows 10 Mobile – Version 1511 (November Update "Threshold") – major UI update * Windows 10 Mobile – Version 1607 (Anniversary Update "Redstone 1") * Windows 10 Mobile – Version 1703 (Creators Update "Redstone 2") * Windows 10 Mobile – Version 1709 (Fall Creators Update)


Market share


Usage

In 2006, Android and iOS did not exist and only 64 million smartphones were sold. In 2018 Q1, 383.5 million smartphones were sold and global market share was 85.9% for Android and 14.1% for iOS. Other OS smartphones were 0,131 million, counting the 0.03% of the total. According to StatCounter web use statistics (a proxy for all use), smartphones (alone without tablets) have majority use globally, with desktop computers used much less (and Android in particular more popular than Windows). Use varies however by continent with smartphones way more popular in the biggest continents, i.e. Asia, and the desktop still more popular in some, though not in North America. The desktop is still popular in many countries (while overall down to 44.9% in the first quarter of 2017), smartphones are more popular even in many developed countries (or about to be in more). A few countries on any continent are desktop-minority; European countries (and some in South America, and a few, e.g. Haiti, in North America; and most in Asia and Africa) are smartphone-majority, Poland and Turkey highest with 57.68% and 62.33%, respectively. In Ireland, smartphone use at 45.55% outnumbers desktop use and mobile as a whole gains majority when including the tablet share at 9.12%. Spain is also slightly desktop-minority. The range of measured mobile web use varies a lot by country, and a StatCounter press release recognizes "India amongst world leaders in use of mobile to surf the internet" (of the big countries) where the share is around (or over) 80% and desktop is at 19.56%, with Russia trailing with 17.8% mobile use (and desktop the rest). Smartphones (alone, without tablets), first gained majority in December 2016 (desktop-majority was lost the month before), and it wasn't a Christmas-time fluke, as while close to majority after smartphone majority happened again in March 2017. In the week from November 7–13, 2016, smartphones alone (without tablets) overtook desktop, for the first time (for a short period; non-full-month). Mobile-majority applies to countries such as Paraguay in South America, Poland in Europe and Turkey; and most of Asia and Africa. Some of the world is still desktop-majority, with e.g. in the United States at 54.89% (but no not on all days). However, in some territories of the United States, such as Puerto Rico, desktop is way under majority, with Windows under 30% overtaken by Android. On October 22, 2016 (and subsequent weekends), mobile showed majority. Since October 27, the desktop hasn't shown majority, not even on weekdays. And smartphones alone have showed majority since December 23 to the end of the year, with the share topping at 58.22% on Christmas Day. To the "mobile"-majority share then of smartphones, tablets could be added giving a 63.22% majority. While an unusually high top, a similarly high also happened on Monday April 17, 2017, with then only smartphones share slightly lower and tablet share slightly higher, with them combined at 62.88%. , the world has turned desktop-minority; at about 49% desktop use for the previous month, but mobile wasn't ranked higher, tablet share had to be added to it to exceed desktop share. By now, mobile (smartphones) have full majority, outnumbering desktop/laptop computers by a safe margin (and no longer counting tablets with desktops makes them most popular).


By operating system

Note: # Windows includes all versions. # BlackBerry includes all versions. # Other includes all other smartphone OSes but not feature phone OSes.


See also

* Comparison of mobile operating systems * Usage share of operating systems * Real-time operating system * List of GPS software for mobile phones * Mobile device * Smartphone * Tablet computer * Information appliance * List of open-source mobile phones * Operating system * Network operating system


References


External links


Android

Apple
{{Authority control Mobile operating systems, Operating systems Mobile phones Software wars