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The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a
public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth Engli ...
research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in v ...
with campuses near
Vancouver Vancouver ( ) is a major city in western Canada Western Canada, also referred to as the Western Provinces and more commonly known as the West, is a region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth desc ...

Vancouver
and in
Kelowna Kelowna ( ) is a city on Okanagan Lake Okanagan Lake is a large, deep lake in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia ( en, Splendour without diminishment) , image_map = British Columbia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map ...

Kelowna
, British Columbia. Established in 1908, UBC is
British Columbia ( en, Splendour without diminishment) , image_map = British Columbia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = None , Slogan = Beautiful British C ...

British Columbia
's oldest university. The university ranks among the top three universities in Canada. With an annual research budget of $759million, UBC funds over 8,000 projects a year. The Vancouver campus is situated adjacent to the
University Endowment Lands The University Endowment Lands (UEL) is an unincorporated area that lies to the west of the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and adjacent to the University of British Columbia and the Point Grey Campus, University of British Columb ...
located about west of
downtown Vancouver Downtown Vancouver is the main central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's "f ...

downtown Vancouver
. UBC is home to
TRIUMF TRIUMF is Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, Pacific and northwa ...
, Canada's national laboratory for
particle In the Outline of physical science, physical sciences, a particle (or corpuscule in older texts) is a small wikt:local, localized physical body, object to which can be ascribed several physical property, physical or chemical property, chemical p ...
and
nuclear physics Nuclear physics is the field of physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in ot ...
, which houses the world's largest
cyclotron A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator , a synchrotron collider type particle accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), Batavia, Illinois, USA. Shut down in 2011, until 2007 it was the most powerful particle ac ...

cyclotron
. In addition to the
Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies The Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies was founded in 1991 and is the senior research institute at the University of British Columbia. It supports basic research through collaborative, Interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinary initiatives. The I ...
and Stuart Blusson Quantum Matter Institute, UBC and the
Max Planck Society The Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science (german: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.; abbreviated MPG) is a formally independent non-governmental and non-profit association of German German(s) may refer t ...
collectively established the first
Max Planck Institute The Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science (german: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.; abbreviated MPG) is a formally independent non-governmental and non-profit association of German German(s) may refer t ...
in North America, specializing in quantum materials. One of the largest
research libraries A research library is a library A library is a collection of materials, books or media that are easily accessible for use and not just for display purposes. It is responsible for housing updated information in order to meet the user's needs ...
in Canada, the UBC Library system has over 9.9million volumes among its 21 branches. The Okanagan campus, acquired in 2005, is located in Kelowna, British Columbia. Eight Nobel laureates, 74
Rhodes Rhodes (; el, Ρόδος, translit=Ródos ) is the largest of the Dodecanese The Dodecanese (, ; el, Δωδεκάνησα, ''Dodekánisa'' , literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek#REDIRECT Greek Gre ...
scholars, 65 Olympians garnering medals, ten fellows in both
American Academy of Arts & Sciences The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, founded 1780, (abbreviation: AAAS) is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America, United States. Membership in the academy is achieved through a thorough petition, review, a ...
and the
Royal Society The Royal Society, formally The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, is a learned society A learned society (; also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization that exis ...
, and 273 fellows to the
Royal Society of Canada The Royal Society of Canada (RSC; french: Société royale du Canada, SRC), also known as the Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (French: ''Académies des arts, des lettres et des sciences du Canada''), is the senior national, bili ...
have been affiliated with UBC. Three Canadian prime ministers, including Canada's first female prime minister,
Kim Campbell Avril Phaedra Douglas "Kim" Campbell (born March 10, 1947) is a Canadian politician, diplomat, lawyer and writer who served as the 19th prime minister of Canada The prime minister of Canada (french: premier ministre du Canada, link=no) ...

Kim Campbell
, and current prime minister,
Justin Trudeau Justin Pierre James Trudeau (; , born December 25, 1971) is a Canadian politician who is the 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada, prime minister of Canada since November 2015 and the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, Liberal Part ...

Justin Trudeau
, have been educated at UBC.


History


Foundation and early years

In 1877, six years after British Columbia joined Canada, the Superintendent of Education, John Jessop, submitted a proposal for the formation of a provincial University. The provincial legislature passed ''An Act Respecting the University of British Columbia'' in 1890, but disagreements arose over whether to build the university on
Vancouver Island Vancouver Island is an island in the northeastern Pacific Ocean and part of the Canadian Provinces and territories of Canada, province of British Columbia. The island is in length, in width at its widest point, and in area. The island is the ...
or the mainland. The British Columbia University Act of 1908 formally called a provincial University into being, although its location was not specified. The governance was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906 which created a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to perform institutional leadership. The Act constituted a twenty-one member senate with Francis Carter-Cotton of Vancouver as chancellor. Before the University Act, there had been several attempts at creating a degree-granting university with help from the universities of
Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016 in 2016, it is the List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population, most p ...

Toronto
and McGill. Columbian College in New Westminster, through its affiliation with Victoria College of the University of Toronto, began to offer university-level credit at the turn-of-the-century, but McGill came to dominate higher education in the early 1900s. Building on a successful affiliation between Vancouver and Victoria high schools with McGill University, Henry Marshall Tory" Henry Marshall Tory, A Biography", originally published 1954, current edition January 1992, E.A. Corbett, Toronto: Ryerson Press, helped establish the McGill University College of British Columbia. From 1906 to 1915, McGill BC (as it was called) operated as a private institution providing the first few years toward a degree at McGill University or elsewhere. The Henry Marshall Tory Medal was established in 1941 by Tory, founding president of the University of Alberta and of the National Research Council of Canada, and a co-founder of Carleton University. In the meantime, appeals were made to the government to revive the earlier legislation for a provincial institution, leading to the University Endowment Act in 1907, and the University Act in 1908. In 1910 the Point Grey site was chosen, and the government appointed Dr. Frank Fairchild Wesbrook as president in 1913, and Leonard Klinck as dean of Agriculture in 1914. A declining economy and the outbreak of war in August 1914 compelled the university to postpone plans for building at Point Grey, and instead the former McGill University College site at Fairview became home to the university until 1925. On the first day of lectures, September 30, 1915, the new independent university absorbed McGill University College. The University of British Columbia awarded its first degrees in 1916, and Klinck became the second president in 1919, serving until 1944. In 1917 Evlyn Fenwick Farris became the first woman in Canada to be appointed to the board of governors of a university — a founding governor of UBC. She was also the first woman to be appointed to the UBC Senate. Active in its formation, the University Women's Club of Vancouver considered UBC as its "godchild".


Move to Point Grey

World War I dominated campus life and the student body was "decimated" by enlistments for active service, with three hundred UBC students in Company "D" alone. By the war's end 697 members of the university had enlisted. 109 students graduated in the three war-time congregations, all but one in the Faculty of Arts and Science. By 1920, the university had only three faculties: Arts, Applied Science, and Agriculture (with Departments of
Agronomy Agronomy is the science and technology of producing and using plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to Energy transformation, convert light energy into chemical ...
,
Animal Husbandry Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Ex ...
,
Dairying A dairy is a business enterprise Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling Product (business), products (such as goods and services). Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise enter ...
, Horticulture and Poultry). It only awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (BA),
Bachelor of Applied Science The Bachelor of Applied Science, often abbreviated as B.AS., BAS, BSAS, BASc, B.A.Sc., or BAppSc, is an undergraduate degree. There is also a ''Bachelor of Arts and Science'' undergraduate degree, also abbreviated to ''BASc''. Usage In Canada, the ...
(BASc), and Bachelor of Science in agriculture (BSA). There were 576 male students and 386 female students in the 1920–21 winter session, but only 64 academic staff, including 6 women. In the early part of the 20th century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology, law and medicine. Although UBC did not offer degrees in these fields, it began to offer degrees in new professional areas such as engineering, agriculture, nursing and school teaching. It also introduced graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis, with students completing M.A. degrees in natural sciences, social sciences and humanities. In 1922, the twelve-hundred-strong student body embarked on a "Build the University" campaign. Students marched through the streets of Vancouver to draw attention to their plight, enlist popular support, and embarrass the government. Fifty-six thousand signatures were presented at legislature in support of the campaign, which was ultimately successful. On September 22, 1925, lectures began at the new Point Grey campus. Except for the library, Science and Power House buildings, all the campus buildings were temporary constructions. Students built two playing fields, but the university had no dormitories and no social centre. Still, the university continued to grow steadily. Soon, however, the effects of the
depression Depression may refer to: Mental health * Depression (mood), a state of low mood and aversion to activity * Mood disorders characterized by depression are commonly referred to as simply ''depression'', including: ** Dysthymia ** Major depressive ...
began to be felt. The provincial government, upon which the university depended heavily, cut the annual grant severely. In 1932–33, salaries were cut by up to 23%. Posts remained vacant, and a few faculty lost their jobs. Most graduate courses were dropped. In 1935, the university established the Department of Extension. Just as things began to improve, World War II began and Canada declared war on September 10, 1939. Soon afterwards, University President Klinck wrote:
From the day of the declaration of war, the University has been prepared to put at the disposal of the Government all possible assistance by way of laboratories, equipment and trained personnel, insofar as such action is consistent with the maintenance of reasonably efficient instructional standards. To do less would be unthinkable.
Heavy rains and melting snowfall eroded a deep ravine across the north end of the campus, in the Grand Campus Washout of 1935. The campus did not have
storm drain A storm drain, storm sewer (United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the Unite ...

storm drain
s, and
surface runoff Surface runoff (also known as overland flow) is the flow of water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's and the s of all known living organisms (in which it ac ...
went down a ravine to the beach. When the university carved a ditch to drain flooding on University Avenue, the rush of water steepened the ravine and eroded it back as fast as per hour. The resulting gully eventually consumed , two bridges, and buildings near Graham House. The university was closed for 4 and a half days. Afterwards, the gully was filled with debris from a nearby landslide, and only traces are visible today. Includes several contemporary photos of the Washout.
Military training Military education and training is a process which intends to establish and improve the capabilities of military personnel Military personnel are members of the state's armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, i ...
on the campus became popular, then mandatory. WWII marked the first provision of money from the
federal government A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity A polity is an identifiable political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, ...
to the university for research purposes. This laid a foundation for future research grants from the federal government of Canada.


Postwar years

By the end of World War II, Point Grey's facilities could not meet the influx of veterans returning to their studies. The university needed new staff, courses, faculties, and buildings for teaching and accommodation. The student population rose from 2,974 in 1944–45 to 9,374 in 1947–48. Surplus
Army An army (from Latin ''arma'' "arms, weapons" via Old French ''armée'', "armed" eminine, ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land. In the broadest sense, it is the land-based military branch Military branch ...
and camps were used for both classrooms and accommodation. The university took over fifteen complete camps during the 1945–46 session, with a sixteenth camp on Little Mountain, in Vancouver, converted into suites for married students. Most of the camps were dismantled and carried by barge or truck to the university where the huts were scattered across the campus. Student numbers hit 9,374 in 1948; more than 53% of the students were
war veterans A veteran () is a person who has significant experience (and is usually adept and esteemed) and expertise in a particular occupation Occupation commonly refers to: *Occupation or job, one's role in society, often a regular activity performe ...
in 1947–67. Between 1947 and 1951, the university built twenty new permanent buildings, including the War Memorial Gym, built with money raised primarily by the students, was dedicated on October 26, 1951. The single-University policy in the West was changed as existing colleges of the provincial Universities gained autonomy as Universities – the
University of Victoria The University of Victoria (UVic or Victoria) is a public research university A public university or public college is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, ...
was established in 1963. On February 10, 1964, Harvey Reginald MacMillan donated $8.2million for postgraduate education to the university.


Recent history

Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced the creation of the
Museum of Anthropology at UBC The Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia (UBC) campus in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada is renowned for its displays of world arts and cultures, in particular works by First Nations, First Nation band governments of th ...
on July 1, 1971. At a construction cost of $2.5million the museum building, designed by
Arthur Erickson Arthur Charles Erickson (June 14, 1924 – May 20, 2009) was a Canadians, Canadian architect and urban planning, urban planner. He studied Asian languages at the University of British Columbia, and later earned a degree from McGill University' ...
, opened in 1976. That same year, the university launched a
normal school A normal school is an institution created to train high school graduates to be teachers by educating them in the norms of pedagogy Pedagogy (), most commonly understood as the approach to teaching, is the theory and practice of learning, and h ...
program under the direction of Sally Rogow to train educators methods to teach students with multiple disabilities or were visually impaired. UBC's 15th president is Professor Santa J. Ono. He assumed the presidency on August 15, 2016. He served previously as the 28th president of the
University of Cincinnati The University of Cincinnati (UC or Cincinnati) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organis ...
. Dr.
Martha Piper Martha C. Piper is a Canadian academic and administrator who was the president and vice-chancellor of the University of British Columbia (UBC) from 1997 until 2006. She was the 11th person and the first woman to serve as president of UBC. Having ...
– who served as the 11th president of the university – served as interim president from September 1, 2015, to June 30, 2016, following the resignation of Dr.
Arvind Gupta Arvind Gupta is an Indian toy inventor and expert in science. He got the civilian award "Padma Shree Padma Shri (IAST: ''padma śrī''), also spelled Padma Shree, is the fourth-highest Indian honours system, civilian award in the Republic ...
. In early May 2020, UBC announced it would be holding a virtual graduation for the class of 2020 amid concerns over the
COVID-19 pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from , , "all" and , , "local people" the 'crowd') is an of an that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple or worldwide, affecting a substantial numbe ...
.


Campuses


Vancouver

The main campus is located at
Point Grey Point Grey ( Squamish: Elḵsn) is a headland A headland, also known as a head, is a coastal landform, a point of land usually high and often with a sheer drop, that extends into a body of water. It is a type of promontory. A headland of considerab ...
, approximately from downtown Vancouver. It lies on traditional and unceded territory of the Musqueam people. It is near several beaches and has views of the
North Shore mountains The North Shore Mountains are a mountain range overlooking Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada. Their southernmost peaks are visible from most areas in Vancouver and form a distinctive backdrop for the city. The steep southern slopes of the No ...
. The
Pacific Spirit Regional Park Pacific Spirit Regional Park is a http://www.spdf2013.com/program/Docs/BogsCreeks-PacificSpirit.pdf park located in the University Endowment Lands, on Burrard Peninsula, Point Grey to the west of the city of Vancouver, British Columbia. It surroun ...
serves as a green-belt between the campus and the city. Buildings on the Vancouver campus occupy gross on of maintained land. The campus street plan is mostly in a grid of malls (some of which are pedestrian-only). Lower Mall and West Mall are in the southwestern part of the peninsula, with Main, East, and Wesbrook Malls northeast of them. The campus is not within Vancouver's city limits, and therefore UBC is policed by the
RCMP The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP; french: Gendarmerie royale du Canada; french: GRC, label=none), often known as the Mounties, are the federal and national police service of Canada, providing law enforcement at the federal level. The ...

RCMP
rather than the
Vancouver Police Department The Vancouver Police Department (VPD) (french: Service de police de Vancouver) is the police The police are a constituted body of persons A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as r ...
. However, the Vancouver Fire Department provides service to UBC under a contract. In addition to UBC RCMP, there is also the UBC Campus Security that patrols the campus. Postage sent to any building on campus includes Vancouver in the address. UBC Vancouver also has two satellite campuses within the City of Vancouver: at
Vancouver General Hospital Vancouver General Hospital (locally known as VGH, or Vancouver General) is a medical facility located in Vancouver Vancouver ( ) is a major city in western Canada Western Canada, also referred to as the Western Provinces and more commonly ...
, for the medical sciences, and at
Robson Square Robson Square is a landmark civic centre and public plaza, located in Downtown Vancouver, Downtown Vancouver, British Columbia. It is the site of the Law Courts (Vancouver), Provincial Law Courts, University of British Columbia, UBC Robson Squar ...
in downtown Vancouver, for part-time credit and non-credit programmes. UBC is also a partner in the consortium backing Great Northern Way Campus Ltd, and is affiliated with a group of adjacent theological colleges, which include the
Vancouver School of Theology Vancouver School of Theology is a multi-denominational divinity school A seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, or divinity school is an educational institution for educating students (sometimes called ''seminarians'') in scripture ...
,
Regent College Regent College is a graduate Graduate refers to someone who has been the subject of a graduation, namely, someone who has completed the requirements of an academic degree. Education * Graduate, an alumnus * Graduate diploma, generally a po ...

Regent College
,
Carey Theological College Carey Theological College is an Evangelicalism, evangelical Christian seminary based in Vancouver, British Columbia. It was begun as a ministry of the Baptist Union of Western Canada (now known as the Canadian Baptists of Western Canada). Carey T ...
and Corpus Christi College. The campus is home to numerous gardens. The
UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research Photo of water in the UBC Botanical Garden UBC Botanical Garden, at the University of British Columbia The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public university, public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Co ...
, the first UBC department, holds a collection of over 8000 different kinds of plants used for research, conservation and education. The UBC botanical garden's original site was at the "Old Arboretum". All that remains of it today are trees planted in 1916 by
John DavidsonJohn Davidson may refer to: Politicians *John Davidson (Illinois politician) (1924–2012), American politician *John Davidson (Lower Canada politician) (died 1838), merchant, civil servant and political figure in Lower Canada *John Andrew Davidson ...
. The old arboretum is now home to many buildings including the First Nations House of Learning. The
Nitobe Memorial Garden The Nitobe Memorial Garden is a -acre (one hectare) traditional Japanese garden located at the University of British Columbia, just outside the city limits of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It is part of the UBC Botanical Garden and Centre ...
, built to honour Japanese scholar , the garden has been the subject of more than fifteen years' study by a UBC professor, who believes its construction hides a number of impressive features, including references to Japanese philosophy and mythology, shadow bridges visible only at certain times of year, and positioning of a lantern filled with light at the exact date and time of Nitobe's death each year. The garden is behind the university's Asian Centre, which was built using steel girders from Japan's exhibit at Osaka Expo. The campus also features the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts: a
performing arts The performing arts are arts such as music, dance, and drama which are performed for an audience. It is different from visual arts The visual arts are Art#Forms, genres, media, and styles, art forms such as painting, drawing, printmaking, s ...
centre containing the Chan Shun Concert Hall, Telus Studio Theatre and the Royal Bank Cinema. It is often the site of convocation ceremonies and the filming location for the 4400 Center on the television show ''
The 4400 ''The 4400'' (pronounced "the forty-four hundred") is a science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts su ...
'', as well as the Madacorp entrance set on ''
Kyle XY ''Kyle XY'' is an American science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and tech ...

Kyle XY
''. It has also been featured as the Cloud 9 Ballroom in the re-imagined ''
Battlestar Galactica ''Battlestar Galactica'' is an American science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced s ...
'' (Season 1, Episode 11: ''Colonial Day''). Since the mid 1980s UBC has worked with property developers to build several large residential developments throughout UBC's campus. Such developments include: Chancellor Place, Hampton Place, Hawthorn Place and Wesbrook Village.


Okanagan

The Okanagan Campus was established in 2005 on what was previously the North
Kelowna Kelowna ( ) is a city on Okanagan Lake Okanagan Lake is a large, deep lake in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia ( en, Splendour without diminishment) , image_map = British Columbia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map ...

Kelowna
Campus of
Okanagan University College Okanagan University College (OUC) was a public, post-secondary educational institution (c. 1990 to 30 June 2005) based in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada. It evolved from Okanagan College (1965 to c. 1990), and the college's predecessor, the B. ...
, next to
Kelowna International Airport Kelowna International Airport is a Canadian airport located approximately 10 minutes or northeast of Kelowna Kelowna ( ) is a city on Okanagan Lake Okanagan Lake is a large, deep lake in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia ( en, S ...
. It was founded in partnership with the
Syilx The ''Syilx'' () people, also known as the Okanagan or Okanogan people, are a First Nations The First Nations (french: Premières Nations ) are groups of Canadian indigenous peoples, who are classified as distinct from the Inuit Inuit (; ...
Okanagan Nation and it lies on their ancestral and unceded territory. The campus had a 2019 enrolment of 10,708 undergraduate and graduate students, and has its own academic Senate. UBC Okanagan offers 62 undergraduate and 19 graduate programs in a diversity of disciplines including Arts, Science, Fine Arts, Engineering, Nursing, Human Kinetics, Education, Management, Social Work and Interdisciplinary Graduate Studies. UBC's Faculty of Medicine delivers medical doctor training through the Southern Medical Program with facilities at UBC Okanagan and a clinical academic campus at Kelowna General Hospital. From 2005 through 2012, the Okanagan campus completed a $450million CDN expansion with construction of several residential, teaching and research buildings. The expansion included the Charles E. Fipke Centre for Innovative Research, University Centre, the Engineering Management and Education building, the Arts and Sciences Centre, Reichwald Health Sciences Centre, and several new student residence buildings. The Commons building was opened in 2019, and in 2020 construction is underway on two additional student housing facilities—Nechako and Skeena residences. In 2010, UBC Okanagan campus grew from 105 ha. to 208.6 ha. Like the Point Grey campus, the Okanagan campus attracts Canadian and international students.


Libraries, archives and galleries

The UBC Library, which has 7.8million volumes, 2.1million e-books, more than 370,000 e-journals, and more than 700,000 items in locally produced digital collections, is Canada's second largest academic library. From 2014 to 2015, there were more than 3.8million on-campus visits and over 9.5million visits to its website. The library has fifteen branches and divisions across the UBC Vancouver and UBC Okanagan campuses. The former Main Library underwent construction and was renamed the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre. Opened in April 2008, the Learning Centre incorporates the centre heritage block of the old Main Library with two new expansion wings and features an
automated storage and retrieval system An automated storage and retrieval system (ASRS or AS/RS) consists of a variety of computer-controlled systems for automatically placing and retrieving loads from defined storage locations. Automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS) are ty ...
(ASRS), the first of its kind in Canada. UBC has a number of different collections that have been donated and acquired. Major General
Victor Odlum Victor Wentworth Odlum, Order of the Bath, CB, Order of St Michael and St George, CMG, Distinguished Service Order, DSO (21 October 1880 – 4 April 1971) was a Canadians, Canadian journalist, soldier, and diplomat. He was a prominent member of the ...
CB, CMG, DSO, VD donated his library of 10,000 books, which has been housed in "the Rockwoods Centre Library" of the UBC Library since 1963. After Videomatica's 2011 closure, UBC and SFU acquired their $1.7-million collection. UBC received about 28,000 movie DVDs, 4,000 VHS titles and 900 Blu-ray discs which are housed at UBC Library's Koerner branch on the Vancouver campus. In 2014, renowned art collector and antiques specialist, Uno Langmann, donated the Uno Langmann Family Collection of B.C. Photographs, which consists of more than 18,000 rare and unique early photographs from the 1850s to the 1970s. It is considered the premiere private collection of early provincial photos, and an important illustrated history of early photographic methods. In 2016, the library acquired one of the world's most rare and extraordinary books, the from 1896. The book was printed in a limited edition of only 438 copies, but there are only 48 copies in the world with its particular type of binding. The
Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery The Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery is a contemporary art gallery in Vancouver, British Columbia on the campus of the University of British Columbia. The gallery is housed in an award-winning building designed by architect Peter Cardew and ope ...

Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery
at the UBC houses the university's collection of three archives and fine art; 1,000 works, mainly Canadian contemporary pieces 1960 to the present. The Gallery houses exhibitions, publications, acquisitions, archival projects, lectures and symposia on art history, criticism, and curating.


Sustainability

UBC has been ranked in the
Corporate Knights Corporate Knights (CK) is a media, research and financial information products company based in Toronto, Canada, focused on promoting an economic system where prices fully incorporate social, economic and ecological costs and benefits, and marke ...
school rankings, which ranks Universities based on how well they integrate sustainability into the learning experience. The rankings adopt a broad definition of sustainability which encompasses both environmental and social concerns. In the 2011 rankings, UBC was ranked 2nd in the category: top 5 teaching programs. UBC's law school ranked fifth among Canadian law schools. The Sauder School of Business' MBA programs were ranked fourth in Canada. The same rankings placed the business school 11th in Canada for its undergraduate business program. The Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability (CIRS) building has been called North America's most sustainable, innovative, and high performance building. The CIRS building was first thought of in 2000 and was the brainchild of John Robinson, a sustainable development research initiative professor. Robinson worked with faculty members from Emily Carr, Simon Fraser University, and British Columbia Institute of Technology as well as head architect Peter Busby to design the building. It cost 23million dollars to complete the 65,000 square foot building. The CIRS building exhibits regenerative sustainability, which means the building improves the surrounding environment.Archived a
Ghostarchive
and th
Wayback Machine
For example, it uses energy it obtains from the neighbouring Earth and Ocean Sciences (EOSC) Building to heat itself. The EOSC building uses roughly 1600 megawatts of heat and goes through ten air changes every hour, which wastes around 900 megawatts. The engineers who built the CIRS building saw this as an opportunity; the building takes the heat the EOSC building expels and uses 300 megawatts to heat itself before returning 600 megawatts to the EOSC building. In this way, the CIRS building restores its surrounding environment. The CIRS building is designed to be net positive in four ways environmentally, meaning the processes or products that leave the building are more environmentally friendly than those that go into it. The best example of the building's net positivity is the building's wood holds nearly 600 tons of carbon – more carbon than the building's construction and maintenance created.Archived a
Ghostarchive
and th
Wayback Machine
Other sustainable features of the CIRS building include: * A water supply obtained entirely from rainwater * An on-site sewage treatment facility that converts all waste created in the building to reusable water and compost * The building's wood comes from trees killed by the pine beetle, thus, little logging was needed for construction * Relies on mainly solar energy for electricity * All areas of the building use natural lighting during the day. The building integrates 'green' sustainable and humane features, i.e. not only does it have a small ecological footprint, it also serves as an environment for occupants to be happy, healthy, and productive. This is the direction the University of British Columbia is moving towards to continue their ideas of sustainable development. Following the success of the CIRS, UBC's new Student Union Building, which opened in summer 2015, was also designed to adhere to the most stringent sustainability requirements. It achieves the
LEED Platinum Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a green building certification program used worldwide. Developed by the non-profit U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), it includes a set of rating systems for the design, construction, ...
standard – with features that include triple glazing, solar-powered cooling, solar water heaters, radiant heating and cooling in floors,
green roof A green roof or living roof is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation and a growing medium, planted over a Waterproofing#Construction waterproofing, waterproofing membrane. It may also include additional la ...

green roof
technology, water efficient landscaping that uses
greywater Greywater (or grey water, sullage, also spelled gray water in the United States) refers to domestic wastewater generated in households or office buildings from streams without fecal contamination, i.e., all streams except for the wastewater fro ...
, natural air ventilation, and a
composting Compost is a mixture of ingredients used to fertilize and improve the soil. It is commonly prepared by decomposing plant and food waste and recycling Recycling is the process of converting waste Waste (or wastes) are unwanted ...

composting
facility that processes up to 30 tonnes of organic waste each year. Canada has the highest water consumption per capita in the world, and Vancouver having the highest population in British Columbia, water consumption is significantly high. The water consumption in the University of British Columbia in Vancouver is high due to UBC being the largest University in British Columbia. Due to the high population, the consumption of water sums up to about four billion litres a year, able to fill 1,600 Olympic-sized swimming pools.


Water Action Plan

To implement change in the water consumption, UBC sustainability team created an initiative to conserve called the Water Action Plan in 2011 to reduce and recycle water on campus. Two landmarks for creating water sustainability are the CIRS and the C. K. Choi Building. The Centre for Interactive Sustainability (CIRS) building features a closed loop water system where water is recycled and reused. On the other hand, the C. K. Choi Building for the Institute of Asian Research, consists of
composting toilet A composting toilet is a type of dry toilet A dry toilet (or non-flush toilet, no flush toilet or toilet without a flush) is a that operates without flush water, unlike a . The dry toilet may have a raised pedestal on which the user can sit, o ...

composting toilet
s, which reduce domestic water consumption. These toilets use an alternative other than using water for flushing and produce fertilizer that can be used for growing plants. Conclusively, these toilets allow for conservation of water, landfill space, energy, and also production of quality fertilizer.


Water conservation initiatives

For over 20 years, UBC has been implementing change and water consumption policies through two initiatives, ECOTrek and UBC Renew: *ECOTrek *:ECOTrek is Canada's largest sustainability project which undertook an enormous water and energy saving initiative. This project included rebuilding almost 300 academic buildings in UBC. This project achieved a World Clean Energy nomination, which are honourable awards for successful projects in energy efficiency and renewable energy realm. The water management involved conducting changes to toilets, urinals, basins and water-cooled equipment to reduce the amount of water on campus. In addition, steam and water meters were installed on campus to quantify the water consumption to provide a clear depiction of the water use in each building. *UBC Renew *:UBC Renew project involves renovating aging institutional buildings, instead of demolishing and building new buildings which can have negative impacts on the environment.
Demolition Demolition, also known as razing, cartage, and wrecking is the science Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and organizes knowledge in the form of Testability, testable explanations and predictions about ...
can have major environmental impacts as it can pollute the soil, increase air pollutants, and increase water consumption. Renovating old buildings can save large volumes of water and save energy costs.


Community efforts

Beyond the UBC sustainability team, a student-driven initiative is taking place in making a bottled-water free campus in hopes of reducing
bottled water Bottled water is drinking water Drinking water, also known as potable water, is that is safe to or use for . The amount of drinking water required to maintain good health varies, and depends on physical activity level, age, health-relat ...

bottled water
on campus and to encourage students to engage in environmentally friendly behaviours. Production of bottled water puts strain on the environment and increases landfill space. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature 2001 report, about 1.5million tons of plastic is used for bottling 89billion litres of water each year.


Governance and academics

UBC's administration, as mandated by the University Act, is composed of a chancellor, convocation, board, senate, and faculties of the university. The board of governors manages property and revenue, while the senate manages the university's academic operation. Both are composed of faculty and students who are elected to the position. Degrees and diplomas are conferred by the convocation, which is composed of alumni, administrators, and faculty, with a quorum of twenty members. UBC also has a president, who is the university's chief executive officer and a member of the senate, board of governors, convocation, and also serves as vice chancellor. The president of the university is responsible for managing the academic operation of the university, including recommending appointments, calling meetings of faculties, and establishing committees.


Faculties and schools

UBC's academic activity is organized into "faculties" and "schools". UBC has twelve faculties at its Vancouver campus and seven at its Okanagan campus. UBC Vancouver has two academic colleges: Interdisciplinary Studies and Health Disciplines, while UBC Okanagan has a College of Graduate Studies. At the Vancouver campus, the Faculty of Arts, which dates back to the 1915 Fairview Campus, is the largest faculty with twenty departments and schools. With the split of the Faculty of Arts and Science in 1964, the Faculty of Science is the second largest faculty with nine departments. The
Sauder School of Business The UBC Sauder School of Business is a faculty at the University of British Columbia. The faculty is located in Vancouver on UBC's Point Grey campus and has a secondary teaching facility at UBC Robson Square downtown. UBC Sauder is accredited by A ...
is UBC's Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration. The School of Architecture offers a program accredited by the Canadian Architectural Certification Board at the bachelor level (B.Arch.) and the master's level (M.Arch.). , a new school was created: UBC Vancouver School of Economics in conjunction with the Sauder School of Business. The university's first inter-faculty school, the School of Biomedical Engineering, was established in 2017 as a partnership between the Faculties of Applied Science and Medicine. In 2014, UBC created a new "International Programs" designation separate from the traditional definition of a faculty. To accompany this designation, the university created Vantage College to allow international students who do not meet the English language requirements for general admission to enter the university's transition program.


Dual undergraduate degree with Sciences Po

The dual degree program is a highly selective program in which undergraduate students earn two Bachelor of Arts degrees from both
Sciences Po The Paris Institute of Political Studies (french: Institut d'études politiques de Paris), commonly referred to as Sciences Po Paris or just Sciences Po (), is a ''grande école A ''grande école'' () is a French institution of higher educa ...
in France and UBC in four years. Previously, students could earn one Bachelor of Arts and one Bachelor of Commerce (Sauder School of Business); however, this program was discontinued with the last student intake occurring in September 2017. Currently, students in the dual degree program can only earn a Bachelor of Arts degree from UBC, along with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Sciences Po, which can both be in different majors pertaining to the social sciences. Students spend two years at one of three Sciences Po regional campuses in France (Le Havre, Menton, or Reims), each of which is devoted to a particular region of the world. After two years, students matriculate at UBC. Graduates are guaranteed admission to a Sciences Po graduate program within one-year of graduation.


Ranking and reputation

The University of British Columbia has ranked in a number of post-secondary rankings. In the 2021 ''
Academic Ranking of World Universities The ''Academic Ranking of World Universities'' (''ARWU''), also known as the Shanghai Ranking, is one of the annual publications of world university ranking College and university rankings are rankings A ranking is a relationship between a set ...

Academic Ranking of World Universities
'' rankings, the university ranked 42nd in the world and second in Canada. The 2022 ''
QS World University Rankings ''QS World University Rankings'' is an annual publication of university rankings College and university rankings are rankings of institutions in higher education Higher education is tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree. H ...
'' ranked the University 46th in the world, and third in Canada. The 2022 ''
Times Higher Education World University Rankings ''Times Higher Education World University Rankings'' is an annual publication of university ranking College and university rankings are rankings A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items, the first is e ...
'' ranked the University 37th in the world, and second in Canada. In the 2022 '' U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking'', the university ranked 35th in the world and second in Canada. The Canadian-based ''
Maclean's ''Maclean's'' is a Canadian news magazine A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published magazine A magazine is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a ca ...
'' magazine ranked the University of British Columbia third in their 2022 Canadian Medical Doctoral University category, and second in their reputation rankings. The university was ranked in spite of having opted out – along with several other universities in Canada – of participating in ''Maclean's'' graduate survey since 2006. In ''
Newsweek ''Newsweek'' is an American weekly news magazine A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published , radio or , usually published weekly, consisting of articles about current events. News magazines generally discuss stories, in greater de ...
''s 2011 global university rankings, the university was ranked eighth among institutions outside the United States and second in Canada. Along with academic and research-based rankings, the university has also been ranked by publications that evaluate the employment prospects of its graduates. In the ''Times Higher Education's'' 2020 global employability ranking, the university ranked 28th in the world and third in Canada.


International partnerships

UBC students can study abroad for a semester or a year at over 200 partner institutions such as
ETH Zürich (colloquially) , former_name = eidgenössische polytechnische Schule , image_name = ETH Zürich Logo black.svg , image_size = 300px , established = , type = Public university, Public , budget = Swiss franc, CHF 1.897 billion (2019) , rect ...

ETH Zürich
,
University of Tokyo , abbreviated as or UTokyo, is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in th ...
,
UC Berkeley The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization ...

UC Berkeley
,
Imperial College London Imperial College London (legally Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a Public university, public research university in London. Imperial grew out of Albert, Prince Consort, Prince Albert's Albertopolis, vision for a cultural ce ...

Imperial College London
,
HEC Paris HEC Paris (french: École des hautes études commerciales de Paris) is a business school A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration Business administration (also known as business mana ...

HEC Paris
,
Tsinghua University Tsinghua University () is a major public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English ...
,
University of Washington The University of Washington (UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization ...

University of Washington
,
Seoul National University Seoul National University (SNU; , colloquially ''Seouldae'') is a national National may refer to: Common uses * Nation A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language, history, ethnicity, or a common culture, an ...
,
University of Sydney The University of Sydney (USYD, or informally Sydney Uni) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, ...

University of Sydney
,
IIT Delhi Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi) is a Public university, public technical university located in Hauz Khas in South Delhi, Delhi, India. It is one of the oldest Indian Institutes of Technology in India. Established in 1961, was ...

IIT Delhi
and many others.


Enrolment

The mean admission average in 2013 for domestic first-year students was 89.5 percent. The acceptance rate for domestic applications in 2013 was 50.4 percent, of which 57.1 percent enrolled. In 2014/15, UBC employed 3,270 full-time
Faculty Faculty may refer to: * Faculty (academic staff), the academic staff of a university (North American usage) * Faculty (division), a division within a university (usage outside of the United States) * Faculty (instrument), an instrument or warrant ...
members, 10,942 non-faculty members, and 8,031 students. It reported 871 unpaid employees.


Vancouver enrolment


Research

The University of British Columbia is a member of
Universitas 21 Universitas 21 (U21) is an international network of research-intensive universities. Founded in Melbourne, Australia Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the ...
, an international association of research-led institutions and the only Canadian member of the
Association of Pacific Rim Universities APRU (the Association of Pacific Rim Universities) is a consortium A consortium (plural: consortia) is an association Association may refer to: *Club (organization), an association of two or more people united by a common interest or goal *T ...
, a consortium of 42 leading research universities in the Pacific Rim. In 2017, the University of British Columbia had the second-largest sponsored research income (external sources of funding) out of any Canadian university, totalling C$577 million. In the same year, the university's faculty averaged a sponsored research income of $249,900, the eighth highest in the country, while graduate students averaged a sponsored research income of $55,200. The university has been ranked on several
bibliometric Bibliometrics is the use of statistical methods to analyse books, articles and other publications. Bibliometric methods are frequently used in the field of library and information science. The sub-field of bibliometrics which concerns itself wit ...
university rankings, which uses
citation analysis Citation analysis is the examination of the frequency, patterns, and graphs of citation A citation is a reference Reference is a relationship between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link t ...
to evaluate the
impact Impact may refer to: * Impact (mechanics), a high force or shock (mechanics) over a short time period * Impact, Texas, a town in Taylor County, Texas, US Science and technology * Impact crater, a meteor crater caused by an impact event * Impact e ...
a university has on academic publications. In 2019, the
Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities The Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities or NTU Ranking is a ranking system of world universities A university () is an of (or ) and which awards s in several . Universities typically offer both and programs in ...
ranked UBC 27th in the world and second in Canada. The
University Ranking by Academic Performance The University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP) is a university ranking College and university rankings are rankings A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items, the first is either "ranked higher tha ...
2018–19 rankings placed the university 27th in the world and second in Canada. The university operates and manages a number of research centres: * In 1972, a consortium of the University of British Columbia and four other universities from Alberta and British Columbia established the
Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre Image:Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre.jpg, 250px, Clockwise from top left: whale lab, main building, cafeteria, Rix Centre, boat shed, COTC lab, ecophysiology lab, cable tank, pump station Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre (formerly the Bamfield Mar ...

Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre
. Located on Vancouver Island, the centre provides year-round research facilities and technical assistance for biologists, ecologists and oceanographers. * The
Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies The Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies was founded in 1991 and is the senior research institute at the University of British Columbia. It supports basic research through collaborative, Interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinary initiatives. The I ...
is an interdisciplinary research institute for fundamental research in the Sciences, Social Sciences, and Humanities. * The UBC Farm is a learning and research farm in UBC's South Campus area. It features Saturday Farm Markets from early June until early October, selling organic produce and eggs to the community. *
TRIUMF TRIUMF is Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, Pacific and northwa ...
, a laboratory specializing in
particle In the Outline of physical science, physical sciences, a particle (or corpuscule in older texts) is a small wikt:local, localized physical body, object to which can be ascribed several physical property, physical or chemical property, chemical p ...
and
nuclear physics Nuclear physics is the field of physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in ot ...
, is also situated at the university. The name was formerly an acronym for Tri-University Meson Facility, but TRIUMF is now owned and operated by a consortium of eleven Canadian universities. The consortium runs TRIUMF through a contribution of funds from the National Research Council of Canada and makes TRIUMF's facilities available to Canadian scientists and to scientists from around the world. * BC Centre on Substance Use (BCCSU) and UBC have established ''Professorships in Cannabis Science'' in 2018 following Canada's Cannabis in Canada, legalization of cannabis. * The Centre for the Study of Democratic Institutions is a research institute for the teaching and study of innovation in democratic practice and institutions. Established in 2002, the centre conducts research and teaching in cooperation with scholars, public officials, NGOs and students. The centre is formally housed in the UBC School of Public Policy and Global Affairs (SPPGA), and operates in association with faculty in the UBC Department of Political Science. It was initially funded from the Merilees Chair through a donation by Gail and Stephen A. Jarislowsky, Stephen Jarislowsky. *The Stewart Blusson Quantum Matter Institute, one of three Canadian research institutes focused on quantum materials and technology research, was established in 2015 with the support of th
Canada First Excellence Research Fund
and a donation from Stewart Blusson. In 2017, UBC inked a $3 million research agreement with Huawei for big data and fuel cell technology. The university refused to release the agreement without an access to information request.


Indigenous

UBC's Longhouse is the university's centre for Indigenous peoples in Canada, Indigenous activities. The university has an associate dean of Indigenous Education, and has developed governing board and senate policies as well as Aboriginal governed councils within the university structure. UBC offers degrees in First Nations and Indigenous Studies through a program in the Arts Faculty, and a Chinook Diploma Program in the Sauder School of Business; it also runs the Chinook Summer Biz Camp, to foster entrepreneurship among First Nations and Métis high school students. It hosts a Bridge Through Sport Program, Summer Science Program, Native Youth Program, and Cedar Day Camp and Afterschool Program. Its First Nations Forestry Initiatives were developed in partnership with specific Aboriginal communities to meet needs in their more remote areas.


Finances

In 2012–13, UBC's budget exceeded $2billion, and the university posted balanced financial results for the fourth consecutive year through strategic revenue diversification, careful management of assets, and a continued focus on fundraising for projects across the university. The share of the university budget coming from the government grant has been reduced to 45% of total revenues. On the other hand, annual fundraising has nearly doubled in 5 years to reach $213million.


Tuition

Tuition, Tuition fees vary significantly between Canadian citizens (and permanent residents) and international students. In addition, for both undergraduate and graduate programs, tuition rates vary among the university's faculties. Students must also pay for various living expenses such as housing, food and health care. , these expenses were estimated at around $13,000 CAD per academic year.


Undergraduate tuition

UBC tuition for 2012 was $4,700 before adding other mandatory administrative fees for a Canadian student in a basic 30-unit program, though various programs cost from $3,406 to $9,640. Tuition for international students is significantly higher (2.3–4.6 times higher than domestic students). In 2012, tuition for international students ranged from $16,245 CAD to $25,721 CAD. In 2001–02, UBC had one of the lowest undergraduate tuition rates in Canada, at an average of $2,181 CAD per year for a full-time programme due to a government-instituted tuition freeze. In 2001, the BC Liberal party defeated the NDP in British Columbia and lifted the tuition freeze. In 2002–03 undergraduate and graduate tuition rose by an average of 30%, and up to 40% in some faculties. This has led to better facilities, but also to Student activism, student unrest and contributed to a teaching assistant Strike action, union strike. UBC again increased tuition by 30% in the 2003–04 year, again by approximately 15% in the 2004–05 season, and 2% in the 2005–06 and 2006–07 years. Increases were lower than expected because, in the 2005 Speech from the Throne, the government announced tuition increases would be capped to inflation. In 2006–07, the Canadian average undergraduate tuition fee was $4,347 and the BC average was $4,960. In 2014, the board of governors passed a one-time 10% tuition increase for all new incoming international students. In December 2015, UBC's board of governors passed a motion increasing international tuition by more than 46.8% for the academic years 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–2019. This announcement was met with indignation by many of the university's students as this was the second major increase in international tuition in less than a year, taking total international student tuition fee increases to above 60% within 4 years (minimum international tuition will be benchmarked at $35,071 CAD in the year 2018–19).


Graduate tuition

In the academic year 2019/2020, graduate programs assess tuition fees that vary significantly, depending on the program and the student's citizenship. International students without external funding that meet the general eligibility criteria will be supported with guaranteed funding of up to $3,200 per year. Tuition for professional Master's programs varies.


Student life


Student representation

The Alma Mater Society of the University of British Columbia, or AMS, represents UBC undergraduate students within the Vancouver campus. The society's mandate is to improve the quality of educational, social, and personal lives of UBC students. The AMS lobbies the UBC administration on behalf of the student body, provides services such as the AMS/GSS Health and Dental Plan, supports and administers student clubs, and maintains the Student Union Building (aka SUB) and the services it houses. A constituency (undergraduate society) exists within each school and faculty of the university and acts as the subsidiary of the AMS within those schools and faculties. The Graduate Student Society (GSS), which operates as an independent entity, represents graduate students. A council representing each graduate program and an executive elected by graduate students as a whole governs the GSS. The university also has elected student representatives sitting on, as voting members, the board of governors (three student representatives) and the academic senate (18 student representatives), as laid out in the British Columbia University Act. Although the university is the official body that elects the students, the university delegates these representative elections to the AMS. On the Okanagan Campus, the Students' Union Okanagan, or UBCSUO, is the elected representation of the student body. Composed of a board of directors and executive team, the UBCSUO lobbies the administration and provincial government on behalf of the student body, manages the student health and dental plan, as well as hosts social programming throughout the year. The Student Union Offices are located within the University Centre Building. In the wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic, the SUO initiated the Emergency Bursary Program which supported UBC students with nearly $1,000,000 in emergency funding.


Student facilities

The heart of student activity at UBC Vancouver is the centrally located Student Union Building (SUB), which houses offices of many AMS student clubs, over a dozen restaurants and cafés, a pub ("The Gallery"), a nightclub ("The Pit"), the 425-seat Norman Bouchard Memorial Theatre ("The Norm Theatre"), several shops, and a post office. The AMS runs the majority of the SUB's outlets and shops; however, UBC Food Services' recent addition of major corporate outlets has generated controversy. The SUB Art Gallery contains mostly students' works. An underground bus loop to replace the "Grassy Knoll" beside the SUB did not receive funding by TransLink (British Columbia), Translink. As a result, the administration has cancelled the bus loop project, although the rest of the renovations of the University Boulevard Neighbourhood are still under consideration. In June 2015, the new Student Union Building—called the AMS Student Nest or simply the "Nest"—opened to students, largely replacing and extending the old SUB in functionality. The Nest, built for $107million, is much larger than its predecessor, and has numerous amenities including a performance centre, an art exhibition space, a large ballroom, a three-storey climbing wall, radio broadcast facilities, a daycare, and a 10,740 square foot rooftop garden and public space with a water feature and outdoor seating. Many of the restaurants as well as the Pit Pub have moved to the Nest under their original name or with new names. Other student facilities on campus include the Ladha Science Student Centre (funded through a donation from Abdul Ladha, a levy on Science undergraduate students, the VP Students, and the dean of Science) and the Meekison Arts Student Space in the Faculty of Art's Buchanan D building. The UBC Bookstore's locations on the Vancouver campus: the main store at 6200 University Boulevard and a store at
Sauder School of Business The UBC Sauder School of Business is a faculty at the University of British Columbia. The faculty is located in Vancouver on UBC's Point Grey campus and has a secondary teaching facility at UBC Robson Square downtown. UBC Sauder is accredited by A ...
join the stores at the Okanagan and Robson Square Campuses in offering a variety of products and services. The bookstores return a dividend to UBC each year, which is re-invested in the campus or in student and community organizations.


Greek organizations

While UBC's Greek system is somewhat smaller than its counterparts in the United States, UBC's 18 Greek organizations make up Canada's largest and most active Greek system. The Alma Mater Society recognizes an InterFraternal Council (IFC) as a club, and weekly meetings of the fraternities under IFC take place at their respective fraternity houses. Greek life has its own division within UBC REC and intense competition between the nine Fraternities for the title of top Athletic Fraternity occur. There are ten international fraternities on campus, the first of which was Zeta Psi, in January 1926. Although its disputed, Alpha Delta Phi soon came to campus and chartered 3 months later. However, Zeta Psi and Alpha Delta Phi were preceded by several local fraternities on campus. Other fraternities include Alpha Epsilon Pi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Psi Upsilon, Sigma Chi, Beta Theta Pi, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta, Kappa Sigma, and Zeta Psi, which re-chartered at UBC in 2013. The National Panhellenic Conference (NPC) member organizations (sororities) on campus are overseen by the Panhellenic Council. All sororities have a chapter room in the Panhellenic House on Wesbrook Mall; the building also offers housing for 72 college women, with preference given to sorority members. The eight sororities on the Vancouver campus include Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Omicron Pi, Alpha Phi, Delta Gamma, Gamma Phi Beta, Kappa Alpha Theta, and Kappa Kappa Gamma. The current Panhellenic total is 104. Chapter meetings are held in the chapter's respective rooms each week or in classrooms and Greek-wide or campus-wide events are attended by members of all the sororities and fraternities. Formal recruitment for the sororities begins during the third week of September and is a five-day process consisting of: tours (first two days), invitationals (third and fourth days) and preference. The formal recruitment process ends with Bid Day, where membership bids from each sorority are distributed to prospective members. Phrateres has traditionally been affiliated with the Greek system since its installation at UBC in 1935. Historical records indicate that for many years, members identified themselves, and were recognized as Greek. Members interacted with fraternities on a similar basis as the sororities, and participated in many Greek events, such as Songfest and exchanges. However, they presently operate as a self-governing organization under the Alma Mater Society with the closure of their international headquarters in 2001. Both campuses also have chapters of Sigma Phi Delta and Alpha Omega Epsilon, a professional engineering fraternity and sorority respectively. None of the four chapters are affiliated with the other Greek organizations on campus. Alpha Kappa Psi (professional business fraternity) too has an active chapter at UBC since 2009. It consists of students from all faculty. They do not have a house and are not affiliated with any other Greek organization on campus. Alpha Phi Omega (Community service fraternity) founded its first chapter in Canada at UBC in 2015. Moreover, UBC was ranked among Canada's top party schools by the website ''Ask Men''. UBC was ranked 8th.


Residences

The UBC Point Grey campus has a resident population of about 10,041 students who live in an unincorporated area, outside the City of Vancouver known as Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A, Electoral Area A within and partly administered by Metro Vancouver. Neighbouring the
University Endowment Lands The University Endowment Lands (UEL) is an unincorporated area that lies to the west of the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and adjacent to the University of British Columbia and the Point Grey Campus, University of British Columb ...
, on-campus residential services are provided by the Province of British Columbia, Province of BC and by UBC. Emergency Planning is administered by Metro Vancouver. Because UBC is not in a municipality, there is no mayor, council, or other democratic municipal representation for on-campus residents, although residents can vote for the director of Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A, Electoral Area A. British Columbia's Residential Tenancy Act does not protect UBC residents because university accommodations for students and employees are exempt. UBC has forecast the need for 6,400 new on-campus beds between 2008 and 2028 "to maintain the current availability of student housing choices in the face of on-going pressures in the Vancouver rental market". From 2009 to 2014, UBC added 1,471 beds for student residents. In 2015, UBC plans to increase the cost of on-campus student housing by 20%, with the exception of year-round residences. , there are three dormitory style residences on campus, primarily for first and second-year students: Totem Park, Place Vanier, and Orchard Commons. Totem Park, housing about 2,129 students, consists of nine dormitory buildings (Nootka, Dene, Haida, Salish, Kwakiutl, Shuswap, həm̓ləsəm̓, q̓ələχən, c̓əsnaʔəm), and a Commons Block (Coquihalla). All houses, except Shuswap and c̓əsnaʔəm, are co-ed, with alternating men's and women's floors; Shuswap and c̓əsnaʔəm have co-ed floors. The həm̓ləsəm̓ and q̓ələχən houses were opened to Totem Park residents in September 2011 and have single rooms with semi-private or private washrooms in contrast to the other houses' communal floor washrooms. c̓əsnaʔəm was opened to Totem Park residents in September 2017 and has single rooms with communal bathrooms. Place Vanier, housing 1,370 people, consists of 12 blocks constructed in 1959 (Robson House), 1960 (Okanagan, Sherwood Lett, Mackenzie, Ross, Hamber, and Mawdsley Houses), 1961 (Kootenay House), 1968 (Cariboo and Tweedsmuir Houses), 2002 (Korea-UBC House) and 2003 (Tec de Monterrey-UBC House). The buildings vary from male and female only, to alternating gender floors, as well as fully mixed floors. The residences have single and double rooms, and each floor has a lounge and communal bathrooms. Orchard Commons consists of two apartment style buildings, Braeburn house and Bartlett house, with the latter containing a common dining hall and reception area. Orchard Commons houses 1,047 students, with the majority staying in connected single rooms on mixed gender floors, where two same-gender residents share a washroom connecting their adjacent rooms. Students nineteen and older have suite-style residence options on the Point Grey campus. The Walter Gage, Gage Towers consist of three 17-floor towers (North, South and East) primarily for second, third, and fourth-year undergraduate students. It consists of three interconnected towers (North, South, and East) as well as single student housing (both studio, and apartment) in a building. The towers are composed of "quads": four separate pods, each consisting of six individual bedrooms, a bathroom and a kitchen-dining area. Acadia Park and University Apartments are for student families and couples (where one is a UBC student) and are administered on a year-round basis. Next to the Acadia Park residence area on the east part of campus is Fairview Crescent, a residence primarily for second- and third-year undergraduate students and many graduate students. The residence consists of an L-shaped pedestrian-only street lined with 4, 5 and six-student (a mix of single-sex and co-ed) townhouses. The Beanery coffee shop is in the middle of the residence. Within a 5-minute walk from Fairview Crescent is the Fraser Hall residence which houses approximately 200 students. Fairview Crescent and Fraser Hall are both governed by the Fairview and Fraser Residence Association. The Thunderbird residences are primarily for graduate students and fourth-year undergraduate students; they are at the academic core campus' southern edge. The Ritsumeikan-UBC House is a residence with a Japanese cultural setting, named for Ritsumeikan University. It houses Japanese exchange students and Canadian students, who participate in unique inter-cultural programmes. UBC's Urasenke Japanese tea ceremony club uses the residence's tatami room for practice sessions. Two Canadian students are typically paired with two Japanese exchange students. Marine Drive Residence is on the west side of campus, slightly south of Place Vanier. The first phase, consisting of Building 1 (an 18-floor tower) and Building 2 (a five-floor building commonly called the "Podium") opened in fall 2005. In February 2006, the board of governors approved plans for Marine Drive's second phase, putting an end to the debacle caused by concerns over the view of Wreck Beach (Phase I's Building 1 was reduced from 20 floors to 18). Additionally, building 1 contains the Simon K.Y. Lee Global Lounge and Resource Centre. Phase II consists of Buildings 4 through 6 (two towers and another "Podium", respectively), and also the Commonsblock. Buildings 4 through 6 were all open to students . A separate Commonsblock was completed in summer 2009, and has similar services to the Commonsblock of other residences, such as exercise, game, and study rooms. Construction at Marine Drive was completed in February 2010, with the opening of The Point Grill restaurant in Building 4. The newest additions to UBC Vancouver's student housing are the Ponderosa Commons and Orchard Commons residences, completed in 2016, and Brock Commons, opened in the Summer of 2017. The university has two colleges to accommodate graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and visiting scholars: St. John's College and Green College, University of British Columbia, Green College. Brock Commons Tallwood House opened in 2017, becoming the tallest mass timber building in the world.


Athletics

The University of British Columbia's sports teams are called the UBC Thunderbirds, Thunderbirds. The Thunderbirds participate in the U Sports Canada West Universities Athletic Association for most varsity sports. However, several varsity teams at UBC compete in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics. , UBC was considering joining the NCAA Division II. With a long history of competing in sports, the Thunderbirds have garnered a number of championships. In particular, the women swimmers who had represented UBC had brought back 22 conference championships and 16 national championships. The University of British Columbia has a number of athletic facilities open to both their varsity teams as well as to their students. The stadium with the largest seating capacity at UBC is the Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre. The Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre is home to the varsity ice hockey teams and was also used as a venue for the 2010 Winter Olympics. Other facilities at UBC includes Thunderbird Stadium, home to the university's football and soccer varsity teams, UBC Aquatic Centre, home to the university's swimming teams, the War Memorial Gymnasium, home to the university's basketball and volleyball varsity teams and Thunderbird Park, home to the university's many other outdoor varsity teams. The university has also had a long history of sending a number of students to represent their countries at the Olympics. Since having its first athlete sent to the Olympics in 1928, a total of 231 individuals from UBC have represented their respective countries at the Olympics. The total number of individual medals athletes from UBC had won was 61, with 19 gold, 21 silver and 24 bronze. The majority of these medals won had come from the sport of rowing.


Marching band

UBC's marching band, the Thunderbird Marching Band, was founded in September 2012 and is entirely student-run. The band performs at various UBC Thunderbirds, Thunderbirds football, basketball, rugby, and hockey games, as well as other campus events. It is the only university-level marching band in Western Canada.


Fight songs

Notable among a number of songs commonly played and sung at various events such as Graduation, commencement and convocation, and athletic games are: "Hail, U.B.C" with words and music by Harold King, "High on Olympus" with words by D. C. Morton and music by J. C. F. Haeffner. and "Hail, UBC!" (2009) with words and music by Steve Chatman.


Campus events

A small number of large-scale, campus-wide events occur annually at UBC which are organized by university institutions, the AMS, and student constituencies of various faculties and departments. Additionally, a number of unofficial traditions exist at UBC: jumping from the Aquatic Centre's 10-metre diving board late at night and repainting the Engineering cairn so as to advertise other clubs. Several group athletic events take place at UBC every year. Storm the Wall is an intramural relay race put on by UBC Recreation in April, culminating in the climbing of a wall. Day of the Longboat is an intramural event put on at the end of September/early October by UBC Recreation. It is a major voyageur canoe race with teams competing in a 2 km paddle around the waters of Jericho Sailing Centre. The program is operated by over 120 volunteer students and staff who are responsible for operating every aspect of this program. UBC Recreation's student administrators fill various roles including event planning, sport officiating, public relations and building supervision. Faculty constituencies, such as the Arts Undergraduate Society (AUS) and Science Undergraduate Society (SUS), hold events annually. Many of the major constituencies, such as for Arts, Science, and Engineering, hold their own faculty weeks to celebrate their faculties. The events may include keynote speeches, merchandise sales, and dances. Arts County Fair was an annual concert and party on the last day of classes in April, put on by the AUS and occurring at Thunderbird Stadium. Past headliners have included Sam Roberts, The New Pornographers, and Metric (band), Metric. Due to increasing financial difficulties (mostly resulting from mounting security and related costs) the AUS announced they would not continue the event in 2008. In its place, the Alma Mater Society of UBC hosted the AMS Block Party to celebrate the end of classes. During the Spring exam season, the Ski & Board Club organizes the Undie Run, a charity event that encourages people to donate their clothes to the Big Brothers & Sisters organization in Vancouver. Students meet at the Student Union Building, remove the clothes they are going to donate, and then run around campus in their underwear. Students run through places like the Irvin K. Barber Centre and Place Vanier Residence before ending at the Martha Piper Plaza fountain. To celebrate the beginning of classes, UBC Orientations organizes several events for first-year students, such as Imagine UBC, GALA, and UBC Jump Start. Imagine UBC is an orientation day and pep rally for first-year undergraduate students that replaces the first day of class after Labour Day at UBC Vancouver.


Model United Nations

In March 2012, UBC was the partner Host University of the Harvard World Model United Nations Conference (WorldMUN 2012 Vancouver). As the world's largest student-organized Model UN conference, this was also the largest student conference to have ever been organized by UBC and the largest student conference on Canadian soil. There were 2,200 student delegates and nearly 200 faculty advisors from 270 universities from over 60 countries. The organizing committee amassed over 500 student volunteers from across the UBC campus and the local student community to execute the week-long event.


Notable people

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, BA 1969, LLB 1986, Canada's 19th Prime Minister, and the first woman to serve in the office File:John Turner 1968.jpg, John Turner , BA 1949, Canada's 17th prime minister File:Rmundell.jpg, Robert Mundell , BA 1953, Nobel Laureate in Economics. Involved in the creation of the Euro File:Bertram Brockhouse.jpg, Bertram Brockhouse , BA 1947, Nobel Laureate in Physics , George Volkoff , MA 1936, predicted existence of neutron stars and collaborator of J. Robert Oppenheimer File:Scylla- a book of the dead.jpg, William Gibson, BA 1977, author of Neuromancer, important figure in the Cyberpunk literary movement File:Jeff Wall in 2014.jpg, Jeff Wall , MA 1970, prominent Canadian artist, and most prominent figure of the Vancouver School File:Right Livelihood Award 2009-press conference-6.jpg, David Suzuki , professor emeritus of genetics. Influential academic, broadcaster, and environmentalist. File:Beverley McLachlin (crop).jpg, Beverley McLachlin , 17th List of Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada, Chief Justice of Canada. File:Bjarni Tryggvason.jpg, Bjarni Tryggvason B.ASc 1972, Icelandic-Canadian astronaut and academic who participated in NASA mission STS-85.
Throughout UBC's history, faculty, alumni, and former students have played prominent roles in many different fields. Many UBC alumni and faculty have gone on to win awards including eight Nobel Prizes and 74 Rhodes Scholarships. Former alumni have won Nobel Prizes: Robert Mundell (Economic Sciences) who graduated from the UBC Department of Economics and Bertram Brockhouse (Physics). Five former faculty members of the UBC have also received a Nobel Prize: Michael Smith (chemist), Michael Smith (Chemistry), Har Gobind Khorana (Physiology or Medicine), Daniel Kahneman (Economics), Hans G. Dehmelt (Physics), and Carl Wieman (Physics). Many former students have gained local and national prominence in government. The university has produced three Canadian Prime Ministers: John Turner,
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completed his BEd. at UBC in 1998. Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark briefly attended UBC law. George Stanley, the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick and creator of the Canadian flag had also served as faculty. Alumni Mike Harcourt, Glen Clark and Ujjal Dosanjh have been premiers of British Columbia:, People of University of British Columbia Faculty of Law, UBC Law have also served on the Supreme Court of Canada: former faculty member Beverley McLachlin and alumnus Frank Iacobucci. Other examples include: * Canadian academic, science broadcaster and environmental activist David Suzuki was a professor in UBC's genetics department from 1963 until his retirement in 2001. * Joel Bakan, author of The Corporation (2003 film), The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power, is a professor at the Faculty of Law. * Psychologist Albert Bandura is an alumnus of UBC. * Actress Evangeline Lilly attended UBC and earned her degree in international relations. * Singer/songwriter Dan Mangan attended UBC, earning a BA in English Literature. * Author and historian Pierre Berton majored in history at UBC. * Man-in-Motion Rick Hansen was the first student with a physical disability to graduate in physical education from UBC. * Director of Artificial Intelligence at Tesla, Inc., Tesla Andrej Karpathy graduated from UBC in 2011 with a MSc in computer science. * Opera singers Judith Forst, Ben Heppner and Lance Ryan studied music at UBC. * David Cheriton, who graduated from UBC in 1973, is a Google founding investor and computer science professor at Stanford University. * Science fiction writer William Gibson, who coined the term "cyberspace", earned his bachelor's degree in English at UBC. *Actor Manny Jacinto graduated with a degree in civil engineering. *Clint Hocking, creative director of ''Far Cry 2'' and ''Watch Dogs: Legion'', graduated received a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing at UBC. *Gabor Maté, an expert in childhood development and trauma, earned his BA at UBC. * Kiril Petkov (politician), Kiril Petkov, 17th Prime Minister of Bulgaria, and the first alumnus to become a head of government outside of Canada UBC alumni have also held important positions in the academia. Notable examples are: * Indira Samarasekera, twelfth president of the University of Alberta; * Amit Chakma, president of the University of Western Ontario; * Muriel Kennett Wales, believed to have been the first Irish-born woman to earn a PhD in pure mathematics. * John H. McArthur, dean emeritus of the Harvard Business School; * Thomas Franck (lawyer), who was the Murry and Ida Becker Professor of Law at New York University and former editor-in-chief of the American Journal of International Law; * David H. Turpin, sixth president of the
University of Victoria The University of Victoria (UVic or Victoria) is a public research university A public university or public college is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, ...
and thirteenth president of the University of Alberta; * Nemkumar Banthia, a fellow of the
Royal Society of Canada The Royal Society of Canada (RSC; french: Société royale du Canada, SRC), also known as the Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (French: ''Académies des arts, des lettres et des sciences du Canada''), is the senior national, bili ...
and CEO of IC-IMPACTS. * Michiel Horn, member of the
Royal Society of Canada The Royal Society of Canada (RSC; french: Société royale du Canada, SRC), also known as the Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (French: ''Académies des arts, des lettres et des sciences du Canada''), is the senior national, bili ...
and professor emeritus of history at York University; * Monica Lam, a computer science professor at Stanford University and founder of Moka5; * Frank Iacobucci, a Puisne Justice on the Supreme Court of Canada. * Alison Mountz, Canada Research Chair in Global Migration at Wilfrid Laurier University and member of the
Royal Society of Canada The Royal Society of Canada (RSC; french: Société royale du Canada, SRC), also known as the Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (French: ''Académies des arts, des lettres et des sciences du Canada''), is the senior national, bili ...
's College of New Scholars, Artists, and Scientists.


Arms


See also

* CITR-FM *
UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research Photo of water in the UBC Botanical Garden UBC Botanical Garden, at the University of British Columbia The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public university, public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Co ...
* UBC Library * University of British Columbia Okanagan, UBC Okanagan * List of Canadian universities by endowment *Act 23: The Campus Sexual Violence and Misconduct Policy Act (British Columbia)


Notes


References


Further reading

* William A. Bruneau, ''A Matter of Identities: A History of the UBC Faculty Association, 1920–1990''. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Faculty Association, 1990. * * Eric Damer and Herbert Rosengarten. ''UBC: The First 100 Years.'' Vancouver: Friesens, 2009. * Michiel Horn."Under the Gaze of George Vancouver: The University of British Columbia and the Provincial Government, 1913–1939." BC Studies 83 (Autumn 1989). * William C. Gibson ''Wesbrook & His University'' (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press) * Sheldon Goldfarb ''The Hundred-Year Trek: A History of Student Life at UBC.'' Victoria: Heritage House, 2017. * H.T. Logan, ''Tuum Est: A History of the University of British Columbia.'' Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 1958. * Wayne Skene. "UBC: a Portrait." Vancouver: Tribute Books, 2003. * Lee Stewart. ''"It's Up to You": Women at UBC in the Early Years.'' Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1990. * George Woodcock & Tim Fitzharris. ''The University of British Columbia – A Souvenir''. (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1986).


External links


Official website

UBC Photograph Collection
– A visual record of UBC's growth and development, from UBC Library Digital Collections {{DEFAULTSORT:British Columbia, University Of University of British Columbia, 1890 establishments in British Columbia Educational institutions established in 1890 Educational institutions established in 1915 Gothic Revival architecture in Vancouver Universities in British Columbia U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities, British Columbia