is a Japanese animation
film studio headquartered in , Tokyo
["Studio Ghibli Collection - Madman Entertainment". ''Studio Ghibli Collection - Madman Entertainment''. Retrieved 2020-12-14.]
The studio is best known for its animated feature films, and has also produced several short films, television commercials, and one television film. The studio's mascot and most recognizable symbol is the character Totoro, a giant cat-like spirit from the studio's 1988 film ''My Neighbor Totoro
''. Studio Ghibli's highest grossing films include ''Spirited Away
'' (2001), ''Ponyo
'' (2008), and ''Howl's Moving Castle
'' (2004). The studio was founded on June 15, 1985 by directors and and producer , after the success of Topcraft
's anime film ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
'' (1984). Studio Ghibli has also collaborated with video game studios on the visual development of several video games.
Five of Studio Ghibli's films are among the 10 highest-grossing anime films
made in Japan, with ''Spirited Away'' being number two, grossing over US$380 million worldwide. Many of their works have won the Animage
Anime Grand Prix award, and four have won the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year
. Five of Studio Ghibli's films have received Academy Award
nominations. ''Spirited Away'' won the Golden Bear
in 2002 and the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film
On August 3, 2014, Studio Ghibli temporarily halted production, following the retirement of . In February 2017, announced that had come out of retirement again to direct a new feature film, ''How Do You Live?
The name "Ghibli" was chosen by from the Italian
noun , based on the Libyan Arabic
name for hot desert wind
(, ), the idea being the studio would "blow a new wind through the anime industry".
[''The Birth of Studio Ghibli'', ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind'' DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.]
It also refers to an Italian aircraft, the Caproni Ca.309
. Although the Italian word would be more accurately transliterated as (), with a hard g
sound, the studio is romanised in Japanese as (, ).
Tokuma Shoten era
Founded on June 15, 1985, the studio was headed by directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata
and producer Toshio Suzuki
. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on ''The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun
'' in 1968 and the ''Panda! Go, Panda!
'' films in 1972 and 1973, and in 1978, Suzuki became an editor at Tokuma Shoten
magazine, where the first film he chose was ''Horus''. A year after his phone call with Takahata and his first encounter with Miyazaki, both about ''Horus'', he made a phone call about the first film Miyazaki ever directed: ''The Castle of Cagliostro
The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
'', written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft
and distributed by Toei Company
. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga
written by Miyazaki for publication in ''Animage'' as a way of generating interest in an anime version.
Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.
The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with ''Grave of the Fireflies
''). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondō
, Hiroyuki Morita
, Gorō Miyazaki
, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi
. Composer Joe Hisaishi
has provided the soundtracks for most of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films. In their book ''Anime Classics Zettai!'', Brian Camp and Julie Davis made note of Michiyo Yasuda
as "a mainstay of Studio Ghibli’s extraordinary design and production team". At one time the studio was based in Kichijōji
["The Animerica Interview: Takahata and Nosaka: Two Grave Voices in Animation." ''Animerica''. Volume 2, No. 11. Page 11. Translated by ''Animerica'' from: Takahata, Isao. ''Eiga o Tsukurinagara, Kangaeta Koto'' ("Things I Thought While Making Movies") ''Tokuma Shoten'', 1991. Originally published in ''Animage'', June 1987. This is a translation of a 1987 conversation between Takahata and Akiyuki Nosaka. "Kichijoji is the Tokyo area where "Studio Ghibli," frequent Takahata collaborator Hayao Miyazaki's studio, is located.]
In August 1996, The Walt Disney Company
and Tokuma Shoten formed a partnership wherein Walt Disney Studios
would be the sole international distributor for Tokuma Shoten's Studio Ghibli animated films.
Under this agreement, Disney also agreed to finance 10% of the studio's production costs.
Since then, all three aforementioned films by Miyazaki at Studio Ghibli that were previously dubbed by Streamline Pictures have been re-dubbed by Disney. On June 1, 1997, Tokuma Shoten Publishing consolidated its media operations by merging Studio Ghibli, Tokuma Shoten Intermedia software and Tokuma International under one location.
Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine ''Animage'', which regularly runs exclusive articles on the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works are frequently featured on the cover of the magazine. Saeko Himuro
's novel ''Umi ga Kikoeru'' was serialised in the magazine and subsequently adapted into ''Ocean Waves
'', Studio Ghibli's only animated feature-length film created for television. It was directed by Tomomi Mochizuki
In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum
opened in Mitaka, Tokyo
. It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.
The studio is also known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad due to ''Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind'' being heavily edited
for the film's release in the United States as ''Warriors of the Wind''. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax
co-chairman Harvey Weinstein
suggested editing ''Princess Mononoke
'' to make it more marketable. A Studio Ghibli producer is rumoured to have sent an authentic Japanese sword with a simple message: "No cuts".
Between 1999 and 2005, Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary brand of Tokuma Shoten; however, that partnership ended in April 2005, when Studio Ghibli was spun off from Tokuma Shoten and was re-established as an independent company with relocated headquarters.
On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996 and has also aided the release of the ''Princess Mononoke'' film in the United States. Suzuki still serves on the company's board of directors.
Two Studio Ghibli short films created for the Ghibli Museum
were shown at the Carnegie Hall Citywise Japan NYC Festival: "House Hunting" and "Mon Mon the Water Spider" were screened on March 26, 2011.
Takahata developed a project for release after Gorō Miyazaki's (director of ''Tales from Earthsea
'' and Hayao's son) ''The Tale of the Princess Kaguya
'' – an adaptation of ''The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter
''. The last film Hayao Miyazaki directed before retiring from feature films was ''The Wind Rises
'' which is about the Mitsubishi A6M Zero
and its founder.
On Sunday, September 1, 2013, Hayao Miyazaki held a press conference in Venice to confirm his retirement, saying: "I know I've said I would retire many times in the past. Many of you must think, 'Once again.' But this time I am quite serious."
On January 31, 2014, it was announced that Gorō Miyazaki will direct his first anime television series, ''Sanzoku no Musume Rōnya
'', an adaptation of Astrid Lindgren
's ''Ronia the Robber's Daughter
'' for NHK
. The series is computer-animated
, produced by Polygon Pictures
, and co-produced by Studio Ghibli.
In March 2014, Toshio Suzuki
retired as producer and assumed the new position of general manager. Yoshiaki Nishimura replaced Suzuki in the producer role.
On August 3, 2014, Toshio Suzuki announced that Studio Ghibli would take a "brief pause" to re-evaluate and restructure in the wake of Miyazaki's retirement. He stated some concerns about where the company would go in the future.
This led to speculation that Studio Ghibli will never produce another feature film again. On November 7, 2014, Miyazaki stated, "That was not my intention, though. All I did was announce that I would be retiring and not making any more features." Lead producer Yoshiaki Nishimura
among several other staffers from Ghibli, such as director Hiromasa Yonebayashi
, left to found Studio Ponoc
in April 2015, working on the film ''Mary and the Witch's Flower
The 2016 animated fantasy film
''The Red Turtle
'', directed and co-written by Dutch-British animator Michaël Dudok de Wit
in his feature film debut, was a co-production
between Studio Ghibli and Wild Bunch
In February 2017, Toshio Suzuki announced that Hayao Miyazaki had come out of retirement to direct a new feature film with Studio Ghibli.
On November 28, 2017, Koji Hoshino stepped down as president; he was replaced by Kiyofumi Nakajima (former Ghibli Museum director). Hoshino was then appointed as Chairman of Studio Ghibli.
In May 2020, Toshio Suzuki confirmed that a new film from Gorō Miyazaki is in development at Studio Ghibli. On June 3, 2020, Studio Ghibli announced that the film would be an adaptation of the novel ''Earwig and the Witch
'' by Diana Wynne Jones
. The film was announced as the first full 3D CG
animated Ghibli film and slated for a television premiere on NHK
in late 2020.
Theatrical and home media rights
In Japan, the company's films (along with ''The Castle of Cagliostro
'' and all other ''Lupin the Third
'' titles for movie theaters as well as ''Mary and the Witch's Flower
'') are distributed by Toho
theatrically, except for ''Castle in the Sky
'', ''Kiki's Delivery Service
'' (which were distributed by Toei Company
along with ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
'', with Toei producing ''The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun
''), and ''My Neighbors the Yamadas
'', which was distributed by Shochiku
. For home media, Walt Disney Studios Japan
released Ghibli's films along with ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
'', ''The Castle of Cagliostro
'' and ''Mary and the Witch's Flower
Before the Disney deal, Tokuma Shoten released Ghibli movies themselves through their "Animage Video" imprint, as well as all Laserdisc
releases of the movies, as the Disney deal didn't include that format until the summer of 1996.
Manson International and Showmen, Inc. produced a 95-minute English-dubbed adaptation of ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
'', titled ''Warriors of the Wind'', which was released theatrically in the United States by New World Pictures
on June 13, 1985, followed by a VHS release in December 1985. In the late 1980s, Vestron Video
would re-release the film and First Independent Video would re-release it again in 1993, with another minute cut from the film. The voice actors and actresses were not credited and were not even informed of the film's plotline, and the film was heavily edited
to market it as a children's action-adventure film
, although the film received a PG rating just like Disney's later English dub.
Due to the heavy editing of the film in an attempt to appeal to American audiences, much of ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind''
was cut out, including much of the environmentalist themes, which were diluted. The main subplot of the Ohmu was similarly altered to arguably portray them as aggressive. Most of the characters' names were changed, including the titular character who became Princess Zandra. The United States poster and VHS cover featured a cadre of male characters who are not in the film, riding the resurrected God Warrior—including a still-living Warrior shown briefly in a flashback. Overall, approximately 22 minutes of film-time was cut for the film's North American release.
''Warriors of the Wind'' also prompted Miyazaki to allow translator Toren Smith
of Studio Proteus
to create an official, faithful translation of the ''Nausicaä'' manga for Viz Media
In the late 1980s, an English dubbed version of ''Castle in the Sky
'' was produced by Magnum Video Tape and Dubbing for international Japan Airlines
flights at the request of Tokuma Shoten. The ''Castle'' dub was briefly screened in the United States by Streamline Pictures
. Carl Macek
, the head of Streamline, was disappointed with this dub, deeming it "adequate, but clumsy". Following this, Tokuma allowed Streamline to dub their future acquisitions ''My Neighbor Totoro
'' and ''Kiki's Delivery Service
''. In April 1993, Troma Films
, under their 50th St. Films banner, distributed the ''Totoro'' dub as a theatrical release, and the dub was later released onto VHS and eventually onto DVD by 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
. In the early 1990s, an English dubbed version of ''Porco Rosso
'' was produced by an unknown company, again for international Japan Airlines flights. The original dubs can be seen on the 1996 Ghibli ga Ippai Laserdisc set, and on the initial copies for the Japanese DVD releases of ''Totoro'', ''Laputa'', and ''Porco''.
In 1996, Studio Ghibli joined teams with Buena Vista International, an entertainment distribution company that is a part of the Walt Disney Corporation, allowing the studio greater access to international audiences and promotions, including Disney-sponsored English-dubbed versions of original movies. Studio Ghibli's partnership with Buena Vista provided the opportunity to expand its fan base and bring full marketing efforts and promotional efforts to the US and Europe, with English dubs. Disney was able to pick the English dub voice actors, sometimes picking their own budding stars, while other times, picking relatively unknown actors, so the main draw of the movies would be the Studio and the directors. This way, international fans in the US and Europe gained recognition of the studio name and many fans became more invested by picking their favorite of the Studio Ghibli recurring directors, particularly Hayao Miyazaki or Isao Takahata.
Both Miyazaki and Takahata maintain specific personal animation styles, and can be recognized for their art throughout their careers. The consistency of their respective animation styles has also helped push Studio Ghibli movies into the mainstream overseas, since fans tend to become loyal to their favorite style of animation. Another factor that helped Studio Ghibli gain international popularity is the nostalgia that fans often speak of in reference to their favorite movies, especially those directed by Miyazaki, the most prolific director under the Studio. Miyazaki has maintained a very similar animation style throughout his career, which can even be seen in his first film, ''Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind'' (1984). Since, Miyazaki has directed many of the most popular and famous Studio Ghibli movies, including ''My Neighbor Totoro'' (1988) and ''Spirited Away'' (2001), he has effectively become the face of the studio, especially with foreign audiences (besides the official mascot, Totoro).
In 1996, Walt Disney Studios
acquired worldwide distribution rights to the Studio Ghibli library, with Disney redubbing all previously dubbed films.
In addition, Walt Disney Studios Japan agreed to contribute 10% of the funding for all future releases, starting with ''My Neighbors the Yamadas
'', in exchange for right of first refusal regarding international distribution.
Disney continues with this practice to this day, even extending it to the works of Studio Ponoc
and to co-productions like ''The Red Turtle
'' in Japan. It was said to have taken four years for Disney and Studio Ghibli to reach a distribution deal. Originally, the Ghibli films were meant to headline a line of videos called ''Animation Celebration'', highlighting critically acclaimed animated films from around the world. These plans never materialized in full, but the ''Animation Celebration'' logo can be seen on Disney's original VHS release of ''Kiki's Delivery Service
''. During Disney's tenure, the studio produced the English dubs and released 15 of Ghibli's films, plus ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
'' through the Walt Disney Pictures
, Buena Vista Home Video
and Touchstone Pictures
Disney Studios and Studio Ghibli have also selectively chosen not to promote and record an English-dubbed version for films and works deemed less internationally marketable, including some of Takahata's more developmental and obscure pieces.
Although the Studio has a "No cuts" policy in terms of international versions and dubs, this does not apply to promotional posters, etc., for which the film makers collaborate with Disney to produce cultural appropriate international versions. The Studio has not shied away from slight rebranding on the international stage in order to convey slightly tweaked promotional imagery for different cultural norms. One example of these slight tweaks to international promotional materials can be seen between the Japanese and English versions of the movie poster for ''Spirited Away'' (2001). For American and other English-speaking audiences, the name of the film was changed from the Japanese version, which directly translates roughly to, "The Disappearance of Chihiro and Sen", to "Spirited Away" to suggest more mystical, otherworldly themes, since the direct Japanese translation could be taken to mean that Chihiro/Sen disappeared due to some more dangerous reason. On the American movie poster, more pictures of spirits from the film were added to the background to further pique the viewer's interest with more supernatural themes, creating an association between the pictures spirits and what most American people would think of as "ghosts". For the Japanese poster, there are fewer spirits as the Japanese Shinto religion normalizes the existence of spirits, so less emphasis is needed to convey the importance of non-human spirits. Also, Disney enlarged the "Studio Ghibli" and "Hayao Miyazaki" labels on the poster, helping to bring greater awareness to the studio through the success of ''Spirited Away''.
In 2011, GKIDS
acquired the North American theatrical distribution rights of the aforementioned Ghibli films, with Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment
retaining the home video rights. Afterwards, in 2013, GKIDS acquired the US and Canadian distribution rights to ''From Up on Poppy Hill
''. The film, which Disney passed on to GKIDS due to dealing with potential incest, marked the first time since 1996 that Disney handed a Studio Ghibli film off to another distributor. Afterwards, GKIDS would go on to distribute the films Disney found to be too mature or unmarketable for American audiences: ''Only Yesterday
'', ''Ocean Waves
'', ''The Tale of the Princess Kaguya
'', and ''When Marnie Was There
''. Finally, in July 2017, Disney relinquished its home video rights (with the exception of ''The Wind Rises
,'' which remained with Disney until 2020 due to a distribution clause) to GKIDS, which currently handles all theatrical and home media distribution of Ghibli films in North America along with ''Mary and the Witch's Flower
Nevertheless, Disney still continues to handle select distribution in Japan (home media) and Taiwan.
GKIDS' home media releases have been handled by multiple distributors. Cinedigm
distributed the home media release of ''Poppy Hill'', Universal Pictures Home Entertainment
distributed the home media releases of ''Kaguya'', ''Marnie'', ''Mary'', ''Yesterday'' & ''Waves'' and Shout! Factory
has distributed all subsequent releases thus far. The Studio Ghibli films owned by GKIDS were made available for digital purchases on most major services in the United States and Canada on December 17, 2019 through Shout! Factory.
Studio Ghibli also partnered with the Walt Disney Company in 2010 to help produce ''The Secret Life of Arrietty'', a feature-length film inspired by the British novel, “The Borrowers”, written by Mary Norton in 1952. To help introduce Studio Ghibli to a new generation of American children, the film was promoted to American children on the popular TV channel, “Disney Channel”. The (American) English dubbed version also included the voices of well-known “Disney Channel” original TV-show stars from that time, including Bridget Mendler, from “Good Luck, Charlie” and David Henrie from “Wizards of Waverly Place”.
Studio Ghibli has also capitalized on its success by offering film and character-inspired merchandise for purchase in several countries, including the US. They have now partnered with Amazon to create an official merchandise line available for fans around the globe. This merchandise is distributed from Japan. This includes stickers, stuffed animals, figurines, posters, and more.
In terms of international awards, Studio Ghibli has also performed well, receiving an Oscar award for Spirited Away (2001) at the 75th Academy Awards for Best Animated Feature. At the time, in 2003, it was the first film to win this award which was originally produced in a language other than English.
Outside Japan and North America since 2003, Wild Bunch
has held international sales rights to Ghibli's film library.
The company sells distribution rights to separate distributors across the world, including The Walt Disney Company
(Taiwan), StudioCanal UK
(United Kingdom and Ireland), Wild Bunch
(France and Belgium), Universum Film
(Germany), Lucky Red
(Italy) and Madman Entertainment
(Australia and New Zealand).
Notably, ''The Secret World of Arrietty
'' received a second dub exclusive to the United Kingdom, produced by StudioCanal, likely due to the film's origins being from Mary Norton
's British novel ''The Borrowers
Disney formerly held the international sales rights as well until Wild Bunch's purchase in 2003. Disney kept the French distribution rights to Ghibli's library until September 2020, when it had expired and transitioned off to Wild Bunch.
Currently, several films are also available for streaming on Netflix in all countries except for the US, Canada, Japan, and China.
Prior to 2019, Studio Ghibli opted not to make its films available digitally, feeling that physical media and theatrical events like GKIDS
' Studio Ghibli Fest
would work more towards their goal of mindful care and curation for their films. Disney had previously lobbied for a streaming deal with Ghibli during their distribution tenure, but such attempts were never materialized.
The studio heads changed their minds after hearing a quote from American actor and director Woody Allen
about how there should be multiple outlets for feature films.
On October 17, 2019, WarnerMedia
's HBO Max
announced it had acquired exclusive streaming rights to Studio Ghibli's catalogue in the United States as part of a deal with GKIDS
; these films were available when the service launched in May 2020. On January 20, 2020, it was announced that Netflix
acquired the exclusive streaming rights to this catalogue in all regions where it operates except for the United States (in which Netflix does have streaming rights to ''The Castle of Cagliostro
''), Canada and Japan, as part of a deal with Ghibli's international sales rights partner Wild Bunch
. Seven of twenty-one films in the studio's catalogue were released on February 1, 2020, with the others following on March 1 and April 1. Netflix then struck a separate deal with GKIDS for streaming rights in Canada which was announced on June 22, and came into effect on June 25 for most films. Currently, no streaming rights deals have been announced for Studio Ghibli's home country of Japan, nor for markets such as China where neither Netflix nor HBO Max is available.
''Grave of the Fireflies''
Most of the above deals exclude ''Grave of the Fireflies
''; unlike most of the other films, which were published by Tokuma Shoten
, ''Grave of the Fireflies'' was produced and is owned by Shinchosha
, which also had published the short story it was based on, and as such, fell into different rights holdings.
''Grave of the Fireflies'' was released in Japan on VHS
by Buena Vista Home Entertainment under the ''Ghibli ga Ippai'' Collection on August 7, 1998. On July 29, 2005, a DVD
release was distributed through Warner Home Video
. Walt Disney Studios Japan released the complete collector's edition DVD on August 6, 2008. WDSJ released the film on Blu-ray
twice on July 18, 2012: one as a single release, and one in a two-film set with ''My Neighbor Totoro
It was released on VHS in North America by Central Park Media
in a subtitled form on June 2, 1993. They later released the film with an English dub on VHS on September 1, 1998 (the same day Disney released ''Kiki's Delivery Service
'' in North America) and an all-Regions DVD (which also included the original Japanese with English subtitles) on October 7 the same year. It was later released on a two-disc DVD set (which once again included both the English dub and the original Japanese with English subtitles as well as the film's storyboards with the second disc containing more extensive Bonus Features) on October 8, 2002. It was released by Central Park Media one last time on December 7, 2004. Following the May 2009 bankruptcy and liquidation of Central Park Media, ADV Films
acquired the rights and re-released it on DVD on July 7, 2009. Following the September 1, 2009 shutdown and re-branding of ADV, their successor, Sentai Filmworks
, rescued the film and released a remastered DVD on March 6, 2012.
edition was released on November 20, 2012, featuring an all-new English dub produced by Seraphim Digital
, along with a digital release that same year.
released a Blu-ray in the United Kingdom on July 1, 2013.
released the film in Australia and New Zealand.
While not technically Studio Ghibli films, ''The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun
'' (1968), ''Panda! Go Panda!
'' (1972), ''The Castle of Cagliostro
'' (1979), ''Jarinko Chie
'' (1981), ''Gauche the Cellist
'' (1982), ''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
'' (1984), ''The Red Turtle
'' (2016), ''Mary and the Witch's Flower
'' (2017) and ''Modest Heroes
'' (2018) are sometimes grouped together with the Studio Ghibli library (particularly with the ''Ghibli ga Ippai'' home video collection released by Walt Disney Studios Japan) due to their ties to the studio.
''Horus'' and ''Cagliostro'' were the feature-length directorial debuts of Isao Takahata and Hayao Miyazaki respectively, and were produced by Toei Animation
and TMS Entertainment
years before the founding of Studio Ghibli.
''Nausicaä'' was directed by Miyazaki at Topcraft
, a studio which Miyazaki, Takahata and Toshio Suzuki
later purchased and renamed Studio Ghibli. As a result, the film has often been rereleased and marketed as a Studio Ghibli movie.
''The Red Turtle'' was a collaborative effort by Studio Ghibli with Dutch animator Michaël Dudok de Wit
and was branded as a Studio Ghibli release internationally. It was distributed by Sony Pictures Classics
in North and Latin America.
''Mary and the Witch's Flower'' and ''Modest Heroes'' were produced by Studio Ponoc
, a company founded by Studio Ghibli veterans Yoshiaki Nishimura
and Hiromasa Yonebayashi
following the 2014 restructuring of Ghibli.
For the purposes of the list below, only films fully produced and released by Studio Ghibli are listed. Other Studio Ghibli productions are listed here.
Notable animators and character designers
'' and ''Paprika
'', ''Angel's Egg'')
(''Kiki's Delivery Service
'', ''Howl's Moving Castle
'', ''Master Keaton
'', and ''Nasu
(''The Night of Taneyamagahara
'', ''My Neighbor Totoro
(''Overman King Gainer
'' and ''Eureka Seven
'', ''Princess Nine
'', ''Strange Dawn
'', and ''Relic Armor Legacium'')
(''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
(''Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
in Mitaka, Tokyo
, a subsidiary of Studio Ghibli
, founded by former members of Studio Ghibli
*List of Japanese animation studios
*Cavallaro, Dani. ''The Animé Art of Hayao Miyazaki''. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2006. . .
*McCarthy, Helen. ''Hayao Miyazaki: Master of Japanese Animation: Films, Themes, Artistry''. Berkeley, Calif.: Stone Bridge Press, 1999. . . 2001 reprint of the 1999 text, with revisions: .
*Miyazaki, Hayao. ''Starting Point: 1979–1996''. Beth Cary and Frederik L. Schodt, trans. San Francisco: VIZ Media, 2009. . .
**Miyazaki, Hayao. . Tokyo: Studio Ghibli, Inc./Hatsubai Tokuma Shoten, 1996. . . Original Japanese edition.
*Miyazaki, Hayao. ''Turning Point: 1997–2008''. Beth Cary and Frederik L. Schodt, trans. San Francisco: VIZ Media, 2014. . .
**Miyazaki, Hayao. . Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 2008. . . Original Japanese edition.
*Odell, Colin, and Michelle Le Blanc. ''Studio Ghibli: The Films of Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata''. Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England: Kamera, 2009. . .
*'. 1998 documentary, Nippon TV
, 28 min.
*'. 2013 documentary by Mami Sunada, 118 min.
* Ghibli Museum, Mitaka
Category:Japanese companies established in 1985
Category:Animation studios in Tokyo
Category:Film production companies of Japan
Category:Japanese animation studios
Category:Mass media companies established in 1985