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Neil Richard MacKinnon GaimanBorn as Neil Richard Gaiman, with "MacKinnon" added on the occasion of his marriage to
Amanda Palmer Amanda MacKinnon Gaiman Palmer (born April 30, 1976) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and performance artist who is the lead vocalist, pianist, and lyricist of the duo The Dresden Dolls The Dresden Dolls are an American musical ...

Amanda Palmer
.
(; born Neil Richard Gaiman, 10 November 1960) is an English author of short fiction, novels, comic books,
graphic novel A graphic novel is a book made up of comics a medium Medium may refer to: Science and technology Aviation *Medium bomber, a class of war plane *Tecma Medium, a French hang glider design Communication * Media (communication), t ...

graphic novel
s, nonfiction, audio theatre, and films. His works include the comic book series '' The Sandman'' and novels '' Stardust'', ''
American Gods ''American Gods'' (2001) is a fantasy novel by British author Neil Gaiman. The novel is a blend of Americana, fantasy, and various strands of ancient and modern mythology, all centering on the mysterious and taciturn Shadow. The book was pub ...
'', ''
Coraline ''Coraline'' () is a dark fantasy Dark fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy literary, artistic, and cinematic works that incorporate disturbing and frightening themes of fantasy. It often combines fantasy with elements of horror fiction, horro ...

Coraline
'', and ''
The Graveyard Book ''The Graveyard Book'' is a young adult fantasy novel by the English author Neil Gaiman, simultaneously published in Britain and America in 2008. ''The Graveyard Book'' traces the story of the boy Nobody "Bod" Owens who is adopted and reared by ...
''. He has won numerous awards, including the
Hugo Hugo or HUGO may refer to: People * Victor Hugo, a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. * Hugo (name), including lists of people with Hugo as a given name or surname, as well as fictional characters Places in the United ...
,
Nebula A nebula (Latin for 'cloud' or 'fog'; pl. nebulae, nebulæ or nebulas) is a distinct body of interstellar clouds (which can consist of cosmic dust, hydrogen, helium, molecular clouds; possibly as Plasma (physics), ionized gases). Originally, th ...
, and
Bram Stoker Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic Gothic or Gothics may refer to: People and languages *Goths or Gothic people, the ethnonym of a group of East Germanic t ...
awards, as well as the Newbery and Carnegie medals. He is the first author to win both the Newbery and the Carnegie medals for the same work, ''The Graveyard Book'' (2008). In 2013, ''
The Ocean at the End of the Lane ''The Ocean at the End of the Lane'' is a 2013 novel by British author Neil Gaiman. The work was first published on 18 June 2013 through William Morrow and Company and follows an unnamed man who returns to his hometown for a funeral and remembe ...
'' was voted Book of the Year in the British
National Book Awards The National Book Awards are a set of annual U.S. literary awards A literary award or literary prize is an award presented in recognition of a particularly lauded Literature, literary piece or body of work. It is normally presented to an auth ...
. It was later adapted into a critically acclaimed stage play at the Royal National Theater in London, England that
The Independent ''The Independent'' is a British online newspaper An online newspaper (or electronic news or electronic news publication) is the electronic publishing, online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone publication or as the online ver ...
called "...theater at its best".


Early life

Gaiman's family is of
Polish-Jewish The history of the Jews in Poland dates back at least 1,000 years. For centuries, Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrat ...
and other Eastern European Jewish origins. His great-grandfather emigrated from
Antwerp Antwerp (; nl, Antwerpen ; french: Anvers ) is a city in Belgium and the capital of Antwerp (province), Antwerp province in the Flemish Region. With a population of 520,504,
Antwerp
, Belgium, to the UK before 1914 and his grandfather eventually settled in the south of England in the
Hampshire Hampshire (, ; abbreviated to Hants) is a Counties of England, county in South East England on the coast of the English Channel. The county town is Winchester, but the county is named after Southampton. Its two largest cities are Southampton a ...

Hampshire
city of
Portsmouth Portsmouth ( ) is a port and island city status in the United Kingdom, city with Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority status in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, southern England. It is the most densely populated city in the Unit ...

Portsmouth
and established a chain of grocery stores. Gaiman's grandfather changed his original family name of Chaiman to Gaiman. His father, David Bernard Gaiman, worked in the same chain of stores; his mother, Sheila Gaiman (née Goldman), was a pharmacist. He has two younger sisters, Claire and Lizzy. After living for a period in the nearby town of
Portchester Portchester is a locality and suburb northwest of Portsmouth Portsmouth ( ) is a port and island city status in the United Kingdom, city with Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority status in the ceremonial county of Hampshire ...
, Hampshire, where Neil was born in 1960, the Gaimans moved in 1965 to the
West Sussex West Sussex is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William an ...

West Sussex
town of
East Grinstead East Grinstead is a town in West Sussex West Sussex is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published ...
, where his parents studied
Dianetics Dianetics (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is app ...
at the in the town; one of Gaiman's sisters works for the Church of Scientology in Los Angeles. His other sister, Lizzy Calcioli, has said, "Most of our social activities were involved with Scientology or our Jewish family. It would get very confusing when people would ask my religion as a kid. I'd say, 'I'm a Jewish Scientologist. Gaiman says that he is not a Scientologist, and that like Judaism, Scientology is his family's religion. About his personal views, Gaiman has stated, "I think we can say that God exists in the DC Universe. I would not stand up and beat the drum for the existence of God in this universe. I don't know, I think there's probably a 50/50 chance. It doesn't really matter to me." Gaiman was able to read at the age of four. He said, "I was a reader. I loved reading. Reading things gave me pleasure. I was very good at most subjects in school, not because I had any particular aptitude in them, but because normally on the first day of school they'd hand out schoolbooks, and I'd read them—which would mean that I'd know what was coming up, because I'd read it." When he was about ten years old, he read his way through the works of
Dennis Wheatley Dennis Yeats Wheatley (8 January 1897 – 10 November 1977) was an English writer whose prolific output of thriller Thriller may refer to: * Thriller (genre), a broad genre of literature, film and television ** Thriller film, a film genre under ...
, where especially ''The Ka of Gifford Hillary'' and ''The Haunting of Toby Jugg'' made an impact on him. One work that made a particular impression on him was J. R. R. Tolkien's ''
The Lord of the Rings ''The Lord of the Rings'' is an Epic (genre), epic high-fantasy novel by English author and scholar J. R. R. Tolkien. Set in Middle-earth, intended to be Earth at some distant time in the past, the story began as a sequel to Tolkien's 1937 ...
'' from his school library. Although the library only had the first two of the novel's three volumes, Gaiman consistently checked them out and read them. He later won the school English prize and the school reading prize, enabling him to finally acquire the third volume. For his seventh birthday, Gaiman received C. S. Lewis's ''
The Chronicles of Narnia ''The Chronicles of Narnia'' is a series of seven fantasy novels by British author C. S. Lewis. Illustrated by Pauline Baynes and originally published between 1950 and 1956, ''The Chronicles of Narnia'' has been Adaptations of The Chronicles ...
'' series. He later recalled that "I admired his use of parenthetical statements to the reader, where he would just talk to you ... I'd think, 'Oh, my gosh, that is so cool! I want to do that! When I become an author, I want to be able to do things in parentheses.' I liked the power of putting things in brackets." ''Narnia'' also introduced him to literary awards, specifically the 1956 Carnegie Medal won by the concluding volume. When Gaiman won the 2010 Medal himself, the press reported him recalling, "it had to be the most important literary award there ever was" and observing, "if you can make yourself aged seven happy, you're really doing well – it's like writing a letter to yourself aged seven."
Lewis Carroll Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (; 27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer of children's fiction, notably ''Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'' and its sequel ''Through the Looking-Glass'' ...

Lewis Carroll
's ''
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland ''Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'' (commonly shortened to ''Alice in Wonderland'') is an 1865 English novel, novel by English author Lewis Carroll (the pseudonym of Charles Dodgson). It tells of a young girl named Alice (Alice's Adventures i ...
'' was another childhood favourite, and "a favourite forever. Alice was default reading to the point where I knew it by heart." He also enjoyed
Batman Batman is a superhero who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. Batman was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and debuted in Detective Comics 27, the 27th issue of the comic book ''Detective Comics'' on Marc ...

Batman
comics as a child. Gaiman was educated at several
Church of England The Church of England (C of E) is a Christian church Christian Church is a Protestant Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be Critic ...
schools, including Fonthill School in East Grinstead,
Ardingly College Ardingly College () is an independent Independent or Independents may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Artist groups * Independents (artist group), a group of modernist painters based in the New Hope, Pennsylvania, area of the United St ...
(1970–1974), and
Whitgift School ("He who perseveres, conquers") , established = , closed = , type = Independent school An independent school is independent in its finances and governance. Also known as private schools, non-governmental, privately fu ...
in
Croydon Croydon is a large town in South London, England that gives its name to the London Borough of Croydon. It is one of the largest commercial districts in Greater London, with an extensive shopping district and night-time economy. The entire town ...

Croydon
(1974–1977). His father's position as a public relations official of the
Church of Scientology The Church of Scientology is a group of interconnected corporate entities and other organizations devoted to the practice, administration and dissemination of Scientology Scientology is a set of beliefs and practices invented by Americ ...
was the cause of the seven-year-old Gaiman being forced to withdraw from Fonthill School and remain at the school that he had previously been attending. He lived in East Grinstead for many years, from 1965 to 1980 and again from 1984 to 1987. He met his first wife, Mary McGrath, while she was studying Scientology and living in a house in East Grinstead that was owned by his father. The couple were married in 1985 after having their first child, Michael.


Career


Journalism, early writings, and literary influences

Writers that Gaiman has mentioned as significant influences include C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien,
Lewis Carroll Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (; 27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer of children's fiction, notably ''Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'' and its sequel ''Through the Looking-Glass'' ...

Lewis Carroll
,
Mary Shelley Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (; ; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist who wrote the Gothic novel Gothic fiction, sometimes called Gothic horror in the 20th century, is a genre of literature and film that covers ...
,
Rudyard Kipling Joseph Rudyard Kipling ( ; 30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)''The Times ''The Times'' is a British daily Daily or The Daily may refer to: Journalism * Daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical pub ...

Rudyard Kipling
,
Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe (; born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, poet, editor, and literary criticism, literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and ...

Edgar Allan Poe
,
Michael Moorcock Michael John Moorcock (born 18 December 1939) is an English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval Eng ...

Michael Moorcock
,
Dave Sim Dave Sim (born 17 May 1956) is a Canadian cartoonist and publisher, best known for his comic book ''Cerebus the Aardvark, Cerebus'', his artistic experimentation, his advocacy of self-publishing and creators' rights, and his controversial politic ...

Dave Sim
,
Alan Moore Alan Moore (born 18 November 1953) is an English writer known primarily for his work in comic books A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) simply comic, is a publication that consists o ...

Alan Moore
,
Steve Ditko Stephen J. Ditko Page contains two reproductions from school yearbooks. A 1943 Garfield Junior High School yearbook excerpt lists "Stephen Ditko". A 1945 Johnstown High School yearbook excerpt lists "Stephen J. Ditko" under extracurricular activi ...
,
Will Eisner William Erwin Eisner (March 6, 1917 – January 3, 2005) was an American cartoonist A cartoonist (also comic strip creator, comic book artist, graphic novel artist, or comic book illustrator) is a visual artist who specializes in drawing cartoo ...

Will Eisner
, Ursula K. Le Guin,
Harlan Ellison Harlan Jay Ellison (May 27, 1934 – June 28, 2018) was an American writer, known for his prolific and influential work in New Wave New Wave may refer to: Music * New wave music, a genre of popular music that originated in the 1970s A ...
,
Lord Dunsany Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany (; 24 July 1878 – 25 October 1957, usually Lord Dunsany) was an Anglo-Irish Anglo-Irish () is a term which was more commonly used in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify a ...
, and .Abbey p. 68 A lifetime fan of the
Monty Python Monty Python (also collectively known as the Pythons) were a British surreal comedy troupe A comedy troupe is a group of comedians and associated personnel who work together to perform comedy as entertainment. The term is often used inte ...
comedy troupe A comedy troupe is a group of comedian A comedian or comic is a person who seeks to entertain an audience An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a , (in which they are called "readers"), , (in which ...
, as a teenager he owned a copy of ''
Monty Python's Big Red Book ''Monty Python's Big Red Book'' is a humour book comprising mostly material derived and reworked from the first two series of the ''Monty Python's Flying Circus'' BBC television series. Edited by Eric Idle, it was first published in the UK in 1971 ...
''. During a trip to France when he was 13, Gaiman became fascinated with the visually fantastic world in the stories of ''
Metal Hurlant A metal (from Ancient Greek, Greek μέταλλον ''métallon'', "mine, quarry, metal") is a material that, when freshly prepared, polished, or fractured, shows a lustrous appearance, and conducts Electrical resistivity and conductivity, e ...
'', even though he could not understand the words. When he was 19–20 years old, he contacted his favourite science fiction writer, R. A. Lafferty, whom he discovered when he was nine, and asked for advice on becoming an author along with a Lafferty
pastiche A pastiche is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition that, after application to a ...

pastiche
he had written. The writer sent Gaiman an encouraging and informative letter back, along with literary advice. Gaiman has said
Roger Zelazny Roger Joseph Zelazny (May 13, 1937 – June 14, 1995) was an American poet and writer of fantasy and science fiction short stories and novels, best known for ''The Chronicles of Amber''. He won the Nebula Award three times (out of 14 nomin ...
was the author who influenced him the most,"Of Meetings and Partings" by Neil Gaiman, introduction to ''This Mortal Mountain: Volume 3 of The Collected Stories of Roger Zelazny'', NESFA Press, edited by David G. Grubbs, Christopher S. Kovacs, and Ann Crimmins, 2009, page 12. with this influence particularly seen in Gaiman's literary style and the topics he writes about. Other authors Gaiman says "furnished the inside of my mind and set me to writing" include Moorcock, Ellison, Samuel R. Delany,
Angela Carter Angela Olive Pearce (formerly Carter, Stalker; 7 May 1940 – 16 February 1992), who published under the name Angela Carter, was an English novelist, short story writer, poet, and journalist, known for her feminist Feminism is a range ...
, Lafferty, and Le Guin. Neil Gaiman has also taken inspiration from the folk tales tradition, citing Otta F Swire's book on the legends of the Isle of Skye as his inspiration for The Truth Is a Cave in the Black Mountains. In the early 1980s, Gaiman pursued journalism, conducting interviews and writing book reviews, as a means to learn about the world and to make connections that he hoped would later assist him in getting published. He wrote and reviewed extensively for the British Fantasy Society. His first professional short story publication was "Featherquest", a fantasy story, in '' Imagine Magazine'' in May 1984. When waiting for a train at London's in 1984, Gaiman noticed a copy of ''
Swamp Thing The Swamp Thing is a fictional superhero in American comic books published by DC Comics. A humanoid/plant elemental List of swamp monsters, creature, created by writer Len Wein and artist Bernie Wrightson, the Swamp Thing has had several huma ...
'' written by
Alan Moore Alan Moore (born 18 November 1953) is an English writer known primarily for his work in comic books A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) simply comic, is a publication that consists o ...

Alan Moore
, and carefully read it. Moore's fresh and vigorous approach to comics had such an impact on Gaiman that he later wrote "that was the final straw, what was left of my resistance crumbled. I proceeded to make regular and frequent visits to London's
Forbidden Planet ''Forbidden Planet'' is a 1956 American science fiction film Science fiction (or sci-fi) is a film genre A film genre is a stylistic or thematic category for motion pictures A film, also called a movie, motion picture or movin ...
shop to buy comics". In 1984, he wrote his first book, a biography of the band
Duran Duran Duran Duran () are an English new wave New Wave may refer to: Music * New wave music, a genre of popular music that originated in the 1970s Albums * ''New Wave'' (Against Me! album) or the title song, 2007 * ''New Wave'' (The Auteurs ...

Duran Duran
, as well as ''
Ghastly Beyond Belief ''Ghastly Beyond Belief'' is a book by Neil Gaiman and Kim Newman published in 1985. ''Ghastly Beyond Belief'' is a book of science fiction and fantasy quotations. Reception David Langford, Dave Langford reviewed ''Ghastly Beyond Belief'' for ''Whi ...
'', a book of quotations, with
Kim Newman Kim James Newman (born 31 July 1959) is an English journalist, film critic and fiction writer. Recurring interests visible in his work include film history and horror fiction—both of which he attributes to seeing Tod Browning's ''Dracula (1931 ...

Kim Newman
. Even though Gaiman thought he had done a terrible job, the book's first edition sold out very quickly. When he went to relinquish his rights to the book, he discovered the publisher had gone bankrupt. After this, he was offered a job by '' Penthouse''. He refused the offer. He also wrote interviews and articles for many British magazines, including ''
Knave Knave may refer to: *A rogue (vagrant), a rascal, deceitful fellow, a dishonest man *Another name for Jack (playing card), Jack, in card games *Knave (magazine), ''Knave'' (magazine), a British adult magazine *The Knave, a Welsh hillfort also know ...
.'' During this he sometimes wrote under pseudonyms, including Gerry Musgrave, Richard Grey, and "a couple of house names". Gaiman has said he ended his journalism career in 1987 because British newspapers regularly publish untruths as fact. In the late 1980s, he wrote '' Don't Panic: The Official Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Companion'' in what he calls a "classic English humour" style. Following this, he wrote the opening of what became his collaboration with fellow English author
Terry Pratchett Sir Terence David John Pratchett (28 April 1948 – 12 March 2015) was an English humorist A humorist (American English, American) or humourist (British English, British spelling) is an intellectual who uses humor, or wit, in writing or pu ...
on the
comic novel A comic novel is a novel-length work of humorous fiction. Many well-known authors have written comic novels, including P. G. Wodehouse, Henry Fielding Henry Fielding (22 April 1707 – 8 October 1754) was an English novelist, ironist and dr ...
''
Good Omens ''Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch'' is a 1990 novel written as a collaboration between the English authors Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman. The book is a comedy about the birth of the son of Satan and the c ...

Good Omens
'' about the impending apocalypse.


Comics

After forming a friendship with comic-book writer
Alan Moore Alan Moore (born 18 November 1953) is an English writer known primarily for his work in comic books A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) simply comic, is a publication that consists o ...

Alan Moore
, Gaiman started writing comic books, picking up ''
Miracleman Marvelman, also known as Miracleman, is a superhero appearing in comic books first published by L. Miller & Son, Ltd. Marvelman was created in 1954 by writer-artist Mick Anglo for publisher L. Miller & Son originally as a United Kingdom home-grow ...
'' after Moore finished his run on the series. Gaiman and artist Mark Buckingham collaborated on several issues of the series before its publisher,
Eclipse Comics Eclipse Comics was an American comic book publisher, one of several independent publishers during the 1980s and early 1990s. In 1978, it published the first graphic novel intended for the newly created comic book store, comic book specialty store ...
, collapsed, leaving the series unfinished. His first published comic strips were four short ''
Future Shocks ''Tharg's Future Shocks'' is a long-running series of short strips in the British weekly comic a medium Medium may refer to: Science and technology Aviation *Medium bomber, a class of war plane *Tecma Medium, a French hang glider d ...
'' for ''2000 AD (comics), 2000 AD'' in 1986–87. He wrote three graphic novels with his favourite collaborator and long-time friend Dave McKean: ''Violent Cases'', ''Signal to Noise (comics), Signal to Noise'', and ''The Tragical Comedy or Comical Tragedy of Mr. Punch''. Impressed with his work, DC Comics hired him in February 1987, and he wrote the limited series ''Black Orchid (comic book), Black Orchid''. Karen Berger, who later became head of DC Comics's Vertigo (DC Comics), Vertigo, read ''Black Orchid'' and offered Gaiman a job: to re-write an old character, The Sandman, but to put his own spin on him. '' The Sandman'' tells the tale of the Endless (comics), ageless, anthropomorphic personification of Dream (comics), Dream that is known by many names, including Dream (comics), Morpheus. The series began in January 1989 and concluded in March 1996. In the eighth issue of ''The Sandman'', Gaiman and artist Mike Dringenberg introduced Death (DC Comics), Death, the older sister of Dream, who became as popular as the series' title character. The limited series ''Death: The High Cost of Living'' launched DC's Vertigo (DC Comics), Vertigo line in 1993. The 75 issues of the regular series, along with an illustrated prose text and a special containing seven short stories, have been collected into 12 volumes that remain in print, 14 if the ''Death: The High Cost of Living'' and ''Death: The Time of Your Life'' spin-offs are included. Artists include Sam Kieth, Mike Dringenberg, Jill Thompson, Shawn McManus, Marc Hempel and Michael Zulli, lettering by Todd Klein, colours by Daniel Vozzo, and covers by Dave McKean. The series became one of DC's top selling titles, eclipsing even ''Batman'' and ''Superman''. Comics historian Les Daniels called Gaiman's work "astonishing" and noted that ''The Sandman'' was "a mixture of fantasy, horror, and ironic humor such as comic books had never seen before". DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz observed that "''The Sandman'' became the first extraordinary success as a series of graphic novel collections, reaching out and converting new readers to the medium, particularly young women on college campuses, and making Gaiman himself into an iconic cultural figure." Gaiman and Jamie Delano were to become co-writers of the ''Swamp Thing (comic book), Swamp Thing'' series following Rick Veitch. An editorial decision by DC to censor Veitch's final storyline caused both Gaiman and Delano to withdraw from the title. Gaiman produced two stories for DC's ''Secret Origins'' series in 1989. A Poison Ivy (comics), Poison Ivy tale drawn by Mark Buckingham and a Riddler story illustrated by Bernie Mireault and Matt Wagner. A story that Gaiman originally wrote for ''Action Comics, Action Comics Weekly'' in 1989 was shelved due to editorial concerns but it was finally published in 2000 as ''Green Lantern/Superman: Legend of the Green Flame''. In 1990, Gaiman wrote ''The Books of Magic'', a four-part mini-series that provided a tour of the mythological and magical parts of the DC Universe through a frame story about an English teenager who discovers that he is destined to be the world's greatest wizard. The miniseries was popular, and sired an ongoing series written by John Ney Rieber. Gaiman's adaptation of ''Sweeney Todd'', illustrated by Michael Zulli for Stephen R. Bissette's publication ''Taboo (comics), Taboo'', was stopped when the anthology itself was discontinued. In the mid-1990s, he also created a number of new characters and a setting that was to be featured in a title published by Tekno Comix. The concepts were then altered and split between three titles set in the same continuity: ''Lady Justice (comics), Lady Justice'', ''Mr. Hero the Newmatic Man'', and ''Teknophage'', and tie-ins. Although Gaiman's name appeared prominently as creator of the characters, he was not involved in writing any of the above-mentioned books. Gaiman wrote a semi-autobiographical story about a boy's fascination with
Michael Moorcock Michael John Moorcock (born 18 December 1939) is an English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval Eng ...

Michael Moorcock
's anti-hero Elric of Melniboné for Ed Kramer's anthology ''Tales of the White Wolf.'' In 1996, Gaiman and Ed Kramer co-edited ''The Sandman: Book of Dreams''. Nominated for the British Fantasy Award, the original fiction anthology featured stories and contributions by Tori Amos, Clive Barker, Gene Wolfe, Tad Williams, and others. Asked why he likes comics more than other forms of storytelling, Gaiman said: Gaiman wrote two series for Marvel Comics. ''Marvel 1602'' was an eight-issue limited series published from November 2003 to June 2004 with art by Andy Kubert and Richard Isanove. ''The Eternals (comics), Eternals'' was a seven-issue limited series drawn by John Romita Jr., which was published from August 2006 to March 2007. In 2009, Gaiman wrote a two-part
Batman Batman is a superhero who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. Batman was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and debuted in Detective Comics 27, the 27th issue of the comic book ''Detective Comics'' on Marc ...

Batman
story for DC Comics to follow ''Batman R.I.P.'' titled "Batman: Whatever Happened to the Caped Crusader?, Whatever Happened to the Caped Crusader?" a play-off of the classic Superman story "Superman: Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow?, Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow?" by Alan Moore. He contributed a twelve-part Metamorpho serial drawn by Mike Allred for ''Wednesday Comics'', a weekly newspaper-style series. Gaiman and Paul Cornell co-wrote ''Action Comics'' #894 (December 2010), which featured an appearance by Death. In October 2013, DC Comics released ''The Sandman: Overture'' with art by J. H. Williams III. Gaiman's Angela (comics), Angela character was introduced into the Marvel Universe in the last issue of the ''Age of Ultron'' miniseries in 2013. Gaiman oversaw ''The Sandman Universe'', a line of comic books published by Vertigo. The four series — ''House of Whispers'', ''Lucifer (DC Comics), Lucifer'', ''The Books of Magic'', and ''Dreaming (comics), The Dreaming'' — were written by new creative teams. The line launched on 8 August 2018.


Novels

In a collaboration with author
Terry Pratchett Sir Terence David John Pratchett (28 April 1948 – 12 March 2015) was an English humorist A humorist (American English, American) or humourist (British English, British spelling) is an intellectual who uses humor, or wit, in writing or pu ...
, best known for his series of ''Discworld'' novels, Gaiman's first novel ''
Good Omens ''Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch'' is a 1990 novel written as a collaboration between the English authors Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman. The book is a comedy about the birth of the son of Satan and the c ...

Good Omens
'' was published in 1990. In 2011 Pratchett said that while the entire novel was a collaborative effort and most of the ideas could be credited to both of them, Pratchett did a larger portion of writing and editing if for no other reason than Gaiman's scheduled involvement with ''Sandman''. The 1996 Neverwhere (novel), novelisation of Gaiman's teleplay for the BBC mini-series ''Neverwhere'' was his first solo novel. The novel was released in tandem with the television series though it presents some notable differences from the television series. Gaiman has since revised the novel twice, the first time for an American audience unfamiliar with the London Underground, the second time because he felt unsatisfied with the originals. In 1999, first printings of his fantasy novel '' Stardust'' were released. The novel has been released both as a standard novel and in an illustrated text edition. This novel was highly influenced by Victorian fairytales and culture. ''
American Gods ''American Gods'' (2001) is a fantasy novel by British author Neil Gaiman. The novel is a blend of Americana, fantasy, and various strands of ancient and modern mythology, all centering on the mysterious and taciturn Shadow. The book was pub ...
'' became one of Gaiman's best-selling and multi-award-winning novels upon its release in 2001. A special 10th Anniversary edition was released, with the "author's preferred text" 12,000 words longer than the original mass-market editions. Gaiman has not written a direct sequel to ''American Gods'' but he has revisited the characters. A glimpse at Shadow's travels in Europe is found in a short story which finds him in Scotland, applying the same concepts developed in ''American Gods'' to the story of ''Beowulf''. The 2005 novel ''Anansi Boys'' deals with Anansi ('Mr. Nancy'), tracing the relationship of his two sons, one semi-divine and the other an unassuming Englishman, as they explore their common heritage. It debuted at number one on The New York Times Best Seller list, ''The New York Times'' Best Seller list. In late 2008, Gaiman released a new children's book, ''
The Graveyard Book ''The Graveyard Book'' is a young adult fantasy novel by the English author Neil Gaiman, simultaneously published in Britain and America in 2008. ''The Graveyard Book'' traces the story of the boy Nobody "Bod" Owens who is adopted and reared by ...
''. It follows the adventures of a boy named Bod after his family is murdered and he is left to be brought up by a graveyard. It is heavily influenced by
Rudyard Kipling Joseph Rudyard Kipling ( ; 30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)''The Times ''The Times'' is a British daily Daily or The Daily may refer to: Journalism * Daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical pub ...

Rudyard Kipling
's ''The Jungle Book''. , it had been on ''The New York Times'' Bestseller children's list for fifteen weeks. In 2013, ''
The Ocean at the End of the Lane ''The Ocean at the End of the Lane'' is a 2013 novel by British author Neil Gaiman. The work was first published on 18 June 2013 through William Morrow and Company and follows an unnamed man who returns to his hometown for a funeral and remembe ...
'' was voted Book of the Year in the British
National Book Awards The National Book Awards are a set of annual U.S. literary awards A literary award or literary prize is an award presented in recognition of a particularly lauded Literature, literary piece or body of work. It is normally presented to an auth ...
. The novel follows an unnamed man who returns to his hometown for a funeral and remembers events that began forty years earlier. Themes include the search for self-identity and the "disconnect between childhood and adulthood". In September 2016, Neil Gaiman announced that he had been working for some years on retellings of Norse mythology. ''Norse Mythology (Neil Gaiman), Norse Mythology'' was released in February 2017.


Film and screenwriting

Gaiman wrote the 1996 BBC dark fantasy television series ''Neverwhere''. He cowrote the screenplay for the movie ''MirrorMask'' with his old friend Dave McKean for McKean to direct. In addition, he wrote the localised English language script to the anime movie ''Princess Mononoke'', based on a translation of the Japanese script. After his disappointment with the production limitations of ''Neverwhere'', Gaiman asked his agent to pull him out an unnamed UK television series that was to begin production immediately afterward. "I didn't want to do it unless I had more control than you get as a writer: in fantasy, the tone of voice, the look and feel, the way something is shot and edited is vital, and I wanted to be in charge of that." He cowrote the script for Robert Zemeckis's ''Beowulf (2007 film), Beowulf'' with Roger Avary, a collaboration that has proved productive for both writers. Gaiman has expressed interest in collaborating on a film adaptation of the ''Epic of Gilgamesh''. He was the only person other than J. Michael Straczynski to write a ''Babylon 5'' script in the series' last three seasons, contributing the season five episode "Day of the Dead (Babylon 5), Day of the Dead". The series also features a recurring alien race called the Gaim, who resemble the character of Dream and are named after Gaiman. Gaiman has also written at least three drafts of a screenplay adaptation of Nicholson Baker's novel ''The Fermata'' for director Robert Zemeckis, although the project was stalled while Zemeckis made ''The Polar Express (film), The Polar Express'' and the Gaiman-Roger Avary written ''Beowulf (2007 film), Beowulf'' film. Neil Gaiman was featured in the ''History (U.S. TV channel), History Channel'' documentary ''Comic Book Superheroes Unmasked''. Several of Gaiman's original works have been optioned or greenlighted for film adaptation, most notably ''Stardust (2007 film), Stardust'', which premiered in August 2007 and stars Charlie Cox, Robert De Niro, Michelle Pfeiffer, Claire Danes and Mark Strong, directed by Matthew Vaughn. A stop-motion version of ''Coraline (film), Coraline'' was released on 6 February 2009, with Henry Selick directing and Dakota Fanning and Teri Hatcher in the leading voice-actor roles. In 2007, Gaiman announced that after ten years in development, Death and Me, the feature film of ''Death: The High Cost of Living'' would finally begin production with a screenplay by Gaiman that he would direct for Warner Independent. Gaiman said that he agreed to direct the film "with the carrot dangled in front of me that I could direct it. And we'll see if that happens, and if I'm a good director or not." Don Murphy and Susan Montford were named as producers, and Guillermo del Toro was named as the film's executive producer. By 2010, it had been reported that the film was no longer in production. Seeing Ear Theatre performed two of Gaiman's audio theatre plays, "Snow, Glass, Apples", Gaiman's retelling of Snow White, and "Murder Mysteries", a story of heaven before the Fall in which the first crime is committed. Both audio plays were published in the collection ''Smoke and Mirrors (story collection), Smoke and Mirrors'' in 1998. At Guillermo del Toro's request, he rewrote the opening of Hellboy II: The Golden Army to make it look more like a fairy tale. Gaiman's 2009 Newbery Medal winning book ''
The Graveyard Book ''The Graveyard Book'' is a young adult fantasy novel by the English author Neil Gaiman, simultaneously published in Britain and America in 2008. ''The Graveyard Book'' traces the story of the boy Nobody "Bod" Owens who is adopted and reared by ...
'' will be made into a movie, with Ron Howard as the director. Gaiman wrote an episode of the long-running BBC science fiction series ''Doctor Who'', broadcast in 2011 during Matt Smith (actor), Matt Smith's second series as the Doctor. Shooting began in August 2010 for this episode, the original title of which was "The House of Nothing" but which was eventually transmitted as "The Doctor's Wife". The episode won the 2012 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form, Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation (Short Form). Gaiman made his return to ''Doctor Who'' with an episode titled "Nightmare in Silver", broadcast on 11 May 2013. In 2011, it was announced that Gaiman would be writing the script to a new film version of ''Journey to the West''. Gaiman appeared as himself on ''The Simpsons'' episode "The Book Job", which broadcast on 20 November 2011. In 2015, Starz greenlighted a American Gods (TV series), series adaptation of Gaiman's novel ''
American Gods ''American Gods'' (2001) is a fantasy novel by British author Neil Gaiman. The novel is a blend of Americana, fantasy, and various strands of ancient and modern mythology, all centering on the mysterious and taciturn Shadow. The book was pub ...
''. Bryan Fuller and Michael Green (writer), Michael Green wrote and showrun the series. In 2020, Gaiman received a Hugo Award for Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation#Long Form, Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form for the TV miniseries adaption of Good Omens (TV series), Good Omens, for which he wrote the screenplay.


Radio

A six-part Neverwhere (radio play), radio play of ''Neverwhere'' was broadcast in March 2013, adapted by Dirk Maggs for BBC Radio 4 and Radio 4 Extra. Featured stars include James McAvoy as Richard, Natalie Dormer, Benedict Cumberbatch, Christopher Lee, Bernard Cribbens and Johnny Vegas. In September 2014, Gaiman and Terry Pratchett joined forces with BBC Radio 4 to make the first ever dramatisation of their co-penned novel ''Good Omens'', which was broadcast in December in five half-hour episodes and culminated in an hour-long final apocalyptic showdown. In 2021, Gaiman was cast as Duke Aubrey in an adaptation of Hope Mirrlees' ''Lud-in-the-Mist'', a novel Gaiman had previously proclaimed one of his favourites (and contributed a foreword for an edition by Cold Spring Press), for BBC Radio 4.


Public performances

Gaiman frequently performs public readings from his stories and poetry, and has toured with his wife, musician
Amanda Palmer Amanda MacKinnon Gaiman Palmer (born April 30, 1976) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and performance artist who is the lead vocalist, pianist, and lyricist of the duo The Dresden Dolls The Dresden Dolls are an American musical ...

Amanda Palmer
. In some of these performances he has also sung songs, in "a novelist's version of singing", despite having "no kind of singing voice". In 2015, Gaiman delivered a 100-minute lecture for the Long Now Foundation entitled ''How Stories Last'' about the nature of storytelling and how stories persist in human culture. In April 2018, Gaiman made a guest appearance on the television show ''The Big Bang Theory'', and his tweet about the show's fictional comic book store becomes the central theme of the episode "The Comet Polarization".


Blog and Twitter

In February 2001, when Gaiman had completed writing ''
American Gods ''American Gods'' (2001) is a fantasy novel by British author Neil Gaiman. The novel is a blend of Americana, fantasy, and various strands of ancient and modern mythology, all centering on the mysterious and taciturn Shadow. The book was pub ...
'', his publishers set up a promotional website featuring a weblog in which Gaiman described the day-to-day process of revising, publishing, and promoting the novel. After the novel was published, the website evolved into a more general Official Neil Gaiman Website. Gaiman generally posts to the blog describing the day-to-day process of being Neil Gaiman and writing, revising, publishing, or promoting whatever the current project is. He also posts reader emails and answers questions, which gives him unusually direct and immediate interaction with fans. One of his answers on why he writes the blog is "because writing is, like death, a lonely business." The original ''American Gods'' blog was extracted for publication in the NESFA Press collection of Gaiman miscellany, ''Adventures in the Dream Trade''. To celebrate the seventh anniversary of the blog, the novel ''American Gods'' was provided free of charge online for a month. Gaiman is an active user of the social networking site Twitter with over 2.7 million followers , using the username ''@neilhimself''. In 2013, Gaiman was named by ''IGN'' as one of "The Best Tweeters in Comics", describing his posts as "sublime." Gaiman also runs a Tumblr account on which he primarily answers fan questions.


Use of fountain pens

Gaiman is a dedicated user of fountain pens and has said that he writes the first draft of all his books with one. He began this practice with ''Stardust'', which he wrote in fountain pen in order to capture the feeling of the 1920s. He is most closely associated with the Pilot (pen company), Pilot 823, one of which he has said he has used for giving over one million signatures.


Filmography


Personal life

Gaiman has lived near Menomonie, Wisconsin, since 1992. Gaiman moved there to be close to the family of his then-wife, Mary McGrath, with whom he has three children. , Gaiman also resides in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 2014, he took up a five-year appointment as professor in the arts at Bard College, in Annandale-on-Hudson, New York. Gaiman is married to songwriter and performer
Amanda Palmer Amanda MacKinnon Gaiman Palmer (born April 30, 1976) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and performance artist who is the lead vocalist, pianist, and lyricist of the duo The Dresden Dolls The Dresden Dolls are an American musical ...

Amanda Palmer
, with whom he has an open marriage. The couple announced that they were dating in June 2009, and announced their engagement on Twitter on 1 January 2010. On 16 November 2010, Palmer hosted a non-legally binding flash mob wedding for Gaiman's birthday in New Orleans. They were legally married on 2 January 2011. The wedding took place in the parlour of writers Ayelet Waldman and Michael Chabon. On marrying Palmer, he took her middle name, MacKinnon, as one of his names. In September 2015, they had a son. In May 2020, he traveled from New Zealand to his holiday home on the Isle of Skye, breaking lockdown rules imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Ross, Skye and Lochaber (UK Parliament constituency), Ross, Skye and Lochaber MP Ian Blackford described his behaviour as unacceptable and dangerous. Gaiman published an apology on his website, saying he had endangered the local community.


Advocacy

In 2016, Gaiman, as well as Cate Blanchett, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Peter Capaldi, Douglas Booth, Jesse Eisenberg, Keira Knightley, Juliet Stevenson, Kit Harington, and Stanley Tucci, appeared in the video "What They Took With Them", from the United Nations System, United Nations' refugee agency United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR, to help raise awareness of the issue of global refugees. Gaiman is a supporter of the Comic Book Legal Defense Fund and has served on its board of directors. In 2013, Gaiman was named co-chair of the organization's newly formed advisory board.


Friendship with Tori Amos

One of Gaiman's most commented-upon friendships is with the musician Tori Amos, a ''Sandman'' fan who became friends with Gaiman after making a reference to "Neil and the Dream King" on her 1991 demo tape. He included her in turn as a character (a talking tree) in his novel ''Stardust''. Amos also mentions Gaiman in her songs, "Tear in Your Hand" ("If you need me, me and Neil'll be hangin' out with the dream king. Neil says hi by the way"), "Space Dog" ("Where's Neil when you need him?"), "Horses" ("But will you find me if Neil makes me a tree?"), "Carbon" ("Get me Neil on the line, no I can't hold. Have him read, 'Snow, Glass, Apples' where nothing is what it seems"), "Sweet Dreams" ("You're forgetting to fly, darling, when you sleep"), and "Not Dying Today" ("Neil is thrilled he can claim he's mammalian, 'but the bad news,' he said, 'girl you're a dandelion'"). He also wrote stories for the tour book of ''Boys for Pele'' and ''Scarlet's Walk'', a letter for the tour book of ''American Doll Posse'', and the stories behind each girl in her album ''Strange Little Girls''. Amos penned the introduction for his novel ''Death: the High Cost of Living'', and posed for the cover. She also wrote a song called "Sister Named Desire" based on his ''Sandman'' character, which was included on his anthology, ''Where's Neil When You Need Him?''. Gaiman is godfather to Tori Amos's daughter Tash, and wrote a poem called "Blueberry Girl" for Tori and Tash. The poem has been turned into a book by the illustrator Charles Vess. Gaiman read the poem aloud to an audience at the Sundance Kabuki Theater in San Francisco on 5 October 2008 during his book reading tour for ''The Graveyard Book''. It was published in March 2009 with the title ''Blueberry Girl''.


Litigation

In 1993, Gaiman was contracted by Todd McFarlane to write a single issue of ''Spawn (comics), Spawn'', a popular title at the newly created Image Comics company. McFarlane was promoting his new title by having guest authors Gaiman,
Alan Moore Alan Moore (born 18 November 1953) is an English writer known primarily for his work in comic books A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) simply comic, is a publication that consists o ...

Alan Moore
, Frank Miller (comics), Frank Miller, and
Dave Sim Dave Sim (born 17 May 1956) is a Canadian cartoonist and publisher, best known for his comic book ''Cerebus the Aardvark, Cerebus'', his artistic experimentation, his advocacy of self-publishing and creators' rights, and his controversial politic ...

Dave Sim
each write a single issue. In issue No. 9 of the series, Gaiman introduced the characters Angela (comics), Angela, Cogliostro, and Hellspawn (Spawn), Medieval Spawn. Prior to this issue, Spawn was an assassin who worked for the government and came back as a reluctant agent of Hell but had no real direction in his actions. In Angela, a cruel and malicious angel, Gaiman introduced a character who threatened Spawn's existence, as well as providing a moral opposite. Cogliostro was introduced as a mentor character for exposition and instruction, providing guidance. Medieval Spawn introduced a history and precedent that not all Spawns were self-serving or evil, giving additional character development to Malebolgia, the demon that creates Hellspawn. As intended, all three characters were used repeatedly throughout the next decade by Todd McFarlane within the wider Spawn universe. In papers filed by Gaiman in early 2002, however, he claimed that the characters were jointly owned by their scripter (himself) and artist (McFarlane), not merely by McFarlane in his role as the creator of the series. Disagreement over who owned the rights to a character was the primary motivation for McFarlane and other artists to form Image Comics (although that argument related more towards disagreements between writers and artists as character creators). As McFarlane used the characters without Gaiman's permission or royalty payments, Gaiman believed his copyrighted work was being infringed upon, which violated their original oral agreement. McFarlane initially agreed that Gaiman had not signed away any rights to the characters, and negotiated with Gaiman to effectively 'swap' McFarlane's interest in the character Marvelman. McFarlane had purchased interest in the character when
Eclipse Comics Eclipse Comics was an American comic book publisher, one of several independent publishers during the 1980s and early 1990s. In 1978, it published the first graphic novel intended for the newly created comic book store, comic book specialty store ...
was liquidated while Gaiman was interested in being able to continue his aborted run of the Marvelman title. McFarlane later changed his initial position, claiming that Gaiman's work had only been work-for-hire and that McFarlane owned all of Gaiman's creations entirely. The presiding judge, however, ruled against their agreement being work for hire, based in large part on the legal requirement that "copyright assignments must be in writing." The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the district court ruling in February 2004 granting joint ownership of the characters to Gaiman and McFarlane. On the specific issue of Cogliostro, presiding Judge John C. Shabaz proclaimed, "The expressive work that is the comic-book character Count Nicholas Cogliostro was the joint work of Gaiman and McFarlane—their contributions strike us as quite equal—and both are entitled to ownership of the copyright". Similar analysis led to similar results for the other two characters, Angela and Medieval Spawn. This legal battle was brought by Gaiman and the specifically formed Marvels and Miracles, Limited-liability company, LLC, which Gaiman had previously created to help sort out Marvelman#Ownership battle, the legal rights surrounding Marvelman. Gaiman had written ''Marvel 1602 ''in 2003 to help fund this project and all of Gaiman's profits for the original issues of the series were donated to Marvels and Miracles. Marvelman was eventually purchased by Marvel Comics in 2009. Gaiman returned to court again over the Spawn characters Dark Ages Spawn, Domina (Image Comics), Domina and Tiffany (comics), Tiffany, claiming that they were "derivative of the three he co-created with McFarlane." The judge ruled that Gaiman was right in these claims as well and gave McFarlane until the beginning of September 2010 to settle the matter.


Audiobooks

* ''The Sandman'' (narrated by Neil Gaiman), Audible Originals 2021, * ''Stardust'' (read by Neil Gaiman), HarperAudio 2013, * ''Norse Mythology'' (read by Neil Gaiman), HarperAudio 2018,


Literary allusions

Gaiman's work is known for a high degree of allusion, allusiveness. Dr. Meredith Collins, for instance, has commented upon the degree to which his novel '' Stardust'' depends on allusions to Victorian fairy tales and culture. Particularly in ''The Sandman'', literary figures and characters appear often; the character of Fiddler's Green is modelled visually on , both William Shakespeare and Geoffrey Chaucer appear as characters, as do several characters from within ''A Midsummer Night's Dream'' and ''The Tempest''. The comic also draws from numerous mythologies and historical periods. Analyzing Gaiman's ''The Graveyard Book'', bibliographer and librarian Richard Bleiler detects patterns of and allusions to the Gothic novel, from Horace Walpole's ''The Castle of Otranto'' to Shirley Jackson's ''The Haunting of Hill House''. He concludes that Gaiman is "utilizing works, characters, themes, and settings that generations of scholars have identified and classified as Gothic, ... [yet] subverts them and develops the novel by focusing on the positive aspects of maturation, concentrating on the values of learning, friendship, and sacrifice." Regarding another work's assumed connection and allusions to this form, Gaiman himself quipped: "I've never been able to figure out whether ''Sandman'' is a gothic." Clay Smith has argued that this sort of allusiveness serves to situate Gaiman as a strong authorial presence in his own works, often to the exclusion of his collaborators. However, Smith's viewpoint is in the minority: to many, if there is a problem with Gaiman scholarship and intertextuality it is that "... his literary merit and vast popularity have propelled him into the nascent comics canon so quickly that there is not yet a basis of critical scholarship about his work." David Rudd takes a more generous view in his study of the novel ''
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Coraline
'', where he argues that the work plays and riffs productively on Sigmund Freud's notion of Uncanny, the Uncanny, or the ''Unheimlich''. Though Gaiman's work is frequently seen as exemplifying the monomyth structure laid out in Joseph Campbell's ''The Hero with a Thousand Faces'', Gaiman says that he started reading ''The Hero with a Thousand Faces'' but refused to finish it: "I think I got about half way through ''The Hero with a Thousand Faces'' and found myself thinking if this is true – I don't want to know. I really would rather not know this stuff. I'd rather do it because it's true and because I accidentally wind up creating something that falls into this pattern than be told what the pattern is."


Selected awards and honours

* From 1991 to 1993, Gaiman won Harvey Awards in the following categories: ** 1991 Best Writer for ''The Sandman'' ** 1992 Best Writer for ''The Sandman'' ** 1993 Best Continuing or Limited Series for ''The Sandman'' * From 1991 to 2014, Gaiman won Locus Awards in the following categories: ** 1991 Best Fantasy Novel (runner-up) for ''
Good Omens ''Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch'' is a 1990 novel written as a collaboration between the English authors Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman. The book is a comedy about the birth of the son of Satan and the c ...

Good Omens
'' by Gaiman and
Terry Pratchett Sir Terence David John Pratchett (28 April 1948 – 12 March 2015) was an English humorist A humorist (American English, American) or humourist (British English, British spelling) is an intellectual who uses humor, or wit, in writing or pu ...
** 1999 Best Fantasy Novel (runner-up) for '' Stardust'' ** 2002 Best Fantasy Novel for ''American Gods'' ** 2003 Best Young Adult Book for ''Coraline'' ** 2004 Best Novelette for "A Study in Emerald" ** 2005 Best Short Story for "Forbidden Brides of the Faceless Slaves in the Nameless House of the Night of Dread Desire" ** 2006 Best Fantasy novel for ''Anansi Boys''. The book was also nominated for a Hugo Award, but Gaiman asked for it to be withdrawn from the list, stating that he wanted to give other writers a chance and that it was really more fantasy than science fiction. ** 2006 Best Short Story for "Sunbird" ** 2007 Best Short Story for "How to Talk to Girls at Parties" ** 2007 Best Collection for ''Fragile Things'' ** 2009 Best Young Adult novel for ''The Graveyard Book'' ** 2010 Best Short Story for ''An Invocation of Incuriosity'', published in ''Songs of the Dying Earth'' ** 2011 Best Short Story for ''The Thing About Cassandra'', published in ''Songs of Love and Death'' ** 2011 Best Novelette for ''The Truth Is A Cave In The Black Mountains'', published in ''Stories'' ** 2014 Best Fantasy Novel for ''The Ocean at the End of the Lane'' * From 1991 to 2009, Gaiman won Eisner Awards in the following categories: ** 1991 Best Continuing Series: ''Sandman'', by Neil Gaiman and various artists (DC) ** 1991 Best Graphic Album–Reprint: ''Sandman: The Doll's House'' by Neil Gaiman and various artists (DC) ** 1991 Best Writer: Neil Gaiman, ''Sandman'' (DC) ** 1992 Best Single Issue or Story: ''Sandman'' #22-#28: "Season of Mists," by Neil Gaiman and various artists (DC) ** 1992 Best Continuing Series: ''Sandman'', by Neil Gaiman and various artists (DC) ** 1992 Best Writer: Neil Gaiman, ''Sandman'', ''Books of Magic'' (DC), ''Miracleman'' (Eclipse) ** 1993 Best Continuing Series: ''Sandman'' by Neil Gaiman and various artists (DC) ** 1993 Best Graphic Album–New: ''Signal to Noise'' by Neil Gaiman and Dave McKean (VG Graphics/Dark Horse) ** 1993 Best Writer: Neil Gaiman, ''Miracleman'' (Eclipse); ''Sandman'' (DC) ** 1994 Best Writer: Neil Gaiman, ''Sandman'' (DC/Vertigo); ''Death: The High Cost of Living'' (DC/Vertigo) ** 2000 Best Comics-Related Book: ''The Sandman: The Dream Hunters'', by Neil Gaiman and Yoshitaka Amano (DC/Vertigo) ** 2004 Best Short Story: "Death," by Neil Gaiman and P. Craig Russell, in ''The Sandman: Endless Nights'' (Vertigo/DC) ** 2004 Best Anthology: ''The Sandman: Endless Nights'', by Neil Gaiman and others, edited by Karen Berger and Shelly Bond (Vertigo/DC) ** 2007 Best Archival Collection/Project–Comic Books: ''Absolute Sandman'', vol. 1, by Neil Gaiman and various (Vertigo/DC) ** 2009 Best Publication for Teens/Tweens: ''Coraline'', by Neil Gaiman, adapted by P. Craig Russell (HarperCollins Children's Books) * In 1991, Gaiman received an Inkpot Award at the San Diego Comic-Con, San Diego Comic-Con International * From 2000 to 2004, Gaiman won Bram Stoker Awards in the following categories: ** 2000 Best Illustrated Narrative for ''The Sandman: The Dream Hunters'' ** 2001 Best Novel for ''
American Gods ''American Gods'' (2001) is a fantasy novel by British author Neil Gaiman. The novel is a blend of Americana, fantasy, and various strands of ancient and modern mythology, all centering on the mysterious and taciturn Shadow. The book was pub ...
'' ** 2003 Best Work for Young Readers for ''Coraline'' ** 2004 Best Illustrated Narrative for ''The Sandman: Endless Nights'' * From 2002 to 2020, Gaiman won Hugo Awards in the following categories: ** 2002 Best Novel for ''American Gods'' ** 2003 Best Novella for ''
Coraline ''Coraline'' () is a dark fantasy Dark fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy literary, artistic, and cinematic works that incorporate disturbing and frightening themes of fantasy. It often combines fantasy with elements of horror fiction, horro ...

Coraline
'' ** 2004 Best Short Story for ''A Study in Emerald'' (in a ceremony the author presided over himself, having volunteered for the job before his story was nominated) ** 2009 Best Novel for ''
The Graveyard Book ''The Graveyard Book'' is a young adult fantasy novel by the English author Neil Gaiman, simultaneously published in Britain and America in 2008. ''The Graveyard Book'' traces the story of the boy Nobody "Bod" Owens who is adopted and reared by ...
'' presented at the 67th World Science Fiction Convention, 2009 Worldcon in Montreal where he was also the Professional Guest of Honor. ** 2012 Best Dramatic Presentation (Short Form) for "The Doctor's Wife" ** 2016 Best Graphic Story for ''The Sandman: Overture'' ** 2020 Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form, for ''Good Omens (TV series), Good Omens'' * From 2002 to 2003, Gaiman won Nebula Awards in the following categories: ** 2002 Best Novel for ''American Gods'' ** 2003 Best Novella for ''Coraline'' * From 2006 to 2010, Gaiman won British Fantasy Awards in the following categories: ** 2006 Best Novel for ''Anansi Boys'' ** 2007 British Fantasy Award, collection, for ''Fragile Things'' ** 2009 British Fantasy Award for Best Novel shortlist for ''
The Graveyard Book ''The Graveyard Book'' is a young adult fantasy novel by the English author Neil Gaiman, simultaneously published in Britain and America in 2008. ''The Graveyard Book'' traces the story of the boy Nobody "Bod" Owens who is adopted and reared by ...
'' ** 2010 British Fantasy Award, comic/graphic novel, ''Whatever Happened to the Caped Crusader?'', by Gaiman and Andy Kubert * In 2010, Gaiman won Shirley Jackson Awards in the following categories: ** 2010 Best Novelette for "The Truth Is A Cave In The Black Mountains" ** 2010 Best Edited Anthology for ''Stories: All New Tales'', edited by Neil Gaiman and Al Sarrantonio (William Morrow) * 1991 World Fantasy Award for short fiction for the ''Sandman'' issue, "The Sandman: Dream Country, A Midsummer Night's Dream", by Gaiman and Charles Vess"Gaiman, Neil"
. ''The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index to Literary Nominees''. Locus Publications. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
* 1991–1993 ''Comics Buyer's Guide'' Award for Favorite Writer * 1997–2000 ''Comics Buyer's Guide'' Award for Favorite Writer nominations * 1997 Comic Book Legal Defense Fund Defender of Liberty award * 1999 Mythopoeic Award, Mythopoeic Fantasy Award for Adult Literature for the illustrated version of '' Stardust'' * 2003 British Science Fiction Association Award, short fiction, for ''Coraline'' * 2004 Angoulême International Comics Festival Prize for Scenario for ''The Sandman: Season of Mists'' * 2005 The William Shatner Golden Groundhog Award for Best Underground Movie, nomination for ''MirrorMask''. The other nominated films were ''Green Street Hooligans'', ''Nine Lives (2005 film), Nine Lives'', ''Up for Grabs (2004 film), Up for Grabs'', and ''Opie Gets Laid''. * 2005 Quill Awards, Quill Book Award for Graphic Novels for ''Marvel 1602'' * 2006 Mythopoeic Award, Mythopoeic Fantasy Award for Adult Literature for ''Anansi Boys'' * 2007 Bob Clampett Humanitarian Award * 2007 San Diego Comic-Con International, Comic-Con Icon award presented at the Scream Awards. * 2009 Newbery Medal for ''
The Graveyard Book ''The Graveyard Book'' is a young adult fantasy novel by the English author Neil Gaiman, simultaneously published in Britain and America in 2008. ''The Graveyard Book'' traces the story of the boy Nobody "Bod" Owens who is adopted and reared by ...
'' * 2009 Audie Award: Children's 8–12 and Audiobook of the year for the audio version of ''
The Graveyard Book ''The Graveyard Book'' is a young adult fantasy novel by the English author Neil Gaiman, simultaneously published in Britain and America in 2008. ''The Graveyard Book'' traces the story of the boy Nobody "Bod" Owens who is adopted and reared by ...
''. * 2009 The Booktrust Teenage Prize for ''The Graveyard Book'' * 2010 Gaiman was selected as the Honorary Chair of National Library Week by the American Library Association. * 2010 Carnegie Medal in Literature, Carnegie Medal for ''The Graveyard Book'', becoming the first author to have won both the Carnegie and Newbery Medals for the same work. (Carnegie Winner 2010)
. Living Archive: Celebrating the Carnegie and Greenaway Winners. CILIP. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
"Releases for 2010 Awards"
. Press Desk. CILIP. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
"About Neil Gaiman"
28 July 2014.
* 2011 Bradbury Award, Ray Bradbury Award for Outstanding Dramatic Presentation (with Richard Clark (director), Richard Clark) for ''The Doctor's Wife'' * 2012 Honorary Doctorate of Arts from the University of the Arts (Philadelphia), University of the Arts * 2013
National Book Awards The National Book Awards are a set of annual U.S. literary awards A literary award or literary prize is an award presented in recognition of a particularly lauded Literature, literary piece or body of work. It is normally presented to an auth ...
(British), Book of the Year winner for ''The Ocean at the End of the Lane'' * 2016 University of St Andrews Honorary degree of Doctor of Letters *2018 Nomination for the New Academy Prize in Literature. * 2019 Poets & Writers#Barnes & Noble Writers for Writers Award, Barnes & Noble Writers for Writers Award, "celebrat[ing] authors who have given generously to other writers or to the broader literary community." Gaiman was given the award "for advocating for freedom of expression worldwide and inspiring countless writers." * 2020 Eisner Award for Best Adaptation from Another Medium, Best Adaptation from Another Medium: ''Neil Gaiman's Snow, Glass, Apples'' by Neil Gaiman and Colleen Doran (Dark Horse Comics) * 2021 Inducted into the List of Eisner Award winners#The Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame, Will Eisner Award Hall of FameEisner Awards Current Info
/ref>


See also

* Neil Gaiman bibliography


References


External links

*
Neil Gaiman Visual Bibliography

Neil Gaiman's Children's Books
*
In-depth interview
Neil Gaiman in conversation with Tom Chatfield in Prospect magazine *


At other web sites

* * * * * * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Gaiman, Neil Neil Gaiman, 1960 births Living people 20th-century English novelists 21st-century British novelists 8in8 members Articles containing video clips Audiobook narrators Bard College faculty Bob Clampett Humanitarian Award winners British beekeepers British Jews British male bloggers Carnegie Medal in Literature winners Cthulhu Mythos writers DC Comics people Eisner Award winners for Best Writer English agnostics English bloggers English children's writers English comics writers English expatriates in the United States English fantasy writers English graphic novelists English horror writers English Jewish writers English male journalists English male screenwriters English male short story writers English people of Polish-Jewish descent English science fiction writers English screenwriters English short story writers Harvey Award winners for Best Writer Hugo Award-winning writers Inkpot Award winners Jewish agnostics Marvel Comics writers Nebula Award winners Newbery Medal winners People educated at Ardingly College People educated at Whitgift School People from Menomonie, Wisconsin People from Portchester Postmodern writers Shorty Award winners The Books of Magic The Sandman (comic book) Weird fiction writers