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The Judicial Conference of the United States, formerly known as the Conference of Senior Circuit Judges, was created by the
United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ...

United States Congress
in 1922 with the principal objective of framing policy guidelines for administration of judicial courts in the United States. The Conference derives its authority from , which states that it is headed by the
Chief Justice of the United States The chief justice of the United States is the chief judge A chief judge (also known as chief justice The chief justice is the Chief judge, presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English comm ...
and consists of the Chief Justice, the
chief judge A chief judge (also known as chief justice The chief justice is the Chief judge, presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court ...
of each
court of appeals An appellate court, commonly called an ''appeals court'', ''court of appeals'' (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the Eng ...
federal regional circuit, a district court judge from various federal judicial districts, and the chief judge of the
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.


History

Responding to a backlog of cases in the federal courts, in 1922 Congress enacted a new form of court administration that advanced the institutionalization of an independent judiciary.
Federal Judicial Center The Federal Judicial Center is the education and research agency of the United States federal court The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the Cons ...

Judicial Conference of the United States, 1922–
The establishment of an annual Conference of Senior Circuit Judges, later to be known as the Judicial Conference of the United States, culminated more than a decade of public debate on the reform of judicial administration. The Conference of Senior Circuit Judges provided the first formal mechanism by which members of the federal judiciary might develop national administrative policies, reassign judges temporarily, and recommend legislation. Chief Justice
William Howard Taft William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857March 8, 1930) was the 27th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power of ...

William Howard Taft
, appointed to the Supreme Court in 1921, had led a public campaign for federal judicial reform since leaving the White House in 1913. Taft proposed the appointment of at-large judges, what he called a "flying squadron," that could be assigned temporarily to congested courts. In Taft's plan, a conference of judges would serve primarily to assess the caseload of the lower courts and assign the at-large judges to courts in need. Taft, supported by a group of federal judges and legal scholars, hoped that the establishment of a more efficient federal judiciary would deflect the efforts of
Senator A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislature. The name comes from the Ancient Rome, ancient Roman Senate (Latin: ''Senatus''), so-called as an assembly of the senior (Lat ...
George W. Norris and others who advocated an end to
life tenure A life tenure or service during good behaviour is a term of office A term of office is the length of time a person serves in a particular elected office An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate Mandate most often refers ...
on the federal bench and the restriction of the lower federal courts'
jurisdiction Jurisdiction (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be i ...
. By the time Taft became Chief Justice, the increased caseload resulting from
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World War I
and the enforcement of
Prohibition Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture Manufacturing is the production of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that st ...

Prohibition
had contributed to broad support for reform of the federal judiciary. Assuming a role as leader of the judiciary as well as the Supreme Court, Taft joined with
Attorney General #REDIRECT Attorney general In most common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is the body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial tribunals by virtue of being stated in written opinio ...
Harry M. Daugherty and appeared before the Senate Judiciary Committee to urge legislation. A large majority in Congress agreed with the need for reform, but both the Senate and the House of Representatives insisted on revising Taft's proposals so that they conformed more closely to the traditions of the federal judiciary. Congress established an annual conference of the
Chief Justice of the United States The chief justice of the United States is the chief judge A chief judge (also known as chief justice The chief justice is the Chief judge, presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English comm ...
(or the senior associate justice if the Chief is unable), and the senior circuit judge (now called the chief judge) from each judicial circuit and charged the conference with a general mandate to advise on the administrative needs of the federal courts. The act required the senior judge in each district to prepare an annual report of the business of the district's court. The conference would use these reports to prepare suggestions for the temporary transfer of judges, pending the approval of all courts involved. This expansion of the authority to transfer judges fell far short of Taft's concept of a permanent corps of at-large judges. Congress established 24 temporary judgeships, but adhered to the principle of fixed residency for district judges. Congress also declined to make the attorney general a member of the conference, although the act permitted the Chief Justice to request the attorney general to report on the business of the courts. Even without a formal relationship with Congress or the
Department of Justice A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of governme ...
(which then administered the federal courts), the conference offered the judiciary a means of communicating its administrative needs. The conference was renamed the Judicial Conference of the United States in 1948. In 1956, Congress provided for the inclusion of the chief judge of the .
Federal Judicial Center The Federal Judicial Center is the education and research agency of the United States federal court The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the Cons ...

Members of the Judicial Conference of the United States (formerly the Conference of Senior Circuit Judges)
At that time, the judges of the
Court of Customs and Patent AppealsThe United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals (CCPA) was a United States federal court The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the Constitution ...
(CCPA) declined to include a representative on the conference. The size of the conference nearly doubled following an act of 1957 that provided for the appellate and district judges in each circuit to elect a district judge to represent the circuit on the conference for a term of three years. In 1961 the chief judge of the CCPA began serving on the conference. The chief judges of these Court of Claims and the CCPA served on the conference until 1982 when their courts merged to become the
United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (Federal Circuit; in case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called reporters or law repo ...
. In 1990, Congress provided for the inclusion of the chief judge of the
United States Court of International Trade The United States Court of International Trade (case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case A legal case is in a general sense a dispute between opposing parties which may be resolved b ...
. In 1996, Congress expanded the district judge term up to five years and allowed senior district judges to serve.


Present tasks

Five standing Advisory Committees of the Judicial Conference have been established, and are charged, respectively, with drafting proposed amendments to the: *
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (officially abbreviated Fed. R. Civ. P.; colloquially FRCP) govern civil procedure Civil procedure is the body of law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrela ...
; *
Federal Rules of Criminal ProcedureThe Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure are the procedural rules that govern how federal criminal In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''Stat ...
; *
Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure The Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure (abbreviated Fed. R. Bankr. P. or FRBP) are a set of rules promulgated by the Supreme Court of the United States The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the Supreme court, highest court in ...
; *
Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure#REDIRECT Federal Rules of Appellate ProcedureThe Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure (officially abbreviated Fed. R. App. P.; colloquially FRAP) are a set of rules, promulgated by the Supreme Court of the United States on recommendation of an advis ...
; and *
Federal Rules of Evidence First adopted in 1975, the Federal Rules of Evidence codify the evidence law The law of evidence, also known as the rules of evidence, encompasses the rules and legal principles that govern the proof of fact A fact is an occurrence in ...
. Members of the Advisory Committees include judges, representatives from the Department of Justice, law professors, and practicing attorneys. The Advisory Committees propose rules, subject them to public comment, and then submit them to the Standing Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure, which in turn submits them to the Judicial Conference, which recommends them to the Supreme Court for approval. Explanatory notes of the drafting Advisory Committee are published along with the final adopted rules, and are frequently used as an authority on the interpretation of the rules. Other active policy areas concern the operation of
CM/ECF CM/ECF (Case Management/Electronic Case Files) is the case management and electronic court filing system for most of the United States Federal Courts. PACER (law), PACER, an acronym for ''Public Access to Court Electronic Records'', is an interfac ...
, the Case Management/Electronic Case Files system, and PACER, the electronic public access service for United States federal court documents. On very rare occasions, the Conference has authorized investigations of Federal Judges accused of criminal malfeasance. Those deemed guilty have been referred to the House Judiciary committee for impeachment. This has happened three times during the 21st century.


Administrative Office of the United States Courts

The Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AO) is the
administrative Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body. Management includes th ...
agency Agency may refer to: * a governmental or other institution * the abstract principle that autonomous beings, agents, are capable of acting by themselves; see autonomy Abstract principle * Agency (law), a person acting on behalf of another perso ...
of the United States federal court system. The AO is the central support entity for the federal judicial branch. It provides a wide range of administrative, legal, financial,
management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization An organization, or organisation (Commonwealth English The use of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spok ...

management
, program, and information technology services to the federal courts. It was established in 1939. The AO is directly supervised by the Judicial Conference, and implements and executes Judicial Conference policies, as well as applicable federal statutes and regulations. The AO facilitates communications within the judiciary and with Congress, the executive branch, and the public on behalf of the judiciary.


Judicial councils

Judicial councils are panels of each federal judicial circuit that are charged with making "necessary and appropriate orders for the effective and expeditious administration of justice" within their circuits. Among their responsibilities is judicial discipline, the formulation of circuit policy, the implementation of policy directives received from the Judicial Conference, and the annual submission of a report to the
Administrative Office Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit, non-profit organization, or a government body. It is the ar ...
on the number and nature of orders entered during the year that relate to judicial misconduct. Each judicial circuit consists of the chief judge of the circuit and an equal number of circuit judges and district judges of the circuit.


Lists of members


Current members


All members

The following list of Judicial Conference service is organized by the circuits and courts represented. It was compiled largely from the Reports of the Proceedings of the Judicial Conference and is complete through the most recent meeting of the conference. The list contains the names of those judges who were members of the conference, but not those who may occasionally have attended in their absence. District Judges are identified by the district in which they served.Material in this section is transcribed from th
corresponding page
on the website of the
Federal Judicial Center The Federal Judicial Center is the education and research agency of the United States federal court The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the Cons ...
, a publication of the United States federal government in the public domain.
Supreme Court of the United States The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or Americ ...

Supreme Court of the United States
:
William Howard Taft William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857March 8, 1930) was the 27th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power of ...

William Howard Taft
, 1922–1929 :
Charles Evans Hughes Charles Evans Hughes Sr. (April 11, 1862 – August 27, 1948) was an American statesman, politician and jurist who served as the 11th chief justice of the United States The chief justice of the United States is the chief judge A chief judg ...

Charles Evans Hughes
, 1929–1941 :
Harlan Fiske Stone Harlan is a given name and a surname which may refer to: Surname * Bob Harlan (born 1936 Robert E. Harlan), American football executive * Bruce Harlan (1926–1959), American Olympic diver * Byron B. Harlan (1886–1949), American politician * Byro ...
, 1941–1945 :, 1946–1953 : Hugo Lafayette Black, 1953 :
Earl Warren Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was an American politician and jurist who served as 30th governor of California The governor of California is the head of government of the U.S. state of California. The governor is the command ...

Earl Warren
, 1954–1969 : Warren E. Burger, 1969–1986 :
William Rehnquist William Hubbs Rehnquist ( ; October 1, 1924 – September 3, 2005) was an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the fede ...

William Rehnquist
, 1987–2005 :
John Paul Stevens John Paul Stevens (April 20, 1920 – July 16, 2019) was an American lawyer A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at lawAttorney at law or attorney-at-law, usually abbreviated in everyday spe ...
, 2005 :
John Roberts John Glover Roberts Jr. (born January 27, 1955) is an American lawyer and jurist serving as the 17th chief justice of the United States The chief justice of the United States is the chief judge A chief judge (also known as chief justice ...

John Roberts
, 2006–present
;
United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (in case citations, 1st Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: * District of Maine * District of Massachusetts ...
* George H. Bingham, 1922–1938 * Scott Wilson, 1939 * Calvert Magruder, 1940–1959 * Peter Woodbury, 1959–1964 *, 1965–1972 * Frank M. Coffin, 1972–1983 *
Levin H. Campbell Levin Hicks Campbell (born January 2, 1927) is an United States federal judge, inactive Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. Education and career Born in Summit, New Jersey, Summit, New ...
, 1983–1990 * Stephen G. Breyer, 1990–1994 * Juan R. Torruella, 1994–2001 *
Michael Boudin Michael Boudin ( ; born November 29, 1939) is a Senior United States Circuit Judge and former Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (in case citations ...

Michael Boudin
, 2001–2008 *
Sandra Lynch Sandra Lea Lynch (born July 31, 1946) is a United States federal judge, United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. She is the first woman to serve on that court. Lynch served as chief judge of the Firs ...
, 2008–2015 * Jeffrey R. Howard, 2015–present ;First Circuit District Judges * George Clinton Sweeney (D. Mass.), 1958–1961 * Francis Ford (D. Mass.), 1961–1967 * Edward T. Gignoux (D. Me.), 1967–1973 * Andrew Caffrey (D. Mass.), 1973–1979 *Raymond J. Pettine (D.R.I.), 1979–1982 *W. Arthur Garrity Jr. (D. Mass.), 1982–1985 *Juan M. Perez-Gimenez (D.P.R.), 1985–1988 *Frank H. Freedman (D. Mass.), 1988–1991 *Francis J. Boyle (D.R.I.), 1991–1994 *Joseph L. Tauro (D. Mass.), 1995–1997 *Joseph A. DiClerico Jr. (D.N.H.), 1998–2000 *D. Brock Hornby (D. Me.), 2000–2003 *Hector M. Laffitte (D.P.R.), 2003–2006 *Ernest C. Torres (D.R.I.), 2007–2009 *Mary M. Lisi (D.R.I.), 2009 *Mark L. Wolf (D. Mass.), 2009–2012 *Paul Barbadoro (D.N.H.), 2012–2017 *Nancy Torresen (D. Me.), 2017–2021 *Gustavo Gelpí (D.P.R.), 2021 *Aida Delgado-Colon (D.P.R.), 2021–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit *Henry Wade Rogers, 1922–1925 *Charles Merrill Hough, 1926 *Martin T. Manton, 1926–1938 *Learned Hand, 1939–1951 *Thomas W. Swan, 1951–1953 *Harrie B. Chase, 1953–1954 *Charles Edward Clark, Charles E. Clark, 1954–1959 *J. Edward Lumbard, 1960–1971 *Henry J. Friendly, 1971–1973 *Irving R. Kaufman, 1973–1980 *Wilfred Feinberg, 1980–1988 *James L. Oakes, 1989–1992 *Thomas J. Meskill, 1992–1993 *Jon O. Newman, 1993–1997 *Ralph K. Winter Jr., 1997–2000 *John M. Walker Jr., 2000–2006 *Dennis G. Jacobs, 2006–2013 *Robert A. Katzmann, 2013–2020 *Debra Ann Livingston, 2020–present ;Second Circuit District Judges *Edward Jordan Dimock (S.D.N.Y.), 1958–1959 *Sylvester J. Ryan (S.D.N.Y.), 1959–1968 *Sidney Sugarman (S.D.N.Y.), 1968–1971 *David N. Edelstein (S.D.N.Y.), 1971–1974 *Jacob Mishler (E.D.N.Y.), 1974–1977 *T. Emmet Clarie (D. Conn.), 1977–1980 *Lloyd F. MacMahon (S.D.N.Y.), 1980–1982 *Constance B. Motley (S.D.N.Y.), 1982–1983 *Jack B. Weinstein (E.D.N.Y.), 1983–1986 *John T. Curtin (W.D.N.Y.), 1986–1989 *Charles L. Brieant (S.D.N.Y.), 1989–1995 *Peter Dorsey (D. Conn.), 1996–1998 *Charles P. Sifton (E.D.N.Y)., 1998–2001 *Frederick Scullin (N.D.N.Y.), 2001–2004 *Michael B. Mukasey (S.D.N.Y.), 2005–2006 *Kimba M. Wood (S.D.N.Y.), 2006–2007 *William K. Sessions III (D. Vt.), 2007–2010 *Raymond J. Dearie (E.D.N.Y.), 2010–2011 *Carol Amon (E.D.N.Y.), 2011–2015 *William M. Skretny (W.D.N.Y.), 2015–2016 *Colleen McMahon (S.D.N.Y.), 2016–2019 *Stefan R. Underhill (D. Conn.), 2019–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit *Joseph Buffington, 1922–1937 *John Warren Davis (judge), John Warren Davis, 1938 *John Biggs Jr., 1939–1965 *Harry E. Kalodner, 1966 *Austin Staley, 1966–1967 *William H. Hastie, 1968–1971 *Collins J. Seitz, 1971–1984 *Ruggero J. Aldisert, 1984–1986 *John J. Gibbons, 1987–1989 *A. Leon Higginbotham, 1990 *Dolores Sloviter, 1991–1997 *Edward R. Becker, 1998–2003 *Anthony J. Scirica, 2003–2010 *Theodore A. McKee, 2010–2016 *D. Brooks Smith, 2016–present ;Third Circuit District Judges *Phillip Forman (D.N.J.), 1957–1959 *James Cullen Ganey (E.D. Pa.), 1959–1961 *Thomas M. Madden (D.N.J.), 1961–1966 *Thomas James Clary (E.D. Pa.), 1966–1968 *Wallace S. Gourley (W.D. Pa.), 1968–1970 *Caleb M. Wright (D. Del.), 1970–1972 *Michael Henry Sheridan (M.D. Pa.), 1972–1975 *Lawrence A. Whipple (D.N.J.), 1975–1978 *Alfred Leopold Luongo (E.D. Pa.), 1978–1981 *Gerald J. Weber (W.D. Pa.), 1981–1984 *Walter K. Stapleton (D. Del.), 1984–1985 *Murray M. Schwartz (D. Del.), 1985–1987 *William J. Nealon (M.D. Pa.), 1987–1990 *John F. Gerry (D.N.J.), 1990–1994 *Edward N. Cahn (E.D. Pa.), 1994–1997 *Donald E. Ziegler (W.D. Pa.), 1998–2000 *Sue L. Robinson (D. Del.), 2000–2003 *Thomas I. Vanaskie (M.D. Pa.), 2003–2005 *Garrett E. Brown Jr. (D.N.J.), 2005–2008 *Harvey Bartle III (E.D. Pa.), 2008–2011 *Gary L. Lancaster (W.D. Pa.), 2011–2013 *Joy Flowers Conti (W.D. Pa.), 2013–2015 *Leonard P. Stark (D. Del.), 2015–2017 *Christopher C. Conner (M.D. Pa.), 2017–2021 *Freda L. Wolfson, (D.N.J.), 2021–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit *Charles Albert Woods, 1922–1924 *Edmund Waddill Jr., 1925–1930 *John Johnston Parker, 1931–1957 *Simon E. Sobeloff, 1958–1964 *Clement F. Haynsworth, 1964–1981 *Harrison L. Winter, 1981–1989 *Sam J. Ervin III, 1989–1995 *J. Harvie Wilkinson III, 1996–2003 *William W. Wilkins, 2003–2007 *Karen J. Williams, 2007–2009 *William B. Traxler Jr., 2009–2016 *Roger Gregory, 2016–present ;Fourth Circuit District Judges *Roszel C. Thomsen (D. Md.), 1958–1964 *Walter E. Hoffman (E.D. Va.), 1964–1970 *Oren R. Lewis (E.D. Va.), 1970–1973 *Charles E. Simons (D.S.C.), 1973–1979 *Robert R. Merhige (E.D. Va.), 1980–1985 *Frank Kaufman (D. Md.), 1985–1991 *W. Earl Britt (E.D.N.C.), 1991–1997 *Charles H. Haden II (S.D. W. Va.), 1998–2002 *David C. Norton (D.S.C.), 2003–2007 *James P. Jones (W.D. Va.), 2007–2011 *Deborah K. Chasanow (D. Md.), 2011–2015 *Robert J. Conrad, (W.D.N.C.), 2016–2021 *John P. Bailey (N.D. W. Va.) 2021–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit *Richard Wilde Walker Jr., 1922–1929 *Nathan Philemon Bryan, 1930–1934 *Rufus Edward Foster, 1935–1941 *Samuel Hale Sibley, 1942–1947 *Joseph Chappell Hutcheson Jr., 1948–1959 *Richard Taylor Rives, 1959–1960 *Elbert Parr Tuttle, 1961–1967 *John Robert Brown (judge), John R. Brown, 1967–1979 *James P. Coleman, 1980 *John Cooper Godbold, 1981 *Charles Clark (judge), Charles Clark, 1982–1991 *Henry A. Politz, 1992–1998 *Carolyn Dineen King, 1999–2006 *Edith Hollan Jones, 2006–2012 *Carl E. Stewart, 2012–2019 *Priscilla Owen, 2019–present ; Fifth Circuit District Judges *Seybourn Harris Lynne (N.D. Ala.), 1958–1959 *Ben Clarkson Connally (S.D. Tex.), 1959–1962 *John Milton Bryan Simpson (M.D. Fla.), 1962–1965 *Herbert William Christenberry (E.D. La.), 1965–1968 *G. Harrold Carswell (N.D. Fla.), 1968–1969 *Joe Ewing Estes (N.D. Tex.), 1969–1971 *E. Gordon West (E.D. & M.D. La.), 1971–1974 *Alexander Atkinson Lawrence Jr., Alexander Lawrence (S.D. Ga.), 1974–1977 *William C. Keady (N.D. Miss.), 1977–1980 *John V. Singleton (S.D. Tex.), 1980–1983 *Adrian G. Duplantier (E.D. La.), 1983–1986 *Lyonel Thomas Senter Jr. (N.D. Miss.), 1986–1989 *Barefoot Sanders (N.D. Tex.), 1989–1992 *Morey L. Sear (E.D. La.), 1992–1995 *William H. Barbour Jr. (S.D. Miss.), 1996–1998 *Hayden Wilson Head Jr. (S.D. Tex.), 1999–2001 *Martin L. C. Feldman (E.D. La.), 2001–2004 *Glen H. Davidson (N.D. Miss.), 2005–2007 *Sim Lake III (S.D. Tex.), 2007–2010 *Sarah S. Vance (E.D. La.), 2010–2015 *Louis Guirola Jr. (S.D. Miss.), 2015–2016 *Lee H. Rosenthal (S.D. Tex.), 2016–2019 *S. Maurice Hicks Jr. (W.D. La.), 2019–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit *Loyal Edwin Knappen, 1922–1923 *Arthur C. Denison, 1924–1931 *Charles H. Moorman, 1932–1937 *Xenophon Hicks, 1938–1951 *Charles Casper Simons, 1952–1958 *Florence E. Allen, 1958 *John Donelson Martin, Sr., 1959 *Thomas Francis McAllister, 1959–1960 *Shackelford Miller Jr., 1961–1962 *Lester LeFevre Cecil, 1962–1963 *Paul C. Weick, 1964–1969 *Harry P. Phillips, 1969–1978 *George Clifton Edwards Jr., 1979–1983 *Pierce Lively, 1984–1988 *Albert J. Engel, 1988–1989 *Gilbert S. Merritt, 1990–1996 *Boyce F. Martin Jr., 1997–2003 *Danny J. Boggs, 2003–2009 *Alice M. Batchelder, 2009–2014 *R. Guy Cole Jr., 2014–2021 *Jeffrey Sutton, 2021–present ;Sixth Circuit District Judges *Paul J. Jones (N.D. Ohio), 1958–1960 *Marion Speed Boyd (W.D. Tenn.), 1960–1963 *Ralph McKenzie Freeman (E.D. Mich.), 1963–1966 *Mac Swinford (E.D. & W.D. Ky.), 1966–1969 *Carl A. Weinman (S.D. Ohio), 1969–1972 *Robert Love Taylor (judge) (E.D. Tenn.), 1972–1975 *Damon J. Keith (E.D. Mich.), 1975–1978 *Charles M. Allen (W.D. Ky.), 1978–1981 *Frank J. Battisti (N.D. Ohio), 1981–1984 *Robert Malcolm McRae Jr. (W.D. Tenn.), 1984–1987 *Philip Pratt (E.D. Mich.), 1987–1989 *James P. Churchill (E.D. Mich.), 1989–1990 *Eugene Siler (E.D. & W.D. Ky.), 1990–1991 *Edward Huggins Johnstone, Edward Johnstone (W.D. Ky.), 1991–1993 *Thomas Lambros (N.D. Ohio), 1993–1994 *John D. Holschuh (S.D. Ohio), 1995 *S. Arthur Spiegel (S.D. Ohio), 1995–1996 *Thomas A. Wiseman Jr. (M.D. Tenn.), 1997–2001 *Lawrence P. Zatkoff (E.D. Mich.), 2001–2004 *William Bertelsman (E.D. Ky.), 2005–2006 *Charles R. Simpson III (W.D. Ky.), 2006–2007 *Thomas M. Rose (S.D. Ohio), 2007–2009 *Solomon Oliver Jr. (N.D. Ohio), 2009–2010 *Thomas A. Varlan (E.D. Tenn.), 2010–2015 *Paul Lewis Maloney (W.D. Mich.), 2015–2016 *Joseph Martin Hood (E.D. Ky.), 2016–2019 *Thomas B. Russell (W.D. Ky.), 2019 *Michael H. Watson (S.D. Ohio), 2019–2021 *Sara Elizabeth Lioi (N.D. Ohio), 2021–present
;United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit *Francis E. Baker, 1922–1923 *Samuel Alschuler, 1924–1934 *Evan A. Evans, 1935–1947 *William Morris Sparks, 1948 *James Earl Major, 1949–1954 *Francis Ryan Duffy, 1954–1959 *John S. Hastings, 1959–1968 *Latham Castle, 1968–1969 *Luther M. Swygert, 1970–1974 *Thomas E. Fairchild, 1975–1981 *Walter J. Cummings, 1981–1986 *William J. Bauer, 1987–1993 *Richard A. Posner, 1994–2000 *Joel M. Flaum, 2000–2006 *Frank H. Easterbrook, 2006–2015 *Diane Pamela Wood, 2015–2020 *Diane S. Sykes, 2020–present ;Seventh Circuit District Judges *William Joseph Campbell (N.D. Ill.), 1958–1961 *Luther M. Swygert (N.D. Ind.), 1961 *William E. Steckler (S.D. Ind.), 1962–1964 *Kenneth P. Grubb (E.D. Wis), 1964–1965 *Edwin A. Robson (N.D. Ill.), 1966–1969 *Robert A. Grant (N.D. Ind.), 1969–1972 *James Edward Doyle (W.D. Wis.), 1972–1975 *James B. Parsons (N.D. Ill.), 1975–1978 *S. Hugh Dillin (S.D. Ind.), 1979–1982 *John W. Reynolds Jr., John W. Reynolds (E.D. Wis.), 1982–1985 *Frank J. McGarr (N.D. Ill.), 1985–1987 *Sarah Evans Barker (S.D. Ind.), 1988–1991 *Barbara Crabb (W.D. Wis.), 1991–1994 *Michael M. Mihm (C.D. Ill.), 1995–1997 *Robert Lowell Miller Jr. (N.D. Ind.), 1998–2000 *Marvin Aspen (N.D. Ill.), 2000–2003 *J.P. Stadtmueller (E.D. Wis.), 2003–2006 *Wayne Andersen (N.D. Ill.), 2006–2009 *Richard L. Young (S.D. Ind.), 2009–2012 *Rubén Castillo (judge), Rubén Castillo (N.D. Ill.), 2012–2015 *Michael Joseph Reagan (S.D. Ill.), 2015–2018 *Rebecca R. Pallmeyer (N.D. Ill.), 2019–2021 *Jon DeGuilio (N.D. Ind.), 2021–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit *Walter Henry Sanborn, 1922–1926 *Kimbrough Stone, 1927–1947 *Archibald K. Gardner, 1947–1959 *Harvey M. Johnsen, 1959–1965 *Charles Joseph Vogel, 1965–1967 *Martin D. Van Oosterhout, 1968–1970 *Marion C. Matthes, 1970–1973 *Pat Mehaffy, 1973–1974 *Floyd R. Gibson, 1974–1979 *Donald P. Lay, 1980–1991 *Richard S. Arnold, Richard Arnold, 1992–1998 *Pasco M. Bowman II, 1998–1999 *Roger L. Wollman, 1999–2002 *David R. Hansen, 2002–2003 *James B. Loken, 2003–2010 *William J. Riley, 2010–2017 *Lavenski Smith, 2017–present ;Eighth Circuit District Judges *Gunnar Hans Nordbye (D. Minn.), 1958–1962 *John Elvis Miller (W.D. Ark.), 1962–1963 *Richard M. Duncan (E.D. & W.D. Mo.), 1963–1965 *Roy W. Harper (E.D. & W.D. Mo.), 1965–1971 *Oren Harris (E.D. & W.D. Ark.), 1971–1974 *James H. Meredith (E.D. Mo.), 1974–1979 *Albert G. Schatz (D. Neb.), 1979–1985 *John F. Nangle (E.D. Mo.), 1985–1990 *Donald E. O'Brien (N.D. & S.D. Iowa), 1991–1997 *James M. Rosenbaum (D. Minn.), 1998–2005 *Lawrence L. Piersol (D.S.D.), 2006–2009 *Rodney W. Sippel (E.D. Mo.), 2009–2015 *Karen E. Schreier (D.S.D.), 2015–2016 *Linda R. Reade (N.D. Iowa), 2016–2021 *John R. Tunheim (D. Minn.), 2021–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit *William Ball Gilbert, 1922–1930 *Curtis Dwight Wilbur, 1931–1944 *Francis Arthur Garrecht, 1945–1947 *William Denman (judge), William Denman, 1948–1957 *Albert Lee Stephens, 1957–1958 *Walter Lyndon Pope, 1959 *Richard H. Chambers, 1959–1976 *James R. Browning, 1976–1988 *Alfred T. Goodwin, 1988–1990 *J. Clifford Wallace, 1991–1995 *Procter Ralph Hug Jr., 1996–2000 *Mary M. Schroeder, 2001–2007 *Alex Kozinski, 2007–2014 *Sidney Runyan Thomas, 2014–present ;Ninth Circuit District Judges *William C. Mathes (S.D. Cal.), 1958–1960 *William J. Lindberg (E.D. & W.D. Wash.), 1960–1963 *Gus J. Solomon (D. Ore.), 1963–1965 *Albert Wollenberg (N.D. Cal.), 1966–1969 *Fred M. Taylor (D. Idaho), 1969–1972 *Jesse W. Curtis (C.D. Cal.), 1972–1975 *Thomas J. MacBride (E.D. Cal.), 1975–1978 *Morell Sharp (W.D. Wash.), 1978–1980 *Raymond Clyne McNichols (D. Idaho), 1980–1981 *Manuel L. Real (C.D. Cal.), 1981–1984 *Robert J. McNichols (E.D. Wash.), 1984–1987 *Robert F. Peckham (N.D. Cal.), 1987–1990 *William D. Browning (D. Ariz.), 1990–1993 *William Matthew Byrne Jr. (C.D. Cal.), 1993–1996 *Lloyd D. George (D. Nev.), 1997–1999 *Judith N. Keep (S.D. Cal.), 1999–2003 *David Alan Ezra (D. Haw.), 2003–2005 *Charles R. Breyer (N.D. Cal.), 2006–2010 *Robert S. Lasnik (W.D. Wash.), 2010–2015 *Claudia Ann Wilken (N.D. Cal.), 2015–2019 *Rosanna M. Peterson (E.D. Wash), 2019–2021 *Leslie E. Kobayashi (D. Haw), 2021–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit *Robert E. Lewis, 1929–1940 *Orie Leon Phillips, 1940–1955 *Sam Gilbert Bratton, 1956–1959 *Alfred P. Murrah, 1959–1970 *David T. Lewis, 1970–1977 *Oliver Seth, 1978–1984 *William Judson Holloway Jr., 1984–1991 *Monroe McKay, 1991–1993 *Stephanie K. Seymour, 1994–2000 *Deanell R. Tacha, 2001–2007 *Robert H. Henry, 2008–2010 *Mary Beck Briscoe, 2010–2015 *Timothy Tymkovich, 2015–present ;Tenth Circuit District Judges *Eugene Rice (E.D. Okla.), 1958 *Royce H. Savage (N.D. Okla.), 1958–1961 *Ewing Thomas Kerr (D. Wyo.), 1962–1964 *Alfred A. Arraj (D. Colo.), 1964–1967 *Arthur Jehu Stanley Jr. (D. Kan.), 1967–1970 *Olin Hatfield Chilson (D. Colo.), 1970–1973 *Frederick A. Daugherty (E.D., N.D., & W.D. Okla.), 1973–1976 *Wesley E. Brown (D. Kan.), 1976–1979 *Howard C. Bratton (D.N.M.), 1979–1982 *Luther B. Eubanks (W.D. Okla.), 1982–1985 *Sherman G. Finesilver (D. Colo.), 1985–1988 *Earl E. O'Connor (D. Kan.), 1988–1991 *Richard P. Matsch (D. Colo.), 1991–1994 *Clarence A. Brimmer (D. Wyo.), 1994–1997 *Ralph G. Thompson (W.D. Okla.), 1998–2000 *Frank Howell Seay (E.D. Okla.), 2000–2003 *David L. Russell (W.D. Okla.), 2003–2006 *Alan B. Johnson (D. Wyo.), 2006–2009 *Robin J. Cauthron (W.D. Okla.), 2009–2012 *Dee Benson (D. Utah), 2012–2015 *Martha Vázquez (D.N.M.), 2015–2019 *Claire Eagan (N.D. Okla.), 2019–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit *John C. Godbold, 1982–1986 *Paul H. Roney, 1986–1989 *Gerald B. Tjoflat, 1990–1996 *Joseph W. Hatchett, 1997–1999 *R. Lanier Anderson III, 1999–2002 *J. L. Edmondson, 2002–2009 *Joel F. Dubina, 2009–2013 *Ed Carnes, 2013–2020 *William H. Pryor Jr., 2020–present ;Eleventh Circuit District Judges *William Clark O'Kelley (N.D. Ga.), 1982–1984 *James Lawrence King (S.D. Fla.), 1984–1987 *Sam C. Pointer (N.D. Ala.), 1987–1990 *Anthony Alaimo (S.D. Ga.), 1990–1993 *William Terrell Hodges (M.D. Fla.), 1994–1999 *Charles Randolph Butler Jr. (S.D. Ala.), 1999–2003 *J. Owen Forrester (N.D. Ga.), 2003–2005 *Robert L. Hinkle (N.D. Fla.), 2006–2007 *Myron H. Thompson (M.D. Ala.), 2007–2011 *W. Louis Sands (M.D. Ga.), 2011–2014 *Federico A. Moreno (S.D. Fla.), 2015–2019 *L. Scott Coogler (N.D. Ala.), 2019–present ;United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit *Duncan Lawrence Groner, 1938–1947 *Harold Montelle Stephens, 1948–1955 *Henry White Edgerton, 1955–1958 *E. Barrett Prettyman, 1959–1960 *Wilbur Kingsbury Miller, 1961–1962 *David L. Bazelon, 1963–1977 *J. Skelly Wright, 1978–1980 *Carl McGowan, 1981 *Spottswood W. Robinson III, 1981–1986 *Patricia M. Wald, 1986–1990 *Abner Mikva, 1991–1994 *Harry T. Edwards, 1994–2001 *Douglas H. Ginsburg, 2001–2008 *David B. Sentelle, 2008–2013 *Merrick B. Garland, 2013–2020 *Sri Srinivasan, 2020–present ;D.C. Circuit District Judges *Bolitha Laws (D.D.C.), 1958 *David Andrew Pine (D.D.C.), 1959–1961 *Matthew F. McGuire (D.D.C.), 1961–1967 *Edward M. Curran (D.D.C.), 1968–1971 *John J. Sirica (D.D.C.), 1971–1974 *George L. Hart (D.D.C.), 1974–1975 *William Blakely Jones (D.D.C.), 1975–1977 *William B. Bryant (D.D.C.), 1977–1981 *John Lewis Smith (D.D.C.), 1981–1982 *Aubrey E. Robinson Jr. (D.D.C.), 1982–1992 *John Garrett Penn (D.D.C.), 1992–1997 *Norma Holloway Johnson (D.D.C.), 1997–2001 *Thomas F. Hogan (D.D.C.), 2001–2008 *Royce C. Lamberth (D.D.C.), 2008–2013 *Richard W. Roberts (D.D.C.), 2013–2016 *Beryl A. Howell (D.D.C.), 2016–present ;
United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (Federal Circuit; in case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called reporters or law repo ...
*Howard T. Markey, 1983–1990 *Helen W. Nies, 1990–1994 *Glenn L. Archer Jr., 1994–1997 *Haldane Robert Mayer, 1998–2004 *Paul R. Michel, 2004–2010 *Randall R. Rader, 2010–2014 *Sharon Prost, 2014–2021 *Kimberly A. Moore, 2021–present ;United States Court of Federal Claims (prior to merger of the appellate division into the Federal Circuit) *John Marvin Jones, Marvin Jones, 1956–1964 *Wilson Cowen, 1964–1976 *Oscar H. Davis, 1977–1978 *Daniel M. Friedman, 1978–1982 ;United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals (prior to merger into the Federal Circuit) *Eugene Worley, 1961–1972 *Howard T. Markey, 1972–1982 ;
United States Court of International Trade The United States Court of International Trade (case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case A legal case is in a general sense a dispute between opposing parties which may be resolved b ...
*Edward D. Re, 1990–1991 *Gregory Carman, 1991 *Dominick L. DiCarlo, 1992–1996 *Gregory W. Carman, 1997–2003 *Jane A. Restani, 2003–2010 *Donald C. Pogue, 2010–2014 *Timothy C. Stanceu, 2014–2021 *Mark A. Barnett, 2021–present


See also

* Judicial Council of California


References


External links

*
Judicial Conference of the United States
in the Federal Register {{authority control 1922 in law 1922 establishments in the United States Agencies of the United States government Federal judiciary of the United States Court administration