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Hollywood is a
neighborhood A neighbourhood (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar ...

neighborhood
in the central region of
Los Angeles, California Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be u ...
. Its name has come to be a shorthand reference for the
U.S. film industry
U.S. film industry
and the people associated with it. Many of its studios such as
Columbia Pictures Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. is an American film production Filmmaking (film production) is the process by which a Film, motion picture is #Production, produced. Filmmaking involves a number of complex and discrete stages, starting wit ...
,
Disney The Walt Disney Company, commonly just Disney (), is an American multinational entertainment and media conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios (Burbank), Walt Disney Studios complex in Burbank, California. Disney was originall ...
,
Paramount Pictures Paramount Pictures Corporation (common metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an intentional deviation from ordinary language use in order to produce a rhetoric ...

Paramount Pictures
,
Warner Bros. Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. (commonly known as Warner Bros. and abbreviated as WB) is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Warner Bros. Studios complex in Burbank, California ...
, and
Universal Pictures Universal Pictures (legally Universal City Studios LLC, also known as Universal Studios, or simply Universal; common metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an int ...
were founded there; Paramount still has its studios there. Hollywood was incorporated as a
municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ...
in 1903. It was consolidated with the city of Los Angeles in 1910 and soon thereafter a prominent film industry emerged, eventually becoming the most recognizable in the world.


History


Initial development

H.J. Whitley Hobart Johnstone Whitley (October 7, 1847 – June 3, 1931) was a Canadian-American businessman and real estate developer. Whitley is best known for helping create the Hollywood Hollywood is a neighborhood in the Central Los Angeles, centra ...
, a real estate developer, arranged to buy the E.C. Hurd ranch. They agreed on a price and shook hands on the deal. Whitley shared his plans for the new town with General
Harrison Gray OtisHarrison Gray Otis may refer to: *Harrison Gray Otis (publisher) (1837–1917), publisher of the ''Los Angeles Times'' *Harrison Gray Otis (politician) (1765–1848), American businessman, lawyer, and politician * SS ''Harrison Gray Otis'', Liberty ...
, publisher of the ''
Los Angeles Times The ''Los Angeles Times'' (abbreviated as ''LA Times'') is a daily newspaper A newspaper is a containing written and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as , ...

Los Angeles Times
'', and Ivar Weid, a prominent businessman in the area. Daeida Wilcox, who donated land to help in the development of Hollywood, learned of the name ''Hollywood'' from an acquaintance who owned an estate by that name in Illinois. Mrs. Wilcox is quoted as saying, "I chose the name Hollywood simply because it sounds nice and because I'm superstitious and holly brings good luck." She recommended the same name to her husband, Harvey H. Wilcox, who had purchased 120 acres on February 1, 1887. It wasn't until August 1887 Wilcox decided to use that name and filed with the Los Angeles County Recorder's office on a deed and parcel map of the property. By 1900, the region had a post office, newspaper, hotel, and two markets. Los Angeles, with a population of 102,479 lay east through the
vineyard A vineyard ( , also ) is a plantation A plantation is a large-scale estate, generally centered on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops. The crops that are grown include cotton, coffee, tea, cocoa, sug ...

vineyard
s, barley fields, and
citrus ''Citrus'' is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circumscription (taxonomy), circums ...

citrus
groves. A single-track
streetcar line A tram (also known as a streetcar or trolley in North America) is a train that runs on tramway track Tramway track is used on tramways or light rail operations. Groove (engineering), Grooved rails (or Rail profile#Grooved rail, girder r ...

streetcar line
ran down the middle of Prospect Avenue from it, but service was infrequent and the trip took two hours. The old citrus fruit-packing house was converted into a livery
stable A stable is a building in which livestock Livestock are the domesticated Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and c ...
, improving transportation for the inhabitants of Hollywood. The
Hollywood Hotel The Hollywood Hotel was a famous hotel, society venue of early Hollywood, and landmark, formerly located at 6811 Hollywood Boulevard, on the north side, extending from Highland Avenue (Los Angeles), Highland Avenue to Orchid Avenue, in central Ho ...
was opened in 1902 by Whitley, who was a president of the Los Pacific Boulevard and Development Company. Having finally acquired the Hurd ranch and subdivided it, Whitley built the hotel to attract land buyers. Flanking the west side of
Highland AvenueHighland Avenue may refer to: Historic districts *Highland Avenue Historic District (Birmingham, Alabama), National Register of Historic Places listings in Birmingham, Alabama, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Birmingham, Alabam ...
, the structure fronted on Prospect Avenue (later
Hollywood Boulevard Hollywood Boulevard is a major east–west street in Los Angeles, California. It begins in the west as a winding residential street at Sunset Plaza Drive in the Hollywood Hills West, Los Angeles, Hollywood Hills West district. After crossing Lau ...
), which, though still a dusty, unpaved road, was regularly graded and graveled. The hotel was to become internationally known and was the center of the civic and social life and home of the stars for many years. Whitley's company developed and sold one of the early residential areas, the Ocean View Tract. Whitley did much to promote the area. He paid thousands of dollars for electric lighting, including bringing electricity and building a bank, as well as a road into the
Cahuenga Pass The Cahuenga Pass (; from the indigenous Tongva language The Tongva language (also known as Gabrielino or Gabrieleño) is a Uto-Aztecan language formerly spoken by the Tongva, a Native American people who live in and around Los Angeles, Califor ...
. The lighting ran for several blocks down Prospect Avenue. Whitley's land was centered on
Highland AvenueHighland Avenue may refer to: Historic districts *Highland Avenue Historic District (Birmingham, Alabama), National Register of Historic Places listings in Birmingham, Alabama, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Birmingham, Alabam ...
.Cahuenga Valley Sentinel (May 7, 1904).Hollywood Citizen (Spring Addition March 4, 1914). His 1918 development,
Whitley HeightsWhitley Heights is a residential neighborhood and Los Angeles Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, historic preservation overlay zone in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood of Central Los Angeles, California. Known as a residential area for actors and ot ...
, was named for him.


Incorporation and merger

Hollywood was incorporated as a
municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ...
on November 14, 1903, by a vote of 88 for and 77 against. On January 30, 1904, the voters in Hollywood decided, by a vote of 113 to 96, to banish the sale of liquor within the city, except for medicinal purposes. Neither hotels nor restaurants were allowed to serve wine or liquor before or after meals. In 1910, the city voted for a merger with Los Angeles in order to secure an adequate water supply and to gain access to the L.A. sewer system.
With annexation, the name of Prospect Avenue was changed to Hollywood Boulevard and all the street numbers in the new district changed. For example, 100 Prospect Avenue, at Vermont Avenue, became 6400 Hollywood Boulevard; and 100 Cahuenga Boulevard, at Hollywood Boulevard, changed to 1700 Cahuenga Boulevard.


Motion picture industry

By 1908, at least 30 motion-picture companies began to set up production around
Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville is a city located on the Atlantic coast of Florida Florida is a located in the region of the . Florida is bordered to the west by the , to the northwest by , to the north by , to the east by and , and to the south by the ...
, attracted by the warmer winter climate, rail access, and cheaper labor than New York, but left due to East Coast climate extremes, and politics.
Kalem Studios Image:Gene Gauntier and Jack J. Clark.jpg, Gene Gauntier and Jack J. Clark Filming location, on location in Ireland in ''You Remember Ellen'' (1912) The Kalem Company was an early American film studio founded in New York City in 1907 in film, 1907. ...
was the first to arrive, in 1908, then in 1911, Kalem was the first to begin production near or in Los Angeles. By 1912, major motion-picture companies had set up production near or in Los Angeles. In the early 1900s, most motion picture
patent A patent is a type of intellectual property Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property Property is a system of rights that gives people legal control of valuable things, and also refers to the valuable things themselves. Depe ...

patent
s were held by
Thomas Edison Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generation Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from s ...

Thomas Edison
's
Motion Picture Patents Company The Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC, also known as the Edison Trust), founded in December 1908 and terminated seven years later in 1915 after conflicts within the industry, was a trust of all the major US film companies and local foreign-bran ...
in New Jersey, and filmmakers were often sued to stop their productions. To escape this, filmmakers began moving to Los Angeles, where attempts to enforce Edison's patents were easier to evade. Also, the weather was ideal and there was quick access to various settings. Los Angeles became the capital of the film industry in the United States.Mintz, S., and S. McNeil. "Hollywood as History." Digital History. N.p., 2013. Web. May 20, 2014. The mountains, plains and low land prices made Hollywood a good place to establish film studios.Hayward, Susan. "Hollywood" in ''Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts'' (Third Edition). Routledge, 2006. p. 205 Director
D. W. Griffith David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American film director. Widely considered as the most important filmmaker of his generation, he pioneered financing of the feature-length movie. His film ''The Birth of a Nation ...
was the first to make a motion picture in Hollywood. His 17-minute short film '' In Old California'' (1910) was filmed for the
Biograph Company The Biograph Company, also known as the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was a motion picture company founded in 1895 and active until 1916. It was the first company in the United States devoted entirely to film production and exhibition, ...
. Although Hollywood banned movie theaters—of which it had none—before annexation that year, Los Angeles had no such restriction. The first studio in Hollywood, the
Nestor Film Company The Nestor Film Company, originally known as the Nestor Motion Picture Company, was an American motion picture A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such a ...
, was established by the New Jersey-based Centaur Film Company in a
roadhouse Roadhouse may refer to: Film * Road House (1928 film), ''Road House'' (1928 film), an American silent drama * Road House (1934 film), ''Road House'' (1934 film), a British comedy crime film * Road House (1948 film), ''Road House'' (1948 film), ...
at 6121
Sunset Boulevard Sunset Boulevard is a boulevard A boulevard ( French, originally meaning bastion, abbreviated as bd in Metropolitan French, boul in Canadian French, and Blvd in English), is a type of large road, circumnavigating the central city fol ...

Sunset Boulevard
(the corner of
Gower Gower ( cy, Gŵyr) or the Gower Peninsula () in southwest The points of the compass are the vectors by which planet A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or Stellar evolution#Stellar remnants, stellar remnant that is massive en ...
), in October 1911. Four major film companies –
Paramount Paramount may refer to: Entertainment and music companies * Paramount Pictures Paramount Pictures Corporation (common metonym: Par) is an American film and television production company, production and Distribution (marketing), distribution c ...

Paramount
,
Warner Bros. Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. (commonly known as Warner Bros. and abbreviated as WB) is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Warner Bros. Studios complex in Burbank, California ...
,
RKO RKO Pictures was an American film production and distribution company. In its original incarnation, as RKO Radio Pictures, Inc. (a subsidiary of Radio-Keith-Orpheum, aka: RKO) it was one of the Big FiveBig Five may refer to: Animals * th ...
, and
Columbia Columbia may refer to: * Columbia (personification), the historical female national personification of the United States, and a poetic name for the Americas Places North America Natural features * Columbia Plateau, a geologic and geographic regio ...
– had studios in Hollywood, as did several minor companies and rental studios. In the 1920s, Hollywood was the fifth-largest industry in the nation. By the 1930s, Hollywood studios became fully vertically integrated, as production, distribution and exhibition was controlled by these companies, enabling Hollywood to produce 600 films per year. Hollywood became known as ''Tinseltown'' and the "dream factory" because of the glittering image of the movie industry.


Further development

was erected in the
Hollywood Hills Hollywood Hills is a residential neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. __TOC__ Geography The Hollywood Hills straddle the Cahuenga Pass within the Santa Monica Mountains. The neighborhood touches Studio City, Univ ...
in 1923 to advertise real estate developers Woodruff's and Shoults' housing development. In 1949, the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce entered a contract with the City of Los Angeles to repair and rebuild the sign. The agreement stipulated that ''LAND'' be removed to spell ''HOLLYWOOD'' so the sign would now refer to the district, rather than the housing development. During the early 1950s, the
Hollywood Freeway The Hollywood Freeway is one of the principal freeways of Los Angeles, California (the boundaries of which it does not leave) and one of the busiest in the United States. It is the principal route through the Cahuenga Pass, the primary shortcu ...

Hollywood Freeway
was constructed through the northeast corner of Hollywood. The
Capitol Records Building The Capitol Records Building, also known as the Capitol Records Tower, is a 13-story tower building in Hollywood, Los Angeles. Designed by Louis Naidorf of Welton Becket Associates, it is one of the city's List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural ...

Capitol Records Building
on
Vine Street Vine Street is a street in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California that runs north–south between Franklin Avenue (Los Angeles), Franklin Avenue and Melrose Avenue. The Hollywood and Vine, intersection with Hollywood Boulevard was once a symbol of Hol ...
, just north of Hollywood Boulevard, was built in 1956, and the
Hollywood Walk of Fame The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a historic landmark which consists of more than 2,700 five-pointed terrazzo Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of chips of mar ...

Hollywood Walk of Fame
was created in 1958 as a tribute to artists and other significant contributors to the entertainment industry. The official opening was on February 8, 1960. The Hollywood Boulevard Commercial and Entertainment District was listed in the
National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
in 1985. In June 1999, the Hollywood extension of the
Los Angeles County Metro Rail The Los Angeles Metro Rail is an urban rail transportation system serving Los Angeles County, California Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States The United States o ...
Red Line Red Line may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films * Red Line (1959 film), ''Red Line'' (1959 film), a Finnish film based on the 1909 novel * Red Line (1996 film), ''Red Line'' (1996 film), an American crime drama film * Red Line (2012 ...
subway opened from
Downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles (DTLA) is the central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's ...

Downtown Los Angeles
to the
San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley, known locally as "the Valley", is an urbanized valley in Los Angeles County, California. Located just north of the Los Angeles Basin, it contains a large portion of the City of Los Angeles, as well as unincorporated ar ...

San Fernando Valley
, with stops along Hollywood Boulevard at Western Avenue ( Hollywood/Western Metro station),
Vine Street Vine Street is a street in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California that runs north–south between Franklin Avenue (Los Angeles), Franklin Avenue and Melrose Avenue. The Hollywood and Vine, intersection with Hollywood Boulevard was once a symbol of Hol ...
( Hollywood/Vine Metro station), and
Highland AvenueHighland Avenue may refer to: Historic districts *Highland Avenue Historic District (Birmingham, Alabama), National Register of Historic Places listings in Birmingham, Alabama, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Birmingham, Alabam ...
( Hollywood/Highland Metro station). The
Dolby Theatre The Dolby Theatre (formerly known as the Kodak Theatre) is a live-performance auditorium in the Hollywood and Highland Center Hollywood & Highland is a shopping center and entertainment complex at Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue (Los Ange ...

Dolby Theatre
, which opened in 2001 as the Kodak Theatre at the Hollywood & Highland Center mall, is the home of the
Oscars The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking F ...

Oscars
. The mall is located where the historic
Hollywood Hotel The Hollywood Hotel was a famous hotel, society venue of early Hollywood, and landmark, formerly located at 6811 Hollywood Boulevard, on the north side, extending from Highland Avenue (Los Angeles), Highland Avenue to Orchid Avenue, in central Ho ...
once stood.


Revitalization

After the neighborhood underwent years of serious decline in the 1980s, many landmarks were threatened with demolition.
Columbia Square CBS Columbia Square (also called Columbia Studio) was the home of CBS's Los Angeles radio and television operations from 1938 until 2007. Located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, the building housed the CBS Radio Network's West Coast facilit ...
, at the northwest corner of
Sunset Boulevard Sunset Boulevard is a boulevard A boulevard ( French, originally meaning bastion, abbreviated as bd in Metropolitan French, boul in Canadian French, and Blvd in English), is a type of large road, circumnavigating the central city fol ...

Sunset Boulevard
and Gower Street, is part of the ongoing rebirth of Hollywood. The studio complex, completed in 1938, was once the Hollywood headquarters for
CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S ...

CBS
. It became home to a new generation of broadcasters when cable television networks
MTV MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable channel that launched on August 1, 1981. Based in New York City, it serves as the flagship property of the ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks division of ViacomCBS. Prio ...

MTV
,
Comedy Central Comedy Central is an American basic cable Cable television Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, l ...

Comedy Central
,
BET Black Entertainment Television (BET) is an American cable television Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent ...

BET
and
Spike TV Spike, spikes, or spiking may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Books * ''The Spike'' (novel), a novel by Arnaud de Borchgrave * ''The Spike'' (book), a nonfiction book by Damien Broderick * ''The Spike'', a starship in Peter F. Hamilto ...

Spike TV
consolidated their offices there in 2014 as part of a $420 million office, residential and retail complex. Since 2000, Hollywood has been increasingly
gentrified Gentrification is a process of changing the character of a neighborhood A neighbourhood (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germa ...

gentrified
due to revitalization by private enterprise and public planners. Over 1,200 hotel rooms have been added in Hollywood area between 2001 and 2016. Four thousand new apartments and over thirty low to mid-rise development projects were approved in 2019.


Secession movement

In 2002, some Hollywood voters began a campaign for the area to secede from Los Angeles and become a separate municipality. In June of that year, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors placed secession referendums for both Hollywood and the
San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley, known locally as "the Valley", is an urbanized valley in Los Angeles County, California. Located just north of the Los Angeles Basin, it contains a large portion of the City of Los Angeles, as well as unincorporated ar ...

San Fernando Valley
on the ballot. To pass, they required the approval of a majority of voters in the proposed new municipality as well as a majority of voters in all of Los Angeles. In the November election, both measures failed by wide margins in the citywide vote.


Geography

According to the Mapping L.A. project of the ''Los Angeles Times,'' Hollywood is flanked by
Hollywood Hills Hollywood Hills is a residential neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. __TOC__ Geography The Hollywood Hills straddle the Cahuenga Pass within the Santa Monica Mountains. The neighborhood touches Studio City, Univ ...
to the north,
Los Feliz LOS, or Los, or LoS may refer to: Science and technology * Length of stay Length of stay (LOS) is the duration of a single episode of hospitalization. patient, Inpatient days are calculated by subtracting day of admission from day of :wikt:discha ...
to the northeast,
East Hollywood East Hollywood is a densely populated neighborhood of 78,000+ residents in the Central Los Angeles, central region of Los Angeles, California. It is notable for being the site of Los Angeles City College, Barnsdall Park and a hospital district. ...
or Virgil Village to the east, Larchmont and
Hancock Park Hancock Park is a city park in the Miracle Mile section of the Mid-Wilshire Mid-Wilshire is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. It is known for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Petersen Automotive Museu ...
to the south, Fairfax to the southwest,
West Hollywood West Hollywood is a city in Los Angeles County, California Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, and sometimes abbreviated as L.A. County, is the most populous county in the United States The United States of Ame ...
to the west and
Hollywood Hills WestHollywood Hills West is a neighborhood within Central Los Angeles__NOTOC__ Central Los Angeles is the historic urban region of the City of Los Angeles, California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3 ...
to the northwest. Street limits of the Hollywood neighborhood are: north,
Hollywood Boulevard Hollywood Boulevard is a major east–west street in Los Angeles, California. It begins in the west as a winding residential street at Sunset Plaza Drive in the Hollywood Hills West, Los Angeles, Hollywood Hills West district. After crossing Lau ...
from
La Brea Avenue La Brea Avenue is a prominent north-south thoroughfare in the City of Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and towns in Cali ...
to the east boundary of Wattles Garden Park and Franklin Avenue between Bonita and Western avenues; east, Western Avenue; south,
Melrose Avenue Melrose Avenue is a shopping, dining and entertainment destination in Los Angeles that starts at Santa Monica Boulevard, at the border between Beverly Hills, California, Beverly Hills and West Hollywood, California, West Hollywood. It ends at Luc ...
, and west,
La Brea Avenue La Brea Avenue is a prominent north-south thoroughfare in the City of Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and towns in Cali ...
or the West Hollywood city line.''The Thomas Guide, Los Angeles County'' 2006, page 593 In 1918, H. J. Whitley commissioned architect A. S. Barnes to design
Whitley HeightsWhitley Heights is a residential neighborhood and Los Angeles Historic Preservation Overlay Zone, historic preservation overlay zone in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood of Central Los Angeles, California. Known as a residential area for actors and ot ...
as a Mediterranean-style village on the hills above Hollywood Boulevard, and it became the first celebrity community. Other areas within Hollywood are Franklin Village, Little Armenia, Spaulding Square, Thai Town, and Yucca Corridor.Monte Morin, "A Look Ahead: Activists Are Stepping Up Efforts on Their New Cause and Meeting Strong Business Opposition," ''Los Angeles Times,'' August 23, 1999, page 1
/ref>


Failed trademarking attempt

In 1994, Hollywood, Alabama, and ten other towns named Hollywood successfully fought an attempt by the Hollywood to trademark the name and force same-named communities to pay royalties to it.


Climate

Like the rest of
Los Angeles Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be u ...

Los Angeles
, Hollywood has a
hot-summer Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degre ...
( Köppen: ''Csa'') or dry-summer
subtropical climate The subtropical zones or subtropics are geographical zone, geographical and Köppen climate classification, climate zones located to the north and south of the tropics, Torrid Zone. Geographically part of the Geographical zone#Temperate zones, ...
. Winters are typically mild and rainy, but there are still plenty of warm, sunny days in the winter, as well. Summers are hot, sunny and dry, with virtually no rain falling between April and October; while summer days can be hot, they are considerably cooler than in the
San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley, known locally as "the Valley", is an urbanized valley in Los Angeles County, California. Located just north of the Los Angeles Basin, it contains a large portion of the City of Los Angeles, as well as unincorporated ar ...

San Fernando Valley
. Spring and fall are generally warm, sunny, and pleasant.
Santa Ana winds The Santa Ana winds are strong, extremely dry downslope winds that originate inland and affect coastal Southern California Southern California (popularly known as SoCal; es, Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generall ...
typically occur during the fall and winter months, although they can occur during any month; Santa Ana winds bring heavy winds, higher temperatures and lower humidity levels, which increases the risk of
wildfire A wildfire, bushfire, wildland fire or rural fire is an unplanned, unwanted, uncontrolled fire BBQ. Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction ...

wildfire
s, especially in dry years.
Smog Smog, or smoke fog, is a type of intense air pollution Air pollution is the presence of substances in the atmosphere An atmosphere (from the greek words ἀτμός ''(atmos)'', meaning 'vapour', and σφαῖρα ''(sphaira)'', mea ...

Smog
can sometimes occur during the summer months. May and June can be foggy and cloudy in Hollywood, a phenomenon known by southern California residents as "May Gray" or "
June Gloom June Gloom is a California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the List of states and territories of the United States by populatio ...
". The all-time record high temperature in Hollywood is 112 °F (44 °C) on June 26, 1990, and the all-time record low temperature is 24 °F (–4 °C) on both December 8, 1978, and December 23, 1990.


Demographics

The 2000 U.S. census counted 77,818 residents in the Hollywood neighborhood—an average of 22,193 people per square mile (8,569 per km2), the seventh- neighborhood in all of
Los Angeles County Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, and sometimes abbreviated as L.A. County, is the List of the most populous counties in the United States, most populous county in the United States and in the U.S. state of California, w ...
. In 2008 the city estimated that the population had increased to 85,489. The median age for residents was 31, about the city's average. Hollywood was said to be "highly diverse" when compared to the city at large. The ethnic breakdown in 2000 was 42.2% Latino or Hispanic, 41%
Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic whites or Non-Latino whites are European Americans, Middle Eastern Americans, and North African Americans as defined by the United States Census Bureau. The term differentiates this group from White Hispanic and Latino Americans, who ...
, 7.1%
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, 5.2%
black Black is a color which results from the absence or complete absorption Absorption may refer to: Chemistry and biology *Absorption (chemistry), diffusion of particles of gas or liquid into liquid or solid materials *Absorption (skin), a rout ...

black
, and 4.5% other. Mexico (21.3%) and Guatemala (13%) were the most common places of birth for the 53.8% of the residents who were born abroad, a figure that was considered high for the city as a whole. The median household income in 2008 was $33,694, considered low for Los Angeles. The average household size of 2.1 people was also lower than the city norm. Renters occupied 92.4% of the housing units, and home- or apartment owners the rest. The percentages of never-married men (55.1%), never-married women (39.8%) and widows (9.6%) were among the county's highest. There were 2,640 families headed by single parents, about average for Los Angeles. In 2000, there were 2,828 military veterans, or 4.5%, a low rate for the city as a whole.


Radio and television

KNX was the last radio station to broadcast from Hollywood before it left
CBS Columbia Square CBS Columbia Square (also called Columbia Studio) was the home of CBS's Los Angeles radio and television operations from 1938 until 2007. Located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, the building housed the CBS Radio Network's West Coast facilit ...

CBS Columbia Square
for a studio in the Miracle Mile in 2005. On January 22, 1947, the first commercial television station west of the
Mississippi River The Mississippi River is the second-longest river and chief river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and b ...

Mississippi River
,
KTLA KTLA, virtual channel In most telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over , radio, , or other systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication over a ...
, began operating in Hollywood. In December of that year, ''The Public Prosecutor'' became the first network television series to be filmed in Hollywood. Television stations
KTLA KTLA, virtual channel In most telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over , radio, , or other systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication over a ...
and
KCET KCET, and channel 28, is a secondary Public Broadcasting Service () to , United States. Owned by the , it is to -licensed primary PBS member (channel 50). The two stations share studios at The Pointe (on West Alameda Avenue and Drive, ...
, both on Sunset Boulevard, are the last broadcasters (television or radio) with Hollywood addresses, but KCET has since sold its studios to the
Church of Scientology The Church of Scientology is a group of interconnected corporate entities and other organizations devoted to the practice, administration and dissemination of Scientology, which is variously defined as a cult, a Scientology as a business, busi ...
on Sunset, and plans to move to another location.
KNBC KNBC, virtual channel In most telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over , radio, , or other systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication over a ...
moved in 1962 from the former
NBC Radio City Studios NBC Studios are located in the historic 30 Rockefeller Plaza 30 Rockefeller Plaza is a skyscraper that forms the centerpiece of Rockefeller Center Rockefeller Center is a large complex consisting of 19 commerce, commercial buildings cove ...
at the northeast corner of Sunset Boulevard and Vine Street to NBC Studios in Burbank.
KTTV KTTV, Virtual channel, virtual and very high frequency, VHF Digital terrestrial television, digital channel 11, is the West Coast of the United States, West Coast flagship (broadcasting), flagship station of the Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox te ...
moved in 1996 from its former home at
Metromedia Square Metromedia Square (later known as Fox Television Center from 1986 to 1996) was a radio and television studio facility located at 5746 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California on the southeastern corner of Sunset and Van Ness Avenue in ...
on Sunset Boulevard to West Los Angeles, and
KCOP KCOP-TV, virtual and VHF Very high frequency (VHF) is the designation for the range of s (s) from 30 to 300 (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten meters to one meter. Frequencies immediately below VHF are denoted (HF), and the n ...
left its home on La Brea Avenue to join KTTV on the Fox lot.
KCBS-TV KCBS-TV, virtual channel 2 ( UHF digital terrestrial television, digital channel 31), is the West Coast of the United States, West Coast flagship (broadcasting), flagship station of the CBS television network, city of license, licensed to Los ...
and
KCAL-TV KCAL-TV, virtual and VHF Very high frequency (VHF) is the designation for the range of s (s) from 30 to 300 (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten meters to one meter. Frequencies immediately below VHF are denoted (HF), and th ...
moved from their longtime home at
CBS Columbia Square CBS Columbia Square (also called Columbia Studio) was the home of CBS's Los Angeles radio and television operations from 1938 until 2007. Located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, the building housed the CBS Radio Network's West Coast facilit ...

CBS Columbia Square
on Sunset Boulevard to a new facility at
CBS Studio Center CBS Studio Center is a television and film studio located in the Studio City Studio City is a neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles, California, in the southeast San Fernando Valley, just west of the Cahuenga Pass. It is named after the studi ...
in
Studio City Studio City is a neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles, California Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism L.A., is the List of municipalities in California, largest city in C ...
.


Government

As a neighborhood within the Los Angeles city limits, Hollywood does not have its own municipal government. A person was appointed by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce to serve as an honorary "
Mayor of Hollywood The Mayor of Hollywood was an honorary position in Hollywood appointed by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. The office primarily served as the emcee of the award ceremonies for new plaques on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, which is administered by the ...
" for ceremonial purposes. Johnny Grant held this position from 1980 until his death on January 9, 2008.


Emergency services

The
Los Angeles Police Department The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), officially known as the City of Los Angeles Police Department, is the municipal A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle ...

Los Angeles Police Department
is responsible for police services. Th
Hollywood police station
is at 1358 N. Wilcox Ave.
Los Angeles Fire Department The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD or LA City Fire) provides emergency medical services, fire cause determination, fire prevention, fire suppression, hazardous materials mitigation, and rescue services to the city of Los Angeles L ...
operates four fire stations
Station 27
41, 52, and 82 – in the area. The
Los Angeles County Department of Health Services Los Angeles County Department of Health Services (abbreviated DHS and LADHS) operates the public hospitals and clinics in Los Angeles County Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the List of the most populous counties in ...
operates the Hollywood-Wilshire Health Center in Hollywood.


Post office

The
United States Postal Service The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a te ...
operates the Hollywood Post Office, the Hollywood Pavilion Post Office, and the Sunset Post Office.


Neighborhood councils

Hollywood is included within the Hollywood United Neighborhood Council (HUNC), Hollywood Hills West Neighborhood Council, and the Hollywood Studio District Neighborhood Council. Neighborhood Councils cast advisory votes on such issues as zoning, planning, and other community issues. The council members are voted in by stakeholders, generally defined as anyone living, working, owning property, or belonging to an organization within the boundaries of the council.


Education

Hollywood residents aged 25 and older holding a four-year degree amounted to 28% of the population in 2000, about the same as in the county at large.


Public libraries

The Will and Ariel Durant Branch, John C. Fremont Branch, and the Frances Howard Goldwyn – Hollywood Regional Branch of the
Los Angeles Public Library The Los Angeles Public Library system (LAPL) serves the residents of the City of Los Angeles. The system holds more than six million volumes, and with over 18 million residents in the Los Angeles Metropolitan area, it serves the largest ...

Los Angeles Public Library
are in Hollywood.


Schools

Public schools are operated by the
Los Angeles Unified School District Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) is a State school, public school district in Los Angeles, California, United States. It is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the List of the largest ...
(LAUSD). Schools in Hollywood include: *
Temple Israel of Hollywood Temple Israel of Hollywood is a Reform Jewish Reform Judaism (also known as Liberal Judaism or Progressive Judaism) is a major Jewish denomination that emphasizes the evolving nature of the faith, the superiority of its ethical aspects to th ...
Day School, private, 7300 Hollywood Boulevard * Gardner Street Elementary School,
LAUSD Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) is a State school, public school district in Los Angeles, California, United States. It is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the List of the largest s ...
, 7450 Hawthorne Avenue * Selma Avenue Elementary School, LAUSD, 6611 Selma Avenue * Grant Elementary School, 1530 North Wilton Place * Young Hollywood, private elementary, 1547 North McCadden Place *
Hollywood High School Hollywood High School is a four-year public secondary school in the Los Angeles Unified School District, located at the intersection of North Highland Avenue and West Sunset Boulevard in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles, California. History ...
, LAUSD, 1521 North Highland Avenue * Hollywood Community Adult School, LAUSD, 1521 North Highland Avenue *
Blessed Sacrament The Blessed Sacrament, also Most Blessed Sacrament, is a devotional name to refer to the body and blood of Christ Blood of Christ in Christian theology Christian theology is the theology of Christianity, Christian belief and practice. * help ...

Blessed Sacrament
School, private elementary, 6641 Sunset Boulevard *
Helen Bernstein High School Helen Bernstein High School is a public high school in the Hollywood, California, Hollywood area of Los Angeles, California. The school is named after educational reformer and former president of United Teachers Los Angeles, Helen Bernstein. Histo ...
, LAUSD, 1309 North Wilton Place * Richard A. Alonzo Community Day School, LAUSD, 5755 Fountain Avenue * Beverly Hills RC School, private elementary, 6550 Fountain Avenue * Hollywood Schoolhouse, private elementary, 1233 North McCadden Place * Middle School, LAUSD, 1316 North Bronson Avenue * Hollywood Primary Center, LAUSD elementary, 1115 Tamarind Avenue * Santa Monica Boulevard Community Charter School, 1022 North Van Ness Avenue * Vine Street Elementary School, LAUSD, 955 North Vine Street * Hubert Howe Bancroft Middle School, LAUSD, 929 North Las Palmas Avenue * Larchmont Charter School, elementary, 815 North El Centro Avenue * Cheder Menachem, private elementary, 1606 South La Cienega Boulevard


Colleges

*
Los Angeles Film School The Los Angeles Film School (informally LA Film School) is a for-profit college in Los Angeles, California offering associate and bachelor's degrees in majors relating to the entertainment industry. The school encompasses the Los Angeles Recording ...
, 6363 Sunset Boulevard * Emerson College, 5960 Sunset Boulevard * Columbia College Hollywood, 6255 Sunset Boulevard


Notable places

*
CBS Columbia Square CBS Columbia Square (also called Columbia Studio) was the home of CBS's Los Angeles radio and television operations from 1938 until 2007. Located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, the building housed the CBS Radio Network's West Coast facilit ...

CBS Columbia Square
*Charlie Chaplin Studios *Cinerama Dome *Crossroads of the World *
Dolby Theatre The Dolby Theatre (formerly known as the Kodak Theatre) is a live-performance auditorium in the Hollywood and Highland Center Hollywood & Highland is a shopping center and entertainment complex at Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue (Los Ange ...

Dolby Theatre
*Earl Carroll Theatre (currently Nickelodeon on Sunset) *El Capitan Theatre *Frederick's of Hollywood *Gower Gulch *Grauman's Chinese Theatre *Grauman's Egyptian Theatre *Hollywood & Western Building *Ovation Hollywood *Hollywood and Vine *Hollywood Forever Cemetery *Hollywood Heritage Museum *Hollywood Palladium *Hollywood Masonic Temple *Hollywood Museum *
Hollywood Walk of Fame The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a historic landmark which consists of more than 2,700 five-pointed terrazzo Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of chips of mar ...

Hollywood Walk of Fame
*Hollywood Wax Museum *Knickerbocker Hotel (Los Angeles), Knickerbocker Hotel *Madame Tussauds Hollywood *Musso & Frank Grill *Pantages Theatre (Hollywood), Pantages Theatre *Roosevelt Hotel (Hollywood), Roosevelt Hotel *Sunset Gower Studios


Annual events

The Academy Awards are held in late February/early March (since 2004) of each year, honoring the preceding year in film. Prior to 2004, they were held in late March/early April. Since 2002, the Oscars have been held at their new home at the Dolby Theatre, Dolby (formerly Kodak) Theater at Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue. The annual Hollywood Christmas Parade: The 2006 parade on Nov 26 was the 75th edition of the Christmas Parade. The parade goes down
Hollywood Boulevard Hollywood Boulevard is a major east–west street in Los Angeles, California. It begins in the west as a winding residential street at Sunset Plaza Drive in the Hollywood Hills West, Los Angeles, Hollywood Hills West district. After crossing Lau ...
and is broadcast in the Los Angeles area on
KTLA KTLA, virtual channel In most telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over , radio, , or other systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication over a ...
, and around the United States on Tribune-owned stations and the WGN America, WGN superstation. The Hollywood Half Marathon takes place in April (since 2012) of each year, to raise funds and awareness for local youth homeless shelters. The event includes a Half Marathon, 10K, 5K, and Kids Fun Run along Hollywood Blvd.


Gallery


See also

*Community newspapers in Hollywood, California *History of film * *:Documentary films about Hollywood *:Films about Hollywood *List of films set in Los Angeles *List of Hollywood-inspired nicknames *List of Hollywood novels *List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood *List of television shows set in Los Angeles *North Hollywood, Los Angeles *Outline of film *Studio zone


References

{{Authority control Hollywood, California culture Film production districts Former municipalities in California Neighborhoods in Los Angeles Populated places established in 1853 Central Los Angeles Northwest Los Angeles 1853 establishments in California Cinema of the United States