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Hindu mythology are
myths Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in a society, such as foundational tales or origin myths. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods, or supernatural humans.Simpson, Jacqueline, and Ste ...

myths
found in
Hindu texts Hindus () are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.Jeffery D. Long (2007), A Vision for Hinduism, IB Tauris, , pages 35–37 Historically, the term has also been used as a ge ...

Hindu texts
such as the
Vedic upright=1.2|The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (; Sanskrit: ', "knowledge") are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the te ...

Vedic
literature,
epics
epics
like ''
Mahabharata The ''Mahābhārata'' (, ; sa|महाभारतम्, ', ) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the ''Rāmāyaṇa''. It narrates the struggle between two groups of cousins in the Kurukshetra War and ...

Mahabharata
'' and ''
Ramayana ''Rāmāyana'' (; sa|रामायणम्, ) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient Indian history, the other being the ''Mahābhārata''. Along with the ''Mahābhārata'', it forms the Hindu Itihasa. The epic, traditionally a ...

Ramayana
'', the
Puranas The word Purana (; sa| , ') literally means "ancient, old",Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature (1995 Edition), Article on Puranas, , page 915 and it is a vast genre of Indian literature about a wide range of topics, particularly about ...

Puranas
, and regional literature like the
Tamil Tamil may refer to: * Tamils, an ethnic group native to India, Sri Lanka and some other parts of Asia **Sri Lankan Tamils, Tamil people native to Sri Lanka **Tamil Malaysians, Tamil people native to Malaysia * Tamil language, a Dravidian language u ...

Tamil
''
Periya Puranam The ''Periya Puranam'' (Tamil: பெரிய‌ புராண‌ம்), that is, the ''great purana'' or epic, sometimes called ''Tiruttontarpuranam'' ("Tiru-Thondar-Puranam", the Purana of the Holy Devotees), is a Tamil poetic account dep ...

Periya Puranam
'' and the ''
Mangal Kavya
Mangal Kavya
'' of Bengal. Hindu mythology is also found in widely translated popular texts such as the fables of the ''
Panchatantra The ''Panchatantra'' (IAST: Pañcatantra, sa|पञ्चतन्त्र, "Five Treatises") is an ancient Indian collection of interrelated animal fables in Sanskrit verse and prose, arranged within a frame story.
Panchatantra
'' and the ''
Hitopadesha ''Hitopadesha'' (Sanskrit: हितोपदेशः, IAST: ''Hitopadeśa'', "Beneficial Advice") is an Indian text in the Sanskrit language consisting of fables with both animal and human characters. It incorporates maxims, worldly wisdom and ...

Hitopadesha
'', as well as in
Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is the southeastern subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions that are geographically south of China, east of the Indian subcontinent and north-west of Australia. Southeast Asia is bordered to the north b ...

Southeast Asia
n texts. Hindu mythology does not often have a consistent, monolithic structure. The same myth typically appears in various versions, and can be represented differently across different regional and socio-religious traditions. Many of these legends evolve across these texts, where the character names change or the story is embellished with greater details. According to Suthren Hirst, these myths have been given a complex range of interpretations. while according to Doniger O'Flaherty, the central message and moral values remain the same. They have been modified by various philosophical schools over time, and are taken to have deeper, often symbolic, meaning.


See also

*
Proto-Indo-European religion Proto-Indo-European mythology is the body of myths and deities associated with the Proto-Indo-Europeans, the hypothetical speakers of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language. Although the mythological motifs are not directly attested – ...

Proto-Indo-European religion
*
Proto-Indo-Iranian religion Indo-Iranian peoples, also known as Indo-Iranic peoples by scholars, and sometimes as Arya or Aryans from their self-designation, were a group of Indo-European peoples who brought the Indo-Iranian languages, a major branch of the Indo-European lan ...

Proto-Indo-Iranian religion
*
Vedic mythology Vedic mythology refers to the mythological aspects of the historical Vedic religion and Vedic literature, alluded to in the hymns of the Rigveda. The central myth at the base of Vedic ritual surrounds Indra who, inebriated with Soma, slays the drago ...

Vedic mythology
*
Dashavatara The Dashavatara (; sa|दशावतार, ) is the ten primary (i.e. full or complete) incarnations (avatars) of Vishnu, the Hindu god of preservation which has Rigvedic origins. Vishnu is said to descend in the form of an avatar to restore ...

Dashavatara
*
Hindu cosmology Hindu cosmology is the description of the universe and its states of matter, cycles within time, physical structure, and effects on living entities according to Hindu texts. Matter All matter is based on three inert ''gunas'' (qualities or ten ...

Hindu cosmology
*
Puranic chronology The word Purana (; sa| , ') literally means "ancient, old",Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature (1995 Edition), Article on Puranas, , page 915 and it is a vast genre of Indian literature about a wide range of topics, particularly about ...

Puranic chronology
*
Hindu eschatology Hindu eschatology is linked in the Vaishnavite tradition to the figure of Kalki, or the tenth and last avatar of Vishnu names of the Supreme Being in Hinduism and before the age draws to a close, and Harihara simultaneously dissolves and regenerat ...

Hindu eschatology
*
Hindu deities Hindu deities are the gods and goddesses in Hinduism. The terms and epithets for deity within the diverse traditions of Hinduism vary, and include Deva, Devi, Ishvara, Ishvari, Bhagavān and Bhagavati. The deities of Hinduism have evolved from ...

Hindu deities
*
Hindu scriptures Hindus () are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.Jeffery D. Long (2007), A Vision for Hinduism, IB Tauris, , pages 35–37 Historically, the term has also been used as a ge ...

Hindu scriptures
*
Kanglei mythology Meitei mythology, also known as Kanglei mythology or Manipuri mythology, are the body of narrative myths, originally told by the Meitei people and a genre of Ancient Meetei folklore. Kanglei mythology forms one of the main characteristics of the ...

Kanglei mythology
*
Greek mythology Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the ancient Greeks, and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. These stories concern the origin and nature of the world, the lives and activities of deities, heroes, and mythological creatures ...

Greek mythology


References


Sources

* * * * * * *


Further reading

* * * * * * *
Pattanaik, Devdutt
Pattanaik, Devdutt
(2003).
Indian mythology: tales, symbols, and rituals from the heart of the Subcontinent
'. Inner Traditions / Bear & Company. . * * * * * * * *


External links


Clay Sanskrit Library
publishes classical Indian literature, including the Mahabharata and Ramayana, with facing-page text and translation. Also offers searchable corpus and downloadable materials.
Sanskrit Documents Collection
Documents in ITX format of Upanishads, Stotras etc. {{Hindudharma