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Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
([ʈʂáŋ î.mǒu]; born 2 April 1950)[1][2] is a Chinese film director, producer, writer and actor, and former cinematographer.[3] He is counted amongst the Fifth Generation of Chinese filmmakers, having made his directorial debut in 1987 with Red Sorghum.[4] Zhang has won numerous awards and recognitions, with Best Foreign Film nominations for Ju Dou
Ju Dou
in 1990, Raise the Red Lantern
Raise the Red Lantern
in 1991, and Hero in 2003, Silver Lion and Golden Lion
Golden Lion
prizes at the Venice Film Festival, Grand Jury Prize
Grand Jury Prize
at the Cannes Film Festival, and the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival.[5] In 1993, he was a member of the jury at the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival.[6] Zhang directed the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games, which received considerable international acclaim. One of Zhang's recurrent themes is the resilience of Chinese people in the face of hardship and adversity, a theme which has been explored in such films as To Live (1994) and Not One Less
Not One Less
(1999). His films are particularly noted for their rich use of colour, as can be seen in some of his early films, like Raise the Red Lantern, and in his wuxia films like Hero and House of Flying Daggers. His highest budgeted film to date is the 2016 monster film The Great Wall, set in Imperial China and starring Matt Damon.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early career 3 Film director

3.1 1980s 3.2 1990s 3.3 2000–present

4 Stage direction 5 2008 Beijing
Beijing
Olympics opening and closing ceremonies 6 Investigation relating to possible violations of One Child Policy 7 Filmography

7.1 As director 7.2 As cinematographer 7.3 As actor

8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Early life[edit] Zhang was born Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(张诒谋) in Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi
Shaanxi
province. Zhang's father, Zhang Bingjun (张秉钧), a dermatologist, had been an officer in the National Revolutionary Army under Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
during the Chinese Civil War; an uncle, and an elder brother had followed the Nationalist forces to Taiwan
Taiwan
after their 1949 defeat. Zhang's mother, Zhang Xiaoyou (张孝友), a doctor at the 2nd Hospital affiliated Xi'an
Xi'an
Jiao Tong University who graduated from Xi'an
Xi'an
Medical University. He has two younger brothers, Zhang Weimou (张伟谋) and Zhang Qimou (张启谋).[7] As a result, Zhang faced difficulties in his early life.[8][9] During the Cultural Revolution
Cultural Revolution
of the 1960s and 1970s, Zhang left his school studies and went to work, first as a farm labourer for 3 years, and later at a cotton textile mill for 7 years in the city of Xianyang.[9][10] During this time he took up painting and amateur still photography, selling his own blood to buy his first camera.[11] In 1978, he went to Beijing
Beijing
Film Academy and majored in photography. He has an Honorary Doctorate Degree from Boston University[12] and also one from Yale University.[13] Early career[edit] When the Beijing
Beijing
Film Academy reopened its doors to new students in 1978, following the abandonment of policies adopted during the Cultural Revolution, Zhang, at 27, was over the regulation age for admission, and was without the prerequisite academic qualifications.[14] After a personal appeal to the Ministry of Culture, and showing a portfolio of his personal photographic works, the authorities relented and admitted him to the Faculty of Cinematography. Zhang graduated with the class of 1982, which also included Chen Kaige, Tian Zhuangzhuang, and Zhang Junzhao. The class went on to form the core of the Fifth Generation, who were a part of an artistic reemergence in China
China
after the end of the Cultural Revolution.[1][9][15] Zhang and his co-graduates were assigned to small regional studios, and Zhang was sent to work for the Guangxi
Guangxi
Film Studio as a cinematographer. Though originally intended to work as director's assistants, the graduates soon discovered there was a dearth of directors so soon after the Cultural Revolution, and gained permission to start making their own films. This led to the production of Zhang Junzhao's One and Eight, on which Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
worked as director of photography, and Chen Kaige's Yellow Earth, in 1984. These two films were successes at the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Film Festival and helped to bring the new Chinese cinema to the attention of worldwide audiences, signaling a departure from the earlier propagandist films of the Cultural Revolution.[1][15] Yellow Earth
Yellow Earth
is today widely considered the inaugural film of the Fifth Generation directors.[15][16][17] In 1985, after moving back to his home town of Xi'an, Zhang was engaged as cinematographer and lead actor for director Wu Tianming's upcoming film Old Well, which was subsequently released in 1987. The lead role won Zhang a Best Actor
Actor
award at the Tokyo International Film Festival.[15] Film director[edit] 1980s[edit] 1987 saw the release of Zhang's directorial debut, Red Sorghum, starring Chinese actress Gong Li
Gong Li
in her first leading role. Red Sorghum was met with critical acclaim, bringing Zhang to the forefront of the world's art directors, and winning him a Golden Bear
Golden Bear
for Best Picture at the 38th Berlin International Film Festival
Berlin International Film Festival
in 1988.[18] Codename Cougar
Codename Cougar
(or The Puma Action), a minor experiment in the political thriller genre, was released in 1989, featuring Gong Li
Gong Li
and eminent Chinese actor Ge You. However, it garnered less-than-positive reviews at home and Zhang himself later dismissed the film as his worst.[19] In the same year, Zhang began work on his next project, the period drama Ju Dou. Starring Gong Li
Gong Li
in the eponymous lead role, along with Li Baotian as the male lead, Ju Dou, garnered as much critical acclaim as had Red Sorghum, and became China's first film to be nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film.[20] Ju Dou highlighted the way in which the "gaze" can have different meanings, from voyeurism to ethical appeal. In 1989, he was a member of the jury at the 16th Moscow International Film Festival.[21] 1990s[edit] After the success of Ju Dou, Zhang began work on Raise the Red Lantern. Based on Su Tong's novel Wives and Concubines, the film depicted the realities of life in a wealthy family compound during the 1920s. Gong Li
Gong Li
was again featured in the lead role, her fourth collaboration with Zhang as director. Raise the Red Lantern
Raise the Red Lantern
received almost unanimous international acclaim. Film critic Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
of the Chicago Sun-Times
Chicago Sun-Times
noted its "voluptuous physical beauty" and sumptuous use of colours.[22] Gong Li's acting was also praised as starkly contrasting with the roles she played in Zhang's earlier films. Raise the Red Lantern
Raise the Red Lantern
was nominated in the Best Foreign Language Film category at the 1992 Academy Awards, becoming the second Chinese film to earn this distinction (after Zhang's Ju Dou). It eventually lost out to Gabriele Salvatores's Mediterraneo. Zhang's next directorial work, The Story of Qiu Ju, in 1992, once again starring Gong Li
Gong Li
in the lead role. The film, which tells the tale of a peasant woman seeking justice for her husband after he was beaten by a village official, was a hit at film festivals and won the Golden Lion
Golden Lion
award at the 1992 Venice Film Festival.[23] Next, Zhang directed To Live, an epic film based on the novel by Yu Hua of the same name. To Live highlighted the resilience of the ordinary Chinese people, personified by its two main characters, amidst three generations of upheavals throughout Chinese politics of the 20th century. It was banned in China, but released at the 1994 Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
and won the Grand Jury Prize, as well as earning a Best Actor
Actor
prize for Ge You.[24][25] To Live was banned in China
China
by the Chinese State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television, due to its critical portrayal of various policies and campaigns of the Communist government.[26] Shanghai Triad
Shanghai Triad
followed in 1995, featuring Gong Li
Gong Li
in her seventh film under Zhang's direction. The two had developed a romantic as well as a professional relationship, but this would end during production of Shanghai Triad.[27] Zhang and Gong would not work together again until 2006's Curse of the Golden Flower. 1997 saw the release of Keep Cool, a black comedy film about life in modern China. Keep Cool marked only the second time Zhang had set a film in the modern era, after The Story of Qiu Ju. As in The Story of Qiu Ju, Zhang returned to the neorealist habit of employing non-professional actors and location shooting for Not One Less in 1999[28][29][30] which won him his second Golden Lion
Golden Lion
prize in Venice.[31] Shot immediately after Not One Less, Zhang's 1999 film The Road Home featured a new leading lady in the form of the young actress Zhang Ziyi, in her film debut. The film is based on a simple throw-back narrative centering on a love story between the narrator's parents. 2000–present[edit]

Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
at the Hawaii International Film Festival in 2005

Happy Times, a relatively unknown film by Zhang, was based loosely on the short story Shifu: You'll Do Anything for a Laugh, by Mo Yan. Starring popular Chinese actor Zhao Benshan
Zhao Benshan
and actress Dong Jie, it was an official selection for the Berlin International Film Festival in 2002. Zhang's next major project was the ambitious wuxia drama Hero, released in China
China
in 2002. With an impressive lineup of Asian stars, including Jet Li, Maggie Cheung, Tony Leung Chiu-Wai, Zhang Ziyi, and Donnie Yen, Hero told a fictional tale about Ying Zheng, the King of the State of Qin
State of Qin
(later to become the first Emperor of China), and his would-be assassins. The film was released in North America in 2004, two years after its Chinese release, by American distributor Miramax Films, and became a huge international hit. Hero was one of the few foreign-language films to debut at number 1 at the U.S. box office,[32] and was one of the nominees for Best Foreign Language Film at the 2003 Academy Awards. Zhang followed up the huge success of Hero with another martial arts epic, House of Flying Daggers, in 2004.[33] Set in the Tang Dynasty, it starred Zhang Ziyi, Andy Lau, and Takeshi Kaneshiro
Takeshi Kaneshiro
as characters caught in a dangerous love triangle. House of Flying Daggers
House of Flying Daggers
received acclaim from critics, who noted the use of colour that harked back to some of Zhang's earlier works.[34] Released in China
China
in 2005, Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles
Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles
was a return to the more low-key drama that characterized much of Zhang's middle period pieces. The film stars Japanese actor Ken Takakura, as a father who wishes to repair relations with his alienated son, and is eventually led by circumstance to set out on a journey to China. Zhang had been an admirer of Takakura for over thirty years.[35] 2006's Curse of the Golden Flower
Curse of the Golden Flower
saw him reunited with leading actress Gong Li. Taiwanese singer Jay Chou
Jay Chou
and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
star Chow Yun-fat also starred in the period epic based on a play by Cao Yu.[36] Zhang's recent films, and his involvement with the 2008 Olympic ceremonies, have not been without controversy. Some critics claim that his recent works, contrary to his earlier films, have received approval from the Chinese government. However, in interviews, Zhang has said that he is not interested in politics, and that it was an honour for him to direct the Olympic ceremonies because it was "a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity."[37] In 2008, he won a Peabody Award
Peabody Award
"for creating a spell-binding, unforgettable celebration of the Olympic promise, featuring a cast of thousands" at the opening ceremony of the Beijing
Beijing
Olympics.[38] On May 24, 2010, Zhang was awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree by Yale University, and was described as "a genius with camera and choreography."[39] Zhang's 2011 The Flowers of War
The Flowers of War
was his most expensive film to date, budgeting for $90.2 million,[40] until his 2016 The Great Wall surpassed it with a budget of $150 million.[41] Critical Reception Reception of Zhang Yimou's films has been mixed. While some critics praise his striking aesthetics and ability to break into the Western art market, other have attacked Zhang for pandering to Western audiences and portraying China
China
as weak, exotic, and vulnerable.[42] Stage direction[edit] Starting in the 1990s, Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
has been directing stage productions in parallel with his film career. In 1998, he directed an acclaimed version of Puccini's opera Turandot, firstly in Florence
Florence
and then later Turandot
Turandot
at the Forbidden City, Beijing, with Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
conducting, the latter documented in the film The Turandot
Turandot
Project (2000).[43] He reprised his version of Turandot
Turandot
in October 2009, at the Bird's Nest Stadium in Beijing, and plans to tour with the production in Europe, Asia and Australia in 2010. In 2001, Zhang adapted his 1991 film Raise the Red Lantern
Raise the Red Lantern
for the stage, directing a ballet version.[44] Zhang has co-directed a number of outdoor folk musicals under the title Impression. These include Impression, Liu Sanjie, which opened in August 2003 at the Li River, Guangxi
Guangxi
province;[45] Impression Lijiang, in June 2006 at the foot of Jade Dragon Snow Mountain
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain
in Lijiang, Yunnan
Lijiang, Yunnan
province; Impression West Lake, in late 2007 at the West Lake in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province; Impression Hainan in late 2009, set in Hainan Island; and Impression Dahongpao set on Mount Wuyi, in Fujian province. All five performances were co-directed by Wang Chaoge and Fan Yue. Zhang also led the production of Tan Dun's opera, The First Emperor, which had its world premiere at the Metropolitan Opera
Metropolitan Opera
on 21 December 2006.[46] 2008 Beijing
Beijing
Olympics opening and closing ceremonies[edit] Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
was chosen to direct the Beijing
Beijing
portion of the closing ceremonies of the 2004 Summer Olympics
2004 Summer Olympics
in Athens, Greece, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympics
2008 Summer Olympics
in Beijing, China, alongside co-director and choreographer Zhang Jigang.[47] Zhang was a runner-up for the Time Magazine Person of the Year award in 2008. Steven Spielberg, who withdrew as an adviser to the Olympic ceremonies to pressure China
China
into helping with the conflict in Darfur, described Zhang's works in the Olympic ceremonies in Time magazine, saying "At the heart of Zhang's Olympic ceremonies was the idea that the conflict of man foretells the desire for inner peace. This theme is one he's explored and perfected in his films, whether they are about the lives of humble peasants or exalted royalty. This year he captured this prevalent theme of harmony and peace, which is the spirit of the Olympic Games. In one evening of visual and emotional splendor, he educated, enlightened, and entertained us all."[48] Investigation relating to possible violations of One Child Policy[edit] Associated Press reported on May 9, 2013 that Zhang was being investigated for violating China's one-child policy. AP reported that he had allegedly fathered 7 children with 4 women, and faced large potential fines.[49] According to the mainstream media in China, Zhang married Chen Ting,[50] who is a dancer in December 2011; she had three children with him. However, when the news came out, Zhang had no immediate response. On November 29, 2013, under pressure from the public and criticism on the Internet, Zhang's studio released a statement that acknowledged Chen Ting and their three children. On January 9, 2014, the Lake District Family Planning Bureau, in accord with China's one-child policy, said Zhang was required to pay an unplanned birth and social maintenance fee totaling RMB 7.48 million (roughly US $1.2 million).[51][52] On February 7, 2014, it was reported that Zhang had paid the fee.[53] Filmography[edit] As director[edit]

Year English title Chinese title Notes

1987 Red Sorghum 红高粱 Golden Bear Chinese submission for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film (Not Nominated)

1988 Codename Cougar 代号美洲豹 (co-director)

1990 Ju Dou 菊豆 Chinese submission for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film (Nominated)

1991 Raise the Red Lantern 大红灯笼高高挂 Silver Lion Hong Kong
Hong Kong
submission for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film (Nominated)

1992 Story of Qiu Ju, TheThe Story of Qiu Ju 秋菊打官司 Golden Lion Chinese submission for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film (Not Nominated)

1994 To Live 活着 Grand Prix du Jury

1995 Shanghai Triad 摇啊摇,摇到外婆桥

1995 Zhang Yimou

Segment of the anthology, Lumière and Company

1997 Keep Cool 有话好好说

1999 Not One Less 一个都不能少 Golden Lion

1999 Road Home, TheThe Road Home 我的父亲母亲 Jury Grand Prix

2000 Happy Times 幸福时光

2002 Hero 英雄 Chinese submission for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film (Nominated)

2004 House of Flying Daggers 十面埋伏 Chinese submission for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film (Not Nominated)

2005 Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles 千里走单骑

2006 Curse of the Golden Flower 满城尽带黄金甲 Chinese submission for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film (Not Nominated)

2007 Movie Night

Segment of the anthology, To Each His Cinema

2009 A Woman, a Gun and a Noodle Shop 三枪拍案惊奇

2010 Under the Hawthorn Tree 山楂树之恋

2011 The Flowers of War 金陵十三钗 Chinese submission for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film (Not Nominated)

2014 Coming Home 归来

2016 The Great Wall[54][55] 长城

As cinematographer[edit]

Year English title Chinese title Notes

1982 Red Elephant 红象

1983 One and Eight 一个和八个

1984 Yellow Earth 黄土地

1986 Old Well 老井

1986 The Big Parade 大阅兵

As actor[edit]

Year English title Chinese title Notes

1986 Old Well 老井 Sun Wangquan

1987 Red Sorghum 红高粱

1989 Fight and Love with a Terracotta Warrior 古今大战秦俑情 Tian Fong

1997 Keep Cool 有话好好说 Junk Peddler

See also[edit]

China
China
portal Biography portal Film portal

Cinema of China Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize Zhang Jigang

References[edit]

^ a b c Farquhar, Mary (May 2002). "Zhang Yimou". Senses of Cinema. Archived from the original on 2010-10-13. Retrieved 2010-09-27.  ^ Date of Birth at Britannica ^ Tasker, Yvonne (2002). "Zhang Yimou" in Fifty Contemporary Filmmakers. Routledge Publishing, p. 412. ISBN 0-415-18974-8. Google Book Search. Retrieved 2008-08-21. ^ Jonathan Crow. " Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
- Biography". Allmovie. Retrieved 2009-01-12.  ^ " Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
Bio". tribute.ca. Retrieved 2010-09-01.  ^ "Berlinale: 1993 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-05-29.  ^ 张艺谋的父亲母亲及家族历史 [History of Zhang Yimou's Parents and Family]. iFeng (in Chinese). 2008-10-05.  ^ Memoirs from the Beijing
Beijing
Film Academy: The Genesis of China's Fifth Generation. Ni Zhen, translated by Chris Berry. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002, pp. 44. ^ a b c "Zhang Yimou". Retrieved 29 July 2017.  ^ Memoirs from the Beijing
Beijing
Film Academy: The Genesis of China's Fifth Generation. Ni Zhen, translated by Chris Berry. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002, pp. 45-6. ^ "China's Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
Mentors Palestine's Annemarie Jacir 2010-2011". "Rolex Mentor and Protégé Journal". Retrieved 29 July 2017.  ^ "Architect of Beijing's Olympic Ceremonies to Receive Honorary Degree BU Today Boston University". BU Today. Retrieved 2017-10-25.  ^ "Citations for Recipients of Honorary Degrees at Yale University 2010". YaleNews. 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2017-10-25.  ^ Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(2008). "Going to Film Academy, Changed My Life" 《考上电影学院,改变了我一生》. 《青年文摘》 [Youth Literary Digest] (in Chinese). Beijing: China
China
Youth Press. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-7-5006-6468-0.  ^ a b c d Crow, Jonathan. "Zhang Yimou". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-01.  ^ Zhang Yingjin (2003-10-10). "A Centennial Review of Chinese Cinema". The University of California, San Diego. Archived from the original on 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ "A Brief History of Chinese Film". The University of Edinburgh-Cinema China
China
'07. Archived from the original on 2008-06-06. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ "Berlinale - Archive - Annual Archives - 1988 - Prize Winners". Berlin International Film Festival. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved September 11, 2006.  ^ Neo, David (September 2003). "Red Sorghum: A Search for Roots". Senses of Cinema. Archived from the original on 2008-08-02. Retrieved 2008-08-28.  ^ " 16th Moscow International Film Festival (1989)". MIFF. Archived from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-24.  ^ Ebert, Roger (1992-03-12). "Raise the Red Lantern :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ Kleid, Beth (September 14, 1992). "MOVIES." Los Angeles Times, p. 2. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Awards 1994". Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ To Live - by Roger Ebert ^ Zhang Yimou. Frances K. Gateward, Yimou Zhang, University Press of Mississippi, 2001, pp. 63-4. ^ Ebert, Roger (1996-02-16). "Shanghai Triad". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ Kraicer, Shelly (2001). "Not One Less". Persimmons. 1 (3): 85. Retrieved 9 September 2009.  ^ Rea, Steven (24 March 2000). "In a Chinese village, the teacher is 13". The Philadelphia Inquirer.  ^ Feinstein, Howard (6 February 2000). "Losing a Muse and Moving On". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 September 2009.  ^ Rooney, David (1999-09-13). "Chinese best at Venice fest". Variety. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ "Kung Fu Power for 'Hero' at Box Office". The New York Times. 2004-08-30. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ Gough, Neil (2004-04-12). " Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
Interview". Time. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ "House of Flying Daggers". Metacritic. Retrieved 2009-01-14.  ^ "Zhang Yimou's new film makes domestic debut". China
China
Daily. 2005-12-18. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ Catsoulis, Jeannette (2006-12-21). " Curse of the Golden Flower
Curse of the Golden Flower
- Movie - Review". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ Barboza, David (2008-08-07). "Gritty Renegade Now Directs China's Close-Up". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-01.  ^ 68th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2009. ^ Citations for Recipients of Honorary Degrees at Yale University
Yale University
2010 Archived June 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Big expectations for Zhang Yimou's The 13 Women of Nanjing". Asia Pacific Arts. 2011-04-18.  ^ Patrick Brzeski (December 15, 2016). "'The Great Wall': Why the Stakes Are Sky-High for Matt Damon's $150M Chinese Epic". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 29, 2016.  ^ Larson, Wendy (2017). Zhang Yimou: Globalization and the Subject of Culture. USA: Cambria Press. pp. 1–11. ISBN 9781604979756.  ^ Eckholm, Erik (1998-09-01). " Turandot
Turandot
- Directed by ZHANG Yimou, at the Forbidden City Beijing". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ Director Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
Fine Tunes 'Red Lantern' Ballet ^ ""Liu Sanjie" performed in natural scenic setting". China
China
Daily. 2003-08-17. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ Morris, Lois B. & Lipsyte, Robert (2006-10-01). "The Great Wall Rises (and Falls) at the Met". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ " Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
and his five creative generals". Official Website of the Beijing
Beijing
2008 Olympic Games. Archived from the original on April 28, 2009. Retrieved 2008-08-21.  ^ "Person Of The Year 2008". Time. 2008-12-17.  ^ "Chinese director investigated for having 7 kids Updated". May 8, 2013.  ^ 陈婷_陈婷[张艺谋妻子]_互动百科 ^ 揭秘张艺谋娇妻陈婷:相貌不似“谋女郎”贵妇气质 - 海外华人 - 新华网 Archived 2013-09-01 at the Wayback Machine. ^ China: Filmmaker Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
fined $1M for breach of one-child policy - CNN.com ^ "Director Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
Pays $1.2M for Having 3 Kids". go.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014.  ^ Kevin Ma (June 12, 2014). " Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
confirms Great Wall plans". Film Business Asia. Archived from the original on June 15, 2014. Retrieved June 15, 2014.  ^ Jen Yamato (December 12, 2014). "King Kong Pic 'Skull Island' Moves To 2017 With New Title; Zhang Yimou's 'Great Wall' Epic Dated For 2016". Deadline.com. Retrieved December 13, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

Gateward, Frances (editor): Zhang Yimou: Interviews Conversations with Filmmakers Series, University Press of Mississippi, 2001. ISBN 1-57806-262-4. Colamartino, Fabrizio & Marco Dalla Gassa : "Il cinema di Zhang Yimou" Le Mani, 2003, ISBN 978-88-8012-244-9. (Italian)

External links[edit]

Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
on IMDb Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
at AllMovie Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
at Senses of Cinema's Great Directors Critical Database Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
at the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Movie Database Works by or about Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) " Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
collected news and commentary". The New York Times. 

Interviews and articles

Text of interview with Zhang Yimou, 2002 Zhang Yimou's Interview on the Southern Weekend on August 14, 2008. Music from the Films of Zhang Yimou NYTimes.com - Behind the Scenes: Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
on YouTube Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
for Jean Paul Gaultier

v t e

Films directed by Zhang Yimou

Red Sorghum (1987) Codename Cougar
Codename Cougar
(1988) Ju Dou
Ju Dou
(1990) Raise the Red Lantern
Raise the Red Lantern
(1991) The Story of Qiu Ju
The Story of Qiu Ju
(1992) To Live (1994) Shanghai Triad
Shanghai Triad
(1995) Lumière and Company
Lumière and Company
(segment) (1995) Keep Cool (1997) Not One Less
Not One Less
(1999) The Road Home (1999) Happy Times
Happy Times
(2000) Hero (2002) House of Flying Daggers
House of Flying Daggers
(2004) Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles
Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles
(2005) Curse of the Golden Flower
Curse of the Golden Flower
(2006) To Each His Own Cinema
To Each His Own Cinema
(segment: Movie Night) (2007) A Simple Noodle Story
A Simple Noodle Story
(2009) Under the Hawthorn Tree (2010) The Flowers of War
The Flowers of War
(2011) Coming Home (2014) The Great Wall (2016) Shadow (2018)

v t e

The Fifth Generation

Beijing
Beijing
Film Academy: Class of 1982

Chen Kaige
Chen Kaige
(director) Gu Changwei (cinematographer/director) He Qun (art director/director) Hou Yong (cinematographer/director) Hu Mei
Hu Mei
(director) Li Shaohong (director) Liu Miaomiao (director) Lü Yue (cinematographer/director) Ning Ying (director) Peng Xiaolian
Peng Xiaolian
(director) Tian Zhuangzhuang
Tian Zhuangzhuang
(director) Wu Ziniu (director) Xia Gang (director) Xie Xiaojing (director) Zhang Jianya (director) Zhang Junzhao (director) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(cinematographer/director) Zhao Fei (cinematographer)

Associated Figures

He Ping (director) Huang Jianxin (director) Sun Zhou (director) Zhang Zeming (director) Zhou Xiaowen (director) Wu Tianming
Wu Tianming
(producer)

Major Works

Our Corner (1980) One and Eight
One and Eight
(1983) Yellow Earth
Yellow Earth
(1984) The Horse Thief (1985) The Black Cannon Incident (1985) Red Sorghum (1987) Evening Bell (1988) Ju Dou
Ju Dou
(1990) Raise the Red Lantern
Raise the Red Lantern
(1991) Farewell My Concubine (1993) The Blue Kite
The Blue Kite
(1993) Ermo
Ermo
(1994)

Awards for Zhang Yimou

v t e

Golden Rooster Award for Best Actor

1980s

N/A (1981) Zhang Yan (1982) N/A (1983) Yang Zaibao/Dong Xingji (1984) Lu Xiaohe (1985) Liu Zifeng (1986) Liu Wenzhi (1987) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(1988) Xie Yuan/ Tao Zeru
Tao Zeru
(1989)

1990s

Lu Qi (1990) Li Xuejian (1991) Wang Tiecheng (1992) Ge You (1993) Li Baotian (1994) Li Rentang (1995) Gao Ming (1996) Liu Peiqi (1997) Feng Gong (1998) Teng Rujun (1999)

2000s

Chen Daoming (2000) Ge Zhijun (2001) Ning Cai (2002) Xia Yu (2003) Liu Ye (2004) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
(2005) Fu Dalong (2007) Wu Gang (2009)

2010s

Sun Chun (2011) Huang Xiaoming/ Zhang Guoli (2013) Zhang Hanyu
Zhang Hanyu
(2015) Deng Chao (2017)

v t e

Golden Rooster Award for Best Director

1980s

Xie Jin
Xie Jin
(1981) Cheng Yin (1982) Wu Yigong (1983) Tang Xiaodan (1984) Ling Zifeng (1985) Yan Xueshu (1986) Ding Yinnan (1987) Wu Tianming
Wu Tianming
(1988) Wu Ziniu (1989)

1990s

Li Qiankuan/Xiao Guiyun/Xie Tieli/ Zhao Yuan (1990) none (1991) Sun Zhou/director group of Da Juezhan (1992) Xia Gang (1993) He Ping (1994) Huang Jianxin/Yang Yazhou (1995) Wu Tianming
Wu Tianming
(1996) Wei Lian (1997) Hu Bingliu/Sai Fu/Mai Lisi (1998) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(1999)

2000s

Zhang Yimou/Chen Guoxing (2000) Huo Jianqi (2001) Yang Yazhou/ Chen Kaige
Chen Kaige
(2002) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(2003) Peng Xiaolian
Peng Xiaolian
(2004) Ma Liwen (2005) Qi Jian/Yin Li (2007) Feng Xiaogang (2009)

2010s

Chen Li (2011) Peter Chan
Peter Chan
(2013) Tsui Hark
Tsui Hark
(2015)

v t e

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Film Award for Best Film from Mainland and Taiwan

You Are the Apple of My Eye (2011) Back to 1942
Back to 1942
(2012) So Young (2013) Coming Home (2014) The Assassin (2015) Godspeed (2016)

v t e

Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actor

1962–1963

Cui Wei (1962) Zhang Liang (1963)

1980–2004

Li Rentang (1980) Da Shichang (1981) Wang Xingang (1982) Yan Shunkai
Yan Shunkai
(1983) Yang Zaibao (1984) Lu Xiaohe (1985) Yang Zaibao (1986) Jiang Wen
Jiang Wen
(1987) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(1988) Jiang Wen
Jiang Wen
(1989) Gu Yue (1990) Li Xuejian (1991) Wang Tiecheng (1992) Gu Yue (1993) Li Baotian (1994) Li Rentang (1995) Zhang Guoli (1996) Gao Ming (1997) Ge You (1998) Zhao Benshan
Zhao Benshan
(1999) Pan Changjiang (2000) Wang Qingxiang (2001) Ge You (2002) Lu Qi (2003) Ge You (2004)

2006–present

Wu Jun (2006) Zhang Hanyu
Zhang Hanyu
(2008) Chen Kun
Chen Kun
(2010) Wen Zhang (2012) Huang Xiaoming (2014) Feng Shaofeng (2016)

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director

Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1966) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1967) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1968) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1969) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1970) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1971) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1975) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1976) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1977) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1978) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
/ Robert Benton (1979) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani (1983) Robert Bresson (1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Lars von Trier
Lars von Trier
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(1998) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2003) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(2004) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2012) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Todd Haynes
Todd Haynes
(2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
(2017)

v t e

Tokyo International Film Festival
Tokyo International Film Festival
Best Actor

1980s

Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(1987) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1989)

1990s

Otar Megvinetukhutsesi (1991) Max von Sydow
Max von Sydow
(1992) Masahiro Motoki (1993) Niu Zhenhua (1994) Zhu Xu (1996) Kōji Yakusho
Kōji Yakusho
(1997) Brad Renfro
Brad Renfro
(1998) Carlos Álvarez-Nóvoa
Carlos Álvarez-Nóvoa
(1999)

2000s

Moussa Maaskri (2000) Andrew Howard (2001) Graham Greene (2002) Teruyuki Kagawa
Teruyuki Kagawa
(2003) Oldzhas Nusupbayev (2004) Kōichi Satō (2005) Roy Dupuis
Roy Dupuis
(2006) Damian Ul (2007) Vincent Cassel
Vincent Cassel
(2008) Christo Christov (2009)

2010s

Wang Qianyuan
Wang Qianyuan
(2010) François Cluzet
François Cluzet
/ Omar Sy
Omar Sy
(2011) Seo Young-joo (2012) Wang Jingchun (2013) Robert Więckiewicz
Robert Więckiewicz
(2014) Roland Møller
Roland Møller
/ Louis Hofmann
Louis Hofmann
(2015) Paolo Ballesteros
Paolo Ballesteros
(2016) Duan Yihong (2017)

v t e

Forbes China
China
Celebrity 100

2004

Yao Ming Zhang Ziyi Zhao Wei Faye Wong Gong Li Zhang Yimou Zhou Xun Leon Lai Sun Nan Jet Li Carina Lau Han Hong Lu Yi Yu Quan Sun Jihai Na Ying Wang Zhizhi Zhao Benshan Ge You Li Tie

2005

Yao Ming Zhang Ziyi Liu Xiang Zhao Wei Faye Wong Zhang Yimou Zhou Xun Sun Nan Carina Lau Fan Bingbing Lu Yi Gong Li Dao Lang Chen Kun Ge You Tian Liang Guo Jingjing Feng Xiaogang Zhao Benshan Liu Ye

2006

Yao Ming Zhou Xun Zhang Ziyi Zhao Wei Liu Xiang Li Yuchun Fan Bingbing Chen Kaige Sun Nan Li Bingbing Carina Lau Feng Xiaogang Gong Li Lu Yi Zhao Benshan Chen Kun Chen Hao Xu Jinglei He Jiong Guo Jingjing

2007

Yao Ming Liu Xiang Zhang Yimou Zhang Ziyi Gong Li Zhou Xun Fan Bingbing Li Yuchun Xu Jinglei Carina Lau Feng Xiaogang Zheng Jie
Zheng Jie
& Yan Zi Li Bingbing Zhao Benshan Jane Zhang Hu Jun Chen Kun Chen Daoming Chen Hao Ge You

2008

Yao Ming Liu Xiang Jet Li Yi Jianlian Zhang Ziyi Fan Bingbing Zhao Wei Zhou Xun Li Bingbing Zhao Benshan Gong Li Xu Jinglei Guo Degang Zhang Guoli Jane Zhang Huang Xiaoming Ge You Lin Dan Sun Li Huang Shengyi

2009

Yao Ming Zhang Ziyi Yi Jianlian Guo Jingjing Liu Xiang Jet Li Zhao Wei Fan Bingbing Zhou Xun Li Bingbing Sun Li Gong Li Ge You Zhang Yining Zhao Benshan Huang Xiaoming Lin Dan Zhang Yimou Zhang Guoli Wang Liqin

2010

Jackie Chan Jay Chou Andy Lau Yao Ming Zhang Ziyi Zhao Benshan Jolin Tsai Donnie Yen Liu Xiang Fan Bingbing Lin Chi-ling Eason Chan Lu Chen Nicholas Tse Aaron Kwok Li Yuchun Sun Honglei Zhou Xun Huang Xiaoming Zhao Wei

2011

Andy Lau Jay Chou Faye Wong Jackie Chan Yao Ming Donnie Yen Zhang Ziyi Jet Li Fan Bingbing Zhao Benshan Huang Xiaoming Wang Leehom Lin Chi-ling Feng Xiaogang Jolin Tsai Barbie Shu Jiang Wen Eason Chan Jacky Cheung Zhang Yimou

2012

Jay Chou Andy Lau Fan Bingbing Faye Wong Li Na Zhao Benshan Jolin Tsai Yao Ming Jackie Chan Lin Chi-ling Eason Chan Nicholas Tse Yang Mi Zhang Ziyi Jacky Cheung Wang Leehom Show Lo Donnie Yen Shu Qi Li Bingbing

2013

Fan Bingbing Jay Chou Andy Lau Jackie Chan Zhang Ziyi Eason Chan Yang Mi Huang Xiaoming Jolin Tsai Lin Chi-ling Li Na Wang Leehom Zhao Benshan Show Lo Li Yuchun Mo Yan Shu Qi Donnie Yen Faye Wong Mayday

2014

Fan Bingbing Andy Lau Jay Chou Huang Xiaoming Zhang Ziyi Yang Mi Lin Chi-ling Li Na Nicky Wu Jackie Chan Eason Chan Mayday Show Lo Wang Leehom Zhou Xun Nicholas Tse Donnie Yen Jimmy Lin Hawick Lau Jolin Tsai

2015

Fan Bingbing Jay Chou Nicholas Tse Jackie Chan Huang Xiaoming Sun Li Zhao Wei Andy Lau Li Yifeng Eason Chan G.E.M. Angelababy Li Bingbing Wang Feng Li Na Jolin Tsai Zhou Xun Carina Lau Li Chen Tiffany Tang

2017

Fan Bingbing Luhan Yang Mi Zhao Liying Yang Yang Liu Tao Jackie Chan Angelababy Jay Chou Kris Wu Li Yifeng Deng Chao Sun Li Tiffany Tang Chen Kun Huang Xiaoming TFBoys Hu Ge Liu Shishi Lay

The table includes only the top 20. In 2010, the list started to include Chinese celebrities born in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and abroad. Prior to that it only included celebrities born in mainland China.

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 111742197 LCCN: nr90013309 ISNI: 0000 0001 2284 1810 GND: 120728788 SELIBR: 245850 SUDOC: 085675520 BNF: cb13966102s (data) NDL: 00625474 BNE: XX1379146 SN

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