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Yeovil
Yeovil
(/ˈjoʊvəl/ YOH-vəl) is an English town and civil parish in the district of South Somerset, with a population of 45,000.[1] It lies in Yeovil
Yeovil
parliamentary constituency. It is close to Somerset's southern boundary with Dorset, 130 miles (210 km) from London, 40 miles (64 km) south of Bristol, 6 miles (9.7 km) from Sherborne
Sherborne
and 30 miles (48 km) from Taunton. In the 20th century it developed into a centre for the aircraft and defence industries, which made it a target for bombing in the Second World War, with one of the largest employers being Westland Aircraft. Additionally, the Fleet Air Arm
Fleet Air Arm
has a station, RNAS Yeovilton
Yeovilton
(HMS Heron), the primary base of the Royal Navy's Westland Wildcat
Westland Wildcat
and Westland EH101
Westland EH101
helicopters, several miles north of the town, and the Ministry of Defence is a major local employer. Several other manufacturing and retail companies also have bases in the town. Yeovil
Yeovil
Country Park, which includes Ninesprings, is one of several open spaces with educational, cultural and sporting facilities. Religious sites include the 14th-century Church of St John the Baptist. The town is on the A30 and A37 roads and has two railway stations on two separate railway lines. There is also a small railway museum.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Medieval
Medieval
times 1.2 Ownership 1.3 Development

2 Governance

2.1 International links

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demography 5 Economy 6 Landmarks 7 Transport 8 Education 9 Religious sites 10 Youth and sports

10.1 Youth

11 In popular culture 12 Notable former and current residents 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Archaeological surveys of the town have yielded palaeolithic remains, in the shape of burial and settlement sites mainly to the south of the modern town,[2] particularly in Hendford where a Bronze Age
Bronze Age
golden torc (twisted collar) was found.[3] Yeovil
Yeovil
is on the main Roman road
Roman road
from Dorchester to the Fosse Way
Fosse Way
at Ilchester. The route of the old road is aligned with the A37 from Dorchester, Hendford Hill, Rustywell, across the Westland site, to Larkhill Road and Vagg Lane, rejoining the A37 at the Halfway House pub on the Ilchester
Ilchester
Road. The Westland site has evidence of a small Roman town.[4] There were several Roman villas (estates) in the area, including finds at East Coker, West Coker
West Coker
and Lufton.[2] Medieval
Medieval
times[edit] Yeovil
Yeovil
was first mentioned in a Saxon charter dated 880 as Gifle.[5] The name derives from the Celtic river-name gifl "forked river", an earlier name of the River Yeo.[6] The estate was bequeathed in the will of King Alfred the Great
Alfred the Great
to his youngest son Aethelweard.[7] It was recorded in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Givele, a thriving market community.[8] The parish of Yeovil
Yeovil
was part of the Stone Hundred.[9] After the Norman Conquest the manor, later known as Hendford, was granted to the Count of Eu
Count of Eu
and his tenant Hugh Maltravers, whose descendants became Earls of Arundel and held the lordship until 1561.[3] In 1205 it was granted a charter by King John.[10] By the 14th century, the town had gained the right to elect a portreeve.[2] The Black Death
Black Death
exacted a heavy toll, killing approximately half the population.[8] In 1499 a major fire broke out in the town, destroying many of the wooden, thatched roofed buildings.[11] Yeovil
Yeovil
suffered further serious fires, in 1620 and again in 1643.[2] Ownership[edit] After the dissolution of the monasteries the lord of the manor was the family of John Horsey of Clifton Maybank
Clifton Maybank
from 1538 to 1610 and then by the Phelips family until 1846 when it passed to the Harbins of Newton Surmaville.[3] Babylon Hill
Babylon Hill
across the River Yeo to the south east of the town was the site of a minor skirmish, the Battle of Babylon Hill, during the English Civil War, which resulted in the Earl of Bedford's Roundheads
Roundheads
forcing back Sir Ralph Hopton's Cavaliers
Cavaliers
to Sherborne.[3]

Map of railways around Yeovil

Development[edit] During the 1800s Yeovil
Yeovil
was a centre of the glove making industry and the population expanded rapidly.[12] In the mid-19th century it became connected to the rest of Britain by a complex set of railway lines which resulted from competition between the 7 ft (2,134 mm) broad gauge lines of the Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
(GWR) and the 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge lines of the London
London
and South Western Railway (LSWR). In 1853 the Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
line was opened between Taunton
Taunton
and Yeovil. The first railway in the town was a branch line from the Bristol
Bristol
and Exeter Railway near Taunton
Taunton
to a terminus at Hendford on the western side of the town, which opened on 1 October 1853. As an associated company of the GWR, this was a broad gauge line. The GWR itself opened Yeovil Pen Mill railway station
Yeovil Pen Mill railway station
on the east side of the town as part of its route from London
London
on 1 September 1856 (this was extended to Weymouth on 1 January 1857), and the original line from Taunton
Taunton
was connected to this. The LSWR route from London
London
reached Hendford on 1 June 1860 but a month later the town was by-passed by the extension of the LSWR to Exeter. A new station at Yeovil
Yeovil
Junction was provided south of the town from where passengers could catch a connecting service to Hendford. On 1 June 1861 passenger trains were withdrawn from Hendford and transferred to a new, more central, Yeovil
Yeovil
Town railway station.[13][14] In 1854, the town gained borough status and had its first mayor.[15] In the early 20th century Yeovil
Yeovil
had around 11,000 inhabitants and was dominated by the defence industry, making it a target of German raids during World War II.[16] The worst of the bombing was in 1940 and continued until 1942. During that time 107 high explosive bombs fell on the town. 49 people died, 68 houses were totally destroyed and 2,377 damaged.[17] Industrial businesses developed in the area around the Hendford railway goods station to such a degree that a small Hendford Halt was opened on 2 May 1932 for passengers travelling to and from this district, but the growth of road transport and a desire to rationalise the rail network led to half of the railway stations in Yeovil
Yeovil
being closed in 1964. First to go was Hendford Halt which was closed on 15 June along with the line to Taunton, then Yeovil
Yeovil
Town closed on 2 October. Long-distance trains from Pen Mill had been withdrawn on 11 September 1961 leaving only Yeovil
Yeovil
Junction with a service to London, but the service between there and Pen Mill, the two remaining stations, was also withdrawn from 5 May 1968.[13][14]

Preston Park.

Governance[edit]

Yeovil
Yeovil
hospital.

Officially designated as Yeovil
Yeovil
Municipal Borough in 1854,[18] the town continued to lend its name to the area with the creation of the local government district of Yeovil
Yeovil
on 1 April 1974, with the merging several neighbouring rural and urban districts, which is today known as South Somerset.[19] Some of the suburbs fall within the civil parishes of Yeovil Without
Yeovil Without
and Brympton. Yeovil
Yeovil
still has a town council which took over the functions of the Charter Trustees in 1982. The council has responsibility for the management of recreational and leisure facilities, open spaces and play areas.[20] In 2005, Yeovil
Yeovil
Town Council became the first large council in Somerset
Somerset
to be awarded Quality Town Council status.[21] There are five electoral wards covering Yeovil. Yeovil
Yeovil
is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The constituency covers the towns of Yeovil, Chard, Crewkerne
Crewkerne
and Ilminster
Ilminster
in Somerset. Until 1983 Somerset
Somerset
was split into four constituencies and Yeovil
Yeovil
constituency also contained the towns of Ilchester, Martock
Martock
and Somerton
Somerton
but they were moved into the newly created constituency of Somerton
Somerton
and Frome. From the next election, Yeovil
Yeovil
constituency will contain Ilchester
Ilchester
once again to equalise the populations of the Somerset
Somerset
constituencies. The Boundary Commission for England
England
estimate the electorate of Yeovil
Yeovil
constituency after the pending boundary changes to be 77,049. The current MP is Marcus Fysh, a member of the Conservative Party.[22] Residents of Yeovil
Yeovil
also form part of the electorate for the South West England
England
constituency for elections to the European Parliament.[23] International links[edit] There is, in Johannesburg, South Africa, a suburb called Yeoville which has a link to Yeovil. It was proclaimed in 1890 by one Thomas Yeo Sherwell, a native of Yeovil. He named the streets after his sons, friends and business associates. Geography[edit] Yeovil
Yeovil
is situated at the southern boundary of Somerset, close to the border with Dorset, 130 miles (209 km) from London, 40 miles (64 km) south of Bristol
Bristol
and 30 miles (48 km) from Taunton. It lies in the centre of the Yeovil
Yeovil
Scarplands, a major natural region of England. The suburbs include: Summerlands, Hollands, Houndstone, Preston Plucknett, Penn Mill, New Town, Hendford, Old Town, Forest Hill, Abbey Manor, Great Lyde. Outlying villages include East Coker, West Coker, Hardington, Evershot, Halstock, Stoford, Barwick, Sutton Bingham, Mudford
Mudford
and Yetminster. Other nearby villages include Bradford Abbas, Thornford
Thornford
Corscombe, Montacute
Montacute
(where one will find Montacute
Montacute
House), and Pendomer. The village of Brympton, now almost a suburb of Yeovil, contains the medieval manor of Brympton
Brympton
d'Evercy. Tintinhull
Tintinhull
is also a village close to Yeovil
Yeovil
featuring the National Trust owned Tintinhull
Tintinhull
House and Gardens. Ninesprings
Ninesprings
Country Park is in the south east near Penn Hill. It is linked to by a cycleway following the route of the old railway to Riverside Walk, Wyndham Hill and Summerhouse Hill forming the 40-hectare (99-acre) Yeovil
Yeovil
Country Park.[24][25] Climate[edit] Along with the rest of South West England, Yeovil
Yeovil
has a temperate climate which is generally wetter and milder than the rest of the country. The annual mean temperature is approximately 10 °C (50.0 °F) and shows a seasonal and a diurnal variation, but due to the modifying effect of the sea the range is less than in most other parts of the UK. January is the coldest month with mean minimum temperatures between 1 °C (33.8 °F) and 2 °C (35.6 °F). July and August are the warmest months in the region with mean daily maxima around 22 °C (71.60 °F).[26] The south-west of England
England
has a favoured location with respect to the Azores
Azores
high pressure when it extends its influence north-eastwards towards the UK, particularly in summer. Convective
Convective
cloud often forms inland however, especially near hills, reducing the number of hours of sunshine. The average annual sunshine totals around 1,700 hours.[26] Rainfall tends to be associated with Atlantic depressions or with convection. The Atlantic depressions are more vigorous in autumn and winter and most of the rain which falls in those seasons in the south-west is from this source. Average rainfall is about 725 millimetres (28.5 in). November to March have the highest mean wind speeds, with June to August having the lightest winds. The predominant wind direction is from the south-west.[26]

Climate data for Yeovilton
Yeovilton
20m amsl (1981-2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8.3 (46.9) 8.5 (47.3) 10.9 (51.6) 13.4 (56.1) 16.8 (62.2) 19.7 (67.5) 21.8 (71.2) 21.6 (70.9) 19.0 (66.2) 15.0 (59) 11.3 (52.3) 8.6 (47.5) 14.58 (58.22)

Average low °C (°F) 1.7 (35.1) 1.4 (34.5) 3.0 (37.4) 4.0 (39.2) 7.2 (45) 10.0 (50) 12.1 (53.8) 12.0 (53.6) 9.9 (49.8) 7.3 (45.1) 4.0 (39.2) 1.8 (35.2) 6.2 (43.16)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 67.6 (2.661) 48.5 (1.909) 49.6 (1.953) 50.2 (1.976) 48.5 (1.909) 50.3 (1.98) 53.3 (2.098) 55.0 (2.165) 54.9 (2.161) 78.3 (3.083) 74.2 (2.921) 78.1 (3.075) 708.5 (27.891)

Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 12.2 9.3 10.4 10.1 9 8.3 8.2 8.9 9.4 12.2 12.1 12.1 122.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 55 75.6 113 166.1 193.5 195.5 202.3 192.7 143.9 104.9 70.6 50.9 1,564

Source: Met Office

Demography[edit] The Yeovil
Yeovil
urban area had a population of 41,871 at the 2001 census,[27] although in 2011 the civil parish was home to 30,378.[1] The parish is made up of Yeovil
Yeovil
Central Ward which has a population of 7230,[28] Yeovil
Yeovil
East 7300,[29] Yeovil
Yeovil
South 7802,[30] and Yeovil
Yeovil
West 7280.[31] The urban area also includes Yeovil Without
Yeovil Without
which has a population of 7260 and Brympton
Brympton
with 5268.[32]

Population since 1801 – Source: A Vision of Britain through Time

Year 1801 1851 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001

Population South Somerset[33] 70,769 93,075 85,080 84,280 85,001 85,729 92,313 99,407 106,462 114,020 129,310 143,395 150,974

Economy[edit]

Westland Helicopters
Westland Helicopters
works

AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
manufactures helicopters in Yeovil,[34] and Normalair Garratt, (Honeywell) builder of aircraft oxygen systems, is also based in the town.[35] Yeovil's reputation as a centre of the aircraft and defence industries lived on into the 21st century despite attempts at diversification, and the creation of numerous industrial estates, the principal employer is the aviation group AgustaWestland. This firm was created through the acquisition of Westland Helicopters
Westland Helicopters
by Finmeccanica in 2000.[36] In January 1986 the proposed sale of Westland to the American Sikorsky Aircraft
Sikorsky Aircraft
group led to the Westland affair, a crisis in the Thatcher government, the resignation of Michael Heseltine
Michael Heseltine
as Secretary of State for Defence[37] and the resignation two weeks later of the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, Leon Brittan, after his admission of leaking of a governmental law officer's letter which harshly criticised Mr Heseltine.[38] Yeovil
Yeovil
Aerodrome (ICAO: EGHG), sometimes known as Yeovil/Westland 'Judwin' (to avoid confusion with nearby RNAS Yeovilton), is located 1 nautical mile (1.9 km) west of the town centre. British defence giant BAE Systems
BAE Systems
also operate a site which produces high-integrity networked software solutions primarily for the military. The Screwfix Direct
Screwfix Direct
company is based in Houndstone, having started life as the Woodscrew Supply Company in 1979;[39] it is now a subsidiary of Kingfisher plc.[40] The company's warehouse was relocated to Stoke-on-Trent following failure to gain planning permission for building expansion.[41] The Quedam Shopping Centre is a complex of around 45 shops. As well as the usual array of British high street shops, the centre houses several independent retailers and a multi-storey car park of approximately 650 spaces.[42] Landmarks[edit]

Jack the Treacle Eater, one of the Barwick follies

One of the symbols of Yeovil
Yeovil
is "Jack the Treacle Eater", a folly consisting of a small archway topped by a turret with a statue on top.[43] This is actually located in the village of Barwick, just to the south of the town. The hamstone Abbey Farm House was built around 1420 by John Stourton II, known as Jenkyn,[44] and the associated Abbey Barn dates from the same period.[45] Hendford Manor in the centre of the town was built around 1720 and has since been converted into offices. It is a Grade II* listed building.[46] Newton Surmaville
Newton Surmaville
is a small park and house which is also known as Newton House. It was built between 1608 and 1612, for Robert Harbin, a Yeovil
Yeovil
merchant. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[47] Yeovil
Yeovil
has two theatres; The Octagon,[48] and The Swan,[49] a ten-screen cinema and 18-lane ten-pin bowling alley. Yeovil
Yeovil
District Hospital NHS Foundation Trust provides local health services. The Yeovil Railway Centre
Yeovil Railway Centre
is a small railway museum at Yeovil
Yeovil
Junction. It was created in 1993 in response to British Rail's decision to remove the turntable from Yeovil
Yeovil
Junction. Approximately 0.25 miles (400 m) of track along the Clifton Maybank
Clifton Maybank
spur is used for demonstration trains. Transport[edit]

A South West Coaches
South West Coaches
shuttle service to the town centre calls at Yeovil
Yeovil
Junction

The town has two railway stations on two separate railway lines. Yeovil
Yeovil
Pen Mill is on the Bristol
Bristol
to Weymouth line[50] served by Great Western Railway services, whilst Yeovil
Yeovil
Junction is on the London Waterloo to Exeter line served by South Western Railway.[51] Both stations are situated some distance from the centre of Yeovil, with Pen Mill station being just under 1 mile (1.6 km) to the east and Junction station being just over 1.75 miles (2.82 km) to the south. Bus services link the town centre with Yeovil
Yeovil
Junction operated by South West Coaches[52][53] except on Sundays and bank holidays when a service is operated by First West of England.[54] The latter company also operate a service to Pen Mill,[55] Yeovil
Yeovil
has bus services provided by First West of England, First Hampshire & Dorset, Nordcat, South West Coaches, Stagecoach South West and Damory Coaches
Damory Coaches
along with coach services from National Express, Berry's Coaches
Berry's Coaches
and South West Tours. There are around 62 separate bus routes serving Yeovil
Yeovil
as at March 2009, of which four run Wednesday-Saturday nights only, and six of which run on Sundays. Many of the listed services serve Yeovil
Yeovil
College. All bus routes except First West of England
England
local routes towards the Western side of the town serve Yeovil
Yeovil
bus station.

Education[edit] Further education in Yeovil
Yeovil
is principally offered by Yeovil College,[56] with land-based studies available through a Yeovil
Yeovil
centre of Bridgwater
Bridgwater
College,[57] and some provision through private providers. It also contains one higher education university centre, University Centre Yeovil. The registered awarding body for the university centre is primarily Bournemouth University
Bournemouth University
with University of the West of England
England
offering some additional courses.[58] Secondary education in Yeovil
Yeovil
is provided by four schools. Westfield Academy is situated on Stiby Road. It has four main buildings on site and over 15 different facilities. Preston School, with specialist Business and Enterprise College status, was opened in 1961 and celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2011. Past pupils include the actress, Sarah Parish. Bucklers Mead Academy has specialist Music and Technology Facilities. Past pupils include Sir Ian Botham.[59] The Park School, situated near to the centre of the town, is Yeovil's independent school offering co-education for day students and boarders. Religious sites[edit]

St John's Church.

The Anglican
Anglican
Church of St John The Baptist
Baptist
dates from the late 14th century. The tower is 92 feet (28 m) high, in four stages with set-back offset corner buttresses. It is capped by openwork balustrading matching the parapets which are from the 19th century. There are two-light late-14th-century windows on all sides at bell-ringing and bell-chamber levels, the latter having fine pierced stonework grilles. There is a stair turret to the northwest corner, with a weather vane termination.[60] The church has been designated by English Heritage
English Heritage
as a grade I listed building.[60] Yeovil
Yeovil
also has a Roman Catholic church (Holy Ghost Church), three Methodist
Methodist
Churches – Preston Road, St Marks (Chelston Avenue) and Vicarage Street (Town Centre), a Baptist
Baptist
church in South Street, Salvation Army, Elim Pentecostal Church, Yeovil
Yeovil
Community Church (Evangelical, based at "The GateWay"), Yeovil
Yeovil
Family Church (New Frontiers),[61] and several other Anglican
Anglican
churches. Youth and sports[edit]

Huish Park

Youth[edit] In April 2006 Yeovil
Yeovil
became the first town in Britain to institute a somewhat controversial system of biometric fingerprint scanning in nightclubs. Individuals wishing to gain access to one of the town's nightclubs were asked in the first instance to submit their personal details for inclusion in a central system. This included a photograph and index fingerprint. Thereafter, each entry to one of the participating premises required a fingerprint scan. The scheme is no longer in operation. According to Nigel J Marston, Licensing Manager of South Somerset
Somerset
District Council, the scheme was short-lived as, "The company that originally supplied went through various changes of ownership and the project became unsupported. This allied to several of the venues closing down lead to the death of the scheme."[62][63] In February 2007, Yeovil
Yeovil
Town Council became the first English council to ban the children's craze Heelys
Heelys
in the centre of the town and High Street. Skateboards, roller skates and roller blades are also illegal in the area. Councilors have stated this is due to "numerous complaints about the activities of youngsters".[64] In late July 2007, South Somerset
Somerset
District Council plans were made public by the Western Gazette to build a £21 m ' Yeovil
Yeovil
Sports Zone' on Yeovil
Yeovil
Recreation Ground,[65] which has been a popular open green space used by the local community for over seventy years. Residents fought to protect the Rec,[66] leading to rejection of the proposals in 2009,[67] and further consultations in 2010.[68] The free, informal recreational space of Mudford
Mudford
Rec, as it is known colloquially, was frequented by England
England
Cricket great Ian Botham during his childhood stay in Yeovil.[69] Another regeneration project was to have included the demolition of Foundry House, a former glove factory, however a local campaign led to this becoming a listed building and it will now be converted into a restaurant and offices and new shop and houses will be built on the surrounding site.[70] The town's football team, Yeovil
Yeovil
Town F.C., play in green and white livery at Huish Park, and currently compete in Football League
Football League
Two. Known as the "Glovers" (a reference to the town's glove-making past), they were founded in 1895 and won promotion to Division Three as Football Conference
Football Conference
champions in 2003.[71] They had achieved numerous FA Cup
FA Cup
victories over Football League
Football League
sides in the past 50 years, and since joining the league they have won promotion again – as League Two champions in 2005, and League One play-off winners in 2013. In women's football, Yeovil Town L.F.C.
Yeovil Town L.F.C.
were founded in 1990 and won promotion to England's highest tier, the FA Women's Super League, in 2016. Other football teams within the town include Westland's Sports Football Club who play at Alvington Lane and Pen Mill Football Club. Yeovil Olympiads Athletics Club
Yeovil Olympiads Athletics Club
was founded in 1969,[72] and has produced many international athletes since its creation. The first was Eric Berry who came 6th in the 1973 European Juniors in the hammer event. Olympians who started with the club include Max Robertson and Gary Jennings, both 400 metres hurdlers. Yeovil
Yeovil
is home to Ivel Barbarians Rugby Club. Ivel was formed in 1995 by the merger of Yeovil
Yeovil
Rugby Club and Westlands Rugby Club.[73] South Somerset
Somerset
Warriors were formed in 2010 and played in the South West Division of the Rugby League Conference
Rugby League Conference
until folding in 2011.[74] The Goldenstones Pool and Leisure Centre provides a 25 metres (82 ft) swimming pool, separate teaching pool, refurbished and expanded Springs gym, sauna, steam room, spectator area and work out studio.[75][76] Preston Sports Centre has undergone a £800,000 refurbishment, during the development the sports hall was refurbished and built a brand new 25+ station Gym and dance studio. As well as the fitness facilities the centre also offers a number of sport development programmes for toddlers through to teenagers and also hire out the facilities.[77] In popular culture[edit] Yeovil
Yeovil
is the location for the fictional School of Lifemanship in a series of novels by Stephen Potter: Gamesmanship (1947), Lifemanship (1950), One-Upmanship (1952), Supermanship (1958), Anti-Woo (1965) and The Complete Golf Gamesmanship (1968). The books were adapted for the 1960 film School for Scoundrels, starring Alastair Sim, Terry-Thomas, Ian Carmichael and Irene Handl.[78] Later they were adapted by Barry Took into a BBC TV comedy series called One-Upmanship (1974–78), starring Richard Briers
Richard Briers
and Peter Jones. Yeovil
Yeovil
is also one of the three principal locations in John Cowper Powys's 1929 novel, Wolf Solent.[79] Yeovil
Yeovil
is known in Thomas Hardy's Wessex
Wessex
as "Ivell".[80] Local band The Chesterfields released a single called "Last train to Yeovil" and the pop band Bubblegum Splash also released a song called "18:10 to Yeovil
Yeovil
Junction".[81] The folk band Show of Hands
Show of Hands
wrote a song entitled " Yeovil
Yeovil
Town" about the violence and crime they experienced after playing a small gig in Yeovil.[82] Yeovil
Yeovil
is mentioned by John Finnemore (writer) in his song Red Trousers. Notable former and current residents[edit] Main category: People from Yeovil Yeovil
Yeovil
has been the home or birthplace to several notable people. Robert Harbin who was born in 1526, was a mercer by profession, who lived and died in Yeovil. He is buried in St. John the Baptist
Baptist
Church. His house, located at the edge of town and named Newton Surmaville, was completed in 1612. Harbin was granted his coat of arms in May 1612 and given the title "Gentleman". He was not knighted.[83] Stukeley Westcott was an early American (17th century) settler. and the co-founder, with Roger Williams and 11 others, of Providence, Rhode Island (1636), an early American religious freedom asylum.[84] Alison Adburgham (1912–1997), social historian and fashion journalist, was born in the town.[85] Michael T. Davies, a traditionalist Catholic writer and public figure was born in Yeovil
Yeovil
in 1936,[86] while the film historian William K. Everson was born in the town in 1929.[87] Sportspeople from the town include: Barnsley defender Martin Cranie,[88] Olympic pentathlete Sam Weale and his twin brother Chris Weale who is a professional goalkeeper for Yeovil
Yeovil
Town.[89] Heather Stanning, a rower who won a gold medal in the 2012 Olympic Games, was born in Yeovil.[90] England
England
Women's Rugby World Cup winner 2014, and freedom of the town holder Marlie Packer is from Yeovil. The arts are represented by Jim Cregan, a guitarist with Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel,[91] the musician John Parish,[92] and his younger sister the actress Sarah Parish.[93] Rock drummer Andy (Andrew) Hawtin was born in Yeovil
Yeovil
in 1979, living in East Coker
East Coker
until 1986. The artist Flora Twort
Flora Twort
was born in Yeovil
Yeovil
in 1893.[94] See also[edit]

Somerset
Somerset
portal

RNAS Yeovilton
Yeovilton
(HMS Heron)

References[edit]

^ a b c " Yeovil
Yeovil
Economic Profile" (web page). Somerset
Somerset
Intelligence. Retrieved 2 April 2015.  ^ a b c d Gathercole, Clare (2003). "An archaeological assessment of Yeovil" (PDF). English Heritage
English Heritage
Extensive Urban Survey. Somerset County Council. pp. 5–6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2010.  ^ a b c d Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The Complete Guide. Wimbourne: Dovecote Press. pp. 243–246. ISBN 978-1-874336-26-6.  ^ "Westland". Somerset
Somerset
Historic Environment Record. Retrieved 20 January 2008.  ^ Goodchild, John (1954). The Borough of Yeovil. Yeovil: The Mayor, Alderman and Burgesses of the Borough of Yeovil. p. 13.  ^ Mills, A.D. (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-852758-9.  ^ Anglo-Saxon charters
Anglo-Saxon charters
S 1507 (AD 873x888), King Alfred's will, translated by S. Keynes & M. Lapidge, Alfred the Great, Harmondsworth, 1983, pp.173–78, with notes on pp.313–26. Identification of the estates left to Aethelweard is based on the corresponding notes to the translation. ^ a b "Yeovil's History". Yeovil
Yeovil
Town. Retrieved 20 January 2008.  ^ " Somerset
Somerset
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Ceremonial county of Somerset

Somerset
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Portal

Unitary authorities

Bath and North East Somerset North Somerset

Boroughs or districts

Mendip Sedgemoor South Somerset Taunton
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Major settlements

Axbridge Bath Bridgwater Bruton Burnham-on-Sea Castle Cary Chard Clevedon Crewkerne Dulverton Frome Glastonbury Highbridge Ilminster Keynsham Langport Midsomer Norton Minehead Nailsea North Petherton Portishead Radstock Shepton Mallet Somerton Taunton Watchet Wellington Wells Weston-super-Mare Wincanton Wiveliscombe Yeovil See also: List of civil parishes in Somerset

Rivers

Alham Aller Avill Avon Axe ( Bristol
Bristol
Channel) Axe (Lyme Bay) Badgworthy Water Banwell Barle Brue Cam Brook Cary Chew East Lyn Exe Fivehead Frome Haddeo Hoar Oak Water Holford Horner Huntspill Isle Land Yeo Mells Midford Brook Oare Water Parret Severn Estuary Sheppey Somer Sowy Tone Washford Wellow Brook West Lyn Whitelake Yeo (Congresbury) Yeo (South Somerset)

Topics

Country houses County Council Culture of Somerset Economy of Somerset Flag Geography of Somerset Geology of Somerset Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings High Sheriff of Somerset History of Somerset Local nature reserves Lord Lieutenant of Somerset Museums National nature reserves Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements Scheduled monuments Schools SSSIs Transport in Somerset Geographic areas: Blackdown Hills Brendon Hills Chew Valley Exmoor Mendip
Mendip
Hills Polden Hills Quantock Hills Somerset
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Levels South West Coast Path West Somerset
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Towns, villages and hamlets in the South Somerset
Somerset
district of Somerset, England

Abbas and Templecombe Alford Aller Ansford Ash Ashill Babcary Barrington Barton St David Barwick Beercrocombe Blackford Bratton Seymour Brewham Broadway Bruton Brympton Buckland St Mary Castle Cary Chaffcombe Chard Charlton Horethorne Charlton Mackrell Charlton Musgrove Chillington Chilthorne Domer Chilton Cantelo Chiselborough Closworth Combe St Nicholas Compton Dundon Corton Denham Crewkerne Cricket St Thomas Cucklington Cudworth Curry Mallet Curry Rivel Dinnington Donyatt Dowlish Wake Drayton East Chinnock East Coker Fivehead Hambridge Hardington
Hardington
Mandeville Haselbury Plucknett Henstridge High Ham Hinton St George Holton Horsington Horton Huish Episcopi Ilchester Ilminster Ilton Isle Abbots Isle Brewers Keinton Mandeville Kingsbury Episcopi Kingsdon Kingstone Kingweston Knowle St Giles Langport Limington Long Load Long Sutton Lopen Lovington Maperton Marston Magna Martock Merriott Milborne Port Middle Chinnock Misterton Montacute Muchelney Mudford North Barrow North Cadbury North Cheriton North Perrott Norton-sub-Hamdon Odcombe Penselwood Pitcombe Pitney Puckington Queen Camel Rimpton Seavington St Mary Seavington St Michael Shepton Beauchamp Shepton Montague Somerton South Barrow South Cadbury South Petherton Sparkford Stocklinch Stoke-sub-Hamdon Stoke Trister Tatworth Tintinhull Wambrook Wayford West Camel West Chinnock West Coker West Crewkerne Whitelackington Whitestaunton Wincanton Winsham Yarlington Yeovil Yeovil
Yeovil
Without Yeovilton

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 123194

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