Yekaterinburg (Russian: Екатеринбу́рг,
IPA: [jɪkətʲɪrʲɪnˈburk]), alternatively romanized
Ekaterinburg, is the fourth-largest city in
Russia and the
administrative center of Sverdlovsk Oblast, located on the Iset River
east of the Ural Mountains, in the middle of the Eurasian continent,
on the border of
Europe and Asia. It is the main cultural and
industrial center of the oblast. At the 2010 Census, it had a
population of 1,349,772. Yekaterinburg's urban area is the
fourth largest in Russia, as well as one of the three most developed
post-industrial urban areas of the country.
Yekaterinburg is also the
headquarters of the Central Military District.
Yekaterinburg was founded on November 18, 1723, named after Russian
emperor Peter the Great's wife, Yekaterina, who later became Catherine
I after Peter's death, serving as the mining capital of the Russian
Empire as well as a strategic connection between
the time. In 1781, Catherine II "the Great" gave
status of a district town of
Perm Province, and built the main road of
the Empire, the Siberian Route, through the city.
a key city to Siberia, which had a rich amount of resources, and was
known as the "window to Asia", a reference to
Saint Petersburg as a
"window to Europe". In the late 19th century,
Yekaterinburg became one
of the centers of revolutionary movements in the Urals. In 1924, after
Russia became a socialist state, the city was named Sverdlovsk
(Russian: Свердло́вск) after the Communist party leader
Yakov Sverdlov. During the Soviet Era, Sverdlovsk was turned into an
industrial and administrative powerhouse that played a part in the
Soviet Union's economy. In 1991, after the fall of the Soviet Union,
the city changed its name back to its historical name of
Yekaterinburg is one of the most important economic centers in Russia,
and the city had experienced economic and population growth recently.
Some of the tallest skyscrapers of
Russia are built here.
1.1 Imperial Era (1723-1917)
1.2 Soviet Era (1917-1991)
1.3 Contemporary Era (1991-present)
2 Administrative and municipal status
3 Geography and climate
5.3 Living costs
6.2 Public transit
6.3 Intercity transport
8 Life and culture
8.4 Sport Clubs
9 International relations
9.3 World Expo
9.4 Twin towns and sister cities
10 Notable people
14 External links
See also: Timeline of Yekaterinburg
Imperial Era (1723-1917)
Further information: Russian Empire
Vasily Tatishchev and Russian engineer Georg Wilhelm
de Gennin founded
Yekaterinburg in 1723 and named it after the wife of
Russian emperor Peter the Great, Yekaterina, who later became empress
regnant Catherine I. The official date of the city's
foundation is November 18, 1723. It was granted town status
in 1796.
The city was one of Russia's first industrial cities, prompted at the
start of the eighteenth century by decrees from the Tsar requiring the
Yekaterinburg of metal-working businesses. The city was
built, with extensive use of iron, to a regular square plan with iron
works and residential buildings at the center. These were surrounded
by fortified walls, so that
Yekaterinburg was at the same time both a
manufacturing center and a fortress at the frontier between
Asia. It therefore found itself at the heart of
Russia's strategy for further development of the entire Ural region.
The so-called Siberian highway became operational in 1763 and placed
the city on an increasingly important transit route, which led to its
development as a focus of trade and commerce between east and west,
and gave rise to the description of the city as the "window on
Asia". With the growth in trade and the city's
administrative importance, the ironworks became less critical, and the
more important buildings were increasingly built using expensive
stone. Small manufacturing and trading businesses proliferated. In
1781 Russia's empress, Catherine the Great, nominated the city as the
administrative center for the wider region.
Following the October Revolution, the family of deposed Tsar Nicholas
II were sent to internal exile in
Yekaterinburg where they were
imprisoned in the
Ipatiev House in the city.
In the early hours of the morning of July 17, 1918, the deposed
Tsar, his wife Alexandra, and their children Grand Duchesses Olga,
Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Tsarevich Alexei were executed by the
Bolsheviks at the Ipatiev House. Other members of the Romanov family
were killed at
Alapayevsk later the same day. On July 16, 1918,
the Czechoslovak legions were closing on Yekaterinburg. The Bolsheviks
executed the deposed imperial family, believing that the Czechoslovaks
were on a mission to rescue them. The Legions arrived less than a week
later and captured the city.
Snow-covered statue of Yakov Sverdlov
Soviet Era (1917-1991)
In 1924, after the Russian Revolution, the city of
named Sverdlovsk after the Communist party leader Yakov Sverdlov.
During the 1930s, Sverdlovsk was one of several places developed by
the Soviet government as a center of heavy industry, during which time
Uralmash was built. Then, during World War II, many state
technical institutions and whole factories were relocated to
Sverdlovsk away from cities affected by war (mostly Moscow), with many
of them staying in Sverdlovsk after the victory. The Hermitage Museum
collections were also partly evacuated from
Leningrad to Sverdlovsk in
July 1941 and remained there until October 1945.
The lookalike five-story apartment blocks that remain today in
Kirovsky, Chkalovsky, and other residential areas of Sverdlovsk sprang
up in the 1960s, under the direction of Khrushchev's government.
On May 1, 1960, an American U-2 spy plane, piloted by Francis
Gary Powers while under the employ of the CIA, was shot down over
Sverdlovsk Oblast. He was captured, put on trial, found guilty of
espionage and sentenced to seven years of hard labor. He served only
about a year before being exchanged for Rudolf Abel, a high-ranking
KGB spy, who had been apprehended in the
United States in 1957.
Cathedral on the Blood stands on the site of the Ipatiev House, where
the Romanovs—the last royal family of Russia—were executed
In 1977, the
Ipatiev House was demolished by order of Boris Yeltsin,
to prevent it from being used as a rallying location for monarchists.
Yeltsin later became the first President of
Russia and represented the
people at the funeral of the former Tsar in 1998.
There was an anthrax outbreak in Sverdlovsk in April and May 1979,
which was attributed to a release from the Sverdlovsk-19 military
Contemporary Era (1991-present)
During the 1991 coup d'état attempt, Sverdlovsk, the home city of
President Boris Yeltsin, was selected by him as a temporary reserve
capital for the Russian Federation, in the event that
too dangerous for the Russian government. A reserve cabinet headed by
Oleg Lobov was sent to the city, where Yeltsin enjoyed strong popular
support at that time. Shortly after the failure of the coup and
subsequent dissolution of the Soviet Union, the city regained its
historical name of
Yekaterinburg on September 4, 1991. However,
Sverdlovsk Oblast, of which
Yekaterinburg is the administrative
center, kept its name.
In the 2000s, an intensive growth of trade, business, and tourism
began in Yekaterinburg. In 2003, Russian President
Vladimir Putin and
Gerhard Schroeder negotiated in Yekaterinburg. From
June 15 to 17, 2009, the SCO and
BRIC summits were held in
Yekaterinburg, which deeply affected the economic, cultural and
tourist situation in the city. In July 13–16, 2010, a meeting
between Russian President
Dmitry Medvedev and German Chancellor Angela
Merkel took place in the city.
Administrative and municipal status
Yekaterinburg is the administrative center of the oblast. Within
the framework of the administrative divisions, it is, together with
twenty-nine rural localities, incorporated as the City of
Yekaterinburg—an administrative unit with the status equal to
that of the districts. As a municipal division, the City of
Yekaterinburg is incorporated as
Yekaterinburg Urban Okrug.
Geography and climate
Yekaterinburg City and vicinities, satellite image of ESA Sentinel-2
Yekaterinburg is situated on the border of
Europe and Asia, 1,667
kilometers (1,036 mi) east of
Moscow and 3,375 kilometers
(2,097 mi) west of Irkutsk. A misconception many people believe
Yekaterinburg is that it is located in Siberia, which it is
The city has a total area of 495 square kilometers
(191 sq mi).
Yekaterinburg is on the eastern side of the Ural Mountains, also known
as the Urals. The city is surrounded by wooded hills, partially
cultivated for agricultural purposes.
Yekaterinburg is located on a
natural watershed, so there would be many bodies of water close and in
the city. The city is bisected by the Iset River, which flows from the
Urals into the Tobol River. There are two lakes in the city, notably
the Lake Shuvakish and Lake Shartash. The city borders Verkh-Isetskiy
Pond, in which the
Iset River goes through. Lake Isetskoye and Lake
Baltym are both nearby the city, with Lake Isetskoye located near the
town of Sredneuralsk, and Lake Baltym located near the towns of
Sanatornyy and Baltym.
Yekaterinburg uses the
Yekaterinburg Time, which is five hours ahead
of the UTC (UTC+5), and two hours ahead of
The city features a humid continental climate (Dfb) under the Köppen
climate classification. It is characterized by sharp variability
in weather conditions, with well-marked seasons. The Ural Mountains,
despite their insignificant height, block air from the west, from the
European part of Russia. As a result, the Middle Urals are open to the
invasion of cold arctic air and continental air from the West Siberian
Plain. Equally, warm air masses from the Caspian Sea and the deserts
Asia can freely penetrate from the south. Therefore, the
Yekaterinburg is characterized by sharp temperature
fluctuations and weather anomalies: in winter, from severe frost to
thaw and rain; in summer, from temperatures above +35 °C to
The city is located in a zone of sufficient moisture. The distribution
of precipitation is determined by the circulation of air masses,
relief, and air temperatures. The main part of the precipitation is
brought by cyclones with a western air mass transfer, that is, from
the European part of Russia, while their average annual amount is
550–650 mm. The maximum falls on a warm season, during which
about 60-70% of the annual amount falls. For the winter period, a snow
cover with a thickness of up to 70 cm is characteristic. The
coefficient of moistening ranges from 1.2 to 1.6.
The average temperature in January is -12.6 °C. The absolute
minimum temperature is -46.7 °C (December 31, 1978);
The average July temperature is +19 °C. The absolute maximum
temperature is +38.8 °C (July 1, 1911);
The average annual temperature is +3 °C;
The average annual wind speed is 2.9 m / s;
The average annual humidity is 71%;
The average annual precipitation is 537 mm;
Climate data for Yekaterinburg
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainy days
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net
Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990)
According to the results of the 2010 Census, the population of
Yekaterinburg was 1,349,772; up from 1,293,537 recorded in the 2002
Census. At the time of the official 2010 Census, the ethnic makeup
of the city's population whose ethnicity was known (1,349,772) was:
Russian: 1,106,688 (89.04%)
Tatar: 46,232 (3.72%)
Ukrainian: 12,815 (1.03%)
Bashkir: 11,922 (0.96%)
This photo by
Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky from 1910 shows the tallest
building in the pre-revolutionary Urals, the Great Zlatoust bell tower
Christianity is the predominant religion in the city, of which most
are adherents to the Russian Orthodox Church. The
Verkhotursky diocese is located in the Holy Trinity Cathedral in the
city. Other religions practiced in
Yekaterinburg include Islam, Old
Believers, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Judaism.
Yekaterinburg has a large percentage of Muslims, but the community
suffers from a lack of mosques in the city: with there are only 2
small mosques. Another mosque was built in the nearby city of
Verkhnyaya Pyshma. On November 24, 2007, the first stone was laid in
the construction of a large Cathedral
Mosque with four minarets, and
space for 2500 parishioners in the immediate vicinity of the cathedral
and a synagogue, thus forming the "area of the three religions".
The mosque was planned to be built for the SCO summit, but due to
funding problems, construction did not move from zero and is now
Construction of a Methodist church started in 1992, and with the help
of American donations, finished in 2001. A synagogue was opened in
2005, on the same place a 19th-century synagogue was demolished in
Most of the city's religious buildings were destroyed during the
Soviet era, in addition to the synagogue, the three largest Orthodox
Yekaterinburg were demolished - the Epiphany Cathedral,
the Ekaterininsky Cathedral, and the Great Zlatoust Church. Other
Christian churches such as the Lutheran Church of
Catholic Church of St. Anne (a new Catholic church of the
same name was built in 2000) were demolished as well. Other churches
were used as warehouses and industrial sites. The only religious
Yekaterinburg in the Soviet era was the Cathedral of St.
John the Baptist. Recently, some churches are being rebuilt. Since
2006, according to the surviving drawings, the Great Zlatoust Church
was restored in 2012. In April 17, 2010, the city was visited by His
Holiness Patriarch Kirill.
Yekaterinburg-City along the Iset River
Yekaterinburg is one of the largest economic centers in Russia. It is
included in the City-600 list (it unites the 600 largest cities in the
world that produce 60% of global GDP), compiled by the McKinsey Global
Institute, a research organization. In 2010, the consulting company
estimated the gross product of
Yekaterinburg to be about $19 billion
(according to the calculations of the company, it should grow to 40
billion by 2025).
In the Soviet era,
Yekaterinburg (as Sverdlovsk) was a purely
industrial city, with a share of industry in the economy of 90% (of
which 90% were in defense production). With
Chelyabinsk and Perm,
the three cities formed what to be the Urals industrial hub.
The former head of Yekaterinburg, Arkady Chernetsky, has set the goal
of diversifying the city's economy, which has resulted in the
development of sectors such as warehousing, transportation, logistics,
telecommunications, financial sector, wholesale and retail trade, etc.
in Yekaterinburg. Economist-geographer Natalia Zubarevich points
out that at the present stage,
Yekaterinburg has practically lost its
Yekaterinburg has been a major industrial center since its foundation.
In the 18th century, the main branches were smelting and processing of
metal. Since the beginning of the 19th century, machine building
appeared, and in the second half of the 19th century, light and food
(especially milling) industry was widely spread. A new stage in the
development of production occurred during the period of
industrialization - at this time in the city, factories were built,
which determined the industry specialization industry - heavy
engineering. During World War II,
Yekaterinburg (as Sverdlovsk) hosted
about sixty enterprises evacuated from Central
Russia and Ukraine, as
a result of which there was a sharp increase in the production
capacity of existing plants and the emergence of new branches of the
At present, more than 220 large and medium-sized enterprises are
registered in Yekaterinburg, most of them in manufacturing industries
- 197. In 2015, they shipped 323,288 million rubles
worth of own-produced goods. Production by industry was divided
accordingly: metallurgical production and metalworking - 20.9%, food
production - 13.3%, production of electrical equipment, electronic and
optical equipment - 9.2%, production of vehicles - 8.4%, production of
machinery and equipment - 6.4%, chemical production - 5.5%, production
of other nonmetallic mineral products - 3.7%, production of rubber and
plastic products - 2.8%, pulp and paper production, publishing and
printing - 0.5%, and other - 29.3%.
Several headquarters of large Russian industrial companies are located
in the city: IDGC of Urals, Enel Russia, Steel-Industrial Company,
Russian Copper Company, Kalina, NLMK-Sort, VIZ-Stal, "Sinara Group",
"Uralelectrotyazhmash", "Automation Association named after
academician NA Semikhatov", "Ural Heavy Machinery Plant", "Fat Plant",
"Fores", confectionery association "Sladko", "Machine Building Plant
named after M.I. Kalinin ", "Ural Turbine Plant", " Uralkhimmash" and
Aquamarine apartment complex with the topped out 188-meter Vysotsky
skyscraper in the background
The standard of living in
Yekaterinburg exceeds the average
all-Russian standard. According to the Department of Sociology of the
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation,
it is among the top ten cities with the highest standard of living.
Compared to other Russian cities with a population of around or over a
million, in 2015,
Yekaterinburg held a leading position in terms of
average monthly wages and retail turnover, in terms of the total
volume of investments in 4th place of fixed assets, and 2nd place of
housing placement.
The average monthly wage in
Yekaterinburg following the results of
2015 were 41,492 rubles. The average number of
employees of large and medium-sized organizations is 440.3 thousand
people. The unemployment rate at the end of 2015 was
0.83% of the total economically active population. To the main
problems of the city, townspeople include the unsatisfactory state of
medicine, the system of housing and communal services and road
The budget of
Yekaterinburg in 2015 was executed on income in the
amount of 32,063.6 million rubles, for expenses in the amount of
32,745.8 million rubles. Among the budget
expenditures: 17 billion rubles were spent on education, over 1
billion rubles on culture, and about 900 million rubles on health. The
main part of the revenue of the city treasury was its own tax and
non-tax revenues (more than 18 billion rubles). The revenues from the
regional and federal budgets were at the lowest level in 10 years.
Specialists noted a decrease in tax revenues and an increase in tax
debt (exceeded 2 billion rubles).
The accents of budget expenditures are the development of the economy
(which accounts for 19% of expenditures) and the social security of
the townspeople (11% of expenditures go). Cities such as Perm, Kazan
and Ufa, spend for these purposes in a smaller percentage of costs
(from 2 to 6%). Also, a fairly strict budgetary discipline is noted -
the budget deficit is kept at the level of 2% of its volume.
Yekaterinburg is one of the ten Russian megacities with the largest
car fleet (437,300 cars were registered in the city in 2014), which
has been intensively been increasing in recent years (by 6-14%
annually). The level of motorization in 2015 has reached 409.5
cars per 1,000 people. Its pace in the past few years has
seriously exceeded the pace of development and the capacity of the
road infrastructure. For the first time, transport problems started to
Yekaterinburg in the 1980s and though it did not seem
threatening at first, the situation gets worse every year. Studies
have shown that as early as 2005, the capacity limit for the road
network was reached, which has now led to permanent congestion.
To increase the capacity of the street-road network, stage-by-stage
reconstruction of streets is being carried out, as well as multi-level
interchanges being built. In order to reduce the transit traffic, the
Sverdlovsk Oblast administration announced two road projects in 2014:
Yekaterinburg Ring Road (EKAD) and an overpass road on Sovetskaya
Yekaterinburg Ring Road would surround the largest
Yekaterinburg and its purpose would be to help the
economy of the city and reduce traffic on the Middle Ring Road of the
city, making it easier for civilians to commute around the city than
going through the city's traffic congestion. Eventually, the Ring Road
would connect to other federal roads in order for easier access
between other Russian cities. Construction of the road started in the
same year. The projects were assigned to the Ministry of Transport and
Communications since the projects were crucial to the city's economy.
Officials hope the road projects will build environments more
conducive to improving local quality of life and outside investments.
Completing these major inter-regional roads will increase productive
traffic by 1.5 to 2 times, improving the local economy with its ease
of access to industries.
Since 2014, the project for the introduction of paid parking in the
central part of
Yekaterinburg is being implemented. The project is
implemented in parallel with the increase in the number of
intercepting parking lots and the construction of parking lots. At the
end of 2015, in the central part of the city there were 2,307 paid
The total length of the street-road network in
Yekaterinburg is 1311.5
kilometers, of which: 929.8 kilometers are the length of the cobbled
carriageways, 880 kilometers are with upgraded coverage, 632
kilometers are backbone networks, of which 155 kilometers are on the
citywide backbone network movement. 20 interchanges have been
constructed at different levels within the city limits, including 11
on the EKAD and 9 on the middle ring. 74 transport facilities (27
bridges across the Iset, Patrushikha, Mostovka, Istok Rivers, 13 dams
on the Iset, Patrushikha, Istok, Olkhovka, Warm, Shilovka Rivers, 23
road overpasses, and 18 out-of-the-way pedestrian crossings) were
built as well.
Geologicheskaya Station of the
Yekaterinburg uses almost all types of public transport. The largest
municipal carriers - the EMPU "Municipal Association of Bus
Enterprises", the EMLM "Tram-Trolleybus Office" and the EYMP
Yekaterinburg Metro" - transported 207.4 million people in 2015.
The total volume of passenger transportations by all land transport
modes annually decreases. If the annual passenger traffic of municipal
transport was 647.1 million people in 2002, and according to this
index the city occupied the third place in the country with a wide
margin, then in 2008 this figure would be 412 million people (the
fourth place in Russia).
Since 1991, the city operates the sixth in
Russia and the thirteenth
in the CIS metro. At the moment there is one line with 9 stations. For
2015, 49.9 million passengers were transported, and according to this
indicator is that the
Yekaterinburg Metro is the fourth in Russia,
behind the Moscow,
St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk metro. Although
the metro is the second most popular type of public transport, in
recent years significant problems have appeared in its work:
loss-making, obsolete rolling stock and a shortage of funds for
Tram Tatra T3
The tram network appeared in the city in 1929 and currently plays a
leading role in the urban transport system. The volume of passengers
carried for 2013 is 127.8 million people, but this indicator
declines every year (for example, in 2003 it was 245 million
people). As of 2016, there are 30 routes operating 459 cars. The
total length of the tracks is 185.5 km. In 2016, the construction
of a tram line "Ekaterinburg-Verkhnyaya Pyshma" is planned.
There are 93 bus routes operating in Yekaterinburg, including 30
municipal ones (EMUP "MOAP"). In 2007, 114.5 million passengers
were transported by municipal intercity buses (in 2006 - 124.6 million
passengers). The decrease in volumes is due to the increasing role
of the fixed-route taxi in the urban transport system of
Yekaterinburg, as well as the high cost of travel. In the park of
EMPU, there are 537 buses. In 2013, there are 19 routes, which
employ 250 trolleybuses. The total length of trolleybus lines is
168.4 km. The number of passengers transported by trolleybus in
2007 amounted to 78.4 million people (in 2006 this figure was 84.3
Also operates the route of a city electric train linking the
north-western (Seven Keys microdistrict) and the southern (Elizavet
micro district) parts of Yekaterinburg.
Koltsovo International Airport
Yekaterinburg is the third largest transport hub of Russia, behind
Moscow and St. Petersburg. The city has 6 federal highways, 7 main
railway lines, and an international airport. The location of
Ekaterinburg in the central part of the region allows for 7–10 hours
to get from it to any large city of the Urals. The formation of
Yekaterinburg as an important transportation hub is largely due to the
city's favorable geographical location - on a low stretch of the Ural
Mountains, through which it was convenient to lay the main roads
connecting the European and Eastern parts of Russia.
Yekaterinburg is a major railway junction. In the
7 main lines converge (to Perm, Tyumen, Kazan, Nizhny Tagil,
Chelyabinsk, Kurgan and Tavda). The Sverdlovsk Railway Administration
is located in the city, which serves trains on the territory of the
Sverdlovsk and Tyumen Regions, the
Perm Territory, the Khanty-Mansiysk
and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Districts, as well as parts of the Omsk
Region, and there is a single road traffic control center. The
Perm-Yekaterinburg-Tyumen section is now part of the main route of the
Koltsovo International Airport
Koltsovo International Airport (KSX) is one of the largest airports in
the country. In 2015, it served 4.247 million passengers (including
2.745 million serviced by domestic airlines, 1.502 million at
international flights), becoming the seventh sixth busiest airport in
Yekaterinburg is also served by the smaller Yekaterinburg
Main building of the Ural Federal University
The Ural Branch of the
Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Academy of Sciences and numerous other
scientific research institutes and establishments are in
Yekaterinburg. With its 16 state-owned universities and
educational academies, as well as a number of private higher education
Yekaterinburg is considered the leading educational and
scientific center of the Urals. These institutions include the Ural
Federal University (comprising
Ural State University
Ural State University and Ural State
Technical University), Ural State Pedagogical University, Ural State
University of Forestry, Ural State Mining University, Ural State
University of Railway Transport, Russian State Vocational Pedagogics
Ural State University
Ural State University of Economics, Military Institute of
Artillery, Ural State Conservatory, Ural State Agricultural Academy,
Ural State Law Academy, Ural State Medical University, Ural State
Academy of Performing Arts, Ural Academy of Public Service, Institute
of International Relations, and the Urals Academy of Architecture.
Life and culture
The Rastorguyev-Kharitonov Palace, built in 1794–1820
The city has several dozen libraries, including the V. G. Belinsky
Scientific Library, which is the largest public library in Sverdlovsk
Yekaterinburg is home to numerous theaters and theater companies: the
Yekaterinburg State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater, the Sverdlovsk
Academic theater of Musical Comedy, the
Dramatic theater, the
Yekaterinburg theater for Young Spectators, the
Volkhonka (a popular chamber theater), and the Kolyada theater (a
chamber theater founded by Russian playwright, producer and actor
Yekaterinburg is the center of New Drama, a movement
of contemporary Russian playwrights Nikolai Kolyada, Vasily Sigarev,
Konstantin Kostenko, the Presnyakov brothers, and Oleg Bogayev.
Yekaterinburg is often called the capital of contemporary dance for a
number of dance companies residing in the city: the Kipling, the
Provincial Dances, the Tantstrest, and a special department of
contemporary dance at the
Yekaterinburg University of Humanities.
A number of popular Russian rock bands, such as Urfin Dzhyus, Chaif,
Chicherina, Nautilus Pompilius, Nastya, Trek, Agata Kristi and
Smyslovye Gallyutsinatsii, were originally formed in Yekaterinburg
(Ural Rock is often considered as a particular variety of rock music.
St. Petersburg are actually considered to be the
main centers of the genre in Russia). Also, opera singers like Boris
Shtokolov, Yuri Gulyayev, Vera Bayeva graduated from the Urals State
Ural Philharmonic Orchestra (currently conducted by
Dmitry Liss), founded by Mark Paverman and located in Yekaterinburg,
is also very popular in
Russia and in Europe, as well as the Ural
Academic Popular Chorus, a folk-singing and dance ensemble.
There are over thirty museums in Yekaterinburg, including several
museums of Ural minerals and jewelry, art galleries, one of the
largest collections anywhere of Kasli mouldings (a traditional kind of
cast-iron sculpture in the Urals), and the Shigirskaya Kladovaya
(Шигирская кладовая), or Shigir Collection, which
includes the oldest wood sculpture in the world: the Shigir Idol,
Nevyansk and estimated to have been made about 9,500 years
ago. Only here can you see a collection of
Nevyansk icons, in the
Nevyansk Icon Museum, with more than 300 icons representing the 18th
through the 20th centuries on display.
In 2014, the city showcased its education, literary, art and theater
culture through the Russian Year of Culture Program.
Vladimir Yelizarov's Recording Studio SVE Records is based in
Yekaterinburg. The studio is in a private residence built in 1837
under the title "The House of the Misters", in one of the historical
Yekaterinburg city, two hundred meters from Verkh-Isetsky
Lake. In 1987, American singer Tina Turner recorded two tracks, which
later appeared on her 1989 album Foreign Affair, whilst in the city as
part of her highly acclaimed Break Every Rule World Tour.[citation
Yekaterinburg News, the city has signed a cooperative
agreement with the Russian mobile operator Vimpelcom, working under
the Beeline brand. The partnership will involve cooperation on
investment projects and social programs focused on increasing access
to mobile services in the city. Beeline has launched an initiative to
provide Wi-Fi services in 500 public trams and trolley buses in
Yekaterinburg also has a circus building, and—until 2018 when it was
demolished—one of the tallest incomplete architectural structures in
the world, the
Yekaterinburg TV Tower. There are also a number of
unusual monuments: e. g. a popular landmark
Keyboard monument and a
monument to Michael Jackson.
Central Stadium during renovation.
Yekaterinburg is one of the 11 host-cities that will receive matches
of the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The matches will be played on the upgraded
Russian Premier League
Kontinental Hockey League
Minor Hockey League
Women's Hockey Championship
Sports Palace Snezhinka
Bandy Supreme League
Basketball Super League
Palace of Team Sports
Basketball Premier League
Palace of Team Sports
Volleyball Supreme League A
Palace of Team Sports
Palace of Team Sports
Futsal Super League
Palace of Team Sports
Berlin Buddy Bears, a gift of the German
Consulate General to the City
The United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France,
China and several other countries have consulates in
BRIC countries met for their first official summit on
June 16, 2009, in Yekaterinburg, with Luiz Inácio Lula da
Silva, Dmitry Medvedev, Manmohan Singh, and Hu Jintao, the respective
leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and China, all attending.
The foreign ministers of the
BRIC countries had also met in
Yekaterinburg previously on May 16, 2008.
In June 2013, at the 153rd General Assembly of the Bureau of
International Expositions held in Paris, representatives from
Yekaterinburg presented the city’s bid to host the 2020 World Expo.
Yekaterinburg’s concept for the upcoming exhibition relates to the
impact of globalization on the modern world.
Vladimir Putin confirmed during a televised
statement in English to earmark the required funds to build an
exhibition complex large enough to receive the estimated 30 million
visitors from more than 150 countries.
Now the city is bidding for
Expo 2025 competing against Osaka, Japan
Azerbaijan for the hosting rights. Yekaterinburg’s concept
for the bid exhibition relates to the technologies to make people
happy by changing the world with innovation and quality of life. The
host will be announced in November 2018.
Twin towns and sister cities
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Yekaterinburg is a sister city of:
San Jose, United States, since 1992
Wuppertal, Germany, since 1993
Guangzhou, China, since July 10, 2002
Most, Czech Republic
Plzeň, Czech Republic
Incheon, South Korea
Main article: List of people from Yekaterinburg
Main category: People from Yekaterinburg
Irina Antonenko, Miss
Vera Bazarova, pairs figure skater
Pavel Bazhov, folklorist and children's author
Old Man Bukashkin, artist and poet
Pavel Datsyuk, ice hockey player
Nikolay Durakov, bandy legend
Chiang Fang-liang, former first lady of Taiwan
Denis Galimzyanov, sprinter cyclist
Anna Gavrilenko, Group rhythmic gymnast Olympic Gold medalist
Babak "Bobby" Jalali, Boxer, ex-deputy governor of Sverdlovsk Oblast
Nikolay Karpol, national women volleyball team coach
Nikolai Khabibulin, ice hockey player
Alexei Yashin, ice hockey player
Alexei Khvostenko, avant-garde poet, singer-songwriter, artist, and
Ilya Kormiltsev, poet, translator, publisher
Olga Kotlyarova, Olympic runner
Maxim Kovtun, figure skater
Vladislav Krapivin, children's author
Alexander Lúðvígsson, Russian-Icelandic beast
Valeria Savinykh, WTA Professional player
Nikolay Krasovsky, mathematician
Yulia Lipnitskaya, figure skater
Iskander Makhmudov, businessman
Vladimir Malakhov, ice hockey player
Gennady Mesyats, vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Maxim Miroshkin, pairs figure skater
Alfia Nazmutdinova, rhythmic gymnast
Ernst Neizvestny, sculptor
Oleg Platonov, writer, historian, and economist
Eduard Rossel, ex-governor of Sverdlovsk Oblast
Boris Ryzhy, poet
Vera Sessina, rhythmic gymnast
Georgy Shishkin, painter
Vassily Sigarev, playwright
Anastasiia Tatareva, Group rhythmic gymnast Olympic Gold medalist
Sergei Tchepikov, Olympic biathlon competitor
Vladimir Tretyakov, ex-rector of the Ural State University
Lev Vainshtein, Olympic shooter
Sergei Vonsovsky, physicist
Alexander Dudoladov, writer
Asia near Yekaterinburg
A ballistic missile submarine of the Project 667BDRM Delfin class
NATO reporting name: Delta IV) is named Ekaterinburg (K-84/"807") in
honour of the city.
27736 Ekaterinburg was named in the city's honour on June
^ a b c d e Law #30-OZ
^ a b Государственный комитет
Российской Федерации по статистике.
Комитет Российской Федерации по
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Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK
019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of
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^ a b c Law #85-OZ
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^ Charter of Yekaterinburg, Article 24.1
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Дума. Решение №8/1 от 30 июня
2005 г. «О принятии Устава
муниципального образования "Город
Екатеринбург"», в ред. Решения №1/27
от 27 января 2015 г. «О внесении
изменений в Устав муниципального
образования "Город Екатеринбург"».
Вступил в силу со дня официального
опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник
Екатеринбургской городской Думы", №95,
15 июля 2005 г. (
Duma. Decision #8/1 of June 30, 2005 On the
Adoption of the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the "City of
Yekaterinburg", as amended by the Decision #1/27
of January 27, 2015 On Amending the Charter of the Municipal
Formation of the "City of Yekaterinburg". Effective as of the day
of the official publication.).
Областная Дума Законодательного
закон №30-ОЗ от 20 мая 1997 г. «Об
устройстве Свердловской области», в
ред. Закона №32-ОЗ от 25 апреля 2012
г. «О внесении изменений в
Областной закон "Об
устройстве Свердловской области"».
Вступил в силу со дня официального
опубликования за исключением
отдельных положений, вступающих в
силу в иные сроки. Опубликован:
"Областная газета", №81, 3 июня 1997 г. (Oblast
Duma of the Legislative Assembly of Sverdlovsk Oblast. Oblast
Law #30-OZ of May 20, 1997 On the
Administrative-Territorial Structure of Sverdlovsk Oblast, as amended
by the Law #32-OZ of April 25, 2012 On Amending the
Oblast Law "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Sverdlovsk
Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication with
the exception of several clauses which take effect on a different
Областная Дума Законодательного
области. Закон №85-ОЗ от 12
июля 2007 г. «О границах муниципальных
образований, расположенных на
территории Свердловской области», в
ред. Закона №107-ОЗ от 29 октября 2013
г. «Об упразднении отдельных
населённых пунктов, расположенных на
территории города Ивделя, и о внесении
изменений в Приложение 39 к Закону
Свердловской области "О границах
расположенных на территории
Свердловской области"». Вступил в
силу через 10 дней после
Опубликован: "Областная газета",
№232–249, 17 июля 2007 г. (
Oblast Duma of the Legislative
Assembly of Sverdlovsk
Oblast. Law #85-OZ of July 12, 2007 On the
Borders of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Sverdlovsk
Oblast, as amended by the Law #107-OZ of October 29,
2013 On Abolishing Several Inhabited Localities on the Territory of
the Town of Ivdul and on Amending the Law of
Sverdlovsk Oblast "On the
Borders of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Sverdlovsk
Oblast". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the
See also: Bibliography of the history of Yekaterinburg
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yekaterinburg.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yekaterinburg.
Official website of
Yekaterinburg (in Russian)
Administrative divisions of Sverdlovsk Oblast
Administrative center: Yekaterinburg
Cities and towns