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Coordinates: 51°30′03″N 0°07′19″W / 51.50083°N 0.12194°W / 51.50083; -0.12194

Westminster
Westminster
Bridge

Westminster
Westminster
Bridge

Coordinates 51°30′03″N 0°07′19″W / 51.5008°N 0.1219°W / 51.5008; -0.1219Coordinates: 51°30′03″N 0°07′19″W / 51.5008°N 0.1219°W / 51.5008; -0.1219

Carries A302 road

Crosses River Thames

Locale London

Heritage status Grade II* listed structure

Preceded by Lambeth
Lambeth
Bridge

Followed by Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges

Characteristics

Design Arch bridge

Total length 820 feet (250 m)

Width 85 feet (26 m)

No. of spans 7

History

Designer Thomas Page

Opened (first bridge) 18 November 1750 (second bridge) 24 May 1862

Westminster
Westminster
Bridge by Joseph Farrington, 1789 (the original bridge)

Westminster
Westminster
Bridge is a road-and-foot-traffic bridge over the River Thames in London, linking Westminster
Westminster
on the west side and Lambeth
Lambeth
on the east side. The bridge is painted predominantly green, the same colour as the leather seats in the House of Commons which is on the side of the Palace of Westminster
Westminster
nearest to the bridge. This is in contrast to Lambeth
Lambeth
Bridge, which is red, the same colour as the seats in the House of Lords
House of Lords
and is on the opposite side of the Houses of Parliament.[1] In 2005–2007, it underwent a complete refurbishment, including replacing the iron fascias and repainting the whole bridge. It links the Palace of Westminster
Westminster
on the west side of the river with County Hall and the London Eye
London Eye
on the east and was the finishing point during the early years of the London Marathon. The next bridge downstream is the Hungerford footbridge
Hungerford footbridge
and upstream is Lambeth
Lambeth
Bridge. Westminster
Westminster
Bridge was designated a Grade II* listed structure in 1981.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Image gallery 3 In popular culture 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] For over 600 years, the nearest bridge to London Bridge
London Bridge
was at Kingston. A bridge at Westminster
Westminster
was proposed in 1664, but opposed by the Corporation of London
Corporation of London
and the watermen. Despite further opposition in 1722, and after a new timber bridge was built at Putney in 1729, the scheme received parliamentary approval in 1736. Financed by private capital, lotteries and grants, Westminster
Westminster
Bridge was built between 1739–1750, under the supervision of the Swiss engineer Charles Labelye.[3] The bridge opened on 18 November 1750.[4] The City of London
City of London
responded to Westminster
Westminster
Bridge by removing the buildings on London Bridge
London Bridge
and widening it in 1760–63. The City also commenced work on the Blackfriars Bridge, which opened in 1769. Other bridges from that time include Kew Bridge
Kew Bridge
(1759), Battersea Bridge (1773), and Richmond Bridge (1777). The bridge was required for traffic from the expanding West End to the developing South London
South London
as well as to south coast ports. Without the bridge, traffic from the West End would have to negotiate the congested routes to London Bridge
London Bridge
such as the Strand and New Oxford Street. Roads south of the river were also improved, including the junction at the Elephant & Castle in Southwark. By the mid–19th century the bridge was subsiding badly and expensive to maintain. The current bridge was designed by Thomas Page and opened on 24 May 1862.[5] With a length of 820 feet (250 m) and a width of 85 feet (26 m),[6] it is a seven-arch, cast-iron[7] bridge with Gothic detailing by Charles Barry
Charles Barry
(the architect of the Palace of Westminster). It is the oldest road bridge across the Thames in central London. On 22 March 2017, a terrorist attack started on the bridge and continued into Bridge Street and Old Palace Yard. Five people - three pedestrians, one police officer, and the attacker - died as a result of the incident. A colleague of the officer (who was stationed nearby) was armed and shot the attacker. More than 50 people were injured. An investigation is ongoing by the Metropolitan Police.[8] Image gallery[edit]

The first Westminster
Westminster
Bridge as painted by Canaletto, 1747

Westminster
Westminster
Bridge, around 1750. The proprietors of the bridge had to pay compensation to the operators of the earlier 'Horseferry', and to local watermen

Map of 1897, showing Lambeth
Lambeth
Palace, Lambeth
Lambeth
Bridge, the Houses of Parliament and Westminster
Westminster
Bridge

Westminster
Westminster
& Lambeth, 1746. Westminster
Westminster
Bridge, opened in 1740, connects Westminster
Westminster
to Lambeth; Huntley Ferry crosses the river on the site of the future Vauxhall Bridge

The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons
The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons
by J. M. W. Turner, 1835, with Westminster
Westminster
Bridge on the right

Street lamps on the bridge

The coats of arms of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
and Albert, Prince Consort
Albert, Prince Consort
on the bridge

The coat of arms of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
on the bridge. Palmerston was Prime Minister when the current bridge was opened

In popular culture[edit]

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Westminster
Westminster
Bridge and surrounding landmarks at night

Street artists on Westminster
Westminster
Bridge and London Eye
London Eye
in the background

In the 2002 British horror film 28 Days Later, the protagonist awakes from a coma to find London deserted and walks over an eerily empty Westminster
Westminster
Bridge whilst looking for signs of life. Westminster
Westminster
Bridge is the start and finish point for the Bridges Handicap Race, a traditional London running race. William Wordsworth
William Wordsworth
wrote the sonnet Composed upon Westminster
Westminster
Bridge, September 3, 1802. In the finale of the 24th James Bond film Spectre, Blofeld's helicopter crashes into Westminster
Westminster
Bridge.

See also[edit]

List of crossings of the River Thames List of bridges in London

References[edit]

^ Becky Jones,Clare Lewis (2012). The Bumper Book of London: Everything You Need to Know About London and More... Frances Lincoln. p. 127. ISBN 978 1 781011 03 4.  ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (204781)". Images of England. Retrieved 27 November 2008.  ^ Walker, R. J. B. (1979). Old Westminster
Westminster
Bridge: The Bridge of Fools. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 978-0715378373.  ^ Cookson, Brian (October 2010). " Westminster
Westminster
Bridge" (PDF). London Historians. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ John Eade. "Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide". Thames.me.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2011.  ^ Thames Tideway Tunnel (September 2013). "Tunnel and Bridge Assessments: Central Zone: Westminster
Westminster
Bridge" (PDF). Thames Water Utilities. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May 2015.  ^ " Westminster
Westminster
Bridge British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-01.  ^ "London attack: What we know so far". BBC News. BBC. 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Westminster
Westminster
Bridge.

Westminster
Westminster
Bridge (1750) at Structurae Westminster
Westminster
Bridge (1862) at Structurae Interactive Panorama: Westminster
Westminster
Bridge

Crossings of the River Thames

West: Lambeth
Lambeth
Bridge Westminster
Westminster
Bridge East: Jubilee line between Westminster and Waterloo

v t e

Bridges of Central London (west to east)

Vauxhall Lambeth Westminster Hungerford and Golden Jubilee Waterloo Garden (cancelled) Blackfriars Blackfriars Railway Millennium Southwark Cannon Street Railway London Tower

Crossings of the River Thames Bridges in

.