Coordinates: 51°30′03″N 0°07′19″W / 51.50083°N
0.12194°W / 51.50083; -0.12194
51°30′03″N 0°07′19″W / 51.5008°N 0.1219°W /
51.5008; -0.1219Coordinates: 51°30′03″N 0°07′19″W /
51.5008°N 0.1219°W / 51.5008; -0.1219
Grade II* listed structure
Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges
820 feet (250 m)
85 feet (26 m)
No. of spans
(first bridge) 18 November 1750
(second bridge) 24 May 1862
Westminster Bridge by Joseph Farrington, 1789 (the original bridge)
Westminster Bridge is a road-and-foot-traffic bridge over the River
Thames in London, linking
Westminster on the west side and
the east side.
The bridge is painted predominantly green, the same colour as the
leather seats in the House of Commons which is on the side of the
Westminster nearest to the bridge. This is in contrast to
Lambeth Bridge, which is red, the same colour as the seats in the
House of Lords
House of Lords and is on the opposite side of the Houses of
In 2005–2007, it underwent a complete refurbishment, including
replacing the iron fascias and repainting the whole bridge. It links
the Palace of
Westminster on the west side of the river with County
Hall and the
London Eye on the east and was the finishing point during
the early years of the London Marathon.
The next bridge downstream is the
Hungerford footbridge and upstream
Westminster Bridge was designated a Grade II*
listed structure in 1981.
2 Image gallery
3 In popular culture
4 See also
6 External links
For over 600 years, the nearest bridge to
London Bridge was at
Kingston. A bridge at
Westminster was proposed in 1664, but opposed by
Corporation of London
Corporation of London and the watermen. Despite further opposition
in 1722, and after a new timber bridge was built at Putney in 1729,
the scheme received parliamentary approval in 1736. Financed by
private capital, lotteries and grants,
Westminster Bridge was built
between 1739–1750, under the supervision of the Swiss engineer
Charles Labelye. The bridge opened on 18 November 1750.
City of London
City of London responded to
Westminster Bridge by removing the
London Bridge and widening it in 1760–63. The City also
commenced work on the Blackfriars Bridge, which opened in 1769. Other
bridges from that time include
Kew Bridge (1759), Battersea Bridge
(1773), and Richmond Bridge (1777).
The bridge was required for traffic from the expanding West End to the
South London as well as to south coast ports. Without the
bridge, traffic from the West End would have to negotiate the
congested routes to
London Bridge such as the Strand and New Oxford
Street. Roads south of the river were also improved, including the
junction at the Elephant & Castle in Southwark.
By the mid–19th century the bridge was subsiding badly and expensive
to maintain. The current bridge was designed by Thomas Page and opened
on 24 May 1862. With a length of 820 feet (250 m) and a width
of 85 feet (26 m), it is a seven-arch, cast-iron bridge
with Gothic detailing by
Charles Barry (the architect of the Palace of
Westminster). It is the oldest road bridge across the Thames in
On 22 March 2017, a terrorist attack started on the bridge and
continued into Bridge Street and Old Palace Yard. Five people - three
pedestrians, one police officer, and the attacker - died as a result
of the incident. A colleague of the officer (who was stationed nearby)
was armed and shot the attacker. More than 50 people were injured. An
investigation is ongoing by the Metropolitan Police.
Westminster Bridge as painted by Canaletto, 1747
Westminster Bridge, around 1750. The proprietors of the bridge had to
pay compensation to the operators of the earlier 'Horseferry', and to
Map of 1897, showing
Lambeth Bridge, the Houses of
Westminster & Lambeth, 1746.
Westminster Bridge, opened in 1740,
Westminster to Lambeth; Huntley Ferry crosses the river on
the site of the future Vauxhall Bridge
The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons
The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons by J. M. W. Turner,
Westminster Bridge on the right
Street lamps on the bridge
The coats of arms of
Queen Victoria and
Albert, Prince Consort
Albert, Prince Consort on the
The coat of arms of
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston on the
bridge. Palmerston was Prime Minister when the current bridge was
In popular culture
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Westminster Bridge and surrounding landmarks at night
Street artists on
Westminster Bridge and
London Eye in the background
In the 2002 British horror film 28 Days Later, the protagonist awakes
from a coma to find London deserted and walks over an eerily empty
Westminster Bridge whilst looking for signs of life.
Westminster Bridge is the start and finish point for the Bridges
Handicap Race, a traditional London running race.
William Wordsworth wrote the sonnet Composed upon
September 3, 1802.
In the finale of the 24th James Bond film Spectre, Blofeld's
helicopter crashes into
List of crossings of the River Thames
List of bridges in London
^ Becky Jones，Clare Lewis (2012). The Bumper Book of London:
Everything You Need to Know About London and More... Frances Lincoln.
p. 127. ISBN 978 1 781011 03 4.
^ Historic England. "Details from image database (204781)". Images of
England. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
^ Walker, R. J. B. (1979). Old
Westminster Bridge: The Bridge of
Fools. Newton Abbot: David & Charles.
^ Cookson, Brian (October 2010). "
Westminster Bridge" (PDF). London
Historians. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
^ John Eade. "Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide". Thames.me.uk.
Retrieved 28 November 2011.
^ Thames Tideway Tunnel (September 2013). "Tunnel and Bridge
Assessments: Central Zone:
Westminster Bridge" (PDF). Thames Water
Utilities. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
Westminster Bridge British History Online".
www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-01.
^ "London attack: What we know so far". BBC News. BBC. 27 March 2017.
Retrieved 27 March 2017.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Westminster Bridge (1750) at Structurae
Westminster Bridge (1862) at Structurae
Crossings of the River Thames
Bridges of Central London (west to east)
Hungerford and Golden Jubilee
Cannon Street Railway
Crossings of the River Thames