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URMSTON /ˈɜːrmstən/ ( listen ) is a town in Trafford
Trafford
, Greater Manchester
Manchester
, England, which had a population of 41,825 at the 2011 Census. Historically in Lancashire
Lancashire
, it is about six miles (10 km) southwest of Manchester city centre
Manchester city centre
. The southern boundary is the River Mersey
River Mersey
, with Stretford
Stretford
lying to the east and Flixton to the west. Davyhulme
Davyhulme
lies to the north of the town centre. Urmston
Urmston
covers an area of 4,799 acres (19 km²).

The town has early medieval origins, and until the arrival of the railway in 1873 was a small farming community. The railway acted as a catalyst, transforming the town into a residence for the middle classes. Today, Urmston
Urmston
is one of the major urban areas in Trafford: it includes the areas of Davyhulme
Davyhulme
and Flixton .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Governance * 3 Geography * 4 Demography * 5 Economy

* 6 Culture

* 6.1 Cultural events and venues * 6.2 The Beatles
The Beatles
* 6.3 Sport

* 7 Transport * 8 Education * 9 Religion * 10 Notable people * 11 See also * 12 References

* 13 External links

* 13.1 External maps and images

HISTORY

In 1983, during an excavation by South Trafford
Trafford
Archaeological Group , fragments of Roman pottery were found in the area now occupied by the cemetery – previously the site of Urmston
Urmston
Old Hall – suggesting that there may have been a Roman settlement on the site. In the early 13th century, Lord Greenhalgh and his family lived at Highfield House (under what is now the M60 motorway).

Shortly after the Norman conquest of England
England
, between 1069 and 1070, William the Conqueror led a military campaign against the Saxon Earl Edwin , who ruled England
England
north of the River Mersey
River Mersey
. On the campaign's successful conclusion, William gave his kinsman Roger de Poictou all of the land between the River Mersey
River Mersey
and the River Ribble . Part of this land was in turn given to Albert de Greslet, who towards the end of the 12th century, bestowed as much land as a team of oxen could plough in one-year on Orme Fitz Seward, the son of Edward Aylward. It is probable that the name Urmston
Urmston
is derived from Orme's Easton, or Ormestun, the "tun" or dwelling of Orme Fitz Seward.

The Manor of Urmston
Urmston
was rented by a family using the local surname. The earliest known member of the Urmston
Urmston
family is Richard de Urmston, who was recorded in 1193–94 as giving 40 shillings "for having the king's good will". Orme Fitz Seward's land passed to Richard de Trafford
Trafford
in the 13th century. The de Trafford
Trafford
family later lost the land, but won it back as the result of a duel. Urmston
Urmston
Cemetery

Urmston
Urmston
Old Hall was the home of the manorial lord, and a centre of power in the area during the Middle Ages. The Old Hall was completely rebuilt in brick and timber in the late 16th century. New Croft Hall, also in Urmston, was the residence of a wealthy freeman and may have been moated. Urmston
Urmston
was only one of three manors in Trafford
Trafford
to have had two medieval halls, the others being Hale and Timperley
Timperley
. Neither of the halls has survived to the present day.

Farming was the main occupation in Urmston
Urmston
until the early 19th century, when weaving became a significant source of employment, although this later declined due to competition from large industry. In 1848, the population was recorded as being 771, with around 80% of the land being farmed. The opening of the Cheshire Lines Railway in 1873 allowed the town to grow as a commuter town : between 1871 and 1901 the population grew by over 650%, from 996 to 6,594. By 1901, farming had virtually died out, and the town became a residence for the middle classes.

In 1948 the Minister for Health, Aneurin Bevan
Aneurin Bevan
, conducted the symbolic inauguration of the National Health Service
National Health Service
at Davyhulme's Park Hospital, now renamed Trafford
Trafford
General Hospital. The area was home to the first District heating
District heating
system in England. In operation by 1948, a boiler house supplied hot water to 200 homes on a newly built housing estate. The water was heated with low-grade fuels such as peat and coke , with houses built in groups of four for better efficiency.

GOVERNANCE

Coat of Arms of the former Urmston Urban District Council.

Once a township in the parish of Flixton, Urmston
Urmston
became an urban district of the administrative county of Lancashire, under the Local Government Act 1894 . The Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
abolished the Urban District of Urmston
Urmston
and in 1974 Urmston
Urmston
became a district of the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester.

The parliamentary constituency of Stretford
Stretford
and Urmston
Urmston
was formed in 1997. Kate Green , a member of the Labour Party , became the MP at the 2010 General Election , with a majority of 8,935, representing 48.6% of the vote. The Conservatives took 28.7% of the vote, the Liberal Democrats 16.9%, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Independence Party 3.4%, the Green Party 2.0%, and the Christian Party 0.4%.

Urmston
Urmston
is one of the four major urban areas in Trafford, the other three being Altrincham
Altrincham
, Sale and Stretford
Stretford
. In local elections for Trafford
Trafford
Council, Urmston
Urmston
is split into four wards : Davyhulme
Davyhulme
East, Davyhulme
Davyhulme
West, Flixton and Urmston. Like every other ward in Trafford
Trafford
they are each represented by three local councillors, giving Urmston
Urmston
12 of the 63 seats on Trafford
Trafford
Council; as of the 2012 local election nine of these were held by the Conservative Party, and three by Labour. The wards elect in thirds on a four yearly cycle.

GEOGRAPHY

Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester Metropolitan Borough of Trafford
Trafford
, highlighting Urmston
Urmston
in red.

Urmston
Urmston
occupies an area of 7.5 square miles (19.4 km2), at 53°26′55″N 2°22′29″W / 53.44861°N 2.37472°W / 53.44861; -2.37472 (53.4487, −2.3747); it is approximately 137 feet (42 m) above sea level at its highest point. The land is relatively flat, sloping gently from north to south. Urmston's climate is generally temperate , with few extremes of temperature or weather. The mean temperature is slightly above average for the United Kingdom. Annual rainfall and average amount of sunshine are both slightly below the average for the UK.

Urmston
Urmston
comprises the areas of Davyhulme
Davyhulme
, Dumplington , Flixton and Urmston, with the River Mersey
River Mersey
forming the southern boundary. For administrative reasons, Partington
Partington
is sometimes considered to be part of Urmston. The most southerly part of Urmston
Urmston
lies within the flood plain of the River Mersey, an area known as Urmston
Urmston
Meadows, part of the Mersey Valley. Much work was carried out in the 1970s to canalise the Mersey, in an effort to speed up the flow of floodwater and thus reduce the risk of flooding. Upstream emergency floodbasins such as Sale Water Park
Sale Water Park
, lying just to the east of Urmston, have also been constructed. The M60 Manchester
Manchester
orbital motorway passes through the northern half of Urmston, from southeast to northwest, and the M62 motorway lies just to the west. The Thirlmere Aqueduct
Thirlmere Aqueduct
also passes through the Urmston
Urmston
area.

DEMOGRAPHY

Further information: Demography of Greater Manchester

URMSTON COMPARED

2001 UK CENSUS Urmston
Urmston
Trafford
Trafford
England

Total population 40,964 210,145 49,138,831

White 96.8% 91.6% 90.9%

Asian 1.0% 4.1% 4.6%

Black 0.7% 2.0% 2.3%

As of the 2001 UK census , Urmston
Urmston
had a population of 40,964. The population density was 10,881 inhabitants per square mile (4,201/km2), and for every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. Of the 19,172 households in Urmston, 39.9% were married couples living together, 29.6% were one-person households, 7.7% were co-habiting couples and 8.9% were lone parents. Of those aged 16–74 in Urmston, 25.5% had no academic qualifications , slightly high compared to 21.3% for all of Trafford
Trafford
but slightly lower than the 28.9% in England.

POPULATION GROWTH IN URMSTON SINCE 1801

YEAR 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001

POPULATION 532 595 645 706 771 730 748 996 2,242 4,042 6,594 7,912 8,297 9,284 33,163 39,237 43,068 44,563 44,030 41,804 40,964

Civil Parish 1861–1891 • Urban District 1901–1971 • Urban Subdivision 1981–2001 • Other Data

ECONOMY

The ASK development in Urmston, viewed from the new precinct. New apartments are under construction.

The Trafford
Trafford
Centre , a large shopping and leisure complex, is at Dumplington , north of Urmston. Some locals felt that it brought about the decline of Urmston
Urmston
Precinct, the town's central shopping area – dating back to the 1960s – where many units closed or became "pound shops". Beginning in 2007, Urmston
Urmston
Precinct was demolished and a £45 million redevelopment of the site got underway, to include 140,000 square feet (13,006 m2) of retail and leisure space and 144 apartments. This redevelopment project is now known as Eden Square. A new Sainsbury\'s opened in the summer of 2009 as did the relocated local library with the rest of the new shopping precinct expected to follow later in the year. This was followed by the opening of an Aldi supermarket; a few budget stores; bars; and cafes. Station Road in Urmston
Urmston

The average price for a semi-detached home in Urmston
Urmston
is £155,475, whilst a detached house will cost on average £247,630. Semi-detached prices have more than doubled from an average of £60,000 in 1998, although house prices in most areas of the country have seen a similar increase. These figures are, however, below the England
England
and Wales average.

As of the 2001 UK census, Urmston
Urmston
had a possible workforce of approximately 32,996 people. The economic activity of residents in Urmston
Urmston
was 46.1% in full-time employment, 12.6% in part-time employment, 6.9% self-employed, 2.1% unemployed, 2.5% students with jobs, 3.0% students without jobs, 14.7% retired, 4.5% looking after home or family, 5.4% permanently sick or disabled and 2.2% economically inactive for other reasons. Urmston
Urmston
has a low rate of unemployment (2.1%) compared with Trafford
Trafford
(2.7%) and England
England
(3.3%). The Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
estimated that during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households in Urmston
Urmston
was £504 (£26,209 per year).

According to the 2001 UK census, the industry of employment of residents in Urmston
Urmston
was 17.1% retail and wholesale, 14.0% health and social work, 13.9% manufacturing, 13.4% property and business services, 8.1% transport and communications, 7.2% education, 6.8% construction, 5.3% finance, 4.9% public administration and defence, 3.4% hotels and restaurants, 0.9% energy and water supply, 0.4% agriculture, 0.1% in mining, and 4.3% other. This was roughly in line with national figures.

CULTURE

CULTURAL EVENTS AND VENUES

Urmston Musical Theatre was formed as the Urmston
Urmston
and District Operatic Society in 1911. Its current president is actor Matthew Kelly , who was born in Urmston. It performs an adult main show in October with rehearsals running from June to October and a pantomime in January/February with rehearsals running from November to the date of the show. Both shows are performed at the Poolside Theatre within the Urmston
Urmston
Leisure Centre. Its youth section performs a show in May at St Antony's Catholic College in Urmston.

Canterbury Players is a local amateur dramatic society. Performances are given on stage at the Davyhulme
Davyhulme
(Wesley) Methodist Church located in Brook Road, Flixton. Most famed in recent times for the notable appearance of Garry Dennis Carr, a famed socialite and artist from the area. Young people spilled out of the church and car park just to get a glimpse of him and rumoured friend Noel Fielding (of the Mighty Boosh fame) In the mid-20th century there were 20 cinemas in Trafford, of which the only survivor is the New Curzon, in Princess Road. It opened in 1931 as the Curzon. It was converted to a twin cinema and bingo club in the 1970s, and re-opened under its present name of the New Curzon in 1980, after a £100,000 conversion. Since 2003, the building has been shared with Flixton Dance Studio. Recently, due to financial reasons, the New Curzon has been forced to close down.

THE BEATLES

In 1963 the council booked the Beatles to play at the Urmston
Urmston
Show at Abbotsfield Park in Chassen Road on Monday 5 August. At the time of the booking, they were not well known, but had risen in popularity by the time of their appearance. David Hamilton who was the compere , for which he received ten guineas (£10.50), commented: "The boys were smuggled in in a van ... screaming girls rushed the stage, trying to get hold of their idols ... it was certainly a hard day's night."

SPORT

Urmston
Urmston
Cricket Club was founded in 1846 as Urmston
Urmston
"> A milestone erected to commemorate the opening of Bowfell Road, in 1937

Junctions 9 and 10 of the M60 orbital motorway connect Urmston
Urmston
to the rest of Greater Manchester and the motorway network. A junction previously existed further east along the motorway under its old M63 designation, but was closed on the opening of the A6144(M) in 1987. A well known local landmark, opened in 1960, is the Barton High level motorway bridge, which crosses the Manchester Ship Canal
Manchester Ship Canal
.

Urmston
Urmston
is connected to Liverpool
Liverpool
and Manchester
Manchester
by the Cheshire Lines Committee railway line which passes through Warrington
Warrington
and Liverpool
Liverpool
South Parkway (for Liverpool
Liverpool
John Lennon Airport ). There are three railway stations in the Urmston
Urmston
area ( Urmston
Urmston
station in Urmston
Urmston
town centre, Chassen Road and Flixton stations in neighbouring Flixton). Trains stopping at these stations are operated by Northern . Urmston
Urmston
is not served by Metrolink . The nearest Metrolink stations are in Stretford
Stretford
and Eccles .

Pre-1969, most bus services were provided by Manchester
Manchester
Corporation Transport and the North Western Road Car Company . North Western had a depot on Higher Road in Urmston
Urmston
town centre. The services of both undertakings transferred into SELNEC (South East Lancashire, North East Cheshire, later to become Greater Manchester ) PTE, later renamed as GMPTE, and then on 1 April 2011 renamed to Transport for Greater Manchester
Manchester
. Today, the area is generally well served by both commercially operated and tendered bus services. Some areas have a frequent service of every 10–15 minutes on some routes, with half-hourly frequencies on other routes. Services are run variously by Stagecoach Manchester
Manchester
, First Greater Manchester , Go Goodwins, M Travel and Arriva North West
Arriva North West
, providing transport to many parts of Greater Manchester including Manchester city centre
Manchester city centre
, Bolton
Bolton
, Stockport
Stockport
, the Trafford
Trafford
Centre and Altrincham
Altrincham

EDUCATION

Further information: List of schools in Trafford
Trafford

Along with the rest of Trafford, Urmston
Urmston
maintains a selective education system assessed by the 11-plus
11-plus
examination.

There are four primary, infant or junior schools in Urmston, including Urmston
Urmston
Primary School, together with an independent prep school, Abbotsford Preparatory School , in addition to four secondary schools, Urmston Grammar School and St Antony's Catholic College, Wellacre and Flixton Girls School. Urmston Grammar School is a specialist science and language college ; the school was assessed as "outstanding" in its February 2006 Ofsted report. St Antony's Catholic College is a specialist Business and Enterprise College . In its October 2005 Ofsted report the school was assessed as "a good and improving school with some outstanding features".

RELIGION

URMSTON COMPARED

2001 UK CENSUS Urmston
Urmston
Trafford
Trafford
England

Total population 40,964 210,145 49,138,831

Christian 81.5% 75.8% 71.7%

Muslim 0.8% 3.3% 3.1%

Sikh 0.1% 0.5% 0.7%

Hindu 0.2% 0.6% 1.1%

Buddhist 0.1% 0.2% 0.3%

Jewish 0.1% 1.1% 0.5%

No religion 11.2% 12.0% 14.6%

Further information: List of churches in Urmston
Urmston

As of the 2001 UK census, 82.3% of Urmston's residents reported themselves as being Christian, 0.8% Muslim, 0.2% Hindu, 0.1% Jewish, 0.1% Buddhist and 0.1% Sikh. The census recorded 10.5% as having no religion, 0.1% had an alternative religion and 6.6% did not state their religion. Urmston
Urmston
is in the Catholic Diocese of Salford, and the Church of England
England
Diocese of Manchester.

There are three listed churches in Urmston: the Church of St Clement (Grade II), the Church of St Michael's (Grade II*), and the Church of All Saints (Grade I). Church of All Saints.

The Church of All Saints was built in 1867–68 by E. W. Pugin
E. W. Pugin
, in the Gothic Revival style; the church is said to be a "notably complete and unspoiled" example of Pugin's best work. St Clement's Church was built in 1868 by J Medland Taylor, also in the Gothic Revival style. The Church of St Michael was first mentioned in 1189–91 although may be even older. It was rebuilt in 1815, 1824, and 1888. There are two listed structures in the grounds of the church, the sundial and the Jones Chest tomb. The Church of St Michael is one of 11 Grade II* listed buildings in Trafford, and All Saints is one of six Grade I listed buildings in Trafford.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

See also: List of people from Trafford
Trafford

Suzanne Charlton , BBC weather presenter and daughter of Bobby Charlton , was born in Urmston, as was Judy Loe , actress mother of Kate Beckinsale
Kate Beckinsale
and wife of the late Richard Beckinsale
Richard Beckinsale
. Other people born in the town include actor and entertainer Matthew Kelly , two former Manchester
Manchester
City footballers, David White and Michael Johnson , Franklin Charles Buckley (more commonly known as Major Frank Buckley) an English football player and notable manager for both Blackpool and Wolverhampton Wanderers, Lynda Baron , best known for playing Nurse Gladys Emmanuel in Open All Hours , and Jeremy "Jez" Kerr, singer and bassist of post-punk band A Certain Ratio . Actor George Coulouris
George Coulouris
was partly brought up in Urmston. Keith Hopwood , the rhythm guitarist of Herman\'s Hermits , attended Urmston
Urmston
Grammar School . Former Manchester
Manchester
United player David Herd had a home in Urmston; Herd had owned a local garage that still bears his name. Debbie Moore , founder of Pineapple Dance Studios
Pineapple Dance Studios
was born in the area and Danielle Hope , the winner of BBC TV
BBC TV
's Over the Rainbow , was also a resident.

The 18th-century caricaturist and satirical poet John Collier , who used the pseudonym Tim Bobbins, was born in Urmston
Urmston
in 1708. A self-styled Lancashire
Lancashire
Hogarth , his first and most famous work, A View of the Lancashire
Lancashire
Dialect, or, Tummus and Mary, appeared in 1746, the earliest significant piece of published Lancashire
Lancashire
dialect. A local public house, The Tim Bobbin, is named after him.

Steven Patrick Morrissey , former lead singer of The Smiths, was born here in 1959.

Ian McShane
Ian McShane
, actor, grew up in Urmston
Urmston
and attended Stretford Grammar School

Peter Noone , Singer with Hermans Hermits

Eileen Derbyshire , Actress who plays Emily Bishop in Coronation Street

SEE ALSO

* Listed buildings in Urmston
Listed buildings in Urmston

REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 9 January 2015. * ^ Nevell (1997), p. 17, 20. * ^ Urmston.Net, The Urmston
Urmston
Partnership, retrieved 20 April 2007 * ^ A B Townships: Urmston, British History Online, retrieved 24 August 2007 * ^ A B C D Urmston
Urmston
Area, Trafford
Trafford
MBC, archived from the original on 27 September 2007, retrieved 4 August 2007 * ^ Nevell (1997), p. 49, 74. * ^ \'Urchfont – Uxbridge\', A Topographical Dictionary of England
England
(1848), pp. 424–28, British History Online, retrieved 26 April 2007 * ^ Nevell (1997), p. 62, 86–87, 100. * ^ England's first District Heating System in action in Lancashire, The Illustrated London
London
News , 31 January 1948, p. 121 * ^ Stretford
Stretford
and Urmston, London: Guardian.co.uk, retrieved 7 April 2010

* ^ Davyhulme
Davyhulme
East: Councillors in this ward, Trafford
Trafford
MBC, retrieved 8 May 2012 · Davyhulme
Davyhulme
West: Councillors in this ward, Trafford
Trafford
MBC, retrieved 8 May 2012 ·Flixton: Councillors in this ward, Trafford
Trafford
MBC, retrieved 8 May 2012 ·Urmston: Councillors in this ward, Trafford
Trafford
MBC, retrieved 8 May 2012 * ^ "Urmston, United Kingdom", Global Gazetteer, Version 2.1, Falling Rain Genomics, Inc, retrieved 2 July 2007 * ^ Met Office (2007), Annual UK weather averages, Met Office, archived from the original on 5 July 2009, retrieved 23 April 2007 * ^ Urmston, Trafford
Trafford
Council, archived from the original on 27 September 2007, retrieved 21 July 2007 * ^ A B Mersey Bank Park and the River Mersey, Mersey Valley Countryside Warden Service, archived from the original on 28 September 2007, retrieved 2 July 2007 * ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS06 Ethnic group , 22 July 2004, retrieved 30 December 2008 * ^ A B C Trafford
Trafford
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Urmston
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Urmston
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Urmston
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Manchester
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Urmston
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Urmston
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* ^ Model-Based Estimates of Income for the Bucklow-St. Martin, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 4 August 2007 •Model-Based Estimates of Income for the Davyhulme
Davyhulme
East ward, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 4 August 2007 •Model-Based Estimates of Income for the Davyhulme
Davyhulme
West ward, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 4 August 2007 •Model-Based Estimates of Income for the Flixton ward, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 4 August 2007 •Model-Based Estimates of Income for the Urmston
Urmston
ward, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 4 August 2007 * ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS11a Industry of employment – all people , 22 July 2004, retrieved 30 December 2008 * ^ The Urmston
Urmston
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Urmston
Cricket, Hockey, Bowls, Tennis & Social Club, retrieved 4 July 2007 * ^ Urmston
Urmston
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Urmston
Meadowside, archived from the original on 9 August 2007, retrieved 13 August 2007 * ^ AFC Urmston
Urmston
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Manchester
Centre for Regional History, retrieved 13 August 2007 * ^ http://manchestertransport.wordpress.com/2011/04/01/goodbye-gumpty-hello-tufgum/ * ^ Urmston
Urmston
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Urmston
Grammar School, retrieved 21 December 2010 * ^ Urmston
Urmston
Grammar School, Ofsted, 5 September 2006, archived from the original on 28 October 2007, retrieved 10 May 2007 * ^ St Antony\'s Catholic College, Specialist School and Academies Trust, retrieved 8 August 2007 * ^ St Antony\'s Catholic College (PDF), Ofsted, 5 October 2005, archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2007, retrieved 8 August 2007 * ^ A B "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS07 Religion , 22 July 2004, retrieved 30 December 2008 * ^ Catholic Diocese of Salford, archived from the original on 8 August 2007, retrieved 12 August 2007 * ^ The Church of England
England
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Bibliography

* Harry, Bill (2000), The Beatles
The Beatles
Encyclopaedia (2000 paperback edition; first published 1992), London: Virgin Publishing, pp. 5–6, ISBN 0-7535-0481-2 * Nevell, Mike (1997), The Archaeology of Trafford, Trafford Metropolitan Borough with University of Manchester
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