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Uppsala
Uppsala
(pronounced [²ɵpːsɑːla] ( listen); older spelling Upsala) is the capital of Uppsala County
Uppsala County
and the fourth largest city of Sweden, after Stockholm, Gothenburg
Gothenburg
and Malmö. It had 149,245 inhabitants in 2015.[1] Located 71 km (44 mi) north of the capital Stockholm, it is also the seat of Uppsala
Uppsala
Municipality. Since 1164, Uppsala
Uppsala
has been the ecclesiastical centre of Sweden, being the seat of the Archbishop of the Church of Sweden. Uppsala
Uppsala
is home to Scandinavia's largest cathedral – Uppsala
Uppsala
Cathedral.[2] Founded in 1477, Uppsala University is the oldest centre of higher education in Scandinavia. Among many achievements, the Celsius scale
Celsius scale
for temperature was invented there.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Higher education

5.1 Universities 5.2 Other higher education

6 Museums and sights 7 Transportation 8 Sports 9 Notable natives 10 References in popular culture 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Uppsala

Map of Uppsala
Uppsala
from 1770

Uppsala
Uppsala
in the 18th century

Uppsala
Uppsala
was originally located a few kilometres north of its current location at a place now known as Gamla Uppsala
Gamla Uppsala
(Old Uppsala). Today's Uppsala
Uppsala
was then called Östra Aros (Eastern Aros, to differentiate it from Western Aros). (Old) Uppsala
Uppsala
was, according to medieval writer Adam of Bremen, the main pagan centre of Sweden, and the Temple at Uppsala
Uppsala
contained magnificent idols of the Norse gods.[3][4] The Fyrisvellir
Fyrisvellir
plains along the river south of Old Uppsala, in the area where the modern city is situated today, was the site of the Battle of Fyrisvellir
Fyrisvellir
in the 980s. The present-day Uppsala
Uppsala
was at that time known as Östra Aros and was a port town of Gamla Uppsala. In 1160, King Eric Jedvardsson was attacked and killed outside the church of Östra Aros, and later became venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church. In 1274, Östra Aros overtook Gamla Uppsala
Gamla Uppsala
as the main regional centre, and when the cathedral of Gamla Uppsala
Gamla Uppsala
burnt down, the archbishopric and the relics of Saint Eric were moved to Östra Aros, where the present-day Uppsala Cathedral
Uppsala Cathedral
was erected; it was inaugurated in 1435. The cathedral is built in the Gothic style and is one of the largest in northern Europe, with towers reaching 118.70 metres (389.4 ft). The city is the site of the oldest university in Scandinavia, founded in 1477, and is where Carl Linnaeus, one of the renowned scholars of Uppsala
Uppsala
University, lived for many years; both his house and garden can still be visited. Uppsala
Uppsala
is also the site of the 16th century Uppsala
Uppsala
Castle.[5] The city was severely damaged by a fire in 1702. Historical and cultural treasures were also lost, as in many Swedish cities, from demolitions during the 1960s and 1970s, but many historic buildings remain, especially in the western part of the city. The arms bearing the lion can be traced to 1737 and have been modernised several times, most recently in 1986. The meaning of the lion is uncertain but is likely connected to the royal lion, also depicted on the Coat of Arms of Sweden. Geography[edit]

Stora Torget (town square), the building in the background is the Nordbankshuset

Situated on the fertile Uppsala
Uppsala
flatlands of muddy soil, the city features the small Fyris River (Fyrisån) flowing through the landscape surrounded by lush vegetation. Parallel to the river runs the glacial ridge of Uppsalaåsen at an elevation of circa 30 metres (98 feet), the site of Uppsala's castle, from which large parts of the town can be seen. The central park Stadsskogen (literally "The Town Forest") stretches from the south far into town, with opportunities for recreation for many residential areas within walking distance. Only some 70 kilometres (43 miles) or 40 minutes by train from the capital, many Uppsala
Uppsala
residents work in Stockholm. The train to Stockholm-Arlanda Airport
Stockholm-Arlanda Airport
takes only 17 minutes, rendering the city easily accessible by air. The commercial centre of Uppsala
Uppsala
is quite compact. The city has a distinct town and gown divide with clergy, royalty and academia historically residing on the river's western shore, somewhat separated from the rest of the city, and the ensemble of cathedral, castle and university buildings has remained mostly undisturbed until today. While some beautiful buildings remain on the periphery of the central core, retail commercial activity is geographically focused on a small number of blocks around the pedestrianized streets and main square on the eastern side of the river, an area that was subject to a large-scale metamorphosis during the economically booming years in the 1960s in particular. During recent decades, a significant part of retail commercial activity has shifted to shopping malls and stores situated in the outskirts of the city. Meanwhile, the built-up areas have expanded greatly, and some suburbanization has taken place. Climate[edit] Uppsala
Uppsala
lies on the 59th parallel north
59th parallel north
and has a humid continental climate, with cold winters and warm summers. Due to its northerly location, Uppsala
Uppsala
experiences over 18 hours of visible sunshine during the summer solstice, and under six hours of sunshine during the winter solstice. Despite Uppsala's northerly location, the winter is not as cold as other cities at similar latitudes, mainly due to the Gulf Stream. For example, in January Uppsala
Uppsala
has a daily mean of −2.7 °C (27.1 °F). In Canada, at the same latitude, Fort Smith experiences a daily mean of −22.4 °C (−8.3 °F).

Uppsala, Sweden

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    39     0 −6

    30     0 −6

    33     4 −3

    32     10 0

    39     16 5

    61     20 9

    65     23 13

    74     21 12

    52     16 7

    53     10 3

    53     4 −1

    46     1 −4

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: http://celsius.met.uu.se/default.aspx?pageid=24

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    1.5     31 22

    1.2     32 21

    1.3     39 26

    1.3     50 33

    1.5     62 41

    2.4     68 49

    2.6     73 55

    2.9     70 53

    2     61 45

    2.1     49 38

    2.1     39 31

    1.8     33 24

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

With respect to record temperatures, the difference between the highest and lowest is relatively large. Uppsala’s highest recorded temperature was 37.4 °C (99.3 °F), recorded in July 1933.[6] On the same day Ultuna, which lies a few kilometres south of the centre of Uppsala, recorded a temperature of 38 °C (100.4 °F). This is the highest temperature ever recorded in the Scandinavian Peninsula, although the same temperature was recorded in Målilla, Sweden
Sweden
14 years later. Uppsala’s lowest temperature was recorded in January 1875, when the temperature dropped to −39.5 °C (−39.1 °F). The second lowest temperature recorded is −33.1 °C (−27.6 °F), which makes the record one of the hardest to beat, due to the fact that temperatures in Uppsala
Uppsala
nowadays rarely goes below −30 °C (−22 °F). The difference between the two records is 76.9 °C (138.4 °F). The warmest month ever recorded is July 1914, with a daily mean of 21.4 °C (70.5 °F). Since 2002 Uppsala
Uppsala
has experienced five months where the daily mean was 20 °C (68 °F) or warmer, the most recent in July 2014 when the daily mean was 20.5 °C (68.9 °F). The coldest month ever recorded is January 1814, when the daily mean was −14.9 °C (5.2 °F). Between January 1814 and January 1987, Uppsala
Uppsala
experienced 23 months that were colder than −10 °C (14 °F). Since February 1987, the coldest month recorded is −8.6 °C (16.5 °F). The warmest year ever recorded was 2014, with an average temperature of 8.1 °C (46.6 °F). The second warmest is 2011, with 7.8 °C (46 °F). Since 1991, Uppsala
Uppsala
has recorded 14 years with an average temperature of 7 °C (44.6 °F) or warmer. The coldest year ever recorded was 1867, with an average temperature of 2.5 °C (36.5 °F). 1987 was the last year Uppsala
Uppsala
recorded a year with an average temperature below 5 °C (41 °F). The climate table below presents weather data from the years 1981–2010. According to ongoing measurements, the temperature has increased during the years 1981–2010 as compared with the 1951–1980 series. This increase is on an annual basis around 0.9 °C. Warming is most pronounced during the winter and spring months. January, February and March are the months that has had the most pronouncing increase in temperature, with each month increasing 1.5 °C or more. The only month that didn’t get warmer is June, which got 0.3 °C colder. During the 20th century Uppsala
Uppsala
has warmed drastically, especially the winter months. If compared to the period 1861–1890, the annual increase in temperature is 1.8 °C. March is the month with the biggest increase, where the temperature has increased more than 3 °C since the latter parts of the 19th century. Winter normally arrives in late November, and lasts until the middle of March when spring arrives. Summer usually arrives in the middle of May, and lasts until late September when autumn arrives.[7] Precipitation
Precipitation
is most common between June and November, in all these months it falls 50 mm (2.0 in) or more on average. August receives most precipitation with 74 mm (2.9 in). Between January and May precipitation levels fall a bit, with all months receiving less than 40 mm (1.6 in) on average. Annual precipitation is 576 mm (22.6 in). Rainfall can occur all year round, although it is less common in January and February. Snowfall mainly occurs between November and March. Snowfall in October and April can happen from time to time, but not every year. During the night between 30 April and 1 May 2014 it fell approximately 15 cm (5.9 in) of snow in Uppsala, the first recorded snowfall in May since 1981.

Climate data for Uppsala, Sweden
Sweden
(1981–2010 normals), Extremes 1722–present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 10.7 (51.3) 11.9 (53.4) 20.2 (68.4) 26.8 (80.2) 32.8 (91) 34.5 (94.1) 37.4 (99.3) 34.3 (93.7) 27.8 (82) 22.0 (71.6) 14.3 (57.7) 12.6 (54.7) 37.4 (99.3)

Average high °C (°F) −0.3 (31.5) 0.1 (32.2) 3.8 (38.8) 10.1 (50.2) 16.4 (61.5) 19.8 (67.6) 22.7 (72.9) 21.2 (70.2) 15.9 (60.6) 9.7 (49.5) 4.0 (39.2) 0.7 (33.3) 10.4 (50.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) −2.7 (27.1) −2.8 (27) 0.2 (32.4) 5.2 (41.4) 10.9 (51.6) 14.7 (58.5) 17.7 (63.9) 16.2 (61.2) 11.4 (52.5) 6.5 (43.7) 1.8 (35.2) −1.7 (28.9) 6.5 (43.7)

Average low °C (°F) −5.6 (21.9) −6.2 (20.8) −3.3 (26.1) 0.4 (32.7) 5.1 (41.2) 9.4 (48.9) 12.5 (54.5) 11.5 (52.7) 7.3 (45.1) 3.3 (37.9) −0.8 (30.6) −4.4 (24.1) 2.5 (36.5)

Record low °C (°F) −39.5 (−39.1) −30.9 (−23.6) −32.1 (−25.8) −22.4 (−8.3) −11.8 (10.8) −4.1 (24.6) −1.0 (30.2) −0.9 (30.4) −5.2 (22.6) −16.2 (2.8) −23.6 (−10.5) −28.2 (−18.8) −39.5 (−39.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.3 (1.547) 29.7 (1.169) 32.6 (1.283) 31.7 (1.248) 38.7 (1.524) 61.0 (2.402) 65.1 (2.563) 73.6 (2.898) 52.4 (2.063) 53.1 (2.091) 52.9 (2.083) 45.6 (1.795) 575.6 (22.661)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 26 (10.2) 18 (7.1) 18 (7.1) 7 (2.8) 1 (0.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.4) 13 (5.1) 24 (9.4) 108 (42.5)

Average relative humidity (%) 87 85 79 70 66 69 71 76 81 86 90 90 79

Mean monthly sunshine hours 44.8 82.9 118.6 190.8 283.2 248.1 269.0 203.2 155.1 97.9 48.0 33.0 1,774.9

Source: [8]

Climate data for Uppsala, Sweden
Sweden
1991–2016, Extremes 1901-Present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 10.7 (51.3) 11.9 (53.4) 20.2 (68.4) 26.8 (80.2) 29.2 (84.6) 34.5 (94.1) 37.4 (99.3) 34.3 (93.7) 27.8 (82) 22.0 (71.6) 14.3 (57.7) 12.6 (54.7) 37.4 (99.3)

Average high °C (°F) 0.2 (32.4) 0.7 (33.3) 4.7 (40.5) 11.1 (52) 16.6 (61.9) 20.4 (68.7) 23.5 (74.3) 21.9 (71.4) 16.7 (62.1) 9.9 (49.8) 4.5 (40.1) 1.4 (34.5) 10.97 (51.75)

Daily mean °C (°F) −2.3 (27.9) −2.3 (27.9) 0.9 (33.6) 5.9 (42.6) 11.1 (52) 15.0 (59) 18.2 (64.8) 16.8 (62.2) 12.1 (53.8) 6.6 (43.9) 2.3 (36.1) −0.9 (30.4) 6.95 (44.52)

Average low °C (°F) −4.9 (23.2) −5.2 (22.6) −2.6 (27.3) 1.2 (34.2) 5.6 (42.1) 9.9 (49.8) 13.1 (55.6) 12.1 (53.8) 8.1 (46.6) 3.5 (38.3) 0.0 (32) −3.4 (25.9) 3.12 (37.62)

Record low °C (°F) −30.3 (−22.5) −29.8 (−21.6) −25.4 (−13.7) −17.7 (0.1) −8.2 (17.2) −3.2 (26.2) 0.1 (32.2) −0.3 (31.5) −4.9 (23.2) −13.2 (8.2) −21.7 (−7.1) −27.4 (−17.3) −30.3 (−22.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 38 (1.5) 32 (1.26) 28 (1.1) 33 (1.3) 41 (1.61) 64 (2.52) 56 (2.2) 75 (2.95) 48 (1.89) 50 (1.97) 53 (2.09) 45 (1.77) 563 (22.16)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 17 (6.7) 18 (7.1) 8 (3.1) 3 (1.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.4) 10 (3.9) 17 (6.7) 74 (29.1)

Source: [9]

Demographics[edit]

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Economy[edit] Today Uppsala
Uppsala
is well established in medical research and recognised for its leading position in biotechnology.

Abbott Medical Optics (AMO) GE Healthcare Pfizer
Pfizer
(see Pharmacia) Phadia, an offshoot of Pharmacia, now a part of Thermo Fisher Scientific Fresenius Q-Med (bioscience) Biotage Skandion Kliniken, proton therapy centre

Higher education[edit] Universities[edit]

Uppsala
Uppsala
University. Founded in 1477, under bishop Jakob Ulvsson. Closed in 1515. Officially reopened in 1595, following the Uppsala Synod in 1593. The university has a famous anatomical theatre, constructed by the scientist and polymath Olof Rudbeck
Olof Rudbeck
(1630–1702), in the old university building Gustavianum. The building is now a museum. The university has 13 student fraternities, known as "nations", each traditionally representing a geographical region of Sweden. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
(SLU, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, main campus).

Other higher education[edit]

Johannelunds Teologiska Högskola. A Lutheran theological seminary established in 1862, located in Uppsala
Uppsala
since 1970. The Newman Institute. A Catholic institution founded in 2001. Pingströrelsens teologiska seminarium. A Pentecostal theological seminary, which does not have accreditation from the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education and cannot confer Swedish academic degrees.

Museums and sights[edit]

The Botanical Garden at Uppsala
Uppsala
Castle.

The Fyris river (Fyrisån) neatly divides the city into two different parts: the historic quarter to the west of the river and the modern administrative, residential and commercial city centre to the east. Most of the historical sights and university buildings are in the western part, with a medieval street layout, river views and parks and dominated by the cathedral. The most outstanding building in Uppsala
Uppsala
is the Domkyrka (Uppsala Cathedral), Scandinavia's largest church building (118.70 m (389.44 ft) high). Together with Uppsala Castle
Uppsala Castle
it has dominated Uppsala's skyline since its construction in the 13th century and can be seen from a long distance outside the city, other tall buildings being rare. Facing the west end of the cathedral is the Gustavianum, built in 1625 to be the main building of the University, and served as such through most of the 19th century. It contains the Museum of Nordic Antiquities, the Victoria Museum (of Egyptian antiquities) and the University's cultural history collections. It also houses a perfectly preserved 17th-century anatomical theatre (used in its time for public dissections). Next to Gustavianum
Gustavianum
is the 18th century Archbishop's Palace, the official residence of the Lutheran Archbishop of Uppsala and the primate of the Church of Sweden. Across the street from the Gustavianum
Gustavianum
in the University Park stands the University Hall, erected in 1879–86 in Italian renaissance style. The Uppsala University
Uppsala University
Coin Cabinet is located in the university main building.

Uppsala
Uppsala
Castle

Not far from the University stands the Uppsala University
Uppsala University
Library (Carolina Rediviva), the largest library in Sweden, with over 5 million volumes and some 60,000 manuscripts. The building was built in 1820–41. On a circa 35-metre high hill to the southwest of the University Library stands Uppsala
Uppsala
Castle. Its construction was initiated in 1549 by King Gustav Vasa, founder of the Vasa royal dynasty. Today the castle holds several museums, among them the regional art museum, and is the residence of the Uppsala County
Uppsala County
Governor (landshövding). There are several botanical museums in Uppsala
Uppsala
related to the world-famous 18th century botanist and zoologist Carl Linnaeus; the Botanic Garden next to the castle, the Linnaean Garden
Linnaean Garden
in the city centre, and Linnaeus Hammarby, Linnaeus' summer house in the countryside village of Danmarks Hammarby south of the city. 5 kilometres (3 miles) north of Uppsala
Uppsala
city lies Gamla Uppsala
Gamla Uppsala
(Old Uppsala), the location of the pre-Christian settlement of Uppsala which later provided the new name for the medieval settlement further south. There are few remains, with the exception of several huge burial mounds of pre-Christian monarchs and the previous cathedral from 1164 A.D., traditionally said to be built over the old heathen temple (and recent archaeological investigations seems to support this notion). The site was a major religious centre in Scandinavia
Scandinavia
in pre-Christian times. After the old cathedral church burned down around 1240 it was only partially restored to a more modest size as it no longer was the seat of the Archbishop.[10] The Gamla Uppsala
Gamla Uppsala
Museum exhibits archeological finds made during excavations in Gamla Uppsala and related finds from other parts of Uppland, as well as exhibitions on the history of the site itself. Transportation[edit] Trains depart Uppsala Central Station
Uppsala Central Station
in three directions. There are trains to the south, Arlanda, Stockholm
Stockholm
and Linköping, to the northwest, Dalarna, and to the north Gävle, Sundsvall, Östersund
Östersund
and to the northern half of Sweden
Sweden
as well as sleeper trains to Narvik
Narvik
in Norway. While Uppsala
Uppsala
has no airport of its own, Arlanda
Arlanda
Airport is located about 30 km south of Uppsala. Ärna Airport north of Uppsala
Uppsala
is a military airport. Sports[edit] The largest arena in Uppsala
Uppsala
is Fyrishov
Fyrishov
and is Sweden's fourth most visited, specialized in swimming, sports events, meetings and recreation. The facility includes areas for indoor sports, summer sport and a generous waterpark with waterslides, 50-meter pool, training pool, relaxation area and a large outdoor swimming pool. Accommodation is offered at the Fyrishov
Fyrishov
cabin area, and at the resort restaurants a good lunch or dinner can be enjoyed. Fyrishov
Fyrishov
AB's business also includes the operation of Gottsundabadet in which there is a 25-metre pool, a 10-metre children's pool and gym. The entire facility is open all year round and a large number of meetings and various events are held here annually. In addition to activities within the arena Fyrishov
Fyrishov
AB runs Tävlingsstaden Uppsala
Uppsala
in a collaboration between the sports organizers, Fyrishov
Fyrishov
AB, Uppsala, Uppsala
Uppsala
Tourism and hotel business. Co-founded in 2006 by Fyrishov
Fyrishov
AB under the name SM-town Uppsala
Uppsala
in 2007 but was expanded to include international events and competitions at high national level. The project aims to develop Uppsala, a leading sports town in Sweden. In 2009 there were 24 SM-competitions and major national and international competitions in Uppsala. At Fyrishov
Fyrishov
the city's basketball team Uppsala Basket
Uppsala Basket
also plays, former KFUM Uppsala, their home games in the Swedish basketball league. There are also athletic club Uppsala, Uppsala, fencing club, Uppsala
Uppsala
Judo Club, Sweden's oldest judo club, Uppsala
Uppsala
volleyball companion, Upsala weightlifting club and Upsala Simsällskap, one of the world's oldest swimmingclubs. The sport that draws the most audience is floorball. Uppsala's two teams in the Swedish Super League, Storvreta
Storvreta
IBK and IK Sirius
IK Sirius
IBK, have Fyrishov
Fyrishov
as their home. One of the most classical sports events, the Swedish bandy champions final, has taken place at Studenternas IP
Studenternas IP
since 1991. It usually attracts a spectator crowd of more than 20,000.[11] Once every year, the Uppsala
Uppsala
Union of Science and Engineering Students arrange a river rafting in the Fyris river with rafts built from styrofoam. Other sports clubs located in Uppsala
Uppsala
include:

Almtuna IS Gamla Upsala SK IF Vindhemspojkarna IK Sirius IK Sirius
IK Sirius
Fotboll Unik FK Upsala IF Uppsala
Uppsala
Judoklubb Uppsala
Uppsala
86ers, American football club Upsala Fäktning,[12] fencing club Upsala allmänna schacksällskap (UASS), chess club

Notable natives[edit]

Carl Linnaeus, scientist

Magdalena Andersson* (1967–), politician Anders Jonas Ångström (1814–1874), physicist Svante Arrhenius* (1859–1927), scientist Ingmar Bergman* (1918–2007), filmmaker Jöns Jakob Berzelius
Jöns Jakob Berzelius
(1779–1848), chemist Hans Blix* (1928–), diplomat Emilia Brodin* (1990–), football player Arvid Carlsson* (1923–), neuropharmacologist Anders Celsius* (1701–1744), astronomer Adiam Dymott* (1982–), musician Lars Edlund (1922–2013), composer Ulf Ekman
Ulf Ekman
(1950–), pastor Stefan Eriksson* (1961–), criminal Martin Eriksson* (1965–), musician Malena Ernman* (1970–), opera singer Torsten Hallman* (1939–), former motocross world champion Lars Hollmer (1948–2008), composer Dag Hammarskjöld
Dag Hammarskjöld
(1905–1961), diplomat Magnus Hellberg* (1991–), hockey player Mattias Klum* (1968–), photographer Carl-Bertil Laurell* (1919–2001), medical doctor and researcher Dave Lepard* (1980–2006), musician Bruno Liljefors* (1860–1939), painter Ruben Liljefors* (1871–1936), composer and conductor Viveca Lindfors* (1920–1995), actress Carolus Linnaeus (1707–1778), scientist Andreas Lundstedt* (1972–), singer Veronica Maggio* (1981–), singer Jan Mårtenson* (1933–), diplomat and author Håkan Nesser
Håkan Nesser
(1950–), author Stefan Parkman* (1952–), conductor Emma Rendel* (1976–), author and illustrator Hillevi Rombin* (1933–1996), Miss Sweden
Sweden
1955, Miss Universe 1955 Hans Rosling* (1948–2017), physician and statistician Olaus Rudbeckius
Olaus Rudbeckius
(1630–1702), scientist Dina Schneidermann, (1930/1931–2016), musician Martin Söderström* (1990–), professional mountain biker Roine Stolt* (1956–), musician Owe Thörnqvist* (1929–), artist Rebecka Törnqvist* (1964–), artist Watain, black metal band

(* = born in Uppsala) References in popular culture[edit] Christine Daaé
Christine Daaé
in Gaston Leroux's The Phantom of the Opera
The Phantom of the Opera
was born in Uppsala. The Gösta Knutsson
Gösta Knutsson
children's book series Pelle Svanslös
Pelle Svanslös
are set in Uppsala. In Stieg Larsson's novel The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo, Richard, Harald, and Greger Vanger attend university in Uppsala
Uppsala
where they form Nazi affiliations. Uppsala
Uppsala
is mentioned in German heavy metal band Rebellion's song "Sweden". In the History Channel's Canadian-Irish TV series Vikings, Uppsala
Uppsala
is visited by Ragnar Lothbrok
Ragnar Lothbrok
and his entourage to worship the Aesir Gods and offer a human sacrifice to appease them. In that visit Lothbrok meets Uppsala's King Horik. In Brad Thor's novel Full Black, Scot Harvath leads a black-ops team in Uppsala
Uppsala
to gain intelligence and capture the leader of a terrorist cell. Uppsala
Uppsala
is mentioned in Raymond Chandler' s novel Playback. See also[edit]

Uppsala Municipality
Uppsala Municipality
Uppsala
Uppsala
"kommun" Upsala-Lenna Jernväg Gamla Uppsala
Gamla Uppsala
– Old Uppsala
Uppsala
parish Temple at Uppsala
Temple at Uppsala
– Temple of Old Uppsala History of Uppland UppCon – one of Scandinavia's biggest youth events Fyrishov
Fyrishov
Fyrishov
Fyrishov
Water Park Graneberg Upsala Nya Tidning – newspaper for Uppsala
Uppsala
city and county Uppsalatidningen – free local newspaper Upplands Lokaltrafik
Upplands Lokaltrafik
– operator of local public transport Ärna Uppsala
Uppsala
airport Area code 018 Disting Upsala College
Upsala College
– former private college in East Orange, New Jersey, U.S., founded in 1893 Battle of Fýrisvellir Uppsala
Uppsala
Central Station Uppsala
Uppsala
Konsert & Kongress Easter Riots Allianshallen

References[edit]

^ a b c "Localities 2010, area, population and density in localities 2005 and 2010 and change in area and population". Statistics Sweden. 29 May 2012. Archived from the original on 17 December 2012.  ^ " Uppsala
Uppsala
cathedral – DestinationUppsalaWeb". www.destinationuppsala.se. Retrieved 2016-03-22.  ^ Adam of Bremen
Adam of Bremen
(11th century). "Descriptio Insularum Aquilonis" (in Latin). p. 26. Archived from the original on 7 February 2005. Retrieved 15 January 2012.  Check date values in: date= (help) ^ P. W. Christensen (1862). "Adam af Bremen om Menigheden i Norden under Erkesædet i Bremen og Hamborg (788–1072)" (in Danish). Karl Schønbergs Forlag. p. 194. Retrieved 15 January 2012.  ^ http://www.uu.se/en/node97 ^ http://www.smhi.se/kunskapsbanken/meteorologi/temperaturrekord-i-stockholm-och-uppsala-1.4735 ^ http://www.smhi.se/kunskapsbanken/meteorologi/arstider-1.1082 ^ " Uppsala
Uppsala
Universitet – Instutitionen för geovetenskaper".  ^ "SMHI, Meteorologiska observationer".  ^ " Gamla Uppsala
Gamla Uppsala
– Riksantikvarieämbetet". Raa.se. 15 September 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2009.  ^ "Edsbyn Sandviken SM – Final in Upssala". YouTube. Retrieved 9 May 2010.  ^ http://www.upsalafaktning.se/

Further reading[edit]

William Coxe (1785), "Upsala", Travels into Poland, Russia, Sweden
Sweden
and Denmark
Denmark
(2nd ed.), London: Printed for T. Cadell  "Upsala", Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Denmark
(8th ed.), Leipsic: Karl Baedeker, 1903 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uppsala.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Uppsala.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the Encyclopaedia Britannica
Encyclopaedia Britannica
(9th ed.) article Upsala.

Uppsala
Uppsala
– Official site Destination Uppsala
Uppsala
– Official visitors' guide Uppsala
Uppsala
cityguide – Cityguide Upsala Nya Tidning – Newspaper Lokala nyheter – Newspaper Ancient See of Upsala – Article from the Catholic Encyclopedia Uppsala
Uppsala
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Localities in Uppsala
Uppsala
Municipality, Uppsala
Uppsala
County, Sweden

Localities

Almunge Bälinge Bärby Björklinge Blackstalund Gåvsta Gunsta Håga Järlåsa Knutby Läby Länna Lövstalöt Ramstalund Sävja Skoby
Skoby
(part of) Skölsta Skyttorp Storvreta Uppsala
Uppsala
(seat) Vänge Vårdsätra Vattholma Ytternäs och Vreta

v t e

Municipalities and seats of Uppsala
Uppsala
County

Municipalities

Älvkarleby Enköping Håbo Heby Knivsta Östhammar Tierp Uppsala

Municipal seats

Bålsta Enköping Heby Knivsta Östhammar Skutskär Tierp Uppsala

Counties of Sweden Sweden

v t e

Administrative seats of Swedish counties (län)

Falun (Dalarna) Gävle (Gävleborg) Gothenburg (Västra Götaland) Halmstad (Halland) Härnösand (Västernorrland) Jönköping (Jönköping) Kalmar (Kalmar) Karlskrona (Blekinge) Karlstad (Värmland) Linköping (Östergötland) Luleå (Norrbotten) Malmö (Skåne) Nyköping (Södermanland) Örebro (Örebro) Östersund (Jämtland) Stockholm (Stockholm) Umeå (Västerbotten) Uppsala (Uppsala) Västerås (Västmanland) Växjö (Kronoberg) Visby (Gotland)

v t e

30 most populous cities of Sweden

as of 2010, according to Statistics Sweden
Sweden
[1]

1. Stockholm 1,372,565

2. Gothenburg 549,839

3. Malmö 280,415

4. Uppsala 140,454

5. Västerås 110,877

6. Örebro 107,038

7. Linköping 104,232

8. Helsingborg 97,122

9. Jönköping 89,396

10. Norrköping 87,247

11. Lund 82,800

12. Umeå 79,594

13. Gävle 71,033

14. Borås 66,273

15. Eskilstuna 64,679

16. Södertälje 64,619

17. Karlstad 61,685

18. Täby 61,272

19. Växjö 60,887

20. Halmstad 58,577

21. Sundsvall 50,712

22. Luleå 46,607

23. Trollhättan 46,457

24. Östersund 44,327

25. Borlänge 41,734

26. Tumba 37,852

27. Upplands Väsby 37,594

28. Falun 37,291

29. Kalmar 36,392

30. Kristianstad 35,711

v t e

50 most populous urban areas in the Nordic countries

 Denmark  Finland  Iceland  Norway  Sweden

1. Stockholm 1,372,565

2. Copenhagen 1,263,698

3. Helsinki 1,214,210

4. Oslo 958,378

5. Gothenburg 549,839

6. Tampere 325,025

7. Malmö 280,415

8. Aarhus 261,570

9. Turku 260,367

10. Bergen 250,420

11. Stavanger 210,874

12. Reykjavík 209,510

13. Oulu 193,817

14. Trondheim 175,068

15. Odense 173,814

16. Uppsala 140,454

17. Aalborg 132,578

18. Jyväskylä 120,306

19. Lahti 117,424

20. Drammen 113,534

21. Västerås 110,877

22. Fredrikstad-Sarpsborg 108,636

23. Örebro 107,038

24. Linköping 104,232

25. Helsingborg 97,122

26. Porsgrunn-Skien 91,737

27. Jönköping 89,396

28. Norrköping 87,247

29. Kuopio 86,034

30. Pori 84,509

31. Lund 82,800

32. Umeå 79,594

33. Esbjerg 72,060

34. Gävle 71,033

35. Vaasa 66,911

36. Borås 66,273

37. Joensuu 65,686

38. Eskilstuna 64,679

39. Södertälje 64,619

40. Karlstad 61,685

41. Randers 61,664

42. Täby 61,272

43. Växjö 60,887

44. Kristiansand 60,583

45. Kolding 58,757

46. Halmstad 58,577

47. Horsens 56,536

48. Lappeenranta 55,429

49. Vejle 53,975

50. Kotka 52,600

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 248828942 GND: 4078659-6 BNF: cb11942125s (data)

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